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- - jummp1 " '"g?y ?f THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1898. ft - ;f-4ej&neaftp'e'tt tH: V.y?- -- f Te'-vo.;flwjr- The Ikrioflim TftiBiijte. (ESTABLISHED 1877.) PUBLISHED WEEKLY. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT. Money sent us otherwise than by registered letter, postal money order, express order, or draft on 2cw Tork, ill be at the risk of the sender. Afiits.TnK National Tribune 1ms mnny volunteer canvassers, and they are generally honest and faithful; but persons who confide their subscrip tions to them must be their own judges of their jrcsponsibhity. The paper will be sent only on the receipt of the subscription price. AIlre.es. Kencnals. etc. Addresses will be Vtomged as often as desired, but each subscriber should in every case give the old as well as new Tiddress. Corrcsiinntlcnee. Correspondence is solicited from eveiy section in regard to Grand Army, Sons of Veterans, xViision, and Military matter, and letters to the Editor will always rec-ive prompt attention. "Write on pxb suns of the papnr only. We do not return communications or manuscripts unless they are ace mpanicd by a ropiest to that cm-ft and the iieccstry posUige, and under no circumstances guar antee their publication at any special date. Adilre s all communications to THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, Washington, D. C. ENTERED AT WASHINGTON FOSTOFriCE AS SECOND-CLASS VATTEn. The IflTioflKii TftiBuflE. john Mcelroy, eobest w. shoppell, eyron andrews. WASHINGTON, D. C, MARCH 31, 1SDS. THIS IIKSrONSIlJII-ITV. The report of the Maine disaster has been received by the President, and Eent by him to Congress, with a message containing no recommendations, and amply cxpicsang the belief that " the sense of justice of the Spanish Nation will dictate a course of action suggested by honor and the friendly relations of the two Governments." Probably it was the correct diplo matic thing to make such an expression. Down in the President's heart, as in the heart of every other-sensible man, there is an absolute certainty that Spain will do nothing- of the kind. The Spanish Government, as was to be expected, has already announced to the world its firm decision that the Maine was destroyed by internal causes, due to lax discipline and uross carelessness. - It did this with- out waiting fbifthn report of any investi- J gation, subsequently reiterated it on the basis of an alleged investigation by its own divers, and it will greet the find ings of our own Board with a diplo matic denial which will be none the less firm and contemptuous. What will be the next step? In the ordinary affairs of life, when one man asserts that he has been griev ously wronged by another and that other denies the truth of his statement and refuses to make reparation, then, if the aggrieved party does not propose to sub mit to the wrong he must cast about for his remedy. For this purpose laws are made and courts of justice instituted. A Nation is merely an aggregation of individuals. But the simile fails to carry on farther. Since there are no international courts made to try cases between Nations, and adequately punish offenders, each Nation must be the judge of the wrongs done it, and punish them according to its ability and op portunity. It must do this, not as a matter of revenge, but as a duty owed to itself and to the cause of interna tional morals. We are opposed to Civil Service be cause it is a diminution of the people's rightful authority over their servants. Ricciotti Garibaldi says that if the United States will agree to pay their expenses he will engage to send 40,000 Garibaldians to Cuba. Many thanks, but we have an abundant supply of much better fighting material of home production. The conduct of the Italian troops in Africa and Greece makes itex ceedingl doubtful if they would be worth the cost of transportation. The press agents of Bob Fitzsimmous and Kid McCoy neglect to say that either of their principals has any desire to take a fall out of the Spanish army. -III. 1. I - .1 .11.. When it comes to a show-down the boasted Spanish navy will be found a dead match for worth iessness to the Spanish army in Cuba. an important decision. Assistant Secretary Davis has made a "Very important decision overruling Pen sion Commissioner Evans's Order 352, which prohibited any consideration of a claim for an increase of pension, until 12 mouths shall have elapsed after allowance or rejection. The Assistant Secretary says that a great injustice may result to a large number "of claimants from an enforce ment of the order, and therefore the order is revoked and set aside, and hereafter the Commissioner will adjudi cate increase claims in accordance with the order of Commissioner Dudley issued Tov. 15, 1882. ! SHORT, SHARP ASl DECISIVE. "When we get ready to strike, tho blow will be quick, sharp, and over whelming. It all rests upon the control of the sea. We have to-day a navy undoubtedly much stronger than that of Spain, aud it is being strengthened every day. All that will be necessary to do will be to demon strate this. An actiou between two ships may settle this in 15 minutes. If the result will show that ship for ship the Spaniards are unable to cope with us, it will all be over and done with. We have more ships than the Spaniards, and the control of the sea will pass in our hands. We shall at once cut off communication between Cuba and Spain, and the army on tho Island will be forced to surrender for lack of food and munitions of war. It is not likely that actual hostilities will last a week. The whole war should be over and done with, except the palaver of the diplomats, by June 1. AHOUT DECLARING WAR. The Constitution strictly reserves to Congress the power of declaring war. The President can repel a foreign inva sion, or maintain the authority of the Government at home, to the extent of making war. This is, in fact, his sworn dut'.' He must always accept the challenge to war made by either foreign or domestic enemies. But he cannot order any aggression. That is Congress's prerogative. Congress can declare any form of war it chooses either "general war," or " qualified, partial, or imperfect war." It has done both. In a "general war" every individual in the United States is at hostility with the enemy Nation and every individual it it, and authorized to assail it and them in every case and under every circumstance permitted by the general laws of war. In a " qual- j fled, partial or imperfect war" these acts are limited to certain persons, things, times or places. As a matter of fact, declarations of war jarcly inaugurate hostilities in re cent limes. The slate of war usually exists fur some time before the formal declaration is made, if it is made at all. This has been the rule in Europe for more than a century. We have had four foreign wars since the Revolution. Two of these were "general" and two " qualified." Our first was a " qualified war " with France, from 1798 to 1800. There had been a state of war existing for some time, with considerable fighting on the ocean; with captures of merchant ships, privateers, etc. Finally, in July, 1798, Congress abrogated all treaties with France, cut off diplomatic " inter course, and authorized our ships to attack those of France wherever found. At the same time the property and per sons of Frenchmen in this country were protected, our courts were kept open for them, and Frenchmen actually sued in our courts for the recovery of property captured by our privateers and had it awarded to them. Our secoixl war was with the " Bar bary Powers," in 1800-3. The Sultan of Morocco, the Bashaw of Tripoli, the Doy of Algiers and the Bey of Tunis claimed the right of exacting tribute from all Nations having ships navigating the Mediterranean, in default of which they captured their ships and reduced the crew to slavery. We paid tribute, along with the rest, but somehow things did not go to suit those worthy pirates. The Bashaw of Tripoli., cut down our Consular flag-staff, and declared war. His example was followed by the Dey of Algiers and the Bey of Tunis. The Sultan of Morocco also mixed in. We promptly accepted the challenge, and sent a fleet thither. After four years of gallant fighting and many brilliant achievements" we finally succeeded in bringing the sea-marauders to terms. Our next was a general war with . Great Britain. A state of war had ex isted for a long time, owing to the depre dations of the British upon our shipping. A message stating our grievances was sent by the President to Congress, June 1, 1812, and a bill was passed by the House, June 4, by a vote of 79 to 49, declaring war between Great Britain and Ireland and their dependencies, aud the United States and their Terri- tories. June 17, the bill passed the Senate by a vote of 19 to 13. Our fourth was a general war against Mexico. Texas had rebelled against Mexico, and succeeded in establishing her independence. We annexed Texas, and then Texas claimed that her borders extended as far as the Rio Grande, while Mexico claimed that they did not extend beyond the Arroyo Colorado. The President ordered Gen. Taylor to take possession of the disputed country, with the certainty that he would be resisted by the Mexicans. When they did re sist, Congress declared that " war ex isted by the act of Mexico," and the dance began. Under the Constitution and the laws the President can do nothing to initiate ti war with Spain. He cannot order our ships to attack the Spanish or the Spanish ! ports. He can send, no troops to Cuba, nor do anything more than resist any at tack Spain may make on us. If Con gress wishes any aggressive action taken, it must specifically order the President to take it. Possibly the President might stretch his prerogatives so as to consider the advance of the Spanish tor pedo fleet or the movement of Spanish vessels as menacing to us, and order our ships to attack, but this would be re garded as a doubtful and dangerous ex tension of his powers. THE REPORT OF THE HOARD. The report of the Board of Inquiry is all that could be expected, and settles the matter in every reasonable mind. The kernel of the whole matter arc these facts : 1. The Maine was assigned to her anchorage by a Spanish official. 2. She was blown up from the out side by a submarine miue of unusual power. These two pregnant sentences contain the awful issue of Spain's treachery. The enormous force of the explosion shows that it was no ordinary, clumsily-devised infernal machine, such as might have been used by an irresponsible zealot. The mine must have been constructed with the highest technical skill known to military engineering. It must have been placed by naval officers fully informed as to the hellish work to be done, and how to do it most successfully. They also chose their time with the greatest shrewdness. Every thing connected with the affair shows a special knowledge, skill and aptitude not to be found outside of the limited circle of men who devote themselves to the study of thi3 particular branch of warfare. There are comparatively few men in the world capable of such a work, and very few men in Spain. They are all in the Spanish army or navy. These conclusions are simply unavoid able. The mere statement of the fact pro-' nounces the verdict of guilty on the Spanish Government. By transmitting the findings of the Board to Congress, with an indorsement of their correctness, with no recom mendations, and with a promise to send as soon as it shall have been received Spain's official reply to his communica tion, the President has apparently rele gated the whole matter to Congress, and expects it to indicate what the next step shall be. Meanwhile he continues with all activity his preparations for war. If the Spanish reply shall be in ac cordance 'with official, semi-official, and private utterances so far, and prior to making known the findings of the Board then it will become the immediate duty of Congress to determine what step must be taken to punish this outrage upon us. Something must be done. The injury is loo grave to be submitted to. Our National honor is involved as it rarely has been in our history. This would seem to logically and in evitably bring us to the-" last argument of Kings" and Nations war. We must punish Spain proportionately to the wrong done us. How we shall go about this rests with Congress to determine. The Constitu- ! tion clothes it alone with the power " to declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concern ing Captures ou Land and Water." Two or three obvious courses are open for Congress to take : 1. It can do as it did with France in 1 1798 order our war vessels to attack Spanish vessels wherever found. 2. It can instruct the President to capture the city of Habaua, with the intent of discovering and punishing the perpetrators of the outrage, and to hold the city until satisfactory reparation has been made. 3. It may declare that by a long series of crimes against civilization and humanity, culminating in this outrage against us, Spain has clearly forfeited all rights and claims to dominion over Cuba and Porto Rico, that her rule must cease and determine at once, aud instruct the President to employ the Army and Navy'to 'expel her Govern ment from those islands. The latter is themanly, straightfor ward way of going at the matter, and the one that we hope Congress will adopt. . ... AN ALWAYS-DISGRUNTLED TAPER. The Philadelphia Record, which never had a good word for the men who fought to save the country, has a long wail over " the Pension Deficiency " in its issue of March 27. After giving a mass of garbled statistics the Record goes on to say: Except as a matter of partisan exigency, or on merely sentimental grounds, nobody pre tends to make serious defense of this slow pro cess of National pauperization. When pen sions that is to say, gifts from the Govern ment are to he had for the asking, it is not in human nature to refrain from joining in the grand assault upon the public Treasury. There is no disposition in any quarter' to im pute blame to tho steadily increasing army of original applicants for pensions under the Act of 18!J0. That mischievous measure has nearly doubled the pension roll since its en actment; yet the stream of applicants con tinues unabated, and, indeed, lias materially increased of late. Where they all come from is a mystery which the plain people do not pretend to be able to solve, and which even the oflicials of the Pension Bureau find ob scure and harassing. All that they know is that with each succeeding year the outgo for pension payments increases, contrary to the anticipations of the public and of veteran Government oflicials. This method of squandering the public money and it is nothing les could not go on unchallenged forever under any sj'stem of responsible free Government. If nearly one-half or more of the Federal revenue, which the people pay, is to be devoted to the largess and beuilicence of a system of pen sion payments on account of a war which ended 3: years ago, what would remain for the survivors of the next great struggle in which the .Republic should engage? The deserving veterans of the civil war have been long since amply and gratefully provided for. Aside from these obligations, what lemains of the bulging and ever-increasing pension list is mere public plunder, none the less robbery because disguised under an easily assumed mask of patriotism. The responsi bility for this spoliation rests upon those who make and administer otir'pension laws. What an irritating mass of falsehood and absurdity. 7 Pensions to be had for the asking!" Think of that, you men, who, after vserving long, bitter years in the field, and then breaking down prematurely from tho results, have importuned .the Pension Bureau for years for justice, have run the gantlet of numberless proof upon pr ends of the h dence," and su heart from hope " That misc a u !, have piled i, L" - ' ught to the . for a Jitional evi- I tj'e sickness of r.- ' . ; d. cv ' asure" the i'!' a bill dis- act of June 27, i ' '.' cussed for eight years in Congress, in the National Encampment, on the stump, and in soldier gatherings. It was decided to be a measure of eminent justice, and so received the approval of the President of the United States, and has received the approval of four Con gresses since. " Where they all come from is a mys tery." If the Editor of the Record would study the history of his country, there would be no mystery. He would find that a war which enrolled 2,320,000 actual combatants on one side, that lasted four years, that numbered 2,300 bloody encounters; that killed 125,000 men on the field of battle, wounded 280,000 more, caused the death from hardship and exposure of 200,000 more; that wrecked 285,245 more, so that they had to be discharged for disability, is sufficient warrant for a much larger pension roll than at present exists. The United States has the smallest pension roll, in proportion to the fight ing it has done, of any country in the world. The last and the most serious foreign war that Spain had for many years, was with Chile and Peru. It began with Peru in 18G4, and the next year Chile came in. Therei were many furious manifestoes in very rlfetorical Castilian f i on both sides, with sonorous references to " God and Liberty,' ou one side, and " Spain's glory aiuj vajor " on the other side, 'but not so many rnen killed in the eight years the war lasted as would mark the inauguration tof a new saloon and dance hall in a Western mining town. Nov. 2G, 18G5, the (j0hilcan steamer j " Esmeralda " captured the Spanis h Gunboat "Covadonga" without much resistance, and Feb. 7, 1866, the Chilean and Peruvian fleet and that of Spain had an all-day's battle at such safe range that nobody in particular was hurt. March 31, 1866, the Spanish fleet caught Valparaiso unprepared for a visit, and shelled tho city three-and-a-half hours, inflicting immense damage which fell mainly upon the foreign merchants. This ended all pretense of active- operations. The United States finally intervened, and a treaty of peace was signed at Washington in 1871. S t Wer&n The Deacon Carries Out tlio Emancipation Proclamation. "Pap," said Si, as they were riding back, comfortably seated on a load of corn-fodder, 4 now that it's all over, I'm awfnlly scared about you. I can'tforgive myself for riiuuin' you up agin such a scrape. I hadn't no idee that there wuz a rebel in the whole County. If anything had happened 3'on it'd just killed mother and the gurls. aud then I'd nevor rested till I got shot myself, for I wouldu't've wanted to live a minute." "Pshaw, my son," responded his father rather testily; "you ain't my guardeen, and I hope it'll be a good many years yit before you are. I'm mighty glad that I went. There was something Providential in it. I'm a good deal of a Quaker. I believe in the movin's of the Spirit. The spirit moved me very strongly to go with you, and I now see the purpose in it. If I hadn't, them fellers might' ve got the bulge on you. I seen them before any o' you did, and I fetched down their head devil, and I feel that I helped you a good deal." "Indeed yon did," said Shorty earnestly. "You ought have a brevet for your 'con spicuous gallantry in action.' I think the Colonel will give you one. You put an ounce o' lead to particularly good use in that feller's karkiss. I only wish it'd bin a little higher up, where it'd a-mcasured him for a wooden overcoat." " I'm awful glad I hit him jest where I did," responded the Deacon. "I did have his heart covered with my sights, and then I pulled down a little. He was pizen, I know; but I wanted to give him a chance to repent." "He'll repent a heap," said Shorty in credulously. "He'll lay around the house for the next six months, studyin' up ne"w deviltry, and what he can't think of that she cesh mother o' his'U put him up to. Co. Q, and particularly the Hoosier's Pest, is the only place you'll find a contrite heart and a Christian spirit cultivated." "That reminds me," said Si; "wchaint licked the Wagon master yit for throwin' car tridges down ur chimbley." "Blamed if that ain't so," said Shorty. " I knowed I'd forgotten some little thing. It's bin hauntin' my mind for days. I'll jest tie a knot m my handkerchief to remember that I must tend to that as soon's we git back." "I'm quite sure that I don't want another sich a tussle," meditated the Deacon. "I never heerd anything sonnd so murdern' wicked as them bullets. A painter's screech on a dark night, or a rattler's rattle wnzzent to be compared to 'em. It makes my blood run cold to think o' 'em. Then, if that feller that shot at me had wobbled his gun a little to the left, Josiah Klcgg's name would 've bin sculped on a slab o' white marble, and Maria would 've bin the Widder Klegg. 1 wish the war wuz over and Si and Shorty safe at home. But their giddy young pates are so full o' dumbed nonsense that there haint no room for scare. But now that I'm safe through it, I wouldn't 've mhsed it for the best cow on. my place. After all, Providence sends men where they were needed, and He certainly sent me out there. "Then, I'll have a good story to tell the brethren and sisters some night after prayer meetin's over. It'll completely offset1 that story 'bout my coruin' so near gittin' my head shaved. How the ungodly rapscallions would've gloated over Deacon Klegg's bavin' his head shaved an' bein' drummed out o' camp. That thing makes me shiver worse'n the whistlin o' them awful bullets. But they ain't say nothin' now. Deacon Klegg's bin a credit to the church." They were Hearing camp. The Captain of Co. Q ordered: "Corporal Klegg, take your wagon up that vighl-harid road to the Quaitermastcr's corral of mule), and bring me a icceipt.for it." Si turned the wagon oir, and had gone but a few hundred yards, when he and Shorty siw a house at u little distance, which seemed to promise to furnish something eatable. He and Shorty jumped off aud cut across the fields toward it, telling the Deacon they would rejoin him before he leached the picket-line, a mile or so ahead. J lie Deacon jogged on, musing intently of the stirring events of the day, until he was recalled to the things immediately around him by hearing a loud voice shout: "Stop, there, you black tcoundrel! I've kotched ye. I'm gwine to blow your ornery head oft'!" He looked up and saw amau about his own age, dressed in butternut homespun, and riding a fine horse. He wore a broad brimmed slouch hat, his clean-shaven face w;is cold and cruel, and he had leveled a double-barreled shotgun on a line-looking negro, who had leaped over from the field into the middle of the road, and wsus stand ing there regarding him with a look of intense disappointment and fear. "You devil's ape," continued the white man, with a torrent of profanity, ''I've ketched ye jest in the nick o' time. Ye wuz makin' for the Yankee camp, and- 'd almost got thar. Ye thought yer 40 acres aud a mule wuz jest in sight, did ye? Mebboye reckoned y'd git a white wife, and be an officer in the Yankee army. I'm gwine to kill ye, right here, to stop yer deviltry, aud skeor oft others that air-o' the same mind." "Pray God, don't kill me, niassa," begged the negro. " I hain't done nuffin' to be killed fob." "Haint done nothiu' to be killed fori" shouted the white man, with more oaths. "Do ye call sueakin' off to jiue tho enemy KVevrv " I'm Gwixc Teu Kill Ye, EiGns Here." and scttiu' an example to the other niggers nothin' ? Git down on yer knees and say yer prayers, if ye know any, for ye aint a minnit to live." The trembling negro dropped to his knee3 and began mumbling his prayers. "What's the matter there?" asked the Deacon of the teanidter. " O, some man's ketched his nigger tryin' to run away to our lines, and's goin' to kill him," answered tho teamster indifferently. "Goin' to kill him," gasped the Deacon. "Are we goin' to 'low that? " "'Taint none o' my business," said the teamster coolly. "It's his nigger; I reckon he's a right to do as ho pleases." "I dou't reckon nothing ol the kind," said I W ax l ifltfmfl it Vfy " """P- the Deacon indignantly. " I won't stand and sec it done." "Better not mix hi,'' admonished the team ster. " Them air Southerners is pretty savage folks, and don't like any meddlin' twist them and their niggers. What's a nigger, any way?" "Amounts to abont as much as a white livered teamster," said the Deacon hotly. "I'm goin' to mix iu. I'll not see any man murdered while I'm around. Say, you," to the white man; "what are you goin' ter do with that man?" "Mind yer own bizniss," replied the white man, after a casual glance at the Deacon, and seeing that he diduot wear a uniform. " Keep yer mouth, slutr if ye kuow when y're well off." "O, massa, save me! save me!" said the negro, jumping up and running toward tho Deacon, who had slipped down from the fodder, and was standing in the road. "All right, Sambo; don't be scared. He shan't kill you while I'm around," said the Deacon. " I tell ye agin to mind yer own biznisa and keep yer mouth shet," said the white man savagely. "Who air ye, anyway? One o' them slinkin' nigger-stealin' Aboli tionists, comin' down here to rob us Souther ners of our property? ' He followed this with a torrent of profane denunciations of the " whole vile Abolition crew." "Look here. Mister," said the Deacon calmly, reaching back into the wagon aud drawing out a musket, "I'm a member o' the church and a peaceable man. But I don't 'low no man to call me names, and I object to swearin' of all kinds. I want to argy this question with you, quietly, as be tween man and man." He looked down to see if there was a cap on the gun. "What's the trouble "twixt you and this man here?". "That ain't no man," said the other hotly. "That's my nigger bought-with my money. He's my property. I've ketched him try in' to run away tryin' to rob me of 1200 worth o' property and give it to our enemies. I'm gwine to kill him to stop others from doiu' the same thin." - - A" T -V- J V. V - -w- MHf4C -4 V- ' - -"w - w r. "v WVeA. "Say, You; What Are You Goin' Ter no With That Man?" "Indeed you're not." said the Deacon, putting his thumb on the hammer. " Do ye mean to say you'll stop me?" said tho master, starting to raise his shotgun, which he had let fall a little. "Something like tlu.t, if not the exact words," answered the Deacon calmly, look ing at the sights of the musket with an in terested air. The master rcsnmed his volley of epithets. The Deacon's face became very rigid, aud the musket was advanced to a more threaten ing position. "I told you before," he said, "that I didn't allow no man to call me sich names. I give yon warnin'agin. I'm liable to fall from grace, as the Methodists saj any minnit. I'm dumbed sure to if you call me another name." The master glared at the musket. It was clearly in hands used to guns, and the face behind it was not that of a man to be fooled with beyond a certain limit. He lowered his shotgun, and spoke sharply to the negro: "Sam, git 'round here in front of the Iios3, and put for home at once." "Shall I go, masser? " implored the negro anxiously. "He'll done kill me, sho." " Stay where you are, till I finish' talkin' to this man," commanded "the Deacon. "Are you a loyal man ? " he inquired of the master. "If ye mean loil to that rail-splittiif gorilla in Washington," replied the master, hotly; "to that low-down, uigger-lovin', nigger-stealin' " "Shet right up," said theDeacon, bringing up his gun in a Hash of anger. "You shan't abuse the President o' the United States any more'n you shall me, nor half so much. He's your President, whom you must honor and respect. I won't have him blackguarded by an uuhung rebel. You say yonrself you're a rebel. Then you have no right whatever to tins man, and I m gour to confiscate him in the name of Abraham Lincoln, President o' the United States, an' aecordin' to his procla mation of emancipation, done at Washing ton, District o' Columbia, in tho year of our Lord eighteen hundred and sixty-three and of our Independence the 87th." This was as near the legal formula for snch an important act as the Deacon could think of at the moment. He followed it up by an order not nearly so sonorous, but quite to the point: " Xow, yon jest turn your hoss around and vacate these parts as quick as you can, and leave me aud this colored man alone- We're tired o' havin' you 'round." The master was a man of sense. He knew that there was nothing to do but obey- CTo be continued.) "Work of the Tension Ofllce- The report of certificates issued for the week ending March 26 shows Army invalid: Original, 61 ; increase and additional, 2G1; reissue, -13; restoration and renewal, at; duplicate, 1'6; accrued, 87; total, 1!)2. Army invalid (act June 27, 1S0O): Original, 510; increase, 210; additional, 76; reissue, 26; restoration and renewal, 51; supple mentals, 2; duplicate, 16; accrued, 115; total, 1,069. Army widow, etc.: Original, 66; increase and additional, 2; reissue, 1; restoration and renewal, 1; duplicate, 3; accrued, 3; total, 76. Army widow, etc. (act June 27, 1890): Original, 261; reissue, 1; restoration, 2; re newals, 1; supplementals, 2; duplicate, 1; accrued, 5; total, 276. Navy invalid: Original, 0; increase and additional, 3; reissue, 7; restoration and re newal, 1; accrued, 1; total. lS. Navy invalid (act June 27. 1SLH)): Original, 12; increase and additional, 20; reissue, 4; restoration and renewal, 2; accrued, 5; total. 43. Navy widow, etc.: Original, 1. Navy widow (act June 27, lSflO): Origi nal, 4; duplicate, 1; total, 3. Army nurses: Original, 1. Mexican War Survivors: Increase and additional, 10; duplicate, 1; accrued, 5; to tal, 16. Mexican War Widows: Original, 7. Totals: Original, 962; increase and ad ditional, 603; reissue, 82; restoration and renewal, 05; supplementals, 1; duplicate, 35; accrued, 221. Grand total, 2,001. Charles Miller, Lockhart, G., writes: "I like Tub Nation ai Tribune very much, and can hardly wait for my paper to come. I am. the only Union veteran in three Coun ties. I served in the 15b"tli N. Y., enlisting at New Orleans, La., March 9, 18G3, and serving until Nov. 25, 1SG5. New York paid a bounty to nearly every man who enlisted from that State, but I never received any, as I joined the command in the South." W. C. Stone, Prattleboro, Vt., would like to know the different regiments that took part in the capture of Port Hudson, with the names of commanders. fr "fc" 1V PEJSIOB DECISIONS. Gases Disposed of by Assistant Secretary Davis. Assistant Secretary of the Interior Web ster Davis has rendered a decision in tho claim of Adolphus Limoges, Co. D, 1st Mich. Cav., which has a bearing upon in juries received m.line of duty. In his opinion, the Assistant Secretary says: "The assault grew out of an altercation concerning some property belonqiiu; to a Mr. Cuthbertson, which had been taken from him by claimant. It was a controversy about a purely personal matter, having no connection with the performance of any military duty. The fact that claimant, at the timo the assault was made, was en gaged in the performance of duty (clean ing his horse l does not settle his status as to line of duty with respect to the injury. We have to take into considera tion the circumstances which led up to the assault. "If the claimant had done nothing what ever to provoke an assault, or if what he did do had been done in tho course of his duty as a soldier, he would unquestionably have been in the line of duty. But in talc ing Cuthbertson's pocket-book he stepped outside of the limits of his duty as a sol dier, and acted solely in his capacity as a private individual. Whether Ms motives were good or bad is immaterial. Cases are cited to show thegeneralttenor of the decisions in cases similar to the Limoges case. After careful consideration Mr. Davis says he is of the opinion that the appellant's claim for pension under the old, or so-called "general," law was properly rejected, and the rejection is ac cordingly affirmed. In the case of the widow of Henry C. A. Smith, IT. S. N., the sailor was pensioned for disease of the heart. The attending physician certified that death was caused by " pneumonia, exhaustion and purulent infiltration," after an illness of three months' duration. The widow's claim was rejected on the ground that the alleged cause of death was not due to the disa bility for which the sailor was pensioned. The Assistant Secretary holds that " Inas much as the principal desideratum in a case of lobar pneumonia is the maintenance of the proper action of the heart, to which the treatment is mainly directed, and in view o the fact that the sailor was pen sioned for disease of that most important viscus, and that the evidence in the case shows said disease as well as pneumonia rt-as an important factor in death cause,, the question as to the relation acute disease of the lungs to the pre-existing chronic dis ease of the heart is one of complication, not of pathology. The claim is reopened and submitted for reajudication and allow ance. PEljSOflflli. George W. Burkett, who served during the war in the Union armyas a private, is now a rich contractor, and resides at Houston, Tex. He has started to raise a picked regiment for service against Spain, and proposes to make it the finest regiment ever placed in the field. He has begun by a donation of $l,00f) to it. Last December Miss Sarah Layton Walker, daughter of Past Commander-in-Chief Ivan N. Walker, of Indianapolis, was married to Morris Black, a leading young lawyer of Cleveland, O., and a member of the City Council. He became nationally known because of his opposition to Mayor McKissen in his fight with Hanna. Black was the only opponent of the Mayor who secured a rcnomination. I.ast week he died suddenly in Toledo, O., of peritonitis. Gen. Walker and his daughter have tho sympathy of the comrades. CLUSTERED OUT. VANXOSDOLL. At Fort Dodge, Iowa, William J. Vannosdoll, Co. B, 52d Pa., aged 68. BRADLEY. At Westboro, Mass., Myron II. Bradley, Adjutant-General. Biscoe Post conducted the funeral services. LAW. At Chicago, 111., George I. Law, Co. A, 13th X. J. WILKINSON. At Chicago, 111., John Wil kinson, Co. G, 2Sth U. S. C. T. WHITEHEAD. At Lansing, Mich., Alvin H. Whitehead, First Lieutenant, Co. F, iith Mich. Cav. ALLEN. At Olympia, Wash., James C. Allen, Co. H, 1st Iowa Cav. He served nearly live years and had a splendid record. SEANEY. At Toscola, 111., James P. Seanev, Co. E, 43d 111., and member of Frank Reed Post, 40!). MILES. At Fordsville, Ky., of disease contracted in the service, Elisha M. Miles, Co. B, 17th Ky., aged 58. He was a charter member of Post 11, and was buried with miliary honors. A widow and six chil dren survive him. WHITELEY. At Arroyo Grande, CaL, Thomas Whiteley, Co. G, 4th Mass., aged 77. Col. Harper Post attended the funeral in a body. DERBY. At Jackson, Mich., A. Derby, Co. C. 0th Mich. SCHEFFLER. At Jackson, Mich., Capk Carl B. Scheffler, Co. H, 3d Mich. Cav. WEBB. At Jackson, ilicn., waiter weoo, 2d N. Y. M't'd Rifles. SWEET- At Concord Junction, Mass., James H. Sweet. He served In the 3d Conn., .8th Conn., and Signal Corps. He belonged to Old Concord Post, 186; was a Knight Templar and Odd Fellow. DAVIS. At Ada. Kan., T. M. Davis, aged 80. He was born in Bedford County. Va.f and moved with his parents to Williams port Counts, III. In May, 1847, he enlisted in Co. B, 1st 111. He enlisted in Co. D, 131st 111., Aug. 14, 1862, and when mustered out. in 1867, was Regimental Commissary. TURNER. At Cedar Grove, Tenn., Franklin Turner, Co. I, 6th Tenn. Cav. He was a Mason, Odd Fellow, and active mem ber of the G.A.R. Post at Sardis. He re ceived a small pension. A widow and nine children survive him. IIARBERT. At Sardis, Tenn., I. Har bert. Co. C, 6th Tenn. Cav., aged 63. He enlisted in 1862 and served until 1S63. He was a comrade of Fielding Hurst Post, Adamsville. HOLDER. At Berlin. Mass., Henry R. Holder, Co. C. 3th Mass. He was leader of the regimental band. He was also in the ambulance corps during many engage ments. . AVERY. At Fairfield, Neb., George W. Avery, Seraeant, Co. C, 104th 111. He en listed in August, 1861, and served until June, 1863. lie was Postmaster at rair (ield, where he also held membership in Geo. C Oliver Post and a Masonic Lodge. . BRUNT. At Highland, Kan., Benj. Brunt, Co. I, S3d U. S. C. T., aged 60. Ho was a member of Black Eagle Post, 4a3. McCONNELL. At Schaghticoke, N. Y., William McConnell, Co. I, I2i'd N. Y. NEWLIN. At Chicago, 111., Hardin W. Newlin, Co. L, 1st Iowa Cav. MF.TZLER. At Helena, O., George II. Met Jer, Co. 1, 158th Pa., aged 73. He was born near McConnellsburg, Pa. He en listed in April. 1862, and served nearly two years, being discharged on account of in juries. He never recovered from his army service. A widow and seven- children survive him. Doaths In n Oklahoma Post. Adj't V. Trask, of George A. Custer Post, 56, Alvaretta, O. T., writes that two com rades have died recently: J. Q. Morris, Co. L 7th HI. Cav., at Alvaretta, and Andrew Wilson, Co. B, 63th Ohio, while on a visit to Missouri. Both wero members of the Post. Dentlis iu the Illinois Soldiers Home. E. L.Higgins, Adjutant, Illinois Soldiers and Sailors- Home, Quincy, 111., sends the following list of deaths: Edward Howe, Co. G. 16th 111-4; Edward Evans, Co. A, USth 111.; Chauncey Mulford, Co. F, 1st U. S. Lng.; Willis S. Snowden, Co. 1, 11th Mo.; Alohzo C. Bellows, Co. B. 4fch Mich.; George W. Mann, Co. A, 1st Mo. Cav.; and Squire Watkins, Co. K, 111th U. S. C. T.