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-t-? , fijse v -w --"S' ,5-' rf . v ,?- 8 THE- NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON P.. 0,, THURSDAY, MAROH 31, 1898. -.srv-p t s fkr fffS BY DB. J. H. TOKTEE. The rhinoceros, elephant and hippopota mus of Aiia and .Africa more particularly the firbt-r.anied animal arc represented on this continent by an animal that, although small when compared with these ponderous forms, is yet very far from being insignifi cant. On the main streams of the Amazon and La Plata, as along all their tributaries, tapirs abound. They never unite in bands; but those innumerable damp ravines, clad with luxuriant vegetation, the dense fore&t on river banks, together with basins of jungle that become lakes when inunda tions occur, furnish lairs and feeding places to tapirs in immense numbers. Atearlv dawn this sedate beast leaves its covert and goes gravely along some decplv-trodden pathway to a stream. It heads towards the river, also, when pur sued bv dogs or men, being able to swim and dive with great expertness. Never theless, it is there, by its protecting flood, that the hunter awaits it in his light canoe. From time immemorial this crea ture has adopted the same expedient for security and failed to save itself, let, this can scarcely be said to be an illustra tion of the mental deficiency shown by certain animals and strongly contrasted with the high intelligence sometimes dis played in methods of escape among other species; for the truth is, a hunted tapir has little choice between means of safety. Vi'hen roused from its lair this heavy, massive brute cannot go on land where a dog will not easily follow. Its bulky form even opens the way through dense undergrowth to human pursuers, and llioueh swift of foot for short distances, anv sustained speed in a beast built like a little elephant is impossible. Hence the habitual re sort to water, where there is at least some chance of escaping from its foes. On the other hand, nobody familiar with the habits of large game could pos sibly hunt tapirs without being convinced of their comparative deficiency in intellect. As our vessel in which we were traveling on the Madeira liiver rounded abrupt bends we frequently saw antas, as these crea tures are there called, sitting in the water up to their necks, taking a morning bath. Suppose now that in stead of being in Brazil, this Madeira River had run through northwestern Europe, British America, Africa, or India, and in place of a tapir intending to escape by such means as it placed at his dis posal, the red deer, moose, tiger, or hippopotamus, had designed mailing use of it in the same way. All of them, if surprised, might have plunged into its cur rent with a splash; but SMI when there, no one couia have failed to see the difference between them and the tapir, in making use of an opportunity for. concealment and retreat. When the close-pressed slag or moose takes to water, it is as a means towards some definite end either to interpose an obstacle that is difficult to pass, or else to stand at bav with success. In this last instance It seeks, as an anta never does, standing-ground amidst cascades or rapids where assailants can find no foothold; while if concealment be the object sought, then one of these animals swims deep and silently, antlers laid back, and sinks un der a sheltering bank until nothing but the nostrils show, or gets into some pool away from .shore, and immerses itself completely. A river-horse uses water to cover himself and blind his trail; while the tiger wise and wicked, although one of the boldest and best, of swimmers, often, when sore beset, slips quietly into an Indian river, goin" off almost without a wake or other sign, so silently and deeply does he swim, and so little cah be seen of him. V tapir is more at home in the water than anv of the other species mentioned, and has 'been compelled to use the stream when in danger oftener than they; but it moves about on or under the surface, precisely as it would run and double on shore, without an effort at anything but aoiding the nearest danger, with no plan, and no apparent appreciation that one mode of behavior or position is not as good as another. Breaking from covert, an anla bursts its wav bv the shortest route towards a steam. plunges in, if not lanced or shot upon the bank, and goes foaming and snorting about with an aimless, impotent, tumultuous energy, impeded by the dogs that follow, and soon overtaken, except lhroutrh good luck, by Indians in swift canoes. A harpoon made fast to the boat or provided v.ith a float is struck into it, and arrow, knife, or spear ends the scene. That was not the way we hunted, how eer. As well shoot buckshot instead of a single ball, murder the snow-stalled, ex hausted moose, or fire upon a netted tiger. Practice-, of this kind befit barbarians, not sportsmen. While tapirs cm be met on short- with lance and hunting-knife, this is the only way to hunt them, unless one is actually in want of food. The incidents of one such hunt will give a picture of all. The chief object, after having got an anta on foot, is to intercept its approach to water by a line of beaters moving parallel with its not very rapid course. One of these creatures crashes through underbrush with sounds plainly to be heard at some distance, and besides this its track is betrayed by dogs giving tongue. In and out among immense trees and smaller trunks of india-rubber palms, wild banana, tree-ferns, with a hundred other forms draped by lianas, orchids, and parasitic vines innumerable, we followed a tapir earlv one morning into the cool, dark forest, lie had been to bathe and was now going baclc towards his shady lair in some thicket of leafy Lushes. Once or twice we expected to bring our quarry into view; but the sfons as shown on this damp soil strewn with every kind of vegetable debris wore deceptive, "and the tapir paced se dately on, totally unconscious that enemies followed. Dense nets of creeping plants delayed our progress, great fallen trees, over which we tried to climb, had been converted through decay into mere shells that broke under our weight, and left us to struggle out. Impassable curtains of interlaced vines swung slowly in the air and turned the party aside; many times also neither pursuers nor game could go ahead without making wide circuits to avoid impenetrable brakes. I inally. however, our dogs, three of them mongrels, like all the canine race in these regions were slipped from their leashes, and the solemn silence which brooded over this scene had scarcely 1 een broken by our hounds' voices before a crashing in front showed that the fright ened quarry had now gone off at speed. True to its instincts this beast tried to break back, first on one fank, then on the other; but a barrier of shouting foes closed its way towards the Madeira, and we raced, waded and scrambled on, while vain efforts exhausted cur game, and be fore long our hourds brought it to a stand. All crises in the chae of large-sized animals cannot be grand, een when set amidst nature's most impressive surround ings. This desperate, unwieldy brute, plunging awkwardly about, trying to rip the active four-footed assailants, or crush them beneath its massive fore-feet, was only grotesque and strange, not tremen dous and terrible. Naturally, we saved this comparatively helpless creature from our followers' lances and arrows, v.ith which it 4JtE QN'TfcErnv-r--. mfttn, P Z 1 V -T n would otherwise have soon bristled, and as the tapir stood, champing its foam flecked jaws, with its little eyes gleaming red, the long, pendulous upper lip writhed back, and twitching convulsively, we closed upon either shoulder. The e was a last flurry of dead twigs and earth, a scattering of natives and dogs, then two steady lance thrusts, one directly in front, the other driven home on one side, finished our hunt. My companion expressed sentiments con cerning this affair to which there could be no demurring. We had washed in a pool, got something to eat, and were lying in the shade, smoking our pipes, when he said: "No more spearing of tapirs for me. There is something ridiculous in making preparations as if one were going against a really formidable wild beast, and then encountering such an animal as this. Hereafter 1 will shoot antas for food, and not make any pretenses." Both strictly adhered for the foture to that view; this was our first and last pur suit of a tapir in the character of sports men. As for the Hope's crew, they enjoyed themselves; fish, flesh, and fowl were plentiful, there was no sign of dantrer, and their cau'king and other repairs that had necessitated our stopping could be pro ceeded with by small installments; here, also, grew wild bananas and cacao to make "wine," with stores of honey that could easily be fermented. Our men seemed disposed to attribute these bless ings to our collusion as doctors with the powers that be. A Tapir. (From a photograph.) Tn this paradise the crew lived like de- f generate lotus-eaters, and gave no thought to probable accidents and dangers of their position. But we were destined to have another experience at this spot in which a tapir figured. During one of those con vivial evenings, when our ship's company gathered in their picturesque camp to talk interminably and drink with an un quenchable thirst, while the mellow light of watch-fires flashed on swaying boughs and the Madeira's broad expanse, con fusion and shame came upon that band of braggarts. Sounds like the rushing of frantic horse men suddenly arose close at hand, which no doubt would have been heard sooner if everybody had not been trying to talk down everybody else. A large anta. dis tracted by terror and streaming with blood, galloped across- the glade's indistinctly illuminated edge, and plunged into the river. What had happened was evident at a glance. It had evidently been attacked by a puma or jaguar near our camp. Springing upon the animal's back, as is often done, its assailant had begun to tear with fang and claw while the tortured brute ran wildly through thick jungle, try ing to displace its terrible rider. In this instance, being close to deep water, it had made at once for the stream. Whether lion or tiger, according to native parlance, the beast Of prey had abandoned its vic tim on being carried towards us; but if death in person, mounted on his "pale horse," had charged these incapables, their consternation could not have been more extreme. Save three or four Mojos, who now snatched up weapons, quickly gathered about our bivouac and probably would have fought a little if there had been any occasion." not a man remained within sight. The rest dispersed, scattered by a blind panic. It was a fine commentary upon their everlasting boasting, and a nice set were they to consort with, when any day might put us into deadly peril. All the same there was no help for it, since nothing less than a sufficient force or re liable adherents to thrash them satis factorily every day for a week or two would have made the slightest permanent im pression upon such wretches. When they came straggling back, re joiced to find themselves alive, and we had relieved our own feelings by a few appro priate remarks, Maria Gomez, one of the crew, after some subdued talk with the rest, came forward and begged to say a few words. He was in the reactionary stage of terror, and not yet quite sober. Why they ran away, he said, remained incompre hensible; but most likely that must have been due to a spell. At all events, high born and maenanimous cavaliers Jike our lixcellencies, he continued, in his high flown fashion, would doubtless so far over look this circumstance as not to seriously insist upon certain things that we had said. There was no use in delivering them over to devils, ana u tins intention couiu be reconsidered, truly they who looked upon it as an honor to serve us would hereafter stand fast. We saw that our figures of speech had been taken literally; yet it might well have been suicidal to relax the only control over these men we could effectually exercise, except that'given by personal prowess. So their orator was waved away with a few enigmatical words intimating our resolu tion to regulate supernatural affairs ac cording as they behaved. For a little while Capt. da Silva and his crew felt and behaved like frightened children. These hulking creatures scruti nized each other to see if there were any evidences of tho evil eye, or other magic influences at work; they misconstrued every trifling occurrence, and thought each of their own grotesque imaginations was probably a reality which had been some how sent. Then, as nothing serious took place, the whole matter vanished from their minds like a dream, and the former unregeneratc state returned in full force. Tn be continued.) EDITORIAL NOTE. In the next installment Dr. Porter will tell of exciting sport with big game fish ou the Madeira. A. N. Beadle, Treasurer, First and Fifth Coips Association, Oswego, N. Y., -writes : " I hae applied to the Quartermaster-General and the Adjutant-General of the Army for the dies used tocuttheFirsland Fifth Corps badges that we woie on our hats during the war. Neither office can inform me what has be come of them. I want to make the exact badges of each for members of the Associa tion. Does any comrade know who has the dies?" TyTfkWV ls J .,. jLxiTii..iiipwwiiIjr:jiwiriOl'1,Plillli'WiiTB"' ' i m 1 nr'il H" nTTlWITiiilPWMr"PTi"7r' 'TiT t , ill IP I i ill I I 1 II l H i 'I" ii Wi'l IHP I'l Wl I li ' I I I PUZZLES flflfl QUERIES. Some Problems Which are Eeally Worth While Working Out. Questions. (Second Series.) 91. Where is the knee of a horse, located? 92. Does a cow arise from a kneeling position forelegs first or hindlegs first? 03. What is the difference in directions of rotary storms in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres? 94. What is salt? , . 95. Whence- are the potash salts (kai nite, etc.) now universally used as fertil izers derived? 9ti. 'What influence do the continents ex ercise on the level of the sea nearvthcm ? 97. What are the so-called "coral in sects"? 98. What benefits do the higher forms of life derive from the existence of the bacteria? , yj). What are the relative amounts of water delivered by the Mississippi, St. Lawrence, and Amazon? 100. What is bromine? Answers. (Second Series.) SI. There is -no very good solvent of vulcanized rubber (ordinary rubber, goods) known. Such a solvent, if cheap, would be a valuable discovery. Turpentine shaken with 10 per cent, of its weight of strong sulphuric acid (to remove water), allowed to stand over night, and then decanted gives fair results. To use it, the rubber, which has been allowed to hang in a closed vessel over sulphuric acid for sev eral days, is cut into small pieces and stirred up with two parts of the turpentine, being gently heated meanwhile. Three parts of rubber, dried as described, may bo cut into bits, placed in a linen bag, and hung in 100 parts of petroleum benzine. After three or four days, the benzine will dissolve out -10 to CO per cent, of the rubber, leaving the icsidue enormously soolen. If benzine alone is too volatile, a portion of coal oil may be mixed with it. In either case, it is well to treat it with acid as described for turpentine, since the presence of even a trace of water hinders solution of rubber. The benzine solution so obtained is a thin liquid containing about one per cent, of caoutchouc. It must be kept in the dark. Chloroform, carbon, bisulphide, ether and benzol can also be used as sol vents. But none of these are thoroughly satisfactory. 52. The so-called "pebble .glasses" 'spec tacles) are made of transparent colorless rock crystal or quartz, usually from Brazil, which is harder than glass and so less liable to be scratched. Asa W. Slayton. 53. V hen the metal aluminum burns in air, it forms a white oxide called alumina. This alumina is found native in crystal line form as variously-colored, intensely hard crystals. Those crystals which are transparent enough arc used as gems; the blue ones being called sapphires, the red ones rubies, the yellow ones Oriental topazes, the violet ones Oriental ame thysts. When opaque, and not suited for jewelry, crystallized alumina is called cor undum, and largely used as an abrasive. When corundum is found in an impure, granular slate it is called emery. But all these various substances are one and tho same chemically, so that a cheap emery wheel may represent what would be an enormous fortune had the alumina con stituting it happened to have crystallized in large and clear transparent red crystals instead of little opaque black ones. SI. In answer to the question, How many arc lights it would take to light a town as well as the moon does, if removed loan enual distance, I should say 23,0 !0 bill'on. The conditions stated are: An electric light tower 148.5 feet high carries 4 arc lights, casts at 30.5 rods distance a shadow of equal density to that cast by (he full moon. Tower 1 Wz feet high equals 9 rods; squar ing this and distance from tower 20K rods, add. and extract root, we have al most .'52 call it .'$2 rods to the lights and 210,000 miles to the moon. Now, the in tensity of light is inversely as the square of the distance; that is, .'5 times farther away, nine times less liehl; four times farther, 1G times less, etc. Thirty-two rods is one-tenth of a mile; snuare 10 and we have the equivalent of 100 towers at one mile; square moon's distance and multiply by 100 gives 5,700 billion towers, 2,'5,010 billion lights; enough placed one foot apart to reach around 1he earth; enough for G,:$25,.77 on each square mile of the face of the moon, or to cover the whole face toward the earth if two feet apart each way. And that would only be "moonshine," one-.'500-thousandth some say 018-thousaiVdth of sunshine.- Fetch out your dynamos' Asa W. Slayton. 55. A weber is the amount of electricity flowing in one second through a circuit where the force is one volt and the re sistance is one ohm. Asa W. Slayton. 50. If the revolution of the earth on its axis should slop, everything movable would go tumbling eastward with velocities varying from 1,000 miles an hour down, ac cordingto distance from the Fquator. Trees would be uprooted, all buildings thrown down, mountain-tops torn.asundqr and the continents flooded by the oceans. There after we should have but one day and one night in a year, each six months long all over the earth; and the sun would rf.se in the west and set in the east, and so would tho moon. The stars would never rise and set, each six months night showing tho same stars constantly in the same places. We would have new, half and full moon six and a half limes each night. The ocean waters would flow to the poles, mak ing the polar oceans about seven miles deeper, flooding the adjacent continents, and loxvering the equatorial oceans about five miles, probably, leaving a continuous continent clear around the earth, with all its lands and mountains about five miles higber above sea-level than they now are. Equatorial currents would cease, and ihero would be but two flood tides t in each month, and they would flow east instead of west. If the stop happened while it was Summer nnd day in North America, then we should always have Summer during our six months day and Winter in our six months night; and Asia would have six months Summer all her night, and all Winter during her day. Patagonia would have Winter her six months day, and Summer during her night. Auslralfa have Summer her day, and Winter her night. The Mississippi, Hudson and Volga would flow north instead of south, and with fearful velocities. Asa W. Slayton. Free to all Women. I have learned of a very simple home treatment which will readily cure all femalu disorders. It is na ture's own remedy and I willRladly send It free to every WUoring woman. Address Mabel K. Hush, Jollet, Ilia f MTTEflS lOf GflflSJfl. Dflflfiv v Terse, Telling Exports to War Department from the Front - - VI. The Weary Siege Reorganization Chances "Which Caused Much Heart-burning Mc Cook and Crittenden Sent to Washington. Visit of Jeff Davis to Brace's Army The Situation in Chattanooga Depressing. (COPYniOHT.) Dana's next dispatches hint at the settling down of the weary, anxious siege of Chattanooga, during which the army was reorganized, with much heart-burning among many officers, who were either dropped out entirely or assigned to smaller commands than they thought their merits deserved. Two excellent divis ion commanders Gens. J. J. Reynolds and J. M. Brannan lost their divisions, but cheerfully accepted places on the Staff, nnd there was a general feeling that the administrative part of the army was greatly strengthened. Gen. Rey nolds was made Chief of StafF, to suc ceed Gen. Jas. A. Garfield, who had been elected to Congress, and Gen. Brannan was made Chief of Artillery. McCook and Crittenden, whose days of usefulness were past, left for AVashington. The rebel array, which had become greatly depressed by lack of success on the hard-fought field of Chickamauga, began to suffer greatly from desertion, and it was felt that Jeff Davis himself must come on, and try to raise its drooping spirits. Chattanooga, Oct. 10, 18G3; 2 p. m. No demonstration 1'ioin enemy. Union people 1'ioin Cleveland report Bragg's main body retiring to Dalton. (Jen. Pillow has taken command of conscript bureau at Mari etta. Burkncr has taken command of Polk's Corps. Lieut.-Col. Napier, commanding 8th Ga. battalion, advertises 'J,800 reward for 90 deserters from seven companies. President Davis is positively announced as on hjs way to visit Bragg's army. The reorganization of our forces here, con sequent on consolidation of the two corps, is nearly complete. The combination of divis ions and brigades is as follows: Pouith Corps. First Division, Maj.-Gen. Palmer: Fir-L Prigade, Cm ft, nine regiment", 2,0-M men; Second Brigade, 13rig.-Gen.Whit-aker, eight lcginients, 2,0:."5 men; Third Bri gade, Col. Grose, eight regiments, l,!)b'8 men. Second Division, Sheridan: First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Steed man. 10 regiments, 2,3S5 men; Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. "Wagner, eight regiments, 2.1d8 men; Third Brigade, Col. Ilarker, 2,020 .men. Third Division,. "Woou: First Brig.ftle, "Willich, nine regi ments, 2,0()D men; Second Brigade, Brig. Gen. Ifaxcn, nine regiments, 2,195 men; Tliiid Brigade, Brig.-0'en. Samuel Bcatty, eight regiments, 2,222 men. Fourteenth Corp?. First Division, Rous seau: First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Carlin, nine regiments, 2,072 men; Second Brigade, Brig. Gen. King, four legiments Regulars and four regiments volunteers, 2,070 men; Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Starkweather, eight regiments, 2,2M men. Second Divis'on, J. C. Davis: -First Urigade, Morgan, live regi ments, 2,2do men; Second Brigade, Bri-'.-Gcn. John Bealty, seven regiments, 2,4(i0 men; Third Brigade, Col. Daniel McCook, six: regiments, 2,0.09 men. Third Division, Brig.-Genr Baird: First Brigade, Turchin, seven regiments, 2,175 men; Second Brigade, Col. Van Derveer, seven regiments, 2,110 men; Third Brigade, Col. Croxton, seven regiments, 2,105 men. Tin's docs not include those portions of the late Kcseive Corps which still remain at garrisons along the railroad and elsewhere in Ten icssee. It does, however, include the troops under Gen. Moigan who have occupied Mevenson, IJndgcport, and Battle Cieek until lelieved by J looker. It is intended to divide 'Jeune&ee into two districts, the northern commanded by Gen. li. S. Granger, having his Headquarters at Nashville, and the southern under Gen. Johnson, having his Headquarters at Stevenson. The depaitment stall' is also reorganized by the appointment of Maj.-Gen. Reynolds Chief of btafT, Gen. Smith Chief Engineer, and Gen. Brannan Chief of Aitillery. The Jeff Davis on artillery, heretofore serving one battery with each brigade, will now be attached to divis ions only, three batteries to each division, the remainder being organized as a reserve. Theso changes, and especially the remark able stteugth of the new staff, cannot fail to add much to the discipline and efficiency of the army. McCook and Crittenden have just left. 1 5 p. m. Rebels arc holding reviews to day, aud troops hitherto posted near Lookout Mountain have been moved east to Mission ary Ridge for this purpose. Possibly Jeffer son Davts is with them. ' ' & "'' iff Naturc'sXurc for tk Kidneys and Bladder and: URIC ACID OR RHEUMATIC CONDITIONS. THE WONDERFUL KAVA-KAVA SHRUB. A Free Gift to Every Reader. In a recent issuo our readers were informed of the discovery or the Kava-Kava Shrub, a now botanical product, of wonderful power in ouring certain diseased. The Kava-Kava Shrub, or as botanists call it, jfipcr Mcthysiicum, grows on mo u.mivs ui mu Ganges river, East India, and probably was used for centuries by tho natives before its extraordi nary properties became known to civilization through Christian missionaries. In this respect lDBEnw' It resembles tnc discovery Pernvlnn bark, mado known oy tno inuians 10 the early Jesuit missionaries in South America, and by them brought to civilized man. Tftc havo -previously quoted Dr. great authority on uiese enseals m wmru iu describes the sufferings of both Hindoos and whito missionaries and soldiers on these low, THEKAVA-KAVA.SHuuBn)iir5i,y swamps and jungles on the Ganges. Piper Methysticum.) jjc sa..g . "Intense tropical bent nnd moisture acting upon decaying vegetation render these low grounds on the Ganges most unhealthy districts. Jungle fevers aud miasma absnil the system. The Blood becomes deranged and the Urine thick aud dark-colored. Life hangs in the balance. Then when all modern medical science fails, snfety is found in the prompt use of Kava-Kava. A decoction of this wonderful botanical growth relieves the Kidneys, the Urine becomes clearer, the fever abates, and recovery sets in, etc. The Kidneys may be called the strainers of the human system. Their duty is to strain out and separate from the Blood various pois onous substances, such as Uric Acid, Urates, Lithatcs, etc., and cast them out or the system through Hie Urine. It this is not done, these poisonous substances arc deposited in the joints and muscles and causo Rheumatism and Gout, or they cause diseases of the Kidneys and Bladder, Bright's Disease, Tain in Back, Dropsy, Blood Disorders, and various other maladies. , , , Or all diseases that afflict mankind, Diseases or the Kidneys are the most fatal and dangerous, nnd hence the discovery of the Kava-Kava Shrub-Nature's 1'ositive Specific Cure for Diseases of the Kidneys-is welcomed by .suffering humnnitv, and its medical compound, Alkavis universally endorsed by the Hospitals and Physicians of feu rope, in which it at once recorded over 1,200 enres in less than V,0 days. Hon. R. C. Wood, a prominent lawyer or Lowell, Indiana, was com pletely cured 01 severe uiieiiiiuiusin, Kidney and Bladder disease, by Alkavis. He gratof ulljtwritcs as follows : "I am now So years old and have used various kinds of medicines. For the past ten years I havo suffered from rheumatism, and have suf- nnst fivo YPJir Ifoii. i2. C. Wood, Lowell. Ind. t,cst treatment I ever TJIH CIPIlEIi WORRY. To Maj. Eckert: Oct. 11 ; 9 a. m. The dispatch disclosed was the lirst one of Sept. 20. Gen. 11. S. Granger cxplr-ins that, being very anxious for news, he went with Gen. Gilleni to the telegraph office as my dispatch va3 passing through, some portions of which were gues-ort at by the oiwrator. The person who guessed out the dispatch was 3fr. Smith, who informed us at the lime ''it was mere surmise, as he had no key to the cipher." It is rather curi ous, however, that the agent of the Associ ated Press at Louisville, ill a private printed circular, quoted me as authority for reporting the battle as a total defeat, -while Horace Alaynard repeated in Cincinnati the entire second sentence of the dispatch. If practi cable, send me a cipher whose meaning no operator can jniess out. TJIi: SIEGE BEGINS TO PIKCIL By Oct. 12 the army began to feel the investment sharply. The enemj' was constantly present, enterprising and aggressive. Supplies were constantly dwindling, in spite of every effort. Worst of all, Kosecrans's blunder- in giving up Look out Mountain gave the rebels command of the only practicable road on the other side of the river, and there began to be serious doubts as to his ability to extricate his army or do anything with it. To Mr. Stanton : Oct. 12; 8 a. in. Reports arrived last night from up the river to the effect that the rebels are concentrating a force on the lfiwassce at a rwint about 12 miles from its mouth. These reports lack confirmation, but they are very probable, and agree with the appaient disajmerauce of Longstreet from our front. If a serious attempt should be made by Bravg to march into Kentucky, this army will lind itself in a very helpless and danger ous position. Owing to the destruction of our wago'i train by Wheeler, on the 2d in stant, with all the forage on boird which had been biougnt to Stevenson, and the sub (jueut occupationof'the railroad transporting Hooker's troops, with its interruption by Pulpit Rocrc. Wheeler and by guerrillas, our animals have had no regular supply of fo.ige for 10 days. Corn enough has been hauled from the Sequatchie Valley, fiom the Tenuessee bottoms below Uridgepoi r, and from places np the river :H) and 40 miles distant, to fur nish the mass of tho animals with about quarter rations, while all that could be sent away have been taken to Stevenson to be fed as best they might. The result is that a large number, say 250, have died of starva tion, in addition to the usual mortality, aud those which remain are already so debilitated as to render impracticable any efficient attack or pursuit of the enemy marching through East Tennessee toward Kentucky. past five years. 1 have home physicians and by three different spec ialists, besides having used various so-called specifics without receiving the least benefit. My bladder trouble became so troublesome that I had to get up from five to twelve times during the night to urinate. In fact, I was in misorv the whole time and was becoming very despondent. I have now used Alkavis nnd am better than I have been for five years. I know Alkavis will cure bladder nnd kidney trouble, and can most heartily recommend it in ail tnmrf.rs It is the chcnnest nnd 01 quiinuu uum iu Archibald Hodgson, t 10 Manv ladies also join in testifying to the wonderful curative powers of Alkavis in Kidney and allied diseases, and other troublesome afflic tions peculiar to womanhood, which cannot with propriety be described here. Among these maybe included Mrs. Susan B. Castle, Poesten kill, N. Y.; Mrs James Young, of Kent. O.; Mrs. AliccEvans.of Baltimore, Md.; Mrs. Mary A. Lay man, of Necl, W.Va.; Mrs. Sarah Vunk.Edinboro, Pa. nnd Mrs. h. E. Copeland, Elk River, Minn. While Alkavis is well-known in Europe, its only importers in this country so rar are The Church Kidney Cure Company, or No. -109 Fourth Avenue. New York City. They are VKmZc so anxious to introduce bern treated by all our I its great val ue that Large Case of Alkavis, used. I feel so grateful to 2sbr is this all. "We have now on hand here bnt two days' rations for the troops, with bad mountain roads from hence to the west base of Walden's Ridge, while from thence to Bridgeport the roads pass through the bottoms of the Sequatchie aud the Ten nessee, which a little rain will render im practicable. In addition to all this the road nsed for empty trains from here to Walden's Ridge was vesterdav rendered impassable by a few rebel sharpshooters posted on the south bank 1 of the river at a place some live miles from here, where this road rnns for a mile or so along the bank. It is trne that we have here at Chattanooga one steamboat in good run ning order which can navigate the river with 27 inches water, and that another is nearly completed at Bridgeport whicli will run with 12 inches, and that flat-boats for towage have been prepared there. JEFF DAVIS'S TISIT. For two terribly-rainy days the enemy made no aggressions, but the rain was worse than the rebels. It made the roads over the mountains almost impassable, and the rising river threatened the communications with the north side. All hopes of help from Burnside had vanished, and presently the army began to fear that he would be in serious trouble. Jeff Davis was keenly alive to the necessity of getting both Burnside and Rosecrans out of Ten nessee, and buoying up the rebels with expectations that it would be done. He arrived before Chattanooga early in Oc tober, and spent several days riding through the camp3 haranguing and en couraging his men. One day he as cended to Pulpit Rock, the northern most extremity of Lookout Mountain, and from which a view, unsurpassed on the continent, can be had of hundreds of square miles of mountain, valley and river. The whole scene spread out at his feet like a map. There was the Army of the Cumberland, huddled on a small tract of ground, on the south bank of the Tennessee a mere spot on the far-reaching landscape. Around it, from the river above to the river below, was a mighty chain of rebel forts, breast works and rifle-pits, manned by tens of thousands of soldiers, who had great States back of. them from which to draw PARTIAL PROSPECTUS Some Features of The National Tribune, 1898. Thousands of new readers every week make it proper to again call attention to some of the good things in our literary locker. Awake and imbued with the spirit of this enterprising age, we have stopped at nothing in the way of trouble and expense to secure attractions. Our object is to enlist the largest army of readers marshaled under the flag of any pub lisher in America. The Nation at. Tkibuxe is a current review of the great questions which occupy men's thoughts from week to week. The in terests of the Nation are paramount, and therefore such important matters as the Spanish-Cuban situation, Hawaiian annexation, British complications, and Alaskan gold dis coveries are treated in a cyclopedic manner as they arise. New pension rulings of great importance nimear as fast as issued, and fre quently exclusively in our columns. The great questions before Congress and subjects dominating the attention of the executive branch of the Government also find full and safe exposition here. With all these features The National Tkibuxe is a pictorial paper, illustrated as well as any monthly magazine. We are now publishing A File of Infantrymen. By John McKlroy. Charles A. Dana's Letters. Mr. Dana was the personal representative of President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton in the Held, and wrote fully about men and things with out fear or favor. The Story of Paul Jones. By Augus tus Buell, author of "The Cannoneer." This writer needs no introduction, as his place in the jcgards of the renders of The National Tkiuune is established. The American Conflict. By Horace Greeley. The most trenchant review of the events of the war period extant. A complete history. - Fighting Them Over. Brief stories of thrilling incidents contributed by soldiers themselves. The Forbes War Pictures. The truest and most spirited sketches of army life pro duced by auy artist of the war. Napoleon and His Marshals. By J. T. Headlcy. Splendidly illustrated. yon for tho relief I havo received that I feci I owe it to you to write yon this. You are at liberty to use this as n testimonial if you wish, and I will also cheerfully answer all suflorcrs writing mc for particulars regard ing Alkavis. It is a wonderful and grand, good remedy: it is powerful nnd searching, going right to the very root of the disease and driving it out of the system, never to return. Try it all yc who suffer and be convinced. You will then be as enthusiastic in its praise as I am. Wishing you tho succcs you deserve, I am, Host respectfully yours. R. C. WOOU. Attorney-at-Law and Notary Pnblic. Tho celebrated American physician, Dr. J. M. S. Thomas, reports that. Alkavis promptly and effectively cured four well marked cases of Bright's Disease among his patients, and writes: " I have fully tested the value of the Kava-Kava ShrnbfAlVavis in Kidney, Bladder and Urinary disorders, as well as in Rheumatism and Drop sical EiTusions, with the most remarkable and satisfactory success." Among other leading doctors .who write of the great curative effects of thiNcw Rcmcdr, arc Dr. L. F. Calhoun, of Jonesville. Ia ; Dr J. B. Cypert, of Frost, Texas," nnd Dr. G. C. Prichard. of Phelps. New York who havo used Alkavis for themselves or their patients with most remarkable snres3 in curing Eright's Disease, Nephritis, Inflammation of the Kidneys or Blad der, Locomotor Ataxia and Rheumatism. - Rev. AY. B. Moore, I). D., of Washington, D. C. Editor of tho "Ilcligious World," writes of the wonderful curative fleets of Alkavis in his own case, as it cured him after years of suffering from Kidney and Bladder disease and Rheumatism. Mr. J. II. Burke, or Clarendon, Arkansas, testifies to his cure of Bright's Disease by the wonderrul power or Alk.ivfc. He writes : 'I desire to give credit to whom credit is due. In February 1SJW, I was taken with Kidney trouble and my urine was of a very dark color and, heavy brick dust deposits. I was confined to my rocm ten weeks with constant attention of two physicians, who at last pronounced mr case Bright's Disease, nnd incurable. I was advised by a friend to try Alkavis, whicli I did. I was able to work in the yard in a week, and now I am as well as I have lvcn in five years." Ilev. A. ( Darling, or North Constantia, Oswego, Co., New lork, writes that he had suffered for sixteen years with Heart, Kidney and Blad der disorders, often having to use the vessel sixteen times during tho night. Alkavis promptly cured him, and as lie writes, he now sleeps all night like a baby. Alkavis and prove they will send free one prepaid bymail, to ,f r,;. WBtolfa ,- r jBfL i' J r ' Every Reader or The National 'iRrarsE, ' ' , ' " who sntrer3 from any form or Kidney or Bladder disorder, Bright s Disease, Rheumatism, Cystitis. Gravel, Female Complaints and Irregu larities, Dropsy, or other ailliction due to improper action or tho Kidnej-s or Urinary Organs. All readers or this paper who are suirerers should send their names and address to the company when they will receive the Large Case or Alkavis by mail rree. To prove its wonderful curative -powers it is sent to you entirely free. FREE TO EVERY READER! supplies and reinforcements. Daily they were pushing their approaches nearer the beleaguered Unionists, and daily cramping their sources of food. Hunger promised to soon either force the Union army to surrender, to attempt a disas trous retreat, or to so weaken its men that they must yield to an assault. Davis told these facts to them in everv sneech, and addressing the crowd gathered around on the lofty summit he told them that the Union army was al ready more than half conquered. Its ruin was certain. Their victory was sure, and soon the last Union soldier would be swept out of Tennessee. He left hi3 point of observation to hold a council-of-war with Brasjg and his sub ordinates, at the conclusion of which he gave Bragg instructions to leave enough men in the works to hold the Union army in Chattanooga while it starved, and with the remainder move off to the left, destroying Rosecrans's line of com munications, driving back the relieving force of Hooker, capturing Xashville and carrying the rebel line forward to the Ohio River. It was a bold, compre hensive plan, and looked as if it ought to succeed. But the heavy rain which came up and was such an affliction to the Union troops also prevented Bragg making the prompt, decisive swoop which his chief had planned. To be continued. EDITORIAL NOTE. Other interesting inci dents of the Siege of Chattanooga will ha told of through Dana's Letters next week. CONSUMPTION CUKED. An old Dhyslclan, retired from practice, had placed in his hands D3- an East India missionary the formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the speedy and permanent cureof Consumption, lironchitis, Catarrh, Asthma and all Throat .ind Lunjr Affections, also a pos tiveaud radical euro tor Nervous Debdity and alt Nervous Com plaints. Havinjr tested its wonderful curative powers in thousands of cases, and desiring to relieve human suffering, I will send free of charge to all who wish it, this recipe in German, French or English, with full directions for pre paring and using Sent by mail, bv addressing, with i-tanip. naming this paper, W. A. Novks, &20 Po icers' Block. Rochester, X. Y. Wideawake dealers consult the wishes of customers, and do not offer " something just as good" when you ask for an adver tised article. Uncle Snowball. Pussonal Eekollek shuns of an Army Cook. A series of in imtable sketches depicting the ludicrous side of camp life. Public Buildings of Washington. By Kate Brown lee Sherwood. Si Klegg as a Veteran. One of the most popular stories ever written. "Three Months in the Confederacy." By Col. (now Lieut.-Geu.) Fremautle, of the British Army. A Hunting Trip on the Amazons. By Dr. J. If. Porter. The following, among other things, will appear in future at an early date: A Loyal Home Worker Abroad. By Elsie Pomeroy McElroy. This is a series of letters from Europe by this gifted young writer, with whose work our readers are familiar. Inside of Eebeldom. By Dr. J. P. Cannon. A second installment of this graphic narrative, going back to the beginning of tho war. The Truth of History. This will be the actual history of the war, drawn from official sources, told in an interesting way, and set in opposition to the rebel side of the story. .Battle Days of the Roundheads. A sketch of the famous 100th Pa. By J. K. llolibaugh. The Brady War-Views. From photo graphs taken during the war. The Santa Fe Trail in the Old Days, and A Journey to the Manitoba Coun try in 18i9. Both by Gen. John Pope. Reminiscences of Gettysburg. By Jas. Fulton, M D War Events in East Tennessee. By W. E. Doyle. Sabers Again to the Front. By Birucy McLean. The Shelby Raid. By Wiley Britton. The Pennsylvania Reserves. By R. E. McBride. Tho Firing on Fort Sumter. By a young Ohio mechanic. Scouting Adventures. Thrilling epi sodes of army life. By Maj. Henry Eomeyn. And ny other attractions, arvnngcsjacnts for wliii'li are in progress. ii - v - 5 - & t-rt47fll BE1