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r- II f If there tc war with Spain the best history of it, frcm week to week, will be found in THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE gg. I Wkm1$mmsMw Bl7 J III 1 .j?j-.tKfcJ V -- "lilMte&?CiWJiSc--a-Yr:U -K i UL .. IH. KM. BH -JSg:lsss,izS2r s mor w-itv" JCLK!: 13S---i . - -- "1- " w fSp ssrss " &o tarcf or Irira wfeo Ha? borne the traffliroa for lis urifloa; and w$ym -' ltrte To learn how the United States make war read Hcadley's "Great Rebel Hon' Sec 12th page (Sup- plcmcntj, " . a a CO ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW SERIES. WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1898.-WITH SUPPLEMENT. YOL. XYII-NO. 26-WHOLE NO. 869. The IP t JL -4f " JL.JLs' of the d lUi Navy, iujili Ti -I---". --'-"irsTTr i i"-ii..i--l'i7'wir:.iiin-'.r'T ttt;"" tti . r - u .."r. -Trr.iryT.i -- , ,.,,.. - ., n,.,. im.,.. ...,.. ,,"'""";'""fJI'!T,'. ' -'" "'mm'"- '' "i:'''''"''w ' -" 111 "wrKM ..n "" r-M!'"" """ " " "".' "" ''" -r- 'y' '''"'"'"''.''''', ",i!1l''' ;,"J.'"""" ' it-. ..i-t n -i-i It is i!iiiassiblc to pveanj trustworthy information as -to the actual fighting sireugtlt-of the Isavy, for the reason that the corruption which is so rife in all departments of the Government, to the navy, and greatly reduces the strength is it appears upon paper. On paper Spain seems a navy comparable with our own, as the following tabic would show, both navies being taken stood Jan. J, 1893 : IJattlcships, 1st class .. ....".. Do. 2d class .Spanish extends to have as they in 1S95 a schedule was made of the apparent ifigujing-value of the navies of the world, and ic3 ex Sea-going const defense . . ". Ison-sca-going coast defense . Armored cruisers Protected cruisers Unprotected' cruisers . . ' . . GuiHioals, 1st class ' Gunboats, 2d a:id3d class '. . Tojpcdo boats, 1st claps. . . . ' Do. 2d class . . . Do. od class -. . . Officers Men Spain. . 1 o .' ' 0 o . 8 . 12 . 4 . 11 . Vd .. 11 . 2S . 5) I,-J09 United States. . .' . 4 o . . u o . . 10 .-". 5" . . IS . . 00 . . 18 . . 1 o pressiou in figures. This schedule was :is follows : Great Prilain 57.5 France .; . 157.5 liussia ."..... . . 22.5' Italy .,. 20.5 United States . .' . . 10.0 : f Germany I Spain . ! Japan . A(istria . 9.8 4.5 23,220 12,G00 This schedule has been changed since by the incredseiof the fighting power of the United States, -Russian, and Japanese navies, and the decline of that of 'Italy. Probably Spain has retrograded also. This would show that three years ago we' were regarded asjuorc than twice as strong at seaa3 Spain. To day the disproportion is probably very much greater. - The next thing is that, man for map and ship for sliip, the- Spaniards arc decidedly inferior to us. This is not a matter of National buncombe, but a statement of a cold, absolute facfe. Oaa ship3, gunsV orilcers and men have always ranked up with the very besi afloat, while the Spanisfi have always been decidedly inferior even to the European average. They have never or any where been as good as the Dntch, French or English, who have almost invariably whipped them, no matter what their superiority in numbers and guns. On the other hand, onr sailors have almost invariably whipped the English and French. The Spaniards have but one first-class battleship the Pelayo which is a 9,900 ton vessel, carrying two 12-inch and two 11-inch guns and nine 5i-inch rapid-fire gun3. She has 17.7 inches of steel armor, ' and a speed of 16 knots. Assuming that she has equally good men aboard of her, and as well disciplined,' yet she would be speedily whipped out by the Iowa, which is of 11,410 tons burden, carries four 12-incb, eight S-inch and four G-iuch guns, and has better armor. There is little doubt of the result of a fight be tween the Pelayo and the Indiana, Massachusetts or Oregon, each of which is of 10,233 tons, and carries 10 guns. No doubt the crew of the Texas, which ha3 a displacement of only G,31G tons and carries eight guns, would be willing to try conclusions, single handed, with the Pelayo. The other ships shown in the above are all inferior in strength to the same class that we have to pit against them. They excelled us at the beginning of the year only in the number of their torpedo boats. That disparity has probably, been much more than made good by the additions which have been, made to vonr tpedo"fIect sinze war began to appear imminent. . gftsgs.- It is Liable to Ring Out at Any Moment he United States Has Lost All Pa tience With Spain's Dallying The People are Forcing the Authorities. An Ultimatum Sent, Which Has Brought a Crisis The Whole Coun try Aflame Spain's Answer Will Ptesnlt in a Message to Congress. Its Probable Contents. Our account closed last week with the "ception oi the President's Message upon he Maine disaster by Congicss, and the general and very strong distaiisfaction v.hh its negative, neutral character. The .'resident was made thoroughly aware of his dissatisfaction and the likelihood that Congress would force matters by some jtronjly aggressive action. There were a .lumlKT of anxious conferences, and it Tas fi.iilly decided to withhold Congres sional action until the beginning of this 7,-ecIt, when the Pi evident promised de cisive action. Helping upon this the Iic mbliran majority in the Iluuse of lleprC- jentatives sustained Speaker Heed against j leprcsentative Dai ley, of Texas, who led hc Democrats and Populists in an at empt to lorce action. Senor Sagasta had offered to Minister Woodford to disperse the reconcenlrados ,n farming lands where they would be come sell-huppomng, and to permit their jeing f'-a by the United Stales. He would vithdraw the Spanish troops for an armis icc which would a Haw an effort to be made (o establish an autonomy on the jasis of that which Great Jiritain allows janada. On Tuesday, March 2t), the President replied tlut he would comidcr ) arciis'.ice which did not involve the I'timate independence of Cuba, and the -tate Department was instructed to de mand an immediate resjmnsc to what was practically the President's ultimatum. I'riday was the day set for this rej I v. 1 he Queen Urgent of Spain sent earnest .ippcali to the Queen uf Great lhiiain, "resident of Prance, Pmrcror of Germany, ilmpiror of Austria, Czar of Pussia, the ing of Pjjly, and the Poe, setting forth lie difncu.tics under which she labored as he guardian of a dynasty which would be ivenhrown if Cuba whs surrendered, and iskinj; tl.em to use such inliuer.ee a thev : Juld at Washington, to bring about such a icacefal set lemer.t :is wold not in-ure Sp:un's dignity or vital interests. The Qnwn of Great Britain sent the lct .er to the Marquis of .Si.lnlury, whose reply was such as to give the Queen Pc ant 1 I hopes. The replies of ihti oiher .ulcrs iiave not been made pubt c, but it is known that they were unfavorable, bh he exOjtion of tbat cf Austria. All ihc Lordon iapers higl ly praise the course of the United plates in the matter. Spain's re; ly Aas received at t)ic White House Thursday evening. It was trans mitted in cipher, arid its reeej. tion and translation took nearly the whole night. It proved to be a statement that the sur render of Cuba or of any Spanish territory iould not be made without the sanction of .he Cortes, which is not in session, and .vill not be until April 2-1, and consequently no definite answer can be made. A counter proK)sition was made that the Cuban mat ter bs settled on a "basis regarded as equitable sunong nations,-" and that Spain be given time to treat with the insurgents, and jvscertain what can be done in the jway of a peaceful settlement. This answer was regarded as distinnflv unsatisfactOry,and4he:dissafisiSctfo1rvas .hnleusifiediby 'tifc rnews that -the Spanish iicet nau oeen oraereo to leave immediately ior (jUL'a. The same day Tuinistcr Woodford in formed the President that Gen. Blanco had revoked the decree relating to the recon centrados in the Western Provinces, and had had S500.C00 placed at his disposal to relieve their distress. The Spanish ministry F informed (he other powers that "the chief demands of the United States were rejected, being in consistent with the honor and dignity of any nation." . On Friday two Cabinet " meetings were held to consider the Spanish reply, and it was offici ally given out that the President and his ad visors held that (he reply was virtu.il Jy an ins-ult. and that war was almost inevitable. On Saturday came the news that the Eu ropean powers were bringing strong pressure to bear upon Spa n to have her accept the. demands of the United States and avoid war. On Sunday Senor Sagasta announced thai his reply need not close negotiations, and that the door was yet open for a peaceful settle ment. The Spanish Minister of the Interior an nounced that the P po had accepted the taslc of mediating between the two nations, and that his services had been accepted by both. Assistant Secretary Day immediately slated that this was not true as regards ourselves. Till: PKOI'OS A i.s. Sunday evening it was semi-official ly stated, as to the diplomatic situation: The proposals of tho United States to Spain, in the direction of the independence of Cuba, were in substance as follows: 1. That Spain should liberate and sustain the reconcenlrados; 2. That- there should be an armistice between Spain and Cuba, with ihe view of securing a settlement of the diffi culties and the with drawal of the Spanish forces from Cuba; and, ,. That in case of I Ik Cubans and Spaniaids fading to come to an agreement during the armistice, Spain to sub mit the entire matter to President McKir.ley as arbitrator, with the un der.,iai:ding that ho WOUIll CCCIUU m uivifi of the absolute inde pendence ot Cuba. Spain has virtually agreed to the first ar.d second propositions, but declines to consider tho third, and her answer to this is regarded as an ultimatum. There have been no further negotiations. MONDAY'S DUVRLOl' WESTS. The President and Cabinet worked hard upon tho Message to Congress, Saturday, Sunday and Monday. 1 Tho memlers of the Cabinet o1dinotsg6 to "their homes Sunday Jiight, but remained at the White House all n-'ghr. The .Message was completed, signed, sealed and ready ior delivery Monc'ay afternoon, but not transmitted, because before it was made public it v. as necessary to get Consul-General l.ee and all other Americans out of Havana, to save their lives. Minister Woodford was informed that all negotiations with Span had ceased, and he mut be prepared to instantly leave Madrid. Tho Mangrove and Bacho were sent to Havana to bring away such Ameri cans as were there, and Constil-Gencral J.ec was instructed to biro other steamers if necessary. Soon, after sundpwn on Monday the tattered United States flag was removed from the gall of tho JMaino, where it had floated since the disaster. An officer and a boat's crew of the Fern brought it away". THE PKESIDE.'iT'S'MESSAaE. At this hour Tuesday morning it is re garded as certain that the transmission of the Message will not be delayed longer than to-morrow Wednesday. .Tho Message will be a ringing, vigorous document that prom ises to meet the full expectation of Con gress and the country. Ttrwill be a scath ing arraignmentof Spain,, showing that she has demonstrated her utter incapacity to govern; that her colonies have "declined in population as the result of misrule and op pression; that American commerce has : been damaged and American lives ana i property imperiled, and that existing con ditions should not anct will not ue tpieraieu by this Government. The destruction of the battleship Maine and tho s'a.ughtcr of 200 officers and sea men serving under the United Stales Hag will be commented upon in strong lan guage, and Spain will be held responsible for that disaster. OUR GREATEST FORT. - IS&s&i J38rB3.,' Jv m &&&&&& . nzEf&jt;i&:'y a igia"flmft j;'r-g- tt.--; -- ;"f, -r.. .:r:.rziK,.i-......wrv;.:,.,.u,.'., srr .. ,.-:i. t f ' m-wi;sr Ctt'i.. -iVl - .Z . t. -. -- , r JW '- " -5SSr2S' ssi, -" i" - "m gsgap sviftiateifssiiisssr , z&wti'JJkPh $?0'- -ILlL - ' gr-; $m S Onr greatest single fortification is that which stands on Old Point Comfort, and guards moat, its strong bastions and angles, and its tremendons array of heavy, old-fashioned the great water-way of the Chesapeake Bay, Potomac and James Kivcrs, and tho cities of siooth-borc ordnance. Of late years it has served as an artillery school, arsenal, etc. Baltimore, Washington, Pichmond and Norfolk. This is not only the largest fort in tle" ' . f - '"F1' l?osiLi" l,sls ce ".V"1 atronS for oflbnse suicl ilelense by estsibUsIiinS iu anil amuutl. ,, . , ' , , , , , , , , , . " the tort heavy bieeeh-loading rifles on disappearing carnages, mortars, etc., aud from it United States, but the largest in the whole world. It covers 80 acres of ground, or as much ' ufaCii ima torpedoes can be operated with good ctfeet. -as a splendid farm in one of the rich Northern Slates. 'At the time it was built it was t Our artist has given excellent views of iiie nuerior oi a casemate, wim ns imposing array oi oiu-jasuionetissa-coastoium-The water-battery, 'which commanded the entrance to Chesapeake Bay and the James regarded as a triumph of the art of fortification at that day, and no better example of the j 1 old fashioned stone-and-bnck-walled fortifications can be found in the world. Our J bieds; Topographical ICngineers and Ordnance Department lavished all their skill upon it, aiurf . wei e. i usi ly promt oi it. ana ns armament wjicu u was completed. JNOiningwas ieitiniiione ; iqver; i to make it a perfect work, and from first to last it litis cost over $3,00'J,()00. Of coarse, it is as obsolete to-day as the old wooden battleships, but it is an exceedingly interesting! shells, etc.; place, with its frowning walls of masonry, its beautiful groined casemates, its deep, wiije"; '.1. A section of the interior of the fort, with its old-fashioned mortars, round shot, 4. .Ot'fe of the sea-faces, with the moat, port-holes and guns iu barbct. The President will make no direct recom mendation, but his message will point clearly to the necessity of armed inter vention to restore order and peace. He will not recommend the recognition of the inde pendence of the island, for ibe insurgents have no established form of Government, and the President and Cabinet believe that a travesty would be presented to the world if, following the recognition or independence, the United States should, as the result of war, take that independence away by seiz ing or annex. rg the island. The President's message will be equiva lent to a declaration of war, and hostilities can now only be averted by Spain yielding all. IS CONG n ESS. The dissatisfaction with the delay of the President in pushing to a climax the nego tiations with Spain found expression in Congress, March 29, by . the introduction of a flood of resolutions of a war-like character which caused much excitement, and at tested the indisposi tion of tho National body to temporize with Spain. Mr. Allen, of Ne braska, was the first to move. He introduced in the Senate a joint reso lution, which was laid on the table at his own request. Mr. Rawlins, of Utah, introduced resolutions declaring recognition of the independence of Cuba, war against Spain, and directing the President to use armed force. A resolution by Mr. Frye directed the Presi dent to take the neces sary steps to secure a speedy termination of hostilities, the with drawal of the forces of Spain, and the com plete indepcrde ce of the Cuban people. Mr. Foraker presented a resolution rccogni 'ing the independence of Cuba and favoring arm ed intervention. The resolutions were referred to the Commit tceon Foreign Relations. Mr. Mason, of Illinois, sjoke of the reconcen lrados, and said that "any other s.ejf-respect-ing nation in the world would have ordered their release and better treat ment, or they would have opened the gates of hell on Morro Castle. "Every effort made by -the President lias been construed by Spain to be an act of cowardice and absolute and con clusive evidence that we are afraid of that mighty power, and everv svuh act of careful con sideration on our part has made Spain more cruel to her own people and more insulting to us." Speaking of the Irss of the Maine sailors he said: "They were not Senators,they were sail ors. Their widows and orphans cry aloud to us; the silent appeal of IMS - seamen comes to us again and again, sav ing, ' We are flesh "of your flesh, bone of your bone and blood of your blood; we loved "and I died for the flag that shields you.7 What is to be our answer? 1 speak only for myself, and 1 am for war. Congress alone can declare war. 1 am ready to vote now." He argued against any plan to assist Spain in autonomy or waiting for the elections. Said he: "Shall we wait until Spain can destroy more of our ships and men? God forbid that such a crime should he charged to us. Let us awake! .Shake ofT the Chinese nar cotic that locks us in drowsy indolence, murmuring 'Peace at any price' Awako as our forefathers did at Concord and Bun ker Hill; awake to glorious war against a nation that burns homes and murders women and children; a war to drive tho oppressor from the continent, to set tho Cuban flag in the sky forever, and a wac that will help us for generations to come by giving notice that the honor of our flag and the lives of our citizens must be respected among the nations of the world." In the House, the duplicate of Mr. Allen's resolution, which had leen agreed upon for presentation at an informal conference o representatives of the Populists and Silver Republican elements, was presented. This resolution, as introduced by Repre sentative Bell, declared that the independ ence of " the Republic of Cuba," for some time maintained by force of arms, te recog nized as an independent nation; that tho United States immediately intervene and put an end to the war and release the re concenlrados, and appropriating S5GO,000 for relief work. Representative Marsh, of Illinois, intro duced a joint resolution declaring war on Spain. Representative Hartman introduced a resolution recognizing Cuba as indepen dent, and pledging United States support. After Congress adjourned for the day many Republican Representatives held a conference. It was decided that the Presi dent should be immediately informed that any proposition of autonomy for Cuba would not be satisfactory to the members present. It was also decided that no cfibrt should te made to attach any resolution respecting Cuba to the Naval appropriation bill. Tho next day a delet alien" interviewed tho Pres:dent and laid the views of the confer ence before him. The f'resident alsocamo loan understanding with the Senate Com mittee on Foreign Relations. To a!I visitors entitled to know the President admitted that the negotiations with Spain were rapidly approach1 ng a crisis, and said he felt '.uite confident a conclusion would be i reached by Friday night at the latest. He asked that no action be taken by either House until after that time or until the then negotiations could be brought to a close. In the Senate, on March HO, mainly rou tine matters were disposed of, but, in the House, Mr. Bailey, of Texas, by privilege, presented a resolution recognizing Cuban independence..' This caused great excitement, and after much parliamentary discussion the Speaker ruled that the resolution was not privileged, as claimed. Mr. Boutelle, after Mr. Bailey appealed, moved that the appeal le laid on the table. The Republicans arose en masse when the Speaker called for the yeas. The Demo crats, who anxiously surveyed the solid phalanx U r a sign of a break, were disap pointed. A solid minority voted against the Republicj-ris. The division resulted 17l yeas lo 130 jiays. Yeas and navs were called for and t the result was the same. On the roll-call two Republicans, Achesort and Robbins, of Pennsylvania, voted with the Democrat. T he Rouse resumed coiw sideration of the Naval b'll. In the Senate ,n Thursday Mr. Frye, ot Maine, who reported fr.m the Committee on Foreign Relations a resolution calling upon .the President for Cuban consular re ports, requested that the resolution lie on the table until -uch time as the Committeo desired to call it t.p. He added that tho Committee was constantly engaged in work, and there was reason why the resolution should not be considered in the absence of the Committee. Mr. Chandler, of New Hampshire, - ob jected. Mr: Frye moved that the reaolu- '& --".: -'.-' ,-Ii 4 ll H& -SXjitir "--" ,L -..