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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE i ."WASHINGTON, D. C; THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1898.-TWELVE PAGES.
; ODK SPEGIfllt An'' Interesting Trip Over - the Chattanooga. Konuments at .Many Familiar by- Points On the Summit Terrible Episodes Much. From The National Tribune's own corre spondent in the field. ' ClIATTAXOOGA, Tns., !May 3, 1898. There has been a lull in military opera lions at Chickamaupca Park for the past three davs, since the departure of the lit;ht artillery, the 9ih Cav., and 21th Inf.; only drilling beint; done to occupy the time of the. command. 1 was about to say "time and attention," but attention has been directed, for the past two days, to the news from the Pacific, and in intervals not thus filled, to rumors of promotions to greater rank in the volunteer lorccs ol several of those officers now in camp. Some of these have been expected, others come as surprises to those notr behind the bcenes. While this is not the time nor place to discuss fully the merits, or want of them, of persons thus appointed, who have had more or less experience in military affairs, there can be no harm in calling to mind the cxneriences of the civil war. and brins- ins to remembrance the lamentable failures made by men who had only political serv ices, to one or the other party, to recom mend them, and the sad loss of life on Bevcral occasions caused by their imbecility. Already we read that this man or that, a party leader, must be provided with an office of high rank, regardless of the fact that to the man who holds such position must be intrusted, to a great degree, not only the interests of his Govemmentjjbut the lives of those whom he commands. A State Executive who "has never set a squadron in array," who knows nothing whatever of military affairs except as he has occasionally had some of the militia pass before him in review, and who, it may safely be said, does not know enough of tactics to change the march of a company from a flank movement to that in line thinks he hears the buzzing of a military bee in his hat, and straightway it is an nounced that he will take the field and that to enable him to do so with proper dignity, he must have the stars fall on his shoulders, and is ready to receive them regardless of fitness or the contrary. Human life is too precious to be in trusted to untried leaders when it can be avoided; nor should the interests and good name of our country suffer for any man's personal or political preferment. But, when every citizen is willing to Bink his personal advantage below the level of his country's weal, the millennium will be so near that the soldier's profession will have died out, and war be known no more. CHATTA2COOGA THEX AND .VOW. In the belief that many of the readers of The National Tribune who served in this locality during the war would enjoy a com parison of that period with the present, and knowing something of what has been done in the way of erecting monuments on the fields where they foucht, I have devoted two days to visiting Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, and points of former in terest in the city, kodak in hand, and not ing what I thought would be of most value, lam aware that a large number of old sol diers have, at one time or another, been here, but thousands of others who, I hope, read The National Tribune, have not been able to come; for them, more especially, I write. No man who passed a day in Chatta nooga during the war has forgotten how it looked, or how it felt, if it was rainv weather, cr he had to go on guard at the guardhouse, corner of Market and 9th Btreets, or the old military prison. The slopes of Cameron Hill, where many a good man went into the hospitals only to come out a corpse, are thickly built over; "the bottomless pit," not far from the Crutchfield House, where, it was said mules and wagons sank out of sight in. the mud, is now built or naved nwr- th nir? guardhouse site supports a fine business block, and the Read House has by the side of its front en- ance a tablet btating that it Is built on the site of the Crutchfield House, which was Used as a hospital after Chick amauga, and sheltered 250 wounded the night after the close of that battle. The old military prison, on Market street, has not been changed much in appear ance, but I thought it had in use, when I saw an officer in it, recruiting men for the service of the Government in the present 'war. The house occupied by Gen. Hosecrans, and later by Gen. Thomas, as Headquarters has not changed much in appearance; neither has that occupied by Gen. Bran nan, Chief of Artillery, near it. The Hamilton County Courthouse stands, I be lieve, on the ground where the artillery captured at Missionary Bidge was parked. Miles of paved .streets stretch in every direction, and lines of trolley cars give easy access to the dozen or more buburbs situated on all sides. Ono lino zigzags up the blope of Missionary Ridge, and runs for miles along, or near, its summit; another climbs the hills, and penetrates the narrow valleys on the north side of the river, where 11:11 City cottages hide them selves among tho trees grown up since the war. A fine steel bridge spans the stream about 300 yards above where the first one crossed, and two lines of trolley cars use it, as well as teams. The atmosphere is dulled by the smoke of furnace chimneys, and the hoarse whistle of river steamers wake the echoes daily, except during the season of very low water. LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN1. Access to the summit of Lookout is far asier now than when Hooker's men fought the battle above the clouds, scrambling ovor rocks well-nigh insurmountable. A line of railway starting from the valley of the creek east of tho mountain climbs to the summit by easy grades, using some 10 miles of track and half a dozen Y's . tr b n uuuna me western side in em fi rrr r t 1 i"i- if nan" r Wif f-' i i iTn" i 1 nn'i aw t r it iwTy tm mv Trrrri mn nn rnr i 'LT i TXj-l&A''?s "T " i inaa " r'T"T" " 1 T TTT" 1 f mGmtFZWJHC3imC J " -". v . u-tivtu" w. . ?,wvi&mmmmmrmmmmimm&imM. mzKMSmmzikimmmmimrmmmmms1 s&tw;M t aa 7Z3f7jrtr . . .-45aiawaa;:5isf f,riz; -krtm T IV.V? HXms'S jZU a-.JWaaBaaJs;L"2r '- 7. ' '"J A," r K 4i s' -.5T"V j TIUMt"y'&a' . "s. - 4C .BBBBBBnBHBBBfc ..X47 ;-fe;'r."y'I. 'K-.-' iY Si, s V fJIWrM(SHT ''.AiWA ?. .. r . S-',- "'( , WJKti&9IBBa&f SHS5fir - tfEEZ-"-? "- '' w&M JW flnlljjiflH &f M JWaMMBEiaagiiaaMaaaaaaBata4Tf;r ? JMtaMMBlaWiMgRWyBlli!ai W trl IMBaWHPilMlBalaaaaaaMlWMCTaWi 'l ffi3aWRSiafcHaHlBaaHBWri9i" l.flHiHiPiGHHvBBflawK9P'iP GOl$ESPOlDEliGE. -m battlefields Aromui of Lookout Spots Made Changed Now. its course, to finally end on the top about half a mile north of "Summertown," and the place where the old hospitals were located. Two inclines runup the eastern face, one endng at "the Point' " the other about half a mile south "of it. They are run by combined cable and trolley power, and "dizzy" though they seem tb the visitor on his first trip, are said to be perfectly sale, navmg a peculiar "clutch" brake, which holds the firmer the greater the weight put upon it. At the head of the track which leads to the Point, a building, threel stories high hangs like a huge nest of the cliff swallow to the side of the precipice. From its upper veranda I looked down more than 100 feet to the rooks at its base; at my left, hundreds of feet lower, the green and brown Wauhatchie Valley smiled peace fully in the Spring sunshine, and a huge buzzard floated on lazy wing over the deserted camp and battleground of a gen eration ago. lrom the vicinity of the Craven House came the sound of the graver's chisel on the granite of the monument New York is erecting to mark the location of her troops on that glorious day and hard-fought field, and from the woods near by came the peaceful tinkle of bells of kine, now un disturbed by any invader. Smoke from a hundred cottages or houses of more pretentious size rose dreamily on the mild, stilla'' and I could scarcely realize that I was gazing on a scene which had once been that of deadly strife. Starting from the Point, a "dummy'' en gine and ono c.v, making hourly trips, convey the shdu-seer along the western side of the .Ridge, the track running along the face of the cliff like a spider's web along a wall, at times eating its way into the rocky faces, then running over a trestle, where the passengcrt looking from the window on one side, fails to see the top of the precipice above him; on the other, looks down into the tops of trees, hundreds of feet below, the road ending at a point on the summit near the site of the old hos pitals. All through the forest are located pretty cottages or fine dwellings, and I was in formed that more tlian 500 families now lived on the summit permanently. Directly in front of'Lookout Inn," with its magnificent frontage of 35. feet, from whose piazza one can look down on town and valley and across Missionary Itidgc down to the forests of Chickamauca, "Incline No. 1" makes its plunge over the face of the cliff, on its way to the valley below. To look down its precipitous line gives one a "creepy feeling" ak.ng the spine, which is not lessened as, seated in the car, the floor of which slopes like the roof of a gothic cottage, he begins the descent Some months since the power house at the head of the incline was burned, and t n, ;,,i;Q cr i,,,i i the cart loosed from its fastenings, went valley below. As on the Chickamauga field, iron tablets mark the locations of troops at different hours during the battle, and on the eastern slope ana south of the (raven teU the picke.-hnes, not nunc r! .in 40 jards apart, the night after the battle, ind as I read the name of the commander, Gen. Walthall, and saw how his command had been huddled (placed is scarcely the word to convey my meaning) among the tocks that night, 1 thought, in contrast, of the funereal but most impressive scene in the Senate Chamber at Washington two weeks ago, when the whole Government Presi dent, Cabinet, Supremo Court, Senate, House, and foreign representatives were gathered to participate in the obsequies of him who commanded the forces then in re bellion against it on this rocky mountainside. I aBaaaaMaKBBHBaalaBalaalaaaaaWawwBiMBHIiHHaHaiM8g?w vf aaaaaaaaaaaaVBaaViHaVaMaaajava225p55aH0alaaaaDPK wLiSmjSmJL Turn T " 3liL' ".Ij' -a ' m n m r jwmmlM-l--Zxb George II. Harries, Brigadier-General, commanding the National Guard, whose portrait is given above, was born in Wales, but came to America at an earlv ace. and is still a younc man. He has had many thrilpng experiences among paigning. He has been a compositor, newspaper correspondent, a member of the Sioux Commission of 1891, and President of a street railway company. As a member of the District National Guard, Gen. Harries has been extremely active. He enlisted in 1-SSit, and was warranted a Staff Sergeant on tho general non commissioned staff ol'Gcn.Ordway, then commanding tho Guard. Orchard Knob will always have its in terest, not only from the fighting that took place on and about it, but from its having been the point from which Gen. Grant watched the assault on Missionary Hidge. Some Of the old intrenchments still show on it, and there are several fine monu ments on it, completed, others unfinished, while sites for others still have been chosen. SIISSIOXAItY 1UDOK. Boarding a trolley-car on Market street, and afterturning.it seemed to me, half tho comers in the city, 1 at length found my self transferred to one near the foot of tho Hidge, and, after the use of one or iwo Y's, was climbing diagonally up its face. We reached the summit in a depression nearly a mile north of where Bragg's Head quarters were before tho battle, and through a cut of some 20 feet passed out to tho farther face and followed it nearly to tho place named, then crossed back, and went along the western face for another mile, only to repeat the movement again and come to a halt about two and a Imlf mil from- where we had risen to tho summit, ' and where .we could "look o'er all the plain below." Groups of buildings- marked the location of suburban homes, while roofs and chim neys peeping from out the "second 'growth" of timber, which on probably half the plain hides the ground, showed the location of others. A fringe of such growth has'sprung up along the upper part of the slope and niuch of the way on the top, and hidden in its depths are some fine residences. Leaving the car, 1 walked back along the crest) sometimes in the shade of the trees, sometimes following the course of the magnificent boulevard which runs the whole length of the summit. At Brace's Headouarters a light and graceful steel tower, duplicate of ono on Snodgrass Hill, affords a fine view from its top. I loqked out toward Chickaraauga, but could see no indication of the troops located there, except in one place a column of smoke so thin as to be scarcely dis cernible. The country on that side 1ms not changed in appearance since the war, artel but little cleared land can be seen in that direction. Tour "12-pound Napoleons". are placed in battery near the observation tower; there are remains of intrenchments, and a plat form for some monument what I did not learn has been laid. Monuments stud thickly the ground m the vicinity, and tablets bear the legends of the assault and defense. I was amused at the wording on one of the (ablets,, in which it was stated that, after a heroic de fense of the works at the base of the Ridge, a certain rebel brigade "came up the slope in the face of the Federal forces" remind ing me of John Phoenix's description of his fight, in which he punished his enemy by lying on the ground on his back and insert- intrhis nose between the enemy's teeth. At the depression where the trolley-lmc reaches and crosses the summit the 8th Kan. has located a monument, one of the finest conceptions I have seen. A square pedestal and shaft, with life-size bronze figure of soldier bearing a flag surmount ing it. In the Driving Park, not far from the foot of the Ridge, a battalion of Tennessee volunteers were in camp, and in the shade of the troves could be seen squads drilling, some uniformed, others not yet supplied, and the "left! left!" with the advisory words, "John, don't crowd," and, "Don't you know your left foot from your right one7" reminding me of the days 35 years and more ago when I, too, was a volunteer all unused to drill and war. Not far from Orchtird Knob, and accessible by a "dummy" line from the city, is tho National Cemetery, containing 1, 128 graves 4,95!) of them marked by the Square head block, denoting that the inmate is "un known." Passing throuch its imposing, gateway the visitor finds himself in a quiet, beauti ful spot, its rolling, diversified surface finely swarded and shaded, and showing, as such places always do, the best of care. Along the inner face of its surrounding wall a dense growth of ivy clothes it with green, and the closely-shaven turf gives back no sound from the footfall. While searching for the monument to the Andrews raiders I came unexpectedly upon the grave of an old volunteer ac quaintance. Time and space faded away, and as I sat down near his modest monu ment I was back with him .15 years since, amone the hills of the northern, center of ', . and southern Kentucky, march :." r ...i i -..: ,.m Air ,),; '; "i """ "u "" """i. """ "'!' nine skies or. more fortunate, under shin ing stars; shivering in the trenches at Nashville; marching under Summers suns in pursuit of raiders, till the sound of a driver halting Ins team on me roadway i nearby roused me from my sad reverie. nriS ftr?oof MTteUvil. Growth from t. Slirrftnfiinij country filled the ir.l 1 r.1r .lo-rr in tVl nlliT tUn J streets to witness the procession, formed of fire companies of it and neighboring trtwns, secret societies, and last, but by no means least, in numbers or appearance, the rvH- tarv. Militia, uniformed and ununim- armed and unarmed, tramped past, rear of the column being composed of 1st U. S. Cav., mounted. In campaign uniforms, sun-burned and hardy-loolcing, and magnificently mounted, they were cer tainly a stalwarl-looking body of mcn; and drew praise from all who saw them. I start for Tampa 'this afternoon, call ing en route at Headquarters of Depart ment of the South in Atlanta. Hent.y JtoMEYN", Brevet Major, U. S. A., Ketircd. KerpJnjr II1 Word. Broohlfn Life. Woman (angrily) Here ! You said that if T gave you your dinner you would cut j that pile of wood. Tramp (with dignity) And I always keep J shall ignore it com- t y . v irvv''Fr'z2'Z''w "r-&zr' --"- 'y tfh.mafc& - - DISTRICT NATIONAL GUARD AND THEIR He became Assistant JMa'or and Inspector of luct marksmen have t lie Hookies and on i pointed by the President pointed by the President tho field as Colonel of The other day the Guard was ordered11!0 c-mP at Soldiers' Home, but it was found that so many rtf tHfl members were in tho Departments and their s rvices roquiredLlikt they wero ordered to return. While they wore there a picturoiwas talccn of a recently-formed and as ye. unequipped fhoHbattery, represented above. HOW ONE OF OUR LADY READERS MAKES A GOOD LIVING. I have noticed the "different ways in which some of your readers have been making money, and I wish now to give my experi ence. I am selling Baird's Nou-AIcoholic Flavoring Powders, never making less than S3 a dav. and I often Hm on ulnm- vr k . I ItoCA tnTPlrta ova .....nl. ..I... xl il. -.ni iuhuwj me Jiiuun uncapur man tue liquids and they go twice a far. From one to eight different flavors can he sold at most every house for flavoring ice cream, custards, cakes, candies, etc., and they give to any delicacy in which they are put that richness of flavor so common to tho fruits and flowers they represent. Guaranteed to be peifectly healthful. I have not any trouble selling them, as everyone who sees them tried, buys them. By writing to W. H. Baird & Co., Station A, Pittsburg, Pa., they will give you full particulars and give you a stmt. I give my experience, hoping that others who are in nted of employment can do as well as I have. LizzikK. A DipD piiflDY. Yellow Feveif, the Scourge of Spanish-America. Originated On the Coast of Africa Habana a Focus for It Municipal Cleanliness Would Starve Out the Disease How In fection May Be Avoided. Yellow fever is aTfilth disease. Born in the sweltering foulness of the African coast, it was ferrifcd across by noisome slavers, and is now nursed and kept alive only by the illimitable fillhincss of the Spanish-American. One of the most im portant results likely to flow from our present war is the chance it will give us to take and clean up Habana. This is a result in itself almost sufficient to justify the war, considering the amount of danger, worry and expense Habana annually causes our Guli States. Unfortunately the g)od cleansing will do will be merely tem porary, if the present program holds and we give over Cuba to the- insurgents. They are like the rest of their race, and will probably lose no time in restoring a con genial state of disorder and general dirt. When enlightened public sanitation be comes universal, yellow fever and other like diseases, such as cholera and typhoid, will probably disappear. ORIGIN OF THE FEVEE. Yellow fever originated somewhero on the tropical coast of Africa, in all proba- bility at Sierra Leone. At present it is P?"y Jfonflncd to the At Ian -ic coast oimy ac fcicrra j.eone. At present n and to the Gulf of Mexico. The only im portant foci of the disease, the towns where it is enidemic. are Habana and Vera Cruz, on the Gulf, and Pernambuco and Rio do Janeiro, on the Atlantic. In late years it has crept around to the Pacific coast of Mexico as far north as Guaymas. Iso lated epidemics have been known in Peru, Spain, and in nearly every Atlantic coast town of any size from Boston to Monte video. It has also occurred on the Mis sissippi and its tributaries, sporadically. Yellow fever very seldom leaves the coast l'ne, and still more rarely navigable water. Habana harbor is said to be the foulest piece of water on the face of the globe. The city lies on a bottle-shaped bay, into which for centuries has been poured the sewage and miscellaneous debris of a large and dirty population. There is little tide, and the bottom of tho bay is silted up 20 or SO feet deep with slime. The city itself presents a spectacle almost inconceivable to anyone who does not know the Spanish. And "the Habanese are worthy of their parentage. It will not be an unmixed evil should Blanco burn tho town before sur rendering. There is no inherent reason why Habana should be more unhealthy than Key West or Florida, 100 miles to the north; but it is. Yellow fever occurs more or less an me year. As soon as Summer opens and our Guli towns become liable to tho incursion of the fever, we are compelled, in self protection, to put up the quarantine bars. Durirg the Summer, not a passenger from Spanish America is allowed to land in New Orleans. And this means expense and loss of trade. Naturally, in spite of all precaution, yellow fever occasionally sneaks in, and thenthcre are interstate and interurban quarantines, general panic, and loss and 'rouble in countless directions. All th,js, or the major portion of it could be sad by cleaning up Ha bana, and inducing Mjexico to do tho like with Vera Cruz. fj To illustrate the effect of municipal cleanliness on yellowpfever need only be cited New OrleurCs. .Yellow fever cannot become endemic (that is, regularly lo cated,) in New Orleans, because the annual frosts kill it. Buf. it can be, and is, im ported every Sumtfier. There were 48 epi demics in New Orleans in the first 50 years of tho century. Theri the city began to clean up a little, and was spared some what. Finally, during tho war, Butler got hold of the townJ and gave it a drastic cleansing. The cffecP of this lasted for some years, by which- time a better and cleaner class of nle'nrjcame into the city, forcing the Creoles into the background, where uncleanly people belong. Nowa days New Orleans 'is" not much behind New Yon: as regards ncaiiniumess. DISEASE HARE jtf HIGH ALTITUDES. Yellow fever is pre-eminently a. disease of the sea coast, as before stated. Inland cities are seldom attacked. As a rule it confines its attentions to large towns. Nor will it go above a certain night above sea tnan'i orb f"et above ti tacit. ''r he 'limit in tl gCI,ertli iaced at 700. level. Sneaking generally, localities more de are, safe from at- the West Indies is The highest point in the United States ever attacked was 745 feet (Chattanooga). 'i..-j?$2&AteS7K&Z - r'vi& - ,PT&&&'vfzz3?aL9!. ' - : 'ax i.cv -" "&&. -je 'i COMMANDER. A K- s Inspector-Generahtqf. Hifle Practice; later Rifle Practice. TSfcdr his leadership Dis- won high honors. On; n?Nov. 30 last he was ap- as Brigadie as Brigadier-Geriewl He will go into the regiment of volunteers from the Guard. There was onco an, epidemic in a town in Jamaica (Newcastle), 4,000 feet above sea level; a slight? epidemic in Madrid, 2,000 feet, and several attacks in Cordova Mexico, which is 2,00 feet high. But these cases are rare exceptions. In Jalisco, Mexico, ;i,000 feet high, and, like Cordova, on the line of travel' between tho Citv of Mexico and Vera Cruz, no epidemic 'lias over been lenown. Yet Vera Cruz is as bad a fever nest as Habana, and yellow fever patients on their way to Mexico aro con stantly going through Jalisco. .-I ,tj The germ which causes yellow fever" la very sensilivo to slight changes in tem perature, or its victim is, which amounts to the same tiling. The disease never be comes endemic in any place the mean Winter temperature of which is below 65. Nor do epidemics occur when tho mean temperature is not something like 75 or 80. Cold weather at onco checks an epidemic, and freezing weather breaks it up, although there is a recorded instanco of yollow fever having survived a Winter ..(Memphis, Patients suffering with yollow fever re moved to cooler climates often improve, and tho same is tho caso when tb.ejr are taken to higher altitudes. But in neither caso,unfortunately, is there much chance of saving a man with a bad' attack. Yellow fever is very instantaneous in its methods. Tho period of incubation in tho disease & only four or five days, sometimes less. In a week or 10 days, sometimes in a day or so after the attack becomes evident the patient is either killed or cured. Military surgeons expect convalescent patients to bo up and about their duties insido two or three weeks. Regarding the propagation of yellow fever little is certainly known. It is of bacterial origin, but the specific germ is not identi fied beyond all doubt. Recently, an Italian, Dr. Sanarelli, took up his abode on an island outside Rio de Janeiro and made a svstematic studv of tho disease. Through the kindness of the Brazilian Government he was furnished all materials to work with, and a numbor of waste convicts to experiment upon. banarelli isolated bacterium which is probably the cause of yellow fever. He inoculated several men with it and thoy died in due course with pronounced symp toms. On the publication of this work, the bacterium was recognized as one which the Surgeon-General of our Army, Dr. Sternberg, isolated 10 or 12 years ago, and which ho has kept growing in glass tubes ever since. Dr. Sternberg;, not having Sanarelli's facilities, was compelled to con fine his inoculation experiments to chick ens. Tho chickens suffered from a dis ease resembling yellow fever. These ex periments with chickens were not suffi ciently conclusive, however, to enable Sternberg to say positively that his bacterium was tho real long-sought yellow fever germ, and he contented himself with recording his work. Further experiments with Sanarelli's bacterium, granting the experiments and deductions of tho Italian to be correct, will dnuhtlnsR throw n. flood of licht on the propagation of yollow fever. At present it is mostly guesswork. NOT A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE. Yellow fever is not contagious. Patients suffering with tho disease do not infect their nurses, attendants, wives or physi cians. Tho probabilities are that it is conveyed in the same way as many other filth diseases. A man must eat or drink cholera or typhoid, and tho same is very likely true of yellow fever. Air infection is often suggested, but air infection with any disease can only come through inhalation of idried infectious material in the form of dust, as is the case with tuberculosis. Conveyance by flies and musketos is some times suggested, and very likely occasion ally happens. Yellow fever rarely attacks a person born in Habana or Vera Cruz, or indeed anywhere in the tropics. This immunity, however, may be lost by prolonged resi dence in the North. Ono attack confers immunity against another, or at least the cases where a second attack Is reported to have occurred are so rare as to make it doubtful whether they exist. Living through an epidemic also insures against attack in a subsequent one. In all these cases is an open question whether the immune natives or strangers have not been made so by an attack of yellow fever so mild as to bo unrecognizable. Mild at tacks arc recognized as yellow fever with great difficulty. The more severe the Winter climate at the homo of a newcomer to Habana the greater hi3 susceptibility to yellow fever. This is a rule which is often given, but is merely an approximation. The following gives the mortality among residents of various nationalities, etc.. in New Orleans in the epidemic of 1853, the numbers given being the deaths per 100,000: New Orleans, 358; West Indies, 614; Southern States, 1,322; Spain and Italy, 2.205; Middle States, 3,050; New York and New England, 3,283; Western States, 4,423; France, 4,813; British America, 5,021; Groat Britain. 5.219: Germany, 13,201: I Scandinavia, 16.326; Austria and Switzer land, 22,008; Netherlands, ,cy4. Men are more susceptible to yellow fever than are women. Tho reason usually given is that men drink spirits, etc. Yel low fever has a special predilection for a man just recovering from a spree. Whites suffer more than any other race. Negroes are comparatively immune, although when coming from tho North they are liable to suffer. In the old days when Jamaica was a riirr.v as uuoa is now, ui ai icibi. u dirty as any but a Spanish colony can bej tho mortality trom yenow iever was irigni ful. An interesting bit of statistics dating from that time gives tho mortality of newly arrived white troops as 106 per thousand, per annum, while that of black troops was but eight per thousand. Nowadays, the Jamaica hills are the healthiest foreign stations of the British army. The mor tality from climatic diseases is more than overbalanced by the immunity from pneu monia and similar diseases. HOW ONE 31 AY ESCAPE INFECTION. There are few recommendations that can be given for individual" prophylaxis. The most important is to let whisky alone, keep away from wharves and dirty parts of town, cook food and drink, and preserve cleanli ness, contact Willi yuiiuw-iutti i-ciiicjiia is not dangerous, but contact with their dejecta is. After being in contact with a patient, hands and face should be thoroughly washed before eating or drink ing. Plenty of fly paper and fly poison around a hospital is an unsuspectedly great help towards preserving health. Uncooked articles of diet are always dangerous to unacclimated people in the tropics, anyhow. In colder climates tho bacteria and other organisms living in water are accustomed to comparatively low temperatures. Bacteria which thrive best at high temperatures would have diffi culty in accustoming themselves to our meteorological conditions. Consequently, when ordinarv water in the North is drunk, the bacteria contained in it have little or no chance asrainst the norma,! bacteria in the stomach, and quickly go to the wall. But those living in the comparatively warm waters of the tropics find the tem perature of the stomach fairly well adapted to their needs and aro likely to grow and wax mighty wiien such a proceeding is undesirable. Three conditions are necessary to de velopment of yellow-fever epidemics: the presenco of plenty of animal refuse, hot weather, and the presence of the specific contagion. In absence of tho last two yellow fever will not dovelop; in the ab senco of tho first, an epidemic cannot start. MAUJrEE. A Now Society. An association to bo known as tho Soclot of tho Atlanta Campaign is being formed in every State and Territory. Every person who was connected in any way with the armies under Gens. Sherman, Johnston or Hood, from May 1, 1864, to the end of the war is eligible to membership. George E. Dolton, 24 South Commercial street, St. Louis, Mo., has been chosen Secretary, and A. B. Lceper, Owaneco, 111., is Chair man of the Press and Transportation Com mittee. " Comrade Lceper writes: "It is proposed that this society shall meet annually at Ivenesaw Mountain, and as tar as possible bo organized as during the war, each com pany, regiment, brigade, and division com manded by its old leader or the ranking officer now living. Each State and Terri tory forming a society will likely choose the ranking surviving officer in that juris diction as President. Local branches may bo formed wherever thero aro any partici pants of the campaign. The parent society will undoubtedly be under the ranking officer under Sherman, as President, and tho surviving ranking officer under John ston and Hood as Vice-President. It is intended to meet at Kenesaw as early as possible this Summer to perfect a National organization. "It is purposed to use tho influence of tho socioty to induce the State of Georgia BRASS BAND Instruments, Drums, Uniforms, Ec iiicnis iui u.uiub ujiu uium uorps. Low est prices ever quoted. Fine Catalog. 400 Illustrations, mailed free; It civesBand Muslc& Instructions for Amateur Bands. . lyon & HEALY, 35 Adams St.,CMcaio. Mention The National Tribune Kf Beat Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Use HI Ml p time. Bold by druggists. Hi KgJUlgdlfffiliirc3JgMEl and Congress to make ICenesaw the finest National Park in the Republic. Kenesaw is grandly conspicuous, towering as it does to the hight of 1,828 feet above the sea. It is tho exact center of- the territory whereon for four long years Americans wrestled with. Americans, they having been victorious over every peoplo with whom they had ever contended. "In that campaign thcro were moro States represented than in any other of the War, and there are more survivors than of any other campaign of the war, save one. Of Kenesaw, Gen. J. M. Scho field says- 'I am sure tho Atlanta Cam paign is no less worthy than any other of the civil war of being commemorated by a great National military park, and Kenesaw Mountain is a peculiarly appropriate site for such park.' "It is proposed to erect on Kenesaw a monument to be of such construction that there will be ample room for the preserva tion of every historical thing relating to America. In the erection of the monument, it is intended that each State and Terriotry shall furnish a portion of the structure, that shall exhibit the most valuable of its mineral productions, in the" most con spicuous manner." FREE TO MEN THE PRIVATE FORMULA OP A NOTED PHYSICIAN SENT FREE TO EVERY MAN WHO WRITES FOR IT. Quickly Restores Weakened Mankind to Strength and Vigor. Thousands of men will welcome tho news that a most successful remedy has been found which will quickly cure them of any fornfof nervous debility, lost strength, lack of vigor, relievo them of all the doubt and uncertainty which such men are peculiarly liable to, and restores the organs to natural strength and vigor of youth. As it costs nothing to get this wonderful formula it would seem that any man, suffering from any form of nervous debility, ought to be deeply interested in such a remedy, with out which they continue to live an existence of untold misery. The remedy in question was the result of many years research ai to what combination of medicino would be most effective restoring to men the strength they need. Send yo'ir name and address to tho Dr. Knapp Medical Co., 122 Hull Building, Detroit, Mich., stating that you are not writing out of idle curiosity, but wish to make use of the prescription by giving the remedy a trial; will be answered promptly and" without evidence as to where information came from. The object of distributing this informa tion free is to make men better acquainted with the remedies that exert an influence upon debilitated nerves and wasted vigor. Each different drug is-thoroughly explained and the sufferer will thus know what ho should use in his particular case in order to get the desired results. Write to-day. There is no doubt about the offer being genuine. When the Blood Is Bad the entire system suffers. The vital fluid falls to nourish and disease creeps in and gains a hold that Is hard to break. Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer purifies and Invigorates the blood. It Is the discovery of an old German phy sicianhas been In use for more than a century. No Drug-Store medicine; Is sold only by regular Vitalizer agents. Persons living where there are no agents for Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer can, by sending 1.00, obtain twelve 35 cent trial bottles direct from the pro prietor. This offar can be obtained only once by tho same person. Write to DR. PETER FAHRNEY, 112-114 South Hoyne Ave., Chicago BATTLE SHIP The Latest Sovcltj". Oa receipt lOccnta -wilt send, postpaid, i2 PICTURES BATTLESHIP MAINE as she appeared in the harbor of Havana. Each of these pictures is rained. Represented in the picture is a Spaniard holding a luse; by applying the fine tc send to the one shown in the pic ture, a spark will run across picture, and upon reaching tha ilainewill explode ntlm startfinjr report, and blowup theship. Wo danger, and very ainusin?. and every one -rho sees it wants It done again. Send lOc. and we will send 1 3 pictures at one BA cS Ss CO., 160 Consrssa St., Boston, Moss. ifentioT TIig Xntloiui'. Tribune. For lady or gent. Ftem vrlnd stem set, American movement, heavy pUite. Writ ton guarantee to oqnal for timo any 80LIJ COLD WATCH made. No- fake, this is an honest offer to placo our wonderful Kemedies with in the reach of all. We will trivo this watch, freo to every person who will sell only 6 boxes ot our veg etable pills and 6 boxes of our positlvo corn euro among their friends at 25 eta. per box. If youajrree to do this, wrlto to-duvfc we willsendthe goods by rnait, when sold you eend us tha money &vro will send watch famo day money is received. wuuua uuiitxi iu.. u it. lain btaJM luUSCIXX. Mention Tha National Trlbnna. MAKE MONEY fast andeaay buaellingourviheelM. 15,000 on hand; prompt ship ment. 9S models iltt to 37.Sds Wand'aimodelHSatonS. 60O- wusaup worn ana tinea vraeeln, 8. U5. inSnnil 012fjich. ll!nor o-r- v . w ana ciriJ'wne8is,M. W. Urei, 9-?5each. Art Book on Bicycles Free. HowlIIgJvearldcroKcntlneaclitowaFKEEUSJB or sample wheel to introduce them. Write for soecUl offer to nsentk B T Mead 4 ?nnlisSf chjcag0- Mnetlon Tho National Tribune. I ension Rejected claims may be ItlilOPi&X'EIh We have had TMOUSAATDS of such allowed. Act of April 22, 1S9S, section 12, provides pensions on account of Si AX ISM WAR. Consultation free. IVo fee un less successful. Era&a k H EBEraE F B P I w A 7S ti mi tm 'm i vw . U i MILO B. STEVENS & CO., Att'ys, (Successors of George E. Lemon, deceased, and Alva S. Tabcr, attorney for Capt. Lemon executors, as to pension and claims business.) Founded by MILO B. STEVENS, Private, 14th Ohio Battery, IStJI-L MAIX OFFICE: IE3IOXBlHLDIIIkG WASirEVGTOX, . C. BRANCHES: 4 Metropolitan Block, cor. Randolph and X,a salle Sts., CHICAGO; dlMThe ArCade, CXE VEli AXI ; Wliitney'a Opera House Block, DETROIT. AN ENDORSEMENT: " For over 32 years this firm has prosecuted claims in behalf of clients in every State in the Union, and the integrity of its members has never been questioned. The firm is worthy of confidence upon the ground both of competency and honesty." The National Tribune, April 1, 1897. " fi in i nav th iqcm MURAT HALSTEAD'S GREAT WAR BOOK ti uor uonntry in n or." All odou: miM, nariw, OjHh Spain ami relations with Foreisa Nations. O OrnoariTUAJpage. written since tho. Mains Ihsa-x ter. Mnemttcf-nt m'nrd Ulnti-ntinn Arrmnt. -i h t )3n.aK,n'iuicS3Prliy.oxprlencnPcesar7. r Mot liberal term guaranteed. 20dar' credit. ii pneo iow. ireittnt paw. Handsome outnt Ireo. zr Q.,l O . - a XDCCATI054L CJIOS. 324 Derhorn Pt CHIClGO. Q OCXXXXXXXXXXXXXX)0000 Mention Tho National Tribune. OOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOCOOOOQ 8i lovely rnrrio mfr GOLO FRpF'8 5? iS-9!H r- 'tenaiul5cli.lGi.:jflni!i! O O l,Mliji Itmsr, warraitiil. toanr person fcrtei Q O 1 ?M "flu OMGUnyScaxxPlniatlOcfOfnf O " V t-r T cjeVautJj.UnsaretnaineVd I n Correct C ors ami I w-nA Uimh aMortnl Ceaijtr. The O 8y m!ol o f patrv. hm t tartand Stnpr. and rrtiy Q pe-eoij.xrs.cor femaV. h'ijuJ J wrar cceot th"ePin. rt SffidTOtir name and acMrc '' J I w'l mail Pin pott- 3C jJpaid. you t.l tVm an-1 rem t$l 00 and I will mail M VJ 7011 tha Kinsr. 1 witt tike Iftubaekif youeannotwl' O C3 AddrtM at once. E JONES. 63 PeirISi..Fettoa.Ma. Q O0O3O0OOO000GOCO0O0OO0O0OO 2Iontlon ThoNatlonal Tribune. SET OF SIX Silverp!ated Teaspoons FREE For a Club. See Offers Below. These teaspoons can b used in cooking, eating and medicines the same as solid silver. They will not, can not corrode or roat. Tea spoons of equal merit are sold in jewelry-stores for 1.50 and $2.00 a set; but becanso we bay at factory prices, and because we do not make any profit on tho spoons (the subscription is what we want), we famish them at a great bargain. In beauty and finish they are perfect, and for daily nse there is- nothing better. The base of these spoons is nickel-silver metal, which is silver color through and through, and. is then well plated with coin-silver. Will Stand Any Test. To test these spoons, use acid or a file. If returned tans we will replace, free of charge, the spoon dam aged in making the test, provided yon tell some of yoor neighbors what the test proved. "We make this offer because such a 'test is the best advertise ment we can get, leading as it does to additional orders. We absolutely guarantee each and every i Size Reduced. spoon to be as described and to give entir satisfaction or money refunded. Initial Letter. Each and every spoon will be engraved free of charge with your initial letter. "We will send a set of these beautiful tea spoons, marked, post-paid, for a club of only three yearly subscribers at $1 each. Testimonial. North Salem, 3ro., March, 23, 1893. Editor National Tribune: The premiura watch and spoons received O. EL, and am. very well pleased with them. I am meetinjt with good success in getting subscribers "Will have another club ready to send in a few days. Perry ilcCollum. Address THE 3TATIOXAI. TRIBUNE. "WasfclnctoD, D. C THE PRACTICAL HOME PHY SICIAN. A Popular Guids for the Eonseliold and the Management of Disease. This work gives the history, canse, mearu of prevention and symptoms of alL diseases of men, women and children. It also pre scribes the most approved methods of treat ment, with plain directions. It tells how to take care of the sick. It also contains full and accurate information and directions for treating wounds, injuries, poisoning, eta It also gives a concise account of the structure and functions of the human body, hygiene, an d rules of life. The work was pre pared by a corps of physicians, including Dr. Henry M. Lyman, Dr. Christian Fenger, Dr. H. "Webster Jones, and Dr. "W. T. Belfield. It has re cently been revised and enlarged, andispro fusely illustrated with colored plates and charts. It is a single volume of 1,156 pages, in clear type, marbled edges, bound in cloth. This magnificent work is a cyclopedia of household medicine which every family should possess. We will send this hook as a pre mium to any person who will secure us a club of only five yearly subscribers to Ths National Tbibuke. It will be sent by ex press, the receiver paying the express charge, which is the only cost involved. Address THE NATICVATi TltrBUXE, "Waaliluston. D. C. Patents! PATENTS, TJSAIXE-aLHIKS, etc., and all other business before th Patent Office receive our prompt attention. If you are an iaTVJESTTOK, write or call on us. r555w if h A&