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-W- --i - rlW'-' iS?5.: sTmslPi&ssmw -j.T?-., jj1jw-',k-.vt'w wysjj'rssws1" .--. -jJi-)Sit -vrp- "$," s-,r!1c,;f .'- Tj " . - - jw- , -- . ;- - --- -.-& - "5""- Take the modern pic tonal weekly, THE NA TIONAL TRIBUNE, for the best history of the war with Spain, ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW fllfflnia with sPfliH Hostile Fleets Expected to Meet in a Short Time. flot Engagements at Cardenas and at Cienfuegos The First Americans Killed Gutting the Spanish Com munications in Cuba Attacking Porto Rico. UKDNESDAY, MAY 11. There is a good deal of confusion in the (Var Department over the detail of the move ments of the army preliminary to the inva sion of Cuba and the military occupation of the Philippines. Orders are issued and revoked almost before they reach their "destination. The State troops will be moved toward Tampa, New Orleans and Mobile without Jelay. The reports from the Stale authori ses indicate that the various volunteer organizations will be ready for actual serv ice in time for many of them to join the arst expedition. It is the intention to place the Regulars In the advance parties and depend upon them for the brunt of the work in Cuba. Among the first troops to go will be the regiment of mounted riflemen, commanded by Col. "Wood and Lieut.-Col. Theodore Roosevelt. The latter left "Washington to day for San Antonio. Arrangements have been made for trans ports from Galveston to Cuba, where the riflemen will join the insurgents, taking part at once against the Spanish. Col. Hoosevelt hopes that his command will be with the Gomez column in advance of the Regulars who are sent from Mobile, New Orleans and Tampa. Gen. Miles thinks that the delay has operated to prolong the campaign in Cuba when it docs begin, and in this Tie has been sustained by such officers as Gen. Breckcnridge, Gen. .lohn I. Rodgers, Chief of Artillery, and Lieut.-Col. Gilmore, his Adjutant-General. But the President does not want another Bull Hun. The postponement of operations until there should be opportunity for placing the volunteers in Cuba with the Regulars has 'broueht the campaign into the treacherous season of fever which is so much dreaded by the Army Surgeons. Gen. Miles has been of the opinion that the Regular Army could have, during the last month, ac complished a great deal in Cuba, and per haps in conjunction with the insurgents, have pestered the enemy into a state of surrender, it the combined forces were not able to defeat the Spanish army. The delay, however, has been availed of by the Spanish authorities to strengthen their methods of offense and their system of defense. This information has come in 'arious forms to the "Washington officials, and has added to the impatience and rest lessness of those officers who have been maintaining that there should be no delay, and very little deliberation, now that war was being waged. Those who favored delay have done so on the ground that the Spanish fleet must first be taken care of and leave our fleet free to co-operate with the army. Nothing was heard to-day at the Navy Department from Admiral Sampson's fleet, nor was any further information obtained in regard to the Spanish fleet. There is a good deal of uncertainty as to whether or not the Cape Verde fleet is at Cadiz. JX GEHMAXY. The dilatory tactics of the Cape Verde fleet and the lack of aggressiveness shown in the defense of Cuba and Porto Rico against the attacks of the American forces are construed as equivalent to Spain's virtual .resignation of its possessions in the "West Indies. ' "In the face of the cowardly withdrawal of the Spanish fleet the last vestige of sympathy for Spain has vanished. ' The Tagcblatt.olhenvise friendly to Spain, gives vent to a piece of poetic sarcasm over Spanish pride and bravado, which, freely translated, reads as follows: "'To fight,' cried the Spanish horse marine; 'To fight with the Yankee swine,' And having vented his gory spleen, - He sneaked away home to whine." The Nord Deutsche Zeilung declares that the hesitation to sail on the part of the Cape Verde fleet is an acknowledgment of Spain's naval impotence. This paper pooh-poohs the announced plan of a con solidation of all the Spanish squadrons for the purpose of wresting from the American squadron the advantages thus far - ob tained. The National Zeitung is most pessi mistic of all, and says that Spain is finan cially and morally bankrupt. This is evi dent, it believes, from the apparent irreso lution and feeling of weakness among leaders in military circles. EXGAOEMEXT AT CAHDENAS. The cruiser Wilmington, the torpedo boat Wjnslow and the gunboat Hudson entered tile harbor of Cardenas for the purpose of attacking some Spanish gunboats which were known to be there. But the latter were not discovered by the American forces until the Spaniards opened fire. The land batteries supported the fire of the Spanish gunboats. The engagement commenced at 2:05 p. J. and lasted for about an hour, and while r .' -. . fcfc,iSSSKS . TS!Ei I HII I UriTMllMMT Trrri i T - H Ti 3fetmnai SERIES. ADMIRAL SAMPSON AND , ,. vv:.SfSf;:Ss;S'1&.. ' --' -.cWr.gMe The Cruiser New York, Pifdeof the , Americaa Fleet.- The armored, cruiser New York is the flagship of Capt. Sampson, Acting Rear-Ad mind, in couiniand,of the so- and contribute his sliaf c- to thejiyingf.fie. family. He graduated, from, the Academy in 1861 at the Bead of lus class, called "Fighting Squadron." For weeks this squadron has been blockading the ports of Cnbafa'ndlatcly tSe Throughout the civil Tvar 'Sampson did gallant service "in. the Navy. He was Executive Officer on the ironclad heavy ships of the fleet have been separated from the gunboats on a cruise in search of the elasrye'jCapa Verde-fleet Pitapsco, of the South Atlantic "blockading squadron, at the. time when that ship" was blown up in Charleston of the Spanish navy. The flagship of this squadron, the New York, is of a type intermediate' between the battleship ltirbofjn 1865 by a torpedo. Prevjonely he had done duty on the frigate Potomac and on the practice ship and the ordinary cruiser. Her enormous engines of 17,400 indicated horse power.give her .a speed of 21 knots an John Adams. Later he was ordered to the flagship Colorado, .of the European squadron, and six years afterwards hour, so that she can oveitake the fastest merchant ships afloat. Ifer armament consists of six 3-inch and 12 assigned to the steamship Congress, of the same squadron, and then to the Alert. He "ha3 commanded the steam-4-inch rifle guns, heavier than anything carried by any except the first-class battleships and the monitors. She has ship Swatara, of the Asiatic squadron, and has been on special service at the Naval Observatory, and was a four inches of armor on her sides, while her turrets and barbettes have 5J and 10 inches of steel plate arlnor iriernber of the International .Meridian Conference in 1884. He was a delegate from the United States Interna respcetively. Her keel was laid in 1890, and when completed she had C03fc 2,985,000. She is 380 feet six-inches tioual Maritime Conference in' 18S9, and has been Chief of the Eurean of Naval Ordnance, and more recently in length, 61 feet eight inches in breadth, with a mean draft of 23 feet four inches. Her displacement is 8,200 tons. commanded the battleship Iowa, and acted as President of the Board of Inquiry on the Maine disaster in Havana Her crew consists of 40 officers and 526 men. - -.harbor. He succeeded Admiral Sicard in command of the North Atlantic squadron. Acting Keak-Adjiikal W. T. Sampson, who commands the squadron, began his career in the Ifnjted Capt. Fkkxcii E. CirAmvicic, Commander of the New York, was appointed to the Navy in 1861 from "West States Navy Sept. 24, 1857, when he entered the Naval Academy as "Acting Midshipman. He was appointedfrbm Virginia. He became an Ensign in 1866; a Master in the latter part of the same year, and Lieutenant in 1868j the 25th Congressional District of New York by Congressman E. B. Morgan, his'home being afc Palmyra," in-'the. Lieutenant-Commander in 1809; a Commander in December, 1884, and a Captain in November of last year, western part of the State. He is 53 years of age. He comes of a poor family; and in his youth was accustomed to work : The small boat near the New York is the torpedo-boat Porter. ; i ' . it lasted was terrific. The Wilmington and the Hudson were ahead and opened fire on the Spanish boats, which were lying at the docks, at a range of 3,500 ya-ds.' A few minutes after the "Winslow came up and also opened. In an instant the en tire attention of the Spanish gunboats and land batteries were directed upon her. From all sides shot and shell seeraed'to pour in upon the little torpedo boat. The Wilmington and the Hudson still kept up their fire, but they could not turn aside the terrible storm of fire and death pouring in upon the torpedo boat The crew of the Winslow, however, never faltered for u second. But at 2 .'55 p. m. a solid shot crashed into the hull of the "Winslow and knocked out her boiler. In an instant she began to roll and drift help lessly. Then there was a moment of awful sus pense. A fierce cheer of triumph went up from the Spaniards on the gunboats and in the batteries and again a storm of fire was opened upon the helpless boat. The gunboat Hudson, which was lying nearby, started to the assistance of the Winslow. She ran alongside the torpedo boat and tried to throw a line to the im periled crew. Up to this time, with the exception of the one shot which disabled the boiler of the Winslow, the firing of the Spanish gun boats had been wild, but as the Winslow lay rolling in the water the range grew closer and shells began to explode all about her. It was difficult for the Hudson to get near enough to throw a line to the Wins low's crew, so terrible was the fire all about her. Finally, afler frying for about 20 minutes, the Hudson approachci near enough to throw a line. Ensign Hagley and six men were stand ing in a. group on the deck of the Wins low. "Heave her Heave her!" shouted Hag ley as he looked toward the commander of the Hudson and called for a line. " Don't miss it," shouted an officer from the Hudson, and with asmilellaglev called back: "Let her come; it's getting" to hot here for comfort." The line was thrown and at the same in stant a shell burst in the very midst of the group of men on board the inslow. IJagley was instantly killed, and a few othors dropped about him. Half a dozen more fell groaning on the bloodstained deck. One of the dead men pitched head long over the side of the boat, but his feet caught in the iron rail and he was hauled back. Bagley lay stretched on the deck, with his face completely torn away and upper part of his body shattered. It was a terrible moment. The torpedo boat, disabled and helpless, rolled and swayed under the fury of the fire from the Spanish gunboats. Finally, the Hudson succeeded in getting a line on beaid the Winslow, and was tow ing her out of the deadly range when the line parted and again both boats were at the mercy of the Spanish fire. At 3 50 p. m. the Hudson managed to get another line on the deck of the Winslow, but there were only three men left there at that time to make it fast. The line was finally secured, and the Winslow was towed up to Pcdras Island where she was anchored, with her dead and wounded on her deck. There some men from the Hudson went on board the Winslow and took the most seriously wounded men off. Three. of the latter were taken on V.44 WASHINGTON, D. The only bright thing that has characterized " "rTr'n-'rni ima re w'nitrryTvv .-axi&siia' -. && ment of the war so hr has been the recent manipulation of their Cape Verde Fleet. It disappeared absolutely from our knowledge ?or sev eral days, and left the whole world disputing to bp:imsh shores, whether it had gone off down to the South ; Atlantic in nearch of the Oregon, whether it was' trying ttf execute ' a sneak on our northeastern seacoast, or what. Suddenly wc are4 startled with the news that it has been at Martinique for two days- This is astounding, for Martinique is very much hearer Habana and ; Cienfuegos than either Admiral Sampson's fleet at Porto ltfcoorJ Commodore Schley's at Fort .Monroe. It was also dangerously near '! ujc nmie mat uie uregon would take in coming up from Brazil. There wore vciy anxious hours in the Navy Department, the War Departmental the White House following this discovery. Ad miral Sampson w:is directed to drop Porto Kico like a hot potato and find the Spanish fleet. Commodore Schley was oidered to get to the COMPARISON Displace ment. Tons. 8,200 11,340 10,288 2,080 2,000 2,089 3,990 3,990 Vessels. New York . . Iowa .... Indiana . . . Detroit . . . Marblchcad . Montgomery . Terror .... Amphitritc . . Porter .... Brooklyn . '. . Massachusetts. Texas .... St. Paul . . . Scoipion . . , Vizcaya . . . Oquendo . . . Christobal Colon laria Theresa Furor .... Terror .... Plutou .... Typo. Arm C. 1st Class B. S. 1st Class Ii. S. Cruiser Cruiser Cruiser D. T. .Monitor D. T. Monitor Torpedo Boat Arm. C. 1 sb Class B 2d Class B. 9,250 10,288 0,315 10,000 S. C. Arm, C. Torpedo Bfc, Des. 2d Class B. S. 2d Class B. S. Arm. C. 2d Class B. C. T. B. Destroyer. T. B. Destroyer. T. B. Destroyer. 7,000 7,000 0,840 7,000 380 380 400 fflotAtt fsrjkta wfci luw m ffct MOr,'i fm.if vMtw wwtfiml' r 0., THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1898 STRATEGY OF THE SEA. the Spanislrinanagc- west end of Cuba with help tow his slow ones. ready to send away to safe places. The Oregon was ordered to re turn with her consorts to the shelter of a Brazilian port. The em barkation of troops was countermanded. ' The next news that came was still more surprising. Instead of -improving the advantage of his position by striking a quick, sting ing blow at us, the Spanish Admiral was found to have gone off gome 600 miles farther from his objective, aud to be at the Dutch 3Mrt. of Curacao, where he was taking on coal. Thus he threw away all that he had gained by his shrewd, stealthy advance to Martinique, iirhl placed the cards again in our hands. We have now plenty of time to intervene our whole licet, if need be, lietwven him and any 'Cohan or Porto Bienn port that ho may aim at, he is farther from whether it had returned OF FLEETS THAT MAY MEET. Sampson's 'J?auAnoK. HoWotSpfcil rth. Uretultli 40.10 72 G9.3 37 55 P.itvnr. "If iintH. 6 6-in., 12 380 3G0 348 257 257 257 259 259 175 400. 318 301 554 10,000! 21 iljOtfOt 16.5 . O.OOOf 16 .5,227 18.7 .5,400 . 18 4 12-in., 8 4 13-in., 8 9 5-iu. Ii. F.. 2 G'-in., 4 4-in. 0 5-in. R.F., 1 . d5,5B0x18 1,G()0. 10 4 10-in., 2 G - '1,400:' 10.5 - A 10-in., 2 17-V 28.74 , Torpedo tubes fcC'IJ.EY'R JSQUADKOX. G5- '.J' 18.700 21.9 8 8-in.,' 12 5 - 4 13-in., 8 2'12-iu., G G - 2 G-in., 10 5 - G9.4-V- 10,400 1G.2' 62 ..at 8,000 XI- . 63 'fr 21)500-.21 . . - 20 4 G-pdr. R. P., SPANISH. SQUADROH. 340 340 328 340 190 190 190 65 65 60 65 23 23 23 13,000. 20 2 21-iu., 10 2 11-in., 10 2 10-in., 10 2 11-in., 10 2 4.7-in. R. 2 4.7-in. R. 2 4.7-iu. R. 13,000. 20 14,000 20 13,750 20.25 28 ' 28 30 . -TWELVE PAGES. HIS FLAGSHIP. all possible haste, making his fast vessels The blockading vessels were ordered to bo mine, coal and friends than ever, and it is hard to see how he can iscapc capture or destruction. Armament Guns. 4-in. Jl. F., 8 fi-pdr., 4 1-pdr. 4 M. 8-in., (i 4-in. It. P., 20 0-pdr., 6 1-pdr., 4 M. 8-in.. G 4-in. 11. F 20 G-pdr., G 1-pdr., 4 M. 1-in. G G-pdr., 2 1-pdr., 1 M. R. F., 4 G-pdr., 3 3-pdr., 2 M. G-in. It. F G G-pdr. K. F., 2 1-pdr. R. F., 2 M. pdr. R. P., 2 3-pdr. R. F. , 2 1-pdr. R. F., 2 M. 4-in. R. P., 2 G-pdr. R. F., 2 3-pdr., 2 M. and 2 3-pdr. R. F., 2 M. in. R. F. , 12 G-pdr., 4 1-pdr., 4M. .' 8-in., 4 G in., 20 G-pdr. R. F., 6,1-pdr., 4 M. in., 12 G-pdr. R. F., 6 1-pdr., 4 M. in. - R. F., 12 3-pdr. 4 3-pdr., 2 1-pdr. 5.5 - in. R. F., 2 2.7-in., 8 2.2-in., 4 1.4-in., 2 M. 5.5-in., 8 2.2-in. R. P., 8 1.4-in., 2 M. 6-in. R. F., 6 4.7-in.,1012.2-in.,10J.4-in, 2 M. 5.5-in., 8 2.2-in. R. P., 8 1.4ia., 2 M. F., 4 0-pdr. F., 4 6-pdr. F., 4 6-pdr. CO VOL. XVH board the gunboat Machias, and died there shortly afterwards. 'A The dead were Worth Barley, Ensign, from Raleigh, N. C, who graduated from the Naval Academy in 1897, and was a very popular and promising young officer. His widowed mother lives at Raleigh, N. C. John Varveres, oiler, was a native of Smyrna, Asia, but a naturalized citizen of the United States. He had been in the Navy about three years and nine months. His next of kin is his father, George Var-varc-s. John Denfee, fireman, first-class, was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, but was natur alized, and had "been in the naval service about five years. His next of kin is his mother, Margaret Denfee, who lives in Kil kenny. George B. Meek, fireman, first-class, was born in Clyde, O., and his father, John Meek, now resides in that city. Deceased had a total naval service of rive and one half years. Elijah B. Tunnel, cook, had been in the service only a few months, his first enlistment bearing date of March 21, 1898. He was born in Accomac County, Va., and his next of kin is his father, John Tunnell, now a resident of Wattsville, Accomac County, Va. Tunnell was the only colored man in the list of dead and wounded. The wounded were Lieut. John Baptiste Bernadou, commanding the Winslow, who was struck in the leg by a splinter. William. Patterson, seriously but not fatally. Daniel McKeown, Quartermaster, first class, slightly hurt. Daniel McKeown, Quartermaster, second class, was bom in Newry, Ireland, and his next of kin is his sister, Anna McKeown, who lives . in Dublin. McKeown is nat uralized and has been in the Navy about 10 years. j The cruiser Marblehead, the gunboat Nashville and the auxiliary cruiser Win- , dom steamed up to the harbor of Cien- fuegos early in the morning with orders to cut the cable connecting Havana with i Santiago de Cuba. This task was accom- I plished, but only after a terrific fight be tween our warships and several thousand Spanish troops which lined the shore and lay concealed behind improvised breast works. One man, a seaman nameu negaji, of the Marblehead, was killed outright in one of the working small boats and six men were severely wounded. In addition a large number on. board the ship received minor wounds. The following is the list of killed and badly wounded: Killed: T?win. seaman, of the Marblehead. Badlv wounded: John Davis, of New York. John J. Donran, of Fall River, Mass. Ernest Sunzanickle. Herman W Hochmeister. Harry Hendrickson, all of the Marblehead Robert Boltz, Carter County, N. C, of the Nashville. The Spanish loss is estimated at 400. THURSDAY, MAY 12. A dispatch from Admiral Dewey said: "Hong Kong, May 12. "Secretary of the Navy: "There is little change in the situation since my last telegram. "I am transferring to transports steel breech-loading rifles from sunken Spanish (ContluueU on second pngej Ten Great "War Books without cost. See offer, page 12, - NO. 32-WHOLE NO. 875. Preparations to Invade tlie Me of Cuba. Rapid Mobilization of Volunteers a CnickamaTiga The Assignment of Major-Generals to Corps Commands; Many Thousand Volunteers MnsterecJ In Naval Notes. The War Department on Wednesday lasf issued orders stating that the following as-, signment of general officers had been mad by the President: Maj.-Gen. Wesley Mexritt, U. S. A., to the Department of tho Pacific; Maj.-Gen. John H. Brooke, TJ. S. A., the First Corps arid the Department of the Gulf; Maj.-Gen. illiam M. Graham, U. S. Vols., the Second Corps, with headquarters at Falls Church, Va.; Maj.-Gen. James F. Wade, TJ. S. Vols., the Third Corps, reporting to Maj.-Gen. Brooke, Chickamauga; Maj.-Gen. John J. Coppinger, TJ. S. Vols., the Fourth Corps, Mobile, Ala.; Maj.-Gen. William R Shatter, TJ. S. Vols., the Fifth Corps, Tampa, Fla.; Maj.-Gen. Elwell S. Otis, TJ. S. Vols., to report to Maj.-Gen. Me'rritt, TJ. S. A., for duty with troops in the Department of the Pacific; Maj.-Gen. James H. Wilson, TJ. S. Vols., the Sixth Corps, Chickamauga, re porting to Maj.-Gen. Brooke; Maj.-Gen. Fithzugh Lee, TJ. S. Vols., the Seventh Corps, Tampa, Fla.; Maj.-Gen. Joseph H, Wheeler, TJ. S. Vols., the cavalry division, Tampa, Fla. Many appointments of Brigadier-Generals, Inspectors-General, Quartermasters and Assistants, Commissaries of Subsist ence and Assistant Adjutants-General were made last week. The following may be mentioneu: Colonels to be Brigadier-Generals Thos. M. Anderson, 14th Inf.; Chas- E. Compton, 4th Cav.; John S. Poland, 17th Inf.; John C. Bates, 2d Inf.; Andrew G. Burt, 25th Inf. Simon Snyder, 19th Inf.; Hamilton S Hawkins, 20th Inf.; Royal T. Frank, 1st Art.; Jacob F. Kent, 24th Inf.; Samual S. Sumner, Cth Cav.; Francis L. Guenther, 4tb Art.; Guy V. Henry,. 10th Cav.; John I. Rodgers, 5th Art.; Louis H. Carpenter, 5th Cav.; Samuel B. M. Young, 3d Cav.; John M. Bacon, 8th Cav.; Edward B. Williston, 6th Art. Lieutenant-Colonels to be Brigadier-GeneralsHenry W. Lawton, Inspector-General; George M. Randall, 8th Inf.; Theodore Schwan, Assistant Adjutant-General; Wil liam Ludlow, Corps of Engineers; Adna R. Chaffe, 3d Cav.; George W. Davis, 14th Inf. Alfred E. Bates, Deputy Paymaster-General. Camp George H. Thomas, at Chicka mauga Park, is depleted of Regulars. Tho work of breaking camp was "begun last Wednesday by a number of the regiments, and in a few hours places which have been covered with white tents for some time were again vacant and deserted. On Monday 8,500 volunteers had re ported to Gen. Brcoke, from six States. Thousands have been mustered In and are rapidly arriving at Chickamauga. Gen. Miles received orders from the Sec retary of War on Friday suspending for the present the movement of the invading: army upon Cuba. Gen. Miles postponed his departure for the South. The suspen sion of the movement of the invading: army upon Cuba was induced by the proximity of the Spanish Cape Verde squad ron to Cuban waters, and the expectation of a naval battle. It is deemed wise not to risk the landing of troops on Cuban soil until the landing can be effected under the protection of a stronger fleet than is now aailable. The troops to be sent to Manila will con stitute the First Army Corps of the United States. This army will be divided into three divisions, one of which will bo sent to Manila in about nine or 10 days. The other two divisions will remain on the Pacific coast, probably under the com mand of Gen. Mcrriam. Much has yet te be done toward equipping the men who will form this army. The Quartermaster-General is doing all in his power to have the necessary uniforms and other equipment on hand in San Francisco early next week. Most of the uniforms are being made in the West. Applications to raise regiments of im munes under the recent legislation of Con gress are being received at the War Depart ment. Senator McEnery and Representa tive Robertson, of Louisiana, called at Secretary Alger's office in the interest of J. C. WicklilT, of Louisiana, who desires authority from the Department to proceed to enlist one of the special regiments. Mr. Wickliff was at West" Poinf for several years. Duncan II. Hood, a son of the noted Confederate General of thatname, has also requested permission to raise ono of the immune regiments. Other persons who have volunteered to raise independent regiments are Gen. Sypher and Col. Hines. Soma of the applicants arc not only willing to raise the regiments, but express their intention of fully equipping them for the service of tho Government. The first detachment of volunteer troops to be mustered in the service of the United 5.;-rfp3isrt-s.V..f,.t ."T lXV,&ife