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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, May 19, 1898, Image 1

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Take the modern pic
tonal weekly, THE NA
the best history of the
war with Spain,
fllfflnia with sPfliH
Hostile Fleets Expected to Meet
in a Short Time.
flot Engagements at Cardenas and at
Cienfuegos The First Americans
Killed Gutting the Spanish Com
munications in Cuba Attacking
Porto Rico.
There is a good deal of confusion in the
(Var Department over the detail of the move
ments of the army preliminary to the inva
sion of Cuba and the military occupation
of the Philippines. Orders are issued and
revoked almost before they reach their
The State troops will be moved toward
Tampa, New Orleans and Mobile without
Jelay. The reports from the Stale authori
ses indicate that the various volunteer
organizations will be ready for actual serv
ice in time for many of them to join the
arst expedition.
It is the intention to place the Regulars
In the advance parties and depend upon
them for the brunt of the work in Cuba.
Among the first troops to go will be the
regiment of mounted riflemen, commanded
by Col. "Wood and Lieut.-Col. Theodore
Roosevelt. The latter left "Washington to
day for San Antonio.
Arrangements have been made for trans
ports from Galveston to Cuba, where the
riflemen will join the insurgents, taking
part at once against the Spanish. Col.
Hoosevelt hopes that his command will be
with the Gomez column in advance of the
Regulars who are sent from Mobile, New
Orleans and Tampa.
Gen. Miles thinks that the delay has
operated to prolong the campaign in Cuba
when it docs begin, and in this Tie has
been sustained by such officers as Gen.
Breckcnridge, Gen. .lohn I. Rodgers, Chief
of Artillery, and Lieut.-Col. Gilmore, his
Adjutant-General. But the President does
not want another Bull Hun.
The postponement of operations until
there should be opportunity for placing the
volunteers in Cuba with the Regulars has
'broueht the campaign into the treacherous
season of fever which is so much dreaded
by the Army Surgeons. Gen. Miles has
been of the opinion that the Regular Army
could have, during the last month, ac
complished a great deal in Cuba, and per
haps in conjunction with the insurgents,
have pestered the enemy into a state of
surrender, it the combined forces were not
able to defeat the Spanish army.
The delay, however, has been availed of
by the Spanish authorities to strengthen
their methods of offense and their system
of defense. This information has come in
'arious forms to the "Washington officials,
and has added to the impatience and rest
lessness of those officers who have been
maintaining that there should be no delay,
and very little deliberation, now that war
was being waged.
Those who favored delay have done so
on the ground that the Spanish fleet must
first be taken care of and leave our fleet
free to co-operate with the army.
Nothing was heard to-day at the Navy
Department from Admiral Sampson's fleet,
nor was any further information obtained
in regard to the Spanish fleet. There is a
good deal of uncertainty as to whether or
not the Cape Verde fleet is at Cadiz.
The dilatory tactics of the Cape Verde
fleet and the lack of aggressiveness shown
in the defense of Cuba and Porto Rico
against the attacks of the American forces
are construed as equivalent to Spain's
virtual .resignation of its possessions in
the "West Indies.
' "In the face of the cowardly withdrawal
of the Spanish fleet the last vestige of
sympathy for Spain has vanished. ' The
Tagcblatt.olhenvise friendly to Spain, gives
vent to a piece of poetic sarcasm over
Spanish pride and bravado, which, freely
translated, reads as follows:
"'To fight,' cried the Spanish horse marine;
'To fight with the Yankee swine,'
And having vented his gory spleen,
- He sneaked away home to whine."
The Nord Deutsche Zeilung declares
that the hesitation to sail on the part of
the Cape Verde fleet is an acknowledgment
of Spain's naval impotence. This paper
pooh-poohs the announced plan of a con
solidation of all the Spanish squadrons for
the purpose of wresting from the American
squadron the advantages thus far - ob
tained. The National Zeitung is most pessi
mistic of all, and says that Spain is finan
cially and morally bankrupt. This is evi
dent, it believes, from the apparent irreso
lution and feeling of weakness among
leaders in military circles.
The cruiser Wilmington, the torpedo boat
Wjnslow and the gunboat Hudson entered
tile harbor of Cardenas for the purpose of
attacking some Spanish gunboats which
were known to be there. But the latter
were not discovered by the American forces
until the Spaniards opened fire. The land
batteries supported the fire of the Spanish
The engagement commenced at 2:05 p.
J. and lasted for about an hour, and while
r .' -. . fcfc,iSSSKS . TS!Ei I HII I UriTMllMMT Trrri i T - H Ti
, ,. vv:.SfSf;:Ss;S'1&.. ' --' -.cWr.gMe
The Cruiser New York, Pifdeof the , Americaa Fleet.-
The armored, cruiser New York is the flagship of Capt. Sampson, Acting Rear-Ad mind, in couiniand,of the so- and contribute his sliaf c- to thejiyingf.fie. family. He graduated, from, the Academy in 1861 at the Bead of lus class,
called "Fighting Squadron." For weeks this squadron has been blockading the ports of Cnbafa'ndlatcly tSe Throughout the civil Tvar 'Sampson did gallant service "in. the Navy. He was Executive Officer on the ironclad
heavy ships of the fleet have been separated from the gunboats on a cruise in search of the elasrye'jCapa Verde-fleet Pitapsco, of the South Atlantic "blockading squadron, at the. time when that ship" was blown up in Charleston
of the Spanish navy. The flagship of this squadron, the New York, is of a type intermediate' between the battleship ltirbofjn 1865 by a torpedo. Prevjonely he had done duty on the frigate Potomac and on the practice ship
and the ordinary cruiser. Her enormous engines of 17,400 indicated horse power.give her .a speed of 21 knots an John Adams. Later he was ordered to the flagship Colorado, .of the European squadron, and six years afterwards
hour, so that she can oveitake the fastest merchant ships afloat. Ifer armament consists of six 3-inch and 12 assigned to the steamship Congress, of the same squadron, and then to the Alert. He "ha3 commanded the steam-4-inch
rifle guns, heavier than anything carried by any except the first-class battleships and the monitors. She has ship Swatara, of the Asiatic squadron, and has been on special service at the Naval Observatory, and was a
four inches of armor on her sides, while her turrets and barbettes have 5J and 10 inches of steel plate arlnor iriernber of the International .Meridian Conference in 1884. He was a delegate from the United States Interna
respcetively. Her keel was laid in 1890, and when completed she had C03fc 2,985,000. She is 380 feet six-inches tioual Maritime Conference in' 18S9, and has been Chief of the Eurean of Naval Ordnance, and more recently
in length, 61 feet eight inches in breadth, with a mean draft of 23 feet four inches. Her displacement is 8,200 tons. commanded the battleship Iowa, and acted as President of the Board of Inquiry on the Maine disaster in Havana
Her crew consists of 40 officers and 526 men. - -.harbor. He succeeded Admiral Sicard in command of the North Atlantic squadron.
Acting Keak-Adjiikal W. T. Sampson, who commands the squadron, began his career in the Ifnjted Capt. Fkkxcii E. CirAmvicic, Commander of the New York, was appointed to the Navy in 1861 from "West
States Navy Sept. 24, 1857, when he entered the Naval Academy as "Acting Midshipman. He was appointedfrbm Virginia. He became an Ensign in 1866; a Master in the latter part of the same year, and Lieutenant in 1868j
the 25th Congressional District of New York by Congressman E. B. Morgan, his'home being afc Palmyra," in-'the. Lieutenant-Commander in 1809; a Commander in December, 1884, and a Captain in November of last year,
western part of the State. He is 53 years of age. He comes of a poor family; and in his youth was accustomed to work : The small boat near the New York is the torpedo-boat Porter.
; i ' .
it lasted was terrific. The Wilmington and
the Hudson were ahead and opened fire on
the Spanish boats, which were lying at the
docks, at a range of 3,500 ya-ds.'
A few minutes after the "Winslow came
up and also opened. In an instant the en
tire attention of the Spanish gunboats and
land batteries were directed upon her.
From all sides shot and shell seeraed'to
pour in upon the little torpedo boat.
The Wilmington and the Hudson still
kept up their fire, but they could not turn
aside the terrible storm of fire and death
pouring in upon the torpedo boat
The crew of the Winslow, however, never
faltered for u second. But at 2 .'55 p. m. a
solid shot crashed into the hull of the
"Winslow and knocked out her boiler. In
an instant she began to roll and drift help
lessly. Then there was a moment of awful sus
pense. A fierce cheer of triumph went up
from the Spaniards on the gunboats and
in the batteries and again a storm of fire
was opened upon the helpless boat.
The gunboat Hudson, which was lying
nearby, started to the assistance of the
Winslow. She ran alongside the torpedo
boat and tried to throw a line to the im
periled crew.
Up to this time, with the exception of
the one shot which disabled the boiler of
the Winslow, the firing of the Spanish gun
boats had been wild, but as the Winslow
lay rolling in the water the range grew
closer and shells began to explode all
about her.
It was difficult for the Hudson to get
near enough to throw a line to the Wins
low's crew, so terrible was the fire all about
Finally, afler frying for about 20 minutes,
the Hudson approachci near enough to
throw a line.
Ensign Hagley and six men were stand
ing in a. group on the deck of the Wins
low. "Heave her Heave her!" shouted Hag
ley as he looked toward the commander of
the Hudson and called for a line.
" Don't miss it," shouted an officer from
the Hudson, and with asmilellaglev called
back: "Let her come; it's getting" to hot
here for comfort."
The line was thrown and at the same in
stant a shell burst in the very midst of the
group of men on board the inslow.
IJagley was instantly killed, and a few
othors dropped about him. Half a dozen
more fell groaning on the bloodstained
deck. One of the dead men pitched head
long over the side of the boat, but his feet
caught in the iron rail and he was hauled
Bagley lay stretched on the deck, with
his face completely torn away and upper
part of his body shattered.
It was a terrible moment. The torpedo
boat, disabled and helpless, rolled and
swayed under the fury of the fire from the
Spanish gunboats.
Finally, the Hudson succeeded in getting
a line on beaid the Winslow, and was tow
ing her out of the deadly range when the
line parted and again both boats were at
the mercy of the Spanish fire.
At 3 50 p. m. the Hudson managed to get
another line on the deck of the Winslow,
but there were only three men left there at
that time to make it fast.
The line was finally secured, and the
Winslow was towed up to Pcdras Island
where she was anchored, with her dead and
wounded on her deck. There some men
from the Hudson went on board the Winslow
and took the most seriously wounded men
off. Three. of the latter were taken on
The only bright thing that has characterized
" "rTr'n-'rni ima re w'nitrryTvv .-axi&siia' -. &&
ment of the war so hr has been the recent manipulation of their Cape
Verde Fleet. It disappeared absolutely from our knowledge ?or sev
eral days, and left the whole world disputing
to bp:imsh shores, whether it had gone off down to the South ;
Atlantic in nearch of the Oregon, whether it was' trying ttf execute '
a sneak on our northeastern seacoast, or what. Suddenly wc are4
startled with the news that it has been at Martinique for two days-
This is astounding, for Martinique is very much hearer Habana and ;
Cienfuegos than either Admiral Sampson's fleet at Porto ltfcoorJ
Commodore Schley's at Fort .Monroe. It was also dangerously near '!
ujc nmie mat uie uregon would take in coming up from Brazil.
There wore vciy anxious hours in the Navy Department, the War
Departmental the White House following this discovery. Ad
miral Sampson w:is directed to drop Porto Kico like a hot potato and
find the Spanish fleet. Commodore Schley was oidered to get to the
ment. Tons.
New York . .
Iowa ....
Indiana . . .
Detroit . . .
Marblchcad .
Montgomery .
Terror ....
Amphitritc . .
Porter ....
Brooklyn . '. .
Texas ....
St. Paul . . .
Scoipion . . ,
Vizcaya . . .
Oquendo . . .
Christobal Colon
laria Theresa
Furor ....
Terror ....
Plutou ....
Arm C.
1st Class B. S.
1st Class Ii. S.
D. T. .Monitor
D. T. Monitor
Torpedo Boat
Arm. C.
1 sb Class B
2d Class B.
C. Arm, C.
Torpedo Bfc,
2d Class B. S.
2d Class B. S.
Arm. C.
2d Class B. C.
T. B. Destroyer.
T. B. Destroyer.
T. B. Destroyer.
fflotAtt fsrjkta wfci luw m ffct MOr,'i fm.if vMtw wwtfiml'
0., THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1898
the Spanislrinanagc- west end of Cuba with
help tow his slow ones.
ready to send away to safe places. The Oregon was ordered to re
turn with her consorts to the shelter of a Brazilian port. The em
barkation of troops was countermanded.
' The next news that came was still more surprising. Instead of
-improving the advantage of his position by striking a quick, sting
ing blow at us, the Spanish Admiral was found to have gone off
gome 600 miles farther from his objective, aud to be at the Dutch
3Mrt. of Curacao, where he was taking on coal. Thus he threw away
all that he had gained by his shrewd, stealthy advance to Martinique,
iirhl placed the cards again in our hands. We have now plenty of
time to intervene our whole licet, if need be, lietwven him and any
'Cohan or Porto Bienn port that ho may aim at, he is farther from
whether it had returned
Sampson's 'J?auAnoK.
P.itvnr. "If iintH.
6 6-in., 12
10,000! 21
iljOtfOt 16.5
. O.OOOf 16
.5,227 18.7
.5,400 . 18
4 12-in., 8
4 13-in., 8
9 5-iu. Ii. F..
2 G'-in., 4 4-in.
0 5-in. R.F., 1
. d5,5B0x18
1,G()0. 10 4 10-in., 2 G -
'1,400:' 10.5 - A 10-in., 2
28.74 , Torpedo tubes
G5- '.J' 18.700 21.9
8 8-in.,' 12 5 -
4 13-in., 8
2'12-iu., G G -
2 G-in., 10 5 -
G9.4-V- 10,400 1G.2'
62 ..at 8,000 XI- .
. . - 20
4 G-pdr. R. P.,
13,000. 20
2 21-iu., 10
2 11-in., 10
2 10-in., 10
2 11-in., 10
2 4.7-in. R.
2 4.7-in. R.
2 4.7-iu. R.
13,000. 20
14,000 20
28 '
all possible haste, making his fast vessels
The blockading vessels were ordered to bo
mine, coal and friends than ever, and it is hard to see how he can
iscapc capture or destruction.
Armament Guns.
4-in. Jl. F., 8 fi-pdr., 4 1-pdr. 4 M.
8-in., (i 4-in. It. P., 20 0-pdr., 6 1-pdr., 4 M.
8-in.. G 4-in. 11. F 20 G-pdr., G 1-pdr., 4 M.
G G-pdr., 2 1-pdr., 1 M.
R. F., 4 G-pdr., 3 3-pdr., 2 M.
G-in. It. F G G-pdr. K. F., 2 1-pdr. R. F., 2 M.
pdr. R. P., 2 3-pdr. R. F. , 2 1-pdr. R. F., 2 M.
4-in. R. P., 2 G-pdr. R. F., 2 3-pdr., 2 M.
and 2 3-pdr. R. F., 2 M.
in. R. F. , 12 G-pdr., 4 1-pdr., 4M. .'
8-in., 4 G in., 20 G-pdr. R. F., 6,1-pdr., 4 M.
in., 12 G-pdr. R. F., 6 1-pdr., 4 M.
in. - R. F., 12 3-pdr.
4 3-pdr., 2 1-pdr.
5.5 - in. R. F., 2 2.7-in., 8 2.2-in., 4 1.4-in., 2 M.
5.5-in., 8 2.2-in. R. P., 8 1.4-in., 2 M.
6-in. R. F., 6 4.7-in.,1012.2-in.,10J.4-in, 2 M.
5.5-in., 8 2.2-in. R. P., 8 1.4ia., 2 M.
F., 4 0-pdr.
F., 4 6-pdr.
F., 4 6-pdr.
board the gunboat Machias, and died there
shortly afterwards. 'A
The dead were Worth Barley, Ensign,
from Raleigh, N. C, who graduated from
the Naval Academy in 1897, and was a very
popular and promising young officer. His
widowed mother lives at Raleigh, N. C.
John Varveres, oiler, was a native of
Smyrna, Asia, but a naturalized citizen of
the United States. He had been in the
Navy about three years and nine months.
His next of kin is his father, George Var-varc-s.
John Denfee, fireman, first-class, was
born in Kilkenny, Ireland, but was natur
alized, and had "been in the naval service
about five years. His next of kin is his
mother, Margaret Denfee, who lives in Kil
kenny. George B. Meek, fireman, first-class, was
born in Clyde, O., and his father, John
Meek, now resides in that city. Deceased
had a total naval service of rive and one
half years.
Elijah B. Tunnel, cook, had been in
the service only a few months, his first
enlistment bearing date of March 21, 1898.
He was born in Accomac County, Va.,
and his next of kin is his father, John
Tunnell, now a resident of Wattsville,
Accomac County, Va. Tunnell was the
only colored man in the list of dead
and wounded.
The wounded were Lieut. John Baptiste
Bernadou, commanding the Winslow, who
was struck in the leg by a splinter.
William. Patterson, seriously but not
Daniel McKeown, Quartermaster, first
class, slightly hurt.
Daniel McKeown, Quartermaster, second
class, was bom in Newry, Ireland, and his
next of kin is his sister, Anna McKeown,
who lives . in Dublin. McKeown is nat
uralized and has been in the Navy about 10
years. j
The cruiser Marblehead, the gunboat
Nashville and the auxiliary cruiser Win- ,
dom steamed up to the harbor of Cien-
fuegos early in the morning with orders to
cut the cable connecting Havana with i
Santiago de Cuba. This task was accom- I
plished, but only after a terrific fight be
tween our warships and several thousand
Spanish troops which lined the shore and
lay concealed behind improvised breast
works. One man, a seaman nameu negaji,
of the Marblehead, was killed outright in
one of the working small boats and six
men were severely wounded. In addition
a large number on. board the ship received
minor wounds.
The following is the list of killed and
badly wounded:
T?win. seaman, of the Marblehead.
Badlv wounded:
John Davis, of New York.
John J. Donran, of Fall River, Mass.
Ernest Sunzanickle.
Herman W Hochmeister.
Harry Hendrickson, all of the Marblehead
Robert Boltz, Carter County, N. C, of the
The Spanish loss is estimated at 400.
A dispatch from Admiral Dewey said:
"Hong Kong, May 12.
"Secretary of the Navy:
"There is little change in the situation
since my last telegram.
"I am transferring to transports steel
breech-loading rifles from sunken Spanish
(ContluueU on second pngej
Ten Great "War Books
without cost. See offer,
page 12,
- NO. 32-WHOLE NO. 875.
Preparations to Invade tlie
Me of Cuba.
Rapid Mobilization of Volunteers a
CnickamaTiga The Assignment of
Major-Generals to Corps Commands;
Many Thousand Volunteers MnsterecJ
In Naval Notes.
The War Department on Wednesday lasf
issued orders stating that the following as-,
signment of general officers had been mad
by the President:
Maj.-Gen. Wesley Mexritt, U. S. A., to
the Department of tho Pacific; Maj.-Gen.
John H. Brooke, TJ. S. A., the First Corps
arid the Department of the Gulf; Maj.-Gen.
illiam M. Graham, U. S. Vols., the
Second Corps, with headquarters at Falls
Church, Va.; Maj.-Gen. James F. Wade,
TJ. S. Vols., the Third Corps, reporting to
Maj.-Gen. Brooke, Chickamauga; Maj.-Gen.
John J. Coppinger, TJ. S. Vols., the Fourth
Corps, Mobile, Ala.; Maj.-Gen. William R
Shatter, TJ. S. Vols., the Fifth Corps, Tampa,
Fla.; Maj.-Gen. Elwell S. Otis, TJ. S. Vols.,
to report to Maj.-Gen. Me'rritt, TJ. S. A., for
duty with troops in the Department of the
Pacific; Maj.-Gen. James H. Wilson, TJ. S.
Vols., the Sixth Corps, Chickamauga, re
porting to Maj.-Gen. Brooke; Maj.-Gen.
Fithzugh Lee, TJ. S. Vols., the Seventh
Corps, Tampa, Fla.; Maj.-Gen. Joseph H,
Wheeler, TJ. S. Vols., the cavalry division,
Tampa, Fla.
Many appointments of Brigadier-Generals,
Inspectors-General, Quartermasters
and Assistants, Commissaries of Subsist
ence and Assistant Adjutants-General
were made last week. The following may
be mentioneu:
Colonels to be Brigadier-Generals Thos.
M. Anderson, 14th Inf.; Chas- E. Compton,
4th Cav.; John S. Poland, 17th Inf.; John
C. Bates, 2d Inf.; Andrew G. Burt, 25th Inf.
Simon Snyder, 19th Inf.; Hamilton S
Hawkins, 20th Inf.; Royal T. Frank, 1st
Art.; Jacob F. Kent, 24th Inf.; Samual S.
Sumner, Cth Cav.; Francis L. Guenther, 4tb
Art.; Guy V. Henry,. 10th Cav.; John I.
Rodgers, 5th Art.; Louis H. Carpenter, 5th
Cav.; Samuel B. M. Young, 3d Cav.; John
M. Bacon, 8th Cav.; Edward B. Williston,
6th Art.
Lieutenant-Colonels to be Brigadier-GeneralsHenry
W. Lawton, Inspector-General;
George M. Randall, 8th Inf.; Theodore
Schwan, Assistant Adjutant-General; Wil
liam Ludlow, Corps of Engineers; Adna R.
Chaffe, 3d Cav.; George W. Davis, 14th Inf.
Alfred E. Bates, Deputy Paymaster-General.
Camp George H. Thomas, at Chicka
mauga Park, is depleted of Regulars. Tho
work of breaking camp was "begun last
Wednesday by a number of the regiments,
and in a few hours places which have been
covered with white tents for some time
were again vacant and deserted.
On Monday 8,500 volunteers had re
ported to Gen. Brcoke, from six States.
Thousands have been mustered In and
are rapidly arriving at Chickamauga.
Gen. Miles received orders from the Sec
retary of War on Friday suspending for the
present the movement of the invading:
army upon Cuba. Gen. Miles postponed
his departure for the South. The suspen
sion of the movement of the invading:
army upon Cuba was induced by the
proximity of the Spanish Cape Verde squad
ron to Cuban waters, and the expectation
of a naval battle. It is deemed wise not
to risk the landing of troops on Cuban soil
until the landing can be effected under
the protection of a stronger fleet than is
now aailable.
The troops to be sent to Manila will con
stitute the First Army Corps of the
United States. This army will be divided
into three divisions, one of which will bo
sent to Manila in about nine or 10 days.
The other two divisions will remain on the
Pacific coast, probably under the com
mand of Gen. Mcrriam. Much has yet te
be done toward equipping the men who will
form this army. The Quartermaster-General
is doing all in his power to have the
necessary uniforms and other equipment
on hand in San Francisco early next
week. Most of the uniforms are being
made in the West.
Applications to raise regiments of im
munes under the recent legislation of Con
gress are being received at the War Depart
ment. Senator McEnery and Representa
tive Robertson, of Louisiana, called at
Secretary Alger's office in the interest of
J. C. WicklilT, of Louisiana, who desires
authority from the Department to proceed
to enlist one of the special regiments. Mr.
Wickliff was at West" Poinf for several
years. Duncan II. Hood, a son of the
noted Confederate General of thatname,
has also requested permission to raise ono
of the immune regiments. Other persons
who have volunteered to raise independent
regiments are Gen. Sypher and Col. Hines.
Soma of the applicants arc not only willing
to raise the regiments, but express their
intention of fully equipping them for the
service of tho Government.
The first detachment of volunteer troops
to be mustered in the service of the United

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