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---rfv.-a"-ift-i tfMr-ags .O-a- 'S' THE NATIONAL TKIBUNE: WASHINGTON, 5C, THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1898.-TWELVE PAGES. s. tv-sprfi&f&r '$bU!;iir.i?-&-:fiXSZZ Stales since the beginning of the present trouble, Batteries. A and C of the Pennsyl vania National Guard, left Camp Hastings, at Mount Gretna, last week. The artillery men found their guns, battery accoutcr rnents and camp equipage in waiting for them and they lost no time in marking out their camp. The command of the troops at Tampa was, on May 10, formally turned over to Maj.-Gen. John P. Wade by Maj.-Gen. Shatter, in conformity with the orders re ceived from Washington. Gen. Shaffer, it is said, will be in command of the army on Cuban soil and will direct the campaign against Havana. The mobilization of the 2pB2tr?;. rfir j, ,"' 'i&? Masses? "retiS;; t" -iSA "Jsextafter Havana in importance is the beantif nl city of Matau Eas J0 miles to the east- It is located ou the north coast, where it Las a spacious harbor, of recent years, unfortunately, allowed to fill tip considerably.' Like all else in Cuba, it is smitten with the mil dew of Spain's decline. The city lies between two rivers, something like Charleston, S. C. On one side is the Rio de San Jnan. and on the other the Yumuri. It is well built, and resembles Havana very much in its architecture. It has a splendid plaza, upon one side of which stands the official residence of the Governor of the Province. State troops' at Tampa began last Wcd nesdav. Some 14,000 soldiers will be there. Lieut. Andrew S. Rowan, of the 19th U. S. Inf., arrived at Key West last Friday from Cuba, bearing important dispatches from Gen. Calixto Garcia, commander of the de partment of the east of the insurgent army, for Gen. Miles or Gen. Shafter. With him came five Americans, who have been fight ing with the insurgents. Lieut. Rowan had a long conference with the insi rgent General regarding co-operation, who told him that there were 15,000 troops "in his command, scattered throughout the island. These troops were, Gen. Garcia informed him, well supplied with arms, but lacked ammunition. About 3,000 were then fol lowing a body of Spanish soldiers down to the Ceuta River. Col. J. L. Torrey, who has been authorized to raise one of the regiments of rough riders, has opened headquarters at Cheyenne, Wyo., and is making rapid prog ress in raising his regiment. He has five complete troops ready for service in Colo rado, Nevada, Utah and Idaho, and recruits enough in Wyoming to twice fill the quota of seven troops assigned to Wyoming. Per mission has been obtained from the War Department to extend the hight limit for cavalrymen, so that recruits over six feet tall may be accepted. The troopers are to be armed with Krag-Jorgensen carbines and revolvers, and will carry no sabers. The finest horses in the West are being selected for mounts- Brig.-Gen. John L. Rodgers, senior offi cer of the artillery branch of the Army, Scale cflTlCoodO T77 -j. E5H3 Towns. CADIZ AND ITS The Tact The Romans calledit Gades, and it figures ! ' sV:r?Wi- 1 J --, --SV?7 :"-4 i i- ; i ?iio-1 ' ' T" I -1 r . . . r,-. .. , city of Cadiz is the most important scanort of the Iberian IVninsuIa. and. In , has occupied this position of commercial pre-eminence from the beginning of his- long been famous for its wines, and its position near the extremity of the Continent made it the center of trade across the Atlantic Ocean after tlio discovery of America. in 1720 its trade with the American Colonies amounted to 2,500,000 pounds sterling in exports and 7,000,000 pounds sterling in imports, largely silver. It is situated on a contracted tongue of land, but spreads out in many suburbs, which practically form a part of the city. The salt pans which surround the bay have long been an important interest and the basis of a fishing trade. These, with other physical features, are- indicated on this chart. has been appointed Chief of t Artillery of the Army and placed 'in charge of the' heavy artillery of all the coast defenses. Until recently he was in command of the 5th Art., stationed at Governor's Island, New. York City. The oflice of Chief of Artillery was created during the civil war, but was abolished at its conclusion. It was so successful in operation, however, during that crisis that it has been deemed ad visable to re-create it for the present war. As Gen. Rodgers will have immediate supervision of all the land defenses along the coast, his work will be to see that guns are properly mounted at the various fortifications, proper machinery installed HATANZAS. It has one of the finest theaters in Cuba, and probably the best edu cational institution in the West Indies. In 1693, 200 years, alter Columbus sailed by its site, the city was founded by a party of im migrants from the Canary Isles. It has a population of some 30,000. Close by the city is one of the most striking natural curiosities of the island, the Valley of the Yumuri; and within two miles of the city arc situated also the famous Caves of Iiellamar, about three miles in extent, which, although not so grand a3 some of the mighty caverns in other parts of the world, are acknowledged to contain the most beautiful chambers of natural crystal known anywhere. for operating them, and that the proper number of men are detailed to man them. Adj't-Gen. Corbin issued orders directing regiments of volunteers ready to move to proceed to rendezvous points as follows: 1-lth Kan., to San Francisco; 21st Kan., to Chickamauga; 1st W. Va., to Chicka mauga; 2d and 3d Wis., to Chickamauga; 1st and 2d Mo., to Chickamaugn; 31st Mich., to Chickamauga; 6th and 2d Ohio, and one battery of artillery, to Chickamauga; Wyo ming, battalion of infantry, to San Fran- J Cisco; Colorado, regiment, to ban Fran cisco; Utah, two batteries and one troop, to San Francisco; 6th 111., to Washington; 6th, 13th, 12th and 8th Pa., to Washington, 5th Md., to Chickamauga; 65th and f)th N. Y., to Washington; 1st N. II., to Chicka mauga; 6th Mass., to Washington, and 8th Mass., to Chickamauga; 2d Ga., to Tampa; the Idaho infantry battalion, to San Fran cisco; the 1st, 3d and 5th 111., to Chicka mauga; the 1st and -1th Ohio, to Chicka mauga; the 1st N. J., to Washington; the 14th, 2d, 12th and 9th N. Y., to Chicka mauga. The orders to the 9th N. Y. origi nally were for Washington, but later they were changed for Chickamauga. The 29 transport ships now. at the dis posal of the War Department on the At lantic coast are capable in the aggregate of carrying 25,000 troops and 10,000 animals. As soon as the Department is' prepared to start the army expedition to Cuba the ves sels will be concentrated at points on the Southern coast, and the entire fleet will move to Cuba, as a body, under suitable escort of war vessels. jS Kile 3. CZ3 S(ul, Recti, dr. HEM Salt, ton. SURROUNDINGS. prominently under this title in the history WARRING WITH SPAIN. (Continued from first pace.) v men-of war. Also stores from arsenal in ;my possession. "I am maintaining strict blockade. "Add to list of destroyed, vessels the Argos, El Correo probably El Cano. b - "DEWEY." A British gunboat arriving at Hong Kong reported that anarchy prevailed in Manila, with the insurgents incontrollable. The Spaniards in Manila refuse to submit, and Admiral Dewey is unwilling to bom bard the town. He hopes to starve the place into submission, but the Spaniards are confident of being able to hold out. They allege that they have ample sup plies for 25,000 regular troops and thou sands of volunteers beyond the range of the United States warships. They arc de fying the Americans in the hope of Euro pean intervention. THE WHEREABOUTS OF SPANISH FLEET. The aggravating uncertainty about the position of the Spanish fleet or fleets con tinued. The Spanish Minister of Marino officially denied that the Cape Verde fleet had returned to Cadiz, but said that it was at Martinique. At. the same time other reports came that the Spanish fleet was there, and had been fully recoaled. This news was too open and frank to be be lieved. At the same time, Martinique is a strong strategic position for the Spanish fleet to take, to operate either against our vessels around Cuba, or to intercept the Oregon, Marietta and Nictheroy, on their way up from Brazil. It is a French island, where the Spaniards could hope for sympa thetic tptertainment. News also came that a Spanish fleet was approaching our New England coast. ADMIRAL SAMPSON ATTACK'S' PORTO RICO. The following dispatch was sent by Ad miral Sampson: "St. Thomas, W. I., May 12.g3 "A portion of the sqmulron under my command reached San Juan this morning at daybreak. No armed vessels were found in the port. "As soon as it was sufficiently light I commenced attack upon the batteries de fending the city. This attack lasted about three hours, and resulted in much damage to the batteries and incidentally to a por tion of the city adjacent to the batteries. The batteries replied to our fire, but with out .material efieet. "One man was killed on board the New York and seven slightly wounded in the squadron. No serious damage to any ships res ill ted , "(Signed) SAMPSON." The Admiral said, as he withdrew: "I am satisfied with the morning's work. I could have taken San Juan, but I have no force to hold it. I only wanted to ad minister punishment. This has been done. I came for the Spanish fleet and' not for San Juan." The dead and wounded on the American ships are as follows: DEAD. Frank Widemark, Seaman, of (he New York. Gunner's Mate ("name unknown). of the Amphitrile. The latter died from the ex treme heat. INJURED. Seaman Mitchell, of (lie Iowa.' Private Merkle, Marine, of the Iowa. Apprentice Hill, of the fow.-i.' Samuel Foltman, Seaman; of the New York; seriously. lrj Michael Murphy, Seaman, of the New York. Two other enlisted men of the New York slightly injured. The ships taking part in the action were the Iowa, Indiana, Now York, Terror, Amphitrite, Detroit, Montgomery, Wampa tuck and Porter. The American marksmanship was, as usual, magnificent, while that of the Span iards was wretched. The Spaniards pro claimed a great victory, and that the enemy was gloriously beaten off. LAND SKIRMISH WITH THE SPANIARDS. May 12, at 2:00 a. m., the transport Gussie landed two companies (Eand G, 1st V. S.) at Punta Fria, on the west of Cabanas Bay, to assist Capt. Dorst in landing Cuban couriers, and in communicating- with the insurgents. There were 22 men from Co. iu, uiiwi-i Ktiyn. y vvwiiiiuw, cum ic irom L.O. G, under Lieut. Lucy. They were cheered as the first American troops to land on the soil of Cuba. They had gone but a little ways whi-n a fierce fire was poured into them from a force of about f0 Spaniards from the f-rtsud sugar plantation of Hamuli's. Ihc firing was quite sharp for some minutes, when (he Spaniards re treated. The courier, were sent off, and the men returned to their boats. Their loss was one man, a newspaper corre spondent,, who went into line with them, and was slightly wounded. Four dead Spaniards were found. I'KIDAY, 31 AY i:. There were persistent reports of the presence of Spanish war vessels off New England. Officials of high rank at the Boston Navy yard placed considerable credence in the rumors that a part of the enemy's fleet is not far distant -from that coast. Their reasons for such a belief appear to bo well founded, because of private advices that have been received at the yard within the past 21 hours. Their suspicions that something of a grave nature may be learned soon are strengthened by the fact that to day the United States cruiser Columbia and the ram Katahdin hurriedly left the port, sailing under sealed orders for parts unknown. While it is admitted that vessels gener ally sail under sealed orders, the hasty departure of these boats makes naval people suspicious when other facts that are known are taken into consideration. Upon the advice of Admiral Erbcn the orders fr he Eastern troops to proceed to Tampa 1.. ransport were changed to rail road, to i. Sid any possible chance of their capture by a' sudden dash of Spanish ships. I Just after midnight the Bureau of Navi gation received a- cipher dispatch from Capt. Cotton, of the Harvard, dated Fort do W-, - ? , 11 L ll. O . l' ranee, iunrunique,. -saying vnai. uiu opun ish Capo Verde squadron, "hulls down," was ofT that place. ''Hulls down" meant that the enemy's vessels were far enough out at sea to distinguish only their top works and spars. The entire force was immediately put to Wbrk,and kept so until morning, preparing for thisnew emergency. Orders wero sent toAdmiral Sampson to drop everything', and. hasten to intercept the Spanish fleet before it could pounce upon the light 'veslels m" tho blockading squardon. Commodore Schley was hast ened off on the same errand. Through some means the Navy Depart ment discovered that the telegram from Capt. Cotton giving information of the whereabouts of the enemy's Capo Verde squadron had bcendclayed. 24 hours. It should have been "delivered at midnight on Wednesday. An investigation has been started by the Government, and a protest to tho French Government will follow if it is discovered that Capt. Cotton's dispatch was held back in the French cable oflice at Fort de Franco. Another, suspicious cir cumstance is that' no word about the Spanish vessels has como from the United Stales Consul at St.' Pierre, Martinique. The Consul is George Darte, a young man from Pennsylvania, who has the reputa tion of being exceedingly competent and alert. St. Pierre is a short distance only from Fort de France, and Mr. Darte un doubtedly knew of tho presenco of tho Spanish vessels at the latter place. It was his duty to send this valuable strate gical information to the State Department. Everybody at the Department believes that Mr. Darte filed his dispatch' promptly. That it was not received is an additional reason for suspecting that tho authorities of Martinique, a French Colony, have shown a too decided sympathy with the Spanish cause. Whether cither of our squadrons can reach Cuban waters in advance of the Spaniards is tho anxious question of the day. Admiral Sampson is 400 miles nearer Cuba than Martinique, but the enemy has a good start. The slow "oing monitors with Sampson's squadron n irdcd his progress from Key West to San Juan. Unless he leaves them behind he will not be able to make better speed than one-third of that of which the Spanish ships are capable on a long voyage. Schley will require three days at least to reach the Cuban coast. It is a race against time, with tho chances against the American fighters. The Spanish vessels are all fast steamers, but they have to coal every two days. A dispatch from Cadiz by the way of France says: Tho reserve fleet is being slowly pre- est op Greenwich .. 81-10 t a - -1 1 Ol ' 0 to h'J ;sto5o FttthomA. ' -r i i i i l . ' ' i in ' -v '- - ' i sviyrM -fi-feA Garcia - 'f'$me$mm&h u .- , L., f s ..., "'AlfoiHOV VI. ',.,,' . .P '.''V2S! fe,lcMgg. - nguero. mASSfydM S3iP6feai .3&M del w fi-, -PPBTfflATANZAS M')g df -toi-HIo . . - '7v C Jfr .o , .jJ Reasspa-. .-.7 rry ? zZLL V - l . , is MATANZAS BAY. "Wc present above a chart of Matanzas Bay and surroundings. It will be observed that the different depths of water in the harbor are indicated by the parallel lines. The location of the. city on the west side of the head of the hay will bo noted. The main part of the city is between the two rivers, I pared here. Admiral Camara has as sumed command, with Capt. Hediger, an active officer, who has shaken up all the San Fernando Arsenal officials. The Government, for political motives and to show the people that it was prepar ing to avenge the Manila defeat, asked the naval authorities what vessels-of-war could be soon ready to protect the transports carrying 0,000 men to Manila. The War Minister got seven battalions and four batteries ready. The large steamship companies under took to provide the eight ships required, when the naval authorities reported that it was impossible to get war forces ready so quickly. 'They declared that the battle ship Pelayo was not fit for an expedition to the far East, and, moreover, was wanted for the reserve squadron at home. For tho same reasons they objected to parting with the Carlos V., Cardinal Cisneros and Al phoiiso XIII. They did not think the second and third class cruisers were available. Three would be enough to protect the expedition from the forces Admiral Dewey would have a(. his disposal by the time these Spanish reinforcements could reach Manila. The destroyers, three at Cadiz and two at Fer rol, they wanted to keep for the defense of the coast, with tho torpedo vessels and the old ironclads, Numancia and Vittoria, lately refitted in French arsenals at great cost. SATURDAY, MAY 14. spain onowixa moke confident. Tho Parisian papers publish the follow ing dispatch from Madrid: 1 no successes acnieveu oy mo opanisu Itico have strengthened the feeling hero in favor of prolonging the war in the An tilles and Philippines. It is believed Admiral Cervcra 's squadron will, so soon as it has picked up its dispatch boats and torpedo boats off. Martinique, pursue a cruise into Cuban s wafers, and perhaps even further." ft There is a Cabinet qijsis in Spain, with four Ministers going ciijt. Perhaps others will follow. r 'i. Maj. Limn, InspecloKon tho staff of Gen. Alexander Ttodriguez, arrived at Key West with important dispatches for our Govern ment, ire says that the war has brought about frightful conditions of starvation. Carl loads of recflnefcptrados who have died from lack of' foYiil aro taken daily through the Spanish blines. The bodies are thrown together irt"pilcs, without any form of burial, for" tho buzzards to feed upon. J lii Maj. Lima asserts that the Cubans around Havana are gathering Strength every day, but that they are in'need of supplies. SUNDAY, JSIAY 1C. FKOM- TJXIV PHILIPPINES. Tho Navy Department received a dis patch from Admiral Dewey thanking the President for his promotion. Also, the following: "Cavite, May 13, via Hong Kong, May 15. "I am maintaining a strict blockade. I have reason to believe that tho rebels are hemming in the city by land, but they have made no demonstrations. There is a scarcity of provisions in Manila. It is probable that the Spanish Governor will be obliged to surrender soon. I can take Manila at any moment. Tho climate is hot and moist. On May 12 I captured tho gunboat Callao, which was attempting to run the blockade. She has plenty of coal. Ono British, one French, two German and ono Japanese war vessel aro here observ ing. - DEWEY." The astonishing news camo that tho Cape Verdo fleet had put into Curacao, a Dutch island off thaVenezueIan coast. troops against tho American landing par ties in Cuba, and tho insignificant result of the bombardment of San Juan do Porto Thero they took in a full supply of coal from two colliers which had been sent them from Porto Hico. By going so far to the southward the Spaniards threw away the strategic advantages they possessed at Martinique, and put themselves so far away from Cuba that both our fleots can arrive at either Habana or Cienfucgos be fore they can. We are therefore onco moro thorough masters of Che situation, which wo temporarily lost by the unexpected ar rival of the Spaniards at Martinique, and their stay there of two days before wc dis covered it. MONOAY, MAY 1G. It TS announced that the 1st Cal. and four companies of tho 14th U. S. 1,400 althogether will sail next Thursday in the City of Peking for Manila. Though the Navy Department strives to keep the movements of our vessels a secret, it is believed that to-day Admiral Samp son is at Cienfuegos, which is 900 miles from the Gulf of Venezuela, where the Spanish fleet was at last accounts. It is announced from Madrid that Ad miral Cervcra. has been ordered to make a demonstration in the Caribbean to draw our ships there, while a fleet consisting of the battleship Palayo, the armored cruisers Emperador Carlos V., and Alfonso NIL, the cruisers Hapida and Patria. and the tor pedo boats Andazand Prosperina will sail from Cadiz to ravage our northern coasts. The- Hawaiian Government will allow our Government to raise its flag over the islands and use them as a base of supplies. THK NAVY. The President sent to the Senate, on May 11, the nomination of Acting Rear Admiral George Dewey to be a Rear-Admiral . The nomination was promptly con firmed by the Senate. Dewey was pro moted under the provisions of section 1508 of the Revised Statutes, he having, upon the recommendation of the President, by name received the thanks of Congress by joint resolution approved on May 10. Dewey's promotion will make Capt. Silas Casey, now commandant at the League Island Navy-yard, Commodore, and will place Captain, now Acting Rear-Admiral, Sampson at the head of the list of Cap tains to become Commodores on July 3, next, upon the retirement of Admiral Kirk land, commandant of the Mare Island Navy-yard. Commodore Winfield S. Schley gave his views last week on the Manila victory. He said in part: "Admiral Dewey's victory at Manila must deservedly take iL5 place side by side with the greatest naval victories of the world's history." -It strikes me that with several advantageous fortified positions the pre ponderance of advantage was certainly with the enemy, and that with the great J: ' -'' ' 'Jfc m. DeptLs. ,50 to 100. Vathonai ,100 Fn thorn ' andjipward 3MiIcH the Yumuri on the north and the San Jnan on the south, but it has spread across each of them, as will be seen, beautiful suburban places being located in each of the new quar ters to the north and south of the city. This is one of the most healthful locations in Cuba, and much frequented by invalids of the island. daring displayed by Dewey there must fall upon his shoulders the mantle of Perry and Farragut. From the meager accounts that have been received of the battle it is evi dent that despite the great risk which every officer and every man knew was be ing taken, there was not a faint heart in all that squadron, but an enthusiasm and esprit de corps which could not but win with such a leader. I would note, too, that superior education and intelligence, coupled with perfection in marksmanship, aided greatly in winning the day, and will, 1 believe, contribute to future victories." ? Five new dry docks capable of holding the heaviest type of war vessels are shortly to be in course of construction by the Government. The plans for each are now well advanced and bids will be asked shortly. These docks are to bo so located by the Secretary that they will all practi cally be at the leading Navy-yards of the country. One of them is to be of the float ing variety and is to be stationed in the Gulf for the uso of ships that may be cruising in tho West Indies during the Winter season. Under the terms of the Naval bill Secretary Long must build three of the docks of timber, one of concrete or masonry and the other of steel. The De partment fought hard to have the provision for tho docks so mado that every ono should be of masonry, but influences at work defeated his recommendations, and but ono will be of really modern construc tion. It is expected that rush work will soon begin on the Kcarsarge and Kentucky. Under ordinary circumstances the two bat tleships would not be ready to go into commission for more than a year, but tho superintendent of tho works at Newport News staled that thoy could be completed in six months. The second Spanish fleet, now at Cadiz, consists of tho battleship Pelayo, the armored cruiser Emperador Carlos V., the protected cruiser Alfonso XIII., the Hapido and the Patria, auxiliary cruisers, formerly the Hamburg-American Lino steamers Columbia and Normannia, and three tor pedo boats. America's Greatest edicane Is Hood's Sarsaparilla because it cures when all others fail. The evidence of this is in disputable. Thousands of people have good health today who formerly suffered from scrofula, salt rheum, dyspepsia, catarrh, rheumatism, or some other ailment dne to impure blood. These people had tried many preparations without avail. Thoy had be come discouraged and began to believe that medicines had no power to help. But Hood's Sarsaparilla effected a euro because it posses ses tho qualities needed to purify and enrich tho blood, eradicate disease and. restore a healthy condition of tho organs of the body. Hood's Sarsa parilla Is America's Greatest Medicine. Sold by all druggists. $1; six for $5. Get only Hood's. 1-Iswl'o DS11 'cure liver Ills; easy to m "uuu ,uo take, CAsy to operate. 25c. DEWEY THE CflltliRflT. His Behavior, on the Night the Mis sissippi Went Down With -Hying Colors. Editor National Tribune: Admiral George Dewey in 1862 and 1S63 was Execn tive Officer of the U. S. S. Mississippi, Com mander Melancton Smith, then attached to the u est Gulf Squadron. He was a strong, energetic, bright, active, quick and decisive young officer. The Mississippi was fitted out just previously to tho firing on Fort Sumter, aud really had been manned and officered for a foreign station, having a band and stores on board for a three years' stay abroad, but when the guns opened fire on Sumter she was ordered instanter to the Mexican Gulf. Dewey was ordered to her, however, after she had sailed from Boston Xavy.yard, join ing her in the West Gulf. The officers of this vessel were composed entirely of regu lars; that means well-tried graduates of the Naval Academy. Tins is worth mentioning in connection with this story in the light of the fact of many of the naval ships then in commission having been officered by volun teers taken from, the merchant marine. To see the decks of the old Mississippi then was to witness perfect discipline aud perfect man-o'-war obedience. It was in this school that yonng Dewey was second in command, going right into the smoke and powder of battle iu its most ter rific form aud reality. The writer of this was his clerk on this ship, and was intimately acquainted with him and his daily duties, and in the hurrahs and tumult of the Ameri can jubilations of to-day in connection with Admiral Dewey's ascendency of the ladder of naval fame just a word from his clerk of 1SG2 and 18G3, when in the thickest of a midnight fight, and at the time of the sinking of the Mississippi, as both stood together, a few un written fact3 fo go down into history may not come amiss. The night of March 14, 18G3, fonnd him as the Executive Officer of the Mississippi stand ing on the hurricane deck waiting for a signal from Admiral Farragnt's flagship, ahead, whether to haul up anchor for the fleet to run past the Port Hudson forts or not. Farragut's signal light showed itself under the stern of the Hartford, and the old Missis sippi's big anchor came up in a hurry. The men had been sleeping at their guns. They were read' in an instant for firing, and not many minutes elapsed before the thundering commenced. Dewey stood on the hnrricane deck in the midst of a perfect shower of shot and shell. The bend in the big river, with high water rapidly running, made it necessary for him to run his ship so near the shore forts as to almost bring the guns of the ship and shore muzzle to muzzle. The flashes of the big rifles almost met. Itight in the midst of this galling fire the ship ran hard aground on a sand bar. The smoke on the -water. was thick. The position of the ship could only be known by the cur rent of the water and the sound of the ene my's guns. Soon theenemy discovered, the ship aground, and her oaken walls were torn to shreds and splinters. The big pivot gun forward was knocKea ironi its carriage, nau oi xue crew killed and wounded- Gun after gun's crew were killed, and the port-holes knocked all into one. Capt. Smith at last, rather than sacrifice his entire crew to murder itself, decided to blow up the vessel and leave. To destroy her would keep her from falling into the hands of the enemy. It was at this terrible moment that Lieut. Dewey showed the sort of stuff the future American naval hero is made of. He came down from his place on the hurricane deck to the spar deck below, visiting the deck fore and afc, thence climbed down to the berth deck underneath, giving instructions to his crew. He came. to. the extreme forward part of this deck, appearing at the small hatch over the yeoman's room at the cut-water. This room was immediately over the man hole or hatch over the top of the forward pow der magazine. The writer was stationed over and at tho entrance to thia magazine. The Gunner's Mate was in this magazine. Lieut Dewey couldbc jnst discovered in the dim light of a small oil lantern hanging far away. The roar of the guns and the crash of the shells could not drown his voice. The crew were familiar with it. His words were : "My men, you will leave the ship, and save your lives if possible. Prepare to destroy the ship." Several of the men took time to grasp his hand. "Whpn Dewey uttered those words there seemed to be a peculiar tremble or heart beat tone to its sound, causiiuj a feeling of terrible despondency through one's bones aud innermost soul. What could one do here right in the very midst of the torn and bleed ing bodies of the men on all sides? The cries of the wounded aud the dying intermingled with the crashing timbers of the ship made the moment one of the sort as to bring men's actions close on to those of mad men. It was in this baptism of blood that Dewey THE OREGON AND The battleship Oregon has been an ob ject of great personal interest for many weeks. When the present war broke out she was in dry dock in Pugot Sound, and was immediately ordered to San Francisco and thenco down the Pacific coast and around Capo Horn to join the Atlantic fleet. A good deal of uneasiness was manifested for her safety on this long and perilous trip, but she astonished everyone by reporting at Rio Janeiro, Brazil, having rounded tho Horn and reached this port at an average speed of 15J knots an hour. This remarkable performance proved her to be a good vessel, so far as seagoing quali ties and speed arc concerned at least. At the present she is working along north ward on the cast coast of South America in company with tho gunboat Marietta and tho dynamite cruiser Buffalo, formerly Nichthoroy of the Brazilian Navy, recently purchased by this Government. The Complimentary to Oitf Readers Our readers will be pleased to learn thafc the eminqnt physician and specialist, Dr. Kilmer, after years of research and study, has discovered and given to the world a mosfc remarkable remedy, known as Swamp-Rcot, for the enre of kidney liver and bladder troubles; the generous offer to send a bottla free that all may Prove ii3 wonderful merits without expense, is in itself sufficient to giva the public confidence and a desire to obtain it. Swamp-Koot has an established reputa tion as the most successfnl remedy, and is re ceiving tho hearty endorsement of all up-to-date physicians, hospitals and homes. If our men and women readers arc in need of a medicine of this kind no time should be lost in sending their name and address to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Einghamton, N. Y., and re ceive a sample bottle and a book of valuable information, both sent absolutely free by mail, upon receipt of three two-cent stamps to cover cost of postage on the bottle. The regular sizes may be obtained at the drug stores. "When writing please say you read this generous offer in The National Tribune. was weaned for war. The fighting at Manila was not new for him. and his shipmates of the old war horse Mississippi believe that when he went into the fight to avenge tho loss of the Maine, he thonght of the night when the Mississippi went down with her flag flying to the mast for such remembrances give any hero courage. Dewey stayed by his ship doing his duty. In the only small boat left to him he con veyed the officers ashore 'mid a terrible fire The shots striking the water made the drops come down like rain overhead. "When-tho last boat load landed, he was left in his boat alone, the crew having left the boat at tho brink or bank. Dewey spoke out to the men: " Come with me; let us return to the ship for the Captain; he is still there. Let us not leave him alone." Volunteers manned the boat, with Dewey in the stern, and they pulled away, taking Capt. Smith from the ship, which was now on fire. The writer swam ashore, having been carried down stream a long distance. On the following morning Dewey with many of the Mississippi's men found themselves on the Richmond, which, with others of the fleet, had been injured, compelling her to back down stream in safety. He gave the writer orders to obtain a list of the missing. He afterwards collected the men together aft, and compli mented them for their bravery. JA3IE3 W. Kesleb, Honesdale, Pa. Women TVho Make United States Flajs; Short Skits. One of the most interesting departments of the Brooklyn Navy-yard is a great sewing-room, where 20 or 30 women and girls of various ages sit among heaps of many colored materials, manufacturing all the flags used in the United States Navy. Change of Administration has no effect upon their positions, for they are preferred on account of their skill in needlework, and not because of any partisan influencei Some of them grow old in the service, and year by year they sew together the stripes and stitch on the stars that make the Star Spangled Banner. Every star must have so many stitches to the inch, and every bit of work is rigidly inspected. Besides the Stars and Stripes, flags of every nation in whose waters the American vessels sail have to be manufactured; and these women . copy the English flag, and embroider the Chinese dragon, and applique the varied and fantastic symbols used in the flags ol all countries. The work must be interest ing, and it has one great advantage it is constant, all the year round, and there is no fluctuation in the rate of wages. How Every Reader of this Paper Can Make Money. For several months I have noticed ad vertisments in different religions papers describing an improved Dish Washer. As 1 had grown so tired of washing the dishes ' the old way, I sent for information to Dept. L 9, Iron City Dish Washer Co., Station A, Pittsburg, Pa., regarding their Washer. They sent me one, and I have fonnd it to do just as they said it would. It washes and dries the dishes in less than one-half the time it nsually takes, and I never have to put my hands in the greasy dish water. My little girl, aged 8 years, thinks it lots of fun to wash the dishes, and she can do it as well as myself. Several of my neighbors came in to sec it work, and they all wanted one. I wrote the company and they allowed me a commission. They also wrote and told ma how to become their agent. I am now making $10 a week and still attend to my housework. The Dish Washer sells every where. I show it and that makes the work easy. I understand they will want a few good agents, and anyone desiring to make money easy should write them. A Constant Readee. HER COMHANDER. Oregon is a first-class battleship, with twin screws. She went into commission July 15, 1896. Her length is 348 feet, breadth 69 feet, 3 inches, "draft 24 feet, dis placement 10,288 tons. On her trial trip sho developed a speed of 16 8 knots. Her main battery consists Of four 13-inch, eight 8-inch and four 6-inch breech-loading rifles, and her secondary battery is 20 6-pounders and six -1-pounder rapid-fire guns and four gatlings. The armor on her sides is 18 inches thick. Her crew consist of 32 officers and 441 men. She cost 53,187, 000. Capt. Chas. E. Clark, commanding the Oregon, was appointed to the Navy from the State of Vermont in September, I860. Ho became Master in 1S65; Lieutenant in 18C6, and Lieutenant-Commander in the samo year. In November, 1881, he was promoted to the grade of Commander, and in June, 1896, was made a Captain. Sf jftt.