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& '"""ftS:r "' - V-v?B i-S R -J r' rtv ?- "- ' 'y "3" -" - 'Wt " "v ""t A "-A-- -c - 4 THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D; , THURSDAY,. HAY 19, 1898.-TWELVE PAGES. 1 iWOi TtAL 'VW Lmmm sm yy-'mmw ?m v -a :IJ or rau PurRrifNwAtHero. ones,- '-:8w-. By Augustus C Buefh Copyright, 1698, by Augus us C. Bucll. CHAPTER IX. PAUL JONES'S INCENTIVES IN HIS FIGHT WITH THE SERAPI5 A DIS, AGREEABLE VOYAGE TO HOLLAND IN THE ENGLISH PRIZE LANDAIS S DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT CHAL LENGES JONES, THEN FEARS TO MEET HIM DANGER TO JONES FROM THE BRITISH FLEET. More has been written about the sincular battle between the Bon Homme Richard and the Sera pis than about any other score of single ship combats In naval annals. It had among its unique distinc tions the fact that alone among naval battles it has always appealed alike to the nride of the three greatest maritime powers England, France and the United States. Jones's conduct has been analyzed by some of the ablest writers. The English at least until recent years have generally held that his unexampled desperation and unconquerable resolution were inspired simply by the belief that they would have hanged him had he surrendered alive. This theory is so perfectly characteristic of the average English mind that it is not worth while to discuss it. If a base motive for any act hostile to England be imagin able, Englishmen will always imagine it. My own study of the event, which has occupied my leisure from time to time since J was a small boy, and m which 1 had the incentive of descent from a member of the Richard's crew, has brought me to the conclusion (hat Paul Jones was inspired by far loftier feelings and nerved by far more heroic hopes. That he never thought of surrender seems self-evident. It is clear that there never was any question in his mind except the question for some time not a little doubtful whether the Richard would slay alloat long enough to enable him to storm the decks of his foe. His motives cannot be appreciated with out accurate knowledge of all the con ditions under which he fought. The (lag he was defending had been created by the same resolution of Congress that commissioned him to command (he Hanger; in which he hoisted it for the first time, and also showed it for the first time across the ocean! . This was "the more impressive battle" which he had assured AVashington and Lafayette and Franklin and Hewes that he longed to fight! The Serapis was the "superior ship, whose approach," he told them, "he would welcome!'' These incentives (o a man with the dead game heart Paul Jones had in him would have been enough. But the author of (he "History of French Privateering (Guerres de Course francaiscs, says there was another. Frenchman-like, when any extraordinary event is to be ex plained, he says, "Cherchez la feminc!" ("Find the woman." From this point of view, it must be re membered that this was "the English frigate" which Jones had promised to "lay at the feet of the noblest, wisest, best and loveliest Frenchwoman of her time Marie d' Orleans Marie la Belle. She had divided her pin-money with him when he was "dead broke." She had found the way for him to lay his case be fore the King More than anyone else she had helped him to get the ship he was de fending. She, the daughter of French Kings, had lionized him, a Scottish peas ant's son! Even the rare little Louis Quinze watch with which he timed his battle was her gift, and on its dial was enameled her beautiful miniature. Perhaps the French man is right! It may be that Paul Jones's memoirs of the Duchesse de Chartres and the chivalry he felt toward her had more to do than any or perhaps all other impulses, with the destiny of that battle and the (ate of Richard Pearson. Certain it is that Capt. Pearson was "up against the hardest game that any naval commander ever met, and maybe he was Indebted for it to Marie d' Orleans! two crews, .either (lie Commcdorc ro the brave Capt. Pearson ever slept m than two or three hours at a tim sometimes up for two days at a "As the Pallas, beint: not and her pri7e the Countess ol could work to windward, the Commodore had often signalled them to bear up lor port and leave him to take care of himself; to which the cood Capt, Cottincau always replied that he preferred to stand by." Such was the tempestuous end of (his sanguinary cruise But Paul Jones was by no means at the eno cf his troubles. He had indeed conquered his enemy and brought r.is prize salt into port. Biit the port, ;hough ostensibly neutral, was not so :n Jaci. because between the weakness ot the States General of Holland and the arrogance of the English Minister, Sir and say that he sent Lieut. Lunt to arrest him. These amiable historians apparently for get that no gentleman in 1779 was at liberty to decline a challenge without los ing his position in society, and that this rule applied with double force to military and naval officers. Jones had indeed, as before staled, technical grounds for de clining, but it is doubtful whether, in view of (he fierce spirit of that epoch, such grounds would have been generally ac cepted as sufficient. Landais. whatever may have been his personal faults, was a scion of one of the oldest and proudest noble families of France, and it would hardly have been the province of the son of a Scotch gardener to rule him out of (he pale of gentility by refusing to fight him under any circum stances. ,Ms. But, irrespective, "Df all this, there is ..... not only averse to (he nronosed meetimr. e and were j ut nat "e welcomed (he opportunity to time. RVt' n'.s mutinous subordinate up in front of puces; ucucvmg iiiut uj . -i ..... "is pistol at 10 pa ni Cr',,rni I &uch an expedient a great deal of trouble "-" I eOlllfl PP. r mnilCPd nf miWrv nrcnv DR. FRANKLIN'S VIEW. Dr. Franklin refers to (his affair in his Official rnrrpsnonrlnncfl nc fiillnws- I ' Jones and Landais have had a fierce quarrel of a nature calculated to prohibit j any future co-opera(ion between them, and believinc Landais" to be wholly in tlie wrong, I have used my authority to de tach him permanently from the squadron and to order him to proceed to America, unless a competent tribunal can be con vened here before which he may answer for his conduct." case which he intended to make the sub ject of a court-martial, but that it might also be construed by ill-natured persons as an indication that Jic, Jones, was will ing that one of his subordinates should take off his hands a -quarrel entirely his own. "The opinion of all who knew of the affair was that Landais displayed sound prudence in not pressing this quarrel with Dale; because Dick was not only adept with (he pis(ol, but lie was also a past master in skill with -Landais's own favor ite weapon, the rapier; and all who knew him. knew well that jthc first crossing of blades would make his lame leg- for the time at least as well .as. it ever was!" "Dick believed that Master's Mate Cos- well and several men of'the Richard's crew had been killed by the Alliance's fire, and he ardently desired to kill Landais in retaliation!" Jones, with characteristic chivalry, left in his own writings no express record of this affair. His nearest approach to it is a laconic le(tcr to Lieut. Lunt, which has been preserved, and is as follows: "1 have received your written report of the Landais affair, and thank you more than I can express in words for your loyal and capable management in my behalf." Henry Lunt's "written report" referred to was not preserved; but Acting Lieut. May rant, who accompanied him to Amster dam, was conversant with its tenor, and afterward reproduced it in a document which I have seen. .rr i?r?z&23&ik: i r.tTjarrA?- 1. .T,.-jJUttJ''UiJ3 T-ew . ' v 8..vivwT7" U' A Kuu ""MM , WWI WW .- zjxs" jl,!ZZZ--z- i33?VT".!t5sK2ar&29' ' m,v tv?'- "!' ;4 KI C&; 5&-i iX? iZrSv."v-s i' ' r-v?.? .rw-555r:?irss2E; Zxzrz 4ffbVV 'A rtZizxxv JEJJX&CSXf & TK?iS'iKre ?jr &s--Kr,r AFTER THE BATTLE. The horrors of this unexampled sea battle did not end when the fight was over. In some respects they rather began. When Jones and his remaining men saw the last spar of the poor old Richard dip beneath the sea, they were confronted with a charnel house in their prize: It should be said here that as soon as Landais saw the result of the battle he suddenly bore away to the southward and eastward in the Alliance, leaing as his half-crazed brain doubtless imagined his hated superior to the fate of recapture by some of the numerous British squadrons hovering along the coast. Capt. Cottineau, in the Pallas, with his prize, the Countess of Scarboro, and Capt. Ricot, in the little Vengeance, however, stood by. After the transfer of the wounded, the prisoners and those unhurt of the Richard's crew, the Serapis had on board over 050 men, of whom about 2S0 were helplessly wounded. About 250 more were prisoners, some unhurt, from the Serapis's crew and the rest transferred from the Richard. To take care of all these and work the ship not more than 1C0 of the Richard's creu remained fit for duty. The Serapis, though not dangerously damaged in her hull, had lost her mainmast near the close of the action, and was therefore badly crippled as to sailing. The wind came to blow from south-south--west in the forenoon of the 25th 30 hours after the battle ended. As the port which Jones desired to make was Dunkirk, France, almost exactly south from where he then was, this was a head wind, against which (he Serapis, crippled as her ftpars were, could not beat at all. The only fortunate thing about it was that the bouthwester blew him off the English coast into the North Sea, and to that ex tent gave him a chance of escape from pursuing squadrons. So he let his battered ships go off north east, nearly before the wind, during the 25th and 26th, meantime exhausting the powers of the feeble remnant of his crew to rig jury-spars and get things shipshape. On the 27th it came on to blow hard from the southwest, which drove him over toward the coast of Denmark. This gale continued until evening of the 29th, when the wind shifted to northwest, and he made an effort to shape a course for Dunkirk again. A FORLORN VOYAGE. Nathaniel Fanning, in his Reminiscences, gives a graphic account of this forlorn voyage. He says. "During this, time (he scenes on board beggared description. 1 here were but few cots and not even enough hammocks for the wounded, so that many of them had to lie on the hard decks, where thev died in numbers night and day. Capt Pearson and his officers, with watches of (heir men took almost the whole charge of the wounueu.anu so leu us lree to work the snip, ui Bannaty Our Surgeon, Dr. Brooke, and Drs tyne and Edgerley. the English Snr. geons, performed prodigious work, and by their skill and ceaseless care saved many lives. In the common danger enmity was forgotten and everyone who could walk worked with a will to save the ship and their own lives. Finally, on the 5th day, the wind abated and hauled to the north west, when we ran down to the coast of Holland, and made the entrance of the fielder, through which we made our way into the Texel, where we anchored about 3 p. m., Oct. 2, finding there the Alliance and Vengeance, which came in the day before. "During these few days, including those not wounded who died from sheer cx kaustion, we buried not less than 40 of the i I 111 l" ' 'I IMiiH ' Willi 2r v-?&:LS'5&?R ! S-ffNRBS ..?r.XR.S?..S &&!,.' fflr-"SL ' ".r5,JZizrV&& 5fcx?fe -?.t- i i r i rTTrrrmniiiTTrn ,- ,- iii i i iii m pwi n i I' I i W IIW 1 1 t 'J3vvis?yvrj-riK - j as. .-sik., tw ; Ml i I i II I I IIP MM i yf1mmmTmmmmKBtmmmmmw1B5mmK PR BoAEDi.fG Tnn Serapis. Engraved lrom Hansome's painting. The artist's effect of the night scene, powerful in the original, with the coloring, makes it difficult to reproduce in engraving. The slender, youthful figure in the center, in Midshipman's uniform of (hat period, is (hat of John Mayran(, of South Carolina, mounting the hammock-netting of the Serapis, leading the Richard's crew. The moment of scene represents him turning his face partly toward his men when he exhorted (hem (o ' Remember Porlsea Jail." Mayrant was about 20 years of age at this time. The ollicer in the foreground, in the act of firing a pistol at the enemy, is in tended to represent Commodore Jones. Jn the original it is a fair portrait of him, about one-third life size. But the presence of the Commodore in that position is "artist's license"; because, according to his own description, Jones was on (he quarter-deck when Mayrant and his men went over the Serapis's bulwarks which would have placed him in the background of the picture, as the scene is from forward looking aft, and Jones's position on the quarter-deck was 15 or 20 feet abaft the point at which Mayrant appears on top of the hammock-netting. However, the license is easily justifiable, and the original painting as a whole is one of the best and most spirited of its kind. Joseph Yorke, Jones found (hat his an chorage was in waters English in every thing but name. To round out his difficullies and make them complete, he had to subdue a mutiny in his own squadron! The Alliance, under Landais, had got into the Texel a day ahead of Jones in (he Serapis, and (he first act of the la((er was to detach Landais from command of (he former ship. The order of detachment was borne by Capt. Cottineau, of (he Pallas, and Landais responded to it by a challenge to the bearer. Accepting this combat, (he gallant Cotti ncau was badly wounded in a duel with rapiers the next morning on the Island of Texel. While Landais was absent from his ship engaged in this duel. Capt. Jones placed the First Lieutenant of the Alliance, James Arthur Degge, in command, directing him to arrest lindais if he attempted to return on board, and, by way of providing for the enforcement of this order, he transferred Lieut. Henry Lunt with Acting Lieuts. Mayrant and Fanning and about 70 of (he Richard's surviving crew from (he Serapis to (he Alliance, removing an equal number of the hitler's officers and men, known to be adherents of Landais, into the Serapis. LANDAIS CHALLENGES JONES. Getting wind of (his operation, and know ing that Arthur Degge, backed as he was by (he 70 Yankee bullyraggers of the Richard, would obey the Commodore's orders, Landais made no attempt to return to the Alliance, but went to Amsterdam, whence he wrpte several abusive letters to Jones. "Receiving no renlv to (hose hn finally sent by his marine officer, Lieut, j Wcibert, who had been his second in (he Cottincau duel and had shared his exile, a challenge to Jones himself. According to the strict ethics of the code, Capt. Jones was not altogether bound to entertain such a proposition, at least not until Landais had cleared himself of the charges against him and purged himself of the disgrace of being In arrest. However, the Commodore did not avail himself of these technicalities, but promptly placed his end of the affair in the hands of Lieut. Henry Lunt, who waited on Landais and proposed a meet ing with pistols at 10 paces. As soon as this was communicated (o Landais he violently protested that the pistol was not recognized as a weapon of honor under the French code, and ex claimed that the proposition was barbar ous. To this Lunt responded that the code prevailing in America did recognize the pistol, and that the Commodore, being an American, was entitled to proceed accord ing to the code of his own country. Finding that he could not bully Jones into accepting his 'Landais's) favorite weapon, the rapier, and thereby in all probability sharing Cottincau 's fa(e, and having no stomach for Jones's pistol (in the use of which he knew the latter to be extremely expert) Landais left Amsterdam at daylight the next morning and tied by postchaise to Paris! Some of Jones's biographers have criti cised this action on the part of their hero as being.undcrthecircumstances, uncalled for, or at least lacking the lofty dignity which they think should have character ized him; while at least two of them, writ ing in the moral atmosphere of the latter half of the 10th century, infercntially deny that he proposed to light Landais at all, The above is an extract from a letter written in November, 1770, in which Dr. Franklin announces the arrival of Landais in Paris for conference with him relative to the charges preferred by Capt. Jones. Dr. Franklin conducted this preliminary inquiry himself at the instance of the French Minister of Marine, M. de Sartine. Jones, not being able to leave the squad ron at the Texel, was represented in this inquiry by Dr. Edward Bancroft. On March 15, 1760, Dr. Franklin made a report to the Marine Committee of Congress, in which he says: ' The inquiry, though imperfect, and the length of it have had one good effect in preventing hitherto a duel be tween the parlies which I now believe will not take place, as both expect justice from a court-martial in America." In a report to M. do Sartine dated March 20, 17t0, Dr. Franklin, after expressing regret at his inability to acton the evidence before him, says: "The inquiry, imperfect as it is, has however had the good effect of preventing a duel in Holland between (hose two officers (Jones and Landais) which might jiu.vu imiveu uuai to one or uoth ot them." (Sec Wharton's Diplomatic Correspondence Vol. 3.) ' Henry Lunt, in his Recollections, gives an interesting account of the reason why Jones selected him as his "friend" in this affair, instead of Richard Dale. He says "Unfortunately, Dick's own relations with Landais at that moment were of a nature which made him ineligible under the code for the duties of a second in an affair in which he (Landais) was principal. Soon after the arrival of our squadron in the jexei.JJaie and .Landais had met while ashore at a coffee-house in the town of the llelder. "Dick, though still limping and much crippled by his wound in the leg, received a. few days before in (he action with (he Serapis, could not restrain himself, but with his usual impetuosity sought to force a public quarrel on landais, denouncing his behavior in the Alliance; and in order that (here might be no mistake in Landais's mind about his meaning, he expressed himself in Landais's own tongue, saying to him, among other things: "'On ne fait rieu de votre conduite a eclte occasion, autre que cela d' un poltron ou d' un traitrc, on des deux ensemble! Moi cela nc fait ancun doutc que vous aez mcrili bicn le gibet!' 'One can make nothing out of your conduct on that occa sion but that of a coward or a traitor, or both! To me there is not the slightest doubt but that you richly deserve the gal lows! 'j BLOODSHED PREVENTED. "This fierce altercation was only pre vented by energetic interference of by standers from ending in blows, which, as both men were well armed, must have produced a bloody affray then and there. Dale fully expected a challenge from Lan dais; but it seems that the latter, upon reflection, concluded to stand on their difference in rank, and pursued the matter no further. "Necessarily, however, it mado Dick quite ineligible for the office of second in any affair requiring personal communica tion with Landais on behalf of another. "Commodore Jones, while fully appreci ating Dick's indignation, mildly took him to task, I believe, or at least expressed regret a his precipitancy on this occasion. saying it might not o dy complicate the j A DIPLOMATIC DIFFICULTY. While this personal matter was pending, Jones found himself beset by an official and diplomatic complication far more grave. No sooner had this shattered squadron and prizes anchored in the roads of the Texel than the alert British Minister at the Hague, Sir Joseph Yorke, demanded that all be delivered up to the English Govern ment as pirates, because they were sail ing under a (lag which Great Britain did not recognize as that of a legitimate sov ereignty. This representation was mado in face of the fact that Great Britain had already tacitly recognized the belligerent rights of the revolted American Colonies by ex change of prisoners, and by granting the privilege of cartel. Thex Dutch Government promptly met Sir Joseph York's demand by urging these facts, but the adroit English diplomatist parried the argument by saying that the exchange of prisoners had been allowed as a measure of humanity only and- was, therefore, without political significance; concluding with the haughty assurance that unless the Dutch Government should act at once conformably to his demand the English fleet then cruising off the Texel, consisting of seven sail of the line, four 50-gun ships, five frigates, besides smaller vessels, would enter the roads and "solve the problem in a concise manner." The States General of Holland was not prepared for war. The Dutch fleet in the Texel five 64-gun ships, four frigates, and four brigs was inferior to the British f:ect in the offing. Forcible entry by the British naval force was to be avoided to the last extremity. As a compromise the Dutch Government, while refusing to give up Jones and his prizes on the ground of piracy, agreed to compel them to leave the anchorage of the Texel with the first favor able wind. This arrangement Sir Joseph Yorke accepted, confident that the crippled ships would fall an easyprcy to the Eng lish fleet outside. Z Just at that criticaltmoment Louis XVI. interferred by instructing his Minister at the Hague, the Dukedc Vanguyon, to in form the Stales GencVal lhat Jones held a French as well as ifn American commis sion, and that. witlr"thea exception of the Alliance, his snips awl prizes belonged to the King of France. This brought the Slates General to the dire allerna(ive of war with either France or England; be cause, while Sir Joseph Yorke threatened that the English ffeet would enter the Texel if his demand was rjefused, Vanguyon intimated that if .Tones and his ships, which, except the A'llialnce, belonged to France, were forced to go to sea in face of the English fleet, a French army would invade the Netherlands. DISPLAY OF DIPLOMATIC SKILL. In this crisis-Jones displayed tact and address as a diplomatist quite equal to his skill and courage as a naval commander. He says in his journal: "The affair had now come to the point which I desired. The King of France had taken charge of my prizes, and had as sumed responsibility for the keeping and exchange of my prisoners. Meantime the Alliance as a purely American ship was left to me for freedom of action. My object was now to so deport myself as to free the Dutch Government from embarrassment on American account, and thus bring the whole question of sheltering the ships (o an issue between the States General and the King; and at the same time to leave the sting of Sir Joseph Yorkels arrogance rank ling in their bosoms. "The Dutch Admiral (de Riemersma), who had been exceedingly courteous to me through all this complication, now oppor tunely invited me on board his flagship. Before going aboard of him I assumed com mand of the Alliance, transferring all my American sailors to her and taking all French subjects over into the Serapis; and then gave up the command of the ships the King of France had adopted Serapis, PalJos, Vengeance, and Scar boro to Capt. Cottincau. "On boarding the Dutch Admiral I in formed him that I no longer commanded the squadron, but was simply Captain of the Alliance under my American com mission, and was ready to sail with the first fair wind. This astonished him, and he said he understood I had a French commission. I told him that might be true, but as such dual authority and pro tection seemed productive of embarrass ment to his Government, I had decided to waive any rights as a French officer and accept whatever fate might befall me as an American Captain commissioned by the Congress. "He seemed disconcerted at this and evidently wished that I had determined otherwise. In fact, he intimated as strongly as he could without exactly say ing so that he would like to see my French commission. Had 1 shown it I am satisfied he would have guaranteed me at once all protection in his power, as his sympathy with me was perfectly evident. "But it was no my policy to invito pro tection. I wished to let Sir Joseph Yorke do his worst, and trusted to the future to bring about the open rupture between Holland and England which I clearly fore saw as a necessary consequence. "Therefore I pretended not to sec what ho was driving at, and resolutely persisted in my assurances of intention to put to sea on (he Alliance with the first fair" wind, dwelling all the tim'c on the haughty arrogance of Sir Joseph Yorke and the insupportable tyranny of his demands. Fortunately the Secretary of (he Dutch Admiralty (Van der CopeMlan) was one of the dinner party, and. 1 knew that all this would be promptly reported by him to the Hague. J:; )'c AN OFFER JF 'CONVOY. i r "The next morningtwhen I went over the side the Dutch Admiral said to me that I should be my own judgo(of fair conditions for sailing, and if 1 would signal him an hour or (wo before sailing he would con voy mo out of the marine league with oiu of his 64's. t j "1 am satisfied that it was the humilia tion and consequent' resentment due to these incidents more than anything else which goaded the States General to war with England a few months later. In re sponse to Riemerma's offer of convoy out side 1 said with (hanks of suitable warmth that, as 1 should doubtless get under weigh at night with the Alliance, it would not be practicable to accept his kind offer. "This seemed to amaze him, and he said that he did not think I could get any pilot to take me out at nigh at that season of the year, as all the lights (beacons) had been suspended and the entrance to the Texel was dangerous for a ship of (lie Alliance's draft, unless the landmarks could be seen. "I answered that no coast pilot knew that channel better than I did, because I came into and through it in thick weather the 2d of October, and had lain inside nearly three months, giving up all my spare time to study of its bearings, courses and ranges in all points of the wind. "1 told him lhad done this anticipating just the emergency that was now upon me, and I could help myself now just as I had been accustomed to do throughout my life. At this the fat, good-natured old Admiral simply held up his hands, gazed at me, and said not a word." To be continued.) EDITORIAL NOTE.-How Paul Jonas eluded the British fleet, and further details as to his adventurous doings, are told in the next issue. Succeeding installments are intense ly interesting. Prom PICKET SHOTS. Along the Alert Comrades Whole Line. A Coincidence. M. B. Loop, 68th Ohio, Geneseo, Kan., writes: "On Feb. 10, 1862, the 68th Ohio embarked on the steamer Lebanon at Cin cinnati, O., for the war. On the afternoon of that day, J. C. Ferree, of the regiment, was accidentally drowned near Madison, Ind. Comrade Ferree was the first man the regi ment lost after leaving Ohip. The last com rade the regiment lost through unnatural causes was J. G. Chamberlin, who was accidentally drowned near the panic place on June 10, 1865, while the regiment was tn route from Washington, D. C, to Louis ville, Ky." WeBtorn Boys Were There. Jacob Kesler, Co. K, 33d Mo., Elsah, 111., writes: "Comrade Bagley, Co. Ji, 29th Me., says that organization was picked out by Gen. Banks to cover the retreat from Sabine Crossroads. I do not see the need of such a detail. Gen. A. J. Smith's troops were in the rear from Pleasant Hill to Alexandria, and I am under the impression that had it not been for the help of these men Gen. Banks and the gunboats would have been gobbled up. If it had not been for the help of the "Western boys on the dam, it would never have been a success." Fate of ii Gallant Regiment. "W. H. Anderson, Lieutenant, Co. H, 80th Ohio, Highlands, N. C, writes: "Comrade James E. Kelsey and others have been inquir ing about the Illinois regiment that perished in the wreck off Cape lfatteras. It was the 56th 111., Gen. Green B. Ranm's regiment, before his promotion to Brigadier-General. Inasmuch as we were brigaded with the 56th 111. during its term of service, we would be glad to hear the particulars of that gallant regiment's sad fate." Who Was the Federal Officer? lAvi Thompson, Sergeant, Co. F, 6th Tenn. CaV., Minor Jlill, Tenn., writes: "Can any comrade tell me what regiment led the ad vance of Gen. Thomas's army, Dec 26, 1864, hen Sugar Creek wjuj crossed, 18 miles south west of Pulaski, Giles Co., Tenn.? A skirmish occurred at that point and a cavalryman, sup posed to he a Federal officer, was killed. He was buriedon the edge of an old field, but a few years ago he was reinterred at the ceme tery. This officer was a cavalryman. He was about six feet one inch tall and had red hair. His cartridge box, eight rounds of ammu nition, cap box, belt and buckle and hat cord were all in a fair state of preservation when the body was removed. If this man can be identified, I will apply to the Government for a headstone for the grave." Scattering. "W. L. Dennel, Williamsport, Pa., writes that he had a Testament, found at Belle Plains in 1863. It is inscribed: " L. A. Shaw, Co. I, 53d Mass. Presented by the Berkshire County Bible Society." He will return it to owner. A. A. Gooding, Sergeant, Co. D, 2d East Tenn., Jamestown, Tenn., writes: "The 2d East Tenn. was captured at Kodgersville, Tenn., Nov. 6, 1863, and the regimental flag, inscribed with the battle of Stone River, fell into the hands of the rebels. I think the Con federate regiment was a Kentucky command. I would like to correspond. The National Tbibuxe wants the ad dress of Mrs. George A. Howe, of Rockland, State not known, who has addressed com munications that call for reply; which cannot be given, because in each instance the State in which her postofhee is is not mentioned in her letters. FIGHTIflG TJffiH OVER What tlie Veterans Have to Say About Their Campaigns. SWEEflY'S FIGHTERS Fleaty of Work for Them on July 22, 18G4, at Atlanta. Editor National Tkiijuxe: A recent article reminded me of experiences Jnly 22, 1864, cast of Atlanta, the day Gen. McPhcr son was killed. Our division, Gen. Sweeny's, was on the reserve two miles in the rear of the heavy fighting that was going on. Gen. Sweeny ordered the 2d Iowa and the 66th Ind. to fall in immediately. "We fell in and marched right-oblique towards tlie rear in onick time. "We supposed that Sweeny was marching us to a position out of danger. It was reported that Gen. Sweeny said the 2d Iowa and 7th Iowa were the two best regiments in the service. "We know that he said Battery II, 1st Mo., was the best battery he ever saw. We looked back and saw Battery H fol lowing the infantry. AVe marched about two miles. "We could hear an occasional shot. It sounded as if our cavalry had been deployed in the timber and had discovered some stumps in front and imagined they were Confederate infantry. Finally we came to a halt. We found a lot of cavalry behind breastworks of rails. The breastworks were in an open field about iiUU yards from the timber. There was a hollow about 80 yards in front of us, running parallel with our works, so deep that we could not depress our guns enough to hit a man in the center of the hollow. The 2d Iowa lay down behind the rails on the left, the 66th Ind. on the right and bat tery H. 1st Mo., was placed to the left of the 2d Iowa. The 14th Ohio battery came up to the right of the 66th Ind. The cavalry skirmishers had just reached the works as we arrived, and reported that the woods were full of rebel infantry. Gen. Sweeny ordered one company of skirmishers from the 2d and one from the 66th to de ploy immediately and march to the timber iu front, double-quick. They started on a slow trot. "When the skirmishers got near the timber the turned and ran toward the works. Gen. Sweeny was a little, ordinary man with a weak voice. He kept a big, burly Orderly with him, who had a voice like a big gray timber wolf. Before the skirmishers got to the hollow the 5th Ky. emerged from the woods in fine style. They made as fine an appearance as any yellow butternuts I ever saw. "When the skirmishers got near the hollow Gen. Sweeny's Brigade-Orderly bellowed out for the skirmishers to break in the center; 2d Iowa to file to the right up the hollow, and 66th to file to the left down the hollow, out of range of the guns. After the 5th Ky. emerged from the woods the 2d Kj appeared; then the Dth Ky. came out of the timber. As soon as the skirmish ers were out of sight we opened on the enemy. The first shots were hy Battery H, six at once. The shells struck the ground about four rods in front of the enemy and knocked dirt iu their eyes. The shells bounced over the rebs and burst near the timber. At the second volley from the infantry the Confederates turned and made for the timber much faster than they had come toward us. The Color-Sergeant of the 5th Ky. (McDowell) was shot, and another man man took the colors. He, too, fell. The third man fell; then they left their colors. After the firing ceased J. A. Cease, of Co. C, 2d Iowa, jumped over the works, ran out to the colors of the 5th Ky., and brought them in. The inscription on the flag was : "5th Ky. Ivy Mountain; Chickamauga; Prince ton; Mill Creek." "While the battle was in progress we learned THE U. 5. TORPEDO BOAT WINSLOW AND HER DARING OFFICERS. During an engagement off Cardenas, Cuba, on May 11, between United States vessels and the Spanish batteries and gun boats, the "Winslow was severely damaged, Ensign Worth Bagley and four enlisted men were killed, and Lieut. J. B Bernadou, commanding, was wounded. Bagley was the lirst American officer to lose his life in the war. Ensign "Worth Bagley, who was killed, was a native of North Carolina, and tho son of Mrs. W. II. Bagley, of Raleigh, N C. lie was appointed to the Naval Academy in September, 1801. He graduated June 20, 1807. While a cadet he made cruises in the Texas, the Montgomery, the Indiana, and the Maine. Upon being appointed Ensign, last July, he was assigned to duty on the Indiana, but was soon transferred to the Maine, serving on that ship until Nov. 23 last, when he was ordered to tho Winslow, under construction at that time. "When she was completed and put in com mission last. December he was attached to the vessel. Ho was very popular in the service and regarded as daring and capable. Lieut. J. B. Bernadou, who was wounded in "the fight, is one of the most dashing young officers in the naval service. It was because of this that ho was selected for the command of the Winslow, as it was known that the service required would be of the most hazardous character. Lieut. Bernadou is really an expert in torpedo work. He took command of the Winslow immediately uron her acceptance by the Government. Ho was born November, 1858, in Philadelphia, and was appointed to the Naval Academy by President Grant in 1876. He was a Midshipman in 1882 and an Ensign, junior grade, in 18S3. In June of the following year he received his ap pointment as a full Ensign. In 1802 he became a Lieutenant, junior grade, and attained his full Lieutenancy in 1806. The Winslow is one of four torpedo boats built at Baltimore. The others are the Footo, Rodgers and McKee. Steel was used throughout in building. On her trial trip she developed a maximum speed of 25.2 knots an hour. She is 160 feet long and 16 feet beam. The vessel displaces 142 tons, with a normal canacitv of nine tons of coal; she has a full coal capacity of 44 tons, making a load displacement of 177 tons, with a mean draft of 5 feet 0 inches. She has two sets of triple-expansion four cylinder vertical engines in sepa rate water-tight compartments they hav ing 2,000-horse power each. These engines drive two threc-bladed screws, five feet in diameter. Tho "Winslow is armed with three 18-inch Whitehead torpedo tubes and three one-nounder ranid-firintr cuns. Shn has a complement of three officers and 20 men. that the 3d Mich, battery lay upon a hill 400 yards to our rear. They opened on the Con federates, aud did their part as well aa th other batteries mentioned. J. R. Donald son, Co. C, 2d Iowa, Goff, Kan. fl GETTYSBURG BEfllfllSCEflCE On the Flehl Among the Kncmy, and In th Hospital Cured for by I'ntriotie Women. Editor Nationwi. Tribune: It may bo interesting to the present generation to know things not recorded in history that happened in the dark days of the Nation's life, and how a certain feeling existed amongsome who wero lighting against Old Glory, and also how tho wants of the wounded and dying wero ministered to by those noble women whoso lives are devoted to pnrity and to God, and by those whose patriotism was the brightest jewel in their every deed. About noon, on the first day of July, 1863. at the memorable battle of Gettysburg, just as our lines were being driven back, and while trying to lift the colors of our regiment; that had fallen to the ground, I was struck down by two balls. This happened on a knoll back of the Seminar', toward Wil loughby linn. Our Hue fell back about 50 yards farther, then rallied, and for a hall hour held that position. To be effective, th firing from both sides had to be as close tb top of the knoll as possible. Yon can im agine what an interesting time I bad during that half honr, as I received a third shot from our own men, and had my haversack and cartridge-box torn from me while lying in that position. About four o'clock, after our men had been driven to Cemetery Hill, a North Carolina Lieutenant belonging to the regiment com manding the rear-guanl of the Confederate army, approached me. He wa3 very jubilant, and told of the great victory that they had won, how they were going on in the morning to Harrisburg, tLence to Washington City, and so on until the whole Northern army was wiped ont. I told him that such might be the case, bn6 that more than likely they would find soma obstacles on their way. He then wanted to know how many of our army were there. I informed him that all I knew of was our corps (the First) and a part of the Eleventh. After further bantering and more details as to how they were going to clean us out, he put the following question to me: "Well, Sergeant, what did you fellowi come out to fight against us for, anyhow? " "We thought it was right to fight for the old flag," I said. At the mention of the flag his countenance changed. He turned about and walked several steps away. Returning-, he said: "Well, Sergeant, never desert the old flag." "What?" I exclaimed. "I mean jnsfc what I say," he repeated. "Never desert the old flag." Then calling to one of his men, he bade him get a canteen of water for me, and he himself procured a blanket, and after making me as comfortable as he could, weut on his way, leaving ma filled with strange thoughts about the flag and the struggle that was going on in our land. This incident showed the feeling that ex isted among a large number of the Confed erate troops, and especially among those of North Carolina. What a glorious inspiration, it is to-day to see both the North and tho South vieing with each other to show who can pay the most honor to Old Glory. The next evening, about 5 o'clock, four of our men who had been captured carried mo about a mile and put me in the hasement of a barn. The following morning, the memor able 3d of July, found me right along tho Confederate line-of-battle, with a battery at; each end of the barn. Our batteries wero sending messages in the shape of shot and shell intended for the rebels, but we were in as much danger and as liable to catch them as they were, and it soon became evident that the barn was in danger of being fired, and the 500 or 600 men who were quartered there burned up. Then it was that the kind-hearted Confed erate commander gave orders that the men bo carried out to a place of safety. We wero taken to a house along the Emmitsburg road, where we lay nntil the evening of the 5th. Our forces now bad control of the field, and our ambulances were busy gathering up the wounded and taking them to moie com fortable quarters. I was taken to the Catho lic church building in the town of Gettysburg and placed in the gallery along with 14 more of my comrades, where I remained nntil tho 17th of the same month. It was here that we first learned of tho good deeds of those noble women called Sis ters of Charity, and should I live to be a hundred years old I will always hold them in grateful remembrance for the kind and loving attention that they gave us while wo were under their care and keeping. I never see one of them wearing their peculiar garb but my mind goes back to the time when, wounded and sick and away from home and our own loved ones, they ministered to our every want as tenderly and cheerfully as our own mothers or wives or sisters could havo done. When we left Gettysburg we were taken to the cotton factory hospital at Harrisburg. Here we fonnd more sisters, not dressed in nny peculiar garb, bnt with hearts as loving, loyal, and patriotic as any in the land. And a3 our mind goes back to those days, and wo think of the bunches of flowers, the baskets of fruits, the kind words, and the loving cheer they brought us each day while wlay in the hospitals and when we think of how the brave, unselfish, heroic women of tho North stood up for the boys who wore th blue we can but say: "Had it not been for them our cause had been lost." J. E. BALSr ley, Connellsville, Pa. iuISSIOflflRY HiDGE. Comrade 1! ibb Tell What the 64th Ohio Soys Experienced There. Editor National Tribune: I saw tho article of Maj. C. W. Bennett, of the 13th U. S., relating to Missionary Ridge. I will give incidents as I saw it on our part of the line. On Nov. 23, atl p. m., our regiment marched with the brigade to the picket-line, about 150 yards to the left of .Ringgold road, fronting Missionary Ridge, with the 65th Ohio on our left and followed by the 79th Ills. "We moved forward as directed by tho Geueral commanding, in support of tie skirmish-line. This immediately advanced. The enemy's skirmish-line was driven back at 3 p. m. Our line was established at our former out posts, and we made formidable bieastworks. At 8 p. m., as directed by our Colonel com manding, our regiment moved with the bri gade 200 yards or more to the left. On Nov. 24 the j?4th Ohio went on picket On Nov. 25 we were relieved by the 38th Ohio at 4 a. m., and joined the brigade. About 1 p. m. Ave advanced 100 yards in ad vance of our line of works to a position in tho second liue-of-battle in the demi-brigade, tho 64th in advance, with the 65th Ohio on our left and the 79th III. ou our right. We were then told bv Gen. Hookcrr "Now, 64th, try your steel and rnn them out of there." The 3d ICy. being in our rear, they weie instructed when the order to charge was given to follow the 64th Ohio, faithfully support it, and not to fail at all hazards to accomplish any work that regi ment might not accomplish. The line advanced slowly at first, then at double-quick for three-fourths of a mile to the enemy's works at the base of Missionary Ridge. The enemy bad retreated up tho Ridge to their main works. "We followed, but were scon-ordered to fall back. We saw it was safer not to fall back over exposed ground. We could see other regiments ad vancing to our right, and on we went and ran the enemy out of those works, capturing a lot of prisoners and a battery at Gen. Bragg'a Headquarters. Solo3ION Babl. Semeant. j Co. G, 64th Ohio. w ; t JK-&Z&ti&krt. -3,1- ? -i JS'-jts!". '-; ' 3t ..