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K"c. j"ga-"-JrSrvSS S 'SJmSieSSaarei-rxff- - THE NATIONAL TBIBtJNE: WASHINGTON,- D. 0., .THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1898.-TWELVE PAGES. S?5?S5p?55P "THE flPHMfl GOJJFMGT." Leading Incidents and Episodes of the War of the Rebellion. By HORACE GREELEY. ON THE SEABOARD. (Continued.) THE rOHT ROYAL EXPEDITIOX-ltEDUC-TION OF TOUTS J1EAUKEOAKD AND -VVALKEH-A LOST OITOUTUXITY-THE MASOX-SLTDELL EPISODE-WAU WJTli ENGLAND AVERTED. (copyright.) On the Oct. 29, 1861, another and far stronger naval and military expedi tion set forth from Hampton Eonds, and, clearing the canes of Virginia, moved majestically southward. Gen. T. V. Sherman commanded the land forces, consisting of 13 volunteer regiments, forming three brigades, and numbering Dot less than 1(C000 men ; while the fieetcommanded by Com. Samuel F. Du Font embraced the steam-frigate "Wabash, 14 gunboats, 22 flist-class and 12 smaller steamers, with 2G sailing ves- Eels. After a stormy passage, in which sev eral transports were disabled, and four absolutely lost, Com. Du Pont, in his flag-ship," came to off Tort Royal, S. C, during the night oi'Xov. 3 and 4 ; and, after proper soundings and reconnois eances, which developed the existence of a new fort on either side of the entrance, the Commodore brought his most effect ive vessels into action at 9 a. m., on Thursday, Nov. 7, taking the lead in his flag-ship the "Wabash the gunboats to follow at intervals in due order. Thus the fighting portion of the fleet steamed slowly up the bay by the forts, receiving and returning the fire of the batteries on Bay Point as they passed up, and ex changing like compliments Avith the Etrcnsrer fort on Hilton Head as they O ... came down. Thus no vessel remained stationary under fire ; so that the enemy "were at no time enabled to gain, by ex periment and observation, a perfect im. The day was lovely; the spectacle magnificent; the fight spirited, but most unequal. Despite the general presump tion that batteries, well manned and eerved, are superior to ships when not iron-clad, the terrible rain of shot and Ehell upon the gunners in the rebel forts Eoon proved beyond human endurance. The smaller gunboats at length took positions whence their fire was most an noying, yet could not be effectively re turned; while the Bienville, on her second promenade, iteamed close into the main rebel fort, and fired l.er great guns with such effect as almost to silence the enemy. The "Wabash, en "her third round, came within GOO yards of the fort, firing as calmly and heavily as at the outset. CAKXACC XXD DEVASIATION. The battle had thus raged nearly five Lours, with fearful carnage and devasta tion on the part of the rebels and very little loss on ours, when the overmatched Confederates, finding themselve.-j slaugh tered to no purpose, suddenly and unani mously took to (light; their commander, Gen. T. F. Drayton, making as good time as the best of them. The rebel forts weie ftdly maimed by 3,700 South Carolinians, with a field bat .tery of 500 more stationed not far distant. The negroes, save tho.se who had been driven off bv their masters or shot while attempting to evade them, had stub bornly remained on the isles; and there was genuine pathos in the prompt ap pearance of scores of them, rushing down to the water-side, with their scanty stock of valuables tied ti in a handkerchief, and begging to be taken on board our ships. The idea that our occupation might be permanent seems not to have occurred to them ; they only thought of escaping at all hazards from their life-long bitter bondage. had Tins m.ow nunx fom.owi: vv u it might have been, Chaileston, or Sa- CArr. Cuaeli:s "Wilkes, of rnc U. S. S. Sax Jacinto. lie stopped the British mail .steamer Trent, Nov. 8. 1S31, in the Bahama Channel, and seized Mason and SHdell, the Confed erate Commissioners to England. rannah, or both, could have been easily and promptly captured. The Con federate defeat was so unexpected, so crushing, and the terror inspired by our gunboats so general and profound, that nothing could have withstood the prog ress of our arms. But Gen. Sherman had not been in structed to press his advantages, nor had he beeu provided with the light-draft steamers, row-boats, and other facilities, really needed for the improvement of his signal victory. Ho did not even oc cupy Beaufort until Dec. 6, nor Tybee Island, commanding the approach to Sa vannah, until Dec. 20 ; on which day, a number of old hulks of vessels were sunk in the main ship channel leading up to Charleston between Morns una Sul livan's Islands as others were, a few days afterward, in the passage known as Maffit's channel with intent to impede the midnight flitting of blockade runners. These obstructions were de nounced in Europe as barbarous, but proved simply inefficient. Meantime, the slaveholders of all the remaining Sea Islands stripped them of siaves ana domestic animals, burned .1 1 T . 1 1 , their cotton, and other crops which they were unable to remove, and fled to Charleston and the interior. Not a slaveholder on all that coast remained himself, or left his family to live once more, under the flag of the Union. Gen. Sherman issued a pleading, beseeching proclamation to induce them to do so ; but none who could read would receive a copy of it, and it fell a dead letter. Soon the negroes who remained on the islands under our control were set to work at preparing the cotton for market; and, though assured by the master caste that, if they fell into the hands of the j i ankees, tuey would certainly be sent to Cuba and sold, they could not be made to believe that any worse fortune than they had hitherto experienced was in firsnyn.rzTVmi.Easn.cr .1 r g Ss V PV ,1 "V-"" WHEN U.S.P J . ,o-8 -m 32 I U$T FT WALkArS,N Mf 'Worc5 cuck1 J&j HEAD . J$A X.; & flunvoRr.ioJt' J fllLTOMttV y , A VJ r ? J'oRr It'oYAI. AND Hll.iov. 11 IZA l Explanation. OCos. 10, 11, U, i;t and 11, in the !-.s hgruund, arov the positions of the smaller IVdi'inl rtmbojth. store for them; and their number was steadilv augmented by emigrants from the mainland ; especially ajter schools be gan to be established among them. CAJ'll in-: oi 3IASOV .VXD SLim.'I.L. The ttcamshii) Theodora ran out of Charleston harbor during the night of Oct. 12, conveying James M. Mason, of Virginia, Confederate Envoy to Great Britain, and John Siidell, of Louisiana, likewise accredited to France. The Theodora duly reached Cardenas, Cuba, whence her oflicial passengers repaired to Havana, and, on Nov. 7, left that port, in the British mail eleamer Trent, for St. Thomas, on their way to Eng land. The U.S.sleatnfhip Sail Jacinto, Capt. Wilkes, had left Jiavaua on the 2d, and was watching for them in the Bahama Channel, 2J0 miles from Havana, when, at 11:40 a. in., of the 8th, he sighted the Trent ; and. after a civil request to heave to had been declined by her, a shell was fired acioss her bow, which brought her to reason. Lieut-Fairfax, with a boat's crew, im mediately boarded her in quest of the Ambassadors; wjien Messrs. Mason and Slidell, with t'leir Secretaries, Eustis and Macfarland, weie compelled to change their vessel and their destination. Their families were left undistuibcd, and no effort made to obtain their papeis. But the Ainbassadois and their Secietaries ueic brought to the United States, and confined, by order of the Government, in Fort Warren, near Hoston. Secietary Welles, in his Annual Report of naval proceedings for the vear end ing Dec. 2, 1801, thus fully and frankly adopted and justified the captuie: The prompt and deciihe action of Gipt. Wilkes on this occasion muiitod and received tin; emphatic nppinval of the Dep.ittiisi.MiL ; and, if a loo "umabus forbearance wa ex hibited by him in not (upliiiiiig the vessel which Iiail these rebel enemies on lo;ird, it ni:iy, in view of-the .special circu instances, and of" its patriotic motives, be excuyd ; but it iiiiiL by no mc:ins be permitted to consti tute a piivcdenl lieieanU'i fot the treatment of any case of similar infraction of ueutral obligations by foreign vessels engaged in commerce or the canying trade. SCIZb'Ki: ABUNDANTLY justified. By a decided majority of the publi cists of the United States, as well as by the great mass of our people, this seizure was deemed abundantly justified by the doctrines and piactices of Great Britain, but especially by her long continued and never disavowed habit of impress ing seamen from our met chant vessels, on the assumption that they weie natives of Great Britain, and therefoie liable at all times and indefeasibly to be remand ed into her service, wherever found. In the able and carefully prepared mani festo whereby George IV., then Prince Iiegent, explained and justified the con duct of his Government touching the matters in controversy between it and our own, this doctiine is set forth as fol lows: The Order In Council of the U.'M of June being officially communicated in America, the f.orcinmcnt of the United .Stales saw nothing in the repeal of the Orders which should, of itself, restore peace, unless Gieat Ihitaiu weie picp.ircd, in the first instance, substantially to iclinquish the light of im picssing her own seamen, when found on bo.ud American merchant ships'. f America, by demanding this prelimi nary concession, iutemls to deny the validity of that right, in that denial Great Uritain cannot acquiesce; nor vvill she give counte nance to such a pretension, by acceding to its suspension, much less to its abandonment, as a basis on which to treat. The British Government has never asserted any exclusive right as to the impressment of British searpen.fioin American vessels, which it was not ptepaied to acknowledge as per taining equally to the Government of the United States, with respect to American sea men when found on boaid British merchant ships. His Royal Highness can never admit I that, in the exercise of the undoubted, and hitherto undisputed, right of searching neu trnl vessels, in time of war, the impressment of British seamen, when found thcreirjcan be deemed any violation of a neutral flag. Neither can he admit that the taking such seamen from on board such vessels can be considered, by any neutral State, as a hostile measure, or a justifiable cause of war. There is no right more clearly established than the right which a sovereign has to the allegiance of his subjects, more especially in time of war. Their allegiance is no optional lnfr i-i-l ?.- 4l0 win rloWliriA n f nlnnonfA T- i call which thev are bound to ow! Tt 1 ... . . -'.' " J' ' began with their birth, and can only tenm- nate with their existence. EXPRESS AND PROPER IXHIBITIOX. In the Queen's Proclamation of Neu trality between the United States and the Confederates, dated May 13, 1861, there occurs this express and proper in hibition : And we do hereby further warn all onr loving subjects, and all persons whatsoever entitled to our protection, that, if any of them shall presume, in contempt of this Royal Proclamation, and of our high dis pleasure, to do any acts in derogation of their duty as subjects of a neutral sovereign, in the said contest, or in violation or con travention of the law of nations in that be halfas, for example and more especially, by entering into the military service of either of the said contending parties as commis sioned or non-commissioned officers or sol diers; or by serving as officers, sailors, or matiiie-;. on board any ship, or vessel of war, or liaiiN)ort of or in the service of either of the mid contending patties; or by serving as omVeis, sailors, or marines on board any pri vateer bearing letters of marc-ne of or from eithei of the siid contending parties; or by engaging to go, oi going, to any place beyond the se::s with intent to enlist ore igage in any .such seivice, oi by pio.Miiing. or attempting to procure, within Her Maje-Jtv's dominions, at home oi abroad, others to do so; or by fitting out, arming, ot equipping any ship or vesel, to be employed as a ship of war, or privateer, or transport, by either of the said contending parties; oi by bi en king, or en deavoring to bieak, any blockade lawfully and actually established by or on behalf of either of the said contending parties; or by carrying ofiiecr-', soldiers, dispatches, aims, military stores or materials, or any article or articles consideied or deemed to-be contra band of war, accoiding'to the law or modern usage of nations, for the use or fecrvicc of either of the said contending patties all per sons so offending will incnr and he liable -to the several penalties and penal consequences h' the said statute, or by t!ie law of nations, in that behalf imposed or denounced. And we do hereby declare that all our sub jects and persons entitled to our piotectiou who may mfo-emduct themselves in the premises will do so at their peril and of their own wioug, and that they will in nowise obtain any protection from us against any liability or penal consequences, but will, on the contraiy, incur our high displeasure by such misconduct. THE TKKNT'S GUILT. Now, there was no shadow of doubt that the Trent was consciously, willingly, employed in carrying very important officers and dispatches for the Confed erates ; rendering them the greatest pos sible service, and one which could not safely be effected in vessels bearing their own flag. It was not at all the case of dispatches carried unconsciously, inno cently, in the public mails of mail steamers, but just such an interference to the picjudice of the one and the ad vantage of the other belligerent as Brit ish Courts of Admiralty had been accus tomed to condemn, forfeiting the ve5?el and cargo of the offender. Great Britain, however, would not see it in this light. Com. Wilkes's act was an outrage an insult which must be promptly atoned for at the peril of war. Such was the purport of the language held by a large majority of her public ists and journals, and a peremptory demand was promptly made, through her Embassador, Lord Lyons, for the unconditional surrender of Messrs. Mason and Slide!! and their Secretaries. France seconded and supported the requirement of Great Britain, in a considerate and courteous dispatch. This demand of Great Britain to the great disappointment and chagrin of the Confederates, who confidently expected that war between the United States and England must speedily and certainly ensue was complied with by our Gov ernment Gov. Seward, in an able dis patch, basing that compliance more im mediately on the failure of Capt. Wilkes to bring the Trent into port for adjudi cation on the legality of his act, wheieby her voyage had been temporarily arrested and two of her passengers forcibly ab stracted. And thus, at the cloie of the year 1861, the imminent peril of war with that European power most able to injure if?, because of her immense naval strength, as well as of the proximity of her American possessions, was wisely aveited, though it was bitterly felt that her demand would at least have been more courteously and considerately made but for the gigantic war in which we were already inextricably involved by the Slaveholders' Rebellion. ITo be continued.) EDITORIAL NOTE.-Every installment of the "American Conflict" will Include the details of the great events of the civil war. They were never told In stronger or more entertaining style than by Horace Greeley. The splendid features of this history are to be read in many forthcoming issue. PEOPLE OF SPAIi Character and Peculiarities of Inhabitants of the Ibnian Peninsula. The character and peculiarities of the bpanisli people are at this juncture sub jects of interest to the American public, which is, for the most part, in possession of less information from actual contact with Spaniards than with most of the races of Europe. "While we have Italians, Scandinavians, French, Germans, Poles, Hungarians, and even Greeks, scattered throughout the various sections of the country, in greater or less numfcers, we have very few Spaniards among us, and their presence has been confined to few districts. The result is we are little ac quainted by observation with the people who arc at this time facing us with arms in their hands. The Iberian Peninsula has a composite population, the result of many intcrming linus of different races which in turn have swept into the country and at various periods have dominated it. The country being badly broken by physical contour, and its coast regions separated from tne interior plateaus, in a general sense, the influences which have affected the character oi tlic people nave come from distinct sources. Thus we sec the country invaded from the north by the Isthmus of the Pyrenees, over which in vaders from Central Europe passed on the one hand, and on tho other we have the great coast cities of Cadiz and Malaga, which trace their origin to the Phoenicians, and Carthagcna, founded by the Cartlm genians from the north coast of Africa. The original inhabitants, so far as known to history, were a race called Hasr,ues, whose descendants still predominate in many of the remote valleys of the penin sula. They were early succeeded by a race of Kelts, and at length, with the rise of the Roman Empire, thepcople practically l.c camc latins. After the fall of the Roman power in the fifth century various tribes from central Europe swept into the penin sula; those making the greatest impres sion upon the race audits language Icing the Visigoths In the eichth century the Berbers and Arab tril'es from the north of Africa, known under the general appella tion of Moors, obtained a footing at Gibral tar, on the south coast, and finally cor quered the country. The blood of the .Moors pervades Spain to-day. T ley. fn turn, were expelled after a struggle of mere than sex en centuries, just 1 elore the dis coxery of the western hemisphere by Columbus, which inaugaratedthe colonial policy of Spain. This circumstance at once made it the greatest power of the Middle Ages, and 'contributed directly to its decadence. The discovery of the JSew world not only served to drain Spain of her most capal le i and enterprising young men, but by in. enormous import of Uie precious rnpc.-'' from the New "World reduced the nation to a race of profligates1. The disposition labor and enterprise was paralysed by (I e abundance of plundered wealth. Durirg the 200 years from tlie first quarter of thi 16th to the first quartennf the 18th century it is estimated that notiless than S.'55.O0O. 000,000 in treasure xvab drawn from Spanish America only to be dissipated by purchase in other countries ofi tile necessaries and luxuries of life, which -"should haxe been produced uy a irmiaw anu lnuusmovis people at home. Ati the beginning of the present century Spain; begun to lose her - f . i i xvestcrn colonics, butiin the struggle xvhich resulted it is usually f admitted that the moral stamina of th people has been im- proved and that the Spaniards of to-day possess as a nation personal character istics much in advance-of the time when the inquisition ruledpupreme. Peasants of Mkkcta Notxvithstanding the various sources from xvhich the people derix-e their origin, there has been produced a race of a practi cally homogeneous nature, and xvith char acteristics peculiarly Spanish. Thus the people are at the same lime dignified, and lnvoious, cruel anci lcinu-nearled vixaei ous, and tenacious of purpose. Spaniards themselves xvhen pressed for an explana tion of these national inconsistencies only ansxver "Spanish peculiarities " In person Spaniards are shorter of stature than the races xvhose origin maybe traced to northern Europe, but they arc muscular and active. They require Jess food than the Anglo-Saxon races, and are temperate in their habits. The sobriety of the Span ish people is proverbial. They have the stolidity of the Goth and the alertness of the Arab. With all ithese common-attributes and personal similarities the people of the different proxinces have easily de fined characteristic! peculiar to them selves. The Castilian, natives of the txvoCastiles, occupying the contrail portion of the penin sula, owing to natural aidx'antages of posi tion and tenacious courage, have become the political masters df Spain. Tho capital, Madrid, however, i.vicroxvdcd xvith people from other provinceslxvho havo abandoned many of the rural ipajrts of the country, formerly more densely populated than now, for the attractions of tins city; thus the fal leys of the Tagus, Guadinnu and Estra madura, in early thni-s filled xvith large towns and cultix'ated fields, have been, to a great extent, descried, 'lhe cultix'ution of the soil having fallen into disrepute, 10,000 shepherds look" possession of these once fertile valleys, aVid the population has unfortunately retrograded in civilization. It thus happens at the present lime that the inhabitant of the remote districts of the Castilcs are hardly what we should call civilized, being in a state of profound superstition and illiterate ignorance. There arc several classes who liax'e practically separated themselves into semi-barbarous tribes, which do not-intermarry outside of Iheir own race, and xvho are practically nomads engaged in mule driving and herd ing sheep. They wear loose trousers, cloth gaiters fastened beloxv the knees, short close-fitting coat, a leather belt, frill around tho neck, and a felt hat xvith a broad brim. They are tall and strong, but xviry and angular. Their taciturnity is ex treme, and thoy never laugh nor sing when driving before them their beasts of burden. They are slow to excitement but , xvhen onco aroused are very ferocious. Their honesty is above suspicion, and they may be trusted wun tnc most valuable FBBBBHMMvk yBBMBMBMBMBMBMBBH (8 f 'nVBBBMK Pt'C5?C-, A FRIENDS ADVICE. And what it led to. It Is not a cotntnon occurence that a friendly word should be the menus of giv ing nearly lorty years of happiucs'5 and health to the person heeding the advice it carried. This was the case with Marv J.ineard. At twenty-five she was dragging outner days in misery. At sixty-one shc finds herself so active and strong she can do work that would shame many a younger woman, and loolcs back on thirty-six happy, healthful years of industry. But let her tell her story : j "Thirty-six years ago I had great trouble with my liver. The doctors allowed that , there were tumors growing on it.uid they blistered my side in an effort to give me relief. 1 was at that time earning mv living as a tailorcss, but for five years, between the pain in my side ami the ''blisters I was in constant misery, nnd work was a drag to me, with 110 prospect . of relief; fortunately for mc, however, a friend advised mc to take Dr. Avcr's Sar fcaparilla, and finally persuaded me to take a regular course of "it. When I first com menced taking the Sarsaparilla mv side was so painful that I could not faste'n my . dress, and for a time I did not get any xclief, but my friend advised mc to per severe and relief was sure to come, and come it did. This happened, as I say, thirty-six years ago. Mv liver has never troubled mc since, and tfuring these vcars 3 have passed through the most critical period of a woman's life without any par ticular trouble, and to-day, at sixty-one years of age. I am active and strong, and able to do a day's work that would upset X21fStj&&&v -mmm $' .. 3 merchandise They are brave and skillful in the use of arms. While the men trax-erse , the whole of Spain as carriers of goods, the women here and there cultivate small patches of soil in remote and rocky dis- --'.-- if uiic uiv iiiwii iitt viou tncts. b Toledo occupies a position almost equally cenirai wan .Madrid, and was the capital of the country during the reign of the Romans and (.nkflniipnllv wc iVm p'f nf the authorities under the Visigoth kings, retaining this position until it fell into the Peasants of la poxver of the Moors. During the long strug gle between the Moors and Christians the latter removed the capital from place lc place, according lo the lurtuncs of iheir arms-, but when the former had been finally rmt tint iiiI.M.. ii... t . it. t it.lr expelled from ConJova and the C hriMian kings had established themselves in the pi.ims u tnc south of the Sierra de Ouada- , .,.,,' ' "uv g've .uauriu uie preierence. i ... . - ioiedo had scinerior advaniat'cs of lura jion, bui its citizens having joined in the insurrection of the "Communes" against the- Icing, the place lost favor xvith the rulers Our illustration presents a char acteristic picture of Castilian peasants in Uie vicinity of Toledo. it,? ?& yv. r , '. , -v JT , Vi 7 ,-,3?i. g-m&r rffjwttftss-? ' tt '--- - ivlD l 1 " -V -ymf I RSFv-& j LIU?. BBV3S"nK ii K.ri ' .'K' -'ir-, , 'UB.Sitr bbV IbbbbbbbbbbbbI . ' 'Z, "V flBBBBBCB?.' '-i .- iX BBBBOPSWll ?. ' f ' $ "V TTS'1 SV - .. toBBBBBl BBBBBBbWUbV -? BBbTotP" MlSSiiBtK'jjfyjStfAf BBBbV S2CfeV?iKBBBBBBBBBBBBfe BBBBBBBBBBmCBBpl tH' Iwbbbbt BjBjBBBBfcyBJfcMjbBBfcPWMBBt yv"- yLSJSBBft-' y j 4 "" " " w " i7vw .rf " m- . " r -" MbHW6!'' "" (ft2'3aBBBwFBBBBtei" " many a younger woman. Ever since my recovery 1 have taken a couple of bottles of Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla each spring, anC am quite satisfied that I owe my good health to this treatment. I give this testi monial purely in the hope that it may meet the eye of some poor sufferer." Mary I,i::carb, Woodstock, OnU Dr. .Ayer's Sarsaparilla has won its way to every corner of the world by the praise of its friends; those who have tried it and who know thy were cured by the use of the remedy. 1 hern is nothing 60 strong as this personal testimony. It throws all theories and fancies to the winds and stands sol.dly upon the lock of experi ence challenging e'ery skeptic uith a positive "J kttoic." Ayer's SarsapanJIa with its purifing and vilalismgaction on the blood is a radical remedy lor every form of disease that begins in tainted or impure blood. Hence tumors, sores, ulcers, boils, eruptions and similar dis eases yield promptly to this medicine. Some cases arc more stubborn than others, but persistence with Dr. Ayer's Sarsapa rilla usually results m a complete cure. Mary I.mgard began with a bottle, and went on to a course c f Dr. Avcr's Sarsapa rilla. When she wrs cured she realized that a ire' circ tl'at could cure disease could also prt ent it- So she took a couple of bottles each snnug and kept in perfect health. There are thousands of similar cases on record. Some of these arc gatl'cred into Dr. Ayer's Curebook.a little book of 100 pages which is sent free bv the J. C. Ayer Co., JUowell, Mass. Write for it. vhTj&h3 - , y j , '$WFMfrftra v -w-PS Pi:asats of Toledo, Castile. j The southern portion of the Spanish ! Peninsulti is occupied by the proxince of r i ciiiiiouii to v- Andalusia. This fertile region might, if . occupied by an industrious people, furnish Europe xvith its tropical fruits, but Anda- , lusians hate work. J he region, howevers is noted to this day for its grapes, wine, and raisins, while its rich fields "have made it at various times in its history one of the principal granaries of the world j While Andalusia has at various periods . been overrun by Germanic races and Hiti:uta and CirjAuitCRA of Valencia. Komans, its people at the present time show mi. re distinct traces of Moorish origin than those in any other part of Spain. In f person they havidark com-tlcxions'. sunnle iorms"!in(i graeeiul ligures. I he beauty of their xvornen is proverbial. It is from ibis . t r .,. ... . region that the American Spaniards mostly came, and Iheir dibtinet style ol architee lure is lound everyxvhere in Spanish-Ameri can cities, lhe front of their houses is not on the outside, but on the inside. open ing upon an interior court or patio, around which the building xvas erected. Travelers in Cuba and Mexico will recognize this style of houses everyxvhere nrex-ailing at i the present lime. In this way the Moors Peasants of Cordova, Andalust-x. bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbHEIbbbbbbHMbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbB if tWMil Tt 9 98ICIbbbbbbbbbbbK Publisher's Notes, "We send a specimen copy of this week's issne to some of the Second Sergeants of Tcgi ments in the field. Tin's paper will be found to contain from week to week the best history of the war, to say noth ug of other features of absorbing interest. Please notice our offer of premium war books, described on pnge 12. They will he jnst the thing to while the leis ure hours in camp. The hooks will be sent at once to all subscribers, and the papers will folloxv the regiment, wherever it goes, from week to week. "We shall be glad to receive letters for pub lication detailing campaign experiences, and especially accounts from Cuba or Manila. The volunteers may rest assured that our qnatcr of a million reader? will appreciate keenly all that comes from the actor ; fhem i sches in the great war drama now on tho boards. Our readers are specially directed to tho new Spring offer on page 12, wherein xe give all 10 books, a library of war subjects, an a premium for a club of only fixc yearly sub scribers. No one interested in tho most thrilling period of the country's history can fail to appreciate this proposition. William Martin, Commander, McKee Post, 110. Kahoka, Mo., has in his possts ion tho discharge of Samuel Dennis, Co. D, 13th Ind.. and Eilst Ind. Dennis xxas born in Albany, ind., and xxas discharged atVicks'onr, Miss., 2sov. IS, 18H5. indirectly have left their impress indellibly upon the manners and customs of Spanish Americans. It may be remarked also that the dialect of the Spaniards in the west ern hemisphere is Andalusian, and not Castilian. The principal cities of Andalusia, aro Cordox'a, Seville and Cadiz. Granada, the ancient Moorish capital, has lost it grandeur in modern times. -Along the Mediterranean coast on the eastern side of the peninsula lies Murcia, xvhose people are the most indolent of all Spaniards. They abandon themselves to oriental fatalism, and make hardly any effort at improvement. They are an im passive people, gix-en to revery and not to dancing; They are full of rancor and hatred xvhen offended, and have exercised, but small influence upon the destinies ot Spain. They cannot compare in industry with the Catalans or Galicians, nor in in telligence with the natives of any other part of Spain. The Vallencians, however, on the east ern coast, are an Industrious race. They do not cultivate the plains, but live on the barren slopes of the mountains, upon which they have made terraced gardens. They are famous for their dancers, and while ferocious in their instinct hax-e an out ward gayety and extreme politeness. Thero is a proverb which says that La Heurta is inhabited by devils. Human life is held very cheaply among them. Formerly Val lencia supplied Madrid with courtiers and assassins, and murder is a common crime among the people, committed, usually, it is said, however, in the heat of passion, and not for spoils. They are much given to duels, and the knife is the common weapon of the jieople, as in Sicily and some other parts of southern Europe. Their dress is composed of loose drawers confined around the xx-aist by a red or violet scarf, a velvet xvaistcoat decorated xvith pieces of silxer, white linen gaiters. leax'ing the knees bare, like the Highland Scotch; a broad handkerchief is xvrapped around the head, and a loxv hat with brim turned up and ornamented xvith ribbons surmounts the whole. They delight in many-colored cloaks xvith broad fringe, and draped in this garment even the poorest people present a picturesque and dis tinguished air. Agriculture is the leading pursuit of Val lencia and Murcia. They make both xvhite and red wines and cultivate oranges olives and Indian corn. Did 'ot Knn Through t lit Lines Charles F. Brown, Co. G. 19th TJ. S., Einon, "Wis., -writes: "I wish to reply to Henry Schneider, Co. F, 71th Ind. He says that the iJegnlars charged at Jonesboro, were re pulsed, and that he saw them running through the lines of the 7Hh Ind. I admit that we were repulsed, but we retreated only abonfe a hundred paces and lay down. "We kept up a steady iire until the Third Brigade charged over us. The Regulars had only 1,300 men, while the Third Brigade had something over 2,000. I do not claim that the Regular Bri gade was any better thau other commands, but I do claim that it was as good as any ia the Fourteenth Corps." tff v t ' .'ti j- girj:-S.JJWWia,Art.Aija. yj. riiLiittr -. Jj&Sfet, c?&tJ&f&lB$g&&&&KZ.