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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, May 26, 1898, Image 1

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Take the modern pic
torial weekly, THE NAy
TIONAL TRIBUNE, for
the best history of the
war with Spain,
ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW
UJ- 3:J . 33? ''''1-.?,-
OF WfiH.
Eattle : with Spanish Fleet
Anxiously Awaited.
the Oregon Safe Details of the San
Juan Engagement Estimates of the
Cost of War Reports as to Spanish
Fleet Having Been at Santiago De
Cuba-i-Sampson and Schley Search-
ing for It
"WEDNESDAY, MAY 18.
A NEW SPANISir QA15INET
iras announced: President of the Council
of Ministers, Senor Praxcdes Sagasta;
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Senor Leony
Castillo; Minister of War, Lieut.-Gen.
Correa; Ministerial Marine, Senor Aunon;
Minister of the Colonies, Senor Romero
Giron; Minister of Finance, Senor Lopez
Puigcerver; Minister of the Interior, Senor
F. H. Capdepon; Minister of Justice, Senor
C. Groizard; Minister of Public Instruction,
Senor Gamazo.
It was given out that the policy of the
Ministry would be aggressively warlike,
but the general opinion in Europe seems to
be that the new Cabinet is simply an ad
interim Government, patched up to aw;yt
events, and if events are not satisfactory,
to give way immediately to a more powerlul
Government composed of elements which
It would be unwise to waste.
THE OKEGOX SAFE.
Secretary Long gave out the welcome
fnformation that the battleship Oregon, the
second largest craft in the American Navy,
had successfully completed her long trip
from San Francisco, m-kmg the entire
circuit of South America, and was now
safe. Whether or not she has joined Ad
miral Sampson's fleet the Secretary would
not say. The rigid secrecy of the Navy
Department was relaxed only enough to
make known the best news the Navy De
partment had received since the battle of
Manila, as it meant not only that the
Oregon wits out of harm's way from a con
certed attack on this one ship by the whole
Spanish squadron now in" southern waters,
but also that her great fighting strength
would be added to Admiral Sampson's
force in the near future, if, indeed, it had
not already augmented the Admiral's
fctrength.
Capt. Clark, of the Oregon, was com
municated with at Rahia as to the danger.
In reply he expressed his confidence in
being able to hold his own single-handed
with the Oregon against all the Spanish
cruisers. The only apprehension lie fell
was as to the torpedo-beats under the
Spanish Admiral's command, for these are
a new and practically unknown element
against the modern battleship, and Capt.
Clark, while confident of holding cut
against these also, said a chance blow
might be struck by them. Notwithstand
ing Capt. Clark's assurances, the Nayy
Department continued to feel that a meet
ing between the Spanish squadron and the
American battleship on such unequal
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Carnp Alger, Va.. is one of the ?cveral gre.it camps established for the purpose of training and seasoning the
troops intended for Cuba and Porto Rico. It is.inleniled to be the first way-station for about 30,000 men generally
from the Northeastern poition of the country. There arc already regiments gathered there, -or under orders to go
thither, from Illinois, Indiana," Kansa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jprsey,. New York,
Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Virginia. The camp is a fine, tolling piece of ground, about 14 miles from
Washington, D. C, and three miles from Falls Church, Va., with which many of our readers became quite familiar
during the rebellion. It is a healthful, pleasant spot for a camp, and an excellent place in which to' break in the
troops for field service. .,
i
terms was far from desirable and might !
bring most serious results.
Nothing definite was heard as to the
whereabouts of the Spanish squadron. !
President Diaz, of Mexico, has written ;
Gov. Culberson, of Texas, that he has
ordered Mexican troops on the border to
render assistance and protect citizens of
Texas if called on. lie says he has sent ,
additional troops to the border with orders j
to co-operate with the United States troops .
in preventing depredations on Texan soil, ;
and has Instructed them to ak the co- '
operation of I'nitcd States troops if neces- '
sary. He clones his letter by sayirg: '
"With the hope that the good relations ;
of true and candid friendship which, for so i
many years, have united the two Repub- J
lies of North America may continue, and i
with the purpose of cultivating them on
mv n:irt. intfrnr'f itirr ltf will nf tlio !
country toward yours, I subscribe myself
your attentive servant and friend."
THE SAN JUAN DE J'OJITO liICO AFFAIK.
Detailed areounfs Klir.w ihni. AAnxiru
Sampson expected to find the Spanish j
"tn iiisiut iiiu jjuiiswi oi c3n.il juiiii wiien
tie attacked that place May 12. All the
information that he got pointed that wav.
His battle order, which reads thus, show's
that he anticipated finding the Spanish
warships there:
"The squadron will pass near Salinas
Point, and then steer ;thimf , tn nucu
just outside the reefs ofl Cabras Islands, i
The column ib to be formed as follows: '
"Die iowa, nagship; Indiana, New York,
Amphitrite, and Terror. 1 he Detroit is to
go ahead of the Iowa, distant 1.C0O yards;
the Wampatuck to keep on the Iowa's
starboard bow, distant 5C0 yards. The De
troit jrnd Wampatuck to sound constantly
after land is closed, and to immediately
signal if 10 fathoms or less is obtained,
showing at night a red l?ght over the stern
and at daytime a red flag. aft.
"The Montgomery to remain in the rear
of the column, stopping outside of the fire
from Morro, and on the lookout for torpedo
boat destroyers. If Fort Canuelo fire, she is
to silence it. The Porter will take station
under the cover of the Iowa, on the port
side. The Niagara to remain westward, oft
Salinas Point.
"While approaching, a sharp lookout is
to be kept on the coast between Salinas
Point and Cabras Island for torpedo-boat
destroyers. When near Cabras Island,
one-half mile to one mile, the Detroit will
rapidly cross the mouth of the harbor and
bo close under Morro to the westward,
screened from the fire of Morro's western
battery. If the old guns on the north side
of Morro fire, she is to silence them. These
two cruisers are to keep on the lookout,
especially for Spanish torpedo-boat de
stroyers coming out of the harbor.
"'lhe Porter when the action begins,
will cross the harbor mnufli hohirwt tun
1 Iowa, and eet close under ttie nliff tn i,n
j eastward of the Detroit, and torpedo any
: Spanish cruiser trying to get out of the
I harbor; but she ia not to attack destroyers.
"$o tm for
'VHINGTOtf, D.
"The Wampatuck will tow one of her
boats, with its mast shipped, flying a red
flag, and having a boat's anchor on board
the, tug, so arranged that she can -stop the
boat and anchor at the same time. She
is to anchor the boat in about 10 fathoms,
with Fort Canuelo and- the western end o
Cabras Island in range.
"There will be two objects for attack,
the batteries on (he Morro and the men-of-war.
If it is clear that Spanish vessels
are lying in port, fire is to be opened upon
them as soon as they are discernible over
Cabras Island, the motions of the flagship
being followed in this regard. If it should
become evident, however, that neutral
men-of-war are in the line of fire, a flag
of truce will probably be sent in before
the vessels are opened. The Porter is to
hold herself in readiness for this service.
"Care must be taken to avoid striking
the hospitals on Cabras Island. It it lie
comes necessary to silence the Morro bat
teries, a portion of the fire will be directed
with this object. Hut the principal ob
ject is to destroy the ships.
"After passing the harbor mouth the
iowa will turn a little to starboard toward
the town and will then turn out with a
starboard helm and again pass to port and
after passing Cabras Island to the west
ward she will turn again with a starboard
helm and pass as at first. Should this
plan be changed, and it be decided to hold
the ships in front of the entrance, the
signal 'stop' will be made at the proper
time.
"The Indiana, New York, and the moni
tors will follow the motions of the flag
ship and remain in column.
"The course, after Fort Canuelo is
brought into range with the west end of
Cabras Island, will be east by south.
"Should nightfall come with the port
in the enemy's hands and the ships inside,
the cruisers will take up positions' just
outside the harbor, the Montgomery to
the eastward and the Detroit to the west
ward, with their batteries ready and the
men at the guns. They will show no lights.
"The other ships, in succession, will
sweep the entrance of the harbor and the
channel leading into the anchorage with
searchlights to keep the torpedo-boat de
stroyers from coming out.
"In case the enemy should attempt to
escape from the port, fire is to be concen
trated on the leading ship. Should the at
tempt be made at night, the searchlights
in use are to be turned on her bridge and
conning tower and ire to be held there."
DISAPPOINTED.
The Admiral made three rounds, and
then, assured that his prey was not there,
ordered his ships to cease firing and with
draw. They were all deeply disappointed.
The Spaniards had no lookout, and were
taken by complete surprise.
On the second round tho Spanish gun
ners were thoroughly awakened, and
stood by their guns bravely, keeping up a
furious but aimless fire. From their firm
foundation and high elevation they had
a splendid opportunity to cripple our fleet.
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0., THURSDAY MAY 26, 1898
CAMP ALGER,
but the Spanish gunners seemed to fire
regardless of aim, and as if only desirous
of emptying their hiagazines.
1 The scene was intensely interesting,
but it was not so exciting as had been
expected. The 'Spanish, aim was so as
toundmgly bad that absolutely no anxiety
was, felt for our ships.
13 tit two shots ilui any damage. Onboard
flic ImV.'l 21 tlrt.'lf W'lu ur,Tlr fil-wl mnnflif
j fire, an exhaust pipe was dented, the bridge
!, railing was shattered, and three men were
i slightly, wounded.; All this was done by
the solitary shot'which struck the Iowa.
One. shell whlVli pynlnrfnil nn im TVnttr
York killed a man, wounded four others,
.shattered two searchlights, splintered a
culte-toro three- holes in a ventilator,'
and broke, a small davit-arm. The New
Yok was hit only once. t
THE SPANISH ItEPORT.
The. Governor-General of Porto Rico has
.issued A proclamation saying eight soldiers
were killed, and 3.4 were wounded as a re
sult of the bombardment of the forts at San
Juan, by a portion of 'Rear-Admiral Samp
son's fleet on May 12. He adds that two
guns were dismounted ' at Morro Castle,
which, otherwise, was little damaged. Ho
also; says the Qther forts were -not much
hurt. In the town one shot, it is alleged,
;penctrated the jalacc and the corner of a
'powder house ; was carried away. No
;scliool children were killed. ,
Tho. Spaniards, nV usual, claim they
won a victory, basing tlieir assertion upon
the fact. that the American warships de
parted tinder fire. y
THURSDAY, MAY 19.
v,. r
THE SPANISH SQUADRON.
' Several rcpor.fe", from Madrid announced
jthat Admiral ..Cervcra's squadron had
reached Santiago dc "Cuba. This was
seemingly' confirmed by reports from
j.Iamaiea of seven Spanish war-ships hav
ing been seen. .80 miles froni Santiago,
sailing in twp lines.
Passengers from Santiago say that tho
number of regular troops in the city is
estimated at from 7,000 to 14,000. There are
also 1,000 volunteers. ;
Three thousand insurgents are near the
city, their outposts being almost in the
suburbs.
THE INVASION OF CUBA.
Although it was officially announced
afterthe Cabinet, meeting or Tuesday that
the invasion of.Cuba would beirin immwli.
:'a,ely, there stUkseemsf to be a difference of
(Opinion ir the -War Department regarding
mediate occupation Qf the island by a
military force. The strongest influence,
however, is opposed to the landing of troops
Some leading officers regard 'it un
wise to begin the military operations at
this time. The objection is not merely the
practical one, that only a comparatively
few troopa are suitably equipped for field
iiio, carry mg.,qux Qt ,une project JUreat
pressure isbejng brought to bear on tho
President, both? for and aeainst the im
-
-TWELVE PAGES.
VA.
Our artist, has caught some very interesting snap-shots, which are duplicates of sights and scenes in every
similar camp in the country.
No. 1 is a regiment on dress parade, and there are differences from the old-time ceremony, which will at once
strike every veteran.
No. 2 is a company street, in which the boys proudly present their two mascots a black lamb and a fiVhtin"
cock "Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee "to the camera. "
No. is a company kitchen, showing some of the new cooking-utensils which the Government now provides.
. No. 4 is a squad of recruits at drill, and shows the new fatigue uniform and equipments.
No. 5 is a sqnad at the company kitchen for supper. It will bring up memories.
No. G i3 a place dear to the heart of every soldier the Commissary tent.
I L.nn.inn. 4Un .- -. .,.1 I. Z r
I scientific warfare are opposed to the pro
jected campaign at this time. Against
the opinions .ot civilians the argument is
being used very effectively that a cam
paign in insular territory should not.be
undertaken until the co-operating fleet has
effectively disposed of the enemy's naval
forces.
THE EXPEDITION TO MANILA.
Little progress was made in preparations
for the departure of the Manila expedition.
The cruiser Charleston returned to Mare
Island this morning with her condensers
out of order. Some such discovery was
expected, and the Charleston is fortunate
in having no more important repairs to
make. She was in dry-dock at the time of
the severe earthquake, and received the
full benefit of the shake. An investigation
showed that some of her plates had been
"buckled," and that a good deal of other
damage had been done. All the damage
that, could be detected was repaired.
The City of Peking is being loaded
stowiy and will probably eet away on Sun
day. Ifcr troops will be pretty badly
crowded, as bunks have been arranged in
the wrong fashion for the tropics. The
Australia is practically ready for the re
ception of troops intended for Manila.
Everything has been done on the vessel to
make the voyage as comfortable as pos
sible. The sleeping accommodations be-
twecn decks are commodious and airy.
and the mattresses are wire-woven.
The United States auxiliary cruiser Har
I vard has left the harbor of St. Pierre, and
I the Spanish torpedo-boat destroyer Terror
j has made no effort to follow and capture
ner.
The Harvard was compelled to give 24
hours' notice of her departure, but the
authorities respected her secret, or else the
Terror feared that a trap was being laid,
and that she was to be lured into following
the unarmored Harvard into tho jaws of an
American man-of-war. In any event, the
Harvard is out at sea, while the Terror and
tho hospital vessel Alicante are still at St,
Pierre.
FRIDAY, MAY 20.
THE SPANISH FLEET.
In spite of the very suspicious frankness
and ostentation with which the Spaniards
announced the arrival of Admiral Cervera'a
fleet at Santiago do Cuba, the opinion,
both in this country and Europe, grows
that it is really there. The basis for this
is thtitthe fleet had to go somewhere. It
was acaso of needs must, and Santiago,
for various reasons, was probably the best
It could. clO. It could get there coal, which
it? stood badly in need of, and some support
from guns on shore. It would make a
pretense of going to the relief of Blanco,
but tho pretense is very thin indeed, 6ince
Habana is hundreds of miles away, with
not even a wagon road over the rough
mountains intervening, and the insurgents
swarm in the country. The only hope
that the Spaniards can have is thai they
VOL. XVII
. . - , J
can succeed in standing oft the inevitable
a little while longer, and perhaps prevent
it. by thp unexpected happening. Time
has always been the greatest friend the
Spaniards have had, and they have re
peatedly been saved from deserved de
struction by postponement of decisive
action.
Where our squadrons are is now more of
a mystery, since the Navy Department has
rigorously shut down on giving out infor
mation. But Admiral Sampson's orders
were "to capture or destroy the Spanish
fleet," and unquestionably he is bending
uvciv energy to carry mem out. tie is
certainly nearer his enemy than he has
f been at any time, and it may not be very
1 many hours until his hopes have culmi-
, natcd by cominir within cunshot of them.
It was reported from Jamaica that one of
Admiral Sampson's fast scouts had cap
tured a Spanish gunboat and was seen
towing her away.
The Spanish torpedo-boat destrover
Terror is still at Martinique.
rPIin Rnjllllttti noirun'innri! liurr Itm
selves with delight over Cervera's perform
ance. 1 hey say:
"Admiral Cervera's dispatch from San
tiago de Cuba to the Minister of Marine
contained further details for the informa
tion of the Government alone. It is
pointed out here that the American plan
was to get command of the sea as a con
dition to future movements. Admiral Cer
vera's brilliant move reminding one of
Lord Nelson's race from the West Indies to
Trafalgar and his escape from the French
deprives America of the command of the
seas, and demonstrates to the world that
mo oiocuaue oi Litioa is merely nominal.
"Admiral Cervera has given the sip to
two powerful fleets that have been scour
ing the ocean for a fortnight in an en
deavor to catch him. All the American
schemes depend thereupon. Admiral Cer
vera, with four cruisers and a few destroy
ers, alone in the Atlantic, ignoring events
in Cuba and in Porto Rico and the position
of the American squadron, has outma
nuvered, disorganized, and dispersed the
latter, making the Americans believe they
were threatened nn nverv ciflt "
The London Daily Chronicle thinks Ad-
ii. ..in j.imiu. mis inuhcu imu u iritp, irom
which he cannot escape, "thanks partly to
the imbecility of the Spanish Government
in miblishinrr his rli&nn.tnh wliiIi Trite
doubtless done to avert domestic evils."
The London Times says, editorially:
"Whether publicity will assist the "suc
cess of Admiral Cervera's operations is
questionable, but it has undoubtedly
helped the new Ministers to make a favor
able debut in the Cortes. Certainly the
situation has increased in interest." "
Tho Madrid papers continue to hold cut
hopes of assistance from France, Austria
and Russia, but confess to deep disap
pointment at Kaiser Wilhelm's attitude.
Tho Captain of the steamer Arkadia,
who was at San Juan de P( rto Rico two
days after tho bombardment, says that
(Continued on second pace)
Read page 11 and write
USv
mi
5
- N0..33 - WHOLE NO. 87&
THOUSflflDS
!lUSTEfED.'
Volunteers Now Being Rapidly
Mobilized.
Heavy Task of Equipping the Annyv
j Exact Time of Invasion Yet Donlifr
fnl Troops Moved Southward As
signment to Commands Notes of tlia
Army and the Navy.
The mustering figures received at tha
; Adjutant-General's Office on M"ay 22 showed'
' that 106,000 volunteers had been mustered
m. The work of mobilizing and equipping
the army of invasion is going on rapidly.
Ithas been a superhuman task to get ready
tho great force, but it is believed to bo'
nearing the end. The Government has'
found itself short' in many things needed
to supply the volunteers, which in many
j instances proved to be poorly furnished
with various necessaries for effective work.
Troops have been moving southward from
State camps all the week, Chickamauga,
being the principal point of concentration.
Tampa has received a large share of Regu
lars. The exact time of invasion of Cuba
cannot be stated.
Assignments to the various Army Corps
were made onMav 10. as follows:
First Corps Maj.-Gen. Brooks, Briga
diers Poland, Snyder and Arnold.
Second Corps Maj.-Gen. Graham, Briga
diers Guentherand Williston.
Third Corps Maj.-Gen. Wade, Brigadiers
Bacon, Compton and Carpenter.
Fourth Corps Maj.-Gen.Coppinger, Brig
adiers J. C. Bates, Davis and Schwan.
Fifth Corps Maj.-Gen. Shatter, Briga
diers Kent, Lawton and Chaffee.
Sixth Corps Maj.-Gen. Wilson, Briga
diers - Anderson and Youngv
Seventh Corps Maj.-Gen. Lee, Briga
diers Hawkins, Burt and A. E. Bates.
Department of Pacific Maj.-Gens. Mer
ritt and Otis, Brigadiers Pennington and
Randall.
Cavalry Division Maj.-Gen. Wheeled
Brigadiers Henry and Srmner.
Gen. Frank, who relieved Gen. Merrltt,
stated at his Headquarters, on Governor's
Island, that he expected that Sea Girt,
N. J., and Hempstead, L. I., would be the
great camps cf instruction,, where all tho
volunteer troops in the Department would
be assembled. It is intended that a cer
tain number cf regiments and batteries
wiH.be maintained permanently in these
camps and kept in a condition of efficiency,
ready to be transported at a moment's'
notice to . any point where their services
my l" ""qui'cd-. A considerable number
5T .-.; ! utilized as garrisons for de
f works in harbors and along th
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