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,ASHIIstGTON, D..C., THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1S9S.-TWELVE PAGES.
2 T. i. ""-4 ! " - && T coast, particularly in the forts about New York and in Uie works recently erected for the defense of the eastern end of Long Island Sound. In all probability about 400 men will be detailed to each -of the garri sons at Fort Hancock, Fort Hamilton, Port Wadswotrh. Fort Schuyler and to the Fort at Willets Point. Plans for the military defense of the Atlantic coast are being rapidly pushed to completion . by Uric:. -Gen. Royal F. Frank, who has succeeded Gen. Wesley Merritt,in command of tho Department the liist,.. Maj. George G. Grcenough, -1th Art., in addition to the command of Sheridan Point, - Va., has-been assigned to the command of Fort Washington, Md., which is made a sub post of Sheridan Point for purposes of administration. Among the nominations made last week were those of the principal officers for the United Slates volunteer regiments to be formed. They were: Capt. Patrick Henry I?av, 8th U.-S-, to be Colonel of 3d Vol. In; Capt. James S. Pettit, 1st U. S. Inf., to bo Colonel of 4th Vol. Inf.; First Lieut. Her bert H. Sargent, 2d U. S. Cav., to Te Colonel of 5th Vol. Inf.; Laurence D Tyson, of Tennessee, to be Colonel, 6th Vol. Inf.; First Lieut. Charles S. Kiche. Corns of PivMiipers. IT. S. A.. In be Colonel of 1st Vol. Inf.; Duncan N. Hood, Of Louisiana, to be Colonel of 2d Vol. Inf. Thus a beginning has been made towards the organization of the independent volun teer forces under authority conferred upon the President by special resolution. The National Guard will have no part in these organizations, which will be made up of engineers, immunes and electricians. Ar rangements for recruiting the immune regi ments and for the brigade of engineers will be nmdo in a few days, and circulars of instruction to govern this work will be Issued. The President lias taken the initial step in the case of one regiment of the engineers in nominating Eugene Griffin to be Colonel, and in the case of six regi ments of the immunes, the nominations for the Colonels of which wero sent to tho Senate. It is believed' in many quarters that the American invading array will leave from Key West, and not from Tampa, as has been heretofore thought. If the start were made from Port Tampa, the transports, with their loads of stores and troops, would be exposed to attack for a period o over 30 hours, even if no allowance is made 'or the delay invandin-r the troops on Cuban terri tory. If, however, the start is made from Key YS est the !'-rg(h of time necessary to transport the men to Cuba will be reduced to six or eiiht hours. Hempstead, L. I., has been chosen as the rendezvous point for cetrain of the volunteer regiments which were assigned to Department commanders in making up the division of volunteers to the various commands. It is expected that 19 regi ments will eventually camp there. It has been the camp site for one-half of New York's militia for several weeks. It is 6aid here that the troops to be assembled at Hempstead will be organized into a division, which indicates that between 8,000 and 10,000 will comprise tho force rendezvoused there. The division will be made up of two or three brigades, and division and brigade commanders will be designated. The Delaware State Legislature, accom panied by Gov. Tumi ell and staff, visited Camp Tunnell near, Wilmington, where tho Governor formally turned over Delaware's regiment to tho National Government. The Governor presented Lieut. Sasse with a sword, the gift of his associates of the "Wilmington Postoffico. At Roanoke, Va., where the 14th N. Y. stopped on its way to Chickamauca last week, thousands of citizens awaited the arrival of the soldiers commanded by Col. Fred Grant, everyone eager to see the son of ex-President Grant. They gave the young Colonel a rousing ovation. One old Confederate veteran rushed up to him, seizing his hand, and saying: "I don't know you, but God bless you. I want to shake hands with you for your father's sake; I knew him well enough." Hun dreds of A irginia ladies pressed around the gallant soldier, eager to shake his hand. 1IANILA BAY. BT XI. z. v., Jit., IN 3mr.ADEUniA TIMES. The first great fight of the war is fought, And who is the victor say Is there aught of the lesson now left un taught By the fight of Manila bay? Two by two were the Spanish ships Formed in their battle line; Their flags at the taffrail, peak and fore, And bat 'tries ready upon the shore, Silently biding their time. Into their presence s'iiled our fleet, The harbor was fully mined; With shotted guns and open ports Up to their ships aye up to their forts; For Dewey is danger blind. Signaled the flagship "Open fire," And the guns, belched forth their death. "At closer range," was the order shown; Then each ship sprang to claim her own, And to lick her fiery breath. Served were our squadron's heavy guns, With gnuners stripped to the waist; And the blinding, swirling, sulph'rous smoke Enveloped the ships as each gun spoke In its furious, fearful haste. Sunk and destroyed were the Spanish ships; Hulled by our heavy shot, For the Yankee spirit is just the same, And the Yankee grit and the Yankee aim; And their courage which failcth not. The first great fight of the war is fought! And who is victor say Is there aught of the lesson now left un taught By the fight of Manila bay? Lieut. Johx C. Fkkmoxt. Lieut. John C. Fremont, commander of tlio torpedo bait Porter, has secently had an adventure in the harbor of Mntanzas. He tan his boat under the guns of the forts, in order to land :i conijwmy of marines on Cuban soil. The Porter was piloted into the haibor by a Cuban who hud guidoil many filibustering exjx-ditions to the island. Itear Admiral Sampson characterized Lieut. Fre mont's work as a daring exploit, and his feat has elicited praUe in (he W ar and Navy De liartments at "Wellington. He is the son of (he lato Geu. John C. Fremont, the famous pathfinder; tho first candidate for President of the United States put forward by the Uepublicau party iu 18fG. He is a young officer, having had an active . sea service of only about three years. He was promoted to his present rank in the Navy ia!884. PROGRESS OF WAR. Continued from lirst page. from 15 to 20 Spaniards were killed and about CO wounded. Many houses wero damaged, one of the forts was destroyed, and two guns were dismounted. Some of the steamers in port wee damaged. EXPENSE OF THE AKMY. Secretary Alger has forwarded the Secre tary of the 'treasury supplemental esti mates, aggregating 8SS,(138,810, for support ing the. Regular and Volunteer Armies dur ing the first six months of the fiscal year that ends June 30, 1,89!). The particular items for which appro priations are asked are given as follows: Expenses of the Commanding General's Office, $1,000; contingent expenses, Inspector-General's Department,- 61,000; signal service Of-the-Army, 114,000; pay, et&', of the Army, $4,017,804; pay of volunteers, "s Jv J2E--t T5 VtP??S VJa.ivf'f? jvila .. .J 'J-IO&SS' A Group of Spanish Pujpoxbrs. They were among the first taken after tho war with Spain began, and are now de tained at Fort McPherson. Ga. $25,026,206; subsistence of (he Army, S10, 219,035; regular supplies, Quarteimastcr's Department, S6,CC0,tC0; incidental expenses, Quartermaster's Department, $2,5C0,CC0; horses for cavalry and artillery, $2,0CO,CC0; barracks and quarters, $750,CC0; Army transportation, S20,C00,CC0; clothing and camp and garrison equipage, $13,0110,110; contingencies of the Army, S50.C0O; medical and hospital department, $351,110; ord, nance service, $325,000; irdnar.ee, ord nance stores, and supplies, S3,oP4,CC0; armament of fortifications, $130,510; manu facture of arms, S640.CC0; equipment of engineer troops, $75,000; civil'an assist ants to engineer officers, $-10,000; total, $S8,038,840. Fp to this time (he estimates and appropriations already made 6n ac count of tho war aggregate $285,210,840. sati::ay, a: ay si. The day was filled with all sorts of rumors, none of which was confirmed. The most persistent was one from Cape Haii sen, Haili, that a battle had i:kcn plrcc off Mole St. Nicholas, in -.hieh 12 Sj:n'sh vessels had been desiro;. td. Ihe r-.y Department at last denied that this cou d have been possible, though homly ex pecting news of an engagement c-lftwhor-. News came from Martinique that the Spanish fleet was"" preparing to return there for coal. Application had beon made by the Spanish Consul to allow some British ships to land their coal and supply the Spanish ships already there, but the Gov ernment refused permission. The. bpantsh repeated their announce- ments that the reserve fleet at Cadiz is j about to sail on an expedition of great im portance. It was officially given out that besides a land iurce of 15,000 to 17,000 men which will jro to the Philippines, (he Monterey, prob ably (he most formidable of all monitors, has been ordered to join Admiral Dewey's squadron, and will leave San Francisco in advance of the troops. The Administration is disposed to give some credence to the report that Spain will endeavor to re'gain (he Philippines, and it is for this reason that the Monterey is to be sent to Manila. Regret is expressed that the re-enforcements to Admiral Dewey have been un avoidably delayed. SUNDAY, .MAY 22. It is believed that several hundred vol unteers wno sailed irom way west iasi t Wednesday were safely landed on Cuban soil. The cruiser Charleston finally left San Francisco at $ a. m. She will call at Honolulu for coal, and report to Admiral Dewey inside of 30 days. Th-nigh the coast -defense ship Monterey is ordered io .uunua, n may ui; scvc-i.ii j weeks before she can get away. The ship mus wail lor curium kixius oi iiiiihuiiiijmii which is di'sired by Admiral Dewey. How the ship will be taken to (he Philippines has not'heen decided. Her coal capacity is only 200 tons. She can carry 200 tons more in sacks on her di'cks, but if she encounter any but the smoothest sea this is certain to be washed away. Madrid papers say that Admiral Cerveras' fleet is at Santiago, and likely to remain there'. The Navy officials are hopfful that the Spanish fleet is really at Santiago. While nothing positive about the move ments of the United States squadrons can be learned, the general understanding is that one of the divisions of Admiral Samp son's fleet, either under his personal com mand or that of Commodore Schley, will be off Santiago by to-morrow morning. As a maiter oHaet it could not be much longer than that in making the run. It steamed from Kev West within a reasonable time after (he enemy's fie'Ct had been located, and there is no certainty that all the fight ing ships were at Key West when confir mation came to this Government on Friday that the enemy was at Santiago. The re ports that two of the Spanish vessels had "gone lame" and that the entire squadron was badly off for coal and provisions have encouraged the Navy Department to hope that Admiral Cervera will be detained until an American squadron has reached San tiago. 31 OX I AY, 31 AY S3. Still there is no news of an engagement between our Flying or Fighting Squadron and the elusive Spanish fleet. The Navy DejKirtment is momentarily expecting tid ings of a battle. Commodore Schley is be lieved to be in the neighborhood of the Windward Passage or off Santiago de Cuba, and unless the Spaniards hastened to Porto Hico or returmd to Martinique the conflict cannot Jong Ik deferred. There is a pos sibility, of course, (hat the fleet has given our seeing ships the slip and sailed norlhwat-dj with a view to attacking some Atlantic coast cily, bu( (his theory ih not generally entertaitud. The Army v. ails upon the Navy. While Admiral Samj-son and Commodore Schley are pursuing .unitrai i,t-rvera- apparently without success, up to this time our land forces at Tampa, well equipped and eager for action, are held in readiness to embark on transports and go to Culm as soon as the .Navy can furnish convoys. One ex pedition of Cuban volunteers, recruited in Florida, was successfully transported last week. Others will follow when the Navy can lend its co operation. Twenty five thousand men have been assembled at Tampa, New Orleans and Mobile, and e-an be moved at a moment's notice. 'Ihe transports are being relumed under expensive charters and Ihe steam is ready in their btiler.s. According to the prchcnt program ihe Army will be landed in suctions. The 30 transports uhirh have been secured will carry at least 25,000 men, and when this number has been conveyed to the Cuban coast, (he transports will re turn for the volunteers, who will in the meantime have been moved down from Chickamauga to the seaport towns for em barkation. All arrangemenls have been made for landing tho troops on Cuban boil, although the date and place are, of course, a pro found secret. The Navy Department denies the report that tho Oregon has reached Key Wes(, 'butef' .s i'. assurance (hat "(ho big battleship-is safe'. Dispatches have been received" Vin Washington by relatives of officers aboard the Oregon, confirming the official advice as to her safely. She will join Admiral Sampson's squadron, if she lias not already done so. The gunboat Marietta and new cruiser Nictheroy are understood to have been left behind in a friendly Brazilian harbor. THE NAVT. Tho men of Dewey's fleet will not be de barred from prize money. The officers of the Navv Department have discovered that section 4635 of tho Revised Statutes authorizes the payment of a bounty of S100 for each man on an enemy's ship-of-war that is destroyed in action. The reports from Manila are that tho Spanish fleet was double-manned, in the expectation of conquering the American fleet and requiring prize crews for the cap tured vessels. In this case it is likely there were no fewer than 2,000 men in tho ' O.niSr.1. 1rt Tl!tli ti'Aiilfl mnnn fn niffrrn- Oj'tiuiaii iic, nim-ii ivuu ..i. ... ....,- gato premium of 200,000 to be divided among xmerican sailors. The naval offi cers are taking steps to ascertain the ex- ! act number of Spaniards on the 1 1 vessels destroyed as a basis for the payments to be made. The phenomenal run during part of the trip made by the Oregon has beon a matter of great satisfaction in naval circles She covered tho 2,578 miles between Bahia, Brazil, and (he Barbadoos within eight days, or at the rato of 13 4-10 knots an hour. What is believed to be a reliable state ment is made that great damage was done by the American warships to tho fortifica tions at Cienfuegcs on May 11, and that 3C0 S;aniards were killed. As an instance of the accuracy of American gunnery it is stated that after the blowing up of the lighthouse fortification the Spaniard run ning in a group from the scene were sighted from" the Alaulehead, and a shell plumped among them, which, exploding tore ;Iu in to rieces. The cru ser Newark has been supplied v.'iui j-m:-ke'JC.ss powder not only lor tne eral thousand pounds of smokeless powder of all calibers aro being manufactured daily, so (hat a large supply will soon bo on hand. Besides tho Newark, the only other ships in (he service supplied with smokoless powder are the cruiser Marble- he-ad and (he auxiliary cruiser Prairie, the JaUer attached to (he squadron of Commo dore Ho veil. Ordnance experts appreciate (l?e necessity of supplying the Navy with smokeless powder. Several citizens at Newport, H. L, headed by F. P. GarreUson, last week started a i movement with (he purpose of having citi zens of It node Island build and equip tho fastest torpedo-boat destroyer afloat and present it to the Government. It is in tended (o name the vossel the Oliver Hazard Perry, in honor of the hero of Lake Eric, who vus born in Newport Mr. Gar reUson started the subscription with S1.C0U. A letter from an officer of Dewey's squad ron writing from Hong Kong a few days be fore (he doj-arlure for Manila says "At the first sign of the situation becoming really grave, the Commodore gave notice to the Fleet Paymaster and lie quietly purchased the English steamer Nanchan, just arrived with 3,300 tons of Cardiff coal on board. Shortly after a deal was made for the Zafiro, one of the line running between Manila and Hong Kong. She was loaded up with coal and provisions. The original crews were reshipped and Lieut. Hodges was placed in charge of (he Nanshan and Ensign Pic-rson was given command of (he Zafiro. They now fly (he Stars and Stripes and make it possible for us to carry on ex tended operations against the Ph lippines, should trouble arise. The old Monocacy, in Shanghai, being of no use in this matter, and unable to leave the river, it was de cided to break up her crew. To that end three officers and 50 men were sent hoie and distributed around the fleet." --- i '. About Thiit. Keel. Hartford CvuranLl It begins to look as if England under stood that we entered into (he present war not from any desire of territorial aggrandize ment and not with any bulhing spirit to ward a weaker nation, but that we bore with Spain as long as we could. It seems, too, as if Englishmen could understand, with the aid of diagrams, that the fo'ce which brdkc an iron keel four feet thick and bent it upward nearly to (he deck, came from outside the keel. Other nations, Germans especially, seem utterly unable to comprehend the point that the keel is at the bottom of (he ship, and that to bend it inward you must hit it from the outside. This looks to us a little prejudiced and unscientific, not to say unfair, and makes us think that were it not for England wu should be alone in the world, misrepre sented and abused, because misunder stood and disliked. M. Krumm, Battery D, 2d Mo. L. A., would give the short-term men $8 per month. lie thinks that the long term men should be further rewarded by a per diem pension. rs&en uown For Years He Could Not Without Distress Eat Wonderful Effect of Hood's Sarsa parilla in a Stubborn Case. The men who fought the battles of tire nation in the 6'0's know what i.s meant by broken down health. The hardships and st niggles which they underwent mined many a tohiist constitution. The following testi monial tells Low biokeu down health may be ieitored: I am glad (o write what Hood's Sarsa parilhi has done for me. I was in a very bad statu of heahh. Some physicians thought I had a f iniior in my stomach. I could eat but very little and 1 had a deathly look. My ft tends thought I had but a. short time to live. FntcjiK-njly 1 had seveic ifliacl's of vomiting. J had been sick 8 years when 1 began tfiking Hood's Hyioaparilla. This medicine helped me right away and i continued to improve while taking it until 1 was able to do a fair day's work. 1 have been restored to health by Hood's Sarsaparilla." Arthur J. Cramer, Maple Luke, Pa. Hood's Sarsa- Darilla Is America's Greatest Medic no. Bold by all dnijrk'iats. gl; aix for 45. He sure to get Hood's. Hnrkfi'Q PillQ Hre Puilt, -.-lUcit-ul ami - v-w atw .hi44js curs cempri-ing her secondary battery, i l""T" i' ' ,l i v 7 VV , - ' out u r tsje u o-inen rajiiu-nre guns com- ; ,y "v" - i V ; t ,T posing her main batterv. Under the con- n' lhnxmnry arrangements for tho ap . ; ,-,. ;,.,., i... tu. r-.u, r. .-,., ..-...! pmtme nt of nurses. itii 4.ivi u int. ji uiitijii v; uuiiau ov i r TVAIti NOTES. Senator Sewell, of Now Jersey, -sent a letter to the President, through tho Secre tary of War, formally declining the com mission of Major-General of Volunteers. He wrote: g "I take this step with great" reluctan-o, and only do so because advised that tho holding of the commission while occupying a seat in (he Senate of tho United Slates is incompatible with" tho provisions of the Constitution. I desire to express my deepest gratitude for tho honor and dis tinction conferred by this appointment, and regret exceed jiigfy that I cannot enter the field (o serve tht- country, while hold ing a seat in 'the Senate, which I would not be justified iii giving" up under tho present circumstances. In this view my Republican colleagues have expressed their sentiments in" a letter addressed to me, suggesting that my duty is to remain in my present representative position." Over forty cases of ammunition were found on the1 Spanish steamor Argonauta at Key West, captured in the first days of tho war. It was on board this steamer that Lieut.-Col. Cortijo, Weyler's brother-in-law, was captured, with other Spanish soldiers, now prisoners in Fort McPherson, Atlanta. The discovery of the war supplies on tho Argonauta did not change tho status of her case before the prize court, as it had already been decided before learning of tho find that the steamer was legitimately a prize of war, no claims having been filed by tho owners of tho ship or cargo, A like decision was rendered in tho cases of the steamer Ambrosio Bolivar and tho schooners Candidita, Mathildo and Sophia. The only formality remaining to make theso vessels tho absolute property of the United States is tho confirmation by tho Federal court authorities of tho findings of the prize commission. Col. Edward Morrell, of Philadelphia, a personal friend of Vice-President Hobart, has been selected by President McKinloy to fill tho position of Second Assistant Secretary of War. Since tiie day on which President McKinley made tho call for 125, 000 volunteers, the War Department has had a great deal of trouble- with railroad companies in arranging for the transporta tion of tho troops; to tho points of mobiliza tion. It is the purpose of Secretary Alger to turn all of tliis work over to Col. Morrell. The number of suspects believed to bo agents of tho Spanish Government in this country has now reached more than 100, and each is (o be kept under careful sur veillance by tho Secret Service men and ar rested as soon as sufficient evidence is obtained on which conviction can be made. There is now in existence a Special. Army Secret Service Board, of which the Assistant Secretary of War is Presidont, and which directs tho work of a large corps of ex perienced detectives and Secret Service men stationed throughout the country, engaged in watching all suspicious per sons and others whose names have been furnished the Department as probably in the business of gathering information for the benefit of the Spanish authorities. It levoks like stern business when the Hospital Corps is sent to the front. Tho first of those who will attend the wounded on board ship have reached Key West on the United Sta.es ambulance ship Solace. The commander of (he Solace is Andrew Dunlap, a heariy, genial naval officer. The Surgeon is Dr. Thomas H. Streets?, and Dr. C. F. Stokes, Past -Assistant Surgeon, is the Chief Assisfunt. Tho other Surgeons on the Solace ;-Je Dt. G. T. Smith and Dr. E. S. Bogert. There' aro eight nurses from tho Bellevue School 'on board, and thrro j apothecaries haVc been provided. There is a giiastJy detriment to the fioating am bulance. The Solace carries coffins in a section of the 1 out st aside for the care of the 1 out ": the dead. " The Surgeon General of the Army and the burgonn-Gohcrul of the Navy have Nurses who receive1" annointments in the army are paid railroad fare to (he place of duty and SCO a month, with board; if prac ticable, lodging is also furnished. Tho Daughters hospital dorps also provide uni forms of dark-bill c gingham dresses and while aprons, but The applicants are ex pected at present fo wear their own white dresses and apron.-. ' They are expected also to furnish (heir own caps. Dr. Anita Nowcomb McGec is Chairman of (his Com m (tee JA plan is being prepared byt tho Civil Service Commission which will allow (hose employees of tho Government who wish to go to war, but who aro prevented from doing so by their sense of duty (o their dependent relatives, to go to'tho front assured that in their absence their parents, wives or chil dren, as the case may be, will be cared for. The plan of the Civil Scrvico Commission will be approved by President McKinley. It consists of the suspension of so much of the rules regarding substitute clerks, carriers, e(c , as will admit a clerk or carrier who desires (o go to war (6 put in his place seme member of his family (o serve durim- his absence. It will be pro vided that (he person taking (he place of the clerk must sign an agreement to turn over to the e-lerk's family the salary drawn by him. There i.s to be no suspicion of individual profit in the deal, although in case the substitute is not already supported by the clerk he may use enough of the salary to support himself. A strict censorship has been eslablishcd at Tampa, Fla.. and no unofficial dis patches portaining to military or naval movements from this port will be permitted .to be sent. An official bulletin of such news as (he Army officials consider ad visable will be provided. It is intimated that this censorship will continue until rtfler tho final movement of troops to Cuba has taken place, it being (he purpose of the Government to keep the Spanish Gov ernment in ignorance, so far as possible, of our plans for the invasion of Cuba. A passenger train on the Chattanooga, Home & Southern Hailroad last week ran into the (hud section of (he military train, conveying the 1st Mo., near Hossville, Ga. G'eorge M. Walker, Co. D, was killed. A. Maynard bane, Co. M; Howard Brolaski, Co. D, were painfully injured, and other occupants of tin train were slightly hurt. A prominent Spanish paper stated last week that the Spanish Secretary for War, Gen. Corrca, has declared that Spain must not mind if a battleship is lost in an en gagement, beeviuse it is a natural conse quence of war, but commanders of vessels must be ready to blow up their vessels be fore allowing them to bo captured bv the American licet, s- that the Spanish flag may not be lowered and (he American flag hoisted over the Spanish vessel. A dispatch from the Secretary of the Navy at Madrid to the Havana Admiral says that the Spanish fleet at Cavile, Philippine Islands, fought heroically against the American fleet, which retreated with con siderable damage,. The Havana naval station has sent a cablegram of congratu lation to the Philippine naval station and the fleet for the victory obtained against the American flag." Spanish privatb sJtcamship companies have placed their vessels at the disposal of their Government Over six hundred vessels are ready nor service awaiting orders. All Ihe officers from (he Spanish navy are in active service now, and (hose who had retired 'on -account of age or for other reasons haven offored themselves for service. i, . y ,r, Written for The National Tribune. ODJS TO OUK 'AT1,NAI. CKMiCTKUIES. TUANSI'OSKO 1IY .TUMI'S,!! HAHOI.D, CAI'TAIN, 1ST N Y. KNG'S, l',,.AlNl'Ii:i.I), N. Y. Pause we here while' memory weeps, Wlrre our fallen comrades sleep, Hallowed ground, most sacred spot, Tombs of each dear patriot; Comrades of the days of yore, Tenting on the other shore. Sadly each rocurring year, Ye who still aro lingering here, Scatter flowers of sweet perfume O'er each fallen hero's tomb; Comrades who have gone before, Tenting on the olher shore. Swords and muskets, all, laid down, They have donned tho victor's crown Din of battle, cannon's roar Shall disturb their rest no more; Life's lemptatkmsi all, are o'er, Tenting on the other shore. Forms once fair and sfrong and brave Host whhin the soldier's grave, Souls in swfhL ftlvHiuin. Soft we'll chant tlioir roejuiem; Comrades rest, all conflicts o'e er, lenting on the other shore. i t r - ,, . i OflE Of TiHE "ROUGH BIDETS." L.Iout.-Col. lloosovelt, Who "Wiis Assistant Secretary of tlio Navy. This officer has Iiad a varied career.. He was born to a fortune, and if it had not been for his inborn activity, he need never have done anything. As it is, however, ho has been active in politics and in various reforms for many years, having served in tho New York Legislature, as President of the Civil Service Keform Board, President of the Police Board of New York, and lately Assistant-Secretary of the Navy under Sec retary Long. Lieut.-'Col. TnEODOitE Roosevelt. Soon after the breaking out cf the Span ish war, Mr. Roosevelt manifested an un easy desire for a more active participation in tho struggle, and aftor a good deal of opposition orftho part of Secretary Long, finally porsisted in resigning in order to raiso an independent cavalry regiment, which aro popularly known as ,fRough Kiders." At Mr. Roosevelt's desire Leonard Wood was made Colonel, and he himself accepted tho commission of Lieutenant Colonel. This regiment is made up of millionaires, athleles, and cowboys. There are men whoso occupation has been heretofore mainly polo playing, baseball playing, and dancing,, on the one hand, and on the ether tho reg'ment has a New York fireman, three New York policemen, a number of old soldiers, and a lot of frontier cowboys and scouts. The regiment was organized at San Antonio, Tex., and is intended for service in Cuba. Their uniform is very picturesejuo, including a light-gray suit and a broad-brimmed hat, turned up on one s'de and fastened with a rosette. They are all experienced horsemen and good marks men. Ivach is armed with ICrag-Jorge nsen carbine, two revolvers, and a machete. The commander, Col. Wood, was formerly in (he Regular Army, and, although a Sur geon, did conspicuous service in the cam paigns against (he Apaches. Among the officers is Maj. Kersey, Adjutant-General, from New Mexico, and Ales. Brodio, one of (he old citizens of Arizona. There are a number of Harvard, Yale and Princeton men in the regiment who have been famous as football players. The cow boys come from Wyoming, Montana and the Southwest, and area brawny, active sot of fellows, who in the rendezvous at San Antonio soon manifested a liking for tho Easterners, whose adiletic abilities won their regard, in spite of their money, for which " tho loys " have a rrofound conlempt. The commantl promises (o be one of (he most effective as well as pictur- ose-ue in the volunteer army. , , , R BUiiLET-SWEPT FIELD. A Batteryumn'H Story of Msy 32, 1803, Be fore Vicksburg. Editoh National Titntuxi:: There has been considerable said about the assault on Yicksburg, May 22, 18G3. The infantry boys have been doing most of the talking; they don't even mention the battery boys. Blair'B Division was on the left of the Fif teenth 'Cdrps, and made a gallant charge, but could not lodge a single man on the rebel -works, unless it was some of tlio storming party. Blair led his division to the brow of the hill just in front of the rebel works. It seemed to he certain death to go over the hill or on top, where the rebel bnllets were mow ing the grass. Blair's men lay in line there, and Blair could not get them to renew the charge. Gen. Sherman, seeing the situatiou, called for volunteers from our battery to ruu out two pieces of artillery to Blair's line and open lire on (he rebel works. Each gup, sqund hearing Sherman's request, sprung to obey. Sherman seeing that we were all willing (o go, said (o Lieut. J. Jt. Heed: "Just take this left section and its cannoneers and go." AVe ran the guns out by hand to the left of the fort that we were in, and down (he hill and up lo where Blair's infantry lay and on (op of that terribl-, bul let-stricken hill. We fired nine shots apiece from each gun. Then we were ordered to pull our pieces down the hill and out of range, which we did quick. We were only on 'that ridge four or live minutes, but of the 18 men that went out with those two guns not one escaped a bullet, either in skin or clothes. How many of you infantry boys saw that? Don't all speak at once. J. li. Biitiolph, Seigeant, 2d Iowa battery, Pilot Mound, Iowa. THE '-GRAND William ILwart Gladstone, England's great statesman, died at his home, Hawar clen Castle, Wales, May 11). He was born in Liverpool, Dec. 29, 1809, his father being Sir John Gladslone, a wealthy merchant. William was educated at Eton and Oxford; entered Parliament in 1S32, being at that time a Tory. He became Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1834, and afterward hold other minor Government positions. In 1843 he was made member of the Cabinet in (he Peel adminis(ra(ion; four years later ho was chosen to represent the University of Oxford; being rejected by (ho University in 18G5, he was chosen by South Lancashire, and became a Liberal. From 1852 (o 1865 he won much reputation in the olfice of Chan cellor of (he Exchequer. In 1805 he became leader of the House of Commons. In 1869 .Mr. Gladstone, becoming Prime Minister, secured (ho dlseslablishmont of the Irish Episcopal Church and the passage j '8:'.Si'i all wmw f' WmiWsWmm 11111 1 f Jl ' -. 'Wkr&LAB STON jlMp PUZZLES flflD QUEUES. Somo Problems Which are Really Worth "While Working Out. Questions. fi. How can gold be identified or its minerals distinguished when out prospect ing, far away from assay offices? B. P. Beaumont, Pearl, Pope Co., Ark. 12. How far is the Southern Cross from tho South pole? How far north of tho equator is it visible? .Joel Byrns, Topolo bampo, Mexico. 13. Is there such a thing as a straight or a crooked line? O. A. II. 41. How much salt can be ob(ained from a ton (2,000 pounds) of water from (ho Atlantic? How much from a correspontl ing amount from tho Pacific, Arctic, or Antarctic Oceans, or from tlio Dead Sea? A. O. II. 45. How does tho value of platinum (wire) compare with that of gold? A. O. H. 46. How much burning-oil does crude petroleum yield? O. A. II. Answers have been received from Mr. Heiser, Kratzervillc, Snyder Co., Pa., who answers Nos. 2, G, 8, 0, II, 12, 13, 14, 13, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 23, 24,25,26, 27. Mr. Joel Byrns, Topolobamjx), Mexico, submits a eiuestion. "A. O. il.f submits four ques tions. Mr. Asa W. Slayton, Grand Rapids, Mich., answers Nos. 11. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 10 and 20, Mr. Slayton also writes: "Sorry am I to again appear to complain; but where I wrote that Glaisher ascended with a balloon seven and one half (TV:) miles, it was printed one and one-half miles; about as high as I could throw a stono, if I was mad enough." Answers to questions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 10 and 20 have been received from Wm. Haspham, Co. E, 55th Ohio, Guthrie, Okla. Answers. Second Serial.) " 98. Bactoria aid in fermentation (good for the brewer, bad for (he rest of (he world): they help in tho ripening of fruit (hoy aid in giving life (o the new cells forming in our bodies at all times, and especially in the healing, of wounds and recovery from sickness; they have mostly expunged the former theory of spon(aneous generation. Some bacilli are peculiar to certain dis eases, and by using the antitoxin that will detroy them, the disease can be cured. Asa W. SI ay (on. 90. Call the amount of water discharged by tho Thames I, then the St. Lawrence would be 112; the, Mississippi, 338; the Amazon, 1,280. Or, for remembrance, we will call the Amazon 1; tUe Mississippi, ; the St. Lawrence, 1-12. 100. Bromine is a chemical clement, tho only one known except mercury that is a liquid at twlinary temperatures. It is a dark'red liquid 3 1-5 times heavier than water; very volatile, the bottles containing it being always tilled with tho deep purple vapor. It is a rank poison in the stomach or on the skin; is now ob(ained from the bittern or refuse at the salt wells of -Ohio and West Virginia, and is used in medicine and photography. Asa W. Slayton. There- is another fluid element, some times it is noted. Gallium held in the hand, melts and once mej(ed will s(ay fluid for a long lime, even if cooled. Sodium and potassium, both solid melals, when alloyed together become fluid. Editor. Answers. (Third Scries.) -8. By the expressions "3 penny," "6 penny" "8 penny" nails we mean nails wliicn are, respectively, li inches, 2 inches and 2 inches in length. 'Ihe expressions "2 oz.," "4 oz.," "8 oz." tacks seem, also, to have reference to size. Win. Haspham. Penny i.s the Yankee interpreiaf ion of (he English nail makers' brogue of "punfs" or "punt," meaning pound, and it meant that 1,000 nails, as made by hand a century ago and more, weighed about 3, 6, or 8 pounds. Two oz., 4 oz., 8 oz. tacks, etc., means that 1,000 of them weigh about so many ounces. Asa W. Slayton and O. A. Ileiser. 3. The lunar cj'de, or the cycle of the moon, or golden number, or metonic cycle, (so called from i(s inventor, Me(on,) is a period of 19 years .which, being completed, the new and full moons return on the sam days of the month. The solar cycle, or tho cycle of the sun, is a period of 28 years, which, having elapsed, the dominical or Sundays letters re(urn (o their former place according to the Julian calendar. H. T. Matthews, Kinsman, O. The solar cycle is a period of 28 years, af(er which the same days of the week will occur on (he same days of the year, and the dominical letters recur in the same order. The lunar cycle is a period of 19 vcars, after which new and full moon recur on the same days of the month as before. Asa W. Slayton and Wm. II. Haspham. 4. The tropics are located 23 degrees 28 minute-s, nearly, from the equator, because the axis of the earth is inclined exactly so much from a line perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic or plane of the earth's orbit. Asa W. Slayton. On June 21 tho sun's rays are perpen dicular at places on a line 2Vz degrees north of the equator. This line, after reach ing which the -sun's rays appear to turn south, is called the Tropic of Cancer. It is Summer in the north and Winter in (he south at this time. On Dec. 21, the sun's rays aro perpendicular at places on a line 23Vi degrees south of the equator. This line, after reaching which the sun's rays appear to turn north, is called the Tropic of Capricorn. It is then Summer in the south and Winter in the north. Harry T. Matthews and Wm. Haspham. 5. The cause of the weathor not being so hot on the 20th of June as it is later is the fact that (he earth at that period is not so much heated as it is .when the Summer is farther advanced. Wmllaspham. OLD MAN." of the Irish lane! act a year later. He was succeeded in (he Premiership, in 1874, by Mr. Disraeli, whom by vigorous tactics he ousted from office in 1830. But errors in the Transvaal and Egypt destroyed Mr. Gladstone's great majority in 18S5, and the general election of that year made Mr. Gladstono dependent upon the Irish Mem bers of Parliament for a majority. Then he very actively espoused Irih home rule. Mr. Gladstone held one position of honor and trust and another until 1894, when his eyesight began to fail rapidly under (he s(niin of his labors. In addition (o (his, (he infirmities of age began to tell on him. He gave up active participation in public life, which his careful habits and strong constitution had made possible so long, but devoted himself to important book writing. In his time he was of all parlies and bolh sides of many questions. His critics and his friends were both numerous. Complimentary to Oqp Readers Our readers will be pleAseel to learn the eminent physician and ppc:alist, Dr. Kilmer, after years of research and study, has discovered, and given to the world a most remarkable remedy, known as Swamp-Root, for the cure of kidney, liver and bladder Troubles; the generous offer to send a bottla free (hat all may Prove Its wonderful merit without expense, is in itself sufficient to giT8 the public confidence and a desire to obtain it. Swnmp-Koo has an established reputa tion as the most successful remedy, and is re ceiving the hearty endorsement of all up-to-date physicians, hospitals and homes. If r men and won en readers are in need of a medicine of tbis kind no time should be lost in sending their name and addrwa to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y., and re ceive a sample bottle- and book, of 7luable information, both sent absolutely free by mail, upon receipt of three twoent tamps to cover cost of postage on tiie bottle. The regular t!zed may be obtained at the drug stores. "When writing plesee say yon read thin generous offer ia Tirs Ntiottai. Tribune. "Becauso for about two months after June 20, the days are so much longer thau the nights that the earth receives more heat during the long day than it radiatos dur ing the short night, hence grows warmer just as it is usually warmer at 2 p. m. than at 12 m. Asa W. Slayton. Daughters of Veterans. New York Department held its annual Convention in Oneonta, N. Y. The following officers were elected and ap pointed: Pres., Bertha Southworth, Oneonta; S. V. P., Susie Clark, Dinghamton; J. V P., Mary Wethcrwax, Oneonta; Chap., Electa Johnson, Binghamton; Instituting and In stalling Officer, Clara Le Barron, Bing hamton; Sec, Lillian Carr, Oneonta; Treas., Carrie Lake, Oneonta; I. G., Josephine Southworth, Oneonta; Guard, Blanche Kattel, Maine; Musician, Edna Potter, Oneonta. Council, Anna Clark, Binghamton; Anna Bronk, Maine; Cora Barnes, Oneonta. Delegato to National Convention, Anna Bronk, Maine. Alternate to National Convention, Mary Wetherwax, Oneonta. The Convention was a very successful and enjoyable ono, and much important business was transacted. A flag drill was arranged and produced on the evening of the reception. On tho following evening there was public instal lation, which all enjoyed very much. Ohio Department will hold its Annual Convention in Cleveland, June 21, 22 and 23. AN EXCEPTIONAL OPPORTUNITY. Bright, capable and energetic business men or women can make $1,200 annually in a legitimate and permanent business; an. Hgi-nt should make a good living, besides laying away for a "rainy day." No esperiente necessary; everybody wants to buy our celebrated JFlaYOriusj Iotf dcrs, used to flavor pies, cakes, candies, eta, and no family can be without them. Our powder sells itself, a3 everywhere you place one, from two to six are ordered immediately. .References given, commercial agencies, banks, merchants, eta, etc. All letters of inquiry promply replied to when from eligible, bona lidc aud genuine parties avIio mean business. Slart at once and obtain a profitable and re spectable business which will establish for yourself an income. This is no catch penny, spurious, idle offer, Send today for information and complete instructions regarding our powder, and if you do not make lots of money through same it -will be vour own fault. " Address "W. H. BAIRD& CO., 5999 Center Atc, Pittsburg, Pa., Station A. feUfllOflS. California. The Central California Veterans' Associa tion will hold its second annual Encamp ment at Sycamore Springs, CaL, June 19 to 29, inclusive. Comrade W. T. Eddy, Temple ton, writes that the success of the meeting is assured. The location selected is five miles from the beach, and the best possible for a camping-ground. T. W. L-ncoln is Commander and O. P. Paulding Adjutant of the Association. .Maiacluisetts. At the recent meeting in Boston of the Massachusetts Minute Men of 1861, the following officers, were chosen: Pres., Col. George W. Nason; 1st V. P., Gen. S. E. Chamberlin; (by commands) 3tl battalion, Col. James Tucker; 3d regiment, Capt. Samuel C. Dot en; 4th regiment, Maj". Chas. II. Allen; 5th regiment, James P. Leonard; Uth regiment, George BarreU; Sth regiment, Col. Henrv Hale; Cook's battery, Martin A. Stowe; Q. M., J. Frank Giles; Adj't, Capt. James H. Griggs, 4 Albion Place, Charlestown. Over 2C0 members were pres ent, and the mee(ing was most enthusi astic. The names of President McKinley and Fitzhugh I.ee and every patriotic utterance was cheered to the echo, until it seemed that (he roof of Faneuill Hall, (he old "Cradle of Liberty," would be raised. Michian. 4th Mich., at North Adams, Mich., Juno 21. George Kinney, Co. H, 4th Mich., North Adams, is Hegimental Secretary. Walking the Floor. "When a business man gets to the point where he cannot sleep at night, where he is so shattered of nerve that it is torture to even remain in his bed, and he has to get up and pace the floor it js time for that man to bring himself up with a round turn. If he does not, it means nervous prostration and mental, if not physical, death. For a man who gets into this condition there is a remeely that will brace him up. put him on his feet and make a man of him again. It is Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It goes to the bottom of things. It searches out the first cause. When a man is in this conelition you can put your finger on one of two spots and hit that first cause the stomach or the liver or both. This great medicine acts directly oh these spots. It promptly transforms a weak stom ach into a healthy one. It facilitates the flow of digestive juices aud makes diges tion and assimilation perfect. It gives a man an appetite like a boy's. It invigor ates the liver. It fills the blood with the life-jrivin-r. elements of the food, and makes it pure, rich, red and plentiful. The blood is the life current, and when it is filled with the elements that build new and healthy tissues, it does not take long to make a man well and strong. It builds firm, muscular flesh tissues and strong and steady nerv fibers. It puts new life, vigor and vitality into every atom and organ of the body It cures nervous exhaustion and prostration. Nothing "just as good " can be found at medicine stores. " I had suffered about eleven years with a pair, in the back of my head and back," writes Mr. Robert Hubbard, of Varner, Lincoln Co., Ark. " 1 suffered for eleven years and spent a great deal of money for doctors and medicine, but did not get relief. Then I tried fgur bottles of the Goluen Medical Discovery and improved great ly. I sent for five more and now am glad to tell everyone that I am in good health." DIMS WrltRE All ELSt WiLS. Cough fcyrup. Tastes Ceod. In tttns. Bold by druirebts. Use WgWW M J-a Ui J tr J.-!- JWTM .1