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- "! 'S?' ' -V M)G ' -J BH -. - Ojp,..1' I ..-.. , -j? - " 2to rare for Mm wito to fcorae t&e Incttlr. aai for ft ttifow infl.frpa' ESTABLISHED 1877-1STEW SERIES. VOL. XVH-NO. 46-WHOLE NO. 889. WASHINGTON, D. G., tTHURj$DAY, AUGUST 25, 1898. fipTEH THE FIGHTING Taken especially for The National Tkibuxe. TO PH( jiop Plans for Settling Difficulties : in Cuba and Elsewliere. Muster-Out of Ilionsands Volunteers. of ''''rirw'Ssj5''"',?5sK' " tr ,..,-" , . ;Uig Manila Victory Rule of Dewey and Herritt Problem of tie In surgents Governing Santiago. Situation in Porto Rico. ft TUESDAY, AUG. 10. the nriLirrixEs. Fuller particulars came to Hong Kong of the capture of Manila on the 13th. Admi ral Dewey summoned the city to surrender on the 9th, on pain of bombardment, giv ing one hour in which to comply. Capt. 3en. August! refused to surrender. The bombardment began at 9:30 a. m., Aug. 13, and continued for two hours. ?'hen the Americans rushed forward from heir trenches, sweeping everything before them. The 1st Colo, stormed the outer trenches and drove the Spaniards into the second line of defenses. Then the Ameri can troops swept on, driving all the Span iards into the inner fortifications, where the Spanish commander, seeing that fur ther resistance was useless, hoisted the white flag and surrendered. The correspondent of the London Daily Mail says: e "Nothing could be more humane than the Americans' capture of the town. Gen. Merritt and Admiral Dewey's plan was to spare every object but the armed defenses and the trenches. Apparently the Ameri can losses were extremely small. The Spanish intrenchments varied in point of distance from two to four miles from the center of old Manila. "Defending this long line of at least 10 miles were not over, and probably under, 5,000 Spanish regular troops, volunteers, and natives. About half that number were in hospital. The attacking force numbered from 10,000 to 20,000 natives and 10,000 Americans, on shore and aboard the fleet. In every respect the advantage was on the side of the attack. "The American field guns threw heavier metal and had longer range than the Spanish, the marksmanship of the United States gunners was much superior to that of the Spaniards, and the men were stronger and in better condition. The Spaniards are a small race compared with aheir stalwart opponents, and worn out by o, hundred days' siege, and disappointed 3by the failure to arrive of the promised Spanish relief squadron, they had lost heart. . Jt was a hopeless struggle. "Looking over the bay it was curious Lo notice the foreign fleets arranged them eelves according to their sympathies. The English .and Japanese were near the (Americans, and the German and French on the opposite sides of the bay, north of Jthe Pasig River. The British cruiser Im fnortalite and her consorts kept fairly near the American li e." THE SUEKEXDEE- cas made by Gen. Juadenes, the Military Alovernor, and Gen. Merritt immediately entered the city at the head of his troops, j Teacnmg uie paiace at o.u, wnere uie Spanish troops laid down their arms. The officers were allowed to retain their teide-arms. Perfect order was maintained as the American troops marched into the city. Guards were immediately placed at uk nouses ui lureiijiiurs io prevent jooung. The insurgents were not allowed by XJen. Merritt to take part in the attack, and they were kept in the rear to pre sent needless bloodshed. After the surrender only unarmed in surgents were allowed to enter the city. It appears that Capt.-Gen. Autiusti went aboard the Kaiserin Augusta during the (bombardment. As he had his family with fliim, which -as also brought away by the 3erman war vessel, it looks as if the mat ter had been prearranged. ADillKAL DEWEY'S EEPORT. "Manila, Aug. 13, 1898. "Secretary of the Navy. Washington: "Manila surrendered to-day to our land' tand naval forces, after a combined attack. vV division of the squadron shelled the dorts and intrenchments at Malate, on the -eouth side of the city, driving back the enemy, our army advancing on that side at the same time. City surrendered about 5 p. m.. the American flag being hoisted by Lieut. Brumby. About 7,000 prisoners of war were taken. The squadron has no casualties; no vessels injured. On Aug. 7 Gen. Merritt and I formally demanded ihe surrender of the city, which the Spanish Governor-General refused. "DEWEY." ' Ocn. Merritt 's report seems to have , been tangled up somewhere and lost. I The only dispatches received from him j Risk questions about the government of . nc capiurca territory. DEWEY AFTER THE OTHER ISLANDS. Consul-General Wildman reports from Hong Kong that immediately after the surrender of Manila, Admiral Dewey sent off a portion -of his ships to Iloilo, Cebu, and other islands to demand the sur render of the Spaniards there, and capture the gunboats. As these vessels will fol low intricate and unfrciruented cli;miuls there is no telling when they can be over- laucn wun tne news of peace. CUBA. The 2d Immune regiment, which has been garrisoning Santiago, has a low state of discipline, and Gen. Shatter ordered it out of the city, replacing it with the 8th 111. (colored). A well-known Cuban thief who has been stealing great quantities of commis sary stores was caught in the act by the sentry, and on refusing to halt was shot dead. The Spanish prisoners are dying off so rapidly that it is necessary to cremate their bodies to prevent infection. The heavy rains interfere with the cremafon. ESirilATIC INSTRUCTIONS TO GEN. LAWTON. Gen. Lawton's reports of the insolent attitude of Uie insurgents caused the fol lowing very plain instructions to be sent him "Commanding General, Department San tiago, Santiago, Cuba: "Replying to your message for instruc tions, the President directs that you be informed that the United States is re sponsible for peace and must maintain order In the territory surrendered and in your department, and must protect all persons and their property within said jurisdiction. Interference from any quar ter will not be permitted. The Cuban in eurgents should be treated justl3 and liberally, but they, with all others, must recognize the military occupation and authority of the United States and the cessation of hostilities proclaimed by this Government. "You should see the insurgent leaders V-d so advise them. "By order of the Secretary of War. "II. C. COR BIN, "Adjutant-Genera!." "War of Department Making a List Regiments to be Disbanded. Some "Willing to Go to the New Possessions, But Others Object to Garrisoning Towns Enlisted to Fight and Have Interests at Homo. Notes of the "War. CO. L, 7th OHIO. Here is the reproduction of a photograph of which the hus;nes3iiko looking joauir soldiers in it mav vfel he nromL Our artist has caught them in a position calculated to show the personnel of the company, "which is one of the best in the service. jt- it.iti i ii " fi-ftfiiwnrTTji-TVfl'iiiTT Yurim -rr r i r i ;; rr"" ' ' ' i;nftmu '' " i iJVj m j mm in' i't m rmt i in .iwimjwnijwriji iM rnmmqtti iWiini niijfr 'iftirnnfty Vm ifiifc ftmr mtrr T'lffffiWrtria'ri'TrtTnniiTff- , i rm w n-mT iirirtrifliin-i,li''ji "":i;7l;Vl',' "1" "'.nT""2r "l'f T? "T ." -.T" "' '"mrr ''Trawl -1 ' 4 THE: i3d ?N. Y. A. representative New York regiment of stalwarts is the 3d, a view of. two companies of "which w'gtvo abov4 They are represented in a company street at Camp Alger, and have lined up with arms afc "present" . PORTO EICO. The Spaniards ar? committing outraces in many places. A frichtful story was told torday to Gen. "Wilson by a priest who headed a deputation from Ciales, "0 miles lNfrtiiea'st of Utuado. The inhab itants of the place raised an American flag after the Spanish troops had left. The troops returned, tore down the flag, and macheted 1)0 of the inhabitants. This occurred, on Saturday. The priest ap pealed to the Americans for protection, but the latter are, powerless to interfere in the present circumstances, even though a reign of terror be inaugurated. WKDN'KSUAY, AUG. 17. CUHA. large force is reported at Bayamo. Their "ognition of their services. The plan con 1 outposts seem well-.supplied with Spring- templates the granting of an honorable 1 field muskets, furnished k by the United discharge to each soldier, accompanied Alarming reports came of an intention States, and Mauser rifles,' with plenty of by a certificate of service and a on the part of the'insurirents to force, their - ammunition fofrbbth. j promissory obligation, signed by the President Mclunley thinks that there : Cuijan General in command, to be made cm be no peaco'in Cuba until the insurg-j sood out of the public resources when the ents are disbanded. Ilej-has no idea of Cubans shall have established the stable paying them off, as some of the papers J Government which the United States has have stated, because we "owe them noth- pledged itself to help brine into existence, inir, "arid there 'is no- appropriation from In addition to thus providing for the sol which to pay'them. jdiers of the Cuban army, the plan under The President has, however, a plan in ' consideration by 'the President contdm mind by which the insurgent army can be plates the mustering into the United disbanded without the necessity of turn- States Volunteer Army of a large number ing the soldiejs adrift with no sort of rcc-jof Cuban soldiers who arc American citi- way into Santiago as soon as the American forces were weakened by the withdrawal of Gen. Shatter's troops. They calculated they could muster 1:5,000 men for the at tempt, which was to be made Aug. 2t. At the. time the Americans would have in the city three regiments of immunes and the 8th III. (colored). Information from the Cuban camps is that they have 1,500 men in the mountains, 15 miles from the city, and 800 more at Cabre, 10 miles east. A zens. Their services could be used to good advantage as members of the vari ous immune regiments to bo maintained on garrison duty in Cuba. The plan above outlined has the approval of some of the highest officers of the Cuban army, and is likely to be put into operation very soon. Gen. Toral said that the health of his troops was wretched, owing to the starva tion and exposure they had endured and the bad sanitary condition of the camp. The Americans, he said, had done all (Continued on second page.) v.,- ;-- " lv ;.--k:. iXVSSiS-'--- - . .1 ---fSSVsjsSr- lmn "m ' - fiROjt Sr-, ,WVki-'s f- ., -TZ - i A NAVAL PAGEANT. Pear-Admirals Sampson and Scliley, the brave men who fonght under them, and the great fighting ships j The Jakics were lined up forward and the Marines aft, ana with a comparatively small convoy of the merchant that have proved so worthy of respect in the last few mouths, arrived at New York last Saturday, and were anrie and three little black warships that rero once steam yachts, the stately column moved ahead afc a speed greeted with enthusiasm, not only by the citizens of the metropolis bat by thousands of ood Americans from j J.a,ont knots, the vessels placed so that the lino was abont a mile long. The President had sent his Cabinet other ul-irpq Onr Vooh rW (I, na iun .,,a o., i lu -n i.. -it- i xt r at.i. n.roi.s ,.f Plilcer-? meet them at Tonipkhisville. There, too, the Mayor of New York and a committee of distinguished other pates. Our sketch shows them as they came around the Battery in this order: Nework, flagship .dtiZenlwl. told them of their country's pride and gratitude, and given them the keys of the citv at its gate. Jtcar-Afiimrai fcainpon; Iowa, Capt Kohley D. Evans; Indiana, Capfc. H. C. Taylor; Brooklyn, flagship of Ttenr- After the Navy's fine representatives passed in review up the Hudson they went back to anchorage off Tompkius Admiral fcchley; Massachusetts, Capt. F. J. Higginsoh; Oregon, Capt. A. S. Barker; TexaCapt Johu Philip. I ville. A million persons lined the shores or crowded on boats. The "War Department has been trying; to ascertain the wishes'of'the troops as to being mustered out. The Department will make selection of regiments to be muster ed out from day to day. In many cases it is alleged that the en listed men of the volunteers have been prevented by officers, who are drawing good salaries and desire to continue to bo soldiers, from expressing their desire to bo mustered out, the war being over and these men having interests at home which they gave up to enlist, and which are suf fering. Instances are cited where peti tions for muster-out have been destroyed by officers. The men express willingness to remain in service if there is real work to be done for the country, but believe that there are plenty of others ready to enlist for garrison and occupation duty whose interests at home does not de mand attention. Orders have been given for the return to their Stato rendezvous oi many regiments. Troops that have seen hard service at Santiago, and many regiments now in the field under Gen. Miles, will probably bo included in the regiments to be mustered out. It is understood that the regiments that will be disbanded and sent homo will be chiefly those that were mustered in under the second call. Nearly two thirds of the army has been in camp since soon after the beginning of hostilities carrying out the routine and performinc no actual service, except to prepare tho men for such duty as tho Government might require of them. In the Autumn there will be need for 45,000 men, accord ing to Gen. Lee's estimate, for garrison duty in Cuoa, distributed at the leading: centers of activity and commerce. Twenty five thousand troops may be required for the preservation of order at Havana and vicinity and perhaps 20,000 in other sec tions, of the island. The five immuna regiments are thought sufficient to pro tect property and preserve order at Santi ago, and these will soon h Pf.ii,i;cuQ,t I there possjl.bly.for a long stay-. u uruws nave oeen prepared looking; to sending an army to Cuba. Adi't-Geni Corbm said last week that the War De partment is too busy now with other mat ters to take up the question of organiz ing an army to be sent to Cuba next Octo ber; that little or nothing will be done re garding troops for Cuba save what actual necessity demands until the Commission has made a report. The Commission will be able to suggest the number Although Admiral Cervera and the othev Spanish prisoners are at libertv to re turn to Spam at any time, now that peaco has been proclaimed, Acting Secretary Allen said that no time had been fixedor arrangements made for their departure He assumes that Admiral rr :tN ? mam here until all arrangements have been made for the embarkation of tho men under his command. The expecta tion is that two of the Spanish vessels now m New York, seized and held as prizes since the beginning of the war, will be used for Uie transportation of the SrpStSSMoneis now at apolis The Cuban leaders in Washington havo been much exercised over the report made by pen Lawton to the President of Re peated disturbances at Santiago, caused: by the insurgents, and the President's order in response to maintain the armis tice and order among all classes at any cost. Senor Quesada, Cuban Charge d 'Af faires, said that the insurgents were not responsible for the trouble. The disturb ances had been promoted by Spanish pre sentados, deserters from the ranks of the Spanish army. Fexr of the officers of the American army, he continued, are ah to distinugish between a member of tho in surgent army and a presentado, or one oft the many disreputable people who follow, all campaigns. All look alike, and all are" set down as Cubans. But the Cuban army, he said, even if it has had differ ences of no very serious nature with the. Americans, is well disciplined and under the complete control of comnntflnr nm-o f-who would not permit the insurgents to doi v. V s - "" uiaurcuit upon tne cause of Cuban independence. Tomas Estrada Palma and other promi nent members of the Cuban revolutionary party in this country arrived in Washing ton last week, and, with Gonzalo de Quesada, tho Cuban Charge d'Affaires held several conferences at their head quarters. Their meetings have given rise, to a renewal of the reports that the offi cials of the Cuban Republic are chafing: under the present system of control President McKinley and the members o his Administration have paid no attention, to these reports, and a member of the Cabinet asserted there was no expectation of any official protest airainsfc tho svrom of administration put in force pending the establishment of a "stable" Government in Cuba. Carrier pigeons have not proved a great success in the war as means of communi cating between ships and the shore. The naval authorities had made the most ex tensive preparations for placing in onera- tion the carrier-pigeon system, and at; once established important cotes at "" the leading naval stations along coast, from Portsmouth down to the ' tugas. The birds often failed to perf their duties. Many of those sent fr vessels in front of Havana flew back a . delivered their messages, but in few c were ships at a long distnee from s: enabled to communicate by pigeons v.nn Key West. A program of ship-building has been formulated that contemplates authorizing: at the coming session of Congress th following:. Three armored cruisers of 12, 000 tons displacement; three first-class battleships of 13,000 tons displacement; three protected cruisers of 0,000 tons dis placement; three protected cruisers ol about 5,000 tons displacement; six unpro-? tected cruisers of 2,500 tons displacement. The cost of these vessels, if authorized, will be in the neighborhood of S32,C0O,00Or and Secretary Long m y decide to apply the pruning knife to the recommendation which will be finally made bv tho board. The battleships would beT of the Ala bama type, the armored cruisers improved. Brooklyns, and the protected cruisers ol 6,000 tons something like the Olympia. Go . Fitzhugh Lee, in an interview the other day, confirmed the report of .his candidacy for the United States Senate and stated he expected, to bo in Cuba again in a few weeks. j - , ,&?.viM-"M' --zS ?--riL,ix&$,!:''7to. ,- 4kSj&i bsS''& 5K.-!-.-i'5-v - -M$ Wdjtll A ? F&r t ' a- at."