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Remember that we give
as extra prizes to club
raisers this month, See
Injide of Refceldom'
next week. THE"
will be more interesting
than ever this year.
Za tsxetor Mm to Ju.fcffm flK tle, ana for tt widow wtf iipta
ESTABLISHED 1S77-jStEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1803.
OL. XVUI-NO. 4-WHOLE NO. 899.
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Bold Confederate Dasli to
Cripple Union Operations.
Eattling With the Rebel Lsader.
Union Leaders Successfully Stop
His Advance They Pursue Him
Hotly on His Retreat, Forcing Him
to Disgorge His Plunder.
BY TTCLEY BRITT01T,
Author of "The Civil War on the Bordar
(In the preceding issne "Wiley Eritton
related how, goon after the rebel forces were
driven from Little Roek, Ark., back np?n
Arkadclphia and Camden, in the &-')ntherri
part of thcSUve, Gen. Price liccnnis tati
lied that 6ea. Btcxilc Tvould not immediately
endeavor U r.dvruKC his line tonih of (he
Arksruas River fkrHier t.an was nscesairy
to keep lb-it river ojn to narig;i1inn. He
determined t send, sn espsdition i:il3 Mi?
scu:i, fcr fee pnrpo?c of destroying pablic
2roperty and ciinpling Union operations as
much :is possible, and this would tive raani'
of the men thus detached an opportunity of
visiting their families. Col. J. 0. Slielb,
5th Mo. Caw, commands tiie expedition, and
is brought to bay on Saltlbrk of La Mine
In making disposition of his troops for
action, Col. Shelby crossed to the north side
of -the creek with his artillery and the main
part of his command, leaving on the suth
side a line of skirmishers, and in the rear of
the skirmishers a regiment, dismounted, in
line, and posted behind a fence an 1 in the
thick brush so as to cover the ford. On
coining np Maj. Foster formed his mru in
line in the timber on high ground overlook
ing the creek, and in a law momenta a severe
conflict took place with small-arms between
the opposing forces. A section of the 1st
Mo. S. M. battery was ordered up, and an
artillery contest with Shelby's two guns
took place, lasting 'perhaps for a quarter of
an hour, in which one f Capt. Tlmrbur's
men had both of his le:s taken off above
the knees by a canuon-ball, and bled to death
in a few moments.
Col. Phillips ordered the other companies
of his regiment forward to support Maj.
Foster, and, dismounting part of his men,
drove back the Confederate skirmishers
and the dismounted line in front of the ford.
The fighting was in the midst of a hard
raiu, and, darkness coming on, tlie Union
troops bivouacked in line on their arms, leav
ing the straggle undecided. Col. Shelby,
however, after the firing ceased and dark
ness set in, moved out and halted, for the
nijrht six miles from Marshall.
Willi his forces now united Gen. Erown
had about 16,000 men and four pieces ofl
-artillery, and he determined to make every
effort possible to force Shelby into an action
that would result in dispersing his com
mand, or cripple him so that he would le
unable to gee out with the large amount of
plunder he had secured.
To compel the Confederate leader into a
decisive actiou it would be necessary to get a
strong force in his front, for he had already
shown that by choosing strong positions he
could, with a small part of his command,
hold in check a strong pursuing force long
enough to enable the main part of his troops
and trains to move many miles to tlie front.
As the night was dark and rainy and the
roads irroddy, Cen. Erown was satisfied from
the information he received, tliat the Confed
erates had bivouacked in his fiont on the
road to Marshall. He therefore sent one of
his Aids-de-Camp, Lieut. George S. Grover,
fchortlv before '.i o'clock in the morning of
the Kith, to Col. Lazear, requesting him to
come over to Gen. Erown's Headquarters.
Around the keuel flank.
On his arrival there Col. Lazear was di
rected to move his commaud of 1,000 men
and a section of Thurbur's battery on a left
hand road, and march around the left flank
of the Confederates in the darkness and head
them off at Marshall.
In co-operation with this movement Gen.
Erown proposed to march at daylight, follow
up the trail of the enemy and attack them in
the rear. Col. Lazear started out with his
. command abont 5 o'clock and reached Mar
shall at 7 o'clock that morning, placed
pickets on the different roads leading into
town, and allowed his men to feed their
horsts and get breakfast. His men had
hardly finished their breakfasts when his
pickets on the Arrow Kock road east of town
came in and reported, about 8 o'clock, that
the Confederates were in sight advancing in
His men were called to arms, and he im
mediately ordered Maj. Kelly, with his bat
talion of the 4th Mo. S. M. Cav., to move out
and hold the enemy in check until he could
form his line. Maj. Kelly directed Capt.
Joe Park to move down the road and skir
mish with the Confederates, whieh he did
until the Major came to his support with the
other three companies of the battalion. In a
few moments the Confederates came up and
commenced forming linc-of-battle.
In preparing for the attack Col. Shelby
placed Harper's regiment on his left, Gor
don's legiment and KJliott's battalion in the
center, and Hunter's and Coffee's regiments
on his riht. His men were all dismounted,
and his ho pieces of artillery posted in the
Manwhi!e, Col. Lazear was occupied in
forming his line. He posted Maj. .7. H. Me
dico's 2d battaliou, 1st Mo. S. M. Cav., and
Capt. W. 1). Wear's company, 9th Pro v.,
Eeg't, E. M. M., on his extreme right on a
hill southeast of town, with instructions to
hold that position at all hazards. He posted
Maj. A. W. Mullins, with three tioops of his
1st battalion, 1st Mo. S. M. Cav., in the
center; Troop L of same regiment on the
left of Maj. Mullins, in town, and Maj. Gen
try's battalion, 5lh Prov. Peg't Mo. Enrolled
Militia, on his left. His men in line weie
When his line was formed Maj. Kelly's
battalion and one company, 1st Mo. S. M.
Cav., were held in reserve in the rear of the
two guns of the 1st Mo. S. M. battery.
When Col. Shelby got h;s men in position
he opened with his artillery on Maj. Mc
Ghce's battalion while marching in column
to its position on the hill. In a few mo
ments, however, Maj. McGhee got his men
in ositioii, dismounted, and repulsed
Hooper's regiment, which advanced against
him to take the hill.
In front of Maj. McGhce's position there
was a deep raviue, which the Confederates
Bra MWmm&rmmdl giM&PSFSH
K;n(;::P in, "M i ' i " "'Ml
FMK -: ; 1 1 ii I) i '' i 'ii'ii W ' iiiwilalBlilffw'i f Mw m
A scene donbtloss familiar to most of
of a photograph. It will carry back
:t, were overjoyed to.again.reach-homeiandgthoiwelcombiarmspftho.sp for them. Though nojr'fo ings. When" "Johnny
g away, the soldiers of the Spanish War, whether they went to Cuba or not, wce perhaps equally eager to b&Hcven thb'most indifferen
would be obliged to cros3 to reach him.
Wlu-n, therefore, they made a ciiarge aud
attempted to cross this ravine thev met a
destructive fire from the Federal riflemen,
and were driven back with heavy loss. '
Finding that he conld not dislodge the Fed
eral right, Col. Shelby next directed his at
tack against the Union center, held by Maj.
Mullins, making three desperate charges, in
each of which he was repulsed.
ALONG THE WHOLE LINE.
In this assault on his center Col. Lazoar
ordered his two small guns into action, but
as he had only canister for them he was
unable to Teach the cneni'. He then
ordered these guns into a new position
within 250 yards of the Confederate line,
and opened ifre upon it, but before they had
fired many rounds Hunter's and Coffee's
regiments, on Shelby's right, made'a furions
charge ami attempted to take them, aud as
Maj. Gentry;s command, on the Union left,
gave way about this time, the guns were
withdrawn to a position near the edce of
the town. Maj. Gentry soon rallied his men
and placed them in a better position, and
they held it against several charges, and
until the Confederates began to give way.
Having re-established his line on his left,
Col. Lazear ordered Maj. Kelly, with his
battalion north, and on his extreme left, to
guard against a flank movement of the Con
federates in that direction.
After the fight at Marshall had lasted up
wards of two hours, the thundering of Gen.
Erown's artillery was heard in the rear of the
Confederate forces, and then in a short time
the General came up, forming a junction
with Col. Lazear. Knowing that Gen.
Erown was pursuing him, and believing that
the Union advance would soon be in sight,
Col. Shelby leftShauks's icgimentto destroy
the bridge over the Saltfork a faw miles east
of Marshall, aud to hold the crossing in long
On coming up and finding the crossing
over the bridge disputed by the Confederates,
Gen. Erown directed Col. Phillips to leave
three companies of his regiment and a sec
tion of Thurbur's 1st Mb. S. M. battery,
under Maj. Houts, to engage them, while
with the rest of the 7th regiment, Mo. S. M.
Cav., and two guns of Thurbur's battery he
crossed the creek at a ford three-quarters of a
mile below the bridge, which made Shanks's
position untenable, aud he was soou obliged
Maj. Houts then crossed the creek over the
bridge with his command aud attacked
Shanks again, compelling him to fall back
on Shelby's main force, near Marshall. Ent
after crossing to hc west side of the creek,
and encountering many difficulties in march
ing over deep ravines, rugged hills and
through thick brush, Col. Phillips succeeded
in getting into position on the left flank of
the Confederates, when they commenced
throwing shot and shell at him from their
without, however, doing any
CUTTING OFF ESCAPE.
As the ground in his front was rough and
broken and brushy, and unfavorable for the
movement of cavalry, and as the Confederate
line was loo great a distance off for his small
arms to be effective, he dismounted his men
and moved forward in line to attack the
enemy. Eut before his men got fairly with
in range of the Confederates they moved off
northward io escape.
Seeing this determination of the enemy, he
mouuted his men quickly as possible, led
them at a gallop to the northwest of Mar
shall, and in the rear of the Confederate right,
and dismounting them again, placed them in
position, and they went into action on the
left of Maj. Kelly's battalion, 4 th Mo. S. M.
Cav. His section of artillery he also placed
in position, supported by several companies
of his regiments, where the guns did good
serviceduring the action, which lasted nearly
an hour on this part of the field. Eoth sides
now prepared ior decisive action.
onr readers is represented above, tlir- illustration
to the close of the civil war the veterans, ivho,
Col. Shelby mounted hi? whole force, and,"!
seeing that he wa3
nearly surrounded, de-'t
- . . n
tcrmiiied to break through the Union left aud
escape to the northwest. He encountered
some difficulty, however, in getting his com
mand formed so as to save his trams and ar
tillery, for in his froufc there was a deep
ravine or ditch to be cros-ed, and beyond
that thick brush to lc pa.-sed through. A
temporary bridge was thrown over the ditch,
but before he could complete his other move
ments Maj. Kelly, with his battalion, 4th Mo.
S. M. Cav.. charged his center, catting his
line in twain, and detaching the commands
of Col. Hunter, Hooper and Shanks with
the brass field-piece; the other gun, a 10
pounder Parrott, bavfug Ifccamc disabled and
Eefore Gen., Erown could mount his troops
and close up his lines, Shelby, with thi
commands of Coffee, Gordon, Elliott's bat
talionand his tntm of ammunition and
plunder, escaped to the northwest throimh
the thick brush and timber on Sultforlc.
After this' separation of the Confederate
forces Col. Hunter turned to the. right and
retreated east "down the Arrow L'oek road
about eight miles, and then marched south
east, crossing the Pacific -Kailroad near Syra
cuse aud the 03age Kiver at Diiroe.
PRESSING TIIE EXEMY.
When he saw that the line of the Confed
erates had been broken and that part of them
were endeavoring to escape north through the
brush and timber on Saltiork, Ccl. Phillips
immediately mounted nine companies of his
regiment, and with the battalions of Majs.
Kelly and Gentry and the two guns of Thur
bur's battery, started, in pursuit. His ad
vance came upon the Confederate ruar-guard
just as they commenced tearing up the bridge
over the creek, but they were driven off and
pursued before rendering it impassible.
As soon as he got his command over the
creek aud struck the prairie, he pressed tlie
Confederales vigorously for about 10 miles as
they retreated toward Waveily, his troops
moving" at a gallop u good deal of the time
aud firing upon their rear continually.
..hortiy. before sunset that evening the
Union cavalry came up and attacked his rear
guard with such energy that Col. Shelby
baited aud threw his command into linc-ul-battle.
Col. Phillips ordered his two guns
into actiou and formed his cavalry in line,
and after a few rounds from his artillery bis
cavalry charged the Confederates, causing
them to retire hastily, with the loss of one
man killed and several wounded.
Ail exciting chase of several miles then
took place, with the view of forcing Shelby,
to a staud or to abandon his train, when
dnrknc33 came on, making further pursuit
impracticable during the night, for the Con
federates had abandoned the main road and
were retreating upon a dim path through the
country. Col. Phillips bivouacked when dark
ness overtook him, his men having, been
fighting and marching since daylight, and
the last 10 or 12 miles almost at a charge.
About o'clock the next morniiV' he
again started in pursuit of the flying" foe.
He sent the battalions of Majs. Kelly and
Gentry back to Marshall, and was joined
that morning by Licut.-Col. John D. Erut
sche with 200 men of the 9th Prov. Mo.
Enrolled Militia. He soon struck the trail of
the Confederates, which showed s:gns of
great demoralization, for it was strewn with
hats, clothing and a variety of goods which
they had taken since entering the State.
Continuing the pursuit, Con. Phillips came
to where Shelby had abandoned his trans
portation, about five miles east of Waverly,
leaving five Government wagons, 40 head of
team mules and two ambulances. It was
ascertained that threa of the wagons were
laden with artillery and small-arms am
munition, and the others with clothing and
plunder which had been takeu on the march.
Finding his wagons constantly impeding his
movements in his hasty flight, Col. Shelby
ran them over a stecn bank into thn Minnri
liiver, aud when CoL Phillips came up he did
being the reprodnc-' again in their homo cities or villages, conscfons of having -well dono, the dnty .:that,JbM been assign ed them,
aRer tliat long con- : Scenes' like that above have been takiriir-ulace for. severabweeka scenes of wild enthnaiaam'and iovona mpeU
not taTce the time'to drawth'em out. but took
. . k . -f
IN FULL CRY.
The pursuit was continued"! 2 niilcs south
of Waverly, wlieii'Col. William Weer, 30th
Kan., of Gen. Ewjng'sf command, riassed in
hi3 front and took up the trail 7 but, following
it a few miles, Xiieut.Col. Lazear, who was
on the march from Marshall to Lexington
with Irs commaud, and who had heard of
Shelby's flight south' fcoTh AVaverly, took up
the pursuit in advnneoJpf the Kansas troops.
A tier striking life trail of tlie Confed
erate, Col. Lazear pressed forward closely
upon their rear all day, moving at a.trot and.
a gallop nearly nll the afternoon, but was
unable to get nijar enough to them to bring
them to a .stani ITeflefb their trail about
sunset some sfx'milci-orth of Warrcnsburg,
and took the ,tul direct for tliat place. r-"
riving them aUtrut 9 o'clock that night wltlr
his. nien and. horses nearfy worn out from
constant marching Tthe'ulast eight days, and
from being- oushort rations most of the
lii his rcfi;c?J Col. Shelby, had nearly all
day 'lyoved iti,tjjc direction. of'Warrensburg,
but in tlie evening clj&jiged his course and
passed to tlicciwx'st of-iUiat place during the
night. Ou'tHjg-rnOrniii'g of the 15th Gen.
Ewing arrivvdrafc wWeiisburg from Sedalia;
and moved to; tbe southwest of that place rind!
smicK oiieioys trail, - amu, col. jassear
marched wTtTi.is command. lo-th'n northwest
near Jtose-HiU in sttarih of-Jhe enemy, mid
of him orTtliejtrail.'
When GeiL-2wiirg ntrufclcthc trail, of the
Confederates jear Ghilhov:ee he was several
hours behind jthemj but ,1hat evening near
suns2t. ho overtook!, their- rear-guard in the
timbernear Joiinstoun, in'Eate3 County, and,
slcirmishing.with them, killed one and cap
tured several men.
After halting a few hours to give his men
and animals food and rest., he took up the
puriuit again early next .morning, but was
unable to overtakes Slielby. At Carthage,
however, lie captured Maj. X F. Pickler,
with :i0 mop, who' had. been left by Col.
Shelby at .thivt place to obtain flour from the
mill and to collect titrnggler;.
From Carthage Col .'Shelby turned south-
vine, and ou; the 'MU lprmcd a junction with
the separated foncjs oi Hunter, Hooper, and
Shanks on the Lilllci Osage, in Arkansas.
GenEwing continued the pursuit via Neosho
to the soutlern line qf tbe "State, when he
returned to, Fort Scott with his. command,
having received a dispaich from Gen. McNeil,
to whom heliitd olieredrtlie co-operation of his
forces, that he had struck the trail of Shelby
at Sarcoxie. and was slrong enough without
the proffered aid.
REBELS BTILJi AHEAD.
When Shelby's command was divided at
Marshall, Gen. Eifown ordered Maj. T. W.
Houts, with three roopsof the 7th Mo. S. M.
Cav., to pursue tht part of the Confederate
force which retreated southeast under Col.
Hunter with oneJpiece of artillery. Maj.
Houts pursued thef enemyjto the vicinity of
Florence, whcn he gave-jap the chasej Col.
Hall, 4th ,Hp. S. M. Cavhaving passed in
his front 'ijli fresU troopaiul horses. Eut
when Col.:ilall struck thovtrail of the Con
federates .'tbey were 24 hours ahead of him,
and heabamined-the pursuit at Duval, oil
the Osage Kiver, and returned to Sedalia.
Very soon after ?ol. Ifqiftercrossed to the
south side of tlu Osage he was. vigorously
pursued by Maj. Austin t King, jr., com
manding detachments of the Gtli and 8th
Mb. S. M. Cav. .jRlnj.-King had been watch
ing the fords of the Osage in the vicinity
of Warsaw, andwjien he ascertained that the
Confederates hild crossed the river below him,
uncling thatrrthey had passed Holden ar$
o'clbck'tlmt '-ijfo'niiiig. gave up the pursuit?-
for Gen. Ewiric was several miles in ad whip
cast, passing-through Snrcoxie, thence south,
eros-ing tlie'Wire iroa(l, or Springfield and
FavetteviU'o-road. a few miles south of f?;i3.
' - .., .,. , - - -
Comes Marching Home ..Again" it is truly time to "wake the. spirit of patriotism in
he marched rapidly and overtook their rear
guard, and had a running fight with them to
Humnnsvillc, where he captured the last
piece of artillery that they brought into the
State, willr 40" rounds of ariimunition. He
continued the pursuit 12 miles southwest in
tlie direction of Stockton, when it became too
dark to follow them.
Erig.-Gen. C. E. Holland, commanding the
Enrolled Militia in southwest Missouri
struck the trail of the Confederates near
Quincy only an hour or so in the rear of
Maj. King, and by marching all night got in
the advance of Hunter at Greenfield. When
coming" up near, that place, and finding it
occupied by the militia. Col. Hunter marched
around through the woods and continued hij
retreat south, passing a few miles east of
Mount Vernon. He was attacked northeast
of Mount Vernon by Maj. It. K. Hart, com
manding a detachment of Gen." Holland's
militia, but as the militia were not strong
enough to hold him very long, he got out of
the btate without further opposition.
When he heard of the breakiiig'up of the
Confederate raiding force at Marshall. Gen.
McNeil was at Buffalo, and he moved at once
to Ijolivar with 2G0 men and a section of
llabb's 2d Ind. battery, where be found Gen.
Holland wiih 500 or GOO Enrolled Militia.
His latest information led him to believe that
the force under Hunter would cross the Osage
at or in the vicinity of Warsaw, and that the
force under Shelby would retreat south
through Lamar and Carthage. Hoping to
intercept the force under Shelby, he marched
raipidly from Bolivar to Hnmansville and
Stockton, leaving instructions for Gen. Hol
laud to intercept the force under Hunter.
AFTER SHELBY'S FORCE.
On his arrival at Stockton the next morn
ing he was informed of Maj. Kiugs fight
with the Confederates at Humnnsvillc and of
his capture of their remaining piece of ar
tillery, and that they had passed 10 miles
east of Stockton at 1 o'clock that morning.
He therefore marched immediately for
Greenfield, and on arriving at that place
found' that Gen. Holland was ahead of liim
several hours in pursuit of the force under
Maj. King having joined him with 375
meit he then marched to Sarcoxie, where he
struck the trail of the force under Shelby
about 12 hours after it had passed. He
pressed on from this place, passing through
Cassvillo on the evening of the 19th, and
reached Jluntsvillc, Ark., where his cavalry
dashed into town and captured part of Col.
Brooks's Confederate command.
After the recently-separated parts of his
command had united, Col. Shelby commenced
to march leisurely toward the Arkansas
Kiver. The hardships of the expedition had
been a severe strain upon the power of en
durance of his men and animals, and they
needed rest Eut after striking the mountain
ous regions of Arkansas, Gen. McNeil was
unable to make as rapid progress as he bad
in Missouri, for he was several times delayed
by the breaking of wagons, caissons and gun
carriages, making it very difficult to gaiu oa
At Huntsville he was reinforced by Col.
Edwards with 300 infantry, and by Maj T.
J. .Hunt, 1st Ark. Cuv., with 175 men of
that regiment, and two howitzers, giving
mm a total-torce 01 uvu cava try, oOO infantry,
two field-pieces and two howitzers. The
men , of the . 1st Kan. Cav. were well ac
quainted with the country aud given the ad
vance, and he pushed on and overtook the
united forces of Shelby and Brooks on the
24th at the foot of Buffalo Mountain, near
sunset, where they were encamped in a val
ley, and, attacking with his cavalry and
artillery, drove them from their position.
It soon became too dark to. continue the
pursuit through the narrow passes of the
mountains, and he bivouacked until day
light the next morning, when he moved for
ward again. His advance under Maj. Hunt
skirnished with the Confederate rear-guard
. : rf-rf
the next two days, and in an attack on the
evening of the 26th Lieut. J. G. Kobinson,
1st Kan. Cav., was mortally wounded.
SHELBY CROSSES THE RIVER.
McNeil arrived at Clarksville on the 27th,
and ascertained that Shelby had crossed to
the south side of the Arkansas River, and
that Brooks was still on the north side, for
the purpose of picking up stragglers from
the Confederate army and to capture any
train that might be in the rear of the Fed
At Clarksville Gen. McNeil gave np the
pursuit, and near Ozark ssnt the detachments
of the 6th and 8th regiments. Mo. S. M. Cav.,
under Col. Catherwood, back to Springfield,
and the men of the 1st Kan. Cav., under
Mai. Hnnt, back to Favetteville, and with
the balance of his force, under Col. Edwards,
marched to Fort Smith, and assumed com
mand of the District of the Frontier, to
which he had recently been assigned by Gen.
After crossing the Arkansas River, Col.
Shelby marched without interruption, and
joined ins division, uuder Marmaduke, on
near Washington, in Hemstead
County, having towards the end of his ex
pedition encountered a severe storm of rain
His expedition to the Missouri River and
back had token .about 40 days, and as his men
were fighting and marching most of the time
day and night, they were badly worn out on
Shelby reported that his loss in killed and
wounded on the expedition would not exceed
150 men. He admits that he had 1,200 uieu
atrNeosho and gained 800 recruits, making a
total force of 2,000 men, but does not state
how many men he lost by capture. After
his force was divided at Marshall, a good
many ot the men left the separated parts to
go by their homes to see their families, and
were mostly picked up as stragglers by the
cavalry of Gens. Brown, Ewing and McNeil.
Shelby captured and destroyed a large
amount of public and private property, but
did not get ont of the State with any of the
captured property, except some horses taken
from citizens. He captured 180 militia and
citizens at Neosho, 17 militia at La Mine,
and 1 0 militia at Warsaw. lie made no other
important captures of Federal troops or
militia, nis fighting was all with the loyal
Missouri Militia, except the skirmish that
Gen. Ewing had with his rear-guard near
Gen. Erown reported his loss, coverim: the
operations in his district, where all the fight
ing was done, at five men killed, 26 wounded
and 11 missing. In the light at Marshall
Lazear's men did most of their firing lying
down on the ground, which accouuts for the
casualties in his command being so small.
The Confederates were the assailants nearly
always, except in the rear-guard actions.
At South Mountain.
Wm. II. Hnffman. Serceaut. 100th Pa..
3ol5 4th avenue, Beaver Falls, Pa., writes:
"Comrade Joseph E. Walton, Co. I, 30th
Ohio, thinks that Horace Greeley, in his ac
count or tlie battle ot bouth Mountain, is mis
taken. I agree with Comrade Walton. First.
there never was a 45th N. Y. iu or attached
to the Ninth Corps from the formation of the
corps until the corps wa3 disbanded, but
there was a 45th Pa. among the best regi
ments in the Union army. The 100th, "or
Roundheads, did turn a battery or part of a
battery back to its position. It was a Mas
sachusetts battery. Comrade Walton's com
mand was to the left of where the 100th
fought, and the 100th was near the 17th
L. IL Tildeu, Pontiac, Kan., wants some
comrade who knows all about it to write a
good account of the AverclLRaid, including
personal experiences during the raid, and
enlarging ou the most interesting incidents.
Col. R. A. Alger's GaUant Dash Around
the Enemy's Flank and Against His
Rear Sheridan's Story of the Affair.
Gen. Philip If. Sheridan signalized his
promotion to the Colonelcy of the 2d Mich.
Cav. aud the command of a brhradc in June,
1862, by a most brilliant operation in the
neighborhood of Booneville, Mis. It was
highly successful, bnt it bad resuUs farther
reaching than a mere victory in a sharp littlo
cavalry battle. 1 1 set the pace for the cavalry
of the Western array, for it was tlie first real
cavalry battle in the war. It gave the West
ern horsemen a fosiidence in tlsmselvcstnafc
led thcra on to still greater achievements;
and it begot in the rebels a raost nholesomo
respect for that branch of the service. Fur
ther, it drew the attestion of Sheridan's
superior officers to him as a man who could
shrewdly plan and brilliantly execute, and
so started, liuu fairly upon his famous career.
It was also the beginning cf the rise of Secre
tary of War Alger from a Captain to a Colo
nel and Brevet Brigadier and Major-General.
The story of the affair, with Capt. Algcrs
important part in it, is best tcld by Gen.
Sheridan himself in his Memoire, published
by T. Appleton & Co. :
"In the immediate vicinity of Boonevillo
the country was covered with heavy forests,
with here and there clearings or intervening
fields that had been devoted to the cultiva
tion of cotton and corn. The ground was of
a low character, typical of northeastern Mis
sissippi, and abounded in small creeks that
went almost totally dry even in short periods
of drought, but became flooded with muddy
water under the outpouring of rain peculiar
to a semi-tropical climate.
"In such a region there were many chances
of our being surprised, especially by an enemy
who knew the country wf II, and whose ranks
were filled with local guides; and great pre
cautions as well as the fullest information
were necessary to prevent disaster. I there
fore endeavored to familiarize all with our
-Surroundings, but scarcely had matters be
gun to shape themselves as L desired when
our annihilation was attempted Iby a largo
brce of Confederate cavalry.
"On the morning of July!, 1862, a car
airy command of between 5,000 and 6,000
men, under the Confederate Gen. James I?.
Chalmers, advanced on two roads converging
near Booneville. The head of the enemv's
column on the Blackland and Booneville
road came in contact with my pickets three
miles and a half west of Booneville.
" These pickets, under Lieut. Leonidas S.
Scranton, of the 2d Mich. Cav., fell back
slowly, taking advantage of every tree or
other cover to fire from tul they arrived at
the point where the converging roads joined.
At this jnnctiou there was a strong position
in the protecting timber, and here Scranton
made a firm stand, being reinforced presently
by the few men he had out as pickets on the
road to his left, a second company I had sent
him from camp, and subsequently by three
companies more, all now commanded by Capt.
Campbell. This force was dismounted and
formed in line, and soon developed that the
enemy was present in large numbers.
"Up to this time Chalmers had shown
only the heads of his columns, aud we had
doubts as to his purpose, but now that our
resistance forced him to deploy two regi
ments on the right and left of the road, it
became apparent that he meant business, and
that there was no time to lose in preparing
to repel his attack.
"Full information of the situation was
immediately sent me, and I directed Camp
bell to hold fast, if possible, till I could sup
port him, but if compelled to retire he was
authorized to do so slowly, taking advantage
of every means that fell in his way to pro
long the fighting.
"Before this I had stationed one battalion
of the 2d Iowa in Booneville, but Col.
Edward Hatch, commanding that regiment,
was now directed to leave one company for
the protection of our camp a little to the
north of the station, and take the balance
of the 2d Iowa, with the battalion in Boone
ville except two saber companies, and form
the whole in rear of Capt. Campbell, to pro
tect his flanks and support him by a charge
should the enemy break his dismounted
"While these preparations were being
made, the Confederates attempted to drive
Campbell from his position by a direct attack
through an open field. In this they failed,
however, for our ruerj, reserving their fire
until the enemy came withiu about 30 yards,
then opened ou him with such a shower of
bullets from our Colt's rifles that it soon be
came too hot for him, and he was repulsed
with considerable loss.
"Foiled irf this move, Chalmers hesitated
to attack again in front, but began over
lapping both flanks of Campbell's line by
force of numbers, compelling Campbell to-
retire toward a strong position I had selected
in his rear for a line oa which to make our
"As soon as the enemy saw this with
drawing he again charged in front, but was
again as gallantly repelled as in tlie first
assault, although the encounter was for a
short time so desperate as to have the
character of a haud-to-haud conflict, several
groups of friend and foe using on each other
the butts of their guns.
"At this juncture the timely arrival of
Col. Hatch with the 2d Iowa gave a breathing-spell
to Campbell, and made the Con-
Tederates so chary of further direct attacks that
he was enabled to retire ; aud at the same time
I found opportunity to make disposition of
the reinforcement to the best advantage pos
sible, placing the 2d Iowa on the left of the
new line, aud strengthening Campbell on its
right with all the men available.
"In view of his numbers the enemy soon,
regained confidence in his ability to over
come us, and in a little while again began his
flanking moveniemts, his right passing around
my left flauk some distance, aud approach
ing our camp and transportation, which I
had forbidden to be moved out to the rear.
"Fearing that he would envelop us and
capture the camp and transportation, I de
termined to take the offensive. Rememt
mg a circuitous wood road that I hadI
come familiar with while making the i
heretofore mentioned, I concluded that,.