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THE HATIONAL TRIBUNE SUPPLEMENT: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 56, 1899.
flPbrnATido wm Jm lijbrtz A Story of The Spanish Conquest of Mexico. BY E. M. BIRD. voyed, in aqueducts of earthenware, the pure waters of Uriupoltepec to the tem ples and squarcspof the imperial city. The island was eireular, sa ing that a broad anle or peninsular ran out. from the northwest, and a similar one from the opposite point of the compass: it was a league in diameter; but the necessities of SYNOPSIS OF PRECEDING CHAPTERS. During the year after the landing of Cortex in Mexico, Amador de I.este, a young Spanish nobleman, arrives at Vera Cruz and learns that the Knight Calavar, of whom he is in search, is with Cortes, lie makes his way to him in company with a stripling secretary, sent with him by Admiral Cavallero. Jn the cavalcade are a Moorish nrisonerand hisbov, Jacinto, wjiom Amador defends from an officer, Salvaticrra. Arrived at the camp of Gen. Karvaez, Amador asks to be passed on to tortez, nearby. Now, the triumphs of Cortez have fired with jealousy the heart of Velasquez, Governor of Cuba, who sent linn to conquer Mexico, and Cortez and Narvaez, sent by Velasquez, are about to fight. Narvaez, enraged, throws Amador into prison, whence he is rescued bv one of Narvaez's officers; Botello, a reputed magician attached to Cortez, escaping at the same time. They meet Cortez. Ama- uor Unas ins Kinsman, Calavar, afflicted with melancholy and forgetfulncss. Cor tez attacks and routs Narvaez, and goes to T ascala, a republican city in the midst of the Aztec empire. The array ad vances to Cholula, whose people are vas sals to Mexico, and whose enemies are the Tlascalans. Ambassadors sent bv Aluntezuma are rudely dismissed by Cor tez. Calavar visits the pyramid, where he is struck down by the specter of a beauti ful woman, murdered by him long years ago at Granada. AbdaHa the Moor de serts to the Mexicans, while his son Ja c.nto remains with the unconscious Cala var. Don Amador becomes the protector of Jacinto. Cortez's army reaches the Aztec Capital after a perilous march, and is joyously welcomed by the Spanish &ar-i risen. the people, after covering this ample space with their dwellings, extended them j.ir into tne iaue, and perhaps as many edifices stood oh piles in the water as on the land. The causeways of Iztapalapan and Ta cuba, intersecting each other in the heart "i me isianu. divided the citv into four convenient quarters, to which'a fifth was added, some few generations before, when the little kinirdom of Tl.iielnen. oceiinvinir the northwestern peninsula, was added (o Tenochtitlan. On this peninsula and in this quarter, Tlateloeco, stood the palace of an ancient king, which the munificence of Montezuma had presented to Cortez for a. dwelling, and which the in vader, six days after, the gift, by an act of as much treachery, as daring, con verted into the prison of his benefactor. The appearance of this vast and re- CIIAPTER XIX. The soldiers of Alvarario differed in no wise from those veterans whem Den Ama dor had fiund standing to their arms en the banks of the River of Canoes; only that they presented, notwithstanding their Vudly-vcntcd delight, a careworn and somewhat emaciated appearance, the ctnsequence of long watches, perpetual fears, and, in part, of famine. They broke their ranks, as lias been said, as soon as they beheld their General, and sur rounded him with every expression of affection- and, while stretching forth their hands with cries of gratitude and joy, in voked many execrations on their imperial prisoner, the helpless .Montezuma, as the cause of all their sufferings. Among them Don Amador took notice of one man who, though armed and habited as a Spaniard, seemed in most other re spects an Indian, and of a more savage, race than any he had yet seen; for his face, hands, and neck were tattooed with the most fantastic figure's, and his mo tions were those of a barbarian. Tin's was Geronimo de Aguilar, a companion of Bal boa, who, being wrecked on the coast ef Yucatan, had been preserved as a slave, and finally adopted as a warrior, among the hordes of that distant land; from which he was rescued by Don Hernando, hap pily to serve as the means-of communica tion, through the medium o'f another and more remarkable interpreter, with the races of Mexico. This other interpreter, who .-mnronched tne General with the dignified gravity of an Indian princess, and was received with suitable respect, was no less a per son than that maid of Painalla, sold by an unfeeling parent a slave to one of the chieftains of Tobasco, presented by him to Cortez, and baptized in the faith under the distinguished title of the Senora Dona Marina; who, by interpreting to Aguilar, in the language ctf Yucatan, the commu nications that were made .in her native tongue, thus gave to Cortez the means of conferring with her countrymen, until her speedy acquisition of "the Castilian lan guage removed the necessity of such tedi ous intervention. But at this neriod many Spaniards had acquired a smatter ing of her tongue, and could plav the part of interpreters; and, for this reason. Dona Marina will make no great figure in this history. Other annalists have suffi ciently immortalized her beauty, her wis dom, and her fidelity; and it has been her good fortune, continued to this day, to 1)0 distinirilished Willi such honors : have fallen to the lot of none of her mas ters. Her Christian denomination. Mari na, converted by her countrymen into Malmtzm (a title that was afterwards I half-concealed canoe, or peering from scornfully applied by them to Cortez J terrace among the shrubs. He wot jimiseiij, anu tins again, in modern davs, corrupted by the Creoles into Malinche. has had the singular fate to give name both to a mountain and a dhinily : the sierra of Tlascala is now called the Mountain of Malinche; and the descend ants of Montezuma pay their adorations to the Virgin, under the title of Malintzin. markable city so occupied the mind of the neophyte, that, as he rode staring along, ne gave hut few thoughts, and fewer words, either to his kinsman or the page. It was sunset., and in the increasing ob scurity he gazed, as if on a scene . of magic, on streets often having canals in uiv niiusi, covered alike with bridges and empty canoes; on stono houses, low, in deed, but of a strong and imposing struct ure, over the terraces of which- waved shrubs and flowers; and on high turrets, which, at every vista, disclosed their dis tant pinnacles. He remarked, also, and it was men tioned by the cavaliers, at his side as a bad omen, that neither the streets, the canals, nor the house-tops presented the .appearance of citizens coming forth to gaze upon them. A few Indians were now and then seen skulking at a distance in the streets, raisinc their heads from ... .. . e i ould Don Amador de I.este, attended by De Morla. as well as his new acquaintance, Alvarado, was able to understand, as well as admire, many of the wonders of the city, as he now, for the first time, planted his foot on its imperial streets. The retreat of the salt waters of Tez- cuco lias left the present republican citv of Mexico a full league west of the Jake. In the days of Montezuma it stood upon an island two miles removed from the west ern shpro, with which it communicated by the dike or calzada of Tlaconan. non- called Tacuba. The causeway of Iztapa lapan, coming from the south, seven miles in length, passed over the island and through the city, and was continued in a line three miles further to the north ern shore, and to the city Tepejacae, where now stand the church and the miraculous picture of Our Lady of Guada lupe. Besides these three great causeways, constructed with inconceivable labor, there were two others, that of Cojohua can, which, as we have mentioned, ter minated in the greater one of Iztapalapan at the military point Xoloc, a half-league from the city; and that, a little south- have thought the city uninhabited, hnf j that he knew it contained as many living creatures. Hidden among its retreats, as some of the proudest capitals of Christen dom. Even the great square, the center of life and of devotion, was deserted; and the principal pyramid, a huge and mount ainous mass, consecrated to th most sanguinary of deities, though its sanctu aries were lighted by the ever-blazing urns, anu uiougu tne town of temples circumscribed by the great Coatepantli. or Wall of Serpents, which .surrounded this .Mexican Olympus, sent uj) a glare of many a devotional torch yet did it seem nevertheless to be inhabited by beings as inanimate as those monstrous reptiles which writhed in stone along the infernal wall. In this light," and in that which still jjici.M-u in uiu west, uon imador mar veled at the structure of the pyramid and cursed it as he marveled. It con sisted of live enormous platforms, faced with hcvi stone, r.n 1 mounted bv steps so singularly planned that, upon'climb ing the first story, it w-u necessary to walk entirely around the mass before ar riving at the staircase which conducted to the second. The reader may conceive of the vast size of this pagan U'mple bv being apprised that, to ascend it, the votaries were compelled, in their peram bulations, to walk a distance of full 10 furlongs, as well as to climb 1M different steps. lie may also comprehend the manner m which the stairways were con ing laterally from the corner was just as broad as the first platform was wider than the second; leaving thus a sheer and continuous, wall from the groturil to the top of the second terrace, from the bottom of the second to the top of the third, and so on. in like manner. to the top. But (he pyramid, crowned with altars and censers, the innumer;ih! inmnlps erected in honor of nameless deities, at its foot, and the strange and most hide ous Coatepantli, were not the only ob jects which excited the abhorrence of the cavaner. without the wall, and a few paces in advance of the great gate which it covered as a curtain, rose a rampart of earth or stone, oblong and pyramidal, but runeated 25 fathoms in length at the base, and perhaps .'10 feet in bight "l viiiiVr i-iici ui mis tumulus was a tower of goodlyaltitude, built, as it scorn ed at a distance and in the dim light, of nuiiie singuiariy rune-and uncouth ma terial; and between them, occupying the whole remaining space of the terrace, was a sort of framework or cage of slender polls, on all of which were strung thickly lugemer, certain in lie? globes, the char acter of which Don Amador could not penetrate, until fully abre'ast of them. Then, indeed, he perceived, with horror,. mai mese gioues were the skulls of hu man beings, (he trophies of ages of super- auuuii; and oeneid, an like manner, that the towers which crowned the Golgotha (or Iluitzompan, as it was called in the ut.xican tongue; wercconstructed of the" aaiiie. dreadiui materials, cemented to gether with lime. The malediction which he invoked upon the. builders of the ghastly temple was unheard, for the spec tacle froze his blood and paralvzed his tongue. It was not yet dark when, having left these haunts of idolafn- n a..w..i- t.. I I ., ""' .C"..IU.'l lumui uiiiiscii entering- into yard of a vast, and yet not a building, the palace of Axaiacaflr where . - w the court- very lofty, ward of the dike of Tacuba, which con- j trived, by knowing that the first ascend- ill. iv 1 1 1 iiriiriiv.- iiii'i r 1 at r . . . -..,...... . ........ uuiu.is, !! trumpets an swering joyously to the salute of their friends, stood those individuals of (he garrison who had remained to -v watch over their prisoners and treasures. The weary and the curious thronging together im patiently at the gate, mingling with the garrison and some 2,000 faithful Tlasca lans, who had been left hv rwt,.-, .. (heir allies, and who now rushed forward to salute tne viceroy of their gods, as some had denominated Don Hernando, made such a scene of confusion (hat. for a moment, the neophyte was unable to ride into the yard. In that mnmr.ni ..,! ,..i.:i struggling both to appease the unquiet of I'ogoso, and to drive away the feathered herd that obstructed him, his arm was touched, and. looking down, he beheld Jacinto at his side, greatly agitated, and seemingly striving (o disengage himself from the throng. "Give me thy hand," cried Don Ama dor, 'and I will pull thee out of this rab ble (o the. back of Fogoso." But the page, though he seized upon iiiu ii.utu 01 ins patron, and covered it with kisses, held back, greatly to the sur prise of Don Amador, who was made sen sible that hot tears were .falling with the kisses. "1 swear (o thee, my boy, that I will discover thy father for thee, if it be pos sible for man to find him," .-aid the cava lier, diving at once, as he thought, to the cause of (his emotion. But before he had well done speaking the press thickening around him hew the boy from his side, and when he had, a moment after, disengaged himself, Ja cinto was no longer to be- seen. Not doubting, however, (hat he was entangled in the mass and would immediatelyap pear, he called out to him to follow'; and riding slowly up to Cortez, lie had his whole- attention immediately absorbed by the spectacle of the Indian emperor. Issuing from the door of the paUce, surrounded as well by Spanish cavaliers as by the nobles, both male and female, of his own household, who stood bv him the latter, at toast with countenance's of the deepest veneration, he advanced a && "Tiikn tiik i;mi'i:i:ou, wmr OiTsTi:i:Tcm:n vaxckii xo Mekt I for." step to do honor to the dismounting Gen. eral. In the light of many torches, held by the people about him, Don Amador, as he (lung himself from his horse, could plainly perceive the person and habili ments of the pagan Jcing. He was of po-id- stature, clad in white robes, over which wsis a huge mantle of crimson, studded with emeralds and drops of gold, knotted on his breast, or rather on his shoulder, so as to fall when he raised his arm, in careless but very graceful folds; his legs were buskined with gilded leather- bis head covered with the copilli, or crown (a-sort of miter of plate-gold gravcci and chased with certain idolatrous de vices), from beneath which' fell to his shoulders long and thick locks of the blackest hair. He did not yet seem to have passed be yond the autumn of life. His counte nance, though of the darkest hue known among his peo ple, was good, somewhat long and hollow, but the features well sculptured; and a gentlo melan choly, a charac teristic expres sion of his race, deepened , per haps, in gloom, by a sense of his degradation, gave it a some thing that inter ested the be holder. In the abrupt ness with which he was intro duced to the regal barbarian, Don Amador hatl no leisure to take notice of his attendants, an princely m r nk, and, two .r three of them, the kings of neighboring cit ies: he only ob- served that their decorations were . far from being costly and osten tatious; a cir cumstance which ' he did not then know marked the greatne-ss of their . respect. In the absurd grandeur which attached to the p'ersm of their .monarch, no dis tinction of infer ior ranks was allowed to be traced, during the time of an audi ence; and in his rmfjestic pres ence, a vassal king wore the coarse garments of a slave. So .important was esteemed the ob servance of this courtly etiquel, that, at the .first visit made him, in his palace, by the Spaniards, the renowned Cortez and his nroud officers did not refuse to throw off their shoes, and cover their armor with such humble apparel as was offered them. But those days were passed; the king of kings was himself the vassal of a king's vassal. Notwithstanding this, it had been, up to this time, the policy of Den Hernando to soften the captivity, and engage the affections of the monarch, by such marks of reverence as might still allow him to dream he possessed the grandeur, along with the state, of a king. Before this day, Cortez had never been known to pass his prisoner without removing his cap or helmet; and, indeed, such had been so long the habit ef his cavaliers, that all, as they now dismounted, fell to doffing their casques without delay, until tho action of their leader taught them a new and unexpected mode of salutation. The weak spirit of Montezuma had yielded to the arts of the Spaniard, and forgetting the insults erf past davs, tho loss of his empire, and the shame of his imprisonment, he had already conceived a species of affecti-.n for his wronger. Cortez had no sooner, therefore. leaped from his horse than tho emperor, with outstretched arms, and with his sad ness yielding to a smile, advanced to meet him. "Dog of a king'" said the invader, with a ferocious frown, "dost thou starve and murder my people, and then offer me tho hand of friendship? Awhv u-irb thfit r defy thee, and thou shalt see that I can punish' ' Thus saying, and thrusting tho king rudely aside, he stepped into tho palace. A wild cry of lamentation at this insult (it needed no interpretation) to their kins? burst from the lips of all the Mexicans; and the Spaniards themselves were not less panic-struck. The gentle manners ot Montezuma, and his munificence, (for he was in tho daily habit of enriching them with costly presents,) had endeared him to most of his enemies; and even tho soldiers of the garrison, who had so latelv accused him of endeavoring to famish them, had no belief in the justice of their cnarges. Many of them, therefore, both soldiers and hidalgos, indignant and grieved at the wanton insult, had their sympathies strongly excited, when they beheld tho monarch roll his eyes uiwn them with a haggard smile, in which pride was strug gling ainly with a bitte'r sense of humili ation. De Morla and several others rush ed forwards to atone, by caresses, for tho crime of their General. But it was too late; the king threw his mantle over his head, and without the utterance of anv complaint, passed, with his attendants, into his apartments. His countenance was never more, from that day, seen to wear a .smiie. Don Amador de I.este was greitly amazed and shocked bv this rudeness"- and it was one of many ether circum stance's, which, by le-ssening his respect for the General, contributed to weaken liis friendship and undermine his grati tude'. But he had no time to indulge his indignation. He was startled by a" loud cry, or rather a shriek, from the tips of the knight Calavar; and running to tho gate, beheld, in the midst of a eonfused mass of men, rushing to and fro, and call ing out as if to secure an assassin," his kinsman lying, to all appearance-, dead, in the arms of his attendants. Alois, AD- The first thought of the young cavalier was that Don Gabriel had been baseb and murderously struck by some felon hand; an apprehension of which he was, in part, immediately relieved by the pro testations of Baltasar. but which was not entirely removetl until he hatl assistcel to carry the knight into a chamber of the palace, and beheld him open his eyes and roll them wildly round him, like one awak ing from a dream of nightmare. "I say," muttered Baltasar, as he raised the he-ad of the distracted man, and beckoned to clear the room of many idlo personages who had thrust themselves in, "he was hurt by no mortal man, for I stood close at his side, and there is not a drop of blood on his body. 'Twas ono of the accursed ghosts, whom may St. John sink down to hell; for they are ever persecuting us." "Mortal man, or immortal fiend," whis pered Lazaro, knitting his brows, but looking greatly frighted, "I saw him run-