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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, November 16, 1899, Image 3

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Some of the I04th Ohios Service in the Latter Part of the War
X 5mp f S
By L F BECKER I04h Ohio
After tho capture of Atlanta Gen Slier- On Oct 1 Hood liegan his fatal march
mans army lay around the city in the to the north and crossed the Chattalioo
followinjr order The Army of the Cum- cliee with his three corps of infantry and
herland Jlnj Gcn Thomas held Atlanta pushed northward by way of Dallas Leav
theArmyof the Tennessee 3raj Gen How- ing Slocum with his Twentieth corps to
ard was at East Point and the Army of hold Atlanta and the railway bridge over
tho Ohio occupied Decatur the Chattahoochee on Oct in accordance
Tho topography of the country in the with his previous intentions and arrange
inimcdHtc vicinity of Atlanta was care- ments Sherman marched with the re
fnlly studied and a new line of works eon- maindcr of his army to Smyrna camp
structed for the defense of the place Wc ground and on the following day to a
now enjoyed a breathing spell ami to say strong position at Kenesaw Mountain
the lc ist after nearly one third of a year The Twenty third Corps hastened via
longT time than the war with Spainl Vinings to the relief of Gen Corse who
of the severest skirmishing hard fought was holding the fort at Allatoona Pass
batths building of breastworks etc at but anied there too late The battle
the miiilicvit sum averaging on a gold was already won by less than 2000 noble
basis but SJ io ST monthly the sodiirs Spartans Xext day we continued our
reeiveJ tiieir pay aii had ample tramp tram through Carterville Kings
tinitv ti spil ir buying sutlers goods ton and Home where we arrived on the
at exorbiitni prices 12th After a brush with the enemy
Mn lii I ogan ail Rliir were tern- having thus ascertained that Hoods
ah--if eniagel in the important ment upon Koine had been merely a feint
politi Ml e the i in progress we marched to Snake Creek Gap where
Gen Shol ld nttimeI to the we lay tvo days watching the wily John
trs of tV Dpirtnnt of Ohio at Knox- nies under Hood who it seems remembered
ville tj give his personal attention to that a little over live months before we gave
atiirs in tint quarter leaving Brig- them a whipping in this region learning
Gen J D Cos in command of the Twenty- by scouts that the enemy had retreated
third Corps The pen is mightier than i toward tho Alabama line at Summcrville
the sword was forcibly illustrated hero i we skirmished with his roar guard on the
when Gen W T Sherman within a week i ISHIi and the next day marched down the
lssuei the following order j rich valley of the Chattanooga to Galesville
The city of Atlanti belonging exclusive- At Blue Pond two miles from town we
ly for warlike purposes it will at once lie j went into camp rested for live days and
vacated by all except the armies of the lived off the fat of the land
ments we can not help it s Xow
that war comes home to you you feel very
Stitjs aid such civilian employes I Sherman determined while pausing to
as may be retainsJ by the proper depart
ments of the Government The
E3m2 military principles will apply to all
military posts south of Atlanta
This order fell upon the ears of the in
habitants of the city like a thunderbolt
They had never imagined that the war
would reach Atlanta Mayor J 3L Cal
houn and E E Rawson and L C Wells
Councilmen protested Sherman how
ever replied to their petition tersely
You might as well appeal against
tho thunderstorm as against these terrible
hardships of war They are inevitable
and the only way tho people of Atlanta
can hope once more to live in peace and
quietathome is tostop this war which can
alone be done by admitting that it began
in error and is perpetuated in pride AVe
dont want your negroes or your horses
or your houses or your land or anything
you have but we do want and will have a
just obedience to the laws of the United
States That we will have and if it in
volves the destruction of your improve
differently you deprecate its horrors but
did not feel them when you sent car loads
of soldiers and ammunition and molded
shot and shells to carry war into Kentucky
and Tennessee and desolate the homes of
hundreds and thousands of good people
who only asked to live in jeace at their
old homes and under the Government of
their inheritance
Hood too entered the arena against
Sherman whoso measure he styled un
precedented and concluded In the name
of GoJ and humanity I protest believing
you are expelling from homes and fire
sides wives and children of a bravo people
U he latter in Ins characteristic manner
made reply and says in conclusion If
we must lie enemies let us be men and
light it out as we propose to day and not
deal in such hypocritical appeals to God
and humanity God will judge us in due
time and he will pronounce whether it will
be humane to tight with a town full of
women and the families of a bravo people
at our back or to remove them in time to
places of safety among their own friends
and people
During the truce 4A0 families were moved
southward comprising over 700 adults
800 children and 70 servants witli an
average of 1030 pounds of furniture and
household goods of all kinds to each family
Below I give extracts from letters written
home under date3 of Sept 13 and 20 ISC 1
as follows
I suppose you have heard ere this of the
great victory which crowned our arms in
the capture of the rebel stronghold After
four months of fighting skirmishing
digging and marching from Tunnel Hill
to Jonesboro we defeated the enemy and
compelled them to give up Atlanta Our
corps is encamped near tho Augusta Rail
road six miles east of the Gate City
and not so very far from where less than
two montlis since Hoods vets attempted
to catch our left wing under the lamented
SlcPlierson in tho air Every
regiment and battery in this army lias tho
privilege of inscribing Atlanta on its ban
ners Yes proud may Iks that father
mother brother sister or wife who can
say that they had a son brother or bus
band in that army under the brave Slier
Hurrying from Richmond to the West
Jefferson Davis visited his army conversed
with his Generals and gave his orders for
their future government To the army ho
promised that their feet should again press
the soil of Tennessee To the citizens he
avowed that within 30 days the barbarous
Invader would be driven from their terri
tory The retreat of Sherman from At
lanta lie said should be like Xapoleons
from Moscow I here quote from the Cen
tury War Book page 2G0 Forewarned
1 took immediate measures to thwart his
plans One division was sent back to Rome
another to Chattanooga tho guards along
our railroad were reinforced and warned
of tho coming blow Gen Thomas was
sent back to the headquarters of his De
partment at Xashville while
fl remained in Atlanta to await Hoods
give Uen Hood sumcient rope wherewith
ho entangle himself to watch his move
ments On Oct 2G Sherman detached the
Fourth Corps in command of 3Iaj Gen
Stanley ami ordered him to report to Gen
Thomas at Nashville Tcnn
Returning to Georgia by way of Cave
Spring thence we marched to Rome where
on the 30th the Twenty third Corps was
also detached and under the gallant
3Iaj Gen J M Schofield ordered to at
onco proceed to Xashville After bidding
good by to our comrades-in-arms march
ing through Georgia wo hasten north
ward to Tennessee
Speaking of his invasion in Hoods
work Advance and Retreat published
by Gen GT Beauregard for the Hood
orphan memorial fund wo quote the fol
The Confederate army rested upon the
banks of the Tenncsseo one month after
its departure from Palmetto It had been
almost continuously in motion during the
interim by rapid moves and manuvers
and with only a small loss it had drawn
Sherman as far north as ho stood in
the early Spring At this junc
ture previously arrived at I was advised
of the Presidents opposition to tho cam
paign into Tennessee On Nov
13 I established my headquarters in Flor
ence upon the north bank of tho Tennessee
and the following day Gen Forrest with his
command reported for duty On tho 15th
tho remainder of Lees Corps crossed the
river and Stewarts and Cheathams
Corps were instructed to cross also
Returning to my narrative on Nov 3
near dusk wo reached Dalton which had
been abandoned by its inhabitants and all
unoccupied houses barns sheds etc were
torn down and set on fire On tho Gth
we took transportation in freight cars for
Nashville passing by way of Chattanooga
AVe got a view of Lookout Mountain where
about one year before Jefferson Davis
aired his secession doctrine AVo could
realize the sentiments of that song Chat
tanooga or Braggs Defeat one verso of
which is hero given
I wish that you would speak to Jeff
And all his little fry
Tell them we still trust in God
And keep our powder dry
AVe never will give up the ship
Until the rebel crew
All bow to our majestic flag
The red the white the blue
nie rebs ho rebs listen unto me
The sooner you lay down your arms
The liettcr it will bo
Tune Nellie Bly
After dark on tho 7th wo reached our
destination found tho city all abustle be
cause of tho enemys approach Hero wo
lay by to tako part in the Presidential
election of next day AVhcn the polls
closed and tho votes were counted it was
found that in the 104th Ohio Abraham
Lincoln had received some 20 votes to 1 in
favor of Little Mac That night we
were conveyed by train to Springhill
where wo encamped in an open forest
I give extracts of a letter written at above
place Nov 10 as follows
Since we left Decatur Ga wo have
marched and traveled by railroad nearly
500 miles This is a nice town about 30
miles from Nashville Tho Second Di
vision of our Corps is at Johnsonville and
our division is ordered to Pulaski The
enemy shelled Johnsonville but tho gun
lioats coming up the river prevented their
crossing Hoods army suffer terribly
having scarcely anything to eat etc and
no railroad to supply them I saw John
Klein at Tullahoma He is in tho 178th
Ohio one year regiment also cousin
Lewis AVagner at headquarters in Nash
On the 13th we marched to Columbia
thence by Linnville to Pulaski near the
State line where we arrived on the 17th
I will if the reader will pardon me write
from a military diary belonging- to Cyrus
Sciler now located at Elkhart Ind of
my company And from this diary I will
also draw at intervals for the record of regi
mental events
Tuesday Nov 22 Up at 4 a hi Weath
er very cold and blustry Tents struck
and everything in readiness io move b3 7
oclock Marched about 10 miles to where
our men drove tho guerillas out several
weeks ago as they fired into our soldiers
from buildings of which a part of our
men were compelled to burn Marched over
a splendid pike reminding us of tho long
marches in Kentucky Fourth Corps
also on the same march Hutchins rented
a room near by and wo built n good fire
Tho house belongs to a rebel Lieutenant
who had both his eyes blown out with
powder Boys burning all tho rails far
and near AVind is so strong it almost
carries a person off his feet
23d Same state of weather Tho
enemy captured some of our skirmish line
March 10 miles from 3 oclock to 10 p m
and go into bivouac for the night Tliou
sanis of rail fires built in a minutes time
21th Still very cold Up at a
in Orders to march immediately without
breakfast Hoods whole army reported
within five miles of Columbia and we are
yet seven or more miles from there but by
a forced march wo reached the place first
Skirmishing was pretty hot before we got
within two miles of town Artillery was
soon brought into action and the rebel
cavalry repulsed The 100th Ohio had one
man killed and two wounded on the
However I pause to remark just at this
point that Hoods rash impetuosity in less
than a week taught him to bemore cautious
even though his vets were confronted with
but a small portion of that army they had
to cope with on The Memorahlo Georgia
Campaign and to make a long story
short the deeds of heroism performed by all
who participated in this campaign made it
possible for Shermans victorious forces to
march unmolested to the sea and so has
tened to crush the slaveholders rebellion
25th Weather pleasant Cannonad
ing and skirmishing brisk all day Our
forces consist of the Fourth and Twenty
third Corps Trains running lively from
Nashville The Third Division Coxs
about 7 p m ordered to pack up and cross
over Duck River on pontoons which we did
by daylight next morning Heavy cannon
ading and fighting all day rain too About
5000 negroes passing for Nashville mostly
women and children moving in every con
ceivable manner some with a whole family
on mules or oxen many with monstrous
bundles of clothing bedding and house
hold furniture on their heads All poorly
clad Columbia was evacuated and the
magazine in the large fort with its guns
was blown up causing a wonderful noise
during the night as the shells exploded
The enemy were thick all over town Great
cheering all along their lines when they
found the Yanks gone
Sth Skirmishing and cannonading
heavy all day Our men shelling a rebel
wagon train and drove of cattle passing
through town
In his Advance and Retreat Hood
further says Col Prestman and his
assistants laid the pontoon over Duck
River during the night of the 2Sth about
three miles above Columbia Orders to
move at dawn the following day having r
been issued I rode with my
staff to Cheathams right passed over the
bridge soon after daybreak and moved
forward at the head of Granburys Texas
Brigade of Cleburns Division with in
structions that the remaining corps and
divisions follow and at the same time keep
well closed up during the march
Comrade Sellers diary continues
29th AVcather cloudy Terrific fight
ing both in our rear and front during the
day The enemy had an enfilading fire on
our line killing and wounding a number of
our brigade Saw a shell explode over the
12Sth Ind killing one and wounding
several About 3 p m another sad inci
dent occurred in my company AVhile on
our knees expecting the enemy to charge us
a shell from their enfilading battery across
tho river exploded just above our heads
instantly killing Daniel Lamberson and
Henry Evans wounding Saimrl Dcatcrs
and II AVeinshimer and severely stunning
Clapper Becker and Shull the former so
had that he was jiorfectly crazy threaten
ing to shoot every person he came across
Rebels did some tremendous shelling -and
about 4 p in Gen Replys Brigade with
drew from their perilous position and both
troops and train leaving tools in our rear
moved hastily for Franklin Passing
Springhill where during the day AVillichs
Brigade repulsed a number of charges we
quietly stole by the enemy who could be
seen standing around their campfires not
far from thepikeonwhich we were retreat
Afterthis in passing near the Toll Gate
several hundred Johnny rebs rose up out
of the bushes by the side of the pike and
fired into our train and at the same time
forming across the pike arrested everyone
that came along and set the wagons on fire
as fast as possible However they had set
but a few on fire when our rear guard came
up and drove them off Our teamsters were
so excited that they doubled the wagons up
in the road and ran eight or 10 of them
down over the embankment
To be continued
Distillation of Alcohol
Eoitou National TnmrxK I notice
different things in your splendid papr
which I read I would be pleased for von
to print through tho columns of yoursplen
did paper a description of thenrocess of
distillationof alcohol You would please a
youngschool teaehcrand a veterans son
WILI OUD 15 FlAXGHiit Fallis Okia
Alcohol is the product of the fermenta
tion of starch which by fermentation
changes into sugar first If the
fermentation is continued it Incomes alco
hol then aldehyd then acetic acid Tim
skill in distilling consists in carrying on
the fermentation until all the starch has
been converted into alcohol and before anv
of it has passed intoaceticacld The starch
is obtained lrom various sources potatoes
rice maize wheat rye oats beets barley
etc In the far North it is found in the sea
mosses and mushrooms which are brewed
and distilled Tho most of tho alcohol
made in Europe is from potatoes In this
country it is from corn maize The corn
Is ground and mixed with water and a
little yeast to a thin mash which is kept
at about 151 until it undergoes fermenta
tion This is then distilled off The
strength of thodistilledliquordepends upon
tho amount of meal in tho mash and the
skill with which tho fermentation has been
managed If the product is intended for
whisky it contains from 35 to 45 percent of
alcohol It also contains some very rank
oils derived from tho husk of the grains of
corn If tho whisky is allowed to lie and
ripen for a year or two these change into
fragrant ethers
Aery much tho greater part in this
country is converted at onco into alcohol
by continuous distillation lwforo it leaves
tho still This is managed on the principle
that alcohol boils at about 180 or 32- less
than water By keeping the heat in the
secondary stills closo to list0 the alcohol
will go over mixed with very little water
Eorrou National Tiuuuvi
Not His
There are disrespectful questions as well
as disrespectful answers
Now Morton said one of a party who
had gone deep into tho Maino woods in
search of adventure wo know youvo
been a famous hunter and we want to hear
about somo of tho narrow escapes youvo
uii iroiu ueara anil so on
young man said tho old guide with
d ignity if theres been anv mirror mmihw
- 9
What the Veterans Have to Say
About Their Campaigns
War Experiences as Sketched by a Member
of the 84th Ohio
Editor National TnntiXE I was a
member of Co II S4th Ohio In the Sum
mer of 1SG2 tho regiment was stationed at
Cumberland Md In June Cos II and D
were sent out 20 miles east on the Baltimore
fc Ohio R It to a tittlo place called Old
Town to look after some guerrillas who had
been burning bridges destroying property
of and killing Union families living in that
vicinity and nine miles south near a town
called Romney AVo went into camp just
south of the depot in an orchard intending
to this band if possible
In the courseof a week wedid locate them
Tho leader was a man named Wood lie
lived back of the main road and three miles
northeast of Romney The gang con
sisted of AVood and 11 others They were
armed with double barreled shotguns
some of them had revolvers As near as
we could find out they were a desperate set
AVe got most of our information from a
young good looking Union woman who
would come down to our camp once or twice
a week in a one horso wagon and sell our
boys pies and cakes or trade for sugarand
coifee This woman seemed very anxious
to havo this gang taken or killed I think
her name was Mary Hall She was a
widow with one little girl Mrs Hall told
us whero Wood and his gang made their
headquarters and that their regular meet
ing nights were on oundays when they
would make nlans for the weeks operations
The meeting place was in an old gin house
that stood in a lonesomo part ol Woods
lariii Unoot our boys Ucorge Williston
look it into his head to find out if Mrs Hall
had told us the truth about this gang of
bushwhackers ieorge bid lumsell and
watched this gin houso for several nights
and got onto tho layof the land and then
on the next Sunday night with 20 men
under Lieut Miller of Co II crept to the
gin house and surrounded it and broke in
tho door before the Johnnies knew any
Yankees were so near The Johnnies were
sitting around a table drinking and playing
cards and were completely taken by sur
prise Three of them made a rush for their
guns standing in a corner of the room but
when being called on to surrender with a
score of cocked rities aimed at their heads
they threw up their hands They were
marched out and the house with tho guns
in it was set on fire The next morning
the guerrillas were taken on board the ears
to Cumberland After this I went out to
Mrs Halls several times and got a good
dinner and a hearty invitation to come back
I want to tell of a little surprisol gave my
company G 10th Ohio Cav Just after
the fall of the city of Savannah my com
pany was detailed to guard a fort captured
from the Confederates several miles west of
Savannah on the main road I forget what
the name of the fort was There had been
plenty of shot and shell thrown in and
around the fort before thesurrender and just
castof the fort inastripof woods whereour
guns had been trained the ground was well
covered with shell both large and small
that had not exploded
As wo had nothing to do in tho way of
duty timo hanging heavy on our hands
one day just after dinner I was out in the
woods strolling around Seeing tho tin
exploded shells the thought struck me to
have a bombardment of my own So I
picked out a good place whf ro somo old
logs lay then I gathered up tho big shells
and placed about 50 of them along length
wise end-to-end lietween these logs then
gathered up dry bark and brush and cov
ered the shells After this was done lit
a match and set tiro to the dry wood and
the fire started with a rush Then I was in
a hurry to get back -to the fort unobserved
so that the officers would not find out who
had done the mischief It was some 80 rods
to the fort and I started off on the double
quick and by a roundabout way
I entered from the opposite way There
was a large shade tree standing in the
centerof the fort anil under this mostof the
company wcro lounging I went to this
tree and laydownasquicklyas I could and
waited for the shells to go off I did not
have to wait long for all at once the battle
began and itseemed as if they had 20siege
guns upon us all at once and the air seemed
f ul of Hying iron In 10 seconds it vail all
over The boys had jumped to their posts
each lookingat the other and trying to think
what bad happened but within a few
minutes it all llashed through their minds
and they knew what the trouble was but
did not know for six months afterward who
caused all that uncalled for noise
Now I wish to speak of a young man who
often visited our camp for some days before
the army reached Big Shanty Ga He was
about 22 years old well built black hair
and mustache and was a fine looking
genteel young man and one could see by
his conversation that he did not belong to
the lower walks of life Ho often came to
our camp in the evening He claimed to
be a Union man and said that his fatherand
three brothers were hung by Mosbys
guerrilla band that their buildings were
burned and everything destroyed and that
his mother and one sister had gone to his
brother at Big Stone Gap where his home
formerly was
At first we looked on him with suspicion
and our officers questioned him closely and
came to the conclusion that he was wliat he
represented himself to Ie He said he was
trying to make his way back over into
West Virginia where ho would join a com
pany of Union home guards
We finally reached Big Shanty where
we had somo pretty sharp fighting One
day after our skirmish line hail been giving
the Johnnies skirmish lino hot stuff and
wo had driven it back they left several of
their dead where they fell and among them
was our good Union young man shot
through the forehead That made it clear
to us that he had been a rebel spy Capt
Brown of Co II cut his boots off after
searching close and finding nothing of any
note except a pocket memorandum book
which gave his name as Walter Davis
When his boots were searched there was a
map ami some drawings in them showing
that he was employed as aspy by Gen Hood
It was his own fault that he was killed for
he had no business on the skirmish line
A Difference or Opinion as to a Certain In
cident at Jonesboro
KniToit Xation at TiMnrxn While
attending the regimental Ketmion of tho
ODth Ohio of which 1 am proud to say I
am it memher or was during the rchellioti
my attention wan called to a clipping from
your paper headed Saving a Kattlcflag
Mow 21st Ohio Hovs OirUlossessioii of the
lianncr of tho ith Ohio This makes
a Drier statement ofihe manner in which
tho illth regiment recovered tho tlajr at
loneshoro anil is nignf Ahel Comstock
Co C 21st Ohio Kowliiife ireen O
Comrade Comstoclr while not wishing
to havo a disregard for votir niemorvof
events of the hattlo of loneshoro I beg of
you io iook careltilly over tno Held again
and see if yon arci riot mistaken 1 was
there in tho front rankitfCo II ith Ohio
close to the colors ttflienrfpulseil and driven
back Tho Color feergeipit and three Color
Corporals all fell on the riilroadwith colors
in the bottom AVe fellbackovcr a little rise
in tho woods and formed when there was
a request by tho Adjiitiiiit for one man
from each company to volunteer to go to tho
top of tho dill a small distance and protect
our colors until another charge in which
I participated To go from Co II I walked
crawled and crocodiled until tit the top of
tho hill With empty gun I threw myself
on my sido to load behind a small sized
tree not covering mo A Johnny poked
a load into my knapsack while I was load
ing after which I threw myself over on my
elbows and kept a sharp lookout whero
tho bravo boys with tho colors lay dead
I know for one no 21at Ohio Johnny or
any other delegation marched down be
tween mo and my jrnnand tho Hag unless
it was done while lalept From tho timo wo
were repulsed until wo charged a second time
and recovered our Hair could not havo been
over a jimmies at most uomrauo
the beara and other fierce crittera had cm stock would have the readers of your valu
not me bio paper believe from the way the 21st
mn iA ni t 60 much red
tnpe reporting this and tlint au1 tIitl
making a detail marching down uwc
pulling the flag out taking a Lieutenoi1
and eight men prisoners when there was but
seven of themselves then inarching buck
to tho Colonel and turning over thier pris
oners thence to the 09th Ohio to present
them with tho lost ting that fully an hour
elapsed between charges Come Comrade
Comstock think this over and see it you
havent hold of tho wrong regiments flag
L A Boysskl Cridcrsville O I
Taking an Important Line of Works Without
a Struggle
EniTou National Trunrxi Ono
evening in the latter part of June ISO I Co
F 78th Ohio got orders to bo ready to goon 1
picket next morning at 3 oclock with one
days cooked rations and full equipment
As wo were only to go on picket the boys
talked tho matter over and concluded that
we knew what was best so wo would only
take our guns ammunition anil canteens
and would send some of the boys back to
camp to make coffee and fry meat as we
could not make any tires on picket line
So in the morningat the time ordered we
were marched out and placed on picket
relieving some pickets who weic on duty
when wo went out Tho men we relieved
told us to keep still as tho rebs were so
close they could hear them talking
Soon after daylight we got orders from
Capt A L Waller to be ready at a moments
notice to advance The order came to de
ploy as skirmishers guide right and ad
vance AVo expected to be shot at as soon
as we started but kept moving through
woodsand fields but still there were no rebs
in sight
AVhcn we had advanced about a mile it
began to rain and it just poured down fora
few minutes anil the skirmishers were
halted till it stopped raining and then we
advanced again
After wo had crossed a field we looked
back and saw our Third Divihion Seven 1
teenth Corps in battle line following us
When tho skirmishers had advanced about
two miles wo very suddenly came out of
thick woods and right up on top of Brush
Mountain were heavy fortifications and
we could seo some rebs
AVe did not know how strong a force was
in those works but our Captain said Let
us charge them boys So up the mountain
we went As there proved to be only a
picket line in the works they got out in
a hurry The main force of the reos had
been sent to their left where they were ex-
pecting an attack and our officers had ad- i
vanced our line to capture their works j
whilst they were away j
As soon as we got possession of the works
our Captain called fora fewof tho boys to go
with him down the othersideoft lie mountain
and I think John Tanner Lew Huffman
mil Joel Bunion went with him In a few
minutes they came back with a wagon four
mutes anil a rebel bergeant l think Lew
Huffman drove the mules and there were j
cooked beef and warm cornbread in that
wagon so our comnanv trot a good dinner
if they did leave their rations in camp and
we got possession of a strong line of works
on Brush Mountain with but few shots
E S VLKXOX Coming Kan
The Bear Elver Expedition and Some of Its
Unpleasant Features
EniTOIt XATroxAL TRinuXK I some
times wonder why we never see in jour
columns anything pertaining to the Cali
fornia volunteers I know they never went
up against a Gettysburg or a Vicksburg
yet they saw some service and it -was notof
the picnic kind either
Xo one who took part in the Bear Bivcr
expedition in January 186 will say that
it was i pleasure party or that it was under
taken for the good of the mens health
The march from Salt Lake alley over the
Divide toCache Valley through the latter to
l ranklm the most northern settlement in
Itah was a severe one for theinfantry
Marching all night with the thermometer 12
below 7ero is altogether different from
marching down Broadway
Who of those present at the time will for
get the call that aroused us from our deep
slumber under the Ice of the haystacks and
started us off at 1 oclock in the morning to
find the redskins Tho air was intensely
cold there was no moon to light the way
and as we marched single file somo of ns
half asleep it was not an easy matter to
stick to the trail A step to the right or left
and one would have gone plunging into tho
Arriving at the river about sunrise we
found the water too deep and swift to ford
so wo waited for the cavalry which had
already crossed to send their horses back
for us
Although we were not soon enough to
start the ball we made our presence- known
before the finish Considering the number
of Indians slain very few escaping and the
number of troops killed and wounded I
think Bear Itivcr deserves to be preserved
from oblivion and my object in writing
this is that some comrade may see it and
betemnted to write what he knows about it
C II iODHOLI Co K id Ciil East
Boston Mass
Trial Packages
Ehcnmatlsm Cnrctl by a Simple Remedy
that you may Try without spend
inp a cent Cured many
cases of 30 and 40 years
If you have rheumatism write to me nnil I will
send you frco of cost a trial package of a harmless
remedy which cured me and thousands of others
ninoui them cases of over CO years standing1 It
is a eranil remedy and in order that every suffer
itiff reader may learn about it I will gladly send
them a Trial Package free even if moro than
23000 invalids should apply Many a distressing
caso of rheumatism among them somo which
defied Hospital Drugs Electricity and medical
skill were huccessfully cured In Dcnliam Ind
it cured a lady who then cured 15 of her neigh
bors In Pressor NcU it cured Mrs C Morritz
who had been afflicted for 52 years In Fountain
City Wis it cured Hon Jacob Scxnucr after
sultering for 33 years notwithstanding having
employed seven physicians At 130 Oak ut Vin
cenncs Ind this remedy rescued Miss Emma
Callender from a caso of rheumatism which her
TiliyMcians considered fatal Itev C Sund of
linrrisville Wis testifies that this remedy cured
tuo members of his congregation ono who had
suffered 18 tho other 25 years Thousands of
similar instances could bo mentioned where this
liorriblo plaguo lias been completely cured Writo
at oncclor a frco trial package and other informa
tion for it is an honest remedy that you can test
before you part with your money Address John
A Smith 552 Summerlicld Church Bids Mil
waukee Wi
yF ryvYYryyvvvvYwvvvvvvvvvvvwvvvvwwvvvvwyA
The Wing Piano
Wo ether Piano made equals this in style and design of ease
1 s sfctoL O tJQfes5nriBHSSB
From Alert Comrades Along the Whole
W II H Wallace Co B 13th Ohio
XelsonvilleOwrites Inyourpaperof Oct
12 I read the poetry They Have Left Us
Here to Dieand at once remembered having
copied it into my army scrapbook which 1
kept for practice and to copy selections in
wlnlo in camp l lounu me same wonts
with these facts They were printed in a
small paper called tho Florida Union I
think printed by some of the soldiers at
Jacksonville Slay G 1SK5 and copied by
myself 3Iay 7 lSi The information
was that the words were composed by
Sergt J W Hyatt Co K 147th Pa at
Andersonville Prison July 1 1865 who
died tho next day after he wrote them
Keferring to my diary kept at that time I
find that from April 28 to ilay 1 1805 10
000 of our prisoners came in to our lines
and I was one of a detail who went to tho
White House 13 miles from Jacksonville
to assist tho many helpless ones into wagons
and ambulances thence threo miles to
cars and into camp at Jacksonville where
maiiv poor boys died after a farewell look
at Old dory The sights of the two days
and nights among those helpless brave
heroes who had endured Andersonville for
weary months will never be ellacett trom
my memory Among those returned I
found my cousin John Wallace 122d Ohio
who had been in Andersonville 11 montlis
The change was so great that ho was taken
sick and in 10 days died adding another
to thoso who chose death before dishonor
to the old Hag
Daniel P Donnell 2d Iowa Xewburv
port Mass writes Early one morning in
1S2 at Farmington near Corinth Miss
as Jen Palmer was riding along his lines
to inspect some breastworks thrown up
during tho night previous he came sud
denly upon somo of Co I It tii III who had
just snot a 2uo pounu nog and were en
gaged in skinning it Tho soldiers were
startled their chief looked astonished
grieved and his words revealed a mis
take on his part Ah a body a corpse
Some poor fellow gone to his last home
Well he must bo buried with military
honors Call the Officer of the Guard
The otlicer was speedily at hand and re
ceived orders to havo a grave dug and the
body buried forthwith The gravo was
soon prepareit and the company mustered
Pall bearers placed the body of tho dead
upon a stretcher tho order was given to
march and the solemn procession of 00
men followed the body to the grave Xot a
word passed nor a muscleof the face stirred
whilo the last rites of sepulcher were being
performed The ceremony over tho Gen
eral and his staff were soon lost in tho dis
tance The philosophy of the soldier is
usually equal to the emergency he has
read and pondered ho now painfully real
izes that Hesh is as grass and tliatlifo is
but a shadow but thinks of the resurrec
tion and his gloom passes away So with
the philosophic boys of Co I 27th 111 ere
their General was fairly seated at his own
breakfast table there was a raisinc of the
dead and savory pork steaks were frying
in many a camp pan
ITcnrv Strong 778 North Rockwell
street Chicago noticed Comrade Iiaeoeks
appeal for a word from his comrades who
wero all through tho Jackson Hiss
fight and at Champions Hills and Vicks-
tmrg ito writer says tno only aiuercnce
in their experiences of thoso fights was
that Comrade Lacock was in tho 93d Ind
and himself in tho 93d 111 Tho two 93d
regiments remained in the war to the finish
and were sterling organizations
dolm Ji lngliatn sergeant Co b 93d
111 AVhitimr Ind read Comrade Lacoeks
story of tho Jackson battle in May 1S03
xno U3d ill was on tno extreme lelt of the
line in McPhersons Corps It was at
this placo that tho first blood of tho 93d 111
was shed two killed and seven wounded
Tho Sergeant makts two errors ho says
Tho dato of tho battle was the 14th instead
of the 10th and tho General commanding
mo reueis was doo jonnston instead of
Pemberton We did light tho latter
General but it was two days later the 16th
and at Champions Hills where tho 93d
111 lost 105 killed and wounded out of 450
SENT ON TRIAL piano jurt
jsitiifii -- jFi C J
Weaim to make the best piano possible and to sell it at the Invest price possible
If you wish to buy a fine piano at a low price write us
1- octaves
Double Ievcrgrand repcatingaction
Grand scale overstrung bass three
strings to each note in middle and
treble registers
The scale is the same as in grand
pianos with the largest size of sound
board and strings of greatest length thus
Tone The one crcat oWcct for which a riano
In made is its tone The Winp riauo iOss ses
magnificent tone qnalitiep ilurabiiitv sweetness
richness power ftneing finality and cvenncs3
Action The Wins action ih patterned after
theperfecteddoubluieverKrand repeating action
to secure the createt Hrenrjili and xnrcr and
createst reifiittna finnUiei Every noto acts
instantaneously and recovers promptly ready
for the rejjuitso that after a note is played tho
giving the greatest
olume and power of
Case Double veneered
inside and
Choice of superior Circassian wal
nut rich figured mahogany genuine
quartered oak and cbonized
Keys Of best ivory and ebony
same note may be sonnded arain immediately
wiiuout taxing inn nnccr irom Key
mproTtratiils Wins Pianos havo the follow
in imprnt einent t limit tip wrest plank
construction Dovetail top and bottom frame
case construction Full metal plate white metal
depression bar and metal supports for key bed
Improved noudfss direct motion redat action
Improved practice attachment Full length
duet music desfc Cured panels Instrumental
imitates perfectly tho tones of tho Mandolin Guitar Harp Zither and Banjo Mnsic written for
these lustru ments with and without piano accompaniment can be plajed Just as perfectly by a single
plaj cr on the piano as thoush rendered by a parlor orchestra
Every Winj Piano is guaranteed for twelve 12 years against
V hvuuii nut iiuau3iii ut utaiciidi
EHiIT IEtElAID We will send this
or jour choice of fonrotberatvles to any
of the United States ou trial all freight paid
oy hj aiiow ampie iimt loraiuoroucu examina
tion ana trial in tho homo and if the instnimpnt 13 in any particular unsatisfactory wo will take it
oacK m onr own expense 2o conditions arc attached to this trial ue ask for no advance payment
no ieiodt Wo pay all freights in advance
everyone an opportunity
Onr nliircr in nffrrin tlirne tnritiM i to clvi
to examine the Wins liano free ci expense or risk
Over 18000 Wing Pianos Manufactured and Sold
in 30 Years since 1368
We will Bend free on request The Book of Complete In
formation abont Pianos 118 paces handsomely bonnd in cloth
Kveryone who intends to purchase a piano should have this book
Sent free on request with twelve 12 pieces of music
c3 SON
1868 31st Year 1899
aaao Ai
E P Walker Captain Co A 89th III
Washington D says the 32d Ind was
surely in the First Brigade Third Division
Fourth Corps whether the 2d Ohio was or
not It was known as AVillichs Brigade
also the Horn Brigade
T S Weedman 2d 111 Car Grandin
Mo referring to a recent communication
in which it was stated that Solomon Xoney
died as ho predicted ho would on June 6
1S62 Tho Adjutant Generals report of
Illinois Vol V page 259 says that he en
listed Xov 21 and was mustered in Dee
24 1SG1 and died at Macon May 5 1S62
while a prisoner of war
Mr nnnter is a hustler had 117 cases
allowed in one day He is at the Pension
Office each day looking np neglected and
rejected cases He uses all evidence on file
Xo fee until you get your money If yon
want to apply for a pension or have your caso
looked np free of charge dont fail to writo
Washington D C
to Ladies and Girls for One Uavs Work
lpc per pkx Ercrr pkmakes SOc worth ot
IIuia oncaaaatechoiceofmaaycthec
TlInableDremiami lolid cold
ri tea ieta muiical instrument bicycles--etc
Vie ask no money in aTdance fen J
name and aJdrenwe will forward Bluing
and preminni list prepaid When Elu n ia
old send thsmonyr and aeect you prem
ium An honect offer by a reliable honsei
goodi not aold mar be returned Writa
HOUSE tfhlNBdwjB Jq StXoulOI
Pension Law a Specialty
Reliable Services Proffered
by Klur T aiiill I I 31 containing a
Clear Expotitlou or the Apuvloii Xinttt and
other Jlntteror Interest to the So I flier
tTiiIfr iiailetl free upon request Kxti u pay
and allowances of whatever kind due collected foe
SjmilHli and I hUipiliicUirsoIlieraiul sillors
I keep Informed as to all new lejrwlatlon and de
cisions and ruling and am evcrqualitied to take tha
action that Is most advisable Xo tv e until succes sftiL
Intelligent advice free Percentage of success unex
Washington I C
best e
flicaflnc nf Dmilfyu By Dp
I IT Sal
wiaeudea ui ruuiuji chief or the
TT S Bureau of Animal Industry The only com
ptete book on Diseases an 1 Treatment 243 pp 7- it
lustrations Price cloth Jt00 paper 50 cents postpaid
Pocket Money Poultry irrTei
how to make money raising poultry Especially
intended to asaht womeu Iu2 pp 33 Illustrations
Trice 50 cents postpaid
Tho Faathar u Brent monthly II
II1B litnilr J iioullry jonr
nnl Vrice 50 cents a year Agents wanted send
orders to
Cor Mlh and II Sit XW 1Vihinsau I C
Car Couplings Thomas Cusick Cogswell
Wagon - Brakes N J JI Gantt Lib
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and 1votcct Your Icloa Tree
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BRANCHES Koom 4 162 Kanuolph St Cor
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151 Best Cough Syrup Tastes Good Vsa j
tcj in lima sold br drarit

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