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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, April 12, 1900, Image 1

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Done at the City of Washington this
35th iy of April in the year of our Lord
cn thousand eight hundred and sixty one
mil of tho indep ndence of the United
frtiten the eighty fifth
By the President ARHAIIAM LINCOLN
William H Suavard
Secretary of State
risioxsi or thi loyal north
The issue of this proclamation says
Mr Unamend created the most intense
enthusiasm throughout the country
Search- a voico was raised in any of the
Northern States against thus measure
v lneh was seen to lie one of alisoiute ne
cessity and of self defense on thy part of
the Government livery Northern Suite
nsponded promptly to the Presidents
tleuiaud and from private iiersons as well
as by the Legislatures men arms and
money were offered in unstinted profusion
and with the most zealoii3 alacrity in sup
port of the Government Massachusetts
was first in the field and on the first day
after the issue of the proclamation her
Cth icnt completely equipped start
ed from Soslon for the National Capital
Two more regiments were also made ready
and took their departure within 4S hours
Sfwact - -mi M M a
i
t i r j i
li XI I 1 1 1 51 wsaffiByihHysE IP Jill ha BB i
2-
ESTABLISHED 1S77 NEW SERIES
W mi g we9 et saelfJii kI ln r
Dy FRANCIS F BROWNE
COrYRICIST 1856 BY BltOVYNU
Tlie attack upon Fort Sumt r April 12
1SC1 was tlie signal that a civil war in the
United States had actually begun Mr
Lincoln had thus far maintained a con
ciliatory policy toward the States in rel el
lion hoping to the last that goad
and reason prevailing over rash and vio
lent impulses would induce them to resume
their allegiance to the Government Their
resort to arsis decided the course of the
Administration and on tlie 15th of April
-42 days after his accession to the Presi
dency Mr Lincoln issued a proclamation
asking for the immcKate enlistment of
73000 volunteers and summoning Con
gress to convene in an extra session on The
4th of July The call was sent forth in
the following form
PROCLAMATION
By tlie President of the United Six Us
Whereas tlie laws of the United States
have Leen for some time pat and now are
opposed and the execution thereof ob
structed in the Stales of South Carolina
Georgia Alabama Florida Missssippi
Louisiana and Texas by combinations
too powerful to be suppressed by the ordi
nary course of judicial proceedings or by
the powers vested in the Marshals by law
JCow therefore I Abraham Lincoln Presi
dent of tlie Unite States in virtue of tle
power in me vested by the Constitution
and the laws hae thought fit to call forth
Mid hereby do call forth the miiitia of the
several btates ol llie union to tlie aggre
gate nunilicr of o000 in order to suppi ess
said combinations and to cause the laws
to be duly executed
Tlie details of this object will be im
mediately communicated to the State
authorities through the War Department
1 appeal to all loyal citizens to favor facil
tate and aid this effort to maintain the
honor the integrity and existence of our
National Union and the perRtuity of
popular Go eminent and to redress wrongs
already long enough endured 1 deem it
proper to say that the first service assigned
to the forces hereby called forth will prohn
bly be to repossess the forts places and
property which have been Sizl from the
union and in every event the utmost
care will be observed consistently with
the objects aforesaid to avoid any eevasta
tion any destruction of or interference
with propei ty or any disturbance of
peaceful citizens of any part of the country
and I hereby command the persons com
posing the combinations aforesaid to dis
perse and retire peaceably to their respec
tive abodes within 20 days from this date
Deeming that the present condition of
public affairs presents an extraordinary
occasion 1 doJiereby in -virtue of the power
in me vested by the Constitution convene
both houses of Congress Tlie Senators
and Representatives are therefore sum
mon d to assemble at their resjiective
chambers at 12 oclock noon on Thurs
day the 4th day of July next then and
there to consider and determine such mea
sures as in their wisdom the public safetv
and interest may seem to demand
In witness whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed
ington on the lQlh of April was attacked
by a mob in Baltimore carrying a Secession
fin and several of its members wvrc killed
or severely wounded This inflamed to
a still higher point thocxeitment which
already pervaded the country The whole
Northern section of the Union felt out
raged that troops should be assailed and
murdcre 1 on their way to proleet the Capital
of the Nation In Maryland where the
Secession party was strong there was
also great excitement mil the Governor
of the State and the Mayor of Baltimore
united in urging fo prudential reasons
that no liiore troops should bo brought
through that city In- answer to the
remonstrances of Gov Ilisks and a com
mittee of Secessionist from Maryland
who presented their jctifion in person
Mr Liriculu iiitot on avoiding every
cause of offense replied For the future
troops must bclirought here but I make no
point cf bringing them through Baltimore
Without any military knowledge myself
f course I mint leave tcilU t j Gen Scott
Ie hastily snid thrs morning in the pres
ence cf these gentlemen March them
around Baltimore and not through it I
sincerely hope the General on fuller reflec
tion will consider this practical and proper
and that you will not object to it By this
a collision of the people of Baltimore with
the troops will bq avoided unless they go
out of their way to seek it 1 hope you will
ecrt your influence to prevent this Xow
and ever I shall do all in my power for
peace consistently with the maintenance
of the Government
ATTITUDE OF STEPHEN A DOUGLAS
Instantly o i the announcement that
the North and South were arming for a
deadlv contest the great leader of the
Democracy and the life long oitical
opjionent of Mr Lincoln declared his
purjicse to stand by the Government One
of the most encouraging incidents of this
opening chapter of the war says Dr
Holland was a visit of Mr Douglas to
Mr Lincoln in which the former gae to
the latter the assurance of hi3 sympathy
and support in the war for the preservation
of the Union It is to Ijc remembered that
Mr Douglas was an ambitious man that
he was a strong party man that he had
battled for power with all the iiersistenee
of a strong and determined nature and
that he was a sadly disappointed man
Tlie person -with whom he had had his
hardest fights occupied the chair to which
he had for many years aspired On Sun
day the 14th of April all Washington
was alive with excitement under the effect
of the news of the fall of Sumter Seces
sionists could not conceal their joy and the
loyal were equally sad and indignant
Churches were forsaken and the opening
of the war was the only topic of thought
and conversation Under these circum
stances Hon George Ashmun of Massa
chusetts who was personally on the most
friendly terms with Mr Liueohi and Mr
Douglas called on the latter in the evening
to obtain from him some public declaration
that should help the Government in its
extremitv Ho found tho Senator sur
rounded by imlitic al friends who were
soon dismissed and then for an hour
the two men discussed the relations of
Mr Douglas to the Administration The
first impulse of the Senator was against
Mr Ashmuns wishes who desired him to
go to tho President at once and tell -him
lie would sustain him in all tho needful
measures which tho exigency demanded
His reply was Mr Lincoln has dealt
hardly with me in removing some of my
friends from office and I dont know as he
wants my advice or aid Mr Ashmun
remarked that he had probably followed
Democratic precedents in making re
movals but that the piesent question was
above party and that it was now in the
lower of Mr Douglas to render such a
service to his country as would not only
give him a titlo to its lasting gratitude hut
would show that in the hour of his countrys
need he could trample all party considera
tions and resentments under feet At
this juncture Mrs Douglas came in and
Thf Cth Mass oa its way to Wash- gave the whole weight of her affectionate
igEtfessH
9p feSMWl3lSr S pP
o rare for Mm sto Juuifc8nttttirtaaf and for Us union snd erpliaaJ
influence in the direction in which Mr
Ashmun was endeavoring to lead him
lie could not withstand tho influence of
his friend his wife and that better nature
to which thoy appealed He gave up all
his enmity all his resentment cast evcry
imworthy sentiment and selfish feeling
behind him and cordially declared his
willingness to go to Mr Lincoln and offer
him his earnest and hearty support It
was nearly dark when the two gentlemen
started for the Presidents house Mr
Lincoln was alone and on learning their
errand gave them a most cordial welcome
For once the life long antagonists were
united in heart and purpose Mr Lincoln
took up the proclamation calling for 75
000 trooiis which he had determined to
issue the next day and read it When
he had finished Mr Douglas rose from
his chair and said Mr President I cordi
ally concur in every word of that docu
ment except that instead of the call for
TSOOO men I would make it 200000 You
do not know the dishonest purposes of these
men as well as I do Then lie asked tho
President and Mr Ashmun to look at a
map of the Inited States which hung at
one end of the room On this ho iiointed
out in detail the principal strategic joints
which should be at once strengthened for
the coming contest Among the more
prominent of these were Fort ess Monroe
Washington Harpers Ferry and Cairo
He then enlarged upon the firm warlike
course which should be pursued while Mr
Linclon listened with earnest interest and
the two old foes parted that night thorough
friends perfectly united in a patriotic pur
pose After leaving tho President Mr
Ashmun said to Mr Douglas You have
done justice to your own reputation and to
tho President and the country must know
it The proclamation will go by telegraph
all over the country in the morning and
the account of this interview must go with
it I shall send it either in my own langu
age or yours I prefer that you should
give your own version Mr Douglas said
he would write it and so the dispatch went
with the message wherever the telegraph
could carry it confirming the wavering
cf his own party and helping to rnle the
tide of loyal feeling among all parties and
classes to its flood Tlie dispatch was as
follows
April 11 1S01 Senator Douglas called
on the President and had an interesting
conversation on tho present condition of
the country The substance of it was
on the part of Mr Douglas that while
he was unalterably opposed to the Adminis
tration in all its political issues he was
prepared to fully sustain the President in
the exercise of all his Constitutional func
tions to preserve the Union maintain the
Government and defend the Federal
Capital A firm policy and prompt action
was necessary The Capital was in danger
and must be defended at all hazards and
at any expense of men and money lie
spoke of the present and future without
any reference to the past
Faithful to his pledge to support the
Union Mr Douglas set out immediately
upon a tour through tho Northwest to
strengthen by hU words and presence
the spirit cf loyalty among the people
He made a series of eloquent speeches on
his jjurrey tt Chicago where he arrived
w irn and spent with the fatigue and ex
itcnent of his undertaking It was the
at aid mmt noble service of his life
iiln Lincoln Stood Silent Pali profoundly Sad as though his patiiitic soul Saw What was to follow
Illness ensued and aft r a few weeks of
suffering he passed away Jmi at the
age of 4H His death was an irreparable
loss mourned by the President
Nation
rlockadi ok southhrn ports
The Presidents call for troops was suc
ceeded on the lilth of April by a proclama
tion declaring in the following terms a
blockade of Southern ports
Whereas an insurrection against the
Government of the United Stales has
broken out m the States ot South Carolina
Georgia Alabama Florida Mississiimi
Louisiana and Texas and the laws of the
lion has already t ceii issued requiring
the persons engaged in these disorderly
proceedings to desist therefrom calling
4-
WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY APRIL 12 1900
out a militia force for tho purpose of re
pressing the same andicon veiling Congress
in extraordinary session to deliberate and
determine thereon
Now therefore 1 Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States with a view
to the same purposes before mentioned
and to tho protectirih of tho public peace
and the lives and property of quiet and
orderly citizcns pursuing their lawful
occupations until -Congress shall have
assembled and delpierated on tho said
unlawful proceedings or untd tho same
shall have ceased liavo further deemed it
advisable to set on foot a blockade of the
porls within tho States aforesaid in pursu
ance of tlie laws of tho United States and
of the laws of nations in such cases provid
ed For this purpose a competent force
will be posted so as to prevent entrance
and exit of vessels from the ports aforesaid
If therefore with a view to violato such
blockade a vessel shall approach or shall
attempt to leave any of the said ports she
shall lx duly warned by tho commander
of one of the blockading vessels who shall
indorse on Her register tho fact and uati
of such warning and if tho same vessel
shall again attempt -to enter or leave the
blockaded port sue will le captured anil
sent to the nearest convenient port for
such proceedings against her and her
cargo as prize as may be deemed advis
able
And I hereby proclaim and declare
that if any prson under the pretended
authority of said States or under any
oiher pretense shall molest a vessel of the
United States or tho persons or cargo on
lioard of her such person will be held amen
able to the laws of tho United States for the
prevention and punishment of piraci
By the President AliRAHAM LINCOLN
William 11 Slward
Secretary of State
Washington April It 1801
ADDITIONAL WAR MEASURE
On the 27th of April the President issued
a proclamation by which the blockade of
rebel ports was extended to the ports of
North Carolina and Virginia It was
followed on the idof May by a proclama
tion calling into the service of the United
States 42031 volunteers for three years
and ordering an addition of 22114 officers
and men to the regular army and 18000
seamen to the navy And on the Kith
by another proclamation the President
directed the commander of the United States
forces in Florida to permit no person to
exercise any office on authority upon the
islands of Key Wcst3oTtugas and Santa
liosa which may be inconsistent with the
laws and Constitution pf the United States
authorizing him at tho same time if he
shall find it necessary to suspend the writ
of habeas corpus niiiT to remove from the
vicinity of the UnitcdiStates fortresses all
dangerous and suspeetl persons
MR LINCOLN DEFINES Till POLICY OF
thi goyhucmint
The Virginia Convention which passed
tno ordinance ot secession having ap
pointed a committee to wait upon tho Presi
dent and rcspeettuuy aslc nun to com
municate to this Convention tho policy
which tho Federal1 Executive intends to
pursue in regard to tiie UonlwoeraJentates
Mr Lincoln in repljyhus clearly outlined
the policy nnd purpofics of the Government
In answer I haVoto say that having
at tho leirinhini of mv official term ex-
nrcssed mv intended policy as plainly as
I was able it is with deep regret and morti
fication l now irn lliero is great ahd
injurious uncertainty in the public mind
as to what that policy is and what course
I intend to pursue Not having as yet
seen occasion to change it is now mv
purpose to pursue the course marked out
in mo inaugural juiue5i i coiiimenu
a careful consideration of tho whole docn
ment as the lxt expression I can give to
mypurjKHcs As I then and therein said
I now repeat The power confided in me
will Ihj used to hold occupy and possess
projierty and places belonging to the
Government and to collect tho duties and
imiiosts but beyond -what is necessary for
these onjecis mere win no invasion
no using of forco against or among the
people anywhere By the words prop
erty and placya belonging to the Govern
ment 1 chieii y al ude to the military nosts
and property which were in possession of
the uovernmeiit when it came into my
hands lint it as now appears to lie true
in pursuit of a purpose to drive the United
huues authority irom these places an
unprovoked assault has been made upon
fori sumier i snail noui myseu at hliertv
to repossesss if I can like places which
had liceii seized leforo the Government
was devolved upon me and in any event i
shall to the best of my ability repl force
by force In case it proves true that Fort
j jlimler has licon assaulted as is reported
I shall perhaps cause the United States
mails to bo withdrawn from all the Slates
which claim to havo seceded believing
that mo commencement oi actual war
against tho Government justifies nnd
possibly demands it I scarcely need to
say that I consider tho military posts nnd
property situated within tins stales which
claim to have sf reded as yet belonging to
the uovernment ol mo unneu slates as
much ls lhnv dil liefore the Kiinnrrcod
secession Whatever else I may do for the
purpose 1 shall not attempt to collect the
duties and imposts by any armed invasion
of any part of tho country not meaning
ny litis however mat l may not land a
force deemed necessary to relieve a fort
upon the border of the country From the
fact that I have uuoted a part of the Inau
gural Address it must not lie inferred that
J repudiate any other jiarl the whole of
which 1 reaffirm except so far as what I
now say oi the mails may he regarded as
modification
Signed - ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Till IRKSIDENTS CONCILIATORY
COURSU IIISJJIIRi TO SAVH KEN
TUCKY
In the carljj cpcxjbd of Mr Lincolns
ftiiiiiiiisiiiuuiiuwiiH iioirciiu mat many
serious phases of tflo threatened trouble
might lie averted and that the betler judg
ment of tho eitfyensj of Hie South might
prevail But he was very decided and
determined astb wluif his duty was and
what Ins acliouwould be if the secession-
mil the lfiiii aml disuiuoinsts pressed their case
He said ilKijilisiniumists did not want
me to lake the 0ath of office I have taken
it and 1 intend to pJminister the otlice
ior uio iH iicm ji mojicopic in accordance
with tho Constitution and he law He
was especially anxious that Kentucky
should not lie plunged into a rebellious war
as he saw that Statu vrould boof the utmost
importance to tho Jlnion cause Soon
after the bombardment of Fort Sumter
iconleronee wnshcHboUveeii the 1 resident
United States for the collection of the and a number of prominent Koiitucki1113
here SrJnabi tfovSi of Ington at which Mr Uncoh
the Constitution which requires du j to x4r d Inmsclf 111 the mojt earnest
be uniform throughout the United Stales
And whereas a combination of prnoii3
uiigagcn 111 Hucii insurrection nave -
words
Kenlucky
I not Iks precipitated into scecsoion She is
MlBurii
he declared must mt
i r II 1 r
Vi iVr V Vf 1 key to Hie situation With her faithful
assaults oa the lives essels and property tno Lilian the discord 11
of good citizens of tho eouutrv lawfully will conielo an foul SI
engaged in commerce on the high seas anil hands of hose who do 1
in waters of the United States Ueonlc
Thosontimeiit of
And whereas an Fxecutivo Proclama i1 utiraentoi
bo
must counteracted
Coutlnuia on seventh lae
SL
U
L
tt
ERJH
from theTWU
serious and overshadowing thing with us
RETURNING TO ATHENS
Wo sat up lafe by rail fires loth to try
sleep in our wet blanket At daylight
we were off our regiment lieing the first of
tho command lo move out Wo marched
fast as we wera going homo to Athens
It was encouraging to know we were going
where thero was a railroad and an end to
our marching With hundreds of others
moccasin clad I found tho stones and
rough road hard on the feet
By 9 oclock we reached Shoals Itiver
and stopped near tho little town of
JjilJlMj L IIUIII1US
kjS a ym3 2
Contemporaneous Accounts of Events in the History of lhc 98th Ohio
DY TIIE LATE J M BRANUM
Florence Ala
Yesterday we wero informed we would
not move so wo drew rations and en
deavored to recuperate from our hard usage
of the past few days We were within a
mile of Mussel Shoais on tho Tennessee
Hiverand wero to stay hero lo keep tlie
rebels from crossing The other two
ton By night we were near Rodgersville
having marched 20 miles Cornmeal ra
tions were is med and some of the old scenes
and experiences of our Knoxville march
last year were re enacted The meal was
corncob stuff ground up which we mixed
in a tin and with frying pans we baked
the same old kind of cakes
The next morning Tuesday we marched
on arrivirsat Elk Iliver at noon and halted
BfiHESSfc WStW 1 tMm Affirm
WnilvfnlwSwlSMSMriliwfZiiUr r i -
Wi Marched Fast as we Were Going Home to Athens TC
gades ot our division went on to Florence
Foragers were sent out for provisions of
any kind to be had in the country The
sun came outfor once so vc put up shelter
tents dried ourselves aud doctored sore
feet
In the midst of thc3e operations came
ordera for our regiment to move out and
everything had to be stopped and we were
off In 15 minutco AVc took two guns of
the battery and went down tho Florence
road crossed the bridge over Shoals Hirer
and went into the high level country be
yond We marched fast and wondered
what was up
At 3 oclock we reached Florence and
found the other two brigades there and
learned they had encountered about COO
rebel cavalry and had scattered them and
wo had liecii sent for with the artillery
Wo were not needed now and in a little
while we marched back to our camp at
Shoals Hivcr My feet were very much
used up with this tramp
We had a grand supjier from articles
brought in by our foragers Feast and
starve is our style of living now
REBELS HAD ESCAPED
We now understood that for ail the hard
marching we did to eine here we were not
able to accomplish our object as a large
rebel force with 1 pieces of artillery had
crossed the Tennessee Itiver before we
could arrive
Gen Morgan says ho will tell Gen Sher
man and Gen Thomas something when
we get back He thinks it useles to send
infantry after cavalry commands on such
a wild goose chase as we hare been on
At noon wc received orders to move
again Confound it says everyone
I proceeded to doctor my feet as I was
unable to wear my boots at all after once
getting them off I went where they were
slaughtering some cattle and among a
crowd of several hundred on the same
errand as I was succeeded in getting some
raw lieef hide to make a pair of moccasins
I fixed up a pair ami found them much
licttcr than either bare feet or boots At 1
oclock wo moved to Florence where I am
now writing -
PRODUCING A MORAL EUFECT
Oct 8 Last night was clear cold and
frosty our beds were no better than stone
piles and we had but little rest We learned
wo would not moveduring the day but were
told to prepare for marching to morrow
To day at 1 ocloclcrwhat was left of our
division fit for duty inarched intj town to
see the place and produce a moral effect
on tho iieople I went along and shoved
my moccasin feet as well as I could We
numliercd about 50H and with our battle
worn flags presented quite an imposing
apiiearanee This day two years ago we
were in the battleof Perryville ICy Where
will we lie next
ATHENS ALA Oct 13
I take a few moments to continue my
narrative where I left off at Florence I
am really ashamed of sending any more
lest some may think I am writing a history
of the rebellion Sunday wo lay all day
resting and tr ing to fix up sore feet
1 have spoken a great deal about sore feet
for there were never so many sore footed
men in the command and although it may
not bo of interest lo you ytt it is a most
for dinner The bugle called us in an hour
and we stripped off and putting our cloth
jng in gum blankets we waded tlie cold
stream now up to the arrnpits When
half wayoyeTI hardly had power to move
on the water was so intensely cold the
current so swift and the rough bottom so
hard on my sore feet many failedand had
to call for help and all said in the condition
they were in that it taxed their endurance
more than anything cer attempted before
We resumed our march over the tedious
way anil that march over the rough roads
all the afternoon 60 minutes to the hour
was trying We halted at sundown and
went into camp The days march was 18
miles and nearly half the command were
used up
We were off at 7 oclock next morning
consoled with the fact that when we reached
Athens we would have rest and transporta
tion We arrived at noon Wc met Lieut
Porter in town He had come out from
Lookout Mountain to join us and gave us
the news from the world since we left At
lanta that the relw were loose and cutting
and slashing at the railroad all along from
Dalton to Marietta that Hoods had washed
the bridges away and we would have to
march to Huntsville licforc we could get
transjiortatioii by railroad lo Chattanooga
Think of that to encourage in poor tired
out soldiers After marching -15 miles in
moccasins we would have to endure two
mure days of it It was trying on our cour
age but we made up our minds to see it
through and w ent on through town without
stopping turned into a field and had din
ner We then received orders to stay as
there was a possibility of our getting
through by mil after all This good news
was the turning point or our hard times
CHATTANOOGA TENN Ojt 1G
We are in old Chattanooga again and I
will proceed with events where I left off in
Athens On Thursday we got aboard the
ears It went jolly after our hard march
ing and the cars were crowded and noisy
with cheers of the boys News was re
ceived that the rebn were as far north as
Iliuggold and we were to go there as quickly
as jiossible Tho afternoon was bright
and pletsaut and we went whizzing past
the fields farm houses and plantations
arriving at Ikeatur Junction in an hour
and then went on to Huntsville Those
splendid plantations so level and exten
sive which I have liefore described rolled
by like a panorama
At 7 oclock Huntsville was reached and
after a run up low 11 to purchase something
to eat w e moved on It was now dark and
we spread our blankets in the freight cars
and dove tailed ourselves in for sleep but
there wero so many of us it was a tight
squeeze
After many delays we arrived in Chatta
noogu at 11 oclock next day got out
stacked arms and proceeded to get break
fast aud dinner together We learned
Hoods army was on the move and Chatta
nooga was seared Everything aliout
here looks like business and all is done on
Government account
Many trains were moving bells ringing
and it was as noisy as a laige city A
walk up town past clothing stores eating
houses etc was trying on one who had
no money to buy with After dinner the
Sth Ohio marched out to the right of Fort
Wood and we now lie here all troops have
been sent out to Kinggold but our division
Xo news from tho front anil we aro con
gratulating ourselves on our rest soft bread
etc
Gordons MIIIS G Thursday Oct IS
Moved this morning early on the road to
Uossville From Bssville we continue on
the Dry Valley road and not- mny scenes
on the Chickamauga battlefield as we pass
along March fast ca np 011 the grass at
5 oclock Wonder vvnero wo are to go
Some say -we are bound for Atlanta
- tt lrP jo
1 I- if
- v
Sec Ioweitthalf
ghthfpagejg00
A
VOL XIX NO 27 WIIOLE NO 974
LAFAYETTE Ga Welneslny Oct 10
Marched at t oclock movel south and
arrived here Iatt in tho evening Lookou t
inng in sight on our right all day
People in this section do not seem to
have Ikmii disturbed much by war Their
orchards gardens and uitry had to suffer
some from our foragers
Chattanooga 1UVER Ga Thursday
Oct 20
Aroused early breakfast over and wo
march at oclock The Second Division
of the Fourth Corjis moved by on the Broom
town road We turned into a by road
after dinner and we reached this river
near tho Broomtown road Men forage a
great deal To night I have a clean bed of
straw to sieep on
Little Creek Ga Friday Oct 21
On the march at 0 oclock We havo
threa days rations which are to 3t us five
days Wc hear rumors that Shermans
army is at Alpine eight miles ahead and
Gen Hood is marching for the Tennessee
Hiver at some point lelovv Stevenson
The valley through which we march is
verv tiie large eroi aliound t le lnya get
aburdait supplies of corn sweet potatjes
poultrv melons etc We stopped at
Alpine for dinner and resumed the march
and went on st adify until dark We aro
still in ignorance of where we are going or
where our corpj is
NEAR ALPINE Ga Saturday Oct 22
On the march early road3 fine air coo- and
bracing and wc are getting educated up
to marelmg again pas3 a guide post and
learn we are seven miles from Unylesvilfe
and learn from foragers that Shermans
army is there We are very much rejoiced
knowing our journey is soon to end Coma
intj vicinity of own and find others of our
corps learn the news from those we Kit in
Atlanta and give ours in return
Gaylesviile ALA Sunday Oct 23
This has been a dav of re3t for us Wo
have washed cleaned up read the papers
and everything indicated i stay here it
being thought useless by Sherman to pur
su3 Urals army farther Foraging
parties are sent out and bring in large
quantities of jnrk sweet potatoes and to
night the campiirei burn cheerfully Tho
lioys sit around the fires and talk in enjoy
ment of the situation I wonder if wo will
ever took back 011 such times and envy
them I fear so
Gaylesviile Monday Oct 24
Another fine day receive orders to fix up
camp in regular order Foragers con
tinue to bring in abundant supplies Wo
are without baggage books or papers and
feel lost for something io do TYe sit
around crack hickory nuts read old -newspapers
and wonder where we are to go next
We are taking our board out of the Con
federacy to pay for the damage Hood has
done to our rai Iroad
Tuesdny Oct 25 Another beautiful
day Mucli speculation as to our next
move Rations scarce but forage plenty
Wednesday Oct 20 Indication of rain
we prepare quarters accordingly Sher
man passes our camp it is hard to tell what
he is going to do with us
Thursday Oct 27 The Fourth Corps
leaves in the direction of Chattanooga
Still taking our board out of the Con
federacy the boys are parching com by
rail fires to night
Rome Ga Oct 30
We have been alt the past week at Gayles
ville and the whole army rested after hav
ing driven tlie rebels out of hearing Wo
are employed in eating out the country and
well do we do it Everything for 20 miles
around in the eatable lino is taken by our
foragers
The weather is the finest of Indian Sum
mer and we enjoy our life in the woods and
open air There are no rebs to fight no
duty to do only to forage like so many
hunters At night we crowd around
bright fires roast sweet potatoes and
chickens and talk over events of the past
present or what the future has in store for
us Last Friday at noon we received
orders to move and we were glad of it as
we wanted to get to a railroad ancT get the
mail and newspapers We took the road
to Rome traveled until dark went into
camp and illuminated the horizon with
bright rail fires and arrived here next day
All houses about Homo are deserted and
half torn down It is hazy Indian Summer
weather aud one ought to feel happy but
is melancholy to bo here Everywhere
about is desolation and destruction and I
am tired of such scenes Where will next
Sunday find us We have spent the last
six in Atlanta Huntsville Florence Chatta
nooga Gaylesville and now at Rome
KINGSTON GA Xov 2 1SG4
lamina warm room where there is a stovo
full of burning wood feel comfortable and
congratulate myself as it is a chilly night
out of doors To give you the situation
will go back to when I left off writing at
Rome We lay all day Monday at Rome
doing nothing Whisky was abundant
and almost everyone was affected with it
Bands were in the streets serenading Gen
erals and music resounded on every side
Streets were filled with squads of men
many were intoxicated and noisy in fact
they made Rome howl I never saw
such a time among soldiers or knew whisky
to lie so plenty and it seemed as though it
was a general spree all around Rumors
alloat were wild and demoralizing Rome
was to lie evacuated and burnt the people
were scared and moving and did not know
what to do We knew wo were to go some
where but could only guess in what direc
tion
In the morning we started and camo
down here to Kingston on tho railroad
It is 15 miles from Home a ml wc arrived at
2 oclock yesterday and the Paymasters
havo been busy among us To day has
been one of rumors AVe learn there is a
big move 011 hand Sherman says so
and at Gaylesville he said he had in con
templation a raid that was to be a raid and
he was busy getting ready for it Pay
masters wero ordered from Nashville to pay
our troops now or never What Sher
mans big raid is we cant exactly figuro
out and tho fact that we are to go is from
the Fourteenth Corjis being ordered to go to
Atlanta and wc suppose then to get
ready
Our corps and the Twentieth is to start
from Atlanta and the Army of the Tennes
see Fifteenth and Seventeenth from
Marietta and unite with us at somo point
fgjji

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