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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, April 19, 1900, Image 5

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- Easter Egg Rolling Festival
Tho Easter Monday festival
belongs alone in tlie United Statesto the
Capital We have never heard of it elsc
where conducted in like manner How it
came here what its origin arc questions
that are asked yearly by hundreds After
seeing for the first time thousands of boys
and girls congregated in the Whito House
grounds and -watching the gamo of egg
rolling wc too became interested in the
same questions
After research wc arrived at some facts
which throw light upon the subject and
which to our mind are good reasons for
the game being a Washington institution
The origin of the joyous custom dates
back into past centuries The ancient
Greek had his own crude ideas of creation
and believed that when the earth was with-
or roiling over the prismatic train present
ing at tho foot a Josephs coat of many
Tiiey did not turn their faces homeward
till tho last rays of the setting sun tipped
the Comanche feather in the cap of Colum
bia who had silently watched from her
high outlook happy childhoods innocent
But alas there came a day when the
discovery was made that soft velvety
lawns were dented with childrens feet be
decked with eggs and decorated with col
ored shells when flowers trees and shrubs
looked limp and tired with tho hard days
usage and when the mild eyed Goddess of
Liberty closed her eyes upon the scene and
slept somebody decreed tha the childrens
fetival should cease in tho Capitol grounds
but the White House lawn luckily for the
children is still open to tho egg rollers and
it is one of the sights to be seen by all
visitors in Washington on Easter Monday
Tho lawns all tho day long are humming
with merry youngsters of every race color
and condition some in rags some in
shags and some in velvet gowns humble
white folks aristocratic black folks one
group rolling eggs another lying lazily
on the grass others lumping rope here
a group of white babies there another of
black babies some suckingsugar plums
others chewing their toes and others
watching the shifting scenes in the foun
tain made by the glistening shying gold
fish Music floats in the air giving add
ed inspiration to the scene for Uncle Sam
gives the Marine Band to the children once
a year
The portico of the White House swarms
with young humanity and pickaninnies
aro as thick as blackberries in August
The Whito House as well as the grounds
belongs to tho young folks this day and
they usually have the pleasure of shaking
hands with tho President and tho tiny
hands are placed in the Executive palm
with the confidence that says some day we
shall Ixj numbered with your constituency
Who knows but the victorious egg roller
will yet bo President and some coming
Easter morn look down from the White
House balcony upon another generation of
egg rollers and bid them as welcome as
did President McKinley on Easter Mon
day 1000
Comrade Charles H Newton of Marietta
O will be a prominent candidate at the
Ohio Encampment for tho office of Junior
Vice Commander He Is a deservedly
popular comrade and has served three
terms as Commander of Bucll Post 178
which will present his name no Ls a
worthy and influential GAK man and
one of the leading business men of Marietta
being cashier of the Savings Bank since
1SS1 He has a splendid record as a sol
dier In July 1803 lie recruited 33 men
for the 2d Ohio H A Ho was commission
ed Second Lieutenant and assigned to Co
K no was promoted First Lieutenant
July 18 18C4 and transferred to Battery
D Later ho served in Battery II He is
well known to tho comrades of Ohio having
served as Aid on the Department Staff and
also on the National Statf
Lieut Col Webb C Hayes of the 31st
US Inf son the late President Hayes
has leen bono ably discharged from tlie
United States Army at hs own request
He has been serving in the Philippines
with Col Pettit but is now on his way by
transport to San Fra cisco No reason Ls
assigned at tho War Department for his
retirement from the military service
Gen Edward M McCook has gone into
the Soldiers Homo at Yountville Cal
He is the son of the late John McCook and
was born at Steubenvillc O in 1835 Ho
was in Kansas at tho outbreak of tho re
bellion aud promptly enlisted in the Kan
sas Legion He was appointed a Second
Lieutenant in the 1st u S Civ in May
1801 and then lccame Major of the 2d Iml
Caw of which regiment ho rase to lie Col
onel He received four brevets for irullant
conduct hut resigned from tho Begular
Army in 1800 and went to Colorado He
was tho fifth and seventh Governor of
Colorado and displayed high ability in
that iwsition
Itev D It Ellis a minLsterof tho United
Brethren Church at Hockwood Pa thinks
he is the only survivor of the original
Monitors crew at the time she fought the
Merrimac He then lxjlonged to the Fngi
neers gang but was discharged in 1805 as
a Paymasters Clerk
Lieut Arthur L Conger ISth U SLs a
son of the Iato Col A L Conger of Akron
O well known in Grand Arnn circles
Cant Orville T Cliambcrlinlate of Co
G 71th hid Elkhart hid is a candidate
for the Republican nomination for Circuit
Judge J lie Captain lias a line record in
a good regiment of which it Ls sufficient to
say that it was a member of Bairds Di
vision of tho Iourtrentli xirps
1 lie oldest living comrailo is jiorliaps
Henry Donnan McCook Post 31
meiit of Missouri laUinnr Mo who re
cently celebrated his 101st birthday He
was Iwrn in New York Jan 10 170J but is
now in good health and able to cut wood
and do a great deal of work about the
place Ho walks erect arid is ablo to read
the nowspanera without glasses His hear
ing however is not good and his memory
indistinct as to events of recent years Ho
rememlicra the Incidents of thowar of the
rebellion very clearly When a lxy ho
drove a team on the Erie Canal for several
years and when ho was 21 ho married and
settled down near Mt Washington N Y
where ho cleared a farm and built a log
uuuau xiivii no wus a raiismau on tno
river for 15 years Ho removed to Michi
gan just beforo tho rebellion and in 1803
enlisted in the 7th Mich Caw in which ho
served till tho endof the war taking part in
all tho fighting from Gettysburg to Appo
mattox His only wound was a bullet liolo
in the right hand whichsomowhat cripples
him Ifo had four sons in tho army of
whom ono died in Libby Ho is the father
of 10 children of whom eight aro known to
be firing
The Marchioness do Lanza daughter of
the lato Wm A Hammond
has become a convert to Roman Catholic
Ready for the Rolling- ka
I o r Muff B Hi
I sf JjL m Mi h 11
ijyrf tff JjWWTIf V Sy
A Measure of Interest to a largo Number of
People In the West
It very often happens that a member of
Cotiirrrss bv cnncentratinir his efforts upon
ono great measure accomplishes far more
than most oi ins colleagues
Tho Hon Dennis FlVmu of Oklahoma
is only a Delegate but for years ho has
worked to ono end the passage of theso
called Free Homo Bill
The bill has been favorably reported in
both the IIouso and tho Senate and there
seems to lie a first rato prospect of its bo
coming a law
This bill interests a great many peoplo
in the far western States Briefly stated
tho cause of thoso seeking bcncit under
this bill is as follows
All ilie land which were ceded or con
quered from tho Indians and opened to
settlement after tho passage of tho Home
stead act in 1S62 and down to 1SS were
given to the settlers free simply upon tho
payment of an entry fee at tho Land Office
and tho occupation and improvement of the
lands for a term of live years Each head
of a family widow or unmarried ierson
over 21 years old was given 1G0 acres for
a homestead
In addition to the amount paid to foreign
nations for this territory tho Indians them
selves wero paid by tho United States
Government In round iiimlKrs SIOHGOO
000 for cessions covering tho States of
Iowa Kansas Wisconsin Minnesota
Nebraska and the two Dakotas Al
though tho Government had paid tins
money for tho lands tho settlers were
9 j KisTrn i R7sH f i wiisrftis rvris3rrssi Iti I 1 -
out form and void that the egg of creation
floated on the sea of chaos and after
many days of germination love broke the
shell and became the harmonious element
which brought forth form and order
In the olden time there was a feast of
the Teutonic Goddess Ostera in the Anglo-Saxon
Eastre whence naturally comes
our Easter the Goddess of Spring and
the Anglo Saxon namefor April was Easter
The pagan worship of Ostera was firmly
rooted in Northern Germany and was car
ried from there into England and Scotland
by the Saxons
The early Christians could not do better
than to change these pagan ceremonies
Jnto religious festivals This was easily
clone with this feast for it was joy at the
rising of tho Son of Righteousness the
resurrection of Christ
Various ceremonies sports and games
have been in times past indulged in and
characterized the day and many of the
customs still prevail over the world That
of making presents of colored eggs was
once very prevalent eggs being considered
symbolic of the revival of nature tho
springing forth of life Tho custom of
distributing Easter eggs is still observed
In different parts of England by the peas
In Scotland where the festival has been
suppressed for centuries the children still
roll and toss about hard boiled colored eggs
In Christian countries from the fourth
century the Church prohibited tho use of
eggs during the 40 days of Lent It is told
that as the heretical hens did not cease the
laying a largo quantity of eggs accumu
lated and at the end of the fast these
wero usually given to the children After
the eggs were boiled hard and dyed in va
rious hues inscriptions and designs were
traced on them and those thus ornamented
wero exchanged something after the fash
ion of the valentine custom
On Easter Monday even the Clergy in
dulged n the delights of egg rolling and
ball playing in which men -women and
children reveled The sport ended in strik
ing the eggs on against another and tho
rgg tliat brokf was won by the owner of
the one that struck it Immediately an
other egg is pitted against the winning
egg and so on until the List remaining
egg wins all the others which have before
won This is termed egg picking
It is more than probable that tho Scotch
element that first took possession of these
fair hills and beautiful valleys in the name
of George III brought with them this time-
honored custom Tho same festivities pre
vail to day m parts of Scotland
One of this number was a man by the
name of Pope whose possessions embraced
what is now Capitol Hill He culled it
Home A little stream that flowed at tho
foot of tho hill bore the classic name of
Tilier and the proprietor was known as
Poiie of Home
Then all Washington knows of Davy
Burns who owned a part of tho Widows
Mite which Gen Washington had to ne
gotiate for On this purchase stands the
Patent Office the Post Office and all be
tween His Scotch descendants are well
known and the Burns cottage until a fow
years ago stood a silent witness of the
Easter egg rolling in the Whito House
This festival has lxcn celebrated in
Washington as far back as the memory
of the oldest inhabitant and nowhere
else has it assume 1 like proportions
Until a few years ago not only was the
south lawn of the Presidents grounds giv
en over to the children for this holiday
but the Capitol grounds also were filled
with the merry egg rollers
The early morning found the streets
leading to tho Capitol and White IIouso
grounds filled with children wending their
way hither with baskets in hand filled
with eggs of many colors They came to
gether singly and in pairs whole families
at times and tho sport liegan A merry
group of youngsters would set a scoro of
tri colored eggs rolling zigzag down tho
terraces and they would make tho welkin
ring with shouts and laughter as tho raco
quickened frequently followed by some
child rolling after and as often overtaking
charged nothing After practically all
the arable lands embraced in these cessions
had lceii taken up further purchases were
made and a new policy introduced that is
tho olicy of requiring the settlers to pay
from S125 to 250 per acre for the land
in order to secure patent at tho expiration
cf the five years term of residence
The greater amount of acreageinvolvcd
is in Oklahoma These conditions of
entry by residence and purchase combined
cover tho Cherokee Outlet and the reserva
tion of the Pawnees Tonkawas Sacs and
Foxes Iowas Pottowatomies Cheyennes
Arapahoes Kiekapoos and Wichitas In
Minnesota there are the lands com
prised in the reservation of the Chippowas
and the great Sioux reservation of North
anil South Dakota and Nebraska Lako
Traverse North and South Dakota Yank
ton South Dakota Fort Berthold North
Dakota Cocur d Alone Idaho Nez Pcrces
Idaho Colville Washington Crow Mont
and Siietz Ore
Delegate Flynn and other members
interested in the measure claim there is no
more reason why the settlers upon these
lands recently opened to whito occupation
should pay for their homes than tho home
steaders who took all the splendid farming
area of Minnesota Iowa tho Dakotas
Nebraska Kansas and other regions
which were obtained by the General Gov
ernment and opened to frco settlement
under the law of 1802 They claim that
equity demands that all tho citizens of the
iepuuiiu hiluuiu im ireucu iiiiive in mis
matter and therefore they seok to reneal
the exLsting laws requiring payment for
these lands
Many settlers have already paid for their
uomesicaus tut1 ciuamis oi UKianonia
having turned into the General Land Office
some S3000000 on this account It is not
proposed to return this money but to allow
those who have settled in cash for their
homestead to take another homestead free
Provision Ls aLso made that the Agri
cultural colleges shall not sufler by the
proposed measure
Those of our Hultscribors who aro inter
ested in this subject would do well to write
to the Speaker of tho House or any other
memlier of Congress whom they may
know urging the passage of this bill and
induce their friends to do likewise
The enthusiastic Flynn thinks his meas
ure Ls safe at the samo time ho wants the
moral support of the jicoplo on the frontier
for whoo benefit he is working
Cannot Keep House Without It
Editor Natioxal Tiuiiuxk Your
paper has leen our household companion
since the second year of its publication
We simply cannot keep house without it
Husband was one of Shermans Bum
mers Co H 78th 111 We are now on tho
Pacific coast MRS MAUTIV V KIN
MAN Press Corresiiondent A W Ellett
Corps 44 Yoncalla Ore
The Starvation Plan
Of Treating Dyspepsia and Stonr
ach Troubles is Useless
and Unscientific
Tlie almost certain failure of tho starva
tion euro for dyspepsia has been proven
time and again but oven now a course of
dieting is generally tlie first thing recom
mended for a case of indigestion or any
stomach trouble
Many jicoplo with weak digestion as
well as some physicians consider tho first
step to tako in attempting to euro indiges
tion is to restrict tho diet either bv select
ing certain foods and rejecting others or
to cut down tho amount of food eaten to
liarely enough to keep soul and body to
gether In other words tho starvation
plan is by many supjiOHed to bo tho first
All this is radically wrong It is foolish
and unscientific to recommend dietinir to a
man already suffering from starvation be
cause indigestion itself starves every or
iran ncrvo and fiber in tho bodv
What peoplo with poor digestion most
need is abundant nutrition plenty of good
wholesome procrly cooked food and some
thing to assist the weak stomach to digest
This is exactly tho purpose for which
Stuarts Dyspepsia Tablets are adantcd
and the truo reason why they euro tho
worst cases of stomach trouble
Eat a sufficient amount of wholesome
food and after each meal take one or two
of Stuarts Dystwiwia Tablets to promptly
digest it
Jn this way the system is nourished and
the overworked stomach rested liecauso the
tablets will digest tho food whether the
stomach works or not ono grain or tho
active digestive prineiplo in Stuarts Dys
iicnsia tablets being sufficient to digest
3000 grains of meat eggs or other albu
minous lood
Dr Harlaudson and Dr Redwcll rec
ommend these tablets in all cases of defect
ive digestion ljecauso tho pepsin and dias
tase in them are absolutely free from ani
mal matter and other impurities and be
ing pleasant to tho tasto aro as safo and
harmless for tho child as for tho adult
All drug stores sell this excellent prepa
ration and tho daily uso of them alter
meals will lie oi great licneilt not only as
an i mined iato relief but to permanently
build up and invigorate the digestivo or
ygyyTrjj ymjE ittrfyrTt
Capt J H Culver 32d U S Vols is
homo from tho Philippines suffering from
a leg severely injured oy a tiiipino pony
alio captain lias an unusual military
history As a lioy ho served four years in
tho 1st Wis coming homo tho Color-Sergeant
of tho regiment He settled in
Nebraska and was active in building up
the young State He also took a deep
interest in his old comrades and is one of
tho pillars of tho Nobraska GAR Ho
was Department Commander in 1S0
He entered tho Nebraska N G and took
an active part in tho Indian wars in tho
early history of tho State At tho out
break of tho Spanish war ho raised a com
pany for the 8d U S Vol Caw Grigsbys
Rough Riders Ho had four sons in his
company tho youngest his bugler Tho
regiment did not get to the front owing to
tho unexpected closo of tho war He was
then given a commission as Captain in tho
32d U S Vols and has two sons with him
Another son Clarence who showed
usual ability as a Quartermaster Sergeant
was retained in tho service after tho muster
out of tho Rough Riders as a citizen em
ployee and sent to tho Philippines Re
cently at tho request of Maj Batson young
Culver was commissioned as First Lieu
tenant and assigned to tho battalion of
Macabcbcs which Maj Batson commands
Ho will be heard from in a very creditable
way before long Capt Culver saw a good
deal of lively skirmishing with tho in
surrectos after his regiment reached tho
Philippines and then was placed in com
mand of the town of Mexico a placo of
18000 inhabitants with a number of popu
lous villages nearby He succeeded in
quickly winning the entire confidence of tho
people by a course of frank straightfor
ward manliness and justice Ho began by
telling them that ho and his men wero
gentlemen and representatives of tho
great American people who had sent them
there to protect tiic Filipinos in their rights
Ho expected to treat tho Filipinos as gen
tlemen and ladies and should require the
samo treatment for his men and himself
Ho amazed them by absolutely refusing to
receivoany presents even tho smallest and
telling them that they must not offer them
as it implied that they wero seeking to
wrongly inlluciu o him This was an
utter revolution from Spanish practices
whero tho assignment of an officer to such
place as Mexico was intended to give him
an opportunity to mako his fortune and
at every opportunity ho sold his power to
tho highest bidder There was no such
tiling as justice The decision in all cases
went in favor of tho man who paid most
Capt Culver cxcrcLsed an intelligent des
potism throughout Whero he could
reason with tho peoplo ho reasoned
Where it was necessary to simply order he
ordered and had his orders carried out
Ho made tho peoplo clean up tho town and
keep it clean for their own health and used
good Nebraska sense in settling tho dis
putes and problems that camo beforo him
Ho pleased tho peoplo so well that thoy
wero wild with sorrow when ho was com
pelled to leave and did everything to retain
him The Captain Ls quite sanguine as to
Uio futuro of tho Philippines and their
valuo to Uio United States
Last week Maj Ebenozer Burgess Ball
died in Washington His principal claim
to distinction lay in his descent from the
same stock as tho Father of His Country
and his remarkable resemblance to him
His ancestor was tlie ffithcr of Mary Ball
who liecamo Geo Washingtons mother
and this descent was farther emphasized
by Col Ball of Revolutionary fame and
Maj Balls grandfather marrying Frances
Washington tho first Presidents niece
This made a double line of descent Maj
Balls picture in tho uniform of tho Con
tinental Guards in which ho was an otlicer
looked strikingly like the generally ac
cepted pictures of Geo Washington He
was born in 1817 and was in business in
Washington until 1810 when ho went
West to grow upwith tho country and
sold goods for years in Missouri Oregon
and California Ho camo back during the
rebellion but though his sympathies were
with tho South ho took no iiart in tho
actual fighting Ho rwcut into Uio butter
business in the Center Market but did not
make a business success after soveral
years of trial and then ho was given tho
privilego of selling cigars and toliacco in
tho Pension Office at which ho did fairly
Tho Senate Committee has agreed to
report favorably on the bill to permit the
Daughters of tho American Revolution to
erect a memorial building on Rawlings
Lieut Commander J C Gilmore who
has been in Washington recuperating from
the effects of hLs long imprisonment bv tho
Filipinos lias licen ordered to duty as
Executive Officer of the Prairie and will
spend the Summer in short cruises with
the Naval Reserves of tho Atlantic and
Gulf States
John Addison Porter tha Presidents
Secretary has tendered his resignation to
tike effect May I and the samo has boon
accepted Tho rcison is ill health as Mr
Porter has never recovered from a severe
illness a year ago Mr Geo B Cortelyou
the Assistant Secretary is to lie promoted
to the- vacancy Mr Cortelyou was born
in New York in 1802 and camo into tho
public service as a stenographer Presi
dent Cleveland apjiointed him Executive
Clerk aud President McKinley Assistant
Tho Secretary of the Interior reports
regarding tho employes in that Depart
Between 14 and 10 years inclusive 33
lietween 20 and 29 years inclusive 303
between 30 and 39 years inclusive 833
lietween 40 aud 49 years inclusive 718
lietween 50 and 59 years inclusive 815
lietween JO and 04 years inclusive 301
lietween 05 and 09 years inclusive 102
lietween 70 and 74 years inclusivo 58
lietween 75 and 79 years inclusivo 2S
over 80 years 4 total 3255
Presidential appointees and laborers aro
not included in these figures From tho
estimates furnished bvtliodiiTerentbure iiia
and olllco of tho Department itmay bo
stated that something over 250 persons now
on tho rolls must bo considered as perma
nently incapacitated either physically or
mentally tor uio penormanco oi manual
labor in whole or in part This condition
in many cases results from tho loss of
limbs old wounds or Health impaired in
tho service
Lorn Wiloy of Peoria 111 ono of tho
Assistant J ioorkecpcrs ot tno House has
been chosen by Commander-in-Chief Shaw
oi me uranu jvrmy oi ino Jiepuiuic as
bugler on ins official sum Comrade
Wiley has served three terms in a similar
position and was recoinmened for another
ictiii iij vjwh jiiiwi nmin ma uiti irieiiu
At Gen Sicklcssrequcst Comrado Wiley
will go us bugler ith the organization of
the Army of the Potomac to Fredricksburg
at the annual Reunion May 25
Tho President makes tho announce
ment that he has decided to mako no
change in tho Army canteen system This
is wise
Assistant Secretary of the NawChas If
Allen who has lieen appointed Governor
oi Porto kico is primarily a business man
and a very successful one Ho was born
at Lowell Mass in 18 18 and graduated
from Amherst Ho went into inanufactur
iiiLand is now the head of a lariro faetorv
president of a bank and a large manufac
turer of high grado paiers Ho has also
been active in politics was several vear
a mcnnier oi uio jinssaciiiiseus uencral
Court and served two terms in Congress
Ho was appointed Assistant Secretarv of
tho Navy May 0 1K9S to succeed Theo
Roosevelt when the latter resigned to enter
the army It is said that he does not ex
pect to remain in Puerto Rico longer than
necessary to put the new Government on a
good working basis when ho will return
and beeomo Secretary of the Navy in the
event of McKinleys re election
Commander Jos AV Kay of the Depart
ment of New York was in the city last
week to invito the President to bo present
at tho meetingof the Annual Encampment
at Utica N Y May 10 but the President
said thit ho would bo unable to attend
CommanderSIaybaugh of tho Depart
ment of the Potomac invited the President
-v -1 i
last week to bo presont at Arlington Mo-
monal Uay Tno lresideut replied mat no
wjis fninc to Gettvsburcr
May 30 but if in tho city iio would bo at
In order to releaso tho crows from hard
duty during tho hot weather in tho Philip
pines and to uso men and omcers wirero
they aro much needed tho Navy Depart
ment lias decided to put tno monitors Jion
tcrev and Monadnock out of Commission
in Manila harbor Thoy can soon bo put
in scrvicoablo shape again should they bo
Tho nassairo of tho Porto Rican bill
places a number of luscious plums at tho
Presidents disposal Tlioro will be a Gov
ernor at SS000 ier annum a Secretary
S 1000 an Attorney General 4000 a
Treasurer 5000 an Auditor 4000
Commissioner of tho Interior 54000
Commissioner of Education 3000 flvo
members Porto Rican citizens of tho Ex
ecutive Council wlioso salaries shall lie
fixed by tho Legislature Chief Justice of
tho Sunrcme Court S5000 four Associate
Justices of tho Supremo Court S4r00
each Marshal of that Court 3000 Unit
ed States District Judge 5000 United
States District Attorney 4000 United
States District Marshal 3500
Tlie President Is also authorized to
nomt i flnmtnisslnn of throe members one
of whom shall bo a Porto Rican at a sal
ary of S5000 each to compile and revise
tho laws of Porto Rico Tho Commission
is allowed all necessary clerks and other
Tho Board of Managers of tho National
Soldiers Homo for Disabled Aolunteer Sol
diers was in session hero last week and
elected tho following officers Gen Martin
T MeMahon New York President Gen
AV J Sewcll New Terse v First Vice-President
Col J L Mitchell Wisconsin Second
Vice President Maj Geo AV Steele Indi
ana Secretary Tho Board went to inspect
tho Homo at Hampton Va
Tho Secretarv of tho Treasury asks an
appropriation of r5000 for expenses of
procuring and transporting to tho National
Zoological Park AVashington D C speci
mens of tlie indigenous animals of Alaska
and of constructing the necessary paddocks
and houses for same including all neces
sary field and other expenses and the
Cioyment or such temporary help as may
o required
Tho District Democrats have had a great
deal of fun over tho way that a couple of
Republican bosses vote illimitable numbers
of negroes against ono another in contests
lor tho Delegateship to National con
ventions But in tho contest which has
just been had among tho Democrats -they
aro as prolific of charges against one
another as tho Republicans have ever been
Jas L Norris tho Bryan candidate swept
all tho primaries but his opponent claims
that ho did it by voting his adherents early
and often at all tlie polling places
Tlie peoplo of Mt Pleasant ono of the
finest of tho AVashington suburbs protest
against tho President appointing the
School Trustees which they say will bring
tho schooLs into politics
Assistant Secretary of War Meiklejohn
roiiorts to Congress that there aro in the
Department 1110 employes including du
lalxirers divided as follows
Office of tho Secretarv 08 Record and
Pension Office 470 Adjutant Generals
Ollice 135 Inspector Generals Office 11
Office 12
Quartermaster Generals Office 117 Commissary-Generals
Office 30 Surgeon
Generals Office 118 Paymaster Generals
Ollice 25 Office of Chief of Engineers 70
Ollico of Chief of Ordnance 43 Office of
Chief Signal Officer 5
Tho employes are divided by ages as fol
lows From 14 to 19 years 1 from 20 to
29 80 from 30 to 39 229 from 40 to 49 201
from 50 to 59 314 from 00 to 0 1 138 from
05 to 09 87 from 70 to 74 20 from 75 to
79 7 over 80 years 3
Mr Meiklejohn says that there are 29
employes who havo a physical disability
which probably renders them unable for tho
performance of somo kinds of physical
lalior but that no employo of tho Depart
ment is permanently incapacitated either
physically or mentally for the performance
of manual lalior involved in the duties to
which assigned
Tho employes partially Incapacitated aro
old soldiers of tlie civil war who lack either
an ann or a log or a hand or a foot but
are otherwiso Iiilly qualilieu lor tlie duties
upon winch thoy aro engaged in ono
single case tho partial disability referred to
is the result or age
Tho Post Offico Department finds it
necessary to call public attention to the fact
mat iLui mi ouiujiu iiiiist uu iiiupaiu vj
the amount of five cents for every half ounce
instead of two cents as many peoplo sup
nose Great numbers of letters are held up
on account of this shortness of prepayment
and tho annoyanco tnreatens to greatly
increase when tho rush to tho Paris Exposi
tion begins Another thing is that people
will not understand that foreign postal
pooplomay not understand tlie intricacies
of American iienmanship Envelopes
should lie addressed either with a type
writer or imitations by tno pen or printed
Chief Engineer Baird Superintendent of
tho State AVar and Navy Departments has
made a report in regard to the employes
oi his office They number 214 and con
sist of 01 watchmen 28 firemen 10 con
ductors 17 laborers 9 engineers 4 me-
Two Weeks
Treatment Free
The great blood
purifier Zaegels
Swedish Hssence of
Life is to be given
away free to readers of this paper
This remarkable medicine by removing dis
ease germs from theblood has an action that af
fects tho entire system It tones up tho stom
ach and creates an appetite works on the
liver and has a mild continuous effect upon
tho bowels thus cleaning ont tho entire sys
tem it makes new rich blood regulates tho
heart and kidneys aud rids tho body of all
waste matter It also induces a gentle per
spiration thas preventing fevers and conges
tion Rheumatism bachachc and headache
biliousness and all nervous discasesaro rap
idly cured as well as diseases peculiar to
women No one need trouble themselves to
doubt whether tho remedy will do all these
things for you can have a free trial package
first and see what it docs for you
Do not neglect to get in your application
at once The best way is to sit down this
minute write a letter to M R Zaegel Co
P O Box 815 Sheboygan AVls and say that
you want a trial package of Swedish Essence
of Life This will be sent yon by mail and
is large enongh to convince you of the merit
of this celebrated household remedy A 2
ccnt stamp should be inclosed in your letter
to pay tho postage on this free sample AVritc
for it to day
O How Happy I am to
BE FREE from
Is what Mrs Archie Yoanff of 1S1 Oaks Ave West Superior Wis writes U3 on Jan 2Sth 1900
Iara so thankful lobe able tosay that your NWANSONS 43 DltOlS Is the best medicine I
have ever used in ray life I sent for some last November and commenced ming It right away and
it heljied me from the first dose Oh I cannot explain toyou how I was suffering from neuralgia
It seemed that death was ncarat hand I thought no one could be worse I was so very weak that
I hardly expected to live to see my husband come back from his daily labor llut now I am free
from pain my cheeks are red and I sleep well the whole nisht through Many of my friends aro
so surprised to see me looking sowcll that they mil send for some of your S DROPS
DUCIIU1TSSIS I have been aulicted rheumatism for 2 years I was In bed
llllllinill I iKSava M wncu i aw your advertisement in a paper rrcoiumcnuinr
- J iiiriiii r nivn ir
try it
-- vs r v
I thought I TGtild
It liascoiriplctely cured me but I lite it so well that I want two
more bottles for fear I will ret into the same fix I wa before I scut for
5 JOPS writes llr Alexander Futrell of Vaandale Ark Feb
6th 1900
Istbemojtpowfrfnlffpectflcknowr Free from opiate and perfectly harmless- It
Sires Almost Instantaneous relief an1 1 n positive rur for Khriimntlm Mcl
atlcn Xeurnlslii Jyirplti Iicltuche Athnm lluv Kctcr Vn
tnrrh ln Orippe Croup NIccnlrne Ncroiine XVrromnnil
AcurnlKlo llendnchr ITamch Toothache Heart Wcahnci
Jlropy Malariu Crceplair Aumbiicis elc etc
qa ff A yg to enWe unfTerers to ghre IH0PS At Ieat a trial we
OV J T W vrlUrrndac sample bottle prepaid br mail for lOtr A
TRADEMARK Sold bjr us and agent AtftaTaWlYrEIUVTrrrilM7 IVrlte un to tiny
to Investigate the difference between our price and those oi
through agents or dealers therefore
we do
nothavothem to protect and In making
our prices are enaDiemoDKurememasiaw
as the trrade of work we mannfactnrn ran
be sola We nam you the profit thut
are added between the mauutactarer
and tho con n met by aelllnr direct to
you from our factory This has been our
method of selling for the past twenty Keren
years ana we aro xoaay the largest
- tk tu ci
I cunt tick ud la lb IUt ft K ZTZTZZZiZ Y
7 TlJfi ttwiftta
K04I Hn2UStmC0I ltr4lolMrxcliiiTij
117 BDQ IllUn I IVORS a IW an MJ Vrf VJ a -- a- r - V w
wHh fik ktl trhnmters til formnhtlOT cttratatar if VTt ftl Sulfor frratUvQ tiowipje tllef otr dSrral UtIcs
a - tan AinniflAC URDUCCP UltlllPinTlinillA MM - a a a - -
7t uood u mui ior bio ELftriAni twnniHut q nMnnmo mwnurHblunmu tu CIKnarT Indiana
T T T T t I
chanics 1 skilled laborers SO charwomen
anil 1 clerk None aro under 20 nor any
over 80 vears of age Their ajjes arc stated
as follows From 20 to 2 17 from 30 to
3 31 from 40 to 40 T3 from 50 to 59 CO
from CO to i J 2C from 05 to C9 1 from 70
to 74 7 from 75 to 79 5 Ono of the last
named class is a charwoman and the other
four aro watchmen The average ago of
theso emplo3 cs is 495 years
Anni ia At Caddo Hills Tex W M AMI
Co II 2M Intl iutciI CO He served over three
years He ilrew SO per month pension
ALimnifiH At Alexander mil lacoo
Marion Aldriilie 2 Hit Ind Ilattcry atrcd CI
lie was in Andersonvillc from June 30 18GI lo
March 28 180 Deceased was a member ot
Iw Tavlor Post 243 Elwood Post 01 CO
stronir participated in the services which were
rendered according to uic initial oi me iric
AnKorn At uyprrss Mill Tex David is
Arnold Co K 1st CaL Cay aed 70 He leaves
a widow and srven daughters
iJAXos At lirainr s station ind iy ir
Banns Co E 3d Ind aged 53 He was a mem
ber oi rim Sherman i osi o
HrciWAnno At Philadelphia Pa Anthony
Ilernarrto 6th IS J aired 56 He served
out tho war and was enthusiastic in all matters
relntintr to the veterans He had been a member
of Post 2 since 1879 and was buried with military
honors a large number or comrades aucnains
tho services A widow and six sons survive
Bivw At OIpe Kan Gcorjre W Blvin
aired 69 He was born in Prince Georije County
Md He moved to Iowa when 19 years old and
in 18C2 enlisted in Co V 7th Iowa Cav was
promoted Corporal Apnl 27 1803 was mustered
out in 18G5 He leaves a family
IlrACic At Havcnswood W Va John S
Mack 73d Ohio ased 75 He was a member
of Dan Frost Post He came toAmerica
from Crunack Scotland at the ace of 12 years
and to Albany O in 18C5 He married in 1838
Miss Khoda E BisselL A widow and two daugh
ters survive him also one brother and two sisters
in Scotland
Boni At EdKccliff Pa John B Bond Co
n ifilh Pa aired 82 He enlisted when
ment was organized was wounded at Dallas in
ritrht Icir and by explosion of a shell lost his siclit
He had been a subscriber to Tin- National
Tiiiuuxia for 20 years lac paper was read to
him by comrades
HmxnrK At Carlisle Pa of heart disease
John P Brindle Captain Co CJ 81th Pa accd
73 He served from October 1802 to July 180 1
He had lived at Carlisle since I860 and had held
many important city offices He was a member
of Colwcll Post
Buckingham At Pcmberton 0 March 8
Cm YV Buckingham Co F 10th Ohio Car
iccl 82 He was buried with GAIC honors by
Neal Post 02
Biitt At Knoxville 111 March 1 Gcorco
W Butt Co D 1st 111 Cav aired 61 He was a
member of Post 15 Galcsburfr 1IL A widow and
fnnr rhildren survive him
Tytt At East Hanover Pa March 5 of
pneumonia John Byle Ho served in four regi
ments uurinc mo rcociuun jm Mas a uicuiuer
nf Post -12 nt Lebanon and although residintr 12
miles away and no means of travel except walk
ing was present at icasionceamoniuaimeeungs
lie was Duricu wiiu ma wmua ih hai
Coon At Sliners Mills Pa ffm Coon
rVimrnde Coon was a member of Co D Cist Pa
He enlisted Auir 18 1801 for three years and
participated in every entrajrement of tlie regiment
until ne was wounueu iay oi ioo u ine
hnllle nf Fair Oaks Va He re enllstcd Dec 20
1803 for three years more as a veteran During
i ha Winter of 1 801 anil 60 as a reward lor bravery
he was appointed Color Sergeant In the final
rlinn n nn the works before Petersburg va
April 2 1865 he was wounded while placing the
ivilnrs on he works At the muster out ot the
regiment June 28 1805 he was still in the hos
fnnvitrTa At Delta Cola of heart disease
D B Cornell Co G 95th 111 aged 09 He was a
mmher of Geo 11 McCIellan Post 76
VvrrnRi At Savannah Mo H C Cottrel
Co D 4th Va aged 57 He was Sheriff of
Andrew County The funeral services were con
fiuMp hv Vfnhnv Post and the Odd Fellows
Cox At Sharpsburg Md March 31 Joseph
Cox Co H 1st P H B Md Vols He was Past
Commander of Antietam Post 14
Day At Monroe Wash Lucius Day Co
D 30lh Wis aged 62 He enlisted Aug 21
1862 and served over three years In 1874 he
moved to Cherry Valley Wash where he had
been Postmaster till about one year ago Com
rade Day was a member in good standing of
Stevens Post A widow ono daughter and two
anna Hiirrire flim
Ellis At Windsor Mo John Ellis Inde
pendent Company Ohio Cav aged 68 He was
a member of John A Davis Post 549
FiKSlnlt At Anna O Samuel T Flcsher
Co II 29th Ohio He was buried with the full
Ritual service by Xeal Post 62 I W Ilitchey
Commander S D Young Chaplain
Foot At Itawlins Wyo John Foot Co A
1st Wis II A He was born in Morgan County
Ind in 1810 Soon after the close of the warhe
settled in Wyoming and was well known through
out the State He was a member of CVsper W
Collins Post 58
GHIIIHSIIIVR At Brooklyn N Y March
22 Joseph C Gildersleeve aaetl 08 He was
born at Stanfordville N Y He enlisted Aug 6
1861 in Co D 71th N Y and was discharged
Aug 28 1864 During his entire service he never
lost a day and was ever ready for duty and
never missed a battle skirmish picket or any
duty and at the bloody battle of Olustce Fin
Feb 20 1801 he went out betwif n the lines with
Lieut John G Borden and CorpI John Mminiun
of his company and picked up Sergt Henry A
Phillips of his own company who was wounded
and carried hint out of danger He was a member
of Geo Strong Post 531
Goomviv At Truxton Mo Jos Goodwin
19th Mich He was lirn in Wooldnrsctshire
England Julv 7 1830 came to the United Slates
in October 1857 enlisted in the 19th Mich Aug
5 1802 and served two years and nine mouths
with credit to himself and regiment
HAlNoit At Middlesex Center N Y Geo
Ilninor 85th X Y a member of Hayes Post
GAK He leaes a family
HlLU At Glenn N Y March 21 Egbert
II ill familiarly kiiw l as Gov Hill He was
born in 1831 was a s ililier in the civil war and
was a pensioner He was laid away by the com
rades of G 1 Bayard Post 222 on the lot at
Allegany X Y
At Barnesville O March 27 Lieut
Samuel llillcs Co I- loth Ohio aged 01 lie
took part in all the imimrtnnt Kittles of his regi
ment was severely wounded nt Chiekamauga
and wounded ami taken prisoner at Stone IEiver
lie was commissioned Lieutenant for gallant
service lie was elected Sherilf of Belmont
County in 1878 and filled that ollice two terms
Later lie served two terms in the State-Legislature
In 1899 he wns appointed Postmaster at
Barnesville lie was a member of Hobert llillcs
Post the Loyal Legion and several
other societies Comrade llillcs was one of tlirea
brothers in the union army ijcul looeri
Ililes served in Co B 1261h Ohio and was in
command of his company when killed at the battle
of the Wilderness May C 1801 Geo II llillcs
served in the Signal Corps
Where Mulligan Was Taken
ton IWo is on a hill about six miles from
Richmond There is a great piece of heavy
low swampy ground a great place for
wild duck etc in that iieiuhltorhoori
wliero Coi Mulligan was taken prisoner at
the liattlu oi Lexincion mm tiaoiy nurt
Some of his men wero killed others wound
ed and they had to take tho parole oath
and leave tho State of -Missouri I saw
Mulligan s men nt Quiticy on the morning
thev arrived Thoy had been badly used
up and wero waiting to get orders from
headquarters I saw Col Mulligan also
Ho and ins men 1 helieve wero surrounded
and Sterling Price had tho best of him in
numbers xney wero in a bad country
Some of them told mo that Prices men
came uprjnthem liko a great flockof
imu iniu iiit iumi nu ciiaiiit ktneu a
saw Mulligans men they had all their
clothes and accoutprmenta except their
weapons TOHX W K I S E X II U It G E Ii
Liberty III
Organization of an Indiana Circle
Phil If Sheridan Circle 20 was recently
organized at Vincenncs Lid with 16 charter
members by Mrs Ivy Wagner of AVash
ington Ind Ten comrades also took tho
obligation of the Order Tho following
ofllcers wero elected Prcs Fannio K
Wallace S V P Annie E McCoy J V
I Onhilia Hart Chan Indian Miller
Sec Susie Congden Treas Sallie Krack
conductor rora calender uuard Laura
Edwards Asst Con Georgia Pierson
Asst Guard Mary Fiddler
A Wonderful Shrub Cures Kid
ney and Bladder Diseases
Rheumatism Etc
Disorders of tho Kidneys and Bladdsr
cause Blights Disease Rheumatism
Gravel Pain in tho Back Bladder Dis
orders diflicult or too frequent passing
water Dropsy etc For these diseases a
Positive Specific Cure is found in a new
botanical discovery the wonderful Kava
Kava Shrub called by liotanists the piper
mcthysticum from the Ganges River East
India It has the extraordinary record
of 1200 hospital cures in 30 days It acts
directly on the Kidneys and cures by
draining out of the Blood tho poisonous
Uric Acid Lithates etc which cause tho
Ur Caltla C Blltt
Rev John H Watson testifies in the
New York jrbrM that it has saved him
from the edge of the grave -when dying of
Kidney disease and terrible suffering when
passing -water Mr Calvin G Bliss
North Brookfield Mass testifies to his
cure of long standing Rheumatism Mr
Jos Whittcn of Wolfboro X H at the
age of eighty five writes of his cure of
Dropsy aud swelling of tho feet Kidney
disorder and Urinary difficulty which
compelled him to rise many times during
the night for relief Many ladies in
cluding Mrs C C Fowler Locktown X
J andiMrs Sarah Tharp Montclair Ind
also testify to its -wonderful curative power
in Kidney aud allied disorders peculiar to
That you may judge of the valuo of this
Great Discovery for yourself we will send
you one Large Case by mail free only ask
ing that -when cured yourself you -will
recommend it to others It is a Sure spe
cific and can not fail Address The Church
Kidney Cure Company 421 Fourth Ave
New iork
Garland Their Graves No 6
Thl book of Memorial Songs Is Inst from the press
Wonli and Mu c all new Like tlie precedlmj num
bers the print is plain size larse containing choruses
lilted CJiiutettreXIaleQearteitesSol03etcetc All
nicely arranged for Decoration Day and all Memorial
1rlce per eopyi cents per dozen copies JL50 Uacs
numbers same price
ls a book or new Sonus Words and Music for Soldiers
ltninoiis camp I ires etc etc
Price per copy 15 cents per dozen copies 150
r triii witKvrns
Is a boot of roctle Clems Recitations Exercises etc-
for Memorial DayIeunion etc
Price per copy -V cents
Kittier of above books tent by mall or express pre
paid on receipt of price
Order of the author an oM soMIcr
f v vriiirvi
Arcoi Indiana
Pension Law a Specialty
Reliable Services Proffered
by IMiii T fnilfli I L JI co itaiuiu a
Clear XxiMitidoii of the Vcusib Ian i and
otlier altr r Iiileret to the Soldier Fra
Sernllya Malte l Tret upon reuet Xxtro pay
ami of whatever khul ilue cotl cted for
SiaiilH iaiKi iiiilVairMIiiersantlsillor3
I keeo infurmet as lo alt new and de
cisions and and am ever qualified to take tha
action tltat is mtw utviiole Xo u e nitil successful
IntfMlUeal advice free Percentage of succuss unex
iS T f
Vaiiilsoli 11 O
Mr Hunter is a hustler had 117 cases
allowed in one dav He is at the Pension
Ollico each day looking up neglected and
rejected cases He uses all evidence on file
Xo fee until yon pet your money If yon
want to apply lora pension or havo your case
looked up free of charge dont fail to write
Pension and Patent Attorney
Washington O C
itrFotti siiiv write
WM L TAYLOR Van Buren Arkansas
i Drop in Suiving Machines
AVc are sending Sewing Machines out to any
aildn ss on frco three months trial making
such liberal terms and special now prices su
much lower than any other house ever thought
of naming- that our offer will surprise you
For frco new Sewing Machine catalogue and-
special offers cut this notico out and mail to
SUVRS Koeuuck Co Chicago 111

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