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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, August 30, 1900, Image 1

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ESTABLISHED 1877 NEW SERIES
Comrades The honor conferred by my
tmanimous election as your Commander-in-Chief
one year ago placed me at the
head of the greatest patiiotie oiganization
In the world and it has been my ambition
to woithily discharge the manifold duties
of this great office To this end I have
devoted all my time to the demands of the
nosition in the endeavor to make good my
promise made on entering upon the woik
that I would try and make a busy year
among comrades I appear before jou to
render an account of my stewardship and
to make such recommendations as s eom
desirable at the close of the jear of serv
ice
COMRADESHIP
Mv first official act was to send out a
fraternal circular letter to the comrades of
the Nation calling upon them to unite in
an earnest effort to build up our member
ship through prudent and wise considera
tion of the claims of comradeship Special
the dropped and
reference was made to
suspended members and the need of
Fraternity Charity and Loyalty in the
largest sense in the line of securing the
aid and comfort of all veterans of the
Great War
The result of this appeal has been most
gratifying as a whole Department Com
manders Aids-do-Camp and faithful com
rades have done much to strengthen our
noble Order through personal efforts in
behalf of this great organization
While the Grand Army of the Repub
lic is a fraternal and reminiscent Order
and one that has no equal in its unique
objects and membership the fact is that
constant effort is necessary to insure its
highest usefulness We are all growing
old and with increasing infirmities there
Is urgent need of a closer touch and larger
sympathy with and for each other Kind
words are moro than coronets and the
comradely cheer that knows no shadow of
turning this side of the grave should be
the unfailing basis of our relations to the
Grand Army It is a source of peculiar
gratification to your Commander-in-Chief
to know that during the past year a re
markable record of concord has followed
this policy of fraternity in all depart
ments
the dewey day parade
The question of submitting to a rear as
signment for the aged comrades of the
Grand Army in the Civil Pageantry of pa
triotism in the Dewey Parade in New
York led to a somewhat earnest protest
end the final refusal to march at all This
action was based upon the belief that
the heroes who saved the Nation to full
union and unchallenged liberty and so
made it possible for the great Admiral
Dewey to win the honors of Manila Bay
entitled them to march in glory and in
joy at the head of the line in his honor
The loyalty of comrades in refusing to
march under the prote t of that splendid
comrade and Depaitment Commander Jo
fceph W Kay was as prudent and timely
as it was commendable Some phases of
that unpatriotic occurrence would have
been seteiely dealt with had it not been
for a fraternity which overlooked the good
natured weakness of several comrado
whose lack of the plainest knowledge and
observance of Grand Army regulations
and obligations was almo t amusingly dis
played
Your Commander-in-Chief fully indorsed
the right action of Department Command
er Kay and desires to thank the comrades
for their object le son of loyalty to tin
Grand Army and to the dignity and honoi
of the saviors of the I It public Unless
survivors of the Great War march at the
front in all such pageantiics they should
not consent to appear in line No sophi n
as to troops carrying arms can han
force in the light of the glorious sen ices
of the veterans of the Union so far as a
place in the line is concerned
ItEPORTS 01 NATIONAL OFriCERS
I respectfully refer you to the able re
ports of National officers of the Grand
Army for a detailed review of the vari
ous branches under their supt nisio
These will prove how zealously and woith
ily the work committed to their care La
been done and are evidences of rare iitnes
for the trusts committed to their keepii r
Entirc harmony and faithful services ha
marked the relations of these officials and
my best thanks aie due them for the most
efficient manner in which they kac dis
charged their rcspettirc duties
GRAND ARMY FINANCES
The report of the Quartermaster-General
will clearly present the financial rec
ord of the past year and in view of trie
Important work accomplished it is confi
dently believed that the exhibit will be
generally satisfactory The finances of the
Order arc in excellent condition and the
jWomans Relief Corps are entitled to cor
dial praise for their generous aid My vis
itations in the interest of the Order hae
been both extensive and laborious as has
been my correspondence This has taxed
my own and my typewriters almost con
stant efforts to keep up with the same I
commenced a splendid itinerary on March
-3 which embraced the Departments of
Virginia North and South Carolina Flor
ida Louisiana and Mississippi Texas Ala
bama Georgia Kentucky Indiana Mis
Bouri Indian Territory and West Vir
PWilP
3Sffkttatr
THE 34th NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT QAR
Address of CommanderinChief Shaw
AN ABLE REVIEW OF THE YEAR
Strength and Unity of the Order Notable Events Pensions The
Court of Pension Appeals Patriotic Teaching Memorial Day
Allied Associations The Outlook
HEMBERSHIP OF THE ORDER 276662
ginia Later I made visits to
Ohio Illinois Mnrjland Delaware
and later to Ma achu ctts Rhode I lind
and Connecticut I also visited low a
Mithigan on in and Coloiado and
other At each of thc e u
Stations I dclm rod addie es and fre
quently 11101 o than one thus cndoaoiing
to promote the wclfaie of comrades anil
so increa u the influence and command le
spect for our patriotic organization In
brief I have given my whole time and
best effoits to sen ice And it has
been a great delight to thus engage in such
a noble woik
THE PENSION QUESTION
Your administration from the first re
garded the pension question as one of
paramount importance and to its consid
eration brought the best available re
sources of the Order It was belie- ed that
unless wise and desirable amendments
weie secured to the act of June 27 1S90
during the year there would be graie
doubts whether these could ever be ob
tained With this view of the situation
a plan of campaign was caily agreed up
on and the work begun Your Command
appealed to the public con
science of the Nation in two addresses
one delivered in New York and the other
in Washington in behalf of right and
righteousness concerning the pension prob
lem and demanding the fulfillment of the
pledged faith of the people in all pension
matters These addresses were widely dis
tributed and without much expense to our
organization
It should be stated that a comrade con
tributed money to print 10000 copies of
the second speech and a lady friend
through Gov Theodore Roosevelt gave a
similar amount for printing extra copies
of both speeches for free distribution to
the comrades This liberality will receive
your full commendation This unknown
friend sent me 000 by the hand of the
Governor for use in aid of deserving ob
jects in connection with the Grand Army
and it affords me the greatest pleasure to
thus acknowledge the good that has been
done by reason of this thoughtful and gen
erous donation It has carried sunshine
to many sorely burdened souls in our Or
der
The result of the publication of the ad
dresses was a deepened interest in this
much discussed problem Your Pension
Committee formulated such amendments
as bore out the recommendations of the
33d National Encampment and pressed
them upon the attention of the Congress
with resolute courage and unfailing digni
ty and earnestness To keep nlive the in
terest in this work your Commander-in-Chief
made a tour of visitations through
Southern Departments and constantly
pressed to the front the objects sought in
the legislation in question The claim
made was that our pension laws were most
liberal and in the main satisfactory and
that the complaints made were generally
against their interpretation by those
charged with their execution To avoid
iiritatiou of an unhappy bort amendments
were thought netessary so as to make
clear the meaning of our pension law- be
yond the changing rules established for
executing them by diffeicnt officials
It is a source of great gratification to
be able to state that the amendments to
the pension law of 1S90 pioposed by your
idministration were unanimously passed
by the Congiess and that every speech
made was in their favor And it is be
lieved that with a liberal and just cxecu
ution of present pension laws little fur
ther in way of pension legislation will be
lecessary to secure for the gieat majoritj
f the dependent saviors of the Nation the
fulfillment of the pledged faith of the peo
ile in behalf of those who periled their all
n the morning of their lives for Lihertj
and Union The report of the Pension
Committee will give full details of its
work and your special and close considoi
tion is drawn to this important review of
he years efforts along pension lines In
view of the high character and prominence
l the members of this committee your
Commander-in-Chief has left this branth
jf the work of the Grand Army to be
mainly picseuted by them to the Encamp
ment
pension orricn ornciAi data
Through the courtesy of the Honorable
onmiissioncr of Pensions II Clay
nis the following official data is furnished
for the information of comrades Your
Commander-in-Chief submits these most
mteiesting and instructive facts as worthy
of the considerate judgment of comrades
and the country
MEMORANDUM
Showing number of pension certificates
issued in fiscal year ending June 30 1900
by classes viz
Originals
Allowed Allowed
Invalids Widowsetc
Act June 1S90 21315
General liw 1090
Mexican war 21
Indian War 10
Old wars
Nurses
Spanish War 80L
Totals 23807
Total original issues
Total restorations
Names added to rolls jjuja
3304
420
1 14
r
22
710
10778
40015
4093
-- --
names restored
H
Increases reratings etc
Act of 1S90
General laws
Old wars
Total certificates issued
Total certificates issued 1S99
SUMMARY
July 1 ISO
No ncnsioncis on the rolls
No
No
Total
Dropped by deaths
Dropped by remarriages
Diopped by all other can es
4099
l0a0S3
3S0
909
OGTG
Total
July 1 1900
Pensioners on rolls 0932D
Inciei e for j ear of 20010
Number of claims of all hinds origi
nals ineiease running- etc pending
Tulv 1 1S97 r7S099
July 1 1SS r if
July 1 1S99 1772
July 1 1900 -137101
COMPARATIVE
Allowances and rejections of original
claims for li cil jeais ending June 30
1SU and 1MIS
Ciiinis old Iiws Allowed Rejected
11 1121 lSClil
ISIS 8901 11 iOO
Claim- act lb0 Allowed Rejected
1S91 ms5i rioi
lXS j717 sG2i
IS I first j ear CIe elands Administra
tion
Claims allowed 11 percent rSftOS
Claims lejettcd tOS1 per t eutj S lr2
Claims adjudicated 12il7
1S9S fiist jear McKinlejs Administra
tion
Claims allowed 2 per cent 2048
Claims rejected 18 per cent 4811 1
Claims adjudicated 100702
Number of cases on appeal from action
of Bureau of Pensions to the Department
of the Interior showing number of cases
affirmed and number of cases reveised for
the four jcars ending June 30 1900
Year Appeals Affirmed RevcrscO
1897
1S9S
1S99
1900
4949
12057
ssir
7520
4403
4 222
4J41
391
390
371
370
33371 19111 1510
Memo Of the 378 reversed in 1900
78 are not reversals strictly speaking 04
of these were sent back for special evam
ination in the field 11 were sent back for
test medical examination about the same
per tent for other years prevail
Amount paid for pensions for account
of Army and Navy from 1SG0 to June 30
1900 252S3731471S
Total amount paid for pensions during
President Grants first Administration
Four years 11013C27o00
Grants second Administra
tion 1143S 3T7fiO
Hayes Administration 145322489ii0
Average for years 1SG0 to
1881 3132117000
Paid during McKiuley Administration
First year 1 140 187080
Second year 13S3Tm05295
Third year 13S402172ol
Memo The first year of the McKiuley
Administration carried over all the June
1893 allowances and paid them out of
the 1891 appropriation thereby avoiding
a deficiency
Disbursements for pensions and main
tenance of system from July 1 18G5 to
June 30 1900
For pensions 25283731472S
For medical examinations 105329295S
For salaries and all other
expenses of Bureau 1SS0SG2320
For salaries and other ex
penses of agencies 1201499079
Total 201232909080
The above statement coders amount of
pensions paid and all other expenses inci
dent to the maintenance of the bervice
pensions
nigh Water Mark
The Inst year of the narrison Adminis
tration there was paid out for pensions
fiscal year ending June 30 1S93 150
80053791
In June 1893 under the Cleveland Ad
ministration a Board of Revision was
created the action of the previous Ad
ministration was reviewed thousands of
cases weie reduced and dropped so that
for the year 1S94 the first year of that
Administration there was paid for pen
sions 13998002017 or a reduction of
1081991187
Dropped by Board of Revision in 1S95
0428
Reduced by Board of Reision in 1895
20359
COMPARATIVE
Exhibit of droppings from rolls for the
six years ending June 30 1900 for each
year uz
5 o
Jt o a S
a p K i 53 g a
a is o S
1000 83HM K 1402 1728 34SG 43334
I6OT 34315 083 1031 2023 4KW 431M
18S8 33091 1300 21S4 3031 0430 40C1
18 7 31900 1074 1845 2683 3M0 4112
1890 29303 1141 1084 2552 8323 44K1
1895 27810 1204 1144 2507 9080 42411
103014 0U0 9830 11590 30083 200707
PENSION COURT OP APPEALS
The fact that different rules and dif
ferent interpietations of the same laws
have been established in the execution of
pension legislation makes it clearly appar
ent thnt a Pension Court of Appeal
should be prot ided so as to insure the fair
and impartial juditial settlement of all dis
puted tlaims for pensions in a competent
court specially authorized to deal with
such cases Your administration brought
this subject to the attention of the Presi
dent of the United States and submitted
i bill for his consideration to carry into
effect the recommendations made to him
as detailed in a letter accompanying the
same It wns afterwards decided to pre
sent the bill to Congress and it was intro
duced in both the Senate and the House
of Representatives in the closing dajs of
the last session too late to be atted upon
This proposed bill provides what is be
lieved to be ample ways and means for
promptly anc satisfactorily adjudicating
the more thon 14000 appeal cases now-pending-
and in a way- just to applicants
and to the Government The full details
of this measure were submitted to Con
i
rare for Trim tco bag borne the tertttt sad for to widow and orpbmw
WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY AUGUST 30 1900
3 11 2
2V1S
SOS
10Vt
S0 i4
991 51 0
originals wanted 40 ir
gress when the bill wns introduced and to
this interesting data reference is made for
an intelligent understanding- of this most
impoitaut proposed Iegihlatiou In view
of the conceded justice and need of this
measure by leading jurists bf the country
comrades aie urgently requpsted to do all
in their power to secure its early passage
by Congiess
The time has come for promptly dispos
ing of all appeal cases in the Pension Of
fice befote a judicial tribunal worthy of
the eterans who sim d this Republic to
full fieedoin in the 00s From a careful
consideration of the whole subject your
Coinmander in Chief feels that the early
passage of this Pension Com I of Appeals
Bill would icliee public men from n vist
amount of letter writing and secure
prompt justice to all applicants for a pen
sion and place the Pension Department
on a basis of Iegil adjudication of pension
cases at onto generally satisfactory and
conimaiidingly just to all interests con
cerned Geiieious pension laws aie one
thing and their pioper and legal execu
tion is quite another luittcr as the action
of the Pen ion Ollke furnishes abundant
proof during the past few years
AVhit is needed beyond doubt is a Pen
sion Couit of Appeals to provide inteipie
tations of the law in i competent couit
with high judicial functions so that there
shall heieafter be no grounds for chain
ing that political consideration of party
policy or the personal idiosyncracies of
pension officials pervert the true purpose
of the pension laws fiom being impartially
carried out Your Commander-in-Chief
has gnen this proposed ineasuie his hearty
suppoir and iegaidsit as among the most
useful and most desirable pension meas
ures eer introduced into Congress It
should eaily become a law and so settle
for all time to come the constantly nrising
iriitatious and complaints in the line of
pension applicants And this proposed
court would bo de itiule in settling claims
for pen ions under the Spanish American
war and any futuie wars
UNIIA1TY IRRITATIONS
It is a source of great regret that the
Pension Department is widely criticised
by a large number of worthy applicants
for pensions under the belief that their
claims are not treatediu a liberal and just
way under the piecnt administration of
the pension laws Such a state of feel
ing is greatly to be deplored for it gives
rise to irritations of an unfortunate and
unhappy sort
Your Commander-in-Chief has given dil
igent and painstaking attention to many
of these complaints and loyal efforts have
been made to compose the unhappy feeling
of dissatisfaction that exists in this con
nection The impartial and worthy execu
tion of our pension laws unquestionably
calls for great prudence and wisdom on
the part of tho e tharged withthe duty
of their adjudication TUV great weakness
undoubtedly to be found is the faulty pres
ent system in force in the Pension Office
Nothing should be left to indhiduai inter
pretation It is not so much the question
of officials as it Is of n proper judicial
system in the execution of our generous
pension laws With the proposed Pension
Court of Appeals once duly organized the
whole ntmo pheic of the Pension Office
would be quitkly changed into as harmo
nious and popular a branch of the Gov
ernment as are those of the Departments
of the Treasury of the rostoflice and of
Justice For then the law would be ef
fective under high judicial interpretation
Your Commander-in-Chief believes that
the passage of the proposed Pension Couit
of Appeals Bill would bring harmony and
settle once for all the vexing questions
and irritations now so pronounced in the
Pension Office through its wise provisions
for interpreting the pension laws and abil
ity to speedily clear the appeal cases now
burdening the files of the tfepai tment of
the Intel ior And this view strongly held
leads to he urgent and repeated appeals
made in this address for comrades to neg
lect no oppoitunity to aid in securing the
passage of this most important and light
eous measure With it peace and concord
and full justice in peiibion cases would be
seemed without it no end of heart burn
ings and irritations will continue
VETERANS IN PUI1LIC SERVICE
The able and reference to
the important topic of Veterans in the
Public Service in the annual report of
Depaitment Commander Kay of New
York is so pertinent that I intludc a por
tion herewith He says
Not much less important than the pen
sion question is that which affects the vet
eran in his desire to enrn a Hung No pen
sion can compensate the want of employ
ment No honor can come to the Govern
ment that fails through neglect or refuses
to assist its soldiers and sailors honorably
discharged by a leasonable preference in
the public service paitieulirly those who
volunteer While the people of
the State of New Yoik through popular
tote have engrafted into the Constitution
a suitable recognition of the veterans of
the Civil War giving them a tangible
preference in the civil service no act of
Congiess has ever been passed through
which as a matter of right those who
served out their terms of enlistment or
were discharged from service at the close
of the great war even though wounded
a dozen times receive any consideration
under the National Government in the
public sen ice Nothing but a recommend
Uoiy statute Sec 1775 signed by our
uin tyr President Abraham Lincoln more
honoied in breath than by observance bv
Government and employes nlike evidences
the gratitude or kltkof it shown by the
Congiess to the men who saved the Union
This is not so through any failure in way
of effoi t Time and again -for the pabt
20 years attention has bccmcnllcd to the
matter bills have been introdnced to bring
it about but never meetiug with success
In view of the long years of earnest ef
forts put forth by this faithful comrade
in this connection special attention is
called to the report of the committee of
which he is Chairman covering fully this
great subject
PATRIOTIC TEACHING AND CIVICS
The subject of patriotic teaching and
civics has been a prominent issue in tin
pnsthistory of tho Grand Army nnd great
good along all patriotic lines of education
has been the result The action taken in
the Department of New York as set foith
in General jOrdera No 0 issued Aug IS
1897 may well be referred to as proof of
Oontluoxt ou BTUi page
IIWIf
Ta lirPift
AV 4
ft PCt ntwn
ESS
-
tt WOW 1800 p
cfttfffittti
jtr 0Br r VPVr G rr
-3 CJ
CI
fl DreatfDays 11
By SILAS W CROCKER Co I 6lh Pa Reserves and Co E 9Ist Pa
COM RIfillT nv APTIIOI 1000
Suffering and Death at Salisbury
For the first few days after we took
lodging in the stockade there was but lit
tle sickness and comparatively few deaths
the removal fiom iteile Island with all its
disappointment having levired us for a
season but it was not long before baldly
a man in the prison was exempt fiom one
or more of the prevailing many
being alliicted with seeiil at the same
time Diinhea pi e ailed to an alarming
extent and was vry fatal Scuny also
was very prevalent and iheuniatism was
unhcisnl To the e as the weather grew
colder was added pneumoiiii or as we
r rp -
fi fill
JmSS jijj
V l 1 J m ife
Throw down Tukii eaiis of corn- you thieving yank
called it lung fever in its most virulent
form
It will be remembered that the date of
capture of all the 10000 older prisoners
was June July and August and just af
ter the severe Wilderness campaign and
we in the army had long since learned to
carry nothing but what was indispensa
ble consequently when captmed we none
of us had much superfluous clothing It
will also be remembered that the blankets
shelter tents etc of the older prisoners
were confiscated at the start Our gar
ments too had been subjected to unusual
wear since being in prison so by the time
Winter had fairly set in most of us who
had been at Belle Island were already
well nigh naked but those brought in lat
er being waimly clothed and the fact that
they gave up the fight for life and died
faster than the old hands enabled many
poor fellows to secure better garments by
stripping the bodies of the dead All sen
timent and even sympathy seemed dead
and we had sunk into a sort of stupor and
indifference for the time which was sim
ply appalling
I witnessed many scenes of extreme suf
fering but the whole stockade being one
vast pit of anguish and woe I soon be
came accustomed to such things and was
not much ncd by them I will relate
one or two incidents however which
hardened as I had become made a vivid
impression on my mind
TWO OUT Or MANY
As I was going to the well one day I
saw a man whom I had often spoken to
but whose name if I ever knew I have
forgotten sitting by a tree weeping bitter
ly Thinking to comfort him I went to
him and asked what was the trouble He
held up a daguerieotype of a woman and
two bright looking children nnd said he
was thinking of them and of his far off
home in Massachusetts His manner
touched my heart and I could not help
weeping with him but his sorrow was too
deep to be assuaged by any sympathy I
could offer so I soon left him It hap
pened that I passed that way again lato
in the afternoon and seeing him still sit
ting there went to him again Tho poor
man was dead His lifeless hand still
held the picture of his wife and little ones
I got some comrades to help me carry his
body to the dend honse wheie we laid it
-nit the best we could placing the picture
under his crossed hands on his breast and
it was probably buried with him I lo
mt know this mans regiment but rcmcni
her that he wore a clover leaf badge on
his cap indicating that he belonged to
the Second Corps
Another sad case was that of Halsey
Burnhnm of my own company He had
i wife and three children who had since
his enlistment removed from their old
home in Pennsylvania to a new one near
Sheboygan Mich where he was to join
hem when tho war should end ne had
ieen promoted to Corporal in the old
ompany and had shown me many favors
Io stood the test of Bello Island well
is the best of us and was rcmaikably
ood spirited often saying when some of
-he hois would begin grumbling that tSis
tents to each squad These were designed
to furnish shelter for not more than 30
men one being of the common A pattern
and one Sibley to a squad They were
old condemned tents and furnL heil little
protection to those who were able to crowd
into them At the best we could do there
was not room for half of us in these tents
Dubois Rensthler and myself held to our
own dugout and allowed others to have
our space in the tents We also took in
another partner about this time in the
person of John Bunoughs a member of
the lSth Pa Cav John was a good fel
low and said afterwaid that he owed his
life to the fact of his becoming a member
of our firm as we happened to unusual
good luck soon after he joined us of which
I shall tell presently
At last two things we had in abundance
at Salisbury to wit air and vermin I
am satisfied that I killed bushels of them
single handed I would search my ragged
giiiments and kill all I could find daily
but would hardly get dressed again till
the ai mints would be galloping over
me in nppaicntly undiminished numbers
Sometimes we would hold our shirts over
the file and giung the garment a quick
shake hundreds of the critters would
fall At such times the noise of their
bursting bodies resembled that made by
throwing a handful of salt on hot coals
This scourge was not the least of our
troubles and I am confident that their
ravages hurried hundreds of poor reii to
the grave
TEMPTING MARTYRS
Soon as we had been starved down un
til we had become perfectly tame rebel
officers visited the stockade frequently
nnd urged us to enlist in their army They
told us that we would not be placed in
the field to fight our friends but would
only be asked to do guard duty that we
would get good clothes and plenty to eat
and have a jolly time generally
In short seruee in the rebel army as
represented by them was a regular picnic
They told us they weie doing for us the
fcry best they could here An argument
used often to influence our loyalty which
had quite a llavor of truth in it and was
very tempting was that no oath we had
taken as soldiers in the United States
Army was binding ou us now because out
Government had deserted us and had vir
tually sentenced us to our hard fate by
refusing to exchange for us and by this
act was already the first violator of its
contract made with us
By way of frightening us we were also
told that it was a question of only a short
time when we would all die there if wo
failed to accept tho gracious offer of serv
ice in the glorious army of the Confed
eracy but as we were already apprised of
that fact the being told of it by these le
cruiting oOlccis had little effect
I have never laid claim to more than
ordinary courage and loyalty under the
conditions I have tiied to describe as en
veloping us in tho piison pen at Salis
bury yet resolved then and there that oth
ers might do as they would but that 1
would never desert the flag of my country
and the fact that I had moral courage
WJBPp
mpsff
8WSWfPBMM
A limited number of subscribers
ill receive an extra copy this
week Each is requested to kindly
hand the extra copy to some com
rade who does not take the paper
with the end in view of securing
his subscription
VO S IX NO 47 WIIOLE NO 994
sufficient to hold out faithful to the end
is in my own estimation at least tho
brightest page in my lifes hi tory My
feeling and determination in this matter
j was shared by most of my comrades and
I do not remember of a single native
I American enlisting into the rebel army
i fiom the stotkade at Salisbury They in
thousands of instances literally ehoso
death rather than dishonor for these of
feis began soon after our arrival here and
those graves at Salisbury are a mighty
monument la ting as our lljg it elf to the
heroic love of country which pervaded the
souls of these brave men whose bodies fill
them With only the condition of raising
their right hand to heaven and swearinc
is nntliinir after von it used to it But nllegiaiKc to the so called Southern Con-
soon after our arrival at Salisbury he took fcleracy they could summon moral
and although hi- stood it longer ae all1 liuness to say no suffering pang
than man j others was finally forced to go of hunger and cold whith those who have
During his la t dajs he was raung crazy Il0t experienced can never understand
and talked muih about his Some cacliday adding to their already full cup
of us were near to give him water con- of misery then dying this lingering death
stantly and I lay by him the night he kno m ell long beforehand what the
died He had appeared better and I felt ch1 would be Who but patriotic Ameri
asleep and when I awoke the form of c is have made such a record as this
iluKi Ruriiham was lying acio s me cold f course several pii oners enlisted into
and -tiff in death J reel army but the number was
i arckai attempt at shelter tively very small I never knew justhow
Inte ii the Fall our keepers is ucd two niinybiit it was somewhere between two
ami mree thousand We called them Gal
vanized lahkees and greeted them with
hisses when they went outside It will be
understood that they did not go all at one
time but in squads Two of
my com
pany Germans went with these I saw
out- on guard on the stockade afterwards
I hailed him anil asked for tobacco TJo
made no reply and
pietended not to rec
ognize me I will only add for the in
foimation of my own company comrades
who may see this that this man came
back to our camp on Arlington Hights
about June 1SC5 dressed in rebel uni
form reported as an escaped prisoner was
piomoted Sergeant by Capt P I Norton
in a few days and was honorably dia
tharged with the rc t of us
a queer character
There was ample opportunity here to
study human nature in all its many
phases for the varieties of men were per
haps all represented One would hardly
expect to find many misers in such a place
but in the squad to which I belonged was
a well developed specimen He was a
meniLer of my own company and if I re
member rightly his name was Theodora
Radman I am not positive as to his name
but he is the man I have spoken of as
getting through the search at Libby with
a good pair of boots a silver cased watch
and a fine meerschaum pipe He was quite
an old man and the privations of ths
prison bore heavily on him but he never
complained
Finally he became so sick and weak
that he could not eat the prison rations
at all and was urged to dispose of either
the pire or watch either of which would
bring him quite a sum in Confederate
money and oa which he might have fared
well for weeks but his answer always
was that he could not spare them He
would not even sell tho buttons off his
coat to procure better food Of course he
giew rapidly worse and soon died more
of starvation than disease and left his
property to be used by others
When he died the Orderly Sergeant
called together the surviving members of
the company and told us that he would
take charge of the things sell them to
the best advantage and divide the pro
ceeds among us This was done and
proved a great blessing to us
The boots were the means of securing
me an interview with Richardson the
New York Tribune correspondent of whom
I have spoken He with several others
in the citizens building had perfected a
plan of escape and only waited to secure
boots or shoes that would stand a long
tramp I happened to hear these men
making inquiry for shoes soon after Rad
man died and told them I knew of a pair
of boots for sale and Richardson asked
me to bring them up and if of the right
size he would pay a good price for them
So I went at once to Sergt Belcher who
accompanied me to tho citizens building
The boots were tried on pronounced an
excellent fit and Richardson paid 10 in
Confederate money for them This partj
made their escape soon after this and
made their way to the Union lines near
Knoxville going part of the way by the
same route taken by mc later in the Win
ter but I of course knew nothing of this
then
I come now to the relation of an event
in my prison experience which made it
possible for me to live to write this story
and also I am sure saved the lives of
several comrades I have said that wo
were gnen a small quantity of wood each
day At first this wood wis brought near
the stockade by a detail of negroes but
it was detided by Ma j Gee that the Yan
kees under his charge were not quite blue
bloodcd enough to deserve colored waiters
so they must perfoim their own drudgery
THE WOOD SQUAD
I do not recollect the exact date but
I was at the small gate one morning early
wishing for something I knew not what
to happen I have said that this gate N
was on the west side of the stockade and
was the place that all footmen having
business inside the stockade passed in or
out I used to go theie often as this was
the only chance to vary the monotony of
prison life AVhen the gate opened I
could get a glimpse of the guard house
and some of the town beyond which was
a change and something of a relief Then
the prison sutler had his store just north
of this gate and it did me some good to
look over his stock of ancient sweet-potato
pies and other dainties even if I
could not buy a spoonful of his salt
The gate opened and an officer stepped
inside and said
I want 10 prisoners to go out after
wood at once
I went up to him and offered to go be
fore his words had gotten cold as I feared
I would not hear thein again There
wasnt another prisoner near so I ran to
the quarters of our squad and hurriedly
told them the glorious news Several of
my friends among them Dubois and Hal
sey Lathrop of my own company went
with me to the gate
When we arrived the gate was shut
and no officer was in sight The boys
gan to accuse me of playing them a cruel
practical joke bringing them out there in
the cold wind for nothing and I bad be

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