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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, January 03, 1901, Image 4

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The JtaoNRii Tribute
ICSTAELISHED 1877J
PUBLISHED WEEKLY
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE
SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT
Itaurj tent cs othe rw ire than by registered letcr
caul rrcnev order express order or draft on Jeu
Ycrtr ill fce at the risl of UiCenor
AscnU Tut Satioxai Thifc sz hu many
ioI ntccr canvasser- ami Uiey are generally honest
and fiUliAiI bnt vrons who confide their subvTin
Slons to tliem xnual tie iLeir oun Jccges or their
responsibility Tho paper will he nut oulr on Uic
receipt of the snbscriplio i price
Aditrrc Ilrnctrnla etc ddrce vli be
changed as often a desired but each subscr bei
tould in ever case gire the old usncil aa the ne
address
Coirenpond nco Correspondence Is solicited
from ei cry section In re ard to Grand Armyfconiol
l eterans Pension and Military nutters and letter
to the Editor will alwars receive piompt attention
or the We lo 0l
Write on om mdf paPcr
return communications or manuscripts ene s the
are acccmpanled by a request to tliat elTect and th
necessary postage and cni cr no clrcumtaucts suar
anteo their publication at any specul uau
Address all communications to
THE NATIONAL TFIBUNE Washington P C
CKTCRCO AT SHIGTCN rOSTOFTTCE S EtCONO ClSSTTEa
JOHN McELEOY ROBERT W SEOPPELL
BYROK ANDREWS
WASHINGTON D C JAN 3 1001
Office 339 Pennsylvania Avenue N W
Some politicians have need lo lemenibcr
that there will be another election next
Tall when Brynnism v ill not opertte to
hide all other issues and conip veterans
to vote solidly one way
The G A It National Pension Com
luittee Mill meet in Washington Tan 14
to take actionwith regard to securing the
passage of the Court of Tension Appeals
Jlill and other legislation desired bj the
i eterans
Tun most crushing point that has so fir
been made against the Shipping Sttbsid
bill is that much the biggest part of the
money goes to the ocean Hyers which do
not need to be encouraged and should not
be and very little to the humbler
ers which really carry the bulk of
can goods to market
Sesatob MorGAS expresses himself en
tirely satisfied with the preliminary posi
tion of the Nicaragua matter Ho sas
that the Senate will almost certainly pass
the Hepburn Hill just as it came from the
House This directs the Piesiuent to go
ahead and build an American canal with
out reference to anything or anybody but
the Central American Republics
Tun Chicago papers are publishing a
story that an arrangement has been effect
ed by which Gov John It Tanner is to
cease his opposition to the re election of
Senator Cullom and receive appointment
as Commissioner of Pensions They say
that Commissioner Evanss manufactur
ing business in Tennessee needs his atten
tion Gov Tanner was i private soldier
during tire rebellion -and made a good rec
ord
TnEltE was a still further falling oft of
the work of the Pension Bureau for the
week ending Dec 22 The total of cer
tificates was reduced to 1432 a faling
off of Id from the very moderate output
of the week before The original allow -
gvtri nnccs fell to CSo winch would make a
yearly addition of but 33020 or about
8000 less than the loss to the roll last
year The graveyards are getting far
ahead The increases were but 333
It develops that the main purpose of the
Haj Pauncefote treaty was to recognize
Great Britain and give her branding as a
Great North American Power That is
the thing that we want to avoid That is
hostile to the very essence of the Monroe
Doctrine which while recogniziug the es
tablisments of European powers on this
side of the Atlantic and not seeking to
disturb them proposed that they should
not be augmented and contemplated the
coniing of the time when all their trans
atlantic connections should cease
Tnn New Yoik Press is alarmed over
the usurpation of the State Departments
functions by the Senate It says that in
20 j cars no important treaty has been
ratified except those drawn by members
of the Senate Foreign Affair- Committee
generally either Senators Davis or Irye
Well what of it The Senate is much
nearer the people than tha Secretary of
State and generally much more in accord
with popular sentiment The Secretary of
State has only been btrong when he close
ly reflected public opinion like Blaiuc dur
ing Harrisons Admiuistiation or Olney
in his stand in the Venezuelan matter
Possibly the Senate Foreign Committee
might entirely supersede the Secretary of
State to advantage
Few political events of the immediate
future possess greater interest to the et
erans than the Senatorial election in Ore
gon They have had no more steadfast
and effective friend in Congress than Sen
ator Geo W McBridc who comes up for
re election on the 15th of this month and
not the least of his merits is that he ncer
talks about what he is doing or going to
do but just does it quietly at the right
time and in the best way and not infie
quently oven the beneficiarj of his inter
vention first hears the good news through
some other source Slay his tribe in
crease An appeal to him on behalf of
an old soldier or his widow always tc
ceives attention and he never is absent
from a roll call affecting their interests
In proportion to Oregons facilities he pos
sibly has accomplished more for his State
than any Pacific Coast representative of
recent years but we view hni from the
standpoint of the old soldier whom he
honors and respects and feel sure that
could the boys decide it his rc tlcction
would be foreordained Tin Nationae
Tkibitse wishes him not a Happy New
Year but new century
Texas costiiibutions
Since our last issue we have received
the following contributions for the relief
-of the veterans iu Texas and their fami
lies
Previously acknowledged 73L2S
U s urant circle Jauies or the
G A R Salem Ore
Opdyckc Post Rockwell City la
Arthur B Whipple OakilIe
i leu
Jasper Karnes Red Oak Iowa
N E Wike Columbia Pa
H M Kirara Liberty Y
Lorenzo Smith Kearney Neb
R A Updike Fort Scott Kan
r J H Tourgee Block Island R I
O II naskcll Post Perry O
Duncan Lcmlruin Post tort
ward N Y
230
200
W
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
TrTERASS IKEFEKENCE
The Representatives displayed in their
opposition to Hie Bromwell bill an aston
ishing lack of knowledge of what the bill
i call contemplated and this has been
echoed in an aggravated form by the news
papers which Have commented on the
matter -
Ihe OiaJJhiSssetfon 1754 Re Ned
Statutes f S passed 5lnith 1S05 pro
vides that Persons honorably discharged
from tht military orinival sen ice by rea
son of disability resulting -from wounds or
sickness incurred in tho lirib of duty shall
be preferred for appointment to ciil of
fkes etc And this is the only law bear
ing on liiefercncc for war veterans It
was intituled to benefit the ex Union sol
dier and sailor who cnini within its pio
Usions Some eirs after the civil ser icu
law became operathe the United States
Civil Sen ite Commission after a long ton
test recognized this law by a rule since
then cnfoiccd as to those specified The
benefit of this law has been to thosu of the
Regular Army and Navy who enlisted
since lblkt to the extent of 43 per cent Ol
course the discharge must show that it
w as based on disability This being s i
the law is applicable to all regulars and lo
volunteers of the recent war or those serv
ing in the Philippines who have been or
may be honorably discharged from the
niilitan or nnal son ice for disabihtj io
sulting ftont wounds or sickness inciured
in the line of duty But not to others
Thcie is not mscr has been any prefer
ence enjoyed by men who sencd out thir
terms of enlistment or until the close of
hostilities in the civil war If a man was
wounded 20 time- iefuinga dischaige foi
disability by reason thereof he has no
legal preference whatever in the ciwl serv
ice Alan such cases there were It a
mle of the Commission without authority
of law veterans of the civil war get a
place on the eligible list at 03 per cent
the minimum for others being 70 per cent
but uiress priviliged nnder Section 1731
IE S they may lcmain at the bottom of
the list It is a concession without alue
For 20 years the G A It committees
have been laboring to have this legal pief
erence extend to all who were honorably
discharged It certainly should be Good
public policy demands it The need of the
countiy for good men for its army is al b
ways strong and some times ovei whelm
ing It should make c cry reasonable in
ducement to attract the best class of men
to its military and naval service There
is nothing that it can do which will be at
once so effective and so cheap as to extend
to those who shall sene it in the field a
suostantial preference in other branches of
employment Though those men may never
have the slightest intention of entering the
chil service as the vast majority of them
do not yet the fact tnat tbey will have
some rights over men who have not served
will be an inducement for them to enter
the army This with much the largest
proportion may never become more than
mere sentiment but sentiment is a power
ful thing in taking men into the army Nor
can any man offer a good reason against
this piefcrence Any man is more valua
ble for any branch of the Government
service by leason of the discipline and
traininghe has received in the army or
navy The- men who hate made the
United Stales civil service the best in the
world had substantially all this experience
and preparation and ci ery pnblic olllccr of
much experience will readily testify that
his best and most valuable clerks and
other subordinates hate been invariably
those who had gone through a period of
honorable service in the army or navy
The main objectors are young men who
want to serve the Government only w here
the work is light and the pay high and
these do not make efficient clerks
The bugbear that tin- ex soldiers and
saiors will rush in and crowd out Chilians
is not justified by experience A familiar
instance is the Pension Bureau which of
all the Departments of the Government
wouMnaturallyJx expected to be crowded
by veterans and their widows yet at
present out of a total of 1741 employes of
all kinds but 523 ormuch less than one
third are veterans or their widows
In Germany the rule is absolute No
man can be appointed or employed unless
he has served in the army The other Eu
ropean Governments are following Ger
manys lead in this direction
It will be a mistake not to increase the
House of Representatives in proportion to
the increase of population The present
ratio is entirely too large 200000 people
being much too many for one man to rep
resent He gets too far away from the
people It would be far better to make the
ratio one to 100000 people and keep it at
that figure permanently It is nonsense to
asseit that a body of 337 is uncontrollable
and no real business can be transacted
We are constantly meeting in numbers of
1000 or more and managing to transact
impoitant business very satisfactorily The
British House of Commons which does its
business cry well has a membership of
1770 or about one for every 00000 people
The German Reicltstag has 37 members
or one to fiery 124303 people The
French Chamber of Deputies has 384
members or one to 05000 people It
would bccin that experience suggests
abotft one Representative to 100000 peo
ple v
No King in Euiope exercises such un
qualified and despotic po er over so much
money and so many people as the Commis
sioner of Pensions It is absolutely wrong
and hostile to the spirit of our institu
tions
So far Adlai Stevenson has refrained
from amounting that he proposes to start
a paper Townc is too busy getting used
to the s t of a Senatorial toga inside of 20
das to bac time to think of an thing
else
Is spite of all the howl against it for
ears and the bitter fight In which man
lives were lost the Dispensary Law seems
to have tome to stay In South Caiohua
and it is said to work very well
Oxn great trouble about collecting our
little bill from the Sultan is that theie is
not a piaster iu the Most Sublime and
Opulent Tieasiiry of the Faithful and no
one knows when there will be
i
Aiter having inched scveial innocent
men who had done nothing at all deserv
ing of that punishment Louisiana is be
ginning to wonder if it would not be bet
ter to letrthe law take its course
-
Tub first show down at Ilarrisburg
gives Col Quay 102 votes and his friends
claim with confidence that they will have
by Jan 10 the necessary 127
j
CojinADES let us take a lively interest
in this century as we did in the one thats
just gone There- will be some of us
around for the uex 40 ears
Fus is anticipated wheu Teddy Roose
velt cets Ins first good Eiiuare chamv in
32call Tom Piatt do vn
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINST0N D 0 THURSDAY JANUARY 3 1901
TTITAT OF TI1E TWENTIETH
It doesnt cost an thing to speculate on
what the century now opened w ill bring to
this country Nor when the ceutiir shall
close shall we iu all likelihood In- when
nnybod can throw up to us lmw far off we
w ere in our prophecies So here goes
When the last lentury opened the
United Stales had aliout 750000 square
miles We now have 300000 or about
five times as much The same rite of ex
pansion for this century as for the past
would give us iu A D 2000 about
000 square miles or all of North and South
America with a large slice of Asia and
probably some of Europe throw n in
The census of 1SO0 gave us 3024300
people That of 1000 found 78000000
people or 13 times as many The same
late of increase would make the census of
A D 2000 show 1010000000 people or
two thiids as many as there are in the
whole world to day
Tlieie weie 20 States in 1S00 and 45 in
1900 The same rate of inciease would
give us 101 States in A D 2000 with 202
Senators to blotk legislation and squabble
with the President over the spoils But
if we expect the population to be as above
stated in excess of 1000000000 we shall
either have to have more nany more
States or have them inconveniently large
That would be an average of 10000000
eath for 100 States
The House of Representatives num
bered 105 iu 1800 and 357 iu 10C0 or about
tluee anil a half limes as many The same
ratio of increase would give us a House
of 1249 in A D 2000
The aveiage population of the 20 States
in lfeOO was 300000 that of the 45 States
in 1900 1722000 or nearly six times as
mutli The nme ratio of increase in
State population would mal e the average
for eath about 10000000
The Regular Army in 1S00 consisted of
4430 officers and men In 1000 its
strength was 00000 or aliout 10 times as
much The same ratio of increase for
2000 would give us a Regular Army of
1030000 men But probably there will
be some change of views about the size of
standing armies iu this century
m
CMniLMKII IJKHF
In an article in the North American Re
view Gen Alger gives brielly and succinct
ly all that there was upon which to base
the icrrible pother the yellow journals
raised over embalmed beef He says
The processed beef at Tnmpa exhibited
by a Mr Fow ell referred to in Dr Dalys
letter was brought to Tampa by the in
ventor of the method by TThich it was
treated on his own responsibility and at
his own expense Neither tho process nor
the meat he furnished nor the inventor
Mr Powell himself bore any relation to
the contractors who supplied the army
with beef then or since The inventor re
quested permission to exhibit his artifically
preserved beef and was allowed to do so
in his private capacity He requested and
received permission to put two quarters of
his own beef on one of the transports It
spoiled when at sea a few days later and
was thrown overboard None of it was
ever issued to the troops Mr Powell
never again approached the Government
in the matter and he has stated under
oath that his secret process was neither
used I hen nor since by the contractors who
furnished refrigerated lieef to the army
Upon this single exhibit his Dr N II
Allen on Miles staff individual experi
ence in eating some of this meat at Tampa
and some refrigerated beef in Porto Rico
and upon the alleged chemical tests made
by himself of meat claimed to be refrig
erated beef this volunteer doctor based
his opinions and his evidence
That is absolutely the little grains of
truth in many bushels of chaff A san
guine and pertinacious inventor succeeded
in getting two quarters of his beet taken
on a transport as an experiment and a
demonstration Any respectable man
might have gained that much The trial
was a failure The surprise is that there
was only one experiment of this kind in a
country full of sanguine inventors and pro
moters
It shows how little excuse will srvc for
a mountain of falsehood
The London newspapers are naturally
unanimous that Secretary Hay is our
greatest statesman It wouldnt be decent
in thtm to say less
CouXT vox Waldmcsi e ib at the type
writer now He pulls off a victory over
overwhelming Chinese forces every day or
two and theres nobody out there to con
tradict him
Ir somebody should kidnap Henry Clay
Evans and demand a ransom for him from
the veterans wouldnt there be trouble in
raising it
1
The veterans are anxiously waiting for
the Presidents action on Gen Sickles
suggestion that he sigunlize the opening of
the new century by some act of conspicu
ous liberality to the veterans who did bo
much for the country in each of the last
four decades of the century just ended
Tin disregard by Evans of the amend
ments to the act of Juno 27 1890 and his
disregard of the recommendations made to
the President by the Chitago National En
campment aio strong reasons why we
should have a Court of Pension Appeals
to compel the Commissioner to obc the
law
Hassa joins Cleveland in advocating a
longer term for the President They are
simply wasting their time A longer term
can only be secured by a constitutional
amendment and constitutional amend
ments are only secured by long agitation
and terrible convulsions Think of what
the last three amendments cost
Ala the writers from China say that
our staff arrangements for feeding mov
ing and caring for troops are not equal to
the Japanese Our big mule wagons to
begin with arj not nearly so handy in that
country as the lighter carts Then every
thing they take along is put up in pack
ages of from 00 to 100 pounds which one
man can easily handle which greatly facil
itates things
Mil HrrES Corns Bimv author of
the Mothers of Maine and President
of the Dorothea Dix Memorial Associa
tion is in Washington in the interest of
that worthy enterpriso Miss Dix devoted
her life and her menus to the cause of
philanthropy particulaily to the enre of
the insane and to the nursing of the sick
and wounded soldiers of the rebellion Tho
amount of good she did was incalculable
and the comrades of the Army of the Po
tomac owe her an unpayable debt of grat
itude The Association has secured tho
plot of lnnd which incloses the birthplace
of Miss Dix and proposes to make there
a beautiful paik and erect an nppiopriate
memorial By the pajinont of 1 lunone
can become n life member and of 23 an
honorary member Any contributions may
be sent to Mrs Bccdy 20S Essex street
Bangor Me
Wrnal
m
A fine halfttnno portrait of Mrs Mary
1j tinman Jto i jesiclent or tins Jiepart
nifiit or Ma tsnehnsptts W It C em
bellishes theiPatrifctlc Review- for Decem
ber Mrs Oilman s the wifo of Com
rade John E Gilniui Past Deportment
Commander of Massachusetts w ho lost his
arm at Gettysburg rind who is one of the
most Kipulan cpmrades in the Order Mrs
Gilniau has heon fr many vcars an ac
tive worker in th W It C and served
in all the minor offices before her eleva
tion to her piesent distinguished rank The
Massachusetts W R C has 172 Corps
with a membership of over 11000
There is a faint glimmer of hope that
Lieut Geo Fcbiger Xid U S Vols
son of Capt John C Febiger of New
Orleans and grandson of Admiral Fc
biger was not killed in the action near
Narvacan Luzon Oct 24 but was se
verely wounded and taken prisoner by the
insuircctos His horse was killed and
Ml on him and the lest of the command
were forced to retreat before the swarm
uf rebels
It is thought that Representative Jo
seph J Gamble has the inside track for
the Senate fiom South Dakota to suc
ceed Pettigrew though Col Melvin
Grigsby of Grigsbvs Rough Riders
lus a host of friends thiotigliout the
State who think that ho is deserving of
the toga Col Giigsby is a veteran of
the li hellion and his book A Smoked
Yank giving account of his experiences
in Andersonvillo has had a wide sale
Mr Gamble is a young man born in
1S51 and is now -smug his second term
in Congiess
tJiand Army men and veterans cvery
whete will be pleased to leain of the ap
pointment of Comrade David Redtield
Past Commander of the Depaitiuent of In
dian Teintory as Postmaster nt Ardmore
This is an important othce The contest
for the position which began Inst Spring
and was kept up with zeal by the several
candidates and their friends ended Dec
14 when President McKinley sent Com
rade Redfields nomination to the henate
Comrade Redtield is a native of Missouri
His parents moved from New York in
1820 ns missionaries to the Indians and
he wns raised on the frontier Vernon
County in which he lived at the breaking
out of the war was strong for secession
but the Redficlds although owning slaves
were tmeomnromisinclv for the Union
Comrade Redfield enlisted in the 14th Kan
Cav and saw much active service until
mustered out in July 1805 He went
back to his old Jioine and although very
voting was elected County Judge which
position he filled with credit In 1SS2 he
Inr Mtcl iii Western Tevts In 1880 he
ws a defeated candidate for Congress In
1888 he was a Harrison elector In 1810
he wns appointed Supervisor of the Cen
sus for the Sixth Texas District In 1893
he moved to Anltnore I T and has ne
tively assisted in building up the G A R
there
Capt B ID Blanchard of Tarragut
Squadron 1 Port of New York Ins been
re elected Captain Capt Blnnchnrd Ins
served the Fnrragut Squadron as Lieuten
ant and Cominnndcrr for several terms He
shipped in the Navyim Feb 21 1801 He
served in the North Atlantic and West
Gulf Squadron under Admiral D G Fnr
ragut and teceired the thanks of
for bravery at the Mobile Bay en
gagement He is Treasurer of Firragut
Fleet also a comrade of Lafavette IVist
101 and a member bf Bethel Lodge 733
F A A M He isian earnest worker m
the Ships Company of the United States
Veteran Nrfvv incorporated under the
laws of New York
The repori comes from Nobraska that
n V Tlininnson and Edwaid Rosewater
have combinl their forces nga list hie
field in the Senatorial fight with the in
ject of electiiigbotlr of theinseive 1 he
report claimsfhat the combi iation Will
fail since Thdmpson has but 30 voles
and Roscwattr 12 leaving them 12 short
of the requisite number and tint if they
trv to force things tlie menus or promise
Mciklejohn and others will leave the cau
cus
Ex Senator Henry W Blair has come
out for Senator of New Hampshire lie
served 12 years in the Senate and claims
to have been defeated for re election by
the Corporations of the State He was
Liutenant Colouel of the 15th N II in
the lehellion
Representative Amos J Cummings of
New York started through Connecticut
on a bicycle tour Christmas morning for
the benefit of his health When he
reached New Haven his wheel slipped on
the asphalt and he fell breaking his
right ankle The physicians say that he
will be confined about six weeks He
was Sergeant Major of the 0th N J
and received a medal of honor
WHAT THE POWERS REQUIRE
Joint Note Signed by Powers Representa
tives and Presented
The joint note which is to be the basis
of treaty between the Powers and China
was signed by all the foreign Ministers at
Peking on Dee 22 and has been submit
ted to the Chinese Envos Li Hung
Chang and Ching r
The principal demands out of many
are
The severest punishment for the persons
designated in the Imperial decree of Sept
25 and for those whom the Powers shall
subsequently designate the suspension for
five eurs of all tivil service examinations
for olllce in all the cities where foreigners
have been massacred or cruelly treated
The maintenance of the interdiction
against the importation of arms and ma
terials eniploed exclusively for the mak
iug of arms and ammunition
Equitable indemnities for the Govern
ments societies companies and individ
uals as well as for Chinese who havo
suffered iu consequence of their being in
the service of foreigners China to adopt
suitable measures for guaranteeing pay
ment etc
The right of each Power to maintain
a legation guard and to put the diplomatic
quarter in which Chinese may not reside
in n defensible condition the destruction
of the forts that might obstruct fiee com
munication between Peking and the sea
the right to the military occupation of cer
tain points to he determined among the
Powers to pi eserve this communication
A perpetual prohibition to be cenerallv
published for under penalty
of death of ntembeiship in anti foreign
societies tno miimcntiou or an eiiumera
tion of the piinlshinents that shall havo
been inflicted on the guilty nnd an Ini
perial decree making all Governors Gen
eral Viccros tJovernora and all local
officials responsible for the maintenance
of order in their respective jurisdiction
and their reluov il nnd perpetual disquali
fication for lioldingany olllce of honor if
any disturbance hi not suppressed forth
with
The revision of crtmmercinl treaties and
the rcformalhW of the Depaitment of
Foreign Affairs -
The note concludes Until the Chinese
liovernmonc lias complied with the nlmte
conditions tri thesatisfnetion of the Pow
ers the undersigned can hold out no ex
nectntion that the occupation of Pitln
and the Provinces of Chi Li by tho gen
eral lorces can uc urougiir to a conclu
sion
The latest is the receipt by the State
Department of the news from Minister
Conger that the Chinese plenipotentiaries
have notified the representatives of the
Powers that the Emperor decrees the ac
ceptance of the demands ns a whole and
that Prince Ching desires a further con
ference the plenipotentiaries also desire
that punitive expeditions to the interior
shall cease It is believed that there will
lie an attempt toward a modification of the
conditions
Tun power of tho Commissioner of Pen
sions over no many people and such an
amount of money is entirely too great to
be exercised arbitrarily by any ono man
It is exceedingly un American
i
rsT
5i g
Veteran
CojrjhteilISOT by tho publishers of The SatioviI
IHIHLMC
Other and Important Duty
The instant Gen Sherman arrived at
Kingston he had things before him of a
thoiisnuil fold more importance than the
investigation of an unimportant lnilroad
accident Ho was rolling two griat waves
of armed men in opposite directions one
under Thomas toward Nashville and the
north to head off defeat and destroy
Hood the other under himself toward
the south orensr to a destination that
even he was not certain of Tho 00000
men whom he was toporsonally com
mand With their 3000 wagons and four-
scoie cannon were distributed over thou
sands of squaie miles extending fiom
Rome and Kingston to Atlanta and De
tatur At his word of command all these
were to How together in a mighty resist
less tide conveiging on Atlanta and leav
ing behind it desolation burned mills
factories bridges destroved roads and ex
hausted food supplies The wave rolling
on toward Thomas was to leave similar
devastation in its rear
The lighting geound of the past bitter
battle Summer wns to be made an inhos
pitable desert of mined towns desolated
farms felled forests moldering forts and
breastworks wrecked railroads and burned
bridges
Even the buzzards would soon leave it
after having picked white the bones of the
starved animals
Gen Shermans sweeping thoughts took
in the imperial expanse of country and
in his minds e0 he saw where every regi
ment battery and train of his mighty host
was camped just what he wanted it to do
and when and how to inarch to timely
coalesce and co ordinate with the stupen
dous whole
As soon as ho alighted from the cars
his quick eyes took in every detail of the
great activity everywhere in sight and he
began to order admonish correct stimu
late and lash ever one within range of
his voice
Though all weie busy none seemed to
be working fast and hard enough to suit
his impatient desires He wanted to di
rect ever thing himself without waiting
for the circumlocution of giving ordcis
through his staff
Here yon Sergeant there ho called
to one who had charge of a gang of negro
laborers and had stopped a moment to
look at the wreck and wipe ids face
Dont stand around idling Put your
men to work clearing the track of this
wreck Shove that car off to the right
Pile the other things on it so that thevlt
all burn and help burn the road Put
some men to work with sledges lo break
those axles and wheels so that the reb
els cant gather them up and use them
Wheres the Lieutenant m charge of this
train
Here sir said Shad saluting
Lieutenant Tush this train through to
Atlanta as fastns you can and deliver
the stuff to Col Poe for assignment arid
distribution Tell him from mo that it
must all be distributed and arranged by
tomorrow evening As soon as- you can
get the stuff off hurry right hack here w ith
the train
You mean that I only shall come back
with the ti -tin General do ou and let
the nie u go to their regiments at At
lanta
No bring them back with you Theyro
a compact force of good men sucn as l
need and Id better keep them awhile
than disorganize n regiment Bring them
all back with ou
Confound ir Shad why did you ask
him that grumbled Si as Shad came
back to them Whv didnt vou ittst sav
nothing and let us jump the train nt At-
innty and make for the 00th Injianny
Im all on edge to get back to the regi
ment nnd report to Col McGillicuddv
Shcrmnnd nev er thought about it if oud
just let us go
Dont ou fool yourself a minute Si
Sherman not only knows how many I
have but ho knows every man in this de
tachincnt by this time nnd hts omething
mapped nut for us Itd ve been as much
ns my life was worth to have come hack
from Atlanta without ou I suspected
so and made sure by asking I dont take
any chances on anything when Shermans
around Its altogether different from
what it was with Bonestcel
Shorty who had been watching pro
ceedings from the cover of a freight car
came out and rejoined tho boys as they
jumped upon the cars
Glad to havo ou in here with us
Shorty said Si I was afraid youd
want to nin the engine some more and
try to pass another train on tho same
track or butt a hole in the Allatoona
Mountains or some other experiment of
that kind iou ought to know that the
only way to pass another train on the
same tiack is by climbing over it and so
fix up our engine with scaling ladders
Mebbe you thonpht we were still on the
Lorena and could spar over that other
train
O dry up Si answered Shorty irri
tably It wasnt my fault at all but tho
engineers of tho other train Ho didnt
know enough to get his old meat wagon
out o my way As I was running the
headquarters train he oughtve had sense
to know that i naa the right way and
cive me a clear track Oughtnt to let
such dunderheads havo hold o throttle-
valves
Cant be too careful in picking the men
to bundle tho throttle valves returned
Si significantly Anyhow well nil feel
better now that youia with us instead of
on the engine By the way did you hear
Gen Sheimau3 orders to Shad Were
not to go with the tegiment from Atlanty
but must come back here
The thunder wc must gasped Shorty
Well you felleis can como back but ns
for me ntidPete were going on to join
the legiment and well striko out for it
the minute we hit Atlanty Im sick nnd
tired o being out in tho weather I want
I to git home and homes tho 200th Injianny
Volunteer Infantry I want to settlo down
-5
to straight soldiering instead of piruting
around like a lot o stray tlpgs Jic and
Petes goln to answer roll call in Co Q
tomorrow morning and havo some quiet
ami peace of our liven Id a been on
my way to the regiment now but for
leaving Petcv Ive been afraid all along
theyd try to press jus into service with
the pontoons and thats the reason Ive
liet n urging SL to jump thaJrain as soon
ns we struck the town and get away to
the regiment before thejd have a chance
to detail us But you fellers can do as
ou please Me and Pete are going back
to the regiment as straight as wc can go
Col McGillicuddy needs us
Thems mv sentiments to a hair
echoed Si Im awful homesick to see
the regiment and settle down to plain
ev cry day soldiering where you dont have
nothing to lKither you The 2H0th In
jiainis good enough for me Ill stay
theie the rest o the time But Shad
thinks that weve got to come back
Well Shad may think as he pleases
No law against his thinking And you
fellers can do as ou see fit But you
JjpSSzSr g j E31m teg 51 Cllili lJ -
ti0Wffiifflr
mm- i c
Hr i i irrlKfvvr bjv rAil Z u -
mw
What Howlkd Shorty we
drivi a hkud or Cattli
hear the pensive notes of my bugle Just
as soon as we hit Atlanty me and Petc
are going to point our gunboats in the di
rection of the 200th Injianny Camp and
stop on no switches for through trains un
til we hear the grateful music of Capt
Bowersox cussmg the teamsters
They had stopped at Marietta when
Shad came back into the car and the con
versation was substantially rcpeateJ
Now Short he remonstrated you
shouldnt talk that way Its our duty
to all go back just as Sherman ordeied
I happen to know that hes got a very
high opinion of this detachment and Im
sure that he wants it for some particular
purpose something out of the ordimtv
lie asked me all about our coming through
the Muscle Shoals and praised the per
formance quite as highly as Sherman ever
praises anything You know he never
slobbers over anybody He thinks that
when youve done the very best you can
youve only done what you ought to and
dont deserve any special praise But he
said wed done a very good soldierly piece
of work and that he hoped Col Bone
steel would properly report it to the De
partment Thats a great deal for Sher
man Now I feel sure that he wants us
for some special purpose where we can
be of better service than with our regi
ments even and its our duty to obey
Mebbe he wants to slip off somcwheie
and surprise and capture a town said
Si hopefullv catching at the idea
Mebbe said Shad Or mebbe he
knows where wc can gobble a big rebel
General or the Governor of Georgia pos
sibly even Jeff Davis himself You know
he was down near here not a great while
ago
If he wants anything extra hazardous
done witli neatness and dispatch hes
shuck the right crowd said Si We
can squeeze through a narrower hole with
out barking our shins than any other men
in the army Youd better stay with us
Shorty Dont go back on us now Lets
all go to the icgimeut together Itll
probably only lie a few davs more
Id stiongly iccommend it said Shad
Shermans ordered it and hes got a
long memory You may dodge hint now
but hell come up with you sooner or
later and make ou wish ou hadnt
The motion to reconsider has carried
said Shortv after a moments thorn lit
Though I long for a quiet life in the nil the way
bosom of the 200th Injianny Volunteer
Infantry Ill take just one more whirl
with ou if its for big game
They reached Atlanta tinned over the
pontoon stuff which had cost them such
an infiinity of worry and trouble to the
Chief Engineer bravely resisted the
temptation to abandon the train for their
regimental camps and leturnetl to Kings
ton reaching theie again early in the
morning tofiud cu Sherman already
np and impatiently pacing up and down
the platform ovcrseeihg everything and
commenting criticising blaming directing
and ordering -in an incessant flow of en
ergetic language
Dayton lie called to his Adjutant
General prepare ifu otderto Jen Corse
at Rome to immediately burn everything
there that can be of the slightest use to
the rebels and start for this plate to
morrow morning Impress upon him that
the destruction must be complete and
thorough not a mill factory storehouse
locomotive or car must be left iu shape
to be oftny use to the reliels He must
destroy tho bridges as he marches
Gen Stecdnian he continued ad
dressing a hue looking man with a leonine
face and mane of curling hair I must
now say good by to jon Give Gen
Thomas my compliments when ou see
him and impress npon him that I expect
him to destroy Hood and not let a frag
ment of his army recrosa the Tennessee
You will take this train which has just
come in to Chattanooga and gather up
your men fiom Rcsacn onward Ill send
another train after you which will be the
last to go north and pick up thoso from
here to Recaca After it passes over Ooth
caloga Cieek Ill have the bridge burned
and cut my communications with Gods
countiy When they will be lestored
again nnd where God only knows Only
Im sine that well come out all right
somewhere on the coast after having
made tho State of Georgia feel that it is
very serious business to begin an unjusti
fiable rebellion against the authority of
the United States and continue the war
in baldness of heart and reprobaey of
spirit Good by Make tlioiough work of
Hood and leave us to take cate of our
selves
Lieutenant he called to Shad have
your men make coffee and get their break
fasts by that fire theie Make short woik
of itfor 1 want yon to take this train in
a few minutes You will go out on it as
far as the first largo bridge ami get off
on this side of the bridge letting the train
go over After it has passed you will burn
the bridge Burn it thoroughly so that
not a stick of timber shall be left to re
build it While it is burning destroy the
telegraph for some distance a mile or so
Ynu must get through by noon At noon
march up the creek a couple of miles until
you como to where the Adairsvillc and
Cussvlllu road crosses the creek by an old
Iok meeting house Halt there and you
will rcceivo further orders
What In the world bos he laid out for
us Si asked Shorty full of wondering
expectancy Do you know of any town
down thero in this neighborhood thats
worth taking There aint no big rcbcl3
around lb this part o tho country Is
there
I haint no idee answered Si and I
suppose it dont matter much if I haint
Its some big thing or Sherman wouldnt
lie so positive about it Thats enough
for me but I admit Id like lo know what
hes cut out for us
Bunting a bridge aint no great shakes
of n job remarked Si as they got off
at the creek mid let the train go on over
Most anybody could do that But lets
make an extra good job of it None of
us own any real estate round here so wo
wont lie taxed to rebuild it
Some fnt pine logs were found in the
woods near by which were cut up and
placed in between the timbers of tho
trestle These were supplemented by all
the pine knots Pete and the rest of tho
smaller lioys conhl find In an hour they
had made it certain that w hen the match
was applied the flames would speedily run
to every timber and not stop devouring
as long as there was auything left to feed
upon
There thitll do Thats enongli
Come off the bridge boys Shad shouted
taking out his matches Here goes tho
Inst link with home Good bv Godl
country Good by folks and churches
and school houses and all good things
Were going to raise hell in Georgia
He touched tho lighted match to tho
pile of fat pine shavings he had prepared
and whiili Hashed up like turpentine In
a few minutes the bridge was a roaring
muss of fire
They cut down the telegraph poles and
broke up the wire into pieces to throw
into the creek and otherwise hide
Before noon they had done their work
well and were anxiously waiting that
hour and what their new orders would
bring them
They found the old log church whero
the road crossed the creek as Sherman
had said but there was no one there
What does this mean wondered
Shad
Theres an awful sight of dust raising
oyer there beyond the crick remarked
Si scanning the northern horizon anxious
ly Looks as if there was at least a
brigade of infantry or a regiment of cav
alry coming Wonder if it can bo
Wheeler trying to attack Shermans rear
Load bos and deploy along the bank
there Keep down out of sight and dont
fire till they try to cross the crick
They watched the advance of the cloud
of dust anxiously They could hear yells
and loud commands Presently a mount
ed man in partial citizens dress appeared
on the other side of the creek and scanned
the opposite bank
Probably a scout Keep out o sigUr
bovs and let him come on said Si
The man studied the opposite bank a
minute or so anil then rode through tho
ford
Blue pants bine vest rebel hat citi
zens coat Yankee saddle Yankee boots
said Si studing each detail U S on
flank of horse Guess hes a Yankee
The man saw Si and Shorty and rode
directly up to them and they were joined
by Shad Graham and Jake Dye
I was ordered to meet Lieut Graham
here at noon explained the man
Thats my name said Shad
Well Im Lieut Ermentrant of the
Commissary Department Im ordered to
meet you here and turn over to jou 500
cattle with the orders to take them on
to Atlanta with all reasonable speed You
will be there with them not later than
day after tomorrow evening The cattlo
arc now reaching the creek You will go
down with me and count them as they
come over and receipt for them There
arc just 301 You will be allowed to kill
one on your way for meat but you must
deliver 300 even to the Chief Commis
sary at Atlanta
What howled Shorty as he gathered
the purport of the strangers communica
tion We drive a herd of cattle Wo
soldiers become a pack o cow punchers
Ill see Sherman and his whole army go
without fresh beef till theyre as gray as
African badgers before Ill play butchers
boy and drive cattle to the slaughter
house Its not my business Im a
United States soldier not a barefooted
boy with a straw hat and a stone bruise
hired for a quarter a day to run foot races
with brindle steers Im no partner to a
yaller herd dog and apprentice to a butcher-shop
I guess there must be some mistake
about this said Si with sinking heart
as his vision of some noteworthy service
dwindled down to this prosaic and humble
job Gen Sherman said he had some
special and very important duty for us
He couldntvc meant cattle driving
What more important duty could yon
expect than taking care of such a herd as
this inquired Lieut Ermentrant hotly
What more important duty can there he
than in supplying the army Now dont
go to putting on any airs for I wont
have it Ive bronght this herd this far
and youre no better than I am If I do
it ou ought to think it qnite good enough
for you Besides the minute you get
across the Etowah Itiver oure liable to
have all that yon can tend to Joe Wheel
ers down in that country somewhere
and would like awfully well to have 50
beeves iu good condition to put his ragged
rebels on This is the last herd to como
through and it must be caiefully guarded
Ihat s the reason that uen
Sherman ordered you here Theres bush
whackers enough down in the country bc
vond the Etowah to take tho herd away
from all the guard I have But I havent
time to waste in argument Youll simply
do what Gen Sherman orders Hero
come the cattle now and Ill be obliged
to ou Lieut Graham if youll begin tno
count at once arid hurry through with it
as that train you came up on is waiting
for me and my men and we must get to
it as soon as possible I have six horses
that I and my helpers have been riding
which Ill turn over to you for such men
as you want to mount
After our good work with tho pon
toons I never thought Gen Sherman
would put us to cattle driving mur
mured Shad reproachfully at which
Lieut Ermentrant fired up again
Id like to know -who you are anvway
that arc pntting on all these frills Youre
mighty glad to get fresh beef whsn its
brought to you and yet you kie vv hen its
your turn to bring it Are you so much
better than anybody else that you can lie
iu camp and have somebody else wait
on you I tell you Ive had to do it and
Ive done it because it was a necessary
duty that somebody had to do and Im
as good as you fellows any day in tho
week Ive been in the army just as long
nnd seen just as much service Now jnst
stop looking down your noses and grumb
ling and count these cattle receipt for
them and let me go Im in a hurry and
oud better be
The Lieutenant is right said Si liis
usual cheerful acceptance of necessary
conditions asserting itself Wc aint
really had our share of cattle driv ing and
weve no business to shirk it when it
comes up to us Besides its only for two
or three days Lets be glad we didnt
have t bring the herd clear from Nash
ville Bring on your cattle
To be continued
In Memory of Comrade McKnight
Hancock Regiment No 1 U V U
Washington D C has adopted resolu
tions of icgret and condolence over tha
death of Comrade David A MeKnight a
prominent patent attorney of Washington
in which they say
Comrade MeKnight rendered honora
ble and creditable service during the war
of the rebellion in Co K 8th Pa and in
Co A 9th Pa Res both of which rei
incuts greatly distinguished themselves on
many a bloody battlefield nnd with these
regiments Comrade MeKnight partici
pated iu many of their historic engage
ments notably Bull Ituu where he was
wouuded Antietam Fredericksburg A a
where he was again wounded and taken
prisoner of war etc In the field as a sol
dier in his chosen profession the law
ns well as in the walks of civil life oar
departed Comrade MeKnight held first
rauk always winning the confidence re
spect and esteem of all with -whom ho
was brought in contact and was ever dis
tinguished by his cool clear incisive judg
ment unfaltering courago and manly de
pot tment

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