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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, May 07, 1903, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016187/1903-05-07/ed-1/seq-5/

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itSsM CgiZUV
The monthly circulation statement is
ied by tlie Comptroller of the Currency
i kows that at the close of business April
SO 1003 the total circulation of national
bank notes was 391151728 an increase
for the year of 31104320 nnd an increase
for the month of SG32470 The amount
of circulation bascil on United States
londs was 347504355 an increase for
the rear of 32450903 and an increase for
the- month or 9214541
The total domestic coinage executed at
the mints of the United States during
April 1003 was 2141220 as follows
Gold 137400 silver 1S09000 minor
coins 194S20
The monthly comparative statement of
the Government receipts and expenditures
feliows that for the month of April 1903
the total receipts were 43320100 and the
expenditures 41703S14 leaving a sur
plus for the month of 15G22SC
The receipts from the several sources of
revenue are given as follows Customs
224SS129 increase as compared with
April 1902 1040000 internal revenue
18004550 decrease 3192000 mis
cellaneous 2773414 decrease 338000
The expenditures on account of the War
Department were 9053182 increase 1
000000 Navy 0472347 increase 945-
For the 10 months of the present fiscal
year the receipts exceeded the expendi
tures by 35419040
Comrade E L Walter 2d N Y Car
who is an architect at Scranton Pa has
been in the city on a vis it
Comrade Winfield Scott Hunter of the
33d Mass who now lesides at Waynes
boro Pa is in the city for some consid
erable stay lie received a severe wound
at Gettysburg where his regiment did
Rreat work in wiping out the Louisiana
Tigers lie is in the lumber business and
lias extensive holdings of timber land in
West Virginia
Col Thomas Symons U S A the new
Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds
who takes the place left vacant by Col
Theodore Bingham arrived in the city last
Fridav and after presentation to Sirs
Roosevelt went to the War Department
where he formally took possession of his
new berth Col Symous is a fine soldierly-looking
man a graduate of West
Point and has quite a reputation as an
Indian fighter
Somebody started the report that one
of the reasons for desertions in the navy
was the scanty fare Here is the bill
of fare for a week There are a good
many hundred thousand laborers families
who would like to be as well fed Break
last fresh beef stew bread butter and
coffee dinner baked fish tomato sauce
boiled potatoes bread and coffee supper
macaroni and cheese fried potatoes tinned
meat breadbutter and tea Tlie Sunday
menu includes Breakfast baked beans
bread butter and coffee dinner roast
beef boiled potatoes biscuits and cocoa
supper cold roast beef cheese apple
pauce com bread and tea
1 1 On May 1 Manila Day the Navy De
partment had hoisted over it a fine new
Flag of the largest dimensions made by
the Government 20 by 30 feet There
was enough wind to carry it out and it
proudly floated all day long on the loyal
winds that loved it well
George L Lorillard son of the late
Fierce Lorillard has been appointed Second-Secretary
of the Legation at Havana
Since narrict Beechcr Stowes great
Btory Uncle Toms Cabin has been
barred from the New York libraries The
Man Without a Country will probably
liave to follow suit before very long
Washington was given a great treat the
other night in which The Man Without
a Country figured Many havo read
about Philip Nolan and felt sorry for him
and not a few have shed real tears for
Lim but to know him really and truly
one should hear the venerable author read
bis story This is what a few people did
last Friday night The Ber Edward
Everett Hale read to them his greatest
Etory and The Man Without n Country
seemed to be alive and right there on the
stage Dr Hale is well down the western
elope or Hie wnere tne shadows grow
gant and gray for most people but he
Bcems to have found the sunshine even
there He says of Philip Nolan that he
is a real character That is early during
the war of the rebellion a very young sol-
oier declared mat lie wished that he had
J not been born in the United States On
f this infamous declaration Dr Hale pinned
Lis story but dated it back to the days of
the Aaron Burr plot
The Chinese Minister is adopting Ameri
can customs rapidly He moved on the 1st
of May The magnificent new Chinese
Legation is cow completed and out of the
old house into the new was the rule for
May 1 The new home is to be elegantly
furnished partly with American furnish
ings and partly with Chinese The new
Minister has some rare old Chinese hang
ings cabinets and china which will be
displayed in a regular Oriental room No
attempt will be made to mix things The
American part of the house will be Ameri
can and the Oriental part will be distinct
ly Oriental
Grace Reformed Church better known
In Washington as The Presidents
Church will bo completed so as to be
dedicated by June 7 It is said that the
services of dedication will extend through
out the week The old church was a tiny
brick affair with its main entrance on an
alley The addition to it is not so very
large but is neat and pretty
Baroness HcngelmuIIer wife of the Em
basador of Austria Hungary slipped on
the polished floor of the dining room of the
j nwassy last Sunday and broke her ankle
Secretary Cortelyou has appointed as a
Special Examiner in the Bureau of Cor
porations E Dana Durand of Michigan
sum uremia n w uiiciien oi jiaiuo Spe
cial Attorney
Lient Col I Cubillo of Spain is in
Washington for a short stay and will then
visit tome of the great gun factories ot
this country He is here to buy armor
plate for the Spanish navy and guns as
well W C Aceles of London who ac
companies Col Cubillo says There is not
n nation in Europe to day that does not
look to the United States for its imple
ments of war
The Post ofiico scandal grows no small
er but it seems to be resting There nre
no very new developments but you can
hear most any old thing about it most of
which needs to be dipped in salt The
Postmaster of the Washington oillce has
discharged four young women who were
on the rolls as laborers but who had
never done a lick of menial labor They
had in fact lieen doing purely clerical
labor such as the women and men who
worked beside them got from 900 to 1
000 a year for They got but 300 which
is laborers wages Upward of that sum
is a clerks salary
This is one of the really good things
that this Post office shaking up has oe
fqmplishpd that is it is good if it goes
far enough Every Department of the
Governments Is honey eombed with just
such irregularities as this Favorites of
various statesmen not necessarily worsen
Jfor there nre as many men improperly
jpiaccq on uie rons ns mere are women
fare urged for nnnointment but nre met
With the Civil Service rules These men
i w m
and women it is declared can not pass
examinations for even the lowest posi
tions The only way to get them on the
rolls is to put them down as laborers
and then detail them to clerical work
This is done and there nre men and wom
en in the Departments of the Government
who figure as clerks but never passed
any sort of a Civil Service examination
and who appear on the rolls as laborers
A laborer is supposed to scrub floors
clean spittoons dust furniture wash win
dows empty waste baskets and perform
any other kind of menial labor that comes
Very naturally the young woman who
wears white kid gloves to office and who
carries a white silk parasol in Summer
or who sports sables and broadcloth in
Winter isnt going to soil her dainty hands
with this sort of work even if she is down
as a laborer Nor does the laborer put
up with the 300 wages There is al
ways a contingent fund in all these De
partments and out of this the wages are
easily raised to a salary commensurate
with the station of the person employ
The Civil Service Commission will
solemnly declare that such a thing can not
possibly be done that it is against the
law but it does happen and is happen
ing right straight along Members of
Congress are very largely responsible for
it too They are not entirely frank about
their attitude on Civil Service for while
they do not believe that it is conducted
properly they are afraid to vote against
it but salve their consciences by saying
that they can get around it some way
and this is one of the ways They force
their needy constituents upon the Depart
ment Chiefs under this alias of laborers
and then when a time of trial like the
present comes along they leave the De
partment official to face the storm
It is said now that the New York Post
office and those in Baltimore Chicago and
Washington are to be investigated A
man by the name of Tulloch who was
once employed in the Washington Post
office is talking a good deal nnd has im
pressed the Postmaster General with the
belief that maybe some of -the charges
that he is making are true These charges
are now being investigated Former Postmaster-General
Charles Emory Smith is
mixed up in these charges but he denies
them in toto
On the other hand Comptroller of the
Currency Tracewell casts a shadow on Mr
Smiths denial He says that in 1898 he
found that irregular methods in the Wash
ington Post office which were smoothed
over had brought it out some 0000 be
hind rostmaster Gcneral Smith explained
these irregularities to Mr Tracewell and
they were passed but Comptroller Trace
well says that he put his foot down right
there andtherc has been no trouble oi
that particular question since then no ir
regularities and no deficiency Mr
Tulloch who was Cashier of the Washing
ton Post office for a number of years
makes the charges and declares that he
can prove them And there you are
Michael W Louis Superintendent of
Post office Supplies in the Post office De
partment has sued another man for 20
000 for defamation of character This
man Frank O Mittag so Louis says de
clared that but for the silence of Mittag
he Louis would lie in the penitentiary
Mr Christiancy who permitted Mrs
Tyner to crack the safe in her husbands
office in the Post office Department has
been given a furlough and told thathe
may proceed to clear himself of suspicion
in any way he can
On the whole it may be stated with a
fair adherence to the truth that the Post
office business is warming up but ft is
very slow about it The country would
be pleased if the Postmaster General
would have a regular May houscclcaning
and get rid of the bad odors that now fill
the air in the big building known as the
Post office Department the very construc
tion of which has even been referred to
mal odoronsly
With Dewey at Manila
Ten naval officers all that could be
mustered of those who took part in the
engagement met the evening of May 1 at
the Raleigh to commemorate the battle of
Manila Bay It has been their custom to
assemble after this fashion for the past
four years and the banquet of 1903 bar
ring the absence of Admiral Dewey was
coasidercd one of the most enjoyable so
Promntly at 8 o clock Flag Captain B
P Lamberton with Admiral J D Ford
on his arm entered the private dining-
room the other officers following two-and-two
American Beauty rosOs massed at
strategic points and glowing under the
light of red taped candles formed the
principal decoration of the table At each
plate lay the dainty menu bearing a
portrait of tho Admiral in watercolors on
the front with Manila Bay as a back
ground A miniature of Sir Walter
Raleigh was the only mark upon the card
to show where the dinner took place The
four starred Admirals flag was also flying
upon the hotel roof
Capt Lamberton presided in the absence
of Admiral Dewey During the progress
of the dinner the officers refreshed their
memories of tho famous victory pledged
the Admiral and did not forget dead ship
mates The speeches were of the most in
formal character possible
The following were present all of whom
served under Dewey at Manila Capt B
P Lamberton Rear Admiral J D Ford
Rear Admiral James Entwisell Capt
Richard Inch Lieut Commander John
Gibson Lieut Commander F II Bailey
Commander G B Ransom Commander
C P Itees Lieut W E Atlee and Med
ical Diiector J C Wise
Connection With the Treasury Leafls to
The recent resignation of Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury Ailes to accept
a position in the Riggs Bank leads to re
mark how connection with the Treasury
brings men into touch with tho great
moneyed interests and promotes their for
John G Carlisle was large in the pub
lic eye before he became Secretary of the
Treasury but in that portfolio and since
he gained his reputation as a financier
and incidentally gained greater wealth
than ever did while in Congress
Former Secretary Gago was a well
known banker before Piesident McKiulov
asked him to become Secretary of the
Treasury a post which he held longer
than any of his predecessors with a sin
gle exception jir uage went directly from
me iieanui 10 me presiucucy OI tne
United States Trust Company at an im
mense salary
But not only tho secretaryship but
minor positions and especially those of
uomptroller or tne uurreucy and Assistant
Secretary in Charge of Fiscal Affaire
have been valuable in after life to their
occupants Frank A Vandcrlip resigned
his position as financial editor of the
Chicago Tribune to -become Secretary
Gages private secretary but within a
month he was made Assistant Secretary
of the Treasury and placed in charge of
fiscal affairs which post he resigned to
become connected with the National City
Bank of New York of which he is now
tne Vice President Sir Ailcs succeeded
James H Ecklcs came to Washington
comparatively unknown and with little po
litical influence at the opening of the sec
ond Cleveland Administration As a com
promise he was appointed Comptroller of
Uie currency so suddenly lie would not be
licve it when he was informed of the fact
He served for four years gaining consid
erable National reputation and resigned
to accept a splendid position with the Com
mercial National Bank of Chicago
His successor Charles G Dawes was
little known when appointed but he was
so prominent when he left in 1901 that
he was one of the most formidable
idates in the recent Senatorial fight in Illi
nois in which ho was defeated by Rep
resentative Hopkins He is now Presi
dent of the Central Trust Company ot Illi
II G Cannon who was Comptroller ot
the Ciirrency many years ago is well
known from his connection with the
Fourth National Bank of New York and
A B Hepburn of the Chase National
Bank of New York traces his rise to his
occupancy of the same post
War Department Adopts Change In the De
signs Their Description
On the recommendation of Acting Quartermaster-General
Patten the War De
partment has adopted a new set of stand
ards and regimental battalion and other
colors for the Army of the United States
The main feature of the new flags as well
as of the buttons and ornaments is in the
representation of the coat-of-arms of the
United States They are made of the best
quality of silk in solid colors and the
United States seal the insignias scroll in
scriptions and other emblems are em
broidered in colors The seal is the prin
cipal feature of each of the standards the
other emblems being merely accessory The
different standards are described as fol
That of the Secretary of War is scarlet
with white fringe and contains the United
States seal embroidered in colors and four
white stars one near each corner The
cord and tassel are scarlet and white in
The cavalry standard is yellow and the
fringe cord and tassel are also of the
same color Under the embroidered seal
is a scroll in red with the regimental
designation in letters of white
The artillery standard Js red with red
fringe cord and tassel Below the seal
is the insignia of the arm crossed cannons
above a yellow scroll containing the regi
menal designation in letters of red
The infantry standard is blue with yel
low fringe and blue and white cord and
tassel Below the seal is a red scroll bear
ing the regimental designation in letters
of white
The standard of tho engineers is scarlet
with white fringe and scarlet and white
cord and tassel Below the seal is the in
signia of the corps a battlemented castle
embroidered in white and a white scroll
with the battalion designation in letters of
The Signal Corps standard is orange
with yellow fringe and cord and tassel of
orange and yellow Below the embroider
ed seal is the insignia of tho corps crossed
Dags and torch embroidered in yellow and
white under which is a blue scroll with
the designation in letters ot white
He Did Split Ball3
Kansas sends a voice of protest against
a recent derision of the time honored belief
that Abraham Lincoln split mils when he
was a young man J It McLean of
Florence Kan has absolute personal
that Mr Lincoln acknowledged
wieiilng the ax for a livelihood Mr Mc
Lean writes
I was a delegate to the State Con
vention held in Decatur III in 1SG0 Mr
Lincoln sat on the platform during the
convention when two men came into the
hall bearing between them two rails Mr
Lincoln was asked if he had split the rails
in question At the inquiry he rose from
his chair and stepped to the edge of the
platform As the men passed him with
the rails he looked them carefully over
and replied that he was not sure that he
had split those rails but he was sure he
had split many better ones
Col O II Oldroyd who occupies the
home in which Lincoln died and who has
filled it with mementoes of Lincoln says
also that Lincoln did split rails when a
young man Col Oldroyd began collecting
mementoes long before Lincoln became
President and among the many famous
things in his collection is a rail that was
split by Lincoln
Spanish War Veterans Get an Injunction
A preliminary injunction has been
granted at Lancaster Pa on the petition
of the National Association of Spanish
American War Veterans against Wm C
Liller restraining him against selling
goods chattels blanks and papers as the
alleged Adjutant General of the Spanish
American War Veterans A number of
misdemeanors are charged against Mr
M and X went out to C
They pulled their boat with Es
The only food they took to eat
Was one small can of Ps
So X then tried to catch a fish
But hooked him in the I
Thats not the proper form said M
And Ill tell you Y
First hook your fish then let him run
And now youll grasp my Q
Just quickly double on the fish
Or ho will W
Lets try some other place said X
This one is not O K
We might fish here till kingdom come
Forever and for A
Use my short line said kindly M
Twill suit you very well
Tho water heie is shallow as
Its depth is but an L
This seems a favorable spot
Tis surely not too far
If we dont get a big catch here
I dont know where they R
The chosen place indeed was fine
It suited to a T
They only kept the biggest fish
And let the small ones B
If we said they while going home
Should meet a country J
Well fill him up with stories
Of the sport weve had all day
Then lots inaugurate at onco
A series of Ie Vs
Well ask a hundred fellows and
As many nice Iai Ds
So several jolly balls they gave
As jolly as could be
And all around the walls stuffed fish
AVere hung in F I G
My alphabetic yarn is done
And thouglTtis not quite true
O may I hope that it has proved
A pleasant one for U
By Comer Adam Scip
Sleep ou yc brave and noble
Who for our country died
Sleep ou for now no trouble
Molests where you abide
For you the conflicts ended
And rest s your portion now
For you our voices blended
Renewed our pledge our vow
Sleep on thou unselfish hero
May laurels deck thy brow
Sleep ou the victorys halo
Encircles thee I trow
We are thy debtors ever
And thee our homage bring
Wo will forget no never
Sweet memories round thee cling
Sleep on thou loved preserver
Our deliverer brave and true
Sleep on thou Nations sponsor
All honor is thy due
And when the trumpets sounding
Awaken all the dead
May thee the chorus swelling
Bear Victory on the head
Continued from first page
nizing independence is in question for no
less positive test can be applied to the
greatefact than to tlie lesser while on
the other hand the iiiflnences nnd conse
quences of the struggle upon the internal
policy of the recognizing State which
form important factors when the recog
nition of belligerency Is concerned nre
secondary if not rightly eliminable fac
tors when the real question is whether the
community claiming recognition is or is
not independent beyond pcradrenture
do I think it would be wise or prudent for
this Government to recognize at the pres
ent time the independence of the so called
Cuban Republic Such recognition is not
necessary in order to enable the United
States to intervene and pacify the island
To commit this country now to the recog
nition of any particular Government in
Cuba mirht subject us to embarrassing
conditions of international obligation to
ward the organization so recognized Jn
case of intervention our conduct would be
subject to the approval or disapproval of
such Government We would be required
to submit to its direction and to assume to
it the mere relation of a friendly ally
When it shall appear hereafter that
there is tuthiu the island a Government
capable of performing the duties and dis
charging tlie functions of a separate na
tion and having as a matter of fact the
proper forms and attributes of nationality
such Government can -be promptly and
readily recognized and the relations nnd in
terests of the United States with such
nation adjusted
There remain the alternative forms of
intervention to end the Avar either ns an
impartial neutral by imposing a rational
compromise between the contestants or ns
the active ally of the one party or the
As to tlie first it is not to be forgotten
that during the last few months the re
lation of tho United States has virtually
been one of friendly intervention in many
ways each notof itself conclusive hnt all
tending to the exertion of a potential in
fluence toward an ultimate pacific result
just and honorable to all interests con
cerned The spirit of all our acts hither
to has been an earnest unselfish dedre for
peace and prosperity in Cuba untarnished
by differences between us and Spain and
unstained by the blood of American citi
the roncniLE intervention
of the United States as a neutral to stop
the war according to the large dictates
of humanity and following many historical
precedents where neighboring States have
interfered to check tlie hopeless sacrifices
of life by internecine conflicts beyond their
borders is justifiable on rational grounds
It involves however hostile constraint
upon both the parties to the context as
well to enforce a truce as to guide the
eventual settlement
The grounds for such intervention may
be briefly summarized as folIAVs
First In the cause of humanity and
to put an end to the barbarities bloodshed
starvation and horrible miseries now exist
ing there and whichtHc parties to tlie
conflict are either unable or unwilling to
stop or mitigate It isho answer to say
this is nil in nnothercAuntry belonging
to another nation anil Is therefore none
of our business It isJstiecially our duty
for it is right nt our door
Second We owe it1 to our citizens in
Cuba to afford them lhAt protection and
indemnity for life and property uhich no
Government there cart or will afford anil
to that end to terminate the conditions
that deprive them of legal protection
Third The- right to intervene may be
justified by the very Serious injury to the
commerce trade and business of our peo
ple and by the wailton destruction of
property and devastationof the island
Fourth nnd which isbf the utmost im
portance The prescntcondition of affairs
in Cuba isnconstnnt hitriatctoour peace
and entails njlon tbW Government an
enormous expense With such a conflict
waged tor years in an island so near ns
nnd with which our people have- such trade
and business relations when the lives nnd
liberty of our citizens arc in constant dan
ger and their property destroyed and them
selves ruined where our trading vessels
are liable to seizure and arc seized at our
very door by war ships of a foreign na
tion the expeditions of filibustering that
we arc powerless to prevent altogether
and the irritating questions and entangle
ments thus arising all these and others
that T need not mention with the restat
ing shamed relations are a constant
menace to our peace and compel us to
keep on a semi war footing with a nation
with which we are at peace
the desteuction of the MAINE
These elements of danger and disorder
already pointed out have been strikingly
illustrated by a tragic event which has
deeply and justly moved the American peo
ple I have already tiansniitted to Con
gress the report of the naval Court of In
quiry on tho destruction of the battleship
Maine in the haibor of Havana during the
night of the 15th of February The de
struction of that noble vessel has filled the
National heart with inexpiessible horror
Two hundred and fifty eight brave sailors
and marines and two officers of our Navy
reposing in the fancied security of a
friendly harbor have been hurled to death
grief and want brought to their homes and
sorrow to the Nation
The Naval Court of Inquiry which it
is needless to say commands the unquali
fied confidence of the Government was
unanimous in its conclusion that the de
struction of- the Maine was caused by an
cxteiior explosion that of a submarine
mine It did not assume to place the re
sponsibility That remains to be fixed
In any event the destruction of the
Maine by whatever exterior cause is a
patent and impressive proof of a state of
things in Cuba that is intolerable That
condition is thus shown to be such that
the Spanish Government can not assure
safety and security to a vessel of the
American Navy in the harbor of Havana
on a mission of peace and rightfully there
Further referring in this connection to
recent diplomatic correspondence a dis
patch from our Minister to Spain of the
Gth ultimo contained the statement that
the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs
assured him positively that Spain will do
all that the highest honor and justice re
quire In the matter of the Maine The
reply above referred to of the 31st ptimo
also contained an expression of tho readi
ness of apain to sulimitto an arbitration
all the differences winch can arise in this
matter which is subsequently explained
by the note of the Stmnirh Minister nt
Washington of tho IDflV instant as fol
As to the question vrff fact which
springs from the diversity of views be
tween tlie reports of -the American and
Spanish boards Spaiti1 proposes that the
facts be ascertained by an impartial in
vestigation uy experts wuose decision
Spain accepts in advlhce
To this I have niadimV reply
ritESIDENT cranes views
President Grant in 1873 after discuss
ing the phases of thc i contest as it then
appeared and its hobekss aud apparent
indefinite prolongation said
In such event I am of opinion that
other nations will be compelled to assume
the responsibility which devolves upon
them and to seriously consider the only
remaining measures
and intervention Owing perhaps to the
large expanse or water separating the is
land from tho peninsula the
contending parties nnnear to havo within
themselves no depository of common con-
iiacuce to suggest wisdom wncn passion
and excitement have their sway and to
assume the part of peacemaker
In this view in the earlier days of the
contest the good offices of the United
States as a mediator wero tendered In
good faith without any selfish purpose
in the interest of humanity and in sincere
friendship for both parties bnt were at
the time declined by Spain with the
declaration nevertheless that at a future
time they wonld be indispensable No
intimation has been received that in tho
opinion of Spain that timo has been
reached And yet the strife continues
with all its dread horrors and all its in
juries to the interests of tho United States
and of other nations
Each party seems quite capablo of
working great injury aud damage to the
other us- well ns to all the relations and
interests dependent on the existence of
peace in the island but they seem incapa
ble of reaching any adjustment and both
have thus far failed of achieving any suc
cess whereby one party shall possess and
control the island to the exclusion of the
other Under these circumstances the
agency of others cither by mediation or
by intervention seems to bo the only al
ternative which must sooner or later be
invoked for the termination of the strife
president Clevelands views
In the last annual message of my imme
diate predecessor during the pending strug
gle it was said
When the inability of Spain to deal
successfully with the insurrection hns be
come manifest and it is demonstrated that
her sovereignty is extinct in Cuba for all
purposes of its rightful existence nnd
when a hopeless struggle for its rcestablish
ment has degenerated into a strife which
means nothing more than the useless sacri
fice of human life aud the utter Destruc
tion of the very subject matter of the con
flict a situation will be presented in which
our obligations to the sovereignty of Spain
will be superseded by higher obligations
which we can hardly hesitate to recognize
and discharge
In my annual message to Congress De
cember last speaking to this question I
The near future will demonstrate
whether the indispensable condition of n
righteous peace just alike to the Cubans
and to Spain as well as equitable to all
our interests so intimately involved in the
welfare of Cuba is likely to be attained
If not the exigency of further and other
action by the United States will remain
to be taken When that times comes that
action will be determined in the line of
indisputable light and duty It will be
faced without misgiving or hesitancy in
the light of the obligation this Government
owes to itself to the people who have con
fided to it the protection of their interests
and honor and to humanity
Sure of the right keeping free from
nil offense ourselves actuated only by up
right and patriotic considerations moved
neither by passion nor selfishness the
Government will continue its watchful care
over the rights and property ot American
citizens and will abate none ot its efforts
to bring about by peaceful agencies a
peace which shall be honorable and endur
ing If it shall hereafter appear to be a
duty imposed by our obligations to our
selves to civiliaztion and humanity to in
tervene with force it shall be without
fault on our part and only because the
necessity of such action will be so clear
as to command the sunport and approval
of the civilized world
Spains cruelties hopeless
The long trial has proved that the ob
ject for which Spain lias waged the war
can not bo attained The fire of insurrec
tion may flame or may smolder with vary
ing seasons but it has not been and it is
plain that it can not be extinguished by
present methods The only hope of rcliaf
nnd repose from a condition which can no
longer be endured is the enforced
Cuba In the name of humanity
in the name of civilization in behalf ot
endangered American interests which give
us the right and the duty to speak aud to
act the war in Cuba must stop
In view of these facts and of these con
siderations I ask the Congress to au
thorize and empower the President to take
measures to secure a full and final ter
mination of hostilities between the Gov
ernment of Spain and the people of Cuba
and to secure in the island the establish
ment of a stable Government capable of
maintaining order aud observing its inter
national obligations insuring peace and
tranquillity and the security of its citi
zens as well as our own aud to use the
military and naval forces of the United
State as may be necessary for these pur
And in the interest of humanity and to
aid in preserving the lives of the starving
people of the island I recommend that the
distribution of food and supplies be con
tinued and that an appropriation be made
out of the public Treasury to supplement
the charity of our citizens
It is a solemn responsibility I have
exhausted every effort to relieve the in
tolerable condition of affairs which is at
our doors Prepared to execute every ob
ligation imposed upon me by tne Cousti
tution and the law I await your action
Yesterday and since the preparation of
tho foregoing message official information
was received by me that the latest decree
of the Queen Regent of bpam directs Gen
Blanco in order to prepare and facilitate
peace to proclaim a suspension or uostui
tics the duration and details of which
have not yet been communicated to me
This fact wih every other pertinent
consideration will I am suie have your
just and careful attention in tne solemn
deliberations upon which you are about to
enter If this measure attains a success
ful result then our aspirations as a Chris
tian peace loving people will be realized
If it fails it will be only another justifica
tion for our contemplated action
William McKinlet
Executive Mansion April 11 1S08
The message was temperate and digni
fied in tone but unanswerable as to con
clusions aud brought the question square
ly to issue
Under our Government the President is
the agent in conjunction with the Senate
in dealing with foreign powers Congresss
functions in diplomacy aro very limited
but potent when invoked It can regulate
intercourse with otlier countries and can
declare war When therefore the Presi
dent recited the long persistent patient
and diversified endeavors of his predeces
sors and himself to bring bpam to adopt a
policy consistent with the civilization of
the and said in conclusion that he
had exhausted all the resources of diplo
macy it became incumbent on Congiess
to exercise its prerogative aud invoke the
last argument of kings war
Congress proceeded promptly April 13
two days after tho reception of the mes
sage the House Commute on Foreign
Affairs unanimously reported a rcsolutiou
which read
Resolved That the President is hereby
authorized and directed to intervene at
onco to stop tho war in Cuba to the end
and with the purpose of securing perma
nent peace and order theie and establish
ing by the freo action of the people there
of a stable ana independent Government
of their own in the Island of Cuba and
tho President is hereby authorized and em
powered lo use the land and naval forces
of the United States to execute the pur
poses of this resolution
Tho House passed this by a vote of 32 1
to 10 aud sent it to the Senate
Tho Senate Committc on Foreign Rela
tions consisting of such universally recog
nized able men ns Senators Win P Frye
of Maine Cushman K Davis of Minne
sota J B Fornker of Ohio Shelby M
Cullom of Illinois ncury Cabot Lodge
of Massachusetts John T Morgan of
Alabama John W Daniel of Virginia
David Turpie of Indiana Rober Q Mills
of Texas Georgo Gray of Delaware
Clarence D Clark of Wyoming had been
at work for some weeks upon a resolution
based upon one introduced by Senator
Foraker Senator Davis the Chairman
spent much time on this and the repoit
accompanying it Tho first object of the
entire Committee was to definitely end the
Spanish rulo in Cuba but they were di
vided the Democrats desiring a recogni
tion of the insurgents with the Repub
licans generally following tho Presidents
lead in opposition to such recognition
April 13 Chairman Davis submitted to
the Senate tho following resolutions of the
Committee with the minority amendment
Whereas the abhorrent conditions
which have existed for more than three
years in the Island of Cuba so near our
own borders have shocked the moral senso
of the people of tho United States have
been a disgrace to Christian civilization
culminating as they havo in tho destruc
tion of a United States battleship with
2CC of its officers and crew while on a
friendly visit in the harbor of Havana and
cannot longer be endured as has been set
forth by tho President of tho United
States in his message to Congress of April
11 1S98 upon which the action of Con
gress was invited therefore
Resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled
First That the people of tho Island ot
Luiia arc and of right ought to be free
and independent
Second That it is the duty of the
United States to demand and tho Govern
ment of the United States docs hereby
demand that the Government of Spain at
once relinquish its authority and govern
ment ot the Island ot Cuba and with
draw its land and naval force from Cuba
and Cuban waters
Third That tho President of the
United States be and he hereby is direct
ed nnd empowered to use the entire land
and naval forces of the United States and
to call into the actual service of the
United States the militia of the several
States to such an extent as may be neces
sary to carry these resolutions into effect
Senators Turpie Mills Daniel and For
aker representing the minority cordially
concurred in the resolutions but moved to
amend tho first clause by adding
And that the Government of the
United States hereby recognize the Repub
lic of Cuba as the true and lawful Gov
ernment of tho Inland
A very earnest debate followed the pre
sentation of these reports which lasted
until Saturday evening when with only
ono Senator absent the Senate adopted
the minority amendment by a vote of 51 to
37 10 Republicans voting with the Demo
crats and Populists for it and four Re
publicans voting with the 33 Democrats
against it
The following amendment offered by
Senator Teller of Colorado was accepted
by the Committee and adopted without
Fourth That the United States hereby
disclaims any disposition or intention to
exercise sovereignty jurisdiction or con
trol over said Island except for the pacifi
cation thereof and asserts its determina
tion when that is accomplished to leave
the government and control ot the Island
to its people
All other amendments were voted down
and by a vote of 07 to 21 the resolutions
were adopted as n whole and as a substi
tute for the House resolutions
The Senate then adjourned until Mon
Sunday was full of wars and rumors of
wars with a number of legislative in
trigues to pre7ent war The only hope of
this was by a deadlockbetween the House
and Senate and at one time this had a
gleam of possibility
Promptly after the House came to order
on Monday Representative Dingley moved
that the House concur in tho Senate sub
stitute for its -resolution but striking out
all recognition of tho Cuban Republic and
the words are and in the first para
graph This was done by a majority of
11 but when tlie amendment went back
to the Senate for concurrence it refused
by a vote of -10 to 32 Both Houses had
committed themselves to the vital second
paragraph which ordered Spain out ot
Cuba and to the third which directed the
President to put her out but they quibbled
over the unimportant are and and were
divided among themselves over the recog
nition of the Cuban Republic There were
Conference Committees and repeated re
ports which consumed the anxious hours
beyond midnight when Senator Morgan
gave notice that he had sent to the desk
a plain declaration of war and would
presently call it up This had its effect
The House receded from its support of
are and and the resolution reported
by the majority of the Senate Committee
on Foreign Affairs were adopted without
change except for Senator Tellers amend
ment The vote in the Senate was 42 to
35 and in the House 311 to 0
The Joint Resolution was approved by
the President the next day April 20
To bo continued
The Author Explains Some Seeming Discrep
Editor National Tribune In tho is
sue of April 9 Mr H B Van Velsor asks
for the names of the forts upon which his
regiment -worked in 1801 near Fairfax
Perhaps the names Fort Williams Fort
Worth and Fort Ward will refresh his
These works were respectively half a
mile south three eighths of a mile south
east and three quarters of a mile north
west of Seminary
Mr Van Velsor asks if the New Jersey
Brigade saw fighting on May 12 at
Sedgwicks or Wrights Corps came into
the Confederate breastworks at C oclock
and endured a day of great battle Mr
Van Velsors attention is directed to the
fourth volume of Battles and Leaders of
the Civil War pp 170 174 for reading
what will greatly interest him
Part of the 2d N J seems to have been
discharged shoitly after crossing the Pa-
munkey These men with others from
the Pennsylvania Reserves guarded a
wagon train going back to the Rappa
hannock The order for this movement
was given on May 31
In your same issue Mr T G Day 3d
Ind Cav thinks there is a slight mistake
in Bayards Courier upon the fight at
Barbces Crossroads especially regaiding
the support of Penuingtons Battery
The following is from Gen Pleasoutons
On approaching Barbces Crossroads
tho enemy opened with a couple of guns
from an eminence commanding the road
and displayed a large force of cavalry on
the road toward Chester Gap I replied
with a section of Penningtons Battery
and immediately sent the Sth Pa and Gth
Cav under Col Gregg to our left to
occupy somo woods to the front and turn
their flank a section under Pennington
taking position to the front and right of
the road supported by the sth S 1 Cav
under Col Davis while the Sth III and
M Ind Cav under Col Farnsworth
moved up the road to the front
The scene in Bayards Courier is
based upon Gen Pleasontons report
Probably Mr Days regiment supported
ono of Penningtons sections prior to being
ordered forward If so there is no dis
crepancy between the Generals report and
Mr Days memory B K Benson
Battle of Farmlngton Mls3
Editor National Tribune In the
issuo of March 20 1 notice an article by
Comrade F A Pettibone Co H 2d Iowa
Cav in which he gives the date of the
battle as May 18 1S02 It should be the
Sth of May and instead of the whole of
Gen Popes army which was about
32000 strong there were in the neighbor
hood of 12000 sent out on a reconnois
sance under Brig Gcn C S Hamilton of
The Eagle Brigade was not present in
tho fight There were only tho Sth Wis
tho Eagle regiment and two guns of
Spoors Iowa battery of the brigade on the
field during the battle
The 2d Iowa Cav was there and oc
cupied a position on the right of the Sth
Wis there was also a squadron of the
2d U S Cav stationed on our left and no
nioro gallant fighting was done by any
troops during the whole war than was
dono by these two small commands when
they made that charge on the Johnny rebs
both commands wero fighters from way
back and if it had not been for this
same gallant charge it would havo been a
tight squeak for the old 8th Wis to
havo gotten out of the snap they were in
As it was wo lost five killed 14 severely
aud 10 slightly wounded among them be
ing Capt Perkins Co C and Lieut
Bemish Co G
On the 13th we moved out and occupied
the bights about Farmington and on
May 28 took part in the fight in front of
Corinth that resulted in its evacuation
during the night following 3 M Wil
liams Co H Sth Wis Madison Wis
J JhS83e
A Spring Food
Dont Impoverish Your Blood But
Enrich Your Blood at This
Time of the Year
The Best Food fledicine for Spring
Exhaustion is Ozomulsion
The disagreeable feeling of tiredness
which comes over us at this time of tho
year is a bign of Nerve Exhaustion tho
only Real Cure for which is a Medicinal
Food Ozomulsion
Nerve drugging is Dangerous Blood
thining is nearly as Bad as Blood letting
Both weaken instead of Strengthen the
But Ozomulsion by Vitalizing and Re
building the Nerve substance and Enrich
ing while Disinfecting the Blood quickly
restores Tone to the System and ren
ders you Fit and Well
Ozomulsion is a Spring medicinal food
It feeds Starved Blood and energizes the
It is the new food idea applied to
Spring System Invigorntion
It will freshen you up and Prepare yon
for the warm weather
Will supply the food stimulus to keep
Your Machinery working instead of Run
ning Down just when you have so much
to do
Get Well stay Well work Well on
Ozomulsion is more than mere food It
contains Medicinal Ingredients made
available out of Natures Laboratories by
Modern Methods of Research
Guaiacol and the Glyccro hypopltosphUes
of lime and soda form the base for a com
bination having wonderful medicinal
curative Vitalizing force in the Energiz
ing of the run down system
To prove its great medicinal virtues aud
what it has done for others a
will be sent to any reader of this paper on
Tho kind that physicians use in their
families and prescribe in their hospital
and private practice and sold by drug
gists in Large Bottles weighing over two
pounds for One Dollar
Write by Letter inclosing 10 cents in
silver or stamps to pay postage giving
your name and complete address with
street number
98 Pine St New York
Breech Loading Cannon
Editor National Tribune Seeing
your article in The National Tribune of
April 30 about Breech Loading Cannon
I will state that in 1804 there were two
breech loading cannon in Fort Worth near
Alexandria Va They had this inscrip
tion on them Presented by tho Loyal
Ameticans of London with the date
which I have forgotten I have a very dis
tinct recollection of them as I learned to
work them they being for a time in charge
of my gun department They were Whit
worth guns
While I am about it I just wish to say
that I think that the form of the 12 per
month pension bill you present in this
issue is the right thing John P S
Lower Independent Battery I Pa Art
154 Elizabeth avenue Newark N J
Inter State Bennion Association
The directors of the Interstate Reunion
htivja designated the time for holding their
Annual Reunion this year from Aug 31
to Sept 5 These are the largest soldiers
Reunions held in America The soldiers
own and control 200 acres of park near
Baxter Springs Kan and furnish 2000
tents for the comrades and their families
The average daily attendance is 50000
C W Daniels Secretary Baxter Springs
New York GAE Encampment
Allan C Bakewell Commander De
partment of New York in General Orders
just issued from Headquarters of Depart
ment of New York Albany announces
that the 37th Annual Encampment will ba
held at Niagara Falls June 17 18 and 19
The Department Headquarters will be es
tablished at the Cataract International
LaGrippe is a germ diseasa which
makes a direct attack upon the nerves
When the fever runs high the blood be
comes thin and poor it is filled with im
purities from the wasting tissues and
used up cells the nerve force is reduced
to the lowest ebb and the heart is strained
to its utmost capacity to maintain the cir
The congestion of the minute blood ves
sels which follows the onslaught of grip
germs brings an acute aching throughout
the body chilliness and fever cough and
sore throat and a general sense of weak
ness It is this intolerable aching of the
body in general and the sudden loss of
strength which proves beyond a doubt that
LaGrippe is a disease of the nerves
Those persons with over worked or run
down nerves will have excruciating pains
in the spinal column and unbearable head
ache followed by utter inability to sleep
and brain fever or insanity In nearly ev
ery case the heart action is affected ow
ing to the weakening of the heart muscles
and the sudden withdrawal of the nerve
force or vital power Its weakened walls
are dilated its feverish valves are strained
to the utmost capacity it flutters palpi
tates and skips beats Pains shoot through
the left breast and around under the shoul
der blade There is a choking sensation
in the throat a feeling of oppression in
the chest nnd heart disease with its long
story of suffering and sorrow has been
ushered in
Dr Miles Restorative Nervine will ro
store the appetite bring sweet sleep
strengthen the -weakened nerves and mus
cles rebuild the wasted tissues restore
health and establish a reserve of nerve
force which will successfully prevent tho
after effects of LaGrippe
Should the heart nt any time show
signs of weakness such as palpitation
Buttering or pain or by snortness or
breath Dr Miles Heart Cure should bo
taken in conjunction with the Nervine
Heart disease is curable Send for free
Book on Diseases of the Heart and
Dr Miles Medical Co Elkhart Ind

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