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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 01, 1903, Image 3

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A v
MORGAN and
his MEN
A Confederate Lyrist Chants the Praises of the Blue Grass
Chieftain and His Followers
By GEORGE DALLAS MOSGROVE
A day or two after the Confederate attack
train and pickets
tack on the Federal wagon
ets Morgan went with a flag of truce to
Gen Mitchels encampment to endeavor to
effect an exchange of prisoners Some of
the Federal officers sought the confidence
of Lieut Col Wood who accompanied
Morgan asking hini how many men were
commanded by Morgan they at the same
time remarking that the mischief he was
doing could he accounted for upon no other
supposition than that he had control of a
largo force Wood answered also in con
fidence that although he had co-operated
with Morgan for two or three weeks
he was entirely ignorant of the strength
of his command that while he was cog
nizant of all that occurred under Morgan s
immediate supervision he was frequent
ly astonished by hearing from his Chief
accounts of enterprises which nad been
undertaken by his orders in quarters re
mote from where he was in person operat
ing Wood saw the impression that pre
vailed among the Federal officers and
shaped his confidential answers to con
firm them in their belief The real truth
was that at that time there were not in
the vicinity of Nashville more than 300
Confederate soldiers Of this number
Morgan could control only his own squad
ron and the 50 men with Wood although
others stragglers and furloughed men
from the Texas Hangers Starnes Mc-
i Nairys and other cavalry regiments often
joined him enjoying the activity and ex
citement of his peculiar expeditions
Many of tho Federal soldiers killed
around Nashville and whose deaths were
charged to Morgans men were in reality
killed by the so called Independent Parti
sans most of them men living in the
neighboring country
gen inTcnn angrt
When Morgans flag of truce party just
mentioned arrived at the Federal picket
line it was met by an expedition consist
ing of infantry cavalry and artillerymen
route for Murfreesboro with the intention
of capturing or dispersing Morgans ma
rauding band When the arrival of the
truce flag was announced to Gen Mitch
el he became very angry and declared that
he believed Morgan had obtained informa
tion of his plans and had resorted to the
ruse of the trace flag to frustrate them
The General was too good a soldier not
to know that Morgans action was perfect
ly legitimate but it made him mad all the
same Gen Mitchel was also aware that
he could not blame Morgan for having
been permitted to go far enough to see
what he wished to conceal It is the right
and rtositive duty of an officer in charge
of a flag of truce to go as far as he is per
mitted Hen Uitcnel could nave retused
to receive Morgan and his flag and had he
so chosen he could have ordered it back
Gen Mitchel seems to have had great
confidence in the success of his expedition
if it had not been met and checked by
Morgans flag Morgans friends and
Morgan himself however doubted wheth
er Gen Mitchel accomplished officer and
profound strategist that he was would
have succeeded in the object of his move
ment even if the untoward incident of
tho truce flag had not intervened He was
going to travel by daylight through a coun
try full of Morgans friends and upon a
road constantly watched by his scouts Un
der such circumstances lie could hardly
have surprised Morgan sufficiently to cap
ture him but of course he was strong
enough to drive him away f rom jMurfrees
boro in which event however Morgan
would simply within a brief period show
up again at some other place at an unex
pected time There was much facetious
talk among Federals and Confederates re
garding Morgans ascertaining hy flag of
truce that Gen Mitchels army was going
to capture him I think myself that Gen
Mitchel was justifiable in letting his an
gry passions rise
A FAIR LAND
Where smiling Spring its earliest visit
paid
And parting Summers lingering blooms
delayed
The country around Nashville in which
Morgan maue himself famous as a parti
san ranger is a region of unsurpassed pro
ductiveness teeming with every crop that
the agriculturist may desire to cultivate
probably the most fertile and wealthy
portion of famed Middle Tennessee It
is indeed a beautiful land especially when
The bloom is on the alder
And the tassel on the corn
The fine turnpikes dense growths of
timber cedar glades springs and small
watercourses made it an ideal country for
tho operations of partisan cavalry Mor
gans men found in it everywhere sup
plies for themselves and horses the gener
ous citizens withholding nothing that
would conduce to their comfort and pleas
ure
CAVTunn or gallatin
Having received orders to follow and re
join the army Morgan determined a day
or two after the flag of truce episode to
make an incursion in a new field desiring
to deepen the impression on the minds ol
some of the Federals at least concern
ing his ubiquity
The little town of Gallatin is abouteight
miles due north of the Cumberland Itivcr
on tho Iouisville Nashville railroad
30 miles from Nashville and hy the niosi
direct route 50 miles from Murfreesboro
I lie town at thai time was of no military
importance except in a minor way ii
being immediately upon the line of com
munication between Louisville and Nash
ville the roads from Kentucky the rail
road and the telegraph running through it
Morgan resolved to rapidly make tin1
march of 50 miles necessary to trausfei
his command from the southeast to tin
northeast side of Nashville aud if possi
hie occupy Gallatin and hold it home twr
or three days his ulterior object being tv
place himself in telegraphic communica
tion with the Federals at Louisville and
Nashville Leaving Murfreesboro at nooi
ho passed through Lebanon late in tin
afternoon and went into camp near that
place at night Early the next morning
Le crossed tho Cumberland at Cauoi
Branch Ferry and by 10 oclock had
reached Gallatin which fortunately In
found ungarrisoned With the exceptio
of a clerk or two in charge of unimpor
tant military stores and the telegrapl
operator tho people were his friends Tin
town and environs had a reputation foi
good cheer aud upon this occasion thcr
were brought forth as if by magic il
kinds of substantial and dainty food
FJoral offerings also appeared in bcwUd
ering array
1IOROAN AND TIlnTEIXCRArH opekatoi
Accompanied by Lieut Col Wood Mor
gan repaired to the telegraph office when
the operator unquestioning- extendo
courteous greeting mistaking Morgan fo
a Federal officer he having introduce
himself as such Promptly complyin
with Morgans request tho lightniii
clerk placed himself in couimuuicatioi
with Nashville asking many questions
o military character and without dehi
receiving answers to them Having ol
taincd the latest and most important new
from Nashville Morgan intimated o de
Ire to hear from Louisville The ohlig
ing operator then communicated with ths
city nnd soon Morgan was in possessio
of desirable information from the Ken
tucky metropolis Finally some one mt i
tloncd tho name of Morgan wbercup jr
tho lightning clerk remarked that
Confederate chieftain had not yet invade
Gallatin but lie presumed that he mig
beJ expected to do so Growing excited I
jajorousiy exclaimed Let him come i
for one am ready for him He had heard
of the recent flag of truce affair and
freely commenting thereon declared tnat
Gen Mitchel ought to have had Morgan
shot that meeting the General with a flag
of truce was simply one of Morgans
tricks then becoming entirely too common
Had I been there said he fiercely and
dramatically brandishing his revolver the
scoundrel would never have gotten away
alive At this point the amused Confed
erate officers thought the clerk of the
lightning had said enough whereupon
Morgan gently touched his warlike arm
saying Softly my friend You are be
coming unduly excited Let me have that
pistol Simmering down tho bellicose
operator handed the weapon over to the
blandly smiling Morgan and then the lat
ter said My friend I am Morgan The
consternation of that operator can be bet
ter imagined than described He was so
terrified that he lost the power of speech
but when Morgan assured him that he
would receive no bodily harm he regained
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY OCTOBER 1 1903
most beautiful town in the entire South
certainly It was the prettiest town In Ala
bama All along the route his progress
was a continuous ovation and Huntsville
extended to him the greeting of a mother
After remaining 10 days at Huntsville
Morgan resumed his march crossing the
Tennessee River at Decatur reaching
Byrocsville a few miles from Corinth
April 3 and reported to Gen John C
Breckinridge to whose division he had
been assigned for duty The whole army
was then astir forming to turn and march
against the enemy that then lay at Pitts
burg Landing on the southern bank of the
Tennessee some 20 miles from Corinth
UOnGAN BECOMES A COLONEL
The services of Morgnn were much ex
tolled Gen Johnston complimenting him
in terms which gratified beyond expres
sion His commission of Colonel boro
dato April 4 18C2 and at the same time
ho received an assurance or what he con
strued to be such that he would be per
mitted to act independently again and fol
low his favorite service with a stronger
forco and in a broader field
None among the many ardent and high
strung men who went into the Shiloh
campaign felt more hope and enthusiasm
than Col Morgan for he thought he saw
beyond it a career of excitement success
and glory
EIIILOIlS BLOODY FIELD
Hark from yon stately ranks what
laughter rings
Mingling wild mirth with wars stern
minstrelsy
His jest while each blithe comrade round
him flings
And moves to death with military
glee
I write the story of the battle of Shiloh
my FEIEND I
his voice nnd volubly apalogized in the
politest language he could command
ECOUTING ON AN ENGINE
Morgan found an engine and a few cars
standing near the depot He burned the
cars and then with two or three compan
ions mounted the engine nnd ran it some
miles up the railroad on a sort of recon-
noissance visiting several points or inter
est his main object however being to
ascertain the feasibility of destroying the
tunnel but he found that the demolition
of it would require more time than he
could spare While Morgan was scout
ing up the railroad several Federal offi
cers and soldiers unwarily rode into Galla
tin and into the welcoming embrace
of Morgans Squadron Upon returning
to town the engine was run offrthe track
over a steep bank and demolished
On the ncxthiornihgMorgan sent the
greater part of his command to the south
side of the river with orders to remain
near the ferry Retaining 15 men he him
self remained at Gallatin two days longer
hoping to capture one or more railway
trains The alarm however had been
sounded and uo trains camo that way
Learning that 20 or 30 wagons were
coming from Scottsville he made prepara
tions to capture them but the small es
cort sniffing danger from afar turned and
made a retrograde movement much to
Morgans disgust The expedition to Gal
latin was not as fruitful of the of
war as Morgan had hoped it would be
but he had accomplished his main object
which was to keep the minds of his ene
mies in a state of perturbation never
certain of anything concerning him While
his men at the ferry were waiting for
him six transports loaded with troops
from Monticello passed down toward
Nashville The men on the boats sup
posed apparently that the cavalrymen
were Federals and the Confederates were
afraid to fire upon them or otherwise mo
lest them lest they should endanger their
chief and comrades who were yet on the
north side of the river
In compliance with orders to rejoin the
army Morgan returned to Murfreesboro
whence he immediately proceeded to Shel
byville where he was rejoined by that
portion of his command that had been en
camped on the Shelbyville and Nashville
road
A RIDICULOUS STAMPEDE
While the Morgan command was at
Shelbyville where it tarried two or three
days the lirst and only causeless stam
pede of pickets- aud false alarm to the
amps that ever occurred during the
piadron organization took place As
Duke was in command Morgan being ab
sent I shall let him tell the funny story
Some 10 or 15 men were posted on
picket near a small bridge probably eight
miles from the town toward Nashville
The extreme outpost vidot was stationed
it the southern end of the bridge From
tories told hy the citizens the pickets
iid conceived the idea that the enemy
an attack to surprise cni
capture them and perhaps for the very
that they had so often played the
ame gamo themselves they became very
lcrvous Late in the night two men in a
juggy came down the road from toward
Xashvillc and heedless of the videts chal
enge drove rapidly upon the bridge The
lcrvous vidct certain that an enemy was
harging him fired both barrelsof hisshot
un at the charging buggy and then wild
y fled to alarm tho other videts and his
omrades al the base The whole party
Hcame so alarmed by his representation
if tho immense number and headlong ad
vance ol the enemy that without stop
iiig to light or reconnoiter they came in
i hand gallop to camp The officer in
harge sent the videt who had given the
ilarm in advance to report to me I im
mediately ordered tho command under
rms and then I questioned him He
stated that the enemys cavalry came on
t the charge in column of fours that
hey paid no attention to his challenge
iil that when he tired they dashed at
im making the air ring with their yells
nil curses lie further said that the
M1 teemed perfectly blue for more than
alf a mile so great was their number
her was no moon and a slight rain
vas falling making the darkness intense
asked him if he might not have been de
ceived and if he was not scared No sir
said he not a bit but I was somewhat
- rotated
MORGAN AT JilS BirTIlrLACE
From Shelbyville Morgan marched
iiithward through Fayetteville and on to
lintsville Ala his native home then
J scenting Columbia S U probably the
AM MOEGAN
his voice and volubly apologized in the
he havimr been actively engaged in the
combat in connection with Morgans cav
alry and an intelligent observer of events
concurrent with the operations of his own
command
Sherman In his Memoirs says The bat
tle of Shiloh was one of the most fiercely
Contested of the war Grant in his
Autobiography says Shiloh was the
severest battle fought at the West during
the war and but few in the East equalled
it for hard and determined figlitfng
Again Grant says The fact is I regard
ed the campaign we were engaged in as
an offensive one nnd had no idea that the
enemy would leave strong intrenchments
to take the initiative when he knew that
he would be attacked where he was if he
remained My apprehension was much
greater for the safety of Crumps Land
ing than it was for Pittsburg but I feared
it was possible that he might make a dash
upon Crumps and then retreat before
Wallace could be reinforced While I was
at breakfast however heavy firing was
heard in the direction of Pittsburg Land
ing and I hastened there sending a note
to Buell informing him of the reason why
I could not meet him at Savannah Up to
that time I bad felt by no means certain
that Crumps Landing might not be the
point of attack On reaching the front
however nbout 8 a in I found that the
attack on Pittsburg was unmistakable
On the other hand according to an emi
nent writer Confederate Johnston was
seemingly master of the situation He
knew the enemy occupied a strong posi
tion between Owl nnd Lick Creeks and
that these streams were full He knew
the inferiority in equipment of his troops
to those commanded hy Gen Grant that
he could not use cavalry in large bodies
nor all of his artillery that his adversary
had both his flanks protected that the at
tack must ho made in his immediate front
and that when Grant should be reinforced
by Buell he would be outnumbered But
he knew the Federals were resting uncon
scious of a front attack and not suspecting
it The genius of the great soldier was
in the very audacity of the attack in do
ing the very thing which no soldier would
look- for and of which Grant did not even
dream
Leaving its cantonments around Cor
inth April 3 the army commenced its ad
vance the heads of columns being direct
ed towards Pittsburg Landing The differ
ent corps moved from their respective po
sitions on the railroads that enter Corinth
hy the most direct roads to the point in
dicated for their concentration With pro
phetic judgment Gen Johnston had de
clared sonio weeks previously that upon
that very spot the great battle of the
Southwest would be fought
Breckinridges Division to which Mor
gans cavalry was attached moved from
Ryrnesville the roads were narrow and
miry and were not improved hy a heavy
rain that fell during the march and hy the
passage of successive trains of wagons
and batteries of nrtillery The march
was slow and toilsome The artillery of
ten stuck fast the struggling horses fail
ing to move the pieces until the cannoneers
applying their own strength pushed ami
strained at the heavy wheels
About 3 or 4 oclock in the afternoon of
the 5th everything was concentrated upon
the ground where Gen Johnston proposed
to establish his line and the disposition
of the forces in accordance with the plan
of battle was at once commenced On ac
count of some accident or mistake this
concentration was effected one day later
than had been contemplated causing a
corresponding delay in the attack It has
frequently been asterted that this was oc
casioned by the failure of Jen Polks
Corps to arrive at the appointed time
hut Gen Polks report demonstrates the
injustice of this statement and it is prob
able that the condition of the roads was
the solo cause of the delay A want of
promptness upon the part of Gen Polk
no doubt would have produced a suspeu
sion of the attack A corps so strong and
efficient could not well have been spared
from en army none too strong at best to
oiler battle to its formidable adversary
and the absence of tho brave old Bishop
from the field would have been of itself
a serious loss Tins delay was the cause
of grave apprehensions to many of thp
Generals and as matters were managed
was really unfortunate for the Confeder
ates It was known that Buell was
marching to the support of Grant and
Johnston wished to crush the latter before
their junction could be effected Gen
Bcnureguard was of opinion that the at
tack having been so long delayed ought
to be abandoned altogether that it was
now extremely hazardous and that the
safety of the army wculdibe compromised
if it did not retire promptly to Corinth
Gen Johnston listenedBnrtoously to
every argument but none moved him to
relinquish his plan Horelidrcd the of
fensive once assumed ddght to be main
tained at all hazards HeT trusted that
vigor and audacity would cndble him to
accomplish victory before
the fresh Federal troops rriVcd and his
designs had been too profoundly consid
ered his faith in his soldiers too earnest
for his purpose to be slKwehi In answer
to an anxious inquiry from nstaff officer
Col William Preston houittly said I
would fight them were tlley a million
Tho ground selected fortbattle was that
enclosed between Owl and Eick Creeks
which run nearly parallel witli each other
nnd empty into the TenneweecRivcr The
flanks of the two armies restctf upon these
little streams and the front W each was
just the distances at their respective posi
tions between tho two crecKs xne con
federate was consequently a little more
than three miles long1 Tho distance be
tween the creeks widens somewhat as
they approach the river and therefore the
Federal army had more ground upon
which to deploy The position occupied
by the Federals next morning is five or six
miles from the river i and his advance
camp was perhaps a mile southward of
Shiloh Church He had as yet estab
lished no line the attack next morning
was a surprise and he formed his line of
battle after the fight had commenced
The effective strength of the two armies
was nearly equal Johnston having about
35000 available men The array of his
forces evinced a resolution to break
through and crush at any cost whatever
should confront him in the narrow space
where the whole conflict would be crowd
ed
The troons vcre bivouacked that night
upon the ground which It was intended
they should occupy in cattle line xso dis
Dosition of forces that could be made that
evening was dolayed every precaution be
ing taken to guard against a further pro
crastination of the attack Practically
the men slept in line of battle ready to
rush -upon the Federals in the morning
The Federals made no sign indicating that
they wero aware of the presence of the
Confederate army When Johnstons mar
tial array sank to rest the forest became
almost as still as before it had been ten
anted with the hosts of war but before
the break of day the army was astir
bugle and drum sounding the reveille along
the lines
TIIE FORMATION
There were three lines yGen Hardee
commanding tho first Gen Bragg the
second and Gen Polk the third Gen
Breckinridges Division 6000 strong be
ing in reserve close to the rear or f oik s
line The cavalry was promiscuously dis
posed no one in authority seeming to
think it would bo an effective arm in the
battle Morgans cavalry occupied the ex
treme left of the Kentucky troops under
Breckinridge
Gen Hardees line extended from the
one creek to the other and as his corps
when ful v deplored could not properly
occupy tho entire distance he was rein
forced by Gladdens fine brigade To
llardeo was given the nonor ot commenc
ing the battle and he was ordered to push
his wholo line rapidly forward at early
dawn Gen Braggs lino was formed sim
ilarly to Hardees abouta quarter of a
mile In its rear Bragg wsfs ordered to ad
vance simultaneously withHaTdee and to
support him when he needed assistance
Then at the distance oKSOOiyards came
PoIkscCorps not deployed Tnit formed in
column of brigades vj nn
This disposition of the forces and the
cncrcctictconduct of tbeConftderate coin-
roandcES explain the striking features of
tho battle which have been so often re
marked the methodical success of the
Confederates on the first day the
certainty with which itheyj won their
way forward against u tber most de
termined and gallant -resistance the
clock like regularity ofL their advance
tho desperate struggle theFedcrnl retreat
repeated again and agaiiv through the day
Taking jnto cpnsideratioajjtlie circum
stances under which the qunibat occurred
military savants gcnerallyjgrce that suc
cess ought witli mathematical certainty
to have been the result of Gen Johnstons
tactics An army moving to attack an
enemy surprised and unprepared in three
lines supported by a strong reserve and
with its flanks perfectly protected ought
to deliver continuous and crushing blows
Such a formation directed hy consummate
skill and tho finest nerve of a commander
who believed that to fight would be to -win
promised an onset well nigh irresistible
THE BATTLES OPENINQ BOAR
So rodo they forth in fair array
Till full their lengthened lines display
About 5 oclock the first gun rang out
on the front another nnd another suc
ceeding as the skirmishers pressed on un
til the musketry grew into the crackling
labored sound which precedes the roar of
real battle The sound seemed to excite
the troops to frenzy It was the first
fight in which the majority of them had
ever been engaged and as yet they had
seen ami suffered nothing to abate the ar
dor with which the high spirited young
fellows panted for battle Every one who
witnessed that scene the marshaling of
Johnstons army for attack upon the morn
ing of April 0 must remember more dis
tinctly than anything else the glowing en
thusiasm of the men their buoyancy aud
spirited impatience to close with the ene
my As each regiment formed upon the
grouncTwhere it had bivouacked the voice
of its commander might be heard as he
spoke high words of encouragement to his
men and it would ring clearer when he ap
pealed to their regimental pride and bade
them think ol tho lame they might wm
When the lines began to advance the wild
cheers that arose made the woods stir as
if with the rush of a mighty wind No
where was any thought of fear every
where wero the evidences of impetuous
and determined valor
For some distance the woods were open
and clear of undergrowth and the troops
passed through preserving their array
with little difficulty but at the point
where the light between the pickets had
opened the timber became dwarfed into
scrubby brush and at some places dense
thickets impeded the advance lhe ground
too grew rugged and difficult to march
over in unbroken line Frequent halts to
reform and dress the ranks became neces
sary and at such times Gen Johnstons
magnificent battle order was read to the
regiments and its manly heroic language
was listened to with the feeling it was in
tended to evoke ery soon the clear gray
morning was made brighter by n radiant
enlivening sunrise As the great light
burst in glowing splendorjabovc the hori
zon sending hrilliiiiiey bver the scene
many a man though of Aisterlitz and
pointed hopefully to theiSim of Shiloh
Breckinridges Division went into the
fight last and of courseTsaw and heard a
great deal of it before becoming itself
actively engaged Not faraway on the
left and center the fight jsoaii grew earn
est as Hardee dashed IrcMffljtcry on the
uneasy broken rattle orjthe skirmishers
gave way to the sustained volleys of the
lines and the artillery jkiilieil in the clam
or while away on the Jrighlthe voice of
the strife swelled hoarser una angrier like
rious and at hay Hardees line carried
all before it meeting nbt yVcn the sem
blance of a check at the enemys first en
campment Following osW and eager
upon the fleeing picket ilicL the exulting
Confederates burst tipoiPthe startled Fed
erals as they emerged half clad from their
tents giving them no time to form pur
suers and pursued sweeping through the
outlying camps together By this time
however the long roll- and the bugle
were calling the Federal hosts to arms
and all through their encampments they
were forming in battle lines
When Hardee close upon the heels of
the foe he had been chasing broke into
another camp a long Hue of steel and
tlain met him staggering his ranks and
for a time stopping his advance but his
corps whs still too fresh for an enemy not
yet fully recovered from the enervating
effects of surprise to hold ft -back For
awhile it writhed and surged before the
stern barrier the Federalshad erected in
its front aud then gathering itself dashed
irresistibly forward The Federals were
beaten back but hardy Western men com
posing their ranks although many of tiem
were raw and under fire for the first time
could not be forced to positive flight They
were made ol stern stutt anu naving once
formed their lines they could not at this
stage of the battle be routed Seemingly
theywtve lacking in discipline but be that
as it may their stanch courage could not
be discounted They soon valorously made
another stand meeting tho Confederate
charge with grim and determined resist
ance again however they were forced
back but the pathway of their sullen re
treat was strewn with many a corpse in
gray as well as in blue
At 730 the first line began to exhibit
signs of exhaustion nnd its march over
tho rough ground while struggling with
the enemy had somewhat seriously im
paired it It was time for Braggs Corps
to come to the relief and that superb line
now moved up in serried strength The
first indication of slackening upon the part
of tho Confederates seemed to add vigor
to the Federal resistance They were
bravely making desperate efforts to re
trieve their lost ground when Braggs dis
ciplined tornado burst upon them The
shock was gallantly met but in vain
To be continued
ORIGIN OF JOHN BROWNS BODY
Also Some History of the Famous Old Boston
Tlgiri
Editou National TninuNE Among the
organizations sent In 18C1 to man forts
that had been despoiled by a Socrctary of
War that the South might be made strong
and tho North weak for warj was the old
2d battalion of Mass Infantry known as
The Tiger Battalion It was sent to
Fort Warren Boston Harbor April 29
1SC1 under command of Maj Ralph W
Newton It then mustered 250 men The
fort was under construction with but one
gun mounted and that unsafe to fire the
parado was covered with debris left by the
workmen The Tigers had to occupy tho
barracks of the workmen but soon had the
parade ground cleared enough to fllow
some efforts at drill There the song John
Browns Body was originated By the
dim light of a tallow dip with a box for a
desk Henry Halgrcen wrote the words
of the original verse James E Grcenleaf
set them to music and tho song of John
Brown was started on its eternal way
A Boston firm printed it dedicating
it to the Boston Tigers The words of
these verses were made up at randon with
no caro but to seem a fair rhyme
Why the name of John Brown Priv
ate John Brown of Co C was a young
man from Scotland who had not been in
this country long He was unusually
bright and witty always full of fun and
much to tho disgust if not indignation of
Private Brown his name was introduced
into the rhyme
John Brown enlisted in the 12th Mass
and was drowned while crossing tho Shen
andoah River near Front Royal in June
1SG2 within a few milc3 of where John
Brown of Harpers Ferry fame was exe
cuted
The auartet which first sung the song
consisted of C E B Edgerley N J Pur
nette Howard Jenkins and John Brown
This was one night when the officers were
invited to the Barracks to hear the Glee
Club sing Maj Newton objected to the
name of John Brown being used saying
that the people would think it was meant
for John Brown of the Harpers Ferry
incident and suggested using tho name of
the lamented Col Ellsworth who had just
been killed Ellsworths name was used
foca while but it did not chime in so
well in fact it did not fill the bill with
the bors so tho John Brown words were
soon reinstated and will stay until the
memory of the last survivor of the war of
the rebellion shall have passed into obliv
ion The first time it was played was by
GilmoresBand on Sunday May 12 1801
the occasion being the raising of the
United States flag on the new flag staff at
the fort Rev George II Hcpworth of
tho Church of Unity Boston preached a
very Btrong war sermon on that occasion
This in brief is a true history of the
John Brown song
And now if not imposing I would like
to say something of the Boston Tigers
They wero organized Oct 18 1708 nnd
have held a continuous organization The
lineal descendant at the present time is
Battery IC 1st Mass II A During the
stay of this Tiger Battalion in Fort War
ren in 1801 the 11th and 12th Mass were
organized there they of course picking
up the John Urown song so that when
tho Jth Mass marched down IJroadwny
New York singing the John Brown song
the newspapers called them the Psalm
singiiig regiment from Massachusetts
It was known to many that the battalion
ivns not to see active service On the
25th of May 1801 orders came for us to
return to Uoston In a little while mem
hers saw that they were not liable to be
called for any further duty and many of
them enlisted m the 11th and 12tli Mass
Some went into other State regiments 10
loining the Mozart Regiment afterward
known as the N Y Of these 10
six remained with the Mozart Regimpiit
two of whom were killed at Williamsburg
Va and one at second Bull Run One
was detailed 1o the Signal Corps and
was never heard of afterward Two went
through the campaigns of the Armv of the
Potomac to the final review in Washing
toil both having been wounded several
times one has passed on to his long home
the other has written this simple hut ram
bling story A T Sylvester Wintlirop
Jiass
REMINISCENCES OF RED RIVER
The Death of Lleut Col Webb of the 77thIU
Editor National Tribune 1 notice
much is written lately regarding the Red
River expedition I agree with Comrad i
atoddard that the description given by
Comrade Crandall is as good as any
I can not tell what took place at Sabine
Crossroads after about 4 o clock p m on
tho 8th as about that time I became very
auxious to get hack to Pleasant Hill bc
foro eating or sleeping and as tho dis
tance was about 18 miles I did not allow
hedges or ditches to impede my progress
I had left my knapsack haversack and
canteen back in the pile with others in the
old held ot winch Comrade Stoddard
writes I had some valuable relics of the
siege of Vicksburg in my knapsack but
nothing seemed so valuable to me as to
see Gen A J Smith who was at Pleas
ant Hill with the Sixteenth Corns
The road was not a strange one to me
as I had traveled it in the forenoon but
not with near the anxiety to get over the
ground so rapidly 1 was a member of Co
C 77th III Col D 1 Grier our com-
maniler was at home on furlough As it
now seems to me Lieut Col Webb was in
command on that fatal day He was killed
in tho forenoon Comrade Aan Bobbins
and I carried his body to- the side of the
road nnd then placed it in an ambulance
which was the last I saw of it I remem
ber this vividlv I broke off nine houchs
and put over his body to shade it while
waiting for the ambulance to come Im
mediately after Lieut Col Webb was
killed Capt Burdette of Co A took com
mand of the regiment Here I wish to
Webb was walking about the
middlo of the road up grade on the left
side of a cavalry commander Gen Lee
I believe maybe jt was Gen Franklin
Col Webbs right hand seemed resting on
the horses withers Webb was looking
upward to the right talking with the Gen
eral The bullet struck him below tho
left oyo and came out nhovp the right ear
I knew him well and wish to say that
surely the earth has not absorbed the
blood of a braver soldier I was with him
from the time lie left Peoria III until the
day his bloed minclcd with the dust in the
rod to S ihine Crossroads Surely the
77th was favored with officers the very
brst fron Cornornl to Colonel W IJ
Moonu Co C 77th 111 McCune Kan
This Will Interest Many
F W Parkliurst the Boston publisher
says that if any one afflicted with rheu
matism in any form or neuralgia will
send their address to him at SO-1-10 Win
throp Bdg Boston Mass he will direct
them to a perfect cur- Ho lias nothing
to sell or gve only tells you how he was
cured after years of search for relief
Hundreds havo tested it with success
BATTLE OF FRANKLIN
Windrows of Rebel Dead Uied as
worKs
Editor National Tribune In the ex-
cellcnt history by Gen Raum With the
Western Army I think ho overlooked
somewhat the hard work done by the First
and Second Brigades of Coxs Division of
the Twenty third Corps nt the battle of
Franklin These brigades held the line
from the Columbia nike to almost to the
river The components of the First
gade were Ohio lOUth and llHth in tne
front works with 8th Tenn and Ky 12th
and lGth close in reserve I was in that
brigade with the 8th Tenn and I know
how they were located When the 100th
and 104th Ohio were forced from the
works Opdyckes Brigade mnst necessarily
have run over the 8th Tenn and the 12th
and ICth Ky to get into tho abandoned
works
I do not have to rely upon memory as
I have my diary written at the time In
that I read that tho battle occurred on
Nov 30 1SG 1 We had marched 24 miles
and arrived at Franklin at 5 a m when
wo formed battle front and at once com
menced to construct works Hoods forces
appeared about 3 pm in column four
deep along our entire front
At 4 oclock Hood moved upon our works
which were crescent shaped which com
pelled the enemy to double his lines as he
advanced his being the outer circle
Stanleys men were some 200 yards in
advance of our works and held their lines
until the enemy were within 10 paces of
them when they fell back to our works
with the rebels nt their heels We could
not fire until Stanleys men were in then
the fight was at close quarters We poured
volley after volley of grape and canister
and musket balls into their columns and
oiled un their dead in heaps sometimes
mowing a swath 10 or 12 feet wide through
their ranks but the gaps were instantly
closed and tho columns pressed on and into
our works by temhc assault forcing the
Ohio regiments to fall back At the same
time the line in front of Opdyckc was as
saulted Tho 8th Tenn and the two Ken
tucky regiments mentioned and also Op
dyckes brigade were ordered to the front
when the Ohio regiments were driven back
The Ohio regiments at once reformed and
returned with the reserves and attacked
the enemy now in possession of our works
Men fought with clubbed muskets nnd
grappled each other by hand struggling
to the death This lasted for 30 minutes
and we repossessed the works The enemy
brought up two columns of reinforcements
as we recovered our works From our lines
there was a continuous hail of lead and
iron into the enemy who nevertheless
reached the works but failed to again get
within They tried to push the top logs
of tho works off to the inside but we re
pulsed them This fight lasted for two
hours and their dead filled the ditch be
fore the works
In front of the Second Brigade the rebel
dead and wounded were heaped in wind
rows five or six deep and the enemy act J
tually used the bodies of their dead as
breastworks
The enemy then concentrated on Stan
ley but failed The battle lasted about
hve hours
The charge of Pickett on Meades center
at Gettysburg did not compare with this
assault The number of men assaulting
was about alike the Franklin tight was
much longer the losses much heavier our
loss was about 2500 while the enemy
lost between 5000 and 0000 A A
Jones Sth Tenn Toledo O-
RAID REMINISCENCES
Comrade Eolston Participated With Gen
Averell at Salem
Editor National Tribune Having
read the story of Comrade T V Brown
about Averells Salem raid I am reminded
of things I like to read correct history
and I was in it when that raid was made
from start to finish We started from
New Creek W Va now called Kaiser
Gen Averells command on that raid con
sisted of the 14th Pa Car commanded by
Col Schoonmaker 2d W Va Cav Col
Latham 7th 12th 13th W Va Mfd Inf
a battery ot 20 pound Parrott guns Maj
Lot Browns battalion of cavalry and Co
C 10th HI Cav
Wo went hy way of Newcastle and
made a feint on Fincastle to draw the
rebels from Salem where they had a large
lot of salted meats plenty of flour and a
big collection of pack saddles After the
feint on Fincastle we made a fast march
ou Salem On that march we killed a
rebel Cagtain and Gen Averell gave his
gold watch to his wife
I wonder if Comrade Brown remembers
when we put a Parrott ball into an engine
that was coming from Bristol I was one
of the Illinois suckers who helped to do it
I also blew up the mill where 5000 barrels
of flour were stored One of the sights of
the warwas the colored contingent carrying
Hour off The common method was to fill a
pair of trousers and pack it on their shoul
ders They were all covered with Hour
until they were as if whitewashed or en
ameled to the last hair
We fell back and lost some men by
drowning We carried back from Salem
a Mrs George D Kern widow of a Union
man We crossed Jackson River on Dec
25 18C3 The ice was about a fourth of
an inch thick We crossed twice once
at the bridge and once at Covington
where a C poiind Parrott ball killed my
horse The shot was fired from the com
maud of Mud wall Jackson who is now
a Judge at Parkersburg W Va I had
taken the horse from a rebel Chaplain
Rev Parish We went back by way of
Callilians Stand returning to Martinsburg
on Jan 1 1S4 Martin I Holston
115 E Ferry Ave Spokane Wash
Skirmish at Sporting Bill
Editor National Thibune Would you
kindly inform me in the columns of your
valuable paper on what date the tight
took place at Sporting Hill on the Carlisle
pike in the Gettysburg campaign of 1SG3
between the 37th N Y S M and two
companies of cavalry and the advance of
the rebels supported by artillery The
rebels were routed and compelled to re
treat Was not that some of the earliest
fighting in Pennsylvania Daniel J
Hogan Co C 37th X Y S M Gardiner
Me
The engagement at Sporting Hill June
30 18t3 was not the first lighting of the
campaign on Pennsylvania soil Time 22
Maj Wm II Boyd 1st N Y Cav who
had covered the retreat of Gen Milroys
wagon train from Winchester had a skir
mish with them near Chambersburg He
had another skirmish the nest day at
Shippcusburg assisted by a battery of
Xew York artillery Again on the 2th
2Cth and 27tb near Cashtown Carlisle and
Kingston
June 28 the rebels tried to drive in the
pickets at Oyster Point encountering some
men of 8th 11th 23d and uld N Y X 5
June 29 Gen John Ewen commanding
the Fourth Brigade X Y X G 22d and
37th infantry and 11th artillery who had
been ordered by Gen W F Smith to cover
the York Road to Hnrrisburg learned that
a squad of our cavalry had been driven in
by rebel cavalry and went out with the
22d aud 37th X Y X G ami a section of
artillery called the Laudis Battery He
came up with the enemy concealed in the
woods at Sporting Hill but after a few
rounds of artillery and musketry the rebels
lied The only loss were a few olhcers
and men of the 37th X Y X G slightly
wounded The same day there were skir
mishes at Kingston nnd Fort Washington
Editou Xational TninuNC
Wilders Erieade
Wilders famous old Lightning Brigade
held n Reunion on the Chicknmauga bat
tlefield where the Wilder Memorial Monu
ment is erected on the anniversary
of the battle of Chickamauga Gen John
T Wildy and nearly all the surviving of
ficers ot the brigade were present Ad
dresses were delivered by Gen Wilder
Col Tomlinson Fort a prominent Confed
erate nnd others The veterans reviewed
the 7th TJ S Cav on the Widow Glenn
field Camp Thomas
RHEUMATISM
Cured Without
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Treatment FREE On Approval
Every render of Tne Natiohai TrnnusK oan
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all over the world for thelrcures of every cura
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cular Sclntlc Lumbago Gout etc no matter
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TU8C HUI
TTm
Magic foot drafts work liko magic Cured
patients tell us they perform miracles They
do not They arc scientific topical The foot
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rich nerve nnd vascular centers The Draft on
the foot nets through them on every Inch or the
body curing itheuniatlsra no matter where
located Our booklet makes tho reason clear
63 percent of the nitrogen In the sweat absorb
ed by Magic Fuot Drafts Is In the form of the
poison Urea uric acid which causci Kheumn
tlsin Hut we dont nsk you to believe even our
thousands of cured patients wo will cure you
If you have rheumatism send us your name
nnd wo will send you a pair ol ilagic Foot
Drafts free on npiirovnl If you arc satisfied
with tho benefit received then send us dol
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Write to day to tho Magic Foot Draft Company
1098 Oliver Jackson Michigan Send no
money
MAJ ESTES RAID
Personal Recollections and Adventures f
the Event
Editor Xational Tribune Of course
no man in the ranks can see and know
and remember for 40 years all that there
was to see know and remember of any
campaign Kilpatricks command covered
a large scope of country on the march
through Georgia aud was in many distant
places at once on occasions I will re
strict my story to what I saw and knew
and still remember
When we were some CO miles from Mil
len and equidistant from Waynesboro Iato
in November one morning about oclock
Maj Estes with 200 men started for a
scout that took us to Waynesboro Capt
T J Lovelace with 50 men ot Co D 3d
Ky my company was a part of that
expedition We went as the crow flies re
gardless of highways usually and stopped
but once to feed our horses and make cof
fee for the riders From citizens captured
we learned that Federal prisoners wera
being removed from Millen
About 14 miles west of Waynesboro
Maj Estes halted the command except
Capt Lovelace and his 50 men and Lieut
Griffin with 20 scouts These proceeded
to Waynesboro arriving about 1 a m
We tore up the railroad tracks and Capt
Lovelace asked for two volunteers to re
turn to Maj Estes and report Volunteers
were tardy jrst then but after much ar
gument I got consent from my mind to tell
the Captain that I wasnt afraid but I
was and when A B Ratchff of Co A
also volunteered I felt better for he Traa
the right sort It was a dangerous ven
ture Rebels were plenty and we did not
know the country We camo up with m
worn out fatigued wearied party of rebels
but as it was dark and we knew from a
colored boy who they were while they
knew nothing about us wo ventured t
ride among them and push to the front
then ride ahead They paid no attention
to us of course supposing us to be of their
their own party as they were all stran
gling They had 20 wagons and about
200 men As we pushed ahead of threa
men who rode together one of them said
Who in are they Another1 replied
I dont know an I dont care a 1
That wfls pretty warm weather for th
cold end of November and after feeling
for our hats to make sure that our bristc
ling hair had not pushed them out of reach
we thanked the gods of war that the rebels
were not more interested and we mada
more haste We found Maj Estes and re
ported and he marched at once to Waynes
boro we going along of course It was 9 a
m when we arrived We tore up more
railway track and about noon left the
town and met Gen Kilpatrick with the
command some four or five miles out
and went back to Waynesboro
At Buckhcad Church my company was
on the west of the road at the top of
the hill near the church Rebel cavalry
charged and we repulsed them The fight
ing was with sabers and with clubbed car
bines because owing to the mix up one
could not shoot without danger to his
friends I was ordered by Lieut McJ
Davis of my company to take 10 men
and go hack of the church to clear some
of the enemy out of the brush We were
the last to cross the bridge before it was
torn up
I have never seen any account of that
raid of Maj Estes I doubt if 200 men
ever made a more successful raid so far
into the enemys country We rode about
2S hours covering 104 miles and stopping
hut twice to feed our horses John B
Williams Sergeant Co D 3d Ky Cav
Norman Okla
Fennsylvasia at Antletam
Last week the Pennsylvania Battle Mon
ument Commission visited Antietam and
selected sites for the 13 monuments which
will ho erected on the battlefield for the
13 Pennsylvania organizations that took
part in the battle The four Commission
ers Col J W Hawlcy Gen William J
Bolton Maj Frank Leib and Col O C
Bosbyf hell were accompanied by threo
veterans from each regiment to be repre
sented The monuments will cost about
30000
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Wasting diseases eime from weak heart
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