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BOW MOBILE BAY WAS TAKEN. .
Thrilling Story of America's Greatest Naval Fight Told by a Landsman Who Saw the Whole of It From the Deck of One of the Conqnering Ships. By ALLEN SMALLEY. At that Ome tb? Ossipee was so far back in the line and so buried in smoke that oar oJficers did not observe the move ments ahead, and were keeping directly * long "without variableness or shadow ?f turning," when the ram Tennessee was discovered, eoming down directly upon the bows of the Owipe-! The ringing order, "Helm hard aportT* was instantly obeyed, ?ad the movement was jnst in time to elude the ram, and the Tennessee passed Within 20 fuel of the starboard side of the Ossipee. Their bow was on our stern, and the Tennessee was prepared to give us a broadside, but two of their guns failed to respond when the lanyards were pulled. One of the delinquents was their bow pivot gun, a 200-pounder, the enormous month of which almost reached us, and I saw the lower extremities of the man with the latl-1 .yard at this gun, and heard the vicious command within the Tennessee to fire, but the big gun in which I was just then deeply interested did not go off- This par ticular event, and all connected with it, happened so suddenly and its phasog suc ceeded each other so rapidly that the aw ful dangers were not appreciated until after the danger was past. The Oneida, with her consort, was next and last in line, and had been almost to tally disabled by the guns of the fort, but ?was being lowed ahead and apart l>y her consort to avoid, if possible, further in-. Jury. Thas the Oneida had been taken out of the onward course of the ram, and,, in the smoke, the Tennessee passed astern of her and was next seen in the neigh borhood of her moorings at the fort. No sooner had the Tennessee made her run for the Hartford and through our fleet and become lost from the sight of her friends in the smoke than the Morgan and Gaines seemed to be stricken with a spirit of timidity; they appeared to draw away from the fight, toward Fort Morgan, and the Selma then sought safety in flight to ,wards Mobile. At this time the Hartford was about one mile within the bay; the ffohna, Gaines and Morgan were off ahead and on the starboard Quarter of the Brook lyn and Hartford, and their fire had been ?ery destructive. The Tennessee was not only apparently lost to them, but our en tiro invading fleet was now through the channel and getting well into the bay, and beyond the reach of Fort Morgan's guns. As soon as the Selma pulled away and beaded foa Mobile, two of our fastest con aorts, the Metacomet and Octarora, were given permission to slip their cables and give chase to the flying- fugitive. Mon strous shots from pursuing and pursued flew thick and fast and the roar of their cannon made riffles on every breese. The ?pursuers advanced upon diverging lines to bring the Selma practically between them. The Selma was a long side-wheel steamer with an immense walking beam. I was informed that it had been built many years before for the coast cotton trade, and was converted into a war vessel by con structing a gun-deck on a level with her low bulwarks, and .placing thercon two batteries in open view; one of these batter ies was on the forecastle, the other on the stern. The men at her guns were all in; plain sight, and they handled them with great rapidity and were as steady as clock work, and excited the admiration of be holders. Selma's commander soon discov ered that he coold not get away from his. pursuers, and ho rounded-to so as to bring bis forward battery to bear upon his tor mentors. His subordinates realized the hopelessness of the struggle, and advised wnL immediate surrender to avoid a fnrtJre* and useless effusion of blood; bat "victory ?r the bottom of the sea:'* were the only alternatives with the enraged commander ?of the Setake. Conditions so continued after the round-up for about ten minutes, ?when one of the Oetorora's- shots raked the Selma from stern to stem, damaged both batteries, cnt a steam-pipe, knocked the commander out by taking an arm off, and injuring several others. The u?xt in 'command then displayed a white flag, and the fight, as to the Selma, ceased. Her crew were conveyed to the Metacomet and Octorora; onr sailors took possession of the Selma, and her career as a rebel man a'-war was ended. At this time all of our vessels were within the Bay. The Morgan was burn ing near the sand battery, the Gaines was apparently in a wrecked condition, the Bel ma was in our possession, and the proud Tennessee was near the Gaines, ap parently rendering friendly assistance, fcearly all of the guns on Fort Morgan had ceased firing* but the sand-battery kept on industriously distributing its 100-pound ahots among our fleet, and inasmuch as onr own batteries had almost entirely be come silent, frequent ominous crashes among onr vessels announced the fact that some of those shots were landed uncom fortably dose to some of our gallant corn fades. At this time the Ossipee was abont one mile within the Bay from the saml-bab tery. Gen. Granger's little army had taken advantage of the nproar and confusion in the vicinity of Fort Morgan to advance almost within mnsketshpt of Fort Gaines on Dauphin Island; the commander of that fort discovered the movement and opened a heavy cannonade from the western ramparts of the fori against Granger's ad vancing men. This heavy firing attracted luy attention, and 1 was complacently wstchiug through my glass the vigorous fir ing from Fort Gains. While Standing and ao looking at Fart Gaines to the southwest our Irish Quartermaster frantically yelled, -Lay downF' This vigorous admonition caused me to instantly look to the left, to ward1 the Quartermaster, who was falling to the deck, toward the stern, and at the as me instant, with an indescribale hiss and shriek and roar a 100-pound shot whizzed behind me, within a few inches of, my shoulders. The Captain and Hurlbut were standing a lktie farther to the rear, so that they were both oat of range. The Quartermaster was directly in line of the Wtot and weald have lost his life had he net dropped. Our old Quartermaster had. very prudently been keeping a very close watch on the sandbag battery at Fort Mor gan from the time that we got well into the Bay, and he saw the puff of smoke from the gna that sent this particular shot, which struck the water about 40 or 50 rods from us, and he could distinctly see the shot come shrieking on the wings of light ning, The shot struck the water, leaped, ..and ..gain it strack the water, about 50 rods to the westwsrd, then skipped slong upon the surface far some distance, and then ended its wttd and dsagertMia career by sinking. Several vesseia of Fa mi gut's fleet re mained outside, in the Golf, and these hsd not been stripped nor Intended for this ex pedition. Among these was the Philippi, that still wore her topmasts, yard-arms and complete rigging throughout. After ?onr battle-fleet had about cleared the channel into Mobile Bay, and it was ap parent to all that onr expedition was a complete success, the commander of the Philippi was seised with an intense and frantic desire to run the gaatlet aloae, and he determined to do it?or perish, and made no delay In trying. On came the FhiUppi at fall speed, and was soon ia range of Fort Morgsa's guns. The splinters seemed to fly st every khot, and before she got fairjy into the channel she was set on fire by the ahots aad sank. Her crew made their escape in the small boats -to the fleet outside At this point, we af terwards learned, Gen. Pages the com mander of the garrison at Fort Morgan, wired the Richmond Government that he *b* Yankee fleet bottled on in Jlobile Bay, and intended te starve them to death. ' Our fleet now withdrew te aa anchorage in dMp watei; ahout two and a-fcalf miles fw? tort Morgan. TIm vaswIa were talc ing designated positions in the arc of a circle, the focus of which rested upon the deep channel which the Tennessee would be compelled to use when she ea<me-out to pay u# an anticipated visit. It was ex pected that Admiral Buchanan would come ont that night with his dream of na val terror, the Tennessee, and endeavor to discount his work in Hampton Roads with the Merrunac; and every possible precau tion wa? being taken to frustrate such am bifous designs. The different men-o'-war were taking their proper positions wheu the Tennessee, lying at Fort Morgan, was observed to be sending a dense, black col umn of smok? from her stack, indicating .that some immediate movement was in tended. What will it be? Will she steam through, the channel and attempt to es cape to sea, or will she have the auda cious temerity to come out in broad day light, and alone fight our three remaining monitors and 14 wooden ships of the line? Impossible! But on she ? came into the channel, boldly and defiantly flew her flag, turned her prow nqrthward toward our expectant fleet, and with all steam ad vanced alone to renew the conflict. A "great deal of bostie was everywhere visa PZtAJT OF THS BAIT ble. Alt guns were ordered to he solid shotted, and- every one. possible was brought to bear upon the channel through which the ram must come. Four wooden vessels were specially .signaled to collide with,, the ram and, if possible, run her , down. Tlie attempts were made in the fol lowing order; FIrat, the Monottgahela; sec ond, the Iiaefcawanna; third, the Ossipee, and this ended ft, so that I never learned which was the next in order to make the perilous attempt. ? ? The sides of the- Tennessee stood at an angle of about 46 degrees from the heri son, and were composed of such heavy al ternate thicknesses of iron and oak, sol idly rivited together, that they were im ; pervious to any projectiles at that time in vented. The sides so extended down to ;the water's line, and from there the iron sides of the hull went under at about an equal angle, ?o that a well-defined iron edge extended along both sides that would naturally tend to split horisontally the,, bows of the colliding vessel. The Ten nessee sat low in the water, as compared with our wooden men-of-war, so that when the prow of one of our wooden vessels would touch the. iron edge described her bowsprit would extend over and beyond the entire body of the Tennessee. The idea of wooden vessels being required to collide with an iron one was novel in the extreme, and seemed to be born of the ne cessities of the hour. Inasmuch as our solid shot had alt glanced harmlessly from the sides of the Tennessee, and inasmuch as he had the ability to sink all of onr wooden vessels, unless she was crippled or eluded, Farragut promptly resolved upon the most heroic remedies, and ordered the vessels named to strike her with all their speed, as near midships and at right an gles as possible. As this wonld split open our bows and sink us, an anchor was sus pended from the bowsprit that was to be dropped ou the opposite side from the point of collision. and thus chain fast the Ten nessee to the sinking fortunes of the col liding vessels. In the meantime the un welcome visiting Tankee crew, armed to the teeth with all manner of aide arms, was to board the iron monster and im prove every opportunity to make life mis erable to th? surviving Tennesseans. The Tennessee was not long in reaching the point in the channel where every one of our available guns eould reach her, and at a signal from the flagship the advanc ing Tennessee was greeted with a com bined salute of solid shot that apparently shook the world. I waited impatiently for the immense volume of smoke to rise auffl cientty to permit me to see a few of the floating fragments of the Tennessee before they sank forever beneath the waves. The smoke lifted so that I oould see, but In stead of being reduced to fragments strewn far and wide, en came the Tennessee in tact, without an apparent scar upon her monstrous' sides. Her great guns were all protruding from her portholes, ready to be, discharged against anytning In range. Our single-turret monitor Manhattan waa al most against the Tennessee by the time the vanishing smoke permitted us to see and they were exchanging shots at very close range. Our other monitors, Cftiea saw and Winaehago were also verging in close to the Tennessee, manifestly In-' tending to receive and give the aevecest shocks of th? battle. Ths entire fleet kept up a desultory fire, sending solid shot against the Tennessee whenever our own vessels were not in range. It was excite ment and turmoil and confusion on an im mensely grand scale. Opportunity presented Itaelf for the Monongahela to make her ran, and away ue upou ker hopeless errand to shik the Tennessee. The intended victim saw the Monongahela coming, and nt one* be gan to swing her nrow towards her ad vancing assailant, intending to catch her on the submarine plow aod sink her. But both of the colliding vessels were disap pointed; the Tennessee did not succeed in turning far enough to accomplish her purpose, but she eluded the intended ?f *. W0(Hiw? which merely rubbed heavily against the aide of the Tennessee, exchanged broadsides with her and passed astern of the ram in a very sorrr plight from the terrible shots re ceived. boon thereafter came the opportu #1* ?L %> Lackawanna, but not until after the Tennessee's amoke stack had *way by a shot dose down to tar hurricane deck. , - XJiia event, with ethers concurrent ap peared to culminate in confusion among ?5 the Tenne88e*. and no ap parent effort was made to avoid collision with the Lackawanna, which had too dhort a run, however. to Rather mwh momcii turn. Bnt Mie strnA the Tennessee nesir 'midships at an an pie of about 30 degrees, and cut some into her own bowa, and we afterwards learned she made aome of tfce seams in the Tennessee admit water. About this time the rodder chains of the Tennessee wen cut away by a shot, so that she could not be controlled from the pilot house. The rudder could now be only imperfectly worked by hand, near the stern under deck, and the prow of the Ten-* neKsee was ouoe more turned toward Fort Morgan, whither she promptly started for shelter and repairs. , , The Ossipee had made a rapi^ detour around to the southeast, so as to intercept the Tennessee, should ^he endeavor to run for the fort. About this time the Lacka wanna, in coming around from her contact with tho Tennessee, ran into the Hart ford, oar flagship, striking her about the miszen quarter and catting her down al most to tho water-tine. F^r the moment this event, created more conateroatkm than the presence of the T^nnesseet But our, commander of the Ossipee improved each passing, exciting moment in calculating position and distance to make our run upon the Tetreating Tennessee a success. TTie Tennessee was running south toward Fort Morgan. We hadi moved around to a position about 800 or 1,000 feet east of the line over which she would pass. She was coming froan the north and we bqgan to advance to the westward, and very soon our engineers were ordered to ad vance with every possible ounce of steam. The steam bell then rang continuously, the vessel was quivering under the strain, and it soon became apparent, even to a lands-j man, that we would strike the Tennessee at right angles and about amidships; an anchor was already suspended from the bowsprit in readiness to grapple with the SUM synwsis' ^Outfits Ll OF MOBXLK BAT iron monster, and oar crew glittered with side-arms, and all kinds of dangerous weapons were in sight for boarding and blood-letting. Capt. LeRoy, without look-, ing toward as, told us Signal men to sense the ropes at hand for the coming collision and sudden stop .would tend, .to pitch. us j off the deck and, perhaps, overbodrdr - This fatherly advice was superfluous for we al ready had the ropes well in hand. When wo were within about 300 feet of] the Tennessee a white flag suddenly ap-[ peared upon her hurricane deck, and from that instant every effort was made by our officers and crew to avoid the collision, and happily the efforts were successful. The dark cloud of threatened disaster rolled by and the golden sun of victory bant forth in splendor, and cheers.loud and long rolled up throughout the Yankee fleet At this point the monitor Manhattan had also been running to intercept the] Tennessee, and our suddenly-changed di rection, after the appearance of the white flag, threw us in the monitor's way, and and it came near running into us. It is now a royal struggle between the! crews of the monitor and the Ossipee to| seo which would first reach the Tennessee and receive her flag. Our launches werrj instantly dropped to the water from their davits, and .with the agility of gymnasts j and acrobats our sailors got over the bul warks and into the launches, and barely beat the monitor's men to the Tennessee, and brought her flag and all of her com missioned officers on board, except Admi ral Buchanan, and some of her non-com ! missioned officers also, were brought on; board the Ossipee. ? A part of the Osaipee's crew was placed, in charge of the Tennessee. Our gallant sailors from the Ossipee reached the Ten nessee at 10:15 o'clock, and ths great bat-? tie of Mobile Bay, the grandest ever fought in American waters, was at an end. All dangers had now vanished; the ves sels moved into their proper stations to | drop anchor, flres were at once started in| the coppers and. immediate arrangements were made for serving the men with, re-, fresh men ts. The decks were cleaned, the j dead and wounded were properly cared for, and then it was a day of liberty for all hands, until midnight. Small "jiggers" of grog were served, and the remainder of the glorious day was pleasantly spent in singing songs, spinning yarns and smok ing. i, ' !? In tho evening our three remaining monitors took a little stroll to the west ward, and by way of diversion threw sev Get My Book, if Sick. Des't Send s Peony. Don't Mod ? penny. JnR wait ttll m see whet X cm do. ?? riUt. Left me pro** vp first ?rh?t DrjShoop's Restorative eon da. The Resumei tve will ~f(MU friendship, yoor endorsement, tf jnou test It " ft whole month you cu ass U without the ffttn foe And lot i wg? ?f ft druggist near you who will Air- j "* 4 Of Dr. Shoop's Restorative ? Month Ob TrHL X ertu Absolutely stead ell the cost If ttfetts. Ifyoa say, "It did not help me," that ends It as Car an oest to E? osousesed. Do you understand met Ian fau lt as pialnly.es clearly ss I can. 1 want potato, know absolutely and without doubt that this oObrls made on honor. I have tbe prescription that auras. Mr only problem is to eonrlaoe you that fit. Stoop's Restorative will cure?Is en uncommon remedy. A common remedy could not stand ft tssC Ilk* thk. it would bankrupt the physician maklnf the olfcr. And I am sooseedtagevery where end here Is the secret scay success. I (bund Invariably that whose there was a weftkneaL the Inside nerves were weak. Where there wee s Iftcfc of vitality, the vital nerves looked power. Where weak organs were (bund, T always found weak nerves. Hot the ftSrves commonly thought of, but the vltftl organtf nerves. Thetaslde?theInvisible aervei This was a revelation, Then my real suoreus began., Then I combined Ingredients that would strengthen, thftt would vHftilse these nerves. That prescription I oollud ?' ?' ?- ? " W * ? ' naFwoaQi vttause wteee nerves. That prescription t celled ? restorative. It is known the world over now as Dr. Stoop's Restorative. Thousands are accepting i my offer and only one In each rbrty writes me that my remedy failed. Ju*t think of U. t? out of 40 get weU and la ass are difficult cases, too. And the fortieth ??^5*4* r?? *h?ifd tell others who ar? sick of mytfer, 1^1 ?H? **????? he knows not of my offer. Tell him. Get my book for him. J>o your doty. You may be sick yourself, sometime, fltak pso femofiSi arMsrts &? JK" ~w*rt , Da not dalay. Simply state which book SS2r}S ISffiSSE Xdn. Dr. JS.SK53!** mm b? wt t w , Hook 6 on KheiiiXtftm. , Mild cases, not chronic, are often cured with oad or ! two bottles. At druggist* I era! shells iyto ^ort Powell, on Sand Is land, and oa/ne imck along the northern shore of founiun Island ami dropped I several shelly into Fort Gaines, then they I came back [o ^ieir anchoraga. About midnight a .ter^bte explosion of shells called attention, $o the westward, and the magazine of'Fort Powell was discovered to be In flames; her garrison had goon to Fort Gaines,- an) this left our way out clear through Qf$nt Channel and Missis sippi Sound, so that Gen. Page's bottle was already Ibrnken and visions of starva tion vanished, si ' L I I will not, .detail svents that resulted in, the surrender of.,Fort Gaines, At*. 8, tot the combined) ferqes of the Army and Na vy; | and then of the.,almost rontinwms desul tory filing upon Fort Morgan, the land ing of troopa hu4 gun? on Mobilo Point in the rear of ilia iort, until Aug. 22, when our bombardment commenced in earnest, with 100 cannon, and lasted continuously for 26 hours, resulting in the surrender of the fort and its garrison of 800 men. With the foil of Fort Morgan disap peared the last/rebel stronghold upon <*tr southern coast from Cape Sable to the month of the Rio Grande. With feelings of gratitude I soon re turned to New Orleans. My experience in the Navy was novel in the extreme. I had been on a man-o'-war only .28 days, j and at least 24 days of that time my ears were greeted with tlie sublime thunder of heavy marine and coast guns. Knowing that the imperial world was watching the progress of our great American conflict with the keenest solicitude, I felt prouder than ever of the wonderful qualities pos sessed by Americans for war as well as for peace. The Northern and Southern soldiers proved themselves foeincn worthyi of euch other's steel, but the cause of des-1 potism, a remaining relic of barbarism, was doomed to destruction; the sands w?*re< fast slipping from beneath the slave-built and slave-dedicated foundations of thei Southern Confederacy, and its total de struction and hopeless ruin was consum-j mated only a few months later at Appo matox. And on that world-renowned oc casion, when Lee and his helpless army expected a stone, apd the matchless, mag nanimous Grant returned Lee's sword, gave th?m bread, and dismissed tlicm to their desolated homes; then our glorious Stars and Stripes arose from its baptism of fire and blood purified, justified, glori fied. < This great Republic of the world and of the ages then stood forth in mo tellies* military, civil and moral grandeur, and was dedicated anew to the principles that all men are created free and equal; that governments are created for the benefit of the governed; and that Government of the people, by the people, for the people should not perish from the earth. Peace reigns, fraternity prevails. "Fold up the banners! Smelt the guns! Lore rules! Her gentler purpose runs. A mighty mother turns in tears The pages of those battle years. Lamenting aU her fallen sons." (The end.) EX-PK1S0NERS OF WAR. Alt Appeal From national Commander! Walker. Headquarters National Association Union Ex-Prisoned1 of "War, '?Pittsburg, P*., Feb. 2, 1904. Dear Coihradea i Once more your Com* mander, a??ohipnnied by the Executive Committee^'And1 other liberal-minded com rades, haviftg ytyfar interests at heart, have visited, at 'iheif 'individual expense, Wash ington. UtlAtMlinn t J ' * - ' _r ^ *MvavmU(U t-Ayense, W asn ington, DJ*CV spending four days there interviewing Sehators and Members of (Jongreet*, and "appearing before the Com mittees oattPeaisioug of the Senate and House-of / Representatives, pleading and urging the?'to toport Senate Bill No. 1710 ami ***** - ? "" ^ >V|TVI t UCimIC Dill HO. 1 4 1U and House.iRiM 5760 to the Senate and House of (Representatives, with a favor able reeoouneadition. ?' A; very-ftiMuahle and considerate hearing was given ,w by .both Coram it tetes, nearly all the meititoert, being present. AJbdut an tUWfwaa allotted to as by both Ctommittees, which,gave ample time.: to* clearly and sufficiently present and state oar case. . Great, .interest was ? manifested by the members,", numerous questions asked, and details entered, into with a spirit of intel ligence never before exhibited by them, and with a patience that should, la all ordinary affairs indicate favoeable results* With this much accomplished' your -Committee can only await their decision, hoping that our efforts will meet with the success-that labor and your honorable service and ter rible sufferings in prison pen demand? ;i but my dear comrades, you must not stop here, buckle on your armor and enter the fray. It is now up to you to assist us all you can. You can do this, and do it at once. I>o not put. it off or delay one in stant. Delay is death to all our hopes and wishes. Write the Senators of your State and the Members of the House fr:>ra your District, requesting them to see each and every member of the Pension Com mittee of the Senate and House of Repre sentatives and urge, plead and demand that they report out of committee our bill with a favorable recommendation. Have all your friends do the same. Have your Pris oners of War Associations, your Grand Army Posts, Woman's Relief Corps and Ladies of the Grand Army take it up; swamp and deluge them with endorsements, petitions, etc. I feel that now is the time to do this; if ever there was a time to win. now is the time, but you must contribute your share. Take it up with the spirit of ?01 and '65. In. this connection I wish to return my sincere and heartfelt thanks to the follow ing comrades who so promptly responded to the call of your Commander: Stephen j M. Long, Adjutant-General, New Jersey: A. O. Parsons, Pennsylvania; WHUara Kel ley, Delaware; Kara H. Ripple, Pennsyl vania ; John MoJBroy, Washington, f>: C.; W. T. Ziegler, Pennsylvania; Harry White, Pennsylvania. Sincerely, and fraternally yours*?J. Di Walkkh, National Commander. Official, Sncrawr M. Long, Adjutant General. haw the Debris 1b the Air. Emroa National Tribune: A. corre spondent in. a recent issue says: "Ten what y.oa.saw;** and ns two comrades In a late issue told ah about their experience on the blowing up of the steamer "City of Madi son," at Vicksborg, Miss., I will say that I "saw" It?and I was at least a half mile away. I was sitting in front of my tent,i facing the river; but the high bank pre-) vented any sight of boats or river. A great column of smoke shot up, and with the smoke weue timbers ahd other objects that wear fadte? and higher than the smoke, ant 4r&e in plain view for an in stant, then* f el Check onto the smoke. Then, in aa instant/' came the report of a great explosion, ''itMHd not need a courier to tell ns that otie of'tbe boats at the levee had blown unW> 1? The eight hf such a rising column of smoke ant dewis is what bat few will tote In a iifetftfce."' It is photographed oa my brain, to xtethsin there; as distinctly as Is the fhet flat neither the 45th IB., nor any ether r eg lifted t, was at the Court-house, on the afterhooh' of July 4, when tha 4th Mian. anfVed fhere, As a part of CoL San horn's Brifeatfe, to have the honor of being the first feoffment to march through the main streets of Vlckabufg to the Court house, wftfcVe xlea. Logan was la command' of the Dckty. as Division Commander. CoL Sanborn was to take charge of paroling of the prisoners, under orders of Gen. Mc Pherson, issued by his Adjutant Genoa!,! W. T. Clark; as shown hi letter from Gea. Clark, published some time ago, in Tha National Tribune. The steamer "City of Madison" was blown up on Wednesday, Aug. 19, 1863,? EL. Lw Welluam, 4th Ulna., FraaeeJ Minn.. ' i KaadsfleM Vast. The annual report of Robert H. Fargue, of Malisfiehl Post, Brookjya, N. Y'? shows j that there has been a gain of two during the yfcer, andr a loss by detfth of seven, ma kingthe'total number In good standing 33d. There was $662 given for death benefits, which leaves a total cash in the hands of the Quartermaster of $2,-1 37.Q or 1 1?4?1. (Poima real ky W. H. FL Dumar* at A? Mftl Reonlon of Survivors ?l 145th P. it Union City, Sept. 16* 1890.) The cabalistic figures 1?4?S! To thiak that any of as are alive. With Fred*ricks burg, and aH the bloody rest; Jot Hooker's aitiftor ft Httle farther west: * - Then Gettysburg, where farthest to the fore The guard the regimental standard bore; Then Spotsylvania, and the Woods* And daily death thenceforth to Robin Hood's; The James, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Fort Hell, Fire Forks, and fury, toll tbe final knell From Brooke's bagler sounded o'er Farm riife. One trail of blood from Sharpfcburg till the day Our Ornnt the fangs of Treaaon took away. What regiment in all the Second Corpe Hsd farors fewer and hard fighting more? What band of boys went through as much without One sign of mutiny or e*en pant?? A "picnic"* rather all the three years through Until the "roundup"?Andy's Grand Re view. Who thought of pay or bounty in those days? Who thought of anything bat good men's praise? Or pensions e'en, or any sordid thing. Our one hope was, fair peace again to bring. We asked not why our neighbor didn't go, We knew our duty, quite enough to know. And went and served and did our level best. Trusting to fate (and Congress) for the rest. And yet a few of us thia Autumn day Are spared to meet and fight again the fray, To wonder how we worried through, and how We are so lucky as to be here now? It was a tough experience; but then, It was a band of volunteers?and men! , Not mercenaries fighting for their pay,. But men who knew that duty led the way. Who realised their country's pressing need, And went to serve, to march, to fight, to bleed. Of such materia! was built the wall That saved to men their richest treasures all; The bond of Union, freedom o'er the land, A Nation new, the whole world to com mand! A flag that floats wherever mortals go? The sign of peace on earth, that fear8 no foe. To tell what others can't is not to boaat; For only those who made it know the coat Of peace that blesses now the whole broad land, [So these good words the boys will under* stand. And now for something else?but one word yet? Let's everything forgive, but naught for get! BY THE OLD TENNESSEE. I hear the drums a-besting And I hear the bugles play, And yonder 'neath the sturdy trees I see the lines in' gray; Though the war has long been over And has no more charms for me, Still I hear the roll of battle On the shores of Tennessee. We were young chaps then and eager. Aye, a thousand good and strong, t And we left our good old mothers With a soldier's hearty song, And to-day I sit and ponder Where the other boys can be Who were comrades in the sixties By the dear old Tennessee. . Some I know we left behind us , In the shadows of the pines. Where the crimson god of battle Tramped between the serried lines; They are camping there forever Where the wind is light and free, And the roWn woos his sweetheart On the banks of Tennessee. 1 cart' see the campfires burning Where we lit them long ago, I can see the olden ramparts Where we waited for the foe; And I hear the nightly challenge Which so often startled me When I stood, a lonely picket. By the rippliug Tennessee. Southward to the sunlit ocean Past old Lookout's base it flows. Through a realm of pine and cedar And the birthland of the rose, Cnnnon grim no longer guard it For the land from war is free, And the starry flag's reflected . In the dear old Tennessee. O, we left sweethearts behind us Fair as eye hath ever Seen, But we could not court them always, For we had to fight between; For despite the days of battle Love would have his little spree, And I oft recall the sweethearts That we left iu Tennessee. ...... Growing old? Am I the fellow Who once charged the gray-clad lines Where the mighty tide of battle Rolled among the shattered pines? I would like to see the "Johnny" Who, protected by a tree. Gave me this old wound at Shiloh Near the shores of Tennessee. % I would like to stand beside him, Two old veterans in the sun, 5 With the starry flag above us And our life race nearly run; Side by side we'd stand together, Talk the old days o'er with glee, With a robin singing to us | By the dear old Tennessee. CoL Of*. W. Roberts Spiked Them. Editor National Tbibun*: In The National Trihsmo of Jan. 21 Comrade Ir win asks: "Who spiked the big guns in the rebel Jbattary on Island No. 10, one night In April, 1362?" I was a member of Oo.. 0? 42d 111,, and was at ths siege of Island No. 10. Ool. Geo. W. Roberts, commanding tho 42d UL, was the man inj command of tho expedition that spiked the battery referred to. I cannot give the ex act data, but it was la the latter part of March, 1862; for the gunboat Carondetat ran the blockade of Island No. 10 on the night of April 1, 1862; and the spiking waa done before that. The Mississippi Rivet had overflowed the low bottom land on the Keatucky shore,. which was well covered by timber and brash; CoL Roberts procured a boat, presumably from one of the gunboats, and worked his way through the brnsh to within a short dis tance of the upfcer battery, which waa on the mainland, just over the line, in Ten nessee?and not on the island, as Comrade Irwin supposed. From his observations Col. Roberts was confident this upper bat ter*, the enemy's strongest* could be spiked and put out of business. Comxao Economy b a strong point* with Hood's SirMfviUa, A bottle lasts loftger ?>4 does mors good thta any other. It is the only ntedfain* of which can truly to aaM 100 DOSES ONE DOLLAR dot* Foot*. un?landing the fee*, np proved of tlic project uM fonUnd eight yawte, with men to handle them. and with a detail of asen from On. A, 42d III. the party started earhr in the eight Having muffled the ears, the boats were rowed to within a short distance of the batterj. whence, to avoid ? h 'img a noise, the boats wore aDewred to drift J not aa the little fleet had reached the place to land?the foot of the fort?a flash of lightning from an approaching storm-cloud revealed to the two sentinels their enemy and they fired and fled. Col. Roberts, with the de tail, sprang ashore and quickly spiked thai six guns comprising the battery, and then as quickly got aboard and started for the? Union fleet, across the river and just above on the Mississippi shore; and they reached it none too soo*i. for as they reached the fleet a terrific storm broke over than. i This expedition was planned by Col Roberts, and, substantially as stated* was executed by him and the detail. ? As for the namas of this dotail I has* no doubt that tha naaaes of evwy man Wld ha obtained by writing to Oei. Northrup, of Kewanee, III., where Oo. A was raised, and who was, I believe, in command of Co. A at that time. It was a detail from Co. H that was on the gunboat Carondelet the night of April !; 1S?:' when n I*n blockade at Island No. 10. Gen. P. H. Sheridan, in hia personal Memoirs, gives a very gbod description of Col. Roberts, who commanded the Third Brigade of Sheridan's Division, at the ^f, ^tone River- Tenn., Dee. 31, 1802. Col. Roberts was killed that day. Hoping this crude description will call some of the 42d 111. to the firing line. I am yours in F. C. and L.?L. R. Cabvjcb, Ottumwa, Iowa. A Kick Mountain Memory Jogger. Editor National Tbibuxe: I see in J?ur ?sue of Dec. 24 a communication from Comrade Charies D. Hannon, Co. D, lwth Ohio, in regard to the battle of Rich Mountain, W. Ya., in grhich he state* the 13th Ind. was at the front only long enough to be sketched and was then re tired. He gives the alignment correct; but he seems not to know what became of the 13th. I think I can explain. When the battle opened Cos. A and B, with five men from each of the other companies, were deployed as skirmishers in a newly* cleared field, where were dead trees yet standing; they having Enfield rifles, the rest of us being armed with old muskets. After the 9th and 10th Ind. and the skirmishers had ' been firing awhile?I don't. know just how long?Gen. B<y* crans rode up to Col, Sullivan, who was sitting on his horse, j*st in rear of oor Company (G), and ordered him to take the regiment and cha rge the enemy, and drive him oat of his position?which Col. Sulli van immediately did; and it waa only a few minutes till the battle was over, and not a live rebel left in opposition on the field! So, you see, when we retired we did so by way of the front, driving the enemy before us at his best speed. The battery we captured, that the comrade does not re member, was on the pike, close to the Hart House. That was right on the bat tlefield, and consisted of two brass gans that had been shelling the woods we were in, back of the field. I remember, just as well as if it were yesterday, a shell or shot went through the top of a tree under which a part of our company was, and cut off a large limb, and myself, with others, had to leave our place in ranks with a rush, to get out of the way of the limb. Our regiment lost aevoa killed. He said there were 16 killed in all, but I am under the impression there were only 13. Our company lost one killed and two died of wounds in hospital at Beverly a few weeks after the battle. We were not allowed to take haversack or canteen; we had nothing to eat or drink all that day. I was detailed for sad stood picket all that night; and the raia poured in the night, and we were soaked tn the skin. Then the wind howled over the mountain and chilled us till our teeth chat tered, although it was the 11th of July. Ugh! it makes me shiver yet. Bat that was nothing to what we bad later on in the service. Now, if you publish this, I am going to be in a position to make a masterly re treat if any comrade undertakes to sur round or besiege me.?Thos. B. Hikstajh>, . Go. G, 13th ind., Marengo, Ind, One of Morgan's Great Exploits. Editor National TkiauiOE; In the story of "Morgan and His Men/' by Geo. Dallas Mosgrove, the author describes what he considered a brisk action with the advance of the Federal army while on its march from Bowling Green to Nashville, in November, 1862. The affair has quite a different aspect as seen from the Federal side, as perhaps many of the stories he de scribes would, if the facta were known. Mr. Mosgrove states that Morgan placed his men in ambush at daylight, Nov. 8, aud when the Federal army came along, merry with jest and song, an un suspecting sutler's wagon was in advance^ followed by a squad of cavalry, behind which came the infantry, aud Morgan's men rose and fired. He further states that the Federals recpiled, but rallied and charged the position, and that artillery was brought up, the fight becoming a spirited one, when Morgan withdrew with one man killed. He concludes the story by stating that the rebels never satisfactorily learned what loss the enemy suffered, as many reports came to them, some of which must have been exaggerated! The facts are: The sutler's wagon, while in advance of our brigade, was not in ad vance of the- army, Crittenden's troops being a few miles ahead. Hence, the road may have been considered free from guerrillas. A rat tie of carbines wanted our column that something waa doing in ad vance; but owing to forest trees, and a turn in tha road, nothing could be seen. We were double-quicked to the point of inter ruption, but the rebels had disappeared after firing a volley at the small squad of cavalry which waa Hose in. rear of the sutler. The return voUey of the cavalry killed a rebel, who with head and shoul ders in a barrel, waa reaching for a cheese in the wagon of the sutler. The infantry arrived too late to aee a rebel except the one who had hnngered ? for the cheese; and the artillerymen were probably pursuing the even tenor of their way, ia their proper places, back in the column. There waa no loss whatever on our side, it being merely a case of sniping on the part of Morgan, for which he was famous. Many of the regiments who took part ia the march to Crab Orchard and back to Bowling Green, thence to Nash ville, ware raw, and daring the .bard, dry. dnsty march, straggled badly; and there wore numerous desertions. These were picked up singly and in small squads and greatly swelled the total of Morgan's cap tures. To Doke was given the credit of many of Morgan's successes, and after one of the bitter's failures, perhaps the disastrous raid into Ohio, Geo. D. Prentice, editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal, propounded the query; "Why dont some one put a pistol to John Morgan's head and blew Basil Duke's brains out?** 1 hope soma of my comrade* who remember the facts, will verity in The National Tribune my statement ia regard to the rebel and the cheese.?Gko. 8. Myxbs, Co. F, 101st Ohio, ftireseide, Cai. Deaths ia tha California Association. List of members of the California Vol unteer Veteran Association whose deaths have bean reported during the year of 1908: Capt John 0. Morrill, Co. B, 8d Inf.; Joseph P. Black, Co. G, 5th Inf.; Joha Montgomery, Co. B, 2d Cbv.; Maj. Geo, A. Burkett, Co. G, 5th Inf.; Benj. H. Weston, Oo. Ia 2d Cav.; Joseph Martin, Co. A, 3d Inf.; Capt. Henry A- Greene, Co. G, 5th Inf.; John Y. T. Smith, Co. H, 4th Inf.; Daniel J. Ockerson, Co. A, 5th Inf.; Thomas A. J. Chandler, Co. B, 1st Inf.; Alonao V. Corson, Co. E, 1st Inf.; Wesley Holllngsbead, Oo. IB, lot Inf.; Ed ward B. Wiles, 00. B, 1st Cav.; Robert Stewart, Co. C, .2d. Inf.; Edwin H. Hall. Co. L, 1st Cav.; John Boyd, Co. F, 3d Inf.; Drum Major John F. Grace, 1st Inf.: ^Francis Selby, Co. (X 2d Oh v. FREE ADVICE ON CURING CoOomK Here'# the ever made to victim* of Qatar** I lr? en offer o* ,*he Mt valuable ?ad M4pfui ti>Kg| *4 ?toe en curing Catarrh, absol uteljr frw of charge, from the great - ?t Catarrh specialist of Baas e Mm who ?wt ali about Catarrh ia vwy fom and who I has oure4 UrmumXIi of usm-a where other doc C.A TiUl flMtfSAUST ??d Ue"t ?PKDCLC. JJJJJ Doat neglect your Catarrh any longer! It's a disgusting, loathsome disease ( Www still? It's terribly dsngerous! OTWlBpBD CA TAAKH ENU1 JUT OKSUMrTMMf. Unless you take care of it in time, the first thing you know it will be TOO LATE. Catarrh Specialist Sprouie, who makes the of* far of this vRluablt help to Catarrh suflerscs. will gladly give you free his knowledge and I counsel HE MAKES NO CHARGE for studying your caaa and telMng you Just what to do. Without paying a oeni you will receive the most reliable and helpful advice? advice that will show you just how to cure your Catarrh?aot just for a week or a month or a year, but rr.ttMANEJTLY. Don't lose this great chance 1 Answer the questions res or no, write your name and address plainly on the dotted lines, cut out the Free Coupon and fend it without delay to ?ATAMAM (HWAiBt SPKODLK, 4 to 14. Xtoaae St^ Boeiwtu Free Medical Advicc Coupon Is yuur breath frmLf Do pv take c<4d eeu/Oyf It your nam stopped up? Tj* you tow to tptt often f Doee your uunUh teutt* bad morning* 1 Do sou have a dull feeling in your head? It there a tickHng eenoaUon in pnwr throat 1 Da you hose on unpUommt dttohorge from the nueef Doet the mucut drop into your throat fnm (hs sml NAME - ADDRESS T*S Eight Spirit. A circular of greeting sent out to the members of the staff of the Commander in-Chief, O. A. R., by Comrade Chas. H. McConnelU. Chief of Staff, breathes the right spirit. He urgos them moat strongly to go to work to buiid up the Order, and assist in making the administration of our beloved Commander-in-Chief an unquali fied saccess. He says: "This can and should be done, and by the united and enthusiastic effort of all comrades of our noble Order of the Grand Army of the Republic, a gain in member ship will be the result shown it the nert annual Bncempment, instead at the cus tomary net loss. The field for the recruit ing of our ranks is a fruitful one. *More surrirors of the eivil wsr are without the pale of the Grand Army titan are wttlim its ranks. It should be an eaay matter to convince any such that he can not af ford to remain outside? "In this upbuilding of the Grand Army the comrades of the National Staff should play a most important part?should lend, in fact. *A man ia as old as he feels.' Most of the veterans of the war of the rAellkn are *60 years young.* Unless Af flicted with chronic disease or wounds, there is no reason -why a comrade should be a pessimistic 'old* veteran, bat every reason why he should be optimistic, and feel himself to be in the prime of life at GO to ?5 years of age! "The writer is 64 years young?emphati cally, decidedly?'that's what !* He wishes lie con Id instill his youthful enthusiasm into every comrade of the staff! Let us stop this eternal croaking about being old! I<et us aH be Christian Scientists is this respect, at least, and think and feel that we are young?sad io sad behold, it wiU besor MUSTERED OPT. BRTTRLU?At Mak BM, Wta.. JUL M. Han, Brt> tell, aged 61 Born in Vermont, be enlisted tn 1SS1 la the 1st Wis. S?r three months, reenlisting after muster oat, on Aos. IS. 1881. In Oo. O, 7th Mian., from which service be was discharged with the regimes* July 10, 1865. Hs was buried by Caster Poet, at Bock Elm. His widow aad a daughter sarvtve him. FEAR.?At Cheney, Wash., Dec. 18, lSSt, suddenly, George "W. Fear. He was born Aag. 4, 1M1. In Mary land, and was mated at Brownsville, Pa., ealiategja tail in I the 88th Pa, in whloh he served to [rasMed tang at Geneva, Ohio, rossovtng to Chsaiay tor his health in not. GROSS.?At Ladysmtth, Wis.. Jan. SI, George Osoaa I He was born In Germany, Jaa. ?, lSSt, removing to WtaOBMin In 183, having served some yearn In the German cavalry. In lSSl he eoMased in the St Wta., I but marching on foot broke him down, and he was discharged, reen listing alter recuperation la the Id Wta. Cav.,serving three yearn ond threemonths. 1 HA V.?Neer M^omvUle, W. Va., Dante) Hay, ?od 84 yearn. He was hern at Quaker City, OMo; endued I at Pekin, I1L. in Co. E,47th 111. Death remitted bam injuries sustained while at imt on a sawmill. MAGILL.?At ML Vernon. O., Jan. SI, Henry B. MagilL Comrade Magttl waa awn in New Castle, Pa., Feb. M. 1848. Be waa a veteran of the civil war. eo listing from ML Vernon, a.. Dee. It, 18Si, at the eg* of IS, as a private, tn Oo. H, 82d Ohio, to serve three yearn He?nlisted at Chattanooga, Term., Jan. 1,1884, as a vet enm. to serve tbree yeam. He feaght in the battle of Gettysbn*g,and was with Gen. Sherman on his Ammus march to the sea. He was honorably discharged July 24, IMS. He iseurrived by a widow aad tour children. McGABTY.?At Manito, Til.. Feb. 1, James McCarty, wired 77. Comrade McCarty served m ? *>. G, ttcfc IlL He was a comrade iu A.M. Pollard Peat, 71Z. SATTERFIKLD.?At his home, Highgate, Mo., Sept. ft, 1888, John featterfield. aged ?7 years, eight month* and 15 Saga Comrade Sauer&eid ssrredin Co. I, SOthMn. STEDM AN?At Frankteft, 8. D., Jan.?, L. C Sted man. He was bom at Homersvllie, O., March 12, t*+t,-| went to Wisconsin when a bey of tt; eaiistod in Sep. I ?mber, lass, and served tUl the war ended, in Oo. H, I mm Wis.; removed toSoatfa Dakota in t8N. Hte wio ow and seven of their nine obttdren sorvtve him. He was a lsaigng crorarsde of Sol Meredith Pest,-a, of Frankfort. THOMAS?At Hunt, IB., Feb V, Daniel Thosona He served bis cotmtry In the SSth -Otrta, *ttd was AdJu tant of Harts Post, TSS, Beyartmeat of ZZSaois. A wlSew, s ssa sa4 a danghter survive Maw TITOS.?At ha heme In Kadsoa, A. tx, Jaa. a. Win. Titos. He was born In St. Lawreooe. fc. B Oct. li, | 1827. He enlisted Oct. IS, 1SK1, in H. i?h Wis.: dis chazged Sept. IS, tSSS. reeniisted la Oo. H, SStb Wis.; mustered eet Jaa. tl, 18S8. He was a s&eaober ef Cot tren Post, 78, Hull. lewa. T6BB&-wH Exeter, Kaa_ Dee. M, MM. Eager A. Tubbs, who served aa First tieutenant, MtVt.fi. A. I YOUNG ?At Kansas CUy. Mo.. Jaa. t7, af heart failure. Alabeus Yosng. Oaasabde Young washota ia Ctearmoai Oouaty. IX, tn ISM; was mostared late the Great Western, aad OiWt; dierhaig' 4 Angast,MH He to buried at Miamivilie. Ql. hie aaitao bases. He Cigarette ami Tobaecfl Hibifs CUBED FEES XV OHS DAT. Each of the undersigned far himself freely and voluntarily eertitaa as tsttevs: 1 hereby certify that I waa coaanle?ely and permanently cored of the tobacco habit 1 free sample package ef Tobacco" mere thus a year ago- 1 have uestli liked tobacco ever since 1 took the have not need any in any form, and jay health baa bees better thaa It waa before. I state theas facta freely aad velunt^rttf^ hop ing ether vletlass ef the tobacco habli will profit by my experience. V Chaa. Ducite, Suriunond. Mo. ?. W. Edam, Box 2M Oienwood. WlA Suaao I. Moore, Santa Beaa, Mo. B. Coffey, 826 Frank *L, Chattanooga, Tana. W. H. Emerson, Fehaont, Mo. James Robertson, Berwyn, In. i James M. Ward. Southern Hotel* Chicago, 111. Henry S. Hobson, Greensboro. Ala. John W. Kenedy, Mingua, Tex. Gilbert Broom, Dallas, N. C. Carrie Tilea Geons, fla. 8. G. De Witt Tucker, Ind. Ter. and reds of other people have had the same experience with sample packages of Tobacco-Specific. It M a harmless, practically taateleaa remedy which can be given In drink or food aad wfil positively cure any netient without his knowledge. Takes by tne par tlent himself, the remedy ia just sa certain to cure. TW Rogers Drug 4k Chemfcsal Oo., VM Fifth and Ttaee Sta,, Cincinnati, O., ivHl send too a free sample package of To ''Mrco-Speri&e in alaln wrapper. If you send t your us me sad ssdlsss. lend at