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THE WANDERING REGIMENT.
Experiences of the 8th Mich. South, West and East?Always Fighting or Marching. By H. E. CAREY, Co. A, gib Mich. In undertaking to write these reminis cences of the 8th Mich, known as "The Wandering Regiment," I am compelled to rely largely upon memory, my war journal having been lost on the sccond Manassas battlefield. The regiment was mustered into the ser vice at Detroit. Sept. 23. 18<?1, and then ordered to Washington, where we re mained three weeks in camp on Meridian Hill. From there we were sent to An napolis, where, with the 79th X. Y.. we were put aboard the steamer Vanderbilt. our destination being Port Royal. S. C. After a few days on the ocean wave, we anchored just out of range of the guns on Hilton Head and Bay Point. REDUCING THE FORTS. On the morning of Nov. 8 the war ves sels cleared their decks for action, and then moved toward the "bay, the two forts being on either side of the entrance, two and a half miles apart. The Wabash, the leading vessel, was directly between the forts when they opened fire upon her. The warship first fired a broadside at the fort on Hilton Head, and then paid a similar compliment to the one on Bay Point. The other vessels, fol'owing one behind the other, did the same as the Wabash. When the rear vessel had en tered the bay and fired her broadsides, the Wabash turned, and, passing the forts, fired as before, the other vessels folloAv ing, the course being elliptical. In this way a continuous and destructive fire was poured into the forts. The day was fine, and viewed from the decks of the trans ports, outside the bay, the battle wsft a magnificent spectacular scene. The Con federate batteries were well served, but the combat was unequal, the superiority of the procession of war vessels, constant ly moving, and continuously firing broad sides, soon becoming apparent. Oh her Record round, the Bienville ran in close to Hilton Head and fired her great guns, almost silencing those of the enemy. The Wabash, on the third round, moved up to within 600 yards of the Hilton Head Fort and delivered a broadside that was terrific. Some of the smaller vesse's. gun boats, took positions whence they kept up an annoying fire to which the Confed erates could not effectively reply. The terrible bombardment was more than the Confederate artillerymen, brave as they were, could endure. However, they stood by their guns for nearly five hours, in the midst of fearful carnage and de struction. Then, fully realizing that their firing upon the fleet was ineffective, they suddenly abandoned the forts and fled, Gen. Drayton making as good time as the best racer among them. GOING ASHORE. The marines then went ashore, and sooa thereafter Old Glory was seen floating above both the captured forts. It now being time for the troops to debark, the transports moved into the hay. and by the next morning all the soldiers were on terra firma. The "Wandering Regiment" was sent ont as skirmishers, but found no enemy that day?nothing but ebony contrabands, who, in large numbers, came within our lines. By putting them to work on the fortifications we made them useful. NERVOUS PICKETS. On that first night ashore my companj was assigned to picket duty?our first experience. We were very alert, constant ly suspecting that we were in the imme diate presence of a lurking and danger ous foe. The slightest noise made ns nervous. About midnight, when I was momentarily expecting a body of fierce rebels to rush upon me from a sweet potato patch in my front, a dark object creeping toward me attracted my atten tion, causing each particular hair of my head to stand on end and cold drops of perspiration to ooze from my brow. That the object was a crawling man I had no doubt Aiming my Springfield as best I could under the trying circumstances I cried: "Halt! Who comes there?" The stealthy enemy (?) paused but made no response. Then, as I thought, he made ready to shoot me. Anticipating him. 1 fired. I saw a flash in the darkness, heard ft deafening roar, and immediately falling to the ground lay prone on my back. My paralyzed right shoulder indicated the locality of a horrible wound. After repeated efforts I managed to attain a sit ting postnre, and had the satisfaction of seeing my enemy (?) lying dead in the potato patch. The Officer of the Guard, excited and important, hurried to my post and demanded to know why I had fired my gun. Pointing to the prostrate form, I said: "Lieutenant, I have killed a rebel who was stealthily trying to kill me.'That la his dead body lying out there in the potato patch. We fired simultaneously, the result being he is dead and I am severely wounded in my right shoulder." The Lieutenant went out and examined the defunct body, gave it a kick and re turned to me, saying: "You're a fool! You've shot nothing but a hog." That officer was fluent of tongue, and for a time there was an unceasing flow of emphatic and uncomplimentary language that would not appear well in print. The boys, of course, had great fun at my expense. However, when I served fresh pork for breakfast they were more considerate of my humiliated feelings. The wound (?) in my shoulder, made by a kicking Spring field, was painful for a while, but not serious. BEAUFORT. After a short stay at Hilton Head, the 8th Mich., 79th X. Y., and 100th Pa. were ordered to Beaufort, a beautiful little city, 15 miles further up the bay. Sometime in February. 18t?2, a detail of 20 men, under Capt. Ely, was sent' over on the mainland in quest of beef cattle. I was so fortunate, or unfortunate, as to be one of the detail. At that early stage of the war it was no difficult matter to find cattle, as within a few hours we cjp tured^(?) about 50 bovine animals. Driven by 15 of the men, they were started to ward Beaufort, five of us remaining to look for more. IX A PREDICAMENT. We had gone about a half mife further, through a woodland, when we came to a large plantation, and some distance be yond we saw a fine herd of cattle. To reach them it was necessary to cross open fields, and when we had gone about half the distance, Capt. Ely, ever alert, halted us. Pointing toward the timber, a rniie distant, he called our attention to Bonn moving objects which he said were rebe' cavalry coming in our direction. The proximity of a mounted enemy made as feel uncomfortable. If the horsemen should discover our presence, we cou'd scarcely hope to escape. Certainly could not outrun them. We were fully n mil* from where we had emerged from the woods, and that was probacy the nearest friendly timber. However, a lonp tree, a mammoth live oak, standing near offered an asylum, provided the scouting cavalrymen had not yet seen us. There being no time to lose, we went up the tree as nimbly as squirrels, and proceeded at once to cover our bodies with the long fray moss, of which there was an abund ance. The cavalrymen rode straight to the tree, dismounted, and for ft while had ft good, easy time lying on the grass. Ou; feelings, meanwhile, can be better knag ined than described. It developed, later that the cavalrymen, new recruits, had selected that locality for a drill-ground Havina rested themselves they proceeded to drill, and when they became wear* they retired to the shade of the tree to lie on the grass and cool off. While the were lying under the tree we could heai distinctly their conversation. They wer? evidently in food humor, confident o Iheir prowess. They agreed unanimous)* Co march to Beaufort and drive the Yan kees into the bay, drowning them. W? lid not believe they could do that bat be ing in the minority we thought it pru dent not to debate the matter at that time. They remained near that tree for two hours, and left without any suspicion of our presence. They evidently were not looking for "a man up a tree.*' When they had disappeared in the distance, we descended to the ground and "stepped out lively" toward the ferry, three miles away, leaving the herd of beef catt!e un molested. MORE TROUBLE. About half a mile from where we left the boat there was a marshy stream over which was a corduroy bridge. To return to the ferry it was necessary for us to cross the bridge, there being no other way. While we were crossing an extensive cot ton field, the bridge being on the further side, Capt. Ely scanned the horizon with his fieid glass and discovered a body of rebel cavalry, at the extreme end of the field, preparing to mount their horses. That they had observed us, we had no doubt. If possible we must reach the LAXDISO AT T bridge before they should intercept us. We had one advantage. Our 1 ne of re treat was through the cotton field, while the enemy, mounted, must follow the high way, the longer route. We made as good time as is usual under such circumstances, and reached the bridge in advance of the enemy, who were not more than 10 rods behind. Apparently, escape was hope less. We were exhausted, the cavalry men were upon us, and the ferry a half mile away. Capt. Ely was, however, equal to the occasion. We faced the enemy and made ready to fire. The rebels, some 40 strong, hesitated. Capt. Ely then ran from the bridge, through an open gate into a field, and in a loud voice gave orders as follows: "Attention battalion! Take arms! Load! Shoulder arms! Forward?march!" While the Captain was delivering orders to an imag inary battalion we four men stood at the entrance to the bridge, and with leveled guns held the surprised cavalry at bay. They did not care to charge across the bridge in the face of a battalion of in fantry ready for action. Capt. Ely re appeared, took off h's cap and invited the cavalrymen to charge. Instead, however, they turned and rode away. We then made a rapid march to the boat and has tily pulled for the other shore. The rebels, in some way, became aware of the "Yan kee triek" we had played, and then they resumed the pursuit. We were just out of range when they appeared on the bank of the river. We cheered them lustily, bade them goodby, and then sang. "Tramp, tramp, the boys are marching, * winding up with "Old John Brown." We remained in the vicinity of Bean fort, informing picket duty, until early in April, when we were ordered to Tybee Island. When we reported to Gen. Gill more he assigned us to quarters in the rear of Fort Halleck. FORT PULASKI. Gen. Gillmore was preparing to bom bard Fort Pulaski, and we arrived in tinu to perform the hardest and most disagree able work of our lives. We had to pull huge siege guns over a corduroy road, a distance of two miles, through a swamp that was full of tangled bushes. Wallow ing in mud and water was decidedly un pleasant We were six weeks gett'mg the guns in position. Gen. Gillmore had assisted in super intending the construction of Fort Pulaski, and was, therefore, familiar with the loca tion of the magazine, which he aimed to explode.. Afier a steady bombardment of 24 hours the fort was surrendered, and with it 400 prisoners. The rebels dis played the white flag just in time to save themselves and the fort from being blown up, as shot and shell were beginning to strike perilously near the magazine. A friend living near me, an ex-Confederate, was one of the prisoners. We often get together and discuss various incidents con nected with the fall of Fort Pulaski. After the reduction of the fort the "Wandering Regiment" occupied Goat Island. WILMINGTON I8LA5D. On the 10th of April seven companies, about 400 strong, embarked in the steamer Honduras for Wilmington Island. Upon our arrival, we immediately disembarked, one-half of the men going up one side of Turner's Creek, and the other half up the other side. Unexpectedly the companies on the right encountered the 13th Ga., 800 strong, armed with Enfield rifles. An en gagement lasting two hours resulted in our 200 men putting 800 Georgians to flight. They left on the field 11 killed and 34 wounded. Had not Lieut.-Col. Graves displayed superior generalship, I think the Georgians would have been the victors. Our posi-j tion waa behind a hedge fence, our con cealment being such that the euemy could not know our strength, nor could we tell how many Georgians were disputing our right of way. With the hedge fence in tervening, we shot at each other for an hour and a half, neither party having any inclination to advance. Lieut.-Col. Graves then organized two small divisions, and,j leading one himself, and placing the other under command of one of the Captains, executed a double flank movement. When an unexpected and deadly fire waa opened upon both flanka, the enemy thought we had received reinforcements, and then they ''skedaddled." 8ECES6IOXVILLE. On June 10, the 8th Mich., 7th Conn.. 28th Masa., 79th N. Y., 46th N. Y., and 100th Pa., commanded by Gen. Stevens, ignally distinguished themselvea in the isaault upon the works at Hecessionville, n James Island. Strict orders had been issued for us to maintain absolute silence, vhen advancing over a narrow atrip of land, about 200 yards wide, there being toggv ground on either aide. There was an abatis in our front, sod also a ditch seven feet deep. The parapet of the works was nine feet high. The 8th M_ch.. in advance, and the Highlanders (79th N. Y.) were apparently in danger of an nihilation when fceiug swept at close rang" by a storm of grape and canister, and musketry as well. Some daring parties of the 8th Mich, and 79th N. Y. sue reeded in mounting the parapet, but were immediately shot down, some of them fall ing inside the works. Not receiving prop er support," and finding it impossible to carry the works, the "Wandering Negl igent" and the "Highlanders'*' withdrew. This assault, in* which there was great sacrifice of life, is recognized in ? history as a most gallant affair. The 8th Mich, lost 13 killed, 98 wounded. 35 prisoners, and 30 missing. We had 534 men in ac tion. Of 22 officers we lost 12, one of the killed being Capt. Gu Id, command ing my company. My comrade, Benj. B. Church, was mortally wounded. Immediately after the engagement Gen. Stevens issued the following: "You were ordered not to fire, but to push farword and uso the bayonet. You obeved the order. You formed under a terrible fire of grape, canister and mus ketry. You pushed to the ditch and al>at:s of the works from right to left. Parties from the lending regiments, the 8th Mich, and the 79th N. Y., mounted the parapet and were shot down. The officers and men of the two regiments covered themselves with glory, and their fearful casualties show tbe hot work in which they were engaged." After this battle the "Wandering Regi ment" was sent to Newport News, and be came a part of the Ninth Corps. Thereafter the 8th Mich, participated YBEE ISLAND. in many great battles, such as Fredericks burg, South Mountain, and Antietam, but none of them were as disastrous to the regiment as the battle on James Island. A RELIABLE HEART CURE Alice A. Wet more, Box 67, Norwich, Conn., sajs if any sufferer from Heart Disease will write her, she will, witbont charge, direct | them to the perfect home enre she need. # A Humorous Historian. Editor National Tribune : I take pleasure in indorsing all that Comrade Nelson has said about the Price Raid. 1 was in that raid myself, and can bear witness to the truth of his statements. I have been a constant render of The Na tional Tribune for many years, and have noticed that, while there is always much published about other movements of tbe army and "big raids" in the different parts of the country, there has never been much written about the raid that was made by old "Pap Price" into Missouri. I pre sume tliat the history writers regard "chas ing Price" a small matter, not worthy of detailed mention. Comrade Nelson men tioned the fact that Price "passed around Jefferson City." Of course he did, and for a good reason! I was there, and would not let him go through. Of course, Gen. Sanborn and several other mighty good fellows equally determined to make Price "pass around the city" were with me! I came near having to pass around the city with Price as a prisoner of war, in com pany with my whole company (K*), which narrowly escaped capture; and thereby iiangs a tale, which I would relate but for the fact that I can't without having tomen 1 tion the name* of Serg't Stubblefield and ! a number of other good old comrades who I are still with us, and who are so bashful in their old days that they just can not endure seeing their names in print, not i even in connection with deeds of valor. After Price got around Jefferson City, myself and Gen. Sanborn and a whole brigade of other soldiers who were nearly as much to be relied upon, got around in rear of Price and were in his rear until he left the State in disgust. Our pres ence and proximity in bis rear seemed to annoy him?sometimes he would appear to be real mad at us for keeping so close up to him; but we always managed to prevent Pap Price from going to sleep when he thus faced us. We did not allow cause for complaint that we paid no attention to him when he met us face to face. We managed to relieve him of quite a number of his best guns, and any amount of his baggage, and after that it was not so much trouble for bim to make good speed. _ .. I well remember "Merrill a Horse. It was a fine body of men, all well mounted and "fed;" not one of them would steal so much as a chicken. The brigade com mander had to detail men out of other or WHAT RHEUMATICS SHOULD EAT I Bacon is good. Avoid red meats. They're rich in uric acid. Chicken, turkey and all flesh of fowls Is excellent. Fish of all kinds Is good. Vegetables of all kinds are good, especially rice and macaroni. Use vinegar and spices sparingly. Drink plenty of pure water?but little with meals, however. Go slow on tea and eoffee, and use no liquors whatever. Rheumatic pains are evidence of the pres ence of uric acid, laetlc acid aad other for eign substances which are absorbed from red meats and "rich" foods. While careful diet will prevent future accumulation of acid poison, the acid already in the system must be expelled or a long period of torture en dured. It is best to do this without Intro duclug drugs iftto the stomach which inter fere with digestion. llaglc Foot Drafts, which are small plasters applied to the soles of the feet, have the property of stimulating the expulsion of acid poisons through the large foot pores la the form of sweat, 64 per cent, of the nitrogen of which la in the form of the poison urea. The Drafts, which are worn without the least Inconvenience, draw out aad absorb these impurities, and have been so successful that they are in use la almost every country In the world. The Magic Foot Draft Co., 8C10 Oliver Bldg., Jackson, lfleh., send tbe Drafts free on ap proval to everyone who writes. If yon are aatisfied with the heneflta received, send one dollar. If not, send nothing. You decide. A Ane booklet on rheumatism. Illustrated la three colors, to aent free with the Drafts. Welti to-day uft he cart \ ganizations to get chickens for them. Too see, "Merrill's Horse" Were all fresh from Comrade Nelson's Sunday-sohool; and they all studied the Apostles' Creed the Cate chism and lived like a Si So when not fight ing. As for the 6th M. 6. M. (my own regiment), I can not fepeark so well. Our horses had a habit of*kiclnng chickens to death; and I have kneftvn <wagon loads qf hay to be hauled into camp, when all through the hay would be dead chickens and turkeys that our fast uitchers, in load ing the hay, had oaught on .the fly and smothered in the hay. Our cookis would gather, up those smothered fowls and cook them fqj: us poor sol diers to rat. And we ate them. Only had two men in Co. E who would not eat them ?fat old Dave Lizer and Sam Thompson. They declared that they had been too well raised to eat dead chickens, and poor boys, they had to content themselves with the ra tions issued by Uncle Sam. Were it not that Serg't Stubblefield is so bashful I would tell how narrowly our company es caped going along with Price on that occa sion as non-combatant** for the while, un der an escort detailed by Price; but 1 would have to mention Serg't Stubblefields name, which would fret his modesty, so I will ring off here.?Wiley Miller, Co. E, (ith M. S. M. Cav., Ludlow, Mo. CASUALTY STATISTICS INACCURATE Percentage of Losses Should be Pased on Kumbers Under Fire, Not on Number of Names on Master Roll?Examples In Con trast. Editor National Tbibune: The writ er enlisted July^ 34, 1861, wheh 17 years of age, as a private soldier, serving four years continuously, in the same company, and was discharged Aug. 3, 1865, as Cap tain, being then but 21 years old. lie was in the hospital once for a short time. The regiment to which he belonged was under fire probably 150 times, but it would be impossible to count. The most of his serv ice having been in the ranks as a matter of course most of his sympathies are there also. The writer has seen many so-called his tories of the civil war; of campaigns, bat tles and Generals, but he has yet to see a history of the common soldier, and has been for a number of years, off and on, trying to get up such a history, always realizing his incapacity for the great work, because of his limited education. But somebody must do it before the enlisted men all die. It will show the incompleteness and in accuracy of official returns of casualties in battle; will show the actual numbers in action, which will bring the per cent, of loss much higher than that given by Col. rox in his "Regimental Losses." These are not mere assertions, for statistics will be given to sustain them. The writer has drawn more largely on his own command than any other for this material, as coming under his observation. Not that his command was better than others; it will be given as common to all * veteran regiments,' as all were alike, un der like conditions and circumstances. At the close of the war the Adjutant (teneral of Indiana sent books to the dif ferent companies for the purpose of hav ing a roll of honor made, giving a history of every member of each company. After receiving this book I called all of the com pany officers up, and we went through the Descriptive Book, making notes opposite each man h name, as we remembered him. This was laborious work. We made truthful notes on the Descriptive Book, without re gard to former red tape official reports made in baste. The boys in command of companies at the close of the war, who came from the ranks, knew more about soldiering than they did about tying red tape, and were glad to get rid of all work in that line. Many times, in their difemmas in re gard to how they should report certain soldiers, whom they knew, had died of wounds, but had not been io reported by the Surgeons, the officers had gone to the Colonel for instructions. His answer would be: "You are not supposed to know anything about it. Go according to offi cial reports." If we had no reports, all we knew of them, officially, was, that they were sent to the hospital on account of wounds. In regard to the wounded, many of them were not reported.* To illustrate: In the battle of Pea Ridge tyro brothers were killed, the third, and a brother-in-law, wounded. The two wounded men would not allow themselves to -be so reported, saying: "It will be a hard enough blow to our family to read of the two killed, with out reading of us being wounded." Thos. Thatcher waa wounded in four different engagements, twice quite severely, but never left his company, and I. think was never reported as wounded. It was very common in the veteran regiments, that no matter how severely wounded one may have been, unless he was sent to the rear he was not so reported, unless he re quested it. A great injustice has been done the vet eran regiments in regard to their enrol ments. Col. Fox says that the corapany to which the writer belonged had enrolled 230. I was a long time in figuring out how this could be, as I could find only 185 names on the Descriptive Book, viz.: Original enrolment (including offi cers) 101 Officers transferred from other com panies 2 Recruits up to commencement Atlanta Campaign 29 ^ Total 132 Drafted and substitutes near close of 53 Total during war ...; 185 Veterans re-enlisting Dec. 23, 1863.!. 32 Mustered out and mustered in on pro motion, times 13 I defy any man to find more than 185 names for this total of 230. After the war had actually ended and the command was encamped in North Carolina, a number of recruits from other Indiana regiments were turned over to us, for whom we were to make out discharges. I do not know the number of these, as their names are not on our books. How ever, 45 fictitious enrolments above shown could not have come from these, as there were not that many of them. The writer is able to give the name of every man who ever belonged to his com pany ; also, the name of every man who was wounded, or killed, or died of wounds, with date and place of such casualty. Some of these were wounded in four dif ferent engagements, and. of course, are counted each time in the casualty list. Some were wounded and afterward killed. Each time, of course, they are counted. Bear in mind, that all that is here stat ed concerning my company is taken from its Descriptive Book, aud is therefore offi cial. I have no doubt these conditions ob tained and existed in every veteran organ ization. In regard to the casualties, the per cent, of loss should be based tiponothe numbers actually under fire. It would be just as reasonable to connt those wbo never saw an army, as to count those who were not on the firing line, hut wfcese names happen to be on the muster roll, r irf Descriptive Book of (Co. fc, 22d Ind. vet. Vols.: , Total enrolment from beginning to end of war Cl.. 185 Total under fire, including i?9 drafted men and substitutes . .U\ ?,u 98 Total killed and died of^wounds 28 Total number of wounds (qther than above), from Jhe 98 n>. 82 Number of casualties froat the 98 under fiM 110 Veterans, 103. Under fig, 73; killed, 25 <34 per cent.) ; wounded 68 (93 per cent.); casualties. 128 pSF^nt. Recruits, 29. Under fir*, 16; killed, 3 (18 per cent); wounded, '18 (81 per cent.); casualties, 100 per cent. Conscripts, 53. Under fire, 9; killed, 0; wounded, 1: casualties, 11 per cent. Total, 185. Under fire, 98; killed, 28 (28 per cent) ; wounded, 82 (83 per cent); casualties, 112 per cent not *iv?n? most of them were killed or wounded, and so re ported. It will be seen that in tbe foregoing, percentages of losses are counted only on the nurnBer under fire. Of these 73 were r iZZ!#1? *lln recruits, making a total of 89 from the enrolment of 132. The tow from this 89. collectively, is as (cent *Iwounded. 8t (W Ig^esnt). Total casualties, 109 (122 From 132 killed, 28 (21 per cent.); wounded. 81 (61 per cent). Total casual ties. 100 (82 per cent.). It is hardly necessary to take Into ac count the 53 drafted men and substitutes, as they were sent to us near the close of the war (Fall of "1864). Nevertheless, nine of them were under fire at Averas boro and Bentonville,- N. CI, and one of them was wounded. These nine would have made good soldiers, but the other 44 were not worth the powder it would have taken to shoot them. Loss from total en rolment, 185; killed, 28 (15 per cent.) ; wounded, 82 (44 per cent.) ; killed and wounded, 110 (50 per cent.). Loss, from Col. Fox's enrolment, as fol lows : Enrolment, 230; killed, 28 (12 per cent.). Killed and wounded from the 230, 110 (47 per cent.). It must be borne in mind that there were but 185 actual names in this 230, and 08 were all that were under fire. There were 80 of the veterans and old recruits under fire, and the 100 casualties were from 70 of these, as 10 of them were never hit by the enemy's shots. The names of all who were under fire, killed or wounded, number of times wound ed, date aud place of casualty can be given. If the request had not been made for these rolls of honor, the true history of this company could never have been given. The request made the commander realize the importance of the thoroughness of the work, boy though he was, else it would be of no value. It caused him to spend so much time on the book that he had no time to make the roll. Many, however, made those rolls without due preparation, as all reports were made during the war, in the easiest way and with the least trou ble, to get them off their hands as soon us possible. Consequently, many of those that, were made are of no historical value. The object of this letter is to do justice to all veteran regiments. I have waited for years for some more worthy person to perform this work, but failing to see or hear of it being done, I have attempted it in my humble way, being very careful to make no exaggerations.?W. F. Allee. Captain, Co. K, 22d Ind., Soldiers' Home, Minneapolis, Minn. WITH THE CAVALRY. Second Waynesboro Fight?Gen. Wheeler Failed to Fa!fill fits Boast. Eorron National Tribune : The 2d day of December, 1864, found us ready for an early resumption of our march for Waynesboro, in the vicinity of which, but a. few days before, we had been so roughly handled. We expected to again encounter Wheeler's cavalry, feeling cer tain of our ability to clean him out, if we could induce lum to stand. When we reached Rocky Creek, two miles from camp, found the rebels strongly barri caded on the opposite bank, prepared to dispute our crossing, but our artillery soon demolished their works, and caused them to retreat on the Waynesboro road. They ob structed the road as they went, felling trees across it, which delayed our advance. There are times when patience ceases to be a virtue; this time had arrived and Gen. Kilpatrick determined to push the enemy so hard that he would be compelled to move rapidly or stop and fight. We pushed the advance, striking when ever within reach, until, by the middle of the afternoon, we drove their rear behind a strong barricade, built on a rise, which made it formidable, behind which was Wheeler's cavalry, ready to give us fight if we desired. Gen. Kilpatrick, after examin ing the position through his field glass, determined to give them a shower of shells, and ordered Capt. Bcebe to open on them with his battery, which was promptly done. The rebels immediately returned the com pliment, and an artillery duel set in. Affairs soon became so interesting, as well as serious, that an Aid was sent back to Gen. Baird to inform him that there was business in front, and asking that be send up his artillery. Gen. Baird ordered his division to close up, accompanied the artillery to the front, when Gen. Kilpa trick explained to him the situation, and proposed to send one brigade of cavalry to protect our right, while he, with the other two, would push to the enemy's right and rear, and make an attack; Gen. Baird. is the meantime, to bring his troops in the center and charge the works as soon as he heard the cavalry fire. The charge of the cavalry was so unex pected and so vigorous, aided by that of Gen. Baird, that it took but a few mo ments to gain possession of the works and Start the entire command on a rapid retreat After destroying their works and clear ing the road for our artillery, we followed to within five miles of Waynesboro when, night coming on, we went into camp on a plantation at Thomas Station, on the Augusta Railroad; the infantry camping near by. Gen. Baird put a detail at work destroying the railroad, while the cavalry deployed along their front to prevent an at tack upon the workmen. Gen. Wheeler, finding that he was not followed to town and that we had gone into camp, took a portion of his command, early in the evening, aud reconnoitered to ward our front, but had not advanced more than three miles before he encoun tered one of Kilpatrick's advance cavalry regiments, which he immediately attacked. After a brisk fight of a few moments, he was compelled to retreat The infantry, not used to tilting with Wheeler's cavalry, rolled themselves in their blankets in front of their fires for a good night's rest. The cavalry boys warned them of the danger of drawing fire of the enemy, but they thought they were safe, and disregarded the warning. It was not long before the rebels began dropping shots from their artillery in the midst or the infantry, and there was not much sleep for them during the remainder of the night. We were used to this manuver, and some times would have to change our position several times in a night to get away from their shot and shells. ? - Gen. Sherman had ordered Gen. Kil patrick to reconnoiter toward Waynesboro in force, and fight Gen. Wheeler's command wherever found, and he gave orders for his brigades to strip for a fight, for on the morrow there would be music and bullets in the air, and some business doing. On the morning of December 3 we moved toward Waynesboro, with Col. Aiken, Sec ond Brigade, in advance. They had not gone far before they found the enemy's line, which, after a strong and spirited engagement was driven to another line be hind a strong barricade, with both flanks well protected. It was said that on the previous evening Gen. Wheeler made a speech to the citizens of Waynesboro, in which he said that to morrow he would cut to pieces and destroy that Yankee cavalry. He had reckoned without his host Heretofore we had not been pushing the fight?only brushing the enemy from our path; a change was to take place. The Second Brigade was lined up for a charge, when Capt Beebe, 10th Wis. Bat tery, opened fire at short range. The charge was sounded, and the colurita, with glisten ing sabers, went rushing upon the enemy. Tne contest was short but stubborn, and ended in the rebels abandoning their posi tion. They soon made a counter charge en deavoring to drive the Second Brigade back so that they could save their dis mounted men from capture. Failing to drive the Second Brigade, the entire rebel command moved rapidly back to the edge of Waynesboro, where they made another stand. When we moved from our camp it was breakfast time for the renowned rebel cavalry leader, and his attentive cook had the meal hot upon the table, and had called Wheeler to partake, but at that moment Kilpatrick's advance showed up and he there had other business more pressing than breakfast, and gave way to the Yankees, who Boon did ample justice to the prepared meal, as Wheeler had lost his appetite. Between us and Waynesboro was a val ley, through which ran a small creek. On the north or opposite side of this creek the rebels bad taken their stand, having their artillery well posted. Gen. Kilpa trick determined to break the center of the enemy's line, and to this end ordered Col. Murray with his (First) brigade to take the advance. Accordingly, the 0th Pa., Col. Jordan, formed on the left: the 3d Ky.. Col. King, took the center; the 2d Ky., Capt. Fore man, took the right; the 8th Ind. Cav., Col. Jones, was dismounted and formed in front of the center. The Third Brigade formed In a field, on high ground, on the aoutfe side U the creek, tad to its rear was the Second Brigade, dismounted, by their horses. The entire command had been rapidly poshed into position. Everything bein* in readiness. the command was given the First Brigade to charge the enemy's cen ter,' whereupon the 8th lod. Cav. moved forward, wading the creek, followed by the brigade, and engaged the rebels at short range, driving their line to the more formidable one at the outskirts of town. We steadily advanced, but through some mistake the 3d Ky. moved rapidly upon tho works of the enemy, without firing, and received such a shower of lead that they were thrown into confusion and hurled back upon the 8th Ind. Cav., which stoort firm, and letting the Kentucky boys through, closed up their ranks and moved upon the works of the emeny, under heavy fire, which was returned from their Spen cers. By this time the csvalry had all crossed the creek. Gen. Kilpatrick then gave orders for a general charge; the 5th Ohio j Cav. to swoop upon them and start them on a backward move. This the Ohio boys! did in fine style, meeting but little resist ance until, filing into an open field, the enemy reformed their lines, when they re-! reived a hot fire from carbines and artil lery in an attempt to break their lines. At this time the 10th Wis. Batterv was run into position and opened a nre of canister upon the enemy, and the entire command rushed forward in one gallant charge, which Wheeler could not with stand, although he held his ground brave ly. Through the streets of n aynesboro we rushed; through the streets of Waynes boro they retrea'ted. The 5th Ohio Cav., the 5th Ky. Cav., Oth Pa. Cav., were or dered to keep the rebels on the run while our artillery played on them while in range. The pursuit was continued until they crossed Brier Creek, eight miles from Waynesboro, destroying the railroad bridge and tearing up a portion of the track; the regiments rejoined the command. It was the purpose of Gen. Baird to push his infantry to Gen. Wheeler's rear, that we might bag tho whole command: but he failed, because the rebels would not stand long enough. Gen. Kilpatrick was in high spirits over his success, rushing around like a child with a new toy, saying: "1 knew I could lick Wheeler! I can do it again!" While they were on the run through the town women rushed into the streets in endeavor to stop the onslaught, and it was more than a miracle they were not mangled under the feet of hundreds of horses. Af terward I raw a woman who had been slightly wounded on the side of the head by a piece of shell, rocking back and forth, moaning as though her span of life was almost run, and calling down all the im ?recations she could think of on the hated ankees for shooting in the town, but not a word for the other fellows. After the pursuit was abandoned and the command assembled we moved to Alexan dria, where we went into camp for the night. We of the 8th Ind. Cav. felt that wo were even with Wheeler for the way he treated us in this vicinity a few days before. Information obtained from prisoners placed Wheeler's command at two divisions of cavalry and two independent brigades of cavalry acting under his orders. The 8th Ind. Cav. had one man killed and the 3d Ky. Cav. had 18 men killed and wound ed. The loss of the First Brigade was 25 killed and wounded. I never learned the loss of the Second and Third Brigades. The enemy left 100 prisoners in our 1 lands and his list of killed and wounded was heavy; we captured a part of his artil lery.?Leboy 8. Fallis, Co. A, 8th Ind. Cav., Austin, 111. * ? This Will Interest Many. F. W. Park hurst, the Boston publisher, says that if any one afflicted with rheu matism in any form, or neuralgia, will send their address to him, at 804-19 Wln tlirop Bldg., Boston, Mass., he will direct them to a perfect cure. He has nothing to sell or give; only tells you how he was cured after years of search for relief. Hundreds have tested it with success. TERRORS OF ANDERS0NV1LLE. Scenes of Su erisg Sufficient to Upset the Hinds of Men?Inhumanity of ilia Rebel Keepers. Editor National Thibuxe: I was captured, with 57 of my regiment, July 2*2, 1864, in front of Atlanta, Ga. We arrived at Andersonville about July 26. When un loaded from the cars we were marched some distance from the station and then halted by that notable Capt. Wire. There was my first view of and experience with that old Dutchman. lie commenced to count off a certain number of men from the front rank. He wanted to fill the ranks of the broken 90's?where men had died. I was the last one he wanted. He ordered us to step forward, and as I was the only one of my company he had taken I turned to say good-by to the boys. I chanced to raise my eyes, and the old devil was going after his ever-Teady navy, and had it almost level with my head. 1 moved up quite lively. He did not say a word, but put the gun back in its holster and marched us to his headquarters and there assigned us to different 90'*. My luck was good then; I was assigned tc tin second 90, which had a reasonably ?ood well of water, of which no one could get a drop unless he belonged to that 90. I was supplied with drinking water for myself and slipped quite a good deal to my com pany boys for drinking purposes. Again I was fortunate, for my 90 drew rations the next morning, while the new 90's did not until the following morning. After I was assigned and had received in structions as to being counted, drawing ra tions, etc., I started to take in the sights of the stockade. Such sights as I beheld! Oh, no pen. no tongue, no painter, can portray the scenes of human suffering and wretchedness that everywhere met our eyes in the Sheol! 1 wandered, dazed and bewildered, among that multitude of starving, half-naked cap- j tives; pale, gant, haggard, wasted by dis ease and hunger, their scanty garments in rags; many without shelter from sun and rain and chilling dews. They gave ghastly evidence of man's inhumanity to man. I saw emaciated meu struggling around slender fires to cook their meager rations of meal, or scraping bare beef bones to their last vestige of nutriment. I saw them huddling under tattered blankets to shield them from the fierce noonday heat, or creeping like burrowing beasts into their holes in the ground. 1 saw fellow-soldiers with hollow eyes, weak, helpless and devoured by vermin, borne on blankets to the dead-house. 1 saw wagons filled with skeletons drawn to the potter's field. I heard the crack of muskets and the whistle of a bullet as it sped to strike down a demented wretch, who, crazed by his sufferings, had unwit tingly crossed the barbarous dead-line. I heard the shrieks and the curses of those whose gnawing misery had bereft them of moral volition and made them brutes. I heard the groans of despair from men who had lived this hideous life through many wretched months, and in whose minds scarce a flickering spark of hope remained. To relate the horrible scenes I beheld in that place would demand the space of | many volumes. Language is futile, and words have lost their meaning when at tempt is made to depict the bitter agony of body and mind and heart that often made death a welcome relief in that hell upon earth, where Wire, the fiend, had worthy fiends to help him. I returned to the spot where my company boys had se lected their habitation and sat down, in despair, convinced that I could not live through such conditions as I had seen; in fact I had quite given np hope and was in despair, when my friend and dear com rade, John A. Fissell, csme along. I was sitting on the ground with my head resting on my knees when John asked what ailed me. I told him what I had seen and that I had come to the conclusion I couldn't stand the racket a week; in fact, that I had given up hope. Then and there I received a. lecture from John, and a lesson I shall never for get. He cuffed me - and kicked me nnd used language that he never learned at Sabbath School: "Got upl" said he, "and LIFE SAVED BY SWAriP-ROOT The Wonderful Kidney, Liver and Bladder Remedy. 8AXPLS BOTTLE U9T FEES BY HAIL. Swamp-Root. discovered by the emi nent kidney and bladder apecialist. promptly cures kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid troublea. Some of the earlj symptoms of weak kidneys are pain or doll ache in the back, rheumatism, dizziness, headache, ner vousness. ratarrah of the bladder, gravel or calculi, bloating, sallow complexion, puffy or dark circles under the eyes, sup pression of urine, or compelled to pass water often day and night. The mild and extraordinary effect of the world-famous kidney remedy. Dr. Kilmer's Swump-Root, is soon realized. It stauds the highest for its wonderful cures of the most distressing cases. If you need a medicine you should have the hest. Swamp-Root is not recommended for everything, but if you have kidney, liver, bladder or uric acid trouble you will find it just the remedy you need. Sold by all druggists in fifty-ecnt and one-dollar tizes. You may have a sample bottle of I)r. Kilmer's Swamp-Root and a pamphlet that tells all sbout it. includ ing many of the thousands of letters re ceived from sufferers eu~ed, both sent frca hy mail. Write Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binf* 1.a niton, N. Y.. and please be sure to men tion that you read this generous offer In the Washington National Tribune. Doi/t make any mistake, but remember ths name, Swamp-Root, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root, and the address, Binghamtou, X. Y., on every bottle. dou't let me see you in that position any more! 1 am determined they shall not kill me here! I propose to get out of this scrape and to pay them for such treat ment/' 1 got up and made a similar re solve myself, aud fought the battle through to the eud. I was taken from Andersonville to Sa vannah aud Miilen about Sept. 10, 1864. Both places I found an improvement over Andcrsonville. At Millen I was saunter ing around the stockade, near the south gate one evening, when the gate opened and an army wagon drawn by four mules entered. It was loaded with beef heads that had accumulated around the rebel' slaughter pens, and I suppose had become offensive. The wagon didn't go far from the gate; the driver stopped and told ths boys tQ help themselves. I was near the wagon when the command was given, and get a hold on the lower jaw of a head, raised it over the top of ths wagon, when a rush was made by ths hungry prisoners. They Tan over me and trampled me to the ground. I could not get away with my prize, snd lay thers holding on to it till the rush was over. Then I walked away with my spoil and you may be sure we had a feast. About Nov. 20. 1804, rebel officers en tered the stockade to select from certain* classes of prisoners a number to l?e pa roled. The Commissioners had agreed to parole 10,000 sick men and prisoners wb?* had been there a year or more. Not beinff an old prisoner, I thought there was no chance for me; but as I was getting ths scurvy very badly, and being reduced to a skeleton, yon can imagine how I felt. Still, with John A. Fissell. S. R. Van meter, Joe Redhead and others, I went" down to the bridge that spanned ths stream through the stockade. The rebel' officers were on the bridge, with roll^. calling the names of such as they wan tea ' to take out They called the name of" Noah Adtuns, Co. A,,45th Ohio, who at that time was out working for the rebels, on parole of honor. Fissell said, "An swer to his name," and he posted me *?? to the date of capture, etc. I answered, and when questioned hit ths facts right, and was passed-out, paroled, and sent to Savannah. The next day, near Fort Phr la ski, on the Savannah River, we met our" flag of truce, were placed on board th* Henry Livingston, and under the Gran& Old Flag with Stars and Stripes, sailed* for God's country. Comrade Fissell remained a prisoner un til the close of the war. I am told that he lives at Circleville, O. Wherever he is, I love him for the kicks aud cuffs hs so kindly gave me?and for enabling my release when it might have been his own. Few men would have thrown away the op portunity for their own escape. I considsv it an act of heroism unsurpassed on the field of battle.?H. B. Bexnett, Co. O, 20th O., South Solon, O. Sore Eyes Cured Free. Any Case of Cataract, Granulated Lids, Sore, Inflamed, Bloodshot, Tired or Weak Eyes or Wild Hairs Can Be Cared Painlessly by a New Remedy. Applied at Wight to Eyas That Ache, Smart ar Barn from Long Study, Reading or Work with Poor Light, It Soothss and' Refreshes and la Batter Than Glasses. i - Triil Treatment by Wail Prepaid Abcelately Pros. Prof. Herman T. Scblegel, the noted eys specialist, 421 Mackinaw building, Chicago, is sending to any sufferer from sore, weak eyes, cataract or granulated eye lids, abso lutely free, a trial treatment of a most re markable remedy. It is a harmless, painless, soothing aod healing preparation that gives Instant and adsolute relief to all aches, pains and burn ing of the eyes from inflammation, strata or granulated lids. It cures the worst cases of granulated lid a in a few days. In cases of ulcers of the eye when doctors had given up aud aald ths Caaes of Granulated Lids Cured by Prof. Sehlegel's Eye Lotion. sight must be lost this marvelous remedy has cured positively and permanently in a few weeks and restored the eyes to perfect sight. I It is an absolute and perfect cure for In flamed or weak eyes and has restored the | sight to people nearly blind for years. Mrs. H. Neff, says: "For many years I suffered from weak. Inflamed and bloodshot eyes. I tried many doctors aud many reme dies, eye lotions, eye salves, glasses, washea, etc., but got no relief. My eyea paiued me so 1 hardly knew a good night's rest for yeara. At last my eyes became so bad that I wiped blood from tbem continually. Tha sight of iny left eye was completely lost and I could barely distinguish light from dark with my right eye. I spent 14 weeks In Chicago under the care of one of the most uoted eye specialists In America and I came home hopeless and helpless. He gave ma up and I waa doomed to total blindness when I heard of your lotion and tried It. In one month my eyes were clear and I could read aud see very well with both eyea. For a person of my age, 00 years, my eyes are now remarkably atrong. They are perfectly cleat and never pain me any more.'* Hundreds of students, professional men and women, clerks, bookkeepers, seam stresses and railroad men have used Prof. Bchlegel's Eye Lotion with splendid effect. Many times It has saved the use of glaaaes by people who had tired their eyea out. If you are a sufferer aend for a trial treat ment. It coats you nothing aud will con vince yon. It relieves the pain at cmce and applied ?at ulxht before bolng to bed it rests and refreshes the eyes so that aigbt la perfect in the morning. It la a scientific remedy? the result of yeara of experience in the treat "ment of obscure diseases of tha eyes and It has mt?t failed.