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? MEWS. Tho.se who are fond of fishing have been' complaining bitterly that the waters ot the Potomac River were being polluted so badly that the fish were dying. The Com missioners set to work to find out the cause of the trouble, and discovered that the washing of the cloths used in the press work at the Bureau of Printing and En graving. and the throwing into the sewers of acids and inks from the same source, was causing the devastation among the finnv tribes. ? ? ? The National Zoo here in Washington lias the largest herd of elk in contimnent in the world. At present there are 30 in the herd and there are lit baby elks, all of which came this Summer. All but two or three of the Imbies will be traded for other animals to enrich the Zoo. None of them can he sold, but they can be exchanged for other creatures of which the Zoo is short. The life of an elk is not long, from 13 to 17 vears ouly. ? ? ? The Christian Endeavorers tried to get the Navy Department to declare against wine for christening the Connecticut, which I will leave the ways next month some time, j Acting Secretary Darling replied that a j time-honored custom would not be broken, \ aod ended his letter with the following: "It is inconceivable that the breaking of ! ft bottle of wine ui>on the Connecticut can injure her as a battleship or work the j slightest injury to any man; and as an example it seems to me that the cause of i temperance would be better served if more of the world's product of wine were spilled ! ?verlxiard to wash the hulls of battleships. ! Finallv. permit me to suggest that you and | the 3.1*10.000 people you represent ought j to find comfort in the thought that wine thus extended can neither imperil the soul ! nor contribute to the cup of human sor- 1 row." * ? ? The remains of the late Col. French, File j Clerk of the lower House of Congress, who died in fJerman.v a short time ago. will be brought to this country and cremated. * * * Harry Sythe Cummings, of Baltimore,! who seconded the nomination of Roosevelt I at the Chicago Convention, was given a i banquet by his colored confreres in Wash ington last week. In responding to a toast lie said: "Without Theodore Roosevelt as Presi dent of the United States that dark cloud ! which threatens desolation to the colored , race would be without a silver lining.! President Roosevelt is the 'charm for every ' woe' a> far as the colored man is concerned to-day." * * * Of all the idiotic canards that have been tittered about Miss Alice Roosevelt, that ?tory about her wearing a garter snake for ! a necklace is the most vicious. Miss Roose velt is not a freak. She is just a sweet, i girly girl. She is dainty as a piece of j Dresden china, very atidetic, extremelyI natural, and abhors anything that would! Ktarnp her as abnormal in any way. She is such a sensible little woman that, even ' if she were inclined to practical jokes, j which she isn't, she would not wear a snake for a necklace because of her father, whom fche idolizes, and whom she knows such ac-j tion would hurt dreadfully. Roosevelt is a ; man. and he can stand all the hard knocks j given, and return them with interest. It is mean, low-down **po' white ornery," how- i ever, to tell such outrageous lies on a charming young girl whose position is at j best a torment, for, do what she will, she i is the daughter of her father, and must live in **the white light that beats upon a j throne" just as long as that father lives in i the White House. It is her desire to get! awav from some of the awful notoriety ! which leads Miss Alice to spend mo^t of her time away from Washington. ? * * The President is back at Sagamore Hill again, and it is safe to say that he enjoys the life there much better than anywhere else on earth. ? ? ? ChamD Clark, Representative in the lower House of Congress from Missouri, has been giving the Chautauqua Circuit a whirl as one of the star orators. Champ can talk like a tornado and, like the wind jammer, he doesn't much care what he says when he gets warmed up. His meta phors are usually warm ones, and many of his statements smell of sulphur and things, [ esjws ially when he gets started on politics, i He was up in New Albany. Ind., the other 1 day, wliere he and Charley Landis were slated to speak from the same platform,! one after the other, I^andis coming first.! Now, Charley Landis is a little the smooth est talker in Congress; he just is that. He I lias a pleasing way with him, a keen wit,1 and a deep strain of fine humor. You'd like to hear him talk, no matter wliat the subject. Champ Clark chops his oratory off in chunks, so many words to a chunk, and sized off with a swing of a brawny i hand and arm. He speaks in a kind of | laborious, steam-exhaust sort of fashion, and though usually picturesque in delivery, bis friends can always lx? sure that before 1 he get> through there is going to be some-! thing that they will wish he had not said. V* * W ell, at the New Albany speaking,1 Landis held the platform first, and some ! smart Alec in the audience asked him *'Where'* Bill Taylor?" l^uick as a flash,' Landis replied: "He is in Indiana, and he is going to stay there until he gets justice!" ? * ? That was meat and drink for Clark. As soon as he got the platform, he "lit into" j Taylor, calling the cx-(iovernor of Ken tucky an "assassin," and charged ttiat the j Republicans were protecting a man who should be hanged. "The Republicans want to rule this country by assassination," he said in conclusion. 0 0 0 Out of the crowd there came a voice,; "That's not true! You are a liar!" 0 0 0 Of course, Mr. Clark was not looking for so brave a denial of his atrocious as sertion. and he flew the track in a minute ' with a piece of swagger that he ought to have been above, considering the high place in which he sits. "If the man who just j called me a liar will meet me outside of the park when I finish mv speech, I'll cut his throat from ear to ear," lie yelled, j Now, isn't that a pretty thing to have come in a Chautauqua lecture? But the funny part came after. The man met Clark, or i tried to, but he had leaked out of the land-1 scai>e. He was ouly in the throat-cutting! business for print. ? ? ? It has just come out, accidentally, that I Senator Fairbanks. Vice-Presidential can-' didate on the Republican ticket, tried to! go into the Spanish-American war. lie tendered his resignation as a I'nited States Senator to (iov. Mount, of Indiana, who very quickly declined to accept it. He i wrote back to Senator Fairbanks that while the country needed fighters, all the brave men were not ne?,easarily in the ranks; that the country needed steady nerves, keen brains. suj>erhuman judgement in its councils of State, and that right there in the Senate was where men like Senator Fairbanks were needed; so that his.short lived military aspirations died a-bornin*. Senator Fairbanks would have one advant age over most of his comrades, had he been accepted; in a rout he would surely win because of hut long legs. He'd have made a right good regimental flag-staff, too. ? ? ? Sir Chentung Liang-Cheng, the Chinese Minister, is going to place his two sons, Ardi and Arlu, in Amherst College, Mass., where he received his own education. ? ? ? Senator T. M. Patterson, of Colorado, is trying to induce the Chiefs of the Ute Nation to convey to the United States Government the tract known as the Mesa Verde lands and its ancient rains. These ruins sre of inestimable value as prehis toric studies, and the present movement is the result of an amendment to the Indian appropriation bill, which gives the Presi dent the right to negotiate for the purchase . of the lands and looks to the preservation of the ruins. The ruins cover an area of 20 miles, and one of the best preserved of .?fie houses has 200 intact rooms. They are on the border line of Colorado and * flaw Mexico. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas f Walsh, of Colorado, have been deeply in t?rested iu this movement. ? ? ? Records of the General Land Office for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1904, snow that 10,258,892 acres of public lands were disposed of during the year, as compared with 22,050,928 acres last year. 1 he total cash received for these lands ^vas $8,4 .??*, as compared with $10,^? 1,018 last year. The number of entries was 1<L,857. These figures indicate, according to offi cials of the Land Officc, that the public land boom of last year is subsiding some what. Last year was the record year for 20 years, aud the present is next highest in the number of aires disposed of by the Government. * ? ? Lands were taken up in 24 States and four Territories. North Dakota led in the number of acres, and Oregon in the amount of cash received. In North Da kota, 1,798,550 acres were disposed of, the money received for the same being 218 In Oregon 1,170.055 acres were taken up, and $1,442,570 received for the same. 1 ? ? ? Jerry Simpson declares his intention of election to Congress from New Mexico, but there is no suggestion yet that New Mexico proposes to stand for Jerry Simpson in Congress. There is uothiug the matter with Delegate RoJey. 0 # m Some Hawaiian pineapples will arrive at Ovater Ray shortly for President Roose velt. Some time ago a shipment of pine apples from Hawaii was received at New York. They arrived in such excellent shape that Hawaiian*, who raise excellent fruit of that description, were greatly pleased, and the idea of making shipments to 1 resi dent Roosevelt and members of his i abinet was taken up. The fruit was selected from the choicest to be had in the Islands. ? ? ? According to naval officers there is not always the best of feeling between deck and engine room aboard the big vessels ot the American Navy, hence Judge-Advocate General Dielil the more highly appreciates a unique souvenir received by him from the Engineers aboard the cruiser Rostou, the command of which he relinquished a few months ago to accept his present detail as .Judge-Advocate-General. The souvenir is a stein made of a six-iwunder cartridge case, the hinged top formed of half of a shell and the handle of a handsome minia ture bronze six-pounder naval gun. * he stein is inscribed on a copper plate '1re sented to Commander Samuel 'JJ"" bv the Engineer force of the U. S. S. Bos ^ ? ? ? When the new currency system for the Philippines was proposed there were pre dictions in some quarters that the con servative islanders could not_ be readily induced to surrender the Mexican dollars and the Spanish coin, with which they had been familiar for so many years, in favor of the bright, new. Philippine peso pro posed by the Commission. But reports re ceived here show that the change has been made smoothly and more exjieditiously than was ever thought jjossible. For all prac tical purposes the new currency will have eliminated the old and taken its place by Jan. 1, 1905. It is no small achivement for our Government to have eliminated 30 or 40 millions of debased currency and have substituted for it a currency based upon the gold standard all within less than one year and six months of time, and without a tremendous jar. ? ? ? In the Naval Bureau of Ordnance plans are being drawn for the resighting of all the guns in the Navy. The rapid-hre guns will be fitted with a new telescopic sight, which will permit of continuous aim. The expense of this work will be large, but its immediate execution is declared to be nec essary. ? ? ? Tests are soon to be conducted with a new range finder, and the vessels of the battleship squadron are to be fitted with range finders of a design which has recent ly been tested and found satisfactory. Tests have also been ordered of a new type of shell known as "tracers." which are used for night firing and which are illuminated so that they trace the course of the pro jectile and enable the gun pointers to note the effect of the firing. ? ? ? Here is a splendid chance for young men to carve out a career. The Philippine I oni mission has called for more help of the professional type, which it l>elicves can be had from the young graduates of the American universities. The Commission wants immediately half a dozen youns Civil Engineers, at salaries ranging from $1,200 to *1,400 at the beginning, and at least 1?? foresters, whose salaries will s.~ale from $1,400 to $1,800 at tlie outset. Speedy promotion is nromised to suitable ^ men. Applications .will be received by the United States Civil Service Commission. ? ? ? The First Assistant Postmaster-General and Mrs. Wynne and their two young daughters have sailed for a six weeks trip to Europe, ami while they only barely out lined their travels, they exi?ect to make the longest stays in London and Paris. In the latter city they will meet several personal friends and enjoy in their company the numerous hospitalities which have been planned in their honor by resident ac quaintances. + 0* Comrade David Iledfield. Past Depart ment Commander of the Department of Indian Territory. G. A. R.. Ardinore, I. T., was a visitor in Washington last week. Comrade Itedfield served in Co. B, 14th Kans. Car., his service extending over a period of three years; muster-out occurring in July, 1805, by reason of the close of the war. Comrade Redfield's father and mo ther left New York State in 1820. going to the Indian Territory as missionaries among the Cherokee Indians, and were for many years active in mission work at the Union Mission near the site of old Fort Gibson. Later thev moved to Missouri, where Com rade Iledfield was bom in 1844. Comrade Redfield was among the loyal Missourians. He attempted to join Gen. Nathaniel Lyon at Springfield, Mo., but failed in his at tempt. His brother, who also made the at tempt, was captured by the rebels, but escaped on the night of the battle of Wil son's Creek. Comrade Redfield made his way across the border into Kansas, where he joined the 14th Kans. Cav. Since the war Comrade Redfield has resided, first, in Kansas, then for 15 years in Texas, and during the past 11 years in the Indian Ter ritory, and at the present time is Post master at Ardmore. He is a member of the National Council of Administration of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was the sole repreRentative of his Department in the great parade at Boston. ? ? ? Comrade D. W. Jones and wife, of Den nison, Ohio, were visitors at The National Tribune office last week on their return home from the National Encampment at Boston. (Comrade Jones served m Co. C, 135th Ohio. Maj. J. C. Beresford, Co. K, 2d Ohio, and Corp'l J. P. Miller, Co. F, 25th Ohio, both of Richmond, Ohio, visited Washing i ton after attending the National Encamp ment at Boston. Both comrades are en gaged in business at Richmond. Comrade Miller being proprietor of the Miller Hotel and Comrade Beresford a Notary Public. Comrade Beresford is Aid to the Depart ment Commander.^ ^ ^ Gen. George W. Davis, Governor of the Isthmian Canal Zone, did not know of the death of his wife, to whose bedside he was summoned from the Isthmus, until he ar rived iu New York. He brought his wife's body to Arlington, where be will ultimately reet by her side. ^ ^ Champ Clark says: "We will destroy the tariff from turret to foundation stone.' Judge Parker says: "We won't hurt the tariff, because we can't." And there you Representative Livingstone (Ga.) while at the seashore last Summer engaged in a game of bowling and injured his spine. He soptiosad-for several, months that he was suffering from sciatica, but he now finds that there is a partial dislocation of the vertebrae, and is undergoing treatment for the same here ia Washington. Mr. Liv ingstone is tall, lean ana angular. He went to Venezuela a few yearn ago on an investigating tour on the money question. As soon as the Venezuelan* found out his nationality they paid him rhe utmost def erence, which very well suited Mr. Living stone, for he is a very nice old gentleman of the stately old school of the South. The wind was taken out of his sails a little, however, when he found that the simple South Americans had taken him for the original of "Uncle Sam." When he came "back on earth," he cut off the little jag of billy-goat whiskers which used to adorn his chin, and he looks "just grand" now, as the young ladies say. ? ? * ? There is a merry war on out at Colum bia 1 lights, one of the swell sections of the city. There Is a man out there who plays the piano 15 hours a day! He has been expostulated with, advised, snubbed, sworn at,^cried about, and even ordered to "move on," but he heeds "nothin' ner nobody," and goes on playing. No not playing, either. That is one of the reasons for complaint. He plays maddening portions of melodies! The people who have com plained of the pianist to the Commission ers say that he will take just a portion of a single bar of. music and play that por tion over and ovef again for two hours at a stretch. Then he will tackle something else and play it iu the same fragmentary way. The whole neighborhood is up in arms, while the pianist simply smiles and asks what they are going to do about it? There is no law iu the District under which the disturber can be tackled, unless it is that of a "public nuisance," and the com plainants might have a large-sized row on their hands if they tried that. ? * * Mr. Henry Douglas, a veteran of the Mexican war, after an illness of several months, died last week at his home in the city. He was. at the time of his death, t liief of the Regimental Records Division of the Military Secretary's Office, and was one of the oldest clerks in the War De partment. ^ Mr. Douglas was a native of Lanark. Scotland, where he was born in November, 1N22. When a young man he immigrated to the United States and be came naturalized. He served in the Mexi can war as a member of Co. F, 2d Dra goons. loiter, he was made Sergeant and First Sergeant of Co. K, 4th U. S. Art. He saw service on the Texas frontier un til Sept. 4, 1854, at which time he was ap pointed an Ordnance Sergeant. ? ? ? He was forced to surrender Fort Mar-1 ion, St. Augustine, Fla., of which he had charge at the outbreak of the war of the rebellion. Not being made a prisoner, he was allowed to go thrcrugh to the Union lines. After having charge for a brief period of the batteries of Fort Delaware, Del., he was assigned to duty in the Ad jutant-General's Office, in which office he was apiwinted to a clerkship after his dis charge from the army, in 1802. From the time of his first detail to the Department he had charge of the volunteer army mus ter rolls. ? * * Secretary Shaw has been requested by Representative Tawney, in charge of the Shakers' Bureau of the Republican Na tional Committee at Chicago, to begin the campaign for the Republicans in the West, and responded by starting almost imme diately. He will make speeches in Mon tana, Oregon. Washington, Califoqjiia. Col orado. and Utah, and probably other West ern States, as there is a big demand for his ap|>earance in the West. He has been asked to open the campaign in California. Later in the campaign Secretary Shaw will probably make sr>eeehes in tiie Fast, but his friends in the West have made such a demand for him in that section at this time that the National Committee has de cided to respect their wishes and send him West during the first part of the enm pa ign. ? ? * A growth of clover about which clus tered considerable interest recently with ered away and died at the Cathedral Close, Mount St. Albans, this citv. The variety is known as "Calvary Clover," being Strangely symbolic of the principles of < hristianity. Mr. Small, the local florist, presented the seed to the gardener at the Cathedral, who planted it and watched it thrive for a while, and who also witnessed its decay. It is understood that Mr. Small intends sending for some more of the seed to lie sowed ju tl,e garden of St. Albans. ? ? ? The development and appearance .of the plant are said to be remarkable in some re spects. The leaves, like those of the other clovers, are trefoil, embodying the doctrine of the trinity, the central" truth of Chris tianity. Soon after the plant begins to appear above the ground a deep spot of resembling blood, appears upon each division of the leaf, but this disappears af ter a few weeks. During the day the tiny leaflets form themselves into the shape of a cross, and as the sun sinks to rest the leaves again fold together, it has been sug gested. as if in prayer. In due time the blossom becomes a small yellow flower and then a spiral pod covered with thorns. In ripening the flowers interlace, and in their lieculiar positions many persons think they can detect the outline of a crown. Tradi tion says that it is good fortune to plant the seed of the Calvary clover on Good V riday. * ? ? At his residence, 1045 Fourth street northeast. Hckingfori. Mr. J. S. Potter, formerly I nited States Consul Generul iu Prussia, has solved the quention of advan tageous use of waste city lots now being advocated b.v the City Gardens Associa tion. In a small patch of highly cultivated land, 50 feet square, Mr. Porter has raised, with little trouble and practically no ex pense, all the vegetables he could' use and a quantity for generous contribution to neighbors. On the little plot of ground, a model ?>f its kind, are growing in great profusion beets, tomatoes, beans, peas, tur nips. carrots, parsnips?all the fresh veg etables. in fact in quantities large enough to furnish a family of a dozen with fresh things to eat the year around. Adjoining Mr. Potter's garden, located in the side yard of his home, is a vacant lot over grown with rank grass. The contrast is a strong object lesson. ? * ? Former Senator Heitfeld was nominated for Governor of Idaho, the other dav on the Democratic ticket. ? ? ? Old Bleistein. the President's famous jumper, is to be retired to private life with a fine pasture and the best box stall in the bunch at his disposal for the re mainder of his life. Age has rendered the old favorite unfit for use. It is Bleistein, with the President on his back, who is pictured all over the country as jumping f ^ new horse named "Rusty, a big. strong, young fellow, has been purchased to take the place of the retired favorite. ? * ? The clerks in the Pension Office gave Commissioner of Pensions Ware a "picnic outing" last week. The trip was taken to Chesapeake Beach, where the party en joyed a fine supper, with accompanying toats. The jolliest man in the party was the Commissioner of Penaions, who was at his best and among his friends. ? ? * Congress does do some awfully short sighted things. For instance, it has posi tively refused, up to now, to provide fire proof storage for the almost priceless old documents belonging to the District Gov ernment. All the records of the Supreme Court of the District, as well as the deeds to lands dating back over a centnry, are kept in old wooden file cases which a match would set fire to. It isn't right that these conditions exist. The people of the District of Columbia have no re course except to Congress, which sits as the contrariest of Boards of Aldermen for Washington City and absolutely re fuses to the Capital of the Nation tha protection which it should have by right, and has demanded over and over again. u. S. TREASURY RECEIPTS. Tuesday. Aug. 23 Wednesday, Aug. 24 iSwwmo SnUmtw W 27 1,443,319.28 U^rAug 1,801,075.01 THE SEPTEMBER MANOVERS. The Great Gathering of Armed Men on Old BattlefekJs. Once again Washinfctod' is in danger from armed force*, yn^f again every road which leads Washiag^onward, every street and every avenue ipf the city is guarded, caunons boouh>aod the shock of musketry splits the air witti its fierce vol leys. It is a Woodless ^vai*. however, ouly mimicry of the two awful buttles which 40 years and more ago startled the country with the thought that Washington, the Capital of the Nation, was left almost naked to the assaults of au enemy. These are young soldiers, too, just as were most of those who 42 years ago, on the plains of Manassas, fought the second Battle of Bull Hun, and suf fered defeat a second time on that his toric ground. Just boys, most of these soldiers, but no mother's heart will be hurt, no father's eyes will read through tears long lists of "killed, wounded, and missing." "Butternut and Blue" will ?meet again, but they nre brothers now, and, after the day's mimic fight is over, will gather al>out the campfires and talk of what their fathers did or didn't achieve on that battlefield 42 years ago. There will be a few "seasoned" vet erans who will show the youngsters "how it was done" and "how it ought to be done," but those youngsters iu blue and others in brown are going to go right ahead and do things theft way, and their way is brand new. There will be uothiug done in this mimic warfare as it was done 42 years ago, except the marching and the retreating. The arms are new, the uniforms are new, the rations are no long er "sowbelly and hardtaek" with coffee, the camp equipments are new, the forma tion of tr?K?ps is new, the regulations are, oh, so very, very new. It is all dread fully scientific now, you know, and science is going to boss this battle for the Na tional Capital. If, however, the struggle to get at the great white building on Cap itol Hill was serious, and the Government archives were really threatened by a dan gerous foe?well, then you would see science sprout wings in a hurry and Soar away, and the old-fashioned tacties would step in. These youngsters would throw away their scientifically arranged ac couterments, and they would sail in to win, just as their fathers did, 42 years ago, and then, like the youngsters of that day, now nearing the half-century mark since the two Bull Huns, they would leave many of their brightest and bravest on "that blood-red field of battle," while the lists of "missing" would be swelled to thousands. a srrunn test. Keep in mind, however, that this is mimic "battle, but it is none the less a magnificent test of the capabilities of the great Natonal fighting machine, the "Reg ulars" and the "Militia," or National Guards, of the United States. The new generation of soldiers of the North and the South will eainp again within sight of historic Bull Bun, this time for the purpose of perfecting them selves in the art of wur l#y more peace ful means than those > adopted by their fathers. *1? The occasion for thislassemblage of sol diery on the spot made sa?red by two of the great battles of the Rebellion is the annual field inauuvem of the Begular Army and Militia, ami the Kite of the bat tles of Bull Buii was selected because it was the most central point where suffi cient land could be secured by the Gov ernment for the proper performance of the duties laid out in the prearranged pro grams. i * Between 20.000 and .'<0.000 troops will be assembled on the field for the 15 days the soldiers are to indulge in field exer cises. and these will represent the cavalry, artillery, infantry, signal, engineer and hospital branches of the Regular Estab lishment and the Militia of Maine, Ver mont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York. New Jersey, Delaware. Maryland, Virginia. West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Ala bama, Texas and Tennessee. The troops began to assemble Aug. 27. and will re main in the field until about September 14. The manuvers serve as A I*OST-<i RAM'ATE COURSE to the drills that are held in garrison by the Regular troops and in the drill halls by the Militia. Iu such places with lim ited field only instruction of the most ele mentary kind is given in the more impor tant branches of military science. Ex tended order, outpost ami advance-guard formations can only be had under difficul ties, and sometimes not at all. The Mili tia suffers more in this respect than the Regular Army. It has been found by experience that in time of war it takes from three to six months to get volunteer regiments into anything like the shape that actual service demands of them. It is for the purpose of giving much-needed in struction and of getting together a force of volunteers who will not require long preliminary training for service in case of war that the manuvers have been estab lished supplementary to the regular drill course of Regular and Militia troops. In addition to the benefits obtained by the in dividual soldier through practical study of these especial points of military science worked out in practice, the assembling of an army corps of MO,000 men gives general officers practically their only chance to handle large bodies of men in the field, and it also gives the commanders of th<> units of this great body their only chance to work with other units in so large an or ganization, a most valuable element. THE MANUVER STKIP contains approximately 05,000 acres, for which the Government is paying 35 cents per acre, over ami above any assessment that may be made for damages after the troops depart. The strip is oblong in shape, about five miles broad and 15 miles long. The eastern end is at Manassas and the western extremity is a mile ol* a mile and a half west of Thoroughfare. The distance ln?tween Manassas and Thorough far by railroad is just 13% miles. The troops will be divided into three divisions. The First Division camp will be on an immense tract just ?west of Manas sas, extending back from the raiiroad a mile and a, half or two miles. It is ex pected that 12,500 troops will be encamp ed here. The Second Djyifuon camp will be at Thoroughfare, wly;re^ there will be the same number of tropi)^. These two divisions will form a provisional Army Corps, and corps hcadqitaiters will be es tablished at Gainesville,' a station on the railroad nine miles west Of Manassas. Here, also, will be the.'prfess camp* and arrangements are heing ifnaue to accommo date 40 newspaper men headquarters camp will be pitched in'tf Iriree field to the north of the railroad "hvn about three quarters of a mite from'thefc'tatiori. SIMULATING WAB*$ CONDITIONS. It may appear ridicutousi to those un familiar with military affairs to think for a moment that war can be simulated, but it will be found, by careful -study, that iu some conditions the wartlke*?conditions can be simulated and troops can* be instructed how to act in the presence of an enemy in just such sham situations. Years of study of special evolutions, in their prac tical application as well as by theory, in war as well as in peace, have caused the production of certain teat books for mili tary formations which contain in detail every movement that can be made with troops. The drill regulations, sometimes referred to as the "tactics," gives the ele mentary principles and an outline of the advanced coarse in extended order, while certain special books and pamphlets issued by the War Department with the stamp of its approval, with hosts of volnmes of text books and essays issued privately by well known student-officers, cover every pos sible situation. The text books cannot teach everything to be known, however, and much must be left to the individual commander who is confronted by the real sitnation. Therefore, In the manuvers such as that to bs held at Manassas, the Individual commanders are given oppor Utility to put into practice the theories they have studied to solve tactical prob lems, it is called, and a force of officers known as "umpires," or judges, accom panies each force and many of the units of the forces to observe how the move* incuts are executed. The force of umpires includes those offi cers who have acquired reputations in the army as tacticians and students of the military sciences. They are under the command of a "chief umpire," who has as Ins assistants two "senior umpires" and as many "umpires" as the occasion aud the sixe of the force of troops demand**. The chief umpire accompanies the General commanding the manuver* or goes to any part of the field, from one force to an other, as the occasion seems to demand. I he senior umpires are placed, one with each of the opposing forces, and the um pires are distributed as before explained. Maj.-Geu. Henry C, Corbin, command ing the Atlantic Division of the Army, ;s in supreme command of .ill the troops. ' He has established his headquarters at Gaines t iIIof \ a., about seven miles from Manas* sas. He has with him a troop of cavalry and a battery of field artillery, the latter being without its guns. Mannver Camp No. 1. Manassas. Va. Manuver Camp No. 1, Manassas, Va.? Headquarters First Division. Brig.-Gen. Grant. U. 8. A., commanding. Divisional Troops?Two companies, headquarters, band, 2d Battalion United States Engineers; eight troops 15th United States Cavalry, headquarters and band; one troop Connecticut Cavalry, provisional; two troops 1st Squadron, New York Cav alry, provisional; 23d Battery, United States Field Artillery; 27th Battr: . I luted States Field Artillery; one bat?e .* Massachusetts Field Artillery, provisional; Battery A, 1st Virginia Field Artillery. vv.. ,rs* Kriffflde, Brig.-Gen. Theodore .T. "int. L. S. A.?Five companies, head quarters and band, 5th United States In fantry; 1st Georgia Infantry, provisional; ;>th Massachusetts Infantry, .r?th New Jer sey Infantry. 74th New York Infantry. Second Brigade. Brig.-Gen. T. H. Bliss, L" A.?Four companies 10th United States Infantry; 1st Florida Infantry, pro visional; 14th New York Infantry; 1st South Carolina Infantry, provisional; 1st Jennessee Infantry. . Brigade, Col. Butler D. Price. I'/th I nited States Infantry?Six compa nies, headquarters and band, 16th United States Infantry; 1st Alabama Infantry, provisional; 1st Maine Infantry; 1st Texas Infantry, provisional; 17th Virginia In fantry. Fourth Brigade, Gen. Russell Frost, Connecticut National Guard?Four com panies r?th I nitcd States Infantry, 1st ( onnecticnt Infantry, 2d Connecticut In fatry, 3d Connecticut Infantry, 1st Sep arate Company, Connecticut Infantry. Macttver Camp No. 2, Thoroughfare, Va. Manuver Camp No. 2, Thoroughfare, \ a.?Headquarters Second Division, Brig. Gen. J. I? rankliu Bell, U. S. A., command ing. Divisional Troop*?One company, 2d Battalion, \4i1ited States Engineers; two squadrons, headquarters and band, 7th United States Cavalry; one squadron Geor gia Cavalry, provisional (three troops); one troop Maryland Cavalry: 3d Battery, United Stntes Field Artillery; 4th Battery, I nited States Field Artillery; one battery Connecticut Field Artillery; one battery Connecticut, machine gun. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. M. Lee. U. S. A.?Three.companies 1st United Slates Infantry; 3d Georgia Infantry, pro visional; 2d .Maine Infantry; 1st North Carolina Infantry; 2d Texas Infantry. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Thomas H. B:irry. U. S. A.?Four companies 0th I nited States Infantry, 2d Georgia In fantry, 8th Massachusetts Infantry. 12th New \ ork Infantry, 4th New Jersev In fantry. Third Brigade, Col. James Began. 0th United States Infantry?Four companies, headquarters and band. 0th United States Infantry; 1st Maryland Infantrv. 0th Massachusetts Infantry, 2d New York In fantry, 3d Tennessee Infantrv. Fourth Brigade. Col. F. A. Smith, 8th I nited States Infantry?Five companies, headquarters aud band, 8th United States Infantry; one battalion Delaware Infan trv. provisional; 2d South Carolina Infan try. provisional; 2d Vermont Infantry and baud: two battalions West Virginia In fantry, provisional. THE PROGRAM. Manuvers and Operations Ordered for the Week. Problem No. 1. GENERAL SITUATION. A Blue army, based upon the Potomac Itiver at Washington, is marching west ward against a Brown army operating in the Shenandoah Valley toward Washing ton. The leading corps of tlTe Blue con sists of two divisions; one (real) being at Manassas, and the other (imaginary) being at^ Fairfax Court House. The rest of the Blue army (imaginarv) is preparing to move forward from Alex andria. The leading corps of the Brown army consists of two divisions, one (real) being at Thoroughfare, and the other (imaginary) being at Front Royal. The rest of the Brown army is at Strasburg preparing to move forward. SPECIAL SITUATION?BLUE. The leading division (real) of the Blue army has reached Manassas; the remain ing division (imaginary) is at Fairfax ( ourt House. The commander of the leading Blue corps is with the advanced division. He ascertains at Manassas, by means of recouuoissance, that one divi sionof the Brown army is in the vicinity of 1 horoughfure. He has learned through spies that the remaining division was at Front Royal on the afternoon of the 5th. and was making preparations to marcli the following morning. He determined to attack the Brown divi sion with the object of defeating, and, if possible, capturing it, before other Brown forces can come to its assistance, and for this purpose orders an immediate attack by the leading Blue division (real! and sends orders to the remaining division (imaginary) to push forward immediately from Fairfax Court House aud join in the action in accordance with orders that he will give upon its arrival. SPECIAL SITUATION?BROWN. The Brown commander at Front Royal has pushed forward his leading division (real) by forced marches through Thor oughfare (Jap. with orders to take up a defensive position such that he can cover ( the Gap and permit the passage of the the Brown forces. It is known that the Blue army is advancing, and the 1 v'ommander of the Brown diviniou has no tined the commander of the Brown army by telegraph that a large force of Blues is already at Manassas. This force is esti mated to consist of a division. Another division is known to be follow ing it closely, but its exact location is not ascertained. He receives a dspatch in re ply to hold his positiou at all haaards and informing him that within 48 hours at the farthest he will be strongly re-enforced. On the morning of the 6th the Brown com and that anotfcer division is at Fairfax i Court House. . As the Blus commander is awe to es timate the time newwary to march the troops from Front Koyal to Thoroughfare. he is given within a certain time thorough initiative and is able to make his tion for turning movements or flank at tacks with a certainty of twin* re-enfon-ed before Brown re-enforcements can reach Thoroughfare Gap. The Brown commander must make nis dispositions with a view to holding his own against the actual division and re-enforce ""iMa assumed that the railroad from Front Koyal to Manassas is in bad shape, and hence not available to assist in the movements of the Brown army. The umpire will suspend the combat at 3 p. ro. each day. Problem No. 2. GENERAL SITUATION. A Blue army is assembled at Washing ton, and is pre(>aring to move against a Brown army which is oin-rating from the Shenandoah Valley against the Capital. The advanced corps of the Blue army con sists of two divisions, one of which (real! has been pushed forward in observation to Manassas; the other (imaginary) is at Anandale. where it is receiving rations and ammunition, preparatory to moving for ward to Centerville to support the t irst Division. The leading corps of the Brown army has one division in the vicinity of Thor oughfare. the remaining division being at Salem. The Brown army. the main body of which is at Front Koyal. has orders to concentrate at Gainesville. The Brown commander learn* by recon noissance that a Blue division is at Ma nassas. and he lias received information that the other division is a few miles west of Alexandria. SPECIAL SITUATION?BLUE. The commander of the Blue division at Manassas ascertains by reconnoissance Ithe presence of the Brown division^ at^ lnor o ugh fa re, the strength of this division be ing approximately equal to his own. lie also learns through spies that the remain ing division (imaginary) is west of the Bull Kun Mountains, and on the evening of Sept. 7 was believed to be at Salem. The commander of the Blue army is no tified accordingly, and he gives orders to take up a defensive position in the vicin ity of Manassas, and to hold the enemy in check while waiting re-enforcements. The commander of the Blue division is assured that the division at Anandale will reach him bv the evening of the following day. and that further re-enforcements are fol lowing from Washington. ,. . . I The commander of the Blue division ac cordinglv takes up a defeusive position. with a view to repelling an attack by the Brown division, assisted, probably, by | heavy re-enforcements which he knows to be in its rear. SPECIAL SITUATION?BROWN. The Brown commander being informed of the presence of ^ the Blue division at Manassas, and fearing that it may fall back to effect a junction with the forces in its rear, determines to attack it without delav, trusting to the attack of the r irst Division (real* to hold the Blue division until the arrival of the division from S^The problem for the commander of the Blue division is to successfully redst the attacks of the Brown division, knowing that re-enforcements for the Brown army are rapidlv approaching. This restricts him in making any counter offensive movement by the flank. The problem of the Brown commander is to en gage the Blue as quickly as possible, knowing that he can receive re-enforce ments before his opponent can be re enforced. He is. therefore, able to take more latitude in offensive movements than his opponent. The railroad from the South is out of service. Interesting experiments are to be made by medical officers at tho Manassas man uvers. principal among which will be the transportation to the front of first-aid pack ages by the use of pack mules. They also will try the travois for the transportation of patients. While this method is an old one. it has never been given a practical test under service condition. It is the intention of the Medical Department to make their equipment at Manassas more complete than it ever has been before. Stationary as well as movable hospitals will be established. _ The Signal Corps of the Army also is making arrangements for the test of vari ous apparatus during the forthcoming m^n" uvers. Among other things to be tested is an automobile telegraph car which com-, bines a telegraph office and a supply equip ment. It will lie fitted with facilities for making repairs to the various lines. THE REIGN OF THE DINOSAUR. Cutting Off of These Giant Reptiles Was Al most Simultaneous the World Over, (Century.) Never in the whole history of the world as we now know it have there been such remarkable land scenes as were presented when the reign of these titanic reptiles was at its climax. It was also the prevailing life picture of England, Germany, South America and India. We can imagine herds of these creatures from ."?0 to SO feet in length, with limbs and gait analogous to those of gigantic elephants, but with bodies extending through the long, flexible and tapering necks into the diminutive heads, and reaching back into the equally long and still more tapering tails. The four or five varieties which existed to gether were each fitted to some special mode of life; some living more exclusively i on land, others for longer periods in the water. The competition for existence was not only with the great carnivorous dinosaurs, but with other kinds of herbivorous dino saurs (the iguanodonts), which had much smaller bodies to sustain and a much su perior tooth mechanism for the taking of food. . The cutting off of this giant dinosaur dynastv was nearly if not quite simulta neous the world over. The explanation which is deducible from similiar catas I trophes to other large types of animals is that a very large frame, with a limited and specialized set of teeth fitted only to certain special food, is a dangerous com bination of characters. Such a monster organism is no longer adaptable: and any serious change of conditions which would tend to eliminate the special food would also eliminate these great animals as a necessary consequence. ' There is an entirely different class of ex planations, however, to be considered, which are consistent both with the con tinued fitness of structure of the giant dinosaurs themselves and with the sur vival of their especial food; such, for ex ample. as the introduction of a new enemy more deadly even than the great carniv orous dinosaurs. Among such theories the more ingenious is that of the late Prof. Cope, who suggested that some of the small, inoffensive and inconspicuous forms of Jurassic mammals, of the siae of the shrew and the hedgehog, contracted the habit of seeking out the nests of these linosaurs. gnawing through the shells of their eggs and thus destroying the young. The appearance, or evolution, of any egg destroying auiuials, whether reptiles or mammals, which could attack this great race at such a defenseless point would be rapidly followed by its extinction. RHEUMATISM We have cured 100.000 sufferers and we believe We Can Cure You We therefore guarantee to send first treat ment Free on approval. If it helps you, pay us; otherwise keep your money. We take all risk, trusting simply to your ooneaty to pay if helped. Money "Refunded Read this guarantee. It must convince you of our great confidence in Magic Foot Drafts; also that we want no money we cannot hon estly earn. Refer to Unior. Bank, Jackson, Mich. QUARANTEE THK MAGIC FOOT DRAFT CO.. JACKSON, MICH., U. S. A. I Herr-by posit h-efy afreet that MAGIC FOOT DRA PI'S applied and u*rn in accordance with our simple instructions and directions, pia.nly printed en each Pair, will ctere A A'Y CASE Or RUE UMA riSM. and in the event oftkefailure oj ene deeen paert te ejfftct a CURE, AGREES TO REFUND The entire amount fat id immediately upon your statement th-tt benefit has not keen received. THK MAGIC FOOT DRAFT CO.. JACKSON, MICH., U.S. A. This should convince you that we refuse to take the slightest advantage of you in any way, because we send the first treatment without a cent of deposit. We ask no money unless we help you and after con tinuing the treatment if we do not cure you we refund eoery dollar at once. Can any fair-minded person ask more ? Every Sufferer of Rheumatism deserves the greatest sympathy and every help possible and it is our earnest belief that we can cure nine out of ten cases. 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I f you want lots of mall. put your name and address In our reliable Directory which goes to firms who will mail you Free Samples ot Agents'Ooods, M e d i c i n e s, Hooks, Pic tures, Maga zines, Novel ties, etc. We want 100,000 new names Tor our Agents Di rectory and in ordertosecure them quickly we will send you by return mail o?ir Big Premium Budget which contains all tlM? following: Twenty Popular Songs, with word* and music: 25 Portraits of Famous Actresses and stage Beauties; Portraits of all the Presidents of the Cnited states; Seven Complete stories of Adventure; the Magic Telescope; the Magte Rings: the Magic Knife; the Magic Mirror; the Mysterious Bottle, and 57 other Trick*In Magic; Mind Reading; Magic Pictures: Tree of Crystal; the Japan Square Puzr.le, and o" other great ptw zles; 'JOamuslng Illustrated Bebusse*: 101 Funny Conundrums; Oame of Fortune, the Book of Love, and .V> other splendid inimfs; How to Make Sympathetic Inks for secret correspondence; Imi'a ion Gold Mustache Grower, and 92 other valuable Money-Making Secrets; 10 Model Lore L^ttets; How to Tell Fortunes; the Dictionary of l>ream<: Guide to Flirtation; the Ix>ver*s Tele graph. Send us your name to-day and inclose 10 cents to help pay postage. etc. Money cheerfully returned if you are not <lelii<bted. ?'l*IFTOST PCB. CO., Bepl. M, Waterrllle, Me. mm paid F0? RARE I8SJ QUARTERS; ? 1% H paid for 1<<04 dimes; f 15 paid a ? UM for 1H56 dollars: big prices paid for himdre Is of otlier dates; keep all money cuiued before 187!? and send 10 cents at once for a set of two coin and stamp value ?>ooks. It may mean a fortune to you. Addns* C. F. CLABKfi, Agent. L?: Rov, N.' V., Dept. 14. $20.00 Wttkly Salary persons to represenl reliable, successful house. Kxpense money advanced. No capital required. Position permanent. Kxperi ence unnecessary. Openings in ever} state Splendid opportunity. Write today. NORTHWESTERN. P. 238 Wabaik Ave., Cbicat*. IDA CflHGC FOR IS CKXTM. This collection lOU vUHOw contains all the fuvorite American war songs, negro melodies, etc.?such as " Shermu'a March to tlieSea," " My Muther-in-Law." " Ben Bolt," etc. Kach page meastiresftxll inclies. 'OrderlhUcollec tion. Price 15 cent*. C. F. Clarke. Dept. 4, Lei toy, N. Y. 11904: 18?p'? Rtjha J I HH ftn4 Calttaf I ? <'*nU. SOTEaSR ) Ovinia. Cards, vhk Acf* Bfc M, ?LLacaaTSBicagy g taKD au*Nntu*Obia CARDS 112 Yds. at IRISH TRIiilMS ?11 la oae pince for lOc. mtrrr, pon^tid. AAlreM JOHN CARL.. HERN DON, PA. ATAil JFI) NIIR^F ?*n be wure<1 br *p I flArlCU nllndC plying to George W. Kidder, Moulpelter, Vt. Iteterences furnished. RECENT LITERATURE WALL STREET AND THE COUN TRY. By Charles A. Conant. Pub lished *?y G. 1*. Putnam's Sons, New York. The essays contained in this volume were written for the purpose of setting forth the magnitude of the problems pre sented by the modern tendency to capitali zation and of removing misapprehensions on the subject which seem to have obtained a lodgment in the minds of a certain por tion of the people. "GLIMPSES OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE EXPOSITION AND CITY OF ST. LOUIS." Laird & Lee, Chicago. It is an album of art that very few visitors to the Exposition will fail to take home with them: and a very great many will be sent by visitors to friends who do not go. It is a neat little elongate voluinn of 200 illustrations. 32 of which are iu colors; 168 half-tones in tints. The sub jects are, as indicated in the title, both of the Exposition and the City. Below each picture is text description. Ready to mail, 25 cents: bound in cloth, in neat paper box, 00 cents. Har Prayer. Little five-year-old Edith, a Chicago girl, wtts taken to a dentist, who removed an aching tooth. That evening at prayers her mother was surprised to hear her say: "Forgive us our debts as we forgive our dentists." Old Coins and Stamps Wanted by dealers everywhere. Few people have any idea ot the value of old, rare, odd and obsolete coins and stamps. Did yoa know that a Boston lection of coins for TWENTY THOUSAND DOLLARS 1 lean stamps are worth as high as SIX NUNORED DOLLARS Eftl*|| 1 It la a fact that the rare 1853 quarter is worth |S.7t, the IKS quarter is worth VU, the 1004 silver dollar Is worth I3DI, half cent. S*Wn I made between IMOand 1830 are worth S3.M to *3. ??each. the large,old style copper cent*are worth as high asOolusof re cent date are, in many c*ae?, worth considerable M0RE THAW THKIK rAi'I VALVE. If you have any money issued before Wi. NATR NT. Some issues of Continental and Confederate bUlsare earn and valuable., as well as certain pieces of fractional currency or "Scrip." Besides these, many rarities In half cents, cents, three-cent pieces, half dimes, dimes, twenty-cent pieces, quarters, half dollars and dollars are worth a big premium over ffcee value. Don't pay a dollar for a book, when we send yoa TWO COMPLETE ?>>?> Off CONKS AMD INT AMP* tor only R?r. These books sre tellable. Illustrated, with the names of HON KttT Coin and Stamp dealers who will buy of you. Don't write for particulars; don't ask questions; don't send us coins or ?tamps until yon get the books. They tell alL Tells you where to sell, and what to expect to sell for. Gives reliable figures only. Remember, we send you the TWO complete books prepaid for only lOe, The next day after receiving the books you may And a rare piece valued at |i,tN; whs |ii?^ ||f, only. Address CLIFTON PUBLISHING CO., 72 Clifton Bldg., Waterville, Maine.