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t&bort BstoriesyNotable Regiments Copyright by William F. Fox, Albany, N. Y., 1n8?. FIFTH MICHIGAN CAVALRY. Custer's Brigade ? Kilpatrick's Division?Cavalry Corps, A. P. H)Ool JOSEPH T. COPELAND; Brio.-Gen. (2) Col. FREEM AN NORVELL. (S) Col. RUSSELL A. ALGER; Bvt. Major Gis. (4) Col. SMITH II. HASTINGS. 1 i COMPAMKS. Field and Staff Company A... B... C. D E F G H I K L M Totals Killed and 1)ieo or Woi'nds. Officers. Men. 17 8 13 11 11 7 6 *5 10 11 7 *9 *35 Total. I 18 9 14 11 11 8 6 *5 11 11 7 19 141 Died of Disease. Accidents, In Prison, Ac. Officers. Men. 11 17 14 16 29 26 29 '5 18 13 15 19 222 Total. 11 18 14 l6 29 26 29 16 18 *4 >5 >9 225 Total Enrollment. 23 124 I 26 133 124 137 128 144 135 1 *5 130 129 128 i,57<5 Total of killed and wounded, 502 ; died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 76. Battles. K.&M.W. Hanover Pa., June 30, 1863 I Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1863 15 Cashtown, Md., July 5, 1863 1 Boonsboro, Md., July 8, 1863 3 Hagerstown, Md,, July 12, 1863... 1 Newby's Cross Roads, July 24,1863. 1 Port Conway, Va., Sept. I, 1863... I Raccoon Ford, Va., Sept. 16, 1863. 1 James City, Va., Oct. 10, 1863 2 Brandy Station, Va., Oct. 12, 1S63. 6 Buckland's Mills, Va., Oct.-19, 1863 5 Gainesville, Va., Oct. 30, 1863?. 1 Batti.es. K. A M.W. Morton's Ford, Va.. Nov. 27, 1863. 2 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 6, 1864.. 5 Yellow Tavern, Va., May 11, 1864. 5 Hawes's Shop, Va., May 28, 1864.. 15 Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864 2 Trevilian Sta'n, Va., June 11, 1S64 21 Front Royal, Va., Aug. 16, 1864... 1 Berryville, Va., Aug. 19, 1864 15 Shephcrdstown, Va., Aug. 26, 1864 4 Smithfield, Va., Aug. 29, 1864 4 Summit, Va., Sept. 5, 1864 1 Opequon, Va., Sept. Tg, 1864 10 Battles. K. & M.W. Lurav, Va., Sept. 24, 1864 1 Woodstock, Va., Oct. 8,1864....... 1 Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864.... 4 Newtown, Va., Nov. 12, 1864 3 Guerrillas, Va., Nov. 8, 1864 I Guerrillas, Va., Dec. 2, 1864 2 Salem, Va., Oct. 23, 1S64 I Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865 1 Pursuit of Lee, April 4, 1865 a On Picket, Va I Place unknown 1 1 V I I 5 Notes.? Organized at Detroit in Aug. 1862, leaving the State on December 4th with 1,144 officers and men. Proceeding directly to Washington it joined the MicHgan Brigade, then being formed, composed of the Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Michigan Cavalry, to which the &.Yst Michigan Cavalry was subsequently added. General Custer assumed command of the brigade while on i&inarch to Gettysburg, where it had its first opportunity to distinguish itself under fire. The brigade sustaine^he heaviest loss at Gettysburg of any cavalry brigade in that battle. The Fifth was commanded there by Colonel Alger, who had served previously as a Major in the Second Michigan Cavalry, from which he was promoted to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the Sixth, and thence to the Colonelcy of the Fifth ; he was one of the ablest cavalry officers in the Army. The loss of the Fifth at Gettys burg was 8 killed, 30 wounded, and 18 missing ; Major Noah H. Ferry was killed there. At Hawes's Shop, out of 151 engaged, 55 were killed or wounded. The regiment met its heaviest loss in the cavalry affair at Trevilian Station, where in addition to the killed and wounded 136 were taken prisoners,? the regiment having charged too far through an opening in the enemy's line, and being cut off from the brigade it was obliged to cut its way out. TENTH CONNECTICUT INFANTRY. Plaisted's Brigade ? Terry's Division ? Tenth Corps. (!> Col. CHARLES L. RUSSELL'Killed). (2) Col. ALBERT W. DRAKE (Died). (3) Co 1.. IRA W. PETTI BONE. H) Col. JOHN L. OTIS; Bvt. Brio. Gen. (5) Col. EDWIN S. GREELEY ; Bvt. Brio. Gen. Companies. Totals, Killed and Died or Wounds. Officers. *3 Men. 11 lO 9 12 16 10 5 '5 10 11 109 Total. 2 14 I I 9 13 17 10 7 18 10 II 122 Died op Disease, A< < ii>ents. In Prison, Ac. Officers. Men. !4 20 M '7 16 IO 18 17 *9 10 Total. 2 J5 20 14 *7 16 10 J9 17 20 10 160 Total Enrollment. 20 1 76 I 72 160 166 182 146 *58 204 178 166 1,728 % i 1 ? V V V s $ $ I I y tf v V V V ? ? Total of killed and wounded, 433; died in Confederate prisons, 11. Battles. K.AM.W. Petersburg, Va 3 New Market Road, Va., Oct. 7, 1864 4 Darbytown Road, Va., Oct. 13, 1864 9 Hatcher's Run, Va 2 Fort Gregg, Va 21 Battles. K.AM.W. Roanoke Island, N.C 12 New Berne, N. C 9 Kinston, N. C 34 $ St. Augustine, Fla 1 % Drewry's Bluff, Va 10 ft Deep Bottom, Va 17 ? % Present, also, at Whitehall; Seabrook Island ; Siege of Charleston ; Walthall Junction ; Bermuda Hundred; ? Strawberry Plains; i^aurel Hill Church; Johnson's Plantation; Appomattox. Notes.? Recruited in various counties. It left the State November 1, 1861, and proceeded to Annapolis, where it embarked with the Burnside expedition to North Carolina. It was placed in Foster's (1st) Brigade, and was engaged at Roanoke Island, its casualties in that action amounting to 6 killed and 49 wounded. Colonel Russell fell there, the first one of the Connecticut colonels killed in the war. At the battle of Kinston, N. C.,? December 14, 1862 ? the heaviest loss fell on the Tenth Connecticut, it having been entrusted with the most prominent part. It lost there 11 killed, and 89 wounded, out of 366 engaged ; five line officers were killed or mortally wounded. The remarkable gallantry of the regiment in this action was publicly acknowledged at its close by General Foster, in words of extreme praise. At that battle it was in Stevenson's (2d) Brigade, Foster's (1st) Division. In April, 1864, the Tenth joined the Army of the James, and participated in all its battles. It was engaged at Deep Bottom with a loss of 8 killed, 64 wounded, and 10 missing. Major Henry W. Camp, the " Knightly Soldier," was killed at Darbytown Road. The regiment was transferred in December, to Foster's (1st) Division,'Twenty-fourth Corps, in which command it took the lead in the victorious but desperate assault on Fort Gregg, its losses there amounting to 11 killed and 79 wounded. Its flag was the first on the parapet, and the gallantry displayed there by the regiment was signally acknowledged by General Gibbon, the corps commander. * Editorial Note: The above pages are reproduced from Col. Fox's famous book, "Regimental Losses." Other page*, * giving short histories of notable regiments, will appear from week to week. It is hoped the appearance of theee short A histories will stimulate comrades to send in material for the preparation of more complete histories of their respective regi ments than have yet appeared. Jackson Connty Iowa Reunion The Hith Annual Reunion of the Jack son County <Iowa) Veteran Association, with its auxiliaries, was held Aug. 1) and 10, at Sabula. The meeting was the most successful of the series; 14JI veterans were enrolled, and the attendance of Sons of Veterans and of the Association of Pa triotic Women were also large. There were able addresses by eloquent orators, and numerous enticing numbers on the entertainment program. Banquet ing. of course. The people were cordial and lavish hosts and fed the visitors to repletion. Anions the entertainments were: A superb Flag Drill by girls, under instruc tion of Mrs. Lou Ksmay aud Miss De Etta Seeber; gun drill by boys, sharing honors with the Flag Drill by the girls; two games of "baseball by rival expert players; foot races, and no end of music. The leading addresses were by Rev. Otis Crawford, a veteran of Co. A, 9th Iowa, and AH?ert F. Dawson, Senior Vice Commander of the Jackson County 80ns of Veterans. The Jackson County Veterans' Associa tion elected officers: Commander, W. It. Oake; Senior Vice Commander, Nathan (J. Dye; Junior Vice Commander, F. M. Miles; Adjutant, II. Iteid; Quartermaster, W. F. Hoyt; Commissary Sergeant, S. M. Gibson; Color Sergeant, M. Malonev* Chaplain, J. W. Said. The Jackson County Sons of Veterans officers elected are: Commander, F. W. Gibson; Senior Vice Commander, I>. G Whitney; Junior Vice Commander, J. S. Becker; Quartermaster Sergeant, George Gibson, Commissary Sergeant, F. O. White; Chaplain, Z. M. Holcomb; Adju tant, H. Graaf; Secretary, J. G. Young. The officers elected by the Jackson Coun ty Association of Patriotic Women are: I*resident, Mrs. Caroline Brady; First Vice President, Mrs. Charity Keeley; Sec ond Vice President, Mrs. Mary Oake; Sec retary, Mrs. Elizabeth Morgan; Treasurer, Miss Eliza Riggs. Next year the Keunion will be held at Andrew. BATTL| OF ATLANTA. (Coatiu^d from first pug*,) hands and knees, and swept the enemy from that front. The vvholfl oP Hood's army, except Stew n.r' sfl''?nw. was thrown into our rear upon the flank ami the front of the Army of the 1-eniWMhee. and after lighting from mid day until dark vpere. repulsed and driven back, and that army held or commanded the en tire battlefield, demonstrating the fact that the Army of the Tennessee alone was able and competent to meet and defeat Hood's entire army. The battle fell almost en tirely upon the Sixteenth and Seventeenth (orps and two divisions of the Fifteenth I orps, three brigades of the Sixteenth he me absent. rite attack of the enemy was made along this line some seven times, and they were seven times repulsed. We captured IK stands of colors. 5.000 ?tands of arms. 2.017 prisoners. We lost in killed and wounded men, 10 pieces of artillery and over 1.800 men, mostly from rilair s Corps, were taken prisoners. The enemy s dead rej?orted as buried in front of the different corps was over 2,000 and the enemy's total loss in killed, wounded and prisoners was 8,000. WIIY WERE THE OTHER ARMIES IDLE? riie criticism has often been made of this battle that with two armies idle that day, one the Army of the Ohio (two-thirds as large as the Army of the Tennessee), the other the Army of the Cumberland (the largest of all Sherman's armies), why we ri'i no* en*or Atlanta. (Jen. Sherman urged 1 nomas to make the attack. Thomas's answer was that the enemy were in full force behind his intrench men ts. The fact was, Stewart's Corps was guarding that front, but (Jen. Schofield urged Sherman to allow linn to throw his army upon Cheat ham s Hank, and endeavor to roll up the (onfederate line and so interpose between Atlanta and (.hcatham's Corps, which was so persistently attacking the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps from the Atlanta front. Sherman, whose anxiety had been very great, seeing how successfully we were meeting the attack, his face relaxing into a pleasant smile, said to Schofield: "Let the Army of the Tennessee fight it out this time. This flank attack of Schofield on ' heat ham would have no doubt cleared our front facing Atlanta intrenchments, but Stewart was ready with his three divisions and the militia to hold the Atlauta in trenchments. (Jen. Sherman in speaking of this battle ahvays regretted that he did not allow Schofield to attack as he suggested, and also to force the fighting on Thomas's front; but no doubt the loss of McRherson really took his attention from everything except the Army of the Tennessee. , about 10 o'clock on the night of the --d, the three corps commanders of the Army of the Tennessee (one of them in command of the army) met in the rear of the Fifteenth Corps, on the line of the I'ecatur road, under an oak tree, and there discussed the results of the <lay. Blair's men were at the time in the trenches; in some places the enemy held one side and they the other: the men of the Fifteenth Lorps were still in their own line, but tired and hungry, and those of the Sixteenth were, after their hard day's fight, busy throwing up intrenchments on the field thev had held and won. It was thought that the Army of the Cumberland and the Army of the Ohio, which had not been engaged that day, should send a force to relieve Blair, and Dodge, being the junior corps com mander, was dispatched by (Jen. Logan, at the requests of (Jens. Logan and Blair, to see (?en. Sherman. My impression is that I met him in a tent: I have heard it said that he had his headquarters in, a house, when I met him he seemed rather surprised to see me but greeted me cordially, and spoke of the loss of Mel'herson. I stated to him my errand. He turned upon me and said: Podge, you whipped them to-dav, didn t youI said, "Yes. sir." Then he *!!, ' ^ 'in t you do it again to-inor row. and I said, "Yes, sir;" bade him good night, and went back to my command determined never to go upon another such errand. As he explained it afterward, he wanted it said that the little Army of the lennessee had fought the great battle that day. needing no help, no aid. and that It could be said that all alone it had whipped the whole of Hood's army. Therefore, lie let us hold our position and our line, know ing that Hood would not dare attack iis after the "thrashing" he had already re ceived. \\ hen we consider that in this the greatest bntile of the campaign the little Army of the Tennessee met the entire rebel army, secretly thrust to its rear, on its nank and upon its advance center, with its idolized commander killed in the first shock of battle and at nightfall found the enemy s dead and wounded on its front showing that no disaster, no temporary re turn could discourage this army, every man at Ins post every man doing a hero's dutv, they proved they might be wiped out but ne\er made to run ; they were invincible. < ompanions. regarding so great a battle against such odds, with such loss, the ques tion has often been asked me?and I know it has come to the mind of all of us? whv it was that this battle was never put forth ahead of manv others its inferior, but bet ter known to the world and made of much greater comment? The answer comes to all of us. It is apparent to us to-day as it was that night. We had lost our best friend, that superb soldier, our commander. (Jen. Mcpherson* his death counted so much more to us than victory, that we spoke of our battle, our great success, with our loss upi>ermost in our minds. LETTER TO CJEN. RAlT.Nf. Letter written to (Jen. Green B. Raum on his description of Battle of Atlanta, pub iished in The National Tribune, Sept. 25, x. i , *EW York- Oc t. 20, 1002. My dear Genera): Referring to mv con vention with you in Washington, I will endeavor to aid you in getting ?t the actual facts connected with the battle of Atlanta up U uever *et boen Properly written I delivered an address on Sept. 25. 1880. to the Army of the Tennessee on that bat tle, copy of which I am sending to you, and r w t. u,lk you <an eet a good deal of information. fn \ r7?tfu';'Int J? ',?11 vo,,r attention to the tact that the battle commenced about 15 minutes after 12 o'clock, and that the Six teenth ( orps fought a long time before the Seventeenth ( orps was attacked. You can verify ^ this satement by reading (Jen Strongs account of the battle, which is given in our Army of the Tennessee records, volume 11 to 13, page 242. Ifi *ias J"?t ?12 0 <',0<'k exactly when I reached Fullers headquarters. Having gone to the front to select my position. Fuller asked me to stop and take luncheon, and I got down from my horse and went IvhUj i ? IJ.,;1,1.sat down at the table when I hoard skirmish firing in the rear Fuller sajd it was a lot of the bovs out there killing hogs. The stillness was oi> nressive as we went clear to the left ami I inn ^ ?\v J' VJ,inr J? se,w>t mv new I)0s' r i .from tI,e P^kets, and found that nobody had seen anvthing of ip enemv. . It made an imnrension on us all. so the moment I heard this firing I lumped up. jls If by instinct, and told Ful ler to get into line and sent a staff officer towards Sw^enev. but before he hardlv got .... of the lent Sweeney w?, inTne.md fighting, so you can see how sudden the attack was. TIME OF THE OPENING OF THE BATTIE In volume 11 to 13 of the Armv of the 1 ennessee Records, page 2-4:5, Strong, in his address on the Rattle of Atlanta has this to say^fixing the time of the comm'ence whl!n ! ?* H?)oaki?K of the time when an officer was sent with an order to me from Mclherson : . officer had hardly disappeared from sight, when a shot was heard to the left and rear of us, and another followed quick ly by a rattling volley of small-arms, and at almost the same instant a shell came crashing through the tree-tops near us, foN TW??' rapid and incessant firing from lodges Corps. At the first shots every officer sprang to his feet and called for his horse. The time. I should think was 10 or IS minutes wist 12 oVIoek." Then after Hpeakitiif of ,l?. HKhtinit of this divis ? comes to this on page 243: "After rhn bK?1k,1"" Sixteenth Con? hid ' ?? ,M'rs?n went me to (Jen. Blair to ascertain the condition of affaire (/en*Cn a" ? 'rtnVP'1 me t0 tc ;,e"- s?ml? to hold his position, that he would ord?r up troops to occupy i> piiHi f<' ween the Seventeenth and Six ? ? savi!1K I left him that he uojld leaiain with his orderly where he then was (a commanding posi tion on Dodge's right > until 1 returned. I rode rapidiy through the woods towards the Seventeenth Corps and found Gen. Blair with Gen. Giles A. Smith near the extreme left -of the Fourth Division (Hall's Bri gade I.' This conclusively shows that Blair was not attacked until after two attacks had been made upon me, although Hull's report gives the attack upon Blair as at 12 o'clock, that time being before the Sixteenth Corps was attacked. Fuller gives the time of at tack upon him as 12:30. By rtading all of page *.43 you will get a full and clear idea of time and everything. The time was also taken by my staff and record made of it, and that agrees with Strong. This only snows how far apart officers can get in a great battle on time, aud on many things, unless correct data is made of record on t he spot. On page 484 of Vol. 14 to 10 of Society of Army of the Tennessee Records lien, i-egget t says: "Both divisions of the Six teenth Corps immediately became hotly en gaged etc etc. Just at this time I espied <?en. Mel herson upon the high ground in the immediate rear of Gen. Fuller's com mand, and sent Capt. John B. Raymond, of my staff, to inquire of (jcn. Mcpherson the expediency of having Gen. Giles A. Smith and myself change our line so as to face south, and at the same time I sent < apt. George W. Porter to ascertain whether or not the left of (Jen. Smith and the right of (Jen. Fuller were sufficiently near together to antagonize any force seek ing entrance there." He further savs : "The enemy in front of the Sixteenth Corps rallied in the woods (this is after the first attack) and renewed their attack with in creased vigor and bitterness, etc., etc. The conflict continued for some time with no appearance on either side of any disposi tion to yield the ground, when the enemy gave way, and fell back in confusion, fol lowed by the Sixteenth Corps." He also says: "The second assault (upon the Six teenth Corps) was simultaneous with the attack upon (Jen. Giles A. Smith's Division, which was the left of the Seventeenth Corps." TIIE GAP IN THE LINE. ^ou will note from my address that the moment I was attacked I sent an Aid, and afterwards a Signal Officer, named Sheffly, I think, who was detailed with me that day, or happened to be with me. These officers had gone to Gen. Giles A. Smith, who com ma tided Blair's left, Fourth Divi sion, Seventeenth Corps, to get him to re fuse his left and join my right. I think the hrst officer I sent was Capt. Jonas, of mv r. ' ^i10 return<*d immediately to me. and Gen. Gnes A. Smith sent me word that he would refuse. That was a long time before Jeburne s Division got between us. but as my paper and your article show, Mcpher son had sent word without knowing the condition in front of Giles A. Smith to hold his position, and he would send rein forcements to fill the gap between Fuller and himself. Of course, had McPherson been there earlier and seen what I saw. he would have had Smith's left join my righ; immediatel.v, which would have put Cle burne in front of us, instead of between lis. 1 hat is one of the things that occur in oat tie that the person on the ground knows better than the one distant. It was on the third attack on my line that the enemv struck Blair, as Strong did not go to Blair until after the repulse of the second attack Cleburne s force got right in behind Blair's left, and picked up that portion of his line that was refused, and swept back his force Sf even before Wangelin of the r ifteenth Corps, got there, was pret ty nearly an extension of but a quarter of a mile away from Fuller's right, and after I got through fighting I had to withdraw myLe"tJre riirht quite a distance to connect with V> angel in and Blair, such line as Cle burne s force had pressed clear beyond me ami before he was halted was way in the rear of my right. After the second attack Cleburne, as lie pressed through the gap between Fuller and Smith, forced Fuller to change front nnd use part of his force to protect his flank, and the (>4th 111. in this movement captured the skirmish line that killed Mc I herson, taking from them his field-glass, orders and other papers that they had taken from McI?herson*s body, and later in the day I sent these to (Jen. Sherman. See re port (?4th Ills., volume Its. part 3 War Records, page 404. Fuller's maps.' page 4SO, volume 38. part 3, War Records, show where Fuller fought, and where we had to intrench. GEN. FI LLER'S GALLANT ACT. \\ here I stood in my line I could see the entire Confederate force, and all of my own, something that very seldom occurs, and of course, the scene, as Blair states, was a magnificent one. I saw Fuller do a most gallant act. I sent an Aid to him with instructions to charge, but before he alker's Division broke the center of t uller s Brigade, his own regiment, the Lith Ohio, falling back. I saw Fuller get down off his horse, grab the colors of the -'th, rush to the front with them in his hands, and call upon his regiment to come ro the colors, and they rallied and saved his front. It was but a moment later that I saw \\ alker. who commanded the division that was attacking Fuller, fall from his horse, and the division broke and went into the woods.- The action of Fuller was verv gallant, and has been painted, and 1 have a copy of the painting in my room. . .,n h'w report has this to sav of the fighting, which shows that he watched us a long time before he was attacked, and if you will read his report carefully, you will see that it bears out my statements in rull. Blair says: "I started to go back to my command, and witnessed the fearful assault made on the Sixteenth Corps, and its prompt and gallant repulse by that com mand. It was a most fortunate circum stance for the whole arinv that the Six teenth Corps occupied the position I have attempted to describe at the moment of attack, and although it does not belong to ra* !? report upon the bearing and conduct of the officers and men of that corps, still l cannot withhold my expression of admira tion for the manner in which this com mand met and repulsed the repeated and persistent attacks of the enemv. The at tack upon our flank was made by the whole of Hardee n Corps." I speak in my address of Mercer's Bri gade fighting on three parts of the field Mercer after helping to retake the Decatur road line, camped right in the rear of the *lftee"? Corps, and did not come back to me. When Logan. Blair and invself met that evening, Blair asked Logan for some help to go up to relieve troops at Bald Ilill Logan, seeing Mercer's Brigade there or dered me to send it up. They went up there and crawled in and relieved the men on Raid Ilill. This was very late in the night, and even then fresh men coming in 5?.Ve, ?.nt or cnPtured what men there were still lying on the enemy's side of the in trenchments Mercer never made a report of this battle. ^ ou will see by my paper that he was virtually out of the service awaiting transportation home, but he Went in with his regiment the same as though they were still m the service. He was a '?erman. and I do not suppose he knew the importance of reporting, and it was only a short time after that I had to leave that army, therefore did not follow it up uS? in An,0lPD?rt,of Mercer or of the Ai Oi l i!.. I1 the rpKimental reports iv r> t,?,no.c:,ve 11,1 t,1Pse facts. See War Records, volume 38, part 3, page 40.?, and report Second Brigade, Second Divi sion, Sixteenth Corps, volume 38, part 3 page 4o0. 1 ' , nJJ address I did not go much into detail, but I have all the data of this bat tle compiled, and intend some day to put it in shape, but I give you enough so you can, after examining the reports of Blair and the others make your article historic ally correct. Most of it is correct and well stated, but I know you want to get the dates and movements at the left on such an occasion so full that thev will stand criti *?ttle of Atlanta was the great battle of that campaign. WHAT SAVED RLAIR. Your article and many others that I have seen assumes that it was a part of Hardee's Corps that struck Blair's front? that is his front that was towards Atlanta, but that is not so. Cleburne's Division was the left division of Hardee's Corp*. There were throe other divisions, Maney's (Cheatham's old division). Bnte's and W alker's. Walker was the next to Cle | burne's and atta< ked Fuller. Hate and Maney struck Sweeuev. Cleburne'* Division ' was in front of Blair after Cleburne had ? driven back his left and he had refused it from Leggett's Ilill toward** my right. i What saved Blair was that Cheatham, who commanded Hood's old Corp*. whose or-; ? ders were to attack Blair's front at the same time Hardee struck his rear, in ac cordance with the plans of both lloojl and Hardee, did not ar.a k. because Hardee struck me. whi?*h was a surprise to them as well as to me. and when 1'heat ham got ready to attack Blair's front, hitting I>eg gett's Division and on down the Fifteenth Corps, two divisions. Bate's and Walker's, had beep whipped, and were virtually out of the fight, because after the third attack upon nie. and my breaking up of one of their columns so badly, they did not come i again in any force. They went back to the | road on the ridge. ju*t south of and parallel ! to my line. 1 forget the name of the road, 1 but it was the one that led off to l>ecatur, ! and there they intrenched, and when I j pushed forward my skirmishers I found | them in force. Between and 4 o'clock I Maney's Division left my front and went around to help Cleburne. There have also been many statements that in the first attack two Divisions of Hardee's Corps struck the Sixteenth Corps and two the Seventeenth (Blair's). This is not correct. Three divisions struck niv corps, and one division. Cleburne's, struck Blair's Corps, and caught his left and rear, but after the third attack on my front Maney's Division was sent around to join Cleburne, and joined iu the fiercest attack of the day about 4 p. m. upon Ix'ggett's and Smith's Divisions after their line had l?een refused and formed almost at right angles at Leggett's Hill, and reaching out to wards ine. with Wangelin's Brigade on their left. From all accounts this attack was a fearful one, Maney's men reaching and holding the outside of the intrenchments that were occupied by Blair's men. This line faced almost due south, and both forces fought there off and on until about 7 p. m.. some of the enemy remaining in the outside intrenchments until Mercer's Brigade of the Sixteenth Corps went in at near midnigltt to support that line. BLAIR NOT FORCED BACK.. Again, many records have it that Blair was forced back early in the battle. This is a mistake, as his Fourth Division, com manded by (*en. (iiles A. Smith, which was on the extreme left, held most of his original intrenched line until between 3 and 4 o'clock, when the attack of Cheat ham from the Atlanta side forced them to take a new position to keep them from be ing crushed by Cleburne in the rear and Cheatham's attack from the Atlanta front. There is another thing that does not seem to be fully understood, and that is that when Blair got his left refused so as to face Maney and Cleburne in his front they were unable to gain any headway on him in their attacks. In fact, they suffered great loss, and they only damaged Blair when they got in behind his left. Blair had three regiments there refused at right angles to his front, and it was a portion of two of these regiments that Cleburne picked up. Blair lost nearly all his prison ers from (iiles A. Smith's Division, when Cleburne swept down through the gap and *ot right in behind them before they knew inybod.v was on them. In fact, Blair's men had to turn around and light towards their rear. and. as I have stated, Cleburne got past Fuller's right and commenced shooting Into his Hank. Just after Walker was killed there was a lull, and Fuller turned two regiments right into Cleburne's main line, and, as Capt. Allen, of the Signal < 'orps. says, and my records show, cap tured that skirmish line that killed Mc pherson and brought it in. To show Mcpherson's feeling about Blair's left flank. I sent Fuller's command to that flank the night before on a request from McPherson. who felt anxious about Blair's position, that flank being in the air. but Blair camped Fuller near where he opened the battle in the rear of the Seven teenth Corps instead of connecting his left with it. They camped about a quarter of a mile to his rear and a little back from his extreme left. Blair, no doubt, thought that would protect him. as well as put them in line, but he took one of my bat teries (Murrav's) and put it in his front line. Now this battery was on the way from Blair to report to me, coming down just as McPherson was going up the road, and the same skirmish line that killed Mc Phersion killed the horses of that battery and captured a portion of the men. ano McPherson really almost fell upon the limber of one of the guns. This was Mur ray's United States Battery of four pieces. I do not know as I have seen this men tioned in any of the rejKjrts, unless it is in mine, but these are the facts of the matter. That is the way a battery of my corps was reported lost or captured by the enemy. It was passing from Blair to myself, and not captured in line of battje or fighting, as a great many have stated and supposed to be the case. DE CRESS'S BATTERY. In your article you speak of Logan tak ing a part of the Sixteenth'Corps and lead ing it. as though it was right on my front, and then speak of him as leading a portion of the Fifteenth Corps that had been broken through on the Decatur road back into posi tion. The facts are that it was about 4 o'clock in the afternoon when Logan came to me and asked me to send any force 1 had free to help retake the line that lien. John C. Brown's Division had broken through the Fifteenth Corps. I sent Mer cer's Brigade of the Second Division, and with it sent Capt. Jonas, of my staff. (See his statement, copied in my address. > Logan followed with the command, and it double-quicked the whole distance without stopping. As soon as it got there it found Lightburn's Division drifted back, but hold ing iKdiind the trees their line, the enemy in possession of De(*ress's Battery, and as Mercer's Brigade went in on the front Williamson's Brigade of Wood's Division, which Sherman had directed to make a flank charge, was moving, and they both reached the works together. The men of Mercer's Brigade got hold of D?KJress's guns (see report of 81st HI.) and turned them on the enemy. There has always been a contest between these two brigades as to which got there first, but that does not matter, for they got in together and re took the line. (Jen. J. C. Brown, who commanded the Confederate division, was with me afterwards for many years on the Texas & Pacific Railway, and has given me a full account of his attack, and the fury with which he was forced out by this movement from the flank by Wood and the direct assault by Mercer. Mercer in going in had his horse killed under him. Fighting along the Fifteenth Corps came late, and was all pretty much after the fighting on my front was over, because when (Jen. Logan came to me for aid I was intrenching the new line made by the re fusal of Blair's left, and took Mercer's Brigade right out of my front to go with him. The fact is I did not hapi>en to have a single man in reserve. Every man I had on the field was in line from the commence ment of the- fighting. Sweeney's Division stood right up in the road it was marching on, and the two batteries were in the cen ter of his division; the position was a very strong one. If I had had plenty of time to select a position I could not have found a stronger one. It was the first time I ever saw such execution done by artillery. They used canister against those columns with terrible effect. A SMALL BUT VERY IMPORTANT THING. To show you how small a thing will sometimes change the prospects in a battle, one of Hardee's Divisions coming towards me got entangled in something?at that time I could not tell what?but on going to the ground afterwards I found that it was a mill pond, that exposed the flank of Maney's Division, that was next to Walk er's. Seeing this I rode down to Mercer PROTECT YOUR IDEAS PalentH procured. No allowance, no fee. Send rough sketch and description for tree opinion. Coraitiunic.it ioat conikleatiaL KILO B. STEVENS * 00.. Eetetv 1854. 89914th St N. W., WASHINGTON, D. a Branches at C bic.:go. Cleveland, lK?troit. PENSIONS Over 94t000 secured. "Tli* firm Is ?v<>rtl<y of ivntdrmf upon the (rouikd both of compe-en y atid boiMMy."?Tiik N *tionai, Tbibi sk, April 1. Isv7. Founded 1?V4 by MH? B. Stevens, Ht:i Ohio Bittery. MIK.O H. MTKVKRR * <?.. SM lllh Hi. Sl.tr., WMhlRiUn, B.C. Branches at Chicago, Cleveland. Detroit. Wanted, Land Warrants. I trill pay kpal t ???> for U.ul ^Variants issued for ?rvice? in any war, wnniier they art property , assigned or noL if on^iital warrant ii?i Oven 'uHor destroyed, I will procure duplicate for oaruera Uwr? ' spondence solicited. w. r. Mo?r.?. JlrtJlll BttiiatiiK, WathlstlM. 9. C. JOSEPH H. HUNTER, WASHINGTON. 0. C., Ia a very ?<ucee**ful Pension Attorney. Now write him. Pension Vouchers 4th and 5tii,; at bOI Ko nth St. X. \V.. for lowe* fee, and sent to i*eiMWD Ag?rwy without dinr^e. and told him to take his brigade and <barge right into it, which he did. It wa> quite a time before I could tell what t!?#? result was, but I soon saw prisoners coming back and knew then that Mer'-er had them. He had that division at a great disadvantage, and captured a great many prisoners out of it and several battle flags. (See report Second Brigade, Second Division, Sixteenth Corps. Vol. ?"??*. part 3, pace 4."V?. Army Records.) That charge, no doubt, saved my line, because 1 had a very thin line, and with the most of Hardee's Corps coming at me in double column, as it was, I have no doubt that if it had reached me it would have given me trouble; but they never got to me on any of their attacks. We were fortunate enough to break them l?efore they could reach the line, though on Fuller's front they were right up to it when Walker fell. There was a great dispute between Hood and Hardee about this movement to the rear, Hood claiming that Ilardee should have reached there early in the morning, while Hardee claimed he did not re -eire the order in time to get there before lie did? a very fortunate fact for us. for if he had reached the rear of the Seventeenth and Fifteenth Corps, and Cheatham and Stew art had attacked in the front, it would have been rough times for the old Army of the Tennessee: but no doubt they would have come out of it with honor in some way. 1 think there is no doubt about the time Mcl'herson was killed, it was just aliout two hours after the battle had ojnMied. Of course, there are nil kinds of time given, but the fact of the stooping of the watch of the Signal OffWr. Sheffly. when he fell against the tree at two minutes past twOt is almost conclusive evidence. S.e his state ment. Vol. 11-13. pase 242. Record Society Army of the Tennessee. You ran judge of that yourself, because even l**fore Mc riierson got up to my right, where he stood, as Strong says, watching me. I had been fight ins some time, for he had to ride from near Sherman's headquarters un there, a distance of two to three miles. If you will read carefully the address I aut sending vou. and the report Blair made, also the uldress of Strons. I think you will come to he same conclusions I give you. An article >n the death of (Jen. MePherson, by W. W. Mien, of San T>iego. Cal., Signal Officer >f the Army of the Tennessee, appeared in in issue of The National Tribune sofbe ime this year, but of what date I do not :now. It goes to prove the time and the our Mcl'herson was killed, and the capture ?f the skirmish line that killed him. Of ?ourse. a great many of the official reports ire misleading as to time, and it is only by 'hese circumstances that we can judge de initely. I notice it was 12:20 o'clock, ac cording to Allen, when thev first heard the rattle of musketry and artillery. Truly and cordially yours. Grexvili.e M. Douce. General Green B. Raum, Chi<ago, 111. ATTENTION', COMRADES! All Those Who Belonged to the Right Wlnr, Sixteenth Corps, Commanded by ?. J, Smith. I saw an account in the Globe-Dcmo* ?rat some time ago relative to the death ind burial of Gen. A. J. Smith, and the statement was made that there was no omhstoue to mark his grave. I have no 'ouht that many others have seen the tame account, that served under our brave ommander. Gen. A. J. Smith, and have '<ept silent about this matter. Now. listen. ' 'an't we who belonged to his command aise funds enough to erect a monument :o his honor. I know there are enough of ?is living to have this done. Now. let's all >f us who belonged under him donate, and 'lave some one who is responsible living in St. I.ouis that belonged to his corps attend ro this. Let me hear from some of the old vets relative to this matter. 1 will lonate $5 towards the monument.?J. H. Bowman, First Lieutenant, Co. D. 47th III. Capsizing Icebergs. A good deal of interest has been mani fested as to why icebergs turn over. It "ias frequently been observed in tin' ocean hat these great mountains have a habit >f turning turtle in the ocean with a great ?rash and a corresponding perturbation of 'he sea. The explanation is quite simple. Vs everybody knows, ice tloats in water with only one-eleventh of its bulk above; ?onsequently, towering as these inouu Miins seem, above the water, there must be i great deal more of them below the snr 'ace. In this bulk below are great rocks, uasses of gravel, sand. etc.. and as they loat southward they must come in contact .vitli warm submarine currents which rap dly wear away their bulk and destroy heir balance. The melting off of a large luantity of ice or a number of rocks will suddenly change the ice's center of gravity ? nd cause it to tlop over most unexpect edly. Veteran Association, First Iron Brigade. A call has been issued for a Reunion of he First iron Brigade, composed of the Id Berdan Sharpshooters, 22d. 24th, 30th V. V., 14th Brooklyn (Red Legs), and 2d V. Y. Cav. (Harris's), to be held on the ?State Fair Grounds. City of Syracuse, W Y., on Thursday, Sept. 8. at 11:30 i. m. The Association having designated his day as Veterans' Day, will furnish to he Iron Brigade a tent, upon the front of vhich will be a big banner with the words 'Headquarters Iron Brgade." The call is dgtied by the President of the Assoeia ion. Maj. W. I>. Furgeson. 24th N. Y.# tnd the Secretary-Treasurer, B. H. Sear ing. The Author of "Comrades." Comrade J. W. Eld ridge was astonished to see that the fine poem. "Comrades,** published in The National Tribuue. did not have the name of its author, Capt. C. A. (J. Norton. He writes: "Capt. Norton is a soldier of character, was a member of the 1st Me. Cav., and gave his good sword arm and his right eye to his country." Handsome Watch FREE Why Pay |3? for ? *?!!?? ?*M W atrb when you r ? ? rara wllkMi rati m H A X DK9X ? ?OLD FISIINUKD WATCMT Our premium watch is a beauty, has handsome dial, patent escapement, expansion balance, is dust proof and an arraral* tima keeper. If you want a watch of thl* description, send your lutme mid mddre? and a^ree to sell only SO puckage* of Century ?er.ume at 10 cents p *r package. This is an exquisite and Ifca.lng perfume. Hells like hot cakes. When so'.d you aend us tho noney and we wll send you A HANDSOME WATCH WITH A GUARANTEE We send the watch the same day we receive the moue.v. Rrsaewkcr. BIO NOXEY la required IN AOVAKCC. W? are Kivitig away these wa- citas to int roduce VKXTVil Y and they do not coat you a cent of your money. This offer to good far * 'X'.""" 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