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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 05, 1905, Image 6

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WAR OF THE REBELLION.
(Continued firrr? psje l.)
erything seemed cj'jfet in Vicksburg, but
the event showed that they had
fii?l w;*cpnr;;ii0ns to rr?eet such an at
tempt. It was generally known
throughout the army what was going
to be done, and the officers and men
were awake and full of tens? expect
ancy. The fleet got under way a little
before H, and those who watched where
it lay during the day saw an immense
mass of blackness detach itself from
the bank and -float out into the current.
This was the huge, clumsy old Denton,
011 which was Admiral Porter. One
after another other masses of blackness
separated from tlie shore and followed
the flagship. For over an hour these
masses floated slowly down toward the
point before Vicksburg with an oppres
sive silence reigning around as the
Union soldiers strained their eyes
through the darkness to watch the
progress of the boats. They were hard
ly moving faster than the current of the
strtam. About 11 o'clock the enemy's
pickets besran to see that there was
something wrong, and opened a scat
tering fire of musketry, which soon
grew into a crash. Then the larger
guns begun to open, one after another,
and a party of daring Confederates,
rowing across the river, set fire to the
remaining houses in De Soto, so as to
give a background of flames to assist
the aim of the cannoniers as the gun
boats floated past. I^arge woodpiles on
the Vicksburg ride were also fired, and
flamed up with rapidly-increasing
brightness. S^on every one of the 44
pieces of artillery were being worked
with the utmost rapidity by their ex
cited crews, and the thunder and crash
ing made an uproar as if the world I
were breaking to pieces.
An OlIlcor'N Description.
An officer on the I^afayette thus de
scribes what he saw:
"The firing began at 10:55 p. m., and
continued about an hour and a quarter,
during which a perfect tornado of shot
and shell continued to shriek over our
deck and among all the vessels of the
fleet. Five hundred, perhaps a thou
sand. shot were discharged, but not
more than one in 10 struck or did any
damage to the fleet. They mostly went
over. On running out the guns a good
view could be had through the ports of
the rebel batteries, which now flashed
like a thunderstorm along the river as
far as the eye could see; but the inces
sant spatter of rifle balls, the spray
from falling shot, the thunder of steel
pointed projectiles upon our sides did
not incline one to take a protracted
view of the scenery. A few discharges
of grape, shrapnel and percussion shell
were all we could afford at the time to
bestow upon our rebel friends in ex
change for their compliments. At each
round the Confederate artillerymen
gav? a shout, which seemed surprising
ly near. At one time we could not
have been 100 yards from the Vicks
burg wharves. Our vessel, with the
steamer and barge lashed to our star
board side, became almost unmanage
able, drifted in the eddy and turned
her head square around, looking the
batteries in the face. At this time we
seemed to be receiving their concen
trated fire at less than 100 yards from
the shore. The smoke from our own
and the rebel guns, the glare of the
burning buildings from the opposite
shore, rendered it difficult for the pilots
to n.ake out the -direction we were go
ing. The enemy, supposing we were
disabled, set up a fiendish yell of tri
umph. We soon, however, backed
around, and once more presented our
broadside to them, and slowly drifted
past, as if in contempt of their Impo
tent efforts. Shells burst all around
the pilot-house, and at one time John
Denning, our pilot, was literally bap
tised with fire. He thought himself
killed, but he brushed the fire from his
head and found that he was unhurt."
SpfrtatoM In Vlekftbnrx
The people of Vicksburg swarmed
along the bluffs to witness the terrific
spectacle.
The huge, black Benton swung in to
within 4 5 yards of the wharf, and there
had the satisfaction of sweeping the
water-batteries, now exposed to plain
view, with an awful broadside from her
Tort battery. Then she floated on,
grand, sinister and threatening, and a
little past midnight was below the last
battery.
The Lafayette and the Price followed
her closely, but came near fouling with
the Louisville, which had been misled
by the Louisiana shore lights and had
to make two full turns to regain her
course.
The rebels redoubled their fire upon
the huddle of three boats, which they
thought they had disabled. The boats
finally straightened themselves out,
went ahead, and presently were out of
danger. The Mound City had already
gotten by. followed by the Pittsburg
and Carondelet. which had some trou
ble with the eddying current. Two of
the Captains of the transports became
lrightened at the awful fire, and tried
to turn back, but the Tuscumbia made
thern g.> on. One of these transports?
the Henry Clay?was struck and set on
brf. The Captain and crew became
panic-stricken, and abandoned h?r, but
the pilot stuck to her until her steering
g'-ar was lisabled, when he escaped on
a plank, arid was picked up by one of
the Union boats sent out from the Lou
isiana shore.
Gen. Sherman had been among the
eager watchers from the Louisiana
shore, and went out on the river in a
>awl. in the midst of the firing, to ren
der any help that he could. As soon
as the Benton passed below the bat
teries, he boarded her to see; Commo
dore Porter.
When the latter gathered his fleet
tr>gether, and took an account of stock,
he was gratified be*yonel me-*asure to
find that none of the boats e-xcept the
Henry c lay had received any serie>us
injury, nobody had been killed and but
12 wounded.
CSvlluat Kfvrriurn.
Gen. Grant was much encouraged by
this success. He immediately ordered
six more transports to be gotten ready
loaded with supplies, to run by the bat
teries.
The steamboat crew were frightened
at the awful ordeal, and refused to ko
Volunteers were called for among the
rivermen in the army, and the whole
of Lejgan s Division seemed made up of
this diss, for they nearly all offered
'heir service.*:, as veil as hundreds of
"V*" the other divisions. Fully
10.000 offered themselves, where only
' were wanted, and tne e>Hicers had
!? 01 hest steamboatmen on
t ie Western rivers. As a reward they
were continued on the be>ats, at the
high pay then given the Captains Fn
S u ers, Mates and crews. They ran the
lotteries successfully, and brought all
the boats through.
Cjant was now anxious to g^t across
the iiver before the rebels could recov
er from their surprise. He assured him
#< 11 by a ride across the country to
-New Carthage of the good condition in
Vkhu.n the gunboats and transports had
emerged from the fiery gauntlet, and
ordered Gen. McClernand te? Immediate
ly cro>s the rive-r and seize Cejngo land
ing, which would give him access to
the nign land between Grand Gulf and
Warrenton, cut off Grand Gulf from
reinforcements, and be gin the campaign
auspiciously. This wis a great onnefr
tunity 'or McClernand, and would have
mace his reputation had he been able
!? w ? '.! Hut 11 xva" beyond his range
if he had moved promptly he would
have caught Gen. Itowen inside of
Grai-d <*u 1 f, with a small garrison, and
could nave captured him with corn
par uive ease by an attack from the
rear. But he disobeyed the order, and
Husud u precious day in a review of
bi? -Mvision, before Gov. Yates. He
the precious ammunition in fir
ing h salute to the Governor, and one
of transports needed for the sol
was appropriated to carry Mrs
McCWnand and her servants Grant
was deeply incensed and liawlins boil
ng over with profane wrath.
Sken?aa'? Bewilder!** Peiat.
Grant had generously given the man
who was maneuvering to displace him
the post of honor, where distinction was!
avithin his grasp, while Grant's personal
friends, Sherman and Mcpherson, were
uoing n^ccrsary but Inconspicuous tasks
y: th? rear. Th?>y went even further,
m order to ke<p up the bewilderment
in Pcmberton's mind, Grant asked Sh<n
man to n.ake an ostentatious feint of
renewing i-ttn^k upon Haynes's
F'iuff. in his ietter to Sherman he con
siderately mentioned his reluctance to
suggest this to him, because their ene
mies would interpret it as another of
Sherman's failures. Sherman was not
the man to let such a thing' deter him
from doing whatever it was thought
necessary to do. He immediately set
out up the Yjlzoo with the six gunboats
1 orter had 1 >ft behind, and an impos
ing array of transports, upon which he
had about 10,000 men. The gunboats
shelled the banks, and Stevenson, who
had been left In command at Vicksburg,
telegraphed to Pemborton. who was at
Jackson. 50 miles away, that he felt
entire confidence in being able to re
pulse- the attack.
I'ine of March from AlilllkonN Henri to
llruitiNburK
It had beer, hoped that the movement
ef troops and supplies below the city
could he greatly facilitated by the use
of boats navigating the bayous and
streams, and for this purpose a great
deal of very hard and exhausting labor
was expended in cutting connections
between the bayous and cleaning out
the channels of the logs, stumps and
overhanging trees. All the boats that
could be found In the country were col
lected. but the expectations were disap
pointed by the rapid fall in the level of
ihe water, which rendered these chan
nels impassable. As the water still
.covered the face of the country, the
I march of the tloops had to he along
the levees, ami was frequentlv impeded
by crevasses in these. The skill, in
genuity and fertility of resource of the
Yankee soldiers were illustrated In the
highest degree by the rapidity with
which they constructed bridges across
these crevasses with material obtained
from tearing down buildings along the
route. In this way the men of McCler
nand's Corps, under the direction of
Maj. Peter Hains (now one of the Isth
mian <*anal Commission), built in all
some 2.000 feet of substantial bridging,
over which trains and heavy guns were
safely conveyed. A great crevasse oc
curred at Smith's Plantation, but a new
route was found around this to Per
kins's Plantation, some eight or 12
miles below New Carthage, but it in
creased the length of the march from
Milliken's Bend from 27 to 4 0 miles.
(*rant was now moving his whole army
along this route, with McPherson's
Corps (the Seventeenth) following Mc
Clernand's Corps (the Thirteenth) and
Sherman holding the left of the line
with the Fifteenth Corps.
Attack on Granri Gulf.
Owing to McClernand's failure to
force a crossing at Congo landing it
was now necessary to attack Grand
Gulf. Five miles below Hard Times
landing, whither Gen. Grant was now
directing his troops, the Point of Rocks
rises above the Mississippi River, on
the eastern side, to the height of 75
feet. This is 800 yards below the mouth
of Bla^k River, an important stream
coming down from the interior of the
.State of Mississippi and passing to the
rear of Vicksburg. It was of much
consequence to the Confederates at that
time, since it enabled them to carry the
supplies obtained from the Red River
country up into the interior of the State
to the forces stationed there. A little
below the Point of Rocks was the little
village of Grand Gulf, which gave the
name to all the fortifications around.
The importance of this had >een se?'ii,
and the Confederates had erected a
work on the upper bluff, on which thev
had mounted two seven-inch rifles. ??nf
eight-inch smoothbore and a 30-pound
rifle on wheels. From this a line of
rifle-pits led to a fort three-quarters of
a mile farther down, in which wore
mounted a 100-pound rifle, an eight
inch smoothbore and two 32-pounders.
Resides this there were some lighter
guns, which could be shifted from one
part of the line to another.
April 27 orders were issued for the
gunboats to attack the works, and Gen.
Grant gathered about 10,000 men upon
the transports, going with them ^im^elf
in a small tug, to take instant advan
tage of the silencing of the guns by the
gunboats. On the morning of April 29
the fleet moved down to the attack, led
by the Pittsburg, whose commander,
Lieut. Hoel, a Mississippi pilot, and
sought and obtained that honor. Fol
lowed by the Louisville, Carondelet and
Mound City, she ran by the upper fort
and came at once to close quarters with
the lower fortification, while the La
fayette, Tuscumbia and Benton engaged
the upper ' works. The attack was
I pushed with the utmost vigor, the boats
I approaching within pistol shot of the
| shore, but though they succeeded in
silencing some of the enemy's guns the
j iest kept up a spirited fire, and by 1
I o'clock it was seen that the hope of de
jstroying the batteries could not be real
ized. Several guns on the bluffs kept
up a spiteful fire; a shot came through
the Benton's pilot-house, which wound
j ed the pilot and shattered the wheel;
(the Tuscumbia's port-engine was dls
jabled, and some of the other vessels
had received injuries. Gen. Grant did
not dare to attempt to land his men
under the fire of the remaining guns,
and reluctantly gave the order for the
transports to return to the shore and
the men to disembark. Therefore the
attack was called off and he and Com
modore Porter had a consultation. It
was found that the Benton had lost
seven killed and 1'J wounded; the Tus
cumbia. five killed and 24 wounded, and
the Pittsburg, six killed and 13 wound
ed. The other vessels had escaped with
only one man wounded on the I^ifav
ette.
The river makes a sharp bend toward
Grand Gulf, leaving a long, narrow
point of land opposite on the Louisiana
side. Grant and Porter at once de
cided to pass below Grand Gulf and
cross the rfver there. As soon as it was
dark the fleet got under way, the B#*n
} ton h ading, with the transports bring
ing up the rear. The Lafayette had
been keeping up a desultory Are during
the afternoon to prevent the Confeder
ates repairing their fortifications, and
the other gunboats Joined In her fire as
they passed down. This gave the Con
federates the impression that this was
all that they intended doing, and thev
were amazed in the morning to see the
whole fleet lying four miles below tied
up on the Louisiana shore. Only one
was killed In this passage of the bat
teries. While this was going on the
troops were rapidly marched across the
narrow peninsula, where the darkness
Obscured the view of the movement
from the Confederates.
Grant ( hnagea IIIm Plana.
Gen. Grant had at first intended to go
down the river as far as Rodney, Miss,
nine nnh s below Grand Ciulf, and cross
there, but during the night a negro
came in with information that a good
landing would be found at Bruinsburg,
a few miles above Rodney, from which
point there was a good road leading to
Port Gibson, 12 miles in the interior
Grant at once sent out officers to exam
ine this, and found that the. negro's
statement was correct, and he gave or
ders for the crossing at Bruinsburg
Again McClernand's slackness came in
with irritating effect, as no rations oram-l
munition had been issued in anticipa
tion, and some valuable hours were lost
The troops went aboard the transports
at I>e Shroons, six miles above Bru<ns
SU1'*; ear,y on the morning of April
* yc(-,ernand s whole corps and two
divisions of McPherson's Corps were
ferried across the river, the gunboat*
assisting, got their feet once mo~s on
solid ground, and marched rapldlv to
ward the summit of the blur-; *hich
they had been straining for months to i
gain. After crossing McClernand hud
to Issue rations to his men, anc! it was
not until 4 o'clock that he was ready j
to take up his line of march for the
bluffs, three miles distant, which he
reached at sunset. The time so occu
pied was one of intense anxiety to den.
Grant, who felt as If every moment In
creased the probability that the Con
federates would hurry heavy force* to
A short history of a Notable Regiment will appear each week*
M ll
I! " ?
A Fighting Regiment.
Copyright by William F. Fox, Albany, N. Y., 188>.
Keg I MENTAL l/>fcSK8 IN THE ClVIL WAR.
r- U
* ? *
If
FORTIETH NEW YORK INFANTRY?"MOZART REGIMENT."
Ward's Brigade ? Birney's Division ? Third Corps.
(1) Col EDWARD RILEY.
(2) Coi.. THOMAS W. EOAN ; Bvt. Major Gk*.
(3) Col. MADISON M. CANNON.
Losses. Officers.
Killed and mortally wounded 10
Died of disease, accidents, etc 2
Died in Confederate prisons
En. Men.
228
45
Totals 12
35>8
Total.
238
127
45
410
IVounarJ* Missing, f Total.
I
79
18
10
30
29
7
37
28
21
2
2
Battles. Killed.
Siege of Yorktown, Va 4 3
Williamsburg, Va 5 24
Fair Oaks, Va 12 81
On Picket, Va., June 9, 1862 2
Oak Grove, Va 1
Seven Days' Battles, Va 3 18
Manassas, Va 8 60
Chantilly, Va 4 47
Fredericksburg, Va 19 74
Chancellorsville, Va 1 40
Gettysburg, Pa 23 120
Kelly's Ford, Va 4
Mine Run, Va 1 19
Wilderness, Va 20 156
Spotsylvania, Va 11 57
North Anna and Totopotomoy, Va 4 24
Cold Harbor, Va 3 3
Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864 14 29
Strawberry Plains, Va. (six co's), July 27, 1864 2
Poplar Spring Church, Va 1 ? ?
Boyd ton Road, Va 1 7 ??
Hatcher's Run, Va., March, 1865 1 3 ??
Siege of Petersburg, Va... 6 34 1
'Includes the mortally wound.d. tlncludes the rnptnred. -
Totals 142 807 268
Present, also, at Glendale ; Malvern Hill; Po River ; Deep bottom ; Sailor's Creek ; Farmville ; Appomattox.
Notes.? Four companies of this regiment were raised in Massachusetts, but the quota of that State being
full, these companies joined the Fortieth. It sustained an unusual loss in battle, and in its number of killed stands
next to the head in the list of New York infantry regiments. It carried, from first to last, a large number of names
on its rolls, owing to accessions and transfers from other regiments. The Eighty-seventh New York was transferred
entire in September, 1862 ; five companies of tbree years' men from the Thirty-eighth New York were received
in May, 1863 ; also, the reenlisted men and recruits of the Thirty-seventh, and Seventy-fourth New York Volun
teers, when those reginvnts returned home. While on the Peninsula, the division was commanded by Kearny,
ami the brigade by General Birney. At Fair OAs,.tinder command of Colonel Egan, five companies numbeiing
231 officers and men were hotly engaged, every man in the color-guard falling, either killed or wounded. The
original members of the regiment were mustered out in July, 1864, and the remlisted veterans and recruits were
formed into a battalion of six companies which served through the war.
7
29
96
2
2
100
86
61
123
70
150
4
20
2*3
96
49
8
45
2
1
8
4
4i
1,217
the crest to resist the advance. For
tunately this fear was ill-founded. The
Confederates were too much surprised
to take advantage of the situation, and
when McClernand reached the bluffs
he found no enemy, and pushed on
during the night toward Port Gibson.
Though Gen. Grant had by this time
only 33,000 men with him, and knew
that in his immediate neighborhood
Pemberton had at least 50,000 effectives
which he could rapidly concentrate, he
felt as if he had substantially won the
campaign. There is an unusual elation
in his account of this initial success, and
the following are his words:
"When this was effected I felt a de
gree of relief scarcely equalled since.
Vicksburg was not yet taken, it is true,
nor were its defenders demoralized by
any of our previous moves. I was now
in the enemy's country, with a vast river
and the stronghold of Vicksburg be
tween me and my base of supplies. But
I was on dry land, on the same side of
the river with the enemy. All the cam
paigns, labors, hardships and exposures
from the month of December previous
to this time that had been made and
endured were for the accomplishment
of this one object."
(To be continued.)
SONS OP VETERANS.
NoIcn of the National Encampment at
isettynburac.
The Sons of Veterans of the Division
of Pennsylvania entertained their breth
ren very handsomely at the recent Na
tional Encampment at Gettysburg. Past
Division Commander Alfred G. Lloyd
was Chairman of the Committee on Ar
rangements and John E. Sautter Secre
tary. Dr. Henry Stewart was Chairman
of the Local Committee.
Maj. George S. Geis, of San Francis
co, who represents the California Divi
sion, gave the National Encampment
an earnest and eloquent invitation to
hold the next meeting in San Francis
co. Department Commander George T.
Drake presented the invitation of St.
Paul, and read many cordial letters of
invitation. Representatives from Dos
Angeles. Cal., and Peoria, 111., also pre
sented Invitations and urged the claims
of their cities, with the result that
Peoria won. Maj. Geis at once renewed
his invitation to the Encampment to
come to San Francisco in 1907.
The revokal of the charter of Camp
2, of Philadelphia, was an exciting sub
ject before the National Encampment,
and was earnestly debated, with the re
sult that the position of the Command
er-in-Chief was sustained and the re
vokal made permanent.
The Gettysburg Sons of Veterans Re
serve made' a superb showing in the
parade. They are a fine-looking body,
and are so thoroughly drilled that their
marching was greeted with applause all
along the street. Maj. Stewart, their
j Commander, looked the beau-ideal of
| a soldier.
GEN. JOHN CORSON SMITH.
Commander of the Department of 1111
?ol?, (a.A.ll.
Gen. John Corson Smith, Commander
of the Department of Illinois, G.A.R.,
enlisted at the first call in 1861, as a
private soldier, and subsequently be
came Lieutenant-Colonel of the 96th
111., brevetted Colonel and Brigadier
General. He served as Chlef-of-Staff
to Maj.-Gen. Steedman, was severely
wounded at Kenesaw while In command
of a brigade, and then returned to his
regiment and commanded It until the
end of the war. He enjoyed the friend
ship of Gens. Grant, Sherman and Lo
gan. He has been a faithful worker in
the Grand Army, and was twice State
Treasurer of Illinois, being re-elected
by an increased majority and the only
candidate on the ticket to be elected at
that time. He was Lieutenant-Governor
of Illinois In 1884, and was one of the
committee of three to formulate the
G.A.R. Ritual and Book of Services. At
the time of hi* election he was serving
as Commander of his Post.
The Next National Encampment.
Editor National Tribune: There is
considerable dissatisfaction In the choice
of Minneapolis as the place of the next
National Encampment. The custom has
been, at least In recent years, to alter
nate from West to East every other
year, giving the Eastern members an
opportunity to attend as well as those
from the west. We do not consider it
hardly fair play.?Grove H. Dutton, Co.
D, 147th X. Y., Oswego, N. Y.
Medal Found at Cleveland, Ohio.
Alex. S. Oliver, State Soldiers' Home,
Erie Co., Ohio, has a large bronze Get
tysburg medal, found In the city of
Cleveland, Ohio, some time ago. The
name of J. B. McNally appears on this
medal. The owner may have the medal
by proving the property.
The 77th III.
Eighty-seven survivors of the 77th
111. registered during the Annual Re
union at Peoria, 111., Sept. 6 and 7. The
following officers were elected: Presi
dent, Frank Ireland, of Washburn; Vice
President, Charles T. Hurd, Peoria;
Secretary, William Bocock, Washing
ton; Treasurer, Daniel Murphy, Peoria;
Chaplain, J. N. Dawson, Elm wood; Reg
imental Drummer, Enoch Buckingham;
Drum Major, Frank W. Ash, Peoria.
Indemnity From Japan.
Will you please inform me if the
Japanese Government ever paid an in
demnity to the United States??J. H.
Dlnders. 677 Ocean Ave., Jersey City,
N. J.
The Japanese have several times
paid us indemnity, particularly for fir
ing on our ships at Shimonoseki. At
that time an indemnity of 3,000,000
Mexican dollars was demanded by the
allied powers of United States, France,
Great Britain and the Netherlands, and
paid by the Japanese.?Editor National
Tribune.
Surrender of Plymouth N. C.
Will you please tell me when Ply
mouth, N. C., was surrendered to the
Southern Confederacy? An answer
through your valuable paper will great
ly oblige.?J. M. Irvin, Sinclairville,
N. Y.
The siege began April 17 and lasted
until April 20, 1864, when the place
was surrendered.?Editor National
Tribune.
Cannot Walk.
Editor National Tribune. Comrades,
the time has come when the boys
of '61-'65 refuse to walk in a
National Encampment parade. Cities
who want the National Encampment
must provSdelfiome way for the old
soldiers to ride. Comrades, tell all in
authority you jvill not walk, and tell
them you jrinj not attend a National
Encampme*t< tyiless there is provision
made for iM p.A.R. to ride. Forty
five years &<^jrou walked, "and did it
cheerfully," {Sphere angels feared to
tread. Old Tffiie is In control now, and
we are only asking what we are en
titled to?"a fijle in the band wagon."
Mr. National Commander, what do you
say? If yofi wdlnt a success of the Na
tional Encampment next year, "the
boys must rlflej" Answer. It's up to
you.?M. L. Cbik, Casey, 111.
FlKhttMVrom the Prairie*.
Editor National Tribune: I have
taken groalffrwasure in reading "The
Fighters Frgm the Prairies.". Being ac
quainted with some of the boys of the
28th 111., I have taken a double inter
est in their story. Several of the old
pensioners who come into my office
every three months to execute their
vouchers have expressed a desire to
hear more from the "Suckers." I was
never a soldier, but having been a loyal
citizen far in the depths of the wilder
ness of Oregon during the civil war, I
am deeply Interested in what the boys
have to say of what they did while
afield.
If you can Induce Mr. Hobart, the
author, to continue the story, you will
oblige your humble servant and several
readers of The National Tribune here.?
Will Huntley, Hopeland, Cal,
[Comrade Hobart has written the
further adventures of the 28th 111.,
which will appear In The National Trib
une at an early date,?Editor National
Tribune.]
The 1st In<l. Cav.
Editor National Tribune: Will you
kindly give a history of the 1st Ind.
Cav. in The National Tribune, and ob
lige several surviving members of this
organization and particularly?William
F. Bahr, Co. C, 1st Ind. Cav., Evansville,
Ind.
The 1st Ind. Cav. (28th Ind.) was or
ganized Aug. 20, 1861, in pursuance of
instructions from the War Department
to raise a regiment of cavalry in the
Counties bordering on the Ohio River.
Conrad Baker became Colonel, and the
first fight of the regiment was by three
companies under the command of Maj.
Gavitt, on Black River, near Ironton,
Mo., in which five rebels were killed
and four captured. In the Spring of
1862 the regiment went into Arkansas,
and for over a year was stationed at
Helena, and during the last year of its
service was at Pine Bluff. Co. I was an
independent company, and was sent to
West Virginia, where it was Gen. Rose
crans's escort, and then in the same
capacity for Gens. Fremont and Sigel.
Co. K was another independent com
pany, which served in West Virginia
and wason headquarters duty with Gens.
Fremont and Sigel and afterwards with
Gen. Howard, with whom it took part
in the battles of Chancellorsville and
Gettysburg. During the latter year of
its service it was at Gen. Meade's head
quarters. The regiment lost 36 killed
and 151 died of disease.?Editor Na
tional Tribune.
A Letter From a Soldier's Wife.
Editor National Tribune: I want to
express my gratitude and thanks to
you for your very valuable paper, and
I wonder why every soldier or his fam
ily do not take it. I think it worth $1
a year Just to read Maj. S. H. M. Byers's
Diary. I can hardly wait from one
week to another to get the paper, and
as long as I can raise a dollar I will
take it. I am a staunch Republican,
also a soldier's wife, and it makes my
blood boil even now when I recall all
that our noble boys in blue had to suf
fer at the hands of the rebels.?Mrs. E.
A. Hewitt. 1808 Garfield Ave., Parkers
burg, W. Va.
Reunion of the 123d 111.
The 34th Annual Reunion of the 123d
111. was held at Maga, 111., Sept. 7 and
8. Fifty-six comrades answered to roll
call. Seven of the comrades have been
mustered out since the last meeting.
The regiment belonged to the Wilder's
Mounted Infantry Brigade. The Wilder
Brigade was known all over the Army
of the Cumberland, and did a vast
amount of hard service. Officers elect
ed: President, A. C. Garison, Casy,
111.; Leroy Fanchu, Vice President,
Greenup; J.- H. McClelland, Secretary
and Treasurer.
Grant Homestead for Park.
A deal has been concluded whereby
the old Grant farm in St. Louis County,
a short distance west of the city limits
of St. Louis, for many years the home
of President Ulysses S. Grant, will be
converted into an amusement park next
year. The tract comprises about 440
acres, and the purchase price was $113,
000.
The Army Chart.
Comrade M. J. Clcrihan, of Jackson
ville, 111., writes: "I received my Army
Charts, and consider them very artistic
in design and worth much as a compen
dium of war history. I consider the
Charts very valuable prizes, and every
soldier should have one of them hung
up in his home."
Explained.
(Philadelphia Record.)
Blobbs?There seems to be a strange
affinity between a colored man and a
chicken.
Slobbs?Naturally. One is descended
from Ham and the other from eggs.
An Argument.
(Town and Country.)
Mamma?Didn't I tell you, Willie,
that you were not to go out in a canoe?''
Willie?But, mamma, the man told
me that was one of the best ways in the
world to learn how to swim.
SPANISH WAR VETERANS.
W?i? of Iitertat Reftrllic thf Order.
Additional new Camps of Spanish
War Veterans have been announced
from headquarters as having been es
tablished as follows:
James Lockett Camp, S, Carson City,
Nev.; D. W. Figgins Camp, 1, Boise.
Idaho; O. J. Gisborne Camp, 6, Mont
pelier, Vt.; Orlando F. Guthrie Camp, 5.
Butler, Mo.; Joseph H. McCourt Camp.
13. Berkeley. Cal.; MaJ. John K. Sague
Camp, 44, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.; G. D.
Russell Camp, 43. New York. N. Y.;
Fort Steuben Camp. 4.r?, Steubenville,
Ohio; Edward S. Matthias Camp. 46.
Van Wert. Ohio; Sharon Camp. 28.
Sharon. Pa.; W. E. Baldwin Camp. 23.
Dixon, 111.
? ? ?
Commander C. A. Simmons, of th?
Department of New York. United Span
ish War Veterans, writes that the Em
pire State "will be largely represented
nt the next Annual Encampment at
Washington."
? ? ?
A sentiment has developed in a num
ber of Camps of Spanish War Veterans
In favor of a change of the official uni
form from that now worn?campaign
hat, blue blouse and gray trousers.
Many favor adopting the clay-colored
khaki suits, which are now being dis
placed in the Regular Army bv those
of olive-green. It is pointed out in this
connection that the War Department
has on hand a large number of the
"clay khakis" which the organization
may procure at greatly reduced rates
through some arrangement with the of
fice of the Quartermaster-General. At
any rate, it is said, a number of indi
vidual Camps will adopt the khaki out
fit, retaining the gray campaign hat.
FItEE TRAINING OF NURSES.
Young; Women of Small Town* and Coun
try Diatrlctw to Be Favored.
By the terms of a fund to be admin
istered in connection with the Phila
delphia School for Nurses. Witherspoon
Building, Philadelphia, a number of
young women from every County will
receive free training In Nursing. It Is
planned to ultimately reach and help
In this way every village and Town
ship.
The young women will be provided
with room, board, nurse uniforms and
all the refinements of a well-appointed
Christian home. At graduation the di
ploma of the School and the Order of
the Red Cross will be conferred, quali
fying for practice in any State or coun
try; the railroad fare will then be paid
Lack home.
Those applying and chosen to receive
the benefits of this fund will be given
two years' training, with a rich experi
ence in nursing the sick poor of the
city under skilled leaders. The term
may be shortened to 18 months by tak
ing a preliminary course of six months'
reading and study at home. A special
short course enables young women to
quickly qualify themselves for self-sup
port and a substantial income.
In addition to regular nursing, the
young women are taught how to pre
serve their own health; how t6 recog
nize, avoid and destroy contagion; how
to establish and maintain perfect sani
tary conditions about the home; they
are prepared for positions as office
nurse and physician's assistant; they
get a practical knowledge of City Mis
sion movements, Deaconess training.
College settlement work, and are trained
for special positions of trust in institu
tions.
The School is 10 years old and is in
dorsed by physicians, leading educators
and prominent men throughout the
country.
lOSth Pa.
Editor National Tribune: I am proud
of my regiment, the 105th Pa., one of
the very best fighting regiments in the
army. The 105th Pa. was called the
Wild Cat Regiment. During the months
of May and June in front of Richmond,
when the army was under command of
McClellan, the 105th Pa. lost in killed
and wounded 268 out of 331. At Charles
City Crossroads the regiment lost 103
out of 200; at Chancellorsville, Va., ac
cording to Headley's History of the Re
bellion, vol. 1, page 241, our loss was
11 officers and 241 men, over half of
the entire strength taken into the battle.
At Gettysburg, Pa., we lost 168 out of
247. We had 17 line officers, and 13 of
these were killed or wounded. The en
tire loss of the regiment was 1,098 men
out of a total enrollment of 2,040. My
first drilling was In Yorktown, Va.,
while under fire, having arrived
the evening before. I enlisted April
29, 1862, having been too young
to enter the army wrhen the regi
ment was organized. I was wounded at
Mine Run. Altogether I was in 32 bat
tles, besides many skirmishes. Phil
Kearny would say: "Give me the 105th
Pa.; I can depend on them."?George
W. Rich, Co. C, 105th Pa., First Bri
gade, First Division, Third Corps, May
wood, 111.
Sold Out.
(Llppincott's.)i
One of Nantucket's Summer visitors
strolled into the little shop kept by an
old man, a native of the place.
In looking about she found, a kind
of linen cloth which she bought for
fancy work. Some friends who saw
and liked it went to the shop and pur
chased all that remained.
In a few days the proprietor went to
the "mainland" to replenish his stock,
and bought more of the same goods,
which also was soon sold.
"Well!" exclaimed Uncle Hi as the
last yard went, "if any more of you
folks want that stuff you can go up ter
mainland an* git it. I can't keep noth
ing in this here shop!"
Different Specie*.
(Lippincott's.)
Cragan, the Lieutenant's man-of-all
work, or "striker," had been told to
skin a fine mink that the Lieutenant
had shot that morning while after
ducks.
Now, the mink belongs to the weasel
family and has his distinctive odor,
which is secreted by a small gland.
When the Lieutenant returned to his
quarters that evening he looked around
to see where the skin was, but could
find no trace of it or of the mink.
A note on the table explained mat
ters. It read:
"Lieutenant, that mink was a skunk.
?Cragan."
Family Pride.
(Chicago Tribune.)
Young Mr. Johnson had proposed to
the beautiful Miss Smith.
"No, Clarence," she answered him,
sadly but firmly. "If I married you
there would be one less Smith and one
more Johnson?and you already out
number us in the city directory."
Natural Enough.
(Philadelphia Ledger.)
Jolklcy?I once heard a man say that
he would rather be an ex-convict than,
anything else he could think of.
Polkley?^he idea! How eccentric!
Jolkley?Not at all. The man was in
the penitentiary at the time.
Morphine
How the Habit may be Cured
Free trial e
After 30 years of success in curing DRl'G HABITS
of all kinds 1 have decided to PREKCRIBB
(FRBE OP VHARUE) and send a TRIAL
TREATMENT of ray remedy to any drug user.
It is the only method that will forever eradicate
every vestige of the effects of the drug used.
Name
Address
Drug Used
Daily Quantity
In writing state In fnll the general condition of
ri ?->'PHlrh ?rid r ess ti? Wf - ? ?
DR. Jt. L WATER*AN, 14 Uxlaf.M /.it., NEW \0BK.
EITHER OF THESH
HboonsI
To anyooe imywhere. Writ*
and Bfttmn the book m
want. 1 will gladly send It.
IF YOU 4fff|
BLIND I
or have Failine Sight, Cataracts, Granulated Lids,
We^k and Contested F.yes, bears, Stums or Ulcers
on tlie eyes or any other eye disease, write for my
80 PAGE BOOK ON EYE DISEASES
Tt-kirk trlls kmr to ctrrr iktu eye disrates by a sim+ie
methixi at your tnti home I)?rril*s and illustrates
every known eye disease with colored pictures, tells
how to care <<>r the eyes, how to live, rathe, etc. A
hook full of information about eves which should be in
every home, it is free, write today.
IF YOU ME DEAF
either partially or completely or if yon have head>
noi*es, ringing in the ears, discharging ears, catarrh
of the head, nose or throat, or any ear disease. Write
for my
64 PAGE BOOK ON DEAFNESS
and Iram 0/ a new method whereby all afflicted
with Deafness of other ear diseases, can cure them
selves at home without visiting a doctor. Most 00
plete book published and is free to all. Address
DR.W.O. COFFEE, 800 Centary Bld?..Des M sates, la.
PERFECT HEALTH.
I had it.
I lost it.
I rtgaintd it.
DO YOU WANT ITT
Bettor than Gold a Thousandfold.
DO TOU WISH ALL THIS CHAH6ED1
? raa 4* It by my Mall Course of 12 lessons at a
??"???ml rMt me your addrem oo a postal
and 1 will tell you all about it.
or DO IT MOW! "Va
Don't write unless you are In earnest. Ask about
me of Hon. C. F. Thayer, Mayor, Norwich, Oonn.i
F. 8. Jerome. Pres. Firet National Hank, Norwich,
Conn. CHABLEW i'OCBTWKY MAMHELL,
Dept. C, Nsrwleh, U. S. A.
Whertvtr PACAL BALM is givm
a chance to prove its worth it Is never
discarded. Will you give it this chance
in your home? Pacal Balm cures
Coughs, Asthma, Hay Fever,Croup,Bron
chitis and all* forms of Acute Lung
Trouble, Catarrh of Head. Stomach and
Womb, Running Sores, Scrofulous Ul
cers, Scalp and Skin Diseases of every
form. No remedy on earth is doing so
much for the many forms of Piles, Ear
and Eye trouble.
You that have never learned the worth
of Pacal Balm, we ask that you kindly
send for free sample, that you may know
that we are selling honest medicines at
an honest price. If your druggist does
not handle our medicines do not delay
for the little trouble it is to inclose
stamps, coin or money order and It will
be sent prepaid to any part of the Civil
ized World.
Price of Pacal Balm, 25 cents and 50
cents. Comrade A. H. Olmstead, Mgr.
Address PACAL BALM CO., St. Uaia,
Mich.
THE BEST TRUSS MADE.
WORM DAT AMD MIGHT, t i ?
COMFORT AMD RADICAL CURE.
This Is the only Elaatto
Truss protected by U. fiL
Patent* and Trade-Mark.
New patent "wire frame"
In front-piece controls pad
pressure, Increasing It with,
out tightening band. No
metal springs to tortura
and Injure back or hips.
Pad* are made kariar or
Mfler at will. Warranted to hold perfectly wont
rupture with create* comfort Pensioner* under the
old law can obtain this trass from the (Government.
Send for illustrated cata'otrue to Dept. T. AXIOM
lirti. CO.. 744 UraMlirar. Mew Terh.
* ?"?? DROPSY
CURED with ?egetabla
reraedles entirely barm
less; remove all symp
toms of dropsy In 8 to
days; 90 to 60 days effect*
a permanent cure. Trial
treatment famished free
to every sufferer, nothing
fairer. For circulars, tes
timonials, ete., apply to
'DR. H. H. GREEN'S.
SONS, Box I, Atlanta,
Oa.
LUMBER AT HALF PRICE
Bend lit your Lumber Bill for our
estimate. We will SAVE you from 80*
to 60*. We bought the great 8T. LOUIS
WORLD'S FAIR. Such an opportunity
may never occur again. Write us today
for our low prices and Free Catalog No.
880 on all kinds of Material. Address
Cfafcuo Hoist Wrtcldflg Co., Willi's Fair Grfc.,St.Laais
THE HOMESTEAD COLONY.
The new Southern Colony Is now beinyorganlted hy
Mr. P. Ii. Fitzgerald, who located the (irwat Soldiers'
Colony at Fitzgerald, (Jeorpia. All who wiiJi to
ecu re homes in tiie mild climate of the South should*
end fur circulars and information, tarnished by
MR. P. H. FITZQERALD,
Of Indianapolis, - - Indiana.
Sent Free. ?
Steel Roofing, $1.50 Per 100 So. Ft.
Kew, painted both aldea, moat darabla and economical
roof covering for Honte*. Barn*. Sbeda, ate. frelglHPaM
to ail Peinta last at Celaredo, except
Oklahoma, Ind. Ter. and Texas. Frices
elceobere on application. $1.50 la price
on i>rr No. 15 Fiat Sbeeta, 2 ft.x'2 ft. At
$l.f) we furniih the aame in compted
or "V,; crimped. We also funiiah this in
t> and 8 ft. lengths at an advance of 50c
rer sq. Aak for ?or Tree lllaatrated 500
are Catalog No. A.M. 380on Lomber.
Hoofing, Wire Fencing, Hard war*. Fur
niture. Clocbingand General Stocks from
Sheriffs' mm 4 Waaetoars* Satos. We
Mmgbt the Fifty Million Dollar 8t. Looia World's Fair.
Cfnaaas Hsws Wwtliisg Ce^> Iws >?h OMm?
Tour Fortune Told free
DV TIIC 7flniiP Astrology reveals your life.
Dl I HC. lUUIAu. We will send you nlioroacope
heading of v our life and a most Interesting Hook on
Astrology, if you send die date of your birth and
stamp for return potaajte. Our reading* have made
people happy and full of hope and success. Addreas
MA0A2iy80FMYSTEBHS.22M.WllllinSt.y.T. City
M en PER OAT SALARY
UbIVU woman in each locality to repreaeat
old established mall order house. Thte
Is no ordinary agency, but a dignified, genteel, remun
erative position. No capital or experience needed.
We furnish the work and leach you free.
?. A. PABKKB, 7*? Cheat Mat M., Phila.,Far
Alphabetical List of Battles
Or Encyclopedia of the Wars,
With Date* from 173A f IMS,
FROM OFFICIAL RECORDS.
The PENSION BUREAU uses it to de
termine dates of buttles and incidents of
the various wars.
Any one of the 8,220 battles, skir?
mishes, and other incidents of the Civil
War, or of the 1,251 engagements of th*
Spanish War, with losses in cach, can
be referred to as easily as to a word in
the dictionary.
It coadeuaea Into one hook, of 23S
pagea, practically all the haledge of
the various nara.
AH prlaclpal event* are rlvea as they
occurred front day to day,?this Is worth
the price of the book.
It gives a list of Pension ratings, U.
S. Pension Agencies, Soldiers' Homes,
Camps, National Cemeteries, and Number
of Troops furnished by Stutes; in fact
It Is a Dictionary of lafornaatloa of tha
various wars.
Neutly bound, sent post paid. Prios
$1.00.
If you are not pleased with tha boo It
return it and get your money.
Address: N. A. STRAIT,
217 "V? Street N. W, Waahlngtaa, D. C
Sa&iSl

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