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SCIENCE AND INVENTION.
Work of tbe World's Busy Brains in Discovering, Inventing and Creating. ORIGIN or THE MOOPf. A French scientist is quite persistent in asserting his belief that at some per iod in the history of the earth, when the surface was rapidly cooling and contracting, a large portion occupying what is now the Pacific Ocean became loosened from the mass and flew off into space, where it whirled around un til it shaped itself into the moon. The Hawaiian Islands were a firmer bit of the mass that could not be detached. When this immense body was separated the contraction of the rest of the crust resulted in a crack which became the Atlantic Ocean, and the scientist points to the way in which the eastern and western coats of the oceans correspond to each other as proof of his theory. A look at the map will show that if the east coast of America and the west coasts of Europe and Africa were pressed together they would make a pretty good fit. In its rush off into space the moon did not carry any at mosphere with it, and consequently it Is destitute of air and, therefore, of life such as we understand it on earth. vj??development of the turbine ?team-engine has gone on with remark i . . rcgmaruy, it has nevertheless had some of the practical troubles which have attended the development of every other theoretical machinery. Mr. par sons spent many weary years of heart breaking disappointments before he achieved a fairly-working model, and then he ran up against some most un expected difficulties. These have not all been overcome, because in some of the larger machines there has been a most unexpected and inexplainable stripping of the vanes. No matter how carefully these blades were fitted to avoid any contact with the inner sur fact of the cylinder there would come times when they would be snapped off one after another, sometimes the whole shaft being stripped in an instant. It eventually developed that under certain conditions of speed, length of blade and steam pressure a certain intense vibration set up which had the effect of stretching the fiber of the blades and permanently lengthening them. It is said that one of the great firms, which are building the 75.000 horse power turbines, has set up a special shop for experimental work on turbines, and has already expended $100,000 in equipping It. Another great difficulty was, the "priming" from the boilers and the water came over in such quantities at unexpected times as to break the blades from the shaft. This has been controlled in a measure, but not wholly prevented. The world of engineers is watching eagerly for the result of the freat Cunard liner Carraania's trip across the Atlantic. She will leave Liverpool on Dec. 2 for New York. She has turbines of 21,000 horse-power, which it is expected will propel her at "the rate of 25 knots an hour. Not only are her engines larger than any others which have been put afloat, but they will in crossing the Atlantic Ocean make a much longer continuous run under severer conditions than turbine engines have ever before been subject ed to. Dr. Burton, of Cambridge, England, has demonstrated that there must be a modification of the theory that dia monds can only be produced by the most Intense pressure. He believes that the process of crystal lxation has as much to do with the formation as pres sure, and his process consists in using a molten bath of lead with some metal lic calcium, which also holds a small quantity of carbon in solution. The carbon crystalizes in the calcium and when this is decomposed by steam dia mond crystals are found incased in lime. So far the temperature has had much to do with the shape of the pro duct. If the steam is turned on when the mass is at a full red heat small graphite crystals will be formed, but if it is at a low red heat microscopic dia monds result. These, however, have more of the refractive power of dia monds than those produced by other processes, and It is thought that a new basis has been established for hopeful experimentation. No less a person than M. Camille Flammarion, probably the grr-atest of all living astronomers, ig trying an ex haustive serie* of experiments to de termine whether the moon exercises any real influence upon the growth of plants. He began his experiments some time ago, but the results this season have been so confusing as to leave him nothing upon which to base a decided opinion. Germany is going ahead very suc cessfully with electric traction on canals and is now to apply it on a large scalc on the Teltow Canal, which is one of the principal waterways of Germany. The boats will be pulled by a trolley motor run along the banks, with a track on each side of the canal to pro vide for boats going in both directions. The locks will also be opened and closed by electricity. Canadian scientists are sanguine that the limitless water power of their country will be turned in the direction of electrical smelting, with the result of making Canada the greatest iron producing country in the world. Dltkaml The Secretary of the Interior has dis barred from practice before any Bu reau John A. Harris, 8pokane, Wash., and Charles H. Minshall, Viroqua, Wis. W?rk of the Fateat 0?ce. For the week ended Nov. 21. 1905, the Patent Office issued 615 patents, 19 designs. 110 trade-marks, 12 labels, eight prints, four re-issues; making a total of 76 S. of which 576 patents and 12$ trade-marks went to citizens of the United States and 68 patents and two trade-marks to citizens of foreign ?o unifies. CaltfTtter. Edward B. Winters, CofPeyville, Kan., has patented a hand cultivator which is a fork-shaped frame with three disks on each fork to work as the or dinary disk cutters in horse machines. Plate Lifter. Oscar Goodwin, Berlin, N. H., has received a patent for a plate lifter and carrier consisting of a handle \^ith wires projecting and bent in such man ner as to slip under the plate and hold it when being carried from place to place. Thimble. Spencer H. Huntington, Kerrville, Tex., has patented a thimble \? .ch has a needle-threader combined. Hone Shoe. John H. Carey, Hartford, Conn., has received a patent for a horse shoe which has an elastic tread or cushion held in place by a groove In the shoe and projections from the prongs. Coffee Pot. Louis E. Beers, Poplar Bluff, Mo., has patented a coffee pot in which the ground coffee is held in a sliding cup in the top of the pot and is contained in a bag that permits digestion from the rising steam In the lower part of the vessel. Nat Splitter. William G. Brown, Carlsbad, N. M., the nut between its jaws and forces a chisel in at the suture. Plaabbob. Charles J. Hedlund. Quincy, Mass., has patented a plumbbob which has in its hea*i a casing with a reel journalad a- 10 wind up tba cord by which i Uob fas suspend*!. Leatker Wearing Tread. Charles L Ireson, Boston, Mass, has patented a leather wearing tread for pneumatic tires. It has upon Its Inner side a body or sheet of vulcanisable rubber by which it is attached to the tire. Calendar for Peiefla Samuel Francis, Denver, Colo., has patented a calendar to be attached to a pen or a pencil so as to keep the day of the month constantly where the writer can readily see it. Rocklag Chair. Felix Kohn, Vienna, Austria, has patented a novel rocking-chair in which support at the same time the back and the seat. Spring Tire. Troy Ware, Letch, W. Va., has pat ented a spring tire for a wheel which i3 a band of metal to fit snugly over the rim with a spring metal strip spaced equally about the band with thflr free ends bent at an angle so as to form resilient springs as they are pressed down. Bafteball Bat. William F. Gubbins, Chicago. 111., has patented a baseball bat, the strik ing part of which has a covering com posed of an Inner layer of cloth ce mented to the bat and an outer layer of rubber corrugated lengthwise. A NEW RAILROAD MOTOR. A ftneceaafal Deriee Which la Attract lag Much Attention In Earopc. For very many reasons, among which not the least is the sharp competition in many localities of the electric tram ways, railroad men have been for years anxious for a cheaper and simpler mo tive power than the locomotive. The locomotive Is all right for long, heavy trains and Infrequent service, but it is a complicated and expensive machine, and requires the services of a highly OUTSIDE VIEW OF BOILER. skilled engineer. What Is needed is something with the simplicity of an ordinary motor car on a street tram way. Several experiments are being tried In this country, and which look v?-ry hopeful, with an ordinary passen ger car to which a gasoline motor has been attached. This is not only run quite cheaply, so far as the fuel Is con cerned, but it needs no watertanks, and any man capable of running a gasoline engine can run it and also act as con ductor. Therefore, it can make fre quent trips, charge a low rate of fare, and yet return a profit. It is thought that this device will be quite useful on many of the Western roads where it does not pay to run a regular train more than once or twice a day, and then these, in order to be profitable, have to make long trips and strike points at inconvenient hours. It ap pears that even in Europe, thickly set tled as it is, there are the same needs and difficulties. Today more than 100 different types of motors are in use in various parts of Europe, and they have as a rule been quite successful, carry ing freight and passengers at a profit where with an ordinary train of a lo comotive and tender with two or three cars there has been a loss. One of the most interesting of these motors, and which has attracted unusual attention, Is that of the Peebles Steam Car Co., of London and Budapest. It differs from the others in using steam as the mo tive power, and has a boiler of unique construction. It Is nine feet six Inches in height by six feet in diameter, fitted up with 29S return tubes and has a grate area of nine square feet and a heating surface of over 600 square feet. The furnace Is of hemispherical shape and pressed hydraulically from a sin gle flat platg, so that there are no seams or rivets exposed to the action of the Are. The return tubes are so arranged as to superheat the steam. The motor Is slung from the frame .. * . work by a spiring suspension with flex-' ible oonnectlon with the boiler and all the working 'parts Inclosod In water and dust proof casings and run in an oil bath, whifch seduces the wear and tear to the iBiinlhium. The greatest novelty, thoojph. Is that the engine to connected with the wheels by the same gearing used In alectric vehicles. Be* tween the craftk-ahaft and the driving axle to introduced an intermediate shaft carrying three gear wheels. These give tlfe different rates of speed and better control:of the vehicle. The half speed gear is; used for starting and for heavy gradients. ,.So far it has soemed SECTION OP WATER-TUBE BOILER OF PEEBLES GEAR-DRIVEN STEAM COACH. that this method of propulsion is cheaper even than gasoline or elec tricity. With a 35-horse-power motor the fuel consumed averages 6.5 pounds per hour and the total running cost six cents a mile, which includes fuel, oil, attendance, etc. The car will carry 33 passengers and can reach a speed of 60 miles an hour. On the State rail roads of Wurtemberg these engines have been run cheaper than the Daim ler gasoline motors, and similar results have been obtained upon the Hungar ian railroads and in Bavaria. INFORMATION BUREAU. Water Proofing Cloth. Editor National Tribune: What is the process of water proof cloth??Ed ward C. Dyer, Kansas City, Kan. Dissolve in a receptacle, preferably of copper, over a bright coal fire, one quart of pure linseed oil, one quart of petroleum, one-half quart of oil turpen tine, and 125 grammes of yellow wax, the last named In small bits. As there is danger of fire, boiling of this mass should be avoided. With this hot so lution removed from the flre, of course, the felt material is impregnated; next it is hung up fn a warm, dry room or spread out, but in such a manner that the uniform teinperature can act upon all parts. r-?9 ? ?? Bottle Moonihcnt Dedicated. . i ' Thirty-three, pi^rviving veterans of the 54th Pa. recently made a pilgrim age to the Shenandoah Valley in the vicinity of N.e>v Market, Va., to un vail a monument that had been erected there in memory of the members of the regiment who gave up their lives in defense of their country. David R. Bryan, First S^rjreant, Co. A, 64th Pa., writing to The National Tribune, says it rained nearly, all the time the sol diers were on tJxeir jpiission of love; "but," he" added, "the hospitality of the citizens of New Market and vicin ity was so delightful it made us forget the unpleasant weather." The monument was unvailed by Miss Marion Mostoller, the 12-year-old daughter of Comrade J. W. Mostoller, at 2 o'clock, Oct. 25, 1906. The dedi catory address was by N. Horace Rose, and the response was by C. G. Camp bell, the eldest son of the late Jacob M. Campbell, who was Colonel of the 54th Pa. The monument to 17 feet in height and to of Barre granite. The State of Pennsylvania appropriated $2,000 for the memorial and the survivors of the regiment raised $600 to pay the neces sary expenses for the site, the fence, etc. The meeting adjourned to meet in Gettysburg, Pa., in 1906. He Cm me From Flghtlig Stock. Editor National Tribune: The 44th anniversary of *he marriage of Com rade Harrison Crandall was celebrated by his veteran friends near Siloam Springs, Ark., Oct. 10, 1906. Comrade Crandall Is one of seven brothers who were In Uncle Sam's military ser vice from 1861 to 1865. He was a member of Co. B of the 1st Minn. Mounted Inf. Marlon Crandall was in the same company and regiment; Den nis Crandall was in Co. H, 1st Minn.; Nelson and William Crandall were In Co. H, 2d Minn.; Arthur Crandall en listed In Co. H, 4th Minn.; and Ran dolph Crandall was in 5th Iowa Cav. The grandfathers of the Crandalls were in the Revolutionary War, and their father was in the War of 1812. Comrade Harrison Crandall is Officer of the Day in Curtis Post, No. 9, Depart ment of Arkansas, G.A.R., and his wife is a member of Curtis Relief Corps, 1. The members of these or ganizations to the number of 38 par ticipated in the 44th anniversary din ner. The combined ages of the com rades present was 655 years, the eldest being 72 and the youngest 60. So you see we are all getting up in years if not in riches.?I. N. Baker, Co. I, 145th 111., Siloam Springs, Ark. Served With Ohio Commands. Editor National Tribune: I have taken The National Tribune since April, 1904, but I have read copies belonging to other comrades for about eight years before that time. I expect to take It the balance of my days, as I cannot do without it. I ^vould clearly love to hear from some of, tjlif boys of Co. E, or those of the 4^fH Ohio or the 8th Ohio Cav. I enlisted the 44th Ohio, Sept. 16, 1361, at Ca?pj> Clark, O., and re enllsted Jan. .64 1?64. in the 8th Ohio Cav. at Strawberry Plains, Tenn., and served to the efldj of the war. I was 20 years oldQwJfoen mustered out. I was under G#n, Benham at the time Floyd retreated from Gauley Heights. I was also at %h# Cumberland Gap sur render, Lynchburg, Charleston, Win chester, Liberty,1 Lexington, and many other places.*?H^nry C. Williamson, Darby, Mont. 6 u- 1 ? THOMPSON'S STATION. <Contlna?d from pact L) ?v? J10"? *e were thus hotly I ?r./n5 # V*filing fire, costing us many of the best and bravest men. As ?enSer? the desperateness of the will men of my company 28 were killed or wounded. fnemy ln our front having been silenced, our ammunition exhausted, the brigade moved to the woods to our right and rear. Here we encountered Forrest s Division, which had gained our rear by the left, while Martin's Bri gade was at our rear and right. The precipitous sides of a deep wooded ra vine were occupied by these forces. Franklin was but nine miles away: the roar of the artillery could be plainly heard The Commanding General was well informed of the strength of the 8 forces and yet refrained from making any effort looking to our sup port or relief. We had nothing but our which to repel or make Sfin# w*e f1 no ammunition, no irl?n?rCemen sight, the cavalry and artillery gone more than two hours, the enemy s batteries commanding the ? forces? we!1 mounted, thou sands strong, guarding every advan P?mt in our rear. Nothing re *? * jV1* brave an<* unflinching fllESf J1 disgraceful and destructive as thpvr UntJ' resistance was vain, a? they did, and surrendered. Two k an,d ninety-five of our men iCw? a k,,Ied aQd wounded, and down their arms. We were prisoners of war and were rr?Zn?tl marc.hed to Columbia, Tenn.; ff*'om thence to Richmond, Va., where Hi(n2 !allll!? ?' Ubby Priaon were extended to us for several months. Kad of Brlf^Ge*. Gilbert. h.SfnoGIIberts m!1,tary career ceased aDnoirefusing to confirm his aSrlT.J Znt aS a Br^adler-General, ft, ,*me 8000 thereafter, as far KC' 18 lnformed' Speared UiShZ' ya?^?rn ,n hls reP?rt does full rni rv>h?, courage and gallantry of ^ P and h,s subordinates, and nffi!? 1??3 In h,s command of 36 wounded enlisted men killed and Numerous incidents occur In everv v-flrflr|C0^i?Si+ that cIearly illustrate the lie ,f w eClS upon diflperent minds, manlv !lnf my cornPany. as gentle aJi offlrA^ ol' couraseous, and gallant J" ,?^cer as ever carried a sword?the athletic wrestler of the brigade?when our line was being hotly and vigorously qSSfL .v^6 enemy, almost at close evidently experiencing simi lar sensations to those produced bv a peisonal or individual encounter with' teeth3 "CoHSh^dVi??ld, throu8h closed teeth. Good God! I wish I had hold of ra?sWfrom ??S? dev,,s; 1 couId strip the ffLT a dozen of them." shower r,fU>rSUing the enemy amidst a shower of leaden missiles,- and visor thS hnUtfe8ting giving them some-' thing hotter even than that which thev were receiving. Private H., ordfnarlly not over choice of the language he used appoaHng'y said: -Oh. Capfain, S rsuch dan^""8^ d?n,t SWear When cornfield was Area through the r~d at. V.ie four naarksmen, some llicking, jolly soldier, undaunted by fltotat'SlL?Ve'1 1 O-'a- 'ha, 7, with a cannon." "aW CorD plowed side* H^Li?ere rush,nS down the hlll P iv?t/ p g ?,U^ opponents before us, Pri\ate C. called out, "Cantain T gaining territory every minute','* and later feelingly remarked, "I have lost every foot of territory I had gSfned " at lefl*f?or%PrIVat,e M' whose wounds, at least a dozen in number, we had just hurriedly examined, and who was a?that i"eady for further conflict, was ?nn ?f? ??kme"t a*ain wounded on arm fng nea? ?' a ?he" bar? g near us, and he remarked with with* your "alien? ?'egance: ''<*?*? )ho , shells, i can carry away all the lead you can put into me." Could the armies of the Union com posed of such men, have been othS wise than victorious? A \ 1*11 From a Former Foe. In 1888, 25 years after the cont^f a gentleman called at my office in this city presenting his ckrd?"Clement Sullivane"?and inquired if my was Lincoln, and whether I had par ticipated in the fight at Spring Hill or h??mpSOn statlon? Tenn., in 1863. Upon answered in the affirmative ^ pant in he Was ^ a Particf! !>??? i, that engagement, but on the L,eutenant on the offi cial staff of Gen. Van Dorn: that he wUhah1mh'W?i Van Dorn'a, and served d ath oar^ f ?f that Generars ueam. uur interview, thouah bri?f was most enjoyable, as we eichanied h?!Lww> and reco,l?ctIon? of varloua hiSrfifr oc?urr,ngr in our first and more hostile meeting. Suffice It to say that ^ that day until the pres ent had the pleasure of another ner a?auartet|^roferr W,?h my antagonist of a quarter of a century before* Kn? occurHn1^110!0 ?f the sin8TUlar incidents occurring along life's thoroughfares I n,Jy ?du,h^ ? a '"tie lo0nXfathat quaintance w? bVught^bou't Z* Tj Early In 18SO whlle fllIt HfUnm deputy Commissioner of Pen sions, a lady employee of that Bureau came to my desk with a letter whLh ,^a'd was 'rom her son, residing at -hattanooga, Tenn., and was In the In terest of an ex-Union soldier as a clliml ant for pension. Upon seeing the name ?o ,?hheTad^,ement s??'vane, much to tne lady s amazement, I inquired D^n-UTahe!fter,0f the ,ate g"? Van iJorn. Then, of course, followed ex planations as to where and how I be came aware of the relationship and (J n ?f sl?/he singularity of the situa tion?a sister of Gen. Van Dorn (a hit. er enemy of all who wore the blue) k ?mpIoyee of ths Government her il?? attempted to destroy and !n Judgment upon the claims of the bo>s in blue who had made such destruction impossible, and, still fur e mother of one who had a,j!il ? misguided brother and uncle with energy, activity and ability In his unholy and unsuccessful efforts, and who now, through this mother tills most excellent woman, was doing an Possible to render assistance to one of his former enemies. In this manner, as I have said I re newed my acquaintance with IJeut Sullivane, and subsequently secured from him a full and very accurate ro port, from hie point of Jlew o? the en-" . 0/'CUpyln* our attention I give >ou a, few extracts from it expres sive of his appreciation of the con summate courage, the undaunted hero ism and persistent and determined ef fort of our gallant and hero?^brigade in a most unaqual contest ri?aae He says: Testimony From a Confederate. 5? the general features of that battle, no one will bear more cheerful testimony than I to the stubborn cour age with which Col. Coburn'a unfor How: to Cure Rheumatism <? >i'i I searched the ul.ole earth for a specific for Rheumatism?sbmethlng that I or any physi clan could feel sufe in prescribing?something that we could <ount on not only occasionally, but with reasonable rertalnty. For the rav ages of Rheumatism are everywhere and gen uine relief !?> rare. After twenty years of search and experi ment. I li'arn'.d of the (krmaii chemical I now employ. And 1 knew then that my search and my "Kurt* were well rewarded. For this ehemioal. in combination with other.?, gave me the bat>i? of a remedy which In the cure of Rheumatism Is practically certain. In many, Vuany teats nnd difficult cases this pre scription has with regularity justified the confidence I had in It. I don't mean that Dr. Shoop's Rheumatic Tablets can turn bony Joints into flesh again and never fail?that la impossible. But they will with reasonable certainty drive from the blood the poison that causes pain and swell ing, and then that is the end of the pain and swelling?the end of the suffering?the end of Rheumatism. Any Rheumatic sufferer who writes may re ceive my little book on Rheumatism, includ ing professional advice as to diet, etc., free. With the book I will also send without charge, my "Health Token," an intended passport to good health. Address Dr. Shoop, Box 8531, Racine, Wis. Mild cases are sometimes reached by a single package?for sale by 44,000 Druggists. Dr. Shoop's Tablets tun&te though heroic brlftd^ bore up against great odds and la the face of inevitable disaster. For there was never a moment when It waa possible for them to win. or even to save them selves by precipitate retreat, when once they had advanced to Thompson Sta tion, nine miles from Franklin, and deployed Into line of battle. ? ? ? "Our mounted Infantry could and would have ridden all around and at tacked them on every side at once had they attempted a retrograde movement without a battle. Had Gen. Van Dorn thus interposed his whole force between you and Franklin, and attacked you from that quarter, he must have driven you back on Martin's forces; and, at tacked in front and rear on both flanks all at once, how would It have been possible for you to extricate yourself from the circle of fire around you? I have always held It to have been an impossibility, and thought you did all mortal men could do when you killed and wounded about as many of us as you lost before you surrendered to the Inevitable, and only gave up when cer tain massacre was frowning In your faces. *?????? "If it be permitted me to add a mili tary criticism, by no means new, but discussed at the headquarters of Gen. Van Dorn at the time, it is this, and It is on your commanding officer at Frank lin (whoever he was?I think a Gen Gilbert) and neither on Col. Coburn's tactics in the field nor the gallantry of his soldiers in battle. As I have stated, the two last seemed to us beyond hostile criticism. "The air was full of rumors of this march of Van Dora's cavalry from north Mississippi to join Forrest on Duck River. We found country people about Columbia who knew of it weeks in advance of our arrival, and captured stray prisoners who had heard of it. In point of fact. Col. Coburn's com mand was sent out for the express pur pose of verifying the accuracy of these reports. Therefore, whep this officer met us on the 4th instant and paused in his march, and reported us In heavy numbers in his immediate front, why was he not at once ordered to return to Franklin? Or if credence was not given him, why, when he was presump tively ordered to proceed on his march, was not a supporting force sent out after him ? The plainest principles of prudence would seem to have demanded this. If the suspected Junction of Van Dorn and Forrest had been made (our bold move on Franklin, and CoL Co burn's report, surely ought to have deepened the suspicion), then it was sending Coburn into the Jaws of de struction to order him forward. If he was mistaken in reporting what he saw, and his Commanding General would not believe him until he advanced on the Columbia, then surely it would have! been a small matter to send another1 brigade within supporting distance, so that he could have something to fall back upon in the event of his finding the Van Dorn-Forrest junction to be a fact. We could only .account for It on the supposition that the commanding officer at Franklin was weak in num bers and really believed the rumor that if the junction was made we had about 15,000 men?too strong for his whole (Command, and that if true we would turn the right flank of Gen. Rosecrans's army at Murfreesboro by severing him from it, a whole army corps of infan try would pour in behind us and the necessary retreat of that General on Nashville would be visited on him. Therefore It was, we reasoned, that he was determined to flnd out the truth, even by the sacrifice, if necessary, of Coburn's whole brigade, and would not risk his own position by the loss of another man (for 15,000 strong, or the I mounted. we would eat up the supporting brigade as surely as Co burn s), and that we made our forced I reconnoissance on Franklin, with our j whole force immediately after the ac tion to see If he was as weak as his non-support of Coburn would indicate. We found he was not weak, but with some 8,000 or 10,000 men behind his fortifications on Harpeth River, and so we marched back again. And then Granger came for us and nearly caught the whole of us, as our pontoon had been swept away by a freshet in Duck River and we were In a desperate po sition. "With best wishes for your welfare I an.? greatest respect, J "I am, etc., yours to command, "Clement Sullivane." Ia Conclusion. In my opinion, the history of the rebellion, with its 5,564 battles, does not record a more unequal contest than that at Thompson Station, nor one where the commanding officer and his subordinates, officers and men, who L * mounded and surrendered, exhibited superior heroism or a greater and more persistent determination to do all possible for mortal man to ac complish. ..I apt confident had Gen. Baird, with J*? ?,?n pr?I>er' be?n in command at Franklin, the pages of the Rebellion Records now utilised for that purpose would not have been required to record this Union defeat at Thompson Station. THE BROTHERHOOD OF SOLDIERS. The Fraternity Which Firmly Unites AH Who Fought for Their Country. Editor National Tribune: We often near of the "brotherhood of man," and the remaining soldiers of '61-'65 of late -Kar^ bt.gi,^M0 rea,lze that another brotherhood" exists and that It means very much more than in 1866, when we met each other daily. One wonders where they now are t??? fully know they are with the Increasing majority, who have an swered the call of the Grand Com mander who rules all. I never real ized this so fully as when I took my last vacation. On boat going to Norfolk, I saw one G.A.R. button; to New York City, one; New Haven, one; and up the Hudson, one Loyal Legion but ton. These four were all I saw on that trip. I had read year by year of de crease since 1890, when the number of membership was 409,489, but not until trip did I realize the full import of the loss in the constant decrease an nually occurring. Sept. 19 last my company met in Re union in Aurora, 111. Only 10 of the 136 members of the company were there, though A. D. French, of Glen wood, Iowa, wrote to every known ad dress of the men. There were seven out of the original 85; three out of 51 re cruits. I regretted that I could not nave added my presence. Then it would have reminded us of the charge of the company, May 27, *64, when we went in at Picket's Mills, Ga., with 45 ,out r'th "? My diary of Mav 12 states: One missing man came up today, and I went on picket with 12 men." . .of the evening of June 25, '65, in Chicago, when I received a pass from Mr. A. T. Hall, Treasurer of the Burlington, which read: "Pass Serir't James E Holt and men of Co. A, 89th Hi., to their homes." This, for fear ??2.e ?S? T?U,d left* if names used. That was the last time so many or the men would again meet. What a royal" time that must have been to Pre?ent at Aurora, to again strike glad hands, and though some needed an introduction since the intervening years had changed the younger looks of young men to that of aged locks and s* , Reminiscent stories of the individual members no doubt added ?!f ^erLim^l?.t of a,I? and e*ch *elt the brotherhood as never before at this, to some, the last meeting. A photograph of those present was taken, and it was good. I say good, for the eyes and features of each were re markably clear and distinct. Let those who still remain of that effort to keep a united country remember the good results for which others fell of the blue and the gray. Spanish War and the recent visit of our President fully exemplifies this fact to us all. To show in a permanent wav l*t now the Memorial Bridge bT com pleted across the historic Potom? Tha cornerstone for It atlll atanda on fflBWKH ""os VmnVNI ORGANS * i "S\:r two riAnt* credit tr nccoco ??P?* MilCto fomi?h jmm k?a? witfc ? kwatifel W|t ? OMt your coa*mi*oc?. t-**ciAl term*. W* cm* mtittr My k?m H>m tM ?w what $25 FIRST PAYMEIT mt yomr owm convenience. t*4 teln i eu buy on mt kiwla wmmm. W? will ahtpMy n?M or Onu m N Akya'teteL Fratgktpatt Good* afeiippo4 4 oar risk ia4 Mft <4?)!r?ry pmiM. r?rm*nt mummm ftor ob? mooth ? um in yo-ir own bo*i?. W? do ni* Btk? or Mil >toe?, traefcy seeds. b?rt?alr tW?U rdUMM* PiMtM^ Jtptma. Rlffc OiwU, fMClMi W?rmi.te4 |ortwmty-ir?y?on. Distance fa do otyeo Hon. We ship promptly everywhere. we hare 250,000satisfied patrons. H yon wM to buy ? IriUkM fttMorOrtu it factory Mt we larit* ywi to writ* to ?? M*y FREE ?tok AMw, ? aonrot of >cito>|, alw ?4 iiitff I. i Nt ?( iilirnl m4 4. Oar ?>m y nnlmit M 9 It /W tuition in tk* world. '.I! U*M nun IfyM write 1EMEMBERII1 T? KMtk* herein oar owm *f* ?nd eonpM* hc xie< in bwutiful Herth ?rs Kow iorwy, Um 0or%4 romomm?4 Cor ATOSCBiW i FIRST MTMOT tl*h iMtrifU ?d Oifui, Wo mm ploy rod rod* at skilled eio hanle*, *c4 wo build and ?ublie th* ImiI Piuot m ? Conumk it yoa dost ouo to ?? direct, and it mi do wo I MB ro yoa r mU ? ?ction by our iroo-clod >ond bockod op by ? Mil lion Dollar? of Plant ?*(t Property. tmlmnce S3 m month or mt your conventoncf. Mil if Fir* Coot direct to lb* imrnl 1 Organs tm inma. ran can ( gH $5 PERI MONTI XOnOnrEmsyPmyA meat Pima. TZTi T^tnkoJ^^lyirtQ el?etch*rt?Q+t th* Cur. ni*k Plan Pint. CmnshCd. t?* -? ? - * - vf 8SDInglOnt Pennsylvania Avenue near the White House. Shall the soldiers be called upon to pasg resolutions or write to Congress to complete the bridge? Let the superstructure arise, with Lincoln in the center looking south, Lee on the Virginia end. Grant on District end, each looking towards the then Presi dent. That would forever show, also, the "brotherhood" existing between every part of our glorious country.?Edwin P. Walker, Captain, Co. A, 89th I1L, Wash, ington, D. C. Ia Fstm ?( a Mc?rial Han. The veterans of Pittsburg and Alle gheny are delighted at the decisive majority that the* Memorial Hall propo sition received. Under this the County will expend $1,250,000 to erect a Me morial Hall to the soldiers who sacri ficed their lives for their country. MaJ. A. P. Burchfield, Chairman of the Sol diers' Memorial Hall Committee and of the Allegheny County Grand Army Association, has been the leader in the movement, and a meeting was held last week to take action ia regard to form ing a general committee to select a site and begin operations. It has been de cided to have competitive plans, and $5,000 has been appropriated for this purpose. Five architects have been asked to submit pisuis, and $1,000 will be allotted to each for his expenses. It is expected that about $250,000 will have to be expended for a site. The plan is to erect a building in which all the Grand Army Posts will have quar ters, and there will probably be a large room for the keeping and exhibition of the flags carried through the war. RECENT LITERATURE. "THE GAMBLER." By Katherine Ce cil Thurston, author of "The Mas querader." Illustrated. Price, 1.50. Published by Harper Brothers, New York City, N. Y. For engrossing and vivid interest "The Gambler" fully equals its prede cessor, "The Masquerader." Clodagh Asshlin, the heroine of the present tale, is a young Irish beauty, who inherits from her father a fearless, impulsive, high-spirited disposition and high sense of honor, along with a passion for gam bling. The romance of her life develops along passionate and dramatic lines, verging upon a tragic climax in the cul mination of her love for Sir Walter Gore. Mrs. Thurston again proves her self a born story-teller who can hold the reader's attention with almost magic power. MagatiBM. The leading article in the Popular Science Monthly for December is "Fresh Water Springs in the Ocean," by Prof. C. H. Hitchcock. Published at Garrison, N. Y. LOCOMOTOR ATAXIA COS CHATELAIN BAGS, Made by the I mil inn of s>ft leather, have a beautiful velvet finish. Will glre one free. 1 hare nothing for you to sell. Just send me a 2-ceat aiauip for particu lar!. CHAM. DOLLIVBK, LoBiamt, (olo. CONFECTIONER S six weeks by mall. You makn |25.oo a week while learning, and easily S230.00 monthly alter learning. Special low tuition for present, Portland Candy Sci.o >1, Dept. 140, 330 East 6th street. Portland, Oreg. pi|T TMIC OUT you want 100 different aam. Will I lild will pies of magazines, newspap er*. etc., send 10c. for 1 year's subscription to The Wel come (Juest. the best original magazine published, which you will receive for 1*2 long months and 100 earn pies as promlaed. Ad.TheWelcome Quest, Portland,Ma $ 80 A MOITH SIURY to Utwisw w ftaarstced Pealtry aai nish beet reference. Sendfor contract: we mean ^neas and I a- SHttAlt CO.. X 433 ? at ^ foreatalog. Agents #a Ski f* Your poems may be worth W U nl VJI THeimAHM er dollars Umnivne Send them to us today. We Will Will I end Compose the Music Mayes M?sle ??., M star Bldg., Chicago. PATENTS-PENSIONS Consultation Fret. Contingent Foot. ?^Solicitors wanUd."^! opoo the grosal kPVHPH stevena, IHh Ohio Biuery. dlLO ?. STSfilfl * to.. ?j? ushst. sr.w. at Chicago Olerslaod, Pal raft ? both of competency and honesty."?National Tat at'sr., April 1, jW. Fouaded 1SS1