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RECITALS AND REMINISCENCES.
Stories Eminently Worth Telling of Experiences and Adventures in the Great National Struggle. THE MILLIKEX'S BEND SCRAP. A iownMle Who Wns Suddenly Converted to the Belief That Segrues >\ on Id Flffht Editor National Tribune: Notwith standing the fact that several of the communications sent by me have gone ?'where the wooubine twineth," or been consigned to the waste-basket, I am tempted to try once more. In your is sue of Nov. 16, "The Opening of the Mississippi" details scenes that were very familiar to me at the time of their occurrence. My regiment, the 10th 111. Cuv., was represented at that place (Milliken's Bend) by the 1st battalion? Cos. A, D, G and K?having about 150 men present fit for duty. Only a few had carbines up to that time, but all had revolver and saber (the latter we never-had use for). A detachment of 100, including the writer, left Milli ken's Bend June 5, '63, to scout around the vicinity for news of the enemy. On the morning of the 6th we came out in a clearing, which had been a large plantation, but not cultivated for a year or two. We soon saw a body of about 30 horsemen, and proposed to be social with them; but they declined, retiring toward Richmond, La. After following them a mile or two, they passed through a gap in a hedge. We soon discovered there was a lot more of them on the other side of the hedge, and we halted to take observations, which soon showed us that we were in for some kiiuf of a show, and our officers thought the best kind for us would be our heels, as we were largely outnumbered, and had "bitten ofr' more than we could chew." So we concluded we had a pressing en gagement to get back to the Bend as soon as possible. We "stood not on the order of our going," but went, followed hotly by the enemy, and for some dis tance had a galling fire from right, left and rear. We tried to get in a little of the shooting, and they gathered a few wounded from the field (I never learned just how many). Our loss was one killed, no wounded and 24 prisoners. Some of our horses were killed or wounded and a number stumbled in the race, throwing the riders, who were then captured. Lieut. Thomas Vreden burg, of Co. D, was the only officer taken. He was kept a prisoner some months, but the other men were pa roled, and came to camp in a few days. About two miles from where we began to "fall back" we came to a bridge over a bayou, and a little way beyond we came in sight of a line of men in bright new blue uniforms, who soon opened fire on "our friends the enemy." They supposing it a large force for our support ceased their all-too-friendly advances on us. WTien we had time to look well at our men in blue, we dis covered they had black faces. I had been raised an Abolitionist, yet was op ' posed to the plan of arming negroes before that day, but I can tell you of one who became a sudden convert right then and there, perfectly willing that negroes should have as good a right to be shot as myself. Next morning, June 7, before it was fairly light, the enemy attacked the Bend, and we had an in troduction to some of the realities of war. Our camp was Just below where the hastily-constructed breastworks were, about where the town had been. When the attack was made we were in line of battle waiting orders to take part in the game, but when the gun boat began to pitch shells to the enemy they lost interest in that direction, and seemed very anxious to get out of range of the dreaded gunboat's heavy guns. The cavalry was then sent do?/n toward Young's Point, to help look after mat ters that were supposed to need us. We did not find any fighting or chasing down that way, and returned to our camp before dark. I understood at the time that Gen. Lieb had only about 400 negroes (very raw recruits) and 120 of the 23d Iowa, and that only three or four of the negroes escaped unwound ed. It was said that the rebels came to the charge, yelling, "No quarter to the niggers or their white officers." All knew what that meant, and the blacks fought desperately. Our boys captured the day before said when the rebels started for the Bend they said: "We are going to kill all them nig gers." They asked our boys if they thought the niggers would fight. Some said yes; others, "Go and try them." When our boys saw the rebels come back they called out, "Say, how did the niggers fight?" The reply was more forcible than elegant?" your nig gers; they fought like !" It has ever been a satisfaction to me that I saw the first trial of negro sol diers, and can join in the general ver dict, "The colored troops fought nobly." One incident was told me soon after that fight, which illustrates the spirit moving them. A black Sergeant on the line of defense saw his former master? a rebel Major?coming right in his front. He had been down in a little trench, hastily dug near the top of the levee; but when he saw his "old Massa" he sprang to the top of the embank ment, and shouted, "Hi, Massa!" and as soon as he was recognized shot the Major; then, clubbing his gun, sprang to the enemy's line and fell fighting madly, selling his life for the best price he could get. More than 42 years have passed since those fearful scenes were enacted, yet they are as fresh In memory as if only occurring last week. With all Its hor rors, I am glad I had some small part In making the history of those "times that tried men's souls." I have a letter from Gen. Basil Duke, C. S. A., saying he was well acquainted with my uncle, who was a brave and gallant officer under his command. So our family was represented on both sides.?F. W. Sedgwick, Co. A, 10th 111. Cav., Parma. Mich. Tlgilut Scooting Squad. Editor National Tribune: On July 21, 1861, was fought the first battle of Bull Run. We lay on Kalorama Heights, Washington, and that night we went down to the Armory to draw guns. They were not unloaded ye^ so we lay on the grass and slept until 2 a. m. Got our Enfields and marched back to camp. Breakfast over, away for Long Bridge and the front. It rained? poured. We met the rabble of demor-j alized Bull Run boys about two miles out, toward Bailey's Crossroads. Went to the crossroads and put out pickets. Next day, July 23, 12 of my company were ordered out on a scout. We marched up the turnpike, over Mun son's Hill. Seeing blackberry bushes in the fence corners with canes six feet long, loaded down with ripe berries as long as one's finger, the Sergeant in charge ordered us to stack arms In the road, and we all went for the berries? save one man on guard at the stack. After half an hour we went on to Falls Church; found a house with no one at home. A wing was used as a sutler's ?tore; found the beds up-stairs made and every little trinket in the bureau drawers?nothing disturbed. The sut ler had gone and a big stock was left. We ate our fill of everything and tied a box of something good to each gun, then laid a gun on each shoulder of the r.ian ahead and marched back to Bailey's Crossroads. While preparing this novel march a man came from the woods northeast of Falls Church, limping and hopping along with the help of a fence rail. He was a 1st Minn, man, and was wounded by a bayonet through the foot. We saw three wagons on a side road leading to Washington, loading up camp <equipage and ready to start, and sent a man on the run across lots and stopped I the last wagon just in time to get the | poor fellow on the wagon and on his | way to Washington. I wonder If ha is I yet alive. If so, would like to hear from him. You ought to have seen that .scouting party marching back with 12 boxes of sutler's goods, slung in between flies, lashed to their guns, stopping every little of the way to rest. Boxes of dried herring, sweet crackers, Julian soup in cans, tobacco, pipes, honey?I don't re member all. We got back about 5 p. m., and the Sergeant reported, "No enemy in sight." Then Co. B had a supper that was a supper, while the rest of the boys looked on with envy. That night the rebels occupied Falls Church. In June, 1862, while my company was headquarters guard at the Lacy House, opposite Fredericksburg, we had charge of prisoners captured and brought in. A young fellow of the 15th Va. Cav. was brought in. As he was' the only prisoner on hand, we had him fat with us in our mess. He told us he and his company were in the woods just west of Falls Church, saw us pack up t'no3?? boxes, sling them and march off; in fact, he told us all that we did. and said that our very carelessness and nnmilitary conduct was what saved us frorr capture, as they supposed we were right with thousands of our own men. We felt, much chagrined, yet thankful. Some of our boys were inclined to be abusive to this nice-looking young rebel. He stoutly maintained that his regi ment could whip our regiment, and our boys as stoutly maintained that we could whip hi3 or any other regiment, and they came near to blows, until I said to him: "Supposing your regiment and my regiment and a South Carolina regiment and a Massachusetts regiment were in one brigade and pitted against England or Spain, for instance, what do you think?" He grabbed my hand and yeiled out, "We could whip all Europe." Our boys all grabbed him by the hand and said, "Bully for you!" and harmony was restored. We fed him the best of everything we had, and he was sent to Washington the next day. I wonc'er if he, too, is living.? Charley L. Clarke, Co. B, 24th N. Y., 208 E. 55th St., Chicago, 111. The Executions at Murfreeaboro. Editor National Tribune: I read a communication in The National Trib une from Comrade Rose, in which he said there were no executions at Mur freesboro in the Spring of 1863. If there had been, he thinks he would have heard of them. I do not know where he could have been. He was right as to the 11th Mich, being the Provost Guard from soon after the bat tle of Stone River until the Tullahoma campaign. I will say, however, that I was an eye-witness of the hanging of three men. One of them was executed some time before the other two. Comrade J. W. Horner, 69th Ohio, and Comrade Downs, 75th Ind., were right in most of their particulars, ex cept as to crediting Bragg with hanging one of the men and as to the escape of another. I was a member of the es cort that guarded the prisoners to the place of execution. Lieut. Frank Bis sell, Co. B, 11th Mich., was the officer in charge of the execution of the two that were hanged last. He read the sentence of the court-martial to them and pulled the black caps over their faces, then gave the signal for the trap to fall. Our regiment formed a hollow square about the gallows, and we had to "about face" and press the crowd back at the point of the bayonet, the people were so eager to see the grew some sight. The execution must have been witnessed by several thousands.? R. C. West, Co. B, 11th Mich., Little Sioux, Iowa. Am Iaeldeat at Gettysburg* Editor National Tribune: In a recent issue of The National Tribune Com rade Henry Gushee, Co. B, 33d Mass., says there was no singing in or about Gettysburg before, during or after the battle; or words to that effect. Allow me to say that if there was any sing ing by the school girls, there were none of the Sixth Corps there to hear them. On the evening of July 2, 1863, the advance of the Sixth arrived at Little Round Top about 5 o'clock, and there was only one brigade in action on that evening, and that was the Third Bri gade of the Third Division, Sixth Corps. This brigade had the lead on that long and dusty march, and the 93d Pa. had the lead of the corps. This brigade was composed of the 93d, 98th, 102d and 139th Pa. and the 62d N. Y., and these were the only Sixth Corps troops that were in the fight on July 2 and that was at Little Round Top. As the remainder of the troops arrived they were formed between Little Round Top and the "high-water mark." Some of the Sixth Corps did not arrive on the field of battle until the morning of July 3, so I think the comrade of Co. A, 5th Vt., Second Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps, must be a little off when he said that part of the. Sixth Corps marched through Gettysburg on the evening of July 2, 1863.?Leonard Fernsler, Co. D, 93d Pa., Third Bri gade, Third Division, Sixth Corps, Na tional Soldiers' Home, Va. Who Saved Washington? Editor National Tribune: I saw in The National Tribune a little piece about Monocacy that I didn't just like the tenor of. I was near that fight, though not in It, for I was Commissary of the 9th N. Y. H. A., and issued ra tions to my regiment near the railroad bridge over the Monocacy River, on the morning of that day. The regiment went to the left of the railroad imme diately after taking their rations, and perhaps they crossed that bridge that the correspondent speaks of and re turned; and after returning to this side of the river they went into a hollow and behind a hill. Some of them, at least, got behind a stone fence, where the rebels had to come down hill to get at them. There they held the rebels three or four hours, perhaps more, for it was quite late in the afternoon when they began to retreat. There was only the Third Division of the Sixth, and not all of that. As the Second Brigade of our division was coming up the road they heard the cannonading, and stopped and did not come up to the fight. I don't want to take away any glory from any one, but the query comes to me, How long would they have held the bridge if the old Sixth Corps had not been close by? It was the Third Divi sion of the Sixth Corps that h-sld the 30,000 rebels at bay that day, and saved the city of Washington from Early.?J. T. Crittenden, 9th N. Y. H. A., Corn ing, Cal. The Colored Troepa. Editor National Tribune: I would suggest that you invite officers of the U. S. C. T. to write articles on their ser vice and experience in other commands. Our service was honorable and efficient, and the colored regiments were just what their officers made them, and if we conscientiously performed our duty we need not be backward or ashamed j of our service with them. A comrade ; who was at the Guntown defeat told j me that he was almost ashamed to tell it that he flung his gun away, but was frank enough to admit that the niggers were the only ones that kept their or ganization intact and had to cover the ' disgraceful retreat and rout. My regi ment, the 113th U. S. C. T., was as fine a disciplined body of soldiers as ever ! carried a musket for freedom and hu ? manlty, either black or white, of which I shall ever be proud.?Peter Shipp man. Captain, 113th U. 6. C. T., Le Sueur Canter, Minn. BATTLE OP PIEDMONT. Comrade Oaf Revislte the Field 41 Years After. Comrade John T. Duff, editor and publisher of the Newcomerstown (O.) Index, revisited the ground he tramped and fought over with Gen. Hunter, and writes thus vividly of those heroic days, when he was carrying a musket! In the ranks of the 1st W. Va.: Except that the morning was a trifle warmer, it was the same lovely sunshiny day that it was 41 years ago, when we three?two Johnny Rebs and a Yank?had met on the same spot. It was easy to pick out the points where the battle raged the deadliest that other day, and where the blood of the North and South had flowed in one red stream. The strip of woodland yonder from which our boys had emerged torn and bleeding was still there, and as we looked up at the great scars still show ing the awful work of the rebel bat tery just across the meadow, it seemed that not a tree had been touched since the war. Just beyond was the meadow across which wc charged, and where we re ceived such a blinding, death-dealing deluge of bullets from the rail piles on the farther edge that we were com pelled to creep back to the protection of the woods. "And there was the little ravine up which Von Kleyser pushed unobserved tvo guns from his Maryland battery, and poured such an awful flre at close range into the rail piles, that instantly they became death-traps to the hud dling Confederates behind them. ''We could almost hear the Yankee >ell as we rushed across the meadow meeting the enemy at these same rail ?>}*? a death grapple the like of which had been rarely witnessed even in the bloody civil war. "The bloody scene seemed almost as real on this beautiful Summer morning 41 years after as it had on that other morning when brother met brother in r\iad death struggle. There be hind the fatal rail piles were huddled dead men in gray, their bodies torn and mangled into frightful shapes, and in the midst of the ghastly heaps were dying men bravely giving up their lives for the cause they thought was right. "Just over there under that tree was the body of Gen. W. E. Jones, the Con federate commander, with a bullet hole through his temple and about him, dying or dead, the flower of his army. They had died on the very front line of the battle. "It seemed that we could again see the strange-looking old man, his eyes already glazing in death; his thin white locks all blood-stained, begging us for a drink of water before he died. We could almost hear him feebly tell ng his story over again. He had been impressed into the service at Staunton only the day before. He hadn't fired ?L .?t a' the Stars and Stripes, and at the beginning of the battle had driven a pin into the tube of his gun to prevent its discharge. "A little further down the line we came to the spot where a Confederate battery had met with such hard luck. The fine black horses had been killed before the guns could be moved; and a young gunner?not yet out of his I teens?with a bullet hole in his fore head was piteous testimony to the des perate courage with which the men had clung to their guns. Again we could hear the cry of the wounded and the dying In the strip of! woodland during the night. The strug gle had lasted until nightfall, and we .had sunk down exhausted and supper less on. the Confederate line to a fitful sleep Just where our enemy had made! his last stubborn stand. From this line he had fled only when the last vestige of hope had departed. Amid their dead and dying we bivouacked. "All night long the ambulances and Jiunter s relief corps were busy search ing _ ? woods for the wounded and dead, but the underbrush and leaves had caught flre from the battle, and the I smoke was so intense as to suffocate the searchers. It was a dreadful night, and will never pass from the memory of the participants on either side. t we never knew, and the two ex-Confederates at our elbow don't! ?f?m.??*?,?w.elther- ?ff ^nder to the left in that stretch of timber Imboden lay all day with 800 cavalry. When Thoburn, in a desperate effort, pushed In the Confederate right flank that afternoon had Imboden galloped across the field and struck our left no*h}n* have saved us, and the rebel forces might have won the day. 1But Imboden did nothing of the sort. Within 300 yards of his place of concealment two companies of the writ er s regiment fired one volley after an other to distract the attention of the Confederate jight and thus give Tho ?Mr,nra^ oPP?rtunlty to advance. And ? I i??,bcLden was 8llent. Why we were not killed or captured, and why Tho ^3?. not 8truck at the critical mo never be known probably. wi?vT0I^y"or!f ?ear8 after we are struck with the slightness of the change In i this country. The same stretches ofl timber crown the ridges off yonder to a 8ame Adds are waving I wh/Ll I Summer fruitage; the same whitewashed farm houses?cannon-bat it-d from that day's dread conflict?I are filled with simple-minded, klnd ' contented country folk. The old Dunkard Church in the direct line of the battle, and which received the wounded of either side after the roarl !?ad 8wept by? 81111 stands among the grim old oaks a mute un ornamented protest against the ' sav agery of war. thP bIoo<|y Piedmont battle?the first and the last that was fought in that section of Virginia. It isi not to be wondered that the old men of Augusta County still speak of it with nnnn?ri?? a later generation look uPon the field with awe. Col. Turk! ftn tHaf*PKl Kirr^at OUr 8,de Were lads . that b^ody day and were our ene ovS't*VH*?A ar? In arm' wander Sit fi? ? fJld to*ether thank God not only that the struggle is past for- i ever, but that It all ended as it did." I Ge*. Geo. B. MeClellsa. as EThprNafinnnf1-rTulbune; Inasmuch A National Tribune gives us old veterans an equal chance to sta?e our personal opinions in regard to every-1 thing connected with the war, I wish! ^yii 11 rather hurts my feelings I as well as thousands of other veterans manv"er7fll,,Under hlm- "o h?e " ciStan Thirt upon aen- M? uienan. I had the honor to serve on the front line under him every day he commanded the Army of the Potomac and am free to say that I am alwavs ready to defend him as a soldier and a i command, will throw up my hat andn,hU,rrah ,or "Lltt,e Mac" m lomr as life lasts. Hope to be able to write JT0J,e |.bout hlm sometime in future.? f? ?mt*rson, Chaplain, Russell Post 96, Department of Maine. Skowhegan! The Caueroa Rifles. Editor National Tribune: Is the sat* ^hTd?<,c?eS??,ae,) ?f <h* ington Aug. 24, 1861. I had blen sworn in In New York for three years unless sooner discharged. The latter pait of September the regiment was presented with a bunting tUi* /qEtli ?nd Stripes) by the Secretary of War I regiment""1 w^n'?i1h,inCe the name of th? ,We then marched into Vir ginia, and from that time on were Dart of the Army of the PotomnV a*P?T battle of the Second Bull Run my com! pany lost over 20 men. At Gettysburg just before we entered the battle, Gen' Barlow made a brief speech sayinir that fhe"- *X?,ds h*d been killed and thai k p" WM surrounded; there fore, It became our duty to cut th?m out. We were ordered,,, L blyonlT. fhe d,d- Barlow on ? .w * d our Colonel on the left of the regiment We took a piece of artillery and extricated the First Com* The point called Barlow Bluff, I lleve, Is north of Getty*>urg It was thr* We repulse# three charges of the rebels; after that we were out rt?* k covered Ihe retreat through S2 ^ThU5Br* fl*?ting the time until we halted qn Ejyrt Cemetery URL On Uie second day of July, abSut 8 o'clock, whi^io6* ? hand*to4hand conflict, lasted three-quarters of an hour. Tne rebels outnumbered us three to one. I was told that on the 1st of July be that cbar*? the regiment numbered 238 rifles.. On the morning ??? w* coul* muster only ?0 cl ^TT?. ' Kreutzer, > 620 Hanover St., Baltimore, Md. The 68th N. y. was one of the 300 fighting regiments given by Col. Fox Its lots was five officers and 38 men killed in action or died of wounds, and one officer and 74 men died of disease, ^Uents, in prison, etc.; a total loss of lis officers and men in the service.? Editor National Tribune. ? ' War Days la Tennessee. Editor National Tribune: Dr. Ross, of the 11th Mich., seems to think I am away off in regard to some things that happened around the city of Nashville and the town of Murfreesboro, Tenn. is possible that I am; but one thing, sure I am not wrong about, the shoot ing of the deserter of one of the Michi gan regiments. The soldier was a mem ber of one of the two regiments, and I am inclined to believe he was a mem ber of the 10th Mich. The brigade that our regiment belonged to at that time was composed of the 10th and 14th ?il<?,,T.t.he 10th' 16th and 60th HI* The A was camP?d on Fort Negley Hill. Our company (E) and Co. B were camped inside of Fort Negley. As to the execution of the soldier I am not mistaken, for I was there and saw the act, regardless of whether Dr. Ross had any notes of the events or not. As to the execution of the spy at or near Mur freesboro I could not say, as I did not see that performance; it is simply what I heard at that time. We were at Nash ville quite a while before Rosecrans's army came, and we had quite a good df-al to do with the guarding of Fort Negley, doing picket duty in the front on the Franklin, Murfreesboro, Nobles vllle and Granny White pikes. Our bri gade was scattered around Nashville at different points. The 16th III. was camped across Cumberland River at Edgefield. Any of the old brigade who were at Nashville at the time can, and I know will, bear me out in all I have written about the execution of the Mich igan soldier. Dr. Ross also states that he helped to collect the negroes around Nashville. Well, now, I know what be came of our negro, "Wash," we lost about that time. We had brought him from Tuscumbla to Nashville, and he was a fine young man. We went on picket one morning, and our cook failed to bring us any dinner or supper. We sent to camp to And out the trouble; but our negro was gone, and we never heard of him after. They told us when we came back to camp that they were taking all the negroes from the camp, except those around the officers' quar ters, and I rather think that Dr. Ross must have taken our darky L W Armstrong, Co. E, 10th 111., Randolph.' Iowa. ?i _ The 36th Kjr. Editor National Tribune: In your grand paper, The National Tribune, of Sept. 28, in answer to Thos. L. Daman, ^'? ' ?26th Ky- Walnut Tree, Ark., asking for a short sketch of that regi ment, I think you have mado a slight mistake when you say the regiment was organized at Nashville and Columbia, IfJLnVfrom MarcJ* 5 to 10, 1862. The 26th Ky. was organized at Owensboro, Ky., in October and November, 1861, and the understanding was that we were not to be taken out of the State Kentucky. We received our first months pay from the State In February, 1862 However, we were put on board a transport at Owensboro, and started for Fort DonelSon. We ar rived too late to take a hand In that engagement and were kept going up Cumberland River until we reached arriving there- the latter part of February. Then there was growling by some few of the men because we were taken out of the State of Ken tucky, and we had a good many deser 2 go)J}? ln one ni?ht* WeH. the Mustering Officer was sent for ln dou ble-quick lime, and the men being will ing. we were sworn into the United ?^?es 8?rv,ce for three years in March, Stephen G. Burbridge was fhe J ? clcero Maxwell the second and Thos. B. Fairlelgh the third, who JuTv %U''uKSf ?Zl wlth. the rfigiment iJi/ t!0' J 6 regiment veteran ized Jan. 27, 1863, some 60 or 60 refus 22LtoT?? a,onfir- , As to what our losses T ?. know, any more than what I have read in The National Trib me. We were not one of Fox's fight ing regiments, but we did some very Imf fan? h?a^ marching, from Nash ville to Corinth, then through Alabama to Stevenson; from there over the Cum berland Mountains back to Nashville* from there to Louisville, Ky., and then w Pei"ryville, and from there back to Nashville, tramping every foot of it. We guarded the Nashville Railroad ire*u,tyi Ky*' to the Tennessee "ne'the Memphis Branch from Bowling Green to Clarksvllle, and there never was a time when the 26th Ky. railed to cheerfully and promptly per form any and every duty assigned to it. i?iU falIed to ?tate our loss at Nash *C# 15 memory is not good enough to lead me Into giving aetalls. I am only giving a kind of the three years and nine around of the old Z6th In the days from '61 to '66.?C. H Hart, Co. D, 26th Ky., 606 6th Ave. Ex tension, Pittsburg, Pa. Our correspondent is undoubtedly right as to his regiment, but the record that we gave was taken from th*e offi cial one, which only recognized its en try Into the United States service, and ?i! o.?K not,ce Its former service for the State. At Nashville the 26th Ky. ?va? 1" the First Brigade, commanded Joseph A. Cooper, of the Second Division, commanded by Maj. Cen. D. N. Couch, of the Twenty-third M?rRS;H^ni^an?.ed1 by MaJ-Gen. John fl'* ofield. It lost two men killed and three officers and 41 men wound ed: making its total loss 46.?Editor National Tribune. Executions at Hilton Head. Editor National Tribune: Kindly al low me a few words'concemlng the exe cution of the two members of the 6th Conn., shot at Hilton Head ln April, 1864, for desertion/ My Captain, Ed win S. Babcock, 9th U. S. C. T., was Provost Marshal, and conducted the execution, assisted by Capt. King, 6th Conn., Assistant Prbvost-Marshal. Capt. Babcock was p. very efficient executive officer, and the details orig inated by him and carried out through his recommendations; and Instructions were very impressive. The orders to the firing party were not given by word of mouth. While CaptS. Babcock and King were tying the elbows and bandag ing the eyes of the culprits the firing party, having been previously drilled by Capt. Babcock, formed in front of and at proper distance from the men. These preliminaries ended, Capt. Bab cock stepped to the right and front of the firing party, drew his sword and made an officer's salute, at the motions of which the firing party made ready, aimed and fired as the salute was com pleted, the men falling backward, dead. The command was then given and the troops present, some 8,000 I should judge, wheeled into column by com pany, right ln front, and in this forma tion reviewed the corpses, so to speak. We saw Capts. Babcock and King standing at attention and the executed men lying side by side, their breasts bared, the blue bullet-holes which could have been covered by a man's hand attesting the nccuracy of aim as well as the terrible punishment they had received. It was a most Impres sive sight.?W. A. Huntley, First Lieu tenant, commanding company at above execution. Burling 84, Chleage, XII. HOW TO FIND OUT. Pill a bottle or common glass with your water and let It stand twenty-four Hours; a sediment or settling Indicates an unhealthy condition of the kidneys; If It stains the linen it is evidence of kidney trouble; too frequent desire to pass it, or pain in the back is also convincing proof that the kidneys and bladder are out of order. What To Do. There Is comfort in the knowledge so often expressed that Dr. Kilmer's 7^a?P~R?ot, *^e great, kidney remedy, fulfills every wish In curing rheuma k? Uj paln in ^e back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part of the urinary passage. It corrects Inability to hold wat?r and scalding pain in passing it, or bad effects following use of liquor, wine or beer, and overcomes that un pleasant necessity of being compelled to go often during the day, and to get up many times during the night, ine mild and the extraordinary effect or Swamp-Root is soon realized. It stands the highest for Its wonderful cures of the most distressing cases. If ?wU Pee<^ a medicine you should have the best. Sold by druggists In fifty ce^r an one-dollar sizes. You may have a sample bottle of ?swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy, and a book that tells all about It. both sent absolutely free by mail. Address, Or Kilmer & Co., Blnghamton, N. Y. When writing be sure to mention that w11 read this generous offer In the Washington National Tribune. Don't make any mistake, but remember the name, Swamp-Root, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, and the address, Blng hamton, N. Y., on every bottle. The ISOth lad. Editor National Tribune: I have not seen any statements In your valuable paper relative to the 130th Ind. I take great pleasure In reading the many In teresting stories of the late rebellion, so well written In The National Trib une. One of the first men to fall In battle In the 130th Ind. was Capt. Barns, Co. I, at or near Buzzard's Roost, Ga., In the beginning of the At lanta (Ga.) campaign, the latter part of April or the first of May, '64, as I remember. He was shot through the lungs, and Abner Brothers, of Co. B, ambulance driver, took him to the field hospital that night. I still have the photo of the Captain, which was taken by P. S. Ryder, 25 and 28 N. Pa. St., Indianapolis, Ind., in the Winter before we were sent South to the front. I gave notice In the Indianapolis Tribune of this photo some years ago, but got no answer. If any of the Captain's friends or relatives wish this picture, which is a very true one, In full uniform, sword j drawn, they can obtain the same by ad I dressing their request to me. From Buzzard's Roost to Atlanta the ICOth Ind. took an active part until the capital of Georgia was destroyed and captured; then helped to destroy and annihilate the rebel army at Nashville in December, 1864; then was sent to New Berne, N. C. At Grassy Forks, near Klnston, N. C., March 8, 9 and 10, 1865, they en gaged the enemy under Gen. Beaure gard for the last time; were at Golds boro, N. C., to receive and make a junc tion with Gen. Sherman's army, who had been "marching through Georgia," and when Gen. Joe Johnston surren dered we were in Raleigh, N. C., and were discharged In December, 1865. The Hoosier State never sent a better regiment to the war than the 180th, under Col. Parish.?N. M. Baldwin, Co. B, 180th Ind., Ontario, Wis. ? The 25th Ohio. Editor National Tribune; Will you please give a short history of the 25th [Ohio? My recollection Is that such an, account will astonish some of the brag] regiments, in the number of men enlist ed, officers and men killed, wounded and missing?the officers, especially, asj only one officer that went out with the regiment (the lowest ranking Second Lieutenant, promoted to Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General) returned with the regiment. It served longer than any other Ohio regiment; suffered the greatest loss; was in the largest battle?Gettysburg, and was out within a few days of five years.?J. M. Rhodes, Sergeant-Major, Columbus, O. The 25th Ohio was a fighting regi ment, and belonged to Ames's Brigade, Barlow's Division, Eleventh Corps. It was organized at Columbus In June and July, 1861, for three years, and Co. D was permanently detached as the 12 th Ohio Battery, its place being tak en by a new company organized in October, 1864. The veterans and re cruits were retained In service until June, 1866. The first Colonel was James A. Jones, who resigned, and was succeeded by Col. William P. Richard son, who was brevetted a Brigadier General and discharged on account of wounds. Col. Nathaniel Haughton was in command of the regiment when It was mustered out, and was brevetted a Brigadier-General.?Editor National I Tribune. The Sd III. Car. Editor National Tribune: I would like to hear from Capt. S. L. Shellen berger and other members of the 3d 111. Cav., Co. B. I was a member of that| company and regiment for four years and two months. If not too much trouble, would like a short history of the regiment. Col. (afterwards Gen.) Carr was our first Colonel. I like The National Tribune very much. I wish it was a daily.?J. I. Crites, Co. B, 3d 111. Cav., Gawanza Station, Los An geles, Cal. The 3d 111. Cav. was organized at Butler ln August and September, 1861, to serve three years, with Eu gene A. Carr, a Captain of the Regu lar Army, who had done good service at Wilson's Creek, as Colonel. The orig inal members, except veterans, were mustered out Sept. 5, 1864, and the veterans and recruits consolidated into a battalion of six companies, to which four more companies were after ward added, and the regiment mus tered out Oct. 10, 1866. Col. Carr was promoted to Brigadier-General and suc ceeded by Col. Lafayette McCrillis, who was mustered out, and Col. Robert H. Carnahan was in command when the regiment was mustered out. The 8d 111. Cav. belonged to Hatch's Cavalry Division of the Army of the Tennessee, and lost 38 killed in battle and 237 died from disease.?Editor National Tribune. The 7th 111. Cav. Editor National Tribune: Please pub lish a short history of the 7th 111. Cav. and Its officers In your valuable paper! ?S. G. Moore, McKeesport, Pa. The 7th III. Cav. was organized ati Camp Butler in September, 1861, to serve three years, and the veterans and recruits mustered out Nov. 4, 1865. The first Colonel was William Pitt Kellogg, who resigned, and was succeeded by Col. Edward Prince. Col. John M. Graham was ln command when the regiment was mustered out. Lieut - Col. William D. Blackburn died from wounds received on the Grierson Raid. The 7th 111. belonged to Hatch's Divi sion, Cavalry of the Army of the Ten nessee, and lost 64 men killed and 2701 died from disease.?Editor National Tribune. 1 ? The 524 Ohio. Editor National Tribune: Please give a short sketch of the 6 2d Ohio and greatly oblige?J. B. Sonder, Minne apolis, Minn. The 5 2d Ohio was Organized at Camp Dennison ln August, 1862, for three years, and mustered out June 3, 1865. It? first Colonel was Daniel McCook, | who died from wounds received at Kenesaw, and Lieut.-Col. Charles W. Clancy was in command of the regi ment when it was mustered out. The regiment belonged to Davis's Division Fourteenth Corps, Army of the Cum berland, and lost 101 killed and 169 died from dlseass.?Editor National Tribuns. -k -if * /s, < THE QVARTERMA8TER-6ENERAL Wket tkc OBce Wm Created mi Ita Derelepa?it Editor National Tribune: To settle a controversy as to historical facts, kindly answer the following questions through the columns of The National Tribune: 1. When and by what authority was the office of Quartermaster-General created ? 2. Who was the first incumbent, and how long did he serve? 3. Who served in such office during the year 1861? 4. When and by what authority was the 11th U. S. authorized, and when and where organized? 5. Who was its first Colonel, and how long did he serve as such ??D. El dredge, Boston, Mass. 1, 2 and 3. There were Quartermas ters-General during the Revolution, and Gens. Miffiin and Nathaniel Greene were among them. The office at that time was, like everything else during the Revolution, crude and inchoate. That is, the Quartermaster-General did the best he could with the means at his hand, and without much reference to rules or regulations; in fact, there were hardly any, because everything had to be developed, and war on a large scale was an entirely new thing to the peo ple. It might be properly said that Benjamin Franklin was the first Quar termaster-General, since with his emi nent practical ability he organized the means of supplying Braddock's army for its ill-fated expedition against Fort Duquesne. The experience so gained was of great use In supplying the Con tinental army. After the formation of the National Government in 1787 things relating to the Army went on in a crude and un satisfactory way, because there was really no army for some years. A few men, under the command of Capt. John Doughty, were kept in service to man some forts and take care of public property. The beginning of the pres ent Army was in 1789, when the men serving In the fortifications, etc., were made a battalion of artillery, consisting of four companies, with one Captain, two Lieutenants, four Sergeants, four Corporals, two Musicians and 60 pri vates each, and a regiment of infantry of eight companies was added to these. Each of the infantry companies had one Captain, one Lieutenant, one En sign, four Sergeants, four Corporals, two Musicians and 60 privates. The act authorized an Adjutant, Quarter master and Paymaster to be taken from the subalterns of the line. The Treas ury Department Insisted upon doing much of the work of the Quartermas ter and making all purchases for the Army and Navy, as for every other De partment of the Government. Properly speaking, the first real Quartermaster with full powers and duties was Brig.-Gen. Thomas Sidney Jesup, who was appointed Quartermas ter-General upon the reorganization of the Army May 8, 1818. He was born in Virginia, appointed from Ohio, and had been an infantry officer, rising to the rank of Colonel and receiving two brevets for Chippewa and Niagara. He held the office until his death In 1860, and organized it substantially as It Is to-day. The Quartermasters-General down to and including the war were as follows: Thomas Mifflin, Colonel; August, 1775. Stephen Moylan, Colonel; June 6, 1776. Thomas Mifflin, Brigadier-General, Oct. 1, 1776. Nathaniel Greene, Major-General, March 2, 1778. Timothy Pickering, Colonel; Aug. 5, 1780. Samuel Hogden, Lieutenant-Colonel; March 4, 1791. James O'Hara, Lieutenant-Colonel; April 19, 1792. John Wilkins, Jr., Lieutenant-Col onel; June 1, 1796. John Wilkins, Jr., Major-General; June 1, 1799. Morgan ' Lewis, Brigadier-General; April 4, 1812. Robert Swartwout, Brigadier-Gener al; March 21, 1813. James R. Mullany, Colonel; April 29, 1816. George Gibson, Colonel; April 29, 1816. William Cumming, Brigadier-Gener al; April 18, 1818. Thos. S. Jesup, Brigadier-General; May 18, 1818. , ? Joseph E. Johnston, Brigadier-Gen eral; June 28, 1860. Montgomery C. Meigs, Brigadier-Gen eral, May 16, 1861. 4 and 5. The 11th U. S. was first or ganized July 16, 1798, and disbanded June 15, 1800. At that time regiments were commanded according to the Brit ish model by Lieutenant-Colonels, and Aaron Ogden was Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment from its formation to its discharge. The regiment was again or ganized Jan. 11, 1812, and continued in service until May 17, 1815, when it was consolidated with the 25th, 27th, 29th and 37th U. S. to form the 6th U. S. The Colonels were Isaac Clark, J. B. Campbell and Moody Bedel. It was again organized for the Mexican War Feb. 11, 1847, and discharged Aug. 14, 1848. The Colcnel was A. C. Ramsey. It was again organized May 14, 1861, by order of the President, and made a three-battalion regiment. Sept. 21, 1866, the 2d battalion became the 20th U. S. and the 3d battalion the 29th U. S. April 14, 1869, the 11th U. S. was consolidated with the 34th U. S. to form the 16th U. S. The Colonels were M. C. Meigs, E. D. Keyes and W. S. Ketch um. April 25, 1869, a new 11th U. S. was formed by the consolidation of the 24th and 29th U. S., with A. G. Gillem as Colonel. The present Colonel is Al bert L. Myer, who was born In New York and enlisted as a private in Co. F, 3d battalion, 11th U. S., Oct. 26, 1865, and was promoted to Second Lieutenant Dec. 6, 1867.?Editor Na tional Tribune. ? ? ? McClellan Medal Found at Salisbury. Superintendent Edward S. Past, of the U. S. National Cemetery, Salisbury, N. C., writes to The National Tribune to say that during some recent street improvements in the city of Salisbury, on the site of the old Confederate mil itary prison pen, there was unearthed a soldier's medal, commonly known as a "McClellan Medal," which had upon its reverse side what appears to be: "F. Morse, Co. H, 9th N. H., Lancaster, H 99 The Initial letter of the name is rather indistinct, and may be other than an "F." If any of The National Tribune readers have knowledge of the soldier who originally possessed this medal, or know of the address of his kinsmen, and will communicate with Superintendent Past, they can be put in communication with the finder of the relic, who would be pleased to know it could be restored to those who would prize it as a souvenir of times when a prisoner's hope was bent to wards home and loved ones. The med al has evidently been buried for more than 40 years. Pension Papers Fonnd. In a communication to The National Tribune, J. T. Alexander, of No. 6% West Market street, Huntington, Ind., says there has been placed in his pos session certificate No. 870,608, issued under act of June 27, 1890, increase, at the rate of 110 per month, in favor of George H. Scott, Corporal, Co. D, 56th N. Y. Vol. Inf., pension payable at Chi cago Pension Agency, and other army papers. Also, the pension certificate No. 328,876 of Augustus C. Gregory, who was a Sergeant in Co. B, 32d Wis. Vol. Inf., at the rate of $17 per month, payable at the Indianapolis Agency, and other papers. These papers were left on the seats of cars on the Fort Wayne * Wabash Valley Inter-Urban Railway, and they can be obtained from him by the claimant furnishing proof of identity. I Will Send My DEAFNESS BOOK FREE To anyone who la deaf or whose hear* ins is failing at all. It shall not cost yott a penny and Itl full of the very help and medical advice that evey deaf per* son needs. My book tells Just what causes Deaf* ness and shows the way to clear an? perfect hearing. It explains what bring* on the ringing, buzzing noises In tnh head and ears and how to be free from them. It shows how the ear gets clo up and points out how Deafness can cured, easily and painlessly, right your own home. Fine pictures of different parts of the ear Illustrate most every page. If you want to get rid of your Deaf* ness, let me give you this book that will tell |ou what to do. Ask for it today and I will send it at once. Write your name and address plainly on the dotte# lines and mall the Wee Book DsafaeM Specialist Spronle, Trade Bnlldln*, Bos?? FREE DEAFNESS BOOK COUPON, NAME ... ? e MJLC*????tilers eee ? ? ADDRESS PICKET SHOTS f ron Alert Coaradee Akwg the WM? Liie. Served With the 1st Wis. Car, Comrade A. D. Farrar, Co. B, ltfl Wis. Cav., Portage, Wis., would like to receive Information concerning the whereabouts or fate of Stephen Davis, who enlisted at Kingston, Wis., in Co. B, 1st Wis. Cav., Col. Daniels com* manding. Comrade Davis says: "We were both wounded in the light at Langville River, Ark., Aug. 8, 1861. Ho was shot twice, while I was shot four times. We were both discharged in 1862, and went home to Wisconsin. Ho later re-enlisted in the 10th Wis., at Sparta. He went with his regiment to the front, and was heard from for awhile. -1 will be glad to hear from any comrade who saw him or was with him or can tell me of his fate. I am greatly interested in The National Tribune and Its stories and leading |p? sues of the day." Executions at Oeldaheto. Comrade W. M. Morrison, Co. C, 9tU N. J., Woodstown, N? J., writes. In re ply to Comrade Gllkinaon, Co. D, 98th Ohio, regarding the execution at Goldf boro, N. C., of a member of the 18th N. Y. Cav. The man's nam* was Bry ant and his crime an aaaiult on i young lady of 17 years at Kinston, N, C., and an old lady of 86 year* at Goldsboro, N. C. His execution took place. Comrade Morrison says, March 29, 1866. The firing party waa from the 17th Mass. Scattering. Robert Welsford, Sailors' Snug Har* | bor, Staten Island, N. Y., Is anxious to And some one who remembers Charle# W. Seymour, who served on the U. 8. I Commodore Reed, between Sept. t?r 1864, and June 30, 1865. He was Cap tain of the starboard watch after guard, and Coxwain of the third cut ter. A Correction. In The National Tribune of Oct. 8, | Comrade G. W. Rich, 105th Pa., wrote a very interesting letter of his regiment. A mistake, however, was made in the address of this comrade. His correct address is 121 No. 63d Ave., Chicago, : 111. Comrade Rich, who is Commander of Kllpatrick Post, 276, says that he finds very many comrades who do not know The National Tribune, which | Comrade Rich considers the soldler'e best friend. Waati the Mllltla Pensioned. A. J. Martin, Aurora. Mo., wants in fluence brought upon Congress to pass a bill to place upon the pension roll all the State Militia who served as much as 90 days during the rebellion, and at the same rating as the volunteers. He served In the Missouri Militia, and had just as hard a time as any soldier could have. The regiment was paid off in State script worth only 75 cents on the dollar. His Lost Discharge. L. D. 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