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& <s? Hew/ Congress convened today, with very few of the startling incidents which so often mark the opening of the two great National bodies. No flowers were permitted and everybody was glad. The opening session was purely pro forma, as most of Congressional action Is getting to be, because everything had been arranged beforehand, and the rails had been greased, so to speak. ? ? * The caucuses of the Republicans and Democrats were held on Saturday ev ening and the slates fixed up. Nobody else had a ghost of a show except the caucus nominees, of course. There ?were no insurgents, so there could be no kicker?. .Representative Mann, of Illinois, called the Republicans to order and nominated Representative "Pete" Hepburn, of Iowa, to his old place as Caucus Chairman. This had l?een un derstood. also, and Mr. Hepburn, with out showing any trepidation at the honor thrust upon him, assumed con trol of the caucus and said: "The principal purpose of our meet ing is to name a gentleman for whom the Republicans of the House of Rep resentatives of the 59th Congress shall vote as their candidate for Speaker. But It is probable that the Republi cans of the country have anticipated us in this matter. So far as the pub lic prints have advised me, or any of the conversations I have had with the members of this House, there has not been a name suggested for this office other than one we all know. The nom ination has been made, and it is up to us to say if we shall ratify it. "I would pause for & moment in or der that any gentleman might name some other candidate than the man in the minds of the great multitude of Republicans. If there is no gentleman desirous of so doing, I shall proceed to put the motion, that the Hon. Jo seph G. Cannon, a Representative elect from the State of Illinois, be named as a candidate to be voted for by the Republican members of the House of Representatives of the 59th Congress." ? ? ? This speech was received with cheers, and Messrs. Payne, Boutell, and Curtis were appointed a committee to notify Mr. Cannon of the caucus ac tion. As Mr. Cannon entered he was tumultuously greeted, the members standing until he had ascended his former throne. Mr. Cannon's speech of acceptance was in part as follows: "Gentlemen: One year ago, after full consideration, the people, under the lead of the Republican Party, elected its candidates for President and Vice President, continued a strong Re publican majority in the Senate, and gave a Republican majority in the House of Representatives of 112. The Congress will be organized on Monday next and will promptly receive the an nual message from the President. I will not speculate as to what may be the contents of the message. I have no doubt it will be both wise and pat riotic in its recommendations. "You. the Republican Representa tives in caucus assembled, have unani mously chosen me as your candidate for Speaker of the House. This action ! touches me profoundly. I would be ! less than human if this action, taken j after service for one Congress, was not a matter of great gratification. And yet, I do not misunderstand your ac tion. It would have been impossible were it not that you believe my action as presiding officer will, in so far as I have ability. be fair to the whole mem bership of the House, both to the party of the majority and the party of the minority, in the transaction of the bus iness of the House." ? * ? Mr. Cannon then said that he be lieved that he had been selected be cause the Republicans in the House believed that he would be true to the party and its principles. He declared the man would be bold indeed who de parted from them one iota, or who would try to do anything to injure the prosperity of the country by injudi cious legislation. He then hastily sketched the progress of the country rince 1861: ? ? ? "8Ince 1861, when our party came Into power, the history of the Repub lican Party has been substantially the history of the country. Our popula tion has more than doubled, and our wealth has been multiplied by five; 11 States have been admitted to the Union; we have today almost one half of the world's railways; the pro duct of our labor more than equals one-third of the product of the labor of all the civilized world; by Invention and enterprise, aided by the use of our great capital, we have harnessed the forces of nature and made them our servants,. until individual effort today accomplishes for the benefit of all the people many times more than It did in the early days of the Republic. Since William McKinley took the oath of office, in 1897, the expenditures and revenues of the postal service have I been nearly multiplied by two. This is the best measure of the industry, pro duction, business, and commerce of our people. * ? ? "The changes in the methods of pro duction and commerce, so salutary and beneficial, involving as they do the extraordinary use of combined capital, emphasizes the necessity for prevent ing agreements in restraint of trade and the regulation of commerce among the States and with foreign Nations. "The consensus of opinion of the people, however, is that Congress has! the power by amendment to the law j to provide better remedies for real abuses existing, so that the producer and consumer can find a more speedy and loss expensive remedy than we now have. In this opinion I, for one, concur. The burden is upon Congress, and our party, having power, is pri marily responsible. "Let us go forward. But It is our duty to s"e that legislation is wise in the premises, just to the corporation, the carrier, and to the people. We cannot oppress one by foolish or un just legislation without in the end bringing disaster upon all." ? ? ? The old rules of the House were adopted, and the election of the other officers was assured by placing in nom ination all the old officers of the House. ? ? ? The Democrats in their caucus nom inated John Sharp Williams (Miss.) for Speaker, and this constitutes him the floor manager for the Democrats during the 59th Congress. * ? ? But Mr. Speaker-to-be Cannon says "no more of this," and so there will not be. For this relief much thanks. ? ? ? Congress convened and glory be, there were no flowers, nary fllower, mind you. except the McKinley carna tion which Gen. Grosveror and a few of his confreres wear. The Senate passed a resolution that no more flow ers would be permitted to litter up the lobbies and desks of the Senate Cham ber, but the House lagged behind in this respect. Mr. Speaker Cannon has come forward with a pronunciamento, however. He says, emphatically, that there will be no more flowers permit tod inside the hall of the House on opening day. and that settles It, as the Speaker Is Czar. ? ? ? This is a reform that should have been Instituted long, long ago. For tunes have been spent in flowers for the opening of a Congress?one single Congress. It has not been unusual to fee huge floral pieces brought Into the House with two or more men stagger* under the weight of the ponderous tffairs which coot op la the hundreds of dollars. Tammany used to be the greatest sinner in this respect. The Tammany Braves used to send floral pieces to their own particular Con gressmen that were boorishly coarse and inartistic in their reeking sug gestions of costliness. Orchids that cost 150 the blossom. Roses at $25 a dozen. Violets at $10 a thousand, and all that sort of thing. Poor girls who had a $500 position in the Government Printing Office, scrub women who had a dollar a day. struggling young clerks with big families and small salaries, each and all felt that they must show "regard" for their "Inflooence," and would spend $10 on a bunch of flowers and go hungry and cold for a week to pay for it. Society women would show er "flowery fgvors on members of Con gress whom they hoped to rope into "paying" card parties; and so it went. By the time the roses and carnations, the tube roses and decaying violets, the lilies-of-the-valley and heliotrope had been piled about the desks of fa vored members like funeral pieces around the "deceased." and the per fumes of the flowers had mixed with the* aroma of stogies, old pipes, cigar ets. stale tobacco sputem, and silk di esses soaked full of effete, or one might say "fetid," sachet odors, the air in the House and Senate was like noth ing so much as an abattoir on a hot August day. ? ? ? Washington has a distinguished guest?maybe a Prince of his country, but we can't be sure?who is almost unable to give any account of himself. He is big, oh, he is superb of stature, broad of girth, magnificent of presence, and is enriched with gold enough to run the Government for a day, when he gets on the uniform that covers that immense frame of his. But?oh, dear, isn't it awful? He's an Abyssinian, don't you know? Black as the ace of spades?yes, he is even blacker. He is so black that he might have been shined with shoepolish. Ai Hadji seems to be his name, but as he speaks only a little French, some Arabic, and mostly Abvssfnian, he doesn't find many Interpreters round in this neck of the woods. He is a merchant prince, and brought to President Roosevelt a letter from King Menelik, written in Abyssinian, so the President had at first not the slightest idea what that letter contained, but took it on trust. AI Hadji brought a present to the President?two huge elephant's tusks of the finest and whitest ivory, the largest and most perfect ever brought to this country, lie is said to be the richest man in Abyssinia, and is a maker of fire-arms, and furnishes the military equipment for King Menelik's army. He is a sight. ? ? ? Yes, sir. the Rough Riders are do ing pretty well, thank you. The Pres ident has promised to appoint John R. Abernathy. of Frederick, Oklahoma Territory, United States Marshal down there when there is a vacancy. ? ? ? It is said that Senator Alger, of Michigan, has decided that he will again ?>e a candidate for the United States Senate. He decided a few months ago, and announced the fact that ill health would keep him from ever again entering public iife. * ? ? Gov. Otero, of New Mexico, has been turned down for the coveted third term, and Herbert J. Hagerman has been appointed by the President to succeed him and will step into Gov. Otero's shoes Jan. 1. 1906. Gov. Otero's administration is said to have been per fectly acceptable to the President, but such strong opposition has developed in Xew Mexico, due, it Is said, to the fight on him because he failed to make certain appointments, that the Presi dent was almost forced to appoint some one else. ? e ? The President has appointed D. C. O'Connor Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Panama Zone, at $2,300 a year. Prof. O'Connor is Sup erintendent of Schools in Norfolk, Neb. His appointment was urged by Sena tor E. J. Burkett. Charles E. Magoon, Governor of the Canal Zone, has informed the War De partment that there are 1,93< children along the line of the Panama Railroad, and says 935 of them cannot read or write. He recommends the establish ment of 42 schools In the Zone, with 50 pupils to each teacher. Prof. O'Connor has been instructed to go to the Zone at once. ? ? ? This from the Director of the Mint Is interesting. The Director announces that all sil ver bullion purchased under the act of 1878 and 1890 is now gone, the ac counts with it closed, and coinage of the silver dollar is at an end unless in the future new legislation upon the subject is passed. He says. In part: "The total issue of silver dollars from 1793 to the cessation of dollar coinage has been $578,303,848. The ag gregate of all seigniorage of coinage under the acts of 1878 and 1890 was $134,164,986. The average purchase price of silver bought in the fiscal year 1878 was $1,204 per fine ounee, and the average price in the last year pur chases were made, the fiscal year 1904, was 73.1 cents per ounce. The bullion value of a silver dollar In 1878 was 93.1 cents and in 1894 56.5 cents. "The stock of gold in the world on January 1, 1905, In use as money is es timated in round numbers as $6,000, 000,000. The amount actually in sight in reporting hanks and Government Treasuries was $3,364,600,000." ? ? ? Gen. Grosvenor, of Ohio, wants a ship subsidy bill, arid he is going to work for it might and main. ? ? # This means?what? United support of the Monroe Doc trine by all the Nations of South Amer ica will be urged by Secretary Root, who it Is announced, will visit several countries of South America, particu larly Brazil. This announcement is made on the authority that a third Pan-American Congress will be held shortly at the Brazilian Capital, and the Secretary's trip will be ostensibly to attend and take a prominent part in that gather ing. This important step, which will be a precedent In the annals of the Secre taries of State, is said to be the prin cipal feature of a program that has been decided upon between the Presi dent and Mr. Root toward bringing all the countries of America Into closer diplomatic relations and establishing a better understanding between them and the powers of Europe. ? ? ? In this connection, it Is rumored that the secret mission of Judge Penfield to Brazil and other South American coun tries was not to watch German colon isation, nor to look into the commer cial conditions with a view to estab lishing better consular relations be tween this country and the Southern Republics, but to feel the pulse of those Governments as to whether the time Is ripe for such a move as is reported to be contemplated by the President, through his Secretary of State. The' time is ripe, Is the verdict the Judge Is said to have rendered upon his arrival in Washington a few days ago. 0 0 0 Nothing but a game of chess?this 'Kingdom" business. Today there is a Monarchy, an Empire, a Republic, and tomorrow any one of these may have drawn a blank, and be wiped out, to be known no more except In legend and tradition. That's what has hap pened to the tiny "Hermit Kingdom." Yesterday?last year, there was an Km peror of Korea?it vm an Kmperor, was it not? He had Ministers to Ens land and France and the United States and a few other places, and was going along all right. Korea was quiet and Inoffensive, with a hundred or so men in its national army, and a converted yacht which it called a "Navy," and it paid its bills, and asked no odds of any body. That was yesterday. ? ? ? Today the Korean Emperor wears a puppet crown, the legations are abol ished, and Japan is in control. Korea kicked like a "bay steer," but, la, what good did that do? The Russian-Jap anese war changed the map of Asia and this little Kingdom, just about as big sis Kansas, with eight times the popu lation of the Sunflower State and a his tory which goes back to 1120 B. C., was part of the spoils which Japan got for pounding the stuffing out of the big Russian bear. There was a little Kor ean Prince, son of the Emperor, who traces his dynasty back through more than 500 years, who came over to the United States to study how to be learned, and to get a military training, that when he grew up he might be the Cist of his dynasty and rule his people even better than his father, who is the SOth of his House to sit on the throne of Korea. The little Prince was a high-flyer, he certainly was, and he just raised particular cain in every school where they "incarcerated" him. He kept the Korean Legation here in hot water all the time, ran away and got lost down South somewhere, came mighty near marrying a fool American girl who thought she saw a throne in sight, and learned about everything but how to grow up great and good. The poor little chap might just about as well had his fling, for now his throne is gone, and he is poor. But, then? Japan has swiped Korea two or three times before and had to let go, so may be the little Prince will live to sit on his throne yet. ? ? e Secretary Root has informed the Japanese Government through Minis ter Takahira, that hereafter he will conduct the affairs relating to Korea through the Japanese Legation. The action was taken upon the receipt by the State Department of official infor mation from Japan that that Govern ment had established a protectorate over Korea and that in the future di plomatic business of Korea would be conducted from Tokio. The useless nes3 of an American Mission at Seoul was at once made apparent, and Mr. Morgan, our Minister there, has been informed that his work in Korea Is over. He will undoubtedly get some other post, as his services at Seoul have been efficient and valuable to this Gov ernment. ? ? ? The treaty of amity and commerce between the United States and Korea will not be affected. The consular officers in Korea will remain where they are. The abolishment of the Legation at Seoul will save the State Department $10,000 or more a year. Mr. Morgan's salary alone is $7,.r>00. The Legation staff at Seoul consists of Mr. Morgan, G. Paddock of New York, Secretary of Legation, and Consul-General, Capt. Andre W. Brewster, military attache, and one native interpreter. Capt. Brewster is also accredited to the Le gation at Pekin as military attache. ? ? ? It is said that the business methods of the General Land Office and Its branches are of the most antiquated kind, and that the chief alni In that section of the Department of the Inter ior seems to be to swell the coffers of extortionate express companies. It is said that the books are of the compli cated kind and that half the funds taken in by the Receiver of a Land Office are never registered, and that unless the funds are specifically called for, the Receiver is just that much better off. Just now this matter Is be ing looked into and some kind of re form wiii be instituted. Instead of us ing the mails, the Land Offices in the Great West send checks by express. It is said that In one small Land Office over $300 was paid in one year just to express checks which might have been carried for $3, by using the mails and a two cent stamp for each. Graft, graft, graft! ? ? e O, my, oh! They really and truly say that Paul Revere was a dentist. Think of it, a dentist, albeit a good one, pre sumably, for that day; but one look at the false teeth that Washington wore, and which are deposited at Mt. Vernon, is quite enough. They might have been blocked out for a cow, don't you know, and sawed down to fit Washington's mouth. It wasn't a little mouth, either, that the Father of his Country had. ? ? ? N. H. Darton, of the Division of Min eral Resources of the United States Geological Survey, has just returned from a season's work in the wilds of the Big Horn Mountains, Wyo., where he went on a mission for the Govern ment. It appears that early next July President Roosevelt will open one-half of the Shoshone Indian Reservation to settlement, and it was with a view to ascertaining the exact state of the land In regard to minerals that Mr. Darton was sent to Wyoming. Of the mineral prospects, he says that in the Bridger Range, not far from the scene of his labors, copper and gold have been encountered in paying quan tities and considerable excitement pre vails. As for the northern part of the Shoshone Reservation, which he ex amined thoroughly, he failed to find the slightest trace of any metal worth the trouble of mining. A notion had prevailed that this tract was rich in minerals, but if such is the case, Mr. Darton states, it is certainly not re vealed in any of the surface formations. The Shoshone Indians, he said* are not at all concerned over the fact that part of their reservation is to be opened to settlement, as they have never oc cupied this area, worth speaking of, but have from first to last lived hud dled together, in true Indian fashion, In the southern half of the tract. ? ? ? Reform In the Departments here in Washington seems about to begin at the wrong end. Instead of beginning with men and women who are paid big salaries for doing work that in busi ness life would command hundreds where thousands are given by the Gov ernment, the beginning of economy is to be at the bottom round where wom en are simply keeping soul and body together counting old money. It is one of the nastiest Jobs under the Govern ment. A scrub woman has a cinch compared with these women who count money. The scrub woman can at least have clean water, good soap, and if she likes a disinfectant. But these coun ter* of wornout currency! My, my! The stuff comes in by the wagon load. It reeks of tobacco, of foul odors of every kind, and is filthy with dirt, bacteria, disease of any and all kinds; yet these women, who are experts in every sense of the word, and when one dies, the Government feels itself personally aggrieved and has to hustle like the mischief to replace the piece of worn out machinery?these women are to have their wages of $600, $700, $930 cut a few dollars. They are responsi ble fqr the vile rags, yclpt "money," which they handle, and if a dollar of the ragged stuff is unaccounted for af ter it goes into their hands to he sort ed. counted and "baled" they have to replace it out of their own slender purses; indeed they do. And be It said to the credit of women, that not once In a decade is any money lost, and then no very great sum, never above a few dollars. e e e As a matter of fact, it Is said that the Keep Commission, which Is stilt pegging away on its business of finding graft, and ways to kill It In the De partments, Is traveling a rocky road. Up among the ornamental offices It will be Impossible to cut salaries. It seems equally hard to cut off extrava gance In expenditures, because every body has a pull and somebody Is llkcty to g%t "hurt," and so It goes. But these t?r poor counters of nasty, dirty, flltliy money.?they have no pull, and so their salaries will be cut. ? ? Secretary Root says that the Isle of Pines Is part of the territory of Cuba, belongs to that Republic by right of law, and It only remains for the United States to ratify the pending treaty be Iv.eel^ the Un,ted States and Cuba for this Government to entirely relinquish all possible claims to the Island. So >ou see, the United States Government refuses to sympathize with the revolu tionists down there, them same thot f.wlJ0 ?e Americans, sure, but also with the Islanders, andythey are ad monished to behave themselves and ac ccpt tho conditions, which, by the way are Just about 1,000,000 times better than anything they have ever before known. ? ? ? Julia Davis, an old colored woman who has cooked in the Roosevelt fam y for many years, died last week. President and Mrs. Roosevelt sent a wif?thT^f hand30'"? flowers from the white House conservatories for her grave. ? ? Sometimes you hear about funny Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, who has been declared guilty of land frauds, and who is under sentence of imprisonment and fine, though out till his appeal is heard from, wants to be retained as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Inter-Oceanic Canals. dl? you ever hear ^e like of nat? He says that while he will be in Washington this Winter, he will not visit the Capitol or the Senate Cham ber while under sentence, but he does not want to give up the Chairmanship. The man talks as though he expected to be cleared. ? ? ? Last year the United States "wanted to know" something about the cost of deepening the Delaware River channel to 35 feet, and asked Secretary Taft to inform that body. Secretary Taft has ,.a2lcd the United States Senate no. He says that it would be a very expensive thing to make such prelim inary report, and, besides, that It would be contrary to law, and that ends it? well, maybe It does; but when you say no to the United States Senate some thing nearly always drops, don't you Know. ? ee Charles A. Stlllings has taken the oath of office as Public Printer and was oT?Jilr.,in iby ^Capt Henry T. Brian, Chief Clerk. Contrary to expectations, no other changes were made in the office force. Oscar J. Ricketts, who has been Acting Public Printer since Gen. Frank Palmer left the office, was re appointed to his former position as Foreman of Printing by Mr. Stlllings. Capt. Brian also retains his position. ? ? ? In reply to the question whether the wou,d be made an open shop Mr. Stlllings said: "It is an open shop now. If it were otherwise the Government Printing Office would be violating the Constltu ?7 ? wthe United States. The reports which have gone forth saying that I am against the Unions are false. The Lnions have done much to elevate the trade, and so long as they use their strength in the right direction they are a benefit; when they use it wrong they are a menace. If I were a Journeyman Ju . a Un,on m<in, so long as the Lnion was right and worked for the benefit of the craft. "There will be no reduction in the force, continued Mr. Stlllings, "unless on investigation, we find incompetents working in the office. The men em ployed here should be the best obtain able, and that shall be my rule. The methods to be employed will be the same as those of any progressive Dri vate business firm." ? ? ? "Dean of Delegates" is the title that 5" conferred on Marcus Aureliusj Smith, of Arizona, who comes back to the 69th Congress to serve an eighth term as Delegate from .Arizona. ? ? ? There was not so much to laugh at It * "Minister to Dahomy" after all, for some of our Ministers to for-1 eign countries have Just about as hard a time getting their little "berths" as the poor old black man in the Texas Steer did, and a pretty hard time get ting there afterward. Joseph W. J. Lee has been appointed Minister to Ecuador. He goes to Panama first, then on another line of steamers to Guayaquil. From that point he goes! ?S,nterior ot Ecuador, ?? ?? b*? *? ?,,mb ^e Andes to reach Quito, the Capital. After all. being Janitor of a little old steam-heated apartment house, or chief of the cuspl dor-cleaning department has its ad vantages. ? ? ? We have owned Alaska for about 35 i years now. and that vast Territory has never yet had a delegate in Congress. o< fact it ha* lain out these years and precious lit tle attention has ever been paid to it. A decade ago it was provided with a Governor, and It has a kind of Judici ary, but someway the minute a good a^er is sent up there he gets mixed up with mining deals and has to be Representative Cushman, of Washington, is going to spend a good deal of energy on accomplishing a del egate to Congress and several other re forms up there this Winter. ? * ? It does seem as though the last per son who ever saw George Washington must be dead this time. She was Mary Jane Harris when alive, and boasted of being a descendant of Pocahontas. She acknowledged to being 112 years old, and was born in Georgetown, but has lived for about a century in New k ? , was always pleased to talk about Washington, whom she said she often saw on his way from the Capitol She died last week. There certainly can t be many more of them living. j Well, for the land's sake! The vervl this*1 Thenwe 'n War maneuvers is I ?V ?"?, , L Department has decid ed that officers of the Commissary De pal tinent shall be taught to make bread, and will be given practical In ductions in cooking. They are to be j ^nnV. !m? ftt a time, to the school of application for cavalry, at Fort Riley Kansas, for a course in the school for cooks and bakers, and when they have completed the course they will be sent out among the troops to teach them *? "?ake bfead J'ke "mother used to do. A couple of Captains from the F???Jm?nary 1 ^rtnient are now at making. y learnin* ^ art of bread ? ? .? ! President Roosevelt certainly did play! DavgrAanetlgan,? ?f aU Thanksgiving trv hurt *e newsPRP*rs in the coun iZ* a story of how/ the President Whi^w RooseveIt would dine at the White House, with all their children around them, and the President's two I and Mrs. Roosevelt's sister I Jhiv with them^ exactly what S?InS to have for dinner and ?,? m,nute tt would be served on Thursday evening. * Did President Roosevelt follow the plans of the able toifat?i?n?ne?Jf? No> indoedy. Not the least bit In the world. Thursday morn Caaeer on the Iaerease. va?iou?X sTL't"/4?" ?jf th? rePorts of the [various State Boards of Health it <? deo.th h.^ alarming proportions, equal ling or even surpassing mortality from e?erym?eve?nn,d0itaWh?h " " Wta hive studSri JSL M&ny. em|nent men itf? ihl fi ?the ^ue?tIon to determ the exact cause and to n,. treatment for the disease. Thus far After h&S been "Uccessful. After many years of careful study. Dr. P* Bye, of Indianapolis, Indiana iivfinherf^cte<s * Combination of Ollr which act specifically on diseased tis 23 * hook on the sub JjjJ* to those interested. Address UaTxiuL 111,00,8 st> Indlanapo fit* at 10 o'clock President and Mr?. Roosevelt, Theodore, Jr., Edith and Archie got on a special car on the Southern Railroad, and off they ? went for "Plain-Dealing," Mrs. Roosevelt's farm of 15 acres, down In Virginia. Two cooks from the White House went down on Wednesday with the big Rhode Island turkey and all the concomitants of a turkey dinner, and the President's valet went with the family to take carej of the traps. Mrs. Roosevelt, In plain walking attire, tucked up her sleeves and bossed the business of getting that Thanksgiving dinner on the table, and "they" do say it was a crackin' good dinner, too, albeit It was served with little or no company. ? ? ? "Plain-Dealing" is a pretty little "wood-lot" six miles from the railroad, in Albemarle County, Va., right in the heart of the timber and hills, pretty well removed from neighbors. It is a pretty little cottage of a story and a half, painted a light brown with darker brown trimmings, and has bright-green shutters. It Is surrounded on three sides by a porch. In fact, the porch is a good deal bigger than the house. ItI is furnished in the very simplest man- j ner imaginable, and the President and Mrs. Roosevelt go there just to get rid of folks. It is only an hour's ride from Washington, and when the President is tired out he goes there for a day, to tramp through the woods. Of course, as they do not keep an establishment there, they cannot have their horses there just for a day, so the tramp is the only exercise they can get, but the Roosevelts are all fond of tramping. ? ? ? Theodore, Jr., Is getting along all right, his broken nose having behaved itself very well. He has returned to Harvard. Miss Alice got home from her grandmother's In time to have gone with the family to Plain-Dealing, but she is still a little ailing, and it was thought best for her not to go. Baby Quentin, who really Isn't so much of a baby after all, being about seven years old now? was also left behind with his governess. It was thought the day would be too strenuous for his little legs, as he Is pretty short for his years, and a long tramp would do him up. They dined with Commander "and Mrs. Cowles. The Presidential party returned to the White House Friday evening, much refreshed, and the President had his own fun with the correspondents, who were disposed to think they had been pretty shabbily treated. ? ? ? And now It Is Senator Patterson. He of Colorado, don't you know. He owns two newspapers, and It Is because of cartoons and editorials in these news papers that he was tried before the Supreme Court of Colorado, and was adjudged guilty of contempt of the Colo rado law in so printing things. He was fined $1,000, and committed to Jail un til the fine was paid. Subsequently the Court ordered a stay of execution for 60 days pending an appeal by Senator Patterson to the United States Supreme Court. ? ? ? Senator Patterson declared emphat ically at first that he would go to jail rather than pay the fine Imposed. His attorneys also Informed the Court that Senator Patterson would exercise con stitutional right as a United States Sen ator to claim exemption from arrest while Congress was In session, and thereby have set aside the judgment of the Court so that he might be enabled to be present when Congress convened this week. Further discussion followed, however, and the Senator then told the Court that if a stay of execution was issued he would hasten an appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States, and if that body refused to take cognizance of his case or decided the case against him, he would pay the fine Immediately. The Court agreed to this. ? ? ? Senator Burrows, of Michigan, who is Chairman of the Senate Committee on Elections and Privileges, before whom the Smoot case has been on trial for two years?more or less, possibly loss?says that the Senate Committee will render a verdict this Winter. "For this relief much thanks." ? ? ? Representative "Pat" Murphy, a Republican who represents the 16 th Congressional -District of Missouri, the "Ozask" District, if you please, promised a Mrs. McCready, the mother of a big family of Republican voters of the Ozark region, that if he was elected he would wear to Washington a suit of Missouri "Homespun," if she would spin and weave the cloth, cut and make the suit. Pat was elect ed, sure. Mrs. McCready also made good. She spun the cloth, which is real "butternut," don't you know, and she cut and made the clothes, and? well, you just ought to see them, and him! For be wore the clothes to Washington, and they are fine enough for anybody, and Mrs. McCready's ge nius ought to be emulated by other w omen. ? ? ? Representative Longworth, of Ohio, Is going to begin at the right end of the tangle. He does not want to In crease Consul. Ministerial or Embas sadorial salaries, but he is going to introduce a bill to buy residences for all of our foreign representatives. That is exactly what should be done. The United States has been niggardly In this respect, and yet It costs us tre mendously to pay so much rent. If residences were purchased outright, then a man of moderate means might aspire to some of the higher positions abroad. As it is a man must be a mul timillionaire to accept the office of Embassador to the Court of St. James, for Instance, where the house rent costs nearly twice the yearly salary. ? ? ? Is It worth a cable to the United States to learn that William Jennings Bryan, perpetual candidate for Pres ident of the United States, the other night attended a minstrel performance in Peking? Bryan didn't go to min strel shows over here. He was the whole show himself. ? ? ? Secretary of War Taft sums up the conditions in the Canal Zone after this fashion: "By December 1, 1905, we shall have spent $60,000,000 in the course of ac quiring a transcontinental canal. "The $10,000,000 appropriation for preliminary work has been exhausted. "The pay roll at present amounts to about $600,000 a month. It contains 13,000 names. "Efficient labor is difficult to obtain, and it may be necessary to employ Asiatics. Another year will determine. The wisdom of applying the eight-hour law is doubted. "The present problem Is one of trans portation rather than excavation. "Former Engineer Wallace's exper iment in excavation, costing over $500, 000, has been abandoned by Shonts and Stevens, though the experiment has reduced to that extent the ^amount of work to be done." ? ? ? Henry White, American Embassador to Rome, has been selected to repre sent this country in conjunction with Minister Gummere, of Tangier, at the approaching Morocco conference. Secretary Root has been giving a good deal of attention lately to the sub ject, and was especially anxious that the United States should be represent ed properly in a conference which is certain to bring together the brightest minds in the diplomatic circles of Eu rope. ? ? ? J. K. Brown, Immigration Commis sioner of Hawaii at Honolulu and former State Printer ef Ohio, died at Stockton. Cal., last week. He was 66 years old and a civil war veteran. ? ? ? The battleship Rhode Island, which is being constructed in Quincy, Mass, has nearly reached the point of com pletion. The Rhode Island has a nor mal displacement of 14,948 tons, which is considerably in excess of that of any United States battleship now in commission. She is 435 feet long and 76 feet two and a half inches in breath, with a mean draft of 24 feet and six inches. The Rhode Island Is one of five big battleships building for the United States Navy of the same ton nage. GEN. MEACHAM DEAD. Iatermeat of Dlatiafaliiked Vetera* la Arlington?Fine Military Record. Rose High la Raak la Veteraa Or ffaataatloaa. While It was not unexpected, the death of Gen. John F. Meacham, so long and so favorably known among patriotic organizations all over the country, but more particularly in Washington, was a distinct shock to his many friends. The end came in the early hours of the morning, Friday, Nov. 24, and the charters of many veteran organizations in the District of Columbia were draped in mourning in consequence. Gen. Meacham came to Washington from Indiana In 1892, entering the employ of the Government in the Treasury Department, where he re mained until his death. He was born in Rockville, Ind., July 17, 1844, and was but a youth of 17 when the civil war was commenced, but he enlisted Immediately, and served until the very last, being mustered out Dec. 8, 1S65. He served in the 31st Ind., en tering as a private and being mus tered out as Adjutant of the regiment. < The 31st Ind. is designated as one of tho "fighting" regiments. It was with Grant at Fort Donelson, losing nine killed and 52 wounded, and also at Fort Henry, Perryville and the bat tle of Franklin. At Shiloh it lost 21 killed and 114 wounded. It was in the Stone River and Chickamauga campaigns, and in the Atlanta cam paign it did splendid service. After the evacuation of Atlanta it accom panied the Fourth Corps in its pursuit of Hood, fighting again at Nashville. After the war closed, the 81st Ind., Gen. Meacham, Adjutant of the regi ment, with the Fourth Corps, was moved to Texas, in view of the possi ble complications with Maxmillian's Empire. But this collapsed without the regiment being called upon to ren der any military service. The regi ment yras mustered out Dec. 8, 1865, at Victoria, Texas. Out of a total en rollment of 1,562, 258 were captured and in Confederate prisons, and alto gether the total loss of killed and wounded was 4S2. Gen. Meacham was among the earli est workers in the Grand Army of the Republic, and was a charter member of Steele Post, of Rockville, Ind., serv ing for nine successive years as its Commander, and might have served longer had he not removed to Wash ington, where he became a charter member of George H. Thomas Post. He served this Post one term as Com mander, had been often on the staff of Department Commanders and of the rg, Instead of the Usual 3}4% <t\T?C MAT VS1 MT RAMI X In your business w a satisfied customer, whm oxpeneuco with you has been entirely satisfactory. I find the ladMlrlel pays IU withdrawal fund* as promptly m it does lu dividends, and sboold mr ntm business prosper, I hope to be able to place more fund* with yon." Army and Nary men who are iW?tlsfisfi with ? to 4 per cent on their sayings, but are determined to ?yo1? speraiatlea, ean profitably carry a mail account w.th tbis Company. Tbe method* we hay* i pursued for 12 years, our steady accumulation of sassta. I (now uearly IC.ooo.ooa,) and the i&ct that we operaU under New > ork Ilaakin# l>epartment supervision, [ inspire confidence and multiply our clients la orery Bof the country. We par ft per cent per annum a day received to da}' withdrawn; Aiuds subject to your control. On request, we will send you. with the writer** names, many letters like tbe aboya fr.?m retired officers, business and professional men, soma of thorn doubt.ess In your locality. Writs To-day for Booklet. A ss^ts ?I,?M,*M surplus and Profit*-. if.Mt laisstrtal Ssriafs tai Lsaa Co., 24 BaHdlof. B.aatfway, New Vsrk City. Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Grand Army of the Republic. Commanded U. V. IT. Dfvtatoa. He was Colonel of Logan Command, U. V. U., for two terms, and later General Commanding: the District of Columbia Division, U. V. U.. for two terms. As a soldier Gen. Meacham was noted for gallantry in action and loyalty to his superior officer*. He was a gentle, considerate man. Arm in principles, but most genial aud companionable, and In his bitterest fights for his principles never made a lasting enemy. Gen. Meacham leaves an interesting family of six daughters and two sons, all of whom are proud of their father's achievements, and a widow, Mrs. Ros amond B. Meacham, who has been his gentle lieutenant through all the vicis situdes of the years. While he was winning honors in Grand Army cir cles she was keeping pace with him in the auxiliary to that organization, and became President of the Department of the Potomac, Woman's Relief Corps, a promotion which gave Gen. Meach am much pleasure, as he fielped to or ganize George H. Thomas Corps, of which Mrs. Meacham was a charter member and its first President. Gen, Meacham's remains were laid to rest in Arlington, and the flag* draped casket was almost buried un der the fragrant floral tributes placed upon it. These came from different veteran organizations, and from church as well as personal friends. The following members of Gen. Wadsworth Command, U. V. U., were detailed to act as pallbearers in con nection with those chosen from George H. Thomas Post, G.A.R.: Col. E. A. Fenton, Col. W. C. Whitney, Capt. Thomas H. Jenks. Tks Slat Ky. Editor National Tribune: Please a short history of the 21st Ky.?Geo. Webber, R. F. D. 1, Berry, Ky. The 21st Ky. was organized at Camps Hobson and Ward from Dec. 30, 1861, to Jan. 3, 1862, for three years, and the veterans and recruits finally mustered out Dec. 9, 1865. The first Colonel was Ethelbert L. Dudley, who died of dis ease, and was succeeded by Col. Samuel W. Price, who was mustered out with the regiment. The 21st Ky. belonged ; to Kimball's Division of the Fourth Corps, Army of the Cumberland, and lost 60 killed in battle and 158 died from disease.?Editor National Tribune. Get This Gold Pair Listen! Id the pas* year I received thou sands of letters from spectacle-wearers all over the world, ex pressing their thanks and appreciation, and the one I give here is pood sample of what they all say. The Reverend 0. G. Clark, one of the most prominent ministers in lbs Bui State of Illinois, says: "I highly appreciate your famous "Perfect Vision " spectacles, for I can honestly and truthfully say that with them I now read the finest and smallest print both day and t, just as well as I ever did in my life Too* spectacles are truly marvelous.'* Now I have no doubt but that the testimony of this noted minister at the gospel is sufficient proof to every fair minded spectacle-wearer that my famous " Perfect Vision" spectacles are really THE BEST IN THE WORLD, as I claim. YOU to Judge Gold Spectacles absolutely free of charge. This set will last yourself and family a lifetime. With these famous "Perfect Vision" Spectacles of mine you will be able to thread the finest needle and read the smallest print, both day and night, just as easy as you ever did in your life, and this even if your eyes are so very weak now that you cannot read the HEADLINES in this paper. I also hereby and thereby get YOU to send me YOUR testi monial also. Hence, before placing them on the market for sale at their regular price of $5 per set, I make you the follow ing special offer which will actually save you $4 cash: Just write me your name and address and I will mail you my Perfect Home Eye Tester, free, with which you will be able to test your eyes at your own home, perfectly. Then when you return me the Eye Tester with your test, I will send you a complete five dollar family set of my famous "Perfect Vision" spectacles for only $1 (which is an actual saving of $4 to you), and this will in clude a pair of my handsome Rolled DR. HAUX 8PEOTAOLE COMPANY, Hamx Building, ST. LOWS, MO. I Uf ABIT AflEHTS AI fill Am) any man or woman (also storekeepers), without an? pee* loos I Willi I Audi IO ALOU experience whatever, can St the weakest eyes with air Improves Homo Eyo Teeter. This Is so simple that any one can work it with perfect satisfaction and easily earn from S2S to $100 weakly selling my famous Perfect Vision Spectacles, either In their own tra ' Ins or In stores. My agents need no license as I furnish necessary documents with the Agent's C QIOXE*?TheiboVB Is the leigMHtoflSpoatsfils Boose tu the Patted States and pctfcetly agree to return you your dollar cheerfully if you YOURSELF don't find them to be the most perfect-fitting, clearest and best you have ever bought anywhere, at any price. Write today for my free Home Eye Tester. Address my company as follows: All About Pensions. The "Age" Order. The laws of June 27, 1896, and May 9, 1900, provided for a pension, accord ing to degree of disability, from $6 to $12 per month for any soldier of the War of the Rebellion who served 90 days and was honorably discharged. The new "AGE" Order simply says that any claimant who has arrived at the age of 62, or 65, or 68, or 70 is presumed without further proof (and, inferentially, without examination) to be suffering disability sufficient to war rant $6 a month pension at age of 62; $8 a month at age of 65; $10 a month at age of 68, and $12 a month at age of 70' To Those Who Have Never Ap plied for Pension. We urge upon these comrades that it is their duty to apply. If many are so well-to-do that they do not need it, they can apply the money to help those who do need it. Under the "AGE" Order an application can be made that, in most cases, does not involve exam ination. which probably removes a fea ture that was objectionable to many. Write to R. W. Shoppell, or The Xa tlonal Tribune* Washington, D. C., and a proper blank will be mailed you with out cost. To General Law Pensioners Drawing Less Than 912. If under the law of June 27, 1890, as construed by the New "AGE" Order, which is given elsewhere, a pensioner will receive an increase, he should write to R. W. Shoppell, or The Na tional Tribune, Washington, D. C., and a proper blank will be mailed him without cost. To Pensioners Under the Act of June 27, 1880, Who Are Receiving Less Than ?12 Per Month. Read very carefully the new "AGE" Order given In another column. If it allows you more pension than you are now receiving, write to R. W. Shoppell, or The National Tribune, Washington, D. C., and a proper blank will be mailed you without cost. To Those Wlshlac to Allesre More Dis ability Than Is Proscribed by the ?A*e" Order. Under the "Age" Order it is assumed, if the contrary does not appear, and a' other legal requirements are proper 1 met, that a claimant is half disabk for manual labor at the age of 62; two thirds disabled at the age of <6; live sixths at the age of 68, and wholly disabled at the age of 70. If the claim ant cannot show that he has greater disability at these respective ages than is recited above, it is of no use for him to describe his ailments. It is a disad vantage, in fact, because it will incur the expense and delay of medical ex amination. If a claimant is in fair health for his age, it is useless to apply for more than is allowed by the "Age" Order. Any one, however, who is sure that he is more disabled than is allowed for by the "AGE" Order should write to R. W. Shoppell, or The National Trib une, Washington, D. C., and a proper blank will be mailed him without cost. Widows. Upon the death of your soldier hus band, apply for pension promptly. It is one of the provisions he leaves for our maintenance. In most cases the nsfon will commence from date of 'olication. Something is lost by de Write to R. W. Shopnell, or The Uonal Tribune, Washington, D. C? id a proper blank will be mallei -ithout cost.