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WAR OF THE REBELLION.
C Continued from pace !?> Gen. Bowen came out in front of the lines of Gen. A. J. Smith, to whom ho delivered the letter and asked to Bee Gen. Grant. This request was re fused, as the Commander of the Union army could treat with no less a person than the comrr^uder the op posing forces. Btwcn, being t*. llcgu- , lar officer, recognizcd the force of ihis. j ftnd suggested a meeting between Pom- ; berton and Grant. To this Gen. Grant i acceded, sending a verbal message to the effect that if Pemberton desired he would meet him in front of McPher gon's Corps at 3 o'clock in the after noon. Gen. Grant also sent the fol lowing written reply: "Headquarters Department of the Ten nessee, "In the Field, near Vicksburg, Miss., July 3, 1863. "Lieut.-Gen. J. C. Pemberton, Com manding Confederate Forces, etc. "General: Your note of this date is Just received, proposing an armistice for several hours, for the purpose of arranging terms of capitulation through commissioners to be' appoint ed, etc. "The useless effusion of blood you propose stopping by this course can be ended at any time you may choose, by an unconditional surrender of the city and garrison. Men who have shown so much endurance and cour age as those now in Vicksburg will al ways challenge the respect of an ad versary, and I can assure you will be treated with all the respect due to prisoners of war. "I do not favor the proposition of appointing commissioners to arrr nge terms of capitulation, because I have no terms other than those indicated above. "I am. General, very respectfully, your obedient servant. "U. S. Grant. Major-General." Tlie Soldiers Face to Face. While this exchange of notes was going on. the men of both armies lined their opposing works, within easy speaking distance of one another, and their overfull hearts found relief in gay banter. It was all good-natured. The Union soldiers had been telling their enemies for weeks that they had them prisoners, and were merely al lowing them to feed themselves. Now they were going to give them some thing better than fricasseed mule and rats on toast. The Confederates sal lied in kind, and asked the "Yanks" how it seemed to stop burrowing in the ground like moles, and get out into daylight once more. The change of feeling was inde scribable from the six long weeks of venomous seeking for one another's lives. The Union soldiers could well afford to be kindly and generous, for they now saw the end approaching of the grand work for which they had gathered at Cairo two long years be fore, and to which Fort Donelson, Cor inth, Island Xo. 10, Memphis, Chicka saw Bayou, Arkansas Post, the months of dismal struggles with the swamps end floods of the Mississippi, and the swift, perilous march from Bruinsburg to Vicksburg were steps. The Confed erates were not depressed, for the thing had been expected so long that they were ready for it. and glad that the hopeless struggle was to cease without any more useless bloodshed. The Meeting Between the Two Com manders. At 3 p. m. Gen. Grant, accompanied by his staff, and by Gens. McPherson, Ord. Logan and A. J. Smith, went to a low-growing oak, a few hundred feet from the Confederate lines, and pres ently Gen. Pemberton appeared, ac companied by Gen. Bowen and Col. Montgomery. Gen. Grant makes the following statement as to what oc curred: "Pemberton and I had served in the same division during part of the Mex ican War. I knew him very well, therefore, and greeted him as an old acquaintance. He soon asked what terms I proposed to give his army if it surrendered. My answer was the same as proposed in my reply to his letter. Femberton then said, rather snappish ly, "The conference might as well end," and turned abruptly as if to leave. I said, "Very well." Gen. Bowen, I saw, was very anxious that the surrender should be consummated. His manner and remarks while Pemberton and I were talilng, showed this. He now proposed that h N and one of our Gen erals should hav"' a conference. I had no objection to this, as nothing could be made binding upon me that they might propose. Smith and Bowen ac cordingly had a conference, during which Pemberton and "I, moving a short distance away towards the en emy's lines, were in conversation. After a while Bowen suggested that the Con federate army be allowed to march out with the honors of war, carrying their small guns and field artillery. This was promptly and unceremoniously re jected. The interview here ended, I agreeing, however, to send a letter giving final terms by 10 o'clock that night. "Word was sent to Admiral Porter soon after the correspondence with Pemberton commenced, so that hos tilities might be stopped on the part of both army and navy. It was agreed on my parting with Pemberton that they should not be renewed until our correspondence ceased. "When I returned to my headquar ters I sent for all the Corps and Divi sion Commanders with the army im mediately confronting Vicksburg. Half the army was from eight to 12 miles off. waiting for Johnston. I informed them of the contents of Pemberton's letters, of my reply and the substance of the interview, and that I was ready to hear any suggestion; but would hold the power of deciding entirely in my own hands. This was the nearest ap proach to a "council of war" I ever held. Against the general and almost unanimous Judgment of the council I sent the following letter: " 'In conformity with agreement of this afternoon. I will submit the fol lowing proposition for the surrender of the city of Vicksburg, public stores, etc. On your accepting the terms pro posed, I will march in one division as a guard, and take possession at eight a. m. tomorrow. As soon as rolls can be made out, and paroles be signed by officers and men, you will be al lowed to march out of our lines, the officers taking with them their side arms and clothing, and the field, staff and cavalry officers one horse each. The rank and file will be allowed all their clothing, but no other property. If these conditions are accepted, any amount of rations you may deem ne cessary can be taken from the stores you now have, and also the necessary cooking utensils for preparing them. Thirty waeons also, counting two two horse or mule teams as one, will be allowed to transport such articles as cannot be carried along. The same conditions will be allowed to all sick and woufided officers and soldiers as fast as they become able to travel. The paroles for these latter must be signed, however, whilst officers present are au thorized to sign the roll of prisoners.' " Gen. Pemberton's Account. Gen. Pemberton's account differs in some rather important points from Gen. Grant's. He says: " 'After a few remarks and inquiries on either side, a pause ensued, which was prolonged on my part in expecta tion that Gen. Grant would introduce the subject, the discussion of which I supposed to be the object of our meet ing. Finding that he did not do so. I said to him that I understood that he had expressed a wish to have a per sonal interview with me. He replied that he had not. I was much surprised, and, turning to Gen. Bowen remarked. Then there is a misunderstanding; I certainly understood differently.' The matter, however, was satisfactorily ex plained to me In a few words, the mistake, no doubt, having been my own. Again addressing Gen. Grant, I flftM: \ \ 44 4In your letter this morning you state that you have no other terms than unconditional surrender.' ?'He answered promptly, 4I have no other.' "To this I rejoined: 14 'Then, sir. It Is unnecessary that you and I should hold any further con versation; we will go to fighting again at onee'; and I added: 'I can assure you, sir, you will bury many more of your men before you will enter Vieks burg.' "uen. Grant did not, as Badcau rep resents. reply, 'Very well,' nor did he 'turn off.' He did not change his posi tion, nor did he utter a word. The movement to withdraw, so far as there wp.s any movement, was on my part, and was accompanied by the remark that if he (Gen. Grant) supposed that I was suffering for provisions he was mistaken, that I had enough to last me for an indefinite period, and that Port Hudson was better supplied than Vieksburg. Gen. Bowen made no sug gestion whatever in regard to a con sultation between any parties during this interview, as he is represented to have done by Badeau; but Gen. Grant did at this time propose that he and I should step aside, and on my assenting, he added that if I had no objections he would take with him Gens. McPher son and A. J. Smith. I replied, cer- ( lainly, and that Gen. Bowen and Col. , Montgomery would accompany me. i Gen. Grant then suggested that these gentlemen withdraw and see whether, on consultation, they could not arrive | at some satisfactory arrangement. It will be readily understood that I of fered no objection to this course, as it was, in fact, a withdrawal by Gen. Grant from the position he had so un qualifiedly assumed, to wit. uncondi tional surrender, and it really submit ted, as I had desired It should, the dis cussion of the question of terms to a commission, although that commission was now necessarily an impromtu one. "Pending the interchange of views by the officers named. Gen. Grant and I remained apart from them, convers ing only upon topics that had no rela tion to the important subject that brought us together. The terms which this commission agreed to propose were in the main those that were af terward proffered by Gen. Grant and eventually accepted by me. During this discussion I stated to him that as he declined to appoint commissioners when invited to do so by me, it was now his part to propose the terms. He agreed to this, arid said I should hear from him by 10 p. m. When about to part T notified Gen. Grant that I held myself in no manner pledged to any agreement, but should consult my Di vision and Brigade Commanders. He replied that I must understand him In the like manner, and that he, too, should consult his Corps Commanders. With this our interview ended." I ? Gen. Grant's Rejoinder. The above letter of Gen. Pemberton was dated June 12, 1875, and when it came to Gen. Grant's notice in 1884 he wrote a letter in response, which is in part as follows: I "All there is of importance in the matter of the surrender of Vieksburg is contained in the correspondence be tween Gen. Pemberton and myself. The fact is, Gen. Pemberton, being a Northern man commanding a South ern army, was not at the same liberty to surrender an army that a man of Southern birth would be. In advers ity and defeat he became an object of suspicion, and felt it. Bowen was a Southern man all over, and knew the garrison of Vieksburg had to surren der or be captured, and knew it was best to stop further effusion of blood by surrendering. He did all he could I to bring about that result. "Pemberton is mistaken In several points. It was Bowen that proposed that he and A. J. Smith should talk over the matter of the surrender and submit their views. Neither Pember ton nor I objected, but we were not willing to commit ourselves to accept ing such terms as they might propose. Iri a short time those officers returned. Bowen acted as spokesman; what he said was substantially this: The Con federate army was to be permitted to , march out with the honors of war, car rying with them their arms, colors, and field batteries. The National troops v/ere then to march in and occupy the c'ty, and retain the siege guns, small- , "arms not in the hands of the men, all public property remaining. I rejected the terms at once. I did agree, how-1 ever, before we separated, to write to Pemberton what terms I would give. The correspondence is public and speaks for itself. I held no council of war; hostilities having ceased, officers and men soon became acquainted with the reason why. Curiosity led officers ot rank?most of the general officers? to visit my headquarters with the hope of getting some news. I talked with them very freely about the meeting be tween Pemberton and myself, our cor respondence, etc., but in no sense was it a council of war. I was very glad to give the garrison of Vieksburg the terms I did. There was a cartel In ex- I istence at that time which required either party to exchange or parole all prisoners either at Vieksburg or at a point on the James River within 10 days after captures or as soon there after as practicable. This would have used all the transportation we had for a month. The men had behaved so well that I did not want to humiliate them. I believed that consideration for their feelings would make them less dangerous foes during the contin uance of hostilities, and better citizens after the war was over." Pemberton promptly accepted Grant's final terms. ' (To be continued.) ! The Mlaalanlppl Marine Brigade. Editor National Tribune: I am deeply interested in Col. McElroy's story of the war on the Mississippi, especially Chapter XXII and those fol lowing. You will not wonder at my interest when I tell you that I was one of the Lieutenants who, with Capt. Al fred W. Ellet, 59th 111., placed names in the special detail, ordered by the Secretary of War, for service in the Mississippi ram fleet, then being filled out on the Ohio. Said detail, three offi cers and 150 men, went from Curtls's army, at West Plains, Mo., to Rolla, through St. Louis and to the fleet as sembling at New Albany. I command ed the Llone??. I got to Memphis at the close of the battle, and was sent by Ellet with his son, Charles Rivers, to receive the surrender, hoist the flag,! etc. I was with the fleet in all its sub sequent operations until Col. A. W. Ellet became Brigadier-General and I his Assistant Adjutant-General. I served as such through the whole period of the Marine Brigade's service, which we organized at St. Louis In the Winter of 1S62-3. The rams always remained an integral part of our Marine Brigade, all being nominally under the control of Navy Commodores.?W. D. Crandall, Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General, Mississippi Marine Brigade. Col. A. G. Draper. Editor National Tribune: Will you or some of your readers be so kind as to tell me whether the Hon. Eben S. Draper, who was a candidate for Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts, is any relation to Col. A. G. Draper, who J commanded the 36th U. S. C. T. ? I served as a Corporal in Co. I of that regiment. The company was com manded by Capt. R. F. Andrews, of Boston. Col. Draper was accidentally killed soon after our arrival at Brazos Santiago, Tex. He had a brother who was at that time a Lieutenant in the regiment. Nearly all the men of our regiment were from North Carolina and Virginia, but most of the officers were from Boston. I would bo very glad to hear from the officers of my company, especially Capt. Andrews, First Lieut. E. H. Wheeler and Second Lieut. James Dowlng. I would be equally glad to hear from any of the old members of the company or regiment. I hope some day that you will give us a little his tory of the colored troops in front of Petersburg and Richmond.?John Veal, ISIS North Spring St, Baltimore, lid. A short history of a Notable Regiment will appear each week* A Fighting Regiment. Copyright by William P. Fox. Albany. N. Y., 1889. Three Hundred Fighting Regiments. TWENTY-SECOND INDIANA INFANTRY. T McCook's Brigade ? Davis's Division ? Fourteenth Corps. (1) Col. Jeff. C. DAVIS, Bvt. Major-Gen., U S. A. (2) Col. MICHAEL GOODING. (8) Col. WILLIAM M. WILES. (4) Col. THOMAS SHEA. COMPANIES. Field and Staff. Company A ... B... C... D... E... F... G... H... I ... K... Totals. Killed and Died of Wounds. Officers. *4 Men. 12 *3 II IO x6 20 *5 *5 13 139 Total. 3 12 *3 *1 11 *9 20 *7 16 *7 *53 Died of Disease, Accidents, In Prison, Ac. Officers. Men. 18 *3 11 22 33 10 15 18 19 21 190 Total. ? ? 18 23 II 22 33 10 15 18 *9 21 190 Total Enrollment. 16 186 200 189 188 226 182 185 191 193 230 1,986 Total of killed and wounded, 565, Battles. Glasgow, Mo.........' Pea Ridge, Ark Chaplin Hills, Ky..... < Stone's River, Tenn....? Chattanooga, Tenn Missionary Ridge, Tenn Rome, Ga Dallas, Ga K.&M.W. Battles. K.AM.W. 2 Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 15 14 Marietta, Ga. 2 ................. 57 Peach Tree Creek, Ga. . 6 11 Atlanta, Ga 6 1 Jonesboro, Ga 9 6 Sherman's March. 1 13 Averasboro, N. C. 2 3 Bentonville, N. C 5 Present, also, at Siege of Corinth; Lancaster; Nolensville; Liberty Gap; Tunnel Hill; Rocky Face Ridge ; Resaca; Savannah; The Carolinas. Notes.? Organized at Madison, Ind., on the 15th of July, 1861, leaving the State in the following month. Joining Fremont's army at St. Louis, it marched to the relief of Lexington. While on the way to that place the Union troops fired into each other by mistake, in which affair Major Gordon Tanner, of the Twenty-second, was mortally wounded. Colonel Davis being promoted Brigadier, the regiment was attached to his division with which it marched, in January, 1862, on Curtis's expedition against Price, and thence to the battle of Pea Ridge ; its casualties in that engagement were 9 killed, and 33 wounded, including Lieutenant-Colonel John A. Hen dricks, who fell, mortally wounded. The regiment then joined the army at the Siege of Corinth, after which it was stationed in Northern Mississippi until August, 1862, when it marched with Buell on the Kentucky cam paign. At the battle of Chaplin Hills, Ky., October 8, 1862, the regiment was in Mitchell's (R. B.) Division; Colonel Gooding commanded the brigade, and Lieutenant-Colonel Keith the regiment. Keith fell dead, at the head of his men, while waving his sword and cheering on the line. The casualties in the regiment were 49 killed, 87 wounded, and 33 missing, out of 303 engaged. Six of the officers lost their lives in that battle. The loss at Stone's River was 7 killed, 39 wounded, and 18 missing. The Twenty-second was then in Post's (1st) Brigade, Davis's (1st) Division, McCook's Corps. The regiment was detailed as rear-guard at Chickamauga, and so was absent at that battle; but it participated, two months later, in the storming of Missionary Ridge,?then in Sheri dan's (2d) Division, Fourth Corps. It served next in Davis's (2d) Division, Fourteenth Corps. The 83d 111. Editor National Tribune: I have been a subscriber to the old National Trib une for a good many years and enjoy reading the different accounts of our old comrades, and it is rather amusing to note the difference of opinion touch ing the same subject; but we are grow ing old, and are more liable to err and be mistaken than we were 40 years ago. A very amusing thing occurred some time ago when in an article writ ten for The National Tribune a com rade of the 13th Wis. said that the sec ond battle of Fort Donelson was fought and won by that regiment. Now, the facts are that the 13th Wis. was not there at all. History will prove to you that It was the 83d 111. (nine compa nies), one company of the 6th Iowa Cav. and Battery C, 2d 111. Art., about 700 all told, fought and won that battle, Feb. 3, 1863. The Confederates num bered about 6,000 men, under Forrest, Wheeler, Wharton and Woodward. How did we do it? I would like for Joe Wheeler (our Joe now) to answer that question. I desire to speak now of a very serious occurrence. I think It was in 1863, at Fort Donelson, a soldier be longing to Flood's Battery C, 2d 111. Art., was court-martialed on several grave charges and was shot to death. All the troops at the post were called out to witness the execution, which took place about a half mile from the jail, in which he was confined, and near which the troops were formed. An ambulance drove up, in which was a plain pine coffin. He was brought out and seated in the ambulance, and on his coffin, when the sad march to the place of execution was started, and on arriving at the grave he jumped out and walked to the grave and sat down on his coffin, facing the firing squad. When the words "Ready?Are" were given he fell over, dead. The work was well done; he never moved a muscle. The troops were then marched past the dead comrade and back to quar ters. His name, as I now remember, was Hezekiah McLane, or McHenry, I have forgotten which. Then, again, I think it was the same year, a soldier of the 13 th Wis. was dishonorably discharged, drummed out. I had always heard it said that the charge was general worthlessness. This was rather an amusing scene, and created considerable amusement. The lines were formed as for dress parade, when he was taken to the head of the lines, and after all buttons, buckles and everything bearing the letters U. S. were cut off, was started down1 the line, following the martial band play ing the "Rogues' March," and on arriv ing at the center opposite the Colonel he turned around and saluted very gracefully. I would be pleased to hear from' other comrades touching these and other incidents.?D. F. Cowman, Co. G, 83d 111., Des Moines, Iowa. The 18th Ind. Editor National Tribune: Would you kindly confer a favor by publish ing at least a short history of the 18th Ind. and its service? I belonged to Co. C. and enlisted July 9, 1861, and was discharged at Indianola, Tex., Dec. 31, 1863, and re-enlisted in the same com pany Jan. 1, 1864, receiving my final discharge at Camp Morton Aug. 29, 1865. I admit that I stole chickens, hogs, sheep and beef, in fact every thing that was loose at one end. I stole a barrel of Mississippi rum on Pearl River and tried to steal a grist mill in the Shenandoah Valley, but Sheridan's Cavalry burned it down while I had hold of one end. I fought mit Slgel in Arkansas and with Pope, Fremont, Curtis, Steele, Grant and others, our last little matinee being at Cedar Creek, Va. For my 24 battles and Innumerable marches I am get ting $10 per month pension; but I was just one of the boys, though I am now 64.?Cephas W. Cook, Platteville, Wis. The 18th Ind. was organized at In dianapolis Aug. It, 1861, for three years, and the veterans and recruits mustered out Aug. 26, 1866. The first Colonel was Thomas Pattlson, who re signed. and was succeeded by Col. Henry D. Washburn, who was brevet ted a Brigadier-General. Lleut-CoL William 8. Charles died of wounds re ceived at Cedar Creak. The llth lad. belonged to E. A. Carr's Division of the Thirteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and also served In the Armies of the Trans-Mississippi, the Army of the Gulf and the Army of the Shenandoah. It lost 7S killed in bat tie and 131 died from disease, ate.? Editor National Tribune. The 13th 111. Editor National Tribune: Will you kindly give a brief history of the 12th 111. T?IX B. Shank, Cofteyville, Kan. The 12th 111. was organized at Spring field from July 11 to Oct. 17, 1861, to serve three years, and mustered out July 10, 1866, with the recruits trans ferred to the 8th and 46th 111. The first Colonel was John McArthur, who was promoted to Brigadier-General, and succeeded by Col. Augustus L. Chet laln, who was promoted to Brigadier General. Lleut.-Col. Henry Van Sellar was in command of the regiment when It was mustered out. The 12th 111. was a fighting regiment, and belonged to Dodge's Division of the Sixteenth Corps. It lost 148 killed out of a total enroll ment of 1,207.?Editor National Trib une. The 94th Mo. Editor National Tribune: Please give a short history of the 24th Mo. I should be glad to hear from my old regiment.? John McDaniel, Macon City, Mo. The 24th Mo. was organized in the State-at-large from Oct. 14 to Dec. 28, 1861, to serve three years, and saw its first battle at Pea Ridge. S. H. Boyd was the first Colonel, and was succeeded by Col. James K. Mills, who was in command of the regiment when it was mustered out, in 1865, and was brev etted a Brigadier-General. The regi ment belonged to Mower's Division of the Sixteenth Corps, Army of the Ten nessee, and lost 48 killed in battle and 221 died from disease, accidents, etc.? Editor National Tribune. The 110th Ohio. Editor National Tribune: PleaHe give a short: history of the 110th Ohio. I have been taking The National Tribune for about 15 years, but have never seen anything of the 110th Ohio in it.?B. Streib, Versailles, O. The 110th Ohio was organized at Camp Piqua, Oct. 3, 1862, to serve three years, and mustered out June 25, 1865. J. Warren Kelfer was Colonel, and pro moted to Brigadier-General. Lieut. - Col. Otho H. Binkley was in command when the regiment was mustered out. The 110th Ohio belonged to Ricketts's Division of the 'Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, and lost 117 killed and 113 died from disease.?Editor National Tribune. r?? The Olat Ohio. Editor National Tribune: Please give a short sketch pf the 61st Ohio, and greatly oblige?rL. D. Bright, Fitz gerald, Ga. The 61st Ohio was organized in the State-at-large In the Spring of 1862, to serve three* years, and consolidated with the 82d OhU>. March 31, 1865. The first Colonel was Newton W. Schleich, who resigned, and was succeeded by Col. Stephen J. McGroarty, who was in command when the regiment was mus tered out, ahd. was brevetted a Brig adier-General. t The 61st Ohio belonged to Schurz's Division of the Eleventh Corps, and lost 7b men killed in battle and 90 died from disease.?Editor Na tional Tribune. The ftth III. Civ. Editor National Tribune: Please tell me something about my old regiment, the 9th 111. Cav. I was a member of Co. G.?H. Peusinger, Carthage, Mo. The 9th 111. Cav. was organized at Chicago from Sept 18 to Nov. 80, 1861, for three years, and the veterans and recruits were finally mustered out Oct. 81, 1815. The first Colonel was Albert G. Brackett, of the Regular Army, who was mustered out and succeeded by Col. Joseph W. Harper, who was In command when the regiment was mus tered out The 9th 111. Cav. belong ?d to Orierson's Cavalry Division, Am./ of the Tennessee, and lost 49 killed and 147 died from disease.?Editor National Tribune. BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. The Openlig of the Ff*ht as Sees by the Brlfide lupeetor of Po?rt*s Brigade. Editor National Tribune: The night before the fight Post's Brigade of Jeff C. Davis's Division, McCook's Corps, lay all night on the cold, cold ground, not even allowed to have any fires to make coffee. The enemy were reported close to our front. Johnson's command was on our right. We lay in an open space where in daylight we could look far to the front, on our Immediate right a thicket of cedars. If I remember rightly, MaJ. Taggart, of the 2 2d Ind., was our Brigade Offi cer of the Day. Our picket line ex tended through the cedars and con nected with those on our right. About 11 o'clock at night the Major and my self (I was Post's Brigade Inspector) visited the picket line and worked our way through the cedars, and, lo and behold! we came on a battery of artil lery with bright fires, cooking their suppers. Of course, the enemy, if they were so near as reported to be, could see their whole business. This battery had their horses away to water when the fight opened. The cedar trees seemed loaded with robins, and I thought if I were a bird I would get out of there pretty early in the morning. The birds no doubt suf fered, but we of the brigade, with oth ers, were the ones that got out in the morning. When morning came we stood for a good half hour watching a dense body of the enemy marching across our front going to our right. We, of course, sup posed that our corps commander, Mc Cook, was prepared to meet this, but all at once there was a shot from the enemy's artillery, which passed a little to the right of the ground occupied by our brigade. We then received orders to change front to rear, which Col. Post did in short order. Our battery, the 5th Wis., Capt. Finney in command, formed on our right. The enemy came upon us pell-mell. Our thin line did not stand long, but got back to the Murfreesboro pike in a disorganized condition, but were gotten together and helped form our new line. Our battery did good work and stood their ground like veterans. Capt. Fin ney was killed and several members of the battery were killed or wounded. The commander of the battery found (and rightly so) that it would be dis creet to retire, and got off with his guns, one of them with only one horse attached. I will not undertake, to say how many lines deep the rebels were when they made their charge, for I certainly did not stay to count them. I have not attempted to give an ac count of the battle by any means, but merely what I saw. It was reported that Gen. McCook was shaving, had one side of his face shaved, and completed the job after the battle was over.? , Captain, Co. D, 74th 111., Brigade Inspector, Post'3 Brigade, Middletown, Ohio. The NnnnwinR. Editor National Tribune: In the in terests of truthful history I desire to correct the statement of John F. Camp bell, Soldiers' Home, Lafayette, Ind., to the effect that he witnessed the explo sion of the rebel ram Manassas from the deck of the Confederate privateer McRae, detailed that night with our First Lieutenant, Alexander F. Wurley, for duty on the Manassas. After the old frigate Mississippi had gotten through with us we cut our two dis charge pipes and abandoned the Man assas, returning to the McRae, then lying a short distance below. In a few minutes afterward the Manassas filled with water, and, fast sinking, drifted past us and sunk before passing be yond our range of vision. She was neither burned nor blown up, despite Government and other reports to the contrary. The explosion witnessed by Mr. Campbell was that of the Louisiana, and It was the only explosion among all the Confederate vessels, either be fore or after the passage of the forts, the destruction being in all other cases due to shot, fire or sinking.?Donald Gillespie, 22 Boyd street. Staple ton, ?taten Island, N. Y IIIIIKH PUEB?W Tie Locomtive Special I-? 23 JEWELED ADJUSTED '.TM ? ToqiitefclytntrodoeatatotM?aocT>try thecttofrtafdOHumri Arabian mtaHk w? off? >M citn lars* itnnlnr Silk n? Mnu ABMIXTRLY FREK to ev?ryon? antwtrlnf UilaadTer tl^mrnt. W? alto tend at one* free a package of perfomea, OKIKNTAL FUrSMl CV. K(W T*rk Otty. ?t Tklr4 At?., Dcrpi, DT ARMY AND NAVY UNION. Events of Interest in the Order Reported by the Chief of Staff. Col. Royal T. Frank Garrison, No. I 50, at the National Soldiers* Home, Va., claims the honor of the oldest comrade and the longest service man In the Union in the person of Com rade Peter McClusker, whose age, 84 years, and 44 years of service in the U. S. Navy, seem to entitle him to the honor. Garrison No. 50 can about di vide honors with Gen. Guy V. Henry, No. 9, of Washington, D. C., in having the largest number of comrades on the retired list of the Army or Navy. The Garrison is fortunate in having such workers as Commander John F. Schierloh, Past Commander Francis Jones, Charles C. Woodard and John P. Caugher, all veterans of the Regu lar Army and members of the Union from 10 to 15 years each, to watch over its working. A good share of the success attained by Lieut.-Col. John J. Astor Garrison, No. 18, of Jersey City, N. J., may be attributed to the interest taken in the Garrison by Comrade Michael B. Holmes, whose high standing, both so cially and politically, has added great strength to No. 18. Comrade Holmes is not only a leading business man in Jersey City, but prominent politically, having served both as a member and as President of the Board of Freehold ers of Hudson County. Garrison No. 18 numbers many prominent business men of Jersey City and also a number of City and County officials among the comrades. The senior officers of the Garrison are civil war veterans, while the junior offices are filled by Regular I service or Spanish War men. Past Commander Ernest Grossjohan, of MaJ. Lorenzo Lorain Garrison, No. 20, of Fort Barrancas, Fla., has re turned to that post from a tour of duty In the Islands. I That it is possible for a soldier to win honor in his community where he makes his home was shown at the re cent election, when Comrade Killian V. Lutz, of Gen. George A. Custer Gar-J rison. No. t, was elected to a third term as Mayor of his town, Gutten burg, N. J. Comrade Lutz Is also Pres ident of the Lutz Drawing Instrument Co., manufacturers of all kinds of drawing implements. He is a veteran Regular, and was representative from Custer Garrison at the Encampment in 1891 and 1892. - . Past National Commander Louis Reukert, of Gen. George Washington Garrison, No. 1, and Past Senior Vice National Commander William Budy, of Gen. Wesley Merritt Garrison, No. 13, are Lieutenants of Police in the De partments in Cincinnati, Ohio, and St. Faul, Minn., respectively. j New York City has a Police Garri son, George B. McClellan, No. 77, and why not Washington, Chicago, St. Louis and San Francisco? Gen. Winfleld Scott Garrison, No. 15, of Cheyenne, Wyo., is particularly proud of the active membership of the Hon. Francis E. Warren, U. S. Senator from Wyoming. Other Garrisons should follow their example, and not hesitate to seek to secure affiliation of comrades of prominence. Honorary membership counts for nothing, but enrollment as an active member counts for every-1 thing. Considerable work is under way in Gen. Geo. A. Custer TJarrison, No. 2, towards increasing the membership and increasing the funds of the organiza tion. Interest is being centered upon the musters of Dec. 13 and 27, nomi-l nation and election of officers, causing the comrades to be active in the care fur selection of officers for the ensuing year. I Commander J. S. Long thanked the Nominating Committee for placing his I name again in the field, but declined the honor, owing to considerable stress of personal affairs that would neces sarily be and have been neglected dur ing the past year. The Adjutant, E. V. Auger, also de clines to again hold office, as his office as National Junior Vice Commander now takes up considerable time, and Adj't Auger having filled said office for three consecutive terms, believes that some one as fully qualified, and there are many, should have the office in the Garrison. Both comrades are well known in military circles in New York State, and will be as fully active and interested in furthering the principles, aims and objects of the Order. Garrison No. 61, A. and N. U., will give a minstrel show on Dec. 12, 1905, in the mess hall at this station for the purpose of raising funds for a monu ment to be erected in the Naval Ceme tery, located at the Naval Hospital, In memory of the dead of this Garrison. Six shipmates have passed away in the past three years, and two of them were Killed in the Missouri explosion, and to better perpetuate their names, as well as those who follow, a shaft is to be erected, where all names may be in scribed who belong to Garrison 61 at time of decease, and It will be a rally ing point on Memorial Day. The Garrison is getting new members every muster, and will have nearly 200 n-embers at the close of this year, and if anything is done for the men's inter efts at Washington this Winter we can make it 400 easily. All arrangements are perfected for the Army and Navy Union entertain ment at Brooklyn, N. Y., at the Bap tist Temple, on Dec. 12, 1905, and as was mentioned in our last Issue the affair will be noteworthy.?William A. Hickey, Chief of Staff. United Veterans. A movement is in progress In Florida, in which Comrade J. F. Chase, Past Department Commander of Florida, G.A.R., Is prominent, for an association of United Veterans, both blue and gray. A very successful reception was recent ly held at St. Petersburg, Fla., at which an Auxiliary Society of Sons and Daughters of America was organized. Fnller** Ohio Brigade. A large picture of Fuller's Ohio Bri gade, taken at Its recent Reunion, will soon be issued by the Society. The pic ture is 15 inches by 24 Inches. In the center appears a picture of Gen. Fuller, the late brigade commander, and the flag. A condensed history of the com mand will appear at the bottom. A copy of this picture may be obtained by send ing 50 cents to John C. Ralston, Secre tary, Steubenville, Ohio. The 74th Pa. Nicholas Sotter. 1930 Sidney SL, Pittsburg, Pa., writes: "The National Tribune stands without a peer. The contributions of the many comrades of their knowledge and personal experi ences of the many Incidents during the civil strife, one of the greatest rebel lions that ever was or will be brought into life, are grand, and the various ar ticles and histories relative to tha "Opening of the Mississippi," and espe cially the "Early Days of Cavalry,** la superb, as little of the early-day car airy was generally known." Comrade Sotter says that he would like to know the whereabouts of Capt. J. J. Young bleet, Co. O, 74th Pa., as 'Nick,' his old Orderly-Sergeant, desires to report.** Enlisted at Age ef 13 Years, 11 Mratka Alfred Henry Thompson, Co. H, ltd Wis., 777 N. Second St., Rockford, IIL, writes: "I have been taking The Na tional Tribune for 20 or 25 years, and always hall it with joy. I have read a number of statements relating to tha youngest soldiers, and desire to add my history to the list. I entered tha army at thg age of 13 years and 11' months, and was a little over 14 whan I was in my first battle. I was in 2< engagements, and served three years; was wounded twice, but not seriously, and was discharged at the expiration of three years' service, having carried a gun on avery march made by tha regiment.** MUSTERED OUT. BRYANT.?At his Winter home te Florida, Nov. 6, 1905, W. C. Bryant, aged 64 years. Comrade Bryant enlisted la the 2d Wis., and was subsequently pro moted to Captain of the 19th U. S. Inf., and was mustered out as Brevet Major of that regiment. Comrade Bryaat is survived by a widow. COCHRUN.?At Lenox, Iowa, Nov. 11, 1905, Thomas Cochrun, Co. O, 4th Iowa. Comrade Cochrun is survived by a widow. CLINEDURST.?At Kempton, Ind^ Oct. 16, 1905, John D. Cllnedurst, Co. O, 116th Ohio. " General" for 25 Cents. A beautiful colored picture, 18x35 inches, of the historic old engine, "General," which was stolen at Big Shanty, tia., by the Andrews Raiders daring the Civil War, and which is now on exhibition la tka : Union Depot, Chattanooga, Tenn.. has gotten out by the NASHVILLE,. CHATTANOOGA * BT. ! LOUIS RAILWAY?the "Battlefields Route" to the South. The picture Is ready for framing, and will ha sent for 25 cents. The "Story of the General" free. W. 1*. BAXLET, Oen'l Psm. Agent, Haakvllle, Teas. I>??k 1. RESTORES EYESIGHT "Aetinn." a Wwndermi Dlaeevery Caret Aflllctloaa ef the Eye With* ?at Catling er Drag|Iag. There Is no need for cutting dragging, or probing the eye for most forms of disease. There Is no risk or experimenting, as hundreds of people have been cured of failing eyesight, cataracts, granulated lids and other afflictions of the eye through this grand discovery, after the cases were termed incurable. Mrs. A. L. -Howe, Tally, R. Y., writes:?" 'Actio*' remov ed cataracts from both my eyes. I can read well without glasses. Am 66 years old." Robert Baker. Ocean Park, Cal., writes:?"I should have been blind had I not used 'Actlna.' " "Actina" is sent on trial, postpaid. If you will i your name and address to the New York A London Eleotric Association, DepttlB, 929 Walnut St., ?>nm City, Mo , you will receive, free, a valuable book? Prof. Wilson's Treatise on Disease?a book that will instruct and interest you. lOc.aYear! HI*IJ ill A AA Magnalae, larcest, bright WIIO nfiST est and finest llloatrated ? ? "Sea wn WS naguiee in the world for lSe. a year te latraduee It only. Stories of western life, sketches and fine engravings of grand scenery, mountains and famous gold mines, ranohes, eta Published by an old and strong publishing boose. Send at once. lOe. a year postpaid, any. where in the U. S.. Canada and Mexico, lyn. Ma, 12yrs. f 1.00. Or clubs of six names, 50c.: 12 fbr $L Send us a club. Maaey bark If ant delifhted. Stamps taken. CUT THIS OUT. Send today. ROCKY w,ourlIA!kNIJgJVS,/K?lli.E, To introdaoe our up-to-date jewelry we will give sway, absolutely free, t>?<? hand some Perfumed Lncky Charm, the latest novelty. Bend your name and aa dress to-day and we will forward it to yon at onoe without expense to yofi. Wear one and be in lnek all the time. Address, MILFORD JEWELRY CO., D*t 34B, Milferd, Conn. ?? Tour Fartane Told free BY THE ZODIAC. Heading of your life and a most Interesting Rook on Astrology, iz you send the date of yonr nrth aad stamp for return postage. Our readings have made people happy and fall of hope and snecess. Addrem MAQA2IKI Dri:TSTEE:iS.23M. WUlkn8t.M.I.Ctty Alphabetical List of Battles Or Encyclopaedia of the Wars, Wltls Dstea Area 17S4 te KSee, FROM OFFICIAL RECORDS. The PENSION BUREAU uses It to de termine dates of battles and incidents afl the various wars. Any one of the 8,220 battles, sklr* mishes, and other incidents of the Civil War, or of the 1,251 engagements of the Spaalah War, with losses in each, out be referred to as easily as to a word Ib the dictionary. It coadeaaes lata oae book, ef Mi pages, practically all the ksowlelge at the vartvaa wars. All prlactpal eveata are (Ivea as they occurred froas day te day,?this is worth the price of the book. It gives a list of Pension ratines, XL S. Pension Agencies. Soldiers' Homes^ Camps, National Cemeteries, and Number of Troops furnished by States; In fast it is a Dictionary of lafenaatlaa of the various wars. Neatly bound, sent post paid, Prloo $1.00. If you are not pleased with the boolb return it and get your money. Address:. N. A. STRAIT, BIT ?F?? Street N. W- \YssMagtes? ft fib