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SCIENCE AN? INVENTION.
. " I Work of the World's Busy Brains in Discovering, Inventing and Creating. ^ The new map of Alaska which has Just been completed by the Geological Survey shows that the country has lost some 4,000 square miles in the past five or six years. The preceding map gave the area at 590,000 square miles, ?w here the new map sets it down as 586.401.5. A new map was rendered necessary by the rapid development of the Territory and the building up of considerable towns and cities which do not appear upon the map issued only five or six years ago. Among these is Fairbanks, which had no existence in 1900, but now claims between 7,000 and 8,000 population. The Engineering News states that the small motor cars are coming into rapid use on the European railroads, but their development in this country is much slower, though the Union Pa cific Railway has a number of gaso line cars built, and so far as tried they are giving excellent satisfaction. They can easily make 60 miles an hour, but the high speed is not so much of an object as lightness of weight, easy rid ing. easy handling and reliability. In Europe they are using steam cars more than oil or gasoline motors, and are getting very good service out of them. Work of the Patent Offlcf. For the week ended Jan. 9, 1906, the Patent Office issued 650 patents, nine designs. 160 trade-marks, 20 labels, nine prints and two re-issues: making a total of 850. of which 568 patents and 186 trade-marks, etc., went to citizens of the United States and 91 patents and three trade-marks to citizens of for eign countries. Stove Polish. Anton N. Braun, Arad, Austria Hungary, has patented a process for the production of stove polish, which consists in dissolving gum-arabic in distilled water, boiling the mixture with spirit of turpentine while the gum arabic is dissolving, and adding a pul verized alloy of aluminum and tin. He uses 12 parts gum-arabic in 74 parts distilled water, adding four parts tur pentine and mixing 30 parts of the product with 10 parts pulverized alloy of aluminum and tin. The remainder of the solution is then added. Fireproof Wire. Amanda M. Lougee, Boston. Mass., has obtained three patents for fireproof Vire. which comprise a permanently flexible conductor having around the wire first an asbestos jacket, next a coating of cement, then a jacket of wire and finally waterproof and fire proof insultion. Wheelbarrow. William Tasker, Biloxi, Miss., has re ceived a patent for a peculiar form of A wheelbarrow, having two wheels supporting a body with bars extending in front to support the body while be ing loaded. Aatltoxla for Fatlvae. Wolfgang Weichardt, Berlin, Ger many, has patented a process for ob taining a substance to neutralize and render inoperative the toxin arising in the human body in cases of fatigue. Hi? process consists in producing in animals intense fatigue, obtaining toxin from the same, removing the con stituent parts of toxin, injecting the said toxin into other animals and so on. The result is a concentrated serum ?which has the property of neutralizing or destroying the fatigue toxins. Bedstead Attachment. William A. Wright, Cumming. Ga., has patented an attachment for bed steads to hold medicine, water, a lamp, a book, etc., as the sleeper may wish, leaffold Nail* Charles E. Springer, Chicago, 111., tas patented a scaffold nail having a collar opened at on? side and so ar ranged that It can be removed when II Is necessary to insert a tool to draw the Hail. Weed Paller. Paul M. Thayer, Plymouth, Ind., has patented a weed puller consisting of a handle and a series of sharp-edged ? Li r mi JclIi ud it In such a way that They will come together when pressed into the ground. Snvr Frederick A. Wuest, ??awrenceburg. i Ind., has patented. a saw with an ad- j justable handle and cuttinc ...a rip ping teeth on the two sides. The han dle can be readily adjusted to use either edge. Umbrella Attachment. Margaret A. Brunner, New York, N. Y., has patented a non-stealable at tachment for umbrellas which consists of secret fasteners in the handle that are operated by streamers. Shovel. Frederick S. C. Peisker, San Saba, Tex., has patented a peculiar shovel having a dished blade with the edge of the shovel cut away in crescent shape. Fm for SenlBK-Machlaet, Leopold Weinstein, Chicago, 111., has patented a fan attachment for sewing machines by which the worker is kept cool and the annoying flies driven ofT. INFORMATION BUREAU. Tanning Skins. Editor National Tribune: Will you please publish for the information of others as well as myself a good recipe for tanning skins??N. Beach, Hunt ers, Cal. Fur Skins (any kind), to Tan.?After cutting off the useless parts and soft ening the skins by soaking in warm water. take away the fatty part from the inside, after which soak the skins in tepid water for two hours. Mix equal parts of borax, saltpeter and Glauber salts (sulphate of soda) in the propor tion of about one-third ounce of each for every skin, with water sufficient to make a thin paste. Spread with a brush over the inside of the skin, ap plying more on the thicker parts than on the thinner. Double the skin to gether, flesh side inward, and place in a cool place. After standing 24 hours, wash the skin clean, and apply the fol lowing mixture in the same manner as before: One ounce sal soda, one-third ounce borax, two ounces hard white soap. melted slowly together without being allowed to boil; fold together again and put in a warm place 24 hours. After this dissolve three ounces of alum, seven ounces of salt, one and one half ounces saleratus in sufficient hot rain water to saturate the skin; when cool enough not to scald the hands soak the skin in it for 12 hours; wring out and hang it up to dry. When dry, re peat the soaking and drying two or j three times till the skin is sufficiently soft. Lastly, smooth the inside with fine sandpaper and pumice stone. Skins, to Tan With the Hair On.?1. Stretch the skin tightly and smoothly j upon a board, hair side down, and tack it by the edges to its place. Scrape off , the loose flesh and fat with a blunt knife, and work in chalk freely, with ! plenty of hard rubbing. When the i chalk begins to powder and fall off re | move the skin from the board, rub In 1 plenty of powdered alum, wrap up closely and keep it in a dry place for a few days. By this means It will be made pliable and will retain the hair. 2. Soft water, 10 gallons; wheat bran, half a bushel; calt, seven pounds; sul phuric acid, two and a half pounds. Dis solve all together and place the skins In the solution, and allow them to remain 12 hours; then remove and clean them well, and again immerse 12 hours or longer if necessary. The skins may then be taken out, well washed and dried. They can be beaten soft If de sired. 3. Saltpeter, two parts; alum, one part. Mix. Sprinkle uniformly on the flesh side, roll up. and lay in a cool place. Spread it out to dry, scrape off the fat and rub till pliable. SCIENTIFIC NOTES. People do not know as many odors as they suppose, according to a New York investigator. Testing 255 girls with a set of 20 common odors, chiefly essential oils, only 6.72, on the aver age, were correctly named. Those most often identified were wintergreen, cam phor. peppermint, vanilla and cloves; those least often recognized were hem Mock, bergamot, asafetida, wormwood ^ and lavender. One of our commonest mental opera J tlons Is estimating periods of time. At tempts have been made to determine the quality of our "time sense," and in the latest experiments at Harvard Uni i versify 251 males and 174 females, from t 17 to 23 years old, were required to I judge the length of each of four Inter vals?18, 36, 72 and 108 seconds?un der four different conditions. Compar ing the sexes, the females proved to be much less accurate than the males. The male judgments ranged from one to 300 seconds w)ch an almost Invariable tendency to underestimate, and the ' range of the females was from one to i 400 seconds, a considerable overesti mate being the rule. The second itself OFFICERS OF THE ARMY AND NAVY UNION. Center, National Commander, J. Edwin Browne. Top, left to right, Senior Vice National Commander #!3ward Stfobel, AdJt.Gen. John Schumacher, Junior Vice National Commander Edward V. Auger. Bottom, left to right, Judge Ad vocate-Gen. J. D. Clute, Inspector-Gen. S. E. Adams, Chaplain Chidwick. ARMY AND_NAVY UNION. Its Organization 18 Years Ago, and Its Growth to the Present Time. *' 1 i One Sunday afternoon 18 years ago hfi dozen Regular soldiers assembled in a grocery store on Jeffer son Avenue near Calhoun, In Cincin nati. and formed a soldier - society. . little meeting has grown a tiZS rapidly-growing organiza tion-?the Army and Navy Union, U. S. I ri'~r 0a^ ln its 8c?Pe. wide in its prin C >nuS and strong in its perpetuity. Parent or pioneer Garrison which was given birth In the Cincinnati grocery store, with less than 10 mSm iSSa k * U? ex,stonce from January, lkth' hlr/lff ^Hl soon celebrate its 18th birthday, it is known as Gen. I George Washington Garrison, No. 1. Its recognized founder was Peter I>ack er who is still able to ans^Vr rolNcall I Originally the National Corps was Union" n'nrtthe ^e,r"Iar Army and Navy ?,? y honorably-discharged Kegular soldiers or sailors were eligible to membership. I <2 Th,s._ the name until after the I Spanish-American War, when the Con l899?a ?thJn Washington, D. C., in Reeular vn^me? Waa chan^(1 to the tegular and Volunteer Army and Navv fak>?n'N YWaf a?H,n fhan*ed at IJuf aio, is,. Y., to the Army and Navv I thanntho /Ch sounded more euphonious than the long and cumbersome name NavyTn,orn.and Vo,unt^ Army and In a preamble adopted at the first regular meeting of the first Garrison H was recited that "the Army and areV?h?'?H?e,.Unl"ed S,a,e" of A?""a . tho principal guardians and strong est support of civilization in the nro libei?li? th f c'tizons- tf?elr lives and !l~n their honor and integrity as well as enforcing the laws on the fron' JuL apainst the encroachment of for ^pp?rad?ih^?U^en1mTe,r bloody strife for many y?ars onTrnn *rlne,lt our duly for tho purpose n? ^?'7naJ ?""ooenitlon and the enhance ment Of social relations between !^m??rS?as wHI as mutual protection n?o, beKneflt. *uch as moral and pecu niary benefits In case of distress nr death, and the continued efforts of still propagating the welfare of our conn the ?utu?4h? Pr08rref,S of c,vilization in R<iwin v^eJ P.ii^r, irVatIona? Commandor of tho Veteran Legion an(I '' hgh h"nor an,I great exec,,l ive ? much shorter to the female than the ou^r^. rrv oor tea an.) about 1 ?/. ?Pr of ordinary coffee. So me year L J Bertrand discovered in ^ K ?7-,r? sktbjsss P?royvenrer?n^ ^?? !,o.^ from the alkaloid, though u~ Korno bitter substance. These coffees are all confined to Madagascar xperlment showing, however, that their peculiarity is not due to soil or climate. The many species of yeast hlthertn wrn?,ar" B"r '? tropical^ mes, as they are destroyed bv a vprv mpnt?1te ?h?at' A remarkable new fer ^ tK^n ?bta?ned by Johnson and Hare from eucalyptus leaves, and this !?f ? P,?OVfln w resistant to temperature hat it converts sugar Into a^ohol at 105 degrees Fahrenheit, and has even withstood for a short time a tempera tage ?ll th?t<,errrC7' A fur,he"- advan iage is that foreign micro-organisms luring destroyed by heat without in juring the yeast. The name Saccha romyces thermantitonum has been giv en the new yeast, and It is regarded as hv \a,uat^e ,that it has been protected if! pafts different parts of the world. The cells are more oval and ruther smaller than those of ordinary m "recognition sense" of ants |? rl yhH',rc?,,1to bc ? "?c4"l",on or odor by the antennae. Thp mmai hostilities of ants ceased when those of ifvJl *r ?pecI?8 or community were fflven their own odor, while after losing sfsuar? th*y tought friend and Jl^ISLSST10* fop P^^ntinr the tati? Jifh ^ m,*#ndul*"n *ravl a wiUl the vessel's motion. The ability. He Is popular and beloved by the soldiers of the war of the rebellion at Washington, his home. The Adjutant-General Is Col. John Schumacher, of 425a Quincy Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. He has had a long military experience, and like Col. Browne is popular among soldiers in his home city and elsewhere. He is familiarly known as "Honest John Schumacher," and is the life of camp fires and other gatherings of soldiers. Col. S. E. Adams, of 134 Montgomery Street, Jersey City, is Inspector-Gen eral of the National Corps of the Army and Navy Union, U. S. A. Like the preceding officers he is a thorough sol dier, and a man of activity and honor. The organization was incorporated March 31, 1888, under the laws of Ohio, and amended Sept. 18, 1903. It was recognized by act of Congress May 11, 1894, by an act permitting mem bers of the Association while serving in the Army or Navy to wear its in signia while on duty. It is an organization both beneficial and fraternal, and admits to its ranks all American soldiers?the survivors of the Mexican War, the grim and gray veterans of the civil strife, the younger veterans of the war with Spain, those who fought In the Philippines and China and those who were never called upon to fight at all, and those now serving in peace under the starry folds of "Old Glory" both on the land and the sea. Its mantles Is broad. It cov ers all American soldiers of whatso ever age, provided they can show an honorable "sheep-skin" or discharge. The Army and Navy Union recog nizes no section, no State, no party and only alms to unite Its members benevo lently and In social fellowship and to contend "to the last ditch" for soldiers' rights. a The first meeting of the National Corps, as the supreme body is termed, was held at Brooklyn, N. Y., In August, 1890, at which National Commander Louis Renkert. of Gen. George Wash ington Garrison, of Cincinnati, O., pre sided. Its last National Encampment was at pretty and historical Newburgh on-the-Hudson. Comradeship is one of Its strongest features?the strongest link in its chain of objects. It aims to secure from Congress and other legislative bodies the enactment of laws beneficial the service and all others. In 1898 its doors were opened to the honorably discharged volunters of the Spanish War, and later to all honorably-dis charged soldlors, sailors or marines of the United States. Another of its pur pendulum is connected to the throttle valve, and as the stern rises steam is gradually shut off up to the point where the engines are stopped altogether, the valve being reopened as the propeller begins to take water again. Sodium or Kinct fluo-silicate, in a hot one-half or one per cent, solution, is a new French preservative and fireproof ing for wood, especially for mines. Getty*a Division In (he Wlldrrneaa. Editor National Tribune: Col. Taylor, in his book,* 'Tour Years With Gen. Lee," in speaking of the fight In the Wilderness, says: "Two divisions of Confederates ? numbering 15,000 fought Getty's Division and the Second Corps under Hancock, numbering 45,000 men, and held them off all day, or nearly so, finally driving them back to their first line." i "Behold how a true tale shall put him down." Gen. Getty; with the Second Divi sion, from which one brigade?the Third?had been left with the rest of the corps, had been sent to the inter section of the Brock Road with the Plank Road, with orders to hold it at all hazard. At 10 o'clock he received orders to drive the force in his front back to the Parker Store. At the time he received his orders Hancock was at Chancellorsvllle, and on account of the distance and the fact that the only road was obstructed with his trains, he did not reach Getty until 4 o'clock p. m. In the meantime, Getty knew that he had two men in his front for each man in his command. Taylor himself says that the two divisions of rebels were 15,000 strong, while Getty's force never numbered more thkn 7,500 men. Therefore, Getty's depleted division fought from 10 o'clock a. m. until 4 o'clock p. rh., when the advance of Hancock'* Corps arrived on the scene; a* by Taylor'* ac poses is to secure employment for those who have left the ranks and re turned to civil pursuits. It has an Endowment Association, which was effected at the 10th Con vention at Buffalo, N. Y., in October, 1901. The present officers of the pioneer Garrison ? George Washington?are: Geo. L. Kuhlman, Commander; Jacob Heller, Senior Vice Commander; Jos. Boubin, Junior Vice Commander; Geo. H. Rost, Adjutant; Louis Renkert, Pay master; Fred Otte, Quartermaster; Ernest Fenner, Officer of the Day; Gustav Franks, Officer of the Guard; John Conway, Officer of the Watch; Chas. F. Herzog, Chaplain. D. C. Swine bourne, Henry Kuck, Gustav Frank, Executive Council. On Saturday, Dec. 16, last, the cor ner-stone of Memorial Hall corner of Grant and Elm streets, Cincinnati, was laid with proper ceremonies. This hall is designed for all patriotic socie ties of Cincinnati. The corner-stone contains the roster and badges of the G. A. R., A. and N. U., S. W. V., and other patriotic societies. I'ont National Commander*, A. and N. U. 1. Louis Renkert, Brooklyn, X. Y., 1890. 2. James J. Roche, 1891 and Detroit, Mich., 1892. 3. J. P. Lockwood, St. Louis, 1893, and Chicago, 1895. 4. J. B. Morton (expelled), Washing ton, 1896. 5 Henry Shindler, Kansas City, Mo., 1897, and Washington, 1899. 6. Daniel Driscoll and John Duffy (did not complete term). 7. R. C. Paris, Buffalo, N. Y? 1901, and Pittsfield, Mass.. 1903. 8. H. H. Henry, Newburgh, N. Y. The present offices held by the Past officers are as follows: Louis Renkert, Paymaster, Gen. Geo. Washington, No. 1. James J. Roche (deceased). J. P. Lockwood (withdrawn). Henry Shindler, Commander, Gen. Henry Leavenworth, No. 75. Daniel Driscoll (expelled). John Duffy, Commodore, F. A. Parker, No. 28. R. C. Paris, Admiral Farragut, No. 25. H. H. Henry, Commander, Admiral David D. Porter, No. 6. InMiffnlas of the Union. The present insignia of the Union, which appears on the left of the pic ture of the National Commander, was adopted in 1891, and has been the offi cial insignia continuously from that date. This insignia was the one rec ognized by the act of Congress of May 11, 1894, when authority was given for the wearing of the same by officers and enlisted men in the active service. The insignia on the right is the one which was in use from the founding of the Order, in March. 1888, up to the adoption of the present insignia in 1891. count, two men for one of his own. It was in this battle that the Vermont Brigade lost one-half of Its number, or more than 1,200, and the entire army of 32 brigades lost something over 12,000; that is to say, the Vermont Brigade lost one-tenth of the entire loss. And almost all of this loss was made in the fight with two divisions numbering two to one. Col. Taylor's book is almost entirely taken up by proving that the Army of Northern Virginia always fought against overwhelming odds. If he will consult history he will discover that in this instance he is wide of the mark, and if his figures for the rest of the book are of no more value than this in stance, he is not to be relied upon at all.?Chas Porter, Grinnell, Iowa. The 44th 111. Mrs. Sarah A. Smith, Ashley, III., writes that she became a subscriber to "the great and good paper. The National Tribune, in May, 1904, and I must con fess that I am well pleased with it, as I enjoy reading the war stories, as I have heard my good old soldier speak of many things which I read in your paper." Mrs. Smith adds that sho has never seen any reference to her hus band's regiment. He was a member of Co. F, 44th 111. She says she would be delighted to hear something about that regiment, as she is "the lonely widow of one of your comrades?John L. Smith?who performed faithful service to save our country and flag. But he has gone, and like many others has fought his last battle." She says reading The National Tribune cheers j her in her lonely hours. On Memorial Day she hangs out of her window a lit tle flag In honor of htm who fought In so many hard-fought battles, for she says she knows how well he loved the Stars and Stripes. Mrs. Smith also strews flowers on her husband's grave [on Memorial Day. The "EAR-BOOK For Deaf People 99 Bf George SUPPOSE you knew a man who had been Deaf for twenty years? Suppose you met him today, and found he could hear every whisper you spoke to him? Suppose you enquired about him, and found that he was one of the most reliable, and responsible, citizens of Louisville, whose word could be abso lutely trusted. H. Wilson Wouldn't you want that man to tell you just how he got back bis full Hear ing after twenty years of Deafness? Wouldn't you want to know some of the things he found out about the Ear. and about Deafness, in fifteen years study of both, and of his own case? ? ? ? Well,?that is just what George H. Wilson of Louisville, Ky., tells in his 200 page "Ear Book." Mr. Wilson is almost as well known in Louisville as Marshall Field is in Chicago, or John Wanamaker in Phila delphia. And, he was, for twenty years, almost the D afest man in his native city. Any one of the thousands who know him today will certify that his Hearing is now as sharp as their own. Few men have studied the Ear so earnestly, and thoroughly, as Mr. Wilson had to do. for hi? own sake. What he positively knows about Deafness is personal and practical. It is not mere book knowledge, but the actual facts tested out by his own hard experience. ?'The Wilson Ear Book" therefore should be read by every man or woman, who has Ear trouble,?who is Deaf, or threatened with Deafness. This* Ear DookMwiIl be sent Free to any Doctor, or other person, who will clip out this advertisement and send us. with it, the name and address of one Deaf person in his locality. Address? The Wilson E. D. Company. 212 Todd Building. Louisville, Ky. Rlchnrdson, the Rebel Spy. Comrade S. A. Walker, Co. G, 15th Ohio, Galion, O., sends The National Tribune a war-time photograph of I Richardson, the rebel spy, who was ex ecuted at Frederick City, Md., and about whom so much has been written. Comrade Walker says the photograph was given to him in 1865 at Chatta nooga by L. L. Roberts, a veteran of Co. G, 18th Ohio. He said his father was at the execution. "I believe it to be genuine," adds Comrade Walker, "as no controversy has arisen." RICHARDSON, THE SPY. Comrade Walker also says: "In March, 1862, the brigade of which the J 15th Ohio was a part was encamped just north of Columbia, Tenn. The weather was warm, but the swollen waters of Duck River coming down from the mountains were cold. Many j of the men went into bathe. I hap pened to be at the river some distance] below the bathing place, and rescued a man who was cramped in his limbs and floating rapidly down stream. I did not ask his name or where he be longed. If he sees this I would l.ike him to send me his name and address.' Branding of Deserters. Editor National Tribune: I see in! your issue of Dec. 28, 1905, a statement] from H. C. Weston, Co. D, 1st Mass. Cav., claiming that deserters were oc casionally branded as a punishment. I also verify his statement, as I was a j witness of possibly the same, although we differ as to the time. We were en-1 camped near Belle Plain Landing at| the time, and my diary says on April 8, 1863, two men were drummed out of camp for attempted desertion. The regiment was drawn up in the form of a hollow square, with a cavalry forge in the center; the deserters marched around, with the band playing Rogue's] March, one side of their heads shaved, and then to the forge, where the letter "D" was branded on them. They were then driven out of camp. I have a dis tinct recollection of the occurrence. J. E. Firth, Cos. M and A, 2d N. Y. (Harris Light) Cav., East Williston, N. Y. ? Saw Deserters Branded. Referring to the alleged branding of deserters in the war of the rebellion, Comrade Carlton Felch, Co. C, 3d Vt., St. Johnsbury, Vt., says he finds in a diary he kept in 1863, that on Nov. 17 "We had a division parade at 2 o'clock, when one man of the 2d Vt. was brand ed with the letter 'D' on his hip, and another man from the 49th N. Y. was] also branded with the letter 'D* on Weak Kidneys It Is of but little use to try to doctor the kidneys themselves. Such treatment is wrong. For the kid neys are not usually to blame for their weaknesses or irregularities. They have no power-no self-control. They are operated and actuated by a tiny shred of a nerve which is largely responsible for their condition. If the Kidney norve is strong and healthy the kidneys are strong and healthy. If the Kidney nerve goes] wrong, you know it by the inevitable result?kidney trouble. This tender nerve is only one of a great system of j nerves. This system controls not only the kidneys, but the heart, and the liver, and the stomach. For ] simplicity's sake Dr. Shoop has called this great nerve system the "Inside Nerves." They are not the nerves of feeling?not the nerves that enable you to walk, to talk, to act, to thiuk. They are the master nerves, and every vital organ is their slave. The common name for these nerves is the "sympathetic nerves" because each set Is la such close sympathy with the others, that weakness anywhere usually results in weakness everywhere. The one remedy which aims to treat not the Kidneys themselves, but the nerves which are to blame, is known by physicians and druggists everywhere as Dr. Shoop's Restorative, (Tablets or Liquid.) This remedy is not a symptom remedy?it is strictly a cause remedy. While it usually brings speedy relief, its effects are also lasting. If you would like to read an interesting book on Inside nerve disease, write Dr. Shoop. With the book be will also send the "Health Token"?an intended passport to good health. Both the book and the j ''Health Token" are free. For the free book and the "Health Token" you most address Dr. Shoop. Box VM, Racine, Wis. State which book you want. Book 1 on Dyspepsia Book 2 on the Heart Book S on the Kidneys Book 4 for Women Book 5 for Men Book 6 on Rheumatism. Dr. Shoop's Restorative Tablets?give full three j weeks treatment. Kacn form?liquid or tablet?have : equal merit. Druggists everywhere. Dr. Shoop's Restorative To introduce our up-to-date jewelry we will give away, absolutely free, thia band some Perfumed Lucky Charm, tbe latest novelty. Send your name and ad dress to-day aad we will forward it to you at once without expense to you. Wear one and be in lock all the time. Address, M1LF0RD JEWELRY CO.. Dept ?M. OldSoldiers Or the t'nlon Army, honorably dfccharwed War o1 I 1*61 -'to. and ex-Spanish War Holdtsca. or their * Ido"" I are eutltled to 16t? acre* of Government land In Ok la [ homa. and can have me locate and hie on the same oj Ijanris now obtainable In the FAMKIJ CANADIAN VALLKY in I>av, Wood wartl and Heaver Oouuuea. Abundant crop# of corn, cotton, wheat, oats, rye, barley aud potatoes. Write A. W. GIFFIN, Gov't Land Locator, ROLL, PAT *'??., OKLAHOMA. [ PATENTS-PENSIONS Consultation Free. Contingent Fees. Solicitors wanted. "The Arm Is worthy of confidence upon th* yronnt both of competency and hone*y/*?'Ths Natiowau Tbibustk April 1, 1SS7. Founded 1W? JIJSJ ?: Stevens, 14th Ohio Battery. MILO ?. *T?VaSI* A CO.. SN 1 tlH %t. M.W.. Wa?hlsft?s,D.t. i Branches at Chicago, Cleveland. Deirolt. WEHGCmS ?a is ? ii* men with small capital to IT PAY55 fsjsssJssissyK II r HI u a?c?Kr ? McAllister, Mfs o*ueiaM, as s? ?end 10s. tor of 8en ?alen K Com VflLENTINES.il his shoulder." On Nov. 23 of the same year I read, "Had division parade at 2 o'clock, when one man of the 2d Vt. and one of the 77th N. T. had the let ter *D' branded in the palms of their right hands." There was nothing said about them being drummed out of camp, or their heads, or any part of them, being shaved. "I distinctly re member the first two, as I was in that parade and saw the performance. But the last two I should not have remem bered had it not been for my diary." FROM THE PHILIPPINES. Why Do Not Our Younger Soldiers Write? Editor National Tribune: I am some what disappointed at not seeing any more letters from our young soldiers in the "soldier's friend"?The National Tribune. Surely, some of those boys that served in the Philippines are tak ing the paper, or at least they should, for they miss a weekly literary treat if they don't. For myself, I can't do without it, and shall have it as long as I can spare the dollar. I was glad to see Comrade Mackey s contribution this week. I am sure I have met him near the Pauili River, in the Camarines, Province of Luzon, for my company was stationed at Pill and his company (A) was stationed at Baao. Our patrols often met the pa I trols from Co. A. and no doubt Serg't Mackey was with them a number of times. Co. A of the 45th U. S. V. saw a very lively time of it, and Its service was of the severest sort. I am proud of the fact that I served in a regiment that was made up of such companies as those of the 45tli Volunteer Infantry. I should be very glad if Comrade Mackey would give us an account of the expedition to Legaspi in the early part of the year 1900. It was a trip that was a test of physical endurance to all the companies that took part. On that expediton were Cos. A. D, K, M and part of E. But I will trust Mackey to tell the story in these col umns. ' Let us also hear from any of the comrades of any regiments that did their part in upholding Old Glory across the Pacific. As for myself. I was in the follow-^ ine engagements ove/ there: ?"a,a" bangas, Ragay, Libmanan River, Lupi. two actions in the Ragay Hills, two near Ragay and St. Nino on the Bicol. I saw the surrender of Arejoles at Neuva Caceres March 31, 1901.?* Robert F. Long, Co. F, 45th U. S., Eaton, Ind. The U. S. S. Commodore Jones. Comrade R. A. J. Hornsby, Williams port. Md., says he enjoys reading the soldiers' reminiscences in The National Tribune. He was a sailor in the civil war, and was a member of the crew of the U. S. S. Commodore Jones, and was on board when that vessel was blown up on the James River above City Point in 1864, by a torpedo. Com rade Hornsby says the torpedo was not intended for the ship he was on, but for a monitor. He would like to hear from some of his old shipmates, also how many of the crew were killed; by the explosion. He Served Honorably as a Teamater. Samuel A. Clemens writes from Bridgeport, O., and says: "While I was not a soldier, I was serving in the em ploy of Uncle Sam. I offered my ser vices when the first call for 75,000 men was made, but the quota was filled, and I contented myself with hiring as team ster under Capt. H- C. Ransom. I tried to do my duty faithfully, and was pro moted from $20 to $80 per month. I like The National Tribune, and can not see how any old soldier can set alonf without it.**