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RECITALS AND REMINISCENCES.
Stories Eminently Worth Telling of Experiences and Adventures in the Great National Struggle. LAV MAX, ORi> AND DANA. One of I.nnmnn'M Veterans* Rlnen Hotly to the IJefenwe of 111k General. Editor National Tribune: You have had comparatively smooth sailing in your very useful and very interesting writings. This is so because there has been little to find fault with, and that little so overshadowed by the real worth of the articles that no reasonable comrade would be so small as to jump up and raise a fuss. But you have seen fit to print C. A. Dana's heretofore-unpublished state ments about so many worthy and meritorious officers. 1 am the espe cial champion now of Brig.-Gen. Jacob G. Lauman. No shadow had ever been cast upon the General before C. A. Dana arrived at Vicksburg and fell un der the Influence of E. O. C. Ord, and was tilled up with the deepest prejudice against that most worthy and gallant officer who had been in at the opening of the Mississippi at Belmont and all down the line at Belmont, at Donelson, at Shiloh. and In an expedition from Bolivar to attract the attention of the rebels while Rosecrans marched to the GEN. J. G. LAUMAN. Attack on Iuka, and here, if he were "no more fit to command than an ox." an Dana says in one letter you over look. his brigade would have been cap tured; but as it was he by most excel lent strategy extricated us from the rebel army under Van Dorn near La Grange. Coming now to the battle of Davis's Bridge, on the Hatchie, we find the ani mus of Gen. Ord in this, that being drunk, and, like a martinet, he cursed a soldier of Lauman's Brigade, and was by this Union soldier wounded, and there and then decided to play even with Gen. Lauman and his soldiers, and biding his time, he waited until he got the ear of C. A. Dana, and what you have not published of the balance is shown in letter I have received from Comrade S. M. Howard, which I send you herewith. One other point, if you will bear with me, is that you do not give the 28th 111. enough credit in the affair at Jack son, and also you mention the 51st 111., Avhich was not there, but instead it was the 53d 111., and as the error is repeated I call attention to it. Pardon me for speaking out in meet ing in behalf of our old commander whom C. A. Dana, at the instance of Gen. E. O. C. Ord, would rob of his laurels. Lauman's Division had only been in the investment line two or three days when these attacks began, and the pretext of it was ostensibly the capture of Lieut.-Col. Cam and a few men of the 14th 111., in a sortie of the rebels on our rifle-pits. These were placed in their position by the Engineer Officer, and Gen. Lauman had nothing to do with their capture.?Ed. L. Hobart, Co. D, 28th 111., Denver, Colo. ??All About Jarkaoi, July 12, 1S6X" "During the siege of Vicksburg Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, of the Confederate army, had taken possession of Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, and had forti fied the city with a strong line of earth works, extending from Pearl River on the southeast around the city to the river again on the northeast. "In the campaign against Jackson, which began on the next day after the surrender of Vicksburg. the Fourth Di vision was commanded by Gen. Jacob G. Lauman, and belonged properly to the Sixteenth Corps, but unfortunately was attached to the Thirteenth Corps, commanded by Gen. E. O. C. Ord, a Regular Army officer, of whom I shall have something to say later on. "In that campaign the Thirteenth Corps comprised 14,400 infantry, 440 cavalry and 63 pieces of artillery. "The Ninth and Fifteenth Corps and one division of the Sixteenth Corps also took part in that campaign; but as I am dealing only with our Fourth Divi sion I shall have little to say about the other divisions. "It is proper to recall the fact at the outset that Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut was the first commander of our division, and that it was he who led us on and on and on at Shiloh, when and where Gen. lauman commanded the Third Brigade; and that it was Gen. Hurlbut who led us out of the chaos at the battle on the Hatchie, brought about by Gen. Ord, and then and there turned tumult into glorious victory, when and where Gen. Lauman commanded the First Brigade amidst that cyclone of carnage and death. "The Fourth Division left the trenches before Vicksburg July 5, the very next day after the surrender of th.it Gibral tar of the Mississippi, and arrived in the immediate vicinity of the fortifica tions at Jackson on the 10th. "The division then consisted of three brigades, commanded respectively by Cols. Pugh, Hall and Bryant. The Sec ond Brigade was not engaged in the charge, and may be omitted from fur ther mention just now. "The First Brigade was composed of the 41st and 53d 111., the 3d Iowa and the 33d Wis. "The Third Brigade consisted of the 28th and 32d 111., the 53d lnd. and the 12th Wis. "On the night of the 11th most of the division was in camp on the west side of the railroad running south from Jackson, and distant about one mile from the fortifications, and about ? o'clock on the morning of the 12th the First Brigade (with exception of the 33d Wis. and Including the 28th 111.) was ordered over to the east side of the railroad, with our left connecting with Gen. Hovey's Division. "From this point Col. Pugh advanced his skirmish line, which soon engaged the enemy. The 28th, 41st and 53d 111. and the glorious 3d Iowa were then ordered to advance by Col. Pugh. We moved on through dense underbrush across a small creek, and thence on ward until we came to a cornfield. Here we halted and dressed up the line, although under sharp fire. Col. Pugh says he did not like the looks of the situation here, and declined to pro ceed farther without specific orders therefor. Hence he sent for Gen. Lau man, the division commander, who thereupon came upon the ground in person and ordered Col. Pugh to charge upon the main earthworks of the ene my, less than half a mile distant. "With a deep yell, learned at Shiloh, which still rings In my ears, these four veteran regiments started on the dou ble-quick for the main earthworks of the enemy, for destruction and death; for we were charging into a terrible angle of the main works, completely enfllade4 from our right flank, and sup ported by nobody. But on and on the boys went, while the rebel cannon and rifles belched forth shell, grape and canister by the million, until the ad vance arrived within a few yards of the breastworks, some even leaping into the ditch. The color-bearer of the 28th *111 m?rtally wounded, our flag falling, to the ground, which was then and there grabbed up by Private John Hollingsw orth, of Co. H, and by him borne aloft and carried forward clear over the breastworks, where he was surrounded, taken prisoner, and our flag lost. But it is glory enough for me to say that the flag of the 28th 111. was carried clear over the earthworks in defiance of 25,000 men. But, unsup ported, human flesh and blood, even though braced with nerves of steel, could go no farther. The remnant of the assaulting column, powerless to ac complish more, withdrew from the aw ful field of carnage as best they could; but bear in mind forever that we left behind us upon that death-strewn field of slaughter more than 57 per cent of all who entered the charge. "Search well the annals of war throughout all time, and few parallels of the horrors of this charge can be found. In the percentage of loss the mighty charge of Pickett at Gettysburg was nowhere. "But why was Lauman unsupported? Why this fearful blunder? These are the points which all survivors of that fearful struggle wish to know all about. "In as brief a way as possible I will endeavor to tell you of the motive which brought about this great disaster. "Soon after that slaughter was over and the survivors had fallen back and reformed in perfeet order, Gen. Lau man was relieved from command of his division, with which he had served most gloriously even from Belmont to this very hour, and sent baek to Vicksburg in disgrace by order of Gen. E. O. C. Ord, then commanding the Thirteenth Corps. In his report to Gen. Sherman relative to this, Gen. Ord says: " 'Gen. Lauman had received special instructions to take position with his division on the extreme right, with his line about 1,500 yards from the enemy's works, his skirmishers as near as they could get. and under cover, his support's to skirmish about 300 yards in the rear of them. * * * The next morning, without orders, and directly in violation of the instructions as to the position he was to take, he advanced upon the ene my's works with Ptigh's Brigade and one regiment, about 1.000 men in all, a battery and one small regiment fol lowing. The point of attack was not selected by any reconnoissance or pre vious examination. * * * i knew nothing of this attaek and disaster un til it was reported to me about one hour afterward. Capt. McCoy stated that Gen. Lauman told him to say to Gen. Ord, "I am cut all to pieces." I visited his division immediately. He reported his total loss about 100. I found the men scattered, except that part which had not been with him, and when I called on Gen. Lauman to take imme diate steps to put the remnant of his command under temporary cover, to call the rolls and gather the stragglers, I found he did not know how to do it; and for fear that the enemy might fol low up their advantage, and the right flank being too important to trust in such hands. I relieved him and placed his division under the command of Brig.-Gen. A. P. Hovey.' "As an absolute matter of fact, the above quoted report of Gen Ord is un true in nearly every respect, and did the greatest injustice possible to Gen. Lauman. Just what Gen. Ord means by the phrase, 'his (Lauman's) supports to skirmish about 300 yards in the rear of them,' is quite beyond the compre hension of any sober man. "Then, Gen. Ord says: 'The next morning, without orders, and directly in violation of the instructions as to the position he was to take, he advanced GEN. E. O. C. ORD. upon the enemy's works/ etc. Let us see about that for one moment. At 1 p. in. of the previous day Gen. Ord gave the following instruction or order to Gen. Lauman, to-wit: " 'Headquarters Thirteenth Corps, July 11, 1863; 1:30 p. m. * " 'Gen. Lauman. General: As the enemy may have some force on the railroad. should they show an infantry line in force (which Is hurdly probciblo), make a reconnoissance, and if it is necessary to form a line and attack to drive the force in front, do so, so as to keep your connection with Gen. Hovey who is the connection with the main corps ' etc. (War Records, Series I, Vol 24 p. 503.) ' Here is tin' positive, written order from Ord to Lauman to form a line ?ami attack and drive the enemy from his front. And yet, notwithstanding his. Old reports to (Jen. Sherman, as above quoted, that Gen. Lauman made the attack 'without orders, and directly in violation of instructions.' Tills shows conclusively that Gen. Ord | either did not know what he was re I porting to Gen. Sherman, or that he was willfully slandering a meritorious officer in order to shield himself. 111 r " this all. There are several with /-8 i ,iving who were Present with Gen. I^auman and who will testifv under oath that when that order was first given. Gen. Lauman refused to make the charge; and that thereupon Ord told Lauman that, if he would not make the charge, he (Ord) would eet someone else to do it; and that it was after this threat that Gen. Lauman finally ordered the charge. I met a comrade at Denver who assured me he would make oath to the truth of this. tHi -il SL? 18 ?ne we,?*?ty reason for ?a8t Hpon Gen- I-auman. which all the records of the War De partment do not in any way disclose At the bottom of all lies the deeD seated Jealousy which then everywhere prevailed between the Regular and Volunteer officers. This Jealousy was almost constantly manifesting Itself ??? 20t b,y rny mean? confined to Gens. Ord and Lauman. All old sol diers and all readers of history are aware that, upon the death of Gen McPherson, before Atlanta, Gen. John A. Logan was clearly entitled to the command of the Army of the Tennes J k"?w that Logan would have a splendid commander for that ?.,Tiui kn?w he was competent and qualified for that command. Why did nfi?n?? ?? it? Throu*hout ail the an nals of the war one reason only can be found: Logan was a Volunteer officer, and those having the naming of the commander of that army were West ..nters" An<* tells It all. ??rd *was a *raduate at Weat ?*??nt, Gen. Lauman was a volunteer officer who, on merit alone, had forged his way forward to the command of a division. - '"The West Point officers had to be taken care of, whether they were good for anything or not. Gen. Ord had been prowling around in the West for a long time without a command suit able to his dignity. Gen. Grant had humilated Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut, the original commander of the Fourth Di vision, by virtually temporarily reliev ing Hurlbut from command and assign ing this same Gen. Ord thereto at the time of the battle at Davis's Bridge, on the JIatchle River. And after Gen. Ord had succeeded in getting us all into that death-trap, it was Hurlbut, re stored to command, who turned disaster into glorious victory. "On this occasion, just as soon as it was known by the boys In blue that Gen. Ord had been sent to take com mand, and had assumed command, they resented this insult to their old commander in every way they could, and gave many groans whenever Gen. Ord came near them. Gen. Lauman was in command of one of the brigades at that time; and it is to bo presumed that Gen. Ord then and there made up his mind in firm resolve to hold Hurl but and Lauman both responsible for such insult to his dignity. "The result was that Gen. Hurlbut was shelved by being assigned to com mand of the post at Memphis, thus get ting him out of the way, and now Gen. Lauman was shelved by being relieved of the command of his division and sent back to Vicksburg in disgrace; and all because of West Point influence and West Point dignity, and to the great damage of highly meritorious volunteer officers.?S. M. Howard." GIUEHSON'S RAID. It Wan Not Merely a Siicmnfnl Cavalry Swoop, bat a tirand Military Coaecp' tloa, a ad 1unared Ciruut'n Success. Editor National Tribune; Grierson's raid has been written up a gnat many t'm^s and extolled as a daring and won derfully-successful raid; but never, so far as I know, have its real purpose and accomplishments been brought out, nor its inception and authorization. With out undertaking to write its history allow me to correct your description of its origin. It was not in any sense con ceived. originated or ordered by Gen ?S. A. Hurlbut, but was a part of Grant's comprehensive plan for taking Vicks >uig, and I may safely say a funda mental part. During the Winter and Spring pre ceding May 1, 18G3, the problem thai confronted Grant was how to transfer his army from the swamps west of the Mississippi River to dry ground on the Vicksburg side of the river. His own words, which you quote?words spoken after the achievement of the object, show this, viz; "All the campaign's la bors. hardships and exposures from the month of December previous to this time that had been made and endured were for the accomplishment of this one object." The engineering capacity of the army and navy had been exhausted in efforts to find or make a channel whereby his army might be transported by boats to high ground on the Vicksburg side of the river, either on the Yazoo above Haynes's Bluff or on the Mississippi be low Warrenton. Long before these ex plorations ceased Grant had apparently given up hope of success by them, and in the inscrutable, secret resources of his own mind was arranging the cam paign as eventually carried out. He could not confer or advise either with his superiors at Washington or his most trusted subordinates. He fully realized all the dangers you describe of a con centration of the enemy to meet him on disembarking, and destroy his army. That contingency must be safely pro vided for. How? Let us see. Mind you, the thought was in Grant's mind and in no other mind. The thought was. "How can Pembertons forces be scattered to distant parts beyond the possibility of concentrating in time to prevent my crossing?" On the 13th day of February, note the date, two months before an inkling was given of his purpose. Grant wrote a letter to Gen. S. A. Hurlbut, com manding the Sixteenth Corps (a part of Grant's army), located at Memphis, in which were these words: "it seems to me that Grlerson, with about 500 picked men. might succeed in cutting his way south and cut the Vicksburg & Meridian Railroad at some point east of Jack son." Adding: "It would be a hazard ous undertaking, but would pay well if successful." It happened there had recently been some conference between Gen. Hurlbut and his next in rank, Gen. Hamilton, | located at Corinth, about the advisabill-1 ty of sending a cavalry expedition south of Corinth to clear his front, and acting on this suggestion (Jen. Hurlbut wrote to Gen. Grant (see official records), tell ing him that, acting on his suggestion, he had ordered (not Grlerson, but another officer) to make the raid, and among other impossible things to "de stroy the bridge across Pearl River at Jackson and the railroad bridge over the Black River." It is easy to see Hurlbut had no ap preciation of Grant's purpose; for, in stead of scattering Pembertoli's forces, tills, if successful, would have concen trated them exactly where Grant did not want them. Grant immediately countermanded Hurlbut's orders for the expedition (see official records), told him the expedition must go, command ed by Grlerson, and he (Grant) would indicate the time of starting. And find ing that Grlerson was entirely willing to undertake the "hazardous undertak ing," he was told to hold himself and command in readiness to go when noti fied. The indication of the time came on April 16, with orders to start at day light on the morning of the 17th. I have no intention of writing an ac count of the wonderful raid, In which I participated from start to finish, but I want it understood it was Grant's in vention?was a fundamental part of Grant's campaign as much running j the transports past the batteries of| Vicksburg, and that it accomplished its purpose. One very wise thing Gen. Hurlbut did do that, so far as I have been able to discover, lie Is entitled to the whole credit of. The Tallahatchie River, which as far east as Lagrange is about 50 miles from the Memphis & Charleston Rail road, was the Confederate line. To make it possible for Grlerson to break through that line Hurlbut sent a com mand under Gen. Wm. Sooy Smith to the Tallahatchie via Holly Springs, and another from Memphis to the Coldwater via Hernando, to engage the Confeder ates' attention while Grlerson crossed at Rocky Ford. Grlerson passed Pontotoc on the third day of his march, and on that day Pem berton ordered all cavalry north of thej Vicksburg & Meridian Railroad to re port to Gens. Iiuggles and Chalmers, each of whom com#nanded a District in ! northern Mississippi. He ordered Gen. Featherston, whom Gens. Quinby and W. T. Sherman had failed to dislodge from Fort Pemberton, to be ready to march instantly to Duck Hill or Winona. Gen. Tilghman, who commanded a bri gade at Canton, was ordered to move Immediately to Winona. Gen. Buford's Division, which had been loaned to Bragg, and was then returning to Vicks burg via Mobile, was ordered to stop at Meridian and guard all points on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad as far north as West Point and Columbus. If Grant's Adjutant had written Pemberton's or ders they could not have more fully accorded with his plans nor fulfilled his desires. This on the third day. Later Gen. W. W. Loring was sent with what Pemberton calls a "large body of in fantry" to Enterprise to protect Gov ernment property there, and Gen. Adams was sent east from somewhere near Jackson. After Grlerson had cut the railroad east of Newton and Pem berton heard Grant was at Hard Times he almost moved heaven and earth to get these troops back to Rowen at or near Grand Gulf, but without success, and this is how it happened that Grant got to Port Gibson with 22,000 men and found Bowen with only 7,500 to meet him. One thought comet irresistibly that highly compliments the genius of Grant as a General. He coulf} liftf. know what Grierson was doing, n^b<%fcou1d get no word from him or of l)im?0but with full confidence in his own pkgn and in his subordinate he pushed forward to suc coss. When he had ^fonrfthe battle at Port Gibson and reachedv.the town he got hold of a Southern per which gave him the first news pf Grierson's success far beyond his expectations, and he rushed his army tp Jackson, where he placed himself between the divided parts of Pemberton's army, which never again united until V$cks?urg surren dered. Years afterwards fs party of Union officers, of whom Grierson. was one, was talking over the Vicksburg campaign together, when Gran$ remarked: "Grierson. when I got hole} of that paper at Port Gibson and found out what you had done, I would not have given that (snapping his finger) to have had the success of my campaign insured." It is time that "Griersoirs raid" should be known as something more than a wonderfully-successful raid, yea. as a grand achievement, upon which Grant's still greater achievement de pended for success.?T. W. Lippincott, Captain, Co. I, 6th 111. Cav., Boseobel, Wis. Jeff Dnvln'a C rime*. Editor National Tribune: I notice in a recent issue of your very valuable paper the question asked. Why was the Confederate President permitted to es cape and not hung? When captured, had the soldiers had their way, h would have been lynched at once. But as time passed the authorities ?rew more lenient; but the heinous crimes of that arch traitor should have been pun ished. Poor, half-witted Wirs the will ing tool of Davis, was hanged foi Jus treatment of Union prisoners, while the true source and cause of the inhuman treatment of good, true, loyal comrades of mine was permitted to go free I have always been of the opin ion that he should have been hanged or the spot where he was captund.^i have not only read McElroys Life < Death in R<bel Prison, Kellogsi H s torv of Prison Life, Pittenger s Captur ing a Locomotive, Brown's Four Years In Secessia. Richardson's Field, Dun coon and Escape, but 1 have heard the verbal testimony of living comrades, and if these, reports are true, and they certainly are. as there are over lo.oou heads ton as at Andursonville. pointing h< avenward, declaring to the unpreju diced mind that for cruelty, vengeance, murder and assassination the Sepoys of India and the sneaking, murderous North American Indians are not in i compared with the Southern leaders And .their flags, the emblems of trea son and human slavery, captured > the loyal boys, to be returned after years of possession, is a gross insult to the defenders of Old Glory. I spoken plainly, perhaps bitterly; ^but, being a native of Virginia, and seeing and knowing as I do the conditions as tliev were under my own obyervaUon, I am constrained to tell the facts. Ih ' County in which I enlisted furnished four companies during tn evil war?two for the rebel army and two for the Union army; so you see wo were pretty evenly divided. Hie 1 nion troops, under Gen. Kelley, on his way to philippi. on the 2d 9f June, 1*6J? earned my father's c<?tage, and I thought they were tj^e pettiest people I ever saw. And on the 15th of Sep tember, 1S62, when but 17 years of age, I put on the blue art'l finished up at Appomattox.?Isaac tt. U>ek, Sergeant, 15th W. Va., Claude, \\ . Va. Cavalry Flistif nt Ahlie. Editor National Tribune: I sec in your issue of pec. 2H, 19.0r>, a state^nejit from M. V. Oviatt, Sprgeant, Co. K. 6th Ohio Cav., in rciatjyn - to the fight at Aldie, Va., on June 1?, l?6.J, in wliich lie seems to irtferHhat some one has tried to take s^ino.honor due his -regiment. Now, let me quote from my (li-'june 17.?Clear.; and warm. We moved early this morning. go?"g to Al die, in the Little Bull, Run Mountains, where we met a strong force of rebel cavalry, and on driving them through the town found them posted behind a stone wall and some haystacks, the stone fence being somewhat beyond the havstack. Our squadron, numbering 36 men, was ordered to drive them from the stacks. We charged as far as the stacks, losing 19 oUlcers and men, my company (M) losing Lieut? HwtinMm and three men killed and had four wounded in getting to the stacks or at tempting to pass them, when we were relieved by a charge of the Cav who took 69 prisoners from the other side of the stacks and a ditch close by. It seemed a reckless piece of slaughter to send our small squadron to do so big a piece of work. I got to the staeks. and it seemed as if the nbel bullets would cut them down I think the 6th Ohio lost quite a number of men also, but the rebels were driven back and we buried our dead, into camp for the night just east of the 1>I do not know where the balance of our regiment was, but am positive our squadron alone made the first charge and was saved from extermination by the 6th Ohio Cav., as no other part or our regiment came to our support. 1 think the balance of the regiment went to support the two pieces of artillery planted some 500 or 600 yards on the hills in our rear, but I have no recol lection of the artillery being used. I am pleased ,to hear from Comrade Oviatt, who came to our rescue, and am ready to do all honor to his regi ment. All the honor 1 claim is obeying orders, even to the death. The 2d N. Y (Harris Light) has honor enough to give all other regiments all they are entitled to, and then have some to spare.?J. E. Firth, East Williston, N. Y. A Mght on the Battlefield. Editor National Tribune: I have slept in many strange places during my three years of army life. I have slept in the canebrakes and cottonlields of Louisiana; I have slept in orange or chards and under fig trees; I have slept under the beautiful magnolia trees on the hills in the rear of Vicksburg, and in the shade of the palmetto tree, on the coast of Florida; 1 have slept on the upper decks of steamboats as they plied their way up and down the Mis sissippi River and its tributary streams; I have slept down in the dark, damp and gloomy hulls of the steamships as they plowed their way through the toss ing and tempestuous waves of the Gulf of Mexico; but, alas! the night that left the most lasting impression on my mind was a night on the battlefield. After the battle was over and darkness had spread over the face of the earth, exhausted, on account of the mental as well as the physical strain, I spread my blanket down upon the ground, and with my knapsack> for* a pillow I lay down to rest, and while my nostrils were being filled with the stench from off the field my ears were greeted with the cries of the wounded and the groans of the dying round about me. To the right of me lay the husband and father mortally wounded, ^?dj as he lay there weltering in his own Dlood I heard him praying for the wife who would soon be a widow and for the children who would soon be fatherlo&s. On the left lay a young man, the piide of his moth er, whose head had been pierced by a bullet, and as he jtosshed the blood stained locks back from his once-fair brow I heard him cry out in great agony: "My mother; God have mercy on me." Then when I heard the sullen roar of the enemy's guns as they were retreating in the distance I thanked God that the harvest of death for that day, at least, was over. My thoughts then turned to home and friends in the far North. I breathed a silent prayer for the aged father, brother, sisters and friends and for my own dear iittle girl, scarcely four years old, whose mother was then sleeping in the silent grave. 1 was about to close my eyes In sleep, when suddenly I saw a glimmer of light in the east; I looked for a moment; it was the pale-faced moon Just pushing up her modest face above the horizon. Presently a gentle breeae from the west wafted the clouds of "smoke from off the field. I looked again at the moon > through thOM clouds of OMki; b?r flM' HOW TO FIND OUT. Pill a bottle or common glass with your water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a sediment or settling Indicates an unhealthy condition of the kidneys; if it stains the linen it is evidence of kidney trouble; too frequent desire to pass it, or pain in the back is also convincing proof that the kidneys and bladder are out of order. What To Do. There is comfort in the knowledge so often expressed that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy, fulfills every wish in curing rheuma tism, pain In the back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part of the urinary passage. It corrects inability to hold water and scalding pain in passing it, 01 bad effects following use of liquor, wine or beer, and overcomes that un pleasant necessity of being compelled to go often during the day, and to get up many times during the night. The mild and the extraordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon realized. It stands the highest for Its wonderful cures of the most distressing cases. If you need a medicine you should have the best. Sold by druggists in fifty cent and one-dollar sizes. You may have a sample bottle of Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy, and a book that tells all about it. both sent absolutely free by mail. Address, Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When writing be sure to mention that you read this generous offer in the Washington National Tribune. Don t make any mistake, but remember the name, Swamp-Root, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, and the address, Bing hamton, N. Y., on every bottle. was as crimson, which made me think that even pale Luna was made to blush when she looked down upon a field of blood and carnage like that.?M. L. Roof, Co. A, 114th Ohio. Ashville, O. Spunlnh Fort. Editor National Tribune: I read in The National Tribune an article about Spanish Fort, Ala. I do not want to get up a controversy, but want to quote some history. Capt. Summerville, of Co. H, 19th Iowa, wrote a history of his company, and it embraces the whole regiment. He says, on page 102: "On the 17th of March we left our camp near Navy Cove (near Fort Morgan), and marched six miles to the front, and on the 18th left camp at ?r> a. m., inarch ing 12 miles; marched six miles on the l!Hh and same distance on the 20th, camping on a branch of Fish River, which we crossed on a pontoon bridge. Here we met Gen. A. J. Smith, with his Sixteenth Corps. After we had passed Fish River it was not such bad roads, and we had a train of 100 wagons fol lowing us. Our brigade was in the lead, and was composed of the 20th Wis., 90th 111., 19th Iowa and 23d Iowa, un der command of Gen. Gordon Granger. Thirteenth Corps. We lay at Fish River from the 20th to the 25th of March. On the 2T?th the whole division struck out for Spanish Fort by different routes. Col. Bertram's Brigade, of the Second Division, Thirteenth Army Corps, brought up the extreme left, and on the east side of Mobile Bay. The evening of the 26th found us in camp on a hill one mile from Spanish Fort and at mouth of the Tensas River. "On the morning of the 27tli we marched over the road as if we were going east, but some distance on we again turned, and going through hol lows and out-of-the-way places we reached the bridge over Tensas River by*-9 a. m. Here we found torpedoes in lhe road, which were exploded by some of the horses' feet, killing and wound ing some of them. This caused some eKcitement, and we formed into line of battle, with Cos. A. F and D as skir mishers. The 19th Iowa left the timber and advanced to within 900 yards of S] ?anish Fort, when we stacked arms ord took to the shovels and picks, throwing up breastworks out of fallen timbers, rails and bodies of trees which the rebels had felled with the tops to ward us and sharp-pointed; but we brought order out of chaos, and soon had a line to protect us. The rebels opened fire on us from their batteries, doing good work, killing and wounding several. "Soon Capt. Foutz, of Battery F. 1st Mo. L. A., got to active work with his two pieces, which he kept firing rapid ly for two hours, when we were or dered forward again until we had cov ered at least one-half the distance of T>00 yards, leaving us within 400 yards from the fort. (Remember, Spanish Fort was in our front and on the bay, but trenches were filled with rebels east and then north for quite a distance, so only our division was in front of the fort during the whole investment.) It then commenced to rain, and got very chilly, and we had to lie flat on the ground until it was so dark we could move and again build breastworks for protection. "Night came at last, and under the darkness the 20th Wis. and 19th Iowa built breastworks the full length of both regiments. Each day we fought, and each night we would crawl over the line and do new work, until the last time our dirt met the line of the rebels, so we could throw back to them the hand-grenades intended to kill us. "The evening of April 8, 1865, there was a general charge made all around the fort and adjoining works. The 8th Iowa was the first to enter the rebel works on our right of line. Col. James Geddes, of the 8th, being in command of the brigade, his regiment was led by Col. Bell, now of Washington, Iowa. The rebels were completely surprised, ar.d the first intimation was the 8th Iowa within their lines. Our forces captured 535 enlisted men and 26 offi cers. I was color-guard of the 19th Iowa, and was with the regiment all the time during its siege, and as our regiment guarded some of the prison ers, and had charge of the fort after the capture and talked with the pris oners. know that the statement as above is correct. , , At nightfall on April 8 a concentrated fire was opened on the fort from siege guns, field-pieces and gunboats in the bay and the infantry in our trenches would pick off the rebel artillerists, and by midnight they were utterly silenced, when our brigade, under Col. Bertram, of the 20th Wis., entered the works at about 2 a. m.. but the 8th Iowa, under Col. Bell, made the first entrance into the works on our extreme right. Tho scene that night was the grandest sight mortal eye ever witnessed. The net work of red cannon balls going and coming for some three or four hours was a grand sight, and we forgot the extreme danger we ' were in.?J. E. Houghland, Color Corporal, 19th Iowa, Eldon, Iowa. Second Battle of Fort Donelaon. Editor National Tribune: In your issue of Dec. 7 Comrade D. F. Cowman, 83d 111., Des Moines, Iowa, says he found "something very amusing some time ago when a comrade of the 13th Wis. said that the second battle of Fort Donelson was fought and won by that regiment." Now, the facts are that the 13th Wis. was not there at all. Some people are so easily amused. If he had "some time ago" criticised my article the probabilities are he would not have made the above statements. I never said we fought and won that battle. Nay, I never even claimed that we had any part In it. We were not "20 miles away," but only 14 miles away at Fort Henry, when, on Feb. 3, 1863, In the afternoon, we received through a courier from the 83d 111. a request to come to their help, as they were being attacked by Forrest, Wheel er and others, and needed assistance. We went. On our way thither we heard the cannon on the gunboats booming, and soon all was quiet. The battle was won, but as to who were the victors we were In doubt. Therefore we approach ed cautiously, so as not to run Into an ambush. Soon after midnight we came to the rebel campflres. All honor to the 83d for Its gallant defense crowned with victory. But It la regrettable that any comrade should make such state ments as I have quoted.?D. E. Stevens, Or. B. ltth Wis.. Dencmore, Ku. PICKET SHOTS Prom Alert Comrades Aloof the Whole Line. Slaking of a Traimport. Editor National Tribune: By a broth ?ne ,he members of Co. K. 140th, Pa.. I am informed that at the rJose of the war a largo number of r ederal prisoners of war were released V? orth Carolina and sent to Portress Monroe, and were there put on three vessels to be conveyed to Annapolis. Md.; that ono of these, the Governor, encountered a storm on Chesapeake Bay, and sank, with the loss of all on board. Can you give us any conhrma t,on of this, and the date of the sink ing of the vessel? An answer will be of interest to many of your readers. B. F. Powelson, Boulder, Colo. A large number of prisoners, prob ably 7.000 or 8,000, were sent through the Union lines at Wilmington in March. 1865, and sent North as rapidly as pos sible by the transports from that point to Anna pedis, Md. One of these trans ports, the Gen. Lyon, took fire off Cape Hatteras and burned, with considerable loss of life. Probably this is the trans port to which you refer. VVe know of no "Governor" having been destroyed.? Editor National Tribune. Am Interesting MiiHfnm. Comrade W. S. Wolfe. 49th Ind.. who I5* the owner of the Hotel Wolfe, at Carmi, 111., writes us: "As I wrote you some time ago, I have secured a com plete file of The National Tribune from 1885 to present date. I have also se cured copies of Vol. 1, Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and Vol. 2, Nos. 1, 2, 3. 4. and 5. At that time the paper resembled a Sun day-school paper. I have a nice corner in my hotel office, which I have set aside for war relics. 1861-65. If any of the old comrades have any relics which they would like to have preserved, and will send thefTi to me with histories of the same, I will give them prominent places in my eollection and take care of them. Can't some one send me an old canteen, and I would like also to have a picture of Comrade John Mc Elroy. Do not b<* backward, but send them along. I will pay express charges." Bmeryreney Men. John McManus, Co. B. 59th Pa. (emergency regiment). Soldiers' Home, Erie, Pa., protests against the injustice that is being done to the emergency men. During the war five brothers left his home to enter the army, four of them being among the early enlist ments. They were in the three-months service, in the 7th Pa. Reserves and 8th Pa. Cav. The one who enlisted in the Reserves was eight months in Ander sonville, and the one in the 8lh Pa. Cav. died in Salisbury. After the first three months service his elder brother had to stay at home to support his mother, but went out again in the emergency troops. June 15. 1863, and became a Second Lieutenant. John MeManus was too young to be accepted in the regular j troops, but guarded prisoners about 70 j days, and broke down his health so that he was ill for two years. He is classed among the militia and denied a pension by the Government. Who Captured SpnnlMh Fori f Comrade F. A. Bird. Madison, Wis., sends a copy of the following order re ceived by him which he thinks will throw some light upon the dispute in regard to Spanish Fort: "Headquarters Thirteenth Army Corps, near Spanish Fort, Ala., April 9 1865. "F. A. Bird, A. A, Q. M? First Brigade, Second Division, Thirteenth Army Corps. "Sir: You will make an inventory of all the stores that the enemy left in i Spanish Fort, and I will transmit you corresponding invoices of all such stores as captured by Col. Bertram's Brigade. Great care should be taken in making this inventory. "By command of Maj.-Gen. G. Grang er. "Alex. N. Shipley, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Quartermaster, Thirteenth Army Corps." Served With Kllpatrick. Jesse Blankinship, Co. G, 1st Ala. Cav., writes from Landersville, Ala,, giving a brief account of the engage ment between his company and the Confederates near Milledgeville, Ga. He says: "On the morning of March 10, 1865, just at reveille, the enemy charged us, three lines deep, and all was rout and confussion. Gen. Kil patrick ran off to a nearby swamp, but returned to his duty. Serg't Vines, coat less, shoeless, with pistol in hand] rallied us, and we formed line of bat tle, driving the enemy back. Three times they charged us, but after the third attack they gave it up as a bad job, and retreated In disorder." He would like to hear from some comrade who was in Andersonville Prison, a description of it and of the spring of water that is said to have burst out there. Father Locke. Comrade H. H. Webber, 7th Me. Bat tery, New Bedford, Mass., says that he has been recently on a visit to his old home at Boothbay and Bristol, where his sister revived his memories of Fath er Locke, who always stopped at his father's house when in South Bristol. He remembers Father Locke helping the family physician pull an obstinate tooth for him, and he also found some of Father Locke's songs made in 1866-'67, one of which was about his little daughter living near Portland, Me. The 61st Ohio. George W. Harris, Bucyrus, O., is dissatisfied with the statement that the 61st Ohio was in Schurz's Division of the Eleventh Corps, since it afterward formed a part of the Twentieth Corps in the Army of the Cumberland, and took part in the batles of Wauhatchie, Lookout Valley, Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Dallas, Kene saw. Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, and the March to the Sea. A short history of the regiment was published in 1902 by Comrade Theodore Mullen, of Marysville, O., for private circulation, and any ex-member of the regiment can secure one by addressing him. A Fighting Family. William H. Cobbledick, First Lieu tenant, 8th Cal., 1898, had no idea that his relatives had served in the Lvnion army until he visited Cleveland, O., and on the beautiful soldiers' monument there was astonished to see his own name inscribed. It was that of a first cousin of his father's, who served in the 1st Ohio Art., and there was an other cousin who served with the Mich igan troops. He himself served in the Spanish War, and The National Trib une interests him more than all other papers combined. Capitalists versus Veterans. C. H. Dwyer, 14 Morningside Ave.. N. Y., recalls that when the men who had made big fortunes during the war were asked to take the same money for their bonds that had been paid the sol diers they raised a mighty protest, and the veterans assisted them by voting that they should be paid In gold. Now these men should reciprocate by fav oring a service pension and Insisting upon its passage as a mere act of jus-' tlce. Fighting Regiments. J. K. Merrifleld, 88th 111., 4321 La clede Ave., St. Louis, Mo., protests against the classification of fighting reg iments by the number that were killed. It is a wrong standard, because any number of regiments that did the best quality of fighting did it so energetical ly and skillfully as to escape with a comparatively small loss. Every regi ment which was present in a battle and took its part in the > operations was as much entitled to the name of a fight In* regiment as those, which suffered heavy losses. Merrill Horse. Henry Kramer, Bynumrille, FREE ADVICE ON CURING CATARRH I ?on't suffer with Catarrh any longer! Don't let it destroy your health?you* h;>ppim-ss?your very life itself l>on"t think it can't be cured hecau*# other doctor* and other treatments have failed to cure you. Write to ine at once nnd learn how it can be cured absolutely and permanently. Catarrh is more than an annoying, dis gusting, loathsome trouble--it's a terri bly dangerous one. Catarrh is the fore runner of Consumption. Neglected Ca tarrh leads to thousands of deaths every year. Take It in hand NOW?before It's too late. me tell you Just how to cure Ca tarrh?how to clear every hit of it out of your system. I'll gladly study your case, entirely without cost, and give you Medical Advice Free Without your paying a penny. I will diagnose your trouble and send you the most reliable and helpful instruction. Don't lose this chance to get rid of Ca tarrh. Answer the questions y?*s or no, write your name and address on the dot ted lines, and mail the Free Coupon to Catarrh Specialist Sprotile, 4 to 14 Trade RiilldiuK, lioNton. FREE MEDICAL ADVICE COUPON /* your hrenth foul f I hi you take rarity t /< your no.se rtoj*f/e<l v/i t Do von Uace to */><t often f If* your mouth hutts bad morn>n(i* I Dt> win tbu* a tlu/l fsrtinrj in your head f I* there a tickling sensation in your throat t Do yon hatf an unpleasant discharge from the noxe t Dj<* the. tnueu$ drop into your throat from the note f NAME ADDRESS writes: "I was a member of Co. G, 2d Mo. Caw (Merrill Horse.) I should be very glad to hear from members of the command. There is nothing in The National Tribune that is more interest ing than the short articles by com tades, as it enables one comrade to 'o cate another of his old regiment. I never miss a chance to speak a good word for the only good soldiers' paper in the United States." In the Shenandoah. Comrade A. Keller, Lewis, Kan., writes: "Every time I read The Na tional Tribune I think of the old times in the Shenandoah Valley under Phil Sheridan. I would like to hear from some of the old boys of the 91st Ohio." Song* Wanted. Comrade S. A. Johnson, Box 605, Effingham, 111., requests that some comrade send him the songs "The Bat tle of Stone River," and "The Sunny South." Served In Ohio Commands. Wesley McKibben, Beckett, O., writes:' "Myself and five brothers were in the service. Four of us were in the 36th Ohio and two in the 75th Ohio. One brother was killed at Gettysburg; an other was in Andersonville, but he lived to come home. You can judge our ser vice by the regiments to which we be longed. I would like to hear from any of the 36th Ohio." McAllister** Battery. Editor National Tribune: I wish to correct a statement made in The Na tional Tribune recently by a comrade who says that McAllister's Batten* waa Co. A. The batterv was Co. D, 1st 111. Ii. A. I was with the battery from August, 1861, until September, 1864. I would like to hear from some of my chl comrades. Please give a short his tory of McAllister's Battery.?John Sly, Co. D, 1st 111. L. A., Box 54, Boyceville, Wis. ECZEMA Cured SO Cent Box Free to Any One No Money Required. We want jrou to try at our expense the newexternal absorb&ble skin cure, Zema-Salva, which has made so many wonderful cures of acute and chronic skin dis eases. We know what it can do, and are, therefore, willing to stand all the cost. We could not do this if our remedy did not cure. Remember, you try it free not one cent in advance. If helped, we expect 60 cents. FREE Zema-Solva is in the nature of an ointment and is externally applied. It is a positive cure for F.czema and skin diseases of all kinds. It works somewhat oa the principle of a poultice, drawing out all the poison ous matter. It heals from the inside, cleaning out the so re. 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