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battle, lino for bt* wtbow *nO orpbana." STJjr National STrUnmi. (ESTABLISHED 1*77.) PlBLIMiCD WEKHLT. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR. INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. ADVERTISING RATES-FIAT. AOc. per agate line for display. 20c. per ngate line for Classified Column*. 50c. per agate line for reading notice*. (1.00 per line for Tension and Claim ad vertising. Special position, when granted, 20 per cent additional. Advertising can be canceled at any time Ave days before date of Issue. No discount* for time or upace. Columns 2>4 Inches wide; 21^ inches long; eeven columns to the page. Sample copies mailed free on request. lliE NATIONAL TRIFL'NE CO. Incorporated , Proprietors. WASHINGTON F06T0FFICE AS 8ECOND-CI ASf MATTF*. WASHINGTON, D. C., FEB. 1, 1906. Office: 339 Pennsylvania Avenue N. W. SQUARE DEALS. The National Tribune has reason to be lieve that all advertisers admitted to Its columns are thoroughly reliable. THE C'OMMANDER-IN-CHIEK'S MOVE MENTS. Commander-in-Chief Tanner will leave Washington Feb. 10, for a visit to a number of veteran gatheri gs. and will be at the Vermont Department En campment Feb. 20, probably* returning to Washington on the 22d. He will be accompanied by Adj't-Oen. Tweedale and his staff. A new parliamentary question was raised at an all-night session of the Australian Parliament by a member solemnly putting to the Speaker as a point of order: "Is an honorable mem ber in order in snoring so loudly that I cannot hear?" Commissioner Garfield says that he has "never had the slightest difficulty in getting information about corpora tions." No doubt about that, but about the worth of the information there is the most serious question. One of the singular reasons alleged for the vacation of the election of a New York City Alderman is that he is not a naturalized citizen. Think of this in a city where the popular belief Is that a residence of a few days is only required to give a man the full rights of citizenship. e Prof. Pickering, the head of the Har vard University Observatory, is much annoyed by the flood of inquiries as to the sun-spots, and he says that they ha\ e nothing like the value that popu lar belief attributes to them. So far as has been determined they have no influence whatever upon this globe, though they may be allied in some man ner with our magnetic storms. Russia is quieting down, but it Is ap parently the exhaustion of weariness and hunger. The people, without or ganization or direction, without any supplies of food, or any direction to ward establishng a better Government, are tired out, and will subside into sul len submission, until something else stirs them up again. An attempt Ls being made to have irginia adopt the Torrens Land system, but it is meeting with strenuous oppo sition, especially from the southwest part of the State, where the people fear that the development of the min ing industries will be greatly embar rassed by legal complications. The I-cichmond Chamber of Commerce and other business men have strongly in dorsed the measure. It would fieem to outsiders that what Virginia most needs Is a proper survey of the lands of the State and the establishment of lines by which boundaries can be ascertained. Virginia is still in the old complicated and uncertain land system which has been superseded, at least in the Western States, by the simpler and exact system put in force by the United States. In \ irginia a man's boundary still starts * from a certain white oak" on the bank of a r-rer-k, follows the meanderings of the creek so many rods to a locust and then goes "east 20 degrees and 80 rods," anil so on and so on. The con sequence of this is endless litigation, and it would seem that the reform ot the land system should begin there. The men who manned the Mississippi Ram Fleet have a bill before Congress to put them on the same basis as sol diers. with reference to the act of June li, 1890. They were enlisted under the Quartermaster's Department and by orders of the War Department, and they fought side by side with the sol diers, taking all the chances that the latter did and uoing just as effective service. It is claimed that there is only about 40 of these boatmen alive to-day They are ail old and feeble and alsc afflicted with poverty. They did greal service at the battle of Memphis, Junt 6, 1862, and ran the batteries of Vicks burg. Some of them were admitted tc pensions up until the second Adminis tration of Cleveland, when Hoke SmitI ruled them out. These men were en^ listed in pursuance of the followim order issued from the War Department Washington. D ?'Charles Ellet, Jr. You will pl^ftsc Prorpp^ i m '? 1*l"sbur?- Cincinnati, Lni rand take measures to pro vide steam rams for defense again Ironclad vessels on the Western waters J*?.l.ru.ctio"s wiU be forwarded you bj whlin Pitt8burg in conformity wit! youtlw,u guide your proceedings and from time to time receive such oth er Instructions as may be required. A1 contracts and purchases will be mad< by special Quartermasters to be ap pointed to act with you, and all ex penditures will be made by him am under his direction. You will be com pensated for your services at the rat? of pay allowed by law for similar ser vices to wit. $10 per day and mlleag* at rate of 10 cents per mile. "Yours truly, "Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War." THE MAXIV TRIAL. Usually The National Tribune has the most profound indifference to the doings in what is popularly known "society" in New York and Washington. The people who make up these associations are in no sense leaders. They are merely those who have recently inher ited or acquired money with which they do not know what to do, and are using it in various ways to make a sensation, a * personal advertisement that they h v wealth As a rule, they are peo >??- who are nothing and have done nothing worthy of mention. The real sol'.o people of those cities, the men and women who have a standing in the communities for what they are. do not belong to "society." They move quietly in circles where they are well known, and have not the slightest desire for any trumpet-blowing, either about their entertainments, their clothe4*, whether or not they dock their horses, and a multitude of other purely personal de tails. It is the people who have noth ing but money who are making all the feverish furore. Naturally, there gath ers around this crowd Hocks of harpies and adventurers, who make a parasitic living off them. One of these ways is to publish a "society paper," full of scandals, gossip, usually more or less malicious, and "puffs" of some new comer's social standing. It is vulgar, noisy, pushing crowd, with a horde of nasty hangers-on. Men and women of sense and worth have as little as pos sible to do with the "push," and the "society paper" is about as tiresome reading as one can imagine. The sen sational suit in New York involving the Town Topics, which has attained bad eminence as the leader of this kind of literature, brings out all this very clear ly. The Town Topics was a distinctly blackmailing sheet, and has made enor mous money by terrorizing the vulgar, pushing, scheming, characterless mem bers of "society" with threats of ex posure, and by flattering the vanity of those ignorant and aspiring "climbers" who were trying to break into the gild ed mob. In a way the men and women who were fleeced by the disreputable sheet were deservedly punished. They had many ugly things in their past, for which they should have been held to account. Probably they had not been punishd in any other way. Many of them were frightened into paying by their guilty consciences. Still, blackmail is a crime, the blackmailer frequently robs innocent but timid people, he is an enemy to the community, and should be sternly repressed. The worst feature about the case was that one of the principal men of the Town Topics was a Judge, who, after he left the. bench for the day, went to the Town Topics office to aid and direct the blackmailing. For him no punishment can be too se vere. He is already ruined forever in reputation among decent men, and may have added to this a term in the peni tentiary. This is earnestly hoped for. Probably Col. Mann, who has thus tar nished a good record made in the ser vice of his country, may also have a period of leisure in the State Prison to reflect upon the wickedness of his ways. It wiU all make for cleaner journalism, and rouses the hope that gilded no bodies may be less obtrusive of their tiresome personalities in the papers. ? ? ' ? m PAYMENT FOR SLAVES. With reference to a statement in The National Tribune as to the Govern ment paying for slaves freed under Lincoln's proclamation, Capt. Edward Webster informs us that the only slaves paid for by the Government were those held in the District of Columbia, which were freed under a provision of an act of Congress approved April 16, 1862, abolishing slavery in the District. Capt. Webster says: "The slaves were to be appraised by a board appointed for that purpose, and %1.000,000 was appropriated to pay for them. $100,000 was also appro priated to aid in colonizing such of the freedmen as wished to go to Hayti, Liberia or other place outside the limits of the United States. "In the Spring of 1864 the Quarter masters on duty at Camps Nelson and Kurnside, Ky., paid the owners of slaves for services on fortifications, but in June or July of that year the same slaves were listed in their own names by the Quartermasters and payments were made directly to them. "As late as November, 1864, I was for some days Acting Provost-Marshal of the District of Kentucky at Paducah. (Jen. Paine, then in command of the Department, was having more or less trouble with the slave-owners regard ing the slave question. Steamers on the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers refused to permit people of color to ride unless provided with passes signed by their owners. This being reported, 1 was directed to stop it, and one morn ing I tied a fleet of steamers to the wharf and kept them there until free travel was assured. "From that time slavery was only such in name. Its extinction reminds me of, and is best illustrated by, the story told by the owner of a brood of chickens hatched out in the Winter. He said they grew smaller and smaller! but the blamed tilings did not die? they just went out. However, the amendment to the Constitution settled the matter, and pay for slaves existed only in the dreams of the late owners." THE SOITHKRX STATES A*D THE REV EM! E. Editor National Tribune: A few years ago the Southerners were com plaining of being taxed to pay pensions to Northern soldiers, and it was an swered that the State of Illinois paid more than all the Confederate States put together. Can you give the figures that show this??A. W. Snyder, Or chard Park, N. Y. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 1903, the States which composed the late so-called Southern Confederacy paid the following amounts of internal reve nue taxes: Alabama $325,291.21 Arkansas 110,040.63 Florida 950,370.30 Georgia 509,455.13 Louisiana and Mississippi 5,892 369 46 North Carolina 4,994!96s!88 South Carolina 780,790 87 Tennessee 1,777,468.63 Texas 601,863.80 Virginia 3,535,897.06 Total 19,478,516.07 During the same year Illinois paid in internal revenue taxes $51,892,703.18. The State of Maryland is preparing for the cruiser bearing the State's name a magnificent silver service, which is said to be the finest thing of the kind in the world outside of one service of gold In Italy. It consists of 48 pieces, upon which are being engraved sketches from the history of the State. It will be pre sented about April 1, and a guard of honor from the Naval Militia, will be on duty with it from the time of it* com pletion until !U presentation. ENACTING ORDER 78. It Is generally understood that the present program is to incorporate a clause in the Pension Appropriation Bill formally enacting Order No. 78. This will make it a part of the laws of the land and independent of the change of views of the President, Secretary of the Interior or Commissioner of Pen sions. It is intended that this amend ment will make Order 78 be in force and effect practically h Service Pension Bill with an age qualification, so that a man arriving at the age of 62 will be regarded as pensionable from that fact alone, if he has the other requirements, and that as his age advances the pen sion will be increased in accordance with the provisions of the said order. The manner in which the House anil Senate may regard this amendment, and whether it will be accepted in lieu of a straight-out Service Pension Bill re mains to be seen. The following is the amendment pro posed to be incorporated in the Appro priations Bill: "And provided further, that age is a permanent specific disability within the meaning of the pension laws." THE CAPTAIN OF THE .HLOCtM. Capt. William H. Van Schaick, Mas ter of the ill-fated steamer Gen. Slo , cum, was sentenced last Saturday to 10 years' imprisonment. This was more than 19 months after the tragedy which shocked the whole country, and it does not seem as if justice had been as ex emplary as it should. Undoubtedly Capt. Van Schaick deserved punish ment, but there is a feeling that he has been made a scapegoat and the really guilty parties, his employers, the Presi dent and Board of Directors of the Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., should be visited with a punishment much greater than his. They have so far not been criminally proceeded against. It is not at all to the credit of New York justice that this should be so. Capt. Van Schaick was tried on three counts, two of manslaughter and one for hav ing failed to train his crew at weekly fire drills or to maintain proper life saving apparatus. It was on this last count that the jury found him guilty, having disagreed on the other two counts. His counsel denounce the sen tence as unjustifiably severe, and have appealed the case. The public will be better satisfied with a shorter sentence for him and longer ones for the crimi nally penurious managers, who did not equip their vessel properly, but com pelled the Captain to sail with what they gave him. The Republicans have only them selves to blame for stirring up the ques tion of Mr. Roosevelt succeeding him self. Everything was quiet until Sena tor Aldrich, without provocation, put the question to Senator Bailey; "Will the next Democratic Candidate for President be Bryan or Hearst?" Of course. Bailey, lawyer-like, an swered by asking if Roosevelt would be the Republican candidate, and Al drich had to dodge. Representative Rhodes, of Missouri, has introduced a resolution to create a roll of Volunteer Generals and pro vide for the retirement of these with the customary pay of officers of that rank on the retired list. A petition signed by 100 Generals of Volunteers accompanied the resolution. Just why Mr. Rhodes drew the line at Generals is difficult to say. A General is no more entitled to go upon the retired list than i a Colonel, nor the Colonel than the Major, and so on. Senator Lodge has heretofore been regarded as the President's principal spokesman in the Senate, and to sen timentally stand closer to the Chief Ex ecutive than any other man in public life. His emphatic and comprehensive denial of any desire or will on the part of the President to be ngain a candidate for office ought to weigh more than any number of reports from unauthorized and probably imaginative persons as to the probabilities and possibilities of such a candidacy. AT GETTYSBURG. Editor National Tribune: I notice that you are very ready to answer ques tions concerning the civil war. I was no soldier, but I take great interest in The National Tribune and have been subscribing to it about four years. I am especially interested in everything that relates to Lee's invasion of Penn sylvania. I was about five years old at that time and lived at Carlisle, Pa. 1 have a faint recollection of the pres ence of the Confederates. The question I want to ask is. Would the presence of Stonewall Jackson at Gettysburg have made any difference in the re sult? What would have happened had he been commanding his own corps instead of its being divided between Hill and Ewell? Especially what would have been the result had be been in command on the first day, when our troops were not very well intrenched? From what I have read of Stonewall Jackson I believe he would have mad'* more trouble for our army and might have changed the result of the battle.? G. H. Knettle, Ottawa, O. This is rather futile speculation, and, after -all, one man's opinion is no bet ter than another's. The Editor of Tin National Tribune believes that Stone wall Jackson's presence at Gettysburg would have made no substantial dif ference in the history of that engage ment. While Jackson was undoubt edly a military man of unusual ability, that ability was not transcendent, and could not accomplish results at all out of the reach of the men who were in command of the Confederates at Gettysburg. The Confederates and others continually mistake the condi tion of things on the afternoon of the first day. While it is true that our men had been defeated and driven back, it was only after a contest of terrific stub bornness, which left the assailants in as badly demoralized condition us the First and Eleventh Corps. The fight ing had shattered Lee's forces, and It was absolutely necessary for him to halt and reorganize before making any fur ther advance. Stonewall Jackson could not have done any better than Ewell and Hill did. He never really fought as sharply contested an engagement as that which occurred on the afternoon of July 1, and In every battle In which he participated he was repulsed or fell back long before his losses reached anything like the percentage of those suffered by Ewell and Hill. Conse quently, taking all that we know of him, he would have been much more likely to retreat, or at least stand still and reform his lines than Ewell and Hill. R. B. Lse mc dmif that his r^en, were tn no condition whatever for advance. They could not have Meld< the bloody ground al ready gained f?r an instant, if even a small body9 of ..fresh troops had come up. as Lee ha?jfcjreason to fear. There fore he priffierflly gathered his men to prepare against a return blow. Will.101.KH. A man who filled a large space in the public eye tor :an unusual number of momentous cat's was Maj.-Gen. Joseph Wheeler, who passed away at his sis ter's home in New York, Jan. 27. Gen. Joseph Wh'feler was born in Georgia and appointed from New York to West S Point, from which he was graduated in the cla.*s of 1859. Members of that class were Gens. William K. Merrill, M. I D. Hardin, Norman J. Hall, C. H. Carl ton and Edwin II. Stoughton, of the Union army, and Gens. Lockett, Beck ham and M. H. Wright., of the Confed erate. He was brevetted a Second Lieu tenant of the U. S. Dragoons, and at MAJ.-GEN. JOE WHEELER. the outbreak of the war was a Second Lieutenant of the Mounted ltilles and on leave of absence. He resigned April 22, 1861, to enter the Confederate army as a Lieutenant of Artillery. He was soon in command of a regiment, then of a brigade, division and corps, and in 1862 was assigned to the command of all the cavalry in the Confederate Army of the Tennessee, which position he held until the close of the war and was the senior Cavalry General, at that time, of the Confederate armies. He was ex ceedingly pvomuient and active in all the campaigns of the Army of the Cum berland and, then in the forces opposed to Sherman on the Atlanta campaign, on the march to the sea and the march through the Carolinas. At the close of the war he became a planter and law yer in Alabama, and was elected as a Democrat to the 47th Congress. He was re-elected t? the 49th, 50th, 51st, 52d, 53d, 54th, 55tli and 56th Con gresses. At the outbreak of the Span ish war Prudent McKinley appointed him, May 4. 1&9S, Major-General of i Volunteers, and he was assigned to the command of the Cavalry Division which went to Cuba. June 24, 1898, he, with a force of 900 men, attacked and de feated Lieut.-Gen. Linares at Las Gua simas, the enemy bringing against him over 2,000 regular Spanish troops. He was the senior officer in command on the fleld at San Juan. July 1 and 2, and j was the senior member of the commis sion which negotiated the surrender of Santiago and 23,000 Spanish soldiers. ! Upon his return to the United States he was put in command at Montauk, and Oct. 5, 1898, was assigned to the com ; mand of the Fourth Corps. He was appointed a Brigadier-General in the ?tegular Army April 12, 1899. In 1899, i with the First Brigade, Second Division, Eighth Corps, he fought the enemy in several engagements, and captured Porac and Bamban. He commanded in various expeditions with entire success. He was retired Sept. 10, 1900. The re mains were brought to Washington and given a regular military funeral accord ing to his rank, and buried in Arlington. Gen. Wheeler was a genial, attractive man, who became very popular with all classes. Though he lined up with the Confederate Brigadiers in Congress, he was thoroughly reconstructed, and nev er failed to profess the greatest loyalty to the Flag and entire acceptance of the results of the war. MOKtMEMT TO UIHZ. Dec. 20, 1905, the Atlanta Constitu tion published the following item: "At the regular monthly meeting of Atlanta Camp, No. 159, United Confed erate Veterans, the following interest ing and stirring resolutions, presented by the committee named, relating to the movement to erect a monument to Capt. Henry Wirz, Commander at An dersonvillo Prison during the war, who was hanged by the Federals, were unan imously passed: "Whereas we have ever regarded his execution by the frenzied fanatics who were in control of the Federal Govern ment at that time as an act of savage vindictlveness; and "Whereas we feel that the erection of a monument to his memory will be a just tribute t?o a faithful, patriotic Confederate oflicer, an innocent victim of misrepresentation, perjury, and fiend ish malignity, to a martyr who suffered death in preference to bearing false testimony against President Jefferson Davis. Such a monument will, for all ages to come, serve as a fitting rebuke to such as wouldlin the hour of triumph insult civilization by acts of cruelty." This is the very limit of historical perversion. 'There is not an atom of truth in any of the assertions. Capt. Henry Wirziwaa not hanged for obey ing any legitimate orders, nor was he badgered to get evidence against Jeff Davis. He , was punished, as many other men w?r? punished, for com mitting acta, forbidden by the laws of war. The evidence was abundant that he had done so, and he did not plead In his defense that he was specially ordered to do as he did. Hla acta were the offspring of his own petty, brutal malignity. These were outside and In exceaa of the general policy of starva tion and maltreatment for which Jef ferson Davis was responsible, and which was proved beyond a doubt by the testi mony of Confederate officers. The re ports of Confederate Inspectors and Surgeons showed the conditions of things In the prison, and as they went to Confederate headquarters the pre sumption could not be escaped that Jef ferson Davis had guilty knowledge of what was being dons la Andersonville and approved of It HONOR SENATOR WARXKR. The Vftrraa* of the Dlatrlet of Columbia j An?fmhl(H( ?? Whip-Poor- Wills ttlv* 111m ii Kathualaiitlr Welcome. A soldier's welcome, that is what the' Whip-Poor-Wills of Washington gave their Past Commander-in-Chief William Warner, of Missouri, the other night. He is a United States Senator now, from the rock-ribbed rebel State, and it was to celebrate this event that he got the welcome. The hospitality was extended him by the Whip-Poor-Wills nearly a year ago. but Senator Warner had only Just found time to uccept the honor. 11 took the shape of a banquet and re ception at the Shoreham Hotel. Covers were laid for 70 guests around a l??ng I'-shaped table which was lav ishly decorated with carnations and ferns and directly facing the guests of honor and the "Decemvirs" a great Flag hung from a high-up balcony, its folds sweeping the floor below. The guest of honor, Senator Warner, entered the banquet hall with the Toastmaster of the evening, Past Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief John Mc Klroy, whose personal guest he was, and followed by the Whip-Poor-Wills and their guests. It was a goodly crowd and recalled many stirring scenes in its make-up. There was Lieut.-Gen. John C. Bates, now Chlef-of-Staff, who won his laurels more than 4 0 years ago on many a hard-fought held of battle; "Uncle .Too" Cannon, Speaker of tiie House of Representatives and second only to the President of the United States in power; not a veteran, but wearing many scars won in the -'forensic field, and with a heart so warm toward the men who saved the Flag that he never loses a chance to meet with them; Maj.-Gen. J. Warren Keifer. the veteran Statesman warrior who wears the medals of two wars; Gen. Chas. II. Grosvenor, a vet eran who finds few men worthy of hi* steel either in war or politics; Col. Vespasian Warner, Commisioner of Pensions; Gen. John C. Black, and Gen. John K. King, two Past Commanders in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Re public; Chas. H. Treat, United States Treasurer; and three score others, all men prominent in Grand Army and business circles throughout the coun try. | The program for the evening was en tirely informal, and there was not a slow moment during the four hours, i At each plate lay a copy of the "United States Intelligencer," on the first page of which was a fine halftone of the guest of honor, and on the next two pages a biographical sketch of him. On the last page was a sketch of the Whip-Poor-Wills. Seuntor Warner. The sketch of Senator Warner was eulogistic of his career from boyhood. "There is about the life story of William Warner," it said, "that homely, wholesome attractiveness found in the 1 biographies of Lincoln and the earlier great men of the country. "While it is not the slightest discredit j to a man that he was born in a com fortable, even luxurious home, and had I every advantage that wealth could give in obtaining his education, yet, some how, the mind turns with a quicker, | stronger, more sympathetic warmth to him who has | " 'broken his birth's invidious bars'? and by worth and will risen through every stage and condition to leadership among the highest in the land. Man hood's highest test has been made, the touchstone has been passed which ap proves only true gold, when a man be ginning at the bottom is continually called higher, because he has done so well wherever placed. "There was never less of a self-seeker than William Warner. Plotting and scheming for his own advancement are as unknown" to him as an inscription upon an Egyptian tomb. All the time 1 he has been a simple, earnest, sincere (American?a man of extraordinary Ir.bility and force of character, warmly j sympathetic with what those around him were stri\lng to do for themselves, the community and the country. There fore we find him all the time pushed fcrward Into leadership by his com ( pardons, comrades, and fellow-citizens, not because of his seeking to be more than a mere worker In the cause with his fellow-citizens, but because they have recognized that he was the fittest among them to go to the front and give I direction. Thus we find him enlisted ( with his schoolmates in Co. C, 38d Wis., I and becoming a Lieutenant by their choice. Then his Colonel selects him from among his Lieutenants as the fit test man for Adjutant of the regiment. And he serves as such with greatest acceptability until the men of Co. D de mand him for their Captain. As the commander of Co. D in the VIcksbuig campaign he showed his untiring zeal, sueh courage and so much soldierly ability as to win favorable comments from all his superior officers and receive an Invitation from Gen. T. Kilby Smith, one of the most accomplished of sol diers and knightliest of men in the glorious old Army of the Tennessee, to jo hi his staff. It was a high compli ment to be selected by Kilby Smith for one of his military family, for Smith was a man of the highest class and surrounded himself only with sueh. "('apt. William Warner was Kilby Smith's Chief-of-Staff on the Tied River enmpaign, giving the utmost satisfac tion to the General and his command until the pleasant association was re gretfully severed by Warner to accept a commission as Major in the 44th Wis. pressed upon him by the Governor of his State. He was retained In the army until Sept. 2. 1865, and when he left the service it was with the friendship and esteem of every man who had been connected with him during the great struggle. "Maj. Warner settled in Kansas City, and to the practice of the law. The same qualities of doing honestly, earn estly, and well whatever lay nearest his hand brought him to the front in civil life as in the army. He soon became a leader among the Republicans and Union lovers of that section of the State, ond was drawn into politics by them (rather than pushed himself in). Al though the Democrats were greatly In the majority, he was elected, first, Prosecutor of the County, next of a cir cuit of Counties, and then Mayor of Kansas City. In each of these positions he grew in the esteem of his fellow citizens and was put forward to lead the Republican ticket in a race for Congress. There could be little ex pectation of his election, since the nor mal Democratic majority was 4,000, but when the votes were counted it was found he had been elected by 1,500. He repeated this astonishing perform ance two years later, being elected by an increased majority. At the conclu sion of that term he announced his re tirement from politics, but was not long suffered to enjoy the retirement that he sought. President Harrison pressed upon him the Commissionership of Pensions, which he declined, but Pres ident McKinley appointed him U. S. District Attorney, which he felt it his duty to accept. He led the Republicans of Missouri in a hopeless race for the Governorship, and at every Senatorial election while the Republicans were In the minority, they paid him the com pliment of voting for him for United States Senator. When the Republicans finally carried the State and had a Sen atorshlp to dispose of, there were many candidates bitterly contesting for the office. William Warner was not among them. He announced that he would support the caucus nominee and kept his pledge faithfully, even when the Senatorshlp was first offered to him. saying with proud integrity, *1 will not accept the place at the price of treach ery/ Hie proper reward came when the rival contestants, having fought one another to a finish, all joined to elect Ma], Warner by acclamation. A Sena torship never came more honorably to any man than to William Warner. "It was the same way In the Grand Army of the Republic. Maj. Warner saw the desirability of an organisation among those who had served faithfully in the Union army and joined with others to establish the O. A. R. Order tn Kansas City. It came about In the mast natural way that ha should be elected as their Post Commander and then his comrade* became enthusiastic for him for Commander of the Depart-; ment of Missouri, G. A. It. The next logical step was that the comrades in the wider field of the Department when they became acquainted with his merits should t>e eager to advance him to the highest position iu the Order, making him in succession. Senior Vice Com mander-in-Chief, anil Commander-in Chief. "In all these various places he was an eminent success. The National Kn campment of the Grand Army ??f the Republic has n?> superior among the deliberative bodies of the world in dig nity, ability and forcefulness. His pre siding over the National Encampment at Milwaukee will be long remembered by every one there as a parliamentary masterpiece. "In a time when the air was heavy with crimination ami recrimination, and of political corruption, the election of William Warner came like a rift of pure, bright. life-giving sunshine through a cloud of mephitic exhalations, it was a bow of promise to believers in better things. It was as stainless as it was unexpected. For once office ha.l sought and found the worthiest man. livery one who hoped for political puri fication took fresh heart. "There are various types of honesty. There are men who are honest to the exact limitation of the letter of the statute. There are still more who are conventionally honest. That is, be cause it is good form. There are many who are honest from a shrewd appre ciation that honesty is the best policy. Comrade Warner's honesty is that of the great mass of genuine Americans, who are honest for the supreme reason that it is right. His honesty and their honesty is natural, spontaneous, uncal culated, unpremeditated as their breath. To think anything else requires an ef fort. To do it an awkward strain. They have more wonder than scorn at dishonesty in other men. amazement that men should so befoul their birth right of manhood. Senator Warner and they cannot conceive any merit in be ing honest; there is simply nothing else. "ltuskin, in his beautiful essay upon 'The Crown of Wild Olives,' explained the use and value of this most prized decoration to the Greeks. The wrild olive grows upon the scanty soil of the storm-beaten clifTs, with its life a con stant struggle, but it bears flowers of delicate whiteness and the most subtle fragrance. It was bestowed in his later years upon a man who had worthi ly met every requirement upon him by country, community, family and friends. It meant the highest fidelity in ever> relation of life. Fidelity to friendship, loyalty in love, truth to all mankind, lofty patriotism and self-sacrifice to country. "Such a crown is William Warner's." And then came the story of how the "Whip-Poor-Wills," a purely fun-loving crowd of veterans of the District of Co" lumbia, came into being. "In the days of long ago?in the days when the now dead and gone 19th cen tury was only becoming eligible under Order 78 for a quarter pension for age, and we were making a business of hunting trouble and Johnnies among our most constant companions were the Whip-poor-wills. "It is true that we had other even more constant companions, whom we could not get rid of except by boiling our clothes, but we do not mention them now in polite society. The Whip poor-will was as certain to come around as reveille and tattoo, and he had more mouth than a brigade wagon master. He had a heap to say about everything. "When on picket at midnight we saw rebels 10 feet high advancing on us with guns as long as a fence-rail, the watchful Whip-poor-will voiced our worst fears. "When slipping unobstrusively back to camp with the pride of some loyal Southerner's pig-pen the Whip-poor will yelled at every step what the Colonel woulld do to us if he caught us. which he probably' did. "When swapping lies around the camp-fire, the Whip-poor-will's derisive comments sifted in after each story. "When coming back dejectedly from seeing the mail sorted at the Chaplain's tent, with no letter from our best girl, the Whip-poor-will sang in our ears that we were freckled, and big-footed, and not even in the also-ran class with that kind of a girl. "When the Orderly-Sergeant tram pled on our finest feelings, and cried aloud that we were not worth the salt in our hardtack, the Whip-poor-will mocked us for leaving a comfortable home, to carry part of the Springfield arsenal and a bag of condemned gro ceries over muddy roads for $13 a month. "But after a fight was won and we lay down in proud content on the State of Virginia for a bedstead, and the star gemmed sky for a coverlet, the W hip poor-will cooed that we were the brav est boys that ever lived, and that our relations would be mighty proud of us when they knew all about it. "So the Whip-poor-will was everlast ingly butting in. The loud trill of his bazoo was the certain chorus to every thing we said and mingled with every thought and emotion. His persistent notes chorded alike with our hopes and our fears, our joys and our sorrows. He joined in with the fierce rebel yell of the assault, and the rolling Union cheers of victory. He was bright and cheerful when we were happy, dismal when we were defeated and despond ent. He was the last thing heard after 'taps' at night and the first thing be fore reveille in the morning. His voice was the same in Virginia as in Ken tucky. It changed not when we march ed from Mississippi to Georgia and the Carol in as. "Besides this long an intimate asso ciation with the memories of the days when we went soldiering, there are other reasons for this selection of the Whip-poor-will as the emblem of our Society. "The Whip-poor-will is a strictly noc turnal bird. "He is at his best when the evening shadows fall. "Audubon says that he has the mpst mouth of any known bird. "His French name is 'Wind-swallow er,' which seems to indicate his fitness for consumption of after-dinner speech es. "He is so impartial-minded that he heats even the cunning politicians, and sits lengthwise of the fence. "Therefore, we who in the period in our country's history between the fir ing of the fateful gun on Fort Sumter and the memorable meeting under the Appomattox apple tree, roosted in the same coop with the Whip-poor-will, and frequently disputed with him the pos session of the top-rail, have, so to speak, adopted as our 'State flower' the Whip-poor-will." The Toastmaster of the evening was John McElroy. Speaker Cannon prefaced his remarks by stating that he had come to Wash ington with a high regard for "John McElroy," the Editor of The National Tribune, because a veteran in his Dis trict in Illinois had talked so much about him, and of his great work in Andersonville in helping to rid the prison of the vicious men who terror ized the prisoners, and also because of the great book which he had written about that prison-pen. Of course, there was music, and the "Sweet Singer in Israel," Col. George Ross, presented "Joe Bowers, or I'm from Ol' Missoury, all the way from Pike," in costume. He created quite a diversion by knocking at the door of the banquet hall, and declaring that ho was stranded and wanted to find some friends. He asked first for "Bill War ner" and then for "Charley Black," whereat the two Past Commanders-in Chief began to laugh; then he sang the famous old minstrel song which used to charm fully 50 years ago. There were many speeches, some dos en or more, and not a tiresome or out of-place one among them. The more notable ones were made by Speaker Cannon. Gen. Oromnor. Jm4? Calderhead. Oen. Keffer, Represent? t*\o llartholdt. of Missouri: Gen. lUitM, Judtcp Ivory t!. Kimball, (Jon. John C. I.luck. RepresentatIve J. If. Miller and Willi* I.. Moore. When the utterance* particuarly pleased the Whip-Poor-WilK they an nounced it by the heating of gong* aiul the shrill note* of the Whip-poor-will on ivory whistles with Vhich they were provided. each making as much noise as a whole covey of the nigut bird*. The Whip-Poor-Wills enM"ju*ia?fllcnl ly indorsed (J?-n. Grosvcnor for another term in Congress, and declart'il it would ?ho a sin and a shame if he was not re elected by Ins District in the Buckeye ? State. Representative Bartholdt. of Missouri, took advantage of the occa sion to make a few pertinent remarks i atient the threatened boom of Gov. Folk, of Missouri, for the Presidency on : the Democratic ticket. j "There is nothing we would like bet j ter," said Mr. Bartholdt. ' than to run Senator Warner against Gov. Folk, anil I will guarantee that Senator Warner 1 will earry the State of Missouri?Re | publicans. Democrats and all." Senator Warner wan called upon for a speech, after half a dozen of the ; speakers, including ("fen. Grosvcnor anil Speaker Cannon, had with great humor heartily indorsed him for the Presi dency. In keeping with his "true Mis souri modesty" he endeavored heroical ly to dispel the boom, but he was inter rupted by Speaker Cannon. "None of that." warned Fncle Joe. "We're all for you. Warner.** Whereupon the Senator declared that if the Whip-Poor-Wills wanted to get behind some real Presidential timber they would not have far to go." "I'm not mentioning any name;*." added Senator Warner, "but I am look ing right at the Speaker." This was the signal for another outburst of applause, and just such pleasantries as these oe eupied the entire evening. He likened the Presidential boom to Davy Crockett's highway; "first it was a macadamized avenue, then It dwin dled into a dirt road, then to a farm road, then to a path, then to a squirrel track, then up a tree and into a hole. Dut the veterans disapproved of this, and It was then that Uncle Joe Cannon broke in with his comment. Speaker Cannon spoke with singular impress!veness of his love for the vet eran soldiers of the country and of what the country owed them. He regretted that he had not been a "soldier of the Union/* but while he lived he would try to see that they had justice. He complimented the half a hundred vet erans present on the splendid manner in which they held their age. He cau tioned the veterans not to live in rem iniscences. "Never crawl up on the shelf." said he. "for while your past has been glorious there is work for you to do to-day. We are living in the pres ent, and not in the past, and we must be as much a power now as in the days of old. We read that the liberties of the American people are in danger, but I am not a pessimist. Fear not. com rades, the American people will solve the problems of the present and of the future, as they have solved the prob lems of the past." At midnight the banqueters adjourn ed after singing "America." Those present were: Senator William Warner. Gen. Chas. H. Grosvenor. Speaker Jos. Cannon. John McElroy, Gen. John C. Bates. Capt. W. M. Wright. Gen. John C. Black, Col. J. J. McCardy, Hon. Willis L. Moore, Gen. J. Warren Keifer, Capt. Henry A. Castle. Hon. W. A. Calder head, Kansas; H. C. Kirke; Hon. J. M. Miller, Kansas; Capt. L. M. Kelley. Hon. J. L. Davenport. John W. Bixler. George C. Royce, Col. Charles P. Lincoln, Col. John C. De Lane, Oklahoma; E. B. Payne, S. W. Hill. James K. Porter, Judge I. C. Kimball. N. N. McCullough. George E. Corson, A. B. Casselman, Charles Lyman, Maj. Charles D. A. Loeffler, R. G. Jenks. J. H. Jenks, Wal ter J. Brooks, Col. Fred Brackett, Dr. F. T. Howe. Maj. J. W. Wham. John D. Garrison, E. R. Campbell, L. D. Alden, F. S. Carmody. W. P. Saville. W. S. Chase, R. E. Grant. L. K. Brown. A. W. C. Richardson, William Howard Gib son, Capt. A. Hart. Col. N. M. Brooks. Paymaster Harry Sullivan, TT. S. N., Col. S. R. Burch, A. H. Van Deusen, Col. Nathan Bickford. Capt. William Clem Coulson. William M. Meredith, Maj. H. G. Jacobs. Hon. Richard Bartholdt, Gen. John R. King. Col. Thos. S. Hopkins. Col. B. H. Warner, Hon. Vespasian Warner. RISK OF THE HEX. The hen has heretofore had the usual hard luck of solid but unobtrusive merit. Although she has been abso lutely indispensable in many of the vital needs, necessaries and luxuries of life, ranging from the substantial breakfast dish of ham and eggs to the sustaining, soothing, but brain twirl ing egg-nogg, she has usually been re ferred to in terms of contumely and contempt. "Like a hen" is the most stinging commentary upon a man's in ability to keep his end up in anything. The time and way that a hen chooscs to cross a road has been time out of mind a figure of inopportuneness. A hen will lie alongside a road for hours without the slightest desire to cross it, until she hears a buggy coming. Then she gathers her skirts about her and makes a mad rush, just in time to be caught by the horse's feet or the buggy's wheels. The hen has always sung her own praises very volubly, especially after laying an egg. and her discourse is quite pleasant to listen to on a bright day, when the rest of Nature is in a happy mood. The Sec retary of Agriculture wrote quite a panegyric of her in his last report. Usually, however, all said about her in print and in conversation has been scandalous, defamatory and derisive. She has beaten the mother-in-law in the number of alleged funny para graphs about her senselessness, her toughness, her fondness for ruining her neighbor's gardens, her obstinacy in understanding that another of her sex wanted her to leave the premises, and her general silly cussedness. None of that literary laudation and love which the illustrated papers have given the horse, the cow, the dog and the pig" has been bestowed on the hen. Her day seems dawning at last, though. Last week a Plymouth Rock hen was sold for $750. Money talks loudly and without successful contradiction. This at. once puts the hen among the aristo crats of the animal kingdom. It is the largest price relatively that has ever been paid for a farm animal, even the famous $30,000 Jersey cow. and is on the same scale with the prices paid for fancy racers. It is as much as our forefathers thought a good farm was worth, and equal to two years of wages to an able-bodied farm hand. It is about the average yearly income of a doctor, lawyer or editor in the United States. Now let the sneers and derision of the humble but useful hen be drowned under the diapason of praise of her feminine beauty, virtue and worth. George Westinghouse, Jr., only son and heir of the Westinghouse millions, graduated from Yale last year and im mediately went to work as an appren tice in the Westinghouse Company's great establishment. He wears the or dinary clothes of the other apprentices and carries his dinner in a tin pall. The foremen and others are instructed to show absolutely no knowledge of ths fart ,x"< He is his father's son.