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WASHINGTON F06T0FFICE AS 8ECOND-CI ASf MATTF*.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FEB. 1, 1906.
Office: 339 Pennsylvania Avenue N. W.
The National Tribune has reason to be
lieve that all advertisers admitted to Its
columns are thoroughly reliable.
THE C'OMMANDER-IN-CHIEK'S MOVE
Commander-in-Chief Tanner will
leave Washington Feb. 10, for a visit
to a number of veteran gatheri gs. and
will be at the Vermont Department En
campment Feb. 20, probably* returning
to Washington on the 22d. He will be
accompanied by Adj't-Oen. Tweedale
and his staff.
A new parliamentary question was
raised at an all-night session of the
Australian Parliament by a member
solemnly putting to the Speaker as a
point of order: "Is an honorable mem
ber in order in snoring so loudly that
I cannot hear?"
Commissioner Garfield says that he
has "never had the slightest difficulty
in getting information about corpora
tions." No doubt about that, but about
the worth of the information there is
the most serious question.
One of the singular reasons alleged
for the vacation of the election of a
New York City Alderman is that he is
not a naturalized citizen. Think of
this in a city where the popular belief
Is that a residence of a few days is
only required to give a man the full
rights of citizenship.
Prof. Pickering, the head of the Har
vard University Observatory, is much
annoyed by the flood of inquiries as to
the sun-spots, and he says that they
ha\ e nothing like the value that popu
lar belief attributes to them. So far
as has been determined they have no
influence whatever upon this globe,
though they may be allied in some man
ner with our magnetic storms.
Russia is quieting down, but it Is ap
parently the exhaustion of weariness
and hunger. The people, without or
ganization or direction, without any
supplies of food, or any direction to
ward establishng a better Government,
are tired out, and will subside into sul
len submission, until something else
stirs them up again.
An attempt Ls being made to have
irginia adopt the Torrens Land system,
but it is meeting with strenuous oppo
sition, especially from the southwest
part of the State, where the people
fear that the development of the min
ing industries will be greatly embar
rassed by legal complications. The
I-cichmond Chamber of Commerce and
other business men have strongly in
dorsed the measure. It would fieem to
outsiders that what Virginia most needs
Is a proper survey of the lands of the
State and the establishment of lines
by which boundaries can be ascertained.
Virginia is still in the old complicated
and uncertain land system which has
been superseded, at least in the Western
States, by the simpler and exact system
put in force by the United States. In
\ irginia a man's boundary still starts
* from a certain white oak" on the bank
of a r-rer-k, follows the meanderings of
the creek so many rods to a locust and
then goes "east 20 degrees and 80
rods," anil so on and so on. The con
sequence of this is endless litigation,
and it would seem that the reform ot
the land system should begin there.
The men who manned the Mississippi
Ram Fleet have a bill before Congress
to put them on the same basis as sol
diers. with reference to the act of June
li, 1890. They were enlisted under
the Quartermaster's Department and by
orders of the War Department, and
they fought side by side with the sol
diers, taking all the chances that the
latter did and uoing just as effective
service. It is claimed that there is only
about 40 of these boatmen alive to-day
They are ail old and feeble and alsc
afflicted with poverty. They did greal
service at the battle of Memphis, Junt
6, 1862, and ran the batteries of Vicks
burg. Some of them were admitted tc
pensions up until the second Adminis
tration of Cleveland, when Hoke SmitI
ruled them out. These men were en^
listed in pursuance of the followim
order issued from the War Department
?'Charles Ellet, Jr.
You will pl^ftsc Prorpp^ i m
'? 1*l"sbur?- Cincinnati, Lni
rand take measures to pro
vide steam rams for defense again
Ironclad vessels on the Western waters
J*?.l.ru.ctio"s wiU be forwarded you bj
whlin Pitt8burg in conformity wit!
youtlw,u guide your proceedings
and from time to time receive such oth
er Instructions as may be required. A1
contracts and purchases will be mad<
by special Quartermasters to be ap
pointed to act with you, and all ex
penditures will be made by him am
under his direction. You will be com
pensated for your services at the rat?
of pay allowed by law for similar ser
vices to wit. $10 per day and mlleag*
at rate of 10 cents per mile.
"Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War."
THE MAXIV TRIAL.
Usually The National Tribune has the
most profound indifference to the doings
in what is popularly known "society"
in New York and Washington. The
people who make up these associations
are in no sense leaders. They are
merely those who have recently inher
ited or acquired money with which they
do not know what to do, and are using
it in various ways to make a sensation,
a * personal advertisement that they
h v wealth As a rule, they are peo
>??- who are nothing and have done
nothing worthy of mention. The real
sol'.o people of those cities, the men
and women who have a standing in the
communities for what they are. do not
belong to "society." They move quietly
in circles where they are well known,
and have not the slightest desire for
any trumpet-blowing, either about their
entertainments, their clothe4*, whether
or not they dock their horses, and a
multitude of other purely personal de
tails. It is the people who have noth
ing but money who are making all the
feverish furore. Naturally, there gath
ers around this crowd Hocks of harpies
and adventurers, who make a parasitic
living off them. One of these ways is
to publish a "society paper," full of
scandals, gossip, usually more or less
malicious, and "puffs" of some new
comer's social standing. It is vulgar,
noisy, pushing crowd, with a horde of
nasty hangers-on. Men and women of
sense and worth have as little as pos
sible to do with the "push," and the
"society paper" is about as tiresome
reading as one can imagine. The sen
sational suit in New York involving the
Town Topics, which has attained bad
eminence as the leader of this kind of
literature, brings out all this very clear
ly. The Town Topics was a distinctly
blackmailing sheet, and has made enor
mous money by terrorizing the vulgar,
pushing, scheming, characterless mem
bers of "society" with threats of ex
posure, and by flattering the vanity of
those ignorant and aspiring "climbers"
who were trying to break into the gild
ed mob. In a way the men and women
who were fleeced by the disreputable
sheet were deservedly punished. They
had many ugly things in their past, for
which they should have been held to
account. Probably they had not been
punishd in any other way. Many of
them were frightened into paying by
their guilty consciences. Still, blackmail
is a crime, the blackmailer frequently
robs innocent but timid people, he is
an enemy to the community, and should
be sternly repressed. The worst feature
about the case was that one of the
principal men of the Town Topics was
a Judge, who, after he left the. bench
for the day, went to the Town Topics
office to aid and direct the blackmailing.
For him no punishment can be too se
vere. He is already ruined forever in
reputation among decent men, and may
have added to this a term in the peni
tentiary. This is earnestly hoped for.
Probably Col. Mann, who has thus tar
nished a good record made in the ser
vice of his country, may also have a
period of leisure in the State Prison to
reflect upon the wickedness of his ways.
It wiU all make for cleaner journalism,
and rouses the hope that gilded no
bodies may be less obtrusive of their
tiresome personalities in the papers.
? ? ' ? m
PAYMENT FOR SLAVES.
With reference to a statement in
The National Tribune as to the Govern
ment paying for slaves freed under
Lincoln's proclamation, Capt. Edward
Webster informs us that the only slaves
paid for by the Government were those
held in the District of Columbia, which
were freed under a provision of an act
of Congress approved April 16, 1862,
abolishing slavery in the District. Capt.
"The slaves were to be appraised by
a board appointed for that purpose,
and %1.000,000 was appropriated to pay
for them. $100,000 was also appro
priated to aid in colonizing such of the
freedmen as wished to go to Hayti,
Liberia or other place outside the
limits of the United States.
"In the Spring of 1864 the Quarter
masters on duty at Camps Nelson and
Kurnside, Ky., paid the owners of
slaves for services on fortifications, but
in June or July of that year the same
slaves were listed in their own names
by the Quartermasters and payments
were made directly to them.
"As late as November, 1864, I was
for some days Acting Provost-Marshal
of the District of Kentucky at Paducah.
(Jen. Paine, then in command of the
Department, was having more or less
trouble with the slave-owners regard
ing the slave question. Steamers on
the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers
refused to permit people of color to
ride unless provided with passes signed
by their owners. This being reported,
1 was directed to stop it, and one morn
ing I tied a fleet of steamers to the
wharf and kept them there until free
travel was assured.
"From that time slavery was only
such in name. Its extinction reminds
me of, and is best illustrated by, the
story told by the owner of a brood of
chickens hatched out in the Winter.
He said they grew smaller and smaller!
but the blamed tilings did not die?
they just went out. However, the
amendment to the Constitution settled
the matter, and pay for slaves existed
only in the dreams of the late owners."
THE SOITHKRX STATES A*D THE
REV EM! E.
Editor National Tribune: A few
years ago the Southerners were com
plaining of being taxed to pay pensions
to Northern soldiers, and it was an
swered that the State of Illinois paid
more than all the Confederate States
put together. Can you give the figures
that show this??A. W. Snyder, Or
chard Park, N. Y.
For the fiscal year ended June 30,
1903, the States which composed the
late so-called Southern Confederacy paid
the following amounts of internal reve
Louisiana and Mississippi 5,892 369 46
North Carolina 4,994!96s!88
South Carolina 780,790 87
During the same year Illinois paid in
internal revenue taxes $51,892,703.18.
The State of Maryland is preparing
for the cruiser bearing the State's name
a magnificent silver service, which is
said to be the finest thing of the kind in
the world outside of one service of gold
In Italy. It consists of 48 pieces, upon
which are being engraved sketches from
the history of the State. It will be pre
sented about April 1, and a guard of
honor from the Naval Militia, will be on
duty with it from the time of it* com
pletion until !U presentation.
ENACTING ORDER 78.
It Is generally understood that the
present program is to incorporate a
clause in the Pension Appropriation Bill
formally enacting Order No. 78. This
will make it a part of the laws of the
land and independent of the change
of views of the President, Secretary of
the Interior or Commissioner of Pen
sions. It is intended that this amend
ment will make Order 78 be in force
and effect practically h Service Pension
Bill with an age qualification, so that a
man arriving at the age of 62 will be
regarded as pensionable from that fact
alone, if he has the other requirements,
and that as his age advances the pen
sion will be increased in accordance
with the provisions of the said order.
The manner in which the House anil
Senate may regard this amendment, and
whether it will be accepted in lieu of a
straight-out Service Pension Bill re
mains to be seen.
The following is the amendment pro
posed to be incorporated in the Appro
"And provided further, that age is a
permanent specific disability within the
meaning of the pension laws."
THE CAPTAIN OF THE .HLOCtM.
Capt. William H. Van Schaick, Mas
ter of the ill-fated steamer Gen. Slo
, cum, was sentenced last Saturday to 10
years' imprisonment. This was more
than 19 months after the tragedy which
shocked the whole country, and it does
not seem as if justice had been as ex
emplary as it should. Undoubtedly
Capt. Van Schaick deserved punish
ment, but there is a feeling that he has
been made a scapegoat and the really
guilty parties, his employers, the Presi
dent and Board of Directors of the
Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., should
be visited with a punishment much
greater than his. They have so far not
been criminally proceeded against. It
is not at all to the credit of New York
justice that this should be so. Capt.
Van Schaick was tried on three counts,
two of manslaughter and one for hav
ing failed to train his crew at weekly
fire drills or to maintain proper life
saving apparatus. It was on this last
count that the jury found him guilty,
having disagreed on the other two
counts. His counsel denounce the sen
tence as unjustifiably severe, and have
appealed the case. The public will be
better satisfied with a shorter sentence
for him and longer ones for the crimi
nally penurious managers, who did not
equip their vessel properly, but com
pelled the Captain to sail with what
they gave him.
The Republicans have only them
selves to blame for stirring up the ques
tion of Mr. Roosevelt succeeding him
self. Everything was quiet until Sena
tor Aldrich, without provocation, put
the question to Senator Bailey;
"Will the next Democratic Candidate
for President be Bryan or Hearst?"
Of course. Bailey, lawyer-like, an
swered by asking if Roosevelt would
be the Republican candidate, and Al
drich had to dodge.
Representative Rhodes, of Missouri,
has introduced a resolution to create a
roll of Volunteer Generals and pro
vide for the retirement of these with
the customary pay of officers of that
rank on the retired list. A petition
signed by 100 Generals of Volunteers
accompanied the resolution. Just why
Mr. Rhodes drew the line at Generals
is difficult to say. A General is no more
entitled to go upon the retired list than i
a Colonel, nor the Colonel than the
Major, and so on.
Senator Lodge has heretofore been
regarded as the President's principal
spokesman in the Senate, and to sen
timentally stand closer to the Chief Ex
ecutive than any other man in public
life. His emphatic and comprehensive
denial of any desire or will on the part
of the President to be ngain a candidate
for office ought to weigh more than any
number of reports from unauthorized
and probably imaginative persons as to
the probabilities and possibilities of
such a candidacy.
Editor National Tribune: I notice
that you are very ready to answer ques
tions concerning the civil war. I was
no soldier, but I take great interest in
The National Tribune and have been
subscribing to it about four years. I
am especially interested in everything
that relates to Lee's invasion of Penn
sylvania. I was about five years old at
that time and lived at Carlisle, Pa. 1
have a faint recollection of the pres
ence of the Confederates. The question
I want to ask is. Would the presence
of Stonewall Jackson at Gettysburg
have made any difference in the re
sult? What would have happened had
he been commanding his own corps
instead of its being divided between
Hill and Ewell? Especially what would
have been the result had be been in
command on the first day, when our
troops were not very well intrenched?
From what I have read of Stonewall
Jackson I believe he would have mad'*
more trouble for our army and might
have changed the result of the battle.?
G. H. Knettle, Ottawa, O.
This is rather futile speculation, and,
after -all, one man's opinion is no bet
ter than another's. The Editor of Tin
National Tribune believes that Stone
wall Jackson's presence at Gettysburg
would have made no substantial dif
ference in the history of that engage
ment. While Jackson was undoubt
edly a military man of unusual ability,
that ability was not transcendent, and
could not accomplish results at all
out of the reach of the men who were
in command of the Confederates at
Gettysburg. The Confederates and
others continually mistake the condi
tion of things on the afternoon of the
first day. While it is true that our men
had been defeated and driven back, it
was only after a contest of terrific stub
bornness, which left the assailants in as
badly demoralized condition us the
First and Eleventh Corps. The fight
ing had shattered Lee's forces, and It
was absolutely necessary for him to halt
and reorganize before making any fur
ther advance. Stonewall Jackson could
not have done any better than Ewell
and Hill did. He never really fought
as sharply contested an engagement as
that which occurred on the afternoon
of July 1, and In every battle In which
he participated he was repulsed or fell
back long before his losses reached
anything like the percentage of those
suffered by Ewell and Hill. Conse
quently, taking all that we know of
him, he would have been much more
likely to retreat, or at least stand still
and reform his lines than Ewell
and Hill. R. B. Lse mc dmif
that his r^en, were tn no condition
whatever for advance. They could
not have Meld< the bloody ground al
ready gained f?r an instant, if even a
small body9 of ..fresh troops had come
up. as Lee ha?jfcjreason to fear. There
fore he priffierflly gathered his men to
prepare against a return blow.
A man who filled a large space in the
public eye tor :an unusual number of
momentous cat's was Maj.-Gen. Joseph
Wheeler, who passed away at his sis
ter's home in New York, Jan. 27. Gen.
Joseph Wh'feler was born in Georgia
and appointed from New York to West
S Point, from which he was graduated in
the cla.*s of 1859. Members of that
class were Gens. William K. Merrill, M.
I D. Hardin, Norman J. Hall, C. H. Carl
ton and Edwin II. Stoughton, of the
Union army, and Gens. Lockett, Beck
ham and M. H. Wright., of the Confed
erate. He was brevetted a Second Lieu
tenant of the U. S. Dragoons, and at
MAJ.-GEN. JOE WHEELER.
the outbreak of the war was a Second
Lieutenant of the Mounted ltilles and
on leave of absence. He resigned April
22, 1861, to enter the Confederate army
as a Lieutenant of Artillery. He was
soon in command of a regiment, then of
a brigade, division and corps, and in
1862 was assigned to the command of
all the cavalry in the Confederate Army
of the Tennessee, which position he held
until the close of the war and was the
senior Cavalry General, at that time, of
the Confederate armies. He was ex
ceedingly pvomuient and active in all
the campaigns of the Army of the Cum
berland and, then in the forces opposed
to Sherman on the Atlanta campaign,
on the march to the sea and the march
through the Carolinas. At the close of
the war he became a planter and law
yer in Alabama, and was elected as a
Democrat to the 47th Congress. He
was re-elected t? the 49th, 50th, 51st,
52d, 53d, 54th, 55tli and 56th Con
gresses. At the outbreak of the Span
ish war Prudent McKinley appointed
him, May 4. 1&9S, Major-General of
i Volunteers, and he was assigned to the
command of the Cavalry Division which
went to Cuba. June 24, 1898, he, with
a force of 900 men, attacked and de
feated Lieut.-Gen. Linares at Las Gua
simas, the enemy bringing against him
over 2,000 regular Spanish troops. He
was the senior officer in command on
the fleld at San Juan. July 1 and 2, and
j was the senior member of the commis
sion which negotiated the surrender of
Santiago and 23,000 Spanish soldiers.
! Upon his return to the United States he
was put in command at Montauk, and
Oct. 5, 1898, was assigned to the com
; mand of the Fourth Corps. He was
appointed a Brigadier-General in the
?tegular Army April 12, 1899. In 1899,
i with the First Brigade, Second Division,
Eighth Corps, he fought the enemy in
several engagements, and captured
Porac and Bamban. He commanded in
various expeditions with entire success.
He was retired Sept. 10, 1900. The re
mains were brought to Washington and
given a regular military funeral accord
ing to his rank, and buried in Arlington.
Gen. Wheeler was a genial, attractive
man, who became very popular with all
classes. Though he lined up with the
Confederate Brigadiers in Congress, he
was thoroughly reconstructed, and nev
er failed to profess the greatest loyalty
to the Flag and entire acceptance of the
results of the war.
MOKtMEMT TO UIHZ.
Dec. 20, 1905, the Atlanta Constitu
tion published the following item:
"At the regular monthly meeting of
Atlanta Camp, No. 159, United Confed
erate Veterans, the following interest
ing and stirring resolutions, presented
by the committee named, relating to
the movement to erect a monument to
Capt. Henry Wirz, Commander at An
dersonvillo Prison during the war, who
was hanged by the Federals, were unan
"Whereas we have ever regarded his
execution by the frenzied fanatics who
were in control of the Federal Govern
ment at that time as an act of savage
"Whereas we feel that the erection
of a monument to his memory will be
a just tribute t?o a faithful, patriotic
Confederate oflicer, an innocent victim
of misrepresentation, perjury, and fiend
ish malignity, to a martyr who suffered
death in preference to bearing false
testimony against President Jefferson
Davis. Such a monument will, for all
ages to come, serve as a fitting rebuke
to such as wouldlin the hour of triumph
insult civilization by acts of cruelty."
This is the very limit of historical
perversion. 'There is not an atom of
truth in any of the assertions. Capt.
Henry Wirziwaa not hanged for obey
ing any legitimate orders, nor was he
badgered to get evidence against Jeff
Davis. He , was punished, as many
other men w?r? punished, for com
mitting acta, forbidden by the laws of
war. The evidence was abundant that
he had done so, and he did not plead In
his defense that he was specially
ordered to do as he did. Hla acta were
the offspring of his own petty, brutal
malignity. These were outside and In
exceaa of the general policy of starva
tion and maltreatment for which Jef
ferson Davis was responsible, and which
was proved beyond a doubt by the testi
mony of Confederate officers. The re
ports of Confederate Inspectors and
Surgeons showed the conditions of
things In the prison, and as they went
to Confederate headquarters the pre
sumption could not be escaped that Jef
ferson Davis had guilty knowledge of
what was being dons la Andersonville
and approved of It
HONOR SENATOR WARXKR.
The Vftrraa* of the Dlatrlet of Columbia j
An?fmhl(H( ?? Whip-Poor- Wills ttlv*
111m ii Kathualaiitlr Welcome.
A soldier's welcome, that is what the'
Whip-Poor-Wills of Washington gave
their Past Commander-in-Chief William
Warner, of Missouri, the other night.
He is a United States Senator now, from
the rock-ribbed rebel State, and it was
to celebrate this event that he got the
welcome. The hospitality was extended
him by the Whip-Poor-Wills nearly a
year ago. but Senator Warner had only
Just found time to uccept the honor.
11 took the shape of a banquet and re
ception at the Shoreham Hotel.
Covers were laid for 70 guests around
a l??ng I'-shaped table which was lav
ishly decorated with carnations and
ferns and directly facing the guests of
honor and the "Decemvirs" a great
Flag hung from a high-up balcony, its
folds sweeping the floor below.
The guest of honor, Senator Warner,
entered the banquet hall with the
Toastmaster of the evening, Past Senior
Vice Commander-in-Chief John Mc
Klroy, whose personal guest he was,
and followed by the Whip-Poor-Wills
and their guests.
It was a goodly crowd and recalled
many stirring scenes in its make-up.
There was Lieut.-Gen. John C. Bates,
now Chlef-of-Staff, who won his
laurels more than 4 0 years ago on many
a hard-fought held of battle; "Uncle
.Too" Cannon, Speaker of tiie House of
Representatives and second only to the
President of the United States in power;
not a veteran, but wearing many scars
won in the -'forensic field, and with a
heart so warm toward the men who
saved the Flag that he never loses a
chance to meet with them; Maj.-Gen. J.
Warren Keifer. the veteran Statesman
warrior who wears the medals of two
wars; Gen. Chas. II. Grosvenor, a vet
eran who finds few men worthy of hi*
steel either in war or politics; Col.
Vespasian Warner, Commisioner of
Pensions; Gen. John C. Black, and Gen.
John K. King, two Past Commanders
in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Re
public; Chas. H. Treat, United States
Treasurer; and three score others, all
men prominent in Grand Army and
business circles throughout the coun
| The program for the evening was en
tirely informal, and there was not a
slow moment during the four hours,
i At each plate lay a copy of the "United
States Intelligencer," on the first page
of which was a fine halftone of the
guest of honor, and on the next two
pages a biographical sketch of him.
On the last page was a sketch of the
The sketch of Senator Warner was
eulogistic of his career from boyhood.
"There is about the life story of
William Warner," it said, "that homely,
wholesome attractiveness found in the
1 biographies of Lincoln and the earlier
great men of the country.
"While it is not the slightest discredit
j to a man that he was born in a com
fortable, even luxurious home, and had
I every advantage that wealth could give
in obtaining his education, yet, some
how, the mind turns with a quicker,
| stronger, more sympathetic warmth to
him who has
| " 'broken his birth's invidious bars'?
and by worth and will risen through
every stage and condition to leadership
among the highest in the land. Man
hood's highest test has been made, the
touchstone has been passed which ap
proves only true gold, when a man be
ginning at the bottom is continually
called higher, because he has done so
well wherever placed.
"There was never less of a self-seeker
than William Warner. Plotting and
scheming for his own advancement are
as unknown" to him as an inscription
upon an Egyptian tomb. All the time
1 he has been a simple, earnest, sincere
(American?a man of extraordinary
Ir.bility and force of character, warmly
j sympathetic with what those around
him were stri\lng to do for themselves,
the community and the country. There
fore we find him all the time pushed
fcrward Into leadership by his com
( pardons, comrades, and fellow-citizens,
not because of his seeking to be more
than a mere worker In the cause with
his fellow-citizens, but because they
have recognized that he was the fittest
among them to go to the front and give
I direction. Thus we find him enlisted
( with his schoolmates in Co. C, 38d Wis.,
I and becoming a Lieutenant by their
choice. Then his Colonel selects him
from among his Lieutenants as the fit
test man for Adjutant of the regiment.
And he serves as such with greatest
acceptability until the men of Co. D de
mand him for their Captain. As the
commander of Co. D in the VIcksbuig
campaign he showed his untiring zeal,
sueh courage and so much soldierly
ability as to win favorable comments
from all his superior officers and receive
an Invitation from Gen. T. Kilby Smith,
one of the most accomplished of sol
diers and knightliest of men in the
glorious old Army of the Tennessee, to
jo hi his staff. It was a high compli
ment to be selected by Kilby Smith for
one of his military family, for Smith
was a man of the highest class and
surrounded himself only with sueh.
"('apt. William Warner was Kilby
Smith's Chief-of-Staff on the Tied River
enmpaign, giving the utmost satisfac
tion to the General and his command
until the pleasant association was re
gretfully severed by Warner to accept
a commission as Major in the 44th Wis.
pressed upon him by the Governor of
his State. He was retained In the army
until Sept. 2. 1865, and when he left
the service it was with the friendship
and esteem of every man who had been
connected with him during the great
"Maj. Warner settled in Kansas City,
and to the practice of the law. The
same qualities of doing honestly, earn
estly, and well whatever lay nearest his
hand brought him to the front in civil
life as in the army. He soon became
a leader among the Republicans and
Union lovers of that section of the State,
ond was drawn into politics by them
(rather than pushed himself in). Al
though the Democrats were greatly In
the majority, he was elected, first,
Prosecutor of the County, next of a cir
cuit of Counties, and then Mayor of
Kansas City. In each of these positions
he grew in the esteem of his fellow
citizens and was put forward to lead
the Republican ticket in a race for
Congress. There could be little ex
pectation of his election, since the nor
mal Democratic majority was 4,000, but
when the votes were counted it was
found he had been elected by 1,500.
He repeated this astonishing perform
ance two years later, being elected by
an increased majority. At the conclu
sion of that term he announced his re
tirement from politics, but was not long
suffered to enjoy the retirement that
he sought. President Harrison pressed
upon him the Commissionership of
Pensions, which he declined, but Pres
ident McKinley appointed him U. S.
District Attorney, which he felt it his
duty to accept. He led the Republicans
of Missouri in a hopeless race for the
Governorship, and at every Senatorial
election while the Republicans were In
the minority, they paid him the com
pliment of voting for him for United
States Senator. When the Republicans
finally carried the State and had a Sen
atorshlp to dispose of, there were many
candidates bitterly contesting for the
office. William Warner was not among
them. He announced that he would
support the caucus nominee and kept
his pledge faithfully, even when the
Senatorshlp was first offered to him.
saying with proud integrity, *1 will not
accept the place at the price of treach
ery/ Hie proper reward came when
the rival contestants, having fought one
another to a finish, all joined to elect
Ma], Warner by acclamation. A Sena
torship never came more honorably to
any man than to William Warner.
"It was the same way In the Grand
Army of the Republic. Maj. Warner
saw the desirability of an organisation
among those who had served faithfully
in the Union army and joined with
others to establish the O. A. R. Order
tn Kansas City. It came about In the
mast natural way that ha should be
elected as their Post Commander and
then his comrade* became enthusiastic
for him for Commander of the Depart-;
ment of Missouri, G. A. It. The next
logical step was that the comrades in
the wider field of the Department when
they became acquainted with his merits
should t>e eager to advance him to the
highest position iu the Order, making
him in succession. Senior Vice Com
mander-in-Chief, anil Commander-in
"In all these various places he was
an eminent success. The National Kn
campment of the Grand Army ??f the
Republic has n?> superior among the
deliberative bodies of the world in dig
nity, ability and forcefulness. His pre
siding over the National Encampment
at Milwaukee will be long remembered
by every one there as a parliamentary
"In a time when the air was heavy
with crimination ami recrimination, and
of political corruption, the election of
William Warner came like a rift of
pure, bright. life-giving sunshine
through a cloud of mephitic exhalations,
it was a bow of promise to believers in
better things. It was as stainless as it
was unexpected. For once office ha.l
sought and found the worthiest man.
livery one who hoped for political puri
fication took fresh heart.
"There are various types of honesty.
There are men who are honest to the
exact limitation of the letter of the
statute. There are still more who are
conventionally honest. That is, be
cause it is good form. There are many
who are honest from a shrewd appre
ciation that honesty is the best policy.
Comrade Warner's honesty is that of
the great mass of genuine Americans,
who are honest for the supreme reason
that it is right. His honesty and their
honesty is natural, spontaneous, uncal
culated, unpremeditated as their breath.
To think anything else requires an ef
fort. To do it an awkward strain.
They have more wonder than scorn at
dishonesty in other men. amazement
that men should so befoul their birth
right of manhood. Senator Warner and
they cannot conceive any merit in be
ing honest; there is simply nothing else.
"ltuskin, in his beautiful essay upon
'The Crown of Wild Olives,' explained
the use and value of this most prized
decoration to the Greeks. The wrild
olive grows upon the scanty soil of the
storm-beaten clifTs, with its life a con
stant struggle, but it bears flowers of
delicate whiteness and the most subtle
fragrance. It was bestowed in his
later years upon a man who had worthi
ly met every requirement upon him by
country, community, family and friends.
It meant the highest fidelity in ever>
relation of life. Fidelity to friendship,
loyalty in love, truth to all mankind,
lofty patriotism and self-sacrifice to
"Such a crown is William Warner's."
And then came the story of how the
"Whip-Poor-Wills," a purely fun-loving
crowd of veterans of the District of Co"
lumbia, came into being.
"In the days of long ago?in the days
when the now dead and gone 19th cen
tury was only becoming eligible under
Order 78 for a quarter pension for age,
and we were making a business of
hunting trouble and Johnnies among
our most constant companions were the
"It is true that we had other even
more constant companions, whom we
could not get rid of except by boiling
our clothes, but we do not mention
them now in polite society. The Whip
poor-will was as certain to come
around as reveille and tattoo, and he
had more mouth than a brigade wagon
master. He had a heap to say about
"When on picket at midnight we saw
rebels 10 feet high advancing on us
with guns as long as a fence-rail, the
watchful Whip-poor-will voiced our
"When slipping unobstrusively back
to camp with the pride of some loyal
Southerner's pig-pen the Whip-poor
will yelled at every step what the
Colonel woulld do to us if he caught us.
which he probably' did.
"When swapping lies around the
camp-fire, the Whip-poor-will's derisive
comments sifted in after each story.
"When coming back dejectedly from
seeing the mail sorted at the Chaplain's
tent, with no letter from our best girl,
the Whip-poor-will sang in our ears
that we were freckled, and big-footed,
and not even in the also-ran class with
that kind of a girl.
"When the Orderly-Sergeant tram
pled on our finest feelings, and cried
aloud that we were not worth the salt
in our hardtack, the Whip-poor-will
mocked us for leaving a comfortable
home, to carry part of the Springfield
arsenal and a bag of condemned gro
ceries over muddy roads for $13 a
"But after a fight was won and we
lay down in proud content on the State
of Virginia for a bedstead, and the star
gemmed sky for a coverlet, the W hip
poor-will cooed that we were the brav
est boys that ever lived, and that our
relations would be mighty proud of us
when they knew all about it.
"So the Whip-poor-will was everlast
ingly butting in. The loud trill of his
bazoo was the certain chorus to every
thing we said and mingled with every
thought and emotion. His persistent
notes chorded alike with our hopes and
our fears, our joys and our sorrows.
He joined in with the fierce rebel yell
of the assault, and the rolling Union
cheers of victory. He was bright and
cheerful when we were happy, dismal
when we were defeated and despond
ent. He was the last thing heard after
'taps' at night and the first thing be
fore reveille in the morning. His voice
was the same in Virginia as in Ken
tucky. It changed not when we march
ed from Mississippi to Georgia and the
Carol in as.
"Besides this long an intimate asso
ciation with the memories of the days
when we went soldiering, there are
other reasons for this selection of the
Whip-poor-will as the emblem of our
"The Whip-poor-will is a strictly noc
"He is at his best when the evening
"Audubon says that he has the mpst
mouth of any known bird.
"His French name is 'Wind-swallow
er,' which seems to indicate his fitness
for consumption of after-dinner speech
"He is so impartial-minded that he
heats even the cunning politicians, and
sits lengthwise of the fence.
"Therefore, we who in the period in
our country's history between the fir
ing of the fateful gun on Fort Sumter
and the memorable meeting under the
Appomattox apple tree, roosted in the
same coop with the Whip-poor-will, and
frequently disputed with him the pos
session of the top-rail, have, so to
speak, adopted as our 'State flower' the
The Toastmaster of the evening was
Speaker Cannon prefaced his remarks
by stating that he had come to Wash
ington with a high regard for "John
McElroy," the Editor of The National
Tribune, because a veteran in his Dis
trict in Illinois had talked so much
about him, and of his great work in
Andersonville in helping to rid the
prison of the vicious men who terror
ized the prisoners, and also because of
the great book which he had written
about that prison-pen.
Of course, there was music, and the
"Sweet Singer in Israel," Col. George
Ross, presented "Joe Bowers, or I'm
from Ol' Missoury, all the way from
Pike," in costume. He created quite a
diversion by knocking at the door of
the banquet hall, and declaring that ho
was stranded and wanted to find some
friends. He asked first for "Bill War
ner" and then for "Charley Black,"
whereat the two Past Commanders-in
Chief began to laugh; then he sang
the famous old minstrel song which
used to charm fully 50 years ago.
There were many speeches, some dos
en or more, and not a tiresome or out
of-place one among them. The
more notable ones were made by
Speaker Cannon. Gen. Oromnor. Jm4?
Calderhead. Oen. Keffer, Represent?
t*\o llartholdt. of Missouri: Gen. lUitM,
Judtcp Ivory t!. Kimball, (Jon. John C.
I.luck. RepresentatIve J. If. Miller and
Willi* I.. Moore.
When the utterance* particuarly
pleased the Whip-Poor-WilK they an
nounced it by the heating of gong* aiul
the shrill note* of the Whip-poor-will
on ivory whistles with Vhich they were
provided. each making as much noise
as a whole covey of the nigut bird*.
The Whip-Poor-Wills enM"ju*ia?fllcnl
ly indorsed (J?-n. Grosvcnor for another
term in Congress, and declart'il it would
?ho a sin and a shame if he was not re
elected by Ins District in the Buckeye
? State. Representative Bartholdt. of
Missouri, took advantage of the occa
sion to make a few pertinent remarks
i atient the threatened boom of Gov.
Folk, of Missouri, for the Presidency on
: the Democratic ticket.
j "There is nothing we would like bet
j ter," said Mr. Bartholdt. ' than to run
Senator Warner against Gov. Folk, anil
I will guarantee that Senator Warner
1 will earry the State of Missouri?Re
| publicans. Democrats and all."
Senator Warner wan called upon for
a speech, after half a dozen of the
; speakers, including ("fen. Grosvcnor anil
Speaker Cannon, had with great humor
heartily indorsed him for the Presi
dency. In keeping with his "true Mis
souri modesty" he endeavored heroical
ly to dispel the boom, but he was inter
rupted by Speaker Cannon.
"None of that." warned Fncle Joe.
"We're all for you. Warner.**
Whereupon the Senator declared that
if the Whip-Poor-Wills wanted to get
behind some real Presidential timber
they would not have far to go."
"I'm not mentioning any name;*."
added Senator Warner, "but I am look
ing right at the Speaker." This was the
signal for another outburst of applause,
and just such pleasantries as these oe
eupied the entire evening.
He likened the Presidential boom to
Davy Crockett's highway; "first it was
a macadamized avenue, then It dwin
dled into a dirt road, then to a farm
road, then to a path, then to a squirrel
track, then up a tree and into a hole.
Dut the veterans disapproved of this,
and It was then that Uncle Joe Cannon
broke in with his comment.
Speaker Cannon spoke with singular
impress!veness of his love for the vet
eran soldiers of the country and of what
the country owed them. He regretted
that he had not been a "soldier of the
Union/* but while he lived he would
try to see that they had justice. He
complimented the half a hundred vet
erans present on the splendid manner
in which they held their age. He cau
tioned the veterans not to live in rem
iniscences. "Never crawl up on the
shelf." said he. "for while your past
has been glorious there is work for you
to do to-day. We are living in the pres
ent, and not in the past, and we must
be as much a power now as in the days
of old. We read that the liberties of
the American people are in danger, but
I am not a pessimist. Fear not. com
rades, the American people will solve
the problems of the present and of the
future, as they have solved the prob
lems of the past."
At midnight the banqueters adjourn
ed after singing "America."
Those present were: Senator William
Warner. Gen. Chas. H. Grosvenor.
Speaker Jos. Cannon. John McElroy,
Gen. John C. Bates. Capt. W.
M. Wright. Gen. John C. Black,
Col. J. J. McCardy, Hon. Willis L.
Moore, Gen. J. Warren Keifer, Capt.
Henry A. Castle. Hon. W. A. Calder
head, Kansas; H. C. Kirke; Hon. J. M.
Miller, Kansas; Capt. L. M. Kelley. Hon.
J. L. Davenport. John W. Bixler. George
C. Royce, Col. Charles P. Lincoln, Col.
John C. De Lane, Oklahoma; E. B.
Payne, S. W. Hill. James K. Porter,
Judge I. C. Kimball. N. N. McCullough.
George E. Corson, A. B. Casselman,
Charles Lyman, Maj. Charles D. A.
Loeffler, R. G. Jenks. J. H. Jenks, Wal
ter J. Brooks, Col. Fred Brackett, Dr.
F. T. Howe. Maj. J. W. Wham. John D.
Garrison, E. R. Campbell, L. D. Alden,
F. S. Carmody. W. P. Saville. W. S.
Chase, R. E. Grant. L. K. Brown. A. W.
C. Richardson, William Howard Gib
son, Capt. A. Hart. Col. N. M. Brooks.
Paymaster Harry Sullivan, TT. S. N., Col.
S. R. Burch, A. H. Van Deusen, Col.
Nathan Bickford. Capt. William Clem
Coulson. William M. Meredith, Maj. H.
G. Jacobs. Hon. Richard Bartholdt, Gen.
John R. King. Col. Thos. S. Hopkins.
Col. B. H. Warner, Hon. Vespasian
RISK OF THE HEX.
The hen has heretofore had the usual
hard luck of solid but unobtrusive
merit. Although she has been abso
lutely indispensable in many of the
vital needs, necessaries and luxuries
of life, ranging from the substantial
breakfast dish of ham and eggs to the
sustaining, soothing, but brain twirl
ing egg-nogg, she has usually been re
ferred to in terms of contumely and
contempt. "Like a hen" is the most
stinging commentary upon a man's in
ability to keep his end up in anything.
The time and way that a hen chooscs
to cross a road has been time out of
mind a figure of inopportuneness. A
hen will lie alongside a road for hours
without the slightest desire to cross it,
until she hears a buggy coming. Then
she gathers her skirts about her and
makes a mad rush, just in time to
be caught by the horse's feet or the
buggy's wheels. The hen has always
sung her own praises very volubly,
especially after laying an egg. and her
discourse is quite pleasant to listen to
on a bright day, when the rest of
Nature is in a happy mood. The Sec
retary of Agriculture wrote quite a
panegyric of her in his last report.
Usually, however, all said about her in
print and in conversation has been
scandalous, defamatory and derisive.
She has beaten the mother-in-law in
the number of alleged funny para
graphs about her senselessness, her
toughness, her fondness for ruining her
neighbor's gardens, her obstinacy in
understanding that another of her sex
wanted her to leave the premises, and
her general silly cussedness. None of
that literary laudation and love which
the illustrated papers have given the
horse, the cow, the dog and the pig"
has been bestowed on the hen. Her
day seems dawning at last, though.
Last week a Plymouth Rock hen was
sold for $750. Money talks loudly and
without successful contradiction. This
at. once puts the hen among the aristo
crats of the animal kingdom. It is the
largest price relatively that has ever
been paid for a farm animal, even the
famous $30,000 Jersey cow. and is on
the same scale with the prices paid for
fancy racers. It is as much as our
forefathers thought a good farm was
worth, and equal to two years of wages
to an able-bodied farm hand. It is
about the average yearly income of a
doctor, lawyer or editor in the United
States. Now let the sneers and derision
of the humble but useful hen be
drowned under the diapason of praise
of her feminine beauty, virtue and
George Westinghouse, Jr., only son
and heir of the Westinghouse millions,
graduated from Yale last year and im
mediately went to work as an appren
tice in the Westinghouse Company's
great establishment. He wears the or
dinary clothes of the other apprentices
and carries his dinner in a tin pall. The
foremen and others are instructed to
show absolutely no knowledge of ths
fart ,x"< He is his father's son.
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