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THE SPIRIT OF CONGRESS.
Some of the More Notable Pro ceedings of the Week. Stnatf. Monday, Jan. 22.?The question of regulating railroad rates occupied prac tically all of the time of the Senate, to the exclusion of everything else. The galleries were crowded in anticipation of Mr. Spooner making a speech in de fense of the Administration's course in Santo Domingo, but the Wisconsin Sen ator did not have an opportunity to speak, by reason of the prolonged dis cussion aroused by Mr. Clay's argu ment for railroad rate legislation. Mr. Gallinger tried ineffectually to have a date set for a vote on his ship subsidy bill. Hon ae. The House resumed consideration of the urgent deficiency bill without con cluding that measure. When the item appropriating funds for the Panama Canal Commission was j-eached, Mr. Williams, minority leader, made a sensational speech attacking the rod-tape that bound up ths! project, and declared there was great danger of i a repetition of the French scandals in connection with the canal work. Senate. Jan. 23.?Mr. Spooner (Wis.) con sumed most of the Senate's session in an elaborate defense of the President In the Morocco and Santo Domingo questions. He was repeatedly inter rupted by Mr. Tillman (S. C.), and was followed by Mr. Culberson (Tex.) in a brief speech arraigning the President for "usurping the power of the Senate over the Santo Domingo treaty." House. Another day was consumed in the House in the consideration of the ur gent deficiency bill without final ac tion. The debate developed much criticism of the alleged extravagance of the Navy Department and the diversion of the fund for repair and maintenance of ma chinery to other purposes. On a point of order the effort of the committee to strike out the eight-hour restriction relative to labor on the Pan ama Canal was defeated. Senate. Jan. 24.?Practically the entire ses sion of the Senate was devoted to a dis cussion of the Administration's course In Santo Domingo and its participation in the Moroccan Conference. Mr. Lodge presented an elaborate and earnest de fense of the President's action in both of these matters, and held the close at tention of the Senate for nearly two hours. House. By a vote of 192 to 165 the organiza tion of the House was upheld, and the Joint Statehood bill brought before that body with a rule prohibiting amend ments of any sort. Senate. Jan. 25.?Foreign affairs occupied nearly the entire session of the Senate. Mr. Money (Miss.) delivered an elabo rate address on the Moroccan and Dominican questions. Mr. Heyburn (Idaho) spoke to his resolution for the annexation of Santo Domingo to the United States. House. The Statehood bill providing for the admission of Oklahoma and Indian Territory as one State, and New Mexico and Arizona as another, was passed by the House by a vote of 194 to 150. House. Jan. 26.?The House passed the ur gent deficiency bill, the yea-and-nay vote on the proposition to waive the eight-hour law, so far as it relates to alien labor on the Panama Canal, being 120 to 108, with 19 Republicans voting against their party. The remainder of the day was spent In passing 262 private pension bills, thus clearing up the calendar. The Senate was not in session. GEN. BARK SD ALE. One of the Men Who Relieved Him on the Field Heurd From. Editor National Tribune: I noticed recently in your paper an inquiry made by a comrade as to whether there were any comrades living who helped him carry Gen. Barksdale, ex-United States Senator from Mississippi, off the field after the second day's battle at Gettys burg. About dusk that evening I was in charge of a squad from my regiment, each of us carrying a canteen filled with water. We were instructed to go out over the field and give drink to the wounded. Approaching a leveled fence we noticed a prominent-looking Con federate officer leaning against a little pile of rails. He was bleeding and weak from his wounds and loss of blood. We gave him water and he drank copiously from a Yankee can teen. At that moment Capt. James E. Smith, of the 4th N. Y. Independent Battery, stepped up and told me who the distinguished Confederate officer was. We left him a filled canteen, which In his weakened condition he could only thank us for with a polite nod of "his head. We passed on, distributing our supply of water, and when we returned to the spot where we had left the General wt found that he had been removed. Just six years after this occurrence 1 remov ed to Nebraska, and casually relating this circumstance in the presence of Capt. Smith you can imagine his sur prise at meeting one of that merciful water squad so far away from the bloody field of Gettysburg.?J. W. F. Williams, Washington, D. C. The ftMth Ohio. Editor National Tribune: I have been a subscriber and reader of The National Tribune for many years, and do not feel that I qmild do without it. 1 was a member of trie 98th Ohio, and followed the fortunes and misfortunes of that regiment almost three years. I would be pleased if you would give a short sketch of the organization, etc., of the 98th Ohio.?W. H. Wright, Co. H, 98th Ohio, Findlay, Ohio. The 98th Ohio was organized at Steubenville, Aug. 20, 1862, and mus tered out June 1. 1865. It was a fight ing regiment, and lost 120 killed, 11 died In rebel prisons and 116 from dis ease out of a total enrollment of 1,152. The first Colonel was George Webster, who was killed at Perryville, and suc ceeded by Coi. Christian L. Poorman, who resigned and was succeeded by John S. Pearce, who was brevetted a Brigadier-General. The 98th Ohio be longed to Davis's Division, Fourteenth Corps, Army of the Cumberland.? Editor National Tribune. Tho 15th Mnss. Editor National Tribune: Comrade E. A. Hibbard, Claremont, N. H., wishes to see the record of the 15th Mass. printed in The National Tribune. He has been looking for it for a long time. The 15th Mass. was a fighting regi ment, and belonged to Gibbon's Divi sion, Second Corps, Army of the Poto mac. It was organized at Worcester from July 12, 1861, and mustered out July 28, 1864, with the veterans and recruits being transferred to the 20th Mass. The first Colonel was Charles Devens. who was brevetted a Major General and succeeded by Col. George H. Ward, who was brevetted a Briga dier-General and killed. He was succeeded by Col. George C. Joslin. Out of a total enrollment of 1,701 the regi ment lost 241 killed, or 14.1 par cent., with 12 dying in Confederate prisons and *0 from diseasa.?Editor National THbune. 'WINCHESTER TO APPOMATTOX. (Continued from p?c? 1) of disarmed Confederates and the dis ordered ranks of our .troops. As we press forward in pursuit tlie rays of the setting sun fall athwart a war picture of surpassing interest, the outlines of which are still vivid. Broad fields stre?#h before us. on the farther side of which the disordered remnant of the enemy's forces are disappearing; some squadrons of his cavalry are com ing into line in the distant open ground, as though resolved on some heroic act of devotion; our conquering forces, cav alry and infantry, are pressing forward on all sides; then the light fades, the bold squadrons wheel about and disap pear. and pursuers and pursued are swallowed up in the twilight shades of evening. Bivouacking on the Battlefield. Effective pursuit in the darkness of night, through an unknown region, is impossible, and the cavalry is entitled to a night's rest: so our faces are turned toward the battlefield, where we strip the saddles from the backs of our tired horses and seek such rest as may be possible in the midst of the confusion which surrounds us, Trumpet calls In every possioie combination of notes, division calls, brigade calls, regimental calls; shouted inquiries for their regi ments by lost footmen and horsemen, shouted information by officers zealous to find their missing men; shouted jests, rough but good-natured, between the captured Johnnies and the jubilant Yanks; staff officers dashing about re gardless of incipient camps, or tin cups of boiling coffee?all contributed to produce a complete pandemonium. At length the excitement wears itself out; camp-fires grow dim and expire, sleep comes to the tired soldier without much wooing, and quiet reigns, except at headquarters, where work for the mor row is being laid out, and at the hospi tals, where the work of the day affords sorrowful occupation. In this battle the Fifth Corps and Sheridan's Cavalry had been op posed to five brigades of Anderson's Corps and Fitz Hugh Lee's Cavalry, the whole force being commanded by Gen. Pickett. The victory for the Union troops could hardly have been more complete. Although the numbers en gaged were comparatively insignificant, it was the decisive battle of the war, insuring, as it did, the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, with the consequent surrender of the most pow erful army of the Confederacy. The Monientoui April 2, 1865. The troops were on the move prompt ly at daylight on April 1, that memor able Sunday, so filled with direful fate for the Southern Confederacy. The fighting of the day at our end of the line fell chiefly to Miles's Division of the Second Corps, which was sent to Gen. Sheridan as soon as the news of the victory at Five Forks had been re ceived. He found the enemy in consid erable force at the junction of the Clai borne and White Oak roads, and at tacking promptly, drove him off in the direction of Sutherland's Depot. The Fifth Corps struck the South Side Rail road at Ford's Station, where a long line of recently-constructed works was found abandoned; the cavalry, crossing the railroad further to the east, pushed the retreating squadrons of the enemy, with an occasional sharp skirmish, in the direction of Namozine Creek. During the day many stragglers from the routed divisions of Pickett and Johnson, who had evidently lost faith in the Confederacy, were gathered in. Evening found us at Scott's Corners near the crossing of Namozine Creek, where Fitz Lee's Cavalry, reinforced by infantry and artillery, and aided by the advancing shades of night, had de cided to risk a halt. Darkness covered everything, when the Reserve Brigade was dismounted and deployed in thick timber, on ground entirely unexplored and unknown. An advance was attempted, but the deter mined and destructive fire which was elicited, and the difficulties incident to the obscurity of the night, soon brought things to a standstill. The 1st U. S. Cav. was then mounted and sent off to the right, through the woods, to demon strate against the enemy's left. Mov ing quietly through the dense timber and underbrush, an open field was at last reached, and from out the dark ness flashed two or three angry shots, indicating that our closer acquaintance was not desired. The leading squadron was noiselessly deployed, with pistols drawn, and in low and careful tones in structed, at a given signal, to das'i across the field with a yell. The signal (a pistol-shot and the command "Charge") was given, and the squad ron dashed forward. At least it started forward; but how many troopers reach ed the opposite side will never be known. The signal for the charge was also a signal for the enemy, and a blaze of light from the fire of a long line in our front, followed by the rapid dis charges of several pieces of artillery, convinced our men that they would not be able to carry the position, and they immediately proceeded to rally to the rear under cover of the sheltering tim ber. The reserve squadron (the regi ment at this time had but two) had kept its place in the woods at the edge of the open ground, and as it was found that the fire of the enemy was passing harmlessly above amidst the branches [ of the trees, it was thought prudent to I keep it quietly in its place until the alarm of our excitable neighbors across the field should have subsided. They, however, kept up a great racket for half an hour or more, their shells and round-shot calling forth anathemas from the men of the other brigades in rear, who were disturbed In their ef forts to make their coffee. Things finally quieted down, camp was made, everybody being well satis fied to postpone the settlement of the dispute until daylight. This was one of those little affairs which are hardly mentioned in the reports. In which no glory is won, but which are constantly falling to the lot of the cavalry as a part of its legitimate work, and which add continually to the aggregate of its casualties. In this affair the 1st II. S. Cav. lost its Adjutant, Lieut. A. 8. Clarke, severely wounded, and several men and horses. The Fall of Richmond. We were in the saddle bright and early on the morning of the 3d, and found everything clear In our front. As the column moved out on, the road the Joyful news was passed along that Lee's army was in full retreat, and that Richmond was ours. The condition of the road also proclaimed, unmistakably, that we were close In the wake of a retreating army. Stragglers in butter nut and gray uniforms in all stages of dilapidation were picked up In squads? the woods were literally full of them. The way was littered with brokendown wagons, muskets, camp utensils, and discarded equipments of all sorts. Fires had been started In the brush by the roadside, and an abundance of artillery ammunition being scattered about, an occasional unexpected explosion added to the interest and excitement of the occasion. Three pieces of artillery were found concealed In the woods, some distance from the road, and farther on we came across the caissons and lim bers which had furnished the loose am munition. Custer's Division had the advance, ahd the rattle of his carbines was soon heard as he drove before him Fitz Lee's skirmishers. The exhilarating news of the morning had rendered Custer's men impatient of any delay, and as the rear guard of the retreating army became imprudently slow in its withdrawal, the gallop was taken and a brigade ridden down with the loss of Its commander and many prisoners. Toward evening Fits Lee's Cavalry halted in a strong position at Deep Creek, where, with the assistance of some infantry, he hoped to repeat the performance of the pre vious evening. He was, however, dis ' appointed, mm tha rear divisions being A short history of a Notable Regiment will appear each week. A. :t A Fighting Regiment. Copyright by William F. Fox, Albany, N. Y., 1889. .? 1 Three Hundred Fighting Regiments. TWENTY-SECOND ILLINOIS INFANTRY. ? Harker's Brigade ? Sheridan's Division ? Fourth Corps. (1) Coloket, HENRY DOUGHERTY. 42) Colonel FRANCIS SWANWICK. Companies. KiLLrtp and Died or Worst)!". Died of Disease, Accidents, In Prison, Jtc. Officers. Field and Staff. Company A ... B... C... D... E... F... G... H... I ... K... Totals. Men. I 11 12 12 *3 *9 *7 12 12 II 25 T45 Total. I 11 12 12 14 *9 *7 12 12 12 25 147 Officers. Men. 9 8 8 *3 io JO 6 J7 io io ioi Total. I IO 8 8 13 io io 6 17 io IO 103 Tota! Enrollment. 16 IO9 I03 io5 118 131 103 98 126 94 120 1,123 147 killed 13.0 per cent. Total of killed and wounded, 424 ; total of missing and captured, 124 ; died in Confederate prisons (previously in eluded), 16. K. & M.W 3 37 Batti.es. K.&M.W. Missionary Ridge, Tenn 3 Resaca, Ga : 4 New Hope Church, Ga 3 Place unknown 2 Battles. Charleston, Mo. (5 Cos.) Belmont, Mo. (7 Cos.) Farmington, Miss 5 Stone's River, Tenn 43 Chickamauga, Ga 42 Present, also, at the Siege of Corinth; Mew Madrid; Island No. 10; Tiptonville; Rocky Face Ridge; Adairsville. Notes.? Organized at Belleville, May 11, 1861 ; mustered in June 25th, and left the State July 11, proceed ing to Bird's Point, Mo. On the 19th of August following, five companies made a successful night attack on the enemy at Charleston, Mo., capturing many prisoners and horses. It was actively engaged at the battle of Belmont, Mo., Nov. 7, 1861, losing there 23 killed, 74 wounded, and 37 missing, out of seven companies engaged,? three companies having been left to guard the transports. After participating in the Siege of Corinth, the regiment performed guard duty along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, until September, 1862, when it fell back to Nashville. At the battle of Stone's River it lost 21 killed, 116 wounded, and 56 missing, out of 312 present in that action; the regiment uas then in Roberts's (3d) Brigade, Sheridan's (3d) Division, McCook's Corps. At Chickamauga it lost 23 killed, 76 wounded, and 31 missing, out of less than 300 engaged. Upon the re-organization of the Army of the Cumberland, in October, 1863, the Twenty-second was placed in Harker's (3d) Brigade, Sheridan's (2nd) Division, Fourth Corps, and with that division was engaged in the storming of Mis sionary Ridge. After that battle the remnant of the regiment marched to the relief of Knoxville, and then passed the winter of 1863-4 in the mountains of East Tennessee. In May, 1864, it marched with Sheridan on the Atlanta campaign, the little regiment sharing ili all the fighting Of the Fourth Corps until June 10th, when it received the welcome order to return home for muster-out, its: term having expired. The reenlisted men and recruits with unexpired terms were transferred to the Forty-sdcotfd Illinois Infantry. Colonel Dougherty lost a leg at Belmont, after which the regiment was commanded by Colonel Swan wick in its various battles. hurried to the front, attacked promptly by the flank, carrying the ford and driving the hostile forces off In the di rection of the Danville road. Dark ness, however, prevented any effective pursuit in the unknown country, and the troops halted for the night. On to Amelia Court Houne. Indications pointing to the concentra tion of Lee's retreating forces at Amelia Court House, the Fifth Corps was di rected on Jetersville, on the 'Danville Railroad, some eight miles southwest < of the Court House; Crook's Division to the same place, first striking the rail road toward Burke's Junction; while Gen. Merritt with the other two divi sions of the corps and Mackenzie's Di vision from the Army of the James, continued the pursuit toward Amelia Court House. Gen. Merritt made a bold dash for the enemy's trains near Tabernacle Church, but as they were protected by a strong force of infantry his success was only partial, the cav alry being forced to withdraw after a severe engagement. The 1st U. S. Cav. on this day (the 4th of April) accompanied Gen. Sher idan, marching with the Fifth Corps until afternoon, when we trotted for ward to Jetersville. Here we took pos session of the station and telegraph of fice, and, throwing out pickets, pre pared to dispute the further advance of the Confederate army, feeling con fident that, with the General's assist ance, we should be able to do so with success. Here we picked up a goodly number of stragglers In gray uniforms, who evidently thought the advance of their army was the safest place. We were soon Joined by Crook's Division from the direction of Burke's Station, which arrived at an opportune moment to take a hand In repelling an attack of Fitz Lee's enterprising cavalry. The Fifth Corps arrived before night, and intrenchments having been thrown up, we felt quite secure in our position. While we were resting at Jetersville on the night of the 4th, the divisions of Devin and Custer, with Gen. Merritt, were making an unpleasant night march from Tabernacle Church. They came up at an early hour on the following morning, and the 1st U. S. Cav. was permitted to rejoin the brigade. The Second Corps arrived during the day, and went into position on the left of the Fifth, Devln's and Custer's Divi sions of the cavalry going out to the left of the infantry. During the forenoon Davies's Bri gade, of Crook's Division, was sent on a reconnolssance to Fame's Crossroads, some si* or seven miles north of Jeters ville. Here he discovered the enemy's trains moving past our left flank and off in the direction of Deatonsvllle. His troopers went In with a yell, captured the larger part of the escort, and suc ceeded In burning about 200 wagons, among which were Gen. Lee's head quarters wagons, containing Important papers. Having started his prisoners and captured mules back toward Jeters ville, he soon found himself heavily engaged with a superior force of *the enemy which had started out from Amelia Court House to head him off. Crook went to his assistance with his two remaining brigades, and, as the sound of battle reached Jetersville, there seemed to be a prospect for a general engagement. In preparation for which Gen. Merritt, with the divisions of Devln and Custer, was sent over to the right of the Infantry to swing around on the flank and rear of the attacking force as it crowded Crook back toward our lines. The enemy had, however, learned prudence, and let go in time to make good his retreat. Lee CostlMM to Retreat. On the morning of the 6th the Army of the Potomac was concentrated at Jetersville, the Sixth Corps having come up during the night But Qen. Lee had decided not to fight at Amelia Court House, and during the night had put his army in march for Rloe's Station, on the Lynchburg or South Mde Rail road. Crook, with his division, was off before daylight, headed for Deatons vllle, and haying- discovered the ene my's columns passing through that place made a gallant attempt, a Uttle beyond, to reaoh his trains s but th*y were heavily guarded, and he was ah liged to withdraw and look for a more vulnerable "^ointr. The Second Corps came up with the rear of the enemy at Flat Creek^ and. after some delay In crossing that stream, pushed forward, skirmishing with his rear guard, to ward Deatonsville. The Fifth Corps marched in pursuit on the right of the Second, and the Sixth on the left, the divisions of Devln and Custer following Crook. As we approached Sailor's Creek, be yond Deatonsville, the Confederate col umns, with wagons and artillery, could be seen across the intervening valley and through openings in the timber, marching on higher ground on the op posite side of the stream. Crook was making unsuccessful attempts to get at the trains, and orders were given for the two divisions in rear to pass on be yond Crook, along the enemy's line of march, and seek a point of attack which might promise a chance of suc cess. The First Division proceeded to follow these instructions; but what was our disgust on seeing Custer's Division trot along the flank of our column, turn off to the right of Crook, and, dashing across the creek, without looking for a ford, charge into the midst of the enemy's trains and marching columns, almost before a formation could be made to receive its attack. Our disgust was completed when we were dismount ed and marched In double time to a position on the right of Crook to cover the withdrawal of the Third Division with its captured flags and prisoners. However, we settled ourselves behind our rail barricades, across the road, and contented ourselves with the soldierly reflection that we had, at all events, obeyed orders. Meanwhile the noise of battle away off to our right and front has been steadily increasing, and we are inform ed that we have only to hold our posi tion to Insure the capture of a large portion of the Confederate army. This, indeed, appears to be a reasonable ex pectation, and there Is no want of con fldence that we shall be able to with stand any attempt to dislodge us. Caater Does More Yelling and Charging. . That troublesome Custer, however, cannot be persuaded to keep quiet and , wait to be attacked, but must needs go to yelling and oharglng again. Some of Crook's men also get their horses, I and a general advance being ordered, the whole corps goes forward, carrying everything in its front and completing the destruction of such portion of An derson's Corps as had escaped it at Five Forks. Tjie cavalry now Joins hands with the fcixtji Corps, which has re ceived the surrender of Gen. Ewell with the larger part of his corps, after a contest which for severity and fierce ness of fl^htlifg at close quarters has seldom bepn surpassed. The combined captures of the Sixth Corps and the cavalry In .this battle amounted to some 6,000 or 8,000 prisoners (Including six general officer?), 14 pieces of artillery, and a large number of wagons. Dur ing the dcw* the Second Corps had at tacked ana ^driven before it Gordon's Corps, on a road farther to the right, capturing $,Q00 prisoners and four guns. Night h3-d fallen, but the cavalry had not quite completed its day's work. The First Division, the Reserve Brigade leading, afid the 1st U. S. Cav. In front, was ordered to advance on the roadt Just to stir, things up a little and give a good-night parting shot. As we reached the crossing of a small creek about two miles out, our advance guard received a volley from the brush on the opposite bank, and an Investigation by the leading squadron developed the fact that a strong force was In position on some high ground Just beyond the creek. The regiment immediately took possession of a hill which commanded the creek crossing and went busily to work piling up rails for a hasty barri cade, when a battery opened from the enemy's position a few hundred yards distant. So accurately had the hostile guns been pointed toward the face of this hill that the first shell fired struck and exploded In a pile of rails around whieh the men were at work, while several others fell olose by. It was de cided that this was not a good place to ! take position, and the men were with drawn across a dooa ravine to our right, and a line was established across the road. Meanwhile the Confederate artillerymen, having cleared the face of the hill, began to distribute their favors very promiscuously amongst the troops of the division which were formed along the road and in the timber farther to the rear. They quieted down, how ever, after a while, but another attempt to advance was sufficient to start them Into renewed activity, and it became evident that it was advisable to accept the situation and wait for daylight. It transpired that the force In our front was Mahone's Division of Longstreet's Corps, which, not having been engaged during the day, was in good trim for a fight, and did not propose to be driv en out of its camp, after a hard day's tramp, without remonstrance. These night attacks were generally unsatisfactory in their results, the men not having much heart for fighting an enemy concealed by the darkness of night, In an unknown country, espe cially when, tired out with the hard work of the day, they felt that they were entitled to their coffee and a night's rest. Forward to Prince Edward's Court Hoase. On the morning of the 7th the cav alry found Itself foot-loose, striking out for Prince Edward's Court ? House, on a shorter line to Appomattox Station than that of necessity followed by Lee's retreating army. Crook's Division was again detached on a reconnaissance to Farmville Station. At Prince Edward's Court House, where we arrived about 3 p. m., we found Mackenzie's Division, which had been sent forward to this place on a reconnaissance, the general line of march of the Army of the James being to the left of that of our other forces. After a short rest, the command pushed forward again on the road to Pros pect Station, on the Lynchburg Rail road, a few miles west of Farmville, to which point Mackenzie's Division pre ceded us. It was after night when we unsaddled, presumably not far from the Station, although It was not visible. Our day's march of at least 30 miles had been through a country not pre viously reached by the Union arms, and was as peaceful and undisturbed as though no hostile force existed. We were again in the saddle at day light, Custer moving out in advance fol lowed by Devin; Crook, who had joined during the night, bringing up the rear. Mackenzie had returned to his own army. Appomattox Court House is some four or five miles north and east of Appomattox Station, on the Cum berland Turnpike, which Is the main thoroughfare to Richmond, and on which It was known that Lee's army was marching. Gen. Sheridan had in formed Gen. Grant by letter on the morning of the 8th that he would march with his command to Appomat tox Court House, but learning through his scouts that four trains of cars load ed with supplies for Lee's army were at Appomattox Station awaiting Its ar rival, he first directed his march on that point, which was about 25 miles distant from our camp of the previous night. The weather was fine, the roads pret ty good, as Virginia roads go, and we jogged along very comfortably through a pleasant country which seemed to have felt none of the burdens of war. The freshly-plowed fields, surrounded by fences sound and whole, were in pleasing contrast to those desolate and war-worn portions of Virginia over which we had been accustomed to cam paign. Appomattox Station. Along In the afternoon Custer went ahead at a trot, and as we neared the Station, towards evening, the sound of artillery intimated to us that he might be glad of some assistance. So urging our tired horses forward, we were soon crossing the railroad a few hundred yards oast of the Station, and as we came out into some open fields beyond, were hastily dismounted and sent for ward Into the timber, to take in flank and rear the force whlch._had assailed Custer's troopers with so much noise and assurance. While we were grop ing through the woods in the darkness, fwob had now fallen, the artillery fire Thousands of Readers of This Paper flare already cat oak tba following oonpon. If yon bave not ret done so. yon thou Id by ail aseans do bo at once. Do not pat tt off, yon may forjret it or It m?? i?? too 'ate. Kaon one send ing in this coupon secures a contract certificate lor from tiuu.ou to t'tfl.uu in one of tbe nott profitable enterprises In tbe world. 8ach an offer was probably neve r made before and you cannot afford to miss It. Kvery reader of tbis paper can and *bou'd take advanuge of It now. 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An e epsnt Souvenir PhotocraT'h Album containing a number of very interesting views will I* viii frte to all returning tins coupon. suddenly ceased; Custer, having dis covered that the force opposing him was simply an escort to some wagons and reserve artillery, which had been pushed on in advance of Lee's army, settling the matter by charging with his usual impetuosity, capturing guns, trains and escort. Meanwhile the news which had passed around, that Custer's advance had surprised and captured a , number of trains of cars loaded with | supplies for the Confederates, was con firmed by ear-splitting screeches from the captured locomotives, with which the "Wolverines" were amusing thom | selves on the railroad. A line was now formed, and pushing the enemy's skirmishers before us, we soon reached the vicinity of the Court House. The three cavalry divisions passed the night on the skirmish line. Xot a very comfortable or restful night; j but every trooper knew that our line was squarely across the path of the re treating army, which was being vigor ously pressed by the Army of the Po tomac, and was prepared to keep his place at any sacrifice. The long night wore sleepily away, except that every , one would be aroused to momentary | vigilance by occasional sudden out bursts of carbine fire when enterprising scouts of the enemy would venture too close to our lines. Daybreak at Appomattox. At last the gray dawn appears, and daylight creeps along; a dusky, misty morning, giving no promise of that glorious event which was thenceforth to make the day so memorable in the Nation's calendar. An ominous silence broods; not a shot is heard. There is | an anxious waiting for the attack which we know must be expected, and for the Infantry which we are sure is hasten ing forward to our assistance. The men are trying to make fheir coffee at little fires started in the rear of the line, when suddenly the noise of conflict is heard away over to the left, in Crook's front. It surges along the line in our direction, and the troopers are settling themselves behind their slight barri cades for the expected attack, the fa miliar "zip," "zip" of the flying bullets begins to be heard, when an order comes to fall back and mount. As we go to the rear to seek our horses we meet the advancing lines of the longed for infantry, our old friends of the Fifth Corps. The Army:of the James is also close at hand, and although they have been marching almost continuously for the past 48 hours, and the men show their weariness in every movement, we know that they are conscious of the gravity of the situation, and can be de pended upon to hold the position against any possible assault of the Con federate army. Thc End of the War. Again in the saddle, the cavalry stretches away in a long column to the right and front, and Custer's troopers, following headquarters, with its forest of captured battleflags, go galloping past, eliciting growls and smothered im precations from the men of the First Division, who feel that they are en titled to the advance in their turn. Away off to the left, across an expanse of open ground, can be seen a confused mass of wagons, guns and troops, at sight of which our men begin to cheer, not doubting that they will soon be amongst them. But there is a sudden halt; the cheering up in front grows louder; a knot of horsemen can be seen off to the left, surrounding something which looks like a white flag, and the word is passed back from the front? I.ee has surrendered. The fact that a flag of truce has been sent in, and that negotiations for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia are in prog gress is soon made known; and we real I ize that the long chase is ended, that I the great rebellion has received its death ; blow, and that our work is finished. l,e?iton? of the War. The military lessons of our civil war appear to have had but slight signifi cance for other nations. Some of the conditions under which the operations of our armies were conducted being dissimilar to those which prevail on the! Continent of Europe, It was apparently concluded that no useful lessons could be learned, and our four years' struggle1 was regarded with little more interest than might have been bestowed upon a war between savage tribes. The in creased independence and efficiency of the cavalry arm, due to the improve ment in fire-weapons, was displayed asl an object-lesson which should not have I been difficult of comprehension; and | yet, because the methods employed by our cavalry were opposed to old-world traditions, it has been stigmatized as mounted infantry, and the fact that it repeatedly charged Infantry lines, suc cessfully, with the saber, studiously ig nored. A Splendid Example of Cavalry Effi ciency. It is doubtful whether history affords] a better example of cavalry efficiency than that displayed by Sheridan's Cav alry In the 12 days' operations from March 29 to April 9, 1865. By its de termined fighting on the 31st of March, at Dinwiddle Court House, against vast ly superior forces of cavalry and infan try combined, it thwarted the efforts of the Confederate forces to occupy that Important strategic point, and prepared the way for the brilliant and decisive victory won by its incomparable leader at Five Forks on the following day. Refusing to be delayed by the rear guard of the retreating army, by vigor ous marching it placed itself on thei path of the enemy's retreat at Jeters ville on the 4th of April. Our Generals having declined to force a general en gagement at Amelia Court House the cavalry, two days later, dashed into the retreating columns of the enemy at Sailor's Creek, delaying his march, in suring the capture of an Important por i tion of his force, and, by forcing the | beaten army off from the Danville Rail road, destroying the possibility of its retreat In that direction. Finally, by persistent marching, when the powers of men and horses had been taxed to almost the last limit of endurance, the cavalry reached Appomattox Station on the evening of April 8, capturing the supplies which had been sent to the re lief of the exhausted army; then forcing the enemy's advance back to Appomat tox Court House, It took position across his only remaining line of retreat, hold ing It with tenacity until the arrival of| Cure hoarseness and sore throat caused by cold or use of the voice. owr infantry rendered surrender inevit able. Nevertheless. If it may with justice be claimed that the grand result of these operations could not have been achieved without the cavalry and its impetuous leader, so It should be acknowledged that it was made possible only by the splendid fighting and marching quali ties of our infantry and artillery, di rected by the wisdom and Intelligence of th#* great Gencral-in-Chlef. The 26th lad. Editor National Tribune: Please give a short history of the 26th Ind. I should be pleased to hear from any of my old regiment.?Justus GunkH, Tip ton, Ind. The 26th Ind. was organized at In dianapolis, Aug. 30, 1S61, and mustered out Jan. 15, 1866. The first Colonel was William M. Wheat ley. who re signed, and was succeeded by Col. John G. Clarke. Lieut.-Col. Newton A. Logan was in command when the regi ment was mustered out. It belonged to Andrews's Division of the Sixteenth Corps. Army of the Tennessee, and lost| 96th killed and 268 died from disease.* ?Kditor National Tribune. The With Ind. Editor National Tribune: Please print a short history of my old command, the 89th Ind.?L. B. Rising, Co. K, 89th Ind., Greenville, III. The 89th Ind. was organized at In dianapolis Aug. 28. 1862, and mustered out July 19, 1865. Col. Charles D. Murray commanded it during its ser vice. It belonged to Mower's Division of the Sixteenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and lost 61 killed in battle and 252 died from disease.?Editor Na tional Tribune. Dudley P. Chaw. At the beginning of the war Dudley P. Chase left his wife and family of two sons and four daughters to enter the 2d Berdan Sharpshooters, in which regiment he became a Captain, and was killed while gallantly leading his company at Chancellorsville. At a re cent meeting of the Woman's Relief Corps in Minneapolis the four daugh ters of Capt. Chase were made mem bers, and on that occasion one of them, Mrs. E. R. Perkins, read a poem eulo gistic of the Grand Army and the W. R C., and pleasantly alluding to the notable occasion when four daughters v. ere Initiated at once. Three of the daughters are now grandmothers. 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