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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, February 15, 1906, Image 6

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THE SPIRIT OF CONGRESS
Some of the More Notable Pro
ceedings of the Week
cnrite
Monday Feb 3 When tho Senate
jhi ovimiur Aiuerson tv oio siionui
ted a resolution the Democratic
Caucus the right to dictate Ills -vote
and pave notice lie would speak on It
mxt day The shipping bill eame up
but Senator Lodge objected to its con
sideration at that time Senator Teller
spoke on the shipping bill The Senate
adjourned at 327
Ilouae
Eleven speeches were made in the
House on the railroad rate bill The
speech of Mr Littlefield Me npafiUi
the bill and of Gen Orosenor Ohio
Jn criticism of a measure lie intends to
support attracted the most Interested
attention
Tho lOrtlficat0 vas reported
eniUr
Feb 6 Nearly the entiic session of
tho Senate was given over Jo a nCultPi
Between air Bacon and Mr Spooner on
the question of the prerogative1 re
spectively of the President and the
Senate in the matter of iraKing treaties
The discussion was made spulted at
times by lively colloquies on side issues
between Messrs Spooner and Tiillimw
which provoked roars of gluer from
the galleiies and thj jtoor
IIotie
Seventeen speeches were made in the
House on the railroad rate bill
General debate ended Wednesday
uith speeches by Mr Coekran N Y
Mann 111 Williams MN and Hep
burn Iowa Chairman of the Commit
tee who closed the debate
Semite
Feb 7 One of the most exciting
days in the recent historv of the Senate
was produced by a spirited debate be
tween Mr Patterson Colo Old Mr
IJailey Tex over the lesolution of
Mr Patterson justifying his course in
the Dominican treaty matter The de
bate consumed four hours and held the
closest attention of the eiovvded gal
leries and lloor
HniiM
The House in Committee of the
Whole completed the consideration of
the railroad rate bill and agiced to it
as leported by tho committee refusing
to accept any one of the innumerable
amendments offered
Vnnle
Feb S Mr Tillman In the Senate
read a letter from Gov Dawson of
West Virginia calling attention to the
discriminations against private coal op
erators by the Baltimore As Ohio nnd
threatened to start an investigation of
the alleged Pennsylvania Baltimore
Ohio and Norfolk Western merger
Stnator Klkins had the matter lefeued
to his committee
Senator Scott spoke on the bill to
pension telegraphers in the Union army
and it was passed After passing sev
eral public building bills the Senate at
322 p in adjourned
Hull
Immediately upon the assembling of
the House the rate bill was passed by
the vote of 3 16 to 7
Col Gardner Mich in a masterly
summing up of the situation presented
the pension appropriation bill carrying
expenditures aggregating 140245000
It was passed after three horns debate
Senate
Feb 9 The Senate passed the ur
gent deficiency bill after a debate over
an amendment to establish the eight
hour day for nil classes of workmen on
the Panama Canal and adjourned over
until Monday at noon
Ilonsr
Friday was pension day in the House
420 bills being passed in 72 minutes
A bill was passed increasing the Phil
ippine duty orb European cotton goods
and decreasing the tariff on shoe
The House adjourned over until Monday-
at noon
The 2il Tenn Cav
Editor1 National Tribune Please give
a brief history of the 2d Tenn
Cav I have been a reader of The Na
tional Tribune for 25 jears and I do
not think I could do without It W C
Lane Wallahd Tenn
The 2d Tenn Cav was organized at
Murfrcesbora from July 18C2 and
mustered out July C 1SC5 The Colonel
was Daniel M Itay who resigned and
Lieut Col William It Cook was In
command when the regiment was mus
tered out The 2d Tenn Cav belonged
to Knipes Division Wilsons Cavalry
Corps and lot 10 killed and 208 died
fiom disease Editor National Trib
une
Thr mill Vt
Editor National Tribune Would vou
kindly publish a short history of the
15th Vt in the columns of The National
Tribune and greatly oblige James
Jxivvis Hutherglen Canada
The 15th Vt was organized at Jlrat
tleboro Oct 22 1862 for nine months
and mustered out Aug 5 1S63 The
Colonel was Redlleld Proctor now Sen
ator from Vermont The 15th Vt he
longed to Doubledays Division First
Corps Army of the Potomac and lost
SI from disease Editor National Trib
une
The JKMli Ohio
Editor National Tribune Please give
a lln of battles In which the 00th Ohio
took part David Mock JefTersonviIle
Ohio
The 30th Ohio was organired at
Camp Circlevllle Aug 23 liC2 and
mustered out June 13 1SC5 Col Isaac
N IJoss resigned April H 1863 and
Lieut Col Samuel N Yeoman was in
command when the regiment was mus
tered out The regiment belonged to
Stanleys Division Fourth Corps Army
of the Cumberland and lot 82 killed
and 170 died from Editor
National Tribune
Col ljioimii J AJlf
Editor National Tribune- I vishThe
National Tribune would publish a short
sketch or Thos F Wilde Col Wildes
was Lieutenant Colonel of the llCth
Ohio and for a time commander of
First llngade First Division Aimy of
the Shenandoah 1 am familiar with
his histoty during this period in the
Winter of 1S64 C5 he took a number
ot meritoilous oung ollicers of the
116th Ohio returned to Ohio and raised
a one- car regiment I think that this
regiment was tho HTth Ohiu I wish
to have printed a short sketch ot Col
Wilde- and his regiment What corps
did they belong to AVhere did they
serve Did the command make a com
mendable record J 1 Itolcr Tipton
Hrevet Urig Cen Thomas I Wildes
was boin in Canada West June 1 1834
of Irish parents and the family aftcr
waid settled in Portage County Ohio
At the outbieak of the war he was
publishing a paper at Athens Ohio and
entered the service as Lieutenant-Colonel
of the llCth Ohio with which he
served under SIgel and Crook in West
Virginia and took part in the battles
of the Shenandoah Valley During a por
tion of the Shenandoah campaign he
commanded the First Urlgade Tirst
Division Army of West Virginia In
February 1863 he whs promoted to
Colonel of the 186th Ohio and was sent
to join Thomas in Tennessee He
commanded a biigade at Chattanooga
when he was mustered out in Septem
ber 1865 He then returned to the
practice of the law nnd died March 2S
TZAUnf xoilinal Tiibunc
WASHINGTON NEWS
Continued from fifth page
parte to the effect that this Government
H practically without a ieerve sunnlv
of ammunition and without extra guns
tor snips ot war
One of the results of Gen Chatfees
observations of the maneuvers of the
trench army last Summer is the adop
tion by the General Staff of the hit nnd
bridoon principle for all mounted troops
in me uniieu States Arm v
The War Depaitment has decided to
go back to the heavy caliber for Aimy
revolvers and has adopted a cartridge
pioposed by the Ordnance Utneau car
rying a bullet of 45 caliber to replace
the 38 caliber now In use The leason
for the change is that it is desired to
have a bullet with greater stopping
power than that now in use Oppor
tunity also is given for a decided inno
vation in the tvpo of revolver The
Ordnance Duieau has invited
tmers of pistols to enter into a compe
tition hiw to suiimit samples of revolv
ers either of the automatic typo or
along the line f those now used by
the Army All Weapons submitted
however must be made for the 5
Mijiier cartlldge which has been adont
ed The competition will take place
some months hence thus giving ample
opportunity for those Interested to
evolve a type of pistol for entry In the
contest
The Board of Naval Construction has
decided to recommend the installation
of turbine machinery on board either
the South Carolina or the Michigan
the two battleships now being designed
The question has been under considera
tion for some time
The Navy Depattmcnt has leccived
and approved the plan for the estab
lMiment of a naval training station on
the Great Lake The execution of this
plan will cost about 2000000 Al
though there Is some opposition in Con
giess to an expenditure of so much
money the chances of favorable action
are said to be good especially as
lesentative Fosl of Illinois Chaiiman
of the House Naval Committee is In
tel ested In the project The plan con
templates a station for the housing and
training of 1000 young men similar in
its general design to the stations at
Norfolk Newpoit and Yerba Cuena Cal
Tho Navy Department lias granted
the request of Gov Warfield and will
shortly turn over to the State of Marj
lond the monitor Miantonomah to be
used by the State Naval Militia The
Miantonomah is now undei going le-
palrs at the League Island Navy Yard
Philadelphia The Government has es
tablished a policy of forming a coast
squadron of monitors to be manned by
the Naval Reserves The monitor will
be placed in the hands of the State of
Marjland with complete equipment and
modern battery comoosed of four 10
inch breech loading and several
six pounder field pieces and quick fii
Ing guns In her outfit will be the
books charts and instruments used for
navigation
When the Sth Inf moves to San Fran
cisco to embark for the Philippines- the
last of February the men will find an
innovation in the method of providing
meais on tne tourney across the contl
nent Heretofore at various stations
along the route the soldiers were com
polled to take their stand alongside
lunch counters and railway eating
houses and get what they could to eat
Rut this trip inaugurates the plan of
carrying a bullet on each train
Each baggage car will be fitted with
an Army range No 4 and all the paia
phernalla necessary to cooking Each
train will have a tank of 120 gallons
of water in addition to two 20 gallon
coffee boilers Arrangements have been
made by which the railroad companies
nave agreeu to furnish water and coal
This matter of subsistence for tioops
while being transported by railroad is
a serious one and has been under ad
visement for some time Quarternias
tcr General Humphrey has been active
In the inauguration of a dining car
service and this experiment will be
under the supervision of a board of or
cers appointed by him This boaid will
make a report on the feasibility of train
cooking on this trip and then the De
partment will determine whether its
permanent ndoption for troops travel
ing on long journeys w 111 be for the best
Interests of the service
The death of King Christian hung
half the Embassy and Legation fiags in
Washington at half staff Among those
urapoit in mack were the Danish colors
which hang before the residence of the
Minister on Nineteenth street speaking
oi a nation s sorrow tor tho old King
who so long and so well governed the
destinies of that northern land The
standard of Great Britain Is furled over
the portals of the stately Einba sj to
honor the memory of the father of
Liiglands Queen and Russias Imperial
standard Is draped about the fiairnole
the Dowager Empress and the Ciir be
ing l espectlvely the daughter and
grandson of the deceased monarch Tho
colors win so remain for 30 dajs
There are few things hi life more
liatheticallv humorous tlmn ilm snni
and toady Piesident and Mr Roose
velt are finding out who these are Of
course the Invitations to the wedding
of Mis Roosevelt and Mr Longvvorth
had to be limited to the capacity of the
White House grounds anyhow It is
said that they will hardly permit every
body to get Into the White House at
one time unless the outside walls aie
removed- Dosnlfo tlio firt nt i au
a ceremony In a pilvate family nobody
wuuiii uare urn an uiviiaiion mo Presi
dential mall has been Increased by
wagon loads by people writing to ask
for an invitation to the wedding In
view of this fact the President has been
forced to issue a card of regiets that
the capacity of the White House Is so
limited and their list of friends so large
It Is as follows
Tho President and Mrs Roosevelt
ask the kind consideration of many
friends who would under ordinary cir
cumstances icceive invitations to Miss
Roosevelts wedding The capacity of
the White Hou e requires that under
existing circumstances invitations be
limited to the closest kinsfolk the pei
sonal fi lends of Miss Roosevelt and Mr
Longvvorth and certain classes of offi
cials in Washington No friends of the
Piesident and Mrs Roosevelt are being
asked unless they also come within one
of these classes and even with these
limitations the number of guests tlueat
ens to overtax the capacltj or thcAVhite
House
A pietty tough story is coming back
Cn r of the Ilrenxt Cured I en AearN
Ago
West ih idgewater Mass Dec 2i ISfT
Dr D M Rye Indianapolis Ind
Dtar Doctor It Is with a heart of
gialllude to joti and to the dear Fath
er above that I have the pleastne of
Informing jou or the entii rjmoal of
that cancious growth which had for
six years been preying on my svstem
When I commenced your treatment on
Juno 6th the hard bunch on ray left
breast could scarcely be covered by a
pint bowl my body was much bloated
and I could only take liquid or the
softest of solid food On December
the Gth the last of the fungus growth
came out by body has lesumed its
normal condition and I can eat any
thing I wish with relish and pleasure
Our phsfcian says It is wonderful
My neighbors say It seems a mira
cle Words can not express my grat
itude llllt I -Will vliilinvAi nn1 i
over I may proclaim the good nev s
Truly and gratefully yours
Jilts vuui J HILLINGS
Fl OCt books nn nnimji ft ttl li DAvt
tiioso Jntetcsted Addressable Home
uince Liu u ii iiyu Drawer
10 Dept 421 Indianapolis Ind 41
THE XATIOXAL TBIBUXE WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY FEBRUARY 13 100C
A short history of a Notable Regiment will appear each week antmuea from pti
A Fighting Regiment
Copyright by William T Iot Albany N Y 1SS9
Regimental Losses ix the Civil Wai
TENTH MASSACHUSETTS INFANTRY
Eustiss BificADE Gettys DIVISION Sixth Corps
1 Col 1IENHY S JJHIGOS ISiuo fi v ft Col HENRY I EUSTIS llmo Gev 3 JOSKPH 11 lWKSONS
KfMMi ani Died or Voud Difdop Di rsr Accidcnts It Pmmt Ac
Enrollment
OfflcO Men Total Ofllctrs Men Total
Field and Staff - i 3 i i 16
Company A 8 8 4 4 118
B 2 10 12 1 5 6 jn
C 1 9 10 7 7 128
D 14 14 4 4 115
10 10 4 4 J12
F 10 10 4 4 120
G 1 g 10 44 122
H 2 22 24 6 6 140
I 2 16 18 9 9 127
K 15 IS 7 7 i9
Totals 10 124 13 j 1 55 56 1218
134 killed 1 1 percent
Total of killed and wounded 503
IUTTr KAMW
Fair Oaks Va 39
Guerilla Va June io 1862 1
Malvern Hill Va 13
Fredericksburg Va 1863 16
Gettysburg Fa 1
II ITT E KAMW
Rappahannock Station Va 3
Wilderness Va 30
Spotsylvania Va 26
Cold Harbor Va 4
Ietersburg Va r
Present also at Yorktow n Williamsburg Seven Days Battle Antietam Fredericksburg 1862 Salem
-Heights Mine Run
V
i
1
1 i
A Norns Recruited in Western Massachusetts Arrived at Washington July 2S 18G1 and remained in its
52 vicinity until the army moved to the Peninsula in March 1862 t was assigned to Devenss 3d Brigade
i Couchs 1st Division Fourth Corps Under command of Colonel Briggs it distinguished itself at Fair Oaks f
2 the Colonel being wounded and the casualties amounting 1027 killed 95 wounded and 2 missing Major Ozro I
V Miller a gallant officer succeeded to the command but fell mortally wounded soon after at Malvern Hill i
onel Fustis was in command at Second Fredericksburg and Salem Heights in which the casualties amounted to t
fy to killed 57 wounded and 2 missing The brigade had been previously transferred to Newtons 3d Division i
Sixth Corps The brigade took the field in May 1SO4 under command of General Kustis as the Fourth Brigade t
of Gettys 2d Division Sixth Corps Colonel Parsons led the regiment in the battles of Grants campaigns its
J1 losses at the Wilderness amounting to 21 killed 05 wounded and 2 missing over one third of those engaged I
A still heavier percentage of loss occurred in the various actions about Spotsylvania 15 killed 64 wounded and f
13 missing Major DetejrF Parker being mortally wounded there The action of May 12th at Spotsylvania was p
the closest and deadliest of any in which the Tenth had been engaged On Jane 20 1864 while in the trenches c
S before Petersburg the regiment received the orders to return home for muster out one of the officers was killed
just before the regiment left its position to go home
s
to the National Capital about money
raised and sent to Kussla to assist the
persecuted Jews It Is said that the
money and postal orders are all being
sent back to the donors with tho advice
that they cannot be delivered because
It would be giving assistance and aid to
the revolutionary cause -Some sweet
day by and by there is going to be a
reckoning for this
The House has voted to probe mat
tcis at the Naval Academy It has ap
pointed a committee to go there and
see what Is the matter The House
seems to be of the opinion Uiaf the
ti cubic is laxness of discipline on the
part of the officers or the Institution
Whatever It Is the House proposes to
find out It seems pietty certain that
there is serious trouble there Tho
President thinks that the laws diihaz
ingure too severe and that they should
bo graduated for tiivial and heavier
oflenses and if the House Committee
finds this to be tiue it will re commend
such change in the laws As the law
now stands all offenders whether for
light or heavy infringements of the hay
ing laws must be dismissed
Tlie nth llili
Editor National Tribune Please give
a history of the 5th Ohio I havo seen
no mention of the leglment recently in
The National Tribune Capt Henjamln
Jelleff Co F rth Ohio Hartwell
Ohio
The nth Ohio was a lighting regi
ment It was oiganled in April ISfil
for three months service and then ic
otganlzcd for the three years service
It served in West Virginia and then
became part of the Twelfth Corps and
GearyH Division with which It seived
until tho end The first Colonel was
Samuel H Dunning who was succeed
ed by Col John H Patrick who was
killed and ho by Col Robert Klrkup
Out of a total enrollment of 1751 it
lost 11C killed and r7 died in prison
fiom disease etc Editor National
Tribune -
Tbr 78th III
Editor National Tribune Can you
give me a history of the 7Sth 111 This
regiment went into the Held in 1852
and seived until tho close of the war
It participated in a great many bat
tles and was on the grand march to
the sea I was wounded at Dentonville
N C In April ISC and was sent fiom
Goldshoro to hospital in New York
Albert J Stafford Tlilid Sergeant Co
C 78th 111 David nty Neb
The 78th 111 was organized at
Quincy Sept 1 1SC2 and mustered out
June 7 UCti with the recruits trans
ferred to the 34th 111 It belonged to
Davibs Division of the Fourteenth
Coips Army of the Cumberland and
lost 104 killed and 117 died from dis
ease The first Colonel was William II
Re nneson who resigned and was suc
ceeded by Col Carter Van VIeck who
died from wounds and Llcut Col
Marls It Vernon was In command of
tho rfglment when it was mustered out
Editor National Tiibune
The ll3d N V
Editor National Tribune Comrade
John EIK of No 583 East 133d St
New Yoik City N Y who served in
Co I 103d N Y requests that you
print in The National Tribune a short
sketch of hiK regiment O K Whitney
New York City N Y
The 103 N Y was oiganlzcd at El
mlra and New York City in March
1802 The llrst Colonel was Henjamln
Kingold who died from wounds re
ceived at Chancellorbvllle and was
succeeded by liaron F W Egloffstein
who was dischaigcd and succeeded by
Col Wm Heine who was mus
tered out on expiration of term
of service Capt William Rcd
llck was the ranking officer at tho time
of the llnal discharge The 103d N Y
lost 60 killed and 102 died from dis
ease It belonged to Rodmans Divi
sion Ninth Corps Armies of the Poto
mac ana Ohio Editor National Trib
une
WAR 0 THE REBELLION
Contlnacd Vrom Eaffe I
ed States service as may be designated
by JIaJ Gen Hanks with the ordinary
foimalities of rendition The Confeder
ate troops will be drawn up in line
ollicers in their position- the right of
the line ietlng on tho edge of the
prairie soutli of the i iilroad depot the
lert extending in the direction of the
Village of Poit Hudson The arms and
colois v ill be piled conveniently and
will be icceived by Ahc ottlccrs of tho
Unifed States
Art V The sick and wounded of the
gairlson will he caied for by the author
ities of the United Ststtes assisted if de
sued by cither patty by the medical
ollicers of the garrison
Charles P Stone Jlrlgadler General
W It Miles Colonel Commanding
Right Wing of the Army Port Hud
son La William Dwlght Ihigadler
Oeneral I i W Steedman Colonel
Commanding- Left Wing Henry W
Hltge Colonel Commanding Thlrl
Urlgade Grovers Division Marshall
J Smith Lieutenant Colonel and
Chief or Heavy Artillei y
Aprroved
Fiank Gardner Major General N P
Ranks Majoi -General Commanding
IVrillng tlir tnrrlnou
As soon as Gen Ranks affixed his sig
uturuithe long wagon tram of provi
sions which Col Irwin had loaded early
in the morning and which had been
standing waiting for many houis waa
signaled to advance and Col Irwin led
it over the Plains Store road directly
inrougn me sanyport into Port Hudson
The sight of its entrance was the signal
for an outburst of enthusiastic cheering
by tho besiegers and equally tumultuous
acclamation from the besieged at the
prospect of once moio having a souare
meal It was a liappy forethought aniV
suago the natural bitterness of the de
feated Confederates
The hurrenilcr
Brig Gen C C Andrews was desig
nated to represent Gen Ranks and re
ceive Gardners svvoid Tira regiments
fiom each division wereselccted witn
one fiom Weitzels Rrlgade to occupy
the places The whole army was up with
the eatly tislng of tho sun to partici
pate in the glnd culmination of all the
hardships labors and dangcts The
coming of 7 oclock was waited with III
concealed Impatience Promptly at that
nour ucn Anurews louc rorward with
his staff followed by Col Dirge at the
head of hlsYorlorii hope next came the
70th K Y which had been selected
fiom WcltztRrIgadc Tills was fol
lowed by the 116th N Y nnd 2d La of
Augur s Division men the 12th Me and
13th Conn of Grovers Division the
Cth Mich ahdllth Me of Dwights Di
vision and the Mth Wis and Sth N H
of Palnes Division Duryeas Battery
accompanied the column The 2Sth
Mass vves intended to be included but
it lian to tane its place in tlie column
to move ddVnlthe river Wcitzel with
his own brigade under Thomas fol
lowed the column on his way to tho
landing and U ftnessed the ceremonies
Col Iiwin gives this description of the
ceremonies
These vore simple and short The
Confedciato troops were drawn up in
line Gardnnr at their head every offi
cer in his place The right of the line
rested on the edge of tho open plain
south of tho railway station the left
extended tovvaid the village At the
word Ground nrins from their tried
commander followed by the command
of execution from tho bugles overy
Confederate soldier bowed hls head and
laid his musket on the ground in token
of submission while Gardner himself
tendered his swoid to Andrews who
in a few complimentary words wnlved
its acceptance At the same Instant the
Stars and Bars tho colors of tho Con
federacy were hauled down from tho
flagstaff where they hail so long waved
defiance a detachment of sailors from
the naval batteries sprang to the hal
yards and rapidly ran up tlie Flag of
the United States the guns of Duryeas
Battpry saluted the colors the garri
son filed off as prisoners of war and all
was over
The last echo of the salute to the
s
t
f
3
9
colors had hardly died away when
Weits el at the head of the First Divi
sion now for the first time united
marched off to the left and began em
barking on board the transports to go
against Taylor
IlnnkN Informs Ilnlloelw
July S Gen Banks sent a dispatch to
Gen Halieck informing him that the
garrison bad made an unconditional
surrender He later forwarded copies
of the correspondence and July 10 sent
a dispatch in which he said
Headquarters Department of the
Gulf Nineteenth Army Corps Port
Hudson La July 10 1803
Sir 1 have the honor to inform you
that with the post there fell into our
hands over nr00 piisoners including
one Mnjor General and one Brlgadier
Geneial 20 pieces of heavy artillery
live complete batteries numbering 31
pieces of Held attlllery a good supply
ot projectiles for light and heavy guns
4LU0O pounds of cannon powder 3000
stand of small arms 1511000 rounds of
small aims ammunition besides a small
amount of stores of various kinds
We captured also two steameis one
of which is vety valuable and will be
of great service at this time
Upon the surrender I found it neces
sary to move at once every available
man to Donaldsonville to dislodge the
enemy who had temporarily obstructed
our communication with New Orleans
and to drive his foices from the La
Tourche district wheie he was in con
siderable numbers My tiausportation
was wholly Insulllcient for its duties
and our supplies limited I was also
compelled to ganison this post for the
present by the nine mouths regiments
most of which are of opinion that their
term of set vice has already expired and
the coloied regiments It became thus
very difficult to remove to supply or
to guard my prisoners I decided there
fore nftcr the post had surrendered un
conditionally to 1 elease the non-commissioned
ollicers and privates upon
their parole These paioles will be tak
en with more than tlie usual formali
ties The consolidated list will be signed
by the men themselves by Maj Gen
Gardner and by the olhcer who re
ceives the parole and each man will be
furnished with a duplicate parole signed
by himself his tegimental commander
and the paroling officer The men will
then march out and disperse to their
several homes The ollicers will be kept
in confinement until further orders
Tiustlng that my course in this mat
ter will be approved by jou and by the
Department I have the honor to be
General very respectfully your most
obedient seivant
N P Banks Major General Com
manding
Maj Gen II W Halieck General-in-Chief
AVasliington D C
To be continued
The JOTth Ohio
Editor National Tiibunc Please pub
lish a short history or tho 107th Ohio
I am a reader of The National Tribune
but I have never seen anything In the
paper concerning tho 107th Ohio
Martin Bojer Osnnburg O
The 107th Ohio was oiganied at
Camp Cleveland Sept 9 1S62 and
mustered out July 10 1S65 The Col
onel was Seraphim Meyer who ic
signed and Lieut Col John S Cooper
was in command when the tegimeut
was mustered out The 107th Ohio be
longed to Barlows Division Eleventh
and Twentieth Coips ana lost 57 killed
and 76 died from disease Editor Na
tional Tribune
The IDOtU lu
Editor National Tribune Will you
please give a short histoty of the lAth
Pa I served In Co F E G Hall
Guvs Mills la
The 199th Pa was organized from
Sept 2 1S64 to serve one year and
part of the regiment was mustered out
Juno 28 1S65 with the remainder
transferred to the ISSth Pa The
Colonel was James C Briscoe who was
brevctted a Brigadier General It be
longed to Fosters Division Twenty
Fourth Corps Army of the James and
lost 32 killed and 52 died from disease 1
Editor National Tribune
upon their heads they bore shields toi
defense and were armed with rltlcs
bows and nrrows Tlie quick nnd sharp
report of our rifles tho smoke and
cracking nolc of the tire together with
the great odds against us the shouts of
the soldiers and the jells of the In
dians betokened the deadly pel II from
which seemingly naught but a miracle
could effect our dellvei jince Each
man after discharging iiis ride drew
his revolver and u ed It with terrible
effect as the warriors In muii In
stances were within a few feel ot the
mu7zle of our arms Stubborn did
my brave men hold their ground again
and again they drove the- back
to the edge and in rear of the burning
mass of weeds In our front when Ilnal
ly tho Indians charged desp ratelj and
forced our line back a few paces in the
center Having discharged my shot
gun I rode at once with revolver in
hnnd to that point milled tho soldiers
who pgain drove them back whilst our
horses in some instances were beaten
over the head with shields The eon
test was at such quarters that a
warrior bore off a rille which had been
ued and hung by one of the m n upon
his saddle Meantime the Indians as
quickly as they discharged their aims
handed them to their squaws who ran
to the rear reloaded and returned
them At this jtincturo I was pierced
in the left hand with an at row which
passed through tho reins and the fourth
linger pinning my hand to tho bridle
Virrfll VVoiimlrfl
I instantly broke the spear in art and
threw it aside Unmindful or the fact
that the feathers could not pass
through the wound I pulled the arrow
In the direction in which It had been
shot and was compelled lliiall In or
der tc free myrelf of it to seize tho
feathered in lieu of the barbed end
Thus raged this hand-to-hand con
flict until all our shots were expended
and it was found that owing to tlie res
tiveness of tho horses we could not re
load while mounted We then fell back
about 50 yards and dismounted for that
purpose Soon afterward arose fiom
beyond the burning heap one con
tinuous mourning howl such as can
alone come forth from the heart of the
red man in d ep distress These
sounds of sorrow revealed to me that
we were in little dangei of a lenewal
of the assault and I was I may in
ttuth say most thankful for tho mice
thus proclaimed Two of our men had
been killed and four besides nijself
severely wounded we had also one
horse killed and several disabled Had
the combat been renewed I would have
had after leaving a guard with the
horses but five or sK men to light on
foot
The Incllmis Itrtrrnr
Nightfall was appioaehing the In
dians gathered up their de ad and
wounded and moved off toward the Mo
Grande Our thirst which was gieat
at the beginning of the combat had
now become intense from excitement
and loss of blood I therefore moved
at once to Devils River where we bi
vouacked about 10 p m and sent a
messenger to Camp Hudson for sup
lilies and medical aid
Thus closed this terrible scene and
often since have I felt most grateful
that our horses were so bioken down
is but for their conditions they would
doubtless when beaten over the head
witii shields have become totally un
manageable and have caused the mas
sacre of my entire command I at
tribute also our escape to the fact that
the Indians did not have the self-pos
session to cut our -bridle reins which
act would have proved fatal to us We
were nigh meeting a similar fate to
that of the gallant Custer and his noble
band
I learned after the fight through oth
er Indians as well as through inj guide
that the party which attacked us weie
Comanches and Lipans The exact
number of their killed we were unable
to ascertain owing chiefly to the cov
er affoided by the Spanish bajonets
but we were confident at the hour that
it amounted to not less than nine or
10 wo were equally certain that four
to one were engaged against u
Lieut Fink came up the following
day with a detachment of Infantrj Our
troops ieturned to the scene or action
and buried the dead as I had neither
pick nor shovel at the time of the en
counter Moreover I could not have
delayed thereafter for any purpose on
account of tho extreme suffeling of the
men for want of water
CoiiiplImeutN of Stiirrlur
After a respite of a few dajs I
marched to Fort Clark and there made
a brief report of the affair which Is
now I presume on file in Washington
Gen David E Twiggs commanding the
Department shortly afterwards pub
lished the following order
Headquarters Depaitment of Texas
San Antonio Aug 5 1857
Sir Lieut Hoods leport was trans
mitted last mall from subsequent in
formation not official I think Lieut
Hoods estimate of tlie Indian party
was much too small The same party
It appears attacked the California
mail guard five das after and near the
place where Lieut Hood had the light
and they estimated the Indians to be
over 100 Those affairs were in the vi
cinity of Camp Hudson where Lieut
Fink of the Sth Inf is stationed with
a company of Iniantry u tins com
pany had have been furnished with
some 15 or 20 horses- tlie second attack
would not probably have been made
Lieut Hoods affair was 1 most gallant
one and much credit is due to both the
officer and men -
I am sir very respectfully your
obedient servant
Signed D E TWIGGS
Pievet Major Genei tl U S A Com
manding Department
To
I
the
the
Lieut Col L Thomas Assistant
Adjutant General Headquarters
of the Army West Point New
Yoik
also afterwards learned through
Indian Agent that the Indians at
Reservation stated my command
had killed 19 warriors during the light
and that Gen Twiggss estimate was
about correct In regard to numbers
Tho comparatively small loss we sus
tained Is strong evidence that our shots
proved most destructive and that the
Indians labored under an intense ex
citement which caused them generally
to miss their mark The fact that we
weie mounted and above their level
seems to have rendered their aim veiy
Imperfect as shown by the circum
stance that one of my wounded men
whose horse had been killed was
pierced in the back with thiee addi
tional arrows one of which passed
through his lung as he was making
his way to the rear of the line
Early in August I returned to Fort
Mason where not long afterwaids I
was promoted to the rank of First
Lieutenant assigned to Co K and
tdaced on duty at Camp Colorado on
the upper waters of the river of that
name In 1858 I ie establisliel Camp
Wood on the Nueces River about 40
miles distant from its souice and at
this post my company contiime d in tho
peiformance of the ordinary duties of
soldiers upon tne riontier tin tne
laiation of war in 1SG1
To be continued
Ferrys Seeds are beet becaase W
miccesful years hT8 tieeii spent in
their development Lialf n ccntcry
01 expert cure m iiiifcicg iiem
scp nor to xu oiners
1U MB 111 UnU
cower ana TCtrciarue seeua
ivub aeea Annual irec
0 M FERRY CO
Detroit
JUtcb
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Adtlreus Tlin FINANC1A L WOfiU
103 1 Schiller UalldUcr CUcc
LIST OF BATTLES
Alphabetically Arranged With Dates
FRQRfl 1754 TO 1900
At buttles skirsutfllieM and other lurl
drnts of the Itnclllou and iianliti
Ainerlcau AVar can be rcferied to in 1
moment
Tlie losses of the War with Spjiti m
givn and a brief ot tin- Hit
nn
It Is nn Uncjclopnoilla of all wprs
Into linprc voutuliilui more
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mrw than vlll be found In itjan
lltirarit N
All disputes as to dates of different
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The ICSOX HUItKAU uses It Ijii
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In fact It l a VVnr Dictionary couinttrtt
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