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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, April 19, 1906, Image 2

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SCIENCE AND INVENTION
Work of the Worlds Busy Brains in Discovering Inventing and
Creating
nnisovs snw ratti hiv
Tlie public Is Icarniiic to take Ir
Kuisons announcements 01 wnat no has
done or what he is going to do with a
great deal of allowance Liko all in
ventors he is a very sanguine man and
disposed to talk as if his hopes were
realities Some years ago he announced
that he had discovered a storage bat
tery which was going to revolutionize
the whole business Ho would emplov
nickel instead of lead and thus reduce
the weight of the storage buttery onc
lialf which would mako that form of
power much handler The trouble about
the employment of storage batteries is
the excessive weight of the lead A
vehicle carrying a storage battery is like
one in which the horses ride It is even
more than this because the proportion
of power to weight is much greater in
a storage battery than In a horse Nickel
and lead have the same capacity for
electrical energy but while the specific
gravity of lead is 114 40 that of nickel
Is but 8279 or only about two thirds
Sir Kdison assumed that by making a
battery of nickel he could reduce the
weight at least 33 per cent and so con
fident was he that a great deal of money
was expended in preliminary trials and
Btreet car men and others saw a pros
pect of running storage battery cars
successfully Instead of trolleys Actual
trial demonstrated however that there
Tvere physical difficulties which prevent
ed the use of nickel nnd the old-fashioned
lead storage battery retains its
supremacy
Now Sir Edison comes out with an
announcement that ho is going to use
cobalt instead of nickel and do more
than lie first promised with nickel
Whether he will succeed or not depends
like his nickel experiment upon pecu
liarities of cobalt which can only be de
veloped by actual trial A great flourish
of trumpets has been made about Mr
Edisons wonderful genius in discover
ing cobalt This Is nonsense Every
chemist and every physicist has always
associated cobalt with nickel Iron and
manganese and the Idea of substituting
one for the other in any chemical or
physical operation has been familiar to
them The four metals have always
been classed together and the most nat
ural tiling Is to try to make any one
of them do something alike or a little
different from what the others will do
It is said that Edison has had his agents
looking up all the available mines of
cobalt and that Horace W Wilson has
purchased a mine on the Montreal Hir
er near Hallcyburg Ont and is offering
to deliver the ore at 35 cents a pound
jn -sew lorn This means J70 a to i
on a 10 per cent ore which Is an enor
mous price for an ore that has hithorto
not been esteemed very highly Cobalt
is really a widely diffused metal and is
tound in some quantities In a great
number of mines in various parts of
the world Glass has been found in
Nineveh made thousands of years ago
which was colored by cobalt It is so
common in the German mines that it
Is a nuisance and from that fact gained
its name The superstitious miners call
ed the troublesome hard worthless ore
that was so much In their way kobolds
from the malignant little gnomes or
Kpritcs whom they supposed haunted
the mines and Interfered with their
work The oxides and salts of cobalt
are distinguished for their beautiful
colors red blue yellow and green
and they are therefore used for pig
ments They give the beautiful blue
which we find in cobalt glass and when
this Is ground to powder it makes the
painters article known as smalt It
lias extensive use alro In pottery and
the manufacture of xvall paper The
spectrum shows us that there is cobalt
in the sum
The specific gravity Is between S313
and 87 which makes it a trifle higher
than that of nickel and of course about
two thirds that of lead
While Mr Edison Is confident that
Jils discovery will make the UFe of elec
tricity much more general than has
been possible with the lead storage tot
tery and will deliver a hard blow at
tlie smelter trust and the Standard OH
trust plain people who are familiar
with Mr Edisons history will wait
patiently to see how much of his prom
ise can be realized
Tiin aiETnic svsTnn
Dr A Graham Bell made a very in
teresting and convincing argument be
fore the House Committee on Coinage
Weights and Measures in which ho
pointed out the absurdity and incon
venience of qur present conglomerate
nnd unsatisfactory system by which we
have three different kinds of pounds
and an entangling lot of measures no
two of which have any relation to one
another The adoption or the metric
system would bring a simplicity and
convenience that would be far greater
than the superiority of our decimal sys
tem of money over the cumbrous mone
tary systems in use In Europe He gave
pertinent Illustrations cited experiences
in his own laboratory and met the Ques
tions of the Chairman and members
with most satisfactory answers He said
that the objection that new tools would
be required In all our workshops was
unduly magnified it docs not follow
that tho present tools would be ren
dered obsolete and the work or output
by the present tools could bo estimated
as satisfactorily by the metric cystem
as by the present There might bo a
necessity for introducing some now
tools but on the other hand all tools
become obsolete in a few years and
have to be renewed anyway Tho bill
before the House is only mandatory
concerning the system of arithmetic to
bo used and leaves all other questions
open It would be far less vork to con
vert our present system of measure
ments and weights into the- metric sys
tem than is Imposed upon us continual
ly by the discordance between our pres
ent weights and measurements In the
Treasury Department a very large part
of ihe goods Imported
are already ex
pressed in metric measurements and
It would bo Jn the direction of simpli
fication to make tho metric svstnm mm
pulsory It would be Immensely to the
advantage of our merchants and
facturers to have this done in the way
of promoting foreign trade The trade
of Great Britain Is already suffering
sharply from the competition of metric
using countries and it we are going
into the markets of the woild we must
begin at once measuring our goods in
metric liters and kilograms If we want
to reach most effectively tho foreign
customers who are empl yinfr thoso
weights and measures
Mrlnlllc Il irrcl
Charles L Collin Detroit Mich has
recehed a patent for a metallic barrel
comprising an outer metallic headed
ii i
Vlil
shell and an inner shell insertlble with
inand suspended from the heads of the
outer free from its walls
Huruci
Tho horse is not forgotten by in
ventors and every week there are pat
ents issued for some article of harness
Joseph C Hooper San Francisco Cal
Lj V
has obtained a patent for a reinforce
for the throat portion of harness col
lars consisting of a tubular metal de
vice
Internnl Ciiliitioii Knglnr
Francis M Uhler Lincoln Neb has
patented a device for a gasoline en
gine which will work reciprocally The
xm
- X xt
fie
te
sJ
able disk adapted to be held in tlie
hand and revolved one step whenever
10 units have been added
Scrubbing Dei Ice
Halldor E II Armann Gardar N
passport to good health Uoth the book and the
Health Token are fiee
Tor the fire book and
tho Health TuWen you
must address Dr hkoop
lioi 7M1 HacJne Wh
Htate which book you
want
Itook 1 on Dyspepsia
Itooklonthe Heart
look s on tlie Kidneys
nook t for Women
ISook i for lieu
Hook a on ithcumatlsm
Dr blioopd ncstoratlve Tablets give full three
weeks treatment liicn lorm llquld or tablet havo
equal merit Dnizjlsts everywhere
Dr Shoops
Restorative
THE NATIONAL TlUBlgfE WASillXgTOX D U TIICJRSDAY AiJtIL 10 U 00
Timor Strop
Ernst F Zarbock Contralln 111 has
taken out a patent for a razor t trnp
vith a layer of aluminum on one side
p
and a finishing layer of silk on the
other The aluminum Is in a finely
divided slate
stilt
Hamllne J Chambers Council Bluffs
Iowa lias patented a stllt with the stuff
a
i it
- I -
A
f
f
y -
f -
hi
i ii
la
having a number of projections by
which the footpieces can be adjusted
at different heights
To DrniT n 1erfcct Ellipse
The following is a very easy way to
draw a perfect ellipse three inches
ii iiiiiiim a lirirtffcfritr fiiiwiSi w ii11
cylinder has a double head and the ex
plosion works two pistons
AiIiIIuk iclce
Lucius E Coleman Santa Ana Cal
patents a device to aid bookkeepers and
others and consisting of a light port-
-
i J
long using a pencil two pins and a
piece of thread
Draw A B two inches long and place
a pin upright in the drawing board at
I
A 0
i i
each end of A B Double a strong
thread and tie the loose ends together
to form a loop exactly two and
a half inches long This may necessi
tate several trials Place the looped
thread over the pins and with the pen
cil point draw the string straight as
at C Then move tho pencil around In
D has patented a scrubbing device
which has- in combination a water
tank a mop a valve on the tank and
a connection by which the valve Is
operated by the swinging of the mop
Weak Kidneys
Ittor but little nw to irr to doctor the kldners
Uictavivea Mien treatment Is wronjf 1 or the
ere not usually to blauic for tlielr weaineoses or
Irresularitles They have no power -no selfcoutroL
They arc operated anil actuated by a tiny shred of a
nerve which Is larjcly resjioiiilhlo for their condition
If the IJlJney nerve it rtronxand healthy the kidneys
aro Mrong and healthy If the Kidney norvo goes
uroujryou It by the inevitable result kidney
trouble
Thli tender utne only one of acreat system of
nerves Thli liyjteiii tfjutroli not wily tho kidneys
but the Leart anil the liver and the stomach For
almpllclt s sake lr bhoop has called this great ccrvo
lysteni the Inside Kervcs They are uot the nerves
of feeJIni not tb nerves that enable you to wait to
talk to act to think They are the master nerves
and every vital oran it their slave Tho common
name for these nerves Ii Ihe ympntbellc nerves
because earn set Is In such close sympathy with the
others that weakness anjRhera usually results lu
ncrkucss everyn here
The one remedy which alms to treat not the Kidneys
themselves It the nerves which are to blame is
Lnun ii by physicians and dm gjrbtt everywhere as Ir
rthoopa Ilestoratlve rrablets or Ilnuld 1 hLs remedy
is not a symptom remedy It Is strictly a canso remedy
While It usually hilues speedy relief Its elTects are
alO lasting
ir you would like to read an Interesting hook on
invlde nerve disease write Dr fclioop With the book
hetiillalro send the Health Token an Intended
the direction indicated by the arrow
always keeping the thread tight TIio
curve traced by the pencil will be a
perfect ellipse
Steel Shelve for Store
Shelves or racks for stores or ware
houses arc now made of steel The
racks are slapped knocked down and
quickly set up on receipt as tho parts
readily go together They are so made
i
that racks of any desired length or
neiKiit can oe assomuieu The advan
tages are freedom from collecting dust
lightness strength and not obstructing
the light
Formula for Clennxliij Wall Inper
Editor National Tribune Kindly
publish in The National Tribune a
good formula for cleansing wall paper
on the wall James Bobemyer Oak
wood O
Tho following aro given as sticce3S
ful methods of cleansing wall paper
1 To remove all stains or murks
where people havo rested their heads
from wuil papers mix pipe claywlth
water to the consistency ot cream lay
It on the spot and allow it to remain
till the following day when it may lie
easily removed with a case knife or
brush
2 If not very dirty tlie paper of any
room will be much improved by brush
ing it over in siralgnt linos with n wft
broom covered with a clean toft cloth
If however the paper bo much soiled
very stale bread Is the best thing to
clean It with Cut a very ntalo loaf
into slices and in the lightest manner
possmie wipe the paper with it in a
downward direction Clean about a
yard at a time all one way and lie
careful to leave no marks By this
process very dirty paper hanging nutv
be made to look almost like new
SHdSHOKlSESKRVATION
tonllnued from i3sc M
uhould be lnokcdfor In the areas which
Ittifnv crutcnjgs if granite and schists
in the black sands examined I found
magnetite amVbjrnlilendp and there is
a possibility that platinum and various
other heavy mHierals containing rare
enrths may bo discovered The heavier
portions of the black sands should bo
le ted for minerals of value especially
platinum Ti
I here wifr never be a coal famine in
this region as the Liramlo formation
contains coal bods on both tides of the
Owl Creek Mountains A number of
mines havo been opened up north of
Thermopolls Mlddleton and Kmbar one
of which the McDonald mine supplies
about 1000 tons annually The princi
pal bed is about nine feet thick over
laid by a bed of sandy clay a few Inches
thick above which is another bed of
coal llvo fet thick giving a total thick
ness of 11 feet Five other coal beds
occur fuur below and one above tho
14 foot bed The coal is bright firm
and free burning Doubtless these coal
beds are continuous throughout the for
mation indicated on tlie map Great
quantities of gypsum nro found In tho
Chugwator formation This is the min
eral from which plaster of Paris is
made It is frequently found In beds
from 30 to 10 feet thick There arc also
widespread deposits ot Bontonite a clay
having remarkable absorbatlve propor
tion Tills is utilized as a paper filling
packing for horses hoofs manufactur
ing dynamite and various other pur
poses Fullers earth occurs at various
points
Hon A S Mercer one of the best
known residents in Big Horn country
recently said
Tho Owl Creek Mountains for a dis
tance of SO milejflhavc long been known
to be Immensely rich In gold and cop
per The sifrface rock In one of tho
prospects slnJSvestin every place a dozen
particles of fine gold to every square
10000 perfonr A month ago a rich
streak was founcl in a vein near Camp
Kirwin which assayed 138000 a ton
When these facts are considered it is
not strange fliat uyomlng should be the
promised lajfrj toward which the wan
dering hordes of happy-go-lucky pros
pectors from all over the world are
turning
AGKICUJIClSli AND IKRIGYTIONT
Tlir 1otKllilltlr of Agriculture nnd tlie
lropuslIiiii4 for Irrigation System
Tho country has been far -from thor
oughly examined ns to its possibilities
for agriculture and the adaptability ol
irrlgalionlo its development The most
of our knowledge fa obtained from a
preliminary rcconnolssancc by Goyno
Drummond ot the Reclamation Bureau
of tlie Geological Survey The follow
ing is his preliminary report which
will be embodied In a forthcoming pub
llr document
The proposed ceded strip of the Sho
shone Indian Reservation comprises an
area of approximately 2283 square
miles extending eastward from tho
North Fork of Wind River which
marks the western boundary to Big
Horn River on the east and northward
From Big AVind River to Owl Creek
The irrigable area embraced within
these borders Is approximately 230000
acre and lies east of CrOw Creek and
between Big AVind River and Owl Creek
Mountains
The greater portion of this land Is
polling but can be easily watered The
soil Is a sandy loam warm and fertile
covered with sage brush Wheat oats
rye barley alfalfa potatoes and garden
vegetables are grown very successfully
on portions of tills trip and there is no
doubt as to tiio fertility of the soil when
properly irrigated The land being
rolling nnd having a good drainage
ry little of if will bo -injured from
X il
number of snd rock buttes ranging in
bize from -one-Half to 160 acres and
extending aver the entire strip be
tween Big Uitrd River and Muddy
Creek AVltlitthei exception of that por
tion lying within tho Big Bend of Big
Wind River Kitd comprising 20000
aores thcscobiiUcs make it difficult to
determine witu any uegree or accuracy
the nmount bfviiTlgable laud and until
a topographic map lias been mado only
an approximation Is possible It Is be
lieved that the estimate of 230000
acres howSQoVls a conservative one
In tho Big- Bend of Big AVind River
extending rprUl and west are about
20000 acres of fine bottom sage brush
land sloping toward the north and cast
North of Muddy Creek a small stream
flowing east through the Irrigablo land
a illtunce of 20 miles and south to Owl
Creek Mountains are 40000 acres of
fine tfage lirtish land with a slope to
tho east and south Between the Big
Wind River and Muddy Creek is the
lsrgest body of land 190000 ncres
South and east of Popo Agie River arc
auout iiiuuu acres or rolling land slop
ing to tho north and east which it Is
believed will be dltiicult to water
AVnter Supply
The source of water supply Is the Big
Wind River and Its tributaries which
have an approximate dralnairo area of
f 2000 square miles A measurement of
mis stream was mado on Oct 19 1904
at which time tho headwaters had be
gun to freeze arid its How was rctnrdod
ino discharge iwas 4063 second feet
about two miles above the mouth of
Hull Lako Creek and about seven miles
below the point of diversion of the pro
posed canal
In the event that the water supply
should prove Inimlliclent to irrigate the
land without storago reservoirs there
arc three reservoir sites above the head
ot the upper canal which have a com
bined capacity of 121000 acre feet
These arc in three lakes viz Brooks
Lake 25000 acre feet Troy Lake 26
0U0 ncro feet and Dlnwoody Lake 70
000 acrc fcet Tho Inst mentloned lake
U in the diminished strip of the Sho
shone Indian Reservation but cannot
be used for storing water for Indian
n 4V B X VST X
UTAH c 0 u Q RA olSiSL
f DENVER j I
MAP Ol WYOMINW SHOWING LOCATION OF RESERVATION
lands nor will its use In any way be of
damage to the Indians If utilized for
storing water for the proposed ceded
strip If water is stored in h It will
not Hood any grazing land as the sur
face area will bo increased but little
Dlnwoody Creek flows from this lake
and measurements taken on Aug 29
1901 show that It had a discharge of
425G second feet Bull Lake is on the
diminished strip and a dam CO feet
high which could be constructed at
little cost will store 120000 acre feet
Bull Lake Creek was measured on Aug
22 1904 when It had a discharge of
1389 second feet A portion of the
water of this reservoir might be used
for watering about 20000 acres or the
diminished strip but as the bluffs along
the river are very high and broken the
cost would bo probably 30 per acre
Thl3 reservoir will not In any way dam
age the Indian lands should It be nec
essary to use it for storage purposes
That portion of the land lying south
and east of Popo Agie River will prob
ably have to bo irrigated from stored
water and there aro numerous lakes
on this stream in the mountains which
may be utilized for this purpose Sho
shone Lake on the South Fork of the
North Fork of Popo Agie River has
a capacity of 10000 acre feet with a
40 foot dam across its outlet and the
volume of water would be ample to fill
it as the headwaters of this stream are
in a region which has heavy snowfall
The Big Popo Agie River below its
junction with the Little Wind River
on Aug IV 1904 had a discharge of
5923 second feet The North Fork of
Popo Agie River on Aug 31 had a
discharge of 118 S second feet
I Itch Mne Cnnnl
A survey was made during the fore
part of July 1904 of a high line canal
Its head Is In tlie southwest corner of
Sec 7 T 4 N R 3 W Its source Is in
the Big AVind River and tho watera
stored in the Brooks Troy and Din
woody Lakes can be utilized in this
canal if necessary The course of the
canal Is easterly covering the entire
strip of Irrigablo land north of Big
AVInd River Its capacity Is 1300 second-feet
Its width 00 feet on tlie bot
tom and its slope one foot per mile
The location of this canal line Is on
comparatively level ground and it ex
tends about 72 miles to cover 40000
ncres of land north of Muddy Creek
Latorals can be constructed from tho
canal to cover all the land but it is
believed that other canal lines can be
taken out at a less cost than the lat
eials and owing to the fact that tlie
fall of tho country is too great for the
slope for canals It will be necessary to
build a number of drops In them
On the high line canal are three
drops the first at a point 36 miles
from the head lias a drop of 8C feet
the second 37 miles a drop of 55 feet
nnd the third at 48 miles a drop of CO
feet These drops are necessary in or
der to avoid heavy rock side hill work
but very little land will be lost by them
Another canal line Is proposed In or
der to avoid carrying the water so far
In canals This is taken from tlie Big
Wind River In Sec 30 T 3 N R 1 AV
as shown on the maps and has vcv
little sldc hlll work The low line is
taken out of Big AVind River in Sec
seepage water- Within this area are a 32 T 2 N R 2 K This is aso on good
iQSwWm
fpl M
x rfl
A BUTTE
From photograph by U S Geological Survey
ground for construction with very lit
tle side hill work and ground of a char
acter to maintain a canal
I mill on tic Dlmliiliheil Strip
Between Little AAind and Popo Agie
Rivers nre about 60000 acres of irri
gablo land which will have to be wa
tered from these streams Storage will
ue required rnese streams for a por
tion of the Irrigation season havo water
enough and if the present system of
rarmlng by the Indians were continued
will always havo enough but if all the
irrigablo land is onco under cultivation
the normal flow of tho streams will be
inadequate for lato irrigating
At tlie mouth of tho South Fork In
Little AVind River Canyon there is stor
age for about 16000 acre feet and
abovo the falls aro numerous lakes
which will doubtless afford storage for
all tho flood waters required Meadow
Creek one of the lesser tributaries has
How sufficient to img nte about 10000
acres and It Is thought that this area
or Irrigable land can be found adjacent
to It The strearp however sinks in a
cavo near tho mouth of tlie canyon
and in order to utilize the water it will
bo necessary to construct a canal 2000
feet long through a limestone ledge
carrying the stream around the point
whore It sinks and turning it Into the
channel below where It could then be
taken out on the land
On the Big Horn River at the mouth
of the canyon in Owl Creek Mountains
is the only reservoir site on this stream
Its capacity cannot bo determined until
This measurement was made at a point a detailed survey has been made In
Sheep Mountain Canyon on Big Horn
River la a good rite for a dam but the
valley Is narrow and the area covered
b the water small so that it U not
thought practicable for a reservoir site
T1IK S1IOS1IOXK INDIANS
Mimethlnc About the lreent Inhnnl
tnnt of the Hesrrvntlon
This wonderful country has been
since 1S67 the reservation and special
home of the Shoshone or Snake Indians
a family embracing the Shoshones prop
er the Utcs Comanches Moquis
Ohemehueves Cahulllo and the Kechl
Kizh and Netela of California The
Shoshones proper are a large and wide
spread people According to their tra
dition they cumo from the South and
when met by Lewis and Clarke in 1805
they had been driven beyond tho Rocky
Mountains Tho various Shoshone bands
have gone by numerous names The
most Important were the Koolyatlkara
or Buffalo Katcrs who long defended
their homes on AAind River and the
Tookarika or Mountain Sheep Kater
a fierce tribe in the Salmon River
trj and upper Snake River Aaliey The
western Snakes near Fort Boise were
separated from the others by the kin
dred Bannacks The Shoshocos foot
men called also AVhlte Knives from
the line white flint knives they formerly
used were digger tribes on Humboldt
River and Goose Creek and included
apparently most of those in the basin
of Great Salt Lake These bands were
generally mild nnd inoffensive lurking
In the mountains and barren parts and
having little intercourse with the whites
About IS 19 they were in open war and
the peace made with some of the bands
at Salt Lake in September 1S55 did
not end it In 1862 California volun
teers Under Col Conner nearly exter
minated the Hokandlkah or Salt Lake
Diggers in a battle on Bear River
Waushakcea and other bands of the
Koolsalikara Shoshones made peace at
Fort Bridger July 2 1863 Pokatellos
and other bands of the Tookarika at
Box KIder July 30 the Shoshoco or
Tosov ltch at Ruby Valley Oct 1 and
the Shoshones and Bannocks at Soda
Springs Oct 14 In 1864 the Yahoo
skin Snakes mado peace and with the
KlamathH and Alodoca ceded their
lands and on Aug 12 1865 the AAohl
papes also submitted The Government
did not properly carry out these
treaties and many of tho bands renewed
hostilities In 1867 In the campaign
of Gen Steele a number of Indians
wero killed and immense stores of pro
visions laid up by the Shoshones were
destroyed Gen Augur at last allowed
them to come in and make peace at
Fort Bridger Tlie Government then
attempted to collect the whole nation
and restrict the Shoshone bands to cer
tain reservations The Yahooskln and
AVohlpape Snakes had prospered on the
Klamath Reservation although their
crops frequently failed The Fort Hall
Reservation in Idaho was begun in 1867
for the Bannocks and several bands of
Shoshones about 1200 in all The Sho
shone Reservation in AAyoming set
apart under treaty of July 3 1868 for
Waushakees and other bands of East
ern Shoshone and Bannocks was ex
posed to attacks from tho Sioux and
only about S00 united there There are
also the Northwestern Shoshones in Ne
vada and Utah estimated at from 2000
to 3000 and a band of 400 in the north
western part of Idaho
HOMESTEAD RIGHTS
Soldiers Snilors anil Murine May Locate
ou Tliene Itiudx
Any officef soldier seaman or marine
who served for not less than 90 days
In the Army or Navy of the United
Stales during the rebellion and who
was honorably discharged and has re
mained loyal to the Government and
who makes a homestead entry of 160
acres or less on any land subject to such
entry is entitled to have tlie term of
his service in the Army or Navy not
exceeding four years deducted from the
period of five years residence required
under the homestead laws
If the party was discharged from ser
vice on account of wounds or disabili
ties incurred in the line of duty the
whole term of enlistment not exceeding
four years is to be deducted from the
homestead period of five years but no
patent can issue to any homestead set
tler who has not resided upon im
proved and cultivated his homestead for
a period of at least one year after he
commenced his improvements
Similar provisions are made in the
Acts of June 16 1S9S and March 1
1901 for the benefit of like persons who
served in the late war with Spain or
during the suppress ion of the insurrec
tion in the Philippine
A party applying to make entry must
file with the Register and Receiver a
certliicd copy of his certificate of dis
charge showing when he enlisted and
when he was discharged or the affi
davit of two respectable disinterested
witnesses corroborative of the allega
tions contained in tho prescribed affi
davits on these points or If neither can
be procured his own affidavit to that
cfTect
The filing must be accompanied by
tho oath of the soldier stating hbt resi
dence and postotllce address and sot
ting forth that the claim Is made for
his exclusive use and benefit for tho
purpose of actual settlement and
vatlon and not either directly or in
directly for the xise or benefit of any
other person that ho has not thereto
fore made a homestead entry or filed a
declaratory statement under the home
stead law that he Is not the proprietor
of more than 160 acres of land In nny
State or Territory and that since Aug
30 1890 he has not entered under tho
land laws of the United States or filed
upon a quantity of land agricultural
In character which with the tracts ap
plied for would mako more than 320
acres The fee Is 2 except In the Pa
cific States and Territories where it
la 3
Any such officer srd -marine
may file his claim for a tract of
land through an agent anu a
six months thereafter within which to
make his actual entry and commence
his settlement and Improvement upon
the land Sec 2309 Rev Stat
In addition to the oath heretofore
prescribed the oath in case of filing by
an agent must further declare the name
and authority of tho agent and the date
of the power of attorney or other In
strument creating the agency adding
that the name of the agent was insert
ed therein before its execution It
should also state in terms that the agent
has no right or interest direct or indi
rect In the filing of such declaratory
statement
The right of an agent to file morn
than one claim has not been passed
upon definitely by the Interior Depart
ment The question came up during
the previous openings but was not set
tled It is not known what attitude tho
Department may take upon it In tho
opening or the Shoshone Reservation
The widow or in case of her death or
remarriage tho guardian of minor chil
dren may complete a filing made by
the soldier or sailor as above and pat
ent will issue accordingly
Aluminum Ilrenstplntes
The Italian expert Scandrogllo ol
Leglano has prepared three kinds ol
breastplates The first Is composed ol
six plates of pure aluminum 05 milli
meter thick rolled placed one on an
other and wrapped In sized cotton can
vas it resists lead projectiles of f035
millimeters in caliber The second la
formed of two plates of aluminum with
four per cent of copper rolled two
millimeters in thickness and covered
with sized canvas It 8top3 the projec
tile of the Italian revolver of tho 1889
model The third breastplate contains
three plates of the same metal five
millimeters thick and stops the ball ot
the Italian musket of the 1891 model
These breastplates arc claimed to be
less thick and heavy than those pre
viously used with the same results
To illd on Kin
Thinly coat the places to be gilded
with a saturated borax solution on
which lay the gold leaf and press down
well and uniformly with cotton wool
Heat tlie glass over a spirit name un
til the borax melts and allow to coof
off
If the glass is to be decorated with
gilt letters or designs paint the places
to be gilded with water glass solution
of 40 degrees lay on the gold leaf and
press down uniformly Then heat th
object to S6 degrees Fahrenheit s
that it dries a little sketch the lcttert
or figures on with a lead pencil erasi
the superfluous gold and allow the ar
ticle to dry completely at a highe
temperature
To Remove Old lnlnt and Vnrnisb
The following method is good If thi
surface is to be repainted
Dissolve four pounds of caustic soda
9S per cent or as many pounds con
centrated lye n one gallon bolllngwa
ter and allow it to cool In anothei
vessel mix a half pound each of starct
and china clay in one gallon of hoi
water Beat this well so as to havs
no lumps and when cooled oft som
add it to the soda or lye solution stir
ring well in the meantime when it
forms a thick smooth paste Applj
this paste with a fiber not bristle
brush to the surface in a heavy film
and when the paint or varnish is raised
wash with warm water To remov
any traces of causticity give the sur
face a coat of vinegar and water
Did be Hett He Could
H Page Friend Ore fays that lit
was too young to go in the army be
ing only eight years old but he did the
best he could and married a veterans
sister They have four boys and he li
going to take The National Tribune al
ways for them to train them up in trm
patriotism
WStittiBQL
spectacles absolutely free of charge
Listen In the past
year I received thou
sands of letters from
spectacle vearers all over the world
expressing their thanks and appreci
ation and the one I giAe here is a
good sample of what they all say
The Reverend 0 C Clark one
of the most prominent ministers in
the State of Illinois says
6iV HIGHLY appreciate your famous Perfect Vision spectacles for
I can honestly and truthfully say that Avith them I now read the
finest and smallest print both day and night just as well as I ever
did in my life Your spectacles are truly marvelous
NOW I WANT YOUR TESTIMONLAL ALSO AND I
THEREFORE MAKE YOU THIS SPECIAL OFFER
Just write me your name and
address and I will mail you my
Perfect Home Eye Tester free
Then when you return me tha
Eye Tester Avith your test I will
send you a complete five dollar
family set of my famous Perfect
Vision spectacles for only 1
which is an actual saving of 4
to you and this will include a
pair of my handsome Rolled Gold
This set will last yourself and
family a lifetime
With these famous Perfect
Vision spectacles of mine you
will be able to read the finest print
just as easy as you ever did in your
life and I will return your dollar
willingly if you yourself dont find
them to be the finest you ever
bought anywhere at any price
Write now for my free Home
Eye Tester Address as follows
DR HAUX SPECTACLE CO Haux Bldg ST LOUIS MO
I WANT AGENTS ALSO TZZSLZfZPJSZ iR3t SftsySH
rruA rrni ri r t Tr
wiuv any oub can wors it Wiin
weekly selling my famom
tm vol Inn rw In ntnwAa Vi
CEenU need no license aa I furnish then the necessary documents with tho Agents Catflfc
NOTTiTlK toY Is the lirsa ItaU Sstacl Hotaa ta tba United States and perfeeUi reUaLUJ

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