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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 18, 1906, Image 1

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f OCT 13 1908
Jt AND r7 j E i j ksS X
n pr 4
S S tS
Great Central Campaign
The Important Position of Kentucky and Tennessee
By john Mcelroy
Thomiw Stand All liny Offering a II e
newnl of the Flsht Hrngg Mnkes So
Show of IlirNiiU Shattered Condition
of HI Army Ilmcsr aimlr a Senpe
jronl Severity of the Fighting and
Dann Recover IIIm Xerve
At S p m Sept 20 four hours after
sending his first panic stricken dis
patch Assistant Secretary Dana recov
ered his nerve sufficiently to send the
following more confident dispatch to
the Secretary of AAar
Chattanooga Sept 20 1S63 S p m
I am happy to report that my dis
patch of 4 p m to day proves to have
given too dark a view of our disaster
Having been myself swept bodily oft
the battlefield by the panic stricken
rabble Into which the divisions of Da
vis and Sheridan were temporarily con
verted my own impressions were nat
urally colored by the aspect of that
part of the field It appears however
that only those two divisions were
actually routed and that Thomas with
the remainder of the army still holds
his part of the field Beside the two
divisions of Davis and Sheridan those
of Negley and Aan Cleve were thrown
into confusion but were soon rallied
and held their places the first on the
left the second on the right of Thom
ass fighting column In addition to
this Davis and Sheridan have succeed
ed in rallying some 8000 or 10000 of
the fugitives and have also joined
Thomas This corps consisting after
all losses of at least 30000 men has
still further been strengthened by the
addition of that portion of the reserve
lately stationed at Itossville under
Granger It has changed its front from
the nearly north-and-south line of
this morning and faces the enemy
in an east-and-west line It will at
once fall back to the strongest line of
defense for the purpose of defeating
the enemys design of regaining Chat
tanooga and the Tennessee
The latest report from Thomas is
that he was driving back the advance
of the rebels In addition to these
forces we have the cavalry and mount
ed infantry not loss than 10000 in
number who are perfectly intact and
with this army it is not difficult to
make good our lines until reinforce
ments can arrive The cavalry at cur
last advices had their headquarter at
Crawfish Spring where they will per
haps be able to protect our main hos
pital until the wounded can be brought
made all possible effort to rally the
broken columns nor do I see that there
was any fault in the disposition of his
The disaster might perhaps have
been avoided but for the blunder of
McCook in marching back from his
previous advanced position That blun
der cost us four days of precious time
C A Dana
Victory nnl Ilefent for Both Sides
The greatest battle of the world west
of the Alieghanies and one of the very
bloodiest in history had ended with
the Union army in possession of the
goal for which the contest had been
fought In several senses the battle
was a Confederate victory and equally
in several senses it was a Union vic
tory Braggs purpose in delivering the
battle was twofold to destroy the
Union army and recover Chattanooga
He had done neither and in this re
spect the battle was a severe defeat
for him It was also a defeat in that
the final attacks upon the Union army
had every one been so decisively re
pulsed that all the fight was taken out
of the assailants and they recoiled
from any further useless slaughter It
was a victory for Bragg because the
Confederates were left in possession ot
the battlefield they had made im
mense captures of prisoners cannon
wagons and small arms and they had
routed a large portion of the Union
army and driven it in disorder from
the field But the remaining part had
after repulsing every attack retired un
It was a victory for the Union army
because the battle was fought to save
that army from destruction and to re
tain its hold upon the great gateway of
the Confederacy Chattanooga This
it did
Bragg was severely condemned in
after years for not following up his
victory and destroying the Union army
This condemnation counts for little be
cause it became the fashion to make
Bragg a scapegoat Longstreet Polk
Hood and others of lesser grade wore
quite free in their strictures upon
Bragg for this failure It is the com
monest trait of humanity to blame
some one else for our failures and mis
fortunes and Bragg suffered from this
universal tendency possibly stronger
among Southerners than others
Southerner seems more likely than oth
er men to xtulpate himself from all
blame for what goes wrong and to lay
the fault at the door of another Bragg
has certainly enough to answer for
without this additional burden
Thorp was no active pursuit made of
him Even Forrest who had done com
paratively little fighting during the
day made but feeble show of pursuit
tho it would have seemed that the
time was ripe for a bold cavalryman
like himself to reap a rich harvest
Forrest too joins in blaming Bragg
for -not giving orders to follow up the
Union troops but Forrest was one of
the last men to wait for orders to do
a tiling which he saw ought to be done
and which he could do
Some Uneless If
Among the most useless things in
this world is that of discussing the ifs
of a great battle There are more ifs
argued about Chickamauga than of any
battle of the war even Gettysburg and
the Confederates have been particular
ly prolific and persistent in tills The
special uselessness of the if is that
the man who makes it assumes that if
his particular thing had occurred oth
er things would not if on tho con
trary his if had realized the prob
abilities are much greater that other
even more potential ifs arise
and nullify It For example Lieut
Gen D H Hill makes a very powerful
it which the Confederates cling to
with special affection He says that
if they had had another hour of day
light they would have surrounded and
destroyed Thomass army If there had
been another hour of daylight Davis
and Sheridan possibly Negley would
have reached Thomas with troops re
organized and comparatively fresh
which if thrown upon the wornout
Confederates would have sent them
hack across the Chickamauga in hope
less rout This illustrates the remark
we made above There are a groat
many equally important ifs on the
Union side If Longstreet had made
the charge which scattered the right
30 minutes before he would have en
countered a solid line of battle if ho
had made it 30 minutes later he wouM
have found the Union right thrown
back In order to receive him and the
fate of his assault would have been
quite different If Rosecrans instead
of going to Chattanoogp had stopped
at Rossville and collected and reor
ganized Negleys Van Clevcs Sheri
dans and Daviss Divisions and led
them back to Thomas tho end of the
battle would have been vastly different
for the Union army and so one might
go on worlds without end
The Fighting and the Imkhvh
All accounts concur in the statement
that the fighting at Chickamauga on
both sides was the most desperate of
any battle in the AVcst and that the
losses especially on the enemys side
were far heavier From first to last the
engagements were all at unusually
close range where the fiing was nec
essarily deadlj This was because so
much of the field was densely covered
with timber and brushwood and when
the openings occurred the fields wer
small Therefore the two opposing
ranks had to forae into close contact
whenever they engaged Gen Hindman
says that he had never known Federal
troops to light so well and never saw
Confederate soldiers fight better
Lieut Gen D II Hill says that the
elan of the Confederate soldier was
broken at Chickamauga he never
fought again as he did there To the
Union troops no less credit is due Tho
two divisions and parts of two others
w3re caught at a disadvantage and
rushed off the field without having a
fair show they all the time exhibited
J Jit
here br Chattanooga Valley road
which still is free from rebels
The number of the enemy yester
day and to day I estimate at not loss
than 70000 He was able to touch
and threaten our lines at all points
and still form the tremendous columns
whose onset drove Thomas back and
dissolved Sheridan and Davis in panic
1 learn from Gen Rosecrans who him
self took part in the effort previously
to the final stampede of Sheridans Di
vision that that General charged the
advancing columns of the enemy in
flank The charge was too spasmodic
to be effectual our men became In
volved In the rushing mass and did not
break it Rosecrans has telegraphed
Burnslde to hurry forward his rein
forcements The advance of his cav
alry is reported as having reached
CIcvelanJ yesterday morning
Some gentlemen of Rosccranss
Etaff say Chickamauga Is not very much
ivors than was Murfreesboro I can
jtestify to the conspicuous and steady
jjrallanlrv nt RoencraH3 on tbu fld He
the Union army for the very good and
sufficient reason that It was an impos
sibility Braggs army was spent mor
ally and physically It was incapable
of further exertion The days of
inarching -the two days of terrific
fighting with its exhausting excitement
the I ck of water and rood and iliis
awful losses sustained had drained
both physique and morale to the ver
dregs Very many If not most of ths
regiments In Braggs army had moro
killed and wounded than they had iv
ing and unhurt Caring for the wound
ed was in itself a task of the greatest
magnitude for those who were able to
do anything and they had to perform
this task with bodies enfeebled by hun
ger thirst fatigue xind loss of sleep
There was nothing to prevent Long
street Polk and their subordinates
from making the pursuit had they been
so minded They had been fighting
for hours without orders from Bragg
and If they had felt capable of making
a pursuit they would have done so
without waiting for the laujulse from
unexpected courage and resolution and
the fighting especially on the left under
Thomas was not only desperate to the
last degree but It exhibited the highest
SKiu in soldiership Brigades encoun
tered the enemy with a shrewdness
equal to their boldness and which took
advaatiso of every accident and favor
ing condition They flung themselves
around the rebel Hanks and they lay
in wait in unexpected places until their
enemies were at short range when they
would rise and deliver a volley Into the
very breasts of the Confederates which
was shattering in the extreme
No complete report was ever made of
the Confederate losses and those of the
suDordlnate commanders which are ac-
cesslble show that If their losses were
no heavier than those commands which
did not make reports that tho aggre
gate must have swelled up toward 30
000 Gen Bragg admitted that he had
lost 18000 This was undoubtedly far
below tiie real figure and some esti
mates based upon the reports made
malco his total 20950 of whom 2073
W 1
m mmmmmz
m TTTrirrtri esiMjM
y m i i sKssr jsSMiu
w i
were killed 10274 wounded and 2003
Bragg admitted as early as 3 oclock
in tie afternoon of Sept 20 and long
before a great portion of tho loss had
occurred that all the fight had boon
beaten out of the most of his army
This would imply a still higher loss
than 20000 out of 70000 AVe have
fuller reports of the Left AVing com
manded by Lieut Gen Longstreet than
ol Polk s wing the right Gen Long-
street reports that on the morning of
the 20th he had 22SS5 effectives ex
clusive of cavalry Of thcseflie lost In
the aggregate excluding one brigade
from which he could not obtain reports
7S5C or more than one third OC these
10S0 were killed 6506 wounded and
270 captured
A number of Longstrcets regiments
reported a loss as high as 70 per cent
of the number they took into action
The larger part of this occurred in the
last hour of the fighting and the at
tacks upon Snodgrass Hill Gen B H
Helms Kentucky Brigade went Into the
fight 17C3 strong and came out with
only 432 Gen Helm himself being
amqng tho killed Gen Bates Bri
gade lost 608 out of 1083
Gen Gregg who commanded a bri
gadj of Tennesseeans reports that he
took 1425 men into action and lost 107
killed 4 7 wounded and 70 missing a
total of 652 or more than three-sevenths
of his force
Col John S Fulton who commanded
Johnsons Brigade of Tennesseeans re
ported that he bail taken 954 men into
actifon of whom he lost 400
Bushrod Johnson reports that he had
about 1000 men in his division of
whelm he lost 1449
Maj JlcClennan commanding the
4th Ala battalion reports that he took
205 men into the fight and lost killed
and wounded 110
Gen Preston whose division was
kept in reserve until late on Sunday
afternoon reports that ho had some
thins over 4000 men irf his three brU
gadfcs of whom he lost 200 killed 1077
wodnded and 61 missing making a
total of 1336
Gen II D Clayton reports that his
brigade wont into action with 1352
muskets and 94 officers and lost killed
12 officers and 119 men with 34 offi
cers and 449 men wounded This did
not include the slightly wounded who
wore still able to keep the field
i ne union army iosi out oi me
OOOlmcn it had on the field 1687 killed
9304 wounded and 5255 missing to
tal1 10366
That the Confederates lost 1000 more
killed and 8000 more wounded than
the Union troops is duetto the san
guinary assaults on the left On the
right the Union forces suffered more
than the Confederates but this was
compensated for on tho left where thft
robfl divisions battered thpmselves into
v rcJcks igninst tho barricades cast or
Lafayette road and on the slopes
of Snodgrass Hill The heaviest losses
rmiong the Union troops were in
Baifds Division 2212 next came
Hrannans loss of 2144 with Johnsons
1629 and Palmers 1349 All the di
visions suffered proportionately none
escaping without such- punishment us
woild have been regarded 111 European
armies as practical annihilation For
example Steedmans Djvislon lost 49
per cent inside four hours of killed and
wounded Brannans Division lost on
an i avi rage 3S per -cent while Aran
Derjvcers Brigade lost twlthin a small
fraction of 50 per centt
CoiiipnrKouH Willi Ktiropenn HnttlcM
At the meeting of the societies of the
contending armies at Chattanooga In
18SJ1 Gen Joe AVheoler made some com
parisons between the losses in our bat
tles and those of the noted ones In
Europe in the course of which he said
Waterloo was one of the most des
perate and bloody fields chronicled in
European history AVelllngtons casual
ties were much below the rate for eith
er jdde at Chickamauga or Gettysburg
At Khlloli the first great battle in which
Gen Grant was engaged one sldo lost
in killed and wounded 9740 out of
33000 while their opponents reported
thejr killed and wounded at 9616 mak
ing1 the casualties about 30 per cent
At the groat battle of AVagram Napo
leon lost but about five per cent At
AVurzburg the French lost but three
and a half per cent and yet the army
gave up the field and retreated to the
Rhine At Racour Marshal Saxe lost
but two and a half per cent At Zurich
Jlapsona lost but eight per cent At
Laiyriz Frederick lost nut six and a
half per cent At- Jlalplaquet Marl
boro lost but 10 per cent and
at Rumlllies the same intrep
id commander lost but six per
corn At Contras Henry of Navarre
wafL reported as cut to pieces yet his
Ins was less titan 10 per cent At Lodi
Napoleon lost one and a fourth per
cent and at the groat battles of Ma
rengo and Austerfitz sanguinary as
thejy were Napoleon lost- an average of
less than 14 14 per cent At Magenta
and Solferino in 1859 he average los
of both armies was loss than nine per
ceit At worth Speelieren Mars Ia
Tour Gravelotte and Sedan In 1870
tliei average loss was 12 per cent At
Linden Gen Moreau lost but four per
cent and the Archduke John lost seven
per cent In killed and wounded Amer
icans scarcely call this a lively skirmish
At Ierryvillo Murfreesboro Cliicka
majiga Atlanta Gettysburg Missionary
Ridge the Avilderness and Spotsylva
nia the loss requcntly peached and
sometimes exceeded 40 per cent anil
the average of killed and ounded on
one siuc or tne oilier was over 30 per
I Other I VatiireM of the Ionk
There were four brigade command
ers killed ach side Lytic E A
King Hog and Baldwin on tho Union
sltU and Preston Smith Deshler Helm
and P U Colquitt on tiie Confederate
side AH of these were officers of much
promise and had been prominent in
thejr several communities before tho
The death of AVilliam II Lytic of
jiuo was inirucuKiriy muunicu in mat
State inasmuch as he 3iail held the
office of Lieutenant Governor and had
written much successful poetry of
which the best known iis the poem
I am dying Egypt dying
Hans C Hog was ono of the finest
representatives of tho l Norwegian ele
ment which was therr commending it
self strongly to our people In Wisconsin
and Minnesota for lta ritany qualities of
High citizenship
On the Confederate islde the fall of
Bon Hardin Helm was perhaps the
mofit mourned He was a brother-in-law
of President Lincoln a young Ken
tucky lawyer of brilliance who was ris
ing rapidly in politics when he made
tbq unfortunate decision of siding with
thq Secession element In his native
Bragg claimed to have captured over
8000 prisoners 51 pieces of artillery
16000 stand of arms ahd a large num
ber of wagons laden with much needed
stores Rosecranss report admits the
loss of 36 cannon 2 caissons 8400
stand of arms and 5500 prisoners Capt
Horace Porter Ordrianco Officer re
ported that the armyVlmd fired 2650
000 musket cartridges- or 650000 more
thftn at Stone River and 726 rounds
ofi cannon ammunition or 12000 less
than at Stone River From tho Con
federate loss a much greater proportion
of bullets had found their billets than
Continued on page six
People Have Tired of the Old Catches Disintegration in Both
Parties The Presidents Independent Attitude Yet He Earn
estly Desires a Republican House Republican Booms
Self Iralne Dont Co Any More
AAith all the high Republican clatter
about what voters arc going to do Nov
6 what a spectacle of popular distrust
in that party the campaign is proving
to be Senator Beveridge of Indiana
irrepressible in oratory already the
hero of eight State campaign openings
this year came to AAashlngton the oth
er day to sec the President In an in
terview the Indlanian complained be
cause spellbinders could no Iongei
arouse the enthusiasm of audiences by
appeals to party spirit The achieve
ments of the groat leaders cannot be
recited to an accompaniment of great
applause Party lines have been de
molished Audiences want talk about
the present
AH campaign orators that flit in and
out of AVashington during this last
month of the campaign bring the same
report The country is tired of Repub
lican self-glorification- It has had a
fill of that Just as proved to be tho
case In the memorabl campaign of
1884 when Cleveland was first elected
Some historians say the popular dis
gust with constant eulogy of Repub
licanism was a very potent factor that
year in swinging independents to the
Democratic ticket
Probably that accounts in large part
for Roosevelts strength He has de
voted himself less to glorification of his
party than any former Republican
President and Is striking out on now
lines without regard to the past AVith
out his personality and the lively hope
of officeholders to retain tlisrir jobs the
Republican Party would be quite as
lacking in cohesiveness to day as their
opponents are
Political olap trap and slight-of-hand
in appropriating credit are not as val
uable In campaigning as they once
were There are excellent men In both
parties men capable of administering
public affairs well No one recognizes
that more than President Roosevelt
who often the last five years has placed
his reliance on Democratic leaders and
Democratic sentiment Out of grati
tude for honors his party has bestowed
upon him the President asserts his
fealty when an important campaign
like the present one Is on But no one
more than tho President has contrib
uted to the obliteration of strict party
There are several persons in AVash
ington who remember vividly his state
ment at a critical stage of the railroad
rate legislation last AVinter that he did
not care a snap whether that measure
passed the Senate by Democratic or
Republican votes Ho did not care
what color the houe was painted if it
was only rod Tho statement was made
with a deal of earnestness altho the
President undoubtedly was gratified
when his own party swung Into lino
for his ideas and made it if little con
sequence how the minority party voted
Still the President could not forget
the moral effect this minority had in
helping his legislative plans along But
for It he might have secured no legis
lation at all or something far short of
what he wanted
The Presidents Independence
More recently in fact since his re
turn from Oyster Bay the President
has said that In naming Supreme Court
Judges he Intends to select lawyers who
arc sound on the questions of the day
sound on corporate and labor questions
and sound with reference to the rights
of the negro race rather than lawyers
who are Republicans or residents of a
certain section He has said that he
tvill nominate a Democrat as quickly
as a Republican to the Supreme Court
of the United States provided the man
has the desirable qualifications Cir
cuit Judge Horace H Lurton whose
qualifications for promotion to the Su
preme Bencli tho President has con
sidered and whom many think the
President will appoint next December
to fill the vacancy caused by the re
tirement of Justice Brown Is a Demo
crat He was appointed by President
Cleveland in March 1893
The President lias observed the same
policy in other appointments Last De
cember he nominated to the Interstate
Commerce Commission Franklin K
Lane a California Democrat who lost
the Governorship of California in 1902
because of a quibble over the ballot
law which tho California court sus
tained That shocked the Republicans
because it made a majority of that
Commission then consisting of only
five members Democratic
Other Instances might be cited In
tiie light of which it Is little wonder
that party ties rest loosely upon voters
Their memories are too long to forget
what the President a popular idol ltas
been doing in ignoring partisanship
Hence the appeal for a Republican
House of Representatives for the next
two years is more effective when made
on the basis that Roosevelt wants it
than that Hie Republicans by their rec
ord merit a continuance In control of
the popular legislative branch
Men familiar with AAhite House do
ings know that the President was over
whelmed during the earlier stages of
tho campaign with appeals for per
sonal Indorsements of candidates The
Oregon Republicans were first Three
of the Congressional delegation of two
Senators and two members were either
under Indictment or conviction for land
frauds The party out there was in a
deplorable condition and only the
hardest kind of work could save it
from general defeat The President
turned a deaf ear to titese entreaties
for a time but eventually yielded to a
degree and gave his countenance to
tho ticket Even then a Democratic
Governor was elected and a Repub
lican candidate for tho United States
senate puiieu uirougn wtin a majority
ono tentlt the usual Republican margin
A few weeks later the Maine cam
paign came on Republican misman
agement In that State had not been
quite us bad as in Oregon but the
President was appealed to for help He
gave It reluctantly finally allowed his
indorsement of certain candidates to
bo made public and sent his Secretary
of AAar to Maine to make a speech in
ills name
The Republican Congressional cam
paign was on soon afterward and the
Congressional Committee swooped down
upon him for more Indorsements and
of course he could not well refuse af
ter all that had been done -The AAat
son letter was the result of several con
ferences and then the Republican lead
complete accord Tho record was com
plete for their purposes
Let no one doubt however tho Presidents-
sincerity in asking for a-Republican
House He knows he can club
Its members Into voting tho impoitant
legislation ha wants His experience
with the 5Sth and 59th Congresses has
proven to him what he can do A Dem
ocratic House might do things but
these might not be along the particular
lines the President has mapped out v
Democratic House would probably di
vert public attention to a degree in dig
ging out misconduct of Republicans
that the President has been too busy
to reach Perhaps it would enatt the
income tax law the President wants
but be very unwilling to do this the
Presidents way He believes he could
hold a Republican House in better con
trol and better mold it to his own ideas
A Democratic House would undoubted
ly start at once about revising the tar
iff The President now regards revision
as a secondary matter and does not
figure upon it as one of the achieve
ments of his Administration
It is already plain that there Is to ba
an Autumn revival of striving among
Presidential candidates Booms seem
to have been in the background a little
of late The people of course must
not be allowed to forget that there are
several eminent Republicans grooming
TnftM Doom
A recent dispatch says that Tafts
boom may be formally lanched in
Ohio this Autumn There is much more
behind this than one might think
Foraker may also laneh his Presi
dential boom this Autumn AVeeks ago
he was East and there was much in
fluential talk in inside circles about his
availability An array of strong men
would get in behind Senator Foraker
Presldentially If he would give the
There is no question that Secretary
Taft has had his eye on the AVhite
House for many months and begins to
look as though he had at last yielded
to the appeals of his family and began
active but quiet work toward the grati
fication of his ambition His brothers
want him to run They believe he
could be nominated It has not been
announced yet that he will decline the
Presidents proffer of a scat on the
United States Supreme Bench but it
seems to be accepted as certain that
he will do so
The Secretary undoubtedly returns
from Cuba with fresh laurels He did
not succeed in taming the insurgents
without overturning the Cuban Govern
ment That was what he was expected
to do at the outset But the public
seems to have become reconciled to his
failure in that particular and to hold
in lively remembrance his tactfulness
in setting the Provisional Government
going with a minimum of friction The
Secretary grows in the public eye by
his achievements in that direction
It is a matter for speculation what
the result will be if Mr Taft aided and
abetted by Representative Theodore E
Burton of Cleveland undertakes open
ly t o capture Ohio in defiance of Fora
ker Burton and inferentially the
President and Secretary Taft were
thrown down by the Republican State
Convention The two Ohio Senators
arc in absolute control of the State
organization and apparently will be
when the convention meets in a little
less than two years to nominate dele
gates to the National Convention It
is outside of all jirecedents for a candi
date to win in a National Convention
without his own State delegation
Therefore as things look now Secre
tary Taft will be risking a great deal
if he throws down the gage to Senator
Foraker as he would do by formally
or informally launching a Presidential
Frosty Air
Of course aspirants for the Presi
dency are aware that this is frosty
weather The air is nipping but there
can be no harm in the candidates keep
ing before the people Every man of
them is getting out on the stump to put
himself on record as in active sym
pathy with the campaign
Perhaps Secretary Root should not
in fairness be reckoned as an aspirant
but he has been much mentioned in
that connection He does not like
stumping The President Wjuld like
to send him out often with messages
before popular audiences but Mr Root
simply wont stand for it as a rule
However he is going to New York to
speak at the Presidents solicitation
Primarily he is going to help along
in the Gubernatorial struggle If
there is one thing the President is
anxious about these days it is that
AVilliam Randolph Hearst shall not be
elected Governor of New York Some
of the things the President says in
private conversation about Hearst
would make what Horace Greeley call
ed mighty interesting reading
At first it was announced that Mr
Root would make but one speech and
that in New York City Since then it
has been determined that Mr Root
shall make two speeches one in New
Aork City and another up the State
The President is afraid the up State
Republicans may go back on the party
this year General apathy up the State
lias defeated Republican candidates in
yoats gone by Mr Root ought to be
able to stir up the sober conservative
sentiment for lie is a strong speaker
when once he consents to an effort on
the hustings The Hearst newspapers
of course will parade his corporation
connections but that is not likely to be
hooded by the class of voters Mr Root
There will be others of the Cabinet
contingent in New York before tho
campaign there is over In fact Presi
dent Roosevelt is sending every good
speaker in his official family to the
Empire State excepting only Secretary
of the Navy Bonaparte and Secretary
of Agriculture AVilson The latter is a
power with the farmers and has been
hustled out by the Administration on
numerous political occasions but for
some reason lie is doing no campaign
stunts this year His own explanation
is that ho Is too busy with the enforce
ment or the meat inspectioi and pure
food laws to dip into politics
Cabinet Stumper
One of the latest announcements is
that Secretary Taft is expected to de
liver a speech or two In New York
apart from his Itinerary In the distant
AVest It is mighty hard on the public
business to crowd Secretary Taft and
his other colleagues In the Cabinet with
so much speaking The members of
the Cabinet have spent little time in
AAashlngton since last June and all
work of Importance save what they
could dispose of on their vacations re
ers had the President on a platform ofmains piled up on their desks AVhat
a scramble there will be shortly after
the November voting to climb on top
of tltis work and get out the annual
reports for Congress
Most of the good Cabinet speakers
are to be kept at it drilling Republican
doctrines into the heads of voters right
up to the last Saturday before the elec
tion The cause must bo eloquently
pleaded by inlluential officials which
means that no others can take tho
place of Cabinet members as stumpers
AVith such a regime in operation It be
gins to look as though Secretary Taft
must soon have a deputy as Secretary
of AVar He is not to have any fimti
worth mentioning between anil
election and immediately after elec
tion the President intends going to
Panama Cuban affairs are in such
satisfactory shape that the President
sees no reason for postponing ills Pan
ama trip Furthermore ho wants Sec
retary Taft to accompany him on that
voyage calculated to occupy the best
part of three weeks
Rc erting to Cabinet stumpers In
New York there is Secretary Shaw
who has been raising a nig dust out
VPt and who has gradually been
working his way across the Alieghanies
having the Empire State as his desti
nation The Treasury Department ha3
been run by subordinates for several
weeks while Secretary Shaw was out
disseminating sound doctrine and of
course encouraging that Presidential
boom By common consent he N voted
far and away the most effective stump J
or the Republicans now have at com-
mand He has be m growing in power
to entertain and instruct voters even
since he had his first trial in his homo
town in the early 90s his neighbors
having put him forward as the maa1
who must try to answer a free silverf
speech by Bryan There will be a
quickening of interest politically when
the Secretary strikes the Empire Stata
circuit i
Like Mr Root Attorney General
Moody will confine his stumping efforts
to his home State of Massachusetts Hoj
is billed for a couple of speeches with j
in the boundaries of his old Congres
sional district There has been occa
sional mention of Mr Moody as
dential timber but that was only de
sultory and many months ago His
qualifications are being reviewed anew
by the President makers and more may
be heard before long of the Attorney
General as Roosevelts successor He
is going to leave the Cabinet about Jan
1 to resume the practice of law in Bos
ton he entertains no lively ex
pectations of participating in politics
after he thus retires from public life
to earn a competence Mr Moody will
remain as one of the leading figures in
Massachusetts affairs He is bound to
be remembered as the man who has
stood exceedingly close to the President
for the last four or five years and who
has invariably been in sympathy with
all the President has been doing
The Next Candidate
No other member of the Cabinet
probably is better suited to carry out
the policies the President has inaugu
rated Mr Moody agreed with the
President about railroad rate legisla
tion when both Secretary Root and
Secretary Taft were disagreeing with
him He has had Intimate knowledge
of all the anti trust work the President
has been doing and as Attorney-General
has done some very import tnt and
effective work in prosecuting the trusts
Likely enough tho AAest will demand
the Republican candidate next time
for the East has had the Presi
dency almost eight years But it is to
be rioted that the hotbeds of radicalism
now are east of the Alieghanies in
the enemys country New York and
Massachusetts which were in the very
heart of the conservative country in
1896 are now as radical in their tend
encies apparently as Kansas and Ne
braska were in 1896 Kansas and Ne
braska are very calm under present
conditions and apparently well satis
Suppose the radicals poll a big voto
in New York and Massachusetts or
suppose that Moran is elected Gover
nor of the Bay State and Hearst of the
Empire State Those two States have
55 votes in the Electoral College and
the Republicans cannot do without
them The very logic of the situation
would call for a candidate who could
command confidence with the radicals
of those two States and assure them of
a distinct and positive corrective pol
icy for the cure of trust evils Per
haps President Roosevelt would run
again Yes but that is very doubtful
and In all the Eastern territory there is
at present no man more likely to be
acceptable than the present Attorney
Postmaster General Cortelyou t3
playing an interesting role in the pres
ent campaign He make no preten
sions of being an orator and does not
try to help the ticket by work on the
stump but he has taken off his coat
and is probably doing as effective work
for the ticket in New York as any
other Republican Many look upon
him as the Presidents personal repre
sentative and through him the Presi
dent is undoubtedly gaining much of
his Information about the New York
situation Mr Cortelyou is still Chair
man of the Republican National Com
mittee and he knows where to pull
the strings to bring results in New
Vice President Fnlrlinnkn
It should not be overlooked thai
Aice President Fairbanks has been tak
ing part of late in the political canvas
Some weeks ago it was the opinion that
lie would stand aloof this year and
confine himself to non partisan ad
dresses on civic occasions Mr Fair
banks has done much of that kind o
speaking in recent years aside from
the vast amount of stumping that haa
fallen to his lot Soon after he was
elected to the Senate in 1S97 he began
to devote much of his time to thesa
addresses and he has spoken at anni
versaries picnics and fairs in almost
every Northern State This year ha
went to Kansas for a John Brown cele
bration and to Idaho for an Irrigation
Congress to New Hampshire for a
State Fair and so on But now he Is
on the stump for the Republican tick
et and Is in his old time form not a
cold unattractive speaker as his crit
ics are -fond of picturing him but a
tactful careful considerate speaker
who warms up his hearers with stir
ring eloquence and unfailing courtesy
to the opposition party
Easterners have not - had Mr Fair
banks much in their Presidential cal
culations perhaps but the Aice Presi
dent is coming down the road rapidly
He is the MeKinley type of politician
does not herald his political achieve
ments far and wide and has a faculty
for rounding up surprising strength on
test occasions
As a matter of fact the present cam
paign in oratory is very much of a du
plicate of the oratory of two years ago
as far as persons are concerned Shaw
Taft and Cannon were the big guns
that year Aice President Fairbanks
too went on a long AVestern trip dur
ing which he filled every date and nev
er missed a train The Republican
speakers bureau found him a model
spellbinder to handle
The bushes are being beaten for
votes in many of the same localities as
In 1904 This is especially noticeable
with Missouri where the herculean ef
forts of the campaign as far as Con
gressmen are concerned are being
Work for CongrenM
AAith a session of Congress less than
Continued on page five

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