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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, March 14, 1907, Image 1

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ONE DOLLAR A YEAE
experience Probably what has been
the principal cause of the rum ana de
population of the once populous and
THE OFFICIAL BADGE OF THE
FOREST SERVICE
fertile eastern countries has been
the destruction of the forests on the
mountains When the forests were cut
away and then grazed oft by flocks of
sheep and goats until vegetation was
destroyed the rainfall swept the bared
6oil down upon the valleys and ruined
the country More than 100 years ago
France thoroly realized the evils of this
and took effective steps to prevent such
a widespread calamity to that country
The mountains had been denuded of
the timber and then flocks of sheep had
year after year grazed over the ground
until it had become a rocky desert
France put in operation an extensive
rigid and highly scientific system of
land recovery Where trees could be
made to grow they were planted and
cultivated Where nothing but brush
would grow brush was planted and
taken care of This system has abund
antly Justified itself and recovered to
France millions of acres that would
otherwise be destitute and barren
Secretary Hitchcock was keenly alive
to me necessity or developing a roresi
ry system in the Far West which would
avoid these evils and his energetic
course aroused against him- the bitter
opposition of all those who were try
ing to get rich at the expense of the
goods of the common people i
The President Acta
These succeeded In getting Congress
to put into the Sundry Civil bill a pro
vision that no more forest reserves
should be created except by act of Con
gress and that no additional areas
should be Included in the present re
serves except by the same process
The temptation to the President to veto
this bill was exceedingly strong but
there were stronger reasons why he
should not veto It Therefore before
signing the bill he Issued a proclama
tlon including in the forest reserves or
tne National Forests as they are now
called the extensive reserves which
Secretary Hitchcock and Chief Forester
Finchot planned out This instituted
1 txiSTiwc rneviovs to MAftCMM907
US CREATED MARCH I AN02 I907
on a solid and compreheniilve founda
tion a great forestry reserve taking in
the head waters and sources of supply
of all the principal streams and mak
ing an admirable basis for a future ex
tension of the system In all some 17
000000 acres were added to the re
serves already In existence This will
make a forestry system somewhat com
mensurate with tho magnitude of the
country which will be benefited by it
The decisive act of the President of
course meets bitter opposition from
those who have fought with such ani
mosity against the forestry policy but
ltjwlll be strongly approved by all citi
zens who have the future welfare of
tlje country at heaL They will rejoice
that the President has again shown his
v
THE NATIONAL FORESTS
A
The President Takes Decisive Action to Secure for the Nation
the Great Forests at the Headwaters of the Principal Western
Rivers
An Unexpected and Decisive Stroke
The avaricious and unscrupulous tim
ber grabbers succeeded in defeating the
legislation before Congress to allow the
increase of forest reserves to protect
the timber in the Far West embark
the Government upon a wise system of
forestry and conserve the water for ir
rigation purposes Everyone except
those who want to steal the Govern
ments timber agrees most heartily
that the Government should take im
mediate steps to prevent further spolia
tion of the forests and the evils which
will lneviably follow the same This is
not a matter of theory but of absolute
firmness and readiness to encounter a
vicious opposition and defeat it
Creation of National Forests
National forests formerly called
forest reserves are created with the
main object of using all their resources
in the wisest way Everything is for
use the timber the range the water
the land Only those lands chiefly val
uable for the production of timber or
the protection of the water flow are in
cluded In National forests It happens
that little patches of agricultural land
small mountain meadows and very in
considerable areas of open grazing land
must necessarily fall within their
boundaries because it would be impos
sible to exclude them All such little
tracts where cultivation is possible are
being classified and are passing to pri
vate ownership thru the act of June 11
1906 which is merely an extension of
the Homestead law to the National
forests within which every bit of agri
cultural land will eventually be made
to support a home
The miner is better off in a National
forest than on the unreserved public
domain The mineral laws apply in
precisely the same way The prospector
can explore and locate his claims with
out the slightest restriction and in
mining localities the timber is protect
ed kept in the country and kept from
burning up for the particular benefit
of the miner
All timber and wood In the National
forests is for use and for prompt use
It Is sold to the small man and to the
big man Everybody who needs tim
ber to establish his home gets It free
of charge and gets it when he asks
for it In the case of the National for
ests recently created the settler will
not have to wait until they are under
administration He may take Avhsit
timber he needs for domestic use with
out asking Jn the sale of timber there
Is no chance for monopoly for the Sec
fectary of Agriculture can sell as much
or as little as he pleases to whomever
he pleases and for whatever price he
deems fair for the best interests of all
the people The Government gets a
fair return for its own timber whereas
before under the Timber and Stone
law it practically gave It away and
gave it away in such a manner that it
was monopolized in vast tracts by cor
porate Interests And after it was cut
oft the land was burned over and be
came a nonproductive waste
In a National forest the lands aro
protected wisely cut over and kept pro
ductive forever
The range is used for the grazing of
live stock On those National forests
created after March 1 1907 there will
be no Interference with the grazing in
dustry It will go on Just as if thi
National forests had not been estab
lished during the entire grazing season
of 19071 Nor will any grazing fee bo
charged during this season on those
National forests or additions thereto
created after March 1 1907 All stock
men who have regularly used the range
will continue to do so without any in
terference from the Forest Serlce
The land within National forests Is
freely open to use as sites for hotels
stores mills residences and all other
legitimate purposes The greatest pos
sible use of the land is desired The
more people settlement and industry
the better Is the protection which re
sults The construction of roads and
trails is a great advantage and is al
ways encouraged and canals ditches
pipe lines reservoirs etc all act to
ward getting the fullest use out of th
resources All kinds of improvement
MAP OF THE FORI2ST RESIJRVATIONS
arc not only permitted but are decided
ly welcomed
Summary of the Forests
Colorado Acres
Park Range National forest
additions 438000
Holy Cross National forest ad
ditions 71680
Uncompahgre National forest
additions 164480
San Juan National forest ad
ditions 760000
Montezuma National forest ad
ditions 1040000
Medicine Bow National forest
additions and Wyoming 355600
Las Animas National forest ad
dition ju 192960
6
WASHINGTON D C THURSDAY MARCH 14 1907
Idaho
Palous National forest 182000
Port Neuf National forest 100000
Big Hole National forest addi
tions 2S09C0
Weiser National forest addi
tions 56000
Yellowstone National forest ad
ditions and Montana and
Wyoming 348000
Montana
Cabinet National forest 1809000
Otter National forest 620000
Lewis Clark National forest
additions 877000
Little Rockies National forest
additions 32640
Big Belt National forest addi
tions 11500
Oregon
Tillamook National forest 165000
Umpqua National forest 802000
Coquille National forest 140000
Imnaha National forest 783000
Siskiyou National forest addi
tion 446000
MEASURING A TREE THAT IS TO
BE MARKED ON THE STUMP
FOR CUTTING
Blue Mountains National for
est additions 977000
Cascade National forest addi
tions 514000
Ashland National forest addi
tions 154000
Wenaha National forest addi
tions 71000
Washington
Colvillc National forest 857000
Washington National forest ad
ditions 2275000
Mount Rainier National forest
additions 730000
Olympic National forest addi
tions 119000
Priest River National forest
additions 310000
Wyoming
Bear Lodge National Forest 137000
Bear Iodge
Bear Lodge National forest contains
an area of approximately 137000 acres
situated in northeastern Wyoming Tho
lands reserved consist of a simple north
and south range of mountains which
have an altitude of about 6000 feet
Agricultural lands entirety surround
this range of mountains and the locality
Is for Wyoming densely settled The
mountain range is covered thruout with
a fair growth of yellow pine timber
which Is the only source of supply of
7 jrMJ V VJT lJ vf 7 V VHftia i
M T5T i I i i
P yjL jaw
i ijir jejf
the surrounding settlements The tim
ber is of the same species as is found
in the Black Hills Reservo in South
Dakota and is threatened in the same
wnv n thft fnrpqlR In thnt foamn tiu
the pine bark beetle If this forest Is
iiul pruiecLeu irum cureless ana indis
criminate logging methods and the rav
asres nt tha nlnA hark hpfttlp tho oaf-
tiers hitherto depending upon it for
meir umoer supply win he forced to go
to the Black Hills Reserve at a con
siderably increased cost
Wclaer National Forent
By the new proclamation for the
Weiser National Forest three changes In
boundary are secured The most
ant is the elimination of 14400 acres of
grazing and agricultural land along the
east slope of the canyons of Salmon
and Little Salmon Rivers In Townships
23 24 and 25 north Range 1 east This
area was unsurveyed when the National
forest was created so that it was im
possible to determine exactly the loca
tion of the proposed boundaries A
narrow strip of timbered land- aggre
gating about 8000 acres lying along
the south slope of Cuddy Mountain is
added to the reserve area Also the
Snake River Is for a long distance made
tho west boundary of the SevenDevils
Division This will greatly simplify
administration since the line as pre
viously established followed along the
breaks of the river in a cquntry almost
impassable on account of its steep and
rugged character The change will be
of advantage equally to th6 stock inter
ests and to tho Government
Die Hole JVnllonnl Forent
The lands recently added to the Big
Hole National Forest amount to ap
proximately 280000 acres located in
tiro northeastern portion of Jdaho on
the continental divide The lands are
wholly mountainous and without any
value whatever for agricultural pur
poses The supply of timber In this
region Is very limited Tho water ris
ing in tho area is used for Irrigation
and tho Interests of tho settlers living
adjacent to tho reserve ilcmnnd that
protection of the timber nnd the water
supply which is given by the Govern
ment In its administration of the Na
tional Forest
The Tort Xeur Nnllonnl Forest
The Port Neuf lies In Bannock Coun
ty Idaho 15 miles cast or Payette and
covers about 100000 acres The high
est peaks run up to over 9000 feet and
the Port Neuf River circles around the
reserved area on the easl south and
west The average precipitation Is
about 12 inches and piirt of this Is
snow An open growth of Iodgepole
pine red fir and quaking aspen occurs
in strips usually above the 6000 foot
level The timber is ot value chiefly
for fuel house logs and fencing Tho
reservo is a most Important part of
the watershed of the Port Neuf River
In the valley of which tho ranches aro
entirely dependent on irrigation The
protection of the forest cover on the
mountains Is therefore of -vital import
ance
The Pnlonse Nnllonnl forest
Tho Palouse National Forest contains
approximately 180000 aces on tho
headwaters of tho Palouse River in
northern Idaho These Jands are nat
ural forest lands of very high value for
their timber and of no value for agri
culture This National forest covers
the headwaters of the Palouse River
whose waters the Reclamation Service
proposes to divert to lands in
Washington The entire watershed of
the Palouse River lies in a compara
tively low altitude and the stream flow
Is very Irregular since thpre are no
snow fields above timber lino from
which It Is fed during theummer It
Is therefore more thanuitiaHy Import
ant to secure those conditions which
tend to provide a steady flow and the
preservation of the forests on the head-
tvftters nf tip strenm ind iVn Tirntontlnn
of the lands from overBrlrtg is the
oniy praciicaDic means oi jttccompusn
lng this end Under ho Management
of these timberlands under the regula
tions of the Department of Agriculture
the mature timber will be removed but
without Injury to tho forest or to the
water supply and tho lands grazed un
der regulations which will Insure the
greatest protection to the water supply
and to the stockmen a range which will
be kept permanently in good condition
Yellowstone
The lands eddtd to tlift Yellowstone
National Forest amount to about 34S
000 rcrcM situated In Montana Wyom
ing and Idaho They ari Identical In
character with those already within
the reervc and the nanle conditions
which led to the creation of the orig
inal reserve tho necessity of the pro
tection of the water supplyand the tim
ber brought about tha addition of this
area It comprises high mountainous
lanfla entirely without value for agri
culture Grazing Is Important and in
the past most of the Ianus added have
been subjacted to severe injury from
overgrazing The Irrigation and stock
Interests are In favor of tho additions
since it will Insure a permanent water
supply ana tho protection of the range
Cascade
The recent additions to the Cascade
National Forest In Oregon are com
paratively small 514000 acres consist
ing or a number of mountainous tim
bered and burned over areas on the
high spurs running out from the Cas
cade Range The lands except about
one per cent are of such a character
as to make settlement impossible yet
tney are capable with proper protec
tion of producing heavy stands of tlrn
bcr
The small additions ontho northeast
and east sides will be of value in pro
tecting the Irrigation projects which
are developing noar Tho Dalles and in
the valley of Bes Chutes River
Iuinaha Notional Forest
By the Presidents recent proclama
tlon creating the Imnaha Reserve the
National forests formerly known as
tho Wallowa and Chealmnus in Oregon
have been combinod Besides the area
Included in them approximately 780
000 acres of now lands have been ad
ded These lands consist of tho ex
tremely rugged region which consti
tutes the breaks of the Salmon River
Canyon Tho lands rle procipltously
from the Snake River with on altitude
of about 1000 feet to one of 6000 feet
at the summit of the range The en
tiro area is cut up into- canyons with
very steep slopes Timber is found
over the whole area onT the protected
slopes in tho coves and In the canyon
bottoms but the conditions are such
that under a proper system of manage
ment tho forest area may be greatly
oxtendod What llttlo agricultural land
Is inoluded has already been take up
and settled This U a ruggsd mountain
region which will never be settled and
it is very advisable that it be placed
permanently under the Government
management
Tillamook Umpqua and Coquille
These three National Forests are sit
uated in tho Coast Rangoof Oregon
and extend In tho f orni -of a narrow
broken belt from Tillamook Co to Cur
ry Co Their areas are Tillamook
165000 acres Umpqua 02000 acres
and Coquille 140000 acres The lands
embraced within them are either heav
ily timbered or lie within extensive old
burns Tho slopes are very steep the
soil rocky the country Is cut up by
numberless canyons and Is thus unsuit
able for agriculture
As factors In the future lumber in
dustry of Oregon these National forests
are going to be very Important Prac
tically alf of tho land Included within
them Jsrcovered with tho heaviest kind
of a stand of young timber and most
of It bids fair to be of excellent qual
ity The Coquille in particular con-
IContlnued on page three
MAGNATE
HARRIMANS VISIT
m -
Something That Greatly Puzzles Official
domWhat is His Little Game Frank
and Voluminous Talks With Newspaper
Men
Magnates of various kinds including
New York magnates often come over
to Washington J Plerpont Morgan
moneyed man and pioneer in some very
potent combinations comes to Wash
ington He comes on religious errands
on Presidential errands on business er
rands And he travels in his private
special train usually when he comes
Rogers Rockefeller J J Hill Kcenc
and others come They do not as a rule
attract very much attention Tlwre are
few gaping spectators as they pjss
E H Harrlman railroad mignate
who raises millions on lines not yet
constructed and gets away with the loot
Jias been in town of late It is -by no
means Mr- Harrimans first trip to
Washington He has been here often
before He has been in the habit of
coming over to Gridiron Club dinner
for several years There Is somtone in
the club kind enougli to Invito him
Speaker Cannon has had Harrlman over
here to dinner so have other Repub
lican politicians And even Harrlman
las come and gone In former times
without creating a great flurry in the
town
ItcnKon for -Wonder
On his recent trip however there was
reason to wonder It did not seem to
be the same Harrlman as had come In
former times He was accompanied by
his family and was ostensibly making
the visit of several days In town lor the
benefit of his 10-year-old son Roland
Harrlman But ho was also accompa
nied by his attorney Maxwell Evarts
and this It developed before he depart
ed was not entirely by accident
Mr Harrlman went about town In the
most democratic way He visited tha
Capitol in the closing days of Congress
How tho Senators and members great
trust fighters all did jump around
when Mr Harrlman hove in sight
There was nothing too good for his con
venience The galleries of the Senate
were crowded Senator Spooner of
Wisconsin somewhere somehow learn
ed that Mr Harrimnn was without anx
ious to take his lad Roland Into tha
galleries Mr Spooner is Chairman of
the Committee on Rules and can let
people Into the diplomatic gallery who
are not diplomats And the doors quick
ly swung open Into the diplomatic gal
lery and Mr Harrlman had opportuni
ty to look on from a place where there
was plenty of elbow room
He also took his son Roland 1o the
White House offices to shake hand with
President Roosevelt The stay was
brief but people were inquiring wheth
er fc irrlman and the President talked
railroads Tftey did not at that time
Harrlman also strayed over to the of
fices of the Interstate Commerce com
mlsson He shook hands with the Com
mlsnoncrs who have recently had Jiim
on a hot gridiron in New York Ho
fraternized around tho building for
awhile discussed light matters in so
ciable vein and departed
But greatest of all wonders Mr Har
rlman talked on many occasions for the
newspapers Some one gave him the
tip that he would bo better off if he
quit being a sphinx Tho magnates
over in New York have not learned that
yet Some of the wiser people In Wash
ington have Among them is President
Roosevelt And since tho President
demonstrated the wisdom of the pub
licity policy leaders of Senate and
House and Department authorities have
been following it to a degree never be
fore known in this Government
The head of a New York newspaper
bureau sent a young man whom he has
Just taken on to interview Harrlman
It would be the big thing for to-morrow
morning said he to the Journal
istic cub The youngster trembled In
his boots Must he get an interview
from the great Harrlman Yes And
ho went for he had to A half hour
later he returned- Jubilantly Had he
tho Interview Sure Harrlman was
giving interviews by the yard And so
Harrlman was Anybody almost any
timo and almost anywhere could get a
talk from the magnate who controls
some 24000 miles of railroad and
threatens to control much more unless
the Government can find a way to stop
him
Newspaper InterleiTS Without Stint
And thus the Harrlman newspaper
Interviews became a feature of his- visit
to Washington He talked volubly here
and he also continued to talk volubly
when he returned to New York It
seemed as tho you could not stop him
He was as easy as Chauncey Depew has
been known to be for years But Har
rlman was nevertheless talking to a
purpose It developed that he wan try
ing to give the widest pumiciiy to nts
opinions about tho railroad situation to
Justify his big deals ins consolidations
his looting of the Alton
Probably the purpose far behind It
all was to attract the eye of President
Roosevelt Harrlman claims that he
has r great mission ahead in combining
railroads Especially does lie want to
bring about a law that will permit rail
roads to distribute their traffic He alsj
wants to divert the President from urg
ing drastic legislation In the next Con
gress This became evident when he
sent his attorney Mr Evarts to the
White House to ask for an audience
with the President at which they could
talk over the railroad situation Secre
tary Loeb brought back wjrd that the
President would be glad to see Mr
Harrlman as he Is to see any other
citizen The understanding Is that Mr
Harrlman will be over here again this
week and that at last he will have his
railroad talk with the President
Meanwhile he lias been going on In
his Interviews A New York newspaper
a few days ago printed a five column
interview in which Mr Harrlman went
into railroad topics comprehensively
Mr Harrlman knaws all this will reach
the President who Is an omnivorous
reader of newspapers Thus the Presi
dent will be prepared for the views Mr
Harrlman holds for Mr Harrlman is
putting out the plausible doctrines In
these Interviews He is talking about
the necessity of shippers unloading cars
quickly and topics of that character on
which most ot the reading public will
agree with him He tolls how the Union
Puciflc was bullt up made a better road
and Its traffic increased -all of which Is
very Interesting and displays Harri
mans constructive power as a railroad
man Ho Is uttering a warning too
about frightening capital away from
railroad Investments about the baneful
effects of enactments of State Legisla
tures in reducing passenger fares and
in trying to fetter tho jperatlons of
railroads He is likewise preaching the
- -7 - - v - - rvs
4 RECEIVED K
A MAR 1G 1907 V
VOL XXV NO
25 T
3JHQ
5 7TTnTT Vfl 1099
a uiJiJ -v
Or g
US u
o j o
Tine Late Senator from Wisconsin
doctrine of co operation between the
Government and railroads
The upshot of It all is that Washing
ton is concerned to know just what kind
of a game Mr Harrlman is playing It
Is an important game or he would not
apply himself to it so assiduously Offi
cial Washington Is waiting for more
details before it forms conclusions Per
haps when Harrlman Is here Thursday
and talks with the President he will
have something more to say It may
be too that the President will permit
some infjrmation about the visit to
reach the public
Hangers Ahead for Harrlman
Meanwhile- there are dangers of lit
gatiotf ahead of Mr Harriman The
State of Illinois has already taken steps
to declare the 30000000 bond issue
on tho Chicago Alton void in which
case Mr Harrlman would be a loser to
the extent of many millions The
of Illinois has already
asked for a transcript of Harrimans
testimony before the Interstate Com
merce Commission In New York and is
going to get It There is a stringent
provision in the Constitution of that
State against issuing railroad oonus on
lines that exist only on paper If the
courts should declare the bond issue
void the holders of the bonds of course
would have only so much worthless
naner
There are indications that the Presi
dent has been slowing up a little on his
railroad crusade because of the protests
by Harrlman and others but It is un
likely that he will be headed off by
them He has nine months yet in wnicn
to formulate definite plans about legis
lation for the next session of Congress
There Is no occasion for him to hurry
about It The President wants time to
think the subjects over is willing to
talk with people of various shades of
opinion about what should he done and
will also make some addresses during
the Summer in which he will put for
ward some propositions tentatively to
ascertain how they take with tho pub
lic Ho has already asked the Inter
state Commerce Commission to mako
some recommendations to him for a
law to authorize the appraisement of
railroads That will become a themw
for public discussion in tho course of
some weeks
And the President will undoubtedly
enjoy talking with Mr Harrlman on
railroad subjects For he wants Ideas
and there Is no sort of question about
Mr Harrimans head being full of ideas
CONGRESSIONAL JUNKETS
An Unusual Number of Pleasant Excur
sions Arranged for Members of the
Senate and House The Isthmus
Hawaii and Other Points of Interest
to lie Visited
Fine days these for the junketers
Let Congress pass all the railroad rate
laws it pleases What does it matter
The nlain neonle may be cut off from
free transportation The 7300 law
givers by strategy by diplomacy or
otherwise will find a way xney win
be going far and wide and somebody
else will pay the freight
The organization and execution of
Congressional junkets has been steadily
In progress for some weeks The climax
of tho activity came after the adjourn
mni n liriTc portion of the mem
bership of the House with only a fair
sprinkling from the senate moved ou
t innis TVnr mind vou the Coil-
cresstonal junketer discovers the need
of trael in inu uamu ui ii uuinu
ment only in some direction where there
is a good commissary and where tho
sun Is warm
Panama offered tne Desc excuse uus
Tho Hnvernment is digging a
canal down there you know The peo
ples representatives ougrn u ac
knowledge at first hand And the
i hti thpv secured a trlD to the
canal during the bleik March month
would be interesting it iney couiu un
be known There arc other Junkets
- rimirrr rmamnn in this Vilenk month
inniwilv n ntna llttlrt from
Washington to Fortress Monroe where
there Is a nice winter rosori notei Ana
there aro moro Junkets planned for
later in the year including a big trip
to Honolulu in June For this Is a
year when the recess between sessions
of Congress Is long and Representative
in Congress want to travel
Speaker Cannons Trip
Speaker Cannon who it might be
said ceased to be Speaker with th ad
journment of Congress altho he will
be re elected next December beyond
doubt and will enter into his sala y off
12000 was the leader In the seasons
line junkets To his credit be It said
that he is not traveling at the Govern
ment expense Mr Cannon is well abla
to pay for any trips anywhere that ha
cares to take but nevertheless he and
several old cronies are traveling at the
expense of Representative William B
McKlnley of -Champaign 111 Mr Mci
Ilfnley is a magnate worth many mll
Jions and enjoys giving his friends5 a
good time He Is a bachelor and when
In Washington gives dinners and other
wise spends money on his friends verjf
liberally Incidentally he is Treasure
of tie Republican Congressional Cam
paln Committee and several high
lights in the Republican Committee art
along on the trip Representative Ja
S Sherman of Utica N Y Chairmaa
of the committee Representative Jaa
A Tawney of Minnesota Vice Chair
man of the committee and Henry C
Loudenslager of New Jersey who has
been an official of the committee many
years are of the party Some of the
Speakers cronies on the Appropriations
Committee are also along Besides Mr
Tawney who is Appropriations Chair
man and Speaker Cannons right arm
la ex Representative Lucius N Littauei
of New York who was one of the
Speakers lieutenants on appropriations
till he retired to private life lat weekv
These and others of Mr McKlnleys
guests now cruising around the West
Indies on the good ship Bluecher at
the Hamburg American Line will bd
away all of March and will not land
back In New York before early In Aprify
The Speaker and his Congressional as-
soclates propose to spend some time ini
spectlng the Isthmian Canal before re
turning There has been doubt whether
they could evade the quarantine laws
successfully as they had expected to
visit Venezuela before touching at thai
Ifthmus But quarantine regulations
are very elastic for such important pen
sonages as the Speaker and his party
and the Speaker will undoubtedly haYt
opportunity to see the dirt fly
To Investigate the Cannl
The biggest Congressional party
bounl canalward is already looking tho
ground over It comprises about 50
members and ex-members- of the House
for several lame ducks were given si
passage men like former Representa
tives Frederick Landls of Indiana1
Theodore Otjen of Wisconsin H C
Allen of New Jersey and even DelpJ
gate B S McGuIre of Oklahoma wnc
has no vote whatever in the House All
have been traveling at Government ex
pense for the Canal Commission was
entirely willing to give them pasago
on one of its steamers from New York
to the Isthmus The President wants
to silence criticism of the canal opera
tions as far as possible and reasons
that a good way to do it is to allow
members of Congress to go there at
Government expense They are not
likely to sed much In a few days that
will be any more valuable In the way
of careful and useful observation than
Poultney Bigelow accomplished in his
now famous two days tarrying on tho
Itshmus There is undoubtedly a de
sire among many Congressmen how
ever to see the canal for themselves
nnd to judge as far as they can
er the work Is being done in the wisest
way They arc somewhat skeptical ofi
the Presidents plans and prefer to act
on their own knowledge
And In the large canal party afteH
all the ex Representatives ha e beea
eliminated and likewise after the Rep
resentatives who are not men of forco
or influence have been eliminated therq
are a number of Representatives who
should bring back some opinions of tho
situation that will be of value to tha
country when next the Congress con
siders legislation for the canal Tho
country would probably profit by tho
transaction even if it had to nav much
more than tho expenses of certain ofi
these members to get them to stay onf
the Isthmus for a few days
The leading men of the leading com
mittees of the House are represented
on the junkets present or prospective
Secretary Taft is going down to Cuba In
a few weeks on a warship He will
also visit the canal He is going to
take along with him Representative T
A Burton of Ohio Chairman of Rivera
and Harbors and many believe tho
ablest member of the House ot
Contlnued on page two

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