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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 17, 1907, Image 3

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ishly expended They had expected to
catch McClellan in a trap They were
entirely at a loss as to McClellans
plans and remained so during the day
at least They believed they had been
fighting the greater part of McClellans
army which they had crushed and
driven from the field yet they found
Ev john Mcelroy
SIrrirllsnH 3In1rrl 31 use the lnn
Would Hasc Keen a Grnitil Aclilrse
uient Had It No I Tnkm Hie Icrm of
ItetrralIec Confused to McClcI
lan Plan Heavy Fighting- With All
Attaekn RenuKciI
3IeCIrIlnnM Unfortunate Dlspntch
In the face of the fact th it he had
all day allowed some 70000 of hi
men to be held in check by 2000
owing to his striking inability to handle
troops in battle McClellan had the
hardihood to send most insulting and
unfortunate dispatches to the Presi
dent and Secretary of War He tele
graphed to Stanton at 1220 June 2S c
long message in which- after tolling
ot the light he said that if he had
then 10000 fresh men he could win a
victor- and that with a few thousand
more men he could have changed th
defeat into a victory The dispatch
As it is the Government mun not
and cannot hold me responsible foi
the result I feci too earnestly to
night 1 have seen too many dead anil
wounded comrades to feel otherwise
than that the Government has lot sus
tained this army If you do not do to
now the game is lost If I save tliK
army now I tell you plainly that I owe
no thanks to you or to any other per
sons in Washington You have donS
your best to sacrifice this army
The long suffering President replied
at once
Save your army at all events Will
send reinforcements as fast as we can
Of course they cannot reach you to
day to morrow or next day I have
not said you were ungenerous for say
ing you needed reinforcements I
thought you were ungenerous in
nade bv hunters and the wild animals
vhteh thev chased Fortunately the
onntrv tho lvine so near Richmond
was scarcely better known to the Con
federates than it was to aict ieuan ami
lis Generals The Confederates had
he advantage however inasmuch as
he roads ladiating from Ilicnmonu
like the sticks of a fan gave them op
portunity to strike the army in flank
as it passed along
A Weighty Problem
McClellan had before him a problem
if the highest magnitude in moving an
irmy of at least 100000 men with all
tsartillery and long trains of ammn
lition with stores in its wagons for
elgbt days rations with 2500 beef cat
tle to supply fresh meat and a vast
mount of other impedimenta which
had been sent to the army at the be
ginning of the Peninsular campaign
All this had to be shifted across the
cuntrv with its Hank constantly pre
sented toward the Confederate Capital
and Lees immense army llagrudcr
md Huger who had been in front of
McClellan failed to detect what he
was doing and inform Lee of it during
the whole of June 2S Lee had noticed
Franklins troops moving back from
Goldings Farm and sent forward the
Tth and Sth Ga as a feeler which were
promptlv driven back by the 23d N i
and 49th Pa Gen McClellan removed
his headquarters to Savages Station
and ordered Gen Keycs to begin a
movement with the Fourth Corps
mnrvhtnir across the swamp to seize
and hold all the debouches of the roads
leading out from Richmond The rail
road to White House was abandoned
and ereat Quantities of stores were
burned up including nine loaded barges
five locomotives wagons cars etc
Finally a train loaded with ammunition
drawn by a locomotive with a full head
of steam was started towards tnc
stroyed bridge and the ammunition
Ihg that I did not send them as fast as
I could I feel any misfortune to you
and your army quite as keenly as you
feel It yourself If you have had a
drawn battle or a repulse it is the price
we pay for the enemy not being in
Washington We protected Washing
ton and the enemy concentrated on
you Had we stripped Washington he
to would nave Deen upon us oeiore me
troops sent could have got to you Less
than a week ago you notified us that
reinforcements were leaving Richmond
to come in front of u It is the na
ture of the case and neither you nor
the Government that is to blame
DTia Lee and Stonewall Jnekxon 31
When on the morning of June 28
Jefferson Davis and Gens Lee and
Jackson looked over the dearly won
battlefield of the day before they real
ized they had gained very little to com
pensate them for all the blood so lav
fired The train went careering thru
the woods with the bursting shells tear
ing the forest until It came to the
wrecked bridge when engine and train
went down in one common ruin About
2500 wounded men In hospital who
could not be removed were left with
the Surgeons tothe mercy of the ene
my The entire army began march
ing to the left abandoning thefortJfica
tions which Had cost so much in labor
and an Infinity of wrecked bodily sys
tems of the hardly worked sojdters
Keyess place on the left was taken
by the ether corps moving to that flank
while Porter with his shattered corps
and McCalls Division moved directly
across the swamp on the night of June
28 to gain the rear ot Keyes Sumner
and Heintzelman next stretched east
ward from Keyess old Intrenchmerits
to cover Savages Station and Smiths
and Slocums Divisions were intended
to line up with them so as to complete
ly cover the withdrawal of the trains
and hold in force all the roads leading
thru the swamp
Iee WnkfN Up
By this time Lee began to -comprehend
what McClellan was doing He
ordered Longstrcet and A P Hill to
cross the Chickahominy at New Bridge
nothing they expected to Hnd in the and attack while Jackson was to cross
rear of a badly beaten army Kuustan iny tne Alexander uriuge ana come in
tially all the stores at White House on the flank The Alexander Bridge
had been removed and their captures which Jackson persisted in calling the
from Porters force were confined tourapevine uriuge Had ueen destroyed
the 23 field pieces which he had lost and It took a days labor to put it In
All his heavy guns wagons ambulances shape again which kept Jacks m back
ammunition and other stores had been I
safely removed across the Chlckahoin 1
iny For awhile Lee supposed that
McClellan had drawn back to the rail
road and the Williamsburg road to re
treat to Yorktown and he set his col
umns in motion down the left bank o
the Chlckahominy Stuart went on
ahead to follow a small party of our
cavalry This confirmed Lee In his be
lief by retiring towards Xew Kent Court
Houe whither Stuart followed it and
thus was thrown dear out of the sub
sequent campaign Kwell went down
the left bank of tlix chlckahominy as
far as Bottoms Bridge finding to his
astonishment nobody n that side of
the river nor any movement in that
direction which was the first decisive
- Information given Lee and Jaclf on or
their mistake This confusion of mind
on the part of Lee gave McClellan near
ly two Says of valuable time to carry
out his designs
A MlKiterlv Mmrinenl
if McClellan had made his change
of base to the James before the battle
of Gainess Mill it would have paired
Into history 33 one f the ablest of
military manuvers Jt was well planned
and admirably executed doing more
than almost anv other act of McClel
lans to confirm the high estimate that
had been made of his ability Unfor
tunately for the reputation of the move
ment came the battle of Gainess Mill
which gave to the change of base the
aspect of a retreat under severe pres
i ure The country thru which McClel
lan had started his arnjy was singular
ly unknown and the Conite de Paris
has well said that the Journey was a
voyage of discovery as much as a mili
tary movement As has been previous
ly explained the White Oak Swamp is
a great morass about 10 miles long and
five miles wide extending from the
railroad nearly to the James Its char
acter is such that cultivation is impos
sible and the country on either side of
It was sparsely cultivated and Inhospita
ble Only here and there had little
farms been cleared up on such parts
as rose above the periodical submerg
ence All the roads leading out of
Richmond ran around it There were
occasional trails and woods roads
it upon which short cute
could be made In the Summer when
thewamp had measurably dried up
Some of these roads were old paths
for getting out timber some led to the
miserable little farms and many were
tnere paths thru the denne thickets
at a most critical time At the same
time Lee sent orders to Magruder and
Huger to attack on flank by the Wil
liamsburg and Charles City roads Ma
gruder moved directly and about noon
came upon Gen Sumners front but did
not like the looks of things there and
made only a light attack sending to
Huger for reinforcements Huger had
as usual been doing nothing Gen Slo
cum In obedience to orders fell back
from Savages Station and began cross
ing the bridge across -White Oak Swamp
Creek a moit Important passageway
SSf s a
thru the swamp Maeruder obtained
reinfoi cements from somewhere and at
4 oclock June 29 attacked with his
usuaf impetuosity Old Heintzelman
who had done nothing but blunder
since the beginning of the campaign
had posted his corps so as to leave a
gap three fourths of a mile wide be
tween Sumner and Franklin into which
Magruder rushed his men Gen Burnsj
Brigade rushed into the gap splendirtl
supported by Brookss and Hancocks
Brigades Four light batteries were
galloped up and massed and Magruder
was forced to recoil before the mur
derous fire poured upon biuij He was
unable to gain any advantage and the
troops retired without further molesta
tion across AVhite Oak Swamp Bridge
which they destroyed by lire
The first step was successfully ac
complished and McClellan with nearly
one third of the army reached the high
open ground near Malvern Hill where
he easily brushed aside some troops
brought up by Gen Holmes and Henry
A Wise He planted himself directly
on the bank of the James in full com
munication with our fleet and his posi
tion was strongly defensible All that
then remained was to bring the rest of
the army into it The rear was seven
and a half miles away at a crossing of
the White Oak Creek where dogged
brave fighting old Sumner was standing
grimly at bay to protect It This made
a longline from him to Keyes at Haxalls
Landing on the James one too thin en
tirely to be a comfortable protection to
the thousands of -wagons the reserve
artillery the 2500 cattle and the rest
of the vast array of impedimenta which
was being pressed forward thru the nar
row and devious roads of the swamp
McClellan had planned his march well
in making the concentration where the
four great roads entered the swamp and
struck his flank These were the Wil
liamsburg road running almost parallel
to the railroad the Charles City road
trending off to the southeast from it
the Uarbytown road still further to the
southwest and the New Market road
further over toward tho James River
The lint III- of White Ink Ilriilgc
As soon as Lee comprehended Mc
Clellans movement he divided his army
into two parts Stonewall Jackson was
given live divisions and ordered to fol
low directly in the rear and strike Mc
Clellan at every opportunity Long-
street was given command of the other
five divisions and ordered to move out
upon the roads enumerated above and
try to pierce McClellans flank The
to the struggling Union troops far to
the right
McCall iminlon
There was much criticism about this
time of the conduct of Met alls Divi
sion and Hooker and other Generals
made wholly unwarranted strictures
upon It Gen Fltz John Porter said in
an article in Battles and Leaders
with reference to McCalls Division
This division had reached me at New
Market Crossroads at midnight of life
29th greatly In need of rest This fact
and the necessity that a reliable force
should hold that point until the whole
army had crossed the White Oak Swamp
and the trains had passed to the rear
compelled the assignment of Mcall to
the performance of that duty During
the- afternoon of the 30th he was at
tacked by large forces of the enemy
vhich he several times repulsed but
he failed to enjoy the advantagi s of his
success thru the reeklessnes s and irre
pressible Impetuosity of his men or the
forgetfulness of the orders by infantr
subordinates They were strictly cau
tioned unless unusual fortune favored
them not to pass thru a battery for the
purpose of pursuing a repulsed enemy
and under no circumstances to leturn
in face of one so as to check its fire
In the excitement of presumed success
it repulsing a heavy attack a brigude
pushed after a rapidly fleeing foe and
vas impulsively joined by its neighbors
who wished not to be excelled in dash
or were perhaps encouraged by injudi
cious orders Passing thru their own
batteries as they advanced they lo fl
the benefit of their fire as they did also
Ivhen returning after being repulsed anil
pursued by the enemys reserves Dis
regard of these principles at1 this time
caused heavy losses of men and led to
the demoralization at a critical moment
jl one good volunteer battery and the
apture thru no fault of Its command
er of one of the best batteries of the
Regular Army This battery was com
manded by Lieut A M Randol a brav
and accomplished artillery oflicer of the
Regular Army This division had oth
erwise suffered heavily At Gainess Mill
it had lost by capture one oFthe ablc t
Generals John F Reynold with other
gallant and elUcicnt officers anil men
captured killed and wounded Its mis
fortunes culminated In the capture at
New Market Crossroads of McCall the
wounding of Gen George G Meade his
able assistant and the loss of many ex
cellent subordinates Fortunately the
brave and experienced soldier Gen
Seymour with his worthy oflicer es
caped to lead the survivors of the divi
sion to our camp where they were wel
comed by their sympathizing comrades
A Drcliled Union -Victory
In addition to the substantial success
in preventing any further molestation to
the movements of the army and its
trains the battle of Glendale which
was remarkably fierce fn all Its aspects
was a victory With forces at all points
Inferior the Union troops had beaten
off their assailants capturing many
prisoners and trophies to offset those
which the enemy had taken from them
On the other hand the Confederates
iH -
two Jackson and Longstreet were wide
ly separated but not so far that the
cannon of one would not be a signal to
the other so that attacks could be made
simultaneously The destruction of the
bridges across the Chlckahominy had
delayed Jackson for a day and thus
prevented the swift co operation which
Lee had planned
At daybreak June 30 Franklin with
the divisions of Smith and Richardson
and Naglees Brigade occupied the ap
proaches to AVhite Oak Bridge and
ziers Farm To his left was Slocums
Division with his right resting on the
Charles City road Heintzelman had
moved off to the left during the night
to take the position at Glendale formerly
held by Porter McCall had left
ziers Farm and his troops were boiljng
coffee and broiling pork at Nelsc s
Farm when Sumner joined him with
Sedgwicks Division Keyes was mak
ing good his hold upon the James River
with Porters Corps extending his line
toward McCall All of these command
ers had been in a measure groping their
way thru the unknown wilderness but
their enemies knew no more about the
country than they Lee with that abil
ity he afterwards so strikingly demon
strated had seen the full importance of
strinking McClellan a crushing blow
which would bring about the ruin of
his army He was straining every nerve
to do this and animated his subordi
nates with hopeful pictures of the wild
success they would achieve- If they once
pierced this lino anil reueliedtlio cen
ter of that moving mass of wagons cat
tle and troops The ruin of the Army
of the Potomac would in that case be
Immediate and irretrievable
Jackson pushed forward with all the
speed he could infuse into his men
reaching White Oak Bridge about 11
oclock in the morning and found
Franklin firmly posted there with the
two Regular batteries of Hazzard anil
Mott sweeping all the approaches Capt
Romeyn B Ayres afterward a distin
guished commander of a division In the
Fifth Corps and an artillery officer of
the highest skill had planted his guns
effectively with heavy batteries of rifled
10 pounders on higher ground in the
rear of his first line Jackson had from
double to treble the force of Franklin
as he had with him at least four strong
divisions and from 18 to 20 batteries of
light artillery The woods were so tiiick
and the passages so intricate that he
was unable to make his great superior
ity of force available His first essay
was to crush Ayress batteries by the
volume of fire that he could fling upon
it from his greater number of guns In a
little while Hazzard and Motts batteries
were virtually destroyed with Hazzard
mortally wounded Even the guns them
selves and their carriages were battered
down by the storm of missiles poured
upon them The 10 pound rifles in the
rear however proved their value in the
demolition of the Confederate batteries
In spite of tills great superiority Jack
sans artillery had to acknowledge de
feat The fight lasted the whole da
with Jackson hoping from time to time
that his artillery had crushed the in
fantry on the opposite side when he
would rush forward his own infantry
only to have it wither away under the
murderous torrent from the rifles or
Smiths and Richardsons iin htkcn regi
ments Thus Franklin held back one
half of Lees army for a whole day He
had suffered heavy losses but had in
flicted still heavier upon Jackson
The Untile of ileadale
Longstreet had heard Jacksons angry
cannonade and accepted It as a signal
for his own determined attack on the
Union troops behind some dealings of
the Glendale Farm Ho immediately set
In motion some IS 000 in- 20000 men
under A P Hill The first attack struck
Slocum on the Charles City road and
was repulsed with comparative ease
when a more serious assault was made
by the way of the New Market road
and fell directly upon McCalls Division
McCall had been thrown out in the wa
of a salient which made a weak forma
tion He had placed Meades Brigade
on his right Seymours on the left and
Reynoldss then command il by Sim
mons In reserve Distributed along his
line were Randols Coopers Kerns
Dietrichs and Kenncrheims Batteries
McCalls troops had acquitted them
selves magnificently In figiting a dls
tinctly superior force at Mechaniesvllie
and Gainess Mill but now ihe deciniat
ed division was called upon to stem the
weight of two Confederate coriM The
combat was stubborn to the point of
desperation Longstreet and Hill press
ed their masses on with a resistless de
termination to eapture the batteries
which were creating such havoc in their
solid ranks A great effort was made
against Randols Battery about C
oclock when the Huth and 60th Va
massed in the form of a wedge appar
cntly tired by a desperate impulse
among the men themselves lushed with
fixed bayonets upon it The supporters
exnausteu uy tne long light gave way
but the 4th Pa rallied and returned an
equally furious bayonet charge For a
few whirlwind seconds there was wild
work done in that battery Gen Mc
Call says
Bayonets were crossed and locked In
the struggle bayonet wounds were free
ly given and received I saw skulls
crushed by the heavy blow of the butt
of the musket and in short the desper
ate thrusts and parries of a
encounter proving indeed that
Greek had met Greek when the Ala
bama boys fell upon the sons of Penn
Gen A P Hill says
The 60th Va crossed bayonets with
the enemy who wuitested
the possession of- these gSns B
Gen Meade who was thcBhicl of
the fight was severely ivWninQp
Col Magilton 4th PaltestT reports
thut he took into action fess fihaiv COO
men and lost 201 Hacapvrel one
Union and three Confederate fifes
The official reports sailtluitnMie th
Va lost 22 killed and 94 wtUnfld The
60th Val lost 31 killed aKU
The Fight for
The next great elfjrtj was Slircctcd
against McCalls left SeyptoursBrigado
and Coopers Batteryv AlnlaspJ
was made Cooper s Bat
but the 9th Pa came
atlQyJvJls taken
nNnliiff ytip and
another fierce hand-to-hand fight re
sulted in which tho 17th Va and 10th
Ala were nearly annihilated and the
flag of the 10th Ala captured
had captured Gen McCall who hnd
lost his way in the woods and had tak
en eight or 10 guns The Union troop3
could boast of two guns and four stand
of colors taken from the enemy Hours
before the fight ended the last wagons
had reached safety at Malvern Hill and
before dark the entire train was parked
in the gieat clearing at Haxalls Land
ing II ii is iirntpeted from all at-
tnilfi hv the nrrav of siege and field
guns put in position on Malvern Hill
Out of the vast number of wagons only
about 100 had failed to come thru to
which should be added one cannon
stalled in ths swamp and four or five
iinwiiiiitnii li rt liv i ranKlin at
TMirt nimrtermastorS
tally revealed that he had brought thru
over 4000 wagons and between 400 and
300 ambulances as wen as juu ncan
of cattle In addition to this there had
- - Jl -
s pi11 if
During this time Hooker was so
fiercely attacked that he had to bring
up ail his reserves and the 1st
and C9th Pa distinguished themselves
by a bayonet charge which drove their
enemies before them SeViBaTek as also
fighting hard and Franklmfswt back
to him two brigades found
that he couldt do withoitg ajjjji those
coming up fresh rushed lntothat put
of the line which had beenoccupied by
New Jersey -men fought with the steady
deadly determination thauKeanly knew
so wqll hoiy to infuse Intoathoe under
him By 7 oclock the ilht feai to
wane most markedly as -Jackson ami
Hill felt that the spirit oPtheFf troop-
was being exhausted by hours of su
preme effort Lee and Jeff essoin XJavH
who as at MechauicsvilltvandilainesK
Mill were immediately behiniij Long
street and Hill saw thai thttlittempL
had failed and that Confederal valor
could do no more ThcjEyostfa great
opportunity foiivhlch unetonhedl Jef
ferson Davis was responsible when they
sent Jackson with half tho army up a
blind alley to attack at White Oak
Bridge They had sacrificed men by
thousands with a complete victory to
the Union troops who were now able to
continue unmolested their retirement to
Malvern Hill
While the fight was going on nt Glen
dale Henry A Wise moved toward Mal
vern Hill but was easily checked and
thrown back by Warrens Brigade Wise
posted some batteries on an elevation
and for the moment threw one of the
trains into confusion and this attracted
the attention of the few gunboats whiehj
had come up to Haxalls Landing
among them being the Gnlena Commo
dore Rodgers promptly joined In the
tight by throwing a few 100 pound
shells over toward Wise whicli cut
down trees tore up earth and generall
operated to the consternation of Wises
men taking out of their hearts what
little spirit for a fight remained Tne
sound of the heavy guns brought cheer
come thru 350 field pieces and 50 siege
guns all of which had been pressed
forward over a single road thru the
woods while the din of terrible fighting
was going on but o short distance in
front of nearly the whole line of march
In 48 hours this Immense canvan had
traveled a distance of between 18 anil
20 miles over as forbidding a road as
can well be Imagined Gen McQlellan
bad abundant reason for congratulating
himself and praTsing his principal offi
cers for this magnificent success
t rnc Army at llolvern If III
jo About 10 oclock that night when
satisfied that he had reduced Stonewall
Jackson to absolute quiescence Gen
Franklin began his retirement to Mal
vern Hill and as he fell back Heintzel
man and Sumner brought their troops
off in order and before noon the
entire army was concentrated arounii
Malvern Hill Jefferson Davis and Lees
campaign which they had entered upon
with such sanguine expectations had
utterly failed and the enemy after in
flicting heavy losses upon them was
now In exeecdlngly strong position
when any attack upon him would be at
it great disadvantage to the Confederate
Mali em Hill
Malvern Hill Is an eminence thrown
forward from the highlands around
Richmond as a sort of sentinel over
looking the swampy tidewater country
It rises some 250 feet with a crest about
7500 feet long by 3600 feet wide This
crest has a level open plateau The
ground irises gradually on the north
northeast and south with the slopes
barren and clear Around its base from
the northeast to the west and south
winds the sluggish Western Run with
swampy forests and thick undergrowth
on botli sides These forests were ex
ceedingly difficult to cross with artillery
McClellan posted his army in a vast
semicircle with his extreme left pro
tected by the impassable mouth of
Western Run and the broadside guns of
the boats in the James The line rail
around the hill until its refused right
rested on the banks of the river At the
extreme left was Sykes next on his
right was Morell and then came Couch
Heintzelinans Corps occupied the cen
ter with Kearny on the left and Hooker
on the right Sumner s Corps extended
the line to the right with Franklins Di
visions of Smith and Slocum extending
tiie line along Western Run Next came
Keyes with Pecks Division whicli faced
directly east with its back along the
left of the line under Sykes McCalls
Division was placed in the rear of Por
ter and tho it had been reduced by its
tenible struggle and the loss of its di
vision commander it was full of spirit
and ready for any light
The enemy could only approach this
position by two roads that from Rich
inoml to Haxalls Landing and the
fjuaker road both of which led to that
part of the Union line which it was
easiest to defend It was here that Mc
Clellan took the most pains to fortify
For the first time since the campaign
begun he saw an opportunity of using
the magnificent artillery reserve of more
than 100 cannon which he had organ
ized with such laborious solicitude He
Tiad thes2 massed on the left and con
centrated under the direction of Col
Henry J Hunt an artillerist of high
reputation who subsequently became
the Chief of Artillery for the Army of
the Potomac Sixty pieces were placed
so as to cover every point on Porters
line Finally the heavy siege vims were
put in position with 10 of them on the
crest of the hill where they could fire
over the lighter pieces into the masses
or the enemy As Franklin had re
treated from White Oak Swamp Jack
son followed and on the night of June
JO Lee it last saw all his great armv
together but II had been terribly muti
lated within the last few days Forced
marches and countei marches under the
blazing Summer sun rnd the vile di Ink
ing water of tho swamps in which Mc
Clellan had been encamped for two
monthsand the frequent and terrific bat
tles bad thinned the ranks of their regi
ments and filled the woods with their
wounded sick and stragglers Altho it
was urgently necessary that McClellan
should be attacked before he hnd time
to cover himself with intrenclunents
such was the exhaustion of the Confed
erates that a day had to be given to
rest and reorganization before an at
tack could be ventured upon
To pe continued
IIllnolH Not In It
Editor National Tribune Comrade F
M Lynch til III AVeldeh Iowa is off
about the charge at Fort Donelson Il
linois was not in it The command that
made that charge was Col Laumans
Brigade of Gen Smlths Division com
posed of tile following regiments num
bering from left to right 2d Iowa 7th
Iowa 25th lnd and 14th Iowa The
assault was made not in the morning
but about 4 oclock p m The 2d Iowa
led the charge The rebels were driven
from the breastwork which we hold
during the night and we received the
flag of truce next morning AVm T
McMaken Co K 14th Iowa
- -v
T It F Buffalo N Y asks AVhat
was the highest price paid for gold
during the war
2S5 on July 11 1864
S W Brunswick Me asks How
long before the election f Cleveland
did Burchard make his famous speech
about rum Romanism and rebellion
He delivered the address in New-
York City on Oct 30 1SSI five days
before the election
X A AVashington asks AVhat Is an
ambon and why did the daily papers
speak of it us an anibo I noticed It
in connection with the recent laying of
the corner stone of the Washington
The word is written both ways ambo
being the Latin and ambon the Greek
form of the name It Is a raised desk
or pulpit from whicli in early Christian
churches parts of the service were read
or sermons were preached It was
very common to place two in a church
from one of whicli the Gospel was read
and from the other the epistle The
ambon presented to Washington Cathe
dral is of lu toric English stone beauti
fully carved with scenes representing
the history of tho Church in England
D C B Jackson Neb asks AVhere
is the Rensi elaer Polytechnic Institute
where engineering is taught
This famous school for engineering
was organized in 121 in consequence
of a grant from Gen Stephen Aan
Rensselaer It Is in Troy N A and
ihas nearly 500 students
O D S Boston Mass writes As-
Winter is approaching I am reminded
that my show windows last season were
greatly obscured by the frosting of the
panes Is there not some method to
prevent this that you can give me
A mixture of five parts of glycerine
two parts of pure alcohol and two
parts of yellow- amber oil is largely used
in Europe for this purpose
AV A S Lexington Ky asks Who
was the first President of the United
States who was not born a British sub
Martin Aan Buren born at Kinder-
hook A A in 1iS2 but he was con
sidered very aristocratic in manners in
contrast with the rugged simplicity of
President Harrison and he was ridi
culed in Congress for his rojal re
ceptions in the Blue Elliptical Saloon
and for the elegance of his dinners
J T Crolon N A asks Can you
give me some information about the
Emperor Francis Josoph of Austria
Francis Joseph I Emperor of Aus
tria and King of Hungary Avas born
Aug 18 1830 and was proclaimed Em
peror of Austria after tiie abdication of
his uncle I erdinand I on Dec - 1848
He was crowned King of Hungary June
8 1867 In 1854 he married Elizabeth
a daughter of Duke Maximilian of Ba
varia and on Sept 10 189S she was
assassinated in Geneva Switzerland He
has been on the throne longer than any
other monarch now reigning in Europe
He is much beloved by his subjects
but It has been often predicted that
on his death the dupl Empire will re
solve itself into its component parts
He is now dangerously ill and news of
his death may come at aliy time
C E Easton Pa asks f qr a
good way to preserve eggs
An excellent method consists irt treat
ing the eggs with a solution of casein
or cheese substance which may be pro
duced by means of ammonia and by
adding a disinfectant to ths solution
The protecting layer thus formed may
be removed in u batli of a weak solution
of vinegar
G A 1 Mobile Ala asks What
do members of the Legislature in New
York receive as pay
They are paid 1500 annually In
many of the Stales however they are
paid on a per diem basis but in almost
all States a time limit is fixed for the
meetings of the Legislatures In Kan
sas Michigan and Oregon the rate is
3 a day in Alabama North Carolina
and Arirginia it is 4 a day while in
California and Nevada it is 8 a day
C F A Jacksonville Via asks
When does the nex Presidential elec
tion take place
On Nov 3 1908
R M P Devils Lake X D asks
How many Democrats and how many
Republicans are there in Congress
In the 60th Congress which will con
vene on Dec 4 next there will be92
Senators including those -from
homa of whom 61 are Republicans and
31 Democrats With Oklahomas five
there will be 391 members of the House
of Representatives 223 Republicans
and 16S Democrats
Erin Newcastle Del asks AVhat
was the date of the killing of Burke
and Cavendish
Burke and Cavendish were murdered
in Phoenix Park Dublin on May 6
E F Brooklyn X A asks AVhen
was the old World Building burned
The World Building corner of Park
Row and Beekman St New- York City
was burned Jan 81 1882
AV T S Oakland Cal asks My
great grandfather was -a soldier in the
Revolution How- can I become a mem
ber of the Society of the Descendants of
Revolutionary Soldiers
The Society of the Sons of the Amer
ican Revolution admits to membership
lineal descendants of participants in the
Avar of the Revolution There Is a
State Society in California and the pre
cise local requirements for admission
may bo learned by corresponding with
the Secretary whose name and address
should be given in the San Francisco
City Directory
G AV B Hyattsville Md asks Is
it really known how many eggs are
produced in the United States
According to the census reports the
production of eggs in this country in
the census year 1900 was 1293662433
dozen of this number Iowa yielded
99621920 dozen
H D K Alexandria Ara asks
When is the close season for quail in
North Carolina
The open season Is from Oct 1 to
Oct 15 Grouse and prairie chickens
may be killed from Sept 1 to Jan 1
T M E Memphis Tenn asks AVho
was Peggy ONeill and what did she
have to do with President Jackson
Margaret OXeill was the pretty
daughter of AViliiam ONeill an Irish
hotelkeeper in AVashington She mar
ried as her second husband Gen John
Henry Eaton who was Secretary of
War 1829 1831 under President Jack
son The appointment of Gen Eaton
to the Cabinet gave his wife a social
position that she had long desired but
owing to reports unfavorable to her
reputation she was retused social rec
ognition by the families of the other
Cabinet oflicer The President warmly
supported the cause of his little friend
Peg and the quarrel culminated in a
general disruption of the Cabinet in
1831 It was said that John C Cal
houn then Aice President might have
attained the Presidency but for Mrs
Calhouns scornful opposition to Mrs
E C S Trenton X J asks I see
in The National Tribune of Oct 10 you
mention the equestrian statues of Gen
Sherman Can you tell me which is
tho right way for a horses head tp
Your question is one that is often
asked and has been the subject of much
newspaper comment especially in the
case of the Sherman Statue In AVash
ington which faces north and in that
of the Lee Statue In Richmond which
faces south There seems to be no well-
established luie in the matter but the
best opinion is that artistic considera
tions especially the surroundings
should influence the direction in which
the horse faces A southerly direction
is objectionable for the further reason
that the sunlight is apt to obscure the
face of the rider
A --
If you are deaf
If you have head noises
buzzing in the ears
Most deifmi -mil ear troiIe s ar
caused ly Ign ninco of plivsicil law ntl
carelessness i lni Pi the ears jml
other symptoms ale neglected and
gradually f llows Deafness
need not always e permanent The s lists
of hearing Is automatic mechanical Tim
lunmiii ear is but delWte piece of
mechanism It I not r isonable tlint
medicine will lirlng n llt f and so there
are tlioiusuiuis v 1o ar pj their ntTli tion
as Incurable stjlng I have tried many
doctors without getting any rellr 5
6f 1 nn
electrical engineer ivns
Jeaf for 3 yearn Uo
liil tried almost every
device known had
been under lneillcal
trentnsent carried an
Mr trumpet did ev
erything lie could to
help himself finally
nccliK iitallv discov
ered a scientific prin
ciple which he level-
oped through his me
chanical genius into
littl device which re-
fim p wiv it ul3 muring
uto r WAV I3teatr
nir i Tii a tv
Is cilled the Uty Knr
Wav Far Drums Irive now been on tho
market for ten years and the demand
for them great r every da v This
would not he the e ase If they were not
reliable Those burn deaf or whose hear
ing his been impaired bvond relief
cannot be helped by the Wav Ear Drum
but Inasmuch as nmsr e ises of deafness
will yield to the right assistance the
AVn Knr Drum ulimihl be rle l by every
sufferer lrom defective hearing They
are Invisible cannot collapse In the ear
are painless and easilv applied nnv one
can take them out and put them In with
out assistance and they are hot expen
Do not juilg the Vi- Har Drum bv
other device It Is
iliflerrnt AVrite as near as you
know the cause ir votir deafness and
our specialist will nrivNe you promptlv
and frankly If he believes you can ho
helped We will give you the nam s of
people In your own vicinity who are
wearing the AVay Ear Drums that von
may refer to them Will you not write
us lo Iav Wnjr lnr Drain fi 1037
Miijextle Kiiiliiltig llrlniil Mich
Another Sei oml AVife Protestn
Editor National Tribune As the sec
ond wife of an old soldier I protest The
McCumber bill is a good one but its
creators do not take in the real situa
tion I have nursed my husband thru
serious sickness thru a long tedious
and painful attack of rheumatism and
of paralysis but not that I may get JS
a month after his death should I sur
vive him The idea of a woman marry
ing a veteran in hope or expectation of
a pittance from tiie Government when
he is dead is not only severely unjust
but it is a humiliating disgrace cast
upon every woman You men all know
how you need and desire and seek help
ful companionship of a good woman
It is the second wife who nurses the old
soldier in the years of his decline when
he is broken down by years and hia
army experiences and in feeble often
htSlpless state of health To assert by
law as the laws do now in effect assert
that women marry and endure this for
years iimply that they may secure JS
a month at last is more than silly it is
absurd Often the second wife becomes
a widow In her own old age left with
health lost broken down by her labor
for the comfort of the veteran she mar
ried having nothing with which to sup
port herself and the Government re
fuses to allow her a pensfon It is not
just Airs John Johnson Center Mo
Cure Aotir KlieiiintitlMiii
Get a 100 package of Vitae Ore or
thirty days trial from the Theo Noel
Company Chicago It cures old chronic
cases See big page advertisement oil
back page of this issue
CAXCKHOf ha pru vl i mrit In the treatment
ofcnwvr It not in ati exir rintritU atae Jlec
onls ol timlitp it cures of cacr In exnry
part i f ihe bwlvare piMtalriftl i i Dr I eaeh iitw
IOO peIxKc Ihh btlc tl vttelU thacnue or
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ttiiloj i CHeof ble Urix ptinalor etc A alttaiile
KuHe In l he tratiirnt ftf a ircie Acnpyuf this
valuable book Tret to tlirtie I itf rtttl Addrevs
nn i t iEACH
I O Hoi I -VS IndiaaapollM I ml
The Bugle Call
A Book of New Songs For Soldiers
Reunions Gmpfires Gc
The words and musir in thi cotection are all nrtr
TheaiuIiorau oM Mer hi understands what the
boys want fur their Kennion eta ha with ureal
care prepared this Wic Price pr copy 15 price
perdo7en copies eal all order to
4 V MlrlcklanU V Hon Huntingdon iml
tOurcataIogtieseil freej
Daybrenlc nt Appomattox
Words by Thomas Calver
Music by George If Ialllbridge
uVe lime Drank from the Same
Words bv Chas G Halplne
Music by George IL LUlibrldge
Every soldier every soldiers descend
ant and every patriot should have a
copy of these songs Price 25 cents
each Address
922 O St W Washington D C
treatui on all the
THIS BOOK contain many illustrations and is
storeLouse of knowledge for boll old and jonng
who are suffering from excesses lost vitality
tiervoBs dissorders blood poison stomach
kidney and bladder disea s a explains bow jou
can successfully cure yourself at home
40 Dearborn St A 7 Chicago IR
rflilM I I
Gold Watch
w pldnii In Ulk SoUl Said 11 J
Yahth klM
wr - -v vT
v m r ma uimn ir
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r MlUf V -
jawrtry I vnr -
i I ha alut Xl hl m
jgnBur II lin UN IIWI - r - -
Your Fortune-
Send full li mc Mr Mrs or Jli -
bifth date and c stamp fr H1U Ueadm correctly rcTrcal
Ing your pat preeitaii I ttXjte 1 our business Ioe affairs
lucky days etc Tltee iisorwiltvll lroj I aui tc Worlds Crcat
Astrologer Edion Dept- C BlnBhamtonNY
nnflDtV rfl qulc UsIi f removes all stveH
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Dr II H Qruis Slit Bar P Allicii
AMPRIPlalC I Aryuiuppnseit to
mUriij i We advocate a re
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IMper The American tin ml Mien
II 294 3
ITU fen Tm rriodirp ED Triwf
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BEITTY P1IN03 Hxgvtm
VAIiIAXO N4 617 W135U1 StX Y

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