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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 17, 1907, Image 4

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C Post
-v JOHN BIcLXItOV Editor
OIlIc ci 010 Thirteenth Street N W
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When change of address is desired be
The London Times comment upon
the Pennsylvania frauds is surprise that
people so innately honest as the Amer
icans should allow themselves to be so
easily victimized
The European papers comment curi
ously upon the fact that in 19 years the
Standard Oil Company paid dividends
as large as the atrociously exorbitant
Indemnity which Bismarck wrung out
of France after Sedan
An English scientific paper has an
article headed Danger in the Coffee
Urn but strange to say it is not a
postum cereal advertisement It relates
to the danger of bursting from clogging
of the steam pipes
There will be general gratification at
the acquittal of Senator Borah of Idaho
of the charge of conspiracy to defraud
the Government out of valuable Idaho
timber lands The case was submitted
without argument on the part of the
defense and the jury was out just long1
enough to take one ballot The verdict
was greeted by cheers and applause
which the court officials made no effort
to restrain The charge was clearly the
work cf political enemies and those who
wished to make a prejudice against him
in the proseeutibn of the Heywood case
Pennsylvanians have been much in
Vrested in a case made by the Dairy
and Food Department against Charles
Kephart of Altoona on the charge of
selling dried peaches containing sul
phurous acid The trial was Interesting
on account of the determination of the
amount of preservatives to be allowed
In food products as it Involves the ques
tion of the use of sulphur in all dried
fruits The chief chemist testified that
he found five grains of sulphurous acid
in two pounds of dried peaches Thin-
seems an infinitesimal amount as it will
he recalled by those of the present gen
eratlon that their mothers were in thf
habit of administering a spoonful oTf
sulphur to them at almost any old time
The amount of sulphur is not really the
question at issue but the effect of sul
phur upon fruit tissues Does It change
of the Ohio River and equally favor-
ablerates are expected from the North
era lines Tickets will be good return
ing until midnight Oct 30 Gen Gates
P Thurston is President and Maj W J
Polburn Is acting as Corresponding Sec
retary Lieut Clias E Stivers the Sec
retary of the Local Executive Commit
tee of Chattanooga will give prompt
attention to any inquiries
It is absolutely necessary every little
while to meet the charge by ill informed
writers and speakers that pensions arc
a burden upon the people Every man
who Is properly informed about public
affairs knows that this is not so but it
makes a delusive theme upon which op
ponents of pensions and particularly
the Southern papers and speakers harp
to the misinformation of the pcopls
The Southern people havc frequent
groans about the immensity of the bur
den which their people pay in pensions
to their conquerors
As a matter of fact the United States
draws its revenues almost wholly from
imposts levied for other purposes thar
revenue Various interests economit
and moral insist upon these taxes being
levied for their purposes The revenue
is not the main thing but only inci
dental For example all true lovers of
temperance insist that the production
and sale of liquors spirituous and malt
shall be regulated and the best regula
tion is by taxation What the Govern
ment shall do with the money obtained
by this taxation is a matter of compara
tive indifference The taxation has
demonstrated its high regulative value
and it is difficult to see now how the
country could get along successfully
without this regulation of the liquor
traffic A like tax is put upon tobacco
for trade and other reasons and the
strongest advocates of the retention of
the tax arc those engaged in the busi
nebs Any attempt to reduce or remove
the tax upon tobacco would be mot
strongly resisted by those engaged in
the manufacture and sale This ha-
been repeatedly demonstrated when
there have been bills introduced to re
move the tax upon tobacco and met
their strongest and most effective re
sistance from the tobacco men them
selves From these two -sources the
Government last year derived 249162
703 an immense sum the most of which
came from the following six States
Xew York
Total 173C639490S
Thus it will be seen that these six
States paid more than three fourths of
the entire amount Of course this
makes an undue showing in favor of
those States since the consumption of
tobacco being general the people all
over the country repaid their share in
pretty nearly their exact proportion per
capita This is riot true of the South
wliprp th ronsiimntion of Honors is
muchiess thannthe North and the
f ti ai it
fiUiefif the North with the great min
ing nnlmanufacturing districts repaid
much the larger portion of the tax im
posed upon beer and whisky
Thp other great source of revenue Is
that from customs receipts from which
the Government last year obtained
300657413 It is safe to assert that
not one dollar of this was really im
pdsed for the purpose of taxation Every
tax was primarily levied for the pur
pose of protection and was so levied In
acconlsnce with the will Of the people
repeatedly exprc2ed in elections where
the issue was brought squarely before
them Every class and interest In this
country shares equally in this protec
tion In everj State unless possibly
Mississippi and Arkansas the class
which wants protection and demands it
is the dominant Influence in the State
Maine wants projection on her potatos
and hay Florida on oranges lemons
pineapples and tobacco Texas on wool
Va5cVEPJniyEli cal lrulu uo iarj
flc Coasf on rashtg lemons oranges al
monds lumber and wood pulp and so
on thru the entire country Attempts
to lower the tariff and diminish this
reenue would meet with the liveliest
them so as to make them harmfully in- omiostion from nowerfil
digestible ah preservatives renuer
food indigestible by stopping the neces
sary digestive fermentation In the stom
ach There was no defense a fine of
30 was Imposed and an appeal was
taken and the question will tow go to
the Supreme Court-
In the obituary notice of Ledyard
Bill formerly a publisher in New York
City and known also as a writer it is
said that
At the outbreak of the civil war he
was one of the organizers of a Union
League Club in Louisville Ky the
lirst In the United States but on ac
count of his strong pro Union senti
ments he was forced to leave Louis
ville going to New York in 1862
The statement that he was forced
leave Louisville Is rather surprising
since there were hosts of good Union
men In Louisville who stayed there
thruout and held the State firmly to
the Union and sent several splendid
regiments into the Union army While
the Secession leaders were noisy and ex
ceedingly aggress ive those of the Union
were uncompromisingly brave and res
olute and at the lirst collision the Se
cessionists found themselves strongly
In the minority This was so conclu
sive that after this preliminary skir
mish they subsided completely and be
gan migrating to Camp Boone where
their friends were concentrating under
Gen Buckncr
The Reunion of the Society of the
Army of the Cumberland will take place
at Chattanooga Oct 1C 17 At the
meeting of the Society In 1904 Chatta
nooga was made its permanent head
quarters The annual address will bo
delivered by Coll M IL Fitch Inspector
General on the staff of Gen Absalom
He has a high reputation for scholar
ship and his address Is anticipated with
Interest The only surviving corps
commander of the Army of the Cum
berland is our comrade Maj Gcn O
O Howard who will go from Burling
ton Vt to attend The Southeastern
Passenger Association has granted a
rate of one cent a mile each way south
and manufacturing interests from the
Atlantic to the Pacific and from the
Lakes to the Gulf They all demand
that the Government shall collect every
dollar which It is now collecting What
it shall do with the money is as stated
in the matter of internal revenue re
ceipts a matter of much Indifference to
The only other sources of revenue are
Items of quite minor Importance some-
7500000 from the sales of public lands
and 37607000 from miscellaneous
sources This feature of the revenue is
so largely Involved with the reclamation
and other projects as to be out of con
Therefore anyone can see at once
that the payment of pensions or any
other feature of Government expenses
is not really a burden to the people but
It Is merely a distribution to the people
of the money which the Government has
raised for ulterior purposes and which
have the highest approval of the great
majority of the States
Of all the ways by which the Govern
ment returns this money to the people
the distribution by means of pensions is
the fairest and the most equitable It
distributes the money in small sums Im
partially and evenly all over the entire
country There Is not a little town
vllluge or crossroads In the East the
great Interior and the far West which
does not receive Its per capita of the
benefits and there are few places even
In the South which do not regularly re
ceive some of the pension money The
veterans of the civil war and their
widows are distributed with remarkable
evenness all over the Nation They form
about the same ratio to the population
everywhere except In the great cities
which have been filled up with foreign
ers and in the South Consequently
the payment of pensions comes nearer
being a fair per capita return to the
people of the Governments revenues
than any other form of expenditure
Probably -any close analysis would
show that even the South receives much
more in the shape of pensions than it
pays to the Government in duties upon
imported articles The South consumes
much less per capita of imported arti
cles and of liquors than the North Ow
ing to the rapid advance of restrictive
legislation there must be millions of
rfegros and poor whites In the South
who have the rarest opportunities to get
hold of and drink whisky and beer
Their consumption of Imported articles
is very small and consequently they can
pay but a minimum fraction of the Na
tional revenues On the other hand
the South hasfor many years been re
ceiving the lions share of the River
and Harbor bill and other expenditures
for public works Of all sections the
South has the least reason to complain
as to any burden of pension payments
On his- former hunting trips the
President took with him Secretary
Loeb and the papers iad much to say
of the perils encountered by Mr Loeb
from the deadly jack rabbit while tlu
President was off chasing bobcats
jaguars and mountain lions On this
trip Mr Loeb has had such important
business to attend to at the White
House that Assistant Maurice C Latta
has been taken in his place and now
presides over the tent in the Tensas
canebrakes which is the temporary
Vhite House In some unaccountable
way probably due to actual ignorance
of the conditions the papers have paid
no attention to the perils to which tills
gentle and amiable young man has
been exposed As all who have had
business at the Whito House know
Mr Latta while being an admirable
Secretary has one of the gentlest and
most engaging of personalities Young
tali slender with a face of sweet seri
ousness and a voice and touch as
alnrminjtCdispitch that the nature fak
ers are4fncerAore In rebellion and he
starts with airspeed to the Presidents
tent that the big snapper will get In
his deadly work seize the Secretary as
he atterflpts tdrush by drag him down
to the ijark waters where a number
of snapier friends have been invited
to comeiibr Ui informal luncheon and
that win beflthc grewsome end of a
yxnn of great promise whose
sweet sympathetic smile has been the
joy and bright -rainbow of promise to
the omijJf s2eprs thronging the White
House ijLct uis all devoutly pray that
this direful calamity may not come
but at the same time have manly forti
tude to confront the sad possibilities
of such a happening
A memory of far away things forgot
ten by nine tenths of the present gener
ation comes with the news of the death
of Mrs Mary C Breckinridge widow
of Gen John C Breckinridge who died
Oct 8 in New York at the age of 81
She was born in Scott County Ky and
married to her husband as long ago as
1843 Few women who lived saw
greater vicissitudes in her lifetime
When she married Breckinridge he
seemed a darling of fortune and all the
tie as a refined womans he Is one of
the last persons that one would think
of rushing into the rugged environment
which the President has selected for
his fortnight of recreation Much has
been said of the fierceness of the Ten
sas country bears wolves and bobcats
On the other hand persons who claim
to know say that these are really stunt
ed unenterprising and unfearsome
members of their species They seemed J
subdued by their malarious environ
ment until they have nothing of- the
vigor and dangerous predacity of their
congeners of the plains and mountains
It is a country where feral life degen
erates and reptile life becomes more
fearsome and thl3 brings us to the real
terror of the Southern swamps the al
ligator turtle the snapping turtle or
as the ncgros there call him the coot
or All naturalists agree that thp
napping turtle Is the flerccstthe most
aggressive and in proportion to his
size far the strongest of the reptile
kingdom and probably of all known
animals As one goes southward tho
snapping turtle rapidly Increases in
size Up In the Ohio country a snap
per two feet long and weighing 40 or
50 pounds Is abnormal but as one goes
down the Mississippi and approaches
the coast the proportions rise until fre
quently there are individuals found
more than four feet in length and
weighing as much as 140 pounds Iir
spite of their apparent clumsiness these
have much quickness In seizing their
prey They lie in wait with great cun
ning and may be readily mistaken for
a chunk of rotten wood or a hummock
of clay When Its prey comes within
reach it rises upon its clumsy legs with
lightning like quickness and its vIcioii3
jaws snap like a steel trap upon its
victim So powerful are its jaws that
they will cut a large fish or a mans hand
or foot in two as cleanly and quickly
as a knife slices a carrot When its
jaws fasten upon anything that it can
not bite thru It holds on with a tenaci
ty that can only be compared to that
of death upon a deceased African and
most boys have amused themselves in
lifting a snapper far above the ground
by the hold Its jaws- would take upon
a stick
Snapping turtles abound in the Ten
sas region The sluggish bayous and
ponds arc full of them for they feed
fat upon the wild ducks fish snakes
and other denizens
It Is the most probable thing in the
world that from the moment that Mr
Latta entered the swamps and took up
his residence In a tent that he was a
marked man by the more ambitious
and enterprising of the snapping tur
tles which make their homes in that
region His fresh color his sweet
wholesomeness were marked by their
great green eyes and their reptilian
mouths watered for a piece of the
Presidents Secretary precisely as the
President and his party indulged in
luscious anticipation of snapper
soup the delights of which had been
told them by the Loulslanlans If a
snapper was such a captivating dish
for the President and his Seceretary
why would not a Secretary In the fair
springtime of llfo be an appetizing
dish for a snapper
This Is not an imaginary possibility
it is a direful probability Snappers
are just as likely to get tired of the
monotony of a diet of fish snakes and
ducks as Presidents and their Secre
taries are of roast beet and potatoes
Be it good for the President to go
down to Lake Providence to feast upon
tho snapper for a change why should
not the snappers relish a young Secre
tary as a variation of their diet From
all the stories that are current among
the negros and poor whites of that
miasmatic region as to the supernat
ural cunning of tho snapping turtle
we can contemplate as a possibility
some leading member of that saurian
community anxious to distinguish him
self among his fellows lying in wait
for Mr Latta at some convenient place
between his office and the Presidents
tent It may happen that at some
most inauspicious moment some time
when the Secretary has received an
best In the world was open to him He
belonged to one of the most distin
guished families of the State was a pic
ture of manly strength and beauty and
had talents of no common order She
saw hinf rise from one step to another
until heWcSmc Vice President of the
United SJatea and was a candidate of
the PrOfSIavery Democrats for Presi
dent aghlhst Lincoln Douglas and John
Bell Tien fortunes tide turncdvvfter
his defqat rt President Procknridge
was elected to the United States Senate
bur he riladJ the unfortunate choice of
siding wh tjjg Secessionists and was a
leader among those who tried to drag
Kentuekyout f the Union He remained
in the Senat6liome time after the war
began jWng Jiis best to prevent any
effective measures against Secession
but watfcxpt Hed Dec 4 1SC1 Ho en
tered the Confederate army where he
at once -was-made Major General but
it seemed that the rank was too high
for his abilities Xltho ho had abun
dant opportunities for distinction he
achieved no credit at any time and
when assigned to an independent com
mand was uniformly unsuccessful He
was given strong force in 1S62 to attack
and defeat the small Union force which
had advanced as far as Baton Rouge
La under Gen Thomas Williams Tho
Williamss force was depleted and sup
posed to bo greatly demoralized by the
effects of that terribly malarious cli
mate upon the New England boys sent
to the Department of the Gulf they put
up a severe fight against Breckinridge
and drove him from tho field He was
Earlys second in command during the
campaign in the Shenandoah Valley tho
but little was heard of him He was
maintained In placer by Jefferson Daviss
favor and in January 1S63 Davis ap
pointed him Secretary of War He was
present with Joseph E Johnston at the
negotiations for tho surrender of the
laltors army and afterward separated
from Davis in his ilight and made a sen
sational escape in an open boat across
the sea to Cuba He remained in Eu
rope until 1S0S when ho returned to
this country and resumed the practice
of the law at Icxlngton Ky where he
died May 17 1875
HOES THE chipmunk hiiiernatej
Now here Is a violent row with the
President In which all of the people
can take sides according to their knowl
edge and experience in the October
number of Scribners Magazine the
President asserts that tho chipmunk
tamais stratus hibernates A num
ber of gentlemen who havo been de
nounced by the President as nature
fakers are violently attacking him and
tr -
they quote Prof Hornaday who says
the chipmunk does not become dor
mant it comes out in the Wiiter and
enjoys tho light and warmth In the
West the chipmunk Is generally called
the ground squirrel and Is a familiar
object to all the men and boys In the
country Every one who has lived In
the country has doubtless opinions upon
this subject and will bo ready to give
them The natural histories say that
the chipmunk or ground squirrd is a
connecting link between tho squirrels
proper and the spermophlles or prairie
squirrels Some people call them also
striped or cheeping squirrels or hachecs
They are from five to six Inches long
with a tail of about four and a half
Inches and five longitudinal black
stripes on the back and sides not ex
tending over tho rump The latter 13
pale chestnut with the under parts
white and a down white spot behind the
ears This is its shape and coloring
from Canada to Virginia There is a
smaller animal of the same kind called
the Missouri chipmunk which has the
intervals between the stripes grayish
white and its general color more like
iron rust Chipmunks burrow it the
ground at the roots of trees where they
form comfortable nests filled with Win
ter food
POSTAL reforms
James L Cowles Secretary of the
Postal Progress League furnishes the
following program upon which his
league is working
First A general two cent four ounce
letter post one cent per each additional
two ounces
Second A local one cent four bunce
letter post within city delivery limits
Third A local rural post limited to
the different rural routes all mail mat
ter in one class weight limit 11 pounds
parcels up to one pound one cent par
cels one to five pounds two cents par
cels five to 11 pounds five cents
Fourth A five cent registration fee
Fifth A two cent foreign letter rate
Sixth A fractional postal currency
and postal Insurance
Seventh The substitution of space
for weight In determining railway
mall pay
Eighth An appropriation of 00000
for an experimental door-to-door rural
service using auto post wagons
Ninth An appropriation for a similar
experimental city collection and deliv
ery service
This is certainly a comprehensive pro
gram and embraces many features
which the people will have to be edu
cated up to if they ever are Som
however seem desirable reforms even
at this moment As to the first item
Mr Cowles points out that since 1S57
England has had the maximum weight
of a letter to be delivered for two cents
made four ounces As to the second
London has had a two-cents-a-pound
letter and parcel rate as long ago as
1C80 and the cities of Germany and of
Switezrland have for years had a rate
of one cent for a package not exceeding
eight ounces Mr Cowles believes that
the proposed local rural post will im
mediately place rural service on a pay
ing basis As to the fourth Item five
cents is the common registration fee all
over Europe
There is a good deal of not unnatural
unrest among the comrades as to the
allowance of their claims under the Mc
Cumber act This impatience finds ex
pression In letters to The National Trib
une and to the Commissioner of Pen
sions which makes a great volume of
mail every day We want to say again
as we have frequently said that there
Is no us e for the comrades to write
that they cannot expedite the allowance
of their claims nor affect their course
In any way They must remember that
the passage of the bill brought an ava
lanche of applications more than 300
000 in all The first work was to regis
ter these and a large portion of the Bu
reaus force was turned to this while
the remainder carried on the ordinary
work of the office adjudicating anil is
suing claims under the former laws
The registration of the claims as fast
as received by the office making the date
of the allowance of the claim and no
matter when It is finally adjudicated
the pension will begin upon the date of
Its filing In the Pension Bureau There
fore It makes no real difference to the
comrades whep he allowance is made
sfnee all that they will suffer will be
the inconvenience of waiting some time
longer for their money The Pension
Office is doing a phenomenal work in
the way of adjudicating these claims
and is turning them out now at the rate
of 33000 a month This is something
absolutely unprecedented in the history
of the Bureau but it will take several
months yet to complete the allowance
of all the claims that have already been
filed Let the comrades have patience
and confidence AVritlng letters will do
no good but rather some injury since
every letter received has to be filed and
answered and this takes some time that
would otherwise be given to the allow
ance of claims Let us reiterate that
there will be nothing lost by waiting
If the claim has been sent In it has been
placed on file and the pension has be
Comrade Matthew A White Loyd
Wis says that he is an Englishman by
birth but has been In this country a
great number of years He believes
that the English people as a whole are
Miongly attached to the persons of the
present King and Queen and it has
pained him to see flings at thoso
archs in Tho National Tribune where he
expects a much higher grade of thought
mil writing than he finds In ordinary
Wo think that the comrade is mis
taken in his belief that ho has ever
seen in Tho National Tribune any re-
lloction or Innuendoes against Queen
Alexandra who Is a woman of the high
est type and deserves all tho esteem
mid hive which she receives In such
large measure from the British peoples
As for King Edward wo plead to hav
ing at times made good natured flings
at him precisely as we have at Kaiser
Wilhelm the President of France and
the rulers of other Nations Unquestion
ably Edward VII Is very popular in
Great Britain and makes a King that
exactly suits 95 per cent of the British
people He was always as Prince of
Wales unusually popular with his peo
ple and since ho has become King is
even more so The same must be said
about the Emperor of Germany While
we have at times criticized the Kaiser
strongly there is no doubt that ho prop
erly represents from first to last the
German people and that his course
with occasional exceptions has the en
tire support of tho whole German Na
tion except that portion which is in
chronic opposition for a variety of eco
nomic social political and religious
Section 1754
Editor National Tribune I am
anxious to know the provisions of Sec
tion 1754 Revised Statutes but I can
not find a lawyer In our town who has
It It refers to the preference given to
old soldiers in examination for civil
service appointments Would you
kindly Inform me thru your paper
O A Stubbs Central City Neb
following is tho section
Sec 1754 Persons honorably dis
charged from the military or naval
service by reason of disability resulting
from wounds or sickness incurred in
the lino of duty shall be preferred for
appointments to civil offices provided
they are found to possess the business
capacity necessary for the proper dis
charge of the duties of such offices
Editor National Tribune
iv- t i
1 1 rail of the Department of Went Vir
ginia ft A It
I M Adams the present Department
Commander of West Virginia G A It
was born in Pennsylvania near Pitts
burg Dec 21 IS 13 A few years later
his family moved to Ohio xand In 1859
he emigrated to what Is now known as
West Virginia
When the civil war came on he was
one of six brothers who responded to
his countrys call AH of them lived to
return except Robert M who was killed
at the second battle of Bull Run when
but 22 years of age omnide I M
Adams enlisted in Co E 10th W Va
April 7 1862 and served until the close
of the war being discharged May 22
1865 He was engaged In many battles
among which were Snickers Gap
Kernstown Harpers Ferry Opequan
Winchester Cedar Creek and others He
was In front of Petersburg when the
city was captured and was at Appomat
tox under Grant when Lee surrendered
It may be truthfully said that there was
no braver soldier in the army than I M
Adams and that he never missed a
battle in which his regiment was en
After the war closed he soon took
rank as one of Jackson Countys most
public spirited citizens engaging in
various lines of business and In 1892
was elected as Sheriff of the County
He has also served as llayor of Ravens
wood President of the Board of Edu
cation of Ravenswood and is now filling
his second term as Postmaster of Ra
venswood He h is been Commander of
Dan Frost Post for several tertns and
has also served as President of the So
ciety of the Blue and the Gray for 15
years an association in which he has
taken special interest holding Reunions
each year until It has become one of
the most notable gatherings in the
Commander Adams has a beautiful
home and a family that stands high in
the estimation of his town and County
The Surseon Gcnernl of the Grand Arm
of the Republic
Dr G Lane Taneyhlli the newly
elected Surgeon General of the Grand
Army of the Republic is an alumnus
of Dickinson College and of the Medi
cal Department of the University of
Maryland He was elected last Spring
President of the National Association
of the United States Pension Surgeons
which has 1000 members He resides
in Baltimore served for a short time
as Assistant Surgeon of the 11th Md
and is at present Medical Director of
the Department of Maryland G A R
of which he has been for many years
an active and loyal representative a
member of that almost unique organ
ization the G A R Club of Mary
land of which Past Commander-in-
Chief Gen John R King is President
a membor of the Association of Mili
tary Surgeons of tho United States
which meets In Jamestown Oct 15 18
and a delegate from Maryland to the
American Medical Association Not
having been a candidate he was the
most surprised comrade at tne cn
campment when informed of his elec
tion as he returned from Lake ueorge
tho next day
The Veteran Zouaves
The noted Veteran Zouaves of New
Jersey of which Gen J Madison Drake
is Commander made a visit to Wash
ington last week and wire the guests
of the Medal of Honor Lesion They
had a reception by the Secretary of
War and were present with the Le
gion at tho service over the rein
terment of Gen Geo W Mindil In Ar
lington Cemetery and witnessed an ex
hibition drill at Fort Myer There were
18 of the Zouaves present in Zouave
uniform and attracted much attention
wherever they went
Compliments to Our History
S H Fairfield Alma Kan writes I
havo been a subscriber of your paper
a good many years I want to say that
I prize it more highly than any I take
I have read tho history which you
wrote of the civil war It Is In my opin
ion the finest that has been written
I have often wondered where you got
your information in regard to the Mis
souri campaign and the condition of
things at that time Your account ct
it was almost perfect Ihavebeen in
Kansas 57 years and was all thru the
border war I was Military Postmaster
at Kansas City for six months during
those early struggles I am reading now
your history of the Peninsular Cam
paign which is exceedingly interesting
and will I believe go down in history
as truth Your criticism of the Gener
als Is Just You have put McClellan
just where he belongs in history
in Zlon
Harmon Meltz 2614 Elim Ave Zlon
City I1C writes that It Is absolutely in
correct that Mr Vollva has only a small
following In Zion City Behind him
are 1600 persons whera the other side
cannot muster 500 The fight Is to put
Vollva down and out but ha has tha
majority by a Ions ways
The 81t P
Editor Nntinnit Trlhnnnr T trna -
member of the 81st Pa I have not
seen a word in The National Tribune
about the regiment altho they had a
pretty good record Please give a short
history of the reidment Tnnk ln Evoni
Berwick Pa
The Slst Pa was organized at Phil
adelphia Oct 31 1861 and finally
mustered out June 29 1865 The first
Colonel James Miller was killed at
Fair Oaks and succeeded by Col
Charles F Johnson who resigned and
was succeeded by Col Henry Boyd
McKcen killed at Cold Harbor Lleut
Col William Wilson was In command
when the regiment was mustered out
It belonged to the Second Corps and
lost 208 killed and 98 died from dis
ease Editor National Tribune
Thp 2nth Win
Editor National Tribune Pleasa
give a short history of the 26th Wis
red W Fllcth Kankanna Wis
The 26th Wis was organized at Mil
waukee Sept 17 1862 and mustered
out June 13 1865 The Colonel was
J William II Jacobs who resigned and
Lieut col Frederick C Winkler was
in command when the regiment was
mustered out and brevetted a Brigadier-General
The regiment belonged
to Schurzs Division Eleventh Corp3
and lost 188 killed and 77 died from
disease Editor National Tribune
Dnlloti in
Editor National Tribune Who was
the commander at Dalton Ga in the
Spring of 1865 I was In the detach
ment sent jut from Dalton to Spring
town to break up the guerrillas and wa
certainly broke them up in fine style
tho I came near being captured J H
The commander at Dalton in March
1865 was Col Hiram F Sickles 147th
111 March 13 the guerrillas capturea
five railroad hands and Col Sickles sent
out a small detachment under Maj
Bush using all of the horses and mules
In the past to mount the men upon
The detachment met a force of about
70 mounted Confederates and had a
sharp little fight with them In which
they killed two and captured one losing
one man wounded Editor National
The 84th Ohio
Editor National Tribune Please give
me a brief history of my regiment the
64th Ohio a D Holcomb New Lex
ington O
The 6 Ith Ohio was organized at Camp
Buckingham from Njv 6 1861 and
mustered out at different times to May
31 1865 with the veterans and recrultj
retained in service until Dec 3 1865
Col James W Forsyth of the Regular
Army was discharged Jan I 1862 Col
John Ferguson was dismissed Col
Alexander Mcllvain was killed at Rocky
Face Ridge and Lieut Col Samuel M
Wolff was in command when the regi
ment was mustered out The regiment
belonged to Newtons Division Fourth
Corps Army of the Cumberland and
lost 114 killed and 160 died from dis
ease Editor National Tribune
The 71nt and 137th III
Editor National Tribune Kindly
publish in The National Tribune short
histories of the 71st and 137th 111
David Farquhar Marquand Mo
The 71st 111 was organized at Chi
cago July 22 1862 to serve three
months and mustered out Oct 29
1862 The Colonel was Othneil Gil
bert It lost 23 died frDm disease
The 137th III was organized at
Camp Wood June 5 1864- to servo 100
days and mustered out at the jxplra
lion of that term The Colonel was
John Wood It belonged to the
Corps Army of the Tennessee
and lost seven men killed and 42
wounded In Forrests raid on Memphis
in August 1364 Editor National
The 44th N T
Editor National Tribune Please an
swer in your paper what corps and divi
sion Co C 44th N i were In any timo
between June 1861 and June 1865
and oblige John W Bucher 1048 N
Front St Sunbury Pa
The 44th N Y were In the Third
Corp3 from March 1862 and in the
Third Brigade First Division Fifth
Corps from May 1862 untll It was
mustered out Oct 11 1864 Editor Na
tional Tribune
Unharled Dead on Battlefield
Editor National Tribune Was thero
any other battle fought excepting the
battle of the Wilderness where neither
side buried their dead until the close
of the war I saw the skeletons of dead
soldiers in the Wilderness at the closo
of the war lying just as they fell They
were soon after buried by our Govern
ment H C Van Vechten Racine
There were probably many battle
fields where the dead were left un
buried because both sides moved im
mediately and rapidly away from tha
field Editor National Tribune
Gen Hunter and the University of Vlr
F S Reader Major 5th W Va Cav
New Brighton Pa calls In question a
recent statement In the telegraph that
Col J M Schoonmaker of Pittsburg
was court martialed for refusing to
obey orders to burn the University of
Virginia Maj Reader was at Gen
David Hunters headquarters during
that campaign with Col D H Strother
as Assistant Provost Marshal There
was no order issued to burn the Uni
versity of Virginia but there -was an
order to burn the Virginia Military In
stitute Maj Reader says I remem
ber distinctly that some of the troops
began the destruuetion of the Library
of the University which was stopped
but a number of old books were taken
out This was reported to the General
who came to Col Strother and was
furious about it threatening dire pun
ishment to anyone who had been guilty
It was some time before the Colonel
got him soothed by stating that none of
the men about headquarter were guilty
I served in the same brigade with Col
Schoonmaker under Gen Averell in
1S63 and I believe In this campaign ho
commanded a brigade but I never
knew he was court martialed What
are the facts
Gen Moonlight
With reference to the item which
lately appeared as to Gen Moonlights
connection with the Platte Bridge Mas
sacre S H Fairfield writes Gen
Moonlight was not then in the service
but had been mustered out a month
before There were only some 140 men
at the bridge and no emigrant train
Gen Moonlight was considered the
ablest officer of the Union army west
of the Missouri River If it had not
been for him Kansas would have been
wiped off the map
Not All tor Fornker
M Thurston Stryker O says that
it will be quite a mistake to count all
tha veterans for Foraker People aro
now more independent and do not pay
the same regard to the Foraker ma
chine that they did Comrade Thurston
would like to see Roosevelt take an
other term as tho work he has started
Is not yet half done and no one can
manage It as well as himself
A Iont Discharge
Editor National Tribune I have in
my possession the discharge from tho
service of the United States of Wm F
Crouch private of Capt George Dar-
rows Co A 148th Ind If the said
William F Crouch is still living and
wishes to get possession of this hon
orable discharge or If any of his rela
tives wish to secure it they can com-
municato with Mrs M C conneit
Bedford Iowa

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