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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 17, 1907, Image 6

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claiming i great victory and the honor
of capturing the Capital of South
Una Now I have never doubted the
right of the 13th to share in this honor
as these brave men might have been
captured or killed in performing this
brave act but they are not entitled to
Now then I will tell you who It was
that captured Columbia and I am not
talking thru my hair and am not bald-
headed yet Aljng in the forenoon some
time my regiment the 30th Iowa was
ordered up the river and I cant re
member whether the whole brigade
went or not We marched up the river
a mile or so and when we arrived found
two pontoon boats lashed together withi
boards put across them for us to stand
on and a rope stretched across for us
to propel ourselves over the river AH
the while we were crossing the Johnny
rebs were shooting at us and when w
landed we drove them out of the woods
We then came to another river con
nected with the one we had crossed at
or near the main street of Columbia
where the wagon bridge had been burn
ed We crossed this river and fired a
few shots at the rebels who made them
selves scarce We were then marched
Into an open Held stacked arms and
remained there a hhort time While
we were there the Mayor and City
Council came tous in carriages to beg
our officers not to destroy the city
About the time these officials got back
to the city we were ordered to march
Into Columbia which was probably one
mile away My legiment was the first
troops to enter Columbia with Col A
Roberts in command and as we did so
I very distinctly remember that a lady
waved the Stars and Stripes at us from
the third story of a brick block and
the cheering that our regiment gave
that lady is fresh in my mind to this
day A woman came into our raiks
with a bottle of 1 presume the vro
kinds of whisky Comrade Phillips spoke
about She wanted to treat the officer
as we marched along the street and 1
remember very well that Col Roberts
ordered her out of the ranks We
marched a few blocks halted and
i tacked arms at the edge of the side
walk and right there we were served
to a dinner good enough for a king
The ladles of Columbia had ready for
us all kinds of pies and cake roast
chicken and I think also turkey and
cigars for those who smoked This
friendliness towards us was done for
the purpose of saving the city but it
did no good I dont know where the
brave 13th boys who raised their flag
on the State House were at this time
and dont know whether they got any
of the good things to cat or not I hope
not as they had quite enough honor
that day on account of the great victory
they obtained by their bravery in cap
turing Columbia with a little raft and
no rebels In sight
With regard to the burning of the
city of Columbia Gen Sherman may
have been cotton bales on fire as doubt
less he was over more of the city than
I was but I will say this that I did
not see a bale of cotton burning myself
Yet there might have been some burned
which I did not sec I do not dispute
the- General on that point I did not
pee a light from a burning building un-
til some time after dark This came
from a large frame building directly
In front of my beat some two or three
blocks from the main business part of
the city The wind raised and the
flames were carried from house to
house which were all of wood to the
main part of the city Before this build
ing took fire I saw three soldiers not
belonging to our Fifteenth Corps going
over the house witn a candle ransack
ing the rooms and all the bureaus As
I had been commanded to let no one go
Inside the yards I went upstairs to or
dcr them dorn and I noticed they had
their bayonets on their guns I con
cluded the best thing I could do would
be to let them alone and when they
finished looking for valuables I saw
them set fire to the building and this I
will say was the first light of a fire
that was shown in the city I was on
uty two hours overtime that Is I put
In four hours -on my beat before I was
jelleved all on account of two or three
ssvSfc c
JW f - fe5
Stories Eminently Worth Telling of Experiences ami Adventures
in the Great National Struggle
A Comrade SnenkH From the Viewpoint
of the HO Hi Iowa
Editor National Tribune I have been
looking in vain for some one of ray
regiment or the 13th Iowa to start the
ball rolling again and tell something
about the capture of the first State Cap
ital that seceded from the Union I
noticed in The National Tribune that
the 13th Iowa claimed the honor of
taking Columbia Now I will tell you
haw and in what way they look Colum
bia As the bridge jvas burned by the
rebels no one could get across the
river There was an old frame house
which stood close to the river and a
few of the bravest men of the 13th con
ceived the Idea of tearing dnvn the old
house taking the lumDer and making a
raft to cross the river and then raisin
their Hag on the State Hou e thus pro
kinds of whiskv in the t i t i Of
course it was a great lime and Hit
boys had to make the most of it while
they had the chance When I went to
camp I found the regiment detailed to
help put out the fire uptown Now 1
hope some of the comrades will make
themselves known especially the 30th
low a I would like to see what kind of
a history they will give of Columbia 1
suppose the 30th has not forgotten the
mean trick they played on the 13th bj
Keeping the flag they hoisted on the
btate House two or three days Com
rades show us that you are still on
deck J AV Knight Co C 30th Iowa
Tularosa N M
lie yXnn Shot Xt nr MurfreeMboro Tenn
Editor National Tribune I have been
reading an account of Comrade Martin
Douglass Co G 86th Ind Eaton O
about the rebel spy that was bhot by
the guard as he was trying to make his
escape I can give him the full par
ticulars as to when where and how he
was captured E AV Locke the rebel
spy owned a cotton plantation about
three miles from Murfreesboro to the
left of the Woodbury pike Capt Rog
ers Provost Marshal at Cavalry Corps
Headquarters with detail from the
Provost Guard arretted him March 27
1S63 at his house He look him to the
headquarters of Gen D S Stanley
Chief of Caialry and placed him under
guard The first night he tried to make
his escape I was on guard at the time
and he asked me if he could come out
of the tent for a minute I gave him
permission and as soon a he came out
he made a break for liberty I shot at
him but missed him He ran towards
headquarters and jumped into an old
cellar that was full of brush I was
close on to him and as I leveled my
carbine at him he threw up his hands
and begged me not to shoot him About
that time the whole camp was aroused
He was then taken to the Provost Mar
shals quarters handcuffed and placed
under guard As to the plans of the
fortifications they were not found on
him but were found at his hous e after
hs arrest Comrade Douglass is mis
taken about his being tried
and condemned to be hung April
2 1SC3 He tried to make his escape
again Eli Dubois of the 4th Mich
CaandrC AV Porteclth Ohio Cav
weredererterand under guard at the
time and Private Thomas Jennings
Porter and Dubois know who shot
Locke He was shot on the Manchester
pike near a spring at the foot of the
hill There was an Ohio battery camp
ed there The guards of the battery
took charge of the body and afterwards
turned It over to Gen Thomas his
headquarters being near It has never
been explained how Locke got so far
from the Provost Marshals Headquar
ters He was nearlv a mile from camp
when he was shot There was found on
his person several hundred dollars No
one could ever tell what became of the
money If Comrade Douglass would
write to Comrade Eli Dubois
tl Mich he could give him the desired
information Aarren M Dewitt New-
Brighton Pa
She Warn Conntrurlr I at 1rivnte Expenae
ii ml Did Tkut HrloDBr lothe Coirrainril
AVben She Fought the Battle
Editor National Tribune I was more
than interested in your article in rela
tion to theiironeladiiMonitor in your is
suecqfj AlK u8Hl907r and have no doubt
inaiypu iSjaie tne racts as recorded in
the Navy Department but there is a
page of unwritten history that you have
not recorded I know whereof I speak
for I had a hand in Its construction
AVhen Capt John Ericsson the inventor
of this famous boat tried to interest
Hon Gideon AVelles the then Secretary
of the Navy in Its construction he
thought the risk and expense too great
and so gave him no encouragement
Capt Ericsson then applied to the Hon
John K AVinslow one of the proprietors
of the Albany Iron AVorks and the Hon
John A Grlswold then representing the
Troy District In Congress proprietor of
the Itennsselacr Iron AVorks both works
located at Troy N A both mechanics
in their line both very wealthy These
two with Henry Bushnell agreed to
build this monitor at their own expense
A mill for the rolling of Hie smaller ar
mor plate was designed by the Superin
tendent of the Albany Iron AVorks who
was then a noted inventor and patentee
John H Snyder and under his imme
diate supervision and inspection all the
smaller armor piate was made from
what xvas then termed Puddled steel
AVhen the Monitor was finished John K
AVinslow went to AVashlngton and of-
ered to sell the boat to the Secretary
of the Navy for the sum approaching
J500000 He refused to buy Then Mr
asked the Secretary if he
would buy after trial if it was a success
He replied that he would And here is
the climax AAhen the Monitor engaged
the Merrimac she was the property of
jonn t winsiow jonn A Urlswold and
Robert Bushnell The boat Itself was
not the property of the United States
It Is a very difficult problem to sol e
what would have been the result If at
that critical stage the checze box had
not put out of commission the much-
dreaded Merrimac
Among the many monuments of note
erected at our Capital Washington all
to worthy men and true I think another
still should be erected to the three noted
citiens of thec United States and on it
should be Inscribed the names of John
F AVinslow John A Grlswold and Rob
ert Bushnell Spencer AV Snyder As
sistant Superintendent of the Albany
Iron AVorks when the Monitor was built
1523 Fifth Ave AVatervHet N Y
The 2d W V Vet Cuv
Editor National Tribune I saw a
Picket Shot from C McCutchen Tarry-
town N Y where he claims that the
2d N Y Vet Cav was never In the
Slate of Louisiana The statement is
not correct I was there and know-
there were two 2d N Y Cav regiments
the 2d N Y Cav and the 2d N Y Vet
Cav I had the honor of belonging to
the latter regiment and they were there
With the goods Hoping that you will
find space enough in the dear old sol
diers friend to make this correction
Ar M Townsend 717 McBrlde St
Syracuse n i t
Iovea the Ilair Not AVlrx
Martha Cooper Oktaha I T writes
that she had two great grandfathers
two grandfathers a father a brother
and a husband in the war She re
marks If old AVirz ever has a monU
ment erected to his memory It will not
be by my help some one else will have
to build it for I love the old flag
Prepare for the Winter
Get cured of your ailments before
Winters cold and wet makes them
worse Dont stay sick Try Vltae Ore
without any risk See big page adver
tlsement on last page of this paper
pCFi 2F wlVKXjWpi
of evergreen upon his grave And now
thinking I have been standing a few-
seconds too long upon the enemys re
doubt I turned and saw a fine line of
battle of the Tenth Corps They had
advanced to within 20 feet of the ene
mys line Some of us were in a hurry
arid in less than 10 seconds that line
had vanished and there was no more
Tenth Corps In that neighborhood They
just flew across that field and our men
with them all racers on that occasion
and the Tenth were Just as good sprint
ers as the Ninth and ft was the best
thing to do under the circumstances
J online Qer Defeat
I was literally Insane over our de
feat and walked along Blowly watch
ing that Tenth Corps and our own men
put in their minutes swearing like a
sea cook consigning everything to
well There was no firing at that
point as the enemy were engaged In
taking prisoners until within 50 feet of
our lines A cannon shot disemboweled
a young soldier a few feet In front and
the demoralization seized me and I
reached cover as soon as possible and
all this In a minute But I think I was
there the longest hour of my life cer
tainly the most strenuous I think that
perhaps the colored division might have
huddled into the crater vl tne onset
ftf Sl gf5 gSKwS9s
Pergonal Remembrances of That Sadly
Mismanaged ASalr
Editor National Tribune It may
seem rather late in the day 43 years
after the battle of the Crater before
Petersburg to be condemning the col
ored troops who took part In that un
successful affair It seems since the
Unhappy discharge of the colored bat
talion at Brownsville to be quite the
fad when a party cannot find anything
to hit or scold to make a shy at the
colored troops but those who condemn
their action on thai fatal day must re
member that it was nearly three hours
after the explosion before they were
ordered in time- enough to get a regi
ment from Now- York to Philadelphia
and the enemy were plenty they were
right there anything within 15 miles
could hae been rushed in during this
timo of waiting and the Confederates
were not slow they had able Generals
who Iwere leady for any emergency
Again the colored division had been
specially drilled to lead the attack and
expected to until the last moment when
they were ordered back and another
division of the Ninth Corps took their
place When the time came for us to
so in the Colonel afterwards bievetted
Brigadier General Bates called his
officers together and among other in
structions to all he turned to the writ
er who was in command of the second
company in line the senior Captain
being absent and said AVe will charge
by division right in front Capt Proc
tor you will command the First Divi
sion Our brigade led the division
our regiment led the brieade and my
divfsion of two companies led the regi
ment Even at that late hour the abatis
had not been removed and the works
o leveled so that we could go in even
by fours and before we got across the
held we were badly broken up The
anemy were giving us an enfilading fire
and when we arrived at the Crater our
Jolonel who led said Push down the
line which we did driving the enemy
out and capturing a few prisoners One
or them had a flag AH thrre was for
me to do was to simply step up and
ake it but like many another I failed
o embrace the opportunity Another
Captain of another regiment coming in
ater saw it took it was promoted Ma
jor for his bravery and no doubt is a
Medal of Honor man A correspondent
of yours of recent date says the colored
troops only stajed there about a min
ute It might have been the end of the
division which he saw retreating soon
after they came up and it might have
been something else I cannot swear
how long I was in there I went in first
and possibly came out with the first
but Ill try to account for port of my
lime at least while there Now you
know a Yankee is quite inquisitive at
times and after stepping over several
dead and wounded men in the trenches
a bomb proof invited and I stepped in
side saw a blanket or two and a corn
cake which I tasted to see what the
poor fellow was to have for hi- bieak
fact and what it was like but only for
a fraction of a ininue wnen I came out
The trenches were almost deserted ex
cept for the dead and wounded I soon
learned the reason why the men had
taken cover in the traverses the ene
my were firing down the line About
that time the 43d U S C T ram in
over the main line of trenches and to
say the least I was mighty glad to see
them The Century gives the 43d the
credit of being there first but my regi
ment was In there to welcome them
A Captain of that regiment was hit in
the breast He gave a yell saving I
am shot thru Unbuttoning his shirt
there was a swelling as large as an egg
and the skin was not broken
Xo Head to This Thlnir
Capt Bosbyshell 4Sth Pa who was
Acting Assistant Adjutant General on
the brigade staff came up 1 remember
saying to him Cant we have some in
trenching tools to turn these works AVe
cannot hold them 10 minutes the
ground In front Is swarming- with the
enemy and their front lines are within
25 feet of us His reply was something
In regard to their being no 3iead to this
thing nobody to give any orders Later
a division staff officer came up and
asked for our brigade commander and
not finding him gave the order to Col
Bates of our regiment to advance the
brigade He gave the order and then
sprang upon the earthworks with the
command Come on Come on He
had not gone five paces when he was
met by a volley one of the balls pene
trating the left cheek and coming out
behind the right ear AVe passed him
to the rear thinking him a dying man
but in less than CO dajs he was back
in command of his brigade with a star
and is now a Medal of Honor man and
all for what he did in that minute In
the Crater After this futile attempt
to advance it quieted down Some one
called Stop firing I think it came
from the enemy I suggested to the
men around me to have their guns in
order and to be ready to meet the
enemy when they cume on AVhile wait
ing there a colored soldier not of mv
command pointing to what I supposed
a dead Johnny said That man aint
dead shall 1 kill him No I re
plied let the poor fellow live Upon
which the supposed dead man rose up
and made a very pathetic appeal for his
life Among other things he Informed
me that he was from South Carolina
that he was always opposed to this
war that he was drafted Into the ser
vice that he came against his will and
that he never expected to see home
again I told the soldier to take him
to the rear and that was the last 1
ever heard of either There seemed to
be nothing doing except that some of
our batteries were firing and the ene
mies too with cannon to right to left
in front and going Tennyson one bet
ter cannon in rear of us volleyed anil
thundered but their fire was centered
on the Crater while we were quite a
distance to the right in the trenches
and failed to get the full benefit Then
the rebel yell and their whole line
started forward and simply pushed us
out In the retreat I jumped upon the
works and stood there for a moment
and in that moment I saw the enemys
line moving forward In good order
while we were broken and could de
liver but little resistance and this Avas
all done in a minute and in that min
ute besides taking a review of the ene
mys line I saw a Captain of our regi
ment Capt Seagravc of Uxbridge
Mass emptying his revolver and re
fusing to surrender clubbed over the
head with a musket II was badly
wounded at the time but would not
surrender He was taken prisoner and
suffered every Indignity possible at the
hands ol the enemv He was exchanged
and died In his old home and this year
it was my privilege to place my sprig
Jl an
but the white troops -Already there kept
them out by their bayonets with threats
to shoot It Isclalfiied that several of
our colored soldiersjrwere shot at that
time by our own troops In the Crater
Later on many of them took shelter
there only to be bayoneted on surren
der My company with about 50 men
had 33 killed wounded and missing
and had my nrlssltifr1 been counted as
killed and they undoubtedly were my
death roll would have been 13 and Co
A the first tibmpariy suffered even
worse AAe had five officers captured
four of these rVturned from captivity
the one who died gafve himself up as
a private and died in Danville Prison
Our Colonel wBs mruSe a brevet Brigadier-General
diir Adjutant brevet
ted Colonel and several s had
honorable mention AAe saved ur State
flag Maryland colors losing our Stars
and Stripes for which Capt Seagravc
gave life but strange to say that
flag has never been found Sonic say
a soldier tore it from Its staff and bur
ied it but it is all speculation It is
simply non est as far as we can learn
Credit to the Colored Troopx
One thing the colored division must
have the credit for that of capturing
some of the enemys intrenchments out
side the Crater which three divisions
of white troops failed to do The great
need of our colored regiments was a
full complement and competent officers
and they should have had more than
the white regiment Certainly there
should have been at least three officers
in each company all the time Take
my own company for instance One
hundred men from everywhere to make
soldiers of a boy not yet of age his
First Lieutenant detailed into another
regiment his Second detailed in charge
of the Ambulance Corps the boy Cap
tain acting at times as Orderly-Sergeant
Sergeant of the Guard Corporal
of the Guard and sometimes Guard
himself Six months campaigning and
there were only eight officers on duty
in the regiment including the Major
Adjutant and Doctor One line officer
to two companies Possibly my story
is now too long but what I believe is
just and tight that every man is en
titled to a square deal that he should
be punished for a crime only when
guilty and proven so by a tribunal of
his peers The faults of the colored
race are many and It appears some
where that it was the white man who
nailed the Savior to the cross thi
white man who started the great
est rebellion on earth costing a million
lives and thousands of desolated homes
and Its the white mans burden now to
settle the question whether a man is a
man without regard to race color or
previous condition Jn Gods own time
it will be settled rightly but we feel
that those who weie participants in
that great war for the preservation of
the Union and incidentally the freedom
of the slave will never see that day
The Great Ruler of the Universe mav
have made the world in a minute bur
his minutes are ages and so comrades
judge kindlv the facts as I saw them
as commander of the two leading com
panies of the colored division at the
battle of the Mine T E Proctor Cap
tain Co F 30th U Sj C T brevet Ma
jor AVilton N 11 v
A Deaperate tltlepnxaUy Ilnldc in
lEditor National Tribune I have-re-
cently met two iof the survivors of the
battle known toitis its St Marys Church
Ara fought onthe levelling of June 24
1804 It was lonly a small affair in
those dajs butnforlGreggs Second Di
vision of Sheridans -Cavalry It was a
serious matterias wolost quite heavily
The question with uKilrf still where and
how did It come about that we were so
nearly all surrounded and captured I
was one of aboutli40 men who went
back over the ground in a night march
on the 4th of July following and se
cured tho body of Col G H Covode
who was killed In that battle This
expedition is said to have been a most
perilous undertaking as the Potomac
army was then on the other side of the
James Colv Covodes father was a
prominent member or Congress and I
think was one of the Committee on the
Conduct of the AVar I think Gen D
TkVufflyjfHS 5SSgi3 ggsfeagggs
Fight Which Drove the
Acrona Lookout Creek
Editor National Tribune Late in Sep
tember we got orders to pack up and
we took the cars for the AAest to help
the boys who were in a bad strait in
Chattanooga and well did the boys do
their work for we opened the cracker
line All along the route from wasn
ington to Tennessee the good loyal peo
ple gave us a hearty welcome At every
station substantial meals were provided
for our hungry men and many encour
nging words spoken to them by the kind
women who had cooked the food AVe
reached Bridgeport Ala about Oct 1
and crossed the Tennessee on the 26th
and as John McElroy has said we met
with very little opposition The rebels
began to throw shells at us when we
came In sight of Lookout Mountain but
these did no real damage and our eyes
were gladdened indeed when we saw
Old Glory waved to and fro by some
of Hazens men who occupied the ridges
near Browns Ferry Making connec
tion with Hazens men we had just
cone into camp and unslung our knap
sacks when orders came for Cos G and
F of the 33d Mass to march quickly
towards Raccoon Mountain to intercept
some rebels who were supposed to be on
the road near Kellys Ferry About 1
oclock a m of the 27th we heard heavy
firing In the direction of Lookout Jloun
tain and daylight brought us the news
that our regiment the 33d Mass wa
badly cut up with the Colonel reported
badly wounded the Adjutant killed and
many officers eitner killed or wounded
in short the regiment lost 87
killed and wounded It seems
between 1 and 2 oclock n rp
of the 27th the long roil awakened the
boys who slung their knapsacks
snatched the guns and inarched double-
quick up the road headed by Col un
derwood The ridges to the left of the
road vcre supposed to be occupied by
the rebels The 33d Mass matched In
line of battle with the right on the road
that ran -parallel with Raccoon Ridge
i he left supposing to overlap the ridge
The left however fell short about 50
yards of the ton of the ridge where n
reb2l brigade Laws had fortified Thev
saw the moving column and tired a vol
ley into the 33d and as the old sailors
would say raked us fore and aft
killing and wounding several Some one
from tho 78th Ohio which was right
behind us cried out You are firing on
your own men whereupon from the
top of the ridge came Hie query What
troops are you The answer was The
33d Mass and immediately volley af
ter volley came from the top of the
ridge into the 33d wounding the Col
onel Of course this threw the regi
ment Into confusion and It retired to
the road at the foot of the ridge where
they reformed quicklv and were ordered
by the Major to Fix bayonets For
ward Charge and away they went up
the ridge under the murderous fire from
the rebels vvho were behind their
breastworks on the top of the ridge
But the 33ds blood was up and over
the breastworks they went capturing
several prisoners and all the rebels In
trenching tools The 73d Ohio met the
rebels to the left and the whole brigade
joining the charge drove the enemy
across Lookout Creek AVhen the 33d
met the rebels on the top of the ridge
there was a hand-to-hand fight over the
works and an Irishman of Co B or C
dropped his gun and grabbed a rebel
In each hand bumped their hsads to
gether and took them prisoner His
name was Jeremiah Harrington from
Lowell Mass It was said he could
wheel three tons of pig iron in a wheel
barrow Poor fellow he was killed in
the battle of Dallas Ga AAhlle Col
Orhuid Smith had charge of the brigade
and was no doubt a very brave man
Col Underwood got a star for that fight
A blunder was mmlo in sending the two
companies of the 33d off on picket be
fore the fight If the regiment had been
complete they would have overlapped
the ridge and would not perhaps have
lost so many men This charge no doubt
helped Geary also for when Jenkins
found out that Laws Brigade was driv
en across Lookout Creek he thought it
about time for him to retreat too
M Gregg IS Still living I Want tO learn zif rnos tlio nrelr ivhleh Vio did lmrninir
an I can concerning tnis engagement he bridge at the same time Here we
and that of Trevilllan Station which i held the rebels until the battle of Look-
took place on June 11 of that year as out Mountain and the boys In
1 contemplate visiting tnese places atn0oga got full rations John Dinneen
some time not far distant This or
course will include AArashington City
where I several months -as
spent a mem
ber of the 135th Pa In the Winter of
1862 63 Hiram R Smith Co D 4th
Pa Cav Loveland Colo J
An Ex Confederate Ahn Some Pertinent
Editor National Tribune The per
mission of the Virginia authorities to
erect a monument in memory of Col
Govan of the 48th Pa who was killed
at the Crater near Petersburg is
grand gloomy liberal tin J peculiar
and lhat the Governor of AIrglnia
should be requested to hold it In trust
for the good people of Pennsylvania
equally so But how about the animus
of he people of Philadelphia vvho de
clined to allow the Daughters of the
Confederacy living in the City of Broth
erly Love to erect a monument In that
holy of holies or nearby cemetery
where the Confederates are burled who
died in the local hospitals in hecatomb
lots Can you honestly continue to de
ride the Daughters of the Confederacy
in the face of these facts Can you
longer charge them with hypocrisy as
In your issue of July 4 relative to the
Mr Jefferson Davis and the Cabin
John Bridge In this connection your
language Is The Daughters of the
Confederacy who are continually seek
ing for something to prod the North
and irritate the people who wunt to
forget all about the horrors of the war
are gleeful over discovering another
goad to stir up sectional bitterness
Does the Petersburg episode of hospi
tality and generousness justify your
most anomalous pagan position E
H Lively Aberdeen State of George
Who Burned Columbia
Editor National Tribune Please- let
me add a little to the history of the
burning of Columbia Much has been
written by different comrades about the
cause of the fire Each gives it a little
different but In tho main try to stick
to the Intimation of Gen Sherman when
questioned that the fire was caused by
the rebels who set tha cotton on fire
high winds spreading the fire Now
comrades I say all honor to the noble
commander whom we all loved and re
spected and ever will but dont you
think It about time to tell the truth
Is It not a fact that the cotton in bales
was on fire when we went in bales
strung out about 50 feet apart Just
smouldering none blaziig being bailed
so tight Is it not a fact that no build
ing was burning until night Is it not i
fact that there was no wind to spread
the fire Is it not a fact that we cap
tured a lot of liquors And is it not a
fact that the boys were dry as well as
the buildings As the fire started in
the center of the town and spread every
way which way did the winds blow to
destroy the whole city Is it not true
that we all knew thnt Columbia was
the nest of the rebellion and that we
expected a hot time in the old town
AVas It not so alqnp the entire excur
sion trip we were having
Now as I have asked these questions
I expect some answers and to be well
curried by some experts at the business
If so I am ready to state Eome things
which I know tobo facts that Is if
allowed to do bo thru our paper which
I have taken for over 25 years J D
McKinzie Co I 26th HI Second Bri
gade First Division Fifteenth Corps
McPherson Kan
Co G 33d Mass Eastman Ga
Flghtlne Iilood
Editor National Tribune In one of
your issues one John A Morrison claims
to have some lighting blood and puts
up a pretty good record to substantiate
his claim Now come to think of it I
dont know but what I might be Justi
fied in putting in a claim for fighting
blood My paternal ancestor AVIlllam
Reede who was born t Gravesend
County of Kent England in 1605 was
a pioneer settler in AVeymouth Mass
in 1635 and was necessarily more or
less of an Indian fighter as were all of
those early pioneer settlers His great
grandson born Nov 14 1721 was my
great grandfather vvho was a soldier in
the British army He was taken a pris
oner by the French in the French and
English war was held a prisoner at
Quebec and recaptured by the English
when they captured Quebec in 1763
He died and was buried at sea on his
way home His son my grandfather
served three years in the Revolutionary
AVar My father was out in the AAar
of 1812 a short time and I served three
years In the late unpleasantness I
was 10 V4 months In a rebel prison and
like my great grandfather was sent
home by sea but unlike him I did not
get buried at sea So there has been
more or less fight In the Reed family
slnce 1605 300 years Perhaps some
member of the Reed family may see
this and by appealing to me I may be
able to assist him in tracing his pod
grec If so ihe will find me at 1212
Spaight St Madison AVis The orthog
raphy of the name was changed in
1708 E R Reed Madison Wis
Aho AVn the Ilrare Lieutenant
Editor National Tribune Your history
or tho 28th Pa induces me to write I
was a Sergeant in Co B 141st N Y
detailed to a foraging detachment
March 13 1865 we crossed Cape Fear
River at l ayettevllle N C marched
about five miles and went into camp
March 14 the foragers left regimental
camp and after a march of something
like three miles found tho rebels in
force and a sharp encounter ensued
The enemy fell back fighting until
they got behind an old mill and there
they made a stand for keeps tho closely
pressed Taking advantage of a deep
ditch I worked myself forward of the
firing line to a forked sapling from the
shelter or which I fired us opportunity
presented till my cartridges were all
used Some distance from me I saw a
Lieutenant sheltered by a tree using
a rille upon the enemy with great calm
ness and I went on hands and knees to
him for ammunition which he supplied
He told me he belonged to the 28th Pa
Tho regiment was In sight but about
half a mile away AVe could see their
colors AVIth my renewed supply of
cartridges I returned on my hands and
knees to my sapllngand resumed my
firing between its branches Very soon
the Lieutenant attempted an advance
and was shot dead I was the last per
son to whom he spoke on earth the
last to hear his voice I often think of
him and always with sorrow He was
a brave man The name of an officer
vvho advanced to the front of the fight
ing line and cainuy used a rifle as tho
he was a man In the ranks when he saw
opportunity to do effective service
ought to be known and honored I trust
that some comrade of the 28th Pa re
calling tne occasion win be able -to and
will give us the name that we may
honor it Thomas D Goundry Beaver
Dams N Y
From Alert Comrades Alonj tus Whole
At Iront It o ill nml Itefnre
Comrade Chas 11 M vtrlioff 14th
Ind writes from nvausville Ind to
say among other thinR I was In
terested in the hi tory of the Bucktalls
as published in our columns Their
accomplishments were great no doubt
but I note especially the fact that on
May 29 they learned at Catlctts Sta
tion that the presence at Front Royal
of the Flvlng Brigade was desired Im
mediately but they to not say when
they reached Front ftoyai If the Fly
ing Brigade went thru that place be
fore we the Flying Shleldss Division
went thru the enemy came back in the
interval for we certainly drove the
Johnnies out of Front Royal Our di
vision got a cannon 12 wagons 200
prisoners and 40o stand of arms Now
referring to my diary for dates I find
May 23 President Lincoln reviewed us
in the rain May 21 we began our
march soon after 5 a in Kimballs
Brigade in front Oh the 27th we
reached Manas a Junction and there
saw the men of McDowells Corps who
came by railway They were polished
and shining all over fresh as from a
boudoir We had come on foot from
Shenandoah Aalley and were ragged
and dusty and worn AVhut they thought
of Shieldss Divisionwe did not care
what we thought of them was not flat
tering to them or to their officers Tho
first we saw was the 14th N Y Zou
aves shoes shiued every button
buckle and bit of metal polished to tho
limit standing white paper collars Huh
Kimballs Brigade stopped near Gen
Kings headquarters likevvise adjacent
to a rail fence which segregated forth
with King sent his staff to stop the
rail carriers and order the rails re
turned to place The awkward way in
which the railway boys bobbed about
among those official horses made the
creatures nervous The rails moved on
however and became fuel to the as
tonishment of King and his white and
shining brigade On the 2Sth we found
a deserted camp I inspected a valise
and found three boiled shirts in it The
boys found much like plunder aban
doned in the haste of departure by the
shining shoe and buckle boys The regi
ment had fled It redeemed itself later
and Col Fox 1ms it on his list of 300
AVe went thru White Plains Salem and
Rector May 29 we reached the base
of the Blue Ridge the day the Flying
Brigade seems- to have been learning
things at Catietts Station May 30 our
division drove the rebels out of Front
Royal and made the captures stated
My company was on picket and saw
Adam Zusman on a mule attached to a
cannon caisson on the caisson a ham
Adam said theie were 12 wagons Just
around the hill and one full of hams
My picket line was advanced to that
ham wagon and after rallying I sent
word to camp and repotted a find not
a great capture The rebels came back
on May 31 to get those wagons but
Carrolls Brigade drove them out of
sight and off the range
Proud or 1Iln I lasrjA
Comiade John Jeffoison Tyson Co
A 1st New Orleans Zion jLaiiwrites
I have received my 4x6 Hag and it is
a daisy The soldiers friend is all
right in distributing the Stars and
Stripes The old Hag i i all right and
to the men vvho followed it and fought
under it in the 60s It is full of mean
ing and revives memories of scenes and
services of tho e times that tried our
strength and our souls I think that
every Union soldier night to have the
Stars and Stripes and the Hag should
wrap his coffin when he is laid therein
I want to thank you very cordially for
your many and constant efforts for the
benefit of all of us ild veterans and for
our widows after us I hope that every
living Union veteran will take advan
tage of your flag offer and get himself
a Union is and teach the young and
the newcomers to love it and revere it
Ilroke Out of Prloon
Martin O Holston Spokane Wash
wants to hear from any of the hoys if
any of them are alive AVe brpke out
of prison ntjjPearisburg Giles County
Aa Sept 16 1862 He had gone in a
gray uniform to call on Gens J P
Echols AA WT Loriiig anaEP
Hams He pretended to be Maj
rord of the 2d N C Confederate
and got along all right for two days but
on the third one of his comrades who
had been captured at Flat Top Moun
tain was brought In and gave him
away There was a court martial in 10
minutes and he was sentenced to be
hanged as a spy He fooled them by
breaking out of jail and taking nine
others with him He went to Danville
wnere he drilled a company of cav
alry receiving 275 for three weeks
and four days service He was board
ed at the Exchange Hotel but he de
stroyed rebel property every night
Should llnve ItndereM
Matthew Henderson Maynard O
writes that he was a soldier in the war
for the Union under Abraham Lincoln
a war begun in the blackest of treach
ery and ended in the foulest assassina
tion by the South He thinks that tho
Government should get up a nice badge
for every soldier who served in the
Union army or navy that everybody
might know that the wearer had served
his country In defense and protection
ot tne grandest Government founded
upon this globe The comrade omits
to state his company or regiment
Four Mimical Ilrothers
David Oblinger writes from Piqua
o in Troy o lived rour brothers
Oblinger all musicians who entered the
army John AV was drummer in the
11th and in the 147th Ohio Wilson and
David the correspondent were in the
band of the 31st Ohio AVHson served
also In the 8th Ohio Cav David served
also in the 147th Ohio Band and Solo
mon served In this band They were all
camped at Fort Ethan Allan at one
time and all were present at the battle
of Fort Reno in 1864 All these broth
ers now live John AV in Troy O
David in Piqua O Solomon State Sol
diers Home Ind AVHson in AArashing
ton D C What family can beat our
Cordial Approval Thnt Please
From Branchland W Va Comrade
Thomas Sharp Sergeant Co F 2d W
Va Cav writes that he has for more
than a year desired to write to The Na
tional Tribune to express his apprecia
tion of its course but rheumatism and
paralysis have hindered his handling
a pen He approves the determined
fair play of this paper its constant
striving for benefits for the Union vet
erans the detailed impartial accurate
historic articles by Comrade McElroy
tho uncounted letters from comrades
who thus make record of historic inci
dents that are authentic He designates
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1 II alnttt
Comrade McEIroys as The True His
tory of the Uncivil AVar He is pleased
with spelling reform thinks that a
system in which a four- ear old lad can
find flaws is in need of reformr thinks
high society is in need of moral re
form would pay all veterans wages
and bounty to equalize all and to ex
prisoners add six and a quarter cents
a day for term of imprisonment or
other small sum that would be just
to the pension Comrade Sharp began
to read The National Tribune 23 year
ago but from loss of sight he has not
been able to read it for 12 years his
disability being due to effects of An
dersonville Prison experience Now
however he can again read and does
The Infuntry Volley at Ilaiitlton lluads
Editor National Tribune In your
splendid description of the Monitor
Merrimac fight you speak of a lament
able incident That was Capt Van
Valkenburghs splendid company Co
A 20th Ind that did that shooting
and I have no doubt to day but their
aim was directed by God If those offi
cers had not been put down and out
the battle that peaceful Sabbath day
might have terminated very differently
So we owe no apology Co A 20th
Ind Nevada Mo
At Chnttnnoofrn
Joshua Devvees 97th Ohio Morris
town O desires to correct an impres
sion which seems to be gotten from a
former letter He wants to say that
but one of the two brigades attacking
Chattanooga from the north side was
mounted This was AAilders The other
AVagners went on foot but it got there
just the same
Who Wan Ilet
Albert M Jones R F D 64 Harris
vllle Butler County Pa writes Some
time In the early 60s a soldier on sick
furlough came here to his sister Mrs
Crist Moyer and died His grave is
immarked No one living here can tell
his name regiment or company If
any of your readers can supply the
requisite information I will see that his
grave is properly marked
Who Knew Slaj Farnnmf
Comrade L C Farnam Pawnee 111
wishes information regarding Maj Ben
jamin Farnam 74th N Y
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