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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 16, 1908, Image 1

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Few Have Succeeded But Disappointment Has Embittered Many
Eminent Lives An Object Well Worthy the Highest Ambition
The President the Most Powerful Ruler in the World
The Highest Offlce on Earth
It goes without saying that the Pres
idency of the United States lias been
from the first an object of the most in
tense hopes and hardest work of a
great number of eminent Americans
Human nature would be diametrically
different from what it has been In all
ages and all countries were this not to
The history of the world is largely a
chronicle of the strife of the leading
men in every country to secure power
for themselves and their friends
Bryan is not the only American by
any means who has spent his life in
attempting to secure the Preiidency
From the -very first it has been a daz
zling lure to every man who has risen
to the higher walks of our politics and
it Js safe to say that no man who has
ever gott as high as Governor or
man exercises so potent an Influence as
he nor has so much real autnorny ana
of late years none has such glittering
Compared With Other Ruler
The advent of the United States as a
world power has immensely enhanced
the impoil jice of the Presidency No
other potentate has behind him such
an immense mass of energetic capable
people none other has such vast Na
tional wealth at his disposal for Na
tional purposes none other can sum
mon to tho field such an Incomprehen
sible army of splendid soldiers with
material resources behind them to sup
port a war or other movement to any
extent to which he chooses to carry it
Xabouchere once fcald with epigram
matic forcer
The Kinc of Great Britain reigns
fcut does not govern the President of
the United States jwcrns but does not
reign the President of France neither
reigns nor governs
The King of Great Britain has be
hind him in the Three Kingdoms ap
proximately 42000000 people These
aro of about the same military and
commercial value as thoe of the United
States but the power over them Is not
exercised by the Jving oui ny me nuusc
of Commons
France has a population of about
40000000 with immense wealth and
great military value but the President
of France has comparatively little con
trol over them that power being in the
hands of tho Parliament
The Emperor of Germany is at the
head of somo 55000000 people who
are on the -same plane with us as wealth
producers and soldiers but the aggrc
gatctrxjngth of the German Empire
nnd the amount of wealth behind it are
far fess than those of the United States
and they are much less at the com
mrn1 nf the Emneror than are the meu
and resources of the United States at
the disposal of the President
The CzaY of Russia theoretically
reigns over 126000000 people and more
than- twice the territory of the United
States but he Is really a puppet In the
hands of a little ring of palace officials
This Government is unable to maintain
noiM In any city or country the coun
try is Incomparably poorer than any
ntHmv civilized Nation and its military
Value Is loss than that of many second
Above all these looms tho President
Of the United States the Chief Execu
tive of 90000000 of the most energetic
progressive and capable people in the
world who have a wealth exceeding
5100000000000 and can bring their
entire weight ot men and money upon
any desired National object If the
Presidency of the United States was
Buch an absorbing object of ambition
i our earlier and struggling days what
must it be when we have reached such
a pinnacle tf power as we now enjoy
Earlier Straggles
It is customary to think that Wash
ington had no trouble in securing the
Presidency and that he was wafted into
the office by the acclamations of the
entire people In a wa this was so
and in a way it was not From the
ery first Washington had the intense
opposition of the leading men of his
own State such as Jefferson Madison
Monroe Patrick Henry and others
Their enmity was a severe trial to him
during his whole life and even when
in Washingtons Cabinet Jefferson kept
up his rancorous hostility to Washing
ton and the men on whom lie relied
He had come out of the Revolutionary
War with a reputation superior to that
which brought to him the support of all
who wished to see a strong union of
the 13 Colonies This brought him the
unanimous support of those who want
ed to build up a real Nation and gave
him the Presidency twice by a unani
mous vote
Under tjie system at that time two
men were nominated and voted forthc
one getting the highest number of votes
shouldbe Presfdqnt andthe other Vice
President in the first election there
were op the ticket besides Washington
John Adams John Jay R H Harrison
John Rutledge John Hancock George
Clinton John Milton James Armstrong
Benjamin Lincoln and Edward Telfair
All these were candidates for the Pres
idency as well as the Vice Presidency
but while Washington received 69 out
of the 73 votes and became President
John Adams received 34 and became
Vice President The other candidates
received all the way from one to nine
votes each In the second election
Washington received 132 votes out of
the 135 while Adams received 77 Clin
ton 50 Thomas Jeffeirwn four and
Aaron Burr one Adams therefore be
came Vice President In the third elec
tion there were 138 votes of which
John Adams the Federalist received
71 Thomas Jefferson Republican 68
Thomas Pinckney Federaist 39 Aaron
Burr Republican 30 There were nine
other candidates including George Clin
ton of New York who was a persistent
seeker They received from one to 13
votes Adams became President and
Jefferson Vice President
Tlie JefTerfton Durr Context
In the fourth election there were 138
votes of which Jefferson received 73
and Aaron Bdrr 73 John Adams re
ceived 05 Charles C Pinckney 64 and
John Jay one Then ensued the mem
orable contest between Jefferson and
Burr In the House ot Representatives
which lasted thru 36 ballots when Jef
ferson received the -votes of 10 States
Andrew Jackson appeared as the can
didate of the new Democratic Party
while John Q Adams rallied up under
his banner the opposition under the
name of National Republicans Jack
son was overwhelmingly victorious re
ceiving 178 electoral votes to 83 for
At the election of 1832 Jackson was
the Democratic candidate while Henry
Clay was the National Republican can
didate and John Floyd and William
Wirt ran on the Anti Masonic ticket
Jackson received 219 votes to 49 for
Clay 1 for Floyd and seven for Wirt
In the election of 1836 Martin Van
Huron whom Jackson had chosen for
his successor was the Democratic can
didate while the new Whig Party had
four candidates in the field William H
Harrison Hugh L White Daniel Web
ster and AV P Mangum Martin Van
Buren received 170 votes out of the 294
in the electoral college
Tho William II Harrison had been
badly beaten his military services and
his personal character seemed to point
to him as the most available candidate
for the Whigs and in 1840 ho was
overwhelmingly elected receiving 234
voles to CO for Martin Van Buren
Tho Whigs lost all the advantages of
their ictory by the early death of Gon
Harrison who was succeeded by Vice
President John Tyler and who did the
astonishing thing in turning traitor to
his party and going over to the Demo
crats Under this encouragement the
Democrats rallied from their defeat
and in 1844 elected James K Polk by
175 votes while the Whig candidate
Henry Clay teceived 105
In the succeeding election the Whigs
who had been put In a disadvantageous
position by the success of the Mexican
War ran Gen Zachary Taylor upon
the sole platform of his brilliant vic
tories at Monterey and Bucna Vista
and succeeded in electing him by 163
votes while Lewis Cass the Democratic
candidate received but 127
The WTiigs were now beginning to go
to pieces over the slavery question Dut
tried to repeat the success of our years
before by nominating Gen Wlnfield
Scott whose command of the Arrriy in
Mexico had been such a brilliant suc
cess The Democrats nominated Frank
lin Pierce who received 254 votes to 42
for Scott
Birth of tbe Present Ilepnbllcnn Party
In 1856 the Democrats nominated
James Buchanan and the newly formed
Republican Party made up of all the
men in the other parties who were op
posed to a further extension of slavery
nominated Col John C Fremont of
California Buchanan received 174
votes while Frpmont got the astonish
ing number of 114 which gave the ut
most encouragement to the Republi
In 1860 the Republicans nominated
Abraham Lincoln while the Democrats
split over the question of slavery in the
Territories John C Breckinridge Vice
President under James Buchanan and
representing the ultra pro slavery ele
ment was tho nominee of that wing of
the party while the most brilliant man
of the party Stephen A Douglas who
represented a middle-of-the-road policy
on slavery was nominated by the regu
lar vlng of the Democracy Tho rem
naia of the old AVhlgs and the Know
Noinlngs united under the name of the
ConstituJoril Union Party and nomi
nated John Jlell of Tennessee In the
election Lincoln received 180 votes to
73 for Breckinridge 39 for Bell and 12
for Douglas
In the election of 1864 Abraha Lin
and Burr of four This brought to the cojn the Republican candidate lCflvr
destructive point the intense rivalry be- 212 votes while George B McOieiUn
iween jeuereun ana jjurr wiucn cui i Ul0 Democratic nominee got Dut 21
mlnated a little later In Jefferson hav
ing Burr arrested and tried for high
treason The method of election wa
then changed to the present one where
tho electors voted directly for one man
in 180
for President and another one for Vicccarriijatli
Iresiuent unucr inis uie jiepuusiciuis
were overwhelmingly huccessful In the
fifth Presidential election Thomas
ferson receiving the vote of 15 States
nth 81 votes not cast by thfc Sothcrn
After the War
H Grant the Republican
eived 214 votes while Ho-
rjtio 3eynr the Democratic candl
Jic received 80 and there were 23
not cast
1372 U S Grant received 286
for President and Charles C Pinckney I t bet Horace Greeley the candidate
the Federalist the vote of only two
States Jefferson was able to dictate
his successor and James Madison was
elected at the sixth election receiving
the votes of i2 States against five States
for the Federalist candidate Charles
C Pinckney James Madison had him
self renominated and rc elrcted and
was able to dictate his successor James
Monroe a Republican who received
the votes of 116 States to three for
Rufus King tho Federalist candidate
This was the last effort of the Fcderalst
Party and It passed out of existence
before the next Federal election Mon
roe was thus able to succeed himself
with comparatively slight opposition
by John Q Adams who had beqn in all
parties and who was only able to rally
around him factions of the various par
ties to which he had belonged
Reorganization of the Partlea
In the election of 1824 the Repub
lican Party was hopelessly split and
ran three candidates Andrew Jackson
William H Crawford and Henry Clay
with John Q Adams again heading the
opposition The Anti Jackson Repub
licans preferred any other candidate to
him and therefore Adams was elected
by the House of Representatives thru a
coalition of the Republicans opposed to
At the next election that of 1828
of the Democrats and Liberals died be
fore the election and the vote was
scattering Thomas A Hondrix received
42 n Gratz Brown 18 Charles J Jen
kins two and David Davis one There
were 17 vacancies
In 1876 Rutherford B Hayes the Re
publican candidate received 185 votes
and Samuel J Tilden the Democratfc
candidate 184 The election was dis
puted and an Electoral Commission
was organized to decide the result
In 1880 James A Garfield Republi
can received 214 votes to 155 for Gen
Wlnfield S Hancock the Democratic
In 1884 Grovcr Clevfeland Democratic
candidate received 219 votes to 182for
James G Blaine the Republican noml
In 1888 Grover Cleveland received
168 votes to 233 for Benjamin Harrison
In 1892 Grover Cleveland received
277 votes to 145 for Benjamin Harrison
and 22 for James B Weaver
In 1896 William McKInley received
271 votes to 173 for William J Bryan
In 1900 William McKInley received
299 votes to 155 for William J Bryan
In 1904 Theodore Roosevelt received
336 votes to 140 for Alton B Parker
George Clinton
Among the very first Amercans who
Continued on pago three
Denver n n Convention City
First of all Derhans One mlcht sav
that no National ConVeijtidh was ever
held so far West and also that no Na
tional Convention was ever before so
splendidlyjhoused or sftjhospltably en-
lenameu jjenver simpiy ouiaiu ner
self and H fier sister ejltles a dozen
or more that have entertained National
Conventions Tha Auditorium wasnowt
spicand spai4from the hands of the
builders It was spacious modernly
cqulpped in every particular For its
purpusev no more substantial fiulltilng
rears its top in this cltjf That Is saying
IllUWii UCtttUaU 1UilkUI 13TL Kill VL
dld buildings splendid business blocks
splendid residences Two or- three cpl
umns of newspaper space would no
more than do tv describe Jt and do-it-
full justice Suffice Jt to r say that it
represents the best in architecture and
construction of great auditorium build
ings in this country It goes without
Denver Put Up an Attractive Meeting Place The Lively Sessions
Bryans Clean Working Steam Roller Hobson and His War
Special to The National Tribune
Denver July 11
The Democratic ticket is afield The
Democratic National Convention has
adjourned after a four dayssession
AVilliam Jennings Bryan named for
President after mostfremarkatole dem
onstrations uncquaTed In duration and
intensity by any of the National Con
ventions in the history of either great
political party John W ITern of In
diana foremost pemqcratln Hoosier
dom like the first marton ta6 ticket a
mighty crusader for reform Ideas and
also like him defeated twic for a-pop
ular omcc was nominuicu wun very
little show- of enthusiasm
The convention will stand out as
unique indeed Whether Pryan wins
or whether Bryan loses pclltlclans for
half a century wilt betrlkng about
the National Convention Of 1908 in
Denver and telling reminiscences there
of It Is something to iiavebeen in
Denver during that poIIiicjlIylilstoric
lllHSfllllftlflflHHB Kllllllllillllllllllilllmi llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
Senator has been without more or less 1 of all his opponents and competitors
xhx tehd T inri nr less secretly land he represented a National Idea
that the lichtninc would strika him
and the olco of the people elevate him
to the chief post in the Government
This is not really a selfish feeling
Every patriotic man must necessarily
have strong Ideas as to what he wants
to Bee the Government do If he has
an absorbing devotion to any principle
lie naturally wants intensely to see Jt
prevail and desires to be in a position
srhere he can make that policy effec
Then too every actfve politician whol
has achieved any measure ot success
has gathered around him a large circle
of friends admirers and followers whom
he sincerely loves for their devotion to
lilm and whom he desires to reward
for that devotion The Presidency Is a
marvelous opportunity to fittingly re
ward many thousand friends wno nave
worked arduously and patiently for the
The Presidency of the United States
Is a noble object of ambition Tne pros
ident is far and uway the most power
ful Tiotentate in the world No other
saying that It was magnificently lighted
magnificently decorated and withal was
officered And manned In every particu
lar right up to the dot The credit for
tho latter was due quite as much to
the Democratic National Committee as
to the city of Denver Nothing was left
undone to assure good order and to
facilitate the convenience and comfort
of the multitudes and of the delegates
As much should be said about what
Denver did in all other convention ar
rangements and entertainments More
Beautiful decorations by day and by
night- were hardly ever seen in an
American city There were clever
schemes for hanging out the flags and
banners They depended In splendid
alignment for miles and miles of the
citys streets high over the sidewalks
By the time the sun went down and its
last rays had died away on the peaks
of tho adjacent Rockies the electric
switches were lifted and miles on miles
of the streets glowed under a striking
red -white and blue effulgence These
varl colorcd lamps were hung from the
cross wires of the electric street car
system Looking at these displays ie
seemed facing long arcades rim d
with globules of light Some of th e
arcades stretched as far as the eye
could sec
When the convention was In full
swing the streets were as gay as a
wonderland Beautifully lighted cars
were kept going the rounds of the
principal streets bearing bandsmen as
passengers They tooted all the airs
ia the repertoire of the best bands and
be It said there were few poor bands
In the cllty during convention week
Tho visitors probably numbered for
ty or fifty thousand By no means
all of them ever got Inside the spacious
auditorium but they came to Denver
for a good time and they found it
There was little excessive drinking No
National Convention was ever freer of
that criticism The visitors wanted
fun and they had many a high old
time after the convention had ad
journed They made things hum in
the hotel lobbies The bands Invaded
thoso precincts Marching clubs dit
to bearing banners and headed by ora
tors In fact it was a mighty week
for orators Democrats do love to
talk So do Republicans but the
hotel lobby1 orator was never before so
projiflc as he has been here for 10
days Readers may think they were
Southern orators chiefly for tho South
Is the beloved land of tho hot air
artists No so They were more
Western orators and they established
the hotel lobby speeches as a National
Convention feature My my how they
did spout especially in the evenings
It was as much fun as a barrel of
monkeys There wa3 also a seriovs
phase about It for most of the orators
were championing idas and they want
ed to get those ideas into the heads of
the assembled multitudes
Oklahoma to the Front
Oklahoma probably led in these
demonstrations Or course Oklahoma
Is classed as a Southern State but Jn
reality it is more Western than South
ern -They are real Democrats so
they themselves claim down in that
fteSlfOf the woods Aggressive as they
wexfiln getting to the front let no
one think that Oklahoma made anything-
but a very creditable showing at
Denver Even Alfalfa Bill who Is
or wasan Oklahoma delegate and who
is thecaelest and best natured spell
binder that ever held an audience of
4 B9flEhVhrfBi Srm
Courtesy of the Washington D C Herald
-- M
37 miOLvo8 JBEIt 1404
2 n 3 s
- s r rir r rr
- Q PA Ca
m n
dmfos - rA r
One Out oftlie Swim
fun loving delegates and spectators
banked hundreds deep In a hotel lobby
till after midnight while the drums
beat a ruffle or the trumpeters blew a
blast whenever he scored a point was
no exception to this Oklahoma rule
Oklahoma loomed very conspicupjisjy
thru all the convention Two or threa
men from the newest State were- among
the foremost convention leaders and
did their work excellently There was
Gov Charles N Haskell who fought
his way up against tremendous cavil and
criticism He is a favorite with Bryan
who undoubtedly wag responsible for
Gov Haskell being made Chairmanof
the Resolutions Committee that drew
the Denver platform The Governor
was likewise a floor leader who led
in the big fight in which Col Jim
Guffey of Pennsylvania was unhorsed
and as a result cast out of the Na
tional Committee Hcdid other stunts
and did them always acceptably The
country Is likely to hear more of him
Then there was the blind orator of
Oklahoma Senator Thomas Pryor
Gore who was introduced here as the
greatest blind man in the world
Probably he is Hemadcr two- nota
ble convention speeches One was
exceedingly tiresome the second of
his notable efforts His attendant led
him down to the front ot tho platform
along about 2 oclock in tho mornTng
to make a seconding speech iov Bryan
The galleries which were exceptionally
well behaved but which had become
very unruly during that all night ses
sion and which had become tremen
dously wearied with the long-drawn-
out speechifying about Bryan listened
to him patiently Others had been
hooted at and jeered Cries of Time
time Get the hook and so on natt
gteeted the orators Seconding
speeches under the rule were limited
to five minutes but Gore occupied half
rr hour with commonplace platitude
and the convention did not have thcr
nerve to call him Oh how tired and
jaded everjbody was waiting for tho
roll call that would make Bryan a third
time the partys Presidential nominee
The Oklahoma Constitution
Senator Gores other notable speech
was different It was a very bright
and pithy speech He had been called
to the platform to address the multi
tude while the convention waited for
the resolutions committee to complete
its exhaustive labors Of course he
talked about Oklahoma but he did it
neatly and he got around to say some
thing about the new and much abused
and also the much misrepresented
Oklahoma Constitution He naturally
had to say something about how Bryan
had gone down into Oklahoma when
the campaign for the acceptance or tho
rejection of the constitution was la
progress He also had to say some
thing about how William Howard Taft
had gone down into Oklahoma and ad
vised the people not to adopt the con
stitution My friends exclaimed tho
blind orator In an eloquent climax tho
people of Oklahoma rejected the advice
of Taft and accepted the advice of that
greatest champion of human liberty
William Jennings
The last word was never spoken for
out of that climax leaped the inspira
tion for the greatest and most spirited
National Convention demonstration Ire
our history It lasted one hour and
22 minutes and might have lasted long
er had not the convention officials sup
pressed it
How folks did talk about that Okla
homa constitution It was exploited
as the greatest and most advanced em
bodiment of modern ideals for the gov
ernment of States The Oklahomans
came near to convincing a great num
ber of people at the convention even
the conservatives that their constitu
tion is in largo part what they claim
for it
Much was said In the speeches out
side the convention and In the conver
sation about Oklahomas law requir
ing railroads to furnish nine foot sheets
for Pullman car berths and hotel beds
Here is their justification for the legis
lation Bed coverings quilts etc aro
great storehouses for all kinds of
germs They are rarely cleansed and
of course the traveling public is ex
posed to the danger of tuberculosis
Continued oa pago eight

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