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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, December 17, 1908, Image 3

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PARLIAMENT OF THE PEOPLE
Views of The National Tritune Community on the Revision of the
Tariff
C T Parish Wick Iowa favors the
revision of the tariff and the duties on
beef pork hams bacon and dressed
meats seem unnecessarily high and not
warranted by the price the farmers ob
tain Beef pork etc are the packers
manufactured product while cattle and
hogs are the fanners manufactured
product The excess is much in favor
of the packers and there is not a shad
ow of foreign competition The present
tariff Is a temptation to American cap
ital to invest in stock raising in Mexi
co There should be a tariff on cream
and butter fat to prevent Canada from
shipping to creameries on the border
with their products competing with the
home market
Pater Longstreth Crooksville O Is
satisfied with the tariff just as it is
9
Joe W Colton Kilgore Ky does not
want any revision of the tariff except
in the direction of making the duties
higher especially on leaf -tobacco and
lumber
A Dunfey Paulding O wants a re
vision of the tariff which will leave oniy
enough for revenue The duties on all
classes of goods which are sold in Eu
rope cheaper than here should be re
duced especially lumber His section
wants a higher duty on wool
C C Studley Lapel Ind is opposed
to any revision of the tariff and be
lieves in letting well enough alone
T C Burton Moberly Mo says that
the tariff should be revised with the
duties taken off of everything except
the goods -which the very rich use He
favors free lumber which is the great
est need of his community but would
raise the tariff on imported wines and
liquors tobacco and cigars to double
the present rate
a
D F Lawler Green Valley 111 says
that as a farmer the tariff needs no re
vision and in his locality they do not
desire any He would make the Sher
man anti trust law so strict that there
would not be a chance for combina
tions in restraint of trade of any kind
with a sentence to the penitentiary for
violations
A H Lowry Lomax 111 says let the
tariff alone
E H C Caines Bloomfield Ind
says reise the tariff keeping sufficient
protection to maintain the industries
now established His community wants
no change except a reduction on lum
ber
Henry Winter Hanover 111 wants a
general reduction of 50 per cent on all
necessaries and all trust products
A W Kelley Indian River Me
wants more duties on liquors and to
bacco and the finery of the rich
W H Cobbledick St Louis Mo
wants a revision to bring tho tariff up
to date with a protection of zinc ore
The incoming Congress is perfectly
competent to revise the tariff so that it
will be fair to all
A B Lowell Maple Grove Mich
says let well enough alone He fears
that wool will be put on the free list
0
A H Thompson Coshocton O says
the cry for revision of tariff is based
upon selfishness In his community
there are several no elty manufactories
which use jute mostly imported from
Germany and they want the tariff cut
on It The wishes of the majority
should and must rule No man ever
saw good times when prices were low
James II Stroughton Reynoldsvllle
N T says there is so much in the sys
tem that Is good that the evils seem
Insignificant
H H Mason Kilbourn Wis Is a
fullblooded Republican but he believes
the tariff should be revised In some
particulars Lumber should be admit
ted free of duty and also the products
of our Philippine possessions
A O- Benjamin New Philadelphia
O wants the tariff let alone There
may be a few changes desirable but
they are so few that it would not be
worth while meddling with It The
fact is that Taft was elected with the
understanding that all questions would
be settled about the tariff and that
business would revive at least would
have a chance to revive He cannot
see where the tariff hurts anyone but
he can see very plainly where free trade
would hurt nine tenths of the people
Will it help the farmer to have free
wool The ironworkers to have free
Iron so that they would hav6 to com
pete with the cheap labor of Europe
If one tvIII look back to the old free
trade days he will find labor glad to get
BO cents for 12 hours work and at that
time we paid 156 per ton for stei
rails while blacksmiths paid five and a
half cents a pound for heavy bar Iron
It Is within the memory of not very old
men when sheep were killed by the ten
thousand for merely the hide and tal
low Capital must be protected for no
man will start an enterprise unless he
ses an opportunity to make money out
of It Let the President swing the big
stick and hit the pin that Is most in
the way Take a small thing like oleo
margarine The manufacturers have
to pay 1 cents a pound for the privi
lege of coloring it the color of butter
An ignorant farmer can do this tho
with a handful of stuff and can make
When the Spanish War tax was placed
on tobacco the manufacturers reduced
the size of the retail packages to
spona when the tax was reduced to
eight cents and finally to six cents the
packages remained the same as when
the tax was 12 cents As a rule any
material reduction in the tariff robs
the Government and does not benefit
the consumer for example the coal
tobacco and other -duties
Henry Cunningham Adrian Mich is
opposed to any change in the tariff at
this time
W W Waters 6th U S Cav Green
wood W Va thinks that on all things
controlled by the trusts the duties
should -be lowered so as to give com
petition from abroad an equal show
Sugar lumber coal and hides should
be put on the free list We should have
an income and inheritance tax
e
P T Colgrove Gloversville N T a
veteran says that he is well satisfied
with the present tariff and hopes that
Congress will consider carefully
before thejt make any radical change
I C Howell Edgerton Wis says
that sugar is a luxury and therefore
there should be a tax of seven cents on
every pound of foreign sugar He would
also provide that the manufacturers of
beet sugar shall pay 10 a ton for beets
when sugar 1b 10 cents a pound and 9
when it is nine cents a pound paying a
dollar a ton less for beets for every
cent that sugar drops below 10 cents a
pound This will soon save us millions
of dollars that now go to foreign coun
tries for sujrar The man who wants
to see how well he can live should not
eat much Jigar Sugar has killed 10
men for every one that Lees army
killed
J A Smith Osceola Iowa says that
we need no tariff on lumber and coal
and the duties ought to be reduced on
a thousand and one things The Pro
tectionists make a howl about manu
facturers and the poor workmen but
never say a word about the 52 per cent
of non producers who are not benefit
ed by protection
Ernest O Blake Barry 111 would
not revise the tariff but the revision
that would do the least harm is in the
duties on lumber The tremendous in
crease in the price of lumber coupled
with the great cry for the preservation
of American forests would seem to de
mand a lowering of this particular duty
He would not be in a hurry to change
anything No interest in his community
is pressing for greater protection
W T Davidson Abilene Kan thinks
the duties should be reduced on lum
ber hides tobacco etc Probably It
would be better to remove them alto
gether for at least three or five years
Aside from the foregoing he would not
make much change and he does not
think that the reduction of duties would
be followed by a reduction of w ages
M M McCutchan Parsons Kan
thinks the tariff should be revised in
the direction of making the necessities
of life cheaper All duties are higher
than necessary The duties on lumber
should be reduced as this country has
no lumber to spare
J M Doubleday 20th Ind Caldwell
Kan says that we need no tariff on
farm products in Kansas unless it
should be the sugar beet in the western
part of the State This should be en
couraged by a bounty from the State or
Nation directly to the grower An non
est revision of the tariff Is wanted in
the interest of the whole people but
not such a revision as will reduce wages
and make millionaires By an honest
revision he means one that will be fair
and just to the consumer as well as to
the manufacturer
G W Bowdre Payson Okla says
that the tariff should be revised with
out delay Congress can do the work
and his neighbors out there will still
continue to raise cotton corn cattle
and hogs without putting in much time
studying the fine points of revision
They hope the tariff will be fixed so that
the Government will get more revenue
and not burden the people Every De
partment of the Government should be
made self supporting and people
should pay the Government as willingly
as theydo the companies and people
would pay if tho laws were so adjusted
Benjamin Borten Woodstown N J
says that In view of the fact that if the
liquor Industry Is done away with the
revenues will be lessened one third he
favors the maintenance of the tariff as
it is
John S Van Arsdel South Bend Ind
does not favor a revision of the tariff
He says If the tariff is revised the first
to suffer will be the worklngmcn and
women so keep it where it is
C W Bennett Coldwater Mich
says I am a radical believer in pro
tective tariff I would not kill the
goose that has been laying the golden
egg of prosperity for the last 10 years
If to be revised go carefully I would
place lumber and wood pulp on the
free list not for the purpose of reduc
ing prices but to protect our forests by
drawing more raw materials irom Can
ada Beet sugar should be protected
and encouraged by all means
Wm W Davis Taberg r t says
hl grease sell for 20 times more thaniRevise the tariff but keep as tight a
It Is worth Some may say this is a
small matter but oils would be sold at
10 cents below the present price per
pound If it were remedied Oleomar
garine is the poor mans butter and the
poor mans friend He would rather
have one pound of it to cat than a
wagon load of some country butter
A J McFarland wants to be put on
record as against any revision of the
tariff and also he finds that the opin
ion of the greater part of the veterans
around him
Adam Buchcr Tobias Neb says that
we are a country of Protectionists In
the main and yet there is a difference
of opinion about some particulars For
example the matter of lumber In his
oDinton lumber should be put on the
free list and give the American forests
a chance to crow ut ana maKe limber
He Is also in favor of free trade wth
the Philippines so far as relates to all
articles that they raise and want to ex
change for articles that we produce
In this he agrees with President elect
Taft All the time the revenue question
confronts us and must not be over
looked in any revision of the tariff
- xT C Rowland Rice Lake Wis
thinks that the duty on manufactured
Iron and steel should be doubled not
for the benefit of the biff steel concerns
but to engage the capital and skill re
quired to put more plants in operation
morA of these are needed In the Lake
Superior region The reduction of the
tariff on steel will merely throw the con
trol of the business Into the hands of
th men who now control inc united
States Steel Corporation He does not
see that the duties are too high upon
any article and his only revision would
be to make reciprocity treaties witli
other Nations as shall seem expedient
Frank L Hicks th W Va Vanda
Ha Mo believes In revising the tariff
keeping In mind the needs of the Gov
ernment He would replace the 12 cent
itax on tobacco instead of the six cent
as at present The whole State of Mis
souri is interested In the duty on zinc
hold as possible on what we have The
cry for cheap lumber comes largely
from men who have extensive lumber
holdings In Canada and want to realize
United States prices upon them We
should seek for the general welfare of
the public rather than that of any in
terest In overhauling the tariff try to
make It better and stronger not weak
er
Tlie Engineer Soldier
Editor National Tribune I thought
I knew all about J H Putnam my old
war First Sergeant but Comrade Gil
bert Thompson In The National Trib
une of Oct 22 1908 gives a now and
characteristic story At the close of the
civil war I was a member of Co D
battalion of Engineer Troops TJ S
Regular Army We were a part of the
Engineer Brigade Army of the Poto
mac J H Putnaqi the First Sergeant
of Co D was the Ideal soldier and gen
tleman the one who would go farther
to protect his men and make more sac
rifices in their behalf than any non
commissioned officer I ever saw else
where Will not Comrade Thompson
give an account of his service with the
Engineers I understood that Sergt
he took euro of as a nurse in the Co
lumbian Hospital Washington D C
between Feb 8 J865 and June 9 1865
He should like to correspond with any
of them or their families
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINGTON D C -THURSDAY DECEMBER 17 19011
TARIFF REVISION
Continued from page one
ferred to red velvet curtains Serfs
well they call them messengers now
adays of a dusky
color hold those curtains back while
the committee members enter and
exit
They have their exits and their en
trances
And one man in his time plays many
parts
For instance last Monday morning
the committee had before it Mr Charles
W Schwab he of Steel Corporation
fame lots of people would like to spell
it steal for short and he was testify
ing or rather telling his story about
Steel and its well Bourke Cochran
practically said stealings In the ques
tions he was asking or trying to ask
Mr Schwab And that was what I was
getting at Mr Cochran who had con
stituted himself the interrogator for
the morning for he took up most of
the time of the hearing was getting a
stump speech in shape Yes indcedy
just like that He would say
Now Mr Schwab is it not true
that and then off he would go with
a five minute statement of what he
believed to be the case with Mr
Schwab At the end Mr Schwab would
quietly reply No sir that Is not the
case at all or words to that effect
then Mr Cochran would put another
cf HVi ft
M
11 IHill 1
REPRESENTATIVE CHAMP CLARK
hypothetical question and proceed to
make another campaign speech so that
Mr Schwab got in about 25 words to
Bourke Cochrans 500 and the testi
mony will show all the way through
that most of those who ask questions
have read into the testimony before
me ways ana Means vommieu uuuui
all the campaign literature extant
Queer Tentlmoiiy
And that testimony If things keep
on as they have started It will take
100 volumes of a thousand pages each
to hold that testimony because every
word uttered in the Way and Means
Committee hearing is taken down Not
only that Into that Tariff hearing
goes any old paper that anybody wants
to read Into it A Mr Dana N Y
appeared as a representative of the
New York State Sheep Breeders Asso
ciation Mr Dana read a paper on let
ting the tariff on wool remain as it is
And this is the way he began
Gold and silver taken from natures
safety vaults placed upon the markets
of the world dissipated in coinage and
the industrial arts are ours no more
Copper Iron and lead when taken
from our mines and manufactured are
gone and lo3t
The ax in the woodmans hands de
stroys our forests and leaves but ugly
scars upon our mountain slopes
After a lot like that he landed on the
bunch on the Throne with the vital
point of his remarks
Mr Chairman I believe that sheep
husbandry Is so vitally related to the
conservation of the fertility of our soils
that any effort to develop it would be
justified
Quotation from Ancient Wlxlom
And then what do you reckon ho did
Just auoted about a yard from the
words of Jesus ben Slrach which are
as true today as when they were writ
ten he declared Here is a part of
it which is mighty good reading splen
did philosophy magnificent rules for
life but In a sheep hearing oh well
it did seem an anachronism
The wisdom of the scribe cometh by
opportunity of leisure
And he that hath little business shall
become wise
How shall he become wise that holdeth
the plow
That glorieth in the shaft of the goad
That driveth oxen and Is occupied
with their labors
And whose discourse 13 of the stock of
bulls
He will set his heart upon turning his
furrows
And his wakefulness Is to give his
heifers their fodder
So is every artificer and
tcr
So is the smith sitting by the anvil
So is the potter sitting at his work
All these put their trust in their hands
And each becometh wise In his own
work
They shall not bo sought for in the
council of the people
The Eternal Justice
This was followed on the same day
by a Mr Justice of Philadelphia Mr
Justice seems to have been a volumin
ous letter writer about the tariff He
could almost get Into a Press Associa
tion because of the many articles ho
has had in print They arc all signed
too so that there would be no difficulty
In proving up an ownership They
were written to many New York news
papers they were written for maga
zines and numbered a dozen or morel
Mr Justice is supposed to be an author
ity on wool tariff you know Tnen
there Is a piece from the American
Economist one from the Outlook and
then in the renort of that tariff hear
come 12 pages In tho center of
whoso blank whiteness appears the
single line omitted by request of the
Committee
What was omitted I dont know
It seems to be a hiatus in the articles
of Mr Justice for on the next page he
begins again Maybe lie read Into the
report some Swinburne or passionate
and incomprehensible Browning or It
micht have been some of Salomes re
marks as sho danced anyhow it isnt
there but the blank pages arc
And then follow about 40 more pages
of Mr Justices pieces as they have
appeared in print
A Mr Cowan took up about 100
paces In the hearing on Dec 5 Mr
Cowan appeared as attorney for 15
Putnam became a physician in Brook- years of the Cattle Raisers Association
lyn li auvc ne couia rurnisn many 0f Texas He Is also attorney for half
most Interesting reminiscences from his
four years service at headquarters
Army of the Potomac James David
son an old British soldier succeeded
Putnam as First Sergeant of Co D
Davidson was a typical Johnny Bull
and it was our privilege to tease vex
and annoy him beyond the limits of
human endurance Eldridge Morse
Snohomish Wash
Mat of Patient
Charles White 3d Vt Nashua N H
says that he has a list with their rank
company and regiment of 54 men that
a dozen other cattle and live stock as
sociations so must speak by the book
if he Is paid for it and sub roca It Is
said that he Is paid mighty well for be
ing attorney for these associations
A Jlner
Then appeared upon thetage a Mr
Miles of Racine Wi3 who is a
Jlner from Jinerville evidently for
he began by saying I can speak for
no organization except as definitely
hereinafter stated I am associated offi
cially and seml ofllclally with two or
three hundred organizations represent
ing an pnascs of industrial life
Gee Just think what that mans
dues must bo
Mr Miles had a wee small voice that
could not be heard three feet and had
constantly to be ordered to speak loud
er Ho taked ever 160 pages that
U11 r -
day and as much moreinH following
week He Jnanaged x xvar most of
those organizations too 0
Hundred of Mtoa
Then those reports tile cluttered up
with hundreds of letterrJ beginning
atfer this fashion D
Gentlemen In Denair ofJthe farm
ing classes v t
Dear Sir Supposing thaP the tariff
on vanillin will also bcconIaered
Hip nresent session Wa beer to call
your attention to thefollowing We
are manufacturers oi vani nn ana at
present have over 50000 lifvested for
the production of thls artcl alone so
that
Dear Sir The Manufacturing Chem
ists Association of the -United States
an association of the manufacturing
chemists of this country and a list of
whose 40 members is hereto annexed at
a meeting at Phlladeipnia on Nov 16
1908 unanimously passed -the follow
ing resolution
And so those letters go mousanus
of them Every fellow has his own
little ax to grind and hes going- to
grind it regardless of his neighbors
dull hoe if he can
Is the tariff a local Issue These
letters go far to prove It
This Committee on Ways and Means
will have before it most of the money
kings of the country before it gets
thru these hearings Congress has
trlvetf it nower to summon before it
anybody whom It -wishes to hear and
the power to punish tno man who re
fuses to respond to tho Summons This
power was granted to the ways and
Means Committee last week It never
has had the power to oraer anyDoay
before it up to now with any -expectation
that its summons would bring the
man Mr Archbold Mr Carnegie and
a dozen others are ordered to appear
and they must talk under oath
No Eny Job
PeoDle talk of tariff revision as tho
it could be accomplished by next week
or at the latest the week after Like
ordering a cord of wood or a load of
coal or buying a pound of butter you
state what you want you say the price
you want to pay and then you expect
the goods to be denverea on time prop
erly packed and labeled glass handle
with care
Tariff revision means an overturning
of schedules on a million articles of
commerce It means a teaajusting oi
values on everything that ve wear cat
ive under or over everything that we
oijoy as art everything that enters Into
our lives to make tnem uvame our
homes to make them habitable our
country to make it great and glorious
Tho smallest concern which makes
an article In this country must be pro
tected from the cheap manufacture
cheap labor cheap material cheap
transportation of that same article
made In a foreign country just as sure
ly as we protect the great steel cor
porations or they will think they have
been discriminated against If the
small concern Is protected to prohibi
tion of the foreign article and the big
concern is not protected at all then
there again Is a cry of discrimination
from the big concern whose ramifica
tions reach Into millions -of homes
mayhap and pay waged Ho hundreds
of thousands of people who will be
hopelessly ruined by towep wages on
unprotected manufactures
Gentlemen of the Jury- Tariff revision
Is no picnic for the men whe must make
the schedules nor Is it a Slimmer holi
day -for the manufactvrersand corpor
ations whose carefullyJbullded business
has grown up about conditions and en
vironments which nrdtected it as a
sea wall protects from the encroach
ment of the eating ocean waves xane
the walls away and leave ritf protection
at all and the fair ibullded sea city
crumbles Imperceptibly bift positively
and surely - J1
Tariff revision must come up or
down as the day demands--but It must
come safely and
snssoTminisTOKciiinsociETY
A Confederate Soldier Carried n Union
FIok In III Knapsack Three Year
The St Louis Republic of a recent
date tells the story of a historic flag
Mounted in an air tight frame the
old flag of the Old Guard of 1852
was presented to the Missouri Histori
cal Society by members of old Co A
St Louis National Guard Association
at a meeting In the Societys rooms
Henry T aiou maue ine priaemauun
address in which he said
Ed Channel the standard bearer of
Co A at the outbreak of tho civil war
In 1861 when tho company split up
about half enlisting with the blue and
half with the gray chose to enlist un
der the stars and bars but strange to
say he folded this hand woven em
blem of the Stars and Stripes to fit his
knapsack and carried it concealed
there during his three years service In
tho Confederate army Wiat his mo
tives or feelings were no one can tell
but In 1868 when the scattered mem
bers of Co A had a Reunion and re
organization he surrendered the flag
to his reunited comrades
Brief talks were made by John H
Terry and Edward D Coe Mr Coe re
lated the experience of his wife when
on a recent trip abroad she purchased
-some souvenirs at the hlrthnlaco cf
Shakspere but on her return to St
Louis she discovered tho imprint of a
local glass company on tho bottom of
the articles
Both of these gentlemen are union
veterans of the civil war and take great
interest In the Historical Society Mr
Terry has been its President for 20
years Ho was Captain of Co D I3th
N Y while Mr coe was sergeant or
Co H 196th Pa Both arc mem
bers of Ransom Post 131 G A K of
St Louis Mr Coe has been Its His
torian for 10 years and has a valuable
collection of records scrap books and
souvenirs which together with all the
archives of the Post aro to be turnPd
over to the Missouri Historical Society
upon completion of the lire proof build
ing soon to bo erected In Forest Park
Mr Coe also Is Chief Mustering Officer
of the Department of Missouri G A
R and on the staff of the
Commander-in-Chief He came to St
Louis in 1870 from Philadelphia where
from 1865 to 1870 he was a volunteer
fireman a member of- the Falrmount
Fire Company of that city His old
fire hat and belt are among tho archives
In tho Societys collectiornii
The Oth PaIteeFte
Editor National TrJuMSJ In you- is
sue of Dec 3 you say The 9th Pa
Reserves was organized in Allegheny
County July 27 andiriustercd out May
12 1864 This Is a mistake ly rec
ollection of it Is and I refreshed my
memory from Batess History of Penn
sylvania Volunteers the 9th Pa Re
serves was organized at Camp Wright
near Iliisuurg June 28 and lert ror
Washington immediately fter tho bat
tle or nun nun juiy 23 made its first
camp out Seventh steet ion Aug 5 it
moved to Tcnallytown where it was
organized Into McCalls Division of Pa
Reserves crossed tho ijotomac Into
Virginia on Oct 9 and encamped at
Cmp Plerepont Langleynand on Dec
20 under Gen Ord met tho enemy at
Dralnesvllle Va On July 27 tho regi
ment was encamped as I said above
out Seventh street Washington D C
The regiment had been pravioualvmus
tered into the service of tho State
Henry Baker Sewlcklcy Pa
The 120th Ohio
Editor National Tribune Pleaso give
mo the number of klilii and wounded
In the 126th Ohio and also the number
or regiments mat had a larger loss in
killed and wounded O A Ashbrook
Blackwcll Okla
The 126th Ohio lost 155 killed and
386 wounded While this was an ex
tremely large percentage 121 there
were a number of other regiments that
exceeaea ii ooin m numbwi KUiea ana
In tVlA nAlYpntnfA nJHa Vnttnnnl
Tribune - J
EXCHANGE OAJtTEZr
The Ban Was the Agreement Bttwaea
Ike America nl KnglUa U 1S13
Sergt Toomy Co E 21st Pa
Hazelton Pa asks Who was it In the
civil war that made the agreement to
exchange prisoners Will you please
publish the agreement and the signa
tures and the relative value of the dif
ferent grades of rank for exchange
The following is a copy of tho cartel
asked for There wore other agree
ments In which the officer of all grades
were exchanged for more enlisted men
than this cartel fixed In 1864 one car
tel exchanged 120 enlisted men for a
General
General Orders No 141
War Department
Adjutant Generals Office
Washington Sept 25 1862
The following la the cartel under
which prisoners are exchanged In the
existing war with the Southern States
Haxalls Landing on James River
Virginia July 22 1862
The undersigned having been com
missioned by the authorities they re
spectively represent to make arrange
ments for a general exchange of prison
ers of war have agreed to the following
articles
Art I It ia hereby agreed and stipu
lated that all prisoners of war held by
either party Including those taken on
private armed vessels known as pri
vateers shall be discharged upon the
conditions and terms following
Prisoners to bo exchanged man for
marr and officer for officer privateers to
be placed upon the footing of officers
and men of the navy
Men and officers of lower grades may
be exchanged for officers of a higher
grade and men and officers of differ
ent services may be exchanged accord
Ing to the following scale of cqulva 1
lents
A General commanding In chief or
an Admiral shall be exchanged
of equal rank or for 60 privates or
common seamen
A Flag Officer or Major Gcneral shall
be exchanged for officers of equal rank
or for 40 privates or common seamen
A Commodore carrying a broad pen
nant or a Brigadler Goneral shall be
exchanged for officers of equal rank or
20 privates or common seamen
A Captain in the navy or Colonel
shall be exchanged for officers of equal
rank or for 15 privates or common Bea
men
A Lieutenant Colonel or a Command
er in the navy shall bo exchanged for
officers of equal rank or for 10 privates
or common seamen
A Lieutenant Commander or a Major
snail be exchanged for officers of equal
rank or eight privates or common sea
men
A Lieutenant or a Master in the navy
or a Captain in the army or marines
shall be exchanged for officers of equal
rank or six privates or common sea
men
Masters Mates Jn the navy or Lieu
tenants and Ensigns In the army shall
ho exchanged for officers of equal rank
or four privates or common seamen
Midshipmen Warrant Officers In the
navy Masters of merchant vessels and
Commanders of privateers shall be ex
changed for officers of equal rank or
three privates or common seamen
Second Captains Lieutenants or
Mates of merchant vessels or privateers
and all petty officers in tho navy and all
non commissioned officers in the army
or marines shall be severally exchanged
for persons of equal rank or for two
privates or common seamen ana pri
vate soldiers or common seamen shall
be exchanged for each other man for
man
Art VT The stipulations and provi
sions above mentioned to be of binding
obligation during the continuance of
the war it matters not which party
may have the surplus of prisoners the
great principles involved being l An
equitable exchange of prisoners man
for man officer for officer or officers
of higher grade exchanged for officers
of lower grade or for privates accord
ing to the scale of equivalents 2 That
privateers and officers and men of dif
ferent services may bo exchanged ac
cording to tho same scale of equiva
lents 3 That ail prisoners oi wnat
cver arm of servicj are to be exchanged
or paroled In 10 days from the time of
their capture if it be practicable to
transfer them to their own lines In
that time if not as soon thereafter as
practicable 4 That no officer soldier
or employe in tne service oi eitner party
Is to be considered as exchanged and
absolved from his parole until his
equivalent has actually reached the
lines of his friends 5 That the parole
forbids the performance of field garri
son police or guard or constabulary
duty
Signed John A DIx
Major General
Signed D H Hill
Major General C S A
By order of the Secretary of War
L Thomas Adjutant General
A Square Meal of Wholesome Truth
B J Lewis Superintendent National
Cemetery Winchester Va says that
he would not give The National xriDune
for all of the other papers that ho
takes While there Is not nearlyso much
mud sllnglng at at some other times
there is too much and it does him
good to get The National Tribune and
sit down to a square meal of whole
some truths as regards the political
issues of tho country If the paper
could reach the 16000000 voters of the
United States the right man would be
elected every time
THE BLACK CABINET
Continued from paje ra
la understood that Mr Wllkie was di
rected to prepare a statement and that
th President will have something- to
say In justification of his action Speaker
vannon ana some sjenaiorg navo also
been colled to the white House In re
gard to tho Secret Service situation
The rreildeat Will FIsht Back
Word has gone out that tho Presi
dent Intends to fight back and that he
will make It uncomfortable Indeed for
a numbor of Congressmen If anything
lixe a censure or mm u undertaken
Many think this Is something of a bluff
on tho President part to scare the
Senate and the House and to deter
them from any vigorous action As a
matter of fact the purpose of the Sen
ate and the House apparently Is to aot
as mildly and in as dignified a way as
possible but at the same time to leave
no doubt of their official disapproval
A half dozen different ways have been
suggested for accomplishing this Some
want to vote to lay the Secret Service
portion of the message unon the table
That would be taken a Indicative of
the Congressional displeasure Others
want to pass a resolution declaring that
tho Presidents charcrcs have been in
vestigated and that there is nothing In
them to warrant the language he has
used Probably tho Senate and the
House will both agree upon some such
course of action altho If the President
should send in a hot special message
and attack the records of some Con
gressmen aa he Is represented as plan
ning to do It is quite within the prob
abilities that there would bo formal
censure of the President
At any rate a high state of mind
exists at the White House and also a
high state of mind at tho Capitol The
old ones have been harking back to
find some precedents by which to be
guided They find nothing like it more
recently than tho Administration of
President Andrew Johnson When he
sent a message that Senate and House
thought was insulting they votod to
lay the message or the offensive por
tions of It upon the table There was
a somewhat similar occurrence during
the Administration of President Jack
son of whom President Roosevelt Is a
great admirer
Origin of the Secret Service
If all the facts about the operations
of the Secret Service In recent years
and about the proceedings In the Sen
ate and House for securing the restric
tions are brought to light the public
will have some interesting reading
Originally the Secret Service Bureau
was organized for the purpose of de
tecting and punishing counterfeiters
Soon after tho civil war counterfeiting
began to Increase and the Government
had to take some heroic action to pro
tect itself and Its currency In more
recent times It became necessary to
protect the President from cranks and
dangerous persons The assassination
of President McKinley emphasized that
necessity and ever since President
Roosevelt has been in office there has
been a detail of about half a dozen
Secret Service men who do little else
than watch out for his safety An ef
fort was made to authorize a body
guard for the President but Congress
thought that smacked too much nf Old
World monarchs and preferred that
the Secret Service detail altho not
strictly legal should continue
There v were many complaints about
tho aggrandizement of the Black cab
inet long before last year Representa
tive Tawney was one of the foremost
In declaiming against the growth of
the big Special Agents Service in sev
eral Departments and when this Spe
cial Agent Service was augmented by
details of Secret Service men he ar
gued that It was time to call a halt
When Chief Wllkie was before the Ap
propriations Committee to explain the
appropriations that his Secret Service
Bureau needed Mr Tawney hauled nim
over the coals and asked Questions
that Mr Wllkie was willinjr to answer-
only on condition that his words should
not b5 taken down by the stenograph
er and printed in public document
form as happens with all the appro
prlatlon hearings There was an agree
ment that Mr Wilkle should tell all he
knew but that It should not be made
nubile
Versions as to what Mr Wilkia said
differ Some say he declared the Presi
dent had embarrassed him greatly by
Insisting upon Seciat Service men doing
certain work but that there was noth
ing for him to do but obey or to re
sign In any event the Appropriations
Committee voted the restrictions into
the appropriation law as a oroviso
When the bill got over to the Senate
that proviso was struck out by the Sen
ate Appropriations Committee of which
Mr Hale now one of the most insistent
for a censure of the President was Act
ing Chairman However when the bill
went into conference Mr Tawney was
able to have it restored and so it be
came law
Anger nt the Praldent
The resentment at the Presidents ac
tion in going ahead and doing his will
without regard especially to the stat
utes has long been very btrong with the
Senate and House Appropriations Com
mittees They havo to watch the ex
nendltures of the Governments moneys
and as abuses are constantly springing
up the annual appropriations bills are
constantly hedged about with provisos
calculated to make the Executive De
partments observe the laws and not
take the making of laws into their own
hands It is therefore not the first
time that the Appropriations Commit
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PROVE WHAT SWAMP ROOT
WILL DO FOR Y0Ur
You naturallv feel secure when voir
know that the medlcn you are aboux
to take is absolutely mire and contains
no harmful or habit producing drugs
aucn a medicine u Dr Kilmers
Swamp Root the xrtat Sidney IXven
and Bladder Remedy
The same standard of purity strength
and excellence la maintained in every
bottle of Swamp Root and has been fon
years
Swamp Root is scientifically com
pounded from vegetable herbs
It Is not a stimulant and la taken la
teaspoonful doses
It is not recommended for everything
It is natures great helper in relieving
and correcting kidney liver and blad
der troubles
A sworn statement of purity 13 wltn
every bottle of Dr Kilmers Swamp
Root
SAMPLE BOTTLE FBEE B7 MAIL
Send to Dr Kilmer Co Bingham
ton N Y for a sample bottle free by
mall it will convince anyone You will
also receive a booklet of valuable Infor
mation telling all about the kidneys
When writing be sure and mention Tho
Washington National Tribune You
can purchase the regular fifty cent ana
onedoiiar size bottles at all drug stores
dent The present situation howover
is a climax and it was the members of
Appropriations who were chiefly re
sponsible for an effort toward a concert
by which the President should be re
buked even tho mildly
Their present anger is enhanced by
the recent discovery that by the PresN
dents orders and without other au
thorlty a mammoth railroad station oa
the Mall In this city recently vacated
by one of the great railroads was torn
down Congress had intended it should
be used as a storehouse or for othes
purposes as tho Government pays an
enormous rent bill In the District oc
Columbia and at that never has as
much room as It needs The building
howeYer was not of artistic appear
ance the President wanted it torn
down and he proceeded to tear it down
This has led to arcastlc warnings to
Congress to beware lest the President
some afternoon raze the Capitol Build
ing to the ground
Probably the cool heads will prevail
and the prospects of a serious breach
with President Roosevelt will disap
pear That is the prevailing opinion at
the Capitol But before there is a final
disposition of the matter there is likely
to be spirited debating In Senate and
House Now that the HouseRcpubli
cans have started into the investigation
and by that very fact assumed an atti
tude of disapproval with the President
the Democrats are standing aloof and
demanding that the Republicans take
the sole responsibility They say it la
not their kettle of fish notwithstanding
the fact that they virtually drove tho
Republicans Into taking formal notica
of the offensive paragraph As the re
cess of Congress for the holidays comes
very soon the matter may be postponed
till the new year
Nevertheless ths possibilities of seri
ous trouble with such a situation are
recognized and thos who wish the
party well will breathe more freely
when the matter has been finally dis
posed of
The OSth Va
Editor National Tribune Will you
kindly give a short history of the 9Stti
Pn I would like to hear from any o
my comrades Ezra J Bowen R F D
Np 3 Box 20 Tampa Fla
The 98th Pa was organized at Phila
delphia from August to November
1861 and finally mustered out June 29
1865 It was commanded all thru Its
service by Col John F Ballier be
longed to Gettys Division Sixth Corps
and lost 121 killed and -73 from disease
etc Editor National Tribune j
The 06h Ohio
Editor National Tribune Could yoa
give me a short history of the 66th
Ohio James Mattox Hamler O
Tlie 6 6th Ohio was organized at Camp
Arthur Urbana ia December 1861 and
finally mustered out July 15 1865 It
was commanded by Col Charles Candy
who was discharged Dec 16 1864 and
at the time of final muster out Lieut
Col John T Mitchell was in command
It belonged to Gearys Division Twelfth
Corps and lost 101 killed and 144 from
disease etc Editor National TriDune
T
itCi IND
ky
Or-
The 51t Mais
Editor National Tribune Please glv
a short history of the 51st Mass Per
rien Dean 155 S Hainan Ave Chicago
HI
The 51st Mass wa3 organized at
Worcester from Sept 25 1862 to Oct
30 1862 for nino mOnths and was
mustered out July 27 1863 It was
commanded by Col Augustus B R
Sprague all thru its service belonged
to Palmers Division Eighteenth Corps
and lost 44 from disease etc Editoa
National Tribune
t i
The ISSth Ohio
Editor National Tribune Please tell
me all you can of the 188th Ohio Mist
Anna Litzel Cleveland O
The 188th Ohio was organized at
Camp Chase In March 1865 to serva
one year and musterea out oepi -x
1865
It was commanaea oy vjoi
eoh E Taylor and lost 45 from disease
tees have felt very angry at the J etc Editor National Tribune
Vacant United States Government Land
Where and How to Get It Under the Homestead Timber Coal Stone Oil Saline Desert and Other Federal Laws
- - v v- m v ln - Tln ilnmntlnn Wftll Til ft
Soldiers and Sailors Homestead lUgnts joiduc uinus oi xexas jrrigauuu mm iKuuiu -
Rectangular System of Surreys
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The figures In the above outline ma of the United States show the number of acres of unappropriated Government
land remaining In tho 26 public lona rfiates and Territories open to purchase or entry under various laws v Tho total
area of land still belonging to the- United States is over 750000000 acres exclusive of the public lands of Texas and
sohool swamp lands belonging to the Various States Alaska not shown above has 368000000 acres of unappropriated
land
A took containing the acreage by States Districts and Counties corrected to July 1 1908 with brief descrip
tion of tho character of tho land by counties together with particulars as to how United States land3 can b
secured under the various Federal Laws and also Information about State lands in Texas and United States lands
in Alaska with valuable tables sent to any address for 25 cents by
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE WASHINGTON O C

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