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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, November 18, 1909, Image 1

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ONE DOLLAK A YEAK
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Coprrleht 1909 by John McElror
By JOHN
CHAPTER XLIIT
The Dying Rebellion
The hopes which had sprung up with
every glad Eastertide that the war was
to end before another Summer were
this time to be fulfilled The firm con
viction of Lincoln that the cause of the
Union would eventually be victorious
and the steadfast wisdom of Grants
strategy were now to have the reward
which the fullness of time always
brings to those who wait with faith
Grant could havo taken Richmond a
month before but he did not propose
to take it until his taking meant the
final act of cureless ruin to the Confed
eracy Grants victories were always
complete and final He realized as
Lincoln did that the only way to crush
the rebellion was to actually crush it
No mere taking of places would suffice
nor secure the end The Confederates
were Americans and woulfl not give up
mtra
RAHAM
NCOLN
arcixuox
of the twice fought fields around me
Chancellor House
Those who had so far escaped could
see nothing in the future but the open
ing of soldier graves for themselves
There appeared no end except destruc
tion Despair seized them and all the
stories that come from the camps of
Lees army during that awful Winter
of 1SC4 are full of the delirium of des
peration of men who felt themselves
stnnilimr on the brink of eternity This
feeling showed itself in religious ex
citement Prayer meetings went on
daily and nightly in the camps of their
armies It was a retribution worthy of
the stern old Hebrew prophets for the
contest which had begun four years
before in high blown pride and jaunty
contempt alike of the moral sense of
the world and the courage and devo
tion to principle of the defenders of the
Union There was impending over
Richmond and the Confederacy such a
day of wrath and such a day of burning
MIlS IIMIniL
THE VISIT OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN ADMIRAL PORTER AND TAD LINCOLN TO GEN GRANT AT
PETERSBURG
the struggle until it was physically im
possible to continue It- Far better it
was that this hammering which had to
actually beat the resistance out of the
Confederate armies should go on as
near our base of supplies and as far
from the Confederates as possible
Since the killing had to continue until
the Confederate army was worn out by
it it was best that it should take place
along the Petersburg front where the
Army of the Potomac had Its supplies
brought directly to it by water than to
chaee Lees army back into the country
and tight tho battle out there
So the terrific game of slaughter had
gone on for 10 long months from the
Rapidan to the Appomattox It had
now assumed to the Confederates that
awful form of destiny remorseless san
guinary absolutely insatiablo as to
blood such as was sung by the savage
old Norse bards In their Sagas
When Grant led the Army of the
Potomac across the Rapidan it fixed a
mortal clutch upon the throat of the
Army of Northern Virginia which noth
ing could loosen even for a moment
The horrors of the battle in the burn
ing thickets of the Wilderness tho
weeks of Incessant reciprocal slaughter
at Spotsylvania North Anna and Cold
Harbor did not allow the Confederates
an hour of respite The sanguinary en
counters of one day only led to still
more deadly grapples on the following
Provlously in the history of the world
soldiers had been given a long rest after
one great battle befoie being called
unon to enter another But now no
breathing space camo to either of the
contending hosts and tho slaughter
went on just the same arter mo two
armies had settled down Into the in
trenchments around Petersburg From
June until March the deep voiced can
non had not been silent for an hour
and few minutes of the day or night
passed without the deadly rifle taking
toll or a numan me somewnere on me
long lines of clrcumvaiiation
The fortitude of the Confederates was
only surpassed by the exalted determi
nation of their Union foemen Confed
erate regiments which had inarched In
to die tangle of tho Wilderness 600
Strong had left half p their members
in shallow graves before they reached
the James and the decimated remnant
Bwept and scourged by the Union fire
constantly added to theso which
stretched back to tlio gloomy thickets
as the Prophet Jeremiah saw for the
Nations who forgot God
In the 11 months of constant carnage
both sides had at times suffered greai
losses for which they received no ade
quate return but these In a measure
balanced themselves Undoubtedly in
the Wilderness as many Confederates
were killed as Union men and at Spot
sylvania Lee lost nearly as frightfully
as Grant did at Cold Harbor In the
assaults at Petersburg the Army of the
Potomac had suffered heavily without
compensation but Lees army also lost
without adequate return at Fort Stead-
man and elsewhere In the incessant
sharpshooting and minor contests along
the lines the losses were probably equal
but every man killed ii the Confeder
ate army was another ounce of blood
taken from a body already bleeding to
death
The President Visits the Army
President Lincoln vnan absorbingly
interested in the Army of the Potomac
and its success He recognized that
Grants policy was absolutely a true
one to bring about a speedy and lasting
peace and he gave that General and
without question all that it was in tho
power of a President to give He paid
many visits to the camps of the army
and these became more frequent dur
ing tho Winter of 18G4 G3 and as the
time approached when the weather
would permit the army to resume ac
tive operations in the field Grant had
told him and he saw it with his own
eyes that the Army of the Potomac
had Its old enemy at its mercy and
could crush it when the time came
Gen Grants main fear was that Jef
ferson Davis and Lee would do the
correct military thing and evacuate
Richmond Thi3 would transfer tho
war to tho inaccessible Interior and
greatly protract It Jefferson Davis
had however that haughty pride which
leads to utter destruction and he did
as Grant wished him to do by keeping
Lee In front of Richmond until the
Slave Empire tottered and fell
Lincolns most important visit was
made toward the end of March when
Grant was only waiting for the roads
to become more tolerable to strike the
final blow It is a serious loss to his
tory that no one has perpetuated on
canvas the wonderful scene which
greeted tho Presidents eyes arc orid City
Point Tho broad breast of the James
River was crowded with gunboat on4
WASHINGTON D G THURSDAY XOVEMBEE 18 1909
behind them fleets of transports which
carried to the army of 123000 men tho
food which It devoured by the hundred
tons daily the vast quantities of am
munition with which It scourged the
enemys line and proportional supplies
of clothing and equipments For 20
miles north of the stream and 35 miles
south of It ran the high sinister lines
of fresh dug earth fashioned into bas
tions forts lunets and breastworks
which frowned with sullen black
mouthed cannon and was constantly
crested with gigantic flower like circles
of smoke but flowers deadlier than
those of the Upas tree for every one of
them bloomed from the muzzle of a
rifle aimed with deadly intent at an
enemy on tho opposing lines
Behind these lines arose little towns
and cities quaint habitations for thou
sands fashioned by the men themselves
from such rude materials as came to
their hands In all these little com
munities were churches or meeting
halls in one there was a theater and
at every step was found an abode upon
which the ingenious inmates had lav
ished taste and skill during their hours
of respite from the horrid tiade of war
along the lines
Comfort Amid Destriicllon
In spite of the deadly trade at which
the soldiers journeymenlike worked
their regular shifts each day there war
a world of comfort and even enjoyment
in these rude habitations When the
army had settled down Into Winter
quarters tho experienced soldiers recog
nized the prospect of a long stay and
housed themselves with the greatest in
genuity and skill in which work they
were assisted by all that their officers
and the Government could do The
officers had learned by this time the
value of keeping soldiers sound healthy
and content Never was an army In
the Held as well sheltered as well fed
as well clothed as the Armies of the
Potomac and James in their Winter
cantonment in the rear of the huge
earthworks enveloping Lees lines
When their tour of duty came the regi
ment took their places in the rifle pits
or behind the works and for 24 or 4S
hours watched the enemy in front with
the voracity of a tiger and the light
ning like dart of the cobras fangs
When one regiment was relieved by
another regiment it marched back to its
comfortable quarters where the men
lived on the best smoked read wrote
plaveil cards and got their weapons In
readiness for their next entrance into
the sanguinary game
President Lincoln went around
everywhere among the men spent much
W5 lfSP llLi
time in tho hospitals sympathized with
the wounded doing little acts that
would gratify them even writing let
ters to their parents or their wives He
walked thru the camps freely and
talked unresercdly to the men prais
ing them for their work In the past
and thanking them for their fortitude
and constancy of purpose making
those who accompanied him anxious
by his tendency to drift into the dan
gerous zones In front in satisfying his
curiosity by actual sight of the enemy
and the conditions behind the rugged
earthworks a few hundred yards away
over which floated the baleful flag of
the Confederacy One account says of
him
He would sit for hours tilted back
in his chair with his hands shading hl3
eyes watching the movements of the
men with the greatest interest During
the occasion of these visits he usually
rode one of Gen Grants line bay horses
called Cincinnati Ho was a good
horseman and made his way thru
swamps and over corduroy roads as
well as the best trooper In the com
mand The soldiers Invariably recog
nized him and greeted him wherever
he appeared among them with cheers
that were no lip service but camo from
the depths of their hearts He always
had a pleasant salutu or a friendly word
for the men In tho ranks
Toward tho end of March President
Lincoln went down to see Grant Sher
man had run up from North Carolina
to consult his superior as to future
operations and Grant Sherman and
Admiral Porter were all with the Presi
dent on tho River Queen Mr Lincoln
was then In hopes that the Confeder
ates would see the folly of further re
sistance and make overtures for peace
and he was greatly disappointed when
his Generals assured him that It would
require at least one more bloody battle
before that consummation Gen Sher
man asked the President if he were
ready for tho end of the war and what
would bo done with Jefferson Davis and
tho Confederate armies Gen Sherman
says of tills Interview
He said Sherman records he was
all ready All he wanted of us was to
defeat the opposing armies and to get
the men comprising the Confederate
armies back to their homes at work on
farms and In the shops As to Jeff
Davis he was hardly at liberty to speak
iContlnuea on page twoi
THE PRESIDENT AT HOME
A Week of Great Official Activity Follows His Return The
Message and the Departmental Reports Formulating Work
for Congress Political Gossip
The President Is grinding away in his
new oval office at Government business
The footsteps of tho official world and
of the political world generally are
turning thither every morning and
every afternoon These high person
ages are preferring their requests which
arc many and ncveirending The Presi
dent is listening and deciding The pile
of papers on his table Is growing some
what less He is catching up a little
but a great mass of work towers ahead
Before he eats his Thanksgiving tur
key he must put that annual message
into shape he must decide upon scores
of appointments to office Tills week he
is wrestling with prospective legislation
He is talking with and
with Dickinson and with Knox his
three big stand bys inthe Cabinet They
are long on the law fend the
and the law am the Constitution
are having good Innings these days
Wickersham has pluntped right into the
Cabinet meeting this Jveek with all his
recommendations toz amending the
Sherman anti trust ijw and the railroad-rate
regulation tow He and Knox
and Dickinson and the President are
about the only men in the land who
Hem to know what it Is all about
Very abstruse subjects those altho
the country seems to understand what
the purpose of the statutes Is The
country seems to want a little stricter
regulation of railroads It Is not fuss
ing so much about the organization of
the Interstate Commerce Commission
but the President Is vry niuch bent on
having such a reorganization and espe
cially In having a new railroad court of
Cnlted States Circuit Judges The ef
fort i s to let the bars down a little for
corporations by ameniliug the Sherman
anti trust law and also to let the bars
down a littld for the labor unions so
that they can declarer boycott without
their leaders being jailed
The Proposed Rnllnull Court
Further than that the average run
of folks probably will not follow the
abstruse legal and constitutional argu
ments now disturbing Uie even tenor of
the President s way nut the average
run of folks will study the outcome
when Congress gets down to the Presi
dents recommendations and makes the
motions of legislating thereon Th
Western Republicans our old friends
who are making themselves conspicuous
on every matter of state these days arc
sending up a big cry against the rail
road court The confidence of that sec
tion of the country in tho Federal
Courts Is none too giat any way and
they f ar if th roThiUld be a -special
court for railroad oiscs Jt would in
fact become a rallr i court before
which the great transportation lines
could get an overfrlendly hearing All
that may not be warranted but lt1s the
way a lot oi people across tne moun
tains are feeling about It Their Sen
ators and Representatives are coming
down to Washington to light the rail
road court right to the last ditch and
there will be big speeches against it in
Congress this Winter if indeed tho
I amendments proposed lor the railroad
l rate regulation law get out of the Inter-
Hate Commerce Committees of the Sen
ate and House before the robins nest
a aln And In spitu of till the line talk
about hastening legislation and that
sort of thing it is just as well to bear
In mind that this Is the season of the
year when bills are framed and sent
kiting thru Congress and that six
months from now will bo the season of
the year when men forget what they
were talking about In November and
December and emphasize the difficulties
of overcoming the marvelous Inertia of
tne Congress of the people
President Taft of course knows that
little is accomplished by contemplating
the possibilities of failure and he is
starting ahead with momentum He is
Keeping the members of his Cabinet
stepping around right lively in the fore
lart of every week day Business eases
off in tne aiiornoon tne nour nas
arrived for the swift tjiurlng car newly
painted to glide upjln front of tho
wiuie Jioiie uoor u taKo tne presi
dent and Senator Bourne aboard and to
whizz out over the sfnooth surface of
the pike to the links of the Chevy Chase
Club The famous second elective term
er came right back to town as soon ps
the last lap of th ii000 milu swing
around the cirelo had been completed
and he is staying right In town all the
time to be on hand when the President
takes his afternoon exercise Vice Presi
dent Sherman will undoubtedly be tak
en into the game as of old when mat
ters become a little more settled Gen
Clarence R Edward the Chief of the
Insular Bureau and one of the Presi
dents prime friends and favorites is
away hunting for tho time being but
the touring car will soon be calling for
him and he will bo of the afternoon
golfing parties
Keeping the Cabinet at Work
Sometimes the President keeps the
Cabinet members stepping lively long
after ho has whizzed away to Chevy
Chase It Is notable that he does not
often atk any of them out to play with
him especially since lie quit horseback
tiding as a regular form of exorcise
In those days Secretary of the Navy
Meyer used to comd riding a charger
up to the rear of the White House fre
quently and would ride around and
around in a walk till tho President had
heard the last word with some long
winded visitor or had signed up the last
papers on his desk- Secretary of State
Knox also used to bo asked out for a
golf game but not so much of late
President Taft believes in making his
Cabinet members work and he lets
them attend to a lot of business that
other Presidents havo attended to them
selves They say It is a smart man who
knows how to direct other people to
work for him and to do the minor tasks
That Is ono of President Tafts qualifi
cations Otherwise he would have less
time for recreation and for public ad
dresses and for travel trips
There is even a suspicion that tho
President feels a Uttle satisfaction in
helping his Cabinet members to make
up for their long md pleasant vaca
tions Ho knows tho stories about pre
paring those annual reports and all the
polite excuses that are given to
the newspapers sis rasnts for this and
that extended Journey Into tho country
when the Autumn Is resplendent with
color The President knows that most
ot the annual reports of Cabinet officers
arc written by their subordinates any
way and that aparj from reading those
reports over and making corrections
here and there thj Cabinet officials
taak 13 chiefly Inattschlng his signature
and hurrying the manuscript off to the
Public Printer A little attention must
ba given to the recommendations
which arc the really Important part of
every annual report altho those rec
ommendations are often read by no
more than si few score or a few hundred
people
The nice little statements about these
momentous annual reports can bo illus
trated by a true story One Cabinet
official hastened back here was in his
office i few days and stated that ho
must take the next week to himself to
write out that horrid annual report
which was haunting him The facts are
that at the moment he was speaking
his annual report had been completed
a big round bunch of manuscript and
his signature had been attached there
to Wheii he was out In the West whirl
ing around tho circle of many town3
and cities he had telegraphed to one
of his assistants to hurry up with the
writing of the report so ho could have
it to sign when he stopped in Washing
ton for a few hours And when he had
stopped in Washington for a few hours
he did put hid signature to it
The Recommendations
There will not be many important
recommendations in the annual reports
this year in all probability The mem
bers of the Cabinet arc nearly all new
to their Jobs have been in office for less
than a year and therefore will not
essay many important recommenda
tions till they understand their Depart
ments better Then President Taft him
self lias a fairly good array of recom
mendations for legislation this year
about all In fact that Congress can at
tend to for a long time to come Then
why should a poor member of the Cab
inet rack his brains about recommenda
tions to Congress most of which will
be given no consideration whatever be
fore next year or the year thereafter
The President has the right of way
He has advertised his ideas by speeches
on his long circuit The country is
thinking about those recommendations
more than about anything that a mere
Cabinet official can suggest Even Con
gressmen are not bringing many new
ideas to town this year They havo lit
tle else than commonplace talk about
the matters the President has been agi
tating and are quite as oflcn against
those recommendations as for them
Incoming Congressmen
That is what the showing has been to
date altho the Congressional arrivals
havo not been numerous thus far Your
Eastern Senator or Representative does
not hurry down to Washington in No
vember Thu Western man for that
The lawmakers from the North Atlantic
States do not like to come to Washing
ton before Nov 20 and generaVly they
tarry at home till after Thanksgiving
If the President asks one of them down
for a consultation he will take an early
train and be Johnny-on-the-spot at the
indicated date He knows thaC Con
gress does but little during December
that there Is a long holiday recess when
Washington is a delightful place of
Winter residence and when he can
easily get a talk with the President
about legislative and patronage topics
Then why hasten
On the other hand your Western man
comes early He cannot eat his Thanks
giving dinner at home very convenient
ly and prefers to reach the Capital
during November to get comfortably
settled for the AVinter and to flid a
good apartment or a desirable residence
before the sooners of Congressional cir
cles have had the pick of what there
happens to be upon the market As a
rule he has some pet Idea about legis
lation to advance and he burns to let
the President know all about It There
is not so much eagerness this year al
tho the Western men will have some
thing to say on certain favorite lines
and the President will not be without
information regarding the attitude of
Western communities
The first of these political and pa
tronage talks are on this week Sena
tor Albert B Cummins of Iowa insur
gent leader has been the most adver
tised of these arrivals As soon as he
was ready to start from the West he
allowed It to become known that the
President had Invited him down and
as he had been much In the limelight
anyway and folks had acquired a habit
of talking about him the news of his
summons was carried far and wide So
when he hove into sight at Washington
the pioneer of insurgents reaching
Washington for the session there was
more comment and still more when he
crossed the threshold of the new White
House offices and of the new oval room
the very morning after President Tafts
return There were ahs and other
excited exclamations as he proceeded
down the asphalted way and with an
air of seeming indifference halted to
say good morning to those he knew
in the Presidential vestibule
In he went to the oval room and
soon tho door opened again and out he
came The President greatest of Amer
ican travelers was having less than 24
hours In town and of course could
not spare any of that period for pro
found talk with the eminent Insurgent
whom Speaker Cannon would read out
of the Republican Party But he made
a date for this week and in the mean
time Washington and the country must
icmain in suspense Even former Pres
ident Roosevelt could not have better
advertised a visit to Washington and
Senator Cumminss visit accordingly
stands out to the public view as the
most conspicuous yet
Tin Busy Law Department
AVhlle Senator Cummins was waiting
and othei j of Congress wero expectant
that the mails would bring one of tliose
telltale letters bearing the Imprint of
tho AVhlte House In the upper left hand
corner those overworked lawyers of the
Cabinet were getting busy the chief
of the workers being Attorney General
AAickersham They whipped Into final
shape the legislative recommendations
they had powwow atter powwow for
tho discussion of intricate constitutional
points and then they went over to the
AVhlte House offices to tell tho Presi
dent that the work was ready for his
Inspection Now this week the first
meeting of the Cabinet sinco early Au
gust has been sitting on the recommen
dations deliberating profoundly The
President himself is giving thought to
their conclusions lie read them while
he was speeding on tho train to Middle
town Conn to help inaugurate Dr
Shankllng as President of AAesleyan
and ho asked his brother Henry a
lawyer in Now York for expert advice
about this point and that point
But much as these things have been
advertised in the dally prints it is none
the less the case that the Presldont has
been giving more time to the routine
work of his office than to any other
business However much Ua may rely
ttinme
VOL XXIX NO 55 WHOLE NUMBER 1474
r
-
j8c
cv
Q2
Slow Progress
upon his hard worked Cabinet it is in
dispensable that he have the last word
if It be only a formality on a great
number of questions There were many
Important letters which remained un
answered save for a formal acknowl
edgment by Secretary F AA Carpenter
when the President was away in the
AVest There were some letters where
the Secretary could draft the answer
but the President ought to sign them
They have been put up to him by the
score and the hundred since his return
It may be a simple matter to approve
and sign letter but at best It takes
time even for a President who has
people to do everything that he can
possibly be relieved of Cabinet officers
and Bureau Chiefs have been pressing
for every moment of his working hours
often only totato as snrclnctiyas they
coullamallcrthatTfiasleeu presented
investigated and decided Tho Presi
dent listens perhaps asks a question or
two makes an observation or two or
simply nods approval and away goes
the Cabinet officer or the Bureau Chief
relieved that that ono question can now
be disposed of finally
The Secretary of tho Interior
Secretary of the Interior Bailinger
was one of the first to get a little of the
Presidents time He drove up In his
Departmental phaeton very early after
the Presidents first arrival In his office
and had a long audience It came just
after a vigorous revival of the
controversy and the publi
cation by former Special Agent L R
Glavis of the history of tho Cunning
ham coal cases in Alaska Tho Roose
veltians the country over had made a
great to do about that history intended
to show that the present Secretary of
the Interior had been actively interested
as an attorney in rushing those coal
claims involving a fortune as large as
Rockefellers to final patent They had
no immediate bearing UKn the contro
versy with Chief Forester Gifford Pin
chot altho the Department of Agricul
ture of which Mr Pinchot is a Bureau
official has had something todo with
the investigation
The old hurrah about the necessity
of throwing either Pinchot or Bailinger
to the wolves sounded forth again The
Secretary told his friends anew that he
was satisfied with the indorsement Pres
ident Taft gave him and the old news
paper files were resurrected to see just
what it was that the President s aid on
that occasion It was really about as
strong an Indorsement of Bailinger and
as vigorous a denunciation of Glavis as
Mr Bailinger himself could have
wished And of course Chief Pinchot
was interrogated and he told his
friends not for publication but as an
evidence of good faith that ho was go
ing to stay right where he was and If
they got hiin out they would have to
throw him out
ltoocelt Talk
The talk of a Roosevelt cabal ac
cording to which his friends wero earn
estly at work laying the foundation for
his renomination was also heralded in
most impressive fashion The particu
lar interest In it was that Cabinet offi
cers had been responsible for putting
it fortli just before the President came
to town Tho Rooseveitians did not
dare attack tho President vigorously in
the open and therefore they were ham
mering away at members of the Cab
inet Discredit a few of those over
worked men and a breach would bo
made in the wall for further and more
direct operations against Taft himself
Had not Secretary of State Knox been
viciously assailed for dismissing Charles
It Crane as Minister to China Had
not the motive behind It been declared
to be tho opposition of the J Pierpont
Morgan interests in Avail Street Had
not Postmaster General Hitchcock been
accused of aiding the Guggenheitns to
get control of the coal supply of Alaska
which would bo worth untold millions
of dollars In the distant future Then
the members of tho Cabinet must stand
together and repel tlieso insinuations
And they did hold a meeting on the
case of Bailinger and got the news of
the Roosevelt conspiracy Into the news
papers and all that
AAhich naturally stimulated curiosity
as to what Secretary Bailinger said to
tho President when ho had driven up in
his Departmental phaeton the morning
after tho return But Secretary Bailin
ger did not tell and President Tatt did
not tell and tho tenor of their remarks
in tho oval room still remain a secret
An eager coterie around tho AVhlte
House offices lias been waiting for some
sign or portent perhapr a statement
from tho Secretary or the President
that would warrant tall headlines on
the front page and over tho first col
umn but none has been forthcoming
ten have been busy expressing opin
ions widely divergent as to what
Roosevelt himself would do or say If he
wero down at Oyster Bay instead of off
iu the wllda or Africa but that was
Q
only talking around in a circle and tha
comment about a Roosevelt cabal has
been gradually fading away The ef
forts to get Pinchot out of office and
the efforts to get Bailinger out of office
and the efforts to boom a renomination
of President Roosevelt In 1912 how
ever will not down There will ba
more about them from time to time an
the Winter progresses Bitter political
hatreds of men and disapproval of poli
cies are involved and the agitation
idle as it may be will be continued
Incidentally it is worth noting tha6
Just about the time all this hurrah
about getting Roosevelt back into the
AVhlte House as Tafts successor was at
its bight Senator Cummins strode forth
with- the assertion that he expected
President Taft would bo renominated
and re elected That toolc a little wind
out of some sails for It indicated- that
the Western insurgents as distinguished
from the ultra Rooseveltians were not
furthering the 1912 Roosevelt boom
Alee President Sherman
Another of the Presidents early call
ers was Vice President Sherman whoso
request for the nomination of Circuit
Judge Alfred C Coxe as Supreme Court
Justice Indicated that Now York pro
poses to be around early and that tha
Alee President wants not only a fellow
townsman of Utlca but a Republican
named to fill the vacancy created by tha
death of Mr Justice Peckham Un
doubtedly big New York lawyers who
are concerned lest New York and Uia
Second Circuit be deprived of repre
sentation by the nomination of soma
one for Justice outside of that circuit
to which Justice Peckham belonged
were prompt to urge the Aico President
to help out Circuit Judge Coxe is o
distinguished lineage The late Roscoo
Conkllng was his kinsman He wai
appointed to the United States Circuit
Court by President Roosevelt in June
1902 and was one of the earliest im
portant judical selections that Mr
Roosevelt made
However no word came from tho
oval room as to what the President said
about it for he is keeping his own
counsel regarding that Supreme Court
vacancy He will not make the nomi
nation till after Congress meets and ha
may not announce his selection till tho
list of nominations is made up for dis
patch to the Capitol-
Thus the procession of visitors great
and small has been surging against tha
AVhite House doors and the President
has been shaking hands with them ex
pressing thanks for sentiments of good
will and all the time edging toward his
desk to get the growing volume ofi
business reduced The procession will
be larger and larger as the weeks go
by till after the middle of December
when the tide of travel toward the oval
room will begin to- subside Just now
the President is- anxious to harmonize
the two factions ofr his party upon his
legislative program and much of his
effort for awhile will bo to persuado
the Aldtlch Cannon factions of regulars
and the Cummlns La Foilette faction oC
insurgents to agree upon the important
things for Congress to do this AVinter
If the President can accomplish that ha
will have gone far The effect would
probably be to harmonize the factions
for the Congressional campaign next
year and some other topics of factional
controversy particularly those involving
the organization of the House of Repre
sentatives would gradually drop into
the background As a matter of fact
the President cannot properly bear a
hand In any controversy about tha
Speaker of the House or the rules foe
the government of that body It would
bo generally relented If he did as Con-
gress is a separate department of Gov
ernment
Speaker Cannon
Speaker Cannon and his powerful
friends and Senator Aldrich and hid
powerful friends will take care of thoso
purely Congressional questions Tho
Senator has been touring the AVest re
cently In a private car addressing clearing-house
associations and bankers or
ganizations in the cause of educating
the publie up to the necessity for finan
cial legislation It is not forgotten that
this trip is also giving the AVest an op
portunity to observe that the Rhode
Island Senator has neither horns nop
cloven hoofs and that in the flesh he la
really an attractive personality He haa
been as clever as usual In tho presenta
tion of his case and probably ha3
tickled the Westerners somewhat by
the customary jolly In Omaha they
even warmed up to the extent of pre
senting him with a pair of chaps or
leather breeches such as tho cowboys
wear The President wanted Senator
Aldrich to make this trip not only in
the interest of popular education on
financial questions but in the hope that
tho visit would accomplish something
toward dispelling sectional disapproval
of Eastern leaders in Congress Ha
voited that hope indirectly in his Bos

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