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The loyal Georgian. [volume] (Augusta, Ga.) 1866-1867, March 17, 1866, Image 2

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Tl L oyuh Geangian:
AUGUSTA, GA ; MARCH 17, 1866.-
OUR PAPER.
" Attention elsewhere has been called,
and often, to this subject, It has bgen
discussed in pri-ate gatherings of triends
anxious to sustain the eoterprise, and
recently, a public meeting has been called
at which its olaims were presenied, and
means taken to raise monies for its sup
port. But notwithstanding all that has
hitherto been done, the present income
from the paper is altegether inadequate
to its sapport.. ' Printing a ‘newspaper
makes no exception to other Maman in
terprises, in that it costs money. Man-~
age as ecomomically as possible, even the
getting up of a little print lice ours costs
no inconsiderable sum. Besides the first
cost of press and types, in which latter
important commodity we are too much
scanted, there are the hands employed in
setting them, and the heads required not
only for furni-hing the subject matter,
but also for the successful accnmpli;l;f‘
ment of the mecbanical labor of a print
ing office. The services of competent
workmen cannot be secured for nothing.
Our readers might, possibly, be snrpriecd
to know bow much has to be done, in
order that our unpretending sheet may
be got up in presentable shape. There
are besides the press, the editor’s table,
the compositor’s case, the agents desk,
and record book, and though last, not
least, the carrier's trotters. To keep |
even this machinery in motton, (itis plain
enough,) costs.
And, is it not worth what it costs?
No one can deny th's who thinks not
ounly of the pleasure to be derived from
a newspaper, of the large place whieh it |
fills in the family circle, but of the im- ‘
portant service which it renders, on sc .
count of th- varied aid valuable intelli
gence which it imparts, ‘lhen, how can ’
we overcstimate the value, to the t'rce{
colored citizen, of such a mediam speci
ally devoted to the subjects which mosu
concern him, and which he can not so well
obtuiu from any othareowivy ! Arv thrco
dollars a year too much to pay for eyes
to seck out, and for inteiligence to digest
and arrange, and for hauds to print, wha* \
is being thought, and said, and doue,
both by his enemies and his friends, thel‘
world over, on subjects of the greatest
concernment to him? Can he afford to
dispense with such a means of knowledge
and education as ths? Indeed he cau
not. There are many otler things which
be can better deny himself, rather than
do without his paper. 1t is one of the
means of his development of elevating
himself to the position, which, attaived,
the last objection will be removed urged
by those who would debar him the rights
and privileges of a Freeman. F r, with
freedom and intelligence, all else d.sir
able must soon follow.
We make our appeal to the Freedmen
themselves, both in county and State to
rally to the support of the only news
paper in the State expressly devoted to
their interests. We ask all—those who
can read, and those who can not,—to end
us their names and subseriptions ; to do
thus much for the cause's sa’e, even
though they can get nobody (hardly a
supposable cfise,) to rexd to them.
‘Rally round the flag ‘boys.” It would
be a pity and a shame, if, once thrown
to the breeze, and besring such a name,
The Loyat Georgian, it should, after all,
bave to be bauled down because you
would not keep it flying.
Of course we include in our appeal,
those imong our white frierds, who sym
pathize with, and appreciate the cause
which this paper aims to promote, Give
us your aid friends. The canse speaks
for itself. Help it—help it.
e e e
Persona L.— We are pleased to inform
our readers that Capt C A Prince, of
Maine, Cashier of the Freedman’s Sav
ings’ Bank of this city, bas arrived and
opened the bavk. Captain Prince is a
young tan of wealth, aud, we are inform |
ed, intends to make this bis future home. |
No better man could have been appoinved
Oashier of the Ssving’s Baok, ‘
CONGRES=S.
% Since "the Presidential ¥eto of the}
Freedmau’s ' Burean bili, which ‘was a;
diguificd and able State paper; and the |
Presidential harangue, on the 22d of
February, which ‘was far from being
fi!ghifiéfl, “Congress has béen hard at
work, for the most part, discussing the |
question of reconstruction.. We bave |
beretofore said that we regretted this .
P’resid_ential veto, and believed that the |
time would come., when the South would
regret it, We beiieve that the new !
Freedman’s Bureau bill was not as ob
jectionable, as the law, establishing the
[Bureaun, because, now the officers of the
Bureau exercise authority, confered upon
them by military autbority; and a law
which is in force to-day may not be to~
morrow. The new bill was not- more
stringent, than the military orders are,
by which the officers of the Bureau are
now governed. )
Would it not be better to havea law,
uot to be repealed by one man, by which
all officers of the Bureau would be gov
erned? But it isnot this view of the
case that convinees us, that the South
will regret, that the President did veto
that bill. The Southern people have, for
several weeks past, considered that the
President was thoir fricnd, that he stood
as a bulwark between them and the
Radicals, whom they consider their
worst enemies. It must be evident to
every person, acquainted with public af
fairs, that the recent course of the Presi~
dent has weakened him and strengthened
the Radicals. No sane man can now
hope that Southern ideas will prevail by
another appeal to arms, It must be ad- |
mitted that the m-jority of the voters of
this country will, in the future, as in the
past, govern this country, and that they
will decide what laws shall be adopted.
It must also be admitted that the righ s
and privileges, which the President
would eoncede to the people of the South, '
are all they ean hope to receive at the ‘
present time. If he breaks his counec |
tion with the Union party and that party i
is successful, the Southern people w:ll k- ’
obliged to concede 1o colored eitizens |
Seles WHICH ey aisiike very much to ]
give. p ‘ !
'The following resolutions, recently |
introduced into Congress, undoubtedly
express the sentimeuts of a large majoris |
ty of the Union party. ‘
SzxaTE—A joint resolution was in-i
troduced tor the representation of the
late insurrectionary States, when they “
repeal the distinction of civil rights on |
account of color.and coufer the right of ]
suffrage on all negroes who bave served ]
in the army, and can read the Constitu- |
tion, and will pay taz on real and personal |
property. Referred to the Committee
én Reconstruction.
.~ Houvse.—The Committce on Recon
stiuction -reported a joint resolution to
admit the State of Tennessce into the
Union, on"certain conditions, to be ratified
by her people, no part of the Confederate
dekt to be paid, and those who engaged
in the rebellion are not to vote or be
eligible to office fora certain period.
This i= the Republican programme as to
all the Southern States.
The House, by a vote of 100 against
37, refused to receive a communication
from the Governor of North Carolina,
enclosing rcsolutions by the Legislature
signilying their acceptance of lands for
agricultural college purposes. The vte
was teken after Stevens saying they bad
not recognized North Carolina as a State
in the Union.
If the Union party sustain Congress,
the South must yield. If the President
| had signed the Bureau bill, Congress vo
Idoubt. ‘bave yielded much to him. He
| can Dot expect to dictate to Congress,
' composed as it is of scores of men as able
to say the least, as he. If he expects
them to yield to him, he must yield to
'them. We think he bas lost his inflaence
’ with Congress, and we predict that the
| South will yet regret this. We shall
| see. R
At the great fair in Portland in aid of
the Freedmen, the receipts were s§9oo on
Moiday evening, $1615 on . Tuesday,
$l6OO Wednesday, aod 1311 on Thurs
day. Total on four days $6427 And
mouey received for season tickets (in
part) sold outside, and the whole amount
received by the Treasurer was $6,606.
The Fair was contivued on Friday and
Saturday evenings, and the tota) receipts
will pmz-bly' exceed $lO,OOO,
TEE LEGISLATURE.
~ Our realers are aware, that, & few
Wedfi? sine, the Lt’éisb@re of this
Stae propsed 10 pass 8 Negra Qode?
but time has changed theuminds ‘of its
members, and it is now quite certain that
they will bzed the advice of ex Governor
Browno, in the letter which we published
last week addressed to members of the
Legislature: ' Since that time, the follow
ing bill has been passed by the Senate;
and, we are informed, is certain to become
I '
Section |. The General Assembly of
the State f Georgia do enact, that all
negroes, mqlatoes, ‘mestizoes and their
descendents having one~eighth negro or
African blgod in. their veins, shall be
known in t.l;ia Ntate as ‘persons of color.’
Section 2 Persons of color shall have
the right to inforce and to make contracts,
to sue, and be sued, to be parties and give
evidence, to iuherit, to purchase lease,
sell, b_g}d, dud convey real and personal
property and to have full and equal bene
fit of all laws and proceedings for the
security of person and estate, and shall
not be subjected to any other or different
punishment, pain or penalty for the com«
mission of any act or.offence than such as
are prescribed for white persons commit
ting like acts of offence.
Section 3. All laws and parts of laws
in relation to slaves and free persous of
color militating against this act, be and
the same are hereby repealed.
Georgla, we believe, is ahead ot the
other Southem States in giviug justice
10 the freedmen ; but, we think, they are
too late to prevent, what Southern men
dread so much (negro suffrage.) If the
Legislatures of every forwer slave State
had, at first, given to the frecdmen the
rights which the Legislature of this
State will soon give 0 them, President
Johnson’s demand, thav their Senators
and Representatives shall be admitted to
Congress, could not have been success- |
fully resisted, b The people of the North “
demand that the freedmen shall have
t! ese rights, but, we believe, that a ma
jority were not in favor of forcine the
Sou h to give tham the right of suffrage. |
The South were deceived in regard m',‘
public opinion at the North, aud, in |
most of the States, * Negro Cudes ’ were !
passed. 'The Nath were offeuded; the |
r}iadipa]g were sirengtheved, and to-day,
evors MiCpn 8 that_they will carry
Southern State can ‘ renew its practical |
relattons with the General Government’ |
antil it allows all inteiligent colored men I
to vote. 'The only way to prevent this is |
for evesy Southern State to quickly re- i
peal their * Negro Codes’ and learn wis<
dom from men like Hon A H S‘tephc.ns ]
and ex-Guvernor Biown, of Ueorgia
Gentlemen, delays are davgerous. C Al
ready the political arwies at the North |
are preparing for the fight, and if t‘\e!
Radicals are vietorious, you may be as=
sured that you will never be represented
in Congress until you give ¢qual po"ht}-
cal and civil rights to all citizens, with~
out‘regard to race or coior. If you hesi.
tate, it will be said, that “you ouly yield
to freedmen civil right~ that you may be |
again represented iu Congress; and that:‘
you will make distinctions as soon as you
are represented, and that, tbex:efore, the
only safe way to protect them is to give
them the ballgt. 1f the North were to~
day, satisfied tha: the freedmen weuld be
protected by the South in their civil
rights they would demand no more.
This the. do dewand. Will the Soutl;
learn wisdom by experience ? We shal
see. B g
When a man breaks into 1y house, llf
he wears cow-bide boots I thank bim.
should like to hear a man tranp up lll:y'
stairs with eow-hide boo%s on in the nig L..
[ know my house better than be qould $
and I, taking warning from the nois: h'(;
" wade, wouli cut aud at him, and bhis evi
| purpose would be baffled at the Olltsilt-
The men that are most dangerous are the
men that come in on sponges, and walk
so softly that you caunov hexr a foot fall.
They may come up the stairs without
mak'ing auy woise that you shall hear.
You may be sick, and be wide awake,
aud pondering whether you are safe or
not, and at that very moment they may
be at your door, they may be at ‘the side
i of your very couch, with their hand on
your valuables, and may stand with a
kofe drawn-prepared, at the least move~
ment on your part, to strike you dead.
It is the stealthy;, silent thieves that are
to be feared. ‘ e
But they are not the worst thieves
that get into your dwelling. . These silent
thieves, that creap in . toward your very
’ inner life, steal your name, your charac~
tez, and your hope of salvation, and so
steal that you donot know it till the
| worniny comes. And, alas! when morn
ing comes for tae soul aud you,are robs
bed, there is mo' requisition of justice
‘bat can bring back your jewcls againl
| This silent work it is that is terrible.—
' H W Beecher. , o
» VERY STRANGE TALK. i
“"One of the most; remarkablé articles !
we have read in a lo:!g time ap’éaredf as
a lefi’der, in' “The * Transcriph of the
11th, inst, ‘The editor sayy éthat the
military accupntion of the S&,fi@h s dis~
troyg; the freedmen I' And, “that ‘it is
susceptible of proof, that the increase of
mortalhty among the n grocs began sum
ultaneously wiuth the garrisoning of onr
citres, and the establishinent of the Freea
men's Bureau amongst us. * *
'We are, and have been for yeérs,fyfully
aware that prejudice causes, even wise,
men to say many foolish things; but, of
all foolish silly assertions, the above are
the most glaringly absurd and fallacious,
It is a matter of surprise that the
astute editor has not long since discovered
that the fearful () mortality amoog the
negroes, of which he speaks, really res
g\ilted_ from the fall of Atlanta, and the
surreil}'d'ef of Lee and Johnson; for ‘it is
susceptiable of proof’ that pegroes died
‘on the days of those occurrences; and
more, or less, have died every day since.
~ The learned writer gives us figures to
show that, in 1865, there were 1003
colored persons buried in the city ceme:
tery; and ouly 238 in the year 1864;
therefore, we must infer that Federal
garrisons and the Freedmen’s Bureau can
kill (?) four times as many negroes in a
year as rebel garrigons !
- AB these'figureé apply only to the city
of Augusta, it is a matter of regret that
‘Tiie Transcript’ did not give the negro
population of 1864, and of 1865; inas-J
much as it has been frequeutly asserted,
within the past six months, that there‘
were sweful thousands more megroes in |
the city in 1865, thn there ever were !
before. 'The failure to give those very {
important items was, we presume, nerely ;
an inadvertence on the part of the edi- |
tor.
In the same article he says, ‘if we eom
pute the present colored population of
Augusta at 6000, the same mortality will
sweep among the whole race in less than
8;; Yyears I
Here the edifor unintentionally (7)
two—owits two or three very important
little items. He appears to assume the
very strange position, that during those
six years there will be no wnerease—nn
colored children born! Funny, isn'tit?
Then Le forgets to tell us that Small
Pox has been unusually. severe the past
winter; and, that it is not likely to rage
so fearfully, carrying off, as it did, hun
dreds o white victims, as well as colored,
for six years in succession.
Aud he forgot, also, to tell one other
important faet (), of which be so fre~
quently sperks; that is, that the .Soutlr
ern people are the only true friends of
the freedmen; and, being true friends,
will not, of course, allow them to die
through neg/ect, a 8 S 0 many freed people
bave within the past year If, as the
editor asserts, ‘the Southern man under
stands the negro,and can do moré for, and
with, him than anybody else, ‘iey will of
course do it , and not onr_v save the freed~
'men from the fearful mortality which
lj Yankee garrisons, and the Freedmen’s
Bureau are mnflicting upon them ; but will
j feegl,and care for, the thousands of poor
' whites which are now fed aud clothed,
'in the South, by the Government and
the benevolence of Abolitionists, and
_other people of the Norty.
| If Federal garrisons and the Freed
'meun’s Bureau have induced Small Pox
‘ana increased the wortality amoug the
freed people, why do not the Bcuther
people, at onec, fly to the rescue ? Freends |
are always ready to help those for whom
they cherish friendly feelings. They do
not stand coolly by, and: allow them to
perish by hundreds and curse those who,
“at least, think they are doing them good.
. No, str. Transcript, you must prove
'to the freed peaple, and to the North, by
fair ars nment, and, above all, by action,
that the Freedmen's Bureau is a curse to
the negro, as you say it is, and, that the
- South is his frieud, before you can expect
“to be believed by, or gain the coufidence
| of, thy foru.er, or remove the latter.
| Fallacies, sophisms, gpd vain and.em_l;i
|ty declarations will dry no tears; Wi
| assuage no ‘grief; will not call back to
' life the scores of eolored men who- have
' been murdered in Georgia by white/ citi=
zens, within the past six wooths;—will
;not‘clothe the paked, wor feed the hun
| BTY- ; ' i
‘lnasmuch as ye did it Rt gy
least of tl.zj‘i_fi,‘yedid it ot m@;’{
a deelaration of our Divine Maa.e‘
all would ‘g well to heed, !
£ctions Speax” louder than
and, if, tl@geforg, the"*gd“or o
Transcr:pt,) or avy one who Writes
thinks as h‘a.fiiioc“s;?.\_;_wishe&“to COnvingy
freed people that he is their try fri
and to convinee them, anq yj, Gay
ment, that there is no nesq fo, trog,
need for the Frecdmen’s Bureay, beg
shape has words into actons ; g te
men that it is.as wicked, in tp, g
God,! to take 'the life of 3 egro, y
to take the life of a white wWan; e
establish schools for the freedme ~
vide hospitals and wedicines, and,§
geons for the sick: food ang clothin,
Yhose who are hnngry and Daked; |
in addition to this, hie nuust break to ]
freely, without mouney and withoy i
the vread of eternal life. "Whey he }
gins to do these things, then will |
words have meaning ;— then wjj| i
freedwen be couviuced that he is 1
friend ; but never until ne dges doty
things. :
DELEGATE TO CONGREg
~ There are, as we have before state
500,000 colored persons ia sBa
Most of these have been slaves T
are not only free; they are eitizens:
citizens deprived of right, grauted
other eitizens. They pay taxes tog
| port' the Government and jet they
allowed no voice in cheosing the offc
who govern them. This is tyranay; ;
the question arises, “how shall their ¢
dition be improved? It is the boast
our Statesmen that this is a frze Gove
ment; that the people rule; that G,
‘ernment derives its just powers frow
consent of the governed. Neverthe
it 1s proposed to deprive nearly onef
of the citizens of this State of all #
ticipation in the affairs of 3 Govery!
that obliges them to pay taxes for /7
port. One half of the citizens i
right of being represented, but de,t't\“t
right to the other half. Wbflofmfl“d
men must feel that it is wrong oblige
them to pay taxes to support 4 Gover:
ment, that denies to them rep,éserxtatiu':
the practical question migc’/‘, what sl
they co ? Shal! they remain mreprcseuh
or shall t'e; a« themselyes anisenl
Delegate to Congress 7
BT Ao o eeMedinsaaka a voonTt |
citizens will advise them to appeal to !
understanding and better judgment
those in authority.
The President of the United Sffl!
has lately shown, that he is not as frics
ly to colored men; as we had reason,
few months since, to suppose he was.
he is hunest he has reasons satisfacw
to himself, for changing his policy, s
he will change in favor of the freedfno
if he is convinced that he is mnow uy
to them. Itis best to try the expe
ment: to send colored men from e
Soutbern State to inform the Pres;d‘
in regard to the conditibn of *
legl‘oyre:in ;zgple. Many of the S'out\}f
States are now represented in W aslnn;
ton. Shall Greorgizlztq bi(: i :f}_fi:es;gze
i ual rights, 1t 1 |
fa?e ngls:‘h%f(';;l()rgia lgfiquz’ll Rights Ass((;c
tion proposes to send a Delegate to
gress, as soon as sufficient mOVEY 18 :
ed; to do this, Subordinate Associa
are being formed in the State. We
our frieuds to labor with zeal, for W{L
sure you that the enemies of equalkuio
are not idle, and unless you Wor :
when you have the opportunity, Y"”‘o
in a few months, learn that furthe.réds_
on your part, will be useless. queal
every county in Georgia, W: :g}
you to assist in this importad o
is for you to say whether {?u P
prosented in Congress. g’ur st
understand how to .orgalr‘u:z Z fed infors
| tions, you can receive? f the Georg
| tion from the President 0
| Equal Right 8 AssoCiaN\oo s
: MARR‘IED.
ON the 4th of March, at Triniy Charch,
U ihe Rev. Edward West, Mr. Willise J
son to Miss Sophis Whitehead, both of this ©
e ——
MANUPACTURER’S DEPIT
No, 68 North Fifth Street, corner of t s
- ~T. LOUILS MO,
Here will be found every variety of '
AMERICAN CLO(S
AND
Clock Materials
with all the advantages of the Easterd
regard to both selection and pricey
send for illustrated catalogues.
98 . HENRY W. Eq

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