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Weekly Arizona citizen. [volume] (Tucson, Ariz.) 1880-1880, December 04, 1880, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016240/1880-12-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Citizen
Our Wsekiy Mining Review,
t Aoilritr at the
" i . i
Seller Slooh-TIi Com-
ItecrHliijT iroiu
. . - .undone of The Citims.
-Tf- V, kk. November 20,
tr.ck Law been ly active during
I 4l.n ClfC TOm
tl- pr
"rded '
; : ; - t .
To -sia,'
i CV '
!t)U J
-ir.t weeK, an" c""4"'
Low a larger amount of busi
z cted than for some time,
r of shares sold amounting
. This large increase is due,
the extraordinary specu
few of the smaller stocks,
in Cbpper Knob, of which
- MM) shares were sold, the
the same time breaking from
per share to 10 cents and re
17. The cause of the break
explained: William Brand-"ice-President
and Treas
company, held about 470,
sof the 500,000 into which
Block of the company was
nd had borrowed a larcc
f money on about 200,000
It having been rumored on
. cnt
- ' itU'-
:h. t
r 1 Ol .
I I -lit 1
r ca
: the '
1 that he was noiumtj more
;k than he could carry, a
raadeutn it on Thursday
the I
in 7 4
1 ...
li ai
'c Ci
i mei
iown j
b .
ine 1
.'idl'I 1
ivl It
... c.)n
and it was run down
-nts m one session oi
Rrandrotli was then
- a by his creditors to fur-
,al margin, and, owing to
. agly sliort notice given
d temporarily to suspend
More stock was then
Hit market, and it rapidly
. . 10 cents, but has since
. .orgely dealt in at ad vane
The reports from the
" sen and arc favorable,
if 4 per cent, having becu
m ath on the stock, and as
- is not involved in Brand
-i the stock will probubl
t W advance.
A the speculation in
. :)
! h
1 the
lies the business of the
been pretty well divided
arket presents no different
om those recently reported
M.c.pu -lion is still the order of the
... and until unmisiaicaoie results
. lmwa in the w y of bullion pro
..Lotion. vry little demand from the
uide.pufflic can be expected.
Qir.mfiTTT8fetock has developed
uiflentmtendencv, opening on Mon
:it 4i, selling up to ?C, and
ui G., on salee amountm
0 shares. Dispatches received
Loadville last night state that
i.or.h workings of Chrysolite are
r . .rce of gas and thnt the manager
, lers the mine securely protected
' , i !;re Men are to be put to work
. IK- mine on Monday. .Little Cine
.- .iK eported as raising ore, and
ii'lii eitfiiics were throwing steam
, the workings in which liro still
xNt'Hl. It is believed thai a general
-overy will follow in the market as
n as it is deflnilelv ascertained that
Ut lire has been entirely extinguished
Ainie has been largely dealt in, but
. c'untions have been slight. The
nles. lor the week amount to S3, 700
-uares. at from 43c to 37c. closing at
4 le latter figure
C limax has sold to the extent of
300 shares, and has been fairty
ir -a.ly at OUc, 4c and 4c.
Little Chief has been quiet but
tf.mg. opening at 86c and selling up
I S1.C5, closing at fl.20on salc3 of
Little Pittsburg was dull, only J7C5
- uure3 selling and
t the other Colorado properties
jV.-Domingo has been quiet but
ron;; at $5i and $oH, closing nt
5 1 . . Sales amounted to 1900 shares
li 'i lie stocks have been moderately
tutive but weak, very few transac-
i 'tis are noted in Bodic, only 130
fh.'.rt- celling at $3.90 and $4.
Horn Silver has been moderately
rtie, but lower, selling down from
. to $ll4. Sales for the week
iKSugate 1210 shares.
A large speculative business has
i en lione In Silver Nugget, at from
. ' to 25c, at which latter price it
t n-eij. The recent advanco in this
t"Ck was purely the result of manip
iiicii, but it is probable the stock
i.I efore long go to lower figures
it an t nose iroin which it started. J he
alcs for the week amount to 87,800
The Comstocks have been more nc
iixethan for some time past, and at
onf time were quite firm at higher
Vi'-ts, in srmpaihy with the ban
. tirmcisco market, but lost the advau
t!tge and closed weak.
The disappointment resulting from
ilic 'uilure to discover an ore body of
Taine on the 2500-foot level of Union
I otisolidated has had the eflect of low.
ctipc the north-end stocks materially,
..Ql! the decline has also been aided
I v the dispatch of last night, which
fcntiU that the deal in Alta had col
Hji'd. while the cross-cuts which
:.: being run in the same direction as
liir drill holes on the 2O50 level,
vfcu'u u was claimed had penc
illed ore, were still some distance
fn m the point where the ore was said
i o n.ve fsen encountered, inc m-
t rem c tl. refore is that the late ad
cnoe in il.n stock was mcrelj due to
Tjiuripuifiv.Mi. and hence the disap
! i.ni met : and disgust. ,
1 J. at Doe It Menu?
V it-lit bn gentleman who bus just
it i.rued fr.'in bonora sUtes that an
a.tu! oftbf Mexican Internal Kovc
liuc bervi - hag been em ploy od for a
Mit.rt time past in establishing cus-tni-housc
along tlie frontier between
u . city d AlUr and Magdalcna.
iSJ liisci ntinuing the old custom
j . -es at those towns. The new es
i. b'j.-Umeats are at Poloniias, near
Sjuiu C'ruat Nogales, about three
n. !cs from the boundary monument
r Pete "Xitchen's, on the mam road
t ' 'L'i!alena;atSasabe.ou the road to
AT:.iT. near tbe line, and at Quitovac
. ' on the AlUr road further west.
tur informant also states that Sonor
D ar,.i, the agent of the Mexican Gov
ri.mcnt, in his instructions to the
lotttl custom officers, urged upon
them, the importance of discouraging
trade with Arizona in the interest of
Dn. Swist. predicts that a woman
will continue to grow in sweetness
and beauty until the difference be
tween her and an angel is less than
one-half percent That may he true,
but somebody is going to get awful
tired waiting fur the millennium.
ICesultftf the Preliminary Kxaminatlon
of 1). A. Snnfortl, Charted wltli.
Uavliu- Sold Stock Kolonslnj: to
A'all & Harvey A Review of tlit.
The exatninatian of D. A. Sanford,
charged with stealing cattle, was con
cluded on Thursday before Justice
Jlcyer by the committal of the accused
for the action ot the grand jury, mis is-
a case of more than usual importance,
both to this community and the Terri
tory at large. Newly settled countries
are peculiarly liable to the inroads of
stock-thieves and the frauds of stock -
raisers, and nothing but an absolute
and rigid enforcement of the penal
lawsinsures security to honest dealers,
and the Territory against sporadic
outbursts of violence, which, under
the name of justice, too often assume
the phase of wild license. To protect
thcmselvcs, the stock-raisers m Pima
county last spring organized an asso-
. it ry tt Ti ?
ciation, wun it. j. juooKor as .i-resi-
dent, and I. X. Harvey, of the firm of
Vail & Harvey, Secretary. The or-
ganization numbers among its mem
bers the leading stock-raisers of the
county. Many of these gentlemen
have suffered severely from the depre
dations upon their cattle ranges, but
thy also concluded that to suppress
lawlessnoss of this character in the
Territory it was necessary to show
spirit and energy at home,
where cattle-stealing was of less
freouent occurrence and moro
readily detected. Thev secured
the services of an efficient detective,
whose business it was to visit the
meat markots in Tucson, Tombstone
and the outlying towns and villages
and obtain information from the
butchers. Several cases were brought
to the notice of the Grand Jury, but
that body did not deem the evidence
sufficient lojustify an indictment. A
few weeks ago D. K. Sanford, a prom
inent stock-raiser, sold to a butcher in
this city ten head of cattle. The cattle
were selected by the orders of San
foid, corralled over night and thor
oughly examined and vented by the
accused and his men in the morning,
Sanford moreover manifested an un
usual officiousncss by assisting to
drive the cattle several miles on the
roatS to Tucson, the reason for which
was not so apparent at the timo as it
subsequently became. One of the
cattle, a cow threo years old, peculiar
ly marked by nature and well known
to Sanford and his vaqucros, made
her escape and returned to the
ranch. Sanford manifested much im
patience until she was secured and on
her way to market. She was soon
butchered and the hide sold to L
Zeckendorfo; Co., but a neighbor of
Vail & Harvey saw her on her way to
Tucson, and recognizing the brand of
the above firm, and also the marks,
which were well known in the vicin
ity, informed her owners. The detect
ive of the Association was put on the
trail, and the hide found and identi
fied by the butcher who purchased
the cattle from Sanford. The brand
of Vail fc Harvey was found on the
skin with the brand of Sanford over
it, identifying the animal as one which
had been branded by the former firm
when a calf, and over which there had
been a controversy at the time, and
the calf finally recognized by the lat
ter to belong to Vail & Harve. A
warrant was sworn out by Mr. narvey,
the Secretary of the 4 ' Arizona Stock
Raisers' Association," and an exam
ination was begun before Justice
Meyer on last Tuesday. The above
facts were given in evidence, and
it was further proved that when
the controversey occurred several
years ago acout the can, wisaom
6omewhat akin to that of Solomon
was employed in deciding it. The
mother of the calf was brought down
and the call, with unmistakcablc in
slinct, rushed over to her and exhibit
ed all the signs of filial affection.
Since then, both because of the like
ness to the mother with whom it has
always run and on account of the con
troversy, it lm3 been well known to all
parties on the ranch. The butcher
testified that the ear marks had been
tampered with to such an extent
as to render mem unrecognizaoic.
The accused endeavored unsuccess
fully to trace his brand on the hide
and show that he liad twice branded
the animal. For conclusive evidence
the hide was divested of the hair and
the marks disclosed as put there by
the two parties. Experts clinched the
testimony, and the Justice had nutone
coarse to pursue, as stated above.
Sanford was ably defended by Judge
Haynes, and the case for the Territory
very clearly und ingeniously unfolded
by Col. Zabrlskie, who, in an elabor
ate cross-examination, demonsucd
the defences of the accused and in an
eloquent and exhaustive argument dis
closed the points which the common
wealth will rely on for conviction.
Whatcvor may be tho end of the case
this preliminary examination will be
of great value to the community. It
shows plainly that there is a live or
ganization in our midst determined to
do its duty without foar or favor and
that meu of prominence will meet
with no more consideration at its
hands than the poorest vagabond if
they fail to act up to the true spirit of
fair dealing and rectitude. The' sec
retary, Mr. narvey, for his untiring
efforts in bringing delinquents to jus
tice, deserves the thanks of the whole
Torritory, over which the influence
of the Association will be eventually
felt. !
The Denver and Rio Grande Rail
road has concluded a contract with
Philadelphia parties for thirty-two
locomotives to meet the growing de
mnnd for transportation, and also to
stock the extensions. This order
makes 124 locomotives that have been
bought for this road since the 1st of
last .November, mnoty-two ol which
have ben delivered
i i . i
The Progress of Development in tlio
Great Mluin? Blstriot Refutation
of a California " Expert's "Slanders
Jlis Intimate Relation ivlth Local
lionzlno und the Xatural Result.
Tojiustone, December 2.
Editoii Citizen: Observing that
your valuable paper has done much
g0od in chroniclin
the progress of
Tombstone and its
initios, I take
pleasure in Eendiug you some items of
the passing events.
The rich developments of many of
our mines have brought to this place
many capitalists, from all parts of the
United States, most of whom are in
vesting more or less money in the
purchase of prospects, and in nearly
every instance these investments havo
been profitable. The Three Brothers
mining claim, which was purchased
a short time since by Messrs. Know-
land and Conley, only hafl two pros-
pect shafts upon it when purchased,
I . .
ana witnin ten days alter work was
begun on the property, their labor
was rewarded by a rich strike of ore,
which assayed upwards of 1000 per
ton. A company was at onco formed
and work pushed forward on a lnrger
scale, and to-day the property ranks
high in value, and is not for sale, as
the owners think it too valuable to
part with.
The northeast oxsention of this
mine is the Trtio Blue, owned by East
ern capitalists, and its merits are too
well known to be further discuseed.
Hoisting works will soon be erected,
and we may then look for further dc
To the northeast a distance of 2000
feet, lies the Fair Villa, upon which
a shaft is being sunk and ha3 already
reached the depth of 45 feet. The
ledge is about five feet wide at the
bottom of tho shaft, and some very
good ore is being taken out. This
mine is owned by an incorporated
company, and the stock finds rend
sale at 50 cents per share
There are many prospects in the im
mediate vicinity of the above-named
mines which can be purchased at a
reasonable price, and an cqdtil amount
of work upon them may prove them
to be equally a3 good . One thing is
certain, mining claims can never hi
proven until they havo a fair devel
gjThe hoisting works' upon the Brnd
shaw mine have been in successful
operation for several weeks,' and the
company Is sinking their main work
ing shaft at a very rapid pace. They
will soon be at a depth of 200 feet.
where they will again drift on the
ledjje, and the drifts upon the 100
foot level prove that they have a vast
body of rich ore. They aiready have
oyer 200 tons of ore upon the dump
which will work over $150 per ton,
and nearly 1000 tons in s'ght in the
mine. This is the property which a
correspondent of the San Francisco
atock Exchange referred to in a letter
to that paper some time since, calling
it a worthless piece of property, and
that the purchasers lost the 40,000
which the had paid for it. Comment
as unnecessary, as uoth the company
and the mine speak for themselves.
Circumstances prove that tho writer
was more familiar with the bad whis
key of Tombstone than he was with
the mines, and had he taken as much
interest in warning Eastern men
against the whiskey as he did through
the press in trying to turn their atten
tion away from the Tombstone mines,
I think it would have .been a Christ
lan act.
The Tough Nut Mining Company
seem determined to have a village of
their own upon their mine, as they
have erected several now and very fine
buildings; some to be used as "works"
upon tho mine, others for ofllces, etc
"With the workings underground I am
not very familiar, but 1 observe the
transportation of many tons of oic
each day, and the regular shipment of
bullion from their mill.
The Contention and Grand Central
look better than ever, and rich devel
opments are belli? made each day un
derground. The Contention contem
plates increasing the capacity of the
mill, as the developments of the mine
already warrant it. I doubt if the
Comstock ever contained a larger bo
nanza than these two mines will prove
themselves to be.
I observe that we are gaining quite
a reputation 44 away down in Maine,
as me iouowiug quuumon irom iuc
. t . t . . .. r
Maine Mining Journal shows:
Tombstone, Arizona, with its rich
mines, abundance of wood and water
and fine climate, seems nicely to be
come the principal town in the lern
tory. The town Is only two years old,
yet contains over MW) inhabitants, it
is rich m saloons, having seventy-live,
and thirty
furnish news to the populace, who arc
bled and physicked by ten lawyers and
twenty doctors, including dentists, etc.
Three stages arrive in town every
day loaded to the guards, and the
main street presents a very lively ap
pcarance all the time, while in the
evening the sidewalks are almost im
passable in some places.
Tho townsite patent is oxciting a
considerable interest, but we hope the
title will be amicably settled in a
short time. H. B. Maxson.
The Grand Central.
Tombstone Epitaph.
On the Grand Central the ledge has
been cut on the 300-foot level, but is
not sufficiently developed for elabor
ate report. A considerable quantity
of ore is daily being brought to the
surface. The new ore house is al-
ready framed, and will be raised in a
day or two. Work at the new mill is
progressing rapidly. The masonry
for the heavy machinery is about Gum-
pleted, and a portion of the building
proper finished. The boilers are en
Per the bannr in the cornar,
We th&ll mln oar dirllnj pa;
lie, in starching round for Hancock,
Caajht .acute pneumonia. piUtoa.
A Uriof Sketch of a Olobe Mine AYlilch
Ha Paid from the Start $24,470
from 135 Tons of Ore.
Globe, November 30
Editou Citizex: Having had the
pleasure, a few days ago, of making a
tnnrnni'li examination of one of
Globe's fine prospects, and thinfcin
that a few facts in relation thereto might
hp. interestinir to your readers I take
the liberty of writing.
The property in question U known
as the Emeliue, and is owned by
Mpssm. Baldwin. Haves and Buck. It
is situated about four miles southwest
of Richmond Basin and is on what is
termed here the Blue Bird Lode or
ledge. The development consists of
a shaft 55 feet deep aud a tunnel or
surface drift on the vein, from the
bottom of a gulch, 155 feet in length,
which intersects with the shaft at the
bottom. On the surface there is an
open cut CO feet long, at the northeast
end is 12 feet deep and commences at
the surface. At tho southwest end
there is also a drift from the shaft at
22 feet in depth, which is 10 feet long.
In these workings there shows an
ore body averaging three feet In width
which has milled as follows: 15 tons,
worked at the Isabella Mill, gavo
415.10 per ton; 140 tons, worked at
the Mexican Mill, gave $127.13 per
ton, making a total of 24,479.90.
.There is now in sight a body of ore
from the roof of the tunnel to the
floor of the open cut, to be stoped
out; also a body 10 by 22 feet in the
upper drift, so that these returns were
but from the prospecting, which at
the most could not have cost 5,000,
which leaves a nice little profit for the
investment. This is but one out o
the many that have records similar
some even colmr far above these
figures. I am in hopes some enter
prising company will succeed in get
ing this and opening it up, for it is a
property of merit.
Everything is moving along in line
order throughout the camp. The re
norte from the Centennial are ex
trcrnely encouraging. Lncmnk.
A Ulsr Haul.
The defalcation of Billy Potusky,
mentioned in the Citizen of Wedncs
day, is more serious than at first sup
posed. Ho got away with a diamond
cross, earrings and bracelets, valued at
1500 or 1000, aud also succeeded in
getting a check for 850 cashed at the
bank, making the steal quite nn im
nortant one. The owner of the dia
monds, which are said to have been o
especial beauty, wa3 in the habit of
depositing them In one of the city
hanks for safe keeping, and the festive
but fickle Billy had frequently been
employed as a messenger when the
jewels were in requisition, and to re
turn them to the bank. They had
been used on the night of the 22d tilt
aud on the 23d were given Potusky
to be again deposited in tho bank. So
much confidence was placed in Po
tusky that no suspicion was aroused
when he announced that he was going
to Tombstone for a few days to look
tor employment, and nothing whs
thought of his continued absence un
til on Tuesday last the jewelry was
again wanted and found missing.
message to Tombstone revealed the
fact that he had not been there, and
measures were at once taken to find
him. Tho owner of the diamonds has
offered a reward of 500 for his arre;t
and detention, and a full description
of his personal appearance has been
telegraphed to all the principal points
on the Southern Pacific and Atchison
railroads. Tho amount of the reward
offered will certainly insure vigilance
on the part of the officers in tho va
rious cities, but with a week's start in
his favor, the chances are that the ah
sconding Billy is safely enough from
the grim clutches of justice.
A Speclei of lllnckinall.
Business men of Tucson will find it
conducive to their comfort, it not to
their interests, to liberally patronize
the Star with their advertisements:
because if they do not they arc liable
at auy time to he deluged with mud,
and mud of such character that no
answer is practicable save the ever
inconvenient and undesirable horse-
A'hip. The only palliation ever urged
in favor ol the irrepressible star is its
that caunot always be urged, for its
malice frequently shows uppermost.
On Tuesday morning, in its insane
ravings over the recent wholesale loss
of patronage, the Star coupled the
uamcofayoung uid universally re
spected morchnnt of this city with
that of a leading firm in a way intend
ed to mislead the public with regard
to his business status. The mutter of
u" n""" oujecuonauic,
but tho manner of it was such as to
cause the merchant in question, Mr.
Adolf Goldschmidt, to call upon the
proprietor of the Star and request a
retraction. This was promised, and
tho promise fulfilled in a manner pe
culiar to the Star as insulting as the
instigation of a malicious nature
could make it. No other reason for
this cowardly conduct can be assigned
than that Mr. Goldschmidt does not
happen to be a patron of the Star.
Among Mr. Goldschraidt's immediate
frionds the Star's malice will have
little effect, for durinc his residence
of two y.-aw and a half m this city he
has proven himself to be an upright
nnd conscientious business man, u
true and disinterested friend and a
quiet and unassuming jrentleman.
nui ims c130 s cited as a warning to
&H who flre not absolutely mud-proof
that they should spike the masked
filth-batteries of the Star with an nd-
rert',;pmpn, rm...,D
Sem ,V Ther"sneHmgwhen
men amuuing or cnaracter will be
besmirched by the organ which sneers
at a " shirt factory " tiora such a
claseic and appropriate region as does
the Star.
Review of the lanes Rolnj; Con
structed to Open Vp Old and N'ew
Mexico and Arizona Some Roton
Ideas of Our Rosoureos "VVhnt the
Capitalist of tlio ' Ilnli " Aro JJf
fectinff lu Conjunction with the
Southern Pacific.
From a somowhnt lengthy article in
a recent number or tho Boston Herald
we make some extracts in relation to
the railroad system which is destined
to aid in the accomplishment of Ari
zona's great future. The reader will
find in them man- points not before
made public, while there Is a grU
deal to interest:
"Within n few years tho Atchison,
Topcka aud Santa Fe will Stive its
mm throuirh line to the Pacific coast.
while the Southern Pacific line will
rnntinllO buildlnir straight on to the
eastward until it joins the Texas sys
tem of railroads, wnen lis mosfiuu
miitp Interests will be with tho south
ern lines, giving a route from the gulf
stains to tue racinc.
cmithnrn wav will without question.
i Mm favorite winter route to the
Pacific. Tourists Tor pleasure, who
otherwise would like to make a win
ter trip to California, together with
tnmlifls whose delicate lungs have
yearned for the balmy air of the Gtld
nn sinte. have shrunk from the hard
ships of the bleak journey across tbe
snowv rlaius of the Union Pacific
route, with its threatening delays lrom
tllCtUrtOUS Storms umiuirai uiui.i"iic
way and buiy the trains in their ter
rible drifts. But hereafter they may
make the journey through the warm
air and perpetual suushino of Iscw
Mexico and Arizona direct to South
ern California, the most perfect sani
tarium on earth, as it is reputed to
be a rccion rejoicing in 44 the most
perfect climate in the world." There
fore, although the route to San Fran
cisco is longer than by the Union Pa
cific, many will doubtless chose to go
that way for comfort's sake, if not
nmised for time. The
marvellous mining wealth of Now
Mexico and Arizona, the possibilities
of which are only just beginning to
be developed, will unquestionably be
a most prolific source of revenue to
the two roads forming the new route.
That young giant of railroads, and
the splendid child of Boston energy
and entcrprie, the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe. will be reached by the
Pacific-bound traveler at Kansas City.
This road is famed for its fine con
struction and equipment, and it is
said to be the most convenient and
comfortable road to travel over in the
West. At Trinidad the foot
hills of the Rocky Mountains are
reached. Entering the mountains,
nnd going up the beautiful Raton
Pass, the train passes through u tun
nell 2000 feet long, 16 miles beyond
Trinidad. On passing into the tunnel
one is still in uoiorano, una a com
ing out is "in New Mexico. Along
here the road is lined with coal mines,
from which coal is delivered on boajd
the cars at 80 cents a ton. The
scenery along this part of the route is
magmnceut. this part or the Atchi
son, Topeka and Santa Fe system is
known as the New Mexico and South
ern Pacific Railroad. Las Vegas i3
the first place of importance ui New
Mcxidb. Here are the famous hot
springs, rivalling those of Baden-
Baden in volume and curative qual
ities. There are 22 springs of boiling
water, and, as the natural attractions
are remarkably beautiful, the place
bids fair to become the iSKleu-oadeu
ol America. A magnincent hotel is
being erected here by the railroad
company, and tt fine bath -house has
already been established. Santa Fe,
44 The City of the Holy Faith, "the
oldest town in the Tnited States, is off
the mnin hue, up among the mount
ains, aud is rcachad by a branch from
Gnlisteo. From Galisteo the road
keeps on to the southward dotvn the
valley of the Rio Grande, past curious
Aztec villages standing amidst fertile,
irrigated fields, where the people still
plow with a stick, a man walking in
front of the oxen and motioning them
on. A few miles below Galisteo
station called Orlez has 'been estab
lished expressly for the transhipment
of supplies destined for the famous
ban Pedro mines, to which this is the
most convenient point. It is expected
that a large business will be developed
here, for the present large traffic to
that point promises finely for the
future. At Albuquerque is the junc
tion with the Atlantic and Pacific
Railroad, which the Atchison, Topeka
and bantu ie is building in associa
tion with the St. Louis and San Fran
Cisco Railroad. This new route to
the Pacific, it is expected, will be fin
ished in between two and three years.
The construction ot the Atlantic and
Pacific Railroad is making rapid
progress. The completed road now
runs about GO miles westward of Al
Buquorquc, and every day about a
mile of new road is added." It passes
over the !35th parallel survey reported
upon so favorably by Gen. Palmer,
who regards it superior in many re
spects to tiny other route to the Pacific.
It combines the advantages of asouth-
uiu jniuuuc whii a iiigu auuudc, as
suring both mild summers nnd win
ters, without extremes of either heat
or cold. In New Mexico and Arizona
it passes through a varied aud mount
ainous region, rich in minerals of all
kinds, and suited for the finest class of
population, while the scenery Is inde-
bcrioauiy grand.
The Atlantic aud Pacific will strlkn
the California coast at Son Bueua Ven
tura, and thence follow the coast line
pretty closely northward to San Fran
cisco. I-romthemain line in Cali
fornia a branch will strike due south
to San Diego and its splendid harbor,
which by this line is 300 miles nearer
Boston than is San Francisco lv wav
of Omnlia. This i tllll'tion nmnnir
other things, will make Alhuouernue
one of the most im nortant cities of
Mexico. The Atchison. Totnk and
Santa Fe has opened, at last accounts,
down the Rio Grande valley as far as
San Marcial. Not a great distance
beyond this is the Florida pass, where
the junction with the Southern Pa
cific will he effected. The line will
keep on to the south until, at a point
near Fort Thorn, which is about 70
miles north of the M oicn line an.
other junction will mark the beein-
mUS ui mu grrai enterprises of im
perial magnitude. Toward ti
east the railroad will be built under
the name of the New Mexico, Chi
huahua and Southern Railroad, to El
I aso del Norte, on the Rio Grande,
near the boundary of Mexico, New
Mexico and Texas. From here, as the
Mexican Central Railroad.it will keen
on to the City of Mexico. El Paso
del Norte will nrnlmt.lv ! tbv,
about the 1st of next April, if not i
soonor. The work southward on the
Mexican Central will then be pushed ;
with visor. The rond hitwin v.i
Paso and the City of Mexico from I
1000 to 1200 miles in length, will
probibly be finished by January 1st, I
1SS3. From that city northward the I
worn is now going on rapidly. The
other part of the line, under the name
of the Rio Grande, Mexican and Pa
cific, continues from Fort Thorn across
the southeastern part of Arizona, and
then, turning its course almost due
smth. enters Mexico as the bonora
Railroad, traversing the State of So
nora through Hermosillo to Guaymas,
on the Gulf of California. The great
A.chisou, Topeka and Santa Fe rail
road system will thus reach four im
portant places on the Pacific Coast,
and at Sun Diego and Guaymas, es
pecially,, it is expected that impor
tant commercial interests will be de
veloped. Work on the road to Guay
mas is 1 ing pushed with remarkable
speed at both ends. Thnt part from
Guaymas to Hermosillo is nearly fin
iehed, and the entire line will prob
ably be opened a yonr from next Jan
uary, so that a freight car loaded at
Boston with the manufactured goods
of New England can nm straight
through to the shores ot the Gulf of
California. Great impetus will un
doubtedly be given to the cultivation
of coffee in this part or Mexico by the
opening of the railroad, the condi
tions being remarkably well adapted
for it there. With this road to Guay
mas comnleted. the Atchison, To
peka and Santa Fe will have control
of the shortest lino to Japan, Aus
tralia, South America and the Sand
wich Islands. Australia will be about
1500 miles nearer than by way of San
Francisco, and tho voyage to Japan
and China will be correspondingly
shortened. It would not be surpns
inn if the steamers now running from
San Francisco to those points should
be trasferrcd to Guaymas.
It is likely that ,thc details of the
arranirements for through travel have
hardlv vet been decided upon between
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
and the Southern Pacific. But it is
hardly probable that the Pullman cars
will run throuirh to the Pacific, for
the Central Pacific runs its own pal
ace oars, and, as the Southern Pacific
is the same corporation as the Central,
it will be ant to adopt the same plan.
The Southern Pacific Ruilroad trav-
erces the southern part of Arizona,
and, after entering the valley of the
Gila, follows the general course ol that
river to Yuma, on the Colorado. Of
Arizona little is known to tho world
at large, and a general impiessioti has
rone abroad that it Is a desolate, arid
waste, treeless and cheerless. But
persons who have lived there are en
thusiastic in its praise, and declare it
one of the plensantost parts of the
country. The climate, owing to the
various altitudes of different parts
ranges from that of the Northern
States to that of tlje tropics. On the
table lands, of from 4000 to 0000 feet
in altitude, the former conditions pre
vail. In that pnrt of the Territory
with which the present article has to
do, the country through which the
Southern racinc railroad runs, the
altitude is from 1500 to 2000 feet
Here snow is hardly known, winter is
extremely mild and pleasant, and the
summers are warm and dry. In sum
mer or winter there is never a day
without bright, beautiful sunshine.
Even when it rains, the clouds do not
overspread the sky, as with us, but
pass tver m areas of narrow width,
following the lay of the mountains.
The Territory is increasing rapidly in
population, and the completion of the
railroad connections will naturally
bring the immigrants in streams,
although mining is now the great in
terest, the prospect for agricultural
puftuits are encouraging. It is esti
mated that there are from 15,000.000
to 30,000,000 acres of rich land, but,
owing to scarcity of water, nly about
2,38$, 38 are available. It is believed
d water for irrigation can be ob
ned from artesian wells. Go where
you will in all pnrts of the Territory,
it is said, the foot hills and through
the mountains, pleasant and delight
ful yalleys are continually attracting
tbe attention of the explorer, many ot
them having springs of cleur, crystal
water. Arizona is not so destitute of
wood as has been supposed. Many
parts the Territory are splendidly
wooded, and the plateau in the north
ern part is covered with grand ever-
greeu forests. The Southern Pacific
railroad opens up tine timber belts
along the Gila river and among the
mountains in the eastern part of the
The strange tropical flora of Arizona
will naturally make a strong impres
sion upon the tourists from the -busts
particularly the wonderful cactu,
growth. A large proportion of every
thing that crows in the country is
literally covered with thorns. There
are over 100 varieties of the cactus
family, of all forms and all sizes to the
cercus gigantcous, a giant cactus,
often crowing to a height of GO feet.
with a diameter of three feet. This
bears beautiful cluster of flowers and
delicious fruit, in size and shape like
a pear, with the combined llavor ot a
peach, strawberry and fig. One vari
etv of the cactus is useful in forming
impenetrable hedges. The maguey
plant, or mescal, is one of the most
useful in the Territory. The bulbous
root, from the size of a cabbage to a
bushel basket, is sweet and delicious
when roasted. The juice of the plant
is boiled down to a good svrup, and
a liquor distilled from the plant has a
flavor of old Scotch whisky. It is the
favorite driuk of the Mexicans. From
thj strong fibre of the leaves ropes are
The Latest and catcl.
San .Fraocio Stock Uaport.
The very latest and neatest
whereby the much imposed
land lady is fleeced out of her just
dues was developed in a fashionable
lodging house on Howard street a day
or two since. The landlady in ques
tion was delighted several weeks ago
by the acquisition to her household of
a stylish yonns man with a trunk full
of clothes of the very latest cut. The
young man took the best room and
consumed the very best the table af
forded, but paid not. There came an
end to the landlady's patience, and
after repeated demands for a small
coin consideration, she cave the
young man with the nice trunk notice
to pay on a certain day or else vacate
and leave his trunk as security. The
day came and with it two men, who
asked to be shown to the young man's
room, tins was done, Bnd they
placed him under arrest for forgery.
They setwehed his trunk, and found,
so they told the amazed landlady, ev
idence of further crime It would bo
necessary to take the trunk to the Po
lice btation. The vouns man was
handcuffed, the trunk was loaded on
an express wagm and the whole party
went to another boarding house.
Three Million Dollars Sunk.
SftVS the Silvnr into- T C Vail Tnaa
left L'nionville for the present, and,
we believe, is coine to Arizona. He
says he spent 3,000.000 of the pro
duct of the Arizona mine in Union-
ville. For two or three years past his
mining operations did not pay, but he
continued to work his mines and run
his mills at a loss, and finally had to
succumb to the inevitable. Had ho
found such bonanzas as were de
veloped m the Arizona mine years
ago, it would have been otherwise
Mr. Fall is a man of indomitable
pluck and untiring energy and perse
verance, and it Is a matter of deen re
gret to the people of Unionville, as !
wen as a severe blow to the prosperity
of the place that he was not successful.
The Idugo Spoken by the Israelites of
llnxler Street and IVlilteeimpel.
INew York Sua-1
During the long years of oppression
under which they sutioreu in conn
nontal Europe, the Jews found them
selves ostracised from Gentile society
to sueh a decree that they had neither
the opportunity nor the inclination to
master the vernacular oi me cuuuinua
in which thev found a temporary shel
ter. This was particularly the case in
Gt?rmanv. where a large number ot
Jewish families settled after their ox-
nulsion from Soain and England. To
the descendants of the original settlers
there the German language wasneithe
easy nor pleasant, Hebrew was the
tout-no snoken in thoir homes aud
svnHi'orues. and. for a Ions time.
was the only tongue of which they hnd
any practical knowledge, nut, wnen
thev besan to trade with the Christ
ians, they were lorced to acquire some
knowledge of their language and to
use it in business. At home, how
ever, thev continued to speak Hebrew
or a smattering of Hebrew and Ger
man, which came to he known, and
is still known, as Judisch-Doutsch
Although among the educated
classes of tho Jews this patois has
long since fallen into disuse, the lower
classes still use it among themselves
It is snoken ill Baxter street and East
Broadway, as on the other side of th
Atlantic it is spoken in Whtechupel
and St. Mart Anne, and thero are tw
weekly papers published in Judisch
Deutsch in New York. Tho better
class of Jews never use It unless it is
in the narration of some characteristic
Jewish story, or in the course of
conversation, the subject of which
thev wish to conceal from tho Gen
Some of the words and idioms of
the Judiseh-Deutsch patois are of pure
Hebrew, and others are neither lie
brew nor German. Some of them have
been adopted into the thieves' slang.
notably the word 4 ' Ganoi, meanin
a thief, and others have passed in a
modified form into ordinary English
slang, as, for example, the word "toll,
which is a plain corruption of tbe
Judisch -Deutsch ' 4 tokalf,'' meaning
a swell, and the word 44 bilk," which
is a corruption of the German "billig,"
meaning cheap. the expression
44 Wie heisst;" which the low comedy-
stage Jew invariably uses, is pure
Germau, meaning 44 What does it
mean?" ' How is it called?" 44 How?"
and it is a pet exclamation with the
cliiss among whom the Judiseh-
Deutsch is still in use.
Among this class a lie is always
shcoram," a Gentile woman or r ser
vant girl is known as 4 a shicksah,
Christian man is known as 4 4 a gov,
and a Christian woman "agovah.
An impudent man is described as an
azoz ponnn, ' which is pure tlebrew
for a face ot brass, and the quality of
impudence or cheek is characterized as
chutspah. A greedy man is called
a 44 tresser, ' and one wno eats pone is
described as a 14 chozzar-fresser,
chozzar " being the Hebrew for pig.
just as one who eats other forbidden
food is a 44 trira-iresser, ' " irna
being the Hebrew for unclean. A
Jew who apostatizes is a "meshumad"
and one who has been baptized is a
44 gesehmott. A drunken man is said
to be a 44 snicker,' a crazy man is
meshuKnar," and nn Ignorant man
is a 44 ugom oretz," or a man of tho
In the vocabulary of the lower
classes of German-Jewish traders
there is no word more frequently used
than 44 mechula," which means bank
rupt . ith these people business is
called 44 massomoton, " and money is
44 mezummon. A bargain is a mat
zeah," and an Irishman is n 44 bates
mar." A religious holiday is a 4,yun
tuf ;" the holiday food is 41 vuntuf
dick." Synagogue is 44 scule." Any
thing that is Jewish is 44 Yiddisch,"
and anything which is distinctively
Christian is 44 Goyim-nachass. A
phrase in common use is 44 Mach
Shabbosdavou," which means literal
ly, 44 Make Sabbath therefor." It is
used as a sort of congratulation or
greeting in reply to the communica
tion of good news. Mazoltov,"
meaning good luck, is sometimes
used In the same way. A very com
mon greeting is 44 Sholem alaychem,"
which is a corruption ot the pure He
brew, 44 Sharlom ngo!aycbem,"
meaning " Peace be with you."
Prejudice ngninst the Jews is de
scribed in J udisch-Deutsch as "rishus,"
and a Jew-hater is called a 44 rosher,"
literally a hater. A beggar is a
44 schnbrrer," a divorce isa"ghet,"
an engagement is a 44 shidduch," a
bridegroom is a 44 chosen," and a
bride a 44kolla." When a Baxter
street Jew wants to utter a terrible
curse or a "makah," as he might call
it, he turns to his enemy and exclaims,
44 May you take a meesa-mashiuna,''
that is", 44 May you have a sudden
death," and this is the worst curse he
cau pronounce.
Without a knowledge of Judiseh
Deutsch, it is impossible to under
stand or appreciate the characteristic
witol the lower order of Jews, wit
such as Kladderadntscli used to de
pict so admirably. It depends quite
as much upon the language employed
as upon the incident related, for there
is probably not a Known language
which affords as much opportunity
for jeux de mots nnd doubles cnten
dres as this mongrel patois. The way
in which it is used can hardly be bet
ter illustrated than by the following
true anecdote:
While the original Barney Aaron,
the famous Nestor of the English
prize rinc. was t the zenith ol his
glory, a benefit was arranged for the
take place tit the Surrey Theatre,
London. The house was crowded
with the very lowest kind of London
Jews, people who had seldom, if ever
beiore. been inside of a theatre. 1 ney
turned out upon this occasion to kill
two birds with one shilling to have
a night's fun and to help it 44yiddisch"
charity. Tho principal actress of the
evening was n .Miss McCarthy, then a
great favorite on the London boards.
Upon her first entrance, the audience,
who had applauded every one that
had preceded her, were so well pleased
that they howled and stamped until
the walls fairly shook. This so dis
concerted the lady that she forgot her
lines for tho moment. Then they be
gun to hiss as loudly as they had
cheered before, and it became impos
sible to go on with the play. In the
midst ot tho tumult, Barney Aaron
jumped from his box on to the stage
to address the audience, beginning
with a line from one of the most sa
cred of Jewish prayers. He said:
44 Shniong Yisrod (4 Hear. O Israel )
Ladies and gentlemen, here's a shick-
sah (Christian woman) come all the
way from the West iJnd, and paid her
own cab, ana you von t ear 'or. A
makah (curse) auf (on) yor nil; be
quiet, yer chosirim!" (pigs). Need
less to say the play went on without
further interruption.
" You see," said a lively old Aber
deen bachelor on being advised to get
married, 4 4 you see, I can't do it, be
cause I could not marry a woman I
didn't respect, and it would be im
possible for rae to respect a woman
who would many me."
The Work of an Editor.
Tho London Times, speaking t .
work of an editor, says it can niv
appreciated by those who have h .
the good fortune to have some epe:
lenco in it. The merest slip of :;
pen, an epithet too mnvh, a wrci,
date, a name misspelt, or with a wn :
initial before it, the iniint'preta!n.
of some subject perhaps ipabK
interpretation, the m-t trifling ,
fense to the personal or n inoual -n
ceptibility ot thos-e who it., not o,
profess to cure for the tee!i::g ,t .
err, may prove not only !h 4gret-1', .
but costly mistakes, but tiu-v are m ,
the least of the mistak'-s t.. " whii L
editor is liable. The editor mu'
on the spot until the papi-r is Mir
press, and make decision.-, upon ,..
not only tho approval of the pui .
but even groit causes m.iy hartir. !
cannot husband his strength ".';,
comparative repose in the tAft:i i
a study or the freshut--, of grin,
fields, ffe must see the worM
verse with its foremost orbuie.-t
tors, be open to information aii ..
guard against error. Ail tbh -n, ..
be borne in mind by those wk ! '.'
that journalism is not infalli!,;. ,
curate, just ami agreeable.
What Wife 44 Mwuw.
SaysRuskin: What do you thm
the beautiful word "wife"' roim
from? It is the great Tord in ninc
the English and Latin Ixngoai-es r on
quired the French am! (ireek i h ' .
the French will some d..y get a wV
for it instead of that femtne. i;u
what do you think it comes fr.-n
Tho great value of the Saxon word- -that
they mean something. Wiu
means weaver." You must tith.-r
be housewives or house moths, n
member that. In the deep sense
must either weave men's fortune :vn l
embroider them, or feed upu and
bring them to decny. Wherever i
true wife comes, home is alwiy
around her. The stars may h? ovi r
her head, tbe glow-worm in tbe mirut -clod
grass may be the fire at her tei t.
but home is where she is. and tor i
noble woman it stretches out f..i
around her, better than bouses reile.i
with cedar or painted with vermilion
shedding its quiet light for ihe
who eibe are hometes. This. I !-
lieve, is the woman's true place t:i:
stonewall " .IJuom' Sitter.
.Mrs. Arnold, tbe sole surviving m
ter of "fctonewail" Jackson, no-v
lives at Buckhannon, West Vir.-iuU
She was throughout the war a tain.,ul
Unionist, although every member ot
the family except one a
nephew was a secessionist. For he:
brother she entertains the reverence
of an undying love and affection, mm
she insists that it was with extn-m-reluctance
aud profound misgiving
that he took up arms against his cua
try. He declared be would not tr.-
outside of Virginia fought; he voted
against the ordinance of secession in
old Virginia, and urged hi sister t..
use her innuence to keen West lr-
ginia fast to tbe Union. A profoundly
religions man, he was wont to say,
even alter he bad taken up the sword
4 if we are right, Gh1 will bless us.
if we are wrong, God will destroy '
Willie Winters, the dramatic critic-
ot the New York Tribune, says in ,i
recent article ou tverniiarut:
4 Behind the unconscious grace.
the melodious elocution, the ductile
adaptibuity to ever-changing moods,
the soft radiance of shining eyes, the
wooing swectuess of a most dulcet,
persuasive voice, the enticing charm
of ingenuous ways, ami the flash and
clangor ot conflicting passions, pain
till in their torce and Keenly ardent
in their expression there is the lava
liko temperament of strange, exotu
genius, sleepless, alert, vigilant, for
ever consuming itself, f rever poten:
to light iii human hearts the spark oi
spirntlon that makes humanity god
like, and so redeems the couiraoanc.i
of the mortal world."
At Dieppe, in France, the follow -
ing notice has been issued for tin
police: 44 the bathing police are re
quested, when a lady is in danger ut
drowning, to seize her by the dre-.
and not by the hair, which often re
mains in their grasp. Newfound lan l
dogs will govern themselves accoru
LKMMOJf I4LUMMKR In Oakland, Cal
TtuinK)ftTlng Day, by iter. Dr. I . Hamil
ton. Jobs (. Le-diaM, oottniat, of Oaklau.l.
formerly of Michigan, to Sara A. Plamm-r.
formerly ot New York. No card fall
fornia, Mlcbigaa and New Knglnnd pit'iT
pleao ropy
rational medical phi!wopb uui'i; i
present prevails. It i it perfectly pur-
etable remedy, embracing the three impor'an
properties of a preventative, a tonic anil nn
alterative. It tortUn the boJi si-mut diea- ,
invlcorates and revitalize the tnr: 1 tomu. :
and liver, and effeeH a mnH t-auu' ir man. -in
the entire system when in a morbid cuuii
rot ale by all Dragtota and Dealer - '
Coiijcohh fStroot.
Nrxt 0or fa Wettern (Mm Tttmrmp G-
A large atut well Miectot stock of
Has just been received, which U ottered s
lowest prices.
All goods warranted as represented
Impairing done in the nuMt skillful mmr..
All wort warranted to give ratlefaetion.
I take occasion to call attention to ?b
above notice, and respectfully invite thepu
to Call and Ins DM t m v -tru-lr hfnr nnrcnssr
eleewcurc. p. j JtlXSOIi

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