Newspaper Page Text
ULSC 0I7. Vi;N hSi,A . . "iT'TLAIBKIi i, 1RC4.
Tho" Gold of that land, li good IT. AS A .V, I'ubl ilidr. AoiWT&JiWiln.' Jfibofn, Tucson: Chtirlfix A. Piuilipi, Lr P; A. M. llnnt, 8anta Fe; L. Dukes Co., Ft Mo have ; William 1L Tobcy, San Frnnciseo. Ksr'Fhfl ptibliuller of the Miner la now on i tour through the country south of the Gila. Ho will Visit the principal points, and liopos to mako his trip advantageons to .tbcMlNtfii and ita patrons. SINKING SHAFTS. We are glad tliut our lode owners. are begin . t'uhig to sink shafts, and thus to ascertain what Hfreir Interests' nre likely to 'amount 'to. Apart from the mere keeping of propridtdriJ of fdQt or .thoir representatives in the country and for the ipdrpose of defining the lay of tho ledges, wejit tnch very little importauco to the- custom,' fol lowed in moat of tho districts of performing six days work upon a cluim. We aro not prepared to approve the plan of requiring no. work at all, as adopted in the Turkey (Jreek district, the laws of which wore printed in the last issue of tho . ' Mt.ker, although it will in most cases be just as advantageous as tho practice of scratching tho lodes for a few days, and much less expensive. For the benefit of those owning claims no less than for the country, it is better that shafts should be sunk to a depth sufficient to display the true charactor and size of tho lodes. Indeed, it iB necessary in order to insure their sale or to make arrangements for their working. If too ox pensive for a single claimant, lot him combine with other. Surely, no man who seeks bis own interest or that of tho Territory, will refuse a prompt and cordial co-operation even if his own contribution to tho nucossary labor be given in that golden currency " tho sweat of the brow." ' With proper tools, and steady effort, half a doz en men will quickly sink a shaft to the depth of fifty feet, and at that depth somo idea of what i'tho ledge is to prove, so far as size and charac-: ter are concerned, can bo had, although it were "blotter to go an hundred feet or more. If the 'lloclo seems wide and regular, and improves in the "assay, the owners are, at once warranted in put ting it in the market, or in securing machinery ..eithor upon their own account or in conjunction " with a company. They can move with intelli gence and confidence, and are not likely to injure their own reputation or that of the Territory by attempting to operate upon a worthless property. Moreover, they do much to develop tho country, and to discountenance, as they should, tho sale of untried and bogus lodes. Every miner owps " it to himself, and to the Territory, to know as ' nearly as possible the. prodiso character of his claims before he attempts working them himself ..or asking others to. In no way short of by ma tchinery is he so likely to obtain the needful in formation as by sinking a shaft and frequent as says. t.The regnalation horetoforo in force in many of tho districts, requiring that each owner should perform, or have performed, six days work upon 'jhis. claim has, we believe, in most cases, been '8"d modified that owners may combine and sink a .'"'shaft at any one point upon a ledge, tho number of days labor being proportionately accredited to ;ihem upon their respective ciairn3. 'this will tro lar to encourage the sinking of shaflsand put it within the power of the' poorest man to quick ly obtain a knowledge of tho probable valao of 'UshlS w.fit. and whpfhor flint? nm In nMA l.Io am. r - - - J . w wV UIO UtGI !..nt:'r (.-..-. ' J it 1 .. iiiiw 6 vi ouuuuw uuwunuy 01 pursuit frcal jnuru A laken in watching fho peculiarities of tho seasons in this now and hithorto,uukaow,nr.pnit of Arizona. .So far aa the winlM and spring wore concorned wo from timo to timo made a note of their marked features. Now that the summer ie closed wo may speuk ol'it. iff a fair sample of the Boaeon in this region, it may well be placed in the front rank of tho allurements to this country. We have had scarcely an oppressive day, rarely one without a stirring aud refreshing broezo. The nights have boon cool and oxcoediugly comforta ble, so cool that no one has cred to sleep, oven in doors, with less than a couple of blankets, whilo the absenco, both by day and night, of mosquitos, and all noxious insects, saving flies, has been as remarkable as satisfactory. The climate is no less salubrious than ogrooable. Sickness is unknown, except each cases as reiult from imprudent exposure or drinking, or from a lack of vegetable diet, from which we are likely to suffer until our farmer, and gardepera may got to work. They arrived too late this year to be gin operations except in few instances. The rain in the latter part of May, and those in J uly and during August, load to the belief that crops may be raised without irrigation. The constant freahness of the grass ia gratifying to the stock raiser. Tho couutry is beyond ques tion the finest for pastoral purposes upon tho continent. Imraenso herds ot sheep and cat.tlo may be kept ia good coudition the year round without exponse save for herdera.. Tho rainy season is supposed to terminate early m September. For nearly a month past wo have had showers daily, usually in the after noon. Rain haa fallen in great quantities, and been accompanied by tho sharpest lightning and ueaviesi inunuer. me mountain streams are made to overflow in an incredibly short space of time. Travellers halting in or near dry arroyos have to be careful that they are not suddenly overtaken by rushing waters. Numerous narrow escapes ore reported. Lately some men with a train, en route from La Paz, were reeting in the bed of s dry creek when flood of water from showers in thedistonce came upon them so quick ly that several were wounded by being thrown against the banks, and one was drowned, his body being dreadfully mangled by the sweeping volume of water, rock and drift wood. vinu LiBGISLATURK. Ihe Tnonihora nf tJiia w w w W - ;bofly will many of them arrive hero at an enrly 'WK ?8 to tuk advantage, as it wil Mffurd an opportunity for-an interchange of viows jjjHK0.1? lhq varie(1 and imPOrtunt questions to bo j t, noted upon. It is desirable that tho members should become well acquainted one with anoth er before takmg their seats. It will go far to fa curtate and. Harmonize the busiuess of the ses- ; Sion. Coming from all portions of this "rent Territory they must remember that while they uavo local interest of importance and wortbv gnpir nest consideration, tho public good is o wjamount,. importance. The measures calc tttjpd to promote the prosperity of tho whole TFit07 are of the first importance, and will gMbtleee receive the' first attention. That thoy refullv and thorouchlv Alunnnnml. fl acted nnon onlv aftor tho . y .uuuuiq jWll Mffrtrl' la 1. UnU.. i. ?1 -' ii.fcvi, is wu uuiyua tv. uupu , oven a gostion frpm ns. NEW PLACERS. The want of water has so generally retarded the working of our placers that we have been disposed to place our entire dependence upon quartz mining. Ever and anon, however, the returns from the placers that can be worked, aro such as to cause a lively sensation, even among our most sanguine owners of feet. Thus at Lynx creek lately some fine results have been had, and at Big Bug the industrious workers continue to set cood pay. The interest of the' moment. however, is in the placers of Turkey creek and Black canon, some fifty miles nearly south from here. The success of the Mexicans, who have been there for some time, haa been such as to attract many Americans, and the region bids "air to soon be a3-merry with rockers and sluices as Lynx creek in ita best day. The gold is coarse, and of an unusually rich color and quali ty. It is found in pieces from the size of a pin- head to those weighing an ounce or more. Many hundreds of ounces have already been ta ken out. The placers oxtond & long distance prior to reaching tho canon, in which they are supposed to be of the first class. There is an abundance of water for sluicing, and it is thought that a wagon road can be had from here via Woolsey'a ranch and tho Agua, Fria, and ono irom rimo via tho Agua Fna. Such roads if counected would greatly reduco the distance from Prescott to the Gila country, aud should be found and worked if necessary. We have too long been inactive in the matter of securing a short and direct route to Pimo and Tucson. Col. Wool3ey long since gave it as his opinion that a good road could be had by the Agua Fria, and the Governor expressed the same judgment after his journey over the' country, Wo must not omit to state that sorap excellent looking gold and silver bearing quartz has been found on tne lower i'urkey creek and Black canon. Some specimens brought to the Governerfrom tho No pal iodo aro rich with gold. The lodes aro said to bo largo and well defined, They are attract ing great attention, and many of our citizens are nosy prospecting them. By lust express wo have the Santa Fe uud Al uquerquo papers to August 6th. From the New Mexican of July 1 we cull the following items : Tho El Paso. Santa Fe and Kansas City Stage Company havo purchased a new set of Con.-ord coaches for their line. Thoy spare no pains or oxponso for tho comfort of tho travelling public. MM.,, : i 1 1 t .. -il. j-iio nuu id uuw ut'uer hiuukuu unu proviueu wiin bettor coaches thau ever heretofore. Messrs. Cottrill & Co. aro iust tho men to carry a semi- weekly mail between tho Stntes and here. It is a pity tho Postmaster General cannot take some interest in having us supplied with at least a semi-weekly mail. Fruit is beginning to be quite plentiful. We see tho plaza lull of boys selling apricots. By . i. : ... i.i ... f . 1 1 ... . . uiu wuy, upncoiH aro a suusutuio ior someiuing to eat in the fruit lino hard to beat We havo boen eating pios mndo from npricotts, and have como to the conclusion that it would tnko u man somo time to starve to death on that kind of di et. If you don't believe it, iust try. Cupt. Bell is now performing the duties of Chiof Commissary of Subsistence. Tho captain i3 an ablo officer, llo was formerly Professor of Drawing at West Point, served with distinction in tho army of tho Potomac, and for the last two years ha3 boon in the Commissary Department Cnpt. Caroy is acting as Chief Quartermaster of this Department, in tho absence of Major M Jb errau, wno uos gone to the states. Captain Updegraff, of the 5th U. S. Infantry, nas been promoted to tne rank ot iUujor. The annexed are from tho Now Mexican of August 5 : Tho news brought by the passengers in the coach not only conurina the reported outrages by the Indians, but Wring additional proof of the hostility of tho Indians of the plains, and their determination to wago war against tho whites We are informed that at Walnut cr06k a train numbering ton wagons, and loaded with govern ment freight, was taken by the Indians, the wag ons stripped of their covers, and tho unfortunate drivors murdered and scalped, and that, too. in credible as it may seern, within an hnudred yards of eighty or more soldiers, who calmly looked on and saw their fellow men butchered, and two of them Rcalpod alivo, without oftoring to lift a hand in their aid or use tne arms which government had placed in their possession when it mistook them for men. if turn report be truo, and we hare it from a source entitled to the most ini phcit credence, wo sincerely tru3t some effort will be made to punish these cowardly miscreants for their shameful and inhuman conduct. We loarn from tho same source that Fort Lar- ned was attacked, but tho artillery frightened them out of their design, and they contented themselves with driving off some stock that was grazing beyond range of the guns, and burning a bridge across r&wnue Fork. This state of affairs will make it imperative upon freighters to travel in large bodies for rnu tual protection, and to bo more than ordinary cautious in camp. In the caso of the train above alluded to, tho Indians pretended friendship, and rode along the truin shaking hands with the dri vers until they reached the hindmost man, when they began their butchering and scalping. SHflr- Tm: .well on the plaza continues to aftord-an amnio pumnjr " pxceijeni watar, and is tho priilo of tho town anu tne aumiratioii ol strangers. . We arp glad to hear mat tne subscription ,for paying .for its dhrglntf, is w sujupieieq. . wmwell'tnaiendn.weU.lJj,, "J TJU3 IjA. V Z ROAD. Tho promise of n good road to Ft. Mohnvo must not tempt us to rolax our efforts to securo bettor communication with La Paz. Messrs, rxunt & Co. speak confidently of their road via Williams' Fork, or at least off from tho Fork a short distance. Thoy think it cau bo made available at slight oxpense. It is pronounced vastly hotter now than tho road known oa the Williams' Fork trail. But from all wo have learned to this timo onr best hopo of a prompt and easy communication with La Paz is by the Khrenberg road to Wea ver, or to within thirty or forty miles of Weaver, and thonco in tho direction of Doto crook tn fhu V..J j,j nlnco. fi I ( t; No effort should bo spared to secure water up. on this road. Jf individual exertion is insuffi. cient. aid may be solicited from tho territorial or general governments, Tho matter is of vital importance to the whole Territory, ond our citi zens will do iwell to act in it at once. We do not know that public aid can bo had. We are aware, however, that many improvements of far loss importance havo been favored with a ii rvli ot1 nn1 tlinf mnnnv nnnrnnrlnl tA t f J fS prudently spent will bo applied in a way which must speedily benefit tho Territory, and indirect ly if not directly the whole country. Capital! will not find its way here in quantity so long a the Territory is destitute or travel and communication. uuus uuu iiii:uiiB oi Uon. Francisco Perea, our present delegate to n ; i .i.- i t . , ungresH, urnvtju in mo iasi coacn. a large number of citizens went out to meet him and es cort him into town, and .m tho evening ho was serenaded by the 5th Infantry band. On the whole his reception must have bepu very gratify ing 10 mm, With tho issue of July 19th. tho name of tho Rio Abajo Press was, changed the " New Mexi co Press," The sizo of the paper remains the same, although a portion of the matter is printed in Spanish, und an enlarged paper is promised upon tho arrival of a new supply of material. The editor with characteristic pith exclaims : As our paper is now " double-barrelled." wo bid our contemporaries " tho ton of tho morn ing," and will reciprocate their shots to the beat ot our ability. That's right, brother Johnson, and wo wish you unbounded success. Pardon the suggestion, however, that if you paid less attention to con troversy with the Santa Fe Gazotto, and to long winded discussions, you would mako your paper more interesting, and more serviceable to tho in terests ot Now Mexico. The world don't care anything about your political or jaridioial differ ences, but it has a lively interest in tho progress and resources of your important Territory. By the by, wo havo seen tho laws of New Mexico, passed by the Legislative Assembly of 18G3-4, us printed in English and Spanish (T. S. Groin or, translator), by tho New Mexico press. The job is fairly done, and wo hope it paid well. Information Is wanted of tho whereabouts of Go. St. C. II. Snyder, who left Austin, Lander county, Ne vada Territory, on or about tho 20th uf September, 18G3, for Arizona, accompanied by a inau by the name of Mitchell, Any iuformatloi' wil Ja thankfully re eeiyed., Direct to . Henry S;, or Alien jignyr,: ginia.Cityj.Novada'frorritoryj'r .' iSjv.. The Denyek PaEss.Our latest Denver paper, received on tho 1st instant, is the Weeklj Rocky Mountain News of Juno 29th. (What do our Denver friends say to such mail facili ties?) It informs us that Maj. Whitely has sold the Commonwealth to Byers k Dailey, and that they have re-established tho News as u daily and weekly, absorbing the Commonwealth. As the only paper in Denver aud a capital ono, faithfull; odiieu ny men wno nave irowned uoon severe misfortune, we hope it will be well and widehi susiamea. uy our new express irom tne moi Grande, via Fort Wiugute and the Whipple route, we should receive it in twenty days from it publication, or iu less if prompt connections am mudo. Wo shall look for it as tho cock lobketlf lor tho morning, and bo tempted to crow when over it arrives. Wo commend it to the peoplij of Arizona as likely to give them the latest nowJ in the best shape, uud subscriptions left at ouj Y! ...1. -II t . I umcu, wuere copies can oo seen, will ue promptm forwarded to Messrs. Byers & Dailey, whom wiS hope to know better one of tho3e cays W have a fondness for such phcenix liko members oS tho press, and will go our pilo on them everjS time. The News is a credit to the rocky moan-S taiu coantry, and we hope for tho day when ihM Minkk may spread its wings and soar to equtl groatness. We should be proud to send fortS such a sheet from our new Kl Dorodo, but fci tho present wo aro content " to labor und tuii. vim ui uiusu uuvs nu auuu uu iu l feather, wearing as long spurs and making r. i . . i tv . ary. w o havo faith to believe it, for Arizon is bound to prosper. Indians. As is usually the caso with th cralty Apache3, n number of them followed tb ootsey party m, mid are now hovenncr abou in this vicinity. I he killing of tho young Meis- can on Monday, tho robbery of numerous horse the fresh sign ovorywhoro to be observed, and en peciully the report of the Mexican captivo, whl escaped from a small party of tho red thiove uud ran into Prescott ono night last week, coal bine to assure us that tho savages aro bent opc annoying ue to tho extent of their power. V havo reason to believo thnt thoy were all nboJ town last night. Tho captive reforred to, ah of sixteen, who says he has been six years i slave to to the ApachoB, was in a starving cor dition, and ho represents tho Indians as sufferiri for food, nnd driven to desperation. Ho thint they havo seriously meditated an attack up?l Pioscott, but that they havo neither tho nuM bers nor the norvo to attempt it. Our citizocl especially atock owners, should howover be fl tho alert. Whilo thero may be no attack force, thero will undoubtedly bo small partKj constantly prowling about. No one show go unarmed by day or by night, and not le.1 than two or three men should venture on ficj of the mountain trails. Proper caution at tb time win save many lives. A meeting will i - . "IWUH U ( . f kJ W 1. P ' . .4 . . . .. VIM41 iiiiiiihiii ifH uir nrninnr nn iv u nnnn it. w ui j wimji pfieu; ; Action (ig juo wi necessary.-.