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Arizona miner. [volume] (Fort Whipple, Ariz.) 1864-1868, December 29, 1866, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016242/1866-12-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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ARIZONA
VOLUMK III.
PRESCOTT, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 29, 180G.
NT.MIihR 21.
1 ''
Prison a Minn.
Hi A. Ur NTi.liY, l'ullUlicr.
HUllrtCUIPTlO.X I
Fot one year,
Fl(fMx months, M
For three months,
For .ii'le copies, ,-o
Payable- la advance, without eicejHium
AIVHUTIS1XI
' a niiir equals ten line of this letter. One
or less, one Insertion. :l,00. ICacb suine-
months, Hor six inonllu, 15,00.
Vnr one year, i5,00 ; and at the Mine rates for
Urgcr qauitUIua.
JO II WOHK l
. .1 nf tnb work executed to order, with
11 nit..." j-
Orrrlihack taken mt lr nt Ilie Arlionn
Jllnrr OHIce.
PROFESSIONAL JJAKDS.
WM. J. UKiUlY,
i i ... I ...
mrf fin ImUiki uhuh n -
WM J. BERRY,
. , I..- ll... Cl.,t.. ..I
'0ltlllll8tOlllT 01 tceos i'r niu w.u.. ...
Cuiiforutu,
IMtfiSCOTT. .KI7.Q.VA.
PUESCOTT A D VE KTI S EM ENTS.
BILLIARDS.
hlE (tl'ARTZ KOC'K " S I.OOX
litnll on (IranUr itrfrt hrin ln -nr):d
kil (ctitUiI. with 1 1.1 a lil.tinu ( a -Si w TjlilcmaVkc
rV0 XEWTAIJLES OF BEST PATTBHN,
tmw ojhu tn tlir mhllc.
HilP win ) fntui.ii.il nilli llxr W-t uf
L-quuin Kor iit'i'if cjHanJ i"3 llt)C A JOR
b.OKE
... I'm -l 'I '.mi AVnrt,
v II II llOV.
QUARTZ MOUNTAIN MILL.
I Tti !(.., . ..Y i!.- iml.il- U raLitt tu the f.ct
B.t we birr itru-H Untitle lor tin uuUuUrLntt
i i.i km.U ol iumber for Irtiml.i.jf inipor. rr
Liu Hint niiO.UK UaTiiifr btrutiit 4laJil with
i.etrtrdt )UniB now !' t ivt l line, wehavc
Fiucju.uu item w; lime iu nt- .i ira c
td tlKirntK it uimlr l the mul a fiIIori :
l -r t i in iliauirfi imu'wr. cU r M.
i.i.n , Sinn r.rr M .
IT niiu, tuh on dullwsry, )yti)e In U. S. gold
f.u, urit iiuiiiiiciii iu lihivjivj.
I'rwcott, Nor. 21, 1HJ5.
JAMES GRANT
i constantly on hand
lour, JSncon,
Lard, Uuttcr,
Cheose, ColTcc,
fied Fruit, Sugar,
oaP U Ciiiulles,
iQK Honey,
Cftn Fruits and Vegetables,
tthcr with a general assortment of
ICERIES AND PROVISIONS
FOR SALE CHEAP AT THE
Mcott. January 30, lSOi.
2tf
'III of the Plant, PrrM-ott, vrlinno
(IKNKUAL DEALKH8 IN
RIII1C8 Ae IMtOVISIOICS.
and Ihmutlc Wine nntl Li'wr$t
milACCU AND CIGAltS.
i cenernl assortment of such nrllelcs as (am.
Mid miners need. Our goods nre ail of the
liuiiiy, and at rcasonshie prices.
FOH. CASH MV.
JOHN r,. CAM IMIELL,
W. M. BUFFUM.
cotL June ), l&Ofl Utf
PltEblbh.NT JOHNSON'S MESSAGE.
Frllow Citizk.ss or tiiuSknati: and Housi:
ok Ui:pi:sentativi:s :
Aftur n brief interval, the CongrcM of tliv
United States rwiimo.s u nntiual IcgUlntivu
labors. An All wiie nnil Merciful Proviilence
lias nbateil tho jiestilenec which visited our
shore, leaving iu cnlatuitous traces iiikjii some
Krtioiu of our country. I'eucf, ortier, tmn
iiility nnd civil authority havinR been form
ally declared to exist throughout tho whole
of the United State, have in all suiiersedcd
the coercion of iinn, and'the people, by their
voluntary nction, are maintaining their Gov
ernment in full activity and complete opera
tion. .The enforcement of the laws is no long
er obstructed in any place by combinations
too jiowerful to be suppreea by the ordin
ary course- of judicial proceedings ; and the
animosities engendered by the war are ra
idly vielding to tho Ix-nellcent intluences of
our freo institution1, and the kindly ellects
of unrestricted social and commercial inter
course. An entire restoration of fraternal
feeling must be the wih of every patriotic
heart; and wc will have accomplished our
grandest national achievement when, forget
ting the sad cvonus of the past, and remem
bering only their instructive lcon, we re
sume our onward career as a free, projjieruus
and united people.
Hi:vroiuTioN or the states.
In my Message of -1th December, 1805, tTon
greys was informed of the measures which
fiad been instituted by the Executive, with
a view to the gradual restoration of the States
iu which the Insurrection occurred, to their
relations with thegcneral Goveniinenr. Pro
visional Governors had been appointed, t'oii
ventioius ciilled, (iovernors elected, Ia'jHsU-tun-s
a.vembletl, ai d Senators and ltqirc.ejit
atiws chosen to the oiurre f the I'nHed
States; I otirt had 1m en nj)ened for the en
forcement of laws long iu abeyance; the
bio kade had Inen removed, custom homes
ru-uatabliehed, nnd the Internal Revenue laws
put iu forte, in order tht the ieople might
contribute t. the nutional iuoim. ; jstal op
erations tiad been renewed, and efforts wer
liemg made to rt-ntorv them to their former
condition nnd eincienc; . The Statetf them
se.e uad been asketl ti tmkv ri in the
nigu fuiirlion of amundinf the Constitution,
and ol thus sanctioning the extiiutuHi o.
A in an slavery as one of the legitimate re
sut ts of or simple. Having jirurwiccMl m
lar, thi EMKtittve had found tnnt it had ae-
cmnp!' Ueil .rl nil thtil wns wittuu the
liiieuf its i oustit mutual atitlwmty. Dm
tbititt, imwewr, remained to b dune l.e' re
! tlie work of retontHm ouu, 1 i otuiiletei.
' tuA tuat the admtnau to Couitmi
!jai Milatur mill l!eIMVult.es it win lh
.Sttt whose is.ple had ribtllti against t.i '
liAioi autuiinty A the d'etierai Uivenmiei' I
1 uia i iie t km ((evolved iijHrti the respects
Ileuses, width In 1 Lititiiti. .. ant m
tlir jwlsua of Hie t.c Iumi retun sih! quan
ttcHiions of their it.i nil. n, and iu consilium
ttmi at once engaud tb attt'iitkMi of Com
kgrww. in the menntt.r.e, the hin tinu I)e-
pftrtment no ot her j !en svinf istn riiHed
' y Vvopn -n 1 1 mJ u itn elRirt to j)er
fei;, far a pin m.-aM, the RMnr.umrw
ttol 'jjiv.il-r rvtat in U ii-ii t lie . m .i as ol
tWit tv Sta . htat. sMml tin Frd
vtn'thiK niiHciit i'Xt nlm irmi time to
tiinf, as the public interest teemed to rv
quire, toe judieiai r.-vi-nue atin ioisIhI m teio-
ol the iiMitiiry. With the iiie andconM-nt I
ol the Senate, the nennMirv iiHIcer wtrx-!
atitimntisil and atHirtmtions uwie lr Ln-1
grorvs for the (wiyuieut of their i-ai.irie. The 1
prK)sitiiin to umeiHi the Federal Consi it u '
tion, so as tu prevent the viuit o lmri .
w ithm the United State, or any j Un r vu- j
jeet to their jurtMii twit, was ratitUd by the '
requisite numlMT of States, and uu the Ifth
day of XovemVx r, In'.'j, it was ntlh tally de !
cls"reI to bate U.ne alid as n jr oi thej
Constitution of the United -tales. All ofj
States in which the insurrection had existed
promptly amended their Cvtistitution m as j
make them cunfonn to the great change thusj
cllecteu m the organic law or the land ; run
deivd null and Tuid nil ordinances and laws
of secession ; repudiated all protended debt
and obligation. created for the revolutionary
purposes of the insurrwtion, and. proceeded
in good faith to the enactment of the meas
ures for the protection and amelioration of
the condition of the colored race; Congress,
however, yet hesitated to admit any of these
States to representation, and it was not until
the clou of an eight month's session that an
exception was made iu favor of Tennessee by
the admission of hor Senators and Kcprosotit
atives. EXCLUSION OF LOYAL SOCTHIf.S BNATOR8
AND RErttKSi:.VrATIVES.
I deem it a subject of profound regret that
Congress has thus far failed to admit to seats,
loyal Senators and Hepresentntives from the
other States whose inhabitants, with those
of Tennessee , had been engaged in rolelllon.
Ten States, more than one-fourth of the
whulo number, remain without representa
tion. The seats of fifty meinbei-a ot tut?
House and twenty members of the Senate are
yet vacant; not bv their own consent, nut I
vf liiiiurv oi eieiuiou, uul uy tuc reiusai oi
Congress to accept their credentials. Their
admission, it is believed, would have accom
plished much towards the renewal and
strengthening of our relations its one eople,
and have removed a serious cause for discon
tent on tlic part of the people of Hiose States.
It would have accorded with the great prin
ciple enunciated in the Declaration of Ameri
can IndcH.'iidcuce, tha' no Ktiile ought to
bear the burden of taxation and yet be tie-1
mod the right of txqircscntstinn. It would
have wen in consonance with the express
provisions of tho Constitution derlariiu: that
each Statu shall have at least one Represent i
ative, and that no State, without its consent, i
thnll be deprived of equal suffrage in the Sen-1
ate. These provisions were intended to so-!
cure to eyery State the right of teptesenta
tiou ill Congress, and so imitortant was it
deemed by the franiers of the Constitution
that the eriunlitv of States should be pc
served in the Sena , that not even by an
amendment of theCoiMiturion can any State,
without its consent, bo denied n voice' in that
branchbr the National Legislature. It ha
leen anuicd that these State-, by rebellion,
become 'IVripories ; but all deptrtments of
Muvct(iiment, with ffreat dU.tln'-tm'-H, refused
tMvn, tinn ux asMimption so in uinpatiblo
u'iytM' ntlureof our Itcpuhliean systm
andiijthe profva-d pbjecU of the var.
Throughout the recent ession of Congres
the undeniable fa-t made itiscll Apparent, that
tho ten jKditical communities ore nothing less
I lian States of the Union, At the very com
mencement of the rebellion each Houso de
lared, with a unanimity as remarkable as it
was significant, that the war was not waged
tisin our part in any spirit of oppression, nor
for any purpose of overthrowing or interfering
with the rights of established institutions ol
these States, but to defend and maintain the
supremacy of the Constitution and of all laws
made in pursuance thereof, and to preserve
the Union with all the dignity, equality and
rights of the several States unimpaired ; and
that as soon as these objects are accomplished,
the war ought to cease. In some instances,
Senators were permitted to eontinue their
legislative function, while in other instance,
Iteprcsentatives were elected and admim-d
to scats ofter their States had formally de
clared their right to withdraw from the
Union, and were endeavoring to maintain
that right by force of arms. All of the State
whose jicople were in insurrection, as States
were included in the apportionment of the
direct tax of S20,000,000 annually, laid ujsin
the United States by the act appro ed Sth
August, 1801. Congress, by the act ol
March 4th, 18C2, and by the hpjKjrtioninent
of representation thereunder, also recognized
their presence as States of the Utron, and
they hare for judicial purjioses Wen dii.ded
into di-triets as State alone ran be divided.
The name recognition appears in the rwent
legislation in rcferenco to Tennesec, which
evidently rests Ukjii the fact that the func
tions of the State were not do-troyod by the
rebellion, but merely suspended, and thai
uriiK-i ikiI is. of course, applicable to ihoe
other States which, like Tennessee, attempted
to renounce their places in the Union. Tne
ni-tion of the Exertitive Detwrtment of the
Goveniment ui.m tl.N subject has Urn,,
equally deiliitte and uniiorin, auuiiie jmrposc
of the war wsu sn-ciiiclly stated in the pro
clamation issued bv ttiv tiredesAor, on the
22d dov of SrntetiiU'r.' IWJ2. It was then
solemnly prwclnimed and deckrwl that liere-1
after, as heretofore, the war will be prosecu-1
led lor the object ol practtmlly ntonng me
eoustitutloiial relnti'in lH?tws;n the United
States and etwh of the Stat, c, and the stple
themtf, in whi' h Statin that relation is ur
iiuy n: suspended or disturbed. The reog
iiitHin of tne States by the Jndi ial Depart
ntiit of the Government l also been c-Jear
ikI eon
"lnslve in all ptv-vedittf:, aflwiing
States in the Siiimn e Courts and
ti.eiu as Static, in
the District Courts
Ql'ALU K A i"M Or HEKRi.
In tlieadiuissiiHi.of SMtormHl HefirrsijBla
i, ten from all the atater, tt.er can leho.'''-t
ivund of appretieiwiou tUal peisoiis mi a a
.iyal will be lot tied with sivverof
. i ion ; for this couhl not hapieu when the
t.Wstitution mid the law are ctifoned by a
pliant and faithful Cuupin.- Each H-jum;
.r made thejudse ol the ele.-tioii retunuanu
qiMlifl atwiu-of lt ow'n meti'Lers andtuav,
with the mil umsm-e-of twti tt1rtls, exsd n
nu mUr. Whin Senator or Iti-prersentativt
I rtMfiitj. bis ertlfl ale of elc lion, he mat bt
lo e In; adinittel or tvjetA-iI ; ur, should
t.ii relif mi) qnt9liiMis as tu his ehtbiittv,
iis ereduntials may be tvkrrcil lur iuvoctipu
tion to appropnate ouiHwittec. If adiulttt-d
to a scat it must ih- i hi vvideme satisfaelo
rj to the House of w hieh he thus becomes a
member, that he pj-oe the right Coiisti
tutional and legal qnailll atioils. If refused
admission admisioii ns a inemWr fur want ot
-!ne allegiance to the Government, and re
turned to his constituents, they are admon
isheil that tioi.e but pel-sous loyal to the Uni
ted States vvtilbe ollovvtsl a voice in the
Lev-Utive .Couti. ils of the nation, and the
poll vies 1 puvver atwl moral luiluetHv of on
srvM are ihu eiTi tivtly exerted in the in-
teiubU loyiUtv tu the Government and fulel- j
ity to the tllMiil.
Upon this question, so vitally, nflorting the
ns-lotation of the Union and the p- nnsiienry
of our form or Government, my convictioas
heretofore exptesstxl have undergone no
change; but on the contrary their ttirrect
neso lias ln-en coiinrtued by reilition and
time. If the admission of loyal members to
seats in Cungress was wise and expedient a
year ago, it is no lew wise and exc-ciient now.
If this anomalous condition is right nuw, and
if. iu the exact condition of the tatcs at the
present time, it is lawful to exclude them
from representation, I do not see that the
question will be chanced by the elllux of
c.',' "
amies re -
lime, iun years honce, u these
main a they are, the right of rcprusentat on
wi be no stronger-the nght of exclusum
will bo no weaker. The Constitution make,
lliueuuiy m u e rresm.iv ivc..,...u
to the ronsideration of Congress such ineas
admission of loyal mem ben from States novv
x luded from Congress, allaying doubt ami
apprehension, would turn capital n w await
ing an opportunity for investment into the
channels of trade and industry. It will
alleviate the present troubled condition of
tliiise states, by indii'-ing imiiiigration, and
in tho settlement of fertile region now un
inhabited, lead to nn increased pntdtictiim
thou stafiles which have added mi greatly
to the wealth of the nation, and thenimnu'ivi'
r the world. New fields of entertiri-e would
be opened to uur progressive jn'opfe, and sin
the devastation of wnr would be retired,
and nil traces of our domestic diflerenit's er
fared from the minds of our countrvmen In
in our fflorts to preserve the bonds of Gov
unuuent which tinile us In one people n.v ' re
storing the States to the ronclitiou which
they held prior to the rcbclli.n.
tires as lie snail juoge ueciwary mm ean.ni-, ava!i,uie .urtSJ, f 7 a! (Lso It iV 1 uein-u is transmit ted in the Kntish inaib or I OLUongref in h eiions luenwuragc "jw
ent. I know of iiotneasuretnoreimpi'ratively j , , , reivintTforthc fiscal year i ' "" through the United Kingdom; States which, scourged by war, are now car
demanded by every cons.deration of natiotal ; , , " o ,i of June lVo7 v iV WS475 - ' AUil,iuiit ?1 a un.form ami reasona- nestly engaged in the rrorgamwtion of their
interest, Kiund policy and equal Justice, than j Wi, j., d LJ ' . ble charge for theM- and territorial transport, I domestic industrv. It is a subject .of congrat
adniission of loyal members f mm the now un Mh tjj(j Mim of ssiojohoTH- loav-'in" jn ! and of corrwjKjndenee cn.-lo-ed in mails, ami ulatien that no further combinations against
represented States. This would consuinmati .r.vll. k.i. .'r c-thst rAt in "r... an allowance to each Post Ofllce Deuartment our domestic tieace and safety, or our legiti
me work of restoration and exert a most sal i tjjo JWa, ' vlJinrr Ju7le 'lgcs u u ! of the right to use all mail communication est. mate influence among the nations, "have been
,utary influence in the re-cstabl.s l.ment Utimate.1 that the tweipts will amount i tabllshed tinder the authority or the other for 1 favored or attempt. While sentiments of
peace, harmony and fraternal feeling. "! 043000000.1: and the uxneudituru will thedost)atchofcorrets.ndeiice,cittrrin otorn reconciliation, loyalty imd patriotism have in-
wouldtend greatly to renew tne conitden-e s w . .j in. f CK5 .or closed mail, on the tame terms as th- se creasocl at home, a more just ipnMuerauon 01
rl. A mnrir-,n iwnnli. in t in v cror of their t iT..--... nl -u""'pucai.. ot wrsj, ,.,.,,.. L m..,.!,..,, n,i,,m9 rdomrlnr and rnrbts has beeli
institutions ; it would bind us mure ehr-erv j l.(.,7mtl.(, .p,.,,, may aitninished by a 1 providing the means of transmission. manifested by foreign nations,
together as a nation, and enable u to show r..(iUl.ti,miini,vAfa.flni, . ...wi,,,,..-' ... the ocean oable.
n nv iuiwnvii w ... - -1 , 1 infiko ki t iia 1 iiKiiisniiit -i J..w.. aitiiiii uu 1; iu ils iiitistifituiiLa 111 liic Luuiun - a
the world the inherent ami recn.ienitive , ,lt. n .uade , rZ''Z Z Z.Z; ' The entire surety of the Atlantic
power 01 a uo ycniment louu. eu u - the revenue of the ptesent and following .,xu ;u;M; : "VnT:
w 11 of the people, and taW hed poi ' Mn, w, (1,mbt,s ij Hufllcient to cover nlU Sub.J Newfoundland, is an achievement
principles ofliborty, justice ami intellgei.c-e.f.t.nt(i . . , M,Vpub,!e!rri,MV,c? Vnatr 1 L.,rn has b.-ec, iustlv celebrated in both
, Our increased strength and enhance, pr, ft , - - -c - - , msuui. ug ue ,asv nscm ye r ,,0,0 . f fln Qn ,
.perity wouiu irreimgiuiv uemosiraie 'ttM ,,-. , :, nr ,1,,, ,.Unri,Mi ,,i , , ili.lit. ' . J.!", .7. . i . rA . i.T. sress of civiliiation. TIi?re Is reason
iallacy of the arumenU against five iiistitu ':""", ,,,, '"l", ' ,". , u were c item, unuer .e o. e- - succe will attend, a
tions drawn from our recent disotder by the 1 . , . m ea. aci uie ponrj onguiao, .u ii 1 .,,, fultow. the enterprise
eiiemes clt lUpuDin-an liovernmeni. ",,-,,.. ....,, 1. ,,i ..A.t , .v,-... ... ... ,....,i (inff t ... tno cont nents throuch
... . . T I . . . I j ' v- 1 i v w 1 1 ...1 Inl inn fit till! 1 nlilin lnl.' Ilk lllllll'n'tHIM I'M. T" .
IMMir.lt or CONSOLIDATION.
Wc should be cautious, lest, having rescued tional call, large ainiies can be tapidly oigau- pilioiis results are undoubted, and will be
our nation from perils of threatened disinle-' ized, equipH-d nnd concentrated, roitilica- more signally manife-ttd when time shall
gration. we resort to consolidati n, nnd end tiuti on tne ostst nnd frontier have received have given to it n wider developemcnt. Con
di absolute desK)tiui, as a remedy of the re- lr are being prejmied for more jiowerful r gress has made liberal grant of public lands
currenre ol similar troubles. The war having ' inaiiients. Lake surveys and river and Jiar- to corporations in aid of the construction of
terminated, and with it all occasion for the bor improvements are in course of energetic-' railroads nnd other internal improvctnentj.
. 0 , . . ... . . I -..m1 II . I I . 1 - CI 1.1 . l- ,1 , f. 1
exercise oi powers ot uouuuui constitution-
ality, wc should hasten to bring legislation
Within the boundaries prescribed by the Con
stitution, and to return to the ancient land
marks established by our fathers for the gui
dance of succeeding generations. The Con
stitution, which at any time exists until
changed by an explicit nnd authentic net ol
the whole js-oplc, is sacredly obligatory Uhjii
all. If. in the oninion of the iieonle. the dis
tribution or limitation of the constitutional
powers be in any particular wronc. let it be
corrected uy an amendment in the way in
which the Constitution designates, b t let
there In no change by usurpation, for ills
the customary weapon by which free Gov
ernment are destroyed.
SENTIMENTS or THE KAItl.Y FRES1I)E.VTS.
Walnntiin spoke these wonls to his conn
tr, men when, 'followed by their love and
grn tit tide, hc voluntarily retired from the
cares of a public li.e. To keen all things
within tlx, ,,! ,.f nr. .,iit.,f i..nni ,w...
and cneristi the federal tmon as the only
roch of safety, were P-cri.H by Jefi-erou
men the princijili'S of their Constitution, and
promote a union of sentiment and aetion
n k niiiw i.i flri mil Tfi iininrar in iitia Minnrvi'.
-.1
equally auspiiiotis to their hapiinuss ami safe
ty. Jarkson held that the action f the
General Government should always bcstrictly
coiiuneu to the sphere ol its appropriate du
tie, and justlv and forcibly urged that our
i Government is not to Ikj maintained nor our
umon prin-ervetl uy invasions ol the nclil
lu.tror. .fl.o L..tiil tifi.
' ' -
In thus attempting to make our General
. .. . i i. .. -t. i.
r . . - - t.
'jovenmirni sironcer we inshe ii weaker, its
tme strength cn-ists in leaving individua's
-
and Statun as much a. ossible to them-elve ,
in making tUeit felt not in its prutectiou, nut
in binding the States I Ho re eh-elv totheeen
tie, but leaving earh to move unoiistrurted
n hp in- iti mii--iiiuuviMi wiuii, j uw; .iu
Tbee are !
the lem-hmja. of men whose deed and servi -
v have made them ilfustricm,, and who,
h,.tiiKi., have withdrawn fmm the
of iVfe, having left to their count ry the advan-
tap'cd their exanqJe, their wMom and
thdr tMirwti.m. Draw g frsh insMrati.,,.
fn.m lw.r l-,,i,-.iet lis omiilato 1 limn it.
love of - trj and rep- cl for tJie Constitu
tion and t ae I num.
the TtiAjrsr.
The rejiirt ol theSociutarj'of theTreasurv
affonls mueh infonuat'ton rpeeting tue rev
enue and commerce of tue Country. IIU
view usjii the currency, and with n-ierec
tu a pniper adjustment of our revenue sj.-ieiu,
uti'i-nil w-efl as iuimist are omiiMiittMl to
Htenul will as iuii, art? ouuimitteu to
theratvlul consideration oi Congress,
ln-L annual Mimev 1 juv-el lur
ctmcrai
j .. ..
ll mv
iit.u-ff mum lai. suIium ts. mill I iioim luiu
ouly call attentuin tu the itts.nsity ol carry -
n lnl
injt into every deixrtinito( the Goveniment
a
by M.rh a uiiihcatniii of our n'Venue laws a.-
wr.lleu-Utitw,th the public faiti. an,j
the leiritiHHite auu" necisr wants of the
Ui.ven.u.ent. The report ruvscms a muci,
more satMacton oinaitHju,ol uur
than one year aei, tte most mhicuuic .tid
hi-To juti itated. During u.e ILscaf year end-
mp tue 0th ol June, Ifb5.ua last v ear i
the war, thepubli- debt wainea-oswrS141,-
ytC,W., and the 31st of Uctober INiS, it
mmiuiiiid ti.5f''74i .kAJ.T.Mi. (in n... :.l.t ,.i
in ..i .... 77. . , ..
3111,000. The diminution, during the t.cnod
v lunvi, itini,!! nan wcu utiucvii ui
of fourteen mouths, c..iiilniieir1K September
1st, lhto. and ending October 31st. lKWi ,
. r -
having been S.Siy.uuo.
In the last annual report on Uie Mate of
the fimtices it was estimated that durins the
tUrve-quart-r- of th" fiscal yer enditv t1" -
30th ot June Fat, the debtwoufdUinm-xsed
SI 12,l4,a47 ; daring that ts-riod, however it
was redtued S;il,iy0,;i87, the receipts of the
year havius been
i S6y.y0j,W)5, more, and the
0,5.235 1cm than the ts-tt-
I'Vlu-nrlilnii-s fttlti
s's I. in il naid aeciiuiitati htv. throuph n- 'l""" ul vw.j, wi, ruull"
hvAi,.hi .ml aw. ,m,n.ui- u-itt. m. apKopnation was nade oy toncros, in the tue
. . i - . ... . ...T . r. An. nitiirmt il .I11K tb-lti. 1vti- ino.utliiit- tin- f . ... M
ceiuiimai r uiisi.m exiienuiiurcH. iwuf -ii j j- Uistnct 01
IMi-ivebuiti.eMi.14 taxatwncmi be lesenei "auumg nppropnaviou oi c.w,iuu lor iree , .
man. Nothing could more clearlv indicate rTi als tuenu attcniion. lhe PostUl-jif an(J j tmst tbat tlie cflbr of the
than these statement the extent and avalla-, ko Deiartmeut or Gnat L.rttain and our j munjf jpal authorities to promote the prds
bility of the national resources and the rapid I own navc SrKl uvon a preliminary basis for rity of the natioual metropolis will receive
ity and safety with which, under our fo m of!
;., i i ........ '.
''.K ami Z Z
! i7S7n"rdS footi .?
j "'V " reSK SOth of
, j; , tweipu wm 8,i58 0S(ni'
'h! . thi jn'. .J
tingulshed within the next quarter of a cen
tury. THE WAK iy:PAmMENT.
The IUqsirt of the Seen tary of Wnr fur
nishes valuable and important inrurm.it ion in
rcferenceto theoperations of this Department
during the past year. Few Volunteers novv
remain iu the service, and tlay are Wing din
c inrged as rapidly as they can bo replaced by
Hegular tnmps. The Army been irompt
ly jvaid, can-fuPy piovided with inedieal treat
incur, vyell sheltered and subsisted, and is to
Im. furnished with breech loading small arms
The military streiiath of the nation has been
uniiiiiaired by the discharge of Volunteers,
the di-Mtition of un-etvireable or periliable
stores and the retreivliinent of expendi-ure. j
C. .111.1 ... .... ' . 1
ftul .rfent wnr material ti, meet any rnu-rgei.
cy haa been retained. Tho disbanded Voluu -
l"'l"Ml AIUII UIIM Vl.aill Mllll UO UVUt- lV ..mil. .t . I 1 1 ..M 4 . ... j I ttlfllMillflTH ri'VITllllt ' " C ' '
teers, standing ready to respond to the Na
piiccuuon. i-rejmraiious nave oeeu mauo
for the payment of additional bounties, uu
thorized during the recent session of Congress
under such regulations as wiil protett the
Government (rum fraud and secure to the
honoinbly discharged soldier the well-ehrned
reward of his faithfulness and gallantry. Mo e
than GjOOO maimed soldiers had reteited arti
ficial limbs, or other surgical apparatus, and
-11 national cemeteries, loutaiiune the re-
j mains ot 104,520 Union soldiers, have aiready
wwn established. J he total amount ol unit
tun uppruiinatiotts is Sa.'JUu.OW.
THE NAVT UEPAft I 1ENT.
It is stated in ttie Heisirt of the Secretary
ol tne Nhv tout the iiavai lone at this time
consists o -to vew-ele, armto witn 2,51 guns.
Ui toene, ll6 esoeis uie divided elnellv
i he numiKr of men
Service , i,. Great activity ana
among seven junuruns
vigilance have neeu disjiiuved
aie oeeu uisiumeu uy an me
and tno,r moVement have U
I squadrons,
.uduioilv and etheieiitlv arransed in uci.
maimer as wouiu ueai. j.nimoie Ainenean
oinuiercx, and
mil fiiiimi , iii.tii aiiiimu. A iit iimmi. in-
lemployeu ntv undergoing rejmirs, or are
I up until their service inav be required. 1
. ..1 . . .
o. the irun-clud fleet t at League f.laini, m
. i ......... i !.... ...
tne vicinity ot Ptulailelphis, a plate win
until decisive aetion shall bo taken by Cou
crerji, was selected by the SetTetHry of the
Navy as tue most eligible locution for that
ol vessels. It is nujsjrtaiit that a uita-
oie puoue nuoi. ue pivviueu lor lue inm-
I nail lIci'T It. IK It it t'llf llf 1 tlint tilt VffMi k
Uall U kent in i.m.r cond.tiou lor anv
h'"'' "f, ' ,m IZa l J.i ,'
ioccviiliiiR t.e laiund lur naval titim-es, whi-h
i aetirniiiiu i,iu isiuu
i . ...... ' i .. . ,
I u ..I.I I III. llflllA 3,1 II. Il'.k I fc. .1 1 1 1 1 I.MII1,II.
... i,..,' j,, 'i,,...!,
; ' 1Bi . . lir
ci. r that ti.ere IH.r (m- 3. Hiitatil,, .lt,nn f.rt-
- -
W . . i. . i
ttoW iHis ot veisseU, an weft as a navy yard m
I ... . j . r -1
1 Bma kiitlli-iiMil lur Iuk u nnl nf t hi-i.tn-i.-. mi
tne Dtrfaware Hiver. The Naval Pension
r. , , ..... , , . ol I -fjia ll ...... ,
i ' u,,u '''.Tr:; tI
J ,n 'fM1 xtJ,'- J"'
nTTtVT Sn fJt
T,1!' , T , , . 'WfiSl:
f Vr a f . , n
, to L
""' ....j - v
uflepisfative measures for thoJr reliel nnd im
provemeut. The egge.tiot in behairorthls
iliKTimg -Ioks of our teliuw citizens are ear-
noettv n unintended to the favorable atten
thill ot Uougrcr.
THE rOSTAl. Dr.PAmXENT,
The Itujrt of the Pot Master General pre
swits a most satietactorv condition of the
l,JU rvaw. ami Mibuuts recura eudations
i
suiuj iigiic lilt tuuciunsuuii ui wiipiuw.
uo rvvtum of the department for the year
'utiiitm June 30th. ltrf. were S14.:C.UMi.
!'"
. o . . . . '
the exiwudltuts SlO-iUiy, showm . an ou-irucuons 10 me iree aim saie nav i
iccMUl tho latter ol SUtf. Fora jgation of that great channel of trade and
j" vx
FeVe-
' i?t jattiing ui-exjieil The; actuai
dehejenev lur the Ityear .mly b,t-,
m wnuinoautii oi iu aaMwiutaiiuiaiL-a
"i " ...
. rvx-ttw. conqwrMl vvitli tbe tevtmis year,
8t-' aU(i ' Hit jr cwit., and .0
auttit "g pnncijially to
i warecmeut ol tv. mml "men in Uie
wc w..i. v i "
' iuuv last, there were in operation 6.9.T0 mail
' r.u,t.. u-,ii, ..,.1.. i,...tf. r inn ncii
, i -or--e o .
mifiati agresate annual transportation of
Jto-',v- uuie-, ami an aggre-aie annual
"u"5 elieouuu,oi og.-iiu,io.
Tl. I . .. . e l, .1 I 1 . lift 1.. .
i I uc iviigiu in itauruau iuuuh u u,uv- nines,
aim the annual transmutation aj.wj, i
miles. Tlic leusth of Steamboat routes is
s W.8-0 tuilus, and the annual transportation
'. 3,4ll,!Hl'2 miles The mail service is rapidly
, ii'truasing thtvughout the whole country, and
j u tca,, extension in the Southeni States
! Indicates their constantly improving condi -
I ; -ron ,nS ""P'nce of the foreign
a r
will cniimmtlr Ui iHtni'tteial to the mmmrr
iVi terosts oT the United Stale, imvmum
it Avntemplatcs a mlur.tion of the interna-
Hiual letter K,taKe to one half the exiting
' reduction uf jwstage With all
other rountrie. to and from ivhirbWrespon-
sential tnodifli-atioti". Immediate revenue
nnd not their rapid settlement was the car
dinal feature or our land system. Long ex
perience and earnest discission have resulted
in the conv ction that the ear'y developcment
of our agricultural resources and the citiiusiun
of an energetic population over our vast terri
tory are objects ol lar greater nuponaiico io
the natinnal growth and prvmcrity than the
. s.t . . ..T tiA I tirl ti i thn lilt 1iwf
i .
in open market, mo pro-einption
. .... . I
laws Aiifcr iijwn the pioneer who complies
...ui iim terms tlicv impose, the iirlvilet'o ol
purchasing a limited portion of unoflVred land
at the minimum price. The homestead enart-
uent reiim' the seiner irom uie payment
ofpurciase money, and secures him a perma
nent home on cciujini"" vi lesnivitr ior
. .. Thts liberal nollcvlii'vlfeiiem
i """""' t M aud'from the more
I igratlon irom vuo om
mini luaiivi us ivciiiua7 isjiliuh ui
crowded portions of the New World, itsnm.
i vJiiouiu mis poncy ncreaiter prevail, more
stringent provisions will be required tOBecure
n faithful application of the funds. The title
to the lands should not pass by patent or oth
erwise, but remain in the Government and
subject to its control until some twrtion of
the road has been actually built. Portions of
them might then, fr. m time to time, be con
veyed to the coriKiration, but never in a great
er ratio to the whole quantity embraced by
the grant, than the completed parts bear to
the entire length of the projected improve
ment. This restriction would not operate to
the prejudice of any undertaking conceived in
good faith, and executed with reasonable en
ergy, as it is i he settled practice to withdraw
irom the market the lands falling within the
oiKjration of 6urh irratits, and thus to exclude
' subsequent adverte right.
1' ZZ ' S
" , .,, v , . : , r"'
ZuCiHf?? f Cla'm 1tue.,a.nJi5 60
uciii.,... ' . "...T
.... yu, u ui uue w
lui-ratuitisiin the slvm-iI Hum ..r ih l
me iuu lunicjuu, nuiwu remain unsoiu.
I . . .
' . i lvj aim nuMU-Ji
Should no unforseen
pated that this great thoroughfare will he
ootm leted Ijelore the exuiration of the time
' llu HMI...UI I.. , -
Diiring the last fiscal year the araountnaid
to pensioner-, iii'ludinc extienses of disburse
ment, was Sl;,4rO,VJ0, and 60,177 names were
a.niiHi to tne pension rolls, 'ihe entire nuru-
,.,.. .r,., ,.,,! .win to..
... . J . . . ' . I
I ' "'W '.U,8H" tt '" ?nH "nK,?5
' "'tfutloiaI authority of the Federal Gov-
r..t..
i ' -""-,"" """"win iii'wiaii- vuv inivgniy
ithiiicih,
,ol the Luion. Jhey imjsi-e utKin us corres-
. lltllllll IMZ A LIU 11.1 M L. w-rm 1111 HI ft I I III! L
L- .:T.y? 'V;.. . 7 "
,vaa;,uw win ue requireu to meet tue exi-
i ' .r .! ,i. .: ,i..-
. H ni-ii " ji " . J w.uuvuvi mi DC,11.V UlUliii:
I " .
tne next fiscal year.
Treaties have been concluded with Indiana
who were enticed to armed opposition to our
j Government at the outbreak of the rebellion,
nun who have unconditionally submitted to
our authority, and manifested" an earnest de
sire for the renewal of friendly relations.
During the year ending September 30, lSCC,
X T 1 li tt-i tfitlf . frit- If us ft if int'tnf intit iiiil tt a
K f. fln(1 ftt ,Lat (hti. tljc i
Ul(J Xrva8Ur. l0 tjc ctx6it of tbe Patent Fund
. C-is
As a subject upon which depends an im
mense amount of the production and com
merce of the country, 1 recommend to Con-an-ss
such letrislatiuii may be necessary for
the preservation of tbe fevee of the .Misstssip
i . - a maucr ot naiicraai imporemcc
. , . mniiild fx taken not n v to
I j - - -1 - - .'
add to tbe efliciencv of tliei-e barriers against
1 destructive inundations, but for the removal
, r ,, . , ... r !.. r
DISTRICT Or COLUMBIA.
Columbia, under existing
itled to that reuresentation in
l -I... ....I,...! ninnmlu i-liinti frvxtn n,r MirliMf
j H!.t ur. uas been uniformly accorded to each
j Teniiw. blishwl frum time to time with-
j i)( mf ,lf It maintains rK.-cuIiar relation!
to Consrvi. tu which the Constitution has
granted the power of exercising cxclusivo
(ef,ow d,jmis ridit ig in the District ,!.
illUrebtJI aru tijus confined to the seci
Ivs tslatton over the seat ol Uovernment, Uur
uiiardknship of - ongress, exa-ed in number
I ,,. I.,ut.1 ..r-.w.rst ..r .,r T..ri t..
i " i"! .......,
' atlll
no iust reason is conceived why a Dele
gate of their choice should not be admitted
to a seat in the House. No mode r-cidi so
appropriate or effectual of enabling them to
make known thoir peculiar conditions and
wants, and of securing the local legislation
adapted to them. I therefor' recommend tho
r. i..
irliAPitittw til a iTnf rt(w r
the District of Columbia to choose a De.egate
to be allowed the same rights and privileges
1 inm.,ti eatert.riw rapid pre f
- jInpruVct,nt in 'the District are highly grat-
as i
m tlnl.w-.t. v.t.rocf.iif tnrr n TVirrilnrt
cflicient and nenerous cooperation of
.
TrMrrw r ,,,,,
mfawmekt or ack c ctnrt
The RcI(ort of the Coran.iss.oner of Agn-
, cuuure reviews uie ojierauou o uu Mv;
ment during the ist year, and asks the aid
Tolegraph
roYiace
which
hemis-
tho pro-
to CJC-
nd even
for cpn-
the Pa-
c illr Ocean, Ir
by the projected lino of telegraph
amschatka and the IUiaian Pos-
between Kamschatka
sessions iu America.
rOMEION nELATIONt
The resolution ofConcres protest ing against
rdoni by foreign Governments of jiersons
eonvieted of infamous oflen'-es on condition of
emigrating to our country has been commu-
nicated to tho States with which we maini
tain intercourse, and the practice, to justly1
the subject of complaint on our part, has not
been nn-uel. r
The i-onsMtulations or Congress to tbe Em
peror of Husia upon his esrapo from the'at
tempi ed as-asination, have beeo presented to
that humane and enlightened ruler, ajndrej
celved by him with expressions of gratcrul
oppr"intlon. r .Rrs; ,
The Executive, warned of attempt by
m
I
' s

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