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MINER. "Vol. IJ:ill!SCOrrT, SATURDAY, JULY 25. 18G8. IV o. :io. to Zt WffWjj gmsonn pncv. I'iiIjIIhIhmI ICvttry Hittiirduy, At Prcscott, Yavapai County, Arizona. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: One Copy, One Year $700 1 Six Months 4 00 Throe Months 2 50 .Snrfle topics, 25 IIATKS OK ADVUIlTISlNOl On- n'H'.uo, one Una', $.".00; with additional t SI 'iO. Each additional square, same rate. ' i 1 discount will he made to persons eon. , .in- came advertisement for three, sir, or V ' luulltll. IVi - "jiiiI or business cards Inserted upon I- .j i.le t'i ill. E " a.' Tender .Xotet lahtn at jnr in payment . jk?'J( r'rfioM, adteriiting and job work. Trriun, liiviirlnlily In nil vit nrc. JOHN II MAHION' 11KNJ. 11. WEAVER. I'ubluhrn and Proprietor!. YAVAPAI COUNTY DIRECTORY. D 1 II h t 'J I'!? J , li,'i t Ait.,rncjr r ' It'Hunter T 't Amrr k 'it J).tnct Cuurt, .. 'm. v. rvtsv.ii. IIKMKUII llKOOKX. WX. J. 1IKBKT, A. J. Moonr. Jnnx II. Iii:mi, WlM.lt m Coiir. K. W. WKUm, Jit. TKItMS OP COIIIlT.Si I) - i r ..,rtl-(r( Mcm.Ujr la May, ami TWnl Mm-,- fi'..lr It ( imrl Pint JIwt4j-i lo January, April, July t, (j llOAUI) OP SlTPKIlVlSOn-S: Jc3l-nlt. John (I. Campbrt! p. VrWHh. F i - , n h Prnrt Slnnhjr la January, April, Jj joJ Oi .i-r nt I'rroMHi. Jl STICKS OP THE peace-Ra-cire'E H'.nr RmnpY? IlirrwM. r.usiness and Professional Cards .1. P. HARGRAVE, A" HNEY AND COUNSKLOR-AT-LAW, M Milrrum street, Prenrott, Arizona. JOHIN' HOWARD, ATTORNEY AND COUNSKLOR-AT-LAW. Prcscott, Arizona. A. B. DAVIS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSBLOR-AT-LAW, Mohave City, Arizona Territory. F. P. HOWARD, M. D., PHYSICIAN -AXJD StJItOKOT. WIckcnbnrg, Arlr.onx Aztlan Lodge No. 177, F. & A. M. Rrsiilnr mwtlnr of IUU Lodira on t.v Hits lal SatnnUy of eaefc month, iu ? JJ o'clock p. M. Sojonrulnc Brethren are fraternallr Invited to atteuil. LMMlifV mm IVi. tl- ir James E. McCArritr, Secretary. Why is il Timl Itic Precott people wearbeUcT clothe, smoke better cijraK chew better tobacco, look imlsomer nnd are happier than formerly Ask Henderson A Co. tnvlG, Why is it Tlmt Dry Good are fold cheaper in Prcscott 0 ; iu . i i in n uvib iuu o iid ui u rra hlcu r.n- ' e'-r HENDERSON A; CO. mrlG IOU SALI1 A FEW NO. 1. COWS Apply to A. 0. DUNN. Prcscott, June 12, IS08. tf. J. COLDWATER, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN Groceries nnil Provisions, Cnotxr.gi Dry-Good, lijott, SKm, Jlatt, fc, St?" At the old tand formerly occupied by II. dim, Li Paz, Ari.oiiiu Tt'ST RECEIVED, AND SELLING CHEAP, at Campbell & Hnllum's, a larse nnd wull ortcd Stock of Summer Drv Good, Clothlny, re Trimming", etc., etc" Cooklns 8lor, rorYi and Lilting Pomps, Saddles, HrliHc, Spurn, r'ncV Whips, etc., etc. Comp andeinmlue our Stock and Price nud von will lie uro lo bnv. JnH CAMPBELL A BUFFUM. 500,000 SHINGLES IOR SALE CHEAP, FOR CASH. Apply to J01INP0N & ZIMMERMAN, At helr Ranch, on Indian Creek, 4 1-2 mile south ofProicott. dec7 TO MINERS AND MILL MEN. "T7-E HAVE ON HANI), IN THE MINER ' ' Olllcc, Rovernl hundred pounds of OLD TY1B METAL, "hlch wo dcire to ecll. MARION & WEAVER, Irc'cott, March 23, 1SCS. Why 1h it That tho Prcscott Uars sell hotter Liquors lormcnyT Ask HENDERSON & CO. mylC. Blowing Up the Olooe. The savins arc buy with u now and tatlier dangerous theory. Tho phenomena of tho more recent earthquakes, and eruption, as of , Mauna Loa, Mount Vesuviii, Mount Hecln, I St. Thomas, etc., liao started tho philoso phers ution a new series of investiL'ntions and gcucraliations. Prof. Looinis, of New Haven, Jim come to the conclusion that all volcanoes, j nstcad or having a local origin, do, in fact. ! have a common origin in the intense heat and molten matter of the globe. Tho thin crust of the earth is only the shell of a boiler; and the hot springs, steaming fissures and llaming volcanoes nro the mere leakage from the or dinary pressure. These eruptions, Professor 1OOtnLs thinks, are now satisfactorily proved to be caused by water (lowing in uiwn this central (ire and thus creating a vast amount of steam (superheated, we should suppose.) This exerts an enormous pressure ujwn the shell of the earth, bulging it up, cracking it open, punching holes in the tojw of moun tains, throwing up lava and enormous rock, and blowing oil steam with surh occasional jars and trembling, alternating in power from the one which shakes down a little crockery Ui one which shakes down a city. Now, ac cording to the new theory, it is only necessary to let in a little more wutcr, which may bull pen by a fissure or hole in the bottom of tho ocean, and we are "gonu up." Steam enough will be raised to toss the mountains like so many pebbles. And the worst of it is that the New Haven savan thinks tbore is now great danger that the water is to be let on. This plan squelches the electoral theory nt once. Rut so much the worse for such an in tangible tLcory. And then, as though the Professor had not suggested mischief enough, he intimates that some such cataMropbe has befallen a planet fifty times larger tfwn the earth, which once had a place between Mare and Jopiter, the remains of which are found in ninety-seven piece culled asteroids, with a great many more pieces that never were found. On the wholo, the Professor has got up an itnicnding caiastruphe on a large scale. Rut as the shell of tlio terrcslial world has held together imw a longtime, and for apes wTien it was mneh thinner than now, a good many people, we think, will be inclined to take tho risks. We have had nothing in the recent phenomena more extraordinary than has occurred many times lefon?. Mountains have leen lifted up from the plains, islands have been cast up in the ocean, volcanoes have been active during all tho inhabitable ages, and earthquakes haro been more or less disastrous (or the Iat fifteen centuries. And with all this strain, with here and there a fisiurc and some (lory leakage, have not the sarans told us that the crust of the earth is stronger than ever bo fore ? The new theory takes small account of this fact. Once get the full htxul of steam on and awav we co. Fifty or live hundred asteroids go whirling into space and the as tronomers or toe moon jwko their glasses at u, and then call a meeting to discuss the phe nomena. A good rnanv vexatious partition suits would be ended summarily. And it is a grave question whether some of the large ranches would be found on any one asteroid. Al any rate the hint ought lo be improved by men who have already more land than tl.av know what tndn witii and arfcill t.k ing for more. They will cerUinly lind them selves in an awkward plight if there is any virtue in the new theory. ban rrantinn Wnr..v to Laboii ami Wiikxto Rust. As a general rule, the best portion of the day for severe la'jor, cither mental or physical, is before noon. The vital forces of the body and brain, after the recuperation afforded by a good night's rest, nro then in their best condition for active and etfective lalwr. The mind is clearer, fresher, aud more elastic, and the muscles respond to the mandate of tbe will with greater readiness nnd freedom. The experience of many will seem to contra dict this. For instance : persons who, from necessity or otherwise, have formed the habit of performing their hardest labor In the af ternoon or evening, will assert that they can do it easier at such time than in the morning, and true enough they am, so long as they are subject to that habit; but once let them discontinue that course and form the habit of doing their hardest work in tho oarly part of tbe day, aud they willsuuu perceive a decided improvement in tho case with which their work is performed, and also that they can do more in the same length of time tmd with loss fatigue than they previously could later in the day. As nature indicates the time to labor, to does she, even more plainlv, point out the time for rest. In the still Lours of night,' Naturo sloops and rests, and so should man. Man requires on the average, when in health, about eight hours' sleep out of tho twenty-four, and it should all be taken during the hours of darkness. In sickness, it is of ten wrl! for the patient not only to sleep all night, if ho cun, but also to sleep some in tho day time. In health day-sleep is unnecessary, if "night sleep can bo had. Severe labor of any kind should not bo performed either n short before or soon after eating; but light, gentle exercise or recreation at such times is not only not objectionable, but, for persons in health particularly, n decided advantage. No one should labor with the mind or body, while suffering from pin or fatigue. Under such circumstances, labor exhausts vitality with great rapidity. Tho universal remedy for (atiguo is rc&t.Ucmlcl of lltalth and Life, Fifteen years ago a man left Gardner, Maine, to try his fortune in Chicago. Ho had $03, which'he invested in buying houso Iota about a mile from tho centre of the then city. To-day that f atno property would sell at auc tion for 250,000. The sparo change be got fro-n practicing law ho put into houso lots, and then into a banking house, and now pays a tsx ujrtn 553,000,000 of safe investment. The Hats op tiih Lowr.n Levels. A mi ner of the Imperial mine, Gold Hill, sends the KultrjnUt the following rat story; It is not generally k'nown, except in mining localities, that rats inhabit the mines, but such, however, is the fac t. From the top ground down to the lowest levels, they are to be found in our mines. How they came there whether from tho top or whether they are the spontaneous production of mother earth in her darksome chambers is not defi nitely known. How they manage to live is another question not easy of solution, for there arc to be found rats of all sizes and de grees, from the smallest unfledged ratling, timid and shrinking from observation, to the rat of largest size and most aristocratic mein, as fat as an Alderman and as bold as old Fal stafL Thoy all, raU and nUcerkcop in good condition, living in part on food thrown away by the miners who lunch in the mines and in part on bugs and gntts that breed in the more moist portions of tho works. When the minors sit around their dinner pails at lunrh con, the rats dodge about them and pickup the crumbs and bones they throw away, and are nover molested by the men. We miners never kill the rats that live in the mines danger makes as companionable and as the most reserved gentleman would meet and kindly greet an old loafer acquakitance on a foreign strand in Chins. Tiinbudoo or New Jersey so we gladly make friemh with the rats of the lower levels. Sometime since tho Imperial Company stopped 'work at the low est level for several days to repair the shaft just alwre it. After rosuming work the car man, who was the first to go below, went down alone to ran out the ore (You the chutes and as soon as the rats heard the old familiar sound of the car rumbling along the track they rushed out from lebind the timbers to welcome the presence of man oac trcre They ran up to the carman in aqnsdt, climbed all ovor him, then down to the station lloor again and sc inured and gamboled around in ecstasies of unmistakable delight. When be started for the chute again with the car they ran following and playing around him, and" when he had filled his car with ear and started Ixtck again for the shaft. Ui ty (the rats) sprang upon tbe cur and ran all over it. and jumped and leaped as if mad. The car man sat ikiwn a moment to tee what thy would do. when they all huddled around aitd ran over him without tbe slightest apparent fear and without o (faring to bite him. He did not hurt any of them, as be said if they could live in such a place be felt in duty bound to let them have tbe "freedom of the city." Ameiuca.v Citiiw. The London Athmanm remarks in the course of a review of rwrnt American volume: Raltimorc will live in the traveler's mind as a city of lovely girls, ef passionate song and of perfect tarrapin. It will keep H4 place when thing of bigber intret rasy nave passed away, by the color of lis street, by the dash of its people, by the heat of iu pavement, by the frolic of its qnays. Other cities of tho Union in have their cbanns: Roston is very mahf, Richmond is very picturesque. New York abounds in riches, Chicago in enterprise, New Orlau in wick ednevs. St. Louis is fervid. PiUdelibia nobly built, but Raltimorc las a charm beyond nearly all cities in America, which many a visitor ha felt without being able to dex-ribe. Tho strct nre very aunuy, the citixcin very gay. Rut these things may be wen elsewhere in places where you do not feel tbe immedi ate charm. Perhaps the secret lies in a rcr- ..L. Mml.M.tnM ? .Ltuj. mnA lmi.i.l.t. lessness in the city and tbe peoplCj wtaicli is rather Sectban than American. New York and New Orleans are far more dissipated cities than II ski mo re; yet for a kind of decorous excess in the ways of x'uv for dancing and dicintr, for driving and drinking, and for all tho delights which, are sHpjosod to hang about wine, women and song this city on the Chesapeake boars away the bell. Stairi.em HouseThere is now building In lintinAcf niiWnr Pari nn crncrimcn- tal houe, which, if successful and there j 1 ...... . . seems to be no reason wny it snouiti not oe &strill enrvn nt nwwbtl for similar struc tures in other great cities, where the value of land is very rogu aua tne economy oi space t ,. w - . rri.A i.i.r 1 . OI Yliai mifiuriaiiuc. mu uuici uutixi this houic is the aWncc of anv staircase, in place oi wmcu isanyuraunreicvaior, aceni ing anil desconding noiselessly every minute By means of this the lodgers will reach their respective floors speedily snd without effort, at anv gl"en minute of the day or night. Another advantage of this arrangement is that it enables bouses to lc built to a much greater hight tho upper floor Iwing prefer able, on account of better air and light, nd freedom from tbe noises of the street. The tenement houses in Paris will bo eleven sto ries above the street levcb Negro Voter There arc in tbo South em States, exclusive of Tennessee, 715,74S registered negro voters. The negro popula tion of all the Southesn States, in 1800, was about -1,000,000. In the Northern States the voters number one-seventh of the entire popu lation. The nogroos beat this, as one-fifth of them arc voters. How is it that among ne groes there arc more voters in proportion to the total iwpulation than thore are in white communities ? Probably the carpet-bag reg isters of the South can tell. Nevku The stump speaker who proclaim ed "bo knew no North, no South, no East, no West," afterwards acknowlegcd that he had never seen a geography. As long as you livo seek to learn; do not presume that old age will bring wisdom. How 1,000 Stuck to Uutleii's Palm. Tho Washington correspondent of the Bal timore GaxttU tolls the following smusing story at the expense of Gen. Butler: Mana ger Butleris fearfully indignant at the charge that he attempted to appropriate a thousand dollar bill of Woolloy's money. The follow ing is the statement ac received from the wit ness himself: Witnut I have it in my pocket. liutler -Produce it and the paper contained in the envelope. Wilnm Here is tho money, but tho paper you can't have. Butler received the package of money and directed witness to leave the room, which he declined to do. savintr that he was rcmonsi- ble for the money and was not willing to leave it in Butler's hands. Butler threatened to arrest him, but witness denied his right to do so. At last Butler proceeded to count the money, and said, I lind here 10,100. Witnut I'll swear I handed you $17,100. Butler Then you had better count it your self. Witnttt If yoo will raise that newspaper, 1 think you will find a one thousand dollar bill under it. Manager Logan now for tbe first time interfered and leaiarked: Yes, General, I see h corner of the note sticking out. IhitUr Oh, yes; 1 did not sec it. This statement of the testimony has been made public on the authority of the witness, a gentleman of known integritr, and is the topic of general conversation. To pty Postmaster-General Randall has been Ixlorc the Managers. Also Peter Schwab of Csncin nati, who had received a telegram from Wool ley, iu those words : " What can you do to wards saving the country ?'' Schwab replied : "Twenty thousand in "bank and as much more a may I needed.v The witness is undfrMnod to lie a larg" whUk-y dealer, and the telegram, it is supposed has" reference to the whisky tax. Aemv Matthus os the Picinc Coast. Gn. Halleck is absent from tbe city on a tour of inspection. Brevet Colonel A. R. Eddy has been or dered to return to Portland. Oregon, ami re sume the duties of Chief Quartermaster of tbe Department of Columbia.. Tbe following officer are in command of stations in this diviiou : Department of Ciliforttia Cols. J. II. King. I.J. Gregg,T. L. Crittenden and C. SLovell; Lieut. CoL T. C. Devin : Majors J. McAllis ter, A. W. Alexander and W. It. Price: Capta. J. M. Rolxsrtson, S. Munson, H. T Ripley, S. G. Whipple, P. Collijis, S. P. Smith, J. I). Devin, D. Krause, W. Apple ton. J, N. McEIroy, J. 11. Hall, J. W. WW, A. U. sr. renntngtuu, t. anJurr n t Downey; 1st Lieuts. J. Drum.T. W. Gibson. A. Morton. G. W. Cbilson, W. P. Yosc, J. Voe, J. Karge, L. IJ. Robinson, G. K. Grif fiths; 2d Lieuts. C. E. Kilbourne aad S. Guthrie. DtvarlKtM, of & Colnmlda. Majors II. A. Allen awl A. G. Bntckett: Cants. J. B. Sin clair, D. Perry, T. McGregor. E. V. Sumner, uuaiey aewarti, ueorge iv. uraoy, d. a. iar ling, James Henton and E. M. Baker; 1st Lieuts. W. C. Maimiux, 11. G. ilowcii and John W. Iewis. j Urcarttntni of Alaibeu The "Donartmcnt ! of Alaska" lias just been organized on tbe following basts: IUU Maj. Gen. J. C. Davis, Commanding; Hoadquartert at Sitka. Staff Bvu Capt. S. B. Mclfltire, A. D. C. and A A. A. G.; Bvt Lieut. Col. George II. Week, Cbit Quartermaster and Acting ltiiel Com missary of Subistencoi Assistant Surgeon Alexander II. Hoff, Medical Director, and Second Lieut. E. G. Fast, Acting Ordnance and Engineer officer. Stations Forts Kenay, Kodiak, Tongoss, Wrangell and Sitka. Com manding ollieers Capt. C O. Wood and C. H. Pierce, and First lieuts. J. McGilvary, E. L. Hoggins and J. II. Smith. Trooj Companies F. G. E. and II. of the Second Ar tillery, and Company . of the Ninth In fantry S. J-'. 1'afxT. A Noble Vallet. The Otaiand Monthly has an article on " Portland-on W allamet," In which it cives some statistics of the Wl- latnet Valley. This valley is one third larger than the State of Connecticut, containing exclusive of the mountain slopes, four million acres of land, and such land as is seldom found in the same quantity elwbere on the surface of tbe earth. It lies between tbe Cas cade and Coast ranges of mountains ; is a boat one hundred and twenty miles (n length from North to South, and about fifty miles wido. The population of the valley is esti mated at seventy-five thousand, being less than thirteen to the square mile. The State of Connecticut, with which it is compared, hadinlSGOa population of nintty-eight to the square mile, and as the resources of the Wallatnet are far greater than those of Con necticut, it invites and will support a far grester popi!itin T''n chief p-.nurr.a at present developed is agriculture, but mines of iron are found, wood is abundant, and it is supplied with unlimited wstcr power. The Wallamet river runs from South to North through the valley, and is navigable for about half its length. Several streams of considera ble sire (low into it, some of which are par tially navigated by steamboats. The rain all in tho valley averages about fifty inches annually, but seldom or never falls during tho4harvcst time from tho first of August to the middlo of September. There are now two lints of railroad iu course of construction one on the east and the other) on the west side of tho river, which will attract popula tion and aid in the development of tho coun try. Ever Since. Some one looking at a rich man, said : "Poor man, he toiled day and nitrht until he was fortv to earn his wcsltb, and ho has been watching it day and night ever since for bis victuals ana ciotccs." The Whisky Tax. Assizor's Orrjct., ) United States Internal Htttnue, JJMrlct of Aritvnn. ) Pjiescott, July 20, 1808. 7ii)iTort Arizona Miser. A letter re ceived by Collector Bashford, by last mall, from tho oflico of the Commissioner of Inter nal Revenue, refers to a subject interesting to most of tho merchants of the Territory. The lotlor (dated Treasury Department, of fice of Internal Revenue. Washington. May 20, 18C8,) states that information had been received, by letter, at that oflicc, that a prominent linn, engaged in business in this Territory, is eelling liquor, at wholesale, without keening the books required by Sec tion 2G. of tho Act of .lull- 13 iKf.fi. ..,,1 fi,o following instructions are given to the Col lector: "Please inrestiirafn tliia muttcrMra. fully. Should you find that Messrs have U-en guilty of fraud, as well as neglect, you will seize the spirits and jiersonal prop erty at their placo of business, and prosecute them for violation of the above section of the Revenue Laws. If, however, you find that the failure to keep the books prescribed was actually occasioned by ignorance, you may pass over tho case, if no fraud has been com mitted, warning them not to be found with out the books hereafter. Please report your action in this case to this odice, immediately." (Signed,) Thomas IIaeland, Deputy Commissioner. Section 20, rsferrc-d to iu the letter above, reads as follows : Section 20. And be it further enacted, That every rectifier or wholesale dealer in distilled spirits shall enter, daily, in a book or l)ooks. kept for the purpoH.'," under such iu5c and i emulations as lue Commissioner ol Internal Revenue may prescribe, the number of proof gallons of spirits purchased or re ceived, of whom purciHtsed and received, and the number of proof gallons sold or delivered; and every rectifier or wholesale dealer, who shall neglect or refuse to keep snch record, shall forfeit all spirits in his pciesskin, to gether with the apparatus, tools ami imple ments used, and bo subject to a fine of five hundred dollars, or iinpnsonmont for not less than six months, in (he discretion of tbe Court. And every rectifier shall mark with a stencil plate on each package of five gallon, or more, of distilled or rectified s pints sold by him. his name and place of business." In tbe regulations prescribed by tbe Com missioner in connection with the" above scc twn of the law, the term u wholesale dealers " includes all who sell distilled spirits by tho gallon, and the items of purchase and sales sb.:iibl 1- k'nfjiniac.continuous.accpunt. As there undoubtedly lb much ignorance ot the Revenue Law, concerning the sale of dis tilled spirits, existing in this Territory, many E arsons being engaged in the business who ave never seen a copy of the law, I take this method of giving information which, if acted upon, may prevent disagreeable conequences in the course of enforcement of the law, in cases which are liable to arise at any time. In consequence of the stupendous frauds perpetrated against Government in the liquor trade, the instructions of the Treasury De partment in relation thereto, are of the most stringent nature, and the determination that all offenders shall, when possible, be made to suffer the jienalties imposed by law. should induce every honest liquor seller to take heed that he does not, by carelessness and neglect, lay himself liable to prosecution. Jlwtr A. Bioelow, Assessor of Internal Revenue. Impotakt Law. The following Act to amend an Act, entitled 'An Act for the re lief of the inhabitants of cities and towns uj6n public landf," approved March 2, lb'C", will be read with interest, as it has passed both Houses of Congress, and is now a Jaw: lie it enacted by the Senate and Howe of Jlep tmentatire of Oie United Btalttof Ameriea'tn Conore turmbledt That the inhabitants of any town located on the public land of the United States may avail themselves, if the town authorities" elect so to do, of the pro visions of the Act of March 2, 1867, entitled "An Act for the relief or the Inhabitants of cities and towns upon the public lands; Pro tided, This act shall not prevent tbo issuance of patents to persons who have made, or may make entries and elect to proceed under ex isting laws: And prutidetl Jurtler, That no title under said act of March 2, 16G7,, shall be acquired to any valid mining claim orpos session held under tbe existing laws of Con gress: Provided cJo. That in addition to the minimum price of the lands included in any town site entered under the provisions of this Act aud -Act for the relief of the inhabitants of cities and towns upon the public lands." approvod March 2? 1807, there shall lie paid by th parties Rvading thejnsi"lvfi of $h pro visions of said Acts, all costs of surveying and platting any such town-site and expen C03 incident thereto, Incurred by tbe United States, before any patent shall issue therefor. A new roofing material is now being mado at Folsom, California, which, according to tbe San Francisco Mining Preit, "is prepared from finely pulverized quartz, saturated with some bituminous liquid, which renders it firm ly adhesive and exceedingly pliable. It is prepared and put on cold ; hardening in about forty-eight hours. It can also be used as a paint for covering cither metal or wood. It may be made of any 6hade of color and ad heres as firmly to tin or any smooth metal, as any paint wo have ever seen. It is water proof and quite as fire-proof as any of tho oephaltum preparations now used in this city. The patentees claim that they t can cover a roof with this material (ine-thinreaper than the same roof can bo covcred'with any other material in use."